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WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.— Forecast for
"Wednesday: .Minnesota— Threatening weather,
with light snow Wednesday afternoon in north
ern portion; warmer in eastern portion;
southerly winds, booming northwesterly.
Wisconsin— Threatening weather, with light
snow on the lakes; warmer; brisk south to
southwest winds, increasing.
North Dakota— Light snows; probably colder
in western portions; nortli westerly winds.
South Dakota— Generally fair; probably
colder Ie extreme western portions; north
Montana— Threatening weather, except light
rain in western portion; westerly winds.
Tinted States Department of Agriculture.
Weather Bun au. Washington, Dec. 28, fi:4B
p. m. Local Time, S p. m. 75th Meridian
Time.— Observations taken at the same mo
ment of time at all stations.
Place. Tern. Place. Tern.
St. Paul 24 Qu'Appelle 32
Duluth I*> Minnedosa 28
Huron 30 Winnipeg ...26
Wllliston 1- Buffalo 24-26
Havre 43 Boston 22-24
Helena 4G cheyenno 44-50
Edmonton "UjChieago 24-26
Battleford 34!Cinelnnati 36-36
Prince Albert 36 Montreal 2-6
Calgary 34 New Orleans 52-58
me liat 36 New York 26-30
Swift Current 34 Pittsburg 28-32
Barometer. 30.14: mean temperature, 17;
relative humidity, 90; wind at 8 p. in., south;
weather, cloudy; maximum temperature, 24;
minimum temperature, 10; dally range, 14;
amount of precipitation in last twenty-four
Note — Barometer corrected for temperature
and elevation. — P. F. Lyons, Observer.
AT LAST A TEACHER.
Tt has been a standing lament of all
orthodox protectionists that they can
find no teacher of repute to instruct
tlu> young of our colleges in the benefi
cence of their conception of govern
ment and the legitimate use of its
powers. We had only a few months
ago Congressman Walker, one of the
trustees of Brown, demanding of his
fellow trustees the removal of Presi-
Andrews because, as he curtly
I hrased his accusation, he "is a free
Bilverite and a free trader," and we
n-;;y n ally b< Heve that the last charge
was Brsl in he!nousness In the ac
cuser's mind, in the Forum for De»
cember we have a letter from the ven
erable Morrlll, written in IS7O, then as
> > t si nator from Vermont, to Horace
y, K'jing into raptures over the
ays on Political Economy" which
that philosopher of the sentimental
school had put out, but which did not
survive him. Morrill regrets that
Greeley could not take a year off and
write "a less popular but more elabo
rate" work, "such as might find a place
In our institutions of learning, where
now nothing is taught except what Is
found in the masterpieces of free
trade authors." Inquiring students
ho can refer to nothing but Carey,
ami he "is rather too diffuse."
But the vacancy that Carey and
Greeley failed in filling is filled at last.
Voyagers into the dismal science have
found the gloom deepen when they
ventured "into the recesses of Gunton's
Magazine, a periodical devoted to the
abstruse discussions of the metaphysics
of sentimentalism. But, like Carey and
Greeley, that did not reach the popular
taste. So. imitating the Chautauquan,
the Institute of Civics and the Uni
versity of the Cosmopolitan, Gunton
establishes an institute with a for
midable array of "counselors," all of
the orthodox faith and long In the com
munion, except one, Roswell P. Flower,
of Now York, a recent convert to the
true faith, having experienced in his
own purse its benign results. In a
copy of the Bulletin of this institute,
with which a friend has kindly provid
ed us, we find the worthy president—
for, of course, Gunton is president of
this body of economic evangels—assur
ing the students of the institute that
"it will be of particular interest to
know that three of the most active
counselors" are chancellors or presi
dents of New York or Pennsylvania
universities or colleges, "a fact that is
especially gratifying in view of the in
difference commonly shown at our
American colleges regarding the study
of social economics from the modern
Considering that protection, as a
feature of social economics, originated
with the pirates of Tariffa some cen
turies ago, this assertion that it has
any "modern standpoint" admits of
serious doubt. One who goes with
Lowell through his charming rambles
In Italy, in 1554, will find there a de
licious bit of evidence that protection
is not so modern a feature of social
economics as President Gunton im
agines. Lowell tells, speaking of men
dicancy in Rome, of a talk he had with
a woman who begged of him in the
Coliseum. "Among other things," he
gays, "she complained that the govern
ment did not consider the poor.
'Where is the government that does?"
I said. 'Eh gia, excellency, but this
government lets beggars from the
country come into Rome, which is a
great injury to us Romans/ " After
that we should have surcease of this
talk about our "American system," and
even Gunton should be modest about
claiming place for it among modern
But the aspirations of our fellows of
the emotional school now have in Gun
ton, his three college professors and
his long list of counselors, including
Flower, the nearest approach to a sub
stitute for the pernicious free traders
of the schools that they will ever get,
and we earnestly commend this insti
tution to their charitable contributions.
They owe it to themselves to see that
cause for the reproach Morrill ex-
pressed to Greeley shall no longer exist
to blight the young intelligences of the
land with the heresies of free trade, to
the "great injury of us Romans."
AN' INTERESTING RACE.
The race of European nations for
the best pickings in the partition of
China is now fully under way. It Is
rather amusing to note the course of
current comment on the seizures and
occupations that are following each
other so rapidly. Each in succession,
we are told, constitutes the most com
manding position and gives the na
tion taking possession of It unheard-of
advantages. The truth Is that the
average correspondent knows nothing
about China, could not shut his eyes
and direct you to any given point on
the map, and has to draw upon his
imagination for an estimate of the im
portance of any particular occupation.
He told us that the point taken by
Germany was the most important in
the empire. Now he informs us that
the occupation by Russia puts that em
pire "in a position to defy the world."
Neither of these statements is at all
accurate. The Chinese empire is so
vast in Its extent that it contains a
large number of points of great stra
tegic value. There is room for a dozen
nations to obtain a large accession of
territory and ports that they could
fortify against attack. There is no
doubt, of course, that each of the burg
lars of Europe has picked out for him
self the choicest bit from his point of
view. The position, however, that
would enable any nation to "defy the
world" has not yet been discovered on
It seems probable, also, that there
Is a close understanding between the
emperors of Russia and Germany in
this matter. Indeed, the drawing to
gether of these two remaining repre
sentatives of absolute despotism is the
most significant and threatening feat
ure in the European situation. It Is
such a menace to the supremacy of
England as has not appeared in the
policies or events of the last three
quarters of a century. Both of these
nations are bitterly hostile to Great
Britain. Russia has been* at swords'
points with her along the Indian fron
tier ever since the Indian empire was
won. Nor has the memory of the
Crimean war passed away, or the dis
appointment, for which England was
responsible, for the close of the war
with Turkey. Germany's antagonism
is none the less bitter because it has a
commercial foundation. Germany is
making the most desperate efforts to
©ust England from the markets of the
fporld, and with no little success.
Each of these great empires, enor
mously powerful in a military sense,
is ruled at present by a young man,
and czar and kaiser hold alike the the
ories of divine right and absolutism
that date centuries back. At almost
the same moment they descend upon
China and make their separate seiz
ures. It requires no genius of states
manship to perceive that they art act-
Ing in harmony and that, when China
disappears from the map of Asia, the
great body of her possessions will
have been placed under the imperial
standards of Germa.ny and Russia. It
is a most interesting and portentous
spectacle that is being enacted before
the eyes of the world. Well may Great
Britain look to her interests, and weigh
with anxiety the future relation of the
empires which the advance upon China
JIR. FLETCHER'S "IDEE."
Mr. Page Morris, thanks to Demo
cratic idiosyncrasy a representative in
congress from the Sixth Minnesota dis
trict, having incubated a postal sav
ings bank bill with nothing particular
to recommend it, that other statesman,
"Your Uncle" Loren Fletcher, also a
representative, by grace of the same
temporary aberration, from the Fifth
district of the same glorious state,
mindful of the friendly rivalry between
the city of slabs and bran and that of
great expectations, must needs also
have his bill for the same useless ob
ject. The bill of Mr. Morris and those
of the other financiers dodged the
primal problem of any such measure,
the investment of the funds, leaving
their bills in that kind of a fix the get
ting into which in the long ago made
Your Uncle Loren notorious, if not
famous. Mr. Fletcher's experience in
that historic scrape serves him now.
His bill gets into no such ridiculous
fix. So trifling a problem as what to
do with the millions borrowed of th»
savers of dimes troubles him not for a
moment. So while lesser minds are
pondering over the problem of invest
ment as if it were a serious one,
Fletcher rushes directly to the solution
with the ease and grace that always
characterize these Napoleons of fi
nance. Columbus did not solve the
problem of making the egg stand on
end more easily or simply, or, let us
add, with less injury to the egg. Use
the deposits in paying the ordinary
running expenses of the government,
says Fletcher. He should add, but he
does not think It necessary, then make
the expenses equal the deposits.
On these deposits he would have paid
3 per cent annually. If the expenses
do not absorb the deposits then invest
In bonds of most any old kind. Is that
not simple? Is it not a marvel that
no one ever thought of so easy a solu
tion before? Aren't you prouder of be
ing a Minnesotan now than you ever
were before? The light that shines on
Loren's brow is reflected upon every
son of the North Star state. Since this
country grew to be a billion-dollar ones
it takes about half a billion dollars an
nually to pay its running expenses. It
now gets this money by taxing things
that come into our ports and things
that are made In breweries, distilleries
and tobacco factories. What it lacks
it charges over to deficit, or borrows.
Mr. Fletcher's luminous idea, then, is
to borrow the money, with which to
pay the running expenses, of the de
positors in the postal banks, and pay
interest on it to the extent of some
$15,000,000 annually. As this interest
must, in turn, be borrowed from the
same source, it must also pay the 3
per cent, some $450,000 more annually.
We have no d>ubt that no business
THE SAINT PAUJC GLOBS: WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1897.
house In the country will purchase
Fletcher's copyright on his plan to ap
ply it to its own affairs.
As the deposits in savings banks now
average four or five times the annual
expenditure of the government, It is
probable that, if the postal bank does
not get them all, it will get at least
all the government needs to defray
expenses. It occurs to us that congress
will have another troublesome surplus
on its hands again from the money
coming in from customs and internal
revenue. This is some $300,000,000 every
year. True, it can be used to pay off
the national debt, but that would last
only about three years, and what then?
That sum could not be taken from and
kept out of circulation without raising
a rumpus. On the other hand the men
who pay customs and internal taxes and
who now borrow it from savings and
other banks when they haven't enough
would have to have accommodations.
Would Fletcher amend his scheme so
as to allow loans to them? And if he
didn't where would they be in short
order? And would there not be a cry
to stop customs and internal revenue
taxation and let the money circulate?
And does not even Loren see that that
means free traded And then would not
his own party be in his own old fix?
IS THE REMEDY MORE TAXES?
In the series of articles we have been
giving on our state institutions we
have not touched upon the subject of
remedy. That will come after the ex
amination has shown the conditions
that now confront the voters of the
state, and more particularly the tax
payers, and which are sure to become
more instead of less acute. But, if we
have not suggested remedies their
necessity has been made plain, and Mr.
Kelly, whose letter appears elsewhere
this morning, endeavors to point out
what he regards as the sufficient rem
edy. He finds it in the constitutional
mandate to the legislature to levy "an
annual tax sufficient to defray the es
timated ordinary expenses of the state
for each year." So far as the preven
tion of annoying deficits is concerned
this i emedy would be ample. If a leg
islature had nothing else to do than
to make an estimate of the annual ex
penses and then levy a tax to meet
it to be collected from some one be
side the property owners, from McKin
ley's unhappy foreigner, perhaps, that
action would fit the case as paper fits
But, unhappily for Minnesota tax
payers, there is no foreigner whom we
can reach, the nearest approach to it
being the holders of the stocks of rail
ways, telegraph, telephone, express and
sleeping car companies who may be
residents of other states or countries,
whose dividends we deplete by taking
out of the gross earnings of their com
panies our liberal share before they
can get any. For all else everyone
fortunate in property ownership has to
go down into his purse to pay the quota
assessed to what property he has not
succeeded in secluding from the as
sessor. This immediate and direct in
terest of these payers of taxes in the
estimates the legislature make of the
amount of our annual expense account
would seem to Indicate that the rem
edy lies back of that suggested by Mr.
Kelly; and rests not so much in the
sufficiency of the estimate as in what
are the "ordinary expenses" and their
amount. Experience very clearly shows
that the conception of what Is a suffi
cient amount to defray the annual
'ordinary expenses is one having the
constant quality of expansion. We
were about to use the word "elastic,"
but elasticity Implies a contraction
equal to extension, and our review of
the growth of these ordinary expenses
shows that they are without the ele
ment of contractility.
When we reach the consideration of
remedies we will endeavor to show
that very many of the items now in
cluded In the estimates and considered
as ordinary expenses are really ex
traordinary and needless expenses that
can be eliminated from the book of
estimates without injury to any real
interest of the state. The solution lies
in the answer made to the inquiry
"what are the legitimate, ordinary,
necessary expenses of the state?"
We noticed in a newspaper advertisement
recently that "prosperity comes quickest to
the man whose liver is In good condition." If
that is true wo respectfully suggest to the
josh editor of the St. Paul Globe that he
try c. 1. 1. p.— Faribault Journal.
Thanks, awfully; we do not need them;
"good digestion waits on appetite and health
on that," and prosperity can come or stay for
aught we care. It is your old party whose
liver needs correctives If they will bring
quickly its promised prosperity.
Several months ago it was rather amus
ing to hear the St.' Paul Globe referred to
as a "Democratic paper," but the joke 13
carried far enough.— Morton Enterprise.
"Well, drop it then. "Who asked you to carry
it at all?
SOME DEFINITE SCHEME.
It Is Promised by the Panama Canal
PARIS. Dec. 28.— At the half-yearly meet-
Ing of the Panama Canal company today a
report was read holding out the prospect of
some definite scheme being submitted toward
the end of the next year. The report men
tions the United States Niearaguan commls
sion and promises full facilities and a hearty
welcome to the commissio-ners when they
visit the Panama works. It expresses the
conviction that the United States congress
and the American people will eventually ac
cept the Panama scheme.
Xcw Patent Record.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2S.— Three hundred
and seventy-five applications for patents were
received at the patent office yesterday, the
highest on record for any one day in the
history of the office. The fact that the new
law, requiring persons who have made ap
plications abroad for patents to file their ap
plications fc^ foreign patent, becomes opera
tive on Jan. i is accountable for the rush.
Heretofore applications had been filed at any
time within the life of a patent issued in
WASHINGTON. Dec. 28.— An indication of
the willingness of the Turkish government to
oblige the United States minister at Con
stantinople, who has been pressing for the
punishment of the murderers of the Amji»
can bicyclist, Lentz, is contained in a crSie
grajn from Minister Angel, received today
at the state department, announcing that the
murderers have been convicted and sentenced
to fifteen years' imprisonment. These mur
derers, however, are at large, having es
caped into the Russian Caucasus, so that
the Turkish government bas prosecuted, con
demned and sentenced them In their ab
POT ST. PAUL BAJIKS
PRESIDENT MOCLTOJf, OF A MINNE
APOLIS SAVINGS BANK, SPEAKS
SAYS THE RATE OF INTEREST
WILL BE CUT BY ALL THE SAV
INGS BA\KS IN THE
ST. PAUL BANKS WILL CONTINUE
To Pay the Rate They Have Been
Doing — Chance f^or Minneapolis
President E. H. Moulton, of the
Farmers and Mechanics' Savings bank,
at Minneapolis, in an interview in a
Minneapolis paper last evening, stated
that after Jan. 1 "every savings bank
in the state will reduce the rate to
3 per cent." Mr. Moulton evidently al
luded to the rate of interest which
would be paid by Minneapolis savings
banks and possibly institutions of a like
character in some other parts of the
state, but not St. Paul. Officials of St.
Paul savings-banks do not concur in
the statement of President Moulton.
President F. Willius, of the State
Savings bank, seen by a reporter for
the Globe last night, said the insti
tution of which he was president had
not decided as to the rate of interest
to be paid. The law under which the
bank was operated provided that the
trustees should every six months de
clare the rate of interest to be paid.
At the last meeting of the trustees,
when a dividend of 4 per cent was de
clared, it was suggested that it would
soon come to a question of 3 or 3% per
cent. Further than this the matter had
not been discussed. There was a dis
position in all savings banks, Mr.
Willius said, to reduce the rate of in
terest, but the institution which he was
connected with would not fix the rate
until July next. The interest was paid
from the profits, and, of course, this
could not be determined until after
Thomas A. Prendergast, president of
the Savings Bank of St. Paul, said the
statement made by Mr. Moulton as to
the decrease of profits in investments
was correct, but that all the savings
banks in the state were to reduce the
rate of interest to 3 per cent waa not
correct. The charter his bank was
working under provided that 4 per cent
interest be paid. He had been inform
ed by the officers of the Farmers and
Mechanics' bank, of Minneapolis, that
after Jan. 1 only 3 per cent interest
would be paid by that institution. This
rate would be all any of the savings
banks ought to pay. The rate at the
bank he represents, however, would be
4 per cent until July 1, as at least six
months' notice would have to be given
depositors if any change was made in
MR. SULLIVAN'S TROUBLES.
Trying to Learn the Law About
County Auditor Sullivan has been in
office long enough to be familiar with
the law, but the fact that there are
some things he hasn't learned was
manifest in the secret meeting of the
board of abatement called by him last
Thursday. The law of taxation in this
county is said to be very plain. First,
the assessor makes his return upon
real and personal property between the
first day of May and the 15th of July
of each year, when he turns over all
his work to the county auditor. The
board of equalization is required to
pass upon the assessor's work between
the third Monday of July and four
weeks following; at the expiration of
which period the board of abatement,
consisting of four councilmen, the
mayor and auditor, is empowered to
correct errors of the assessor and board
of equalization — and their jurisdiction
ends on the first day of September of
the same year; incidentally the board of
abatement is authorized to refund
taxes illegally paid. The policy of the
law appears to be that the county au
thorities shall get through with their
work in making assessments upon prop
erty by the first day of September. Dur
ing the term of the present auditor it
has been the custom to call a session
of the board of abatement at any time
after the first day of September, and
abate taxes and assessments for the cur
rent as well as for prior years; and
the board was in the habit of allowing
such abatements, whereupon the coun
ty auditor issued abatement orders to
the successful applicant for reduction
of taxes, and the county treasurer paid
such order, and thug a great many
hundreds of dollars j have been paid
cut of the county treasury annually.
During 1897 the board of equalization
adjourned four weeks after the second
Monday in July: but the board of
abatement did not go into session as
it should have done from the adjourn
ment of the former board to the first
day of September; and thus people who
had grievances for over-assessments on
their property were left without a
remedy. Some of them heard that the
beard of abatement convened last
Thursday, and that it would be in ses
sion yesterday, so they flocked to the
county commissioners' room, where
such board was in session, but learned
to their great disappointment that it
would adjourn to Feb. 8, 1838, when all
matter relating to the 1897 assessment
would be considered.
For fear that there would be an at
tempt to tap the treasury of the coun
ty to a great extent by applicants for
refunding of taxes claimed to have bsen
over-paid for prior years, the auditor
urdcubtedly was prompted to request
an opinion of the county attorney as to
the extent of jurisdiction of the board
of abatement. The legal adviser
promptly rendered an opinion of four
typewritten pages, the conclusion
of which is that the present board is
a continuous assessing tribunal of taxes
for the year 1897, and that it possesses
no other powers except to pass upon
error committed by the. assessor and
board of equalization in making the
assessment in this county for the year
1897. The members of the present board
were not satisfied, with his opinion, and
pclitely and firmly suggested that they
would like to hatfe the county attorney
ask the attorney general for an opinion
as to the poweirs and jurisdiction of
the said board, ajnd Mr. Anderson said
he would cheerfully do so.
TRUST GETS THE LAST
Unabnorbed Cracker Factory in the
Sven Abramson used to keep a bak
ery and cracker "factory at 863 and 865
Payne avenue. He no' longer keeps a
cracker factory. The biscuit trust gob
bled it up a few 1 , dayS ago, and thus
disappeared the only regaining cracker
and biscuit manufactory in St. Paul
owned by private individuals. It is
understood that ' Mr. Abramson re
ceived a good round price for his
cracker machinery. How much, he
declined to state, when seen last night,
but he admitted that he got the price
Asked how he happened to sell out,
Mr. Ab'ramson said:
"When the biscuit trusts were fight
ing each other a year ago. the prices
were cut so that I had to stop making
crackers. "When things were fixed up
and the prices began to rise, I intended
to start my cracker business again,
but a*bout a week ago a representative
of the New York Biscuit company
came to see me, and offered to buy
my machinery. I named my own
price and got it. That's all there is
to it. I can't tell you how much they
BLAME ZOLLUAN FOR IT.
Police Say He Railroaded a Case in
Considerable feeling has been stirred
up between the police department and
the county attorney's office on account
of the disposition of the charge of
burglary against J. E. Scott and T. F.
McDonald, the young men accused of
burglarizing the grocery store of Dona
hue & Co., Selby avenue and Victoria
streets, two weeks ago. Scott was per
mitted to plead guilty to the charge of
petty larceny and received a sentence
of ninety days in the workhouse, while
McDonald was discharged. This
course, the police claim, was without
their consent and against the advise of
the officers who made the arrest, par
ticularly in the case of Scott. To prove
the case against the young men the
detectives claim they had seventeen
witnesses ready to appear in court and
testify when the case was called on
the day set for trial. Instead of con
ducting the case in the regular order
it is alleged that it was "railroaded"
through when neither Detective Mur
nane nor Detective Galvin were present
nor any of the witnesses.
The censure in the case is placed at
the door of Assistant County Attorney
Zollman. The police claim they placed
all of the evidence in his hands, fully
informing him of the strong case they
claimed to have against Scott, but that
he called the case without their knowl
edge and informed the court that the
prosecution would be satisfied if Scott
was given a workhouse sentence for
petty larceny. Chief of Detectives
Schweitzer and Chief Goss were angry
when they learned of the disposition
of the case.
FIRED A DRIVER.
Fire Board Aired a llo.se Company
The last meeting of the fire board for the
year 1837 was held at flre headquarters last
evening. Little was done outside of the or
dinary routine business, consisting of ths
presentation of roports by the officials having
charge of the different branches of the de
partment. The statement of Secretary Owen
showed a balance of 111,910.20 over the ex
penditures of the year. This showing is re
garded with satisfaction by the board, as tha
allowance of $10,000 for the improvements In
the fire alarm telegraph system and an extra
month's pay roll are deducted from the year
ly expenditures before the balance was found.
These figures show a saving over the ex
penses of 1896 of nearly $14,000, which gives
a practical balance of nearly $26,000.
Chief Jackson reported the suspension of
Hose Cart Driver Hoare, of Engine Com
pany No. 5, for disobeying the orders of
Capt. Irvine, and further recommended
Hoare' discharge, alleging that ho had ap
plied opprobrious eppithets to Capt. Irvine,
and had also struck his superior. The recom
mendation was concurred in by the board,
and Hoare's discharge ordered. Second Pipe
man W. F. Schultz was reported under sus
pension for entering a saloon in the depart
ment uniform. In concurrence with a reso
lution passed by the board in 1894, Schultz
was fined one month' 3 pay and reinstated.
The fine will be deducted, one-half from his
December and one-half from his January sal
The December pay roll, amounting to $13,-
C 51.47. was passed.
A communication was received from the
Chicago firm which Is to put in the new fire
alarm telegraph system, saying that the sup
plies wore on hand, and that work would
shortly be commenced on the contract.
Residents of Maple street sent in a com
munication requesting the co-operation of the
fire board in boulevarding and paviug tho
street. The board owns 120 feet of property
on the thoroughfare, and its share of the Im
provements is estimated at j'jout $300. The
matter was laid on the tabl4 until the next
Supt. Carey, of the alarm system, reiported
the monthly test of tho different circuits
as satisfactory, and the system as a whole in
good working order. Bills to the amount of
$84.61 were allowed.
DOUGLAS COUNTY JAIL.
Secretory Hart Says It Is the Worst
in the State.
Secretary H. H. Hart, of the state board
of corrections and charities, returned yester
day from Alexandria, where he inspected the
local institutions. He says that the Douglas
county jail is the worst in the state, with
the possible exception of the one In Wilkin
county. It is located, he says, in a cellar,
and had six cells in all, two wooden, two
iron, aiyj two brick cells, all of them dark
and poorly ventilated. The brick cells were
built c#.side the wall, underground liko co-si
cellars in city buildings, and were unfit for*
habitation. They were so insecure that a
prisoner once escaped with no other tools than
a brick and a piece of firewood. Douglas
county had one of the best court houses in
the state, and is out of debt and has money
In the treasury. The Jail Mr. Hart visited
will soon be replaced with a new one, as the
old one has long been an eyesore to tho
county, and tho county commissioners will
let the contract for the erection of a new one
soon. The city lock-up in the same town waa
in the engine house. It consisted of two iron
cells inclosed in an inner room, constructed
of pine boards, warranted to roast tho prison
ers to a turn if the flre ever got started. In
such event it would be a regular fire trap,
as there would be no way of escape for the
inmate, as inside this wood inclosuro wa sthe
iron cage, making it a veritable flro trap.
When Mr. Hart was there one lene prisoner
was enjoying its hospitalities with his faith
ful dog. lie was serving out a term of fif
teen days for having too good a time on
Christmas day. "If I ever get out of this."
he vowed, "you'll never ccc me here again."
The humor of the declaration was apparent,
Mr. Hart says, in view of the fact that all
the doors were unlocked. No guard was vis
ible, and apparently the only restraining
force was the warmth of the interior con
trasted with the frlgid'air outside.
CORONER MUST PAY
When He Employs a Stenographer
::« an Inquest.
Hereafter, if Coroner Nelson engages a sten
ographer to transcribe the testimony given
at a coroner's inquest, the stenographer will
have to look to the coroner for his pay. At
any rate, he needn't look to the county for it,
bo says Attorney Anderson In an opinion
furnished by him to the county auditor yes
It sems that a stenographer from the Hess
Business college was employed to take the
testimony at the inquest in the case of the
persons "killed by the falling elevator in a
Fourth street wholesale house. The bill for
the stenographer's services, presented by the
Hess Business college, waa submitted to tho
county by Coroner Nelson.
In response to the county auditor's request,
County Attorney Anderson has furnished that
official with an opinion in which he holds
that the coroner 13 allowed by law a salary
of $3,500 a year, and that the law makes no
provision requiring the county to stand an
expense of this character Incurred at a cor
SEW PASTOR TODAY.
Plymouth's Sew Shepherd "Will Be
at Tonight 1 * Meeting.
The congregation of the Plymouth Congre
gational church are preparing to give their
new pastor, Rev. George E. Soper, who- will
arrive from Alexandria today, a hearty -wel
come. A reception will be tendered Dr. Soper
and his wife on Thursday evening of this
week, when the congregation will welcome
their' new pastor and his wife in the work he
is about to undertake. The annual distribu
tion of pews will also take place that even-
Tonight the Plymouth society will hold Its
annual meeting at 7:30 p. m., after which
Mr. Soper will deliver the preparatory lecture
for the communion services to be held next
FOR THE FIRE BOARD.
First Ward Suggests A. G. Johnson
to the Mayor.
A delegation from the First ward called on
Mayor Doran yesterday and presented the
name of A. G. Johnson as a candidate for
appointment on the flre board. Mr. Johnson
Is a bookkeeper for the Gribben Lumber com
pany, and is aJso president of the Cltlzsns'
union, of the First ward. Mayor Doran in
formed the committee that the name of Mr.
Johnson would be considered when the matter
of appointments was taken up. One or' the
delegates, after the conference with his honor,
expressed the opinion that tho move In the
interests of Mr. Johnson was too late, as he
had been Informed the slate had been made
up by the mayor several days ago.
MOST PROMINENT DIGNITARIES OF
THE CATHOLIC CHinCH VISIT
TO HONOR MGR. MARTINELLI.
THE ABLEGATE GUEST OF HONOR
*AT ANOTHER SELECT DIN
PUBLIC RECEPTION PLANNED.
Citizens of St. I'nul to Honor the
Apostolic Delegate New
Mgr. Martinelll was the guest of
honor at another small dinner party
given last evening at the residence of
Archbishop Ireland. Those present
Archbishop Hennessey, of Dubuquo.
Archbishop Katzer, of Milwaukee.
Archbishop Langevln, of Winnipeg.
Bishops Scannell and Bonacum, of Ne
Bishop Cotter, of Winona.
Bishop McGolrlck, of Duluth.
Bishop Shanley, of Fargo.
Bishop O'Gorinan, of Sioux Falls.
Bishop Trobec, of St. Cloud.
Bishop Mesmer, of Wisconsin.
Father Keogh, of Milwaukee.
Father Cleary, of Minneapolis.
Dr. Rooker and Dr. Pace.
Mgr. Martinelli, aside from a drive
yesterday mcrning, passed the day very
quietly. This evening he will attend a
reception at St. Paul's seminary.
A reception will be given at the Ryan
hotel New Year's eve in honor of Mgr.
Martinelll. The arrangement of the re
ception is in the hands of prominent
citizens. A meeting was held yesterday
to decide upon some suitable acknowl
edgment by the people of St. Paul of
the presence of the distinguished pre
late in the city. C. D. O'Brien was
chairman. It was decided to hold a
reception, and Daniel W. Lawler will
deliver an address of welcome. The fol
lowing committees were appointed:
Executive Committee — C. D. O'Brien. H. G.
McXair. Frank Schllck. Charles Mlchaud.
Eric Dahlgren, Cornelius Shields, Casper
Ernst, John Kerwin, Dr. Buckley, Charles F.
Pusch, Patrick Butler, John D. O'Brien, Dr.
J. H. O'Brien. Dr. A. Macdonald, D. W.
Lawler, C. J. McConvllle, Jeremiah Prender
gast, William L, Kelly. John Twohy Jr., H.
J. Darragh, P. M. Hennessey, T. A. Prender
gast, Thomas McCormlck, C. H. P. Smith, J.
C. Xolan, John Brodeiick, J. G. Donnelly,
Thomas Grace, John Caulfleld, M. W. Cole,
H. T. Quinlan, J. S. Grode, J. S. Prince,
Herman Grode, John Rogers Jr., T. Foley,
M. Foley. John H. Allen, Michael Doran,
M. 11. Foley, Pierce Butler, William Cunning
ham, T. D. O'Brien, Henry F. Wesael. T. J.
Lllley, Charles Friend, P. M. Kerst, A. Du
fresno, John Dwyer, Ed O'Connor, E<J
O'Brien, D. M. Sullivan, M. Mullane. Ter
rence Kenny, John Dowlan, P. H. Kelly, J.
C. Horrlgan, A. L. Larpanteur, M. C. Hellion,
J. C. Geraghty, George Gerllch.
Reception Committee— Eric Dahlgren, chair
man; C. J. 'McConvllle. D. W. Lawler, E. J.
Darragh, Dr. Buckley, Georga O'Reilly, W.
L. Kelly Jr., T. F. Naughton, M. J. Boyle,
John Clark, Casper Ernst, Dr. H. J. O'Brien,
P. M. Kerst, M. Fitzpatrick. Henry Whaley,
T. D. O'Brien, A. D. Hardenbergh, Thomas
Fitzpatrick Jr., T. J. Brady, J. C. Pren
dergast, John S. Grode, Thomas Grace, P. H.
Kelly, Thomas Green, Henry Allen, A. L.
Larpenteur, A. Dufresne, L. N. Dion, John
Rogers Jr., A. H. Schllck, T. J. McDermott,
Win. L. Kelly. John W. Willis, T. A. Pren
dergast. John D. O'Brien. Dennis Ryan. M. F.
Kennedy, C. H. F. Smith, Wm. Devereaux,
James King, M. J. O'Connor, M. P. Kaln,
Gen. M. R. Morgan, Dr. A. Macdonald, Wm.
Cunningham. T. J. Lilley, H. F. Weasel, T.
F. MeCormick, Michael Doran, Lieut. McAn
drews, Capt. Wilkinson. J. L. McDonald,
B. A. Cox, C. H. Williams. Thos. Fitzparlck,
Patrick O'Brien, Frank S. Dowlan, P. T.
Kavanaugh, John Flannigan. C. J. Hondy,
A. Galbraith. P. J. Bowlin, Roger Kennedy.
Committeo on Arrangements— H. ('. Mc-
Xair, Dr. Buckley, John Kerwin, ('has. Pusch,
Committee on Invitations— C. J. Mcfonville,
E. J. Darmgh. Patrick Butler, John Twohy,
Jr., Pierce Butler, M. J. Boyle.
Committee on Decorations and Music— J. G.
Donnelly, Frank Schliok. Cornelius Shields,
Casper Ernst, P. M. Hennessey.
The reception will begin promptly at
8 o'clock. Besides Ablegate Martinelll
there will be present the ablegate's sec
retary, Dr. Rooker; Dr. Pace, of the
Washington university; Archbishop
Ireland and other prominent visiting
and local clergy.
The Grand Loiiu'e Put.i In Another
The Scandinavian grand lodge con
tinued its session in Garfleld hall yes
terday. The reports show the order to
be increasing, there being at this time
seventy-five lodges with a membership :
of 1,854. Reports were also read from
Massachusetts and New York where?
Scandinavian grand lodges hays been
organized. In Illinois there are many
Scandinavian lodges, but all their ef
forts for a separate existence have been
defeated. The Minnesota grand lodge
passed a resolution of sympathy.
A special committee was appointed
and drafted resolutions memorializing
the international supreme lodge to re
vise the rituals, laws and rules of the
order, eliminating all matter of a re
ligious nature, thus making the order
true to its motto "Our field is the
world," by which it signifies itself as
universal and open to the Wbole com
The committee of laws submitted
many changes which were adopted af
ter sharp contentions. The committee j
on appeals wrestled with many ques
tions, making the spsslon very interest
ing. More than one appellant will go
No session was held last evening as
the delegates were tendered a recep
tion by Garfleld Lodge No. 101. The
election of officers will take place to
HAZEL W ILL APPEAL.
He Is Fined $1 in the Mnnlclpal
W H. Hazel, the colored man who was
arrested on the charge of disorderly conduct
as the result of an argument with M. Y.
Bridges, proprietor of the Market restaurant.
over the latter's refusal to serve the colored
man, was yesterday before Judge Twohy,
and required to pay a flue of $1. Hazel de
clared his intention of app>^aling the case to
the supieme court, and a stay until Jan. 28
LOST THREE DRAFTS.
A Metropolitan Guest I» .Minus Sj!.'lOO
*D. F. Longstreet, of the City of Mexi
co, who is a gue-st at the Metropolitan
hotel, reported to the police last even
ing that he had lost three $100 drafts.
Mr. Longstreet was uncertain as to how
the property disappeared, but thinks ho
dropped his wallet with other valuable
papers from his pocket. Payment on
the drafts has been stopped.
ONLY ON INSIDE RECEIPTS.
Telephone Company Exclude* Inter
state Bualness in Its Report.
The Northwestern Telephone com
pany yesterday notified State Treasurer
Koerner that it would not pay any tax
on its interstate business, but filed a
report as to the business done within
the state, which, so far as it goes, is
in compliance with the law passed by
the legislature at its session last win
ter. The company reports the business
for the year as $334,000, on which the
state tax at 3 per cent. Is $10,020.
TußKnrt Huh Gone.
J. P. Taggert. who for some time has been
the Northwestern passenger representative
Of tha Baltimore & Ohio, with headquarters
in St. Paul, left last night for Philadelphia
v/hero ho is to be city ticket agent of the
cor.-j.ny. Ha ig to be succeeded here by
Ihomas McGill. at present assistant city
ticket agent at Chicago of the B. & O Mr
McGill is a brother of "Willie" McGill. 'the
ball player, has been here long enough to
be properly introduced, and will take his '
new station seme time this week. A number
of Mr. Taggarfs friend 3 saw him off on tha
train last cicht.
BOTTBNHBSa IN BELTRAMr.
31 r. AV'ei '» Report Shdivn a Pretty-
Kettle of Fl»h.
If the report of Deputy Public Ex
aminer West is well founded, Beltraml
county affairs are pretty rotten. He
The chairman of the county board has
sold the county a court house for double its
value, putting in hi 3 brother-in-law for the
P"n>ose. The sheriff haa a bill of $150 for
sheriffs barns; the county attorney is al
lowed $1 200 a year salary, and in addition
to this the commissioners have allowed a bill
of $500 for legal advice.
June 29, last, the county tsued $12,130 In
bonds for the purpose of paying the floating
Indebtedness of the county, alleged to havo
exited prior to April 23, IS9.
Aug. 14 the auditor was directed to ad
vertise for bids on a new court house. No
bids were received, but W. H. Roberts offered,
to sell a building he was erecting, the
commissioners decreed that "court house
orders" In the sum of $3,800 should be issued
to him in payment for hts building. The
claim was not presented to the commissioners
and audited when It became due, as re
quired by law.
The report says the building Is not con
sidered to be of the value of $2,C00; and
the taxpayers wero denied the right to ap
peal from what they term an outrage. In
order to keep the matter a secret from the
people as long as posible. the proceedings
were not published until Oct. 14.
It is further related that the chairman
of t3ie county board formerly owned one of
the lota on which tha court house is built.
Five days before the trade was made ha
deeded the property to Roberts, his brother
in-law, who made the deal with the board,
and the "store" -which the chairman had
been building became the court house, for
which the county paid two prices.
On Aug. 14 a $1,200 lockup was ordered,
and the proceedings supressed until Oct. 14.
J. W. HEXDEUSO.V ARRESTED.
Secretary BfcDavitt Causes a Wnr
rnnt to Issue.
Secretary McDavitt, of the state board of
modical examiners, yesterday procured the
arrest of J. W. Henderson upon the charge
of violating the state law. It Is alleged in
the complaint that the accused "rtvc mm ended
a certain agency treatment on Nov. 15 for
one Edith Smith." Henderson was taken in
to the municipal court and entered a plea of
not guilty to the charge. He was released
upon his own recognizance until Friday.
To the Editor of the Globe.
Your comments concerning the state ex
penses and taxation do not point out the
remedy, except Inferentlally, that of reducing
the expenditures which per se admits the
right to exercise discretion.
The remedy is provided In the constitution,
article 9, section 2, which commands the leg
islature to provide "an annual tax sufficient
to defray the estimated ordinary expenses of
the state for each year." The tax must
be sufficient, not more or less, and must de
fray the estimated ordinary expenses, and
nothing olso. The practical operation of this
rule is that the ordinary expenses (current
expenses) must bo flrat estimated and then
the legislature pass a law levying a tax suf
ficient to pay Bucta ordinary expenses. Tl>e
tax is limited to ordinary or current expenses,
which ordinary expenses must be estimated In
advance, and then tho levy made to pay ft
and nothing else. Hence tho constitution con
fines the state expenditures to ordinary ex
penses, and the tax lo pay that kind of ex
pense, which, if followed, will prevent any
deficit. The constitutional language, "An an
nual tax sufficient to defray the • stlmatcd
ordinary expenses," can have but one mean-
Ing, which is that the annual tax is limited
to ordinary expenses, which must be »Htlmat
ed tn advance, and then a tax levied suffi
cient to pay suc-h ordinary expense, and this
Is the constitution Riven by ait the courU
who have consldei stlon.
St. Paul, Deo. 21.
Is It a St. Pnnl Coat?
Tho Minneapolis authorities yesterday no
tified the local police of the arrest <>f two
men giving the names ot Herman W.ebber and
John Finn, in the Mill City, with a valuable
overcoat in their possession, which la be
lieved to have been Rtnlrn In this city, Chief
Schweitzer requested thai the men be
until today, when an officer will be Bent to
investigate the ownership ot the
Said it* Have St«;l<-n Trousers,
Samuel Sargent, a young man who has
been under arrest frequently f"r alleged of
wab yesterday corralled by officer
Squires after an exciting chase, and locked
up on the eh irge ■ I larceny. He is accused
ling two pairs of trousers valued at
?i 50 from the clothing st< rnberg &
venth and Wacouta Btreets.
Udermcn Meet T«*Jii«l>«.
An adjourned meet lug of the board of
aldermen Is scheduled for this evening, it
was expected the lilwaj ordinance
would N> taken up but as the company^ ua
not as ;/et decided on Just what they <lt«iire
to have' the m< asm ■ pi Per
taining to railway matters will be
,v the meeting.
Department H«« Tliree < jill.m.
The lire il ponded tn tlin-n
alarms yesterday, but little or no damage
resulted 1 niLny" Ins tan b ing
a chimney Bre at :'io Fourl
false mercurial alarm from the Pion< ir Press
job printing offl<
street, and a slight blaze at Linkc!
baum's grocery Btore r t, the lat
handling i i j <-md.o
In thawing ti frozen wati r pipe.
Celebrates Mis rir»t m«mm.
cl Ber vices will t, (i again held at St.
t'a church next Sunday, when Rev.
Bdwai I Qerreagh-ty, a St. Paul boy, recently
ned by Bishop Shanley, at Farg>, will
celebrate his ttr wi "
commenced promptly at 10:30. Very Rev.
Thomas Eagan, of Jamestown, X. I-, w.n
preach the sermon, ar.d-a large number of
visiting priests will also bu present.
FOUGHT LIKK A FIEND.
Colored Murderer Captured and
Then Lynched, as ! suul.
MINTER CITY, Miss., Dec. 28. Jo
seph Hopkins, the negro who murd ?red
two white farmers on Christmas day
at Glendora, a small inland town near
this place, was captured by a p
at daylight this morning on the James
plantation near Swan L«ake. Hopkins
tied himself in a gin house, but
was discovered by two "who
gave the alarm. Hopkins fought like
a fiend before being taken Into custody,
and when arrest 'i It was found th;it
gro had been shot In three places
during the melee. He was not fatally
injured, however, and was at once tak
en to the scene of hi 3 crime. Hopkins
confessed his guilt, and did not p
for mercy, but b< gged his captors to
make quick work of him, and little
time was lost In carrying out the re
quest. A rope was pla it the
negro's neck, ard h<? was hanged to
th» limb of .-l tree. The body was then
riddled with bullets and left hanging.
Hopkins' record Is a very bad one.
many recent crimes being attributed
to him. _
MINNEAPOLIS MAN IRRESTED.
<.'liarj4o«l "With Abducting a Seven
FT. SCOTT. Kas.. Deo. L'S.-P. Harmon,
traveling salesman for a Minneapolis wire
■works, la In Jail here, eharsrd with tho ab
duction of Mlfs K!!a liunn. thi- L7-year>old
daughter of a oW«cvinaii ,f ;.- t . .:,. f jfsr
mon and the girl 1 -ft h°i" la=t Saturdaj
were apprehended at Springfield Upon 1j -
Ing brought back, Harmon proposed mar
riage, but the girl's fathrr w.>uld not i;ive his
conent. Harmon frrmeiH f\>- 1 at Wichita.
HAMILTON. 0.. D«c. B.- Judge Nlelan. of
th.- common pleas rcurt who on last I ■"•
appointed Samoel J. Fitter) receiver of the
Herrlng-Hall-Mervln S;ifo company, today,
on petition of the defVr.dnnta, transfers I
suit to the United Irenlt court at
Cineinn-atl. Mr. Fltten's position us receirer
Is not yet affected by the trai: . '
move ia avowedly for the protti-tiun of the
Ohio creditors of the concern and to prevent
Ohilo assets from b<lng used to pay pre
ferred creditors In other states.
11.-iKkan Him inliin .
OTTAWA. Ont.. Dec. 23.— it Is said In offi
cial circles that the mooting between the I'.r'.t-
Ish and Amerl'-an authorities for finally de
termining tho boundary of Alaska will bo
he!d this winter. Tin* meridian llni- Is ■
tically agreed upon, and the main point ol
dispute will be as to the atrip running alonj
the Pacific coast contiguous "to lirltisli
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