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WILL SPAIN SURPRISE US? Report Says That the Dons Are Negotiating for the Russian Submarine Destroyer OFFSET FOR THE PLUNGER TliiH May Menu That Submarine Warfare M 111 He Added lo the Terror- oB « < tmilict Willi Simla p-ppalliaa; to Contemplate Cooped l i» in T_.e_e Sieel Cylta dcm, (he Cohi lint aii Im Would Go to Their Grave- Beneath the Waves, and tii«* Detatla of the Death Fl_ht Never Be Known. Correal ondence The St Paul Globe. WASHINGTON. April 21. — "Those who talk so lightly of war," remarked veteran or" the "United States navy, who had spent a good deal of I t ; in,- cooped ap in the narrow con fines of a torpedo boat's interior, "can know little of the terrors, expected and Impossible to foresee, that await the naval nun in a future war." Prob ably this veteran had in mind the sub marine terrors that are going to fig ure in the next naval contest. Certain it is thai the experts of the European are fully alive n> the fact that their boasted steel-protected, torpedo equipped floating forts are of little Bvall against the boat that steals up l • neath the waves and. while hidden <>ut of sight, semis a bolt into the vi tr.ls of the battleship or cruiser, and pinks her without th.ise aboard know ing the nature of the enemy before Whose attach they go down. Spain at least is concerned about the presence of the Holland and Plunger among the righting vessels that she would have tp> grapple within the event of a war with this country, lt Is re ported that Spain is seeking to ac quire possession of the Russian Bub marine destroyer Invented by Sergius Rokoefpky, and now lying somewhere ln ih- waters of the czar's dominions. With the most particular care taken to guard her against the prying eyes of foreign Bpies, for fear that this trump card of the Russian navy be rendered hss effective when the time comes for lis use, by the fact that there arc. others .if a like nature in existence. Should Spain acquire this boat, the dream of Jules Verne will be improved upon in a terrible manner, for the n^xt naval war may witness a fight beneath the waves. In which the combatants will be the submarine destroyers of the hostile nations. It would certainly be •-: battie of the century, and Blraoel impossible to invest with more terrors than the mere fact of the fight ing being all carried on beneath the waves can give it. Destructive Fighting Monsters. The submarine boats will be the most destructive fighting monsters that ever Invaded Father Neptune's territory. The Russian boat that Spain is report ed to be after has proved a successful traveler beneath the waves, and rather ■sore is known about her by the naval - pif foreign nations than the Russian government would like to ad mit. - It is known that the Russian boat is about fifty feet long and that the In terior is taken up almost entirely with the operating mechanism. The only portion of the boat above the water v hen she travels will be the small con ning tower, in which the commander stands. The means of propulsion is a a or gasoline engine, operating an ordinary small screw propellor. When in motion vertical rudders will effect o-ral direction of the craft. On each side of the center line and for ward of the propeller are two horizon- ! tal rudders. These rudders are pivoted j and regulate the depth of the rising j ami diving of the boat. When it is de- | Fired that the vessel shall dive, the rear edges of the rudders are pushed | downward. This causes the stern to j move upward and the bow downward, ' and the diving follows. It is understood that the armament i of the submarine boat is as follows: ; One torpedo boat, which will eject Whitehead torpedoes by means of ' either compressed air or gunpowder;' to-marine projectile tubes or guns, I each of which carries a projectile in the form of a thin shell charged with gun- j a tton to the extent of eighty pounds. This latter is a new method of offence and meat things are expected of it in : action. How the naval war of the future, f« light with such strange craft as these submarine boats, will be managed, and what the outcome will be, arc questions that the men who make a study of such matters find it difficult to come to a conclusion upon. The more they study thi problem, the more the naval ex perts are convinced that the submarine boats will bring the millenium nearer, for they cannot sec how it will be pos sible to wage war under such remark able conditions as will obtain when battles are fought under the water in- Bt< ad of in the water. Location a Hard \ut. The first difficulty encountered by those who study the subject is how on earth, or rather on sea. it will be pos- Bibie to locate a boat that travels un -A r water. Even though the vessel that seeks to find her with liostile intent, j is able herself to sink beneath the I waves, how can the great depth of the ! ocean be searched successfully for such i t. tiny thing as a fifly-foot boat that ' may be fathoms deep, or may be with in a few feet of the one that seeks her without either knowing of the close proximity. Warfare under such a state of things would seem to be almost an impossibility, but some think the days of ocean fighting will not die with the construction of submarine navies. According to the builder of the Hol land submarine boat, John P. Holland, it is possible by the use of a water telescope, ard instrument devised to correct the refracting power of water that prevents the human eye from see ing anything except ln a very limited range, for the occupants of the submar ine boats to make out an enemy when fo far away as to leave a chance for them to find each other when the crews of these boats are groping for a fight. If it is possible to do this it makes sub marine fighting a probability, and it is in order to discuss the outcome of a battle that would be fought und°r tl.xse conditions. The thought is suffi ciently appalling to make the nerviest hesitate before embarking on such a trip, When EiiconnterK Are Fatal. One features of such encounters, aw ful to contemplate, is that no inkling of the fate that befel the boats would ever come to the surface in the event of an encounter proving fatal. Beneath the surface of the water the hostile submarine craft would fight it out with only the fishes as witnesses of the duel, and should both be blown up, as will be not unlikely where the weapons are so destructive and so easily used, the boats will sink to the bottom without a ripple having appeared above to in form the world of the fate of the fight ers. A submarine boat's crew will say good bye to friends with the knowledge that they may never be heard of again after they dive beneath the waves on a hostile errand. It ls difficult to imagine a more ter- rlble encounter than this one There will be none of the noise and grandeur of a battie under ihe conditions of a naval fight on the surface of the ocean. The crews of the submarine boats, shut in a hermitically sealed case, will heat nothing and probably see little of the effect of their onslaught on the enemy. There will be no cheers of victory to make dying less bitter to the fatally wounded. War will be robbed of ail the pomp and ceremony with which romance clothes it to me disgust of those who have experienced its reali ties. Beneath the waves the submarine duel will be a silent, swift and terrible encounter with escape from death de pending on hairbreadth chances for all engaged In the light. If Spain does acquire the Russian submarine boat, there will be plenty of heroes among the United States naval heroes who will be willing to sacrifice their lives in either the Hol land or the Plunger in tackling Spain's new craft in a tight beneath the waves. The Destroyer Holland. In the submarine torpedo boat Hol land the United States possesses, it is probable, the mast dangerous craft of the sort in existence. What she really can acomplish In the way of damage only actual warfare will demonstrate. 11 A VII) F. PEEBLES, Democrat-Citizens' Candidate for the Assembly. "^^EmBHB mß__~ lls *_P^s____i __r ■ J_P_ _______B_F C____^ - _**___ w '^_L _*-" __P^ -___£_B ___?_ '■ jH|uk£v_hß| _*r "-jMI _E__y David F. Peebles is a native of V rginla and was educated at Washington and Lse university at Lexington. He gr.iduat.-d from the university in 18S3 and then s tufted law at Charlestown, W. Va., under the late Sena tor John E. Keuna. Mr. Peebh-s came to St. Paul in ISS7 and was admitted to llis Min nesota bar the following year. He had since been engaged In active practice .if his i^o fession. Though Mr. Peebles has never htld Sufficient is known, however, to make the statement worthy of consideration that s-he has created more in the nature of genuine consternation among the naval powers of Europe than anything of the sort that has come into exist ence. Then there is the Plunger, which was completed at Baltimore "not so long ago. She will, her Inventor promises, perform wonders when she is given a chance to show what she can really do. Theory is not the best basis in the world on which to deter mine the usefulness of a craft, but that is what the makers of the Hol land and the Plunger have to be con tent with in the main. One thing is certain: So far as any one has been able to ascertain, no one has a sub marine craft which is in the same class as those owned by the United States. As to the practical value of sub marine boats there has been much dis cussion by government engineers. lieu tenant Commander Kimball says, tak ing into consideiation their peculiar qualities as fighting machines, it would seem that they would prove most effec tive in: 1. Holding the first line of coast defences. 2. In harrasslng and sinking blockading ships. 3. In holding channels and narrow waters against a licet attempting to enter. 4. In carry ing communications through hostile lines. 5. In fleet operations. 6. In the clearing away of torpedo mines and other marine obstructions. 7. In the reducing of a place defended by armor ed ships, torpedoes, mines, torpedo boats, etc. HOnuißS THE- HIDE. «|3 *%^ V«W It Is not every man who can mount his hobby and invite other people to ride with him, and that is where Judge Willrich has the best of the common herd. Any one can ride Judge Willrich '■ hobby, or, better ride on it, and most of the people at some time or other do take advantage of the oppor tunity offered. Judge Wlllrlcli's hobby in short, is the printed slip, which the street railway conductor hands you when TO u aik for a transfer. It was largely due to his ?hP% W h le a . mem 5 ep of council, thit the city has a transfer system. Hobb es in general are of profit or entertainment on y to the men who ride them, but ln the casa benefit 60 ™ the public shared thS THE ST. PAUL GLOBE SUxNDA* APJ_II_ 24, 1898. GREAT AUTHORS' CHARACTER LAY FIGUKES OF FAMOUS WRITERS OF FICTION Tliey Were Their Own Friends and Heliill ven— Unny Rcaeuted the Liberty DlckciiM Made Enemies li>- 11 In Boythorn mid His Harold Kklmpole Well Known Charac ters In Fiction Wlio> Are the Nov elists Portrayed by Tliemselves. Correspondence The St. Paul Globe. PHILADELPHIA, April 21.— The characters in the writings of most eminent novelists are living realities. We see them around us; we recognize them in our relatives, our acquaint ances, and, if not blinded by vanity, frequently in ourselves. Who has not numbered among his friends some in dividual who Is the living walking image of a character made immortal by the pen of a Dickens or a Thacke ray? And rest assured, my dear sir or madam, that while you are recog nizing in some one else a character that agrees in every detail with one that the world has learned to laugh at or to love in the works of the great writers, some one else is discovering the same thing about you. The world is full of the characters, eccentric, serious and great that literary genius has thrown a halo around. It is easy to ascribe a reason for this. Most of the characters in the books of Thacke ray. Dickens, Tennyson, Scott, and the list of great authors were drawn from rflice he has taken a keen interest in politics, and three years ago he was chairman of the Democratic county convention which nomi nated Judges Brill and Kelly, two Republi cans. The no-minatiens caused an uproar, aud it was with difficulty that Mr. Peablea re strained the delegates frcm committing vio lence, lie was highly complimented at the lime for his skill in handling so large a body of men. lay figures selected by the writers from among the people with whom they were acquainted. The most recent instance of this is "Sherlock Holmes." The Scotch pro fessor upon whom Conan Doyle found •sd the great detective has been 're cognized, and has been written up again and again, until he is as well known as the detective. The original of the character of Micawber, who eternally looked for something to turn up, was Charles Dickens' own father, as is well-known, while the weak and easily victimized Mrs. Nickleby was the mother of the novelist. Boythorn, in Bleak House, caused a quarrel between Dickens and Walter Savage Landor, for the latter recognized in the character his own peculiarities, and resented the fact that he had been so treated. Leigh Hunt was angry with Dickens because the fomous character of Harold Skim pole in the same book resembled his mannerisms so closely that there was no possibility of the likeness not being recognized. The original of Thackeray's Bulwig in Yellow-Plush Papers was no other than Bulwer, and there was a tremen dous row over the naming of a murder ess in one of his books, Catherine Hayes, which was the name of a fam ous songstress. Andrew Archdehne was the original of Thackeray's Poker. Archdehne never forgave Thackeray the liberty taken with him. The cele brated Dr. Cornish was Thackeray's Portman, and young Grubstreet, in the "Virginians," was Edmund Yates to a dot. Costigan, in "The Round-about Papers," was a composite figure built on the peculiarities of several living people, as Thackeray himself acknowl edged. Nathaniel Haw; home was kept busy, after the publication of "The House of Seven Gables," assuring a large and ever mutlplying army of Pyncheons that his character of that name had not been drawn from life. So easily were Charlotte Bronte's characters in "Shirley" recognized by their originals that the latter called each other by their fictitious names. Byron wrote of his own peculiarities of life and temperament in his verse, Alfred de Musset did the same thing, Mme. de Stael depicted herself in "Co rinne" and "Delphine," and Thacke ray's portrait can easily be recognized ln Pendennis. Dr. Holland is supposed to be the original of the villain in his novel of "Bitter Sweet," and many people believed that Amalle Rives Chanler was. the original of her heroine in "The Quick or the Dead;" Charles Reatje admitted that he was his own lay figure in drawing the character of Rolfe; Charlotte Bronte was Jane Eyre, ar.d George Eliot was a composite of Romola, Maggie Tulliver and possibly Dorothea; Goldsmith was his own origi nal in "The Good-Natured Man," while Fielding was the original of Tom Jones. Dante wrote his enemies in hell and Michael Angelo painted them in. Dry den was noted for his satires on living persons. Pope actually erased the name of one of his characters and put Colly Cibber's in its place. Byron heavily scored his critics a nd Bulwer did a like office for Tennyson. Bulwer was rather accomplished in this respect. He satir ized the Athenaeum magazine in "Paul Clifford." Even George IV., of Eng land, was depicted as the keeper of a low den in the same novel. Upholstering. Schroeder & Dickinson. 16 East Sixth street. LADY ANNESLEY, GRERT ANGLER Briton's Noted Society Disciple of Isaac Wal ton, and Her Own Advice to Women WHO WISH TO BECOME SKILLED In the Art of Hooking- Stilmoin and Trout Her Enjoyable Fishing E_cnr_tons 1 Accompanied by Her Hu-1un.. 1, S]ie *Ih_i>n Frequent Trip* to lt<-Nor(M for Speckled Beantlen, Where :she Huh Made Some Splendid < nt«-!i<>s. Correspondence The |lt. Paul Globe. LONDON, April 20.— J t will be inter esting to the blosdpms, buds, and full | grown flowers of New .York society cir cles, who look with envy upon their robust and athletic sisters of the Eng lish exclusive set, to know that there ls in this country a noble woman for whom the piscatorial art has a greater fascination than almost anything else in life. This blue-blooded fisherwoman ls the Countess of Annesley, a beauti ful and talented lady who has won fame as a persistent follower of the sport to which she is so much devot ed. Lady Annesley does not believe in al lowing any "new woman" notions to separate her life from that of her hus band. Where she goes, he goes, and many are the fishing exDeditions of which they can tell interesting stories when in the cosy retreat of the lovely Castlewellan, the seat of the noble pair in the North. — A short time ago Lpord and Lady An nesley went on a fishing trip to Lake Belvedere, a famous place for trout fishing. They took with them, besides their fishing tackle, a camping outfit, and the enjoyment of the trip was en hanced by the pleaosure, appreciated only at its real worth by those who have experienced it, of lunching off the fish fresh caught from the lake. In a letter that Lady Annesley sent to one of her relatives while on this fishing trip she says: Fish Over a Wood Fire. "This lovely lake lies amid flat, lux uriantly-wooded scenery, about two miles from Mullingar county, West- ! meath, where we stayed at the Greville | Arms, driving backwards and forwards each day on a car. We lunched on a j small island, broiling our fish over a wood fire, and had many a delightful i picnic. The weather being bright but cold, we had to wrap up very warmly, j as we often sat in the boat from 10 in the morning till 6 at night. Some of my catches were exceedingly fine, al though no fish of great size was caught during the ten days we spent on Lake Belvedere. A~ thirty-pound trout was caught the day after we left. "When driving to and fro our car driver used to amuse us with his quaint talk, and the following example made us laugh very much, though it does not seem half so funny on paper. We used to pass a very fine flock of unusually large sheep in a field on the way, and I asked him one day what they were called, meaning, of course, what breed they belonged to. He looked puzzled and scratched his head for inspiration, and then he replied: 'Divil a know I know, but it's shape ' they're named'— that is, sheep." Lady Annesley has her own ideas re garding the kind of rod and line and hook that is most likely to aid the an gler, and she could give "points" on this all-important subject to some ex perienced fishermen, if they would not disdain to ask the advice of a woman on such a topic. For the benefit of those of her own sex who are not so squeamish concerning the source from whence the advice comes, the following is given: Recommend* Light Hod*. Lady Annesley recommends to lady anglers a single-handed fly-rod of split cane, with steel center, noHonger than eight and a half feet, and weighing about eight ounces. A heavy rod is a severe handicap, and a lig-ht reel is also a desideratum. To this end alumi num has proved the best means— though somewhat costly one — reels of this metal being now obtainable weighing slightly under three ounces in contradistinction to those made in wood and brass or steel of weights varying from one to two pounds. A line of brown horse hair for fine weath er and one of dressed silk for one of windy and cloudy days, she thinks, will be found a wise selection. The gut — which, perhaps, not every one is aware FRANK W. BAER, Democrat-Citizens' Candidate for Alderman From the Sixth Ward. ■7»— l . W w *"*>7TWk - - i y*T ' :, . : :^™Br.- -- , t__s ' ~^" * " ■ j i___S^_____________j - • : -' • -7 '" W ' ■ ' Frank W. Baer Is one of St. Paul's popu lar young men. IV was born on Oct. 4, 1853, at West Newton. Pa., and came to. St Paul in the spring of ISB4. Mr; Baer received his education in the public schools of Washington, D. C. After the close of his school course he engaged in the railroad business, and was for several years a trusted employe cf the Pennsylvania system, running between Balti more, Md., and Marysville, Pa. He left there in the fall of 1878 to accept a position on the Chicago. Milwaukee & ls hte solidified silk of the silk worm removed Just at the moment when that wonderful insect is about to spin its golden winding sheet— should be round, transparent and colorless, and is best kept ln a little chamois leather case. Finally, trout hooks of a bronze tint and with "turned-down eyes," says Lady Annesley, may be recommended, while enameled rust-proof hooks are a useful modern Innovation. The beginning of Lady Annesley's craze for fishing was coincident with the catching by her of a twelve-pound ealmon while as a girl she was staying with relatives at Deeside, in connec tion with which place there Is fine fish ing. Since then she has fished in many waters and with all sortsand condi tions of baits and line, finding a morn ing ln a rowing boat among a shoal cf mackerel ln the beautiful bay of New castle not the least enjoyable form of a sport, which she can, however, enjoy to the best advantage omher own love ly lake In the grounds of Casitlewellan, to which Loch Leven trout are yearly transported. Red Fleah, Rich Flavor. This very beautiful and "sporting" variety of trout differs from its fellows in possessing flesh of a. deep red and of particularly good flavor, while it dis cards the red spots, with encircling rings, which are common to the fresh water trout. They chiefly congregate, finding excellent spawning ground ln the sandy creeks of the thickly wood ed islands which lie at the western end of the lake. This fine sheet of water, set In a deep valley, surrounded by the Mourne mountains, is nearly three miles in length, and its islands are a favorite home of wold duck, widgeon and teal, besides the large number of foreign birds Lord Annesley has brought there. The bottom of the lake consists of THE COI'XTESSOF AXKESLEY. gravel, stones and sand, so that its waters are very clear. Besides the large lake at Castlewel lan there are two small upper lakes in the deer park, which form nurseries for St. Paul railroad, which position he held for five years, during which time he occupied the positions of baggageman and brakeman. After his arrival in St. Paul he commenced his career with the Chicago Great Western road as a brakeman. He remained with this road for five years, and spent the last three years of his service with this company as a conductor. He severed his connection with the road ln 1593. For the last two years Mr. Baer has been engaged ln the insurance busi ness, and is today ln this business, having aa office at 115 Endicott arcade. Motherhood. *S%-L A mother who is in good physical condition transmits IS i-v § to her children the blessings of a good constitution. P^V^y^RKH The child fairly drinks in health from its mother's f^^W^JHHH robust constitution before birth, and from a healthy fc Is not that an incentive to prepare for a healthy BT |Blm Do you know tlie meaning of what (fp /^Y^tV\[ "^_n*?f_B is popularly called those "long- -JI^LA/a. *£ST , " s - \s^/^y&KB ings," or cravings, which beset so Jfp^kX V^W /ff^lPwr^/ / «£ many women during pregnancy? _/y^^/ J _S-___y^>^__l_rT Ir "^^B There is something lacking iv the mother's blood. Nature cries out J?^ i WW/- - £^ /^'^7T7rTv -3 and will be satisfied at all hazards. **&o£f ''^^4m H \\\ ' Iw^V J'sSJ One woman wants sour things, jrffT^ J JRI »' ' BKg____E___B another wants sweets, another ML-^htl' £_ wants salt things, and so on. Jl -fflffirf )') I VV9 (v^'rfi m&Tftm Tho real need all the time is to «U W7W \ -i-S^"^-. _mN__[ enrich the blood so as to supply ll y^^V l^*^ 1 jW^^^^nH nourishment for another life, and §«£ *f \ \!\ \ * - *3f HI to build up the entire generative Wg^ li \ff system, so that the birth may be M /** \'\ "*---^^W>WJ^^TQ If expectant mothers would fort- f <■_■_, " l *. */*i~ I lfy themselves with Lydia E. Pink- A ' * * * / i****"^ ham's Vegetable Compound, which / •# /""^ for. twenty years has sustained * thousands of women in this condition, there would be fewer disappointments at birth, and they would not experience those annoying "longings - In the following letter to Mrs. Pinkham, Mrs. Whitney demonstrates the power of the Compound in such cases. She says: unsiratcs the J2tiS-%£* m \ WaS Sixteen year 6 old tm I was twenty-three I was doubled wxth weakness of the kidneys and terrible pains when my monthly periods cane on. I made up my mind to try Lydia E. Pinkhams VeTtabJ Compound and was soon relieved. After I was married, the doctor said I would never be able to go my full time and have a livng child as I was constxtutionally weak I had lost a baby at seven months __Ta half S_ S_T nfe ? c° mm enced at once and continued to take your Compound through ° + f P re^ nanc y- aDd I «aid then, if I went my full time and the baby lived to be three months old, I should send a letter to you. Mv baby L now seven months old and is as healthy and hearty as one could wish * l___£_V *i than ¥ ul that * used your medicine, for it gave me the robust health to transmit to my child. I cannot express my gratitude to you I never expected such a blessing. Praise God for Lydia _jf_ffiSS Veitable Compound, and may others who are suffering do as I did and find relief »n_ may many homes be brightened as mine has been."-M_ Til^ W™ E v 5 George St., E. Somerville, Mass. »mx_Ei, 5 the baby trout, until they are large enough to cater for themselves in the wider world below, and lusty enough to require ample exercise of patience and skill. Wherever these qualifica tions, rather than actual strength, are essential, the modern Atalanta may hope to hold her own; and if she has robbed the temple of Venus of some of its mystic charm, en revanche, she has gained independence of thought and ac tion, and vastly improved her physical well-being. Moreover, in our day a very close kinship is acknowledged be tween health and beauty, a kinship to which it will be admitted the accom panying photograph of Lady Annesley testifies better than words. MEMORIAL DAY EXERCISES. Acker Post Has ln Charge the Ar ranKemeiitm. Acker post, has In charge the arrangement-, for the Memorial day exercises this w A general committee of sixteen members of _£___£__> , £l .-v a me€tinß last eve "'"* " 514 Endicott building to make the preliminary arrangements for the celebration. L,lullnar> „. yf.P*- L L. Mahan was appointed chairman of the committee and William O'Gorman "ec retary. The chairman appointed Oen. J. W Bishop chief marshal, and then divided the remainder of the members up into sub-eom- The committees wore appointed as follows: Finance-R. A. Becker. I. H. B. Beobe L_r___ > M * X'K ' Wllllams and J- £ Invitations— Truman White, A. J. Chenev and Patrick Henry. ey Programme-Messrs. Becker, Beebe and William J. Summer. The flower commit tee s Mr. Burns, Judge Smith and Mr. Wllllams. Cemetery arrangements and the decorating of the graves at Oakland cemetery A J Cheney; at Calvary Catholic cemetery ' by Messrs. Henry Smith and O'Oormen- Luth eran cemetery, Messrs. Sutheimer and Scheiff enurburg: Forest and Hebrew, Fred Dohm- Fort Snelling, Patrick Henry; Soldiers' home l. H. B. Beebe; West sids and adjoining town ships, the members of Gettysburg post The posts will meet early on the morning of Memorial day at the Auditorium. From there they will m_rch promptly at 8:30 a. m. to the cemeteries. The graves will be marked J .__.•*? 0 _ 5 aay before - The committee has decided to hold a parade aa usual in the afternoon, and. as there will be no troops from Fort Snelling to assist in the parade, a special effort will be made to get the or ganizations of the city out to Join the vet erans in the march. Past National Commander I. N. Walker has accepted the invitation to be present and he will deliver the address of the day. THE NORTHERN INSTITUTE OF OSTBQPfITHY". OFFICES* Globe Building, Minneapolis. New York Life Building, St. Paul. Edwin C. Pickler, D. 0., President. Frank D. Parker, D. 0., Vice Presi dent. Lewis M. Rheem, D. C, Secretary. C. C. Bennett, Asa't Secretary. THE NEW SCIENCE OF DRUGLESS HEALING. ALL DISEASED SUCCESSFULLY TREATED. CONSULTATION FREE. The only Osteopathia College In the Northwest with a complete equipment for glviuz a ful course ln Osteopathy. COURSE TWENTY MONTHS IN LENGTH. The next class will assemble on Wednesday June I, KOR. For full Information apply to L M.jgheena. Secre&ry. <____ _ull_u_r. Minneapolis. Miuuesota. PONDEROUS DROP HAMMER DELIVERS HEAVIEST BLOW OP ANY HAMMER IN THE WORLD And Yet It Can Crack a XutKhell, Leaving the Kernel Intact Di menHlons of tlie Monster De scends on an Anvil Weighing: !M>, -000 Pounds How the Founda tion tor Tills Great Crusher Was Built. Correspondence The St. Paul Globe. HARTFORD, Conn.. April 14.— A glant hammer that strikes a 3,000-pound blow, falling from a height of six feet four inches to do it, has just been con structed in Hartford. It is the largest drop hammer in the world, but is con structed with mechanism of such de licacy and so ingeniously devised, that it can be made to crack a nut with its ponderous blow and leave the kernel Intact. One man can control the mechanism,, delivering by a simple movement pjf the hand and arm that necessitates very little exertion, a blow that 150 men could not eaual with separate ham mers wielded in the ordinary black smith fashion. Neither could the black smith gauge the force of his blow with the unerring accuracy with which this monster can be made to work. The man who could wield a heavy hammer so delicately as to hit a gentle blow as well as a heavy one, w.iuld be a very dexterous artist. This the great 3,000 --pound drop hammer can accomplish at the will of the operator, pounding Into shape a huge mass of metal that would be impossible of manipulation with a small hammer, or gently and lightly beating it when the work in hand re quires delicate handling. On account of it- givat size, there being no drop hammer in use anywhere that equals it, and by reason of its beautifully regulated mechanism, the construction of the new drop hammer marks an innovation in the metal In dustries. The dimensions of the giant hammer are as follows: Weight of hammer 3,000 pounds Weight cf base 60,000 pounds Total weight of base 9.1.000 pounds Size of base at bottom 45x90 inches Length of uprights 11 feet .1 inches Between ways on uprights 18 inches Height from floor to top of pulleys lfi feet 9 Inches Total height required above floor to operate machine 28 feet Diameter of pulleys 48 inc-hr. Face of pulleys H> tacbefl Distance between pulleys 48 inche. Revolutions per minute Eighty Extreme fall 6 feet 4 tachi a Shortest automatic fall 31 lm-lica Bottom of casting to top of Pulley 21 feet 9 Inches In considering the enormous power in a drop hammer of this size and weight lt is necessary, in connection with the head, to study the weight of the base. It will be noticed that the total weight of the base of the hammer is 90,000 pounds, so that the metal to be struck by the hammer is caught and smashed by a hammer head weighing 3.000 pounds dropping from a height of six feet four inches on to an anvil that weighs 90,000 pounds. To provide a foundation for this enormous weight of metal that would be sufficiently strong to prevent the blow of the great hammer from causing the giant to sag, called for careful me chanical work. At the works where the big hammer has been set up. the ground was excavated on the site chos en for the hammer until the solid rock had been reached. Upon this was built a concrete bed, three feet deep, one foot having been composed of sand, one of cement and one of broken stone. On this concrete foundation bed were placed layers of metal, bolted solidly to gether, to a depth of fifteen inches. To allow room for the pounding the base of the hammer would receive and pro vide a yielding foundation that would give evenly without sagging sideways, a sheet of lead one-quarter of an Inch thick was placed between the concrete and the metal of the foundation. Experiments made with the new drop hammer proved it to be under perfect control, and to be capable of doing more and better work than two of the hammers of ordinary size. $ 10.00 to Pacific Coast Points By the Son Line. No additional deposit re quired. SIO.OO buys your ticket to Seattle, Tacoma, Vancouver or Victoria. Correspond ingly reduced rates to Klondyke and Alaska. New tourist retrs, perfectly equipped. Ticket office, 898 Robert street.