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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, October 11, 1898, Image 1

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Vol. xxi.— no. 284.
The Committee Appointed by the
Mass Meeting; of Red Klver
Farmers Hakea lis Report and
Submits Some ot the Allitlnvits on
Which It Was Bused Mr. Clau
sen Is Not Overlooked.
There was grown in the Red river
Valley during- the present season a crop
of wheat of about the average amount
In yield and of as goevd a quality as
was over grown in that region. Weath
er conditions for harvest and thresh
ing: were belter than the average. The
producers wore fooling hopeful, and the
first shipments of their wheat was
graded Xo. 1 northern, which, while
□ all cases as high as- was thought
the quality of the wheat merited, was
accepted without protest. Within a
Short time the grading at the terminal
points was lowered, and more than
one-half of the shipments were return
ed us Xo. 2 northern, with an average
of three pounds per bushel dockage.
The farmers became very indignant
and freely charged that they were be
ing robbed. They demanded a remedy,
and in the true American way those in
the vicinity of Moorhead and Farpo
called for a public meeting to discuss
the subject and recommend action look
ing to a remedy. Thia meeting was
promoted by George N. Lamphere, of
Moorhead, and freely advertised in his
newspaper, the News, and was held at
Mocrhead on Sept. 24 last. It was at
d by about 200 real farmers be
longing to all parties, and was strictly
nonpartisan. Many important facts
were brought out and unimpeachable
testimony showing the wrongs and loss
E^stained by wheat producers. This
meeting appointed a strong committee
of seven members, who were instructed
to pursue the inquiry, collect testi
. . embody it in a report and sub
mit it to an adjourned meeting to be
called by the chairman, C. B. Benedict.
The adjourned meeting was held at
■Moorhead Oct. 8, when the following;
report was submitted and adopted and
oidered published. It speaks for itself;
Your committee respectfully report: At ths
time our recent harvest commence^, our
larimra >vtre encouraged with the prospect
of a fair yield of wheat of exceptionally fina
quality. We had good weather for harvest
end fairly so for threshing. We commrnceii
shipping our wheat, and or a time It graded
No. 1 northern with an occasional car of No.
1 hard. While this was disappointing, as we
knew our wheat was No. 1 hard, we did not
seriously complain. The wheat tested 60
pounds per bushel, and with the tx.eotion
I—John1 — John Lind Opens His Campaign.
Wheat Inspection Criticised.
Gen. Bacon's Ultimatum.
2— Text of Mr. Lind's Address.
Ten Indictments Returned.
3— lndians Still Uneasy.
Marshal Sheehan at Home.
War Board Finding the Facts.
4— Editorial.
Associated Charities' Annual.
6— Sporting News.
Depew Speaks at Chicago.
St. Paul May Get Conclave.
•—Markets of the World.
Bar Silver. 60 9-16 c.
Cash Wheat, 63% c.
7— Minneapolis Matters.
News of the Northwest.
News of the Railroads.
jt-Mr. McCardy Appeals to Charter.
Pardon Board Meeting.
.Republicans Fear Wagener.
ANTWERP— Arrived: Nordland. New York.
BREMEN— Arrived: Bremen, New York.
(GIBRALTAR— Arrived: Kaiser Wilhelia 11.,
iVew York.
(METROPOLITAN— "KeIIar, the Magician,"
G:C AND— Vaudeville, 8:15.
Palm Garden— Vaudeville, 2 and 7 PM.
Fire board meets, city hall, evening.
Loyal Legion meets. Ryan hotel, 7:30.
Lecture, "Picturesque Mexico," by P. V.
Collins, Central Presbyterian church, 8 PM.
of one or two years was as good duality of
wheat as was ever raised in this vnlloy. It
was the" universal express on of farmers «f
the commencement ot harvest that while In
some localities the stand was light, the «ual
ity was ail pood.
Had there been a frost within one or two
hundred miles of us, past experhiu-e wou'd
have warned .us that inspection would show
that our wheat was frosted. But there ww
no frost. Suddenly and without warning the
grade dropped to No. 2 northern and re
jected, and for a time nearly all our wheat
shipped graded No. 2 northern and below,
and we were informed that there was a
cockle Jn our wheat. We had never he.'ora
heard that cockle affected the grade. It was
impossible to grade the wheat down for a»v
reason heretofore known, and so this aiies
tion of cockle affecting the grade was fnr
the first time raised as the only possible ex
The local elevators had taken in some
wheat Rnd found when it reached the termi
nai point that it was not as they supposed a
high grude of wheat, but a low grade, and
they were instructed to lower the grade and.
increase the dockage. The farmers were in
dignant, and in pursuance of a very gen
erally expressed desire on the part of farmers,
a public meet'ng was called at this Dlace
the 24th of last month, and the matter dis
If there is anything people engaged in
shady business fear it is publicity. A meet
ing of the warehouse and railroad commis
sion, followed to hear grievances at St. Paul.
C. A. Pillsbury had a grievance, namely,
that wheat was not worth one dollar Der
bushel. George Spencer snid he would de
plore any change h; the inspection of wheat,
etc., etc. Immediately after this the grade
of wheat improved both at Minneapolis and
Duluth, and the local elevator agents wore
instructed to give better grades of wheat
and take less dockage, but at the same time
the difference between No. 1 northern and
No. 1 bard was widened. These gentlemen
are playing with loaded dice, and the Min
nesota inspection law is the material w-th
which the dice are loaded.
There wag a time in the dim past when
people were taught and believed that the
king could do no wrong. It would seem
from the apparent simplicity of those who re
ceive our wheat at Minneapolis and Duluth
that they had the same kind of simple confi
dence In the Minnesota inspector of wheat.
Complaint is made to the consignee. In re
ply he shows you how hard he is trying to
have the grade increased; had ordered re
inspection and first inspection sustained. Of
course this settles it, and the consignee
meekly submits. The king rules, and the
king can do no wrong. This Is the way it
appears on paper.
If we concede that all men are not strictly
honest, a suspicion may arise unbidingly that
the Inspector graded the wheat precisely as
the consignee told him to grade it. Of course
the wheat is the same wheat after it ii
graded, and has the same actual value for
milling purposes, but the farmer gets less
for it. The chief inspector claims credit for
improving the reputation of our wheat and
improving our system of farming; that he Is
In fact a public benefactor. Year after year
our wheat is graded lower with more dock
age. Thi3 does not improve the reputation of
our wheat, nor does it indicate better farming
under Mr. Clausen's tutelage. Before the
state inspection law was passed the same kind
of wheat we have raised this year would
have graded No. 1 hard, and it will this year
after it leaves Duluth. It is the Guality of
the wheat, and the value of it for milling
purposes that will establish the price and rep
utation rather than what some young man in
Duluth may grade it.
Grain men in Buffalo tell us that they get
very little of our wheat that is not mlxe/l
with soft wheat. The truth is, wheat eradei
No. 2 northern and below at Duluth is No.
1 hard in Buffalo. The great wrong comes In
under our system of grading. There will be
no relief of a permanent character until the
inspection law is repealed. Under this law
the farmers of the Northwest have been
robbed of millions of dollars annually.
As an example, see the affidavits hereto at
tached in the case of A. G. Kassenborg. We
select this not because the wrong done is
greater or even as gTeat as in innumerabla
other cases reported to us, but on account of
the fact that Mr. Kassenbors is more gener
ally known. Mr. Kassenborg shipped in three
cars, 2,000 bushels, Scotch Fife No. 1 hard
wheat, about an equal amount in each car.
Two of the "cars graded No. 2 northern and
one car No. 1 northern. One car docked
forty-fivo bushels, one car thirty-nine bushels,
end the other car sixteen bushels. Note the
accuracy of docking wheat.
A sample of this wheat was gent to Mo-
Kindly & Nichols and Van Dusen Harring
ton Co., and the chief deputy inspector
graded it No. 1 hard and one pound dockage.
A representative of the Van Dusen Harring
ton company has been spending some time
with us the past week trying to convince
us that the inspection of wheat at Duluth is
honestly, fairly and intelligently done.
Let us lock a little further into
the Kassenborg case: The wheat
would net Mr. Kassenborg 50 cents
per bushel ; 1,900 bushels at 50 cents per bushel
amouns to $950; 100 bushels dockage at 50
cents amounts to $50. There was taken fiom
his wheat over 5 cents per bushel by wrong
grade which amounts to $100, add $47.50 dock
age makes $147.50. This is over 15 pcr -cent
on the $950 taken from him under the Min
nesota inspection law without consideration.
This is not an extreme case, but suppose
but 10 per cent of the value of our wheat
is taken under this law, and the states of
Minnesota and North Dakota market fifty
millions of dollars worth of wheat this year;
10 Der cent on $50,000,000 is $5,000,000.
It is the experience of farmers who have
cleaned part of their wheat and shipped a
part without cleaning that the dockage re
mains the same, often greater on the cleaned
than the uncleaned. Why? Because the
dockage furnishes a very important part of
the profits to the buyer. In this connection
we ask who gave the state inspector the
power to say how many pounds make one
bushel? The inspectiou law gives him no
such authority. The farmer does not know
when he ships his wheat how many pounds
of it will make one bushel, but leaves it with
the Inspector to say. It may be 62, 65 70
or any other number of pounds. The law
gives the inspector autocratic power as to
price and he assumes the same autocratio
power as to the number of pounds it takes to
make one bushel. The Pioneer Press report
of the recent meeting of the railroad and
warehouse commissioners, gays that C. A.
Pillsbury uses 30,000,000 bushels of wheat in
his mills annually.
An English syndicate gome years ago pur
chased the Minneapolis millß and the Mm
BMpolbi and Northern elevators along the
Great Northern railway, two or t\ra.' hundred
in number. Pillsbury was a party In inter
est in the syndicate and has since had prin
cipal charge of its affairs. The elevators
and mills are in fact owned by the same
syndicate. The elevator company purchases
the wheat at the country elevators. It is
shipped to Minneapolis and purchased by
the mills on the grade and dockage fixed by
the state graiu inspector. The elevator
branch of the syndicate at Minneapoli3 re
ports to the country elevators that they are
grading the wheat too high and are not get
ting enough dockage. The country agents
lower the grade and increase the dockage.
They then buy the same grade of wheat at
No. 2 northern they had pievicusly bought
at No. 1 northern, and increase the dockage.
When this wheat reaches Minneapolis and is
taken in by the mills at No. 2 northern, and
there Is a difference in nrice betwe-n No. 1
northern and No. 2 northern of 5 cents per
bushel, amounting to 10 per cent of its va!u3,
do not the mills get the benefit of this
difference in grade? It not, who does? The
farmer loses it; who gets it?
In our judgment the Minnesota state grad
ing law is vicious in all its asoccts, and
we will get no permanent relief until it 13
r« • iled and we are left to manage our own
affairs in our own way. We ask its repeal
for the following, among other reasons:
First. It gives to one man autocratic
power to say how much we shall receive for
our property.
Second. It degrades and humiliates us by
placing us in the position of wards of an
unscrupulous ring.
Third. It makes millionaires at the termin
al points at the expense of the producers.
Fourth. It depreciates the value of our
real estate.
Fifth. It crushes the poor man who is
laboring to make a home for himself and
Sixth. It legalizes robbery.
For these and other reasons we ask the
repeal of the Minnesota state inspection law,
and that we be allowed to live in peace in
this garden spot of America, "under our own
vine and fig tree, with none to molest or
make us afraid."
— Q. E. Andrews,
—A. G. Kassenborg,
— James Holes,
— S. A. Holmes.
— C. A. Nye.
—Robert Moir,
Following are the affidavits:
State of Minnesota, County of Clay — sb. A.
G. Kassenborg, of the town of Oakport, in
said county, being duly sworn, pays that he
has been a resident of the state of Minnesota
forty-four years last post and a resident of
said town of Oakport for twenty-two years
last past. That deponent has been engaged
In the business of farming ever since he hag
been a resident of the state, principally In
raising wheat. That the wheat mentioned in
the annexed affidavit of Ole Olness was ship
ped by deponent to the Van Dusen-Harrlngton
company, of Duluth, Minnesota, and the re
turns made therefor, as set forth in Olness'
affidavit, hereto attached. That after receiv
ing the returns for said wheat deponent sent
samples of said wheat through Frederick
Goodsell, of Moorhead, to the Van Dusen-
Harrlngton company aiid McKlndly & Nlch
olls, both of Duluth. That said Goodsell re
ceived report from ea<;h of said firms, copies
of which are set forth in the annexed affida
vit of Frederick Goodsell. That the samples
so sent were from the same wheat shipped as
aforesaid and In every way like the wheat
shipped as aforesaid. That the wheat shipped
as aforesaid was very fine Scotch Fife wheat,
testing 60V2 lba to the bushel, and should
have been graded No. 1 hard.
—A. G. Kassenborg.
Sworn before me this Ist day of October,
1898. — C. A. Nye,
Notary Public, Clay County, Minn.
(Notarial Seal.)
State of Minnesota. County of Clay— ss. Ole
Olness of the town of Kragnes. in said coun
ty, being duly sworn, says that he is the'
agent In charge of the M. & D. elevator at
Kragness station, in said county, and has
been such agent for the past year. That In
the month of August last there was delivered
to said elevator by O. G. Bergland about
2,300 bushels of wheat which was placed .in a
special bin and was net mixed with any other
wheat; that there was shipped to Van Dusen-
Harrington Company, of Duluth, 2,022 bushels
and ten pounds of said wheat in Cars Nost
9470, 7578 and 6788 for account of A. G. Kas
senborg. That said Car No. 9470 was inspected
at Duluth Sept. Bth. 1898, and contained 674.40
bushels and was graded No. 2 northern, wi'h
forty -five bushels dockage. That said Car
7578 was inspected in Duluth Sept. 14th, 1898
and contained 673.10-60 bushels, graded No. 2
northern, with 16.50-60 bushels dockage and
said Car No. 6788 contained 674.20-60 bushe'a,
was graded No. 1 northern, with. 39.20-60 bush
els dockage, as appears by the state inspec
tor's certificates. _oi e Olness.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
26th day of September, 1836. —c. A. Nye,
Notary Ptfblic, Clay County, Minn.
(Notarial Seal.)
State of Minnesota, County of Clay— sb
Frederick Goodsell, of the city of Moor
head, In said county, being duly sworn, says
that he has b?en engaged in the business
of buying, selling and shipping wheat In
said city for twelve years last past. That
on or about the 17th inst. A. O. Kassen
borg, of the town of Oakport, in said county
gave to me a sample of his wheat with re
quest that T test the weight per bushel and
send samples to Duluth for Inspection aa to
grade and dockage. I tested the weight and
found It weighed &)% pounds to the bushel
and was of eood co:or and a fine sample
of No. 1 hard Scotch Fife wheat. I sent
samples of the wheat to Van Dusen-Harring
ton & Co. and McKindley & Nichols, of Du
luth. for inspection and in reply received
letters, of which the following are copies, to
The Van Dusen-Harrington Company, Grain
Commission. Minneapolis Office, 42-51
Chamber of Commerce.
Duluth,- Minn., Sept. 19, 1898.-F. Goodsell
& Co., Moorhead, Minn.— Gentlemen: We
are in receipt of yours of the 17th, also
Continued on Third l>age.
If the Men Wanted by the Civil
Aiit!i<:ritieM Are Given. Up Thuae
Who Took Part in the Battle
Will Not Be Attacked Answer
Expected Today The Indians
Ont Gunning: for "Bug."
Staff Special to The St. Paul Globe.
WALKER, Minn., Oct. 10. — Bug-O-
Mah-Ge-JShik, the leader of the Bear
island hostiles, is likely to meet death
at the hands of the Indians. The rela
tives of Al Russeli, the Indian police
man who was killed in the Bear island
fight, claim the chief of the hostile band
is responsible for his death. A party
of five relatives of Russell, including his
'brcther-in-law, left this evening to get
"Bug." Should their efforts prove suc
cessful, there will t>e no prosecution
by the authorities for the killing.
Indian Commissioner W. A. Jones
arrived tonight. He says he knows
nothing about the situation, but will
investigate It. He reports Secretary
Bliss a.nd the other officials very anx
ious about the situation. He held a
conference with Gen. Bacon and Mr.
Tinker tonight and goes to the reserva
tion tomorrow. — A. F. Morton.
Sent to the Hostile Indians After
Council at the Agjency.
Staff Special to The St. Paul Globe.
WALKER, Minn., Oct. 10.— Wahbung,
In Chippewa, means tomorrow, and
that is what Marshal O'Connor and
Gen. Bacon have been handed each day
for the past week. Considerable prog
ress was made today, however, at the
council held at the reservation, in that
a definite proposition was made as to
what the government would do regard-
Ing the hostiles.
Gen. Bacon drew up a paper at the
close of the council. It was signed by
Indian Inspector A. M. Tinker, and
messengers were dispatched with it to
the hostile camp. Tie document is as
Tell the Indians that the government makes
laws for all Indians as well as whites, end
punishes all alike who disobey the laws.
Bear Islanders must come in and surrender
the Indians whose names are written' on the
list. The others can return to their homes
and be good. If they do not come in and
surrender without delay they will be killed
or captured by 6oldiers in both winter and
summer, and not permitted to return to Beur
'sland. The government has many soldiers
here and around the lake and will hflve many
more if needed. —Arthur M. Tinker,
United States Indian Inspector.
Flatmouth, head chief of the Leech
lake Indians, wanted a statement as
to what the government desired re
garding existing difficulties. Pointing
to Tinker, Gen. Bacon said: "You are
the one to answer." Mr. Tinker said
the Indians were responsible for the
trouble, and that the government want
ed peace, not war. Gen. Bacon in
formed the chief that the men wanted
by the marshal must come in. If the
hostiles came in and surrendered the
men, he said, no further harm would
come to them. Red Blanket professed
friendship and told about the runners
being sent to the hostiies. Flatmouth
promised to notify the marshal and
Gen. Bacon when the runners return
At the suggestion^ of Gen. Bacon, the
only room available for the council be
ing a small one, a single correspondent
attended the council today. The In
dians could not understand this, and
Red Blanket informed the general that
all the newspaper men were wanted to
come to the council, when Indian Com
missioner Jones arrived, as the Indians
wanted all the white people to know
what was said.
The names of fifteen of the men
wanted by the marshal were placed at
the bottom of the order Issued and
signed by Mr. Tinker, and messengers
were sent Immediately to the hostile
Father Aloysius sent three messen
gers to the hostile camp this morning.
Owing to the high wind, they are not
expected back until tomorrow. If the
messengers are not received at the hos
tile camp, the priest will go with an
Indian companion. He will advise the
hcstlles to lay down their arms and
have the men wanted by the marshal
surrender. Information received by the
priest is that the hostiles number 300
and are in a strong position to resist
attack. If his messengers are not re
ceived, the priest fears serious trouble.
The greater part of the Indians' trou
ble the piiest lays to timber cutting
and particularly under the "dead and
down" ruling. If Indian Commissioner
Joiies came and a council was held,
that official, the priest said, would hear
things from the Indians he never
dreamed of. Father Aloysius is of the
opinion that the Indians have a griev
ance which should be investigated and
remedied. Five or six men, he added,
are making money from timber cut
ting, and the Indians are getting the
small end of the bargain.
Aslced as to tih4 situation, Marshal
O'Connor said: "From what I have
seer, of the numerous councils, I do
not think they amount to much. Th,e
one today was attended by a different
class of Indians from the previous ones.
Flatmouth and several prominent
braves were there, and they possibly
have influence with the hostiles."
The answer to the paper drawn up
today may reach here tomorrow or the
day after. —
Gen. Bacon said: "If the men the
Husband and Father Killed, but
Wife and Three Children
It was reported in St. Paul last night
that Indians had attacked the resi
dence of a man named 'McGregor at a
way station of the same name on the
Northern Pacific, in Aitkln county,
murdering the husband, although the
wife and children escaped to the pro
tection of neighbors.
A posse is now in search of the reds
and an armed guard is reported to be
guarding every avenue of approach to
the residences.
McGregor is a hamlet with a popu
lation of 300.
marshal wants come in and surrender,
all right. If not, there will be a cam
paign to the end. All dealings with
Indians are slow, and the council to
day cannot be taken as decisive. It ap
pears like the first sure step towards
the settlement of the trouble that has
'been taken." — A. F. Morton.
The Men From Duluth Are Guard-
ing: the Town From Attack.
FARRIS, Minn., Oct. 10. — (Special.)—
The Fourteenth Minnesota volunteers
arrived here at 9:47 p. m. on the Foss
ton line of the Great Northern, oocupy
pying three coaches, which were side
tracked to accomodate the soldiers for
the night, as it began to rain on the ar
rival of the train bringing the troops.
From the present indications it will
continue to rain all night. People Who
have been guarding the village every
night and day since the Indian out
break have retired to get much needed
rest, feeling secure in the presence of
the troops.
The trail traversed by the Indians
for years between Red lake and Leech
lake passes one mile north of this vil
lage, and the canoe route is but one
and a quarter miles awtay. The near
est point to Leech lake is but twelve
miles from this y'Nl&ge, making it the
most accessable point on the Fosston
line for an attack.
The band of 150 Indians seen camped
two miles north of town last evening
was located by scouting parties, who
report the Indians as dividing into two
bands, indicating a move of considera
ble importance, probably for the pur
pose of attracting- the least at
tention on their way to join
the Pillagers, who have had their
Most influential* m«n are working
among the Indians north and west of
Lake Winne'begroshish.
The troops who arc now located along
the line through the Indian country
will no doubt be sufficient to protect
the people and permit business to re
sume. The mail route to this village
via Leech lake through the reserva
tion has been cut off since the out
break, mails not yet being established
on the new Fosston line.
— J. A. Jackson.
Gen. Bacon Can Hare All tlie Trocpi
He Want* at Walker.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 10.— Officials of
both the war department and the in
terior department are inclined to the
belief that the seriousness of the In
dian uprising in Minnesota has been
exaggerated. They are not disposed,
however, to take anything for granted.
Adjt. Gen. Corbin telegraphed Gen.
Bacon tonight that he could have all
the troops he might deem necessary to
quell the demonstiation of the hos
tiles. The Fourth infantry, now at
Fort Sheridan, Illinois, and the Sev
enteenth infantry, now at Columbus
barracks, have beon placed at Gen.
Bacon's disposal. Both regiments are
prepared to move to the scene of the
uprising at a few hours' notice.
Indian Commissioner Jones has gone
in person to Minnesota to Investigate
the subject of the uprising. He was
expected to arrive there today, and tits
Indian bureau is looking for informa
tion from him tomorrow.
lloMiile* In War Paint Terrorizing
the People In That Section.
AITKIN, Minn., Oct. 10.— (Special.)—
People here are alarmed over the In
dian situation. Freight Engineer Har
ris, coming from McGregor this even-
Ing, reports that a dozen Indians were
encamped four miles east of Kimberly,
and that they had threatened the life
of some settlers in that neighborhood.
A man and woman with five children
arrived at McGregor at 9 o'clock almost
exhausted amd confirmed the story.
Supt. Blanchard, of the Lake Su
perior division, arriving- on the 11
o'clock train, considers the situation
serious and says the Indians, some
thirty or forty in number, are in., war
paint and terrorizing tne people.
The Indians Pledge Their Aid to
Restore Peace and Order.
WHITE EARTH, Mirni., Oct. 10.— A
grand council, composed of thirty
chiefs and head men, including the
leading mixed bloods of the White
Earth reservation, representing- some
three thousand people, v/as held her«
today. Resolutions were adopted de
ploring the sad state of affairs exist
ing at Leech lake, and denouncing the
authors of the mischief.
A resolution was signed by all pres
ent declaring a renewal of steadfast
loyalty and allegiance to the govern
ment, the enforcement of its laws and
the maintenance of peace at any cost,
and pledging, if necessary, aid to the
authorities in their efforts to restore
peace amd order.
A messenger has just arrived here
who left Cass lake yesterday. He states
from positive knowledge that there
need be no apprehension of trouble
from the Cass lake band, as the In
dians there have declared their disap
proval of the lawless course of the Bear
inland Indians and have positively re
fused to recognize any message that
would jeopardize peaceful relations
with the government or iU officials.
llliliLl U I iBL \LU ILn IlLi
He Referred to State Issues, and That, Too, in No
Ambiguous Language.
No Wonder the Republican Nominee Wants Minne
sota Voters to "Remember the Maine."
They Do Not Reflect Any Credit on the Party of
Which Mr. Eustis Is the Nominee— Telltale Rec
ords of the Land Department at Washington
That Make Trouble for the Q. O. P.— The Truth
Told About That Bill Which Traveling Men
Were Urging, and the Woodchuck in It Exposed.
Exposition "hall in "Minneapolis held
7,000 men and a large number of women
last night. They were there to testify
their regard for and their appreciation
of the personal services of John Lind,
the Democratic and People's party can
didate for governor, and to attest their
devotion to the principles he advocates.
Only a bare patch of empty seats was
to be found, and that where the stago
could not be seen.
The cheers that greeted Mr. Lind
were a testimonial of higrh personal
regard; but they were neither more
sonorous nor than the senti
ments echoed from that platform, that
fcund responsive chords in a legion of
human hearts that heard them, and
that will be received with equal cor
diality in the hearts of thc»e that read
That principle, not party, should be
the guide of the American voter was
applauded to the echo. That that au
dience was not enslaved by the meshes
of any party organization was indubi-
tably testified.
But the greatest enthusiasm was
aroused when Mr. Lind himself, in a
sedate, and in no sense grandiloquent,
speech, riddled with the solid shot of
fact and logic and the raking canister
of history the false premises set up by
"William Henry Eustis as a "platform"
on which the Minnesota voters should
pile their suffrages.
Mr. Lind had a patient audience, and
he was gently dealt with while he
taug-ht, by graduation, his throat the
size of the hall.
But, when he referred to "William
Henry's plea that he should be elected.
"for the moral effect it would have in
the capitals of Europe," a rippling flood
of laughter rolled in rollicking cascades
from every gallery. Mr. Land's satire
had been heard, and when he followed
this with —
"Why not vote to produce a moral
effect in our own capitals?"
The very roof rang with enthusiastic
applause. So, too, when, after citing
the Steenerson decision, Mr. Lind paid
a tribute to the union Judges, Buck,
Canty and Mitchell, and pointed out
the singular coincidence that all the
Republicans who had been prominent
in that fight for the people had been
unsuccessful candidates for party nom
inations this fall, the audience demon
stiated its judgment of such treatment
with unmistakable disapproval.
Mr. Lind's reference to Mr. Eustis'
reticence on state issues was also re
ceived with significant expression, and
every one laughed when Mr. Lind said
he couldn't blame Mr. Eustis much, in
view of the party record, for not want
ing to touch upon those issues.
The 1891 legislature, against which
the Republicans have said so m,uch,
was referred to, and Mr. Lind's hint
that the Republican governor then in
office might have circumvented any
tendencies to extravagance on the part
of the lawmakers was popular. In de
fense of that legislature, however, it
might be added that it had given to
the state the legislation which put the
twine plant at the Stillwater prison on
a solid footing and broke the back of
the cordage trust. This had saved the
farmers of the state millions of dol
lars, but recently the cordage trust had
found a way to beat it, and the entire
output of the prison plant had been
disposed of before the season for using
the same, and at figures far below those
which subsequently prevailed. It was
this legislature, too, which had given
the state the legislation which made
possible the Steenerson rate case de
cision, one of the greatest "blessing's
that had fallen on the people of the
state in years, a decision that would
be historic in it^ stand for the rights
of the people as against the aggres
sions of corporations.
Mr. Lind hurried through some por
tions of his speech on account of the
effort of some who lived at a distance
to catch their last cars. He referred
to the burden of taxation, which, he
Bald, was especially burdensome if the
taxes were unjustly levied or If the
taxpayers had reason to believe that
they were mot devoted rightly to the
public purposes. "I fancy," he remark
ed, "that taxes must have been es
pecially hard to pay in Minneapolis
these last few years."
Mr. Lind assured his audience that
if elected he and his co-wcrkers on the
ticket, whose election was as Important
as his own, would undertake to
see that the laws were properly admin
istered, and if laws were found that
bore unequally upon the citizens,
steps would be taken to so modify them
or repeal them that the injustice would
be eradicated. The state had squan
dered enough of the swamp lands to
macadamize every road in the state.
There was still, however, swamp land
enough left to improve the roads, ami
the effort of the administration would
be to so conserve these lands that the
good roads movement could bo pro
Mr. Lfnd closed with a plea for the
legitimate organization of labor, s-a*
lng- that as capital had the undoubted
rig-ht to find its most effective imple
ment in the corporation, so the rights
of labor should be conserved by the
making of the legal machinery whlcfc
would give an honest organization of
labor the same standing- in courts that
was accorded to a union of capital
As Mr. Lind closed, W. K. Ooodinc
chairman of the county committee
asked him to explain in reg-ard to hia
attitude on a bill which traveling men
were urging- before congress aT
years ago.
The story in circulation in rej
to that matter," said Mr. Lfnd "i* g&
absurd that I hardly thought ft ne-ces
sary to refer to it. The traveling- men.
wanted an Interchangeable mileage
book. They were assured that they
could get it from the Western Pa
ger association, except that the inter
state commerce law forbade its
ance. The interstate commerce
does not forbid it. Those books a-«
issued now in the East, and the "
could have them, too, as far as the law
Is concerned. But the Standard Oil
company wanted to continue the
tern by which its employes had I
carried free over the railroads and
other oil refiners had to ray their :
The interstate commerce law broke np
the practice. This bill propo?ed t
it, and the law, If you will look it up,
speaks for itself, so that the rallr
could chargre Jones' traveling men one
cent a mile and Smith's three.
Ed the nigger in the wood rile. (La
ter and applause.) I like the tray
men. They may vote for me or for
friend Eustis, who 1$ a clever fellow
and an entertaining host, but if
vote against me I wish they would s'va
the right reason. And if the 1
cans want to make capital mv of my
position on that bill they might
say that on the same day that I pot
to sleep that bill I put to >:
am act to legalize pooling:. (Appla;.
James Gray, Democratic ..
for mayor of Minneapolis, w.
duced by Chairman P. B. Winston as
the first speaker of the evening. Mr.
Gray warmed the audience Into
humor with a felicitous speech
then grave way to T. J. Caton,
nominee for congress, who
considerable enthusiasm with hi*
couraging reports from various parts
of the city and county. He ;■
the success of the entire ticket and an
administration by the Demo* rata when
elected that would insure their return
to continued power.
It was after 9 o'clock when Mr. Lind
was called upon. He said:
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen*
Two years ago it was my good fi.run
pleasure to address an audlenoo in th
bullding almost as large as this on . :
gratifying to me then to revive the ■
treatment which you accorded; it is d.>ub']v
gratifying tonight to see that, not dot- r-cd
by temporary defeat, your heart is still in the
My friends, what la the work before us"
What is the real issue* in thU campaign? My
opponent has given us his definition— the dei
nition of the Republican party. JU> s >ud in
his speech at St. Paul, in opening thi
paign: "Our citizens have now thoir nr
portunlty to express their approval or disap
proval of the war* In my Judgment, all other
issues in this campaign sink into insignifi
cance in comparison with the moral api
or disapproval we shall give to the right
eousness of our cause and the adminis;
that has carried on the war. All otlu-r is
ephemeral in their charaotor. can well waif
another election. What would be the mor.il
effects in the capital* of Europe. " h< asked,
"if we should return a.n opposition con,
different from the one that declared nn '.
rle(* on the war."
My friends, does thla prrcent an lasuo. or
Is it an attempt to create what the o'd lv
called a 'feigned issue?' What political
opposed tho war? Did the Democrat*?
the Populi3ts? Did the Silver Republli
Not one of them. Ag Mr. Eustis well says in
ar.dther part of his speech: 'The An.
congress was a unit, not only In
the war. but in voting the money with which
to carry It on. The only opposition that de
veloped at any time came from MUrcea, large
ly Republican. *ho felt a keener Inter*
the quotation of Spanish bonds than they d.d
for the sufferings of Spain's victims.
Is there in this vast audit m-e that ilisap
provea of the Spanish war? I pause f« r j:i
answer — none comes.
The American people wptp a unit for tha
war. They arc a unit for the war
in the nature of things, a ooagreM cannot be
returned that will be opposed to the war or
opposed to the wisp and patriotic sot::
of the questions growing out o;' it.
Dut, saya Mr. Eustls, the moral
would be bad in the capitals of Europe, if we
should elect r.un of different party from
the president's. Conceding this to be true,
then "trt me ask you, my friends, supposing
the moral effect of such a change in our cap
ital and in our state should be goofl. then
would you regret It? Do we hrld our
tlons to produce moral effect hi Europe or
at home? Hut, really, so far v Urn w.r ia
concerned, do you think that the moral ef
fect of the election of Mr. Euatis would be

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