Newspaper Page Text
HOW THE POOR LIVE INTERESTING OBSERVATIONS ARK MADE IN NEW YORK CITY Government Expert* Find Tlmt In temperance Among the Lower Classes Is Directly Trneenble to Poorly Supplied and Unattractive Dinner Tiiblew.. WASHINGTON, Feb. 13.— The result of investigations into the food habits of a number of families in the congest ed districts of New York city in 1595 and JBf(6 have been made public by the agricultural department in a report en titled "Dietary Studies in New York City." The report was prepared by Profs. W. O. Atwater and C. D. Woods, under whose immediate direction the investigations were conducted, with the co-operation of the New York Associa tion for the Improvement cf the Condi tion of tin- Poor. The general plan of the Inquiry consisted in visiting a num ber of typical families in the worst con gested portions of the city, observing the kinds and amounts of food which they bought and prices which they paid, noting whether they obtained i- I weight and measure, and subject ing specimens of the food materials to analysis for the purpose of learning their nutritive values. The work in New York was done mostly by Dr. Isabelle Delaney. The Investigation consisted mainly of the studies of dietaries of families of the poorer classes, the majority of whom were on the "East side," near the junc tion of Cherry and Catherine streets. The people in whose families the stud ies were made represented a large num ber of occupations. In some instances they were slovenly and shiftless, and took little interest in the appearance of their homes and tables. Other fami lies, though ignorant, were willing and JOSEPH LEITER'S WHEAT POSSESSES THE FOOD SI I'PI.Y OF MILLIONS OF PEOPLE Hl» 'Wheat in Hull. Nearly Three Times That of the Masonic Tem ple of Chicago He <<.nld Place 833,333,333 Convex of Bread In Reach of tlie Hungry. From the Chicago Times-Herald. Joseph Leiter, who has secured con trol of the wheat market, has in his possession the food supply of many millions of people. Maybe Mr. I_eiter doesn't know it, but if he should choose to divert his 15,000,000 bushels of wheat to foreign channels, bread would double, possibly quadruple, in price in Chicago, and the 'temptation to make short-weight loaves would be offered every baker. Every man who owned a bushel of wheat would be tempted to buy corn to grind and mix with his wheat flour, and the chances are the consumer would be so anxious to procure bread that he would wink at the adulteration even If he knew of It. Fifteen millions of bushels of wheat! The mere words do not convey the Immensity or importance of Mr. Lett er's speculative venture. Never before has one man, or any combination of speculators, held such an enormous amount of the bread grain ln control. Seventy millions of people are directly and vitally Interested in this gigantic venture. St would be difficult to say what this young Napoleon of the wheat pit would do with his pur chases If he hadn't a nation of hungry mouths back of him. He and his de scendants for twenty generations couldn't consume It. There are not mills enough in Chicago to grind the grain into flour in ten years, nor bak ers who could mix, mold and bake it Into crisp loaves in another ten years. Fifteen millions of bushels of wheat! A bulk nearly three times that of the Masonic Temple — the highest and larg est building of Its class in the world. In that gigantic pile, towering twen ty-four stories and covering one fcurth of a block of the most valuable real estate in Chicago, there are 5,762, --249 cubic feet of space — so say the architects. But Mr. Leiter's little pile of wheat would dwarf that structure If placed beside it, reaching almost three times higher, with the same ground dimensions, occupying 18,600,000 cubic feet. The highest authority says there are 7,000 grains of wheat to the pound. Therefore, as Mr. Leiter owns 1 000,000 bushels, each weighing sixty pounds, the total weight of his possessions would require a counter-balance of 900.000.0C0 pounds— a total that would keep a family of five persons counting steadily for two years at the rate of 200 per minute^ without Intermission to check off the' weight, and the total number of grains of wheat in this huge purchase is only 63, 00u, 000,000,000. This sum is sufficiently large to perplex even astronomers, who measure dis tances of stars by the millions of miles — but trillions — never! The star gazer guesses after he passes the ninth row of ciphers In his computations. Let us suppose that Mr. Leiter want ed to move his wheat to some other point, and determine approximately how many cars he would need if he shipped it all by rail. He holds 900, --000,000 pounds, or 450.000 tons. The average capacity of freight cars ls 40, --000 pounds, or twenty tons. Therefore, 22.500 cars would ha needed to trans port this bulk of grain. The average length of such cars. Including the space between for the coupling appar atus, is thirty-six feet. This train load of grain would be 810.000 feet, or 153% miles long. That is to say, if Mr. I_eit er chooses to ship all his grain in one train, he will have a string of cars reaching almost from Chicago to the Mississippi river at Quincy, 111. If It Were Baked in Bread. But if Mr. Leiter doesn't want to ship his property, but chooses to grind It up and put It on tho market he can sit down with pencil and paper and figure that as four and one half bushels of wheat will make a 200-pound barrel of flour, he can place 333,333,333 loaves of bread within the reach of the hungry. At 5 cents per loaf Mr. Leiter could obtain $16,666, --666.65 for his property. As his brokers have claimed that he purchased his wheat at an average of 70 cents per busheC his profits as a baker would be a hundred thousand or so over $6, 000, 000. Just suppose that Mr. Leiter were philan thropic and that he would be willing to feed the hungry with his hoard. Vital statistics Judge Henry H. Goldsborough. Baltimore, Md., says: "It gives me pleasure to recom mend Salvation Oil to any one suffering from rheumatic or other pains." PROMPTLY OBTAINED &a?-n£ T is°iL TIII . HZ?***- l"as™ SSS t-atmis is tlio only Patent Agency which aftei taking out your patent, will either buy It take .t on royalty or manufacture it for you. or sell it wu ou° advance charts. !i0 years' experience! unexcelled references from high autho.il le. ami invented ev aryw here. Send sketch and denoripl ion for free rl frr r -_v«-i t Mo. p: ., t ; J " ,al,lU i y - i>oor assisted n.f. -. i . V" _ ? """ "Se«ts wanted to handle ««,, £™W-' nt .- r . . c ' lc 'V Correspondence in Ger man, Swedish and Danish, but English preferred 1 rese- ye this ad. as it appears but seldom; state 'our wishes, mention this paper, and address The ?£^H_&.,_* arke _ an «» Novelty Works, £79-281 Williams Street (near Jills •Usippi Street., St. Paul, Jliuu. anxious to learn hew they might im prove their habits of living. The main results of each study are given, with a brief discussion of the chief features. Following this are some valuable sug gestions regarding the improvement of the food habits of city poor. It Is im possible, the report says, to lay down any hard and fast rules which shall govern the purchase of food by a fam ily, as these must be to a very great extent determined by the different local conditions. In many of the families there was no attempt made to spread an attrac tive table. One of the most common observations among those who are fa miliar with the habits of the poorer classes of wage workers, the report continues, Is to the effect that a not inconsiderable amount of the prev alence of intemperance can be traced to poor food and unattractive home tables. Throughout all these dietaries there was shown very little comprehen sion of the actual nutritive value of the food purchased, the selection apparent ly being made according to some whim or taste, the presence of the certain j food materials in the market, or be cause the housekeeper had become ac- | customed to purchasing certain kinds of j food. The larger number of families spent more than they really could af ford for food, and yet frequently re ceived Insufficient nourishment. The question how these people could have received more nourishment for the money expended is answered only in the most general terms. It is sug gested that one of the best and surest ways to improve the condition of the poor is to give them practical instruc tions and object lessons in the prepara tion of attractive, yet simple and cheap foods. The subjects upon which the women should be instructed include les sons upon the most nutritious food ma terials and those best adapted in point of cost and ease of preparation to the needs and circumstances of the family, and instruction such as shall enable the housekeeper to prepare simple, whole some and palatable dishes from such food. say that one and one-half pounds of wheat bread is the bare existence dirt With his millions of loaves Mr. Leiter could give three meals each for one day to nearly 400.000,000 of hungry folk, nnd still keep something for himself. The 200,000 persons who starved to death in India last year could have been kept alive for weeks by the judicious distribution of bread made from this big accumulation that represents Mr. Leiter's speculation. If Cuba had had this wheat, 500,000 persons eculd have been sustained for more than six months, and President MeKinley would not. perhaps, have asked a popular subscription to relieve suffer ing in that war-distressed Isle. Mr. Leiter's hoard would have kept alive these victims of Spanish barbarity for more than three weeks If given three meals each per day. Every 100 pounds of this great store of wheat, when ground, would provide forty-two pounds of the finest grade flour, eighteen pounds second-grade, nine pounds biscuit flour and the tailings, middlings, bran and other remnants, save five pounds allowed for loss by evaporation, is turned to account. Mainstay of the Ration. It m.y be that Mr. Leiter is not aware of the fact but he has in his control the food mainstay of the nation. Tlie nutritive value of good wheat bread is not fully recognized by most persons who are fond of the "heel" of a crisp loaf. Mr. Leiter's pile of wheat contains more of the brain, muscle and bone forming food than a dozen trainloads of equal length bearing beer, pork, eggs, milk butter, potatoes, cabbage and fruit. Three fourths of Mr. Leittr"s wheat is starch and sugar and almost one-fifth is albumen— a quantity equal to the albumen In beef or eggs. Without knowing it, the youthful speculator has cornered the brain and mus cle food of the world. People who are in a position to know say that wheat is worth more than money in some places. If Mr Leiter wants to be g.neraous he could give his waiter tips in orders on his warehouse man for a bushel; could carry some of th^ grain loose in his pocket to hand out to street beggars: could carry a small bag to dro-> in the contribution box on Sunday— and be more generous th -n in distributing the ca?h. But Mr. Leiter doesn't seem to be weary or his lead, ncr decs he show any present in- I tention of distributing his accumulated grain ! ln charity. He's not worrying about tbe cars ! to ship his property, neither is he soeculat- Ing on how many biscuits his wheat would make if _round into flour. His wheat is stored in elevators and boats and practically off his hands. Therefore Mr. Leiter is not interested in information which shows what might be done with his own particular Klon dike. CHARMED THE SAVAGE EYE. Utility Garment of an Early White Woman Settler Tickled the Itedi.l_in'_ Admiration. From the Kansas City Journal. "It was interesting to notice the way In which the Indians looked upon early settlers around here," said the old timer as he lapsed into a reminiscent mood. "Each white family as it ar rived and set about the task of mak ing a home in the great American desert was scrutinized and passed upon, favorably or otherwise, by these 'original inhabitants' very much as a newcomer nowadays is talked about and estimated by the good people of any little town in which he makes his appearance. To be sure, the Indians' standards were a little bit peculiar, but they applied them in much the same spirit of egotism that we do our own. "For example, when we started West my mother, who was pre-eminently a sensible woman, who did and who re frained from doing things only on good and sufficient reason, soon saw that the long full skirts in vogue at the time had little to recommend them from an emigrant's point of view and adopted a garment consisting of a medium short skirt and substantial pantalettes, which she found quite suitable, and persisted In wearing through several subsequent changes of fashion. "Now, a few days after my father had completed the cabin which was our first home ln Kansas, a band of Indians from a neighboring camp call ed on us for purposes of inspection, as I have already said* was their custom and. incidentally, to trade for— or bet ter, beg— any article among our be longings which might strike th^ir fancy. My mother was, as usual dressed in her 'utility' garment, and this soon caught the eyes of the In dians, who immediately, amid a great jabbering of admiration, nominated her the 'white squaw,' and from that time on showed our household many marks of esteem— a preferment which had its drawbacks." HOW TO ENJOY A SMOKE. Boith it in-lit and Wrong Ways of Handling a Good Cigar. From the Washington Star. "Personal observation has taught me ** said a Cuban cigar dealer to a Star report er, that not one person ln a hunderd know, how to smoke a cigar to enjoy it thorough ly. For instance, most men, after buying their cigars, stick them between their teeth and gnaw the ends off recklessly, thereby tearing and loosening the wrapper Then they light their cigars and puff away as If their very lives depended upon finishing them in a hurry. Thus treated, the finest cigar will burn irregularly, and the smokers will nine times out of ten, lay the blame on the cigar. The cigar may be to blame but In most cases the fault lies In the way it has been handled. "After a cigar has been bought the end should be cut smoothly off by a clipper or sharp knife. The reverse end should then be placed in the mouth and the cigar blown through. This removes all the little particles of dust which cannot be avoided in the manufacture, and prevents them from beine inhaled Into the throat, and from producinl coughing. The cigar should then be li-ht ed, and particular attention should be paid to its being thoroughly ignited all over the surface of the end. Then instead of puff ing away like a steam engine the smoker will find th.-.t three or four puffs every minute mako the best way to enjoy the cigar The smoke should be kept in tlie mouth a short time in order to appreciate the flavor of the tobacco. Then it should be emitted slowly. "In case one side of the cigar should burn and leave a ragged edge on the other side it is not necessary to relight it, as I often see many people do. A gentle blow through the cigar toward the lighted end will ignite the ragged side, and it will burn regularly Smoking this way is a pleasure. It frets me to see a man smoking a cigar who does not know how to enjoy it. and I often feel like giving him a few words of advice, and would do so were it not for the fear of of fending hinic THE ST. PAUI. GLOBE MOiNDAY FEBRUARY 14, 1898. JAPS AEE EEVENGEFUL CONTINUED TROUBLE FOR BI'RO PEANS IN THE ORIENT Passengers of the Hakata Mart- Have a Desperate Encounter With Drlnk-Haddended Natives Mis sionary Protests Against the Par tition of China. SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Feb 13.— The Oriental and Occidental Steamship company's steamer Gaelic arrived to day from Hong Kong, Yokohama and Honolulu bringing the following Ori ental advices: The Hong Kong Telegraph says that continual trouble ls being reported from vessels manned by Japanese crews, the Japanese resenting any Instructions or surveillance from European officers and reserving an especial grudge for Eu ropean passengers. Several cases have been reported where officers were marked for attack by the Japanese and warned to withdraw from the ser vice, their retention of their positions being invariably followed by a murder ous attack from ambushed Japanese enemies. A case in point is reported from the N. Y. K. liner Hakata Maru from Japan via Hong Kong for Eng land. There were thirty-eight passen gers on board the liner, many of whom were repeatedly attacked by the Jap anese crew whenever they left their own staterooms after night fall. On New Year's day the Telegraph says all the Japanese sailors and waiters, 'maj drunk" and clad only in breech cloths, made an organized attack on the Eng lish officers and passengers of the Ha kata Maru. The Japanese men were armed with knives, crowbars and be laying pins, brutally beat the chief en gineer and his assistant and attacked a pa.senger named Thomas Hall, in his berth, cutting his head open with a marlin .pike. According to the account In the Telegraph the officers and most of the passengers were driven to the bridge, where unarmed forty English- POSTOFFICE BOYCOTTS THEY GIVE THE DEPARTMENT A DEAL. OF TKOI'BLE The Recent A. muuli 1 port Postmaster I.oftin at Hogansville, Oa. A Row Involving a Drug SUire nnd a Poatofllee at Ambler, Pa. limn urn of the Si 1 11 :i lion. Washington Bureau St. Paul Globe, } Corcoran Building. j" Special to The St. Paul Globe. WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.— The form of vengeance adopted by the inhabi tants of Hogansville, Ga., in the case of Postmaster Loftin, who refused to die or resign after the recent assault upon his life, is not a new one in postal circles. The boycott has given the postofflce department almost as much trouble as it has given the In dustrial world. It has not been con fined to the South or to negro post masters. During the last administra tion It flourished so vigorously in various parts of the North that First Assistant Postmaster General Jones made it a subject of special treatment in his report for 1894, and Representa tive Henderson, of North Carolina, prepared a bill to forbid a resort to such means of annoying obnoxious postmasters. In fourth-class postoffices the com pensation of postmasters depends mainly on the number of stamps they cancel on mail matter actually sent through their postoffices. Their re ports to the department on this point have to be taken as truthful till proved otherwise, as it would be im practicable to incur the expense of keeping them constantly under official survellance. But the surest sign the department receives that the boycott has been Instituted at any office Is the sudden interest which the local townspeople disclose in the affairs of the office, ln the way of sending to the department voluntarily their observa tions upon the number of pieces of mail matter which have passed through the office, thus enabling the department to "keep tab" on the post master's accounts. If, after a comparison or two of this sort, it is obvious to the department that the postmaster has been making excessive returns for the purpose of swelling his Income, an Inspector is sent to the spot. His investigation, four times out of five, discloses the fact that the postmaster was tempted Into wrongdoing by a boycott declared by his neighbors upon him. This, of course, does not absolve the post master or release his bondsmen from liability; but it gives the depaitrneiiT. a great deal of annoyance and usually spurs It to a pretty vigorous policy toward the patrons of that office. One way in which the depaitment re bukes boycotting is, after issuing due warning, to abolish the office altogther. Then the offending patrons are driven to the alternative of promising good be havior in the future on condition of getting their office back, or of venting their further spite upon themselves by going a much longer distance than usual to mail their letters — perhaps as far as the next town. This is a resort to which the department does not like to be driven, if possible to avoid it, for it has the bad effect of punishing inno cent patrons equally with the guilty. Hence, Mr. Jones's desire to prohibit postoffice boycotting by law, and thus put the whole community on Its good behavior in the first instance. One of the noteworthy cases which arose under the last adrnini-traticn was that at Manorville, Long Island. For twenty-five years the postofflce was lo cated at the store of G. W. Raynor, a leading Republican. When Mr. Cleve land became president for the first time a Democrat was appointed to succeed Raynor, hut by a friendly arrangement the office was left at Raynor's store, and Raynor was appointed assistant postmaster. When the second Cleve land administration came ln it found Mr. Raynor back in his old place, to which he had been restored during the Harrison administration. A Democrat was appointed again— this time one E. W. Lane, a rival storekeeper, whose place of business was at the other end of the village. Raynor's friends were much aggrieved at this appointment; not that they necessarily objected to a. Democrat, but Mr. Lane was charged w_ht having, during Raynor's term, kept a supply of postage stamps at his store, so as to have the patrons of the office buy of him, mail their letters on passenger trains or at other stations, and thus cut down the business of his rival. When, therefore. Lane was appointed pcstmaster and removed the office to his store, the friends of Raynor re sorted to the same tactics which Lane had practiced when the cases were re versed. But Lane was an energetic and outspoken man, and he lost no time in appealing to Washington. Meanwhile, the department had been very much ex ercised by the treatment its new Dem ocratic postmasters were receiving in other parts of the country, and resolv ed, in the absence of any prohibitory statutes, to rebuke this town and oth ers by showing them the futility of a struggle with the government. An or der was Issued directing that the rail way mail car while passing through ' Manorville should be locked so that matter could not be posted on It, and by request of the department the em ployes of the Long Island railroad re ceived orders to accept no letters or men kept 100 drink maddened Japan ese at bay during' the entire night by brandishing their walking sticks. The Shanghi Recorder deplores any partition of China, which, it says, will certainly be unfavorable to missionary work, adding that it will be a sad thing, not only for China, but for all concern ed.if the powers undertake such action, predicting that partition would be the beginning of unending strife and blood shed. The Recorder calls upon Great Britain to interfere and say that China shall not be divided, but that she shall be reformed and saved, predicting that in such interference England would have the support of Japan and the ac tive acquiescence of the United States. Trio of Hangings. Three Chinese were hanged, simul taneously in the Victoria jail at Hong Kong on Jan. 12, the drop being made to accommodate aft three, and the trio falling together. The executed men were members of an armed gang of shop thieves, and- in raiding a store killed a Chinese employe. The crim inals were disbanded soldiers. As soon as the ratification treaty with France has been exchanged, the date of the standard and conventional tar iffs will be notified to the foreign pow ers, and the tariffs themselves put Into operation. The receipts from the com ing fiscal year, commencing April 1, are therefore estimated to be an In crease of 6,000,000 yen. Tlie Hochl Shimbun says that a communication was originally made by the Japanese government to the foreign powers with the object of plac ing Formosa beyond the pale of the new treaty, but as only Great Britain and one other power consented there to, Japan decided to carry out the new treaties in Formosa alone. The celebration of the coming of age of the crown prince Haruno-Miya, which was postponed last year owing to the court mourning for the late em press dowager, will be held ln March. Japan's foreign trade during the month of December last was as fol lows: Exports, 19,275,762 yen: imports, 11.170,103 yen. The exports of gold and silver bullion amounted to 6,530,362, and the imports to 676,182 yen. packages for conveyance by hand to any other point unless they came through the local postoffice. It took some time to bring Manorville to terms. Another case, occurring considerably earlier, attracted considerable atten tion in Eastern Pennsylvania. At Am bler, Montgomery county, Thomas Bit ting was postmaster in 1892 and suf fered a boycott instituted by a local drug manufacturing firm, who wanted to rent one of their stores to the gov ernment. Mr. Bitting declined to move the postofflce into the premises desig nated by the firm, who responded by buying their very large supplies of stamps at the neighboring village of Fort Washington, which had up to that time been a fourth-c'ass office, paying not more than $400 a year in the most prosperous seasons, but which was raised by this new patronage to presidential rank, with an income of about $1,100. The persecution suffer ed by Postmaster Bitting might have been relieved by his surrender, but there were geographical reasons for his refusal to change the location of his office. The Reading railroad tracks run through the town, and the larger part of his patrons were situated on the east side of the track, while the store to which he was urged to remove was on the west side. The department, therefore, had a double reason for standing behind him in his fight, and he went out of office with his flag still flying. When the second Cleveland adminis tration came In, a Democrat named Stillwagon sought the indorsement of the business men of the town for ap pointment as postmaster, and received a very generous support upon condi tion that he would not remove the postoffice to the west side of the track. The drug concern sounded the warning of another campaign, insisting that as they had brought 250 or more working people into town and spent a good deal I of money on public or semi-public im provements, they deserved the support of the townspeople in their efforts to Increase the value of their real estate by building up the part of the town lying west of the railroad. But Mr. Stillwagon was faithful to his tru*t and declined to move, and the boy cotters succeeded in cutting his income from $1,900 down to $1,400. It ls the demoralizing effect of having the post office department and the postal serv ice — great public interests belonging to the people of the whole United States —dragged into all sorts of petty local wrangles that spur the departmental authorities and members of congress into taking action of a rather radical kind on the subject of the boycott. It takes some time to key congress up j to the point of legislating on a matter |of this sort. Orie congress witnesses I the introduction .of a bill and learns what facts underlytt. another mulls over the subject.: iand possibly a third gets to the point of actually passing some measure of; relief. Probably the postal boycotting- matter has by this time reached the third and decisive stage, so that we: may look to see the efforts of Representative Bingham, called forth primarily by the Loftin case, bear some fruit before the Fifty fifth congress adjourns. GUESTS MUST EAT CHICKEN. Queer Provision of n Will Affecting the .it- ii ii of a Road honne. From' the Xew York Commercial Advertiser. "I know of many wills in which there are some queer provisions," said a well known lawyer in an uptown hotel the ether evening, "but the most curious will I ever hearel of relates to a small roadh.ur.e I visited while out driving last week. The house is on the Hack ensack plank road, in New Jersey. Stopping there for dinner, I ordered a good meal, and when It was served a small roast chicken was brought with It. " 'I did not order that,' I complain ed. " 'I know you did not.' replied the waiter, 'but you will have to eat it.' "I was surprised, but ate the chicken. I noticed that chicken was served to every customer who ordered dinner. Later I asked the proprietress why it was done. " 'Well, you see,' she replied, 'my father owned this place for many years. He was inordinately fond of chicken. When he died he put it in his will that whoever succeeded him here must have roast chicken for dinner every day. In case his successor should fail to do so for two consecutive days, he ordered that the property go to charity. I took the place after :4iis death, and I have been serving chicken every day since. " 'Several of the eHjaritable organiza tions that woul* get the property if the provision of the will were violated watch me closely, i To prevent any basis for an action at law, I make all of my customers eat chicken. Some of them object, tbut they give in when I insist.' " RUBBER GOODS FOR KLONDIKERS Should Be of the Best Quality. Rubber goods bearing the "Gold Seal" trade mark are the best that can be made, and inclufle "Snag Proof" Boots, as well as all other Rubber goods that are needed for Klondike outfits. These goods are made and sold by The Good year Rubber Co., 98-102 E. 7th St., St. Paul, and, If your dealer does not keep them, you can obtain them by sending to Goodyear Rubber Co. Easy Enough. From the Detroit Free Press. "Grimly, ln talking with your wife I find that she holds the same views on all im portant subjects as you do. How do you manage her?" "Always argue on the other side when I'm talking to her." WOMAN FIGHTS PANTHER WIFE OF ADIRONDACK GUIDE KILLS A "VARMINT." She Was Attacked While Hunting Her Rifle Having Been Knocked Out of Her Hand, She Quickly Stabs the Beast With Her Sheath Knife. Fort Henry, N. V., Special to N. Y. World. An extraordinary story of a brave woman's escape from an awful death comes from Minevllle, this county. Just before the big blizzard set ln Mrs. Annie Saunders, the wife of an Adi rondack mountaineer and trapper, set out from her home, near Mount Marcy, in search of game. Mrs. Saunders is a woman of lithe build, keen eye and prepossessing fea tures. She ls perhaps thirty years old, a woman who has no superior ln the North w-oods as a rifle shot and a hunt ress of great skill. The snow lay more than two feet on the ground, and Mrs. Saunders took w-ith her a pair of snow shoes. When she reached a point where all traces of trails or pathways had been obliterated she put on her snow shoes. The morning was clear and cold, and a sharp, cutting wind blew down from old Mount Marcy. There was no sign of snow in the air. The sky was blue and the sun shone brightly. Mrs. Saunders had not gone more than half a mile up the side of the mountain before she came across deer tracks in. the snow. The trail led off to the right, but Mrs. Saunders had no idea of following the tracks, knowing that it would have been a violation of the law to kill a deer at this time. Rab bits were what she wanted. For fully an hour she shot nimbly along on her snowshoes, until at last she saw the familiar rabbit tracks in the snow. She took to the trail with childish eagerness, as she afterward explain ed. Within fifteen minutes she sighted a leaping rabbit and shot him. She hastened up to the bleeding, quivering body, fastened It to her belt and sped on. The drops of blood that fell from the dead rabbit wound left tiny red stains on the snowy landscape. To this was doubtless due Mrs. Saunders' subsequent thrilling adventure. The little huntress, after following the tracks for perhaps a cjuarter of a mile, struck off to the right, penetrating the forest still further. Suddenly and without warning she saw a panther directly in her path. With great cunning the ferocious ani mal had been following her, and now had taken a short cut around until it faced her ready to leap at her throat. The smell of the dead -rabbit dangling at Mrs. Saunders' belt whetted the ani mal's ferocity. With a wild cry of fear Mrs. Saund ers tore the rabbit from her belt and hurled It at the panther. The animal savagely tore the rabbit to pieces. Meanwhile, Mrs. Saunders had turneel and was rapidly fleeing down the mountain side. Presently she looked back. The panther was coming after her in a long, easy lope. Then she stopped, turned quickly and shot at the panther. The bullet struck the animal's right ear, tearing away half of It. The panther in pain and rage rolled over and over in the snow. Mrs. Saunders fired again, but failed to strike the screaming beast in a vital spot. She turned again and g ran on down the side of the mountain. But the panther ran after her with all the energy and fury at Its command. The Intrepid woman saw the panting beast I within a few feet of her, and the sight so unnerved her that she came to a standstill. The panther, unable to check Its momentum, ran against her, throwing her headlong into the snow. Her rifle flew out of her hand, and she gave herself up for lost. By good luck her hand came in con tact with the long, bony hilt of her hunting knife. She struggled to her knees, and when the panther came at her she drove the keen blaele of the knife far into its shoulder. Then came a fierce struggle. When the bleeding beast hurled itself at her with wiele open jaws she thrust the knife into its throat. The blood from its wounds gushed over her face and clothes, but she pluckily held her position. The* panther tore her tight-fitting coat In long strips from her arms anel bosom, and made a great rent In her hunting skirt. Mrs. Saunders began to realize that If the fight were not quickly over she would be the loser. Although the panther was badly wounded. It was still capable of Inflicting mortal injury. Fortune favoreel her. anel when th* panther unexpectedly presented its left side she with her last strength pluntred ln the knife. It went true to its heart. The panther jumped convulsively and fell dead in the bloody snow. Mrs. Saunders fainted, anel when she revived not long afterward she was so weak that she coulcl scarcely make her way back to her home near Minevllle. The next day her husband and a fel low trapper went as far up the moun tain side as they dared ln the face of the howling blizzard that had set ln. They returned without the animal's carcass, having been driven back by the white tempest. Mrs. Saunders says that she would not repeat her ex perience for all the gold in the Klon dike. "I can't even think of it now without shuddering." she said. "Fortunately "t escaped with a few ugly scratches and a bad scare, but it might have been worse." Yard W T ide Coffin. Flushing fL. I.) Special New York Sun. Mrs. Mary E. Howard, who was burled ln the Flushing cemetery this afternoon, weighed I 412 pounds. She died at. her residence, 152 Washington street, Wednesday night. She was only 5 feet 6 Inches tall. The coffin was _ feet 3 inches wide in the interior. It was | impossible to take it into the parlor of the i house, where the funeral was held. a. i it was placed in the hall. A part of the building had to be taken down ln order to admit it. Mrs. Howard was 50 years old. Soo Line Klondyke Bulletin. Have you seen the Klondyke Bulletin Nos. 10 and 11? They are very interesting. To have your name placed on the mailing list send six cents in stamps to W. R. Callaway, General Passenger Agent, Minneapolis, Minn. Nature makes the cures after all. Now and then she gets into a tight place and needs helping out. Things get started in the wrong direction. Something is needed to check disease and start the system in the right direction toward health. Scott's Emulsion of Cod liver Oil with hypophos phites can do just this. It strengthens the nerves, feeds famished tissues, and makes rich blood. 50.. arid $i.oo ; all druggists. SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, New York. CASTORIA fastoria is Dr. Samuel Pitcher's prescription for Infants and Children. It contains neither Opium, Morphine not' other Xarcotic substance. It is a harmless substitute for Paregoric, Drops, Soothing Syrups and Castor Oil. It is Pleasant. Its guarantee is thirty years' use by Millions of Mothers. Castoria is the Children's Panacea —the Mother's Friend. THE FAC-SIMILE SIGNATURE CF _.Jl* l LJL.r , APPEARS ON EVERY WRAPPER. THE CIHT«UB COMPANY TT MURMV GT R.ET. NEW YORK CITY OJIBWAY JOE IS DEAD NOTED CHIPPEWA INDIAN DIES NEAR SUPERIOR Pained it.-.-nu. <■ of Deadly Work in the War of the Rebellion Sav age Credited With Having; Slain 113 I nlon Soldiers Guerilla Chief Whone Hand Plundered. From the Chicago Chronicle. SUPERIOR, Wis., Feb. 11.—Chippe wa Indian Joe Ski, chief of a Chippe wa band and a veteran of the late war between the states, has passed Into the "happy hunting- ground." He died suddenly Tuesday, Feb. 1, ln his lonely cabin on the south shore of Lake Su perior, attended only by his daughter, who walked ten miles through the woods to make arrangements for his burial. At the time of his death Joe Ski was about sixty years of age. He had lived in the rudely constructed cabin by the "big water" alone for many years, until a year ago, when his daughter, Mrs. Louis Cbappelle, buried her husband and went to live with her father. Years ago Joe was one of the best known characters at the head of the lake, but when h e adopted a life of seclusion out in the woods, deriving an existence from the waters of the "great unsalted," he was soon forgotten by old acquaintances, many of whom believed him dead. There are probably thousands of peo ple in the country who will be Inter ested In the announcement of Joe Ski's death. They will recall to their minds the valiant dusky private who fought fearlessly for the cause of the South in its desperate struggle against the Union. Joe Ski's name has found a secluded corner in the history of the Civil war. He has been spoken of by war historians as an example of "a rebel for master, not for cause." It has been said that "Ojibway Joe," as he was called during the war, kill ed off more Northern men than any other soldier in the Southern army. He fought against the Union for three years without the slightest idea of what his side had for a grievance, and is said to have killed 113 Union soldiers while in the sharpshooting service, the record having been kept by means of scratches made with a knife on the stock of his gun. Joe be came a soldier in the Southern army througl. the instrumentality of no less a personage than the distinguished John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky. Goes Down to I^klc. When the war broke out Joe Ski was a young buck, about twenty-five year.; of age, belonging to a little band of Chippewas engaged in the fishing and trapping business, with headquarters at Superior. John C. Breckinridge was the owner of considerable land situat ed in and about the town site and Joe Ski was employed by him to clear a portion of this land of trees, stump, and underbrush. Ski did his work well and when Mr. Breckinridge came to Superior some months later with i party of speculators he was so im pressed with the general conduct and appearance of the young Indian that a deal was entered into whereby young Joe became the body servant of the distinguished man and they journey* d together back to Kentucky. He remained ln the service of Mr. Breckinridge but three weeks, having fallen out with his employer over some trivial matter. He immediately enti r ed the employ of another Kentucky man in the capacity of hostler. In the fall of 1861. when both sides were pre paring for the campaign in Kentucky, Joe Ski's employer enlisted as a priv ate in the Southern army and tho In dian promptly followed his example. Ojibway Joe marched in the ranks- of Gen. Buckner, displaying his knowl edge of Indian warfare whenever an opportunity was afforded, but the white man's style of fighting was too slow for his savage nature. The rigid discipline of army life and the companionship of tho white sold iers, with whom he vrtta unable to con verse, became monotonous to Joe and he decided to leave the ranks and go \ on the war path for himself. He left ! the camp one night and did not re- I turn. That was the last the Southern army ever saw of Ojibway Joe, but they heard from him quite frequently until the war was over. He had de serted the ranks, but not the cause. Joe Joined a small band of guerrillas one of the marauding bands of irregu lars that terrorized Kentucky citizens at that time. He fought with this band until it was reduced by the bullets of Unionists from 100 to seventeen men Shoots His Captain. Then he joined a hand of Irregular sharp shooters and^for a few months drifted about from place to plac. , skirmishing oeea. lanaliv with Union guerillas and living off the fat of the- land. One day Joe had a quarrel with the captain of this band over a matter of disci pline. The captain ordered him shot an rangements were being made for this little entertainment, including ths dinging of a \ grave into which he was to fall" when the j Indian suddenly carried out a little programme '' of his own which spoiled all the plan, of the captain. While the men were gathered at th ir i mess Ojibway Joe knocked his guard s with one blow, grabbed a cun. slut th tain and one or two oth rs a d was < ff th •< ugh the woods like a deer before the guerill fairly recovered from their surprise. He was next heard of oo the warpath as captain, or chief as he called himself of the I Indian guerillas. This bend has been briefly j referred to by war historians as "the ban* of Ojibway Joe," and it is remembered by Kcntuckians as one of the most dangerous fighting organizations that existed during the What is late war. For over a year and a half Jo. led his men around the war-ridden state ot Ken tucky, scattering death and destruction their paths. Sometimes they would follow tlie rear of a marching Federal army, tiring into the guards, then quickly making th capo to the thickets. Wry frequently they went on expeditions to the haunts of con tending bands of guerillas, forcing engag - ments and usually coming out victorious through the superior leadership of their dusky captain. Fought Indian Sl>l«-. When attacking bands of superior numbers they fought in true Indian fashion— from am bush—frequently killing an entire band of guerillas without sustaining the loss of a single man themselves. Joe's band originally consisted of thirty men, including himself, but at the close of the war it had bo.n re duced by death and desertions to fifteen men. For a long time it was generally su that Ojibway's followers were all Indians like himself. There are probably many peo ple living who will be surprised to learn at this late day that this was not the case. Ills twenty-nine followers were all white men— natives of Kentucky— without occupa tions, who took sides with the North early in the fray and preferred the freedom if guerilla warfare to the life of a regular \Vhother It was to gratify the wish of their leader or to give themselves a more savage nppearance has never been learned, but it is known that tho twenty-nine members of tii_ band painted their faces, decked their heads with feathers and otherwise disguised them selves to look as much like Indians as pos sible. At the close of the war Ojibwav Joe r< to his people at tho head of Lake Superior and engased in the fishing and trappii . ness. He married some time later aud about the same time was chosen chief of the Lake Superior Chippewas to succeed thi chief Menltowa, veteran of the Sioux war. SEWING MACHINES AT $10. The Trick Two Sharpers Played <kb the Guilele*a siout and Chi cago White Men. Rushville. Neb., Special to New Y,, r k Sun, Two months ago two young men giving the names of " p a ul and John I>. Joins, of < '). came here as agents for a known sewing machine company. Th v were apparently selling a high-) machine for $10. They declared that this was an exclusive offer m the Sioux Indians and would n< t apply to the whites. They explained that the scheme was promoted by a religious society in the East, which was paying the difference between the manufac turers' cost and the price demanded .-f the Indians for the machine One hundred and sixty-five . machines were sold by the enterprising swindlers. For each machine $10 was collected. Now a collector of the com pany has arrived to investigate :h_ sit uation. He has 160 leases for as many machines, on each of which $1 been credited as first payment. Fifty dollars is still due on each. The swindle was a very smooth one In each Instance the Indian purchasers were required to sign a "testimonial" In order that the religious society might have evidence that the machines had i" • n placi d according to tin men's statement. Tins- testimonials now prove to be the leases which the investigating agent is looking up. They are the regular leases that go with all machines throughout the country where they are purchased on time. No title Is vested in the holder of the ma chine under this form of l< a The Indians who . cured machine^ under the deal merely rented them signing a contract with the con by which they were to secure full title | whenever the money paid in rent, fi n ; month to month, equaled the full sell ing price of the machine. Now the agent has th ■ worst contract of ins lift. trying to explain the situation ai <-vie the return of the machines. I'ri der the company's rules the ii : collected on the sale of a "time" ma : chine always goes to the selling agent, 1 so the headquarters agent shipped the whole carload of machines, the young swindlers delivered them, collected their $10 on each machine, and Immedi- I ately disappeared. Klondyke Bulletin No. 12 \ Will be a corker. It will be Issued the 2.st. ; Have your name placed on the mailing list ; by sending six cents in stamps to W R. Callaway. Q. P. A. of the Soo Line, Minna. i apolis, Minn. =r_a ! AMUSEMENTS.^ TONIGHT, XS ATI 50c MISS PHILADELPIiIA Not a bit slow. Evening prices, 25-30-75 «i. Thursday, Feb. 17. Bale of sests opens this morning for SCALCHI ! * The Greatest Contralto In th. World, in Grand Italian Opera— Third Act Faint. Preceded by a Miscellaneous concert MME. BBHNICE PASQL'AI.I— Prima Donna Soprano SIGNOR M. PASQUALI Tenor MLLE. 1)1 BKI.A. Mezzo-Coloratura SIG ACHILLE ALBERT. Baritone SKi. GNAiiUO Musical Director Feb. 18 & 19— .3 at. Saturday. 2_c. SOc. TIBS IfsEJlßii^HYj Of "A Texas Steer ' fame. In a grand double bill at each perl CLD lttNd2__r.i.__ and S_R i_ENS_Y HYPNOTIZED. 25c, 50©— SATURDAY MATINEE . a popular aac i OVATION. <W_H_CJ_ «_S> fSBg^wAT. GOHBETT AM. (ML S?^? a . ay THE MVEHTUaER , Next week, "Under the Polar si . .