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t"HE ST. PAUL taWiiE SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 18*8. Associated IVaM New . CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS; By~~Cair 7ie7~7 . I Imu o mo« il2 mom Dally only 40 c ( $ 2 . 2 5 ,* 4 . • • Dally and Sunday.. . 60 c | 2 . 75 j »•«• Sunday loci .7a) l.» 0 COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. by Mall I 1 mo i <~a»o«_l 1- mo " Baily only ]. 2 6 c if 1 . 6 0 j* 3 . 0 J Daily and Sunday..!. 36c| 2.00 f• 0 0 Sunday I .75 1-6J Weekly 1 1 •75 I 1.00 Kutered at Postofflce at St. Paul. Minn.. M €eccn«2-Cla«3 Matter. Address all eonimuol utlors and make all Remittances payabU t» •IHE GLOBE CO.. St. Pjul. Minnesota.— — -Anonymous communications not coticed K»- Jected manuscripts will nol be returned un less accompanied by postage. BRANCH OFFICES. Jinv York 10 Spruce SI Chicago Room 60S. No. 87 ya«iipgton 9t SUNDAY'S WEATHER. Warmer. T'y the T'nited States Weather Bureau. MINNESOTA Warmer, wi:h Increasing rtendlneea and .snow Sunday afternoon or nigiit; southerly winds, bfcoming brisk and high. NORTH" IjAKOTA— Warmer; increas ing cloudiness, and probably snow; southerly ■wind*. SOUTH I >AK()TA— Warmer; Increts- \ ing cloudiness and probkWy snow; southerly winds. NEBRASKA -Warmer; Increasing cloudiness and probably snow; soutuerly winds. WISCONSIN— Warmer, with increas ing cloudiness and snow Sunday afternoon or night; southerly winds, becoming brisk and high. lOWA— Warmer, with increasing cloudiness and snow Sunday afternoon or night; southerly winds, becoming brisk and high. MONTANA— PartIy cloudy; colder; westerly winds. YESTERDAY'S TEMPERATURES— BuffaIo, 24-30; Boston, 32-32; Chicago, H-18; Cincin nati, 18-24; Montreal, 14-18; New York, 26-38; Pittabarg, 18-32. YESTERDAY'S MEANS— Barometer, 30.39; mean temperature, 1; relative humidity, 80; wind at 8 p. m., southeast; weather, clear: maximum temperature, 9; minimum tempera ture, —7; daily range, 16; amount of precipi tation (rain and melted snow) in last twenty four hours, 0. Note — Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. —P. F. Lyons, Observer. Reform the Ballot Law. It must be apparent to intelligent and thoughtful citizens that the form of ballot in use in this state is unfair ti> the candidate and unjust to the A'nter, and particularly the latter, if lie is lacking in educational qualifica tions. It has been estimated that the average loss, in every election, of votes o>i the bottom-of-the-tieket candidates is about 25 per cent as compared with tin- votes on the top-of-the-ticket can didates. This may not be the correct average, but whatever it is.it figures against the chances of election of those candidates well down on the list. This is the candidate's point of view. The voter's view is that he is entitled to the freest opportunity for express ing his choice on the day of election; that he should be privileged to vote for every candidate of his party, if he be a party man, in the simplest and most < > pedtttova manner. If he wants to scratch Pome candidates of his own and vote for friends or whomso ever he oo tuidefs a better candidate •ther party, h<- should be al lowed thai privilege. It may truly be thai h >■ do both these things with, in.- present form of ballot; but ex] erience justifies the assertion that ;. vast numl er of voters san tin neither way thai enables them to leave •oth in the full consciousness that have satisfactorily performed the which was uppermost In their i Indi . when they stepped Into the .. and v. d with a. s-lnch shelf, two !i printed ballots and a : . It requires alertness &ceptional care \r, threading the : | cklng out one's i slow ;;n<i toilsome -<tiy*<" ;. ; s aban ■ ' • • before t! c vot n r and the er, !>;>th of whom are titl I ■ ■ slderation. The state <>r Minnesota recognizes ducatlonal qualification for the All citizens are regarded as mteed Ii p -inn in sell cting iht* pillars of local rernmenta. . resent ballot is substantially the ! nition of an educational test, the I ■.shin ■lit of a class prl v 1.i.1i ought not to be recognised or | Longer in so Intelligent I lit :s ; !.^■. teßOta. w nether the man who can read poorly and write not ;'>t all, being restricted making <>f his mark as in legal Instruments, should be al ! to \ >n> at all is quite another tlon. It does not outer Into any I deration of the subject of a re form ballot law siu-h as we are now dealing with. The fact is, that the permits him to vote, and then, through the Intricacy of its voting ma chinery, robs him of his vote. This is so palpably dishonest as to require no ument. The (ilobo presents today a fac slmile of the Australian ballot which was voted in the state of Now York this y.>;ir. It is. indeed, a ballot as is a i allot. The voter, whether he could ii;ul or write, stepped into the booth With a .toss two strokes of the pencil— ln the <;mie under the eagle he had voted for the Rough Rider and y man on the same ticket with him. This particular specimen ballot : in our columns was of the cast in New York city. On it the name of every candidate of every party is printed in the same column and l.eluw the name of the leading tidate to be voted for— the gov ernor. The value of this ballot la its simplicity. "When a man has discharged his election duty with such a ballot he knows exactly what he has done, Just as he knows how much ey he deposited in the bank the re. He can split his preroga into as many favors as he may It; he may vote for Brown on the in ticket, .Toils on the Demo -1 Smith on the Prohibition, With the absolute certainty that he mistake in h!s marking and that the canvasser can make no ii determining his intent, it is the ballot for the people of this en lightened stut n receiving I xt winter. It is the ballot which the highest, the low lohest, the poorest, the best ited citizen can vote osly and understanding^, with Which he can make his vote I the m- . . ely. Will the public be fooled lcmger by the ballot now In use? Or will it de mand a: .allot such as this? "U'!ll its voice !>e heard in favor of this r< f->rm? •■ is a work— the reformation of our ballot— to which the St. Paul cham ber of eomuetce tan devote its intel noe and energy with th? knowledge that it is i onCming ■ most substantial lur citizens. Other cham •^•rce may follow. Even the politicians of both parties may be whipped into line." The cause of the j people is right and must prevail. Let us have the reform ballot. Hebrew Philanthropy. People who claim to be identified with Christian philanthropy are s<>me j times disposed to fail to recognize the ; good which is done by the representa j tives of ether religious communities. ! The lesson which has been supplied by ' the standard reformed Jews in this J free country is one which ought to j touch the heart of every man and ; woman who pretends to have a kindly j feeling for the unfortunate and the , suffering of the human race in general. | The Jew— and we use this word ad | visedly because the thoroughbred Jew dees not take offense whenever <i is I used — looks after the poor of his own ! faith. Philanthr6pists of every sect j can turn to the record of that noble old ■ n.iin, Moses Montefiore, for tnstance.and not blush because he was a Jew. There have been many exhibitions -of Jewish I philanthropy in this country, and the sentiment in every instance has sprung from the greatheartedness of ihe men who, utilizing their own fruits of en deavor from toil, have seen fit to dis tribute kindly gifts in all directions wherever the touch of support couid be made manifest in good return. The Hebrews of New York city are planning to raise a $1,000,000 fund for the education of their people, and al ready 10 per cent of that sum has been raised. It is believed that the entire amount will be subscribed within the next 100 days. There is one peculiarity about the Jewish element; they do not draw the line in the giving of support against the individual sufferer who may be styled a Christian. The Rev. Dr. E. C. Gotthell, of the Temple Emanuel, on Fifth ave nue, New York, has been one of the most illustrious exponents of liberal Hebrewism in this country. He has always recognized Jesus as a son of David and a member of the Hebrew race. He has never failed in all his ministry to enunciate this doctrine. The dividing line which has been main tained by the Jews was that, previous to the tragedy at Calvary, the Israel ites looked forward to the advent of the Messiah as a great event of tre mendous pomp, whereas Christ really came, according to the theories of the Christian school, a» an humble man teaching the power of peace and glory derived from this source rather than the power gained toy warring and bloodthrsty conflict. Now, a* the nineteenth century ap proaches its close, after nearly 2,000 years of the reign and the demonstration of the force of Christianity, is it not a s-.rt of duty on the part of people who have lived in the enjoyment of the liberality of this religion to turn a glance backward and recognize the supporting element which has been contributed to the cause by the wiser representatives of the Jewish race? Out of Judea came what is believed by our modern teachers to have been the Christ. His teachingjs were the simplest and must beautiful of ai>y representative at a power which shou'd appeal to ihe human conscience. The world has lived long and progressed under the inspiration derived from this kindly influence. We are now approaching the twen tieth century of our existence in the reign of the Christian era. The Jew has been persecuted in communities and in an individual capacity to a degree thai has not been experienced by any representative of the human race, ex cept it may be the nep,ro or the North American Indian. But throughout all this period the Hebrew has sustained himself In spite of the world's persecu tion, and he stands today as one of the truest and most loyal friends of. our <<wii simp!" f<>i<n irt republican gov< rnment. Lg now to the philanthropic efforts of the Jews of New York, it is apiT nough to submit sonic names "i' those who have recently con tributed to the big fund that it is pro ; to provide for the education of it. Hebrew people. There is found in this list of contributors Louis Stern in th< sum of SSGt.OOO; Jacob H. Schiff, 0; B. Altman, $20,000; William ! Salomon, $10,000; Isldor Straus, $10,000; I K. lix Warburg, 15,000; Louis Marshall, $5,000. The subscriptions of these men alone make up the complement sf the first 10 Tor cent of the total subscrip tion to the $1,000,000 fund. Here is an example of endeavor for i moral purposes which might be profita bly availed of by Christian denomina tions. There is always this distinction ! between the work do-,:o by Hebrew or ganizations and those which are styled Christian. The former go about their work in a quiet, practical way; the lat ter prefer the trumpet and drum and the hullabaloo of what is styled the ■ platform and the anxious seat revival. There is a great deal of en couragement In example supplied by this common sense method adopted by the Hebrews in con nection with their work for the Christian endeavorers under whatever I name they may be enrolled. In fact, it I does not make any difference what the I name may be under which really good work for the sake of humanity shall j be performed. The real duty of those \ who are able to carry on the work ls i to perform it. no matter whether it | shall be under the head of Hebrews or \ Christian. Catholic or Protestant. It i ls here for all of us to do, and we ought to do it The New Y. M. C. A. The establishment of the St. Paul Young Men's Christian association is |an achievement which, by its very ! nature, engages the interests of good I ciflXHiß. Acute business men in many j large cities have invested much time I and money In securing and maintaining similar organisations. Railroad offi cials are cautious about spending coni j pany funds for such matters, and the j feet that a number of these companies ■ have been supporting, and are eop.tln j uing to support, Y. M. C. A. quarters aj. important points along their llr.es for the benefit of employes is a guar antee of the organization'? valu<>. One thousand four hundred and fif teen associations are now sustained in American cities, and own buildings worth altogether $20,146.525. A large number of associations are added year ly, and new buildings mark the prosper ity of existing organizations. Thcusand-s of people, who have visit ed St. Paul within the last five years, have been disagreeably surprised to find no adequate Y. M. C. A. and in many cases have attributed the cause to a lack of enterprise in the citizens. It is therefore with pleasure that the announcement of the new Y. M. C. A.'s opening is received. The handsome quarters in the Dyer building, on West Fifth street, with the excellent gymnasium* running THE ST. PAUL GLOB 3 SUNJAY NOVEMBER 27, 1893. track and bathing plant, together with the other advantages connected with the association, were described in de tail in Friday's Globe. It is needless to say that such an undertaking should receive the hearty support of the citizens. As its directors have declared, it is not established to compete with the churches or mission ary societies, but to furnish a place of amusement and recreation for young men as an offset to saloons and other questionable attractions. Gompers on Annaxa tlon. The Globe recently called atten ! tion editorially to the action of the ! New York Central Labor union in re ! questing the referendum of unions to investigate the probable effect of an nexation upon American labor. It was i pointed out that, while a number of labor organizations were for a time , fascinated by the visions of imperial ; ism, they have now run up against the ; angular reality of the facts, and are i confronting the question like men of | sense. They have asked the referendum of unions to find out the facts, and these are being doled out to the con sternation of the money grabbers and | jobbers who know well what the con ; certed action of the labor unions | means. On the heals of the action of the Central Labor union, and the author j itative statement that the average wage of the West Indian negro is 20 cents a day, and that of the East Indian Malay 10 cents, the sign ed statement of Samuel Gompers, pres ! ident of the American Federation of Labor, is significant. Mr. Gompers rep resents the honest, law-abiding, respec table working men of America. There is nothing in him of the demagogue o* ! the anarchist, and his words, published and signed by himself in the New York ! World, carry the thought of the organ i ization over which he presides. Mr. Gompers denounces in scathing terms the dishonorable action of the administration in pretending to wage a "war for humanity" and ending it In a shameless land-grabbing scramble. He | says: "Hawaii we have annexed irrespec tive of the wishes of her people, who were not asked whether the constitu tion under which they have recently lived meets with their approval. Nor was annexation ever given to them, in direct or Indirect form, for decision. In the case of the Philippines we have the question repeated, only in a more aggravated form. It will not be amiss to call attention to some of the condi tions prevailing in the islands which the thoughtless enthusiast and the grab-all monopolist commercial spirit urge us to annex. We should know the dangers which are involved in the silly or wicked policy of Imperialism or ex pansion." Then he reviews among other things the conditions of slave labor in the Ha waiian islands, a test case concerning which is to be made in the supreme court of the United States. These are the closing words of the labor repre sentative: "We do not oppose the development of our industry, the expansion of our commerce, nor the power and influenct which the United States may exert upon the destinies of the nations of the earth. On the contrary, we realizt that the higher intelligence and stand ard of life of the American workers will largely contribute toward attain ing the highest pinnacle of industrial and commercial greatness; and these achievements in the paths of peace will glorify the institutions of our republic, to which the grateful eyes and yearn ing hearts of the people of the earth will turn for courage and inspiration to struggle onward and upward, so that the principles of human liberty and human justice may be implanted in their own lands. "The flag of our republic should float over a free people and must never cloak slavery, barbarism, despotism or tyranny." The Growth of Four People*. An interesting feature of the Decem ber McClure's will be George B. Wal dron's clear-cut review of the progress of four peoples —^Anglo-Saxon, Latin, German and Slavic. The sketch is confined to the last 500 years, and the figures presented make an interesting study. It is only five centuries ago that the Anglo-Saxons were the weakest of European peoples; now they occupy nearly a third of the world's territory and control a proportionate fraction of its inhabitants. Mr. Waldron presents diagrams Showing the relative growth of the four races. The results somewhat "dis credit the popular phrase, "the dying Latin races." According to these dia grams, the Anglo-Saxons have in creased their territorial holdings by a ! little over 14,900,000 square miles since j 1400 A. D., and show a gain of 471,- I 000,000 in population. This gives them ! first place in the race, while they J started 500 years ago as fourth. But the Latin peoples do not make so poor a showing. In 1,400 they held the first place in population and the second in territory. Today tßey are second to the Anglo-Saxon in population and terri tory, having gained 251.000,000 people and 14,475,000 square miles. If these figures are correct, the Latin races, while not so vigorous as the Anglo- Saxon, are yet a long way from dead or dying. The Slavic.peopies 500 years ago held the first place territorially and the fourth in population; today they rank third in both. In the same time the Germans have lost their rank as third in territory and second in population, and now hold fourth place in both. Excluding the Negro From the Franchise. The exclusion of the negro from the franchise, except he possesses similar educational qualifications to his white brother, Ls rapidly going on in the South. In three states, South Caro lina, Mississippi and Louisiana, this has already been accomplished by changing the organic law of the state. Alabama will soon fodlow their lead, for an amendment to Its constitution will be adopted by the legislature now in session and undoubtedly be ratified ly the people. A movement to secure the same result is on in Georgia- North Carolina's recent experience with a race war will excite the white citizens to adopt some drastic method of deal- i ing with the subject, and Virginia may be expected In due season to step into sympathetic relationship with its Southern neighbors. The fact will have to be squarely faced by all these states that a dimin ished vote, such as must follow these new conditions, will mean a smaller representation In congress from the "black belt." But even this fact will cut no figure, If the utterances of the New Orleans Times-Democrat axe an I index to^the prevailing white senti ment. • Thus, after thirty years of ex perience, it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of half a dozen states that it was an error on the part of the Re j publican party to have invested the ! [ colored man with the right and privl- ! lege of suffrage. Sentiment in other | states of the Union may, indeed, be dl- j vided upon the wisdom of the policy ! inaugurated by the party. It waa adopted foy^ great political party, not j as an act=%f generosity toward the ( colored race, but as a measure to main- j tain tha-t party.»4n power at all hazards. | jlt has faii«d of its purpose in the i ! South — that w&s long ago apparent. The citizens of states in a higher latitude have no good ground for criti cism of those of the seaboard states so long as the latter go peaceably about their methods of readjusting the ' suffrage. We Cannot appreciate the ! conditions in the Southern states, for j we are entire strangers to them. With j us the colored man is generally a self- j respecting person, having an intelli- ' gent conception of the duties of citi- j zenship and desirous of discharging j them as coiiscfentiou-iy as his white 1 neighbor. He *nay be an altogether j different person in the South. If the South becomes too warm for i I the active, hustling colored politician, j j who has been disfranchised, Minneso ta will welcome him to her soil. He 1 should, of course, bring along his coon- j 1 skin cap and ulster at this season of I the year. He will find here a healthy, bracing climate and "good people," and he will get along quite comforta bly after he has acquired their ways. In the dark days Minnesota was, we believe,- on the line of the "under ground railroad," which was consider ably patronized from points in the South. Mrs. Carse's Farewell Address. The action of the national officers of the W. C. T. U. In not permitting Mrs. Carse's farewell address to appear in tact in the Union Signal does not add to their reputation for fair dealing. It was agreed that Mrs. Carse should use her "Temple column" once more in order that she might review the situ ation and say farewell. But the edi tors, while not denying the truth of her statements, decided that they were "misleading" and therefore should not be trusted to the discrim ination of the public. What Mrs. Carse wanted to say was that of the $300,000 necessary to retire the trust bonds, for which the W. C. T. U. made Itself morally responsible, there was already in sight $180,000; that as soon as the other $120,000 was raised the Temple>->tr.ustees would come Into possession of #ie $100,000 which Mr. Marshall Field' has pledged. Fifty thousand dollars of Mr. Field's gift is to be in stock and $50,000 in cash. These moneys are reasonably secure — not absolutely, since the best pledge may h,e broken, but ordinarily one would say that the "money was good." In addition Mrs. Carse wished to say through the columns of the Union Sig nal that they had other stock pledges which, in the event of their securing another $50,000 cash gift, would enable them to get •control of the outstanding $600,000 stock, jhe also wonted to lay before the Signal's readers plans for organizing Willard circles for the pay ment of the Temple debt, and to ex plain how money thus raised would return an interest when the building was cleared: • * . v All these thing* itoe national officers did not deny — their could not, for the facts were all set forth in the St. Paul convention, but they were "mis leading," that is Mrs. Carse did not state that $180,000 was not lying in the bank waiting to be used, and there fore she was not permitted to publish her farewell address. There is still plenty of room on all Alaskan- bound steamers. The temperature is in hard luck these days. It is constantly falling. The one-cent revenue stamp is the best little wood sawyer in the business. Mr. Aas has been elected to the North Dakota legislature. He'll have plenty of company. Dear Old England has cut away the fog only to find itself in snow drifts several feet deep. Havana ought to have sunshine to day. Blanco is booked to leave for Spain this morning. Send the coal man right up into the "cheerful" row. He hasn't been heard "knocking" this weather once. A St. Louis man swore over a tele phone and got a thrashing; for it. But he didn't get the thrashing by tele phone. What if Bug-ah-Ma-Qeshlg should, in the language of New York newspaper i men, get "cold feet" up on Little Boy river? The Minneapolis Journal is still una ble to realize that it did a great deal j to elect Mr. Lind by working for Mr. Eustis. The private deposit boxes of the Kansas state treasury have been loot- I cd. Perhaps somebody was looking for his "doodle book." John H. Kelly., one of the Merrimao j heroes, has been fined in Boston for i I drunkenness. Heavens, when the crew ) went into Santiago bay were they ail dr— but we digress. The great battleship Wisconsin Is ! launched, but California is mad clear ; through. The craft was christened ' with a bottle of foreign wine when a I million bottles of native California champagne were within easy reach. Chicago has had another heavy fall of brown snow. Really, though, Chi cago never ha^ anything else, as all Chicago's snow is siftod through such a ni^ze of smoke that it hardly knows its own name when it reaches the earth. The Minneapolis Times opposed Mr. Lind, and he was elected by over 20,000. The Minneapolis Times attacked Mr. Dunn, and he was returned as state auditor by over 44,000. Will the Times please state over its own signature what influence it thinks it has in the state of Minnesota? He (Mr- Un 3) is not likely to find anybody who oan wholly nil tie place of Mr. Powers, but he should at least be able to find a successor who will no. maJte the office an ab surd and preposterous waste of public money. — Pioneer Press.' The Pioneer Press appears to be afraid the new labor commissioner will not spend the state's time and the state's money in gathering statis tics to boost the Republican party, as Mr. Powers has done. He won't. Ep/st/es to St. Pau/. The city hall gang; is going broke buying newspapers. Some days ago President Cope land, of the board of public works, and Com missioner Sandell, of the same board, w«nt to St. Louis to attend the good roads con vention. Both of th«m took occasion to give It out that they knew something about good roads themselves, and it might be well to watch the smoke they would make in that convention. The convention has been on for several days, and the city hall gang have been buying and reading the newspapers very industriously to xee Just where the fireworks came off. Up to date the delegates from Minnesota have not fixed the heads of the members of the convention and have not got ten into the newspapers to any greater de gree than among the hotel arrivals. • * * There are still some difficulties in gathering i election returns in Minnesota. For instance, j the votes cast up in the northern part of Beltrami county were a long time rea.hing Bemidji, the county seat, and the messenger traveled more than 1.000 miles. William Zlp ple, of Lake of the Woods, was the man wbo carried the precious bundle of eleven vote 3so flar. Talking to a newspaper man up at Roseau the other day Mr. Zipple told an in teresting story of his experiences. On election day his section* of the country was treated to a genuine snow storm, and he I being one of the judges of election, walked ten ! miles to the polling place. Af'er the vst:» were canvassed he was the clicsen one to car ry the ballots to the county seat. Wednes day morning he took the steamer Edna Bridges for Rat Portage, and when but a few miles out from Rat Portage the boat got stranded in the ice and sprung a leak, filling to the deck in a short time. Mr. Zipple took his place at the pumps with the crew, but after five hours of hard work they were forced to give it up, having gained no head way whatever. Another boat coming along, he took that to Rat Portage, and from there proceeded by train to Beimidjl. He carried eleven votes 528 miles, which, when c*a vassed, gave the Republican candidate fcr county attorney a majority of two vo:es, when before they came in he was nine be hind. The county attorney-elect U W. F. Sweet. Mr. Zipple's absence from, home was ten days, and the round trip covered 1.C66 miles. » • • Just before the W. C. T. U. convention a party of local workers were making a tour of the city, asking for funds to help carry on the approaching venture. Three of the ladies entered the district attorney's office, which was just then in the possession of some newspaper men and a politician or two and Assistant United States Attorney Dickey himself. Going Straight over to this gentle man the loader asked: "Is Mr. Dickey in?" "Xo," web the quiet reply, "he I 3 not." "Oh, we are so sorry, we wanted to see him." "No doubt he will be sorry too." said solemn -faced Mr. Dickey, "I am sure he will regret the pleasure, but he wUI not re turn till about 5 o'clock, good bye." As the door closed each man in the room arose and shook Mr. Dickey by the hand and at ilfteen minuies to 5 he went home. • • • There was fun on an interurban car Thanksgiving eve over three men and as many turkey feathers. A score or more of male merrymakers got onto the car at Ninfiii street and scattered themselves about in the vacant seats, all of them apparently felt good. The last man to enter carried three big turkey feathers ard after a little time he slyly stuck one of them into tie rear of the band on a friend's hat. Te enjoyed the ef fect a few moments and then leaning toward his victim, suggested in a whisper, that he take a feather and stick it into the hat baud of another of the party farther up the car. Xo. 2 took the feather, the mate of which bobbed saucily in his own hat, although he knew it not, and Up-toe:ng up the car, stuck it with great care into No. 3's hat. When a broad grin greeted him on his way back he er.joyed himself hugely. No. 1 then gave the innocent victim another feather and told him to have No. 3 put it in the cap of another cl the crowd still farther up the car. Grinning with pleasure Xo. 2 took the third feather to No. 3 and suggested tha funny scheme which caused Xo. 3 so much joy ha nearly gave the whole thing away to No. 4, and Xo. 2 almost died of laughter and so did everybody els© in the car. Through some intuition born cf mixed drinks, no doubt, Xo. 4 surmised something was up and looked at hi, cap. No. 3 gave him the laugh and Xo. 2 Joined in at the expense of Xo. 3, who in a few moments discovered his own feather. And then everybody turned tfceir attention to the first victim who Just laughed away till the ear .stopped at his s reet and away home he went with the turkey feather still sitting Jauntily In the rear of his haf. • • • "Xo, I have neither been held up nor had my valuables carried away yet by burglars," said a man who lives in a fashionable dl-.tiiot. in St. Paul, but who every day appears at hie business office in the Guaranty Loan building, Minneapolis. "Hut I have not got ten off scot free. Not long ago I got up one morning and found the drawers of the dreaser in my bed room had b««i ransacked, and a similar condition was found in the dining I room and other parts of the house. Nothing waa missing, however. Tnat nothing was car. ried away was explained in a no;e left by by the burglars on the table in the dining room, which raa something like this: "We have tried jour silverware and found it plated and the Jewelry of yourself and wife found in your bed room was not worth carry ing off. We expected better things of you." St. Paul's First Gambier. Looking back to the early days of Bt. Paul — going clear back to the times of the '4&ers — one is likely to conceive that the gambler of those days was a picturesque person, with a penchant for unbelted guns. The fact is that the most gentlemanly man In St. Paul dur ing the first winter after the territory had been organized and Gov. Rttmaey n*<3 located himself In St. Paul wae a gambler. He wa« a young and handsome man, smooth-shaven and careful in his speeoto. Xo one knew Just where he came from and no one inquired. It was in the days when the legend that waa later adopted by M*J. Edward* at Fargo, "All records east of the river barred," waa the sentiment of the Northwest. He came to St. Paul, up the river. In the fall of '49. He stayed for three years. He contributed to local charitiee. He dealt square faro and he played an honest game of poker. He knew ail of the 800 people in the town ait the time | of his arrival, and he got to know the new I ones. 13m fleeced nobody, but his bank waa j open at all times, and when the Rev. Edward D. JJeill was around looking for support for his church he got substantial recognition — quite as substantial as that given to the In dian missionary who came in from the woods occasionally. He was a nas looking young fellow; he dealt squarely with everybody, and when h« went c.way he left no d-ehu and no enemies. He was a fair sample o* th« early Mississippi gambler, who was willing to take a chance for his money. In these decadent days, when gambling as a profession has fal!en in other hands, it U worth while to remember the first gambling man in St. Paul. The name of him is Cole Martin. • • • When Dr. Neal waa writing his historical ao eount of how toe counties, of Minnesota were numed he went to William Pitt Murray and asked him about Martin county. Mr. Murray knew very well that the county waa named after Martin McLeed. but he had a Joke that he wanted to work off, and he told the preacher historian that it was named after Cole Martin, the gambler. • • • Old Cole is now one of the antique figures of the national capital. When Wiiliam Pitt Murray or any of tfce old-tiniers from St. Paul drop* in at the capital Cole meeta them and exchange* reminiscences. He la well along to 80 years of age, and it is some time since be «ruehed>a card exoept in the way of solitaire. He is a handsome old man, sturdy and upright, with flowing whiskers. He is full~os anecdotes of the high play that waa made by sesatora of much fame, when resting themselves from their labors in statesman ship. He was talking the other day to a Washington Post man and told some stork*, some of them being interesting. It appears that some years ago it waa promised Co!e that When ths senate was safely Republican j he would be given a job. He will get it next year. j^ • • • But Cole Martin waa the first gambler In St. Paul, according to tradition, the first man who was willing to go into the depths of a faro box and stand tor his share of the losing on an even footing. William Pitt Mur ray remembers him. as do some other '49ers Mr. Murray aaya that he was one of the finest looking young fellows in town. "He was over six feet high," said Mr. Mur ray. "At that time we did not wear hair on our faces, and Cole was clean-shaven. As I remember him. he was one of the best looking fellows in town, and he was such a clean man, outside of his business, that he was with us all socially, and there was no distinction as to classes. He came up the river in th« fall of "49. He had a partner Wit* him, named King Cole. I don't reniem lier much about the partner, and I don't think that I knew either of them until they went into the gambling business. At that time the ' [ oaly people who played at all were the trad ers and the river men. Later the original townsite owners had a lot of money, and they went into the game to some extent. Some of the fathers of St. Paul displayed a passion for poker that could not have been sus pected from their start in life. • • • "Cole Martin and 'King' Cole had a gam bling house on Third street, two doors up j the hill from Robert. The house was hand- I somely appointed. Thtre was a saloon in the ; cellar, and upstairs, in the gambling quarters, | there was furniture thai was luxurious conx | pared to that which most of us enjoyed. The liquors were always of the best, and there was always wine when there waa a good play on. The river men played faro and the traders played poker at -firat and then drifted into faro. There was a disposition on the part of every man who owned a corner lot to consider himself a miliicoaire, and a good many of the fellow* tho'jg-ht that they could play bank. On the whole. Cole Martin did not leave here broke. He spent his money freely, kept a horae or two, and his hand was open to every charity. • • • "He must have left hera In 1853 or there abouts, for there was nothing to hold him hore. King Cole, hi 3 partner, went down to the Middle states somewhere, and. as I re member, died in a hospital. Martin went to Washington and got into big play with the senators and public men. I see him every time I go to Washington, and have a chat, and he is still the good fellow that he was when he was here beardleas and in It with the best of them, In the very early '505." England's Idea of Fun. Prom London Tidbits. Tom— There's a fortune In tho raocoours*. Jack— Why do you ihink soT Tom — Beau.-.* 1 lost one there. • • • Algernon— Charley, do you think your sister would marry me? Charley— Yes. she'd marry almost anybody, from what she said to ma. • • • Every beby is the sweetest baby In :ih& world. You w«re once considered the sweet est tlning In the world, although you may not look it now. • • • May— How did you come to change the day for your wedding? Helen— Oh, there is to bo a big gama of football that day, and. Paul couldn' 1 . get away. • • • "If you do not marry me I sh*!l hang my self," exclaimed a love-lorn your.ig man. "WeU, If you do, please go a little way down the street," was the young lady's cheerlul re spon&e, "for I heard papa say he did not want you Iknaging about here." ADUI-ZAD TO KIPLING. In Response to "The Truce of the Bear." At the Pass called Muttianee, above the huntsman's Vale, You heard Ud bandaged Matun mumble hii oft-told tale: And you gave him the dole he asked for, and he let you look at the place Where fifty Summers ago. It seems, he had, like yourself, a face. He told how he lost his visage— how I, Bear Adarn-Zad. Whom he hunted for sheep-fold thieving, and plmllar doings bad, Had touched his heart with pity and balked kin vengeful plan By rearing up and pleading for Truce In the form of a man; And how, when he lowered his musket, I came, with tottering gait Till— with a lightning stroke' of my paw I anted my treacherous hate. And left him writhing faceless — I do not Bay it's a He, My memory's dim— perhaps Matun remem bers it better than I? 'Twas a dastardly thing (if I did it)— l'm free to admit that much — Tho' I doubt if the annals of Bruin record a cleverer touch- But what I wanted to mention is your luck leas choice of a t.me For telling this tale of Matun's, good Kip ling, In a rhyme. 'Tls not that you do an Injustice to me— tho' you certainly do. Seeing I've given up evil and now am re formed and true — But that's not what I complain of when I cay that your poem'a unfair, 'Tls not that I am old Adam-Zad, but that I am a Bear. My fear is lest your verses shou'd be wrong ly read afar And should pass for an allegory to the hurt of the Good White Czar; For the sign of the Russian Empire Is a Bear, as ycu ought to know. And the reading publio is stupid and get things muddled sot Yesl the time was unluckily chosen, for Just at this moment, alas! It happens the Czar of Russia Is saying a holy mats; He's proposing a Truce; he Is pleading with hands upraised In prayer. And you come along with this story and Jig ger the whole affair! 'Tis a thousand pities, Kipling, for you're read all over the earth, And this ooinciflonee is sure to call forth mocking mirth; Of oourse you never meant it. but it's most uncommon sad This ta!e should read like a fable with the Czar as Adam-Zad I No doubt you simply wrote It as you wrote your "Soldiers Three," Or any of your notions, for fame and the usual fee; But the time was m 111-cbosen that I fear 'twill be now In vain For you to write to the papers and, so to speak, explain. Yet, better late than neyer!— lt may do some slight good, Since the poem Is morally certain to be mis understood; So write and warn all readers to thought fully beware And not mistake old Matun for th« victim of the Czar. And mention that in picturing the treacher ous Bear's advance With "pavr3 like hands In prayer upheld" you couldn't, by any chance, Have meant to hint at recent moves and pro jects in the East, Or et the sly diplomacy of Russia — not the HMt In view of recent doings, on the distant Chinese shores The parallel is Bruin-like — It goe.i upon all fours — A most unfortunate affair, for which you're not to blame. But which misleads tho readers of your poem, all the same. Indeed. I've heard it mooted that the soreed so lightly penned Has brought the Peace proposal to an un timtiy end; And that shiee it was published the Ozar in rain has spent His efforts to revive his scheme yclept Dis armament. So write at once, dear Rudyard, write quick ly to the prest. And notify the critics that they've strangely mis:-ed their guess; That they're all astray in thinking that your recent verses had A reference to any one except old ADAM-ZAD. — J. W. Bengough In the New York Times. Ice Clone-* Firm, Too. To The St. Paul Globe. "Ice opened firm," you gay In The Globe fwlay. That don't stem right In my sight. For every mite Is closed tight. — B. S. O. The Two Isthmus Cana.s. n f°^' STS L - Abbot ' ot the engineer corps of the United States army, one of the inter! national tecnmoal committee employed by the .new Panama Canal company, makes in the exuung. created; one of then* (Grey town) prefac ing unusual natural Hal n s ( or.siaen. should extend al ,i.g all the route, exc.pt the lake portion, i. c-, for a distance of SSSbSSH s#^^ ties accurately! practice. <-a.Ji work; and many tmb.inkmenis which must be per manent elements of dange;-. S3? abott s^^ 5 'SSrif t R3 CaCaL » already exists". which may prejudice t tho Interests of the D !f^ anCe^ t0 ** H f ht - DtoUnte to be lighted ~h d s , u P« r vißed flnd supe r vis j a ' S °° m " when v "» canal " l*leted, 46 miles. completed, its miles, or nearly fout times as great A farth^es* l -th."X fore less probable. *£? y Xut 40 m?S from the locks. An earthquake on April 29, 1898. at Look. destroyed. several ~ . buildings. Cost carefully eat*-. Cost estimated by the mated on detal.sa; government com. P, I *?* at ai3CUt WOO.- mission, on data WO.COO. recognized as whol ly insufficient, at about ?133,W),000. Concession* from Co- Concession from Nicy lomhia (upon which; aragua and Costa wlwle undertaking! Rica (upon whi h w based) ample, sau' whole unde-rtukla* isfuotory and un- is based* cither ox. questioned. plrt-d, or <-xpiro next year, and officially deolared by Ntcars* qua to be forfeited and veil. "But let us iissuma that both canals ar* coratructrf and open to navigation, and then corniwro the two routes, by consid ering whJch of thorn would undoubtedly b* selected by vessels seeking to < toes tha isthmus. This )s a crucial test which will reveal their relative merits: PANAMA. NICARAGUA, forts both known to Roth ports artificia' be good and easy o* to which access access. m ay bo doubtful, especia/My on Atlaa. tic side. Length of rout*. 4C Length of i-oute, 171 mites, and time of miles, and time of transit U hours. transit, not less than 44 hours. Summit level proba- Summit level, 110 bly 103 feat and per- fecit. haps only C 6 feet. Locks double from Lo:>.k3 sir pie (subse the opening of the quently to hnve an canal, one chamber other chamber adi -738 feet by 82 fact, ed); dlmi>nelon« iBO and the other 738 byo by £0 feet. 59 feet, with inter mt»diate gates. Curvature gentle. Curvature too sharp. Smallest radius. Smallest radius in 8.2C0 feet. Of the canal proper, A<m 46 miles, 2fiV, a.ro feet. For 6S mile* straight. and 15 the route traverses have rud'M equal to the San Juan river. or exceeding 9,SfO where, to gain 47>4 tecft. mil. -a as a bird (llrs. it ia nn-cis&ary to travel 67% mile*-* loss of 43 i.er cent No troublesome wiufls Heavy trade winds or river currents to and strong river be encountered even current®, in times of flood. "T: would seem from this analysis that there can be little difference of opinion ns to which Is the better route. But perhaps some enthusiastic adw-aio wiK say: 'The Nicaragua canal nifty be the more, costly, may present more natural dimriiUio*. may require rroro time for construction, and may be less easy of tran It; but let 113 have an American canal, made with our own money, and wholly under our own con trol.' "Such considerations are outside tho prov ince of an engineer. But perhaps It may bo suggested rhait we have already In ■ and reFponsibi'.ltit.rf on the Whraus, whero the Panama railroad was built and is now controlled by an American com. pany, und«r American protection; that the business control of any <annl must vest in its stockholders and bondholders in time of peace, while, in fact, in timu of war — un less i'.s neutrality by guarante-d by th» great maritime powers— the trans-It v.ill bn controlled by the belligerent having com mand of the sea. "Slay It not, then, be wiser for our gov ernment to extend Its powerful assistance U) what ra-ure has determined as the best route, rather thin to expend more tlm» and more money for what, after all Is said, must remain a distinctly inferior canal, unable to compete with its rival for the commerce of the world?" Senator Hanna. for Export Bemntte*. Following President Hill, of the Great Northern railroad, Senator Hanna, of Ohio, la credited with favorlDg tha payment cf a small bounty on exports for a brief parted of years, for the protection of American shipping in tha foreign carrying trade. What Senator Hanna considers to be a «mall bounty, a.d what h» notion of a few years ia, as applinabie to the building up of our merchant marine, we have ■ no Information. *■«- There cgn be no <Joubt Whatever that Sen ator Haima's latent suggestion, if courageous ly put into operation, whether the direct pay ment should be made to the American ship owner or the exporter, would rev atlotUM production In the United States, while an American merchant marhio w>u!d materiaJlM with a rapidity far beyond any precedent in history. Ten year 3of such a bounty would, fliid tho United States in control of. the world, on land and eea. — Seaboard- Grandma. Victoria* drip. If "William could get his ear reloaded from the .grip of Grandmother Victoria ha would be In the w*r between the United States and Spain In le«s than twenty-four hour*. This country owea England considerable gratitude for- the quiet and effective manner in which •he has saved us from foreign complications; but she probably wants her pay In some thing more substantial than gratKude.—Cin cinnati Enquirer. Conntlntf the Coat. Senator Hawl«y estimates that It will take a permanent garrison of 50,000 men. to hoM th» Phllipplnei. It may not bo amJ#s to remarfc that the pay of 50,000 men, including officer*, would amount at the present rates to about |1,000, C00, 000 a month.— Philadelphia Bulletla, A Valuable Bird. Friend— How was your Thanksgiving tui* kfeyT Scribbler-TFlne! Had twenty-seven jokes about It accepted! — Brooklyn Life. Cut His Life Short. An Indian man who died the other day at ti a age of 115 years proudly boasted that he had been addicted to whisky and tobaoco ever since his childhood. What of it? If he had not done so he might have reached a ripe old age. — Chicago Times-Herald. Sagasta I» Not SaKacincx. Spain would be btt er off with m-or; m .-v.ey and iess macana. — Burton Gi.be.