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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, December 30, 1897, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1897-12-30/ed-1/seq-4/

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Payable In Advance.
Dollj- ana Sunday, Per Month .50
Dally and Sunday, Six Months $2.75
Dally and Sunday, One Year - $5.O!)
Dally Only, Per Month - •<©
Dally Only, Six Months $2.23
Dally Only, One Year ------ f4.00
Sunday Only, One Year - - - - - $1.50
Weekly, One Year fI.OO
Address oil communications and make all
remittances payrble to
THe GLOBE CO.. St Paul. Minn.
Complete files of the Globe always kept
on hand for reference.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 29.— Forecast for
Thursday: Minnesota, North Dakota, South
lJakota— Fair; coaler; northwesterly winds.
Wisconsin— Fair; cooler; northwest gales;
Montana— Showers; prcbably clearing Thurs
day afternoon; southwesterly winds.
United States Department of Agriculture,
Weather Bureau, Washington, Dec. 29. 6:48
p. m. Local Time\ 8 p. m. 75th Meridian
Time.— Observations taken at the samo mo
ment of time at all stations.
place. Tem.lPlace. Tern.
St. Paul 40Qu'Appelle Tl
Duluth 3t> Minnedosa 22
Huron 38 Winnipeg 18
Bismarck 30 ■
AVilliston 3o Buffalo 36-36
Havre 34 Boston 24-28
Helena 40 Cheyenne 42-50
Kdmonton 30 Chicago 38-42
Buttleford 26 Cincinnati 42-42
Prince Albert 18 New Orleans .. ..54-64
Calgary 28 New York 36-36
Medicine Hat 32 Pittsburg 40-40
Swift Current 26
29.70; mean temperature, 34; rel
ative humidity, 70; wind at 8 p. m., north
\rest; weather, cloudy; maximum tempera
ture, 43; minimum temperature, 24; daily
range, 10; amount of precipitation In last
twenty-four hours, 0.
Note — Barometer corrected for temperature
and elevation. —P. F. Lyons, Observer.
The trade reports of the Dominion of
Canada reflect a brilliant light upon
the sapience of the statesmen at Wash
ington, who defended some of the most
objectionable features of the Dingley
act by denunciation of our neighbor on
the north as one of the bitterest foes
of American industry and American
labor. For some of the most obnoxious
clauses of the Dingley act reliance was
placed upon the bitter feeling of hos
tility, which every endeavor was made
to "create, between the people of the
United States and those of Canada.
The American laborer was given to un
derstand that his brother on the north
was his implacable foe; that prosperity
to the one meant death to the other,
and that great ben< tit would accrue to j
ail American interests by building up !
highei and stronger the tariff barrier
between the two peoples. The whole
theory of the* Dingley act is that, ff we
could prohibit all commerce between
the United States and Canada, we
would be great gainers thereby.
it was this feeling that led to the in
sertion in the bill to regulate immigra
tion, passed by the last congress, of a
clause directed against Canada so of
fensive and unjust that it not only
justified, but required the veto that
President CleveWnd was prompt to
give. It was this feeling that bolstered
up the infamous tariff on lumber, rest
ing solely upon the assumption that
the high price of the labor of Canada
ivould drive out of employment the
more poorly paid labor of the United
States engaged in the lumbering busi
ness. Just as the halls of congress at
Washington resound periodically with
anathemas directed against Great Brit
ain, beyond comparison the best cus
tomer that the producers of the United
States have ever found or ever will find
for their wares, so do legislative iniqui
ties, alleged to be aimed at Canadian
intercourse, strike, where they strike
at all, against relations that are enor
mously to our advantage. Let us
glance at the figures of the Canadian
trade reports to find out "who is our
neighbor" and what sort of fellow he is.
We find that, of the total imports into
Canada for consumption last year,
amounting to $111,294,021, there came
from England only $29,412,188, while the
Imports from the United States reached
the handsome total of $61,649,041. Thus
the people of Canada, notwithstanding
their close relation to the mother coun
try and the reciprocal trade relations
■which they have been endeavoring to
make, took from their kinsmen lesa
than half the amount that they bought
from a people who have been endeavor-
Ing by every means within their power
to harass and cut off commercial re
lations. Since the Mgh protectionist is
also a worshiper of the "balance of
trade" theory, and believes that the
desirability of commerce between this
nation and another should be measured
by the excess of our exports over our
imports, that feature is worth looking
.at. Canada bought from us last year,
as we saw, goods to the value of $61,
--649,041. Canada sent to us of her own
products to the value of $43,991,485.
Thus we find a splendid balance of
trade of nearly $18,000,000 in our favor
as the net result of the year's business
with our neighbor on the north.
This is the sort of business which
congress has set itself to ruin by every
means within its power. The trade re
ports of the next year will show how
successful it has been. Canada's busi
ness with Great Britain is increasing
In both directions. She is being shut
out from our markets by outrageous
duties, and is seeking in Great Britain
those markets which she must have for
the sale of her exports in order to be
able to make purchases in return.
Within a twelvemonth beyond any
question, it will appear that the total
net effect of the Dingley act is to re
duce very materially both sides of the
trade balance sheet between Canada
and the United States. She will send
us fewer goods and she will buy very
much le?s of us in exchange.
For the purpose of fbst£rfng a sense-
less hostility and of enriching a few
men in this country who are already
millionaires, our commercial legislation
is reducing and will presently annihil
ate a trade with our nearest neighbor
that already reaches a volume of over
$61,000,000 of exports annually, and that
shows a balance of nearly $18,000,000 due
to us annually on account of it. If any
business man were to act after this
fashion he would be committed to an
insane asylum, or else his partners and
creditors would depose him from the
management before he ruined them al
together. In national affairs this Is
called business conduct and patriotism.
One has but to compare the utterances
of our senators and congressmen and
their action, as set down in current
legislation, with the facts of trade to
exclaim once more with the Immortal
poet: "What fools these mortals be."
It is excruciatingly funny to read the
accounts of the Republican ruction
down in Ohio, with its alleged revolt
against Boss Hanna and its solemn as
servation of his forthcoming defeat. A
baby could see through the inward
meaning of the present arrangement of
the forces. Mr. Hanna's re-election
was taken care of long ago. He fixed
himself up with the last Republican
convention and with the legislative
candidates In different parts of the
state during the fall campaign. He was
put in line to be his own successor, and
how much it cost him probably nobody
but himself knows. The election, how
ever, showed the return of so narrow
a majority for the Republican party
that the opportunity was too good to
be lost. The Republicans of Ohio, like
other Republicans, are not blind to a
good thing when they see it, and Mr.
Hanna as a candidate for the United
States senate is one of the best things
going. He has command of millions,
and nobody needs to be told that he
would spend any amount within reason
rather than be retired from his posi
tion of kitchen boss and representative
of the administration In the senate.
The sole question, then, became how far
the fears of Mr. Hanna could be worked
upon by fomenting a revolt in the
Republican ranks and compelling him
to shell out under the threat of losing
his coveted honors. This is all that the
Ohio mutiny means. It Is merely a ques
tion of dollars and cents, of shrewd en
gineering to make Mr. Hanna pay
roundly for his election, according to
the approved theory of politics which
he so thoroughly represents.
It stands to reason on the face of it
that the danger of a bona fide opposi
tion to Hanna is slight indeed. How
ever Mr. Foraker may feel about it, he
has got what he wanted. He is a United
States senator and his trusted friend is
governor of the state of Ohio, and the
state machinery is still within his con
trol. He may not particularly desire
to share the honors with Mr. Hanna,
but that Is a good deal better than
fighting him. Mr. Foraker is shrewd
enough to have measured the caliber
of Ohio Republicanism, to understand
that the machinery of the party in his
state has to be kept well oiled and to
appreciate the fact that, if it came to
a show-down between him and the
Hannaites, he would be ingloriously
left. Why should he invite such a strug
gle and such an issue for no present
gain other than the poor ef
fect of splitting the party in
two and bringing about its
probable defeat? No, this alleged move
ment of the Foraker people has just
enough countenance to make it a good
able-bodied scare for Mr. Hanna and to
loosen his purse strings, which he has
drawn uncomfortably tight.
The members of the Ohio legislature
mean to send him back to Washington,
but they mean that he shall pay for
it roundly, after the approved fashion
of getting elected to the United States
senate nowadays in most of the states.
He need not think that the paltry sums
which he put up to carry the election,
paltry as compared with his great re
sources, will be accepted as a discharge
in full. They will scare him just enough
at Columbus to tap him for another
contribution. If he proves obstinate,
they may even create a deadlock and
hold up a possible senatorial vacancy
until he meets their demands. If Mr.
Hanna is going back to the senate, he
may as well make up his mind to fol
low the precedent that he has done so
much to create, and come down with
the amount of cash that Is propor
tioned to his private fortune and the
average price of senatorships in the Re
publican market.
— . ~^».
The report of the state assessors of
New Jersey contains an item of local
interest. For years past it has been the
custom of corporations to take advan
tage of certain very liberal provisions
In the New Jersey statutes relating to
the formation of corporations. So favor
able are these that promoters of com
panies who are residents of other states
and deal in or with properties no part
of which ever was or ever gets within
the limits of New Jersey incorporate
Under the laws of that state. In com
pensation for the favors shown a light
tax Is laid" upon the stock issued by
these corporations, and this report
shows that this tax, excluding that laid
upon railway properties, amounts to
over $2,000,000.
But among the corporations of that
state whose stock issues exceed $3,000,
--000 we confess to some surprise to find
listed the Twin City Rapid Transit
company, with a capital stock of $16,
--147.200, against which New Jersey ex
tends a tax of $4,557.36. We had mis
takenly supposed that this corporation
was a domestic one. Its properties are
ail within the two cities and it pays
into their treasuries something by way
of taxation, a very small percentage,
however, upon the value of the proper
ty as represented by the stock issued.
But it appears that its promoters
journeyed down to New Jersey and in
corporated under the laws of that state,
thus making our local street railways
virtually an institution of and taxable
in that state.
It is something of a pang that this
information gives to- us. We have wit
nessed with pride the growth*of the St.
Paul and the Minneapolis street rail
ways; we have glowed at the generosity
with which our common councils have
treated them; we have seen the gener
ous rivalry between the companies and
the councils as to which could. outdo
the other in gracious treatment, and,
when the two were absorbed In the
Twin City Rapid Transit company, we
saw only the natural, healthful growth
of a local enterprise into a large one un
der the benign influences of the cor
poration laws of our own state. And
new comes the shattering of the fond
delusion. We awake to the stern real
ity that our pride is not ours, but New
Jersey's; owing allegiance to that state,
paying tribute to it, getting from it
Its life. Henceforth we will have to
read into the name of the company the
omitted words "New Jersey," and con
sider this corporation hereafter as "The
Twin City Rapid Transit Company of
New Jersey." Will councils be less
generous now that our flower proves to
b-2 only an exotic instead of the sweet
blcssom of our own prairies that we
had imagined it to be? Must we here
after know it as only a Jersey Lilly?
the: people are not fooled.
The confeerence that has Just taken
place among the Indiana Republicans
shows how much better is the common
sense of the average voter than the
smartness of the average political
leader. The dispatches state that "the
unanimity of the party in the state on
the position that the currency must be
reformed was a surprise to a good
many of the men attending the confer
ence." This is a rude shock to the com
fortable belief of the Republican politi
cians at Washington that they might
be permitted to go back on their pledg
es, smooth the ruffled feelings of the
country with the solemn assurance that
it was no use to try to push currency
reform through a hostile senate, and
so sit down at the full feast provided
for them at the last national election
without performing the promises by
which alone they obtained admission to
the festal board. The masses of the
Republican voters are not as dead to
all sense of honor or as blind to the re
quirements of expediency as are their
political .•-upeilois. We have witnessed
a perfect storm of excuses and apolo
gies ever since congress assembled for
intended inaction on the financial ques
tion. One Republican leader after an
other arose to. tell the country how eager
he was to support a proper currency
reform, how disappointed he was not to
have a chance to vote, but how
thoroughly convinced he was that, in
the present constitution of the ' two
houses, it was plainly useless to hope to
carry such legislation through.
The party managers are now learn
ing?, to their surprise and consterna
tion, that these futile pretexts are not
accepted even by their own supporters.
When Senator Allison, whose word is
supposed to b? supreme in his own baili
wick, declared himself against any ac
tion on the currency question, he was
amazed to discover that the most in
fluential section of the lowa pr.ess was
dead against his position. The Indiana
Republicans are anything but martyrs
to principle. Politics in that state have
been on a pretty low level for a good
many years, and the Indiana Republi
can Is not building altars in order that
he may lay upon them his dearest pos
sessions as a sacrifice to principle. The
closeness of the state in the ordinary
election has, however, developed po
litical shrewdness and every-day horse
sense. Therefore it appears, on the
gathering of this conference, that there
is an almost unanimous opinion that
the Republican party must do some
thing to make good its professions of
devotion to sound money and currency
Probably these Indiana gentlemen
would be as delighted as any others if
they could give the whole perplexing
question the go-by. What they see is
that such a policy will be accepted by
the voting rank and file as an act of
party treachery, a confession of insin
cerity, a denial of solemn obligation
and a confession of both falsehood and
Incompetence. They see, as practical
politicians, that any losses which they
may suffer from taking a forward posi
tion on the currency question are but
a small fraction of those they would
experience from abandoning the main
position upon which the election of 1596
was fought out. The speech of Senator
Fairbanks and the assurances that
he conveyed of President McKlnley's
sincerity, indicate that the Republican
managers are beginning to see that
they will have to face the music. With
whatever distaste and heart palpita
tions, they realize that, If they are not
to be ingloriously beaten in every state
In the Union at the next election, they
will have to make at least 'a pretense
of performing their pledges. We shall
Bee presently whether they are as un
able to treat a business qtftstlon In a
businesslike way when dealing with
monetary reform as they proved them
selves to be in the legislating upon the
It Is as eesy for the Ethiopian to change
bis skin or the leopard his spots as for the
average Democratic editor to cast off that
old copperhead hatred of Union soldiers that
was either bis or his father's thlrty-flve years
ago.— Blue Earth City Post.
If volunteering when Baltimore's mob killed
Massachusetts soldiers In 1861, and service
continuously from May, 1861, until May, 1860,
give to any soldier of the civil war the right
to speak plainly and candidly for soldierly
honor, the member of th« Qlob c' s edi
torial staff who has raised the Ire of the
Post can claim that right. If to insist that
no pension should be given to or received by
the former soldier who can' earn his support,
and that a generous one should be given him
who cannot, Is to b« or have been a copper
head, then a plea of guilty must ba entered.
Since It Is apparent the European govern
ments are bent upon taking slices of China
why shouldn't the annexatlonists in the
United States Insist upon this country getting
a slice? A Chinese state might be useful In
case the country needed it — Butte Miner.
Would the Miner swap its silver platter for
broken china?
Condensed Reports of the Meetings
of the VurlOTis Brancließ of the
The reception tendered the members
of the Educational association and the
Associated School Boards by. the State
Federation of Women's Clubs at the
Central Presbyterian church last even
ing, was a most enjoyable function.
Fully 600 members of the association
and their friends gathered In the au
ditorium of the church and listened
to a very scientific address by Prof.
Butler, after which the large sliding
doors which separate the church from
the lecture room were thrown open,
-and the remainder of the evening was
pleasantly spent by the educators- re
newing acquaintances and making new
ones. Miss Hope's Mandolin orchestra
furnished music for the occasion. The
ladles of the federation who assisted
in receiving were:
Mrs. R. M. Newport, Mrs. Ward Stone,
Prof. Maria Sanford, Mrs. C. N. Akere,
Mrs. T. K. Gray, Miss T. B. Griffith,
Miss Mary Evans, Mrs. P. S. Allen,
Dr. Helen W. Blsaell. Mrs. Alex. Barclay,
Miss "Wadsworth, Mra. F. H. Wheelock.
Mrs. W. E. Thompson,
The scene in the Central church last
evening, after Prof. Butler's address,
was an animated one. The lecture
room was crowded with professors,
college presidents, school officials of
all ranks, and teachers, while many
of the people in the auditorium Tcept
their seats and looked on, for the scene
as viewed from the church was cer
tainly an interesting one. The recep
tion was an Informal one, and was
thoroughly enjoyed by all present, as It
was the only opportunity many of the
members had to make the acquaint
ance of their fellow teachers. It is sel
dom such an audience of so many gen
tlemen, and ladies, too, who have be
come eminent in the educational field
is gathered in one assemblage.
When President D. L. Kiehle called
the meeting to order last evening, pre
vious to the reception, the church was
crowded, every seat being taken. On
the platform, which was tastily, hung
with flags and set with palms, were
Bishop Gilbert, Prof. J. D. Bond, Dr.
A. B. Meldrum, J. W. L. Corning, pres
ident of the St. Paul Public School
union; W. W. Pendergast, state su
perintendent of public instruction;
Prof. Phelps, Miss Evans, of TMorth
field; Dr. Helen W. Bissell and Prof.
Maria Sanford.
Prof. Butler was the speaker of the
evening. His address was upon "Scien
tific Education." Prof. Butler's hand
ling of his subject was masterly and
elicited a continued applause from the
audience when he had finished. Prof.
Butler dwelt at length on the import
ance of physical culture of the Ameri
can youth, saying that it was the most
important and far reaching of all the
important subjects they had to con
sider. It was the duty of the American
educator to look to., the physical de
velopment of their students. In closing
he said the day was not far distant
when the educator would welcome the
influence of the home in the school, as
already it was becoming felt in the
educational institutions throughout the
country. President D. L. Kiehle ad
dressed the audience again and turned
the meeting over to the ladies federa
Miss Evans, of Carleton, addressed the
audience, extending tc them a hearty
greeting. The Federation of Woman's
Clubs extended them welcome. They
were all gathered together for one pur
pose and were united in their efforts
to elevate the professionjn which they
were engaged.
Prof. Maria Sanford, of the state uni
versity, made a five' minute address,
in which she said she remembered the
first teachers' meeting she ever attend
ed and that there had always been a
unity between teiachers, that, they were
bound together by the holiest ties. In
closing Prof. Sanford said: "Let us all
join hands in the repoptlon which will
follow in a few minutes and thank God
for permitting us to Join in this noble
Miss Evans introduced Dr. Helen W.
Bissell, chairman of , the standing com
mittee on Ff deration of Mothers' Clubs.
Dr. Bissell explained briefly some of
the objects of the association, saying
that they brought In teachers and
mothers in closer toi^ch Avith one an
other. The movement was growing in
this state.- i
Bishop Gilbert was next introduced.
He said it was with genuine pleasure
that he looked Into their faces, when he
thought of the noble work in which
they were engaged. He said there was
a noble motive actuating their motives.
When they looked into the face of a
child they could not help seeing the
image of the Divine there and were thus
inspired. He urged them to be not only
light burners but light producers.
Bishop Gilbert's talk was followed by
the reception.
college: section done.
Dr. G. W. Davis, of Macalester, Elect
ed President.
The college section held their last
meeting yesterday afternoon and elect
ed officers for the ensuing year. The
mw officers are:
Dr. G. W. Davis, of Macalester college.
Vice President— Prof. George HuntinjtDn,
of Carleton.
Secretary and Treasurer— Prof. C. A. Ben
ton, of Carleton.
Executive Committee— Prof. W. E. Thomp
son. Prof. Gehler, Elizabeth Robludon ord
T. A. Maher.
The first paper on the programme
was by Prof. J. M. Johnson, of Macal
ester college,' on "The Cultivation of tha
Ideal in College Education." Prof.
Johnson said educators were recogniz
ing the importance qfc higher and loftier
ideals In college life.a though every year
brought new ideas | n the educational
field: the intellectua. growth of the
teacher and si holaj ■ alike was often
governed by ojp ad 1 tried precepts.
The conditionsa>f ti le times, however,
had a great del to •lo with the educa
tors and colleg^ It has been said,
before understi ndlrig an author per
fectly we must understand the times
In which he ' livefy Tradition was
strong, but he hoped! 'ln the future, edu
cators would give the cultivation of
high ideals a more Important place in
the curriculum •of' tHeir schools. Prof.
Johnson also st£ongl£ advocated college
sports and college athletics, as it was
a fact that some of the greatest men
the world had Srer s^en had been great
athletics, and |he men capable of the
greatest undertakings were the men of
physical strength. Plato dwelt upon
the Importance of physical culture in
the public schools. He thought that
any school was weak which did not
provide a department for college sports.
Prof. W. E. Thompson, of Ham Sine,
led the discussion on Prof. Johnson's
paper. There was little difference of
opinion upon the pofr.ts involved in th ■
paper." A number taking part in the
discussion thought that in the instruc
tion given in the college of today thire
. was a strain of higher ideals running
all through the teachings, which were
products of the last century.
Prof. M. L. Sanford, of the state uni
versity, made an address on "The Place
and Value of Inter-Collegiate Debates."
Prof. Sanford discussed the subject in
her pleasingly characteristic way, and
took a firm stand in favor of debates,
saying that they were productive of
bringing out the best that was In the
student, and should be lncouraged in
their place. Prof. L. E. Ashbaugh, of
Parker college, led the discussion of
Prof. Sanford's address. He was also
in favor of college contests, but he
hoped that in a few colleges were they
gave prizes for such contests, they
would make them a struggle for honor
only. Several of tho college men fol
lowed Prof. Ashbaugh, and it seemed
to be the sense of the meeting that it
would be but a short time until colleges
would cease to give prizes In oratorical
contessta. All who spoke said thee col
leges they represented had ceased to
give prizes. The section cleaned up
some unfinished business and adjourned
until next year.
High School Section Talks History
and Civics.
The wing of the high school section,
which met In room 26 of the Central
high school yesterday afternoon, held
a most interesting: meeting on the all-
Important question "History and Civ
ics In the High School." Principal J.
C. Bryant, of the Humbbldt high
school, presided over the meeting. "Tha
programme was In the nature of a gen
eral talk which was participated in by
high school authorities from all over
the state. Supt. Bagely. of Mapleton,
thought that history should be asso
ciated with the study, of Latin and
Greek. It should be, he thought, rein
forced with English literature. Civics
and United States and English history
should go hand In hand.
Supt. li. E. Leeton, of Montlcello,
thought the mental effort and culture
derived from the study, was more evi
dent in the perusal of this study than
in any others. Miss Allison, of th©
Humboldt high school, neatly set forth
the advantages of the help of the his
torical novel in teaching of history.
The libraries were full of excellent
historical novels, which were good text
books, only they were clothed with
fictitious narrative, but were often
more instructive than the original text.
Miss Bush, of Faribault, said she al
ways discussed the historical Ilpvel
before her class before she had them
read It. Mr. Leeton held that the use
of a single text alone did violence to
the child's nature, yet some pupils
read too much. Miss Dougherty, of
the Central high school, took the neg
ative side of the question, and said
she was much opposed to the histori
cal novel as a text book, as the facts
as found in the text books were the
best for school room use. Prof. W. M.
West, of the state university, set forth
clearly that history dealt with the so
ciety, and the historical novel with a
single soul. And that, although they
were imaginative, the best historical
novels were essential to the teaching
of history- Since it was of great Im
portance to see the Individual clearly
at all times in the study of history,
whether strictly historical or not, yet
it conveyed the impression Intended.
The real question was, he thought,
do we teach history dogmatically, or
critically? The high schools were
moving towards a more complete Use
of the sources of history. *
There is said to be a doubt among
a certain class of educators about wom
en teaching civics, but, when Miss
Christian Gowdy, of the Central high
school, addressed the meeting on the
subject, her paper certainly removed
any doubt there might have been in
their minds on the subject. Miss Gow
dy handled her subject in a most at
tractive manner, presenting an out
line of the principles of government
which were taught in the high schools.
After Miss Gowdy had finished, she was
warmly applauded.
Programme Arranged and npplled
by Minneapolis Teacher*.
Miss Lillian Blaisdell presided at the
meeting of the elementary section yes
terday afternoon in the Central Pres
byterian church. There was a large
audience present, the afternoon being
spent in hearing a couple of well pre
pared papers on elementary instruc
tion. The programme was arranged
and supplied by Minneapolis teachers.
The subject discussed in the papers
was "Sense Training and New Meth
ods in Numbers." Miss Alice Johnston
gave the first paper, her section of the
subject being "Sense Training in the
Primary Grades, Aims Bearing on
Other Work, Sources of Information
and Material Used, Etc." Miss Johnston
thought that training was fundamental
and that without training the child
was not capable of grasping impres
sions conveyed to the brain through
the agency of the five senses. The pupil
should be given clear Images and made
to understand them thoroughly, and
that this could only be accomplished
by persistant efforts. Miss Mabel Aus
tin, of the Prescott school, Minneapolis,
gave a class exhibition, exemplifying
the position taken by Miss Johnston.
She had her class on the platform and
they were given tests in matching col
ors, forms and sizes. The children
showed remarkable aptitude in their
answers to the questions given by the
teachers. Miss Jean Gowdy, of the
"Van Cleve school, Minneapolis, also
gave a class recital on the stage. Her
class was put through a blackboard
drill, followed by a chart exercise. Mrs.
Alice F. Collins, of the Sheridan school,
Minneapolis, also gave a class drill.
Her scholars were third graders and
put through a more advanced course
than the other classes.
Associated Boards of Ili&h Schools
Consider Him.
The associated boards of high schools
held their first meeting yesterday in
Room 15 of the high school building.
The first order of business was the
reading of the minutes and the ap
pointment of a committee on creden
tials, which consisted of A. B. Douglas,
Moorhead; J. J. Fulkerson, of Roches
ter, and C. W. Paige, of Dawson. S.
A. Lamgum was elected temporary j
secretary. A committee was also ap
pointed to confer with the state asso
ciation with a view to becoming a
branch of the main body.
W. A. Hunt opened the programme
with a paper on- "The Position of the
School Board in the State's Educational
System," followed by a paper on
"True and False Economy in School
Expenditures," given by C. A. Fosnes,
a member of the Montevideo board.
Following these two papers was an
open discussion by delegates from Mor
ris, Owatonna, Cannon Falls and Alex
Superintendent Virgil G. Curtis read a
very interesting paper on the question
"Truancy." Superintendent Curtis said
in part: "The bad boy of America has
no counterpart in any part of the
world. In Europe the youth is docile
and respectful, in Asia and Africa
childhood is at least in keeping with
its surroundings, but the bad boy of
America is an anachronism; he is a
savagery growing up in the midst of
civilization, impiety mocking at re
ligion, lawlessness whistling defiance
to law and order and license masquer
ading in the costume of liberty. His
language is slang and profanity, and
his amusement violence, his education
is blank and his name a terror to thh
society. What shall be done with them
is the burning question of the hour.
Philanthropists, reformers, humanitar
ians and statesmen have given this
question their most serious attention
and yet tho problem is still to vex
them. But let us return to th<? bad boy
ard try -nd nocount for th? sum total
of his depravity, or some other theory
than the total depravity theory dogma,
laying it to Adam's little indiscretion
back In the apple orchard of Eden. The
youth of America is sadly lacking In
the fundamental virtues of obedience
and respect for authority, we must all
admit. As to the causes of this lamen
table deficiency, we shall probably not
so readily agree. In many of our Amer
ican homes the child is the important
member, whose whims and caprices
are practically the laws of the house
hold. Truancy is the worst evil of
school life, Involving as it does the act
ing of a He and thus re-acting on the
moral character of a child. The whole
trouble is many parents are indifferent
and wink at the little delinquencies of
their children. The solution is: Take
care of the boys and the men will take
care of themselves."
The meeting was closed with an ad
dress by Dr. N. M. Butlef, of the Co
lumbia university of New York city.
This section will wind up Its business
this afternoon when a full set of officers
will be elected.
Mlss Estella Diirragh Thoroughly
Entertains This Sectiota.
The child study section met In the
lecture room of the Central Presbyte
rian church at 2:30 p. m. yesterday
There was a large number of ladles,
both teachers and those interested In
the subject. Dr. Helen W. Bissell made
a brief address after Supt. Parr had
called the meeting to order. She pro
posed a plan for the federation of
mothers' club and asked all those in*
terested in the subject to hand their
names to Mr. Parr. •
Miss Estella Darragh, of the Mankato
Normal school, gave an excellent paper
on "A Study of Childrens Ideals,'
based upon the study of 1.500 children.
Miss Darragh in her paper favored
strongly the furtherance of child study
both hi the schools and mothers' club.
She thought a wave of progress had
swept across the schools of this country
In the last few years and carried away
much of the lifeless mechanical drill
which had charaterized old education.
Its place has been filled with vitali
zing Influence of the study of humanity.
She thought Instruction given children,
young children, those who attended tho
kindergarten and lower grades in this
latter day gave them higher ideals of
life and that the teaching given now
had been tested long enough to prove
its efficiency. Miss Darragh said young
er children paid little attention to the
outside world. At the age of seven
years 48 per cent of the children stud
ied found their ideals in their father or
their mother. Miss Darragh gave a
dozen or more illustrations of children
who had been asked who they would
like to resemble and their answers. In
nearly every case they gave the name
of some illustrious patriot. Not only
did they have a preference for great
men but the events which some of the
older children expressed a preference
for were the ideas which had been ac
tuated by the noblest motives. Many
children, among the number studied,
had shown a remarkable Uking for hia
tcry The characters in literature be
come Secondary to the authors who
created them, in the mind of the older
person but In the child the great men
of all times such as Caesar. Napoleon,
Washington. Lincoln and Grant em
bodying to a supreme degree the traits
previously admired in a child s ac
quaintances, supplanted the authors.
Child study is the study of human na-
ture. , . u _ v^
One little boy was asked who he
would like to resemble, and he replied
that he thought he would like to look
like William Jennings Bryan, and when
asked to give his reasons for such a
preference, on paper he wrote:
He has made as many as twenty speeches In
Jus? S£ alT\hls. and is but thirty-six
America 5 had ought to be proud of such a
Mis^D^rragh thought an important
result of historical instruction was the
increase in number, of patriotic children
coming from the lower and foreign
S" of society. At the close of M tea
Darragh's paper there was an open dis
cussion as to the best means of impart
ing lofty and high ideals to the children
entrusted to their care.
Following the discussion on the above
subject there was a round table talk led
l.y Supt. J. A. Tawney and Miss Lillian
Flaisdell on "Moral Ideas and Moral
Training of Children."
It Seek* Connection With the Main
The graded school section held quite
a lively and interesting meeting yes
terday afternoon in room 19 of the Cen
tral high school. E. H. Ellsworth of
Breckinridge. read a paper on lne
Function of the Graded fochool. After
a discussion of this paper was had a
collection was taken up to defray the
expenses of this section.
School Inspector Randall addressed
the meeting, saying that ho thought it
altogether probable that the main as
sceia lon wculd a'mlt the graded schoo
wing as a- duly authorized branch of
the association at their meeting this
morning. Several of the prominent
members of this branch will endeavor
to get the main association to take this
action this morning. "The Limitations
of a Principal of a Graded School was
the title of a paper read by C. A.
Patchen, of Caledonia. It was one of
great interest to the principals of grad
ed schools. The paper was discussed
by C. W. Sage and S. F. Beede. The
election of officers of this section will
take place this afternoon.
Address by Prof. W. L. Tomllns, of
The large audience which Tvas present at
the exercises of the music section in the as
sembly hall of the high school was treated
to a most enjoyable programme. Prof. YV .
L Torollns of Chicago, who enjovß a wide
reputation as one of the best musical direc
tors in the country, opened the exercises
xAJ? an address ou "Music.- Me .aul l 'he
htKue«t expression of music was In t!i» higu
est use It took something nore thaj a
knowledge of sharps and flats to make a
sinrcr as music was the flcwing out of the
*oul 'it was situated in proximity to rll
the fin«r feelings of one's nature. The music
of a band often stirred people to d?ep emo
tions and it was all over after the baud
i had "passed. A strain of music was like a
j flash of lightning which flared up and re-
I veal^d a picturesque scene, and all was .ark
I a-"iv Everybody could not sing like FuU;.
j nor could they have a beautiful vaice, out
f,i. v could sympathize with those who had.
1 and thus inculcate into their natures sosm of
' the musician's enthusiasm.
The rest of the programme In this Beciflon
I consisted of song 3 a.nd marching exercises
j by children of the lower grades in 3. Paul
! schools. A class from the John Ericsson
I school directed by Miss Ruddy, went through
i some very pretty little marches. Thjy were
j all d'cssed in paper caps and aprons, ad/ling
i much to the effect of their ocercißtH. They
also sang a number of school song 3. Similar
f-xVrci3es were given by classes undjr tho
direction cf Miss Fanning, of the bibley
school, and Miss Z. A. Dallas.
Will B« Appointed to Draft Rural
School Legislation.
The subject for discussion before the
county superintendents' section, which
met yesterday afternoon In the senate
I chamber, was the report of the com
mit tee of twelve appointed at the last
meeting to consider needed improve
ments in the state system of graded
schools. The report is quite a volum
inous one, and elicited a great deal of
I discussion, the judgement of the section
] finally being that a committee of seven
! well distributed geographically through
1 the state, should be appointed to draw
I i pon legislation embodying :h- gvgges
tlons of the previous committ.-e an J any
etcher needed improvements that they
might de;ra advisable. This comnVttee
j is to report at the next meeting of the
I educational association.
Supt. Alton urged better assistance
on the part of the public official and
ur< fficial, to county superintendents,
I while Supt. Kugerslrona and Vander-
water opened a discussion of the rela
tions of the superintendents to the leg
islature, which proved very interesting.
The consensus of opinion seemed to be
that very persistent committees were
necessary to secure the passage
through the legislature of deserving
measures for the improvement of the
normal school system.
Interesting; Session at the Capitol
Yesterday Afternoon.
The house of representatives hall waa
occupied in the afternoon by the Eng
lish round table of the high school sec
tion, Miss Ella Patterson presiding.
Misses Mary E. Booth, of Marshall, and
Alice Walker, of Little Falls, introduc
ed the discussion.
Miss M. E. Newson, of St. Paul, dis
cussed the "Dynamic purpose- of Eng
lish In the high school," and showeed an
inconoclastlc spirit as to some of the
strictly conventionalists of liteerary
style. Style, she said, was not good when
It was apparent at all. The facts should
be shown as to make the style unno
ticed. The greatest men had violated
all rules of style. Carlyle was cited as
a type of this class. Miss Mary A.
Phelps, of Stillwater, continued the dis
The Harvard college board's edict as
to English composition and rhetoric
was the basis of the discussion.
Nearly 100 Teacher* of Dead Lan
srnafires Confer.
The Latin round table of the high
school section met In room sixteen at
the capltol during the afternoon, nearly
IOC being present. Miss Mabel E. Peck,
of Rochester, presided. A general dis
cussion of apparent weaknesses In pre
paratory latin work was introduced by
Prof. J. S. Clark, of the state univer
sity, and Miss Louisa H. Richardson,
of Carleton college. The last state ex
amination In Latin was reported on by
the examiners. Misses Peck and Mann,
and Mr. McMillan. S. P. Brown, ol
Glenwood, spoke of some frequently
disregarded essentials of Latin gram
mar, as he considered them, and Miss
Clara Bailey, of Minneapolis, read a
paper on methods of securing good
English translations. A general dis
cussion of Latin syntax followed
Fifteen Candidates Try for the State
Principal Bryant, of the Homboldt
school yesterday, conducted an exam
iration of the applicants for stata
teachers' certificates at the Central
high school. Fifteen took the examina
tion. Principal H. S. Baker, of the Jef
ferson school, conducted the examina
tion of candidates for positions In tha
city schools, but the greater number of
those who took it were present teachers
who are preparing for promotion.
The Time for the Laboratory I'ndcr
Con nlri<■ ml l o>n .
A. J. Woolman.of Ituluth, presided over tha
branch of the high school section which met
in room 27 of the Central high school. "Scl
enco In the High School" was the subject in
the section. A Keneral discussion was had
upon the topic, and the various branches of
sciences which were taught in the high schools
were considered. Several thought that more
time should be given to laboratory work In
the schools, as the average time given to
this subject waa throe periods ;i week. If,
more time could be given to the subject ths
recitation period could be curtailed, Some
thought three periods a work sufficient to
give the pupil the knowledge of tbl3 branch
as was intended by a high school.
The great need of the day, as viewed
by the speakers before the Minnesota
Educational association yesterday at
Central Presbyterian church was moral
and ethical training of the young in
the public schools. Th<- t;» aeral tone of
all the speakers was pessimistic. No
one seemed to be at all Impressed with
the fact that the world was Rotting
better. Several quoted statistics and
gave Incidents to show the constant
increase in oflicial corruption and pri
vate crime.
This gave the speakers an opportu
nity to put in many eloquent pleas for
the introduction lino the public schools
of a system for t> aching a moral code.
It is believed that this would sow in
the hearts of the youth of future and
present generations a respect for au
thority, a love of law ami order, in
tegrity, honesty and loyalty both in
public and private life. The very char
acter of the American constitution, sev
eral speakers said, allowed the widest
scope for oflicial corruption, and for
this reason the safety and perpetuity
of government rested solely upon indi
vidual and personal honesty.
The Introduction of moral sind ethical
training into the public schools was en
dorsed by a number of prominent citi
zens of the Twin cities, who were asked
to speaq. The first advocate was J.
T. Wyman, of Minneapolis, state sen
tor, and a man well known among the
purist ranks.
The Second of Two Sfeopllftera <;»-t«
Ninety Hoy*.
Mrs. Sophia Smith and her Bister, Mrs.
Mary Kall3. of Minneapolis, wero tried in
tho police court yesterday for the alleged
theft of a watch from Shapiro's Seventh
street pawn shop and the former fined $100,
while the latter was sent out to the work
house for sixty days. Tho women examined
watches In the pawn shop several days be
fore Christmas uii'lrr the pretense of being
.■itnur. ti> rnukn <i purchase. One of two
watches shown them (isap.e red and ttt* w< m
en were arrested upon tin- complaint of the
proprietor. The Smith woman was allowed to
*pay a fine instead of going to the workhouse
on the representation that she had a family
of several small children to be enred for.
Her husband, who wis present in court, Is
said to be a reputable Minneapolis citizen.
Demurrer In an Injury dime.
Judge Brill filed an order yesterday sus
taining the demurrer of the city to the com
plaint of Richard Dausher, who surd the city
to recover damages for personal Injuries oc
casioned by a defective sidewalk. Tho point
Involved Js the same as that decided by
Jud.^e Otis on Monday In the osse of Daly
atfiiinst the city, to wit: the neglect of the
plaintiff in his notice of claim served on thn
common council to stat^ the amount of
damages claimed by him. In this case, how
ever, the court says that, the notice of claim
seemed to atat* "the circumstances under
whi^h the Injury occurifd wih sufficient full
C'liarK«-d With I,nro«-ny.
Thomas Finn and Herrnnn W.-ber. the two
young men arrested in Minneapolis Tuesday
on suspicion of having stolen a coat in this
city, were arraigned In the police court yes
terday upon tho charge of larceny. Detective
Wells brought the men from Minneapolis yes
terday morning. The black sheepskin coat
which Finn wore was identified by Max
Michaels, a West Third street pawn broker,
who alleged that It hid been stolen from a
"dummy" In front of his place of business.
He filed a complaint against the prisoners,
and the ease was continued until today. The
coat is valued at $2n.
Pruimttlc r.olii Output of Thin Conn.
try for tl»*» Vcnr.
DENVER. Col., Dec. 29— The books
of the United Stales brunch mint for
the year 1897 ar-- now dosed. The de
posits of gold are the largest ever re
ceived. The total will slightly exceed
$12,200,000, and a conservative estimate
made by the mint officials place the en
tire output of Colorado at $22,000,000 In
round figures. Colorado will go far
ahead of California, as it is said to bo
doubtful if California's output will
touch the $18,000,000 mark. Last year
Colorado'o output was $16.r,oo.0)0, and
that (if Calif rnla was $17. 00*3,000. while
the t>>tal production of the country was
$61,717,926. The great increase in the
Colorado output this year will send the
total for the United States up to the
$70,000,000 mark.

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