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LAW FOR FRATERNALS THE I\SI'R\NCE COMMIS9IOXER DIS( CUES THE LEGISLATION ■ IBI—OI I NEEDS IN HIS PARTICULAR LINE He FaTom the Passase of an Act GovrrnliiK Fraternal Societies* in Line With tlie Ideas of the Fra ternal (ungreiia \«-w Aniiess iin-ni Also >ee«le«l SaggeHted Am <■ ii -'I in •*iit for Fire Insurance. "I am in favor of the passage c*f an Insurance law governing fraternal so v ci(?ti<-s," said State Insurance Commis sioner *)e.irth yesterday; "that will meet the- indors-envent of the Fraternal Insurance congress. The men who con stitute that congress have the interest of tht societies which they represent at heart, and I believe they afe in favor of laws that will insure the permanency of their organizations. There is no reason why fraternal so cieties conducted on business principles should not l>e as sound as other in surance companies." "But in the matter of life assess ment companies, " continued Mr. Dearth, "the fraternals should, 'n my opinion, be divorced from all assess ment companies. Th:-y want a law in keeping with what will ensure their future permanen<y ana solvency.' Every member of a fraternal insurance as sociation wants the solvency of his company maintained with increasing the cost beyond a reasonable amount, and no person wants it more thai the leading men in these organizations. There Is nc reason why a fraternal shouldn't b.? as sound as an old line cospp&ny. I am also of the opinion, as I sold, that a bill framed in harmony v.ith t?:<- opinions of tho fiaternal con gress, which is oomgKMed <>f leading responsible fraternal societies, should be accepted and passed Ly the Mlnne sota legislature. But I think that each fraternal should have some reserve fund • to provide for the increased mortality rate that may be expected to come. ■Tli'-ic i.s no necessity for any such reserve fund as is carried by some of the old line companies that is for the protection of fraternals. These re set v. 3 keep aocumulatine: until they are beyond any possible demand that might ever ]><-■ made on them. A frater nal society should simply have such A MODERATE RESERVE as would be actually required to meet the oontingescy of an unusual death rate, or such increase as may naturally be expected to come sooner or later. That ensures the stability and solvency of the ;i ■ iciatlons.. "Bu% our present assessment law is worthless. When fifty persons can now file articles ot Incorporation wlih the of state they are entitle 1 to a certificate allowing them to do business The record sh >ws that only a email numtw r of bhem have lived to any length of time. Here Is what 1 say aboul l.he subject In my report: I would suggest tie passage of a law ng -- : i lot ; r. or what ar« """"i' proper!) called natural or stipulated premium a and a separate law k '•-•■!■• '■;•■-■ a letiea operating strictly upon til.- ].•,*_;. or fraternal plan. Bncfa separate •nactmeoti .. a hi-,n paaeea in certain other Bnd Mlonea iv should me unturned to place upon h<-r Ktat.it.- books laws oovecins i'm^ Siflerenl ■■■in iationa or soeTetiea wrtalcutha.il tuerii the confidence and repe t, net only of our own ritiaena, l>ut also tboae ol the conn • A>< mi Illustration ol tae otatioa entar the Inaiirance «ffii!a!s of relative to the eniciencjr of tho Uinne l • rnin- cur so-call.-l ■ I ni«ni. life and casualty aasoclattona iiu'iudin? Cratfrnale), I .hump from a statement m«d<> to the c« i of Minnesota by .i certain »tj*t<- .>ITI ■ "A certiflcato from your department, to tha eT< • ■• tha< i Hinneaota aM^stmeot llfr or caaualty ssaoclattoo has fully compiled with url itate, .anles no wflpht <t with th« bMuraaea d»>pait>iient of ir hiw.s practically afford ■ ■> tion whatever to 'tic policy' holders of this <• ;ij^ of compaiHea." Thli . rm a wi 11 known ami able inaarance official ,>r anottur state, ! rtalnly in itself «lon»> « BOfldent argu nicnr i? favor of an Imenedlate paassgej <>i QOOU AMI BUFKICIBNT LAWS. that sal l afford ample and fult protection to all members, at Broapecttve membera, of thi* <lavs f seaoeiatlona and societies. Such a law should provide tot and definitely fix a solvency, wfcertfey it siiaii be rr quired thai the aotuol cash funds of any eu.-h company or assorimlon :irc sufflc-lent at all ti: Line or future in tan ling pnlii-i. calculated upon some acceptable table of nd should ii ever tall belom su b .i in upon its pollc] <l be Immediately levied t<> g<Knl h it; flciency. Th« <.!il poM mortem, or "pass the hat" plan, original!) (oltowed bj practically all i.-nt Isauraoce assodutions. Is fast becoming obsolete. Pra tlcall; .-\.-ry itlon no? in existence, which origins ly conducted IU buaineaa upon ihi< : upon, 01 making oaspsraU efTorts to Rot upon, wji.r. is ti nned the na: nr;> l or tst 4 1 ■ premium but*, with rates baaed upon some well established mortality tables, all con as .i matter of course, containing a sa.r< t\ clause providing tor additional h nieni.*-. should such additional fiinds be re quired on account of »n epidemic or other unusual causes. The plan of simply requir ing the members to pay h:m ly h aufflcient «'!i. •! lit to t:ik.- c;!rt> Ot the t!,.u)i losaes, U the) so :u ■ togi that with management ex paaaea nas resulted, sooner cr later, in NO KND OF FINANCIAL TROUBLE for th«> cosaßsny, I'nlfss a sufficient amount 1« collet, d from the members during tiie tsrtter >■ ira of its exiatem to provide for a reserve fuml sufficient ai leaat, to cover the constantly iroreasinn mortality mptnan. the only aitl inulive is a very nm;erial In croase m :Uc number of atinammrnts to be levied, or an increase in U ment or premium rate*, either of which steps, if too lons bouad to r. suit in ii anil ni&cy poor people who have, in meeting their .!--•:'!> ins. .1 ni^d themselves ;.. tu;il of life, presuMiing that they •era | for the futi • . m of their ramiiiea, are shocked, upon being ;hi to realize that th-.- protection which th;\\ bave made *•,>.■:! secare Is null and void. Under the provistona of the tl Minnesota statute governing this of s^ociationa a continuance or repetition of th;sT aditlon of affairs still rr mains po s.'iMt» sti.ii enactment as is here pro- A GREAT REMEDY. Kor Suffcrem l-'r«ni l»ilr N . Dr. Redmond, a specialist in the Btudv and treatment of piles and rec tal diseases, recently stated that the pyramid Pile Cure, the new discovery for the curs of piles, aas the most re markahle n medy he had ever seen or trind in . ne respect; and that w;u« the ii'.st.tti; relief esperleneed ;n all cases no matter bow severe, from the mo ment the remedy was applied. This Avas the more surprising to him be cause be had carefully analysed the preparation and no traco» of opium cocaine or similar poison could be iV tected. PI *>k with great favor upon the Pyramid Pile Core, because it Is rapidly tuklnu pla.v of Burgical or> :-,.! because It la so simple < o IF applied and contains oo min eral or other poisons so commonly u-ed in cvi Pr. Esterbr.t.>k reports that the Pyr amid Pile Cure not only rur>s the va- I firms ..f piles, but never f;iil s bo i*ive immediate relief on the first appli tter how severe the pain or discomfort may be. Peuple who have suffered from piles for years urc often astonished at the irstant relief experienced from th» first application. Another important advantage Is the fact i.'-.jt any one can medy without d^trr.tion fioni btjalu sa im rference with daily oc cupation. Sold by druggists at 50 cents p< j r package. Send to Pyramid Drug Co.. Marshall Mi.*h.. for free book on cause and cur.' •f piles. posed may be presented to the legis lature this winter, but Mr. Dearth says so far he has not given the matter any attention. A law was Introduced in the last session, but certain features were too burdensome for the bill to carry and live. Mr. Dearth was asked who drew up that bill, but was unable to say, as it was drafted before his appointment to the commissionershlp. FIRE INSURANCE LEGISLATION. Mr. Dearth went on to discuss what he considers necessary or advisable In the line of fire insurance legislation this year. In general the law govern ing fire insurance is good, but Mr. Dearth thinks it needs some amend ments. The commissioners would throw up a stronger line of protection around the agents of the state in the matter of reinsurance of large risks. Under the present law a very large risk may be written in some foreign company by its agents in Minnesota, but when the time for which the risk has been written expires the property may be reinsured, in fact it is general ly reinsured, Mr. Dearth says, auto matically. No benefit occurs to the agent or the state in this way. Mr. Dearth thinks that every time a large j amount of insurance written in blanket form or otherwise expires, that the Minnesota department and the Minne sota agents should get the benefit of it, whereas neither of which does at the present time. Mr. Death doesn't think very favora bly of that part of the present law which authorizes the writing of insur ance in unauthorized companies. "It is vicious," said he, "because it furnishes no protection for the insured. If there is a fire loss the companies pay If they feel like paying, and if they don't feel like paying they don't. | I think the old law governing this j point was better than the present ono. Then a man who wanted to place In surance in unauthorized companies fil ed an affidavit in this office that he was unable to secure all that he need ed in the companies authorized to do business in the state. Still the argu ment was made that to confine a man to the companies which were admitted to this state was an unfair limit to put on people who wanted to buy insur ance, and if people feel that way about it and are willing to trust to the com panies to pay all losses I suppose it is all right. If they cannot collect their insurance they have only themselves to blame for it. As a matter of fact there has been very little of that business written this year, not nearly as much as last year. "In connection with fire insurance law I would be in favor of allowing the organization of fire Insurance com panies in the state with a paid up capital of $50,000 to do business exclu sively in this state. If they want to <\<> business outside of Minnesota then they should increase their capital stock to $100,000, as the present requirement." The commissioner also thinks the in surance laws <>f the state ought to ba codified, but that is also touched upon in his report. CUEER CURRENCY IN AFRICA. Cowry Shells itnd Slav«-« the Only Medium of !■>. flm nui-. From the Contemporary Review. The only recognizwl currency in Kano and throughout the greater part of the Wt-st Afrl < an hinterland, consists of cowry shells and N\;ir th» coast MM cowry shells rep the value uf an English penny. In the far interior the value of a sh:ll la doubled. Bven ben it) shillings' worth of money weighs a hundred pounds. Cowry shells art-, indeed, a perfect cari >atur« of what a currency should be, hint ing. as they do, the three characteristics which, according to political soonoml medium of exchange should possess — namely, i!: f r;nsic value, scarcity, and portability. Where any larger a mi. .v. it is cono ri.ed that cannot easily bo paid in shells slaves ura i ■<■ I n.i a n: ■ dium of exchaogn. A .•■■ort of feudaJ system prevails throughout tha greater part of Wost Africa, the smaller towns paving annual tribute to tho larger Thus Kano nas upward of 2 r <) towns wilicb pay tribute to "Sokoto. Nearly the whoie of this tribute is paid in slave*. Were sla\ er^ lied the whole system of the govern wont wuuid be disorganized, and it wuuld be im possible for most of the towns to find any oilier currency in which to pay. What obviously needs to be done Is to in troduce a regular coinage. This can only be ■Jviio by tin presases in largely increased number* of Europeans In the country. Oy wiiii-h means KB] coin vrstek might be thought, desirable would inon obtain a circu lation. The only coin which is at preFent \/.ci In the Interior is the Maria The resa dollar. This coin, which Is ma<le in Vi. nua, and bears date ISTO, is manufactured exclusively lor export to Central Africa. It contains about two shilling*' worth of silver. ami its purchasing value In the Soudan varies ': i.i 3 BttlUinga to 4 shillings and 6 pence. It will }.iuss in an» of the larger towns, but not. ;is a iul<-. in the (nuntry districts. The wholesale introduction of this or any similar coin, which can. however, only be effected i>ari pac-su with the general exten sion of European Influence, wou'd greatly ...-•■ the (l:iliciii!ii s i-nnevted with the a)w>lltlon of the slave trade. As the case Is now, when a wi 11-to-do native sets out on a Journey of any length, he calculates before^ i ban^ l ' |U probable expense and takrs a eor rMpondlng number of slaves. These he turns Into cowry shells at the various marker* winch he pas.-eg on his route. The value of a slave varies from l'tyOOo to SM.OOO shells, or from El to £!». These are the average market prices; slaves sold by private arrangement and wh">se character* are known, often fetch much higher prices. I The English traveler who object! on princl- I plo to accepting slave* In payment of a debt | is often subjected to serious Inconveniences In const en Out native king to whom 1 h<id sold some I rolls of -silk became indebted to ran to the extent of three-qusrters of a million e<»wrtes. As 1 refu.-ed to receive payment in slaves I had to wait altogether two months to extract what was due me. and finally left the ne'gh t> rhood in despair when many thousands Of shells were still owing. TRIED TO CONVINCE TEXAN. Ditliilt? Stiiilcnt'H IMea for ll<»r*e Thieve* Fa lln on Heal 1 Km-*. Pr >r.i the Washington Star. The old-fashioned Texan had by , some strange apportioning of fate been ; put in a room at ;i crowded lutei with a divinity siuiitnt from an Ku^t^rn .;<?, and they boob established a c-. Dveraatlonal fe >ttng between them selves, though the Texan couldn't quite understand why the young man wouldn't "take a nip for a nightcap." re they slept the talk turned up in the customs and murals of Texan, as exemplified in lynching, the young man argtttag aginsst it. "Gee vrhis, you don't reckon we oughtn't to han.sr a h x-s thief, do jou?" the Texan exclaimed in tones of hor ror, but without profanity, out of def erence t.> the character of the oth?r side. "Most assuredly r>ot." "But what oiißht we to do with him? Not let him git loose?" Let the law take its course." MeUv it'll miss fire and the CUSS*B aw ay." "That is not your fault. If the law he is guiltless, you must accept the decision and forgive the sinner" "They ain't r,o authority fer that, is a?" ' The Bible." "Thar's nothin' thar that covers the hi ound." "Oh. yes, my friend." said the stu dent, warming in his zeal, "even the t'ief on the cross was forgiven " For some reason the IVxan itemed to choke a moment till he csusht his rojee again. Aw, here, young feller," he exclaim ed in a tone of expostulation, "that wasn't no h< ss thief." and the Texan was so serious about it that the young man had to Utugh in spite of him l.nr K « si I re*h-Water l«k« --•tlcns have discovered a hitherto unk-own bar on i:s southern side. wUich so iru-eas-i its known area as to make it a ruestlon wh.ther it is not larger tlian Superior? Fui'er explorations and more careful survej-3 must be made, however, bcXoev ■» dej ;ioa la reached THE ST. PAUL GLOBE SUNDAY NOVEMBER 27, 1893. PICTURES IN COLORS HANDSOME EXHIBITION GIVEN AT THE COMMERCIAL CUB LAST EVENING NO LONGER AN EXPERIMENT Results of Last Mjht'» Exhibition Were Admirable — Invention Was Pronounced One of the Most Important of the Century in the Cause of Education At the Commercial club last evening a considerable number of the members of that club and a body of members of the Minnesota, club were treate-d to a unique entertainment In the show ing of color photographic pictures. The interest of the spectators was not leas ered because of the faat that the illu stration of the McDonough process have not yet been given in the great art centers, but St. Paul has been dis tinguished by a first glimpse of an in vention than will revolutionize photog raphy and become a great factor in all educational work where ocular denwn atraalon is essential to the imparting of the id-e-a. The invention of color photography is said to have been the result of twenty years' study on the part of the inven tor, J. W. McDonough. The pictures •hewn last night were marvelous in their fidelity to nature in color and detail. The exp'anaiion of th« scientific process as to how the colors are ob tained is best explained in a little cir cular that wtas given to each of th« erecta-tors at ja,c, t night's exhibition. It says: "Th* process is purely mechanical and the result? are baeed on the principle of mixture of colored lights on the retina. A transparent medium is ruled in fine colored lines 300 to «00 to the Inch. Tfaeae lines are red, green and blue, commonly speaking. They are the fundamentals of the »pectrum, and their mix ture produces white light. In other wordg the color of each Is 6uch as to absorb the re maining two and transmit only its own light To make a picture It is necc-asary to place one of these ruled screans in immediate contact with the sensitive surface of the dry plate j and expose the same as in ordinary photogra phy. The sensitive ptetea must be what is ! known as i*>chromatic plates, that is, sensi tive to all the colors of the gpectrum. After ! a negative Is made a positive Is also made j by contact printing, as in the usual manner The positive is then placed over the ruled t WOUDEffS OF THE WEST INDIES \ ? Curiosities of Man and Nature in the Islands of the Antilles. ij I The West Indian archipelago has been called the American Mediterra nean, and, like the gTeat midland sea of the Old World, seema to have been created for the special benefit of sight seers. With a few exceptions the coasts are mountainous; picturesque and numerous basalt cliffs prove that the Plutonic Titans have had a hand in their upheaval. One of the three active craters, the Infierno of St. Vincent, appears to have a subterranean connection with the coast range of distant Venezuela, and burst into fire-whirls at the mo ment when the great earthquake of Caracas shook the river suburbs with its premonitory, tremors. There is a tradition that the Souffriere. or "Sul i phur pit," of Guadaloupe depopulated the island a few years after the arrival of the first colonists, but its crater has been on its good behavior ever since, except in 1812 when the activity of the TOicanic powers revived the world over, together with the enterprise of the anti-French alliance. The precipices of Macon county, N. C, are unmatched In the West Indian Sierras, but the Kentucky Mammoth [ cave haj a dangerous rival at Guatal- I NEST OF THE IRIS CROW. co, in the Cuban province of Puerto Principo. and another a few miles southeast of Matanzas. where a whole range of limestone hills seem to form the roof of a subterrenean labyrinth — tunnels. catacombs and dome-like vaults besides crevices that reveal ; glimpse« of underworld lakes and rivesi The Guatalco caverns, with their magnificent gypsum colonnades, were discovered only a few years ago by an American mining prospector, and the neighln>ring sierras may conceal many similar marvels, for it is a curious fact that the Spanish Creoles, v.-ith all their j E! Dorado visions, lack the exploring j Instinct of our minors. The famous ! silver pit of Sombrerete. in Northern Mexico, was "lost" during the war of independence, and then rediscovered i by the peons of an English land syndi cate, and the Spanish cattle barons of upper California did not even sus pect the existence of precious met a Is. though the entire bonanza region f th,- San Joaquin valley had been set tled before the beginning of the seven teenth century. But even Wept Indian Creoles could not help noticing the roar of the Rio Verde fall?. In Western Hayti. or the still k-uder voice of the cliff-breakers - CCO) JINGLE REEDS. ion the ivirth t\.ii_t I i .rrto Rico. I North we*n g&ies, sweeping down from ' screen and the dark lines on the positive m*ae to register tflHi the colors. Paper photographs are also made by printing in the usual manner on the sensitive paper ruled with the three colored lines as on the screen. Half-tone pictures in colors are also made by printing with blaok ink (from a half-tone plate made from the original), on paper hav ing the three colored lines ruled on its sur face the same as a screen." There were fifty or more gentlemen present when "W. W. Strickland intro duced the exhibition. Across one cor ner of the room there was a screen stretched and the pictures were thrown on this as in ordinary stereopticon work. Mr. Strickland ?aid that he de sired to call attention to the fact that j St. Paul was given the advantage of I seeing this marvellous work of inven- j t:ve genius before 'it had been shown I In any of th? g- eater cities of the world, j The inventor had died before hi« work j was wholly completed, but the theory ; of Mr. McDonough had been developed ; t> a rema;rka.ble degree and the pic tares would prove that the invention was no longer •speculative. He direoted ; attention to the exhibition of the color schema in three ribbons of gr«en, blue and red on the canvass. The pictures would be thrown through the;e ribbo c, j quaJified as to their distinctive features i in order to produce white light. The apparatus for the throwing of pictures was put in operation and mar vellously natural color effects were pro duced. Most of the pictures were pho tographs made in the parka of Chicago aiul all of them exhibited marvellous fidelity to life in the coloring. Some big clusters of flowera were shown where all of the tints of the rainbow were presented. There were beauti fully brought out. Perhaps the moat ertriking of the pictures shown wetre portraits where flesh tints were beauti fully shown. The applause eVicited by the pictures waa spontaneous, crttteal' and quite en thusiastic. The exhibition was in two parts and in the intermission Dr. East nian made some remarks goin*r to show the advantages that woirid be guined by science and in business by the in vention. He said thait the invention of Mr. McDonough w»3 in line with the disooveries of Te*!a aad went back to j the source of all life and li«"ht— the control of the pure white H«rht of the sun's rays. He said that from the art pcJnt of view the discovery was the greatest of the century, and that its educationaJ advantages could not now be measured. At the close of the programme the fidelity of color photography was beau tifully illustrated in the show-ing of a i picture in which the colors of flowers \ were brought out by candle light, the flame of the candle being absolutely true as to color. the ice peaks of th.9 arctic regions, en- I ecu niter no obstacle tn their range of 10.000 miles till they break upon the rocks of the island that forms the ecstern outpost of the Antilles. In a moderate breeze the boom of the surf — , ! THE PO!ROt7PIVE PISH. oar be plainly heard from, the Inland hilla of San Jua«n. In a gal© its thuii | ders resemble the echo of a formidabl carnonadi?, aawl the rutoh of the vav. s is a Fight not eaey to forgot. Only such surfs bring up spoils from the deeper trearore caves ot the ocean, and a few hours' hunt in the sheli n-oiwvds of Puint«. Negra, eatft of ftai; Juan, v.v>uld suffice to stook a private muse-vim with nxarln-e ourlos. Near Arcmcea, a few miles further eaat, ver liable shell hills are found at a datai.c of 2,000 paces from the chore and at an elevation indicating either the grad ual upheaval of the coast or the pro pulsive force of occasional north gales But no storms can leave appreciable mementoes of thedr power in the jungle^ of the West Indiam o..a.vt forest 3. In the open fields isolated palms may kiss the very dust o propitiate the fury of a cyclone, anid after all get caught Ii a cross squall ar.d arspped asun<J<-r lik • carrots; but in the. heart of the virgin ■woods an irtrieate tamgrle of trees and Manas or bos-h rc<nu=; forms a mutual prutectiv.? as3soolatloii that can defy :h WfTst g-alffl of the tropics. Seme species of liai-ias, however, in sure their customers for purposes o. their own; the m-ata palos will strangl large forest trees till they wither to m*re shells; then drop Its colls fro:n th decaying top brancht« like a vegetebl OOtopoa, swaying its arms in quest *if prey, and incidentally strike rott a^aln so that a stasjle tfnusjder may pursu its work of destytjk.<son ai-mg a track of several th tisa:i<l yards. Another species of bush rope, th* musk liana, perfumes whole mountain sides with its pungent odors, and at (i itain times of the year often betrays the neighborhood of the roast to night storm-tossed mariners of the Caribbe an sea. The esplnasso palm, in its armor of x \\, i U THE CUBAN CORONET PIGEON. Ihick-set black spines, resembles a vegetable porcupine, but in grotesque appearance is>not rarely surpassed by i th<- palma real, that swells out as an elevation of some forty feet above ground, and then tapers a,?ain to th" bttse of its leafy crest, thus giving the trunk the outline of a spindle or of a tiirnip. pul'.el-out. leaves and all and somehow balanced on th^ tip of Its tan rcot. i Explorers ofthe primeval forest have to ascend to -an altitude of 3,000 feet before they at last emerge into hill parks resembling our northern pine foiests; but it \tmuld make modern hunters smiles to iremember the com plaint of »he first' Spanish settlers that the pleasure -if the chase in the West ; Indian vJßderSeas) was marred by the i absent c of iuadrupeds. ■There are immense coast swamps, but neither bears nor boars," says the chronicle of Diego Columbus; "there an- no deer in the woods, and no sheep on the mountain, meadows. We did not even pee rabbits, and. though the for ests abound vHh fruit, there is not a single species of monkey. Birds there are. in c rantless variety, and they seem to have crowded Kit their four footed fellow creatures in this land of marvels." Time has changed all that, and if there are now any birds at all they •we their survival merely to the »tr- BROWNING, KING & CO. Qilt=Edged Bargains=Mondav f}* fill!' Men's Cosy Ulsters. c I >Vr*Vil Perfect garments, warm and cosy; made with *n| 1 ill r<\ \y ftL hlffh stortn coll ar; cut extra long; handsome Ox- f rl» #VV /A^r/ v\ ford Frieze; our Ulsters fit perfectly and won't f I \ \ encumber you in the least; always $13.50. Onlj * >V» * -] Men's Frieze Overcoats Jj&ffiri ii Handsome assortment of Frieze Overcoats; deep *S IJ ■ P -^ \l I velvet collar, plaid lining; perfectly finished— coats V I ifil.' Jv that fit » han £ and look for all th e world like other 111 Ail in ' k-3 stores' sls coats. Only M>\J % & Smoking JacketS=Superb Assortment.^ / Unquestionably the handsomest assortment of #R»% •3!i '/ *«* Gentlemen's Smoking- Jackets in town. All the 1 - newest effects in fancy stripes, double-faced ma- I V ]WT terials, etc. Prices rangfe from $4.50 to $13.50... V '*" Sele ct a Jacket now. If it doesn 't fit we 'II exchange it any time. $ 5 Knee Suits. Boys' Warm Reefers. CJ ,^°c- d V c P i aCe ° o S^ le 3^ mQ Boys ' heay y Iri3h Fri *ze Reef- Vs^l 200 $o Knee-Pant Suits; tf^ C rs; high storm collar, fancy <£— JjF»Lr D.-B. coats ; very heavy * J lining extremely heavy, cut V C ~ jT^V weight, splendid assortment extra long ; regular $7 50 / I \\ of serviceable patterns. All Lf coat. Only fj // °' »-1 \ sizes, 7to 15 years. / J *H \ •LM Flannel Waists. Yonths' $10 Suits. M/'.W „, _ , _ Handsome Tan Tweed Suits, \ Ai ° • . Blue, Gray and Tan /A n ver7 Dest goods, sub- tf r A \^» U / Flannel Waists and 7 U stantially made, nicely " .h^ Blouses, always $1.00. 7\7%r cut, all sizes. Monday, fi V^-T h$ Monday 3 for $1.00. ttxJ* only If / T each \ /I / 50c Flannel Waists. B °y s> $2 Lon S Paflts - WW Bi ff lot of Outing ~- Our Boys' Black and rA \K / Flannel Waists, always 1 U Gray on S PatltS ' al - s l^ W |] W 50c. Each... ;.. rS r ways $2, all sues. l_ 1 kdxJ\j Monday, only \ £/ i^v W FOf sis HERE ARE J I These JL MONEY-SPENDING OPPORTUNITIES 8 % Da ys 1 Whicll Should Not Be overlook^- £ g I/O J J* JWSeagl3L» Alr-tlght Heaters $105 LOWEST 'IBaßß2m Brick-liaed Sheet Iron Heatera ........... !'.!!!'.S3!bO 5 5E PRTCFS in Favorite Oak, for Coal or Wood $5 95 » Wm . . mß^Tt Sdlf-feeder, Base Burger* $10,50 d A the Clt y' not tf^BPSS& A larsr * PaM-^ralngr Self-feeder and Double Heater, Z for one day, mPP9|mKII worth lao.oo. now $18.50 I but for cv mi^M@^W^ * exchange New Stoves for Old. We carry ail kinds of Stove © A uut i^ 1 cv P^^SS^lO^ir Pay freight 100 miles. S that' h~t" r * &> * ** WE «»B EXOLUBIVE AGENTS ff»OR @ I T^, a ,: rir% d r. mm coral heaters and | §S: pfSV o on. n S n w Th BRILLIANT SUNSHINE HEATERS, I I #»«t rAli'aht* Furn!tiiri« Par *v , eM ,i T r ? th * f 2 mo "* Coal-saver. and Heat-producers. We have © £ eST, roiiaDlO rurniCUre, V^ar- them io all sixes. la addition we carry "The Favorite." "The West A pets, Stoves and House Point," "The Imperial," "N»rman" and other well known makes. X Furnishings of the newest Special Sale on Iron Beds. £ styles, the latest patterns i, eM than yon c buy them for anywhert elße lm the world A £ and greatest wearing at- carload ja»t received. Z tributes in the state today. i^ftH I *?^ 6l1 *! 118161 * lron ■••* ( like cut )- 9 f' i I , , ,/ i*Slc I - -». *«is D «d has I '4-uich po»ts, four cqats of blcy- fi in Short, a place Where the L«(*S*Sk^y>i «1« enamel, large brass knobs, and is superbly J wants of the people can be TOaSMP^CJ ftn i»h«d. For one week we win »cii this bed, Wf , i_ t , t^ ■ »» Xdfed^H ntt«d wjth a fine woven wire spring and on eft easiest and cheapest sup* Iv.^ i^^TVJ extra good cotton top mat- **£ JB c I plied. +<iSy^X±r** tro»s, all cpjnplete for HlOa^frO W W r l This outfit is cheap at $0.00. £| A Th« U/I«» and Economical Are Our Patrons. A | Wallblom Furniture and Carpet Qo. I 1 136-138-140-142 Bast 6fh Street. | cumstanee that cats are slow breeders and that dogs and pigs cannot climb. Several species of ground birds, like pheasants and jungle cocks, have been almost exterminated by the enormous multiplication of runaway pigs, and the West Indian turkey of the uplands may fail to hold its own against the similar Increase of ownerless curs. The tree-birds, however, are safe. Ortly the total destruction of the rank coast forests could endanger the sur vival of some twenty species of par rots of the gorgeous, but wary, mac aws, the Iria crows, horn-bills, pigeons and countless tropical relatives of our thrushes and orlolea. They rear their broods safely, four out of five times, though there are numerous birds of prey, from the palm eagle to several dwarfish varieties of hawks, one of them not as heavy as a common spav row, though Its long tail makes it look a little larger. It is found both in Cuba and San Domingo, and Jamaica boasts the smallest of all birds thus far discovered, a pale green coiSbii, or humming bird, that can perch on a child's finger tip, like a June bug, and hides its nest on the lower side of an ordinary-sized leaf. The hocco, or tree-cork, on the other hand, attains a weight of fifteen pounds, and to off set its limited flying capacity has be come as cautious as an anarchist in a Russian garrison town. It builds its nest in the top branches of lofty forest trees, amidst clusters of Spanish mosr., that make its discovery extremely dif ficult, and moreover takes wing at tht slightest suspicious noise. Still harder to approach is tht manatee, in its aquatic pastures, among the deltas of the coast riven*. Naturally, the river cow is by no means a shy creature, but bitter ex perience has changed its habits since the time when its ancestors "rose from the water like nu.rmaids," to scan the boat's crew of Juan Velasquez with curious eyes. The survivors now stick to the ur.navigrable lagoons: but fool hardy youngsters are caught alive ev ery now and then, and can be seen ir. the ponds of many public parks, vhere they gvt tame enough to come t-> a whittle :i»id waddle ashore for a handful of cabbage leaves. Prof Vogt enumerates some forty rr.ethods of migration by v.h'-h inserts can reach distant islands, and the rest less colonizers have not failed to pr«- empt the soil of the West Indian archipelago from the shore of the man grove swamps to the summit rocks of the Sierra Maestra. They recognize no land titles, and It would test the ingenuity of an architect to build fin Insect-proof dwelling house. A circ '.e --moat of swift running water might fall to exclude the armies of robber ants that cross mountain brooks by dint of sheer desperate energy, while some varieties of misroscopic emmets might assemble on a dry leaf and wait their chance to be wafted acrops by a favorable breeze Twilight gnats could slip through a common mosquito bar, like rats through a rail fence, and some species <>t dark blue dauber hornf-t.v would encamp close to the lintel of the door and post sentries to watch for a business opening. The largest of ihe two or three spe cies of indigenous quadrupeds, the hutla, or bush rat, has maintained Its priority claims against some twenty generations of coloists, but the two legged aborigines are hovering on the verge of total extinction. In 1550 their, aggregate number still exceeded l,"» 00 -.-000; in 1600 they had dwindled to less than 100,000, and at present there are only three email settlements of full breed Lucavans, two of which can hold STEALING UUETtV DOWSE STAIRS. their own only by admitting Caucasian squatters, that will soon compel them to relinquish the characteristic r-ostums* of their ancestors. Their last inde pendent settlement is that of the Sierra de Valcarras, near the old military overland road from Nuevitas to San tiago de Cuba. They are taciturn, shy and as clannish as the Veddas of Southern Ceylon. As long as their scant crops of Indian corn can be eked out with forest spoils they will not ap proach the lowland pueblos, and even thflr youngsters flee like scared rab bits at sight of a stranger exhibiting thr; shas??y front of the ogres that de stroyed so many millions of their fore fathers. For centuries only exploring miners now and then visited their set tlement, but the lower valley of the Valcarras river is now getting speckled with the cabins of stock farmers, and at their advance the aborigines gradu ally retreat to the bleak highlands— the last refuge of a defeated race. — F. L. Oswald. A Jeweled Globe. Tho shah has in his palace at Teheran a 12-inch globe, upon which the parts of th« worM are set out In Jewels of various color* — E-cgland with rubies, India with diamonds, the sea with emeralds, and so on.