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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, January 28, 1898, Image 1

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VOL. XXI.— NO. 28.
t BULLETIN OF
rt£ ST. PflrUl^ GI^OEE
FRIDAY, JAN. 28, 1808.
.'enther for Today —
I.inhi Snonß) Warmer,
PAUE 1.
iirlisan UrJinti' in the Honse.
I'rlMon for Weyler Demanded.
Mions at Keiter'n Mercy.
(Anarchy In Asiatic Turkey.
HeKinley Ti;lks <vn Money.
KiiKllsb Loan fur China.
PAGE 2.
Dearth In ventilating; at Wlnnehago.
Ordinance Under I hsi i ion.
- IVntnlo Hlklihii> men.
PAGE 3.
>I iii Mi',i|iii! Is Malli-is.
Silver Vote Delayed*
DnviK Meets Dole.
PAGE 4.
Editorial.
McKinley'a Appointees.
Stuckmru'N Convention ICnded-.
PAGE 5.
Oimiliti In the Western I-cami:-.
I>u>'n Sporting Events.
Indian Gets n White Itritlc.
News of the Northwest.
PAGIC «.
Btoek Sfieenlntors Take Profit*.
Bar Silver, HC I-2e.
Cash Wheat. JJSI.O4 7-S.
World's MarketM Itevlevreil.
PAGE 7.
Wd'ineii Goliik to Klondike.
News of the Hallways.
PAGE 8.
NewN Gathered in Hotels.
The Day In Society.
EVENTS TODAY.
Met— Madame Yale, 2JSO.
The Geezer, «.15.
Grand— McFadden's Flats, H.lTi.
Centra] Pres. Church — Concert, 8.
Met. Hotel — Nat. Guard Banquet, 7.30.
Commercial Clvb — Hfra. Banquet, 8.
MOVEMENTS OF STEAMSHIPS.
NEW YORK— Arrived: Ems, Naples; Ger
manic, Liverpool. Sailed: Norge, Copen
h:iK (j n; Auguste Victoria, Alexandria.
QUEENSTOWN— SaiIed: Waesland, Phila- I
delphia; Teutonic, New York. Arrived:
Rhineland, Philadelphia, for Liverpool
GLASGOW— Arrived: Furnessia, New York.
COPENHAGEN— Arrived: Thli.gvalla, New
York.
I! AMlU'RO— Arrived: Patria, New York.
CHERBOURG -Sailed: Havel New York.
STETTIN— SaiIed: Island. New York.
The battleship Maine is something of
a pacifico itself.
Mr. Loud is talking right up to his
name in the house.
It is no sure thing that Satan couldn't
annex Cul)a to his domain.
aii i
Circle City, Alaska, in 1898, looks
Very much as Mendota did in 1858.
■ •
Mr, Dole merely wants Uncle Sam
to have a few Sandwiches with him.
The "cracks" on the ice should see
to it that there are no cracks In the
ice.
Suppose, Mr. Corbett, you get into a
talking match with a fellow of your
size, say Hannis Taylor.
The managing: editor of the First
Maid Republicans should take a club
and send things to press.
A move is on foot in New York to
tnke a census of the people who go to
church. That ought to be easy.
A New Jersey girl says, she visited
heaven while in a trance. Very few
Jersey people get there any other way.
The startling announcement that the
"< ity of Duluth is on a bar" does not j
mean that the Zenith City is on a
drunk.
Two New Yorkers fought over a cot
ton umbrella worth 50 cents. They got
into !he police court, and each paid $10
for his fun.
Why go to Alaska when there are
BUCh rich gold diggings in Texas? A
find in the Llano district, Texas, assays
$15,150 to the ton.
The cost of the Nicaragua canal Js
now placed at $49,855,160. See what
; : < figuring some people do to get a
thing under $50,000,000.
Young Sanger Pullman announces,
•with a flourish, that he is working for
n living. His father worked for a liv
ing without the flourish.
The genius of the month lives in New
York. He runs a meat market, and
had beer piped into his place from a
neighboring saloon to treat his patrons
with.
Now wheat beats the gold dollar. It
tcok a dollar and nearly an extra
nickel to get a bushel of contract
wheat at the close of the market yes
terday.
A titled European who Just fell heir
to $400,000 has been found buried in a.
pauper's grave in Chicago. In the race
between Bad Luck and Good Luck the
latter can only be entered as "also
ran."
Why not send the battleship Texas to
Cuba? If she jammed into a few of
Havana's coast defenses we could
claim it was all an accident, as the
Texas never did anything but get into
accidents.
The eligible young men of North
Tonawanda, N. V., seem to have moved
away. A fond father there offers his
daughter, thirty-five years old, and
$5,000 to any young man who will
marry her.
The reduction of tho rate of Interest
to 1% per cent on deposit balances in
New York will send a whole lot of
money to the West for investment.
Look out for a real estate boom in the
near future.
It ir, said Tom V/atsoa wants to run
f ( :• governor of Georgia. It would be
discourteous of the people of Georgia
pot to let him. Tf Tom grcts one more
licking, he will bo in the cia.ES with
Gcorce Fred William*
THE SAINT PAUL GLOBE.
Ptc^IJVLEY SPEAKS
IN SERIOUS STRAIN.
Currency Question the President's Theme in Address
ing the National Manufacturers.
STANDS ON THE
ST. LOUIS PUNK
An Optimistic View of the Future.
Serious Obstacles Are in the Way, But a Right Solu
tion Is to Be Expected.
NEW YORK, Jan. 27.— The third an
nual banquet of the National Associa
tion of Manufacturers of the United
States, which took place tonight at the
Waldorf-Astoria hotel, was one of the
largest and most elaborate affairs of
the kind ever given in this city. One
thousand guests were seated at the
tables.
The fact that President McKinley
would be present caused a rush for
tickets.
President McKinley was driven from
the Windsor hotel and was received
at the Waldorf-Astoria at 6:30 p. m. by
the committee of merchants and at
once taken to "the royal chambers."
Half an hour latc-r he appeared in the
reception room, where he held a levee
for more than an hour.
The banquet hall was magnificently
decorated, the tiers of boxes being
draped with silken banners. The pres
ident's flag was suspended over the
head of the table from the president's
box. Seven long tables extended the
length of the room and sixteen small
tables were placed on either side of the
rows of long tables. In the Astor gal
lery annex were thirty-three other
tables. The tables were elaborately
decorated with flowers and potted
plants. The dais where the president
and other guests sat was also adorned
with many flowers. From the recep
tion room up the broad stairways to
the banquet room were lines of palms
and ferns.
Owing to the double banquet rooms
there was much confusion in making
the assignments of the guests to their
seats at the tables. The march to the
banquet hall began at 7:15, and lasted
until almost 7:30 p. m., being a strag
gling line.
President McKinley, with the com
mittee of thirty-six, marched into the
hall, the band playing "Hail to the
Chief."
It was after 9 o'clock when Warner
Miller rapped for order. He then an
nounced that Rev. R. S. McArthur
would invoke a blessing. Dr. McAr
thur, in his prayer, called for special
protection for the president and the
members of the manufacturers' asso
ciation.
GUEST OP HONOR.
Among those who occupied seats of
hoi cr on the raised dais were: Presi
dent McKinley, W. E. Ingalls, Darwin
R. James, Rev. R. S. Mac Arthur,
Thomas W. Crldler, Randolph Guggen
heimer, Elihu Root, John Addison Por
ter. Attorney General John W. Griggs,
Lieut. Gov. Timothy L. Woodruff. Sen
ator William P. Frye, Charles Emory
Smith, Warner Miller, President The
odore C. Search, Henry K. Howlar.d,
ex-Mayor William L. Strong, Clement
A. Griscom, St. Clair McKelway and
Abner McKinley.
Among the other guests were: Albert
Pope, Henry W. Gajohn, Gen. Sam
Thomas, Lewis Nixon, E. A. McAlpin,
William C. Whitney, Collis P. Hunt
ington and George Gunter.
The menu cards were very elaborate.
They were volumes of vellum bound
in undressed calf, with a monogram
burned into the cover, surrounded by
a scroll. There were etchings of "Lib
erty," "The Brooklyn Bridge," "Indus
try." a scene on Wall street, "Com
merce and Transportation," and some
of the large buildings in New York.
The president's menu card was the
same as that of the other guests, ex
cept that the edges were in gold and
the words "The President" were em
bossed in gold on the cover.
At 10:30 o'clock Warner Miller rap
ped for order. He referred to the
youth of the association and said the
meeting would be productive of more
good than anything that had been held
in this country for some time. He
said there was nothing political in the
organization. The chief end of the or
ganization, he declared, was to extend
the commerce of the United States
abroad. "This association," he said,
"would advocate another department
in the cabinet, namely, a secretary of
commerce."
Mr. Miller then Introduced Theodore
C. Search, president of the association,
who spoke briefly.
The wildest enthusiasm prevailed
when President McKinley was intro
duced. Men stood in their seats; wom
en in the boxes waved their handker
chiefs and the uproar drowned the
speaker's voice. The cheering and
clapping: of hands were redoubled when
a toast was drunk to the president.
President McKinley spoke slowly and
was plainly heard in every portion of
the hall. His reference to the cold day
in Cincinnati, Jan. 22, 1895, was receiv
ed with laughter, which broadened
into a perfect roar when he spoke of
the extension of business instead of
notes. President McKinley said:
Mr. Tcnsttnaster. Members of the National
Association of Manufacturers and Guesta:
For the cordial character of this greeting I
return my thanks. The genuineness of your
welcome Is full compensation for having left
WaiTiTnton at an unusually busy season, in
order to participate in this interesting meet
ing.
I scarcely need remind you that we do not
meet as strangers. Neither your business or
ganiza ion nor your social reunions are alto
gether unfamiliar to me. I have been with
you before, rot as a guest as now. but rather
In tbe capacity of host. I recall that, as
governor of the state of Ohio, it was my
pleasure to welcome you to the city of Cin
cinnati on Jen. 22, 18?5. at the initial con
vention of the Manufacturers' association. I
■well remember the occasion. It was a cold
day. You bad lost everything but your pluck,
or thought you had. Courage was the only
friend your grief could call its own. I note
•with satisfaction your improved appearance
now. You nro mere cheerful in countenance,
ir.ore buoyant In spirit, more hopeful in man
ner and uiore confident in purpose. Then,
tco there are more of you here than there
■were tit :.our first meeting. Distances are
cf course the same, but traveling has been
resumed. Your speeches and resolutions at
tha first convention were directed mainly to
thf question of how to regain what you had
lost In t'.ie previous years, or, if that was
fotrad impossible, then how to stop further
losa. But your object now, as I gather it,
13 to go out aud possess what you have never
FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 28, 1898.
Party Pledged to International
Bimetallism and in the Mean
time to the Present Standard.
had before. You want to extend, not your
notes, bm your business. I sympathized with
your purposes then; I am in full accord with
your Intentions now.
I ventured to say, at thp gathering referred
to, as reported in your published proceedings,
speaking both for your encouragement and
from a profound conviction:
"This great country cannot be permanently
kept Jn a state of relapse. I believe we will
reoccupy the field temporarily lost to us, and
go out to the peaceful conquest of new and
greater fields of trade and commerce. The
recovery will come slowly perhaps, but it
will come, and when it does we will be
steadier and will better know how to avoid
exposure hereafter." I have abated nonu of
the faith I ihen expressed, and you seem to
have regained yours.
POWER TO PROMOTE.
National policies can encourage Industry
and commerce, but it remains for the peo
ple to project and carry them on. If these
policies stimulate Industrial development and
energy, the people can be safely trusted to
do the rest. The government, however. Is
restricted In its power to promote industry.
It can aid commerce, but not create it. It
can widen and deepen its rivers, improve
its harbors and develop Its great national
waterways; but the ships to sail and the
traffic to carry, the people must supply. The
government can raise revenues by taxation In
such a way as will discriminate In favor of
domestic enterprises, but It cannot establish
them. It can make commercial treaties, open
ing to our manufacturers and agriculturists
tho jiorts of other nations. It can enter Into
reciprocal arrungvmenta to) exchange our
products with those of other countries. It
can aid our merchant marine by encouraging
our people to build ships of commerce. It
can assist in every lawful manner private
enterprise to unite the two oceans with a
great canal. It can do all these things, and
ought to do them; but with all this accom
plished tho result will still be ineffectual
unless supplemented by the energy, enter
prise and industry of the people. It is they
that must build and operate the factories
furnish ships and cargoes for the canal and
tbe rivers and the seas. It is they who must
find the consumers and obtain trade by go
ing forth to win it.
Much profitable trade Is still unenjoyed
by our pe<>ple because of their present in
sufficient facilities for reaching desirable mar
kets. Much of it Is lost because of a lack
of information and ignorance of the condi
tions and needs of other nations. We must
know Just what other people want before we
can supply their wants. We must understand
exactly how to reach them with least ex
pense and if we would enter into the most
advantageous business relations with them
Tho ship requires the shipper; but the ship
per must have assured promise that his goods
will have a sale when they reach their destin
ation.
It Is a good rulp, if buyers will not come
to us, for us to go to them. It is our duty
to make American enterprise and Indus-trial
ambition, as well aa achievement, terms of
respect and praise, not only at home but
among the family of nations, the world over
MONEY VALUES.
There Is another duty resting upon the
national government— "To coin money and
regulate the value thereof." This duty re
quires that our. government shall regulate- the
value of its money by the highest standards
of commercial honr-sty and national honor
The money of the United States, is and must
forever be. unquestioned and unassailable If
doubts remain, they must be removed. If
weak places are discovered, they must be
strengthened. Nothing should ever tempt
us— nothing ever will tempt us— to sc-ale d >wn
the sacred debt of the nation through a legal
technicality. Whatever may be the language
of the contract, the United States will dis
charge all Its obligations in the cunvney
recognized as tho best throughout the civi ized
world at the tinres of payment. Xor will
we ever consent that the wages of labor
or Its frugal savings shall be scaled down
by permitting payment In dollars of less
value than the dollars accepted as the be=t
in every enlightened nation of tho earth
Under existing conditions our citizens can
not be excused If they do not redouble th'lr
efforts to secure such financial legisla:ion as
will place their honorable Intentions beyond
dispute. All those who represent, as you do
the great conservative and the progressive
business interests of the country, owe R
not only to themelves. but to the people to
Insi3t upon the settlement of this great
question now, or else to face the alternative
that it must bo again submitted for arbi
tration at the polls.
Th'.s Is our plain duty to m >re than 7.00) 0:0
voters, who fifteen months ago, won a great
political battle on the issue, among others,
that the United States government would not
permit a doubt to exist anywhere concerning
the stability and integrity cf its currency
or the Inviolability of its obligations of every
kind. That is my Interpretation of that vic
tory. Whatever efforts, therefore is required
to make the settlement of this vital question
clear and conclusive for all time, we are
bound in good conscience to undertake and
if possible, realize. That is our commission—
our present charter from the people.
It will not sufflco for citizens no-wadays to
say simply that they are in favor of sound
money. That is not enough. Tho people's
purpose must be given the vitality of puibllc
law. Better an honest effort with failure than
the avoiding o-f so plain and commanding a
OBSTACLES IN THE WAY.
The difficulties In the path of a satisfactory
reform' are, it must be admitted, neither few
In number no slight In degree; but progress
cannot fail to be made with a fair and
thorough trial. An honest attempt will b^ the
best prcof of sincerity of purpose. Discussion
cannot hurt, it will only help the cause. Let
us have full and free discussion. We are
the last to avoid of evade it. Intelligent
discussion will strengthen the indifferent and
encourage the friends of a stable system of
finance.
Half-heartcdness never won a battle. Na
tions and parties without abiding princi
ples and stern resolution to enforce them,
even If It costs a continuous struggle to do
so. and temporary sacrifice, are never in the
highest degree successful leaders In the
progress of nrankind. For us to attempt noth
ing In the face of the present fallacies and
the constant effort to spread them, is to lose
valuable ground already won and practically
to weaken the forces of sound money for
their battles of the future.
The financial plank of the St. Louis plat
form Is still as commanding upon Republi
cans and those who served with them In
the last campaign as on the day It was adopt
ed and promulgated. Happily, the tariff part
of the platform has already been engrafted
Into public statute. But that other plank,
not already bullded into our constitution. Is
of binding force upon all of us. What is it?
"The Republican party is unreservedly for
sound money. It caused the enactment of
the law providing for the resumption of specie
payments in 1879; since then every dollar has
been as good as gold.
"We are unalterably opposed to every
measure calculated to debase our currency
or impair the credit, of our country. We are
therefore opposed to the free coinage of. sil
ver, except by International agreement with
the leading commercial nations of the world,
which we pledge ourselves to promote, and
until such agreement can be obtained the
existing gold standard must be preserved.
All our silver and paper currency must be
maintained at parity with gold, and we favor
all measures designed to maintain inviolably
the obligations of the United States and all
our money, whether coin or paper, at the
present standard, the standard of the moat
enlightened nations of the earth."
This Is In reality a command from the
people who gave the administration to the
party now In power and who are still anxious
ly waiting tor Vr s/ ■ -xecution of their free
and omnipotent will by those of us who hold
commissions from that supreme tribunal.
SERIOUS STRAIN.
I have tonight spoken in a somewhat seri
ous strain because I believe It is due both
to the membership of this association anil
to the conditions under which this assemblage
haa met. The conferences sind systematic ef
forts of such a body of men ;as this are capa
ble of infinite good to the? respective com
munities in which the members live and to
the nation at large.
The country Is now emerging from trying
conditions. It is only just beginning to re
cover from depression in certain lines of
business long continued and altogether un
paralleled. Progress, therefore, will naturally
be slow, but let us not be impatient. Rather
lot us exercise a Just patience, and one which
In time will surely bring Its own high re
ward.
I have no fear for the future of our be
loved country. While I discern In its pres
ent condition the necessity that always ex
ists for the faithful devotion of Its citizens,
the history of its past is assurance to me
that this will be, as it has always been
through every struggle and emergency, still
onward and upward. It has never suffered
from any trial or been unequal to any test
Founded upon right principles, we have noth
ing to fear from the vicissitudes which may
lie across our pathway. The nation, founded
by the fathers upon principles of virtue edu
cation, freedom 'and human rights, molded
by the great discussions which established
its sovereignty, tried in the crucible of civil
war, Its Integrity confirmed by the results
of reconstruction, with a union stronger and
better than ever before, stands today not
upon shifting sands, but upon immovable
foundations.
Let us resolve by our laws and by our ad
ministration of them to maintain the rights
of the citizens; to cement the Union by still
HftRTMAN
\/s.
OOLLIVER
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27— The house
today finally succeeded in passing the
Indian appropriation bill, and the polit
ical debate which has been raging since
Monday was transferred to the District
of Columbia bill which followed it.
The only two important changes made
in the Indian bill, as passed, was the
elimination of the provisions for the
leasing of gilsonite beds In Utah and
the mineral lands of the Kiowa, Co
manche, Apache and Wichita reserva
tions, both of which went out on points
of order. The features of the debate
today were the speeches of Mr. Hart
man (Sil. Rep.), Montana, in denuncia
tion of the financial policy of the ad
ministration, and of Mr. Dolliver (Rep.,
Pa.), in reply to the general attacks
of the opposition.
Shortly after assembling the house
went into committee of the whole on
the Indian bill, and Mr. Hartman (Sil.
Rep., Mont.) got the fluor on a pro for
ma amendment. For fifteen minutes, he
held the attention of the house in a
speech denouncing the Republican party
for its position on the financial question.
He ridiculed Secretary Gage's definition
of bimetallism, in the latter's speech at
Philadelphia, on Tuesday. The Repub
lican party, he said, foreclosed Its right
to use the term bimetallism when the
St. Louis platform was adopted. The
whole drift of the purpose and intent
of this administration had been avowed
and proclaimed by Secretary Gage be
fore the banking committee; it was to
irrevocably commit the government to
th? gold standard.
Mr. Hartman said he knew that many
Republicans were opposed to the retire
ment of the greenback*. "But," said he,
"what will they do about it, wh erf tho
banking and currency committee re
ports the bill to retire the greenbacks?
If we may judge the future by the past,
there is little doubt of the result. This
is no longer a house of, representatives.
It is a house of registers — it is a house
to register the will of those who control
it."
Mr. Hartman proceeded to give an
account <»f a chapter of history, a "mis
erable scene," he denominated it, which
occurred in 1894, when the bond bill was
before the house. The bill, he said,
never had the indorsement of a Repub
lican platform or Republican caucus.
"I was then," said he, "one of a little
band of rebels pledged to vote against
the bill. Just before the vote was
taken, we counted noses and numbered
72. I rejoiced that the bill was beaten.
The cloak rooms were filled with the
mutterings of rebellion against the
domination of those in control. Then
suddenly, the party whip began to
crack and I saw the slaves file out of
tho cloak room one after another and
vote for the bill, their consciences con
demned.
Mr. Hartman proceeded to say that he
had no criticism to make against Speak
er Reed personally. It was the system
he opposed, not the man. "If we mv.st
have a tyrant," he shouted, "Thomas
It. Reed is good enough for me."
Again Mr. Hartman adverted to the
mutterlngs he had heard in the cloak
room against the tyranny expressed by
the speaker. "I have told these com
plainants," said Mr. Hartman, "time
and again that if they did not like the
tyranny of the speaker they should
shear him of him of his power."
"I am afraid the gentleman from
M< ntana has got his cloak room mixed."
hterposed Mr. Quigg (Rep. N. V.).
(Republican laughter.)-,
"Perhaps I have," retorted Mr. Hart
man, "but I give notice that those who
are mixing their clo*k rooms now will
do so in IS9B and 1900, and triumph
eventually upon the declarations of the
Chicago platform and under the leader
ship of William J. Bryan."
Mr. Barrett (Rep., Mass.) followed
with some criticism of the house rules,
under which, he asserted, the legisla
tive functions of the government had
Wo hm- 1 o^cl 1 ! M
* It juvK^ i&> 1 £ >^B
MRS. EDWIN. F. IHI, WIFE OF THE EX-MINISTER TO GERMAXY.
MRS. EDWIN. F. IHL, WIFE OF THE EX-MINISTER TO GERMAXY.
(Elected President of the Fodera tion of Amateur Musical Clubs.)
closer bonds; to exalt the standards of Amer
ican civilization, encourage tho promotion of
thrift, industry and economy and the homely
virtues which have ennobled our people; up
hold the stability of our currency and credit,
and Illustrate the purity of our national and
municipal government; and, though the rain
drpcenda and the floods come and the winds
blow, the nation will stand, for It is founded
upon a rock.
SPEECH BY FRYE.
Senator William P. Frye, of Maine,
who was introduced as one of the
greatest friends of the merchant mar
ine, made a brief address. Senator
Frye referred to the great increase in
domestic commerce and gave statistics.
In speaking of the Nicaragua canal, he
declared that the United States should
build it. He did not approve of the
private ownership of the canal by any
corporation; the government was in the
best position to build and operate the
canal. Senator Frye said that the
value of the Hawaiian islands was $39,
--000,000 and that Americans owned it.
American ships carried the commerce
valued at $23,000,000. He said i.hat if
the treaty were not ratified in less than
one year the islands would be under
the protection of Great Britain.
This was met with cries of "no."
Much confusion followed. He asked the
guests to exercise thetr Influence with
the senate to have the treaty ratified.
There were cheers and cries of "no"
as well.
Senator Frye read an extract from
Continued on Third Vage.
Bitter Attack Upon the Repub
lican Party and an Equally
Warm Defense in the House.
been transferred to the senate end of
the eapitol.
Mr. De Armond (Dem., Mo.) criticised
the Cuban policy of the administration, j
and with sarcasm ridiculed the official i
explanation of the visit of the battle
ship Maine to Havana harbor.
This drew from Mr. Dolliver (Rep.,
Io.) an eloquent reply.
"The question of Cuba," said Mr.
Dolliver, "is not a new question. For
seven years the administration of
Grant was called upon to deal with an
insurrection' in nearly every respect
on all fours with the insurrection of
today, and at the end of that time
seven years of responsibility, seven
years of anxiety, of worry — in a mes
sage sent to this house he vindicated
the policy of his administration and
warned the country that any interven
tion in the affairs of Cuba would be
not only unwise, but injurious. For my j
part I do not aspire to a larger pa
triotism than that which governed the
official career of Ulyss?s S. Grant. For
my part, if I were looking for a wiser
patriotism, I would not resort to the
rural districts of Missouri (laughter).
"My friend complains that the Re
publicans on this side of the house are
under a tyranny and the mastery of
one man. I deny it. There is no au
thority that constrains the Republican
majority here except the policy of the
Republican party and the administra
tion of a Republican president. My
friend says that we are slaves. It is a
little peculiar that we have got to go
td Missouri for information in respect
to the condition of servitude under
which we labor and under which wo
have suffered so many months. Tt is
true we have a leadership in this house,
and I, for one, have very often felt a
certain sense of satisfaction that we
have a leadership of brains and char
acter that men may follow, and follow
without any loss of self respect. (Great
applause.)
"I understand perfectly well the dif
ficulty of my friend from Missouri and
I appreciate it. The only leadership
the Democratic party in this house has
had is the leadership of its own party.
It was put into the hands of a dis
tinguished young friend of mliw From
Texas (Bailey) and he had to fight for
it every day at the extra session.
(Laughter.) One day the gentleman
from Kansas (Simpson) got it away
from him and the next day the scepter
of authority and influence was seized
by that picturesque character that has
appeared among us from the far dis
tant coast of Washington (Mr. Lewis).
(Laughter.) The next day the gentle
man from Texas was fighting to see
who should have the leadership of the
Democratic party; while in the back
ground, always melodious and ready
with his advice and ready to seize the
falling sceptre of his friend, was the
gentleman from Missouri (Mr. De Ar
mond), who had just taken his seat,
nnd who, in that congress and in thl>,
has delivered more speeches with mor.-r
ease and less effect than any man thnt
has appeared in the deliberations of
congress for the ten years that I have
had the honor to serve on this floor."
(Great laughter and applause on the
Republican side.)
Mr. King (Dem., Utah) made a point
Of oider against the provision in the
bill for the allotment of the lands on
the Uncompahgre Indian reservation
and the leasing o-f the gilsonite lands
on the reservation under the direction
of tho secretary of the interior.
After some debate on the point of
order it was sustained.
The provision authorizing the secre
tary cf the interior to lea^e the coal and
other mineral lands of the Kiowa,
Apache, Oomanche and Wichita reser
vations in Oklahoma also went out on
a point of order.
Without further amendment the com
mittee rose and the Indian bill was
passed. The house then immediately
went back into committee and took up
the District of Columbia appropriation
bill.
PKJCB TWO CENTS— {»* v ™j}'y.
SHORTS AT LEITER'S MERCY
Chicago Bull Clique Owns Ail the Surplus Wheat
in the United States.
FIFTEEN
MILLION
BUSHELS
Cash Wheat Is to Be Held at Ten Cents Over the
Price of flay— January Boosted Five Cents as an
Evidence of What Is in Store for the Bears.
CHICAGO, Jan. 27.— "Basing our
estimates on the government figures,
we think we now own every bushel of
surplus wheat In this country."
George E. French, the active man
ager of the big wheat combination, was
speaking for himself and Joseph Leiter,
who is the visible head of the clique.
He said: "According to the most re
liable estimates obtainable, we think
there is not more than fifteen million
bushels of wheat unaccounted for, scat
tered over different parts of the coun
try. We have holdings of at least that
amount, so we can safely claim to have
possession of all the surplus."
Added to the government estimate of
530,000,000 bushels for last year's en>p
the 30,000,000 bushels carried over from
the crop of 1896 gave Mr. French his
basis of 560,000,000 bushels as the orig
inal supply. This he proceeded to dis
pose of as follows: Exported to date,
145,000.000 bushels; estimated necessary'
for home consumption, 340,000,000
bushels; estimated necessary for seed,
60,000,000 bushels, making a total of
545 000,000. bushels comfortably put
| away. The difference between the orig
inal estimated supply and the amount
accounted for is 15,000,000 bushels. This
is the amount of wheat which, accord
ing to Mr. French, furnishes the key
to the situation and on whic-h tho
"clique" has put a price of ten cents
in advance of the Chicago price for
May wheat, whatever that may be
from day to day.
"The situation is simply this," de
clared Mr. French. "Everything goes
to show that this country has sent
abroad more than its exportable sur
plus. We think wheat has been over-
MADRID AND HAVANA FURNISH SENSATIONS
Public Prosecutor Demands
Two Months' Imprison
ment for Weyler.
MADRID, Jan. 27.— The public prose
cutor demands a sentence upon Lieut.
Gen. Weyler of tvv'o months' imprison
ment.
MADRID, Jan. 27.— Ex-Minister Cale-
Jas, the Imparcial announces, has ar
rived at Cadiz from Havana (having
visited the United States and Cuba to
study the political situation) and h;is
expressed a pessimistic view of tin:
war, saying the insurgents have the
means to greatly prolong the war in
the mountains.
Admiral Bermejo, the minister of ma
rine, has ordered the fleet to concentraic
at Cadiz. A trans-Atlantic steamer will
be chartered to supply the ships with
coal and stores. A local newspaper as
serts that measures have been tak- n i"
keep United States Minister Woodford's
residence "under surveillance."
LONDON, Jan. 28.— The Madrid cor
respondent of the D:iily Mail says: "It
has been decided that '>h.» whole Span
ish fleet shall concentrate at Havana,
though not immediately unless circum
stances demand."
HAVANA, Jan. 27.— Capt. Riprshee, of
the American warship Maine, accom
panied by Consul General Lee and
Lieuts. Howard and Haleman, of the
Maine, paid a visit today to Gen. Par
rado, the acting captain general, who
received them courteously and cordial
ly. They expressed themselves ar; w« II
satisfied with the interview. Tomor
row morning at 10 o'clock Gen. Par
rado, accompanied by Consul General
Lee, will return the visit on board the
Maine.
Gen. Blanco has arrived at Manl&nillo
where he has been formally received
by the authorities Rnd by the autono
mist committee. Large crowds turned
out on his arrival. Gen. Blanco visit' d
the hospitals, th« forts and the bar
racks.
PEACE KJM TtjE ORIENT.
Arrangements for a Chinese Loan
Completed by England.
LONDON, Jan. 27.— 1t is reported that
Lord Salisbury informed the cabinet
today that China had practically ac
cepted the British offer of a loan. The
cabinet, it is understood, will meet
again tomorrow.
A special dispatch from Shanghai
says the Japanese fleet is cruising off
the coast of Shan-Tung.
BERLIN, Jan. 27. — The German
cruiser Gefion has again left Aden
steam colliers to rejoin the cruiser
Deutschland at Sokotra.
BERLIN, Jan. 27.— A dispatch to the
Lokal Anzeiger from St. Petersburg
says the czar, speaking at a private
gathering of the oilicers of the Pre
obrajerr.sky regiment, said:
"I wanted long ago to accept your
invitation, but events were weighing
heavily on my mind, particularly diffi
culties with Japan. Now, thank Go<l,
all is cleared up. and no conflict of any
kind ia to be feared."
BERLIN. Jan. 27.— 1t is announced
NATION'S
SUPPLY
IS SHORT.
exported to the extent of 15,000,000 or
20.000.0C0 bushels and that the United
States is the country in which to sell."
CHICAGO, Jan. 27.— Shorts in wheat
were griven another surprise today.
Shortly after noon brokers for tha
Leiter crowd, who were credited with
selling May wheat curlier in the day,
commenced crowding the January
price and that delivery showed a|
much agility as on Tuesday or Wednes*
day, when the same tactics were pur
sued. By 12:45 p. m. January had
touched $1.05 amid considerable excite
ment. The advance in January start
fd a general covering movement among
the shorts In futures, and May ad
vanced to 97V4c, and July to 87MtC, the
highest points in several weeks. Tho
market was naturally a strong one on
reports that Russia would probably
soon liecome an Importer of wheat arul
on the strong cables. Outside markets
were also very strong and the Leit-r
buying was felt almost instantly. Jan
uary closed at $1.04% c, an advance it
4%c. May showed 2%c advance at
97M,@97^,c, and July l%c advance at
87% c.
NEW YORK, Jan. 27.— Today's wheat
market has been of the old time bull
variety, winding up with prices 2%c
higher than last night, and May wheat
only a cent away from the dollar mark.
Nearby deliveries have long since pass
ed that figure, owing to the great seur
eity of wheat here, which has Jumped
must of the desirable graded to pre
miums nil of ten to fourteen cents
higher for the week. This has been
the chief feature of export trade later.
Foreign markets all came stronger and
higher today, Liverpool leading aa
usual, and at the close it was rumored
that a couple of million bushels cllquo
wheat had been sold to go to Europe.
Speculative trade was much broadei
today.
Insurgent Brigadier General
Surprised by a Detach
ment and Killed.
HAVANA, Jan. 27.— At noon today
Lieut. Col. Benedicto, with the Spanish
Relna battalion, surprised, near Ta
paste, this province, the camp of Brig.
C.en. Aranguren, killing Aranguren and
four privates, capturing five of the In
surgents and wounding others, who
made their escape.
The body of Gen. Aranguren was
brought by train to Havana this after
noon and delivered to the military au
thorities. After identification it was
sent to the morgue.
Brig. Gen. Aranguren was evidently
about twenty-four years of age, of fair
complexion, with blonde hair and a
small mustache. The body, which
shows two bullet wounds, one in the
head and one In the right leg, is di :
in cashmere pantaloons, gray woolen
< coat, yellow shoes and gaiters compar
atively new. it is said that the gaiters
and the vest once belonged to L,'-ut.
<'01. Joaquin Kulz, the aide-de-camp of
Capt Gen. Blanco, who, having gone
last December to Aranguren's camp
with terms of surrender, was executed
by Aranguren, or with his approval.
According to the Spanish authorities
Brig. Gen. Aranguren was surprised
while on a visit to a young woman on
the Pita farm between Camp., Florida
and Tapaste. He was wounded, and on
trying to escape, was shot dead.
Among the prisoners is the father o<
the young woman. He was the dyna
miter of Aranguren's band.
i cited Slat** Minister Woodford'i
note announcing the cruise of the
-Maine and the reply of the foreign mir «
ister, Senor Gullon, intimating thai k
Spanish war vessel will visil America
are both couched in markedly polite and
fri< ndly terms.
Jt has been d elded to send the first
clasa cruiser [nfanta Maria Teresa to
America instead of the Vizcaya,
because the tatter's commanding
< fficer, dipt. Concas, in the
course of a lecture before the .Madrid
Geographical society, m 1896, cci
■ h> - I nited States In a manner that
provoked the then American mil
Hannis Taylor, to demand an explana
tion.
that Emperor William h.-is drawn up
and distributed to the higher naval
officers tables "f th" forces of Japan,
lliis::ia and France in tne far east.
DEVASTATED
BY KURDS.
Complete Anarchy in ths Asiatic
Provinces of Turkey.
LONDON, Jan. 28.— The Vienna cor
respondent of the Daily Telegram sob
it is reported there that tl *.- Kurds arc
devastating Armenian villages !n the
neighborhood of Russian vilayets, and
trat the Armenians are retaliating. The
correspondent adds that there la com
plete anarchy in the Asiatic provinces
of Turkey."
LONDON, Jan. 28.— The Constantino
ple correspondent of the .Standard, suy.s:
"The minister of war, Riza Pasha, has
beer, ordered to prepare eighty re;jl
nunts, with a minimum strength of
1,70. men each, for service in. Rouroella
n< xt tprtng. The attitude or Bulgaria
ia caupicg uneasiness and the Porte has
s( n! remonjEtrsncea to such ettect."

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