Newspaper Page Text
THE DfllLY GLOBE IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY AT NEWSPAPER ROW, COR. FOURTH AND MINNESOTA STS. SUBSCRIPTION RATES, Payable In Advance. Dollj- ana Sunday, Per Month .50 Dally and Sunday, Six Months $2.75 Dally and Sunday, One Year - $5.O!) Dally Only, Per Month - •<© Dally Only, Six Months $2.23 Dally Only, One Year ------ f4.00 Sunday Only, One Year - - - - - $1.50 Weekly, One Year fI.OO Address oil communications and make all remittances payrble to THe GLOBE CO.. St Paul. Minn. Complete files of the Globe always kept on hand for reference. TODAY'S WEATHER. WASHINGTON. Dec. 29.— Forecast for Thursday: Minnesota, North Dakota, South lJakota— Fair; coaler; northwesterly winds. Wisconsin— Fair; cooler; northwest gales; diminishing:. Montana— Showers; prcbably clearing Thurs day afternoon; southwesterly winds. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. United States Department of Agriculture, Weather Bureau, Washington, Dec. 29. 6:48 p. m. Local Time\ 8 p. m. 75th Meridian Time.— Observations taken at the samo mo ment of time at all stations. TEMPERATURES. place. Tem.lPlace. Tern. St. Paul 40Qu'Appelle Tl Duluth 3t> Minnedosa 22 Huron 38 Winnipeg 18 Bismarck 30 ■ AVilliston 3o Buffalo 36-36 Havre 34 Boston 24-28 Helena 40 Cheyenne 42-50 Kdmonton 30 Chicago 38-42 Buttleford 26 Cincinnati 42-42 Prince Albert 18 New Orleans .. ..54-64 Calgary 28 New York 36-36 Medicine Hat 32 Pittsburg 40-40 Swift Current 26 DAILY MEANS. 29.70; mean temperature, 34; rel ative humidity, 70; wind at 8 p. m., north \rest; weather, cloudy; maximum tempera ture, 43; minimum temperature, 24; daily range, 10; amount of precipitation In last twenty-four hours, 0. Note — Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. —P. F. Lyons, Observer. -•»- WHO IS MY NEIGHBOR? The trade reports of the Dominion of Canada reflect a brilliant light upon the sapience of the statesmen at Wash ington, who defended some of the most objectionable features of the Dingley act by denunciation of our neighbor on the north as one of the bitterest foes of American industry and American labor. For some of the most obnoxious clauses of the Dingley act reliance was placed upon the bitter feeling of hos tility, which every endeavor was made to "create, between the people of the United States and those of Canada. The American laborer was given to un derstand that his brother on the north was his implacable foe; that prosperity to the one meant death to the other, and that great ben< tit would accrue to j ail American interests by building up ! highei and stronger the tariff barrier between the two peoples. The whole theory of the* Dingley act is that, ff we could prohibit all commerce between the United States and Canada, we would be great gainers thereby. it was this feeling that led to the in sertion in the bill to regulate immigra tion, passed by the last congress, of a clause directed against Canada so of fensive and unjust that it not only justified, but required the veto that President CleveWnd was prompt to give. It was this feeling that bolstered up the infamous tariff on lumber, rest ing solely upon the assumption that the high price of the labor of Canada ivould drive out of employment the more poorly paid labor of the United States engaged in the lumbering busi ness. Just as the halls of congress at Washington resound periodically with anathemas directed against Great Brit ain, beyond comparison the best cus tomer that the producers of the United States have ever found or ever will find for their wares, so do legislative iniqui ties, alleged to be aimed at Canadian intercourse, strike, where they strike at all, against relations that are enor mously to our advantage. Let us glance at the figures of the Canadian trade reports to find out "who is our neighbor" and what sort of fellow he is. We find that, of the total imports into Canada for consumption last year, amounting to $111,294,021, there came from England only $29,412,188, while the Imports from the United States reached the handsome total of $61,649,041. Thus the people of Canada, notwithstanding their close relation to the mother coun try and the reciprocal trade relations ■which they have been endeavoring to make, took from their kinsmen lesa than half the amount that they bought from a people who have been endeavor- Ing by every means within their power to harass and cut off commercial re lations. Since the Mgh protectionist is also a worshiper of the "balance of trade" theory, and believes that the desirability of commerce between this nation and another should be measured by the excess of our exports over our imports, that feature is worth looking .at. Canada bought from us last year, as we saw, goods to the value of $61, --649,041. Canada sent to us of her own products to the value of $43,991,485. Thus we find a splendid balance of trade of nearly $18,000,000 in our favor as the net result of the year's business with our neighbor on the north. This is the sort of business which congress has set itself to ruin by every means within its power. The trade re ports of the next year will show how successful it has been. Canada's busi ness with Great Britain is increasing In both directions. She is being shut out from our markets by outrageous duties, and is seeking in Great Britain those markets which she must have for the sale of her exports in order to be able to make purchases in return. Within a twelvemonth beyond any question, it will appear that the total net effect of the Dingley act is to re duce very materially both sides of the trade balance sheet between Canada and the United States. She will send us fewer goods and she will buy very much le?s of us in exchange. For the purpose of fbst£rfng a sense- less hostility and of enriching a few men in this country who are already millionaires, our commercial legislation is reducing and will presently annihil ate a trade with our nearest neighbor that already reaches a volume of over $61,000,000 of exports annually, and that shows a balance of nearly $18,000,000 due to us annually on account of it. If any business man were to act after this fashion he would be committed to an insane asylum, or else his partners and creditors would depose him from the management before he ruined them al together. In national affairs this Is called business conduct and patriotism. One has but to compare the utterances of our senators and congressmen and their action, as set down in current legislation, with the facts of trade to exclaim once more with the Immortal poet: "What fools these mortals be." AFTER HIS POCKETBOOK. It is excruciatingly funny to read the accounts of the Republican ruction down in Ohio, with its alleged revolt against Boss Hanna and its solemn as servation of his forthcoming defeat. A baby could see through the inward meaning of the present arrangement of the forces. Mr. Hanna's re-election was taken care of long ago. He fixed himself up with the last Republican convention and with the legislative candidates In different parts of the state during the fall campaign. He was put in line to be his own successor, and how much it cost him probably nobody but himself knows. The election, how ever, showed the return of so narrow a majority for the Republican party that the opportunity was too good to be lost. The Republicans of Ohio, like other Republicans, are not blind to a good thing when they see it, and Mr. Hanna as a candidate for the United States senate is one of the best things going. He has command of millions, and nobody needs to be told that he would spend any amount within reason rather than be retired from his posi tion of kitchen boss and representative of the administration In the senate. The sole question, then, became how far the fears of Mr. Hanna could be worked upon by fomenting a revolt in the Republican ranks and compelling him to shell out under the threat of losing his coveted honors. This is all that the Ohio mutiny means. It Is merely a ques tion of dollars and cents, of shrewd en gineering to make Mr. Hanna pay roundly for his election, according to the approved theory of politics which he so thoroughly represents. It stands to reason on the face of it that the danger of a bona fide opposi tion to Hanna is slight indeed. How ever Mr. Foraker may feel about it, he has got what he wanted. He is a United States senator and his trusted friend is governor of the state of Ohio, and the state machinery is still within his con trol. He may not particularly desire to share the honors with Mr. Hanna, but that Is a good deal better than fighting him. Mr. Foraker is shrewd enough to have measured the caliber of Ohio Republicanism, to understand that the machinery of the party in his state has to be kept well oiled and to appreciate the fact that, if it came to a show-down between him and the Hannaites, he would be ingloriously left. Why should he invite such a strug gle and such an issue for no present gain other than the poor ef fect of splitting the party in two and bringing about its probable defeat? No, this alleged move ment of the Foraker people has just enough countenance to make it a good able-bodied scare for Mr. Hanna and to loosen his purse strings, which he has drawn uncomfortably tight. The members of the Ohio legislature mean to send him back to Washington, but they mean that he shall pay for it roundly, after the approved fashion of getting elected to the United States senate nowadays in most of the states. He need not think that the paltry sums which he put up to carry the election, paltry as compared with his great re sources, will be accepted as a discharge in full. They will scare him just enough at Columbus to tap him for another contribution. If he proves obstinate, they may even create a deadlock and hold up a possible senatorial vacancy until he meets their demands. If Mr. Hanna is going back to the senate, he may as well make up his mind to fol low the precedent that he has done so much to create, and come down with the amount of cash that Is propor tioned to his private fortune and the average price of senatorships in the Re publican market. — . ~^». THE TWIN CITY R. T. CO., OF NEW JERSEY. The report of the state assessors of New Jersey contains an item of local interest. For years past it has been the custom of corporations to take advan tage of certain very liberal provisions In the New Jersey statutes relating to the formation of corporations. So favor able are these that promoters of com panies who are residents of other states and deal in or with properties no part of which ever was or ever gets within the limits of New Jersey incorporate Under the laws of that state. In com pensation for the favors shown a light tax Is laid" upon the stock issued by these corporations, and this report shows that this tax, excluding that laid upon railway properties, amounts to over $2,000,000. But among the corporations of that state whose stock issues exceed $3,000, --000 we confess to some surprise to find listed the Twin City Rapid Transit company, with a capital stock of $16, --147.200, against which New Jersey ex tends a tax of $4,557.36. We had mis takenly supposed that this corporation was a domestic one. Its properties are ail within the two cities and it pays into their treasuries something by way of taxation, a very small percentage, however, upon the value of the proper ty as represented by the stock issued. But it appears that its promoters journeyed down to New Jersey and in corporated under the laws of that state, thus making our local street railways virtually an institution of and taxable in that state. It is something of a pang that this THE SAIiVT PAU3C GLOBS: THURSDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1897. information gives to- us. We have wit nessed with pride the growth*of the St. Paul and the Minneapolis street rail ways; we have glowed at the generosity with which our common councils have treated them; we have seen the gener ous rivalry between the companies and the councils as to which could. outdo the other in gracious treatment, and, when the two were absorbed In the Twin City Rapid Transit company, we saw only the natural, healthful growth of a local enterprise into a large one un der the benign influences of the cor poration laws of our own state. And new comes the shattering of the fond delusion. We awake to the stern real ity that our pride is not ours, but New Jersey's; owing allegiance to that state, paying tribute to it, getting from it Its life. Henceforth we will have to read into the name of the company the omitted words "New Jersey," and con sider this corporation hereafter as "The Twin City Rapid Transit Company of New Jersey." Will councils be less generous now that our flower proves to b-2 only an exotic instead of the sweet blcssom of our own prairies that we had imagined it to be? Must we here after know it as only a Jersey Lilly? «^*» the: people are not fooled. The confeerence that has Just taken place among the Indiana Republicans shows how much better is the common sense of the average voter than the smartness of the average political leader. The dispatches state that "the unanimity of the party in the state on the position that the currency must be reformed was a surprise to a good many of the men attending the confer ence." This is a rude shock to the com fortable belief of the Republican politi cians at Washington that they might be permitted to go back on their pledg es, smooth the ruffled feelings of the country with the solemn assurance that it was no use to try to push currency reform through a hostile senate, and so sit down at the full feast provided for them at the last national election without performing the promises by which alone they obtained admission to the festal board. The masses of the Republican voters are not as dead to all sense of honor or as blind to the re quirements of expediency as are their political .•-upeilois. We have witnessed a perfect storm of excuses and apolo gies ever since congress assembled for intended inaction on the financial ques tion. One Republican leader after an other arose to. tell the country how eager he was to support a proper currency reform, how disappointed he was not to have a chance to vote, but how thoroughly convinced he was that, in the present constitution of the ' two houses, it was plainly useless to hope to carry such legislation through. The party managers are now learn ing?, to their surprise and consterna tion, that these futile pretexts are not accepted even by their own supporters. When Senator Allison, whose word is supposed to b? supreme in his own baili wick, declared himself against any ac tion on the currency question, he was amazed to discover that the most in fluential section of the lowa pr.ess was dead against his position. The Indiana Republicans are anything but martyrs to principle. Politics in that state have been on a pretty low level for a good many years, and the Indiana Republi can Is not building altars in order that he may lay upon them his dearest pos sessions as a sacrifice to principle. The closeness of the state in the ordinary election has, however, developed po litical shrewdness and every-day horse sense. Therefore it appears, on the gathering of this conference, that there is an almost unanimous opinion that the Republican party must do some thing to make good its professions of devotion to sound money and currency reform. Probably these Indiana gentlemen would be as delighted as any others if they could give the whole perplexing question the go-by. What they see is that such a policy will be accepted by the voting rank and file as an act of party treachery, a confession of insin cerity, a denial of solemn obligation and a confession of both falsehood and Incompetence. They see, as practical politicians, that any losses which they may suffer from taking a forward posi tion on the currency question are but a small fraction of those they would experience from abandoning the main position upon which the election of 1596 was fought out. The speech of Senator Fairbanks and the assurances that he conveyed of President McKlnley's sincerity, indicate that the Republican managers are beginning to see that they will have to face the music. With whatever distaste and heart palpita tions, they realize that, If they are not to be ingloriously beaten in every state In the Union at the next election, they will have to make at least 'a pretense of performing their pledges. We shall Bee presently whether they are as un able to treat a business qtftstlon In a businesslike way when dealing with monetary reform as they proved them selves to be in the legislating upon the tariff. It Is as eesy for the Ethiopian to change bis skin or the leopard his spots as for the average Democratic editor to cast off that old copperhead hatred of Union soldiers that was either bis or his father's thlrty-flve years ago.— Blue Earth City Post. If volunteering when Baltimore's mob killed Massachusetts soldiers In 1861, and service continuously from May, 1861, until May, 1860, give to any soldier of the civil war the right to speak plainly and candidly for soldierly honor, the member of th« Qlob c' s edi torial staff who has raised the Ire of the Post can claim that right. If to insist that no pension should be given to or received by the former soldier who can' earn his support, and that a generous one should be given him who cannot, Is to b« or have been a copper head, then a plea of guilty must ba entered. Since It Is apparent the European govern ments are bent upon taking slices of China why shouldn't the annexatlonists in the United States Insist upon this country getting a slice? A Chinese state might be useful In case the country needed it — Butte Miner. Would the Miner swap its silver platter for broken china? SOGIAIt SIDE OF IT THE MEMBERS OF THE EDUCA TIONAL ASSOCIATION TEN DERED A RECEPTION. GIVEN BY THf* WOMEN'S CLUBS BEFORE MINGLING SOCIALLY A LARGE AUDIENCE HEARS PROF. BUTLER DISCUSS SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION. Condensed Reports of the Meetings of the VurlOTis Brancließ of the Association. The reception tendered the members of the Educational association and the Associated School Boards by. the State Federation of Women's Clubs at the Central Presbyterian church last even ing, was a most enjoyable function. Fully 600 members of the association and their friends gathered In the au ditorium of the church and listened to a very scientific address by Prof. Butler, after which the large sliding doors which separate the church from the lecture room were thrown open, -and the remainder of the evening was pleasantly spent by the educators- re newing acquaintances and making new ones. Miss Hope's Mandolin orchestra furnished music for the occasion. The ladles of the federation who assisted in receiving were: Mrs. R. M. Newport, Mrs. Ward Stone, Prof. Maria Sanford, Mrs. C. N. Akere, Mrs. T. K. Gray, Miss T. B. Griffith, Miss Mary Evans, Mrs. P. S. Allen, Dr. Helen W. Blsaell. Mrs. Alex. Barclay, Miss "Wadsworth, Mra. F. H. Wheelock. Mrs. W. E. Thompson, The scene in the Central church last evening, after Prof. Butler's address, was an animated one. The lecture room was crowded with professors, college presidents, school officials of all ranks, and teachers, while many of the people in the auditorium Tcept their seats and looked on, for the scene as viewed from the church was cer tainly an interesting one. The recep tion was an Informal one, and was thoroughly enjoyed by all present, as It was the only opportunity many of the members had to make the acquaint ance of their fellow teachers. It is sel dom such an audience of so many gen tlemen, and ladies, too, who have be come eminent in the educational field is gathered in one assemblage. When President D. L. Kiehle called the meeting to order last evening, pre vious to the reception, the church was crowded, every seat being taken. On the platform, which was tastily, hung with flags and set with palms, were Bishop Gilbert, Prof. J. D. Bond, Dr. A. B. Meldrum, J. W. L. Corning, pres ident of the St. Paul Public School union; W. W. Pendergast, state su perintendent of public instruction; Prof. Phelps, Miss Evans, of TMorth field; Dr. Helen W. Bissell and Prof. Maria Sanford. Prof. Butler was the speaker of the evening. His address was upon "Scien tific Education." Prof. Butler's hand ling of his subject was masterly and elicited a continued applause from the audience when he had finished. Prof. Butler dwelt at length on the import ance of physical culture of the Ameri can youth, saying that it was the most important and far reaching of all the important subjects they had to con sider. It was the duty of the American educator to look to., the physical de velopment of their students. In closing he said the day was not far distant when the educator would welcome the influence of the home in the school, as already it was becoming felt in the educational institutions throughout the country. President D. L. Kiehle ad dressed the audience again and turned the meeting over to the ladies federa tion. Miss Evans, of Carleton, addressed the audience, extending tc them a hearty greeting. The Federation of Woman's Clubs extended them welcome. They were all gathered together for one pur pose and were united in their efforts to elevate the professionjn which they were engaged. Prof. Maria Sanford, of the state uni versity, made a five' minute address, in which she said she remembered the first teachers' meeting she ever attend ed and that there had always been a unity between teiachers, that, they were bound together by the holiest ties. In closing Prof. Sanford said: "Let us all join hands in the repoptlon which will follow in a few minutes and thank God for permitting us to Join in this noble work." Miss Evans introduced Dr. Helen W. Bissell, chairman of , the standing com mittee on Ff deration of Mothers' Clubs. Dr. Bissell explained briefly some of the objects of the association, saying that they brought In teachers and mothers in closer toi^ch Avith one an other. The movement was growing in this state.- i Bishop Gilbert was next introduced. He said it was with genuine pleasure that he looked Into their faces, when he thought of the noble work in which they were engaged. He said there was a noble motive actuating their motives. When they looked into the face of a child they could not help seeing the image of the Divine there and were thus inspired. He urged them to be not only light burners but light producers. Bishop Gilbert's talk was followed by the reception. college: section done. Dr. G. W. Davis, of Macalester, Elect ed President. The college section held their last meeting yesterday afternoon and elect ed officers for the ensuing year. The mw officers are: Dr. G. W. Davis, of Macalester college. Vice President— Prof. George HuntinjtDn, of Carleton. Secretary and Treasurer— Prof. C. A. Ben ton, of Carleton. Executive Committee— Prof. W. E. Thomp son. Prof. Gehler, Elizabeth Robludon ord T. A. Maher. The first paper on the programme was by Prof. J. M. Johnson, of Macal ester college,' on "The Cultivation of tha Ideal in College Education." Prof. Johnson said educators were recogniz ing the importance qfc higher and loftier ideals In college life.a though every year brought new ideas | n the educational field: the intellectua. growth of the teacher and si holaj ■ alike was often governed by ojp ad 1 tried precepts. The conditionsa>f ti le times, however, had a great del to •lo with the educa tors and colleg^ It has been said, before understi ndlrig an author per fectly we must understand the times In which he ' livefy Tradition was strong, but he hoped! 'ln the future, edu cators would give the cultivation of high ideals a more Important place in the curriculum •of' tHeir schools. Prof. Johnson also st£ongl£ advocated college sports and college athletics, as it was a fact that some of the greatest men the world had Srer s^en had been great athletics, and |he men capable of the greatest undertakings were the men of physical strength. Plato dwelt upon the Importance of physical culture in the public schools. He thought that any school was weak which did not provide a department for college sports. Prof. W. E. Thompson, of Ham Sine, led the discussion on Prof. Johnson's paper. There was little difference of opinion upon the pofr.ts involved in th ■ paper." A number taking part in the discussion thought that in the instruc tion given in the college of today thire . was a strain of higher ideals running all through the teachings, which were products of the last century. Prof. M. L. Sanford, of the state uni versity, made an address on "The Place and Value of Inter-Collegiate Debates." Prof. Sanford discussed the subject in her pleasingly characteristic way, and took a firm stand in favor of debates, saying that they were productive of bringing out the best that was In the student, and should be lncouraged in their place. Prof. L. E. Ashbaugh, of Parker college, led the discussion of Prof. Sanford's address. He was also in favor of college contests, but he hoped that in a few colleges were they gave prizes for such contests, they would make them a struggle for honor only. Several of tho college men fol lowed Prof. Ashbaugh, and it seemed to be the sense of the meeting that it would be but a short time until colleges would cease to give prizes In oratorical contessta. All who spoke said thee col leges they represented had ceased to give prizes. The section cleaned up some unfinished business and adjourned until next year. NOVELS AS TEXT BOOKS. High School Section Talks History and Civics. The wing of the high school section, which met In room 26 of the Central high school yesterday afternoon, held a most interesting: meeting on the all- Important question "History and Civ ics In the High School." Principal J. C. Bryant, of the Humbbldt high school, presided over the meeting. "Tha programme was In the nature of a gen eral talk which was participated in by high school authorities from all over the state. Supt. Bagely. of Mapleton, thought that history should be asso ciated with the study, of Latin and Greek. It should be, he thought, rein forced with English literature. Civics and United States and English history should go hand In hand. Supt. li. E. Leeton, of Montlcello, thought the mental effort and culture derived from the study, was more evi dent in the perusal of this study than in any others. Miss Allison, of th© Humboldt high school, neatly set forth the advantages of the help of the his torical novel in teaching of history. The libraries were full of excellent historical novels, which were good text books, only they were clothed with fictitious narrative, but were often more instructive than the original text. Miss Bush, of Faribault, said she al ways discussed the historical Ilpvel before her class before she had them read It. Mr. Leeton held that the use of a single text alone did violence to the child's nature, yet some pupils read too much. Miss Dougherty, of the Central high school, took the neg ative side of the question, and said she was much opposed to the histori cal novel as a text book, as the facts as found in the text books were the best for school room use. Prof. W. M. West, of the state university, set forth clearly that history dealt with the so ciety, and the historical novel with a single soul. And that, although they were imaginative, the best historical novels were essential to the teaching of history- Since it was of great Im portance to see the Individual clearly at all times in the study of history, whether strictly historical or not, yet it conveyed the impression Intended. The real question was, he thought, do we teach history dogmatically, or critically? The high schools were moving towards a more complete Use of the sources of history. * There is said to be a doubt among a certain class of educators about wom en teaching civics, but, when Miss Christian Gowdy, of the Central high school, addressed the meeting on the subject, her paper certainly removed any doubt there might have been in their minds on the subject. Miss Gow dy handled her subject in a most at tractive manner, presenting an out line of the principles of government which were taught in the high schools. After Miss Gowdy had finished, she was warmly applauded. ELEIHENTAIIY INSTRUCTION. Programme Arranged and npplled by Minneapolis Teacher*. Miss Lillian Blaisdell presided at the meeting of the elementary section yes terday afternoon in the Central Pres byterian church. There was a large audience present, the afternoon being spent in hearing a couple of well pre pared papers on elementary instruc tion. The programme was arranged and supplied by Minneapolis teachers. The subject discussed in the papers was "Sense Training and New Meth ods in Numbers." Miss Alice Johnston gave the first paper, her section of the subject being "Sense Training in the Primary Grades, Aims Bearing on Other Work, Sources of Information and Material Used, Etc." Miss Johnston thought that training was fundamental and that without training the child was not capable of grasping impres sions conveyed to the brain through the agency of the five senses. The pupil should be given clear Images and made to understand them thoroughly, and that this could only be accomplished by persistant efforts. Miss Mabel Aus tin, of the Prescott school, Minneapolis, gave a class exhibition, exemplifying the position taken by Miss Johnston. She had her class on the platform and they were given tests in matching col ors, forms and sizes. The children showed remarkable aptitude in their answers to the questions given by the teachers. Miss Jean Gowdy, of the "Van Cleve school, Minneapolis, also gave a class recital on the stage. Her class was put through a blackboard drill, followed by a chart exercise. Mrs. Alice F. Collins, of the Sheridan school, Minneapolis, also gave a class drill. Her scholars were third graders and put through a more advanced course than the other classes. AMERICA'S BAD BOY. Associated Boards of Ili&h Schools Consider Him. The associated boards of high schools held their first meeting yesterday in Room 15 of the high school building. The first order of business was the reading of the minutes and the ap pointment of a committee on creden tials, which consisted of A. B. Douglas, Moorhead; J. J. Fulkerson, of Roches ter, and C. W. Paige, of Dawson. S. A. Lamgum was elected temporary j secretary. A committee was also ap pointed to confer with the state asso ciation with a view to becoming a branch of the main body. W. A. Hunt opened the programme with a paper on- "The Position of the School Board in the State's Educational System," followed by a paper on "True and False Economy in School Expenditures," given by C. A. Fosnes, a member of the Montevideo board. Following these two papers was an open discussion by delegates from Mor ris, Owatonna, Cannon Falls and Alex andria. Superintendent Virgil G. Curtis read a very interesting paper on the question "Truancy." Superintendent Curtis said in part: "The bad boy of America has no counterpart in any part of the world. In Europe the youth is docile and respectful, in Asia and Africa childhood is at least in keeping with its surroundings, but the bad boy of America is an anachronism; he is a savagery growing up in the midst of civilization, impiety mocking at re ligion, lawlessness whistling defiance to law and order and license masquer ading in the costume of liberty. His language is slang and profanity, and his amusement violence, his education is blank and his name a terror to thh society. What shall be done with them is the burning question of the hour. Philanthropists, reformers, humanitar ians and statesmen have given this question their most serious attention and yet tho problem is still to vex them. But let us return to th<? bad boy ard try -nd nocount for th? sum total of his depravity, or some other theory than the total depravity theory dogma, laying it to Adam's little indiscretion back In the apple orchard of Eden. The youth of America is sadly lacking In the fundamental virtues of obedience and respect for authority, we must all admit. As to the causes of this lamen table deficiency, we shall probably not so readily agree. In many of our Amer ican homes the child is the important member, whose whims and caprices are practically the laws of the house hold. Truancy is the worst evil of school life, Involving as it does the act ing of a He and thus re-acting on the moral character of a child. The whole trouble is many parents are indifferent and wink at the little delinquencies of their children. The solution is: Take care of the boys and the men will take care of themselves." The meeting was closed with an ad dress by Dr. N. M. Butlef, of the Co lumbia university of New York city. This section will wind up Its business this afternoon when a full set of officers will be elected. PAPER ON CHILD STUDY. Mlss Estella Diirragh Thoroughly Entertains This Sectiota. The child study section met In the lecture room of the Central Presbyte rian church at 2:30 p. m. yesterday There was a large number of ladles, both teachers and those interested In the subject. Dr. Helen W. Bissell made a brief address after Supt. Parr had called the meeting to order. She pro posed a plan for the federation of mothers' club and asked all those in* terested in the subject to hand their names to Mr. Parr. • Miss Estella Darragh, of the Mankato Normal school, gave an excellent paper on "A Study of Childrens Ideals,' based upon the study of 1.500 children. Miss Darragh in her paper favored strongly the furtherance of child study both hi the schools and mothers' club. She thought a wave of progress had swept across the schools of this country In the last few years and carried away much of the lifeless mechanical drill which had charaterized old education. Its place has been filled with vitali zing Influence of the study of humanity. She thought Instruction given children, young children, those who attended tho kindergarten and lower grades in this latter day gave them higher ideals of life and that the teaching given now had been tested long enough to prove its efficiency. Miss Darragh said young er children paid little attention to the outside world. At the age of seven years 48 per cent of the children stud ied found their ideals in their father or their mother. Miss Darragh gave a dozen or more illustrations of children who had been asked who they would like to resemble and their answers. In nearly every case they gave the name of some illustrious patriot. Not only did they have a preference for great men but the events which some of the older children expressed a preference for were the ideas which had been ac tuated by the noblest motives. Many children, among the number studied, had shown a remarkable Uking for hia tcry The characters in literature be come Secondary to the authors who created them, in the mind of the older person but In the child the great men of all times such as Caesar. Napoleon, Washington. Lincoln and Grant em bodying to a supreme degree the traits previously admired in a child s ac quaintances, supplanted the authors. Child study is the study of human na- ture. , . u _ v^ One little boy was asked who he would like to resemble, and he replied that he thought he would like to look like William Jennings Bryan, and when asked to give his reasons for such a preference, on paper he wrote: He has made as many as twenty speeches In Jus? S£ alT\hls. and is but thirty-six America 5 had ought to be proud of such a Mis^D^rragh thought an important result of historical instruction was the increase in number, of patriotic children coming from the lower and foreign S" of society. At the close of M tea Darragh's paper there was an open dis cussion as to the best means of impart ing lofty and high ideals to the children entrusted to their care. Following the discussion on the above subject there was a round table talk led l.y Supt. J. A. Tawney and Miss Lillian Flaisdell on "Moral Ideas and Moral Training of Children." GRADED SCHOOL SECTION. It Seek* Connection With the Main AnKoctntton. The graded school section held quite a lively and interesting meeting yes terday afternoon in room 19 of the Cen tral high school. E. H. Ellsworth of Breckinridge. read a paper on lne Function of the Graded fochool. After a discussion of this paper was had a collection was taken up to defray the expenses of this section. School Inspector Randall addressed the meeting, saying that ho thought it altogether probable that the main as sceia lon wculd a'mlt the graded schoo wing as a- duly authorized branch of the association at their meeting this morning. Several of the prominent members of this branch will endeavor to get the main association to take this action this morning. "The Limitations of a Principal of a Graded School was the title of a paper read by C. A. Patchen, of Caledonia. It was one of great interest to the principals of grad ed schools. The paper was discussed by C. W. Sage and S. F. Beede. The election of officers of this section will take place this afternoon. BEAITIES OF MUSIC. Address by Prof. W. L. Tomllns, of Chicago. The large audience which Tvas present at the exercises of the music section in the as sembly hall of the high school was treated to a most enjoyable programme. Prof. YV . L Torollns of Chicago, who enjovß a wide reputation as one of the best musical direc tors in the country, opened the exercises xAJ? an address ou "Music.- Me .aul l 'he htKue«t expression of music was In t!i» higu est use It took something nore thaj a knowledge of sharps and flats to make a sinrcr as music was the flcwing out of the *oul 'it was situated in proximity to rll the fin«r feelings of one's nature. The music of a band often stirred people to d?ep emo tions and it was all over after the baud i had "passed. A strain of music was like a j flash of lightning which flared up and re- I veal^d a picturesque scene, and all was .ark I a-"iv Everybody could not sing like FuU;. j nor could they have a beautiful vaice, out f,i. v could sympathize with those who had. 1 and thus inculcate into their natures sosm of ' the musician's enthusiasm. The rest of the programme In this Beciflon I consisted of song 3 a.nd marching exercises j by children of the lower grades in 3. Paul ! schools. A class from the John Ericsson I school directed by Miss Ruddy, went through i some very pretty little marches. Thjy were j all d'cssed in paper caps and aprons, ad/ling i much to the effect of their ocercißtH. They also sang a number of school song 3. Similar f-xVrci3es were given by classes undjr tho direction cf Miss Fanning, of the bibley school, and Miss Z. A. Dallas. COMMITTEE OF SEVEN Will B« Appointed to Draft Rural School Legislation. The subject for discussion before the county superintendents' section, which met yesterday afternoon In the senate I chamber, was the report of the com mit tee of twelve appointed at the last meeting to consider needed improve ments in the state system of graded schools. The report is quite a volum inous one, and elicited a great deal of I discussion, the judgement of the section ] finally being that a committee of seven ! well distributed geographically through 1 the state, should be appointed to draw I i pon legislation embodying :h- gvgges tlons of the previous committ.-e an J any etcher needed improvements that they might de;ra advisable. This comnVttee j is to report at the next meeting of the I educational association. Supt. Alton urged better assistance on the part of the public official and ur< fficial, to county superintendents, I while Supt. Kugerslrona and Vander- water opened a discussion of the rela tions of the superintendents to the leg islature, which proved very interesting. The consensus of opinion seemed to be that very persistent committees were necessary to secure the passage through the legislature of deserving measures for the improvement of the normal school system. EXGLIIiH noi-ND TABLE. Interesting; Session at the Capitol Yesterday Afternoon. The house of representatives hall waa occupied in the afternoon by the Eng lish round table of the high school sec tion, Miss Ella Patterson presiding. Misses Mary E. Booth, of Marshall, and Alice Walker, of Little Falls, introduc ed the discussion. Miss M. E. Newson, of St. Paul, dis cussed the "Dynamic purpose- of Eng lish In the high school," and showeed an inconoclastlc spirit as to some of the strictly conventionalists of liteerary style. Style, she said, was not good when It was apparent at all. The facts should be shown as to make the style unno ticed. The greatest men had violated all rules of style. Carlyle was cited as a type of this class. Miss Mary A. Phelps, of Stillwater, continued the dis cussion. The Harvard college board's edict as to English composition and rhetoric was the basis of the discussion. IiATIX THEIR SPECIALTY. Nearly 100 Teacher* of Dead Lan srnafires Confer. The Latin round table of the high school section met In room sixteen at the capltol during the afternoon, nearly IOC being present. Miss Mabel E. Peck, of Rochester, presided. A general dis cussion of apparent weaknesses In pre paratory latin work was introduced by Prof. J. S. Clark, of the state univer sity, and Miss Louisa H. Richardson, of Carleton college. The last state ex amination In Latin was reported on by the examiners. Misses Peck and Mann, and Mr. McMillan. S. P. Brown, ol Glenwood, spoke of some frequently disregarded essentials of Latin gram mar, as he considered them, and Miss Clara Bailey, of Minneapolis, read a paper on methods of securing good English translations. A general dis cussion of Latin syntax followed EXAMS FOR TEACHERS. Fifteen Candidates Try for the State Certificate. Principal Bryant, of the Homboldt school yesterday, conducted an exam iration of the applicants for stata teachers' certificates at the Central high school. Fifteen took the examina tion. Principal H. S. Baker, of the Jef ferson school, conducted the examina tion of candidates for positions In tha city schools, but the greater number of those who took it were present teachers who are preparing for promotion. HIGH SCHOOL WORK. The Time for the Laboratory I'ndcr Con nlri<■ ml l o>n . A. J. Woolman.of Ituluth, presided over tha branch of the high school section which met in room 27 of the Central high school. "Scl enco In the High School" was the subject in the section. A Keneral discussion was had upon the topic, and the various branches of sciences which were taught in the high schools were considered. Several thought that more time should be given to laboratory work In the schools, as the average time given to this subject waa throe periods ;i week. If, more time could be given to the subject ths recitation period could be curtailed, Some thought three periods a work sufficient to give the pupil the knowledge of tbl3 branch as was intended by a high school. ETHICS IX THE SCHOOLS. The great need of the day, as viewed by the speakers before the Minnesota Educational association yesterday at Central Presbyterian church was moral and ethical training of the young in the public schools. Th<- t;» aeral tone of all the speakers was pessimistic. No one seemed to be at all Impressed with the fact that the world was Rotting better. Several quoted statistics and gave Incidents to show the constant increase in oflicial corruption and pri vate crime. This gave the speakers an opportu nity to put in many eloquent pleas for the introduction lino the public schools of a system for t> aching a moral code. It is believed that this would sow in the hearts of the youth of future and present generations a respect for au thority, a love of law ami order, in tegrity, honesty and loyalty both in public and private life. The very char acter of the American constitution, sev eral speakers said, allowed the widest scope for oflicial corruption, and for this reason the safety and perpetuity of government rested solely upon indi vidual and personal honesty. The Introduction of moral sind ethical training into the public schools was en dorsed by a number of prominent citi zens of the Twin cities, who were asked to speaq. The first advocate was J. T. Wyman, of Minneapolis, state sen tor, and a man well known among the purist ranks. ONE OF THEM FINED. The Second of Two Sfeopllftera <;»-t« Ninety Hoy*. Mrs. Sophia Smith and her Bister, Mrs. Mary Kall3. of Minneapolis, wero tried in tho police court yesterday for the alleged theft of a watch from Shapiro's Seventh street pawn shop and the former fined $100, while the latter was sent out to the work house for sixty days. Tho women examined watches In the pawn shop several days be fore Christmas uii'lrr the pretense of being .■itnur. ti> rnukn <i purchase. One of two watches shown them (isap.e red and ttt* w< m en were arrested upon tin- complaint of the proprietor. The Smith woman was allowed to *pay a fine instead of going to the workhouse on the representation that she had a family of several small children to be enred for. Her husband, who wis present in court, Is said to be a reputable Minneapolis citizen. Demurrer In an Injury dime. Judge Brill filed an order yesterday sus taining the demurrer of the city to the com plaint of Richard Dausher, who surd the city to recover damages for personal Injuries oc casioned by a defective sidewalk. Tho point Involved Js the same as that decided by Jud.^e Otis on Monday In the osse of Daly atfiiinst the city, to wit: the neglect of the plaintiff in his notice of claim served on thn common council to stat^ the amount of damages claimed by him. In this case, how ever, the court says that, the notice of claim seemed to atat* "the circumstances under whi^h the Injury occurifd wih sufficient full ness." C'liarK«-d With I,nro«-ny. Thomas Finn and Herrnnn W.-ber. the two young men arrested in Minneapolis Tuesday on suspicion of having stolen a coat in this city, were arraigned In the police court yes terday upon tho charge of larceny. Detective Wells brought the men from Minneapolis yes terday morning. The black sheepskin coat which Finn wore was identified by Max Michaels, a West Third street pawn broker, who alleged that It hid been stolen from a "dummy" In front of his place of business. He filed a complaint against the prisoners, and the ease was continued until today. The coat is valued at $2n. SEVENTY MILLION MARK. Pruimttlc r.olii Output of Thin Conn. try for tl»*» Vcnr. DENVER. Col., Dec. 29— The books of the United Stales brunch mint for the year 1897 ar-- now dosed. The de posits of gold are the largest ever re ceived. The total will slightly exceed $12,200,000, and a conservative estimate made by the mint officials place the en tire output of Colorado at $22,000,000 In round figures. Colorado will go far ahead of California, as it is said to bo doubtful if California's output will touch the $18,000,000 mark. Last year Colorado'o output was $16.r,oo.0)0, and that (if Calif rnla was $17. 00*3,000. while the t>>tal production of the country was $61,717,926. The great increase in the Colorado output this year will send the total for the United States up to the $70,000,000 mark.