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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, August 22, 1898, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1898-08-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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V(L. £3&*—XiO. 234.
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ENGLAND NO LONGER ABLE TO
BLUFF THE WHOLE WORLD $
j&NGLO - AMERICAN ALLIANCE
JOHN BULL'S LAST HOPE
I'ltADI? 19 BEHIND THE MOVES
MADE BY LORD SALISBURY:
Xew Tip Expected Soon Front Of
ficial Quarters, and It Will Be to
tli«- Effect That Lnless England
(an Secure an Alliance With
Amerlcu the "Mistress of the Sea"
AVill Have to Quit Trying? to Run
the World and Behave Herself.
Epeoial Correspondence The St. Paul Globe.
LONDON, Aug. in.- As I write this
letter the news of Russia's move 3at
ether end of the Red sea Is Just
betes published and is adding to the
uneasiness of the pre.-s and public. If
England te beaten at the Chinese trade
pu;:zle. It will be quite enough, but to
rd.l to this defeat the actual presence
of Russia directly on England's route
to India will create fun enough.
Meanwhile, the English editor wants
to know where England is coming in
anyway, and his nervous system ha^
received another rude shock. The re
cent moves on the international chess
board, tending to show that England
cannot rux: quite all of the earth, are
rot very well received by the English
pri;~3 t>n3 the pub.'ic at large as yet,
ar.d it is time for another "tip" to be
Font out by the government. This tip
will surely be forthcoming soon, and
those who view this country from the
point of view of an outsider can al-
Tt ady anticipate it.
In my last letter I pointed out how
everybody, press and all, has gone
crazy over the alleged "Anglo-Ameri
can understanding," and I endeavored
to suggest the true meaning of it. The
importance attached here to the co
operation of America in furthering
England's policy could not be made
any p'alner than it is in this present
crisis over our old friend Russia. Sub-
Joined to telegrams and articles about
alleged Russian aggression are special
cables fiom special correspondents sent
tc Washington to interpret everything
done there as especially friendly to
England. This Is a part of the pkfn, j
which I have already outlined, to ke?p
before the public this "Anglo-Ameri
can understanding" Idea, and thus en
deavor to aid in its becoming an ac
complished fact.
To say that the dispatohes from tbssa
Knirlish correspondents in New York
and Washington persistently misrep
resent American public opinion, and
even the opinion of public men in
Washington, is only to tell a small part
of the truth. The most flagrant of all
the correspondents who send over j
American news to Lond:n is the sp'c'.al j
correspondent of the London Times. I
Day after day does he load down the i
coble with silly twaddle, sneering at
everything said in America against
England and praising everybody who
■aye anything in criticism of America.
He ha? done this ever since the "Vene
zuela difficulty— but that is another
Ftcry.
In England's present opposition to
Russia the English public read with
delight the cables from "Washington
assuring them that England has j
America's "moral support," whatever
that may mean, although one or two
more truthful ones admit that there
are no tangible signs of the American
army moving on Russia.
TIP EXPECTED SOOX.
But I will explain about the "tip"
whirh may soon *be looked for. Eng
lanJ has been moving heaven and
earth nearly to gain an Anglo-Ameri
can alliance. This has not been forth
coming In a definite form, so now it j
Is an "understanding" of some sort ■
that England wants with us. She calls
us brothers and cousins, and the same
flesh and blood, and everything else
nice that she can think of, even going
bo far as to sympathize publicly with
our position and actions in Revolu
tionary times. Public men close to the
government, from Lord Salisbury
down, have gone as far as they dare
in the direction of their aims, and :
the public at large Is whooping It up
for America. They grasp at straws,
sent over with unusual agility by the
EnglKh correspondents in America, to
support their blind belief in American
partiality toward England as a nation.
And all this is the result of the "tip"
which went out after deep thought by
the greatest minds over here at>out
the time of President Cleveland's mes
sage calling Johnny Bull down a peg.
The present England never had a
greater shaking up than at that time,
and she has been doing some aerlous
thinking ever since. She was brought
face to face with "arbitrate or flyht,"
and evidently she didn't care so much
about fighting America as she seemed
for a short period to profess.
The truth is, Lord Salisbury was
forced to take a more reasonable view
of things by the queen, the Prince of
TODAY'S BULLETIN.
Page.
I—England1 — England After Trade.
Disastrous' Railroad Wreck.
Only Manila Surrendered.
Joint High Commission.
2 — Sorry Scenes at Santiago.
Ireland for Papacy.
Butter for Porto Rico.
•—Fighting Men From Cuba.
Camp Ramsey Accident.
Orders for the Twelfth.
4— Editorial.
State Fair Outlook.
Bend on Armory Debt.
6— Sporting News.
Saints Beaten by Brewers.
6— Week's Markets Reviewed.
•naanf) v wo 3A»ig
7— Minneapolis MatUrs.
News of the Northwest
t— Frederick Bott Dead.
Jones Banquet Programme.
JUv. Mr. Seper'a Sermon,
THE ET, PAFL GLOBE
Wales and some of the oth,ejf pot^nj;
forces In the background. TOien It W*S
that England, that is, the. fftftj powers
that be here, switched things about
suddenly for American frietwlflhlp and
practically admitted, to the minds of
thinking Ave-n, that England" would not
fight a strong power If che could
avoid the conflict. She formu
lated then 'this plan of courting
American friendship to try to gmfl
the balance of power In the world, and
has worked hard at it ever since. Ens^
land khows well that a war with Amer
ica or Russia, her two natural rivaJg,
would cost her her present place among
nations. A war between France or
Germany and England would give
Russia the chance England fears,
and it is hardly within the realm of
probability that England would fight
Russia now unless she could pull
America into it on her side. It Is Just
as probable, however, that she would
almost go 'to the length of a direct
challenge to Russia if she could by it
gain an alliance with the United States.
So there you are in cold type.
TRADE THE OBJECT.
And what is at the bottom of all
these International complications?
Merely trade. Lord Rosiebery, I think
It was, in a recent eddress predicted
that the next great war will be for
trade. Surely trade is at the bottom
of all of England's moves.
And here is the hard rub. The hand
writing is as plainly on the wall as it
was at the ancient feast. England is
now meeting with strong competition
In the world's markets. Germany has
undersold her and America knocks at
the door of nearly every country. Eng
lish workmen will not work, the labor
organizations are stronger than ever,
the co-operative idea has cut up
profits, and England is In reality en
tering upon a fight for existence in
trade. She sees cotton mills being
moved to our South; she is compelled
to use American machinery; American
locomotives go to Russia; America's
prices for vessels of war are now
cheapest In the world, and the ships
the best; and Mulhall, the English
statistician, comes out periodically
with his figures to add to the succes
sion of shocks.
When it Is realized here that Amer
ica, free as she is from alliances and
entanglements, proposes to remain so
and to go on her own road with malice
toward none and charity for ell, do
you not suppose that the press and the
public here will be advised to stop
their bluster and brag and admit that,
after all. there are others, even though
they may not be so fortunate as to
speak the English language?
Perhaps, then, the ordinary English
man will spend his holiday in France
or Germany, or even in Russia
and learn something, instead of sitting
down In England and explaining, as
he does today, "Statistics prove, oh
Lord, that we are the greatest."
I have lived in England a great deal
for years, and I love my English
friends, but may I be delivered from
the ordinary Englishman who has nev
er been out of his own country!
BLUFF WORKED OUT.
England has bluffed the world about
as long as she can. America is her
last hope for means toward a rapidly
fading end. Her "boasted naval demon
strations n<o longer terrorize the other
nations of the earth, for it is known
that England will do anything rather
than engage in a big war. Her prpss
still tells how the world ought to have
been made, and comes out with bluster
and blow about "British interests" at
every opportunity, but you usually no
tice that it finally has its honor or
something satisfied, and marches iv'th
great dignity to the rear. Occasionally
it satisfies "gentle reader" by a tremen
dous account of a fight in the bush with
some species of Hottentots, and pa
rades the great British victory, togeth
er with a long-winded editorial sum
ming up of the great addition to "Brit
ish interests," and then there is re
joicing, indeed, all round.
And so I predict we shall 'before long
see an entirely new development of
British thought in the same line that
America has and will continue to fol
low, and the exact time this new de
velopment will be noticed in the press
and general public will deipend some
what upon how long it takes for them
to realize that American pulbllc senti
ment is against any kind of combina
tion, expressed or implied, with any
foreign power. Once it is understood
here, however, that America's policy
will not include the "advancement of
British interests," the press and pub
lic alike will be advised to shout less
about these "British Interests" and al
together to put on entirely different
and a far better foot forward toward
the rest of the wprld. That proverbial
British arrogance and selfishness will
give way to better characteristics, the
game of grab will be ended, England
will be less inclined to meddle In every
part of the world, and she will not have
that constant fear that somebody wants
to tread upon her toes.
It being necessarily, fortunately,
against her policy, for oibvious reasons,
to really engage In serious war, the
refusal of America to join her now will
force her to take her proper place
among nations — an Influential one, but
hardly one for dictation to everybody.
And by America's standing alone and
forcing England to the same policy, it
will mean more the peace of the world
than for England to feel the thrill of
Such a power as an alliance with Amer
ica would give her. Russia, for one,
is in no frame of mind to stand much
more from England, and she will not
have to do so unless England can draw
us In with her.
America can get more friendly con
cessions from Russia by refusing to
Join in with England than she can by
committing any act or adopting any
policy that Russia would consider un
friendly. America has nothing to fear
from Russian aggression, and she has
much to gain through Russia's friend
ship.
AMERICA'S DESTINY.
There are many .more things for
America to consider than China. She
is working ouit her own destiny on a
will established policy of independent
action, and she has the good will of
the world. We Americans have many
friends Individually in England, but
this fact has nothing to do with our
relations with nations.
When the British prefs and public,
which now gushes over us-, sees us as
we are, you may expect a stiffening of
the back and an outburst against ua
In the same old familiar and r&sty
strain, but this outbunst will again be
met by the real rulers of this empire,
who will soon turn it lnt? a broader,
and, as I have suggested, a better con
ception of things foreign. You lea, J
JJQfftuy. M^feKlKft-r^Ag^tJST 2a, ieoe.
rulers *t m «taj>li?Q knd |£m!
cW <lUejsn feitf ptoUably iofg&tten inoft
spoilt International pdlitlca tba* thoSfc
llvtott mfcfc «** fen&#. and bM rill)
aoYOtea thre^ fowi fc day to putoity
affair^ tsSkas ihore (the Queen tM,fi
anybody fciae, op all the r«st put to*
g9ther> who called Lord Salisbury daipn
over Venezuela, and who also eat upon
Emperor "William for ©ending that fa
mous .telegram, fine la absolutely sin
cere iv her desire for peace, as well as
In everytfclng she Bays or does, and
that she la one of the grandest char
acters of history cannot for one mo
ment be disputed. She doe* not med
dle in the politica of the nation need
lessly, but when ehe does the effect is
lesting. She reads correctly the signs
of the times, arad her wisdom is un
doubted. She knows what is going on
each day in matters of state, and es
pecially does 'her Judgment prevail In
foreign crises. She often restrains her
own subjects in th-elr land-grabbing
schemes, and there is not a potentate
on a throne or in a cabinet who will
not listen respectfully .to her counsel.
She knows British weakness and can
measure British strength, and asldo
from her desire for a peaceful eiosing
of her long reign is her absolute
knowledge of what it would cost Eng
land to go to war with such a power
as Russia cr America.
POPULAR CLAMOR.
The quee,n will not attempt to check
or direct the present popular clamor
for a definite understanding or alliance
with America until she fees what effect
it produces on the other side of the
Atlantic, especially as the whole idea
makes for England's decided benefit,
but when she sees that Washington
has a plan of its own for a foreign
policy, she will direot England's policy
in harmony with it, and America and
England will both have gained— the
former the friendship of all countries,
and the latter a new point of view.
There has been some fuss made in
Arrerica over the attitude of England
in our Spanish war. Bless us, there
arc a hundred reasons why England
could have taken no other position or
followed no other course than the one
she has.
It should always be considered, when
measuring the voice of the English
public in foreign affairs, that it blindly
follows the most bigoted, narrow-mind
ed, cumbersome press that the world
has ever seen. The egotistical indi
viduals who edit these ponderous sheets
have no real facility for obtaining defi-
«3;;;B-;;.iS..;;ia,.;a.^^^
| fIcKINLEY'S CONGRATULATIONS. |
& WASHINGTON, Aug. 21.— President McKinley tonight §
1 cabled to Admiral Dewey and Gen. Merritt his and the 3
§ nation's congratulations upon their capture of Manila. |
a The text of the dispatch to Admiral Dewey is as fof- g
H lows: g
Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C, Aug. 21. --Ad- j|
miral Dewey, Manila: Receive for yourself and the officers, 1
m sailors and marines of your command my thanks and |j
congratulations and those of the nation for t)e gal- jj|_.
lant conduct all have again so conspicuously dis- j|
I played. WM. Me KIN LEY. : -
Folioiving is the text of the dispatch to Gen. Merritt: j
Executive Mansion, Washington, D. 0., Aug. 21.--Maj.
* Gen. Merritt, U. S. A., Manila: In my own behalf and " f ]
r for the nation I extend to you and the officers and men "'
of your command sincere thanks and congratulations for t<?
the conspicuously gallant conduct displayed in your cam- g
I paign. WM. McKINLEY. j
rite news of what is actually passing
between their government a.nd foreign
powers, and, if they had such a facil
ity they would not know how to take
advantage of it and print the news.
They are hopelessly weak in learning
the real truth of any trying situation,
and they have not influenc? enough
with the government or the foreign
office to accomplish anything. Imagine,
for example, in this crisis over China,
any English newspaper publishing the
real truth of what has been going on
for months, and proving it to be the
truth by stating the source of its infor
mation! The thing is impossible, and
so we have this detestable dealing in
glittering generalities, with these aw
ful "conclusions" in reference to "Brit
ish interests" being in danger, or the
seniSiitive British feet "being stepped on,
with the final assurance that "so and
so will find us ready to defend our
selves."
The queen does not grant interviews
with newspaper representatives to any
extent, and neither doe 3 Lord Salis
bury- It would ibe better if they would,
for then a lot of these thick-headed
editors would burst with their own
Importance, an<d we might then see a
new set take their places.
Tou cannot took to the British press
for anything but twaddle about "Brit
ish interests." What live news they
print is coming from American news
associations that are free from the
touch of the special English corre
spondents. I must except one paper,
however, which is the Daily Mail, and
the gentleman who is responsible for
the news thait paper prints is a New
York Sun man. Still, he Is so handi
capped (by the protests of "'conßtant
reader," wfto has been trained in the
old school here, that the Mail cannot
really let Itself out.
Ana the Mail created a panic In the
other newspaper offices, which tried to
show enterprise by efforts that have
been painfully ludicrous.
Bo that on« must 'bear In mind the
real importance of the English press
with the government of the nation in
any foreign crisis, and yet admit its
influence over the masses who cannot
hope to be familiar with anything a
little higher up In the scale of things
British, except by accepting the news
papers as a guide. I*ne lines of caste
are distinctly drawn toy the. court and
society, and the British newspaper
man does not get within gun-shot of
either one wKh a free hand to use le
gitimate news. In all this discussion
over Ruesia in China the newspaper
men do not get a l'ook-ln at anything
really transpiring of an official nature.
Yet to read the papers one would im
agine they were going to settle the
whole business by annihilating Russia
at once.
SIGNS OF !& CHANGE.
I may say that already you see signs
•I A change of front toward Russia.
fti tibdy 4ffd today, oa« bafi almost
tinagliW !h« can ccc th<e Eruld^igr hand
fceblnd tfue eoenes smoothing? maltters
dvi c, \it X Ofa§ or ftyo Viwaii £a£a,»
gv&jjbe J&v? app*a*e4 fa ih« papers
<suffi^&t|ng thai befctfe tie pretfs ah<i
p>blid tfvpuldef their gun© they might
I 04& ibiriiethirigf oi tm real altuatloo
a#4 Isq bettQ? &WO to Judga. Tho truth
l£», if the $alk bee&tfte« <ft>o loud and
Mstla Vepw to gat angry, unlesa It
precipitated a d&Tnonstratioll In Amer
ica In. fevor of England, the English
press wifl be advhwd to moderate Its
tone, and then we shall be treasted to
another long ©eriee of ponderous edi
torials <iplainlnig how there is no long
er any danger from Russia for the
present, aB her majesty's government
has, by strong pressure, been able to
straighten things out without resorting
to arms, and the public will await the
next Issue.
One of the most amusing things
which has come out here since ,the pros
pects of peace with Spain have be
come bright is the suggestion that
there Is no telling how much "British
interests" have suffered through Eng
land's demonstrations In our favor. If
"England had wanted to, or thought her
interests would have been advanced
by favoring joint actinn by the "pow
ers" to endeavor to stop the war, she
would have run up against Russia
again and been as powerless as she was
in the "concert" over Armenia. The is
only another cog in the' wheel of British
reasons why America should hurry up
about becoming enthusiastic over tha
"Anglo-American undeietmding."
Most of the talk over here about an
understanding between America and
England is based upon the same blood
and cou&in idea. In his recent book on
"RuEEiia's Sea Power, Past and Pres
ent," Sir George Clarke suggests an
understanding of some sort between
Russia and England. Sir Charles
Dilke, one of England's leading men,
whose advice is sought on foreign ques
tions, has been asked by the Pall Mall
Gazette to review this work, and de
votes most of his space to Question
ing this suggestion of an understand
ing, asking: "What is Russia to gain
by such an understanding, and what
are we to gain by it?"
Here you Bee the true spirit behind
all the friendly advances made to
America, The "same blocd and cousin"
racket is played oult. Even our own
dear Dr. DepeAV hardly made it go
down tbe last time he wa3 over here,
for he Is suspected of having gone over
to Paris and told the Frenchmen the
same thing. However, it can truth-
fully be said that Dr. Depew was not
in hi 3 element saying such nice things
to the British public, and was really
more at home in Paris. Dr. Depew's
trademark of Fourth of July orations
is too familiar to allow any other
brand to take its place. ' — G. C. P.
TRADE IN WEST INDIES.
Special Reports Made Public !»>• the
Bureau of Commerce.
WASHINGTON, £tgg. 21. — The
bureau of foreign commerce of the
state department has mad? public ai
vance .sheets of repoi ts of consular offi
cers in the "West In-dies.
These reports are in many respects
of a special character supplementary
to those regularly made and are in re
sponse to a circular sent out by tha de
partment dated Au?. 10, 1897, request
ing In formation of the trade and com
merce of the various ports and Islands
to which the consuls were accredited.
Most of the statist! 05 furnished there
fore are old, being for the years prev
ious to the time of the compiling of the
reports.
SPAIN TRIFLING.
London Comment on the Recent
Views of S;i; ( aK(n.
LONDON, Aug. 22.— The Times this
morning, commenting 1 upon Senor Sa
gasta's utterances, published in El Im
parcial of Madrid, expresses the opin
ion that too much stress should not be
laid upon them, but admits that talking
of the fate of criminals, etc., in Cuba,
seems to be trifling willi the main ques
tion.
"The reference to Spanish property
in Cuba," the Times aays, "would im
ply that the United States cannot be
trusted to observe the dictates of
equity and good sense. To enter upon
the negotiations in this carping spirit
will not conduce to a speedy conclu
sion of them. In fact, altogether,
Spain appears to be raising rather ab
surd contentions."
CROWDS OF FTTHIANS.
Five Thousand Uniform Rank Men
Are ni Indfahajtolfß.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Aug. ll.—
Present indications point to a larjje
attendance upon tho biennial encamp
ment of the Knight* of Pythias. An
estimate of the ritamber of uniform
rank men arriving today places the
number at 5,500, which does not include
the members of subordinate lodges and
women and children. The encampment
does not open, in fact, until Tuesday,
but the city Is already crowded and
has taken on a gala appearance.
Philadelphia; Aug. 21.— The for
tieth biennial convention of the Order
B'nai B'rith opened today in thlß city.
Over 800 delegates were pr»s«nt, repre
, cent ing 230 lodge*
JOflff Blfiß COMirSION
FIRST MEETING TO BE HELD
TUESDAY AT QUEBEC
Far Seal*, Fisheries and Allen La
bor Lam Aniotng the Que«tlou» to
Bo DUc-fißsed by tbe Representa
tive* ot Great Britain and the
United State* — Early Sessions
'Will Be Devoted to Routine Work.
QUEBEC, Aug. 21.— The first session
of the United States and British Joint
high cc«nml£isi<ra will be held In the
parliament building In this city Tues
day afternoon. A majority of the com
missioners are now here, but they do
not expect to do more than take a gen
eral survey of the work and appoint
subcommittees at the first two sessions.
The ir«*tings of the commission will
not be open to the public.
It Is a ponderous and perplexing task
given to the commission to perform.
Their work is that of adjustment and
readjustment of all the most important
questions wTiieh have been in con
troversy between the United States
and Canada #or the past half a cenlury.
Tho commission is composed of six
members from the United States, four
from Canada, one from England and
one from Newfoundland. TQie United
States commissioners are:
United States Senator Charles W.
Fairbanks, of Indiana, chairman; Unit
ed Stales Senator George Grey, of
Delaware; Congressman Belson W.
Dingley, of Maine; John W. Poster,
formerly secretary of state and former
minister to Spain, Russia and Mexico;
James W. Kasson, of lowa, former
minister to Germany and Austria, an;l
T. Jefferson CcoUdge, of Massachusetts,
former minister to France.
The Canadian representatives are:
Sir Wilfred Laurier, Sir R. J. Cart
wright, Sir Douls Davles andi John
Oharlton, M. P. Lord Hersohell is the
representative from England, and
chairman of the British and Canadian
delegation, and Hon. Sir James T. Win
ter, premier of Newfoundland, repre
sents the Newfoundland interests. ■
The principal questions submitted
for the consideration of the committee
are as follows:
QUESTIONS AT ISSUE.
1. The questions in respect to fur state
In Bering sea and the waters of the North
Pacific ocean.
2. Provisions in respect to fisheries off the
Atlantic and Pacific coasts and in the waters
of their common frontiers.
8. Provisions for the delimitation and es
tablishment of the Alaska-Canadian boundary
by legal and scientific experts, if the com
mission shall so decido, or otherwise.
4. Provisions for the transit of merchan
dise In transportation to or from either coun
try, across intermediate territory of the oth
er, whether by land or water, including nat
ural and artificial waterways and intermediate'
transit by sea.
5. Provisions relating to transportation of
merchandise from one country to another.
8. Alien laws, applicable to 'the subjects or
citizens of the United States and of Canada.
7. Mining rights of the citizens or sub
jects of each country within the territory of
the other.
8. Such readjustments and concessions as
may bs deemed mutually advantageous of
customs duties applicable in each country to
the products of the soil.
9. A revision of the agreement of 1817 re
specting navai vessels of the lakes.
10. Arrangements for the more complete
definition and marking of any part of the
frontier line by land or water, where the
same is now in-sufliciently defined or marked
as to be liable to dispute.
11. Previsions for the conveyance for trial
or punishment of persons in the lawful cus
tody of the officers of one country through
the territory of the other.
12. Reciprocity fn wrecking and salvage
rights.
OTHER QUESTIONS.
Other questions concerning the Unit
ed States and Canada may be brought
before the commission as the work
goes forward. Already many represent
i atives from the various interests to be
j considered by the commission are here
and ea2€T to express their views. Jt
will be impossible, however, to give
general hearings to all who desire to
be heard. Chairman Fairbanks statsd
to the Associated Press correspondent
today that, where a number of men
desired to be heard upon any one ques
tion, they would probably be asked to
select one from their number to pra-
I Ec-nt their arguments to the commls
■ sion. All communications concerning
i the wcrk of the commission should be
audrtsred to Chandler P. Anderson, the
commission's secretary, who is now In
Quebec.
That the work is to be very impor
tant and very difficult is indicated in
the fact that the commission is to take
up those very questions which the
United States and Canada have not
bf*en able to settle in the past decade.
j But now, in the opinion of Senator
j Fairbanks, on the part of England and
Canada there seems to be a disposi
tion to have all these questions satis
factorily adjusted.
"And so far as we are concerned,"
said Senator Fairbanks, "we shall meet
them more than half way."
"What disposition will finally be
made of the results of the commis
sion's work?" he was asked.
"Our findings," he said, "will be sub
mitted in the fonm of a treaty for the
approval of the senates of the United
States and Great Britain."
It is impossible to state how longr
the commission will probably sit. The
| Americans and Canadians have
brought with them a series of books,
documents and maps. Many of t*e
maps will <be brought Into use in con
sidering tne Alaskan boundaries,
which, excepting possibly the sealing
and commercial matters, will be the
most difficult question before the com
mission.
POPE IN GOOD HEALTH.
Reception Held in Honor of His
Saint's Day.
ROME, Aug. 21.— The pope today
held a reception in honor of his saint's
day. Many prelates, notables and
members of Catholic associations were
Sn attendance.
His holiness appeared to be In good
(health and eplrita, and in spite of the
length of the reception, Which lasted
an hour and a half, showed no signs
of fatigue. He was the recipient of a
large number of gifts.
Two Soldiers Dead.
"NEW TORK, Aii«. «..— "Una boapital ship
Olivette, from Hampton Roads, arrived at
Montauk Point today. Capt. John A.
Bohb, assistant aurjroon of ttoe Thirty-fourth
Michigan, died Au«. 19, of remittent malarial
fever and dysentery. James A. Berry, pri
vate, Company A, First Winoia volunteer*,
died on Aug. 20, of remittent malarial fere*
Rn<J dysentery. Both were buried at sea sn
th* lItWMM *< Aug. »fc
PR ICg TWO CBKTB— tt«y™^
SIX KILLED IN WRECK
TWO TRAINS TELESCOPED ON
THE NEW HAVEN EOAD
Come Together With Terrific Force
and Both Were Demollithed by
the Force of the Crash Name*
of Nearly Thirty People Included
in the U»t of the Injured— Liut
of the Dead.
6HARON, Mass., Aug. 21.— A rear
end collision occurred in the Sharon
station of the New York, New Haven
& Hartford railroad at 7:30 tonight,
when an express train, which was run
ning as the second section of a long
train, craehed Into the first section,
composed of local cars,
Aa a result, six persons were killed
and twenty-six seriously injured. The
injured were nearly all removed to Bos
ton on a special train which was met by
ambulances and surgeons. The rear
car of the local train was completely
demolished and a portion of the second
car, while the engine of the express
train was crippled. The dead are:
BOSTON, Aug. 21. — Fifteen ambu
lances awaited the arrival of the train
which brought the injured from the
scene of the railroad wr«jck at Sharon.
A crowd of fully 3,000 had assembled
by the time the first train from the
wreck arrived, and a force of fifty po
licemen was sent to keep them from
crowding down onto the tracks.
Lined up on the platform were four
teen stretchers with their white pil
lows and crimson blankets, ready for
the reception of the Injured. Thirty
hospital attendants and a number of
surgeons were also on hand.
Quite a number of patients were tak
en in charge, but the greater number
were taken to their homes.
Daniel C. McOann, an express mes
senger on 'the New Bedford train, had
his right hand and arm badly lacer
ated and his right knee injured in ex
tricating a man who was pinned be
tween the engine's head plates and
the flooring of the telescoped car. Just
In front of the prisoner lay his wife,
crushed and bleeding, and he was un
able to move hand or foot to help her.
The woman died in a few moments.
Steam was rising as in a Turkish bath.
The heat from the escaping steam Wds
intense. Mr. McOann said that many
people were slightly burned, though
In their heroic endeavor to assist the
Injured the workers did not notice it.
THE DEAD.
PRANKLTN M. WATERS, Scmerville,
Mass.
MRS. W.M. J. FITZPATRICK, Eoston, her
granddaughter, Mary Fitzpitrick, ten y©ar3
of age, and her grandson, flf:een years old.
MRS. C. H. BRISCOE, Revere.
A woman supposed to be Mrs. Watson, of
Westerly, R. I.
INJURED.
James H. Fitzpatrlck, eighteen years o'.d,
Boston.
■ Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Whitcomb, B:stcn.
Mrs. James Ray and her ag:d mother, Ja
maica Plains.
Mr. Crockett, SomerviUe, Macs.
Mrs. Adie Braman, South Boston.
Mr. and Mrs. Ericson and child.
Daniel C. Cantor.
D. C. McCann, South Boston.
Fred Tudor, South Boston.
Mr. and Mrs. J. Ogden, Lowell.
Mrs. Maggie O'Connor and two children.
Bostcr..
George Quinn, Providence.
Miss Fitzpatrick, 8 years old, Boston.
Mr. and Mrs. John Gordon, Boston.
C. W. Dadman, Boston.
Mrs. Ida M. Walker, Waltham.
J. A. Philips, Boston.
A. E. Newmark, Pittsburg.
Joseph M. Mann, Providence.
Mrs. Delia V. Brennan, South Boston.
Marguerite M. Grimshaw, SomerviUe.
The two trains which were in the
collision wera usually combined Into
one long train, but as the traffic to
day was so heavy it was divided, the |
first section running as a local accom- j
modation, while the second, which
started from Mansfield fifteen minutes
later than the first, ran as an express.
The local train due at Sharon at 7:02
was thirteen minutes late. It left
Mansfield on time, making two stop?,
and had lost the sixteen minutes be
tween Mansfield and Sharon. It was
due in Canton Junction, the next sta
tion beyond Sharon, two minutes ahead
of the express train, which should
have passed it there. Sharon Is situ
ated on a curve, and both the outward
and inward tracks are protected by
electric block signals.
After the accident It was thought
the block signal protecting the inward
track was set at danger, showing, as
it was intended, that there was a train
in the station. There was no warning
given by the conductor of the Mans
field local to show the approaching
train that the track was not clear at
the station, and it was not until he
was within 400 feet of the station that
the engineer of the express noticed
anything wrong. He immediately set
all 'breaks and whistled the warning,
but it was too late to stop the express.
It crashed into the rear car, splitting
it asunder and completely demolishing
it.
Its speed was not slacked until the
engine had penetrated fully five feet
in the rear of the second car. The es
caping steam entered the car and badly
scalded a number of the occupants.
The roof of the last car was forced on
top of the engine of the express and
remained there as the only portion of
the car on the track. Engineer Oetchell
and Fireman Ho.lmes, of the express,
both jumped when they «aw that a
collision was unavoidable. Getchell
was cut and bruised about the head,
He stated after the accident that h«
left Manafleld promptly on time and
there was no Incident until he wai
within 400 feet of the Mansfield train.
Then he saw the rear lights of that
train, and shut off all •team. Mean
while he had whistled for brakes, and
ueed every effort to stop his train.
Every one of the killed and Injured
waa on the Mansfield train, and the
only explanation of the fact that the
number of fatalities la not larger la
that the passengers were all in the
forward end of tlhe car, in the aot ot
aligbltlng at the station. There were
about thirty people in the last car and
most of them at >the time of th» acci
dent were either upon the front plat
form ox standing by the door.
NOT MANY DEAD.
Small Los* of Life According to the
Officials.
TAUNTON, Mass., Aug. 21.— A mes
| Continued on Second Page.
W 111 BED
SPAIN DID NOT SURRENDER THE
. PHILIPPINES TO MERRITT
THIS VIEW IS HELD IN WASH
INGTON OFFICIAL CIRCLES
THE TERMS OF CAPITULATION ARE
THLS STRICTLY COSSTRIED
No Mewagre From Admiral De^ey,
in Spite of the Fact That the
Cable Between Manila and Hong
Kons I, WcUng S«n.p» Ott
Called to WMhlngton and Philip
Left In Command of the Squadron
at Hew York Spain I* Anxiously
Watching: America.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21,-Not a word
was received from Admiral Dewey to
day, notwithstanding the report that
the cable communication had been
opened.
Among the war officials, the terms
of the capitulation of Manila, as cabled
by Gen. Merritt, were a topic of dis
cussion. Unofficial advices from Ma
nila, received previous to the arrival
of the text of the terms, indicated that
the capitulation of the city included
the surrender of the Philippines, and
the Spanish sovereignty over the
whole archipelago was temporarily, at
least, at an end. This view is not sus
tained by the conditions of the sur
render, as cabled by Gen. Merritt, and,
it may be said, it is not the view taken
by the best informed officials of the
administration.
While gome of the war authorities
last night were inclined to the opinion
that the articles of capitulation, nat
urally somewhat elastic in their
phraseology, might be construed" to
mean the surrender of the Spanish con
trol over the islands, the prevalent
opinion now is that they mean pre
cisely what they say, and that the
surrender includes only the city of Ma
nila and its immediate surroundings
or suburbs, as it is expressed in the
articles.
It can be said authoritatively that
the president is satls^ed with the terms
as made by Gen. Merritt and Admiral
Dewey. The instructions afforded them
considerable latitude for individuality
of action, the president feeling confi
dent that they would secure the best
possible terms in the circumstances.
That they have done so, he is certain.
Rear Admiral Sampson and Rear Ad
miral Schley are expected to arrive
in Washington some time tomorrow.
The appointment of the two admirals
respectively on the Cuban and Porto
Rican commissions necessarily will
cause them to be detached temporarily
from their present commands. The de
tachment, it is said by the naval au
thorities, will be only temporary. In
the absence of Admiral Sampson, Com
modore Philip will have command of
the squadron of vessels in New York.
Repairs on the ships will be pushed
with vigor, and as rapidly as possible
they will be put in excellent condition
for sea duty in either war or peace.
No determination has yet been reached
by the naval authorities on the ques
tion of reorganizing the naval squad
rons on a peace footing in view of the
new conditions which now confront
the United States. It is scarcely likely
that any considerable changes will be
made before a successful termination
I of the pending peace negotiations shall
j have been reached.
SPAIX WATCHING AMERICA.
Mnch Depends on the Attitude An
nounced by the United States.
MADRID, Aug. 22. — A commission,
consisting of Duke Almodevar de Rio,
the foreign minister; Senor Romero
Giron, minister of the colonies; Lieut.
Gen. Correa, minister of war, and
Cap-t. Aur.on, minister of marine. Is
preparing instructions for the Cuban
and Porto Rican commresionerp, which
will be dispatched so as to arrive with
in the time fixed by the protocol.
Certain members of the cabinet are
of the opinion that the commission will
have first of all to determine some
legal and administrative modus vlvcn 11
during the transitional period until the
evacuation Is completed. Meanwhile,
the government will probably call tho
attention of the cabinet at Wai-'blns
ton, to the fact that while the insur
gent leaders profess to accept the aim
istice, their subordinates continue to
carry on hostilities against outlying
Spanish garrisons.
While the government thus devotes
its attention for a momen/t chiefly to
questions of detail relating to the An
tilles, much anxiety Is felt with regard
to the Philippines question, which is
likely to create much moie serious d fll
culties. Much will depend, of course,
on the attitude assumed by the Unltel
States government, and consequently
Anuerlcan public opinion is \vatcheJ_
here with tlhe keenest interest. Tfte
attitude of the powers having far Eaa;
ern interests Is also much speculated
upon, it Is believed that Germany will
not allow great territorial chaoses
without having so«n«..hlng to »>y the. t
ln.
Spain la absolutely quiet. Don Carlo*
hae given his partisans strict orders
not to commit acts of rebellion, while
the divisions among the Republicans
render that party powerless.
It is stated that the cabinet has de
cided to moke representations to the
Washington government regarding the
conduct of the insurgents in continu
ing to attack Spanish detachments. It
wa* agreed to pay the repatriated sol
diers their arrears of salary when they
land in Spain and resolved to purchase
250,000 kilos of silver for coinage.
The question of the personnel of the
peace commission has not yet been
definitely decided. The government is
displeased with the attitude of Capt.
Gens. Macias and Blanco. The latter
has again positively declined to presids
over the evacuation of Caba. The cap
tain general of the Canary Ulands was
removed owing to his failing to agree

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