Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXI.— NO. 107.
SPEAKS FOR WAR. the Solemn Verdict of the Sen ate Is at Last Recorded. NOTICE TO SPAIN TO QUIT. The Davis Resolutions With the Turpie Amendment, Recogniz ing the Present Insurgent Gov ernment in Cuba, Passed After Four Days of Brilliant and Ex citing Debate— Clause Disclaim ing Any Sovereignty Over the Island Added on Motion of the Minnesota Senator — Mr. Nelson Pleads the Cause of the Cubans. Washington Bureau St. Paul Globe, ] Corcoran Building. | Special to The St. Paul Globe. WASHINGTON, April 16.— 1n the midst of scenes «/ the most dramatic and momentous interest to the * .i>l>le of the United States, the senate tonight voted to go to war with Spain. It voted further to disregard the recommendations Of a vacilatiug president and to announce, demand __________________________ Bill fiK^g_*ui__^ I and maintain a true and aggressive American policy. It voted to consign the semi-apologetio resolutions V the house of representatives to the oblivion to IThlch such ambiguous and unmeaning language prop erly belongs. Tlie Minnesota senators, while disagreeing as to the recognition of the Cuban republic, stood together on every other proposition. Senator Nelson made a ten-minute speech, in which he advanced more souu-3 argument than many of the personal apologists for the president did in an hour. Senator Davis, cool and determined, was subject ed to a cross-lire of sordid and selfish hostility, but he never for a moment wavered from his position as an American citizen and statesman. Senator Nelson's speech on the Cuban question is here given: /» "Mr. President, the two questions Chiefly to be con sidered are (first) whether the recognition of Cuba Is an executive function, and (second) whether under the principal of international law it is proposed to recognize the republic of Cuba. These questions are not strictly relative to the issue before us. "If the marked question of the recognition of the republic of Cuba were the only question before us, then it might be pertinent to know whether such recognition was within the scope of international law and legislative function. The ohlef question, however, ls not recognition, but the right and duty of forcible Intervention. "Have '.fp the right to intervene by force and ex t pel the Spaniards from Cuba and set up an indepen dent government in place of the Spanish government? That is the question of international law. That is also the political qu.stlon. "Such right of intervention exists. If we are justified to so intervene, then it can never be an inter national question whether we take the government now In Cuba as the true Republican government, or eet up another. It will, in any event, be an anti- Spanish government. A government of our creation gives the right of intervention. The right to lake a republic ready made, or to make one to order, can never be an international question. "The question of annexation might be, for that might be construed as bearing on the question of the balance of power. "Manifestly the right of the legislative department to take a ready made Republican government is as broad and well-grounded as the right to create such government in the future. Forcible intervention and ' expulsion of the Spaniards is a species of conquest Ufider the war-making power of congress. And con ?ress has resorted to the war-making power and has ull jurisdictidh of the entire subject till peaoe is re stored. And whether peace shall oom« through recog- THE ST. PAUL GLOBK nltion of an existing government, or the creation of another, is clearly within the war-making power, and the power of peace and war. The power rests in con gress. "Tlie senator from Wisconsin will not contend that if we intervene by force of arms, in, Cuba, take possession of the country without preliminary recogni tion of independence, that the executive department has the exclusive right to set up the new government in Cuba and to determine the manner in which it shall be done. That is manifestly a question for the execu tive department of the government. "The legislative department can say, if it goes to war, that it will do so with the Cuban republic as an existing fact, and as its friend and ally. To deny this is to curtail or abridge the war-making power of the legislative department. "In any aspect of this question, congress has full and ample jurisdiction of the whole subject of inter vention and all subsidiary questions connected there with." SENATE SPEAKS FOR WAR. The Davis Resolutions, With the Turpie Amend ment, Passed. By Associated Press. WASHINGTON, April 16.— The United States sen ate has spoken. Its voice is for war — war until the saffron flag of Spain shall have been furled in the Western hemisphere, and furled forever. Its voice, too, is for the independence of the in fant republic of the Gem of the Antilles, "the fairest land the sun ever shone upon." "Free Cuba and the independence of the island re public," was the shibboleth o? the senate fj'iroughout the four days of debate which ended tonight. While the verdict returned was decisive, is It just to say that It was not final. Notes of discord — al most foreboding In their tone — were sounded. This foreboding was not due lv any sense to anxiety about the result of the impending conflict. It was prompted by a fear lest, lf the action taken by the senate should ultimately be accepted as final, this government might become involved in complications that ln future years would prove serious. At 9:10 o'clock tonight the Davis' resolutions — j those reported from the committee on foreign rela- THE FLAG OF THE NATION. tions, amended so as to include the recognition of the republic of Cuba — were passed by a vote of 67 to 21, as a substitute for the resolution adopted by the house of representatives. EARNEST CONTEST. All day long tlie contest waged with an earnest ness, energy, ability and eloquence seldom equalled even in the senate of the United States. From 10 o'clock this morning until the moment of the final vote the intensity of the interest did not abate for an instant. Under the agreement limiting the duration of the speeches, except in specified instances to fifteen mm HOW HE CAN GO BACK. In the everlasting sunshine, With her bright and glowing skies Breathing gales of spicy sweetness. Yon blue Isle of Cuba lies. How I love that spot of beauty Tongue of mortal cannot tell! But I go impelled by duty- Isle of Cuba, fare thee welll Sleeping in the clouds of heaven Are the mountain summits seeni With thy lovely valleys lying Clothed in nature's fairest green. Land of aromatic bowers, Shady nook and sunny dell, Gorgeous fruits and fragrant flowers- Isle of Cuba, fare thee well! There the lovely Spanish maiden Sweetly tunes her soft guitar; While her dark eye, rich in beauty. Twinkles like the evening star. As the motion of the billow Is her bosom's gentle swell; There my head would find a pillow— Islo of Cuba, fare thee well! There, in beauty's dazzling splendor, Santiago's queen resides; Fairer than the orange blossom, Fairer than the world besides. Keen the pang my bosom feeleth While I sigh for Isabel; To her feet my heart now knot-loth— Isle of Cuba, fare thee well! Though to other lands I wander, Though no more thy mountains see; Still shall never be forgotten Joys that I have known in thee. To thy shore shall memory bind me, As if with a mystic spell; Sadly now I gaae behind me — Isle of Cuba, fare thee well! -«y N. J. W. be Cata (thirty-five years ago). SUNDAY MORNING APRIL 17, 1898. TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. (Continued on Seventh Page.) ■ !^j-M--iilJ--Kj__'_____^s FIRST OVERT ACT. McKinley Is Still Determined That It riust Come From Spain. THE PRESIDENT IS UNSHAKEN All flovements of Troops and Ships Designed Only to Put the Gov ernment in the Best Position for Defense-- In Case of a Dead lock It Is Believed the Senate I Will Force the House to Yield— The Spanish Cortes May With draw ths Troops From Cuba, Washington Bureau St. Paul Gibe, 1 Corcoran Building. j* Special to The St. Paul Globe. WASHINGTON, April 16.— When will tho first blow be struck that will bring on the war between Spain and the United States? It is clearly not the purpose of President Mc- Kinley to order an attack on the Spanish fleet or a bombardment of Havana. The president Is still unshaken ln his purpose to "Two Countries With but a Single Thought; "Two Flags That Wave as One." throw upon Spain the responsibility of beginning hos tilities, If they must be begun. All the movement of troops to the Gulf coast and the closing of the ordi nary avenues of public Information at the war and navy departments have given an impression to news paper readers that the administration means to strike at Spain first. Such is not the case. The government is simply aiming to be ready to resent an attack from Spain. As matters now stand, the Spanish cortes will be in session before any -congressional resolution is sent to the White house. The Spanish legislature will con sider a proposition to withdraw from Cuba. This will THE FLAG OF FREE CUBA. give a semblance of peace and afford more apparent reason at least for White house delay. The feeling between the Hanna-Elkins peace-at any-price element and the Davls-Foraker aggressive element is very intense in both senate and house, but tlie senate will win, as it always does win on a deadlock. Besides there are enough Republican patri ots in the house to carry the Independence resolutions, with a solid Democratic vote to aid them. PRESENT STATUS. The Cuban Resolutions as Left By the Action of the Senate. By Associated Press. WASHINGTON, April 16.— The action of the sen ate leaves the Cuban resolution in the following status: The house heading, number and enacting clause; the senate preamble and resolution; the Turpie amendment and a fourth paragraph proposed by Mr. Teller. In full it is as follows: 1\ Joint resolution for the recognl. it jaj tion of the independence of th% peo. I,!l |S| pie of the republic of Cuba, demand- ,'\ 'n| Ins; that the government of Spain '' ijji relinquish Its authority and govern- i' 1 , juj ment in the Island of Cuba and to '1/ 77 -withdraw Its land and naval folrces /', |H| from Cuba and Cuban waters, and S<' ',/ directing; the president of the United <|\ , M i States to use the land and naval ><! 'h 1 forces of the United States to carry l[Ji i 1 1! these resolutions into effect. ( >( 'ii| 'Whereas, the abhorrent condl- L| i'\ tions which have existed for more jM Sij than three years ln the Island of \/ ijji Cuba, sol near our own borders, have i' 1 , !><! shocked the moral sense of the peo- 'v' iLI pie of the United States and have i|'i /' been a, disgrace to Christian civill- V 'ii cation, culminating; as they have. I'l i1! In the destruction of a United States ,'/ <!ij battleship.wlth 266 of its officers and i[j| i[J| crew, -while on a friendly visit in ( '<[ THE FLAG OF MINNESOTA. the liarbor of Havana, and cannot lotnger be endured, us has been set forth by the president of the United States ln his message to congress of April 11, 1898, upon which the action of congress wns invited. Therefore, Resolved, By the senate and home of representatives ot the United States Of America ln congress assembled. First— That the people of the is land of Cnba are, and of right ought to be, free and Independent, and that the government of the United States hereby recognizes the repub lic of Cnba as the true and lawful government otf that Island. Second— That it ls the dnty of the United States to demand, and the government of the United States does hereby demand, that the gov ernment of Spain at once relinquish its authority and government in tho island of Cuba and withdraw its * land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban waters. Third— That the president of the United States be and he is hereby directed and empowered to use the entire land and naval forces of the United States, and to call into the actual service of the United States the militia of the several states to such extent as may be necessary to carry these resolutions into effect. Fourth— That the United States hereby disclaim any disposition or intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction or oontrol over said is land, except far the pacification thereof, and assert its determina tion when that is accomplished to leave the government and control of the Island to its people. ■" WASHINGTON, April 16.— Consul General I^ee, who hag been In the city for several days since his return from Havana, left here this afternoon for Vir ginia for a stay of (mm day* Pai-tl PfilCE FIVE CENTS. RIOTING IN SPAIN. Hostile Demonstrations In Several of the Provincial Capitals. QUESTIONS LEFT TO CORTES. Tension at Madrid Is Unrelieved, but Important Negotiations Are Said to Be Pending, Still Look ing to Peace— lf the Resolutions Passed Finally Are Along the Lines of Those of ths House Spain Will Invoke America's Aid to Restore Peace in Cuba- Attack on the Consul at Ma laga. By Associated Press, MADRID, April 16. — This evening demonstrations were made in several of the provincial capitals. The American shield has been replaced at th« American consulate at Malaga, amid the tumultuous 1 protests of the crowd. A force of gendarmes con tinues to patrol the streets. A cabinet council, lasting three hours, approved the conversion into warships of tlie steamers of tho Compania Trans-Atlantlca, and then discussed the state of Spain's foreign relations, finally deciding that the questions be submitted to the cortes. The week closes with unrelieved tension, all await-* ing action at Washington. United States Minister Woodford ls till working for peace and is still hopeful of securing it. Impor tant negotiations were held today. It is learned that if the United States congress finally agrees on a resolution similar to that passed by the house of representatives Senor Polo y Bernabe, (Continued on the Sixth Page.) ~■ . i THE STAB- SPANGLED BANNER. BAY, can you see by tha dawn's early light What so proudly we hailed at the twilight'! last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming! And the rocket's glare, the bombs bursting ln air. Gave proof through the night that our flag was still therej O say, does the star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? * On that shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host ln dread silenco reposes. What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, now conceals, now discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam. In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream; 'Tls the star-spangled banner! O, long may it wave • O'er the land of the free and the home of tho bravel And where ls that band who so vauntin,'ly swore That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion A home and a country shall leave us no mire? Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of fight or the gloom of the grave; And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the bravel 0, thus be It ever when freemen shall stand Between their loved homes and the war's desolation, Blcsl with victory and peace, may the neavjn-rescued land Praise the power that hath made and preserved us a nation, Then conquer we must, when cur cause ls Just. And this be our motto: "In God is our trust:" And the star-spangled banrer in triumph shall wave O'er ths land of the free &ud the hoo*e of the bravel _j) PAGES 1-13