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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, July 05, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1898-07-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOI,. XXI.— NO. 186.
maw mi
EVEN WHEN THAT DAY IS
FOURTH OF JULY
WASHINGTON WILD WITH EN
THUSIASM AND PATRIOTISM
NEWS OF SAMPSON'S VICTORY AND
SHAFTER'S ULTIMATUM
Those Were the Principal Event*
That Stirred the Capital of the
Nation President McKinley Be
nlcKcd With < onifrntnlntlons
Scenes at the White House That
Have Not Keen Equaled Since the
Trying Days of the Civil War
Ilobson's Probable Release Dls
c-ussed Story otf the Day.
WASHINGTON, July 4.— The com
ptete annihilation of the Spanish !
squadron at Santiago and the capture
Of the Spanish admiral, Cervera, with i
3,300 prisoners; the demand by Gen. I
Shafter for the surrender of Santiago
by 12 o'clock tomorrow noon, on pain j
of bombardment; word from Admiral I
Dewey that the Ladrone islands had
been captured, that a Spanish gunboat
had surrendered, that a hundred or
more Spanish officers and men were
taken, and that our first Philippine ex
pedition had landed— this is, in part,
tht thrillin? record of such a Fourth of
Juiy as has not been known since the
beUs of Independence hall rang out
the tidings of American freedom.
Bt was a day when one momentous
event followed another in constant and
rapid succession, each hour bringing I
forth some new feature more startling I
than what had gone before. The cli
max came at 1 o'clock when, amidst the
whdest cheering which fairly shook
the great war, state and navy building
to its foundation. Admiral Sampson's
dispatch announcing his glorious vic
tory and the entire destruction of the
Spanish fle?t was given to the public.
The White house was naturally tha
local point of the enthusiasm and stir
ring activity which marked official
"Washington. It was the busiest day
the president has had since the war be
gan. Conference followed conference
with the heads of the military and
naval departments, high officers of the
-service came and went in a constant
and steady stream, and as each hour
brought its added luster to the Ameri
can arms, the crowd of (fficiils Increas
ed. The president had not a moment's
respite Telegrams came and went
without cessation and the historic old
mansion presented a sceoi-3 such as has
not been paralleled since 'the hours of
the Civil war.
STORY OF THE DAY.
This story of the day is best told in
the series of official dispatches, each
bearing date of July 4, from Sampson,
from Shafter and from Dewey. Stir
ring as they a ll are, that of Sampson
was accorded the honor of chief im
portance, net only for the Immediate
results secured, but also from the ef
fects of his crushing defeat ln weaken
ing the defences of the city of Santia
gj and in dealing Spain such a stag
gering blow that she is left practically
without a navy. The telegram is as
follows:
Playa (via Hayti)— To Secretary of Navy,
3:15 a. m., Siboney, July 3.— The fleet under
my command offers the nation as a Fourth
of July present, the destruction of the whole
of Cervera"s fleet. No one escaped. It at
tempted to escape at 9:30 a. m., and at 2
p. m. the last, the Cristobal Colon, had run
ashore six miles west of Santiago, and had
let down her colors.
The Infanta Maria Teresa, Oquendo and
Vizcaya were forced ashore, burned and
blown up within twenty miles of Santiago;
the Furor and Pluton were destroyed within
four miles of the port. Loss, one killed aud
two wounded. Enemy's loss probably several
hundred from gun fire, explosions and drown
ing. About 1,300 prisoners, Including Ad
miral Cereva. The man killed was George
H. Ellis, chief yeoman of the Brooklyn.
— Sampson.
Although brief, Admiral Sampson's
dispatch tells the story of fearful de
struction. It not only discloses the
tremendous prowess of the American
fleet, but it again displayed the
strange "immunity which the Amer
ican sailor seems to have ln the midst
of death and carnage. That but one
of our sailors, a yeoman on the Brook
lyn, should have been killed in an en
gagement of this magnitude, it with
out parallel in naval annals, save in
that other unparalleled record which
Dewey made at Manila.
VICTORY CLEARS THE WAY.
With the Spanish fleet destroyed the
way is partly cleared for the advance
of the American squadron into the
harbor of Santiago. If Cervera's ar
mored cruisers could cross the mine
field and clear the Merrimac at the en
trance to the harbor, the American
ships could follow the same course.
There are entrance fortifications and
Island forts still to be reduced, but
they have passed through a baptism
of fire recently and are little more
than ruins. Thus with Shafter's guns
thundering on Santiago from the land
and Sampson's from the harbor, the
fall of the city is assured beyond fur
ther question. The authorities here,
r
TODAY'S BULLETIN.
Page.
I—Destruction1 — Destruction of Cervera's Fleet.
Day of Glorious News.
Gen. Pando Reaches Santiago.
2 — Companies Ordered to Camp.
News of Camp Thomas.
B—Sampson8 — Sampson tho Hour's Idol.
Senate Cheers Sampson.
Men to Leave Chickamauga Soon.
4— Editorial.
Celebration In St. Paul.
Tornado ln New England.
13 — Sporting News.
Saints Win Two Games.
Como Road Race.
6— Commercial Cyclers Celebrate.
America's Latfst Aqulsition.
Trade in the Twin Cities.
7 — Minneapolis Matters.
News of the Northwest.
_B—Sherman's8 — Sherman's Views on the War.
Fourth of July Casualties
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE
military and naval, say that Santiago |
has already made Its best fight, and
that its occupation Is only a question
of time, and very brief time. Gen.
Shafter's very strong position was
shown in a series of dispatches. Most
striking of all Is his feeling of hope
and strength, In that dispatch given
out late today, In which Gen. Shafter
gives his terms for the surrender of
the city under pain of bombardment.
The dispatch is as follows:
Playa del Este, July 4, 1858.— Hon. R. A.
Alger, Socretary ot War, Washington — Head
quarters Fifth Army Corps, July 3.— The fol
lowing Is my demand for the surrender of the
city of Santiago:
Headquarters United States Forces, Near
San Juan River, Cuba, July 3, 1898, 8:30 a,
m. — To the Commanding General of the Span
ish Forces, Santiago de Cuba— Sir: I shall
be obliged, unless you surrender, to shell
Santiago de Cuba. Please inform the citi
zens of foreign countries and all women and
children that they should leave the city be
fore 10 o'clock tomorrow morning. Very re
spectfully, your obedient servant,
— W. R. Shafter,
Maj. Gen. U. S. A.
The following Is the reply of the Spanish
commander:
Santiago da Cuba, 2 p. m., July 3, 1898. —
His Excellency, the General Commanding
Forces of United States, San Juan River— Sir:
I have the honor to .reply to your com
munication of today, wr"*ten at 8:30 a. m„
and received at 1 p. m., demanding the sur
render of this city; on the contrary case an
nouncing to me that you will bombard this
city, and that I advise the foreign women
and children that they must leave the city
before 10 o'clock tomorrow morning. It is
my duty to say to you that this city will not
surrender, and that I will Inform the for
eign consuls and inhabitants of the con
tents of your message. Very respectfully,
—Jose Toral, Commander-in-Chief.
The British. Portugese, Chinese and Nor
wegian consuls have come to my line with
Col. Dorst. They ask If non-combatants can
occupy the town of Caney and railroad points,
and ask until 10 o'clock of 6th Inst, until city
Is fired upon. They claim that there are be
tween fifteen and twenty thousand people
many of them old, who will leave. They ask
if we can supply them with food, which 1
cannot do for want of transportation to Caney,
which Is fifteen miles from my landing. The
following is my reply:
The Commanding General Spanish Forces,
Santiago de Cuba— Sir: In consideration
of the request of the consular officers in your
city for delay ln carrying out my intention
to fire on the city, and ln the Interest of '■
the poor women and children who will suffer i
very greatly by their hasty and enforced de- !
parture from the city, I have the honor to
announce that I will delay such action sole
ly in their Interest until noon of the sth,
providing that during the interval your forces
make no demonstration whatever upon those
of my own. I am, with great respect, your
obedient servant, — W. R. Shafter,
Maj. Gen. U. S. V.
—Shafter, Maj. Gen., Commanding.
HOPE AND CONFIDENCE.
Later dispatches breathe the same
air of hope and confidence as shown
in his demand on the Spanish com
mander. The first one made public
during the day said that his lines com
pletely surrounded the city, from the
bay on the north to the San Juan river
on the south, thus enveloping the city
by a stretch of water on one side and
a stretch of frowning guns on the oth
er side. Gen. Shafter epitomized the
strength of his position by saying:
"I feel that I am master of the sit
uation and can hold the enemy for any
length* of time."
In another dispatch Gen. Shafter
states that his demand for the surren
der of Santiago is still being considered
by the Spanish authorities, which In
dicates that the refusal of the Spanish
commander to capitulate was noi final.
In any event 12 o'clock on Tuesday
marks the limit of Shafter's concession,
and if Samtiago has not capitulated at
that hour the great siege guns now
brought tj the front and in position,
backed by the batteries of lighter field
pieces, will begin their work of destruc
tion.
The present need of reinforcing Shaf
ter is no longer felt now that the Span
ish fleet Is out of the way. A consid
erable number of men, however, are
already on the way and others will
follow.
NOW FOR SPAIN.
The changed naval situation will
bring no abatement in the activity of
the authorities here in carrying the
war directly home to Spain.
There is renewed determination to
get Commodore Watson's eastern
squadron away at the earlist moment
for the double purpose of striking a
blow at th-j coast towns of Spain and
Continued on Fourth Page.
I Pi-he army and navy forever)
Three cheer* for the red, white and Uuc."
TUESDAY MORNING— -JULY 5, 1898.
i. immt
BRINGS FIVE THOUSAND MEN
TO GEN. LINARES' RELIEF
GEN. GARCIA REFUSED TO AT
TEMPT TO STOP HIM
CLAIMED HIS FORCE OF CUBANS
WAS ENTIRELY INADEQUATE
Gen. Shafter Evidently Not Dis
turbed by This New Factor ln
tbe Capture of Santiago City
Will Begin Bombardment orf the
Spanish Stronghold at Noon Un
less His Demands for Surrender
Are Complied With Believed
That the Spaniards Will Yield
"When They Learn of the Destruc
tion of Cervera's Fleet.
Copyrighted by the Associated Press.
OFF JURAGUA. July 3 (via Kings
ton, July 4).— Gen. Pando an-d 5,000 re
inforcements reached Santiago at noon
■today, Gen. Calixto Garcia refusing to
make an effort to stop him, saying the
Spanish force was entirely too large
for him to engage.
The army Is wild with delight over
the crushing of the Spanish fleet.
Gen. Shafter demanded an instant
and uncond'itio'lal surrender of Santia
go do Cuba. The Spanish commander
curtly and emphatically refused.
The American general in sending his
demand warned all foreign residents
out of the city before 10 o'clock tomor
row morning (July 4), at which hour
the bombardment would, he said, be
gin.
The only notice G«n. Lina-res took
was to order that no Cubans would be
permitted to leave tomorrow.
This evening Lleuit. Col. Astor, of
Gen. Shafter's staff, was informed by
a courier that the Spanish generals
were considering terms of surrender.
The courier's report, however, Is alto
gether unconfirmed, and is discredited
by Gen. Shafter.
Tonight the men are anxious for a
general engagement on the Fourth of
July but the officers do not expect It.
The general belief Is that the crushing
of Admiral Cervera's fleet entirely
changes the situation now that Ad
miral Sampson can enter the harbor
and the army and navy can make a
combined attack on the city. It is not
believed that Gen. Shafter will make
a decisive move until that question Is
definitely settled.
Admiral Sampson and Gen. Shafter
had arranged for a conference this
morning, and an escort of cavalry was
at the dock here awaiting Admiral
Sampson and his staff. Admiral Cer
vera's dash for liberty compelled the
New York to leave the harbor and rush
to the scene of conflict. The confer
ence was interrupted to dispose of the
Spanish fleet, but will undoubtedly be
renewed.
TEN THOUSAND MEN.
Gen. Shafter tol Be Reinforced by
That Number at Once.
WASHINGTON, July 4.—Reinforce
ments are to be hurried to Gen. Shaft
er as rapidly as steamships can carry
them, notwithstanding the fact that
additional troops are not now so badly
needed as was Indicated by the devel
opments of Friday and Saturday. The
dispatches received by fne war de
partment from Gen. Shafter show a '
confidence in his present ability to
control the situation. In fact he says
he is master of the city of Santiago,
which his troops entirely surround.
The position he occupies make it im
possible for the Spanish troops to
evacuate the place.
During the afternoon Secretary Al
ger and Adjut. Gen. Corbin had a con
ference with the prießident at the
White house regarding the sending of
reinforcements to Shafter, and It was
decided to take no chance, but to send
the troops at once.
The auxiliary cruiser St. Paul is now
at New York taking on a cargo of am
munition for Admiral Sampson's fleet.
Owing to the necessity of her early de
parture it was not originally Intended
to send the troops by her, but this af
ternoon it was decided she should take
one regiment. In accordance with
that determination orders were issued
this evening for the Eighth Ohio in
fantry, Col. Charles V. Hurd and
Lieut. Col. Charles Dick, the regiment
known as the "President's Own," be
cause It comes from the immediate vi
cinity of President McKlnley's home,
city of Canton, to proceed to New
York and embark on the St. Paul for
Santiago. The St. Paul will leave
New York late Wednesday afternoon
and will make a flying trip to Cuba.
The Eighth Ohio is one of the three
regiments of Gen. Garrettson's bri
gade, the other two being the Sixth
Massachusetts and the Sixtieth Illi
nois. Both of the remaining regiments
will be held under waiting orders and
will move probably In a few days.
The plan is to send them to Santiago
either by the Yale or Harvard, both of
which are expected shortly at New
port News.
The Eighth Ohio will leave Camp
Alger on Wednesday morning for New
York and will board the steamer im
mediately on arrival there. The regi
ment will be accompanied by the bri
gade commander, Gen. Garrettson.
In adition to the troops at Camp Al
ger, which are to be sent to Santiago,
the brigades of Gens. Ernest and
Haines, now at Chickamauga, will be
sent in a few days. Gen. Ernest's
brigade consists of the Third Wiscon
sin, Fifth Illinois and First Kentucky.
Gen. Haines' brigade consists of the
Ninth Pennsylvania, the Second Mis
souri and the First New Hampshire.
These troops will be sent to Savan
nah or Charleston , where steamers
have been obtained to carry them di
rectly to Santiago.
In addition to the troops now en
route to Cuba from Tampa, the force
to be sent within a few days will re
inforce Gen. Shafter to the extent of
about 10,000 men.
WILL TAKEI TO SHIPS.
British Consul Notifies His Govern,
ment of Proposed Bombardment.
LONDON, July 4.— The Evening News says
a dispatch, has been received at the foreign
office here from tho British consul at Santiago
de Cuba saying he has obtained a postpone
ment cf the bombardment of that city ln or
der to allow twenty thousand non-combat
ants to leave the city. The consul and *■■»•
British subjects will embark on .board ahUs
in the harbor.
GERMANY AGAIN.
Said to Have Arranged for a Port
ln the Philippines.
SHANGHAI, July 4.— lt is reported
here on good authority that Germany
has arranged a concession for a port
in the Philippine islands, amte-datlnfr
th? present situation there.
j War News in Brief. !j
c Admiral Cervera a prisoner on the ( i
\ American ship Gloucester. i!
) Three hundred and fifty Spaniards dead, l|
f 166 wounded and 1.600 prisoners the record ji
( of the Spanish naval d»?feat. i 1
S Cristobal Colon chased forty miles be- (|
J fore she surrendered to the Brooklyn, ( i
( and was beached to save her from sinking. ( >
\ Spanish wounded being cared for on the i 1
S American hospital ships. ',
J Converted yacht Gloucester defeats two |i
C Spanish torpedo boat destroyers. ,'
) Gen. Pando with 5,000 Spanish troops i!
> has reached Santiago, Gen. Garcia having I,
) refused to attack him with a force of 3,000 S
<i Cubans. j 1
1 1 Patriotic scenes at the national capital i]
i 1 when the news of the dereat of Cervera's S
1 1 fleet reached that city. ji
ji War board decides to send additional re- l!
i 1 inforcements to Gen. Shafter as soon as ( i
1 1 steam can carry them to Santiago. ji
SHATTERED BY SHELLS
ANDBROKEN ON ROCKS
Annihilation of the Splendid Spanish Fleet That Has
Been Imprisoned in Santiago
Harbor. f\
ADMIRAL CERVERA IS MADE A PRISONER
Spaniards Fought Till Their Last Hope Had Fled and Then Beached
Their Warships to Be Wrecked on the Rocks—Americans Lost
but One Man Killed and Had Two Wounded™ Spanish Losses
Figure Up in the Hundreds— Admiral Sampson Holds 1,600
Spaniards Prisoners—Another Remarkable Naval Engagement
That Will Convince the World of the Superiority of American
Ships and Sailors.

* Three Hundred and Fifty Spaniards Killed. I
I WASHINGTON, July 4. -At 11 e clock tonight the navy department posted the appended transla- I
i were k in f^T™ **?*,? Commodo ™ Watson ' Jt stains the information tZ 350 SpaTa Sa ■
Bt were killed or drowned, 100 wounded and 1,600 captured-
I , P i a^i July4 *- The banish squadron, seven in all, including one gunboat, came out *
■ ™ f°, i n ™ lwn ?- and waa totall y destroyed in one hour, excepting the Cristobal Colon, which ■
g was chased forty-five miles to westward by the commander-in-chief. Brooklyn. Oregon and Texas I
■ surrendering to the Brooklyn, but was beached to prevent sinking a
I v,„ 2! 0n % 0f ° Ur ° mCerS V men Wei * c in3Ured 6XCept ° n board the Brooklyn. Chief Yeoman Ellis was -
| killed a nd one man wounded. Admiral Cervera, all the commanding officers, excepting of Oquendo ar.-d ■
. , 86 X v ? ° S and 1,f ' 00 men ar ° P ris °ners. About 350 killed or drowned, and 166 wounded th. t
■ latter being cared for on the Solace and Olivette. Have just arrived off Santiago, in Marblehead, to ■
| take charge while commander-in-chief is looking out for Cristobal Colon. -Watson.
LI *
. I II: I ■ 1: ■: B E ■ . . ■S;■ , B l |; 9al: II B 1, 9 . B X ll ' I. ■ IT'S iiil;;:! : j| J W K■.|; B sjf
Copyrighted by The Associated Press.
OFF SANTIAGO DE CUBA, July 3 (via Kingston, Jamaica, July 4).-Admiral Cervera's fleet con
sisting of tbe armored cruisers Cristobal Colon, Almirante Oquendo, Infanta Maria Teresa and Viz
caya, and two torpedo boat destroyers, tbe Furor and tbe Fluton, which had been held in the harbor of
Santiago de Cuba for six weeks past by the combined squadrons of Rear Admiral Sampson and Com
modore Schley, lies today at the bottom of the Carribbean sea, off the southern coast of Cuba.
The Spanish admiral is a prisoner of war on the auxiliary gunboat Gloucester (formerly J Fier
pont Morgan's yacht Corsair), and 1,000 to 1,500 other Spanish officers and sailors, all who escaped
the frightful carnage caused by the shells from the American warships, are also held as prisoners of
war by the United States navy.
The American victory is complete and, according to the best information obtainable at this time,
the American vessels were practically untouched, and only one man killed, though the ships were
subjected to the heavy fire of the Spaniards all the time the battle lasted.
DASH FOR LIBERTY.
Admiral Cervera made as gallant a dash for liberty and for the preservation of his ships this
morning as has ever occurred in the history of naval warfare. In the face of overwhelming odds,
with nothing before him but inevitable destruction or surrender if he remained any longer in the tr;ip
in which the American fleet held him, he made a bold dash from the harbor at a time the Americans
least expected him to do so, and fighting every inch of his way, even when his ship was ablaze and
sinking, he tried to escape the doom which was written on the muzzle of every American gun trained
upon his vessels.
The Americans saw him the moment he left the harbor and commenced their work of destruc
tion immediately. For an hour or two they followed the flying Spaniards to the westward along the
shore line, sending shot after shot into their blazing hulls, tearing great holes in their steel sides
and covering their decks with the blood of the killed and wounded.
SPANIARDS FOUGHT LIKE FIENDS.
At no time did the Spaniards show any indication that they intended to do otherwise than light
to the last. They showed no signals of surrender, even when their ships commenced to sink and
the great clouds of smoke pouring from their sides showed they were on Are.
But they turned their heads toward the shore, less than a mile away, and ran them on the beach
and rocks, where their destruction was soon completed. The officers and men on board then escaped
to the shore as well as they could, with the assistance of boats sent from the American men of war.
and then threw themselves upon the mercy of their captors, who not only extended to them tbe gra
cious band of American chivalry, but sent them a guard to protect them from the murderous bands
of Cuban soldiers hiding in the bush on the hillside, eager to rush down and attack the unarmed,
defeated, but valorous foe.
One or another of the Spanish ships became the victims of the awful rain of shells which tbe
American battleships, cruisers and gunboats poured upon them, and two hours after the first of tbe
fleet had started out of Santiago harbor three cruisers and two torpedo boat destroyers were lying on
the shore ten to fifteen miles west of Morro castle, pounding to pieces, smoke and flame pouring
from every part of them, and covering the entire coast line with a mist which could be seen for miles.
Heavy explosions of ammunition occurred every few minutes, sending curls of dense white smoke
a hundred feet in the air, and causing a shower of broken iron and steel to fall in the water on ev
ery side.
The bluffs on the coast line echoed with the roar of every explosion, and the Spanish vessels sank
deeper and deeper into the sand, or else the rocks ground their hulls to pieces as they rolled or
pitched forward or sideways with every wave that washed upon them from the open sea.
ADMIRAL CERVERA SURRENDERS.
Admiral Cervera escaped to the shore in a boat sent by the Gloucester to the assistance of tbe
Infanta Maria Teresa, and as soon as he touched the beach he surrendered himself and bis command
to Lieut. Morton and asked to be taken on board the Gloucester, which was the only American ves
sel near him at the time, with several of his officers, including the captain of the flagship. The
Spanish admiral, who was wounded in the arm, was taken to the Gloucester and was received at her
gangway by her commander, Lieutenant Commander Richard Wainright, who grasped the hand of the
gray-bearded admiral and said to him:
"I congratulate you, sir, upon having made as gallant a fight as was ever witnessed on the sea."
Lieutenant Commander Wainwright then placed his cabin at the disposal of the Spanish officers.
At that time the Spanish flagship and four other Spanish vessels had been aground and burn
ing for two hours, and the only one of the escaping fleet which could not be seen at this point was
the Cristobal Colon. But half a dozen curls of smoke far down on the western horizon showed Ihe
fate that was awaiting her.
CRISTOBAL COLON'S FATE SEALED.
The Cristobal Colon was the fastest of the Spanish ships, and she soon obtained a lead over
the others after leaving the harbor, and escaped the effect of the shots which destroyed the other
vessels. She steamed away at great speed, with the Oregon, New York, Brooklyn and several other
ships in pursuit, all of them firing at her constantly, and receiving fire themselves from her after
cuns There seemed no possibibty whatever for her escape, and while her fate is not definitely
gUJJB. J.UCIC bcciu-.u xav v * tr CONTINUED ON TUB FOLRTII l'.VuE.
PRJCE TWO CENTS— i°«Tr»i„.

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