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THE PfflU GLOBE IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY AT NEWSPAPER ROW, COR. FOURTH AXD MINNESOTA STS. SUBSCRIPTION RATES, Payable in Advance. Daily niul Sunday, Per Month MO Dally Jiii.l Sunday, Six Montli« $2.75 Dnlly onil Sunday, One tear - $5.00 Dally Only, Per MontM - 4O Daily Only, Six Months $2.25 Daily Only, One Year - - Sf 1.00 Sundny Only, One Year ----- ?1.50 Weelclr, One Year $1.00 Address all communications and make all remittances payable to THE GLOBE CO.. St. Paul, Minn. Complete flics of the Globe always kept on band for reference. TODAY'S WKiTHER. WASHINGTON, Jan. 2R.— Forecast for Sat urday: .Minnesota— Generally fair; probably colder in southeast portion; northwesterly winds, becoming variable. Wisconsin— Generally fair; colder in south east portions; brisk northwesterly winds, di minishing. North Dakota— Generally fair; slowly rising temperature; east to southeast winds. South Dakota— Generally fair; variable ■\vi:ids. Montana— Partly cloudy weather; south westerly winds. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. United States Department of Agriculture, "Weather Bureau, Washington, Jan. 28, 6:48 p. m. Local Time, S p. m. 75th Meridian Time.— Observations taken at the same mo ment of time at all stations. TEMPERATURES. Place. Tern. Place. Tern. St. Paul IS Qu'Appelle —10 Duluth 14 Minnedosa —8 Huron 14 Winnipeg —12 Bismarck ('< WHllston S Buffalo 18—22 Havre IS Boston 12—14 Helena !_'O Cheyenne 22—30 Edmonton 16, Chicago 32—34 Battleford 4 Cincinnati 40—46 Prince Albert —4J Montreal B—2 Calgary 14 Now Orleans 60—64 Medicine Hat 14 New York 22—22 Swift Current S Pittsburg 40 — 40 DAILY MEANS. Barometer, ."0.30; mean temperature, 25; relative humidity, t;i); wind at 8 p. m., north west: weather, partly cloudy; maximum tem perature. 34; minimum temperature, 16; daily range, 18; amount of precipitation (melted snow) in last twenty-four hours, trace. Note— Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. —P. p. Lyons, Observer. THE SAME OI,D IMPLEMENT. One Sampson, a farmer in tfi», Red river valley, responds to the request of the Ada Herald that he explain the difference between protection and free trade. His explanation contains points that fail to prick Sampson's hide. Avoiding wheat, barley, flax or any of the staple products of his region, he takes wo,,] for his text. He goes to llis ■"" a book and tells how. in IS9I. "] sold wool in Crookston for IS and 20 cents a pound, and bought heavy un derwent- suits for $4 a suit and the best Minneapolis woolen blankets for $1 a pound." He then computes how many pounds of wool at 20 cents it took to buy the clothing and blankets. In 3892 his account book shows the same relative prices. In 1893 he could hard ly sell his wool for 10 cents a pound, the Crookston dealers asserting that they would lose money at that price, "and the woolen goods were sold at the same price as the year before, when I got 18 and 20 cents a pound for my wool." And Sampson doesn't wince as this point jabs him. In 1894, evidently, the Crookston deal ers da it.l not buy wool, and Sampson sold liis clip to "a traveling agent for 8 cents a pound," and he easily demon strates that it then took twelve and a half pounds of wool to buy one pound of blanket, "as the price of blankets was as before stated." The point gave a harder jab and again failed to pene trate into that region where Sampson thinks he does his thinking. It does 11111 occur to him to ask why blankets and underwear remained the same in price while his wool had fallen 60 per cent. But he does deduce the conclu sion that 8-cent wool made them "re duce our flock of sheep." Broadening out his explanation, he shows that, while the value of the imports of those useful adjuncts of the kitchen, eggs, under the McKinley act, from September, 1893, to March 1. 1894^ was but $143,813, under the Wilson act! for the same period in 1894-95, their value was $273,771, "which makes an increase of $128,058, the loss to the farmers' wives." The Herald does not state whether or not, at this pathetic point of the explanation, Sampson's manuscript shows a tear drop, but we wager that Sampson's eyes filled and his no.se forced a sniffle as he contem plated this tremendous loss sustained by the farmers' wives, for Sampson is a tender-hearted chicken with an Im paired mental gizzard. Returning to his muttons, he informs the Herald that six weeks ago he took a quantity of wool to the woolen mills and "got 15 cents a pound and freight paid, and received in exchange woolen blankets at $1 a pound and underwear at $4 a suit." From all of which Farm er Sampson concludes that "we farm ers know that our business depends upon how it Is cared for and ought to be thankful to our president, senators and representatives when we can ob tain better prices for our goods, have a home market and a manufacturing establishment in each state," by which he evidently intends to acknowledge the gratitude of his president and others for caring for the business of fanners instead o^ leaving them to care for it themselves. Which, if true, is eminently proper. But there are some things in this statement of price that would seem to be sufficiently clear to be perceptible even to Sampson's mind. Granting, for the sake of emphasizing this phase, that it was the election of 1592, as he contends, that made the price of his wool 8 cents a pound in 3591, with only traveling agents to buy it, and that it is due to the "care" of "our president, senators and repre sentatives" that the price is now "15 cents a pound, freight paid," one other point needs explanation, and we trust Sampson will address his intellect to it. His president and assistants cared not only for wool, but for the men who made it into blankets and under- wear. So very well were these latter cared for that their prices remained the same during all these fluctuations in the price of Sampson's wool. Whether the latter brought 20, 18, 10 or 8 cents a pound, the blankets made from it cost him $1 a pound and the under wear $4 a suit. It is pertinent to the whole question for Sampson to try his hand at explaining why, If that awful election of 1892 sent the price of his wool down to 8 cents, It did not also send the price of blankets and wool ens down proportionately. Our mod ern Sampson evidently goes forth to battle with free traders armed with the same implement with which that older Samson assaulted the Philistines. IT OUGHT TO GROW. There is a juvenility about the re marks of the Minneapolis Tribune on the question of joint statistics that would be painful did it not also sug gest that the Tribune may yet grow into ability to put away childish things. The Tribune prance 3 about at the very mention of a combined statistical table. What, it cries, shall we lump these figures all in a bunch and not give Min neai-olis credit for her own showing? Perish the thought. There would be some items in which Minneapolis would contribute more than half the total, and then St. Paul must get undue credit. It must not be. And all the old airs are played to fire the Minneapolis heart. What, moreover, asks the Tribune, can be the objection to a statistical pam phlet in which shall be entered under each heading the contribution of Min neapolis, then that of St. Paul, and then the aggregate? Either that, it shouts, or war. We will endeavor once more, by pa tient explaining and by illustration re duced to the simplicity that befits the immature mind, to start the Tribune along the right track. First, perhaps, it may soottie its shattered nerves to know that no St. I?aulite, as a St. Paul ite, cares one picayune whether such figures are printed or not. We are doing very nicely without them, want neither to take nor give undue credit, and have left to our babyhood the carking fear lest cne city shall In some place out shine the other. 1^ has appeared to sober minds in both cities that the fig ures of their combined business would have a beneficent effect, if published, upon the future development of them both. We have as much, And as little interest in the matter as our neighbors. Certainly there is no use In considering either that or any other project for Joint action if we have not all of us learned to cease acting like children. To come to the point of illustration, there has just been a union of popula tion and interests under the name of Greater New York. It was accomplished at a vast expense, and by the acknowl edged sacrifice of some local advan tages. What was this done for? Prin cipally to make a metropolis that would rank in its statistics with the capitals of the old world, and gain in prestige and power by the process. Obviously it would be as easy, in making up the future statistics of New York, to print separate items for Manhattan, Brook lyn, Richmond, Staten and the Bronx, and then foot up the totals. One or the other of the boroughs, usually Manhat tan, loses something of its comparative advantage when the figures are given enly by aggregates. Yet this method of compilation might have been adopted without any consolidation, and would, by the Tribune's view, have answered every purpose. It is time that every person in the Twin Cities should de velop into the larger view and the pride of our common possession. The Tribune really ought to grow. DANGEROUS WHEN AT LARGE. There is no telling what may hap pen when you turn a man loose in the editorial columns of a newspaper. A more extreme instance could not be selected than the following from last night's Dispatch: A gold standard may exist in various forms. The essential element is that gold be the standard of value and that the other forms of currency be kept at parity with such gold That is the condition of affairs in the United States now. The great nations of the world have gold standards, but the token coinage is run on different principles in every one For example, bank notes are popular in Ens land, but disliked in France. We submit that any one who is com petent to write like this on the finan cial question should be sent to con gress forthwith. It is almost equal to Senator Stewart, and better than George Francis Train. "A gold stand ard may exist in various forms." Ob viously, the author had in his mind a whole glass case of them; cubes, spheres and Klondike nug gets. Perhaps he got mixed over the word "standard" and con ceived of the monetary unit as some thing like the colors of a regiment, to be taken out and looked at by the curious. More delightful yet is what follows. All the great nations of the world, we learn, have gold standards, but one standard differs from another standard in glory. Much information is missing here, which Ahe Dispatch may supply in future issues. Do these different gold standards speak the lan guages of the several nations to which they belong? Is there a family re semblance? And how are you to know where to locate a gold standard, if it strays away from home and gets lost? The cream of the joke is the beauti ful fact that "the token coinage is run on different principles," and that Eng lish bank notes and notes of the Bank of Fiance are "coins" and "token money." Who is running token coinage anyhow, and why does he run the poor thing, and, above all, why does he not let it run on the same principle occasional ly? Just as we get at the meat of this financial revelation and reach the Bank of England "token" notes, the keeper comes on the scene, and we know only that "the only gold stand ard recognized and approved by the Republican party and the people is that which now exists." Men who car write or speak like this are exceeding ly dangerous if left at large anywhere THE SAINT PAUjC GJCO3S: SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1898. outside of the federal asylum for their kind In the capltol at Washington. A REAL CORNER. If the boasts of those who have been managing: the bull movement in wheat are correct, they have succeeded in creating a rare thing; that Is, an actual corner in the great staple food prod uct of the world. There have been plenty of corners where a condition of artificial scarcity was produced by meeting all offers and scaring sellers or forcing them to the wall. There have also been real corners, consisting in obtaining possession of practically the whole marketable supply of a com modity, where the article in question was produced in only limited amounts or where the balance available for con sumption was small. But to purchase actually the entire available wheat product of the United States is an oper ation on a scale so vast as to make an epoch. It will remain to be seen, and will no doubt be disputed by many, wheth er the Letter party have made good their boast. They estimate the entire available supply for the year, includ ing crop and surplus carried over, at 560,000,000 bushels. Counting In all that has been exported or consumed up to date, and all that will be needed for seeding or other purposes, they reach a total of 545,000,000 bushels. The balance of 15,000,000 bushels, they argue, is all that need be controlled in order to master the market, and they have it under their thumb. This is a transaction so gigantic, requiring such boldness In execution and such com mand of means, as well as such nerve in execution, that it appeals to the im agination of the American people and of the world. Whether the assertions and prophecies of the bull clique be good or otherwise, it is certain that they seem to have a firm grip on the market, and equally true that the best informed persons In the Northwest have long insisted upon the comparative scarcity of the wheat supply and the assurance of rising or at least steady prices. We do not imagine that any farmer will desire a check placed upon the operations of men, even though they may be speculators and money sharks and of the capitalistic breed, who may help to make the market for wheat high and to keep it steady and strong. Remember that Frank Smith has put in a bowling alley and shooting gallery, where all lovers of first-class sport can pass a pleasant hour In the basement under his lunch counter. — West Union (Io.) Union. Queer Ideas of what is first-class sport seem to prevail down in lowa, when fellows loving It are asked to remember that they can find It under lunch counters. 9 — . English parties have purchased In this country. lately, for shipment to Cardiff, Wales, 4,000.000 tons of iron ore. That will bring to this country $20,000,000 of English gold, which must help us out. What do our Pjp. friends fhink of deals of this character, ;. nyway? — Waseca Radical. Pops do not think; they only think they think. Those who do think know that that story was a fake and that the firm alleged to have made the sale promptly denied It. Six months ago the Fail River operatives were ringing their bells on the passage of a bill which "assured them steady employment at remunerative wages." Now they are wringing their hands and find that in some cases people cannot be legislated Into pros perity.—Eau Claire Leader. And next fall they will be wringing the necks of the Dlngleyites. The Minnesota veterans are on the war path against the pension raiders and they promise to make it decidedly warm for some of the interests which have milked the govern ment for years with far less right or justice thaii have the old soldiers. — Minneapolis Trib une. Anti-pensionism has gone very far when even so loyal an organ as the Tribune calls pensioning "milking the government." STORMY COURT SESSION. Liiielgert Trial Marked by Some Un usual Scenes. CHICAGO. Jan. 28.— The closing scenes of the afternoon session in the Luetgert trial wgre exciting and unusual. The jurors be came exasperated at the tactics of Attorney Harmon, the chief counsel for the defense, and two of them openly rebuked him. Jo seph Deteloff, a witness in rebuttal for the state was on the stand being cross-examined by Mr. Harmon when the first scene trans pired. The attorney was asking one ques tion after another before the witness could answer. Question and answer became jumbled inextricably. Judge Gary tried to check the lawyer sev eral times, but in vain. "I would like to have this witness finish his answer before you break in," said Juror Snow, leaning forward and looking directly at Mr. Harmon. The remark was made in a loud and aggres sive voice. The tone more than the words arrested attention. Mr. Harmon drew back as if a blow had been aimed at him. The lawyer's answer was directed to tho witness, but he looked angrily at the juror, and appeared to aim his question at Mr. Snow as Jm said: "What answer was.lt you could net finish? What was it you said that the jury could not hear?" "That is not a proper question to ask," said the court. "Well, I wanted to find out what answer it was the jury could not hear," the lawyer persisted. A murmur or excited and angry protest came from the jury box in reply. Above the babel could be heard the voice of Juror Gard ner, who leaned forward In his seat on the front row and exclaimed: "We cannot hear anything. It's all mixed up. We cannot tell which Is question and which answer." "Read the last questions and answers." said Mr. Harmon, addressing the stenogra pher. "Go on with the examination," commanded the court. "I want to have it read bo that the jury will understand," Mr. Harmon explained. "Well. I'll not wait to hear it done " de clared the court. The session was stormy throughout. As spats between Mr. Harmon and Judge Gary became more frequent the defendant's face began to show anxiety. After the jurymen had spoken their mind 3 his discouragement was pitiful. He hurried from the court room after adjournment without more than a word to his lawyers. SINGERLY PLAN FAILS. Comptroller Danes Apuointtf a Re ceiver for tlie Defunct Bank. PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 28.— Comp- L roller of the Currency Dawes came here today from Washington to confer with the managers of the plan for the voluntary liquidation of the affairs of the suspended Chestnut Street National bank. The comptroller declined to make any modifications in the amendments lo the plan proposed by him a few days ago. As the managers declared thed .ould not accept the amendments, the comptroller thereupon announced that he would at once appoint a receiver. To show his confidence, in the ability and integrity of the managers of the plan, he selected one of them, George 11. Earl Jr., as the receiver. Draper Guilty. ST. LOUIS, Jan. 2S.— A special from Jack sonville, 111., says that the jury in the case of Charles L. Draper, on trial for the murder of Charles L. Hastings, brought in a verdict of guilty today. He was given a life sentence, i SIJBEWS Of THE GITY REPRESENTED AT THE BANQUET OP MANUFACTURERS AT TIIE COMMERCIAL CLUB. SEVERAL VALUABLE TALKS. ARCHBISHOP IRELAND TELLS HOW TO BUILD UP THE MANUFAC TURING INTERESTS. ST. PAUL AND MINNEAPOLIS ONE. Who Opposes One Is an Enemy of the Other— A. K. Prnden on Banks. An entirely representative gathering of St. Paul manufacturers was assem bled last night at the Commercial club to listen to a number of talks on mat ters of the greatest Interest to them, after they had rTartaken of a substantial repast. There were 100 manufacturers at table, and besides President Conde Hamlin, of the Commercial club, who acted as toastmaster, sat Archbishop Ireland and Rev. A. B. Meldrum. After a brief invocation by Dr. Mel drum, President Hamlin, in introducing President G. P. Kuhles, of the North western Manufacturers' union, said that the Commercial club was a clearing house for the business interests of St. Paul. There had met there before this the jobbers, and the retailers, and now the manufacturers were gathered about the festal board to meet and know each other better and listen to a discussion of subjects of much import to them in their various lines. President Kuhles declared It gratified him very much to be able to meet all his fellow manufacturers at the club, and after expressing the hope that the or ganization would steadily increase in numbers and Influence, told something of the work done since its formation some months ago. The details of the wt-rk accomplished, he said, the secre tary intended to make known later, After a brief introduction by Presi dent Hamlin, Archbishop Ireland, who had been an interested listener, spoke In part as follows: How to build up the manufacturing inter ests of St. Paul? That Is a question of the deepest interest to St. Paul and to all her people. We must wish to see our city grow until St. Paul is the greatest city in the whole Northwest. If we would really have it grow we must bestir ourselves, for, even with the geographical advantages she en joys she must still have men capable of avail ing themselves of them. Even without these natural advantages capable men will supply the energy and the enterprise to build up a city. The country is recovering from a period of unparalleled depression, and we are glad to hear on all sides that the period of prosper ity is come to America. Shall it not also come to St. Paul? There are many places In this great Northwest bidding for the privi lege of being at the head, for we must know we have rivals to the south and to the east. The railroads have annihilated space, and whereas some "years ago there needed to be many citizens in a given territory, now, with low rates of transportation, one large com mercial center attracts to itself the business of the section. St. Paul and Minneapolis are but one center of commercial strength, and he who opposes St. Paul is an enemy likewise of Minneapolis and vice versa. Together we can and will succeed. It will be by bringing here and keeping here a great poulatlon. That Is the vital question. How best can we do this? By providing means for newcomers as well as the residents by which they may secure the wherewith tp purchase sustenance. It Is the mechanics and the laborers who go to make up this population, and to get them here and provide them with means of making a living we need both the jobber and the manufacturer. The jobbers in St. Paul necessarily employ a large number of hands, but it is the manufacturer who contributes directly and indirectly to the support of the most people and aids mosF In maintaining a large share of the population. Say, for ex ample, there are 8,000 men, 2,000 women and several thousand children employed in the different Industries In St. Paul. It Is safe to say that not less than 40,000 people are sup ported by the wages earned by these em ployes, and If the number were to be doubled so would the number of the population and the city would continue to grow. Then for the indirect, but not less certain advantage. These 40,000 people support the retailers, and they, in their turn, the jobbers and manufacturers. We must not only keep up our population, but must add to it and in that way cause our varied industries to flourish. Except for a few peculiar kinds of made goods we should not suffer from a proximity to Chicago, and other largo cities or from cheap transportation. St. Paul and Minneapolis are the great gateway to this wonderful Northwest, whose future we can hardly conceive in our wildest flights of imagi nation. When you manufacturers can say you have goods as cheap and as well made as St Paul patrons can get elsewhere, you have a plea which they can not afford to pass un noticed. When you have done this the next thing is to bring your wares so constantly before them that they will know they can secure them from you as well or better than by going elsewhere. The best results will come from united effort, and united force. Do not allow outside competitors to enjoy any advantage you have not yourselves got You have done nAich in the way of knowing one another with your display at Market hall theso gatherings-., will. .bring you in closer harmony. Create a sentiment in favor of fostering the purchase of goods made at home Let the St. Paul people know fhay should buy home made goods, goods made in St. Paul and by St. Paul people, who will cir culate the money they recveive from their sale, in the limits of the s.tate. Point out to them that they should encourage exisin« industries and should lead others to come here. A. K. Pruden spoke on the relation' of banks to manufacturers, and urged at the cutset that the relations must al ways be based upon a purely mutual in terest. The bank must make Its profits by lending a part of its deposits at In terest exactly as the manufacturer must sell his output at a profit above cost. In order to earn interest without loss of principal in whole or part, the bank must loan its money upon a sound basis. Mr. Pruden gave briefly the views of bankers on these points covering their relations with manufacturers, touched on the prevailing customs, and explain ed something of the detail of the system now in vogue in transactions between manufacturers and their bankers. Bankers were, he urged, far more de pendent upon their borrowers for their profits than was the borrower upon the bank loaning him the money, and he predicted that in the future a more liberal policy would prevail. Said Mr. Pruden: Capital should be invested, not borrowed, and since additional liabilities attach under partnership arrangements, and the capitalist cannot usually take active control of his money, in this kind of -'investment, the laws of the land provide -for the existence of corporations whoge stocks and bonds furnish means by which capital may be invested and idle money of banks may make an earning. Corporate existence does not necessarily involve a large capi al or extenlve op- rations, but may, and should t>t, employed in smali beginnings or after a small beginning has grown so far towards success that more capi tal may wisely i>e used. It is lamentable that a strong prejudice has existed against the.jvery name of manu facturing investment. This prejudice is not unfounded, for many ai our best men have been hoodwinked into contributing liberally from> their wealth to-watds the establishment and support oi prospective great manufactur ing industries, and since the prospect was the most there was of them, great losses re sulted, and today. the legitimate, rising, and established manufacituTtng enterprises' are struggling und-er\the cltmd of that prejudice for which they are in tjo wise to blame. To remove thi£ prejudice, and make pap ular the investments of money in manufac turing, closer personal acquaintance between the manufacturer and capitalist must be cul tivated. Omit no opportunity to pass without speaking personally with your banker, make him mere familiar with what kind of a man you are. what you are doing and what you know you have done. Through your banker you may be brought to meet the man and the money your business needs, and mutual bene fits result. Make known by all methods in your power, among your other acquaintances the success you meet with and gradually therp will grow up the impression that manufacturing op portunities are to be desired aud by com- ■blued effort there may be brought into «t --istence a desire to have come money Invested in some manufacturing Industry, and I want to say right here that the small ones of to day will be the great ones of the future. The percentage of profits are greater and the risk of loss Is leas upon a small, thrifty ln austry than upon a large one, and more than this must be borne In mmd — that after the enterprise gets beyond the needy period, tt has no use for additional capital, upoa any terms for permanent investment, because it Is very much cheaper to borrow to meet emergency periods than to divide profits continually. When the openings for the In vestment of money disappears, about the time many owners of money begin to think they would like some share of the reward the successful industry reaps. Approach the management of soma large and successful industry with a proposition to take your young son into business with soma capital which you would like t» see him start * business career with, and you will be turn ed down or told that he might start in and learn the business and that his salary will be the magnificent sum of $15 per month, but he could hardly be given an Interest in the business for his money. Upon the other hand, a young and grow ing industry may be easily found in which his money and services would be of great value and he takes his place In the battle of life in a position to become the peer of the manager of the large establishment of today, and which has grown from just such a start as the young man of today starts into. C. J. "Whellams, secretary to the Man ufacturers' union, was assigned the subject of work of the union, and spoke for fifteen minutes, during which he outlined the purpose of the organ ization as being the better education of the people of St. Paul in the matter of the products made in St Paul fac tories. They must be shown the ad vantage to be gained both themselves and by the city at large by the gen erous patronage of home manufac turers, whose success contributed in no small measure to the wealth and pros perity of the city. He divided the manufacturers products into three classes. Material, foods and a general lumping of all the others, and told what had been done in the way of bringing before the public the alms of the men who employ labor here to make the various finished products. His explanation of what had been don© to secure more liberal patronage, and the more careful consideration of the rights and difficulties of the manufac turers, was listened to with much in terest. C. W. Hall spoke on the relation of agriculture to manufacture. He con sidered agriculture and manufacture sisters, both born of the human needs and desires. He trtaoed the origin of agriculture from the time a certain un eaten portion of apple in the garden of Eden became later transformed into what is now called wheat. Manufac ture, he said, had grown to meet the needs of advancing civilization, until today the farmer needed the manufac turer and the manufacturer the farm er. Exceedingly rapid strides had been made in the matter of manufacturing during the last fifty years of the cen tury. St. Paul, he thought, ought to become even more famed than now a3 a jobbing and manufacturing center, and must be in close sympathy with the persons who purchased the product of the manufacturers. The manufacturers themselves must be In touch with the needs of the clientage in the territory to whose needs they were catering. By dose at tention and unbounded enthusiasm he believed the men about him who com prised the backbone of St Paul's man ufacturing interests, could lay the foundation for an era of unusual pros perity. D. F. Colville added to the pleasure of the evening with two vocal solos, and before the meeting came to an end the manufacturers and their guests were photographed about the banquet table. NO HARDTACK IN THEIRS. Militiamen Feasted on tlie Fat of t !:<• Lund. Amid the softly vibrant, yet en chanting, strains of orchestra music, those scarred veterans of the "Blue berry War," of twenty odd years ago, marched down the aisles of the banquet hall of the Metropolitan hotel last evening, arm in arm with the more youthful members of the guard. It was the annual reunion of the Veterans' Na tional Guard association, and those who participated in that bloodless war at Bralnerd joined hands with the muscle and brawn of Minnesota military, and delved into the memoried past with pleasant reminiscences of days gone by. The large dining hall was resplen dent with gallant lieutenants, dignified captains and the lesser members of the present guard, who were Intermingled with grizzled beards, of pioneer days. The large dining room was decorated with large flags and bunting In honor on the occasion, while the tables were embellished with cut flowers of all de scriptions. The spirit of good will, and the- happy sentiment of the ball room, was added to by the presence of a half dozen survivors of the old "Pioneer Guard," who graced the festive occa sion. Among the sixty-four present were many of the leading militia men in the state. In fact, nearly all those who had been in the sc-rvice five years or over were either present or sent their regrets. Capt. Ed. S. Bean, recently enrolled a member of the association, was present, with gentlemen of the national guard from all over the state. Promptly at 8:15, following the busi ness session of the association, they marched into the large dining room, where they discussed an excellent menu of twelve courses, after which a half dozen or more toasts were responded to. E. S. Chittenden occupied a seat at the center of the middle table and offi ciated as toastmaster. A number of letters of regret were read, among them a breezy one from Senator Nelson. Col. Page also regretted that he would be unable to attend on ac count of a previous engagement. Gen. Bend was unable to be present on ac count of being called to Washington. Col. Bobleter sent his regrets, having unfortunately selected the same date for the dinner which he tendered the officers of the Second regiment. Sam Worden also sent his regrets. Mr. Chittenden first introduced Col. E. M. Van Duzee, of the Third regiment, as the first speaker. Before doing so he said that he regretted that a number were unable to be present; while he was glad to see so many of the militia men again, he felt like organizing a court martial to try those who were derelict in their attendance. Col. Van Duzee spoke briefly on his connection with the National Guard in fourteen years' service. When he first joined the guard It was to please some of his friends ! more than anything else. It was with great pleasure that he reviewed the past fourteen years. He would con tinue a member as long as he was old i enough to hold the rank of colonel, af- ' ter which he would go back to the ranks with the boys. Mr. Van Duzee spoke of the early struggles of the various National guard movements. Mr. Chittenden then Introduced Aid. Shep ard as one of those scarred Blueberry vet orans. Aid. Shepard told how they were j called out at midnight, and the next morning j at 8 o'clock every man in the company was on hand with the exception of two that they were unable to pet any word to. He thought people were inc'ined to make fun of the trip to Brainerd. but at the time there was no tun in it as they were quite In earnest, end i they did net know that no encounter would j take p'.ace. Mr. Shepard said he had never i been mustered out from that company, and • he still served his state as a milltiamin. ! Mr. Shepard told a story on W. A. Vau i S'.yke, who was at the time quartermaster, j He said during the trip they had soda j crackers, dried beef, and cove oysters as t*-e ; auartermaster's stock. He told of an mcl- j dent during thrir stay in Brainerd where a < courle of the privates wer^ missing from ! camp and ucon being kok'd for, were found j deeply interested in a game of poker. H? i thought the d : sc:p!ine was no better now than it had been in the '70s. Toastmaster Chittenden next Introduced another representative of the Pioneer guards, whose record was unblemished. It was they ! who were en hand during the uncertainty of territorial days, and whese efficiency was was proven time and time again by their ready response to any call on them for aid. The speaker was Gon. J. W. Bishop. Gen. Bishop went back to the very early days of natior?l guard doings, and the war times. He to.d how he published the Cha' \ field Democrat during the early days, which ™ * most excellent and reliable paper. Between it and the Republican publication, which -was issued weekly In ChatflcM, they managed to keep political temperature up to about 105 dagreea In tho shade. He was, proprietor, editor, publisher, "that's three,'' said tne general, and he was also a composi tor and printer's devil. He had often thought of the awful calamity which would ensue If the publication should fall to appear. -He told of tho presidential campaign, and of Mr. Lincoln's victory. The national gua.nl was liberally provided for by the state? and the young men of the cities should do their utmost to promote its best use. A quartette followed <3en. Bishop's remarks, after whicn Bishop M. N. Gilbert was Intro! duced. He appreciated tha honor which had been paid him in his selection as chaplain. He _ ri fP oko briefly of his war experience. The speechmaking was concluded by ad dresses by Maj. Fred W. Ames, of Minne apolis, and N. P. Langford, of St. Paul, and Lieut. McCoy, of Fort Snelling. Previous to the banquet a business ses sion of the association w&3 held at the Met ropolitan hotel. The following officers were elected: Commander, E. S. Chlttenden; first vice president, W. Q. Bronson; second vice president, N. P. Langford; secretary, "W. H. Hart; treasurer, F. W. Ames. Two new offi cers were provided for, namely: surgeon and chaplain. Dr. T. C. Clark, of Stillwater, was elected to the former and Bishop Gil bert to the latter. A committee was appoint ed to amend the constitution. The credit for the excellence of the programme last even ing and the success of the occasion was large ly due to D. Moreland, E. S. Chlttenden, W. H. Hart and It. L. Winne, who have been the prime movers of the Veterans' associa tion since its birth. Those who sat down to the banquet were B. F. Irvine. Pioneer Guard, '58; H. C. Bur bank, Pioneer Guard, '58; Thomas Van Etten Pioneer Guard, '57; M. O. Tuttle, Pioneer Guard; C. E. Smith, M. D. H. A. Leaviy F. B. Rowley, B. First regiment; G. B. Hor ton, Company B. First; H. L. Keller, Com pany B. First; A. M. Dlggles, F. W. Doran M. G. Craig, J. N. Shepherd, sergeant major First regiment; W. J. Murphy, former cap tain Battery A; George C. Lambert, C. Fisher, Company A, First regiment; E. C. Monfort, captain, First infantry; F. "W. Ames, major, First infantry; N. P. Langford, Pioneer Guard; Fred N. Van Duzee, Company E, First regiment; O. R. Trobrldge, Company E, First; P. J. Metzdorf, Company E, First regiment; J. T. Chambers, lieutenant, Com pany I, First Infantry; F. T. Corriston, cap tain. First Infantry; a F. Hlcko'.s. sergeant major, First infantry; J. C. Rhodes Jr.- A. Anderson, Charles E. Falrchild, Charles P Marvin, E. Buchelle, A. L. Craig B "W Rising, Samuel G. Iverson. G. T. Andrews Charles W. Van Duzee, J. W. Bishop, M. N. Gilbert, E. B. McCoy; J. F. Wade, Ed. S. Bean, E. S. Chittenden. W. H. Hart, D. Moreland, E. D. Libbey, R. L. Winne, George S" w°°« s -m v v r ' J ' P - W. H. Allen, F. W. Willeberger, C. A. Bach, R. C. Davis C C. Thompson, W. S. McWade, H. W. Hanson, Charles C. Salter, C. 0. MagnusGn, Charles F. Push, L. H. Seymour, O. W Bergholz. BOBLETER DINED HIS STAFF. Col. Joseph Bobleter dined the officers of the Second regiment Jasit evening in the ladles' ordinary of the Windsor hotel. And such a dinner it was, too, for there it was truly a feast of reason and flow of soul. It Is true the colonel took occasion to "Jolly" the boyu a bit. about regular attendance at drills and other matters which even dashing lieutenants are apt to neglect. Capt. E. A. Le May, the retiring adjutant of the regiment, was' pre sented with an elegant silver service. Capt. Le May responded to the presentation after he had sufflcently recovered himself. Capt Le May resigns to become captain of the new company, mustered in at Winona the first of last December. Officers from nearly every company In the gallant 6econd were present. ILLINOIS INHERITANCE TAX Attacked In the Supreme Court by Ex-President Harrison. WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.— The argument in the supreme court of the United States, in the cases before it known as the Illinois inheri tance tax cases, waa heard in that court to day. There are three of these cases, all In volving the constitutionality of the Illinois law, but they were consolidated and argued as one. The state was represented by Attor ney General Alken, of Illinois, and Messrs. A. A. Moran, Robert S. lies and Frank L. Shepard. and the opposition to the law by ex-President Benjamin Harrison. William D Guthrle and Eugene E. Prussing. Gen. Harrison began his argument at 3 05 p. m., speaking in a distinct voice and receiv ing from the beginning the careful attention of both the members of the court and the general audience. He said the counsel on the other side had practically confessed the law to be unconstitutional by falling to show authority for the position they assumed. He contended that there could be no more limi tation put upon the right of a man to dispose of his property after death than before. Are men," he asked, "to be restrained from giving due exercise to the due affection of the heart?" This disposition he characterized as "monstrous." There are things Inherent in our free Institutions, he said, that do not nee £,, to » find cx P r «sslon in the constitution or bill of rights, and such is the right to the protection of such individual rights as were attacked by this law. Our system of govern ment was not constructed upon a principle that would permit a communistic legisla- , r ?u ot - L 1. 1 "?" 13 t0 interfere with the rights of tha individual to devise his own property Justice Brown asked how. In <-ase of tho death of a man, his property was to be dis tributed between his wife and children in the r^sence of a statute for guidance. To this Gen. Harrison replied that he was not contending that the natural law should not be written out, but that It should be In accordance with the dictates of affection and precedent A doctrine such ns that contended for would paralyze all thrift and fomsight. wi?hm,t e |h Bke «- S ? OUM a man tOU aDd Save nntr,u?H lmulM of the tDOU Rht that he ran trasmit his property to his wife or child? He projects himself beyond tho grave Shall every child become a foundling? "That Is not the law you are attackine now." interjected Mr. Moran. a «acKing 'Not the law. I admit," replied Gen Ilarri t!^; t ? Ut A he I^'P'e >-ou have defended" that the state may take all a man's property upon his death, which has been defended here today with a boldness I have never seen or heard before in speech or publication" RACE WAr'iMPENDING. Trouble Between tlie WJiltes and Blackn In Arkansas. LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Jan. 23- Trouble between the blacks and whites In Lonoke county is apprehended which when once started, may outrival any thing of the kind witnessed In the south in years. In the town of Lonoke several ne groes have been killed by whites and others have been driven away Notices bearing- date of Jan. 23 have been tack ed on nearly every door of the town and many cabins in the sur rounding country ordering every negro in the country to leave Lonoke within thirty days and never come back threatening to kill those who remain ' The notices are not signed, but are adorned with skull and crossbones Notices have also been posted on the doors of negro school hou&es, warning the teachers to close the schools and leave. Many of the negroes have talc en their families and moved out of the county and several r.rgro schools have been closed. A large number have avowed their purpose of remaining in their homes and defending them at the cost of their lives if necessary. One prominent colored man in an open let ter to his race advised the colored men of Lonoke to supply themselves with arms and be prepared to protect them selves. "When the negroes of Lonoke county kill about twenty-five of these lawless white men," said he, "the outrages against the negroes will stop and not until then." A white man of Lonoke recently shot and instantly killed a negro and was promptly acquitted by a justice of the peace. Gov. Jones has offered a re ward of $100 for the conviction of mem bers of the mob. PURE SPRING WATER. It Will Be Used In Christening the Battleship Kentucky. LOUISVILLE, Ky., Jan. 28.— A spe cial to the Times from Frankfort, Ky., says: When, next month, the battleship Kentucky glides from the ways at New port News, her prow will not bo bathed in champagne, nor in good old whisky. The fair sponsor. Miss Christine Brad ley, will uncork a beautiful embellish ed silver vessel full of pure water. On the farm in Larue c-ounty. where Abraham Lincoln was born, there is an unfailing spring of cold crystal water, where in his boyhood the great emancl patoi was went to slake his thrist, us ing a gourd or oak leaf dipper. The idea is to have a committee for mally visit the spring, fill a silver ves sel with sparkling water, and seal it. Then the vessel will be given to Miss Bradley, who will guard it as a sacred thing, until the time for breaking the seal, on board tlie Kentucky. SQUADHOfI RT CflDlZ OOKCENTRATIOH OF SPANISH SHIPS OF WAR VIEWED WITH UNCONCERN. HARDLY COMING TO CUBA. SUCn A STEP WOULD LEAVE THE HO3IE PORTS WITH NO PROTECTION. LITTLE PROGRESS o\ TREATIES. Reciprocity Agreement Under Sego. tiatioa at tlie Instance of tlie United States. WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.— The state department has received from Consul General Lee confirmation of the killing of Aranguren. The cablegram gave no details. The reported concentration of the Spanish fleet at Cadiz is viewed with unconcern In official circles here, though as yet there has been no official con firmation of the reported order for tha rendezvous. It is not believed that tha fleet Is to be ordered to Cuba in its en tirety. It would be a token of unlimited confidence on the part of the Spanish government In the continued neutrality of other nations to deprive the Spanish home ports of the protection of tha fleet. Respecting the negotiation of reciproc ity treaties between the United States en one side and Spain and Cuba, and perhapa Porto Rico, on the other It la officially admitted at the state depart ment that such negotiations are under way. They have not progressed very far for the reason that an expert com mission Is required to deal with the Intricacies of the tariff schedules, which are especially complex In tha case of the Spanish tariff, with 4ts three seta of schedules, each playing a particular part. As heretofore stated the basts for the treaties will be found in tha reciprocity treaties with Spain, Cuba and Porto Rico, drawn under the Mc- Kinley act, and nullified by the Wilson act, though changed business conditions ■Will be taken into account In making the new arrangements. The negotiations were initiated at the instance of our government. Minister Wcodford invited the Spanish govern ment to enter into such negotiations, In that respect carrying out instruc tions that were sent to every United States representative abroad. The Cuban tobacco, which has been for so long held in Havana, is now com ing to the United States In large quan tities. Gen. Lee has Informed the state department that by the steamer Olivette there has been shipped sixty-six bales of filler tobacco, for Tampa, while the stf-amer Segurance carried 2,946 bales of the same to New York, 154 to New Haven, and eighty-five to Baltimore. NEW YORK, Jan. 28.— The Times to morrow will say: President AlcKinley has decided to send to Havana a spe cial emissary whose duty will be the distribution of the supplies sent there by the Central Cuban relief committee of this city. The committee has ap pointed subcommittees all over the East and South, and the contributions in the way of clothing, provisions, furniture and cooking utensils have been so great that when they were shipped to Havana Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, to whom they were consigned, found himself entirely un able to handle them with his limited supply of help. Eeside-s distributing the supplies it will be the duty of the agent to inform the revenue inspectors of Havana about the goods sent by the relief committee and to distinguish them from dutiable shipments. Stephen E. Barton, the local chairman of the committee, in an interview, said that the response by the people of the United States to requests for aid for the impoverished residents of Cuba had always been prompt, and that at times the supplies were so great that they could scarcely be bundled. OFFICIAL VISIT. Acting; Captain (ieneral Received on 110.-ird the Maine. HAVANA, Jan. 23. Gen. Parrado, the acting captain general, visited the Unit ed States battleship Maine, starting at about 11 o'clock this morning. 1I>; was saluted by the guns of < 'abanas fortress as he went on board. This was a return of the visit paid to him yes terday by Capt. Sigsbee, of the Main.', who was accompanied by Consul Gen eral Lee. Further details regarding the killing of Nestor Aranguren, the insurgent brigadier general, known as the "Sheri dan of Cuba," have been received. They show that Col. Aranzabe, of the Spanish forces, had known for some time that Aranguren was in the habit of visiting his mistress in a hut In the Tapaste hills, and, the day before yesterday, he ordered three columns of troops, rein forced by cavalry, to surprise the in surgent chief with the result that the latter was shot and killed with one of his companions. The troops also cap tin-ed two women and the father of Arariguren's mistress, who is described as being the dynamiter of the band. About 4,000 persons have visited the morgue where the body of Aranguren lies exposed, among them being many ladies, the uncle of the deceased, Jose Maria Aranguren and his nephew, Nes tor Aranguren. The remains were identified by the chief of the fire department, .-; v> ral offi cers and a number of firemen, as well as by his relatives. There is consider able comment in different circles here at. the fact, which is now being pointed cut. that nearly all the insurgent chiefs of the province of Havana have been killed owing to their visiting their mis trt-Fses. it !s said that the mistress of Aran- Ruren and another woman, who were both wounded when the insurgent chief v.^s captured, have since died of their injuries. Aranguren. it is now stated, was shot while he was writing. The remains of Aranguren will i<e quietly buried today. The Spanish authorities say that among the papers which till into the hands of the troops when Aranguren was killed was his diary, showing that he ordered the execution of Lieut. Col. Kuiz. Capt. Gen. Blanco, It is an nounced from Spanish sources at ?>lan zanillo, in addressing the municipality of that place, said the country should lock forward with confidence to the n ar approach of peace, which, he b< would be arrived at in February, owing to the new policy adopted by the gov ernment, ar.d ti:>' suppcrt it was receiv ing from the country. The capt tin n eral will remain at Manzanillo at en: and will Inspt ct the forts. Hetra to a Million. GRKAT FALLS. Mont.. Jan. 2^.— A. T.. and J. F. Reitz, of this city, have received word that by a decision of the supreme <'ourt of Pennsylvania they have fallen hler to $1,000, --000. The estate belonged to their grandfather, who died at Tamai|ii;i. Fa., in is 17. leaving an estate of sixty acres of coal land. This la now one of the most valuable coal properties ;n that state and is estimated at $U,OOO,CfIQ. A decision has just been handed own awarding the title to the grandfather's heir*.