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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, September 11, 1898, Image 1

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VOL. XXI.— NO. 25 4.
On*' of the Moat K<»iiiarkal»le Dopn
iiunU In the HlMtory of the World
KuKland Will Not Permit
America to Build, Have and Hold
the Xlcar&tt'tia t ana! Exclusively
SluilUht I'roteiiKpfi of England.
Correspondence St. Paul Globe.
LONDON,Aug. 31. — It is in many ways
unfortunate that America gets most of
her cable news from one center and by
one channel. London has a decided ad
vantage in her point of view by being
central and collecting what little news
she prims from all points directly, in
stead of having it collected for her
through one channel and dished up
with whatever color happens to be pre
valent In that channel at the time It
Is sent.
No American newspaper or news as
sociation has yet established the news
of the world from the various news
centers and having it transmitted to
-America with the utmost freedom from
any influence other than that prevail
ing at its source. Of course, such a
system would be a very expensive one,
especially If in each news center was
stationed a trained newspaper corre
spondent, and up to the present there
has hardly been sutflcient demand for
foreign news to warrant more than
at present Is supplied through London.
But the fact remains that British
newspapers are the main source of all
the news cabled to America and in such
circumstances ii is inevitable that not
Only Is the news largely British, but
British interpretation certainly has its
The paper read with the most care by
all London correspondents of American
newspapers, is unquestionably the Lon
don Times. This is largely because of
the staiT of correspondents in all parts
Of the world, and also because of the
supposed influence of the paper's
editorials In Conservative circles here.
But nobody will dispute for an instant
that the Times is the most bigoted of
f.ll of London's press, and its alleged
r.ews columns the most flavored with
editorial sentiment based entirely on
"British interests," as understood by
the paper's editor. The Times has not
one correspondent in the whole lot
regularly on its staff, who can send
purely a news story of facts, free from
a purely British interpretation.
The American newspaper man is
trained at home to write facts as he
finds them. His paper wants the truth
a? far as it is possible to obtain It,
and in a news story of facts the day
la fast going by for soaring Into the
realm of "fleecy clouds," "pale moons,"
"once upon a time," and all that sort of
Thi> English papers' "fleecy clouds"
Invariably give way to "British inter
ests." of which I have already written
at some length in these letters. The
editor leaves romancing to those who
make a business of this phase of wrlt
ii g, and confines his efforts to shaping
the affairs of the universe according to
his conception of what the foreign office
is doing or should do.
(Meanwhile the foreign office is the
only center whose news about the gov
ernments of the world Is actually reli
able and sufficient to warrant any
opinion whatever — and the foreign of
fice doesn't seem to think it suits its
purpose to be interviewed. It Is only
when the editor goes so far as to be a
menace to relations existing or negotia
tions being carried on with foreign
powers that the government intimates
that the editor had better climb down.
This intimation is not necessarily in
writing, or even a direct command, but
more often comes by way of a sugges
tion, which leads the editor quickly to
arrive at the conclusion that "every
thing possible has been accomplished
I— John Rull Is Wily.
Austrian Empress Assassinated.
Sick Soldiers Reach Home.
Mr. Hill Discusses Trade.
2— Mr. Hill's Address.
3— Senator Davis Honored.
4 — Editorial.
War Conduct Inquiry.
Kranre Invading Nile Valley.
6— Republican Candidates Assessed.
Benefit for Peace Jubilee.
6— Belated Donation to Third.
Middleton Murder Mystery.
7— Minneapolis Matters.
News of the North-west.
B—Sportlne8 — Sportlne News.
Saints Defeat Brewer*.
Gossip of the Ring.
9— Michael Defea's Taylor.
Treaty a Surprise to Berlin.
Views on Dreyfus Divided.
10 — Last Day of State Fair.
Move to Oust Mclntyre.
Fusion In Colorado.
11— BJaiico Greets Commissioner*.
12 — Traveling Libraries.
Al Kittson's Money.
Railroading Through Manltowoa.
14— In St. Paul Social Circles.
15— In Woman's Realm.
Books of the D«y.
16— High School Enrollment.
Socret Service Star.
Nowb of the Railroads.
More Money Is Needed.
17— Mister Hetty Green.
Ensign Powelaon'g Romance.
"A Sailor's Revenge" (Story).
„.. 18— Markets.
19— Wan in.
20— The Capital of Chile.
Tlie Week at the Theater*.
by the foreign office," so that there Is
really no need to worry farther about
the matter.
With the cable between London ami
New York, and with a knowledge of
the language of the nation at the Lon
don end of it, It is only natural that
British newa should be the most con
spicuous of all that the cable transmits
to America. Still, in America, and es
pecially at Washington, it is well to re
member occasionally that the rtate
ments by American ministers abroad
and foreign ministers at Washington
are quite as important as the twaddle
of the London press, written expressly
to accomplish a British purpose, or
even any cable news dispatch founded
upon a prevailing sentiment here.
If I could be permitted to make any
adverse comment upon the handling of
the news by American papers during
our recent war with Spain, I should
suggest that undue importance has
been given to British opinion, and not
enough attention has bten given to the
statements of the representatives of
other governments at Washington, and
also of the letters and statements made
by American official representatives
abroad. The cable from London to
New York has carried over everything
British very fully and abbreviated evi
dences of good feeling manifested to
ward us by other powers. If England
overstepped the bounds of strict neu
trality, she did it with an evident ul
terior motive, and with the apparent
result of placing America in somewhat
of an em harassing position toward the
other powers. Strict neutrality is all
America asked of any power, and we
have England to thank for whatever
explanations we may require form
others. English demonstrations in our
favor would naturally turn France,
Russia and Germany against us, espe
cially if they thought Washington
courted England's advances. If Eng
land has been made to understand that
her strict neutrality was preferable to
her expressive demonstrations of
friendship America would stand bettor
today. It is only the splendid treat
ment of her Spanish prisoners of war
that has won America such genuine
praise by the peoples of Europe. The
accuracy of the American fire has not
caused ne-arly the favorable comment
in continental countries that our hu
manity has inspired. And, singularly
enough, England's praise has been far
more for our marksmanship than our
humanity. The talk in England today
is not how to care for prisoners, but
how to shoot. Still, the British version
of this is that the other question needs
no discussion by the Englishman.
All through the war every possible
effort was made here to prejudice
Am<*rica against Germany. The most
trivial incident was unduly emphasized,
and, if the reports could be believed,
Germany was a constant source of
annoyance. In such a quantity of mat
ter printed about this phase of the
war, the repeated assurances of Ger
many herself and the emphatic state
ments of the American ambassador
at Berlin were hardly noticed outside
of diplomatic circles in Washington.
It will possibly be remembered how
evidently pleased Ambassador White
was to take advantage of the oppor
tunity afforded him at the Fourth of
July banquet of the American society
in Berlin to declare positively that
the German government showed every
desire to maintain Its neutrality.
Moreover, our ambassador denied all
rumors of strained relations between
the German and American govern
ments. Surely, if we cannot believe
our own official representatives, who
are advised- of all the details of for
eign diplomacy affecting us, in mat
ters of fact, we are in a bad state, in
deed. In matters of opinion or in se
cret policies of the continental powers
possibly we are not to be blamed for
being skeptical, but in our relations
with Germany we can surely accept
the assurances of our ambassador that
the German government at home in
Berlin cannot be understood to be an
tagonistic to the government at Wash
ington. From the very nature of the
situation at Manila, It was as difficult
for Germany to direct every movement
of her men in that distant port as It
was for Washington. We all smile at
how Admiral Dewey cut the cable and
with what alacrity he picked it up
again when he had no further need of
sma filng things. However, that was
our little show, and there was probably
a great moral principal involved. At
least it worked, and nobody will blame
the German emperor if he gets his slice
of any pie that may be carved up In
the vicinity of China. It has been ev
erybody's game out there for a long
In my last letter I endeavored to
point out how far ahead of the news
papers the foreign office really was
at the time of my writing. I referred
to the cable dispatches predicting im
mediate war between England and
Russia that were sent over to America
from London, and expressed the con
viction, based upon a knowledge of
some things really transpiring, that
this war scare would go raimbow chas
ing like the rest that have represented
England "putting her foot down."
Verily, it has even so come to pass
already. Of course, the thing in order
now is to cable over that there has
been a sudden change all round, and
"unlooked-for events" will play the
usual part in the farce of all news
based upon the London papers.
One has to look much deeper than the
Bntish pr'.ss to learn and understand
what is actually going on and what
will really happen. Just as it takes
Englishmen from ten to twenty years
to adopt new ideas that bring quick
profits to Germany and America, bo it
takes the English editor until every
thing is over to discover that anything
unusual has been going on. Then, how
ever, with great pomp and due form,
he brings to bear all the learning of
ages, kicks up quite a splutter in his
little puddle and settles it all to his
entire satisfaction.
The idea of England going speedily
to war with Russia has been nonsense
from the start. The British editor has
merely been unduly disturbed because
he was not allowed to run the show
without any definite knowledge by
which to form an intelligent opinion.
"British interests" are especially in
debted to him for existence and protec
tion, and he became very much alarm
ed and then annoyed, and finally he
lathed himself into a terrible fury, and
all the while his ears were growing
Continued on Third I'itge.
Murderer Believed to He One of a
Bund of AnarchlstH Selected to
Slay the Sovereign* of the Old
World — — Bereaved Emperor Ex
tended the Condolences of the
Civilized World.
GENEVA, Switzerland, Sept. 10.— As
Empress Elizabeth of Austria was
walking, with her maid, from Hotel
Beaurivage to the quay, an assassin
sprang from behind a tree and stabbed
her to the heart with a sharpened,
three-cornered file.
After having been stabbed, from be
hind.the empress fell, arose and walked
on board the steamer, where she fell,
fainting. The captain did not wish
to put off from the quay, but did so
at the request of the empress and her
suite, there being no apprehension that
she was seriously hurt. The steamer
was turned back from the open lake,
and the empress, unconscious, was car
ried to the hotel on a stretcher.
The stretcher upon which the em
press was carried to the h-otel was
hastily improvised with oars and sail
cloth. Doctors and priests were imme
diately summoned and a telegram was
sent to Emperor Francis Joseph.
All efforts to revive her majesty were
unavailing and she expired at 3 o'clock.
The medical examination showed that
the a^ea&ein must have used a small
triangular file.
After striking the blow he ran along
the Rue dcs Alps, with the evident in
tention of entering the square Dcs Alps,
but before reaching it he was seized by
two cabmen who had witnessed the
crime. They conveyed him to the police
The prisoner made no resistance. He
even sang as he walked along, saying:
"I did it, and she must be dead."
At the police station he declared that
ho was a "starving: anarchist, with no
hatred for the poor, but only for the
Later, when taken to the court house
and interrogated by a magistrate, in
the presence of three members of the
local government, and the police offi
cials, he pretended not to know French
and refused to answer questions. The
police, on searching him, found a doc
ument showing his name to be Luigi
Laochini, born in Paris, in 1873, and
an Italian soldier.
A great crowd quickly assembled
around the hotels Beanrlvage, where
the officials proceeded after interrogat
ing the prisoner. The police searched
the scene of the crime for the weapon
and the accomplices of the aesassin.
It appears- that a boatman noticed
three persons closely following the em
press, who was making purchases in
the shops.
The local government immediately
on receiving the news of her majesty's
death half-mast the flag on the
Hotel de Ville (the municipal offices)
and proceeded in a body to Hotel Beau
rivage as a token of respect.
The excitment increasling many of
the shops on the Kursaa-1 were closed.
The assassin told the magistrate that
he came to Geneva in order to assas
sinate "another important person," but
had been unable to execute the project.
The reason of his failure he did not
give, but he declared that it was only
by accident he had learned of the
presence of the Austrian empress in
The assassin while being Interrogat
ed by the authorities said he came to
Geneva with the intention of killing
the Duo d'Orleans, but the latter had
already left.
Luccesei (or Lacheni) followed the
duke to Evian, about twenty-five miles
northwest of Geneva, on the lake,
where he was again unsuccessful. Ho
then returned to Geneva and learned
from the papers of the presence of the
Austrian empress. Yesterday he dogged
her footsteps, but found no opportunity
to carry out his purpose, though he
watched the Hotel Beaurivage all day.
This afternoon about half past 1 he
said he saw the valet of the empress
leave the hotel and go towards the
landing. He inferred from this that
the empress was going to take the
steamboat, and he hid himself behind
a tree on the quay, with the file con
cealed in his right sleeve. In a few
minutes the empress, accompanied by
her lady of honor, appeared, and the
assassin struck the file home. Luccesei
i confessed that he had been an anarchist
since he was thirteen years old.
"If all anarchists did their duty as I
have done mine," he said, "bourgeoise
society would soon disappear."
He admitted he knew the crime was
useless, but said he committed it "for
the pake of example."
In spite of minute searching, the
weapon of the murder has not been
Dense crowds still surround the ho
tel this evening.
The general police had no notice of
the visit of the empress to the city.
The empress of Austria was born
Dec. 24, 1837. She was a daughter of
Duke Maximilian of Bavaria, and was
married to Francis Joseph, emperor
of Austria and king of Hungary, April
24, 1854. They had three children, the
Archduchess Gisolt, who is married to
Prince Luitpold, of Bavaria; the Arch
duke Rudolph, who married Princess
Stephanie, of Belgium, and who was
(seemingly) asaaesinated in 1889, and
the Archduchee* Maria Valeria, who
married the Archduko Franz Salvator.
of Außtria-Tuacany. The late empress
was an enthusiastic horsewoman.
BERNE, Sept. 10.— The president of
Switzerland and other members of the
government were stunned with horror
Continued on Seventh Pose.
SurtfeoiiM In Chfu-fre Deemed It
Snfcr to Absolutely Forbid the
Removal of Either < oni uleneen »n
or Scrioiid (uieii, Than Preventing
the Commotion ait Well an Possi
ble Susplelon of Favoritism.
There was not a cheer as the hospital
train drew Into the Union station last
evening. The gaunt faces peering from
the lighted windows did not call for
cheere. They asked rather for tender
pity and rest, and by some mutual tele
pathy the hundreds of people throng-Ins
the depot sheds understood and were
quiet. The train came In a few min
utes after 8 o'clock and as it slowed
up In the depot yards Gov. Clough came
out on one of the platforms and said:
"No one will be allowed to enter or
leave these cars till morning. The men
cannot be disturbed tonight. Tomor
row morning at half past 9 o'clock the
cars will be opened and the sick men
removed. Till then the doors of each
coach will be locked."
Then the train slowly pulled out cf
the station and to the foot of Robert
street, where it was side-tracked and
left for the night. The doors were lock
ed. The crowd was greatly disappoint
ed. Relations of the men had come to
welcome them with open arms, an<j
many did not get even a glimpse of
those they so longed to see. Many
cliirJbed onto the platforms, only to bo
politely tout firmly pushed back to the
ground. Through the car windows the
patients and their white-capped nurses
could be seen, most of the former re
clining in their births, evidently too
weary to care whether they were home
or not. A few hung out of the windows
and hailed occasional familiar faces,
but as a whole they were very still
and their pale faces told of weary days
of fever and pain.
The crowd followed eagerly down the
dusty tracks and swarmed about the
coaches when they at iast stopped un
der the Robert street bridge. Little
knots gathered here a\d there about
the open windows wh-'-re heads were
stuck out, regardless 6i the night air
or physician's orders. A police guard
was at once placed about the train,
but was powerless to ,keep watch of
Through one window a very pretty
scene was witnessed by eympathetic
spectators. Private Peterson, whose
residence and company were not
learned, had the good fortune to have
his sister come to Chickamauga to
nurse him on his way home. His fa
ther was at the train to meet them,
and by some rare good fortune was al
lowed to go aboard. H's first sight of
his son, however, was through a car
window, through which he partially
crawled In an endeavor to reach the j
opposite side of the coach where the
sick boy lay In bed. Tears were in the
eyes of every one watching the scene,
and when the old man at last reached
the side of his son and gave him a big
kiss of thanksgiving, little sighs of
sympathy escaped from many lips.
There were several such scenes, but
many sorrowing mothers and fathers
trudged away through the dust into the
darkness to pasa a sleepless night of
waiting. Even this morning many will
not be enabled to more than grasp
their boys by the hand, for thirty will
be taken directly to the St. Paul hos
pitals, and cannot be visited for some
time to come.
While the people pushed anfl crowded
without, the convalescents and nurses
within, were bidden to dinner and made
their way through the coaches to the
brightly lighted and handsomely ap
pointed diner. But there were many,
some with heads propped up on pillows,
others too ill to even raise a hand, who
were cared for where they were, and
for whom the menu of the dining car
was not selected.
The Red Cross society was on hand
at the request of Dr. Higbee, and found
that only fruit,- Jellies and fruit juices
were needed last evening. These were
immediately procured.
Only a few people were fortunate
enough to get aboard the train, and
they were allowed to remain only till
the surgeons in charge discovered them.
Chief Goes and a large detail of officers
were on hand and in less than half an
hour had cleared the place of every
This was absolutely necessary. The
men are fever patient?, many of them
out of their heads, and very ill. They
could not be removed from the train
last evening or be disturbed by visitors
except at very great ri&k. They were
brought here direct from a warm cli
mate in close coaches, and to have tak
en their, into the chill night air of Min
nesota, might have meant certain
death to any of them.
Dr. Arthur Came, one of the volun
teer nurses from Minneapolis, was on
the train and said:
"We left Dr. Clark at Stillwater. Ho
Is suffering from fever, but is in no
immediate danger. Few of the men
are in any real danger. The worst case
is that of Fred McDermott, of Company
F, of the Twelfth. He Is very ill.
Atherton. of Company B, of the
Twelfth, and Nedd, of Company L, of
the Twelfth, are also very $ick. We
will discharge eighty men In St. Paul.
Of theae thirty will go to the hospitals."
"We had a very easy trip. The mon
stood it well and there was no mis
haps. We made a speedier trip than
the mall train. We have twelve nurses
and about 175 men aboard."
Col. Roland Hartley was very sorry,
but nobody could go aiboard the train
last night. He paid: "The men are very
ill and need rest and the physicians In
charge are particular and will allow
n<» one to disturb them. Bom© are de
The train left Chicago yesterday
morning at 6:05.
The train came north from Cincin
nati via the Big Four, and, before
reaching Chicago, was delayed by the
breaking of a draw bar.
From Chicago the train stopped only
at operating stations, making a splen
did run In fast timr, and arrived In St.
Paul at 8:15 last evening.
Dr. A. E. Hlgbee was in charge of
the medical department and Col. Ro
land Hartley of the entire train, repre
senting the governor of the state.
The following la a list of the men
who must be taken to hospitals in the
Twin Cities:
Frank Risk, Co. E. 12.8. Halveruon. F, 12.
Sergt. J)e Groit, F, 12.C. Babbett, G, 12.
H. Atherton, B, 12. N. Johnson, F, 12.
Joe NckM, F, 12. Charles Murray, B, 12.
F. R. Harrison, X, 14.0. Kronke, E, 12.
A. G. Westbury, F, 14. H. Brown, M, 12.
J. J. Rue, L. 14. F. H. Welch, H. 12.
! A. G. Westbury, F, 14. G. O. Johnson, H, 12.
S. A. Diamond, X, 14. H. W. See, F, 12.
H. G. Evenaon, F. 14. VV. Wilkc. A, 12.
L. Llbby, F, 14. John Smith, teamster
R. 8. I>avls, H, 14. Arthur Ward, X, 12.
T. J. Knudson, L, 14. Henry Darvald, K. 12.
E. Rockwell, G, 14. J. Tobner, H. 12.
C. Rooß, H, 14. N. Sandberg, I, 12.
A. GHkinßon, L, 14. C. Koehme, A. 12.
P. Truelwn, I, 12. G. Cuniing, M, 12.
J. P. Anderson, C. 12. M. Jordan, C, 12.
C. W. Martin, L, 12. R. Bohn, C, 12.
C. Stiver, L., 12. J. Hoffman, F, 12.
W. L. Mech, G, 12. A. Zabury, C, 12.
F. McDermott, T, 12. J. Quarberg, C, 12.
0. Anderson, X, 12. M. Bicba, G. 12.
A. W. Bird, D, 12. E. R. Cononr, X, 12.
M. J. Healey. F, 12. N. Hanson, B, 12.
W. Hurley, C, 12. John Flyim, C, 12.
Others may be added to this list to
There were with Dr. Higbee, who
has charge, MaJ. Cole, of Fergus Falls,
Burgeon of the Fourteenth; Dr. Thom
as, of Minneapolis hospital; Steward
Evans, Red Cross nurses, Misses Har
ned, Lehan, Hlgenbotham, Norby,
Landgraeber and Lees, all of Minne
apolis. The men nurses are H. J.
Wells, Paul Higbee and A. Came, all
of Minneapolis. Sergeant Evans was
sent by the Red Cross, of the division
hospital at Chattanooga,
Of the 173 men on the train, 43 came
from the hospital at Chattanooga and
belong to the Twelfth and Fourteenth
regiments. They were too sick to be
moved when the regiment was moved
from there. Forty men came from di
vision hospital at Knoxville, from the
Fourteenth regiment. Four cars are
loaded with sick from Camp Hamilton
at Lexington.
The train was delayed five hours at
Lexington because furloughs had not
been prepared.
One car was a diner, one for supplies,
one for officers, doctors, and nurses.
Each sick man had a berth to himself
and constant attention from doctors
and nurses.
A. F. Torkelson, of the dining car
service, had ten colored men at his
Yesterday 100 of the convalescents
took their meals In the dining ccatr t en-
Joying elaborate meals and good serv
ice. The rest were too sick to walk
to the dining car. The men were much
more cheerful than when they left the
The train left Chattanooga at 10:40
p. m. Thursday; arrived at Cincinnati
at 3 o'clock p. m. Friday; arrived at
Chicago yesterday morning at 5:10.
About a dozen men who were very
low were not brought from the South,
as they could not stand the journey.
C. C. Whitney and wife, of St. Paul,
were on the train nursing their son,
Corporal J. W. Whitney, who Is im
The men of the Twelfth from Chiek
amauga are:
F. Sutherland, M. Bancroft, C. E. Burns,
Co. A. Mankato; W. C. Morse, Co. E, Wt
nona; J. Mecher. Co. D, Fairmont; J. Jon-
Ben, Co. 1, Qordonsvllle; B. C. Knapp, Co.
1, Gleuville; Corporal Williams, Co. D, Fair
mont; W. Helmsky. Co. D, Fairmont: C.
O. Merrill, Co. D, Fairmont; H. H. Mill r,
Co. B, Northflold; McDonaugle, Co. L, St.
Paul; H. Block, Co. D, Gordonsvill?; T. J.
Wengis, Co. F, Harmony; W. E. Richards,
Co. E, Long Prairie; W. Edwards, Co. I,
Albert Lea; Simon, Co. M, Buffalo Center;
Sergeant De Groat, Co. F, St. Paul; J. N.
Cook, Co. F, St. Paul; Frank Clarkson.
Co. M. Humbol&t?* Io. ; A. J. Kluz, Co. C.
Winona; F. Riska. Co. E, Wiaona; H.
Atherton, Co. B. Faribault; Roberta, Co.
M, La. Crosse; F. W. Cramer,
Co. B; A. Ketchum, Co. X, Waseca; A.
Skald, Co. E, Winthrop; Corporal N. K.
Christ.or>herson, Co. O, Austin; Sergeant A.
Land, Co. I, Albert Lea; 0. Styre, Co. I,
Albert Lea; John Karig. Co. I, Albert Lea:
A. Gade, Co. H, Minnesota Lake; C. A.
Eagan, Co. G, Austin; C. A. Alberta, Co.
G. Austin; C. McGuthen, Co. G, Austin; N.
Newman, Co. G, Austin.
A correct roster of the train was not
made out last night, nor the names of
those to be left in St. Paul. St. Luke's
and St. Joseph's hospitals will accom
modate the thirty cases needing hos
pital care.
The Red Cross representatives at
the train were:
A. 8. Tal'.madge. W. Ely Bramhall, Mrs.
J. W. Edgerton. Mrs. E. H. Bailey, Mrs. W.
E. Bramhall, Mrs. John O'Brien, Mrs. Doug
en, Mrs. Ben. Brack, Misa Brack. Mrs. A. P.
Moss, Mrs. J. S. Shurick and others.
The work of the Red Cross nurses is
highly praised by those who came on
the train.
f'npt. and Mr«. Whitney Saw the Hos
pital Condition* ExlMinß.
The only sick Boldler to leave the train
last evening was Corporal J. W. Whitney, of
Company — , whose parents, Mr. and Mrs. C.
C. Whitney, of 28 Irvine place, went to Lex
ington to bring their son home. Mr. and
Mrs. Whitney found their son an a precarious
condition when they reached Lexington, in
fact, so ill that the physicians at first re
fused to allow Corporal Whitney to be moved
to the train. Mrs. Whitney, however, was
determined to bring her son home and. as
&he aays, because there was some one to
ta.ke an interest in him, the physicians finally
cor.sentrd to his removal. When the train
reached the city last evening a carriage was
in waiting and Corporal Whitney was quick
ly transferred to the conveyance, whioh at
once took him to his home. He was resting
comfortably later iv the evening, and Mrs.
Whitney says ehe thinks the homecoming
and the oare which her son will now get
will soon restoro him to his normal health.
Speaking of the condition of the soldiers
at Lexington, Mr. Whitney was inclined to
be leniunt in his criticism, but Mrs. "Whitney
was outspoken in her denunciation of the
treatment accorded the soldiers. The division
hospi'ial, Mr. Whitney said, was well equipped
and Chero were enough physicians, some of
wham, according to Mr. Whitney, were inex
perienced and should not have had the oar*
of Bick personß. The camp itself. Mr. Whit
ney Biid, was well situated upon nigh rolling
ground and the soldiers had. Mr. Whitney
thouftht, improved to some extent after be
ing removed from Chickamaußa. One dis
astrous mistake that was made, however, ac
cording to :Mr. Whitney, was the absence
of women nurses for the sick men. The
practloe in vogue, he says, Is to detail men
from the ranks to cure for the pick. Those
men, Mr. Whitney Haye, know absolutely
nothing about medicine or the care neces
sary for sick persons, and that a3 a conse
quence the patients suffered many privations
and hardships. B«foro Mr. and Mrs. Whit
ney left Lexington, however. Mr. Whitney
says arrangements were made wherofoy 100
female nurses were to go to the camp. With
the care of the women, trained nurses, Air.
Whitney gays he thinks much of the suffer
ing amonc the Bick soldiers could be alleviat
ed. The hospital train, Mr. Whttney »ays,
waa everything that could have been do
aired. He Bays the ral'.road management was
exc?llcnt. while the train waa equipped with
everything necessary lor the care of thttiok.
The Line of Its Extension Is Westward—
Trade Already Built Up With
Asiatic Ports.
It Is Not for States or Statesmen, but for
the Nation to Send the American Flag m
- to Every Foreign Port.
At the reception tendered to Hon. C.
K. Davis by the citizens of St. Paul at
the Commercial club, President J. J.
Hill, of the Great Northern railroad, re
sponded to the sentiment "Com<m«ree."
Mr. Hill said:
It Is very gratifying: to me tonight
to be here wltn you and to Join In ex
tending to our distinguished fellow
citizen, Senator Davis, our hearty con
gratulations, as evidence of good will
for all his acts as the representative
in the national councils of the state of
Senator Davis, while representing
the state of Minnesota, has not forgot
ten that the position of United States
senator calls upon him at all times to
represent his whole country, and every
one of you know ho<w well he has rep
resented his whole country in all the
duties that have fallen to his hand to
A great many of our public repre
sentatives feel that their duties are
limited to the district they represent,
or to the state. Happily for the na
tion, Senator Davis rises above locali
ties. The position he has made for
himself and for the country reflects
credit not only on Minnesota, but over
the entire nation.
You have asked me tonight to speak
on the subject of Aeiatic commerce. I
will not detain you long.
Commerce covers the world. Asiatic
commerce is * part of it, and when we
look back to the commencement of the
history of our country, we find that
the original thirteen states were more
remote from each other; took more time
to communicate with each other; the
commerce of the original thirteen states
was farther separated than is today
the commerce of the whole world, and
what was laid down as wise statesman
ship to govern us under those condi
tions, today, I may say, does not ap
ply. We can no longer be boun 1 by
the limits of the American continent.
If we do, we might as well build a sea
wall around the shores of the nation.
The people of this country are a com
mercial people and they will trade with
other people. The foundation of the
wealth of the country is in the soil.
The products of our farms, our mines
and our factories constitute the main
wealth of the nation. We can today
furnish, and we do furnish, more of
the staff of life than any other nation
in the world. I think the United States,
during the present year, will furnish
one-fifth of the entire bread of the
-world. We have a fertile soil; we have
the climate; we have the men; we have
the intelligence; we have implements,
mechanical appliances either on the
farm or In the factory, or In the mill,
which make the labor of a man equal
to that of from four to five men In
other nations.
The cost of production in the United
States is rapidly approaching a point,
and I may say has approached a point. ;
when we can supply the nations of the j
world with the articles which consti
tute the main commodities of com
merce. Our nation today is sending pig
iron to twenty-seven European cities.
We are shipping steel to Belfast and
to the Clyde, with which to build Brit
ish ships. We have on land the cheap
est transportation In the world. Trans
portation on land in the United Statea
is a little less than 40 per cent of the
average cost of transportation on the
continent of Europe, but just as soon
as we take our commodities to the salt
water the other nations make us drop
our bundles and they carry them at
our expense and make us pay them
fcr doing our work.
The commerce of the Atlantic Is car
ried, you may say. by steam femes,
leaving- almost every hour of the day
from one side or the other of the At
lantic ocean. The people of the United
States cannot, under existing circum
stances, extend their commerce in that
direction without the greatest effort
and long continued effort and patience.
On the other hand, lying to the west
of us. is one-third of the population
of the globe. That one-third is not an
Ignorant, barbarous people, but a le.-irn
ed people; a people who have had na
tional vitality sufficient to keep them
as an organized nation since long be
fore the Christian era, even prior to
the time when Abraham was a shep
herd, and it will not do for u« to say
that they are not an able or a wise
people. If the Chinaman had a govern
ment that would protect him in the
enjoyment of the fruit of his own enter
prise and intelligence, his development
would be as rapid as that of the Ja
panese, who are certainly an able peo
ple. They have shown it. In the last
twenty-five years, their development
has been greater than any other race
In the history of the world during the
same length of time. Our people. whil«
we have natural resources without
limit, are deprived of the benefit of
their natural advantages, because we
have no place where we can sell our
surplus. Practically we have but one
customer. Great Britain buys front
two-thlids to three-fourths of e\
thing wo sell, and if we lost that cus
tomer, we would be very poor Indeed,
\\\ ought to extend our commerce. We
can produce the v*rious articles that
go to make up the commerce of the
world in greater quantities and for as
little money, and If we have a good
market, we will produce them for less
meney than any other compiling n*-
tJon. As far as the man who culti
vates the land, or the man who trans
ports it, w« do not fear any competi
tor, but we have no market except to
carry our eurplue to Europe. That
market alone fixes our prices; we don't.
The small surplus of one-fifth of all the
grain we raise makee the value for the
Now we must, as a nation, find new
People to trade with; we must, as a
nation, find people who will buy our
products; people who have heretofore
notbougrht our products; we must have
I will briefly suggest how we may If
Unt F W ° UM eric °^age the up
building of a merchant marine to r ar ry
our products to the markets where'thev
will bring the most money. I might
say that a ship of five thousand tons
capacity, leaving the Pacific coast ev
ery day in the year, would carry 1 500 -
000 tons annually across the Pacific
ocean to Asia. What would It cost'
A bonus of %2 per ton would Insure
the building: of ships as fast as the
Bhip-yards could turn them out Two
dollars per ton would amount to $3 000 -
000 per year. Now tell me whether
money spent in that way would benefit
Minnesota and the entire nation as
much as to spend a million dollars for
building a dam between Minnehuha
Falls and the university so that the
boys may have a place for a boat race
or In idle efforts to lath and plaster
the bottom of rivers called navigabi?
on which there has not be-n a steam
boat floated in ten years? Then, again
let us look back and see how it would
affect the government in case of war.
In case the government called for
transports, would they have to go and
buy every old worn-out boat on the
high seas and pay a price which would
build additional and better ships In
their place to carry our product at their
prices and make us pay for it? How 13
that to be brought about? Our dis
tinguished senator, in an addre-ss that
1 saw published in a newspaper on my
way back from the Pacific ocean a day
or two ago, alluded to this point.
The government can establish, and
does establish, our commercial relations
with other people. The state, and the
state's statesmen, cannot do it. Th°y
frequently try to make us believe that
they can, but I am sure they are quite
powerless. The nation must do it, and
it must be done through the efforts of
the representatives of the people of
the nation and of the nation. If v.-c
were to have what he should have, a
merchant marine that is worthy the
name and worthy of our country. w«?
must set about it in a way that will
bring success; that will insure success.
It will cost little. The amount that I
mentioned, $3,000,000 a year, for ten
years, would not amount to any more
than that river and harbor bill which
has paid so many political debts and
done so little good. Three million? of
dollars is a small sum for this nation
to pay for the benefit that would come
to the people.
Now, why do I say to take the prod
ucts of the Pacific states and carry
them to Asia. I say that, if the sur
plus wheat from the Pacific coast was
carried to Asia, in place of being car
ried to Europe, and there compete with
the agricultural products of the states
ea"st of the Rocky mountains, you
would advance the price of wheat from
10 to 20 cents per bushel. It would
reduce the exports to Europe from the
United States from 100,000,000 bushels
to 60,000,000 or 70,000,000 a year, and
that 60.000,000 or 70,000.000 from the At
lantic states is held until the foreigner
sends his order here to buy it. N
with that from the Pacific coast. It is
gathered together and loaded on ships
and sent on a four month's v
to Europe to find a market, and. when
it arrives, it is sold at auction for what
it will bring. The ship cannot wait
to find a customer. A man goes Into
any exchange in Europe and what does
he see? The first thing. "Oregon and
California to arrive, 20.000.000," and he
is not in a hurry to send over here to
buy in advance. The Pacific coast
exports effect the price over the en
tire country, more than twice the num
ber of bushels would lying in Duluth.
Minneapolis,. Buffalo, New York of Chi
cago. It ia forced to go there. They
know it as well as we do. and the;,- buy
it at their own price. If we can take
it to Asia and find new people to eat
it. we will have have taken one step in
the right direction. Go back and read
the history of the world. The nation
that has controlled the trade of the
Orient has held the pur?e strings of
the world.
Sometimes we may ftel that our na
tion's destiny is directed by a superior
power and intelligence more and' above
that of the human mind. If the pres
ent war has done nothing less than
manifest the patriotism; than bring to
gether the people of the nation, t. id to
bring the nation to a point wht v it
has been compelled to cast off its fet
ters, it may be placed wisely at the
time, but they apply no longer. What
would fit 3,000,000 of people, 3,000,000 of
emancipated colonists, will not fit 75,
--000,000 of people, who are the equal of
any other 75,000,000 of people of the
world.nnd whether you are Republicans
or Democrats, every one of you feels
an interest In the success of our coun
try. Lot it be understood everywhere
among you, that you will not support
Couiluued ou Second Pk&'C.

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