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VOL. XXL—NO. 33 6.
PATHWAY OF THE
Early Explorers Unwittingly Followed the Ultimate
Course of Trade From the Old World
to the Orient.
TRUE NORTHWEST PASSAGE DETERMINED
Father Hennepin's Part in the Work of Location
Local Interest of St. Paul and ninneapolis There
in "A Heavenly Spot" Lewis and Clarke
Survey The Northwest as a Gateway of Com
merce Agencies of the Present Day Con
NOT ALL, ILLUSORY.
But however illusory were the Ideas
of the earlier navigators of the Atlantic
and the explorers of the northern sec
tion of the continent between the
shores of that ocean and those of the
Pacific with respect to the existence of
a continuous water course to the East
Indies, subsequent developments and
events have revealed the truth that,
after all, they were exploring the actual
main track which commerce would in
stinctively and geographically enter in
the completion of Its circumnavigation
of the globe from the Orient. And in
the establishment of this natural route
some peculiar developments have taken
place during the last half of the nine
teenth century. The existence of the
great lakes has doubtless had much to
do-with the gravitation of the world's
commerce to this section of the coun
try. And it should be remembered In
this connection that the Gulf of St.
Lawrence may be properly regarded
as the mouth of one continuous water
course, extending from its source at
the head of the St. Louis river, in
Northern Minnesota, through Lake Su
perior, the "Soo" canal, but originally
the Falls of St. Mary, throughout the
length of Lake Huron, the Lake St.
Clair, out into Lake Erie, and thence
by the river and falls of Niagara to
Lake Ontario and by the St. Lawrence
river to the sea. The dreamers and
the explorers of two or even one cen
tury ago were justified in hugging
these Northern water shores, for even
the exploration of the Missouri river
was not undertaken until about the
time of the Louisiana purchase ln 1803.
FATHER HENNEPIN AND THE
Following the example of Mar
quette, and associating himself
with De Laaalle and other mis
sionaries of the Roman Cathollo
church, the fervent priest, F. Louis
Hennepin, made hia way between the
years 1679 and 1652 Into the territory
now embraced ln the states of Minne
sota and Wisconsin, and collected many
facts ln regard to the native conditions
of this area, particularly with refer
ence to the topography of the country
and Its fertility, the water courses and
their navigable capacities, as well as
the customs of the Indians at this
time inhabiting this section of the
country. There ls no doubt that Hen
nepin's service by his courageous ad
vance Into the then unknown and un
explored wilderness had much to do
with marking out this route as the one
which should prove to be ln the future
the natural pathway of commerce from
the Atlantic to the Pacific.
This i,s Father Hennepin's description
ef Lake Superior: "This Superior lake
■funs from east to west and may have
more than 150 leagues ln length, sixty
ln breadth and 500 ln circuit. We never
Went quite over it as we did over all
the others I have hitherto mentioned,
but wo sounded some of Its greatest
I—Pathway1—Pathway of Commerce.
Gov. Tanner Indicted.
(Jermany Wants Carolines.
2—Cruelty Alleged in Divorce Case.
Prof. Weld's Objections.
Red Cross Work.
Preservation of Game.
B—New8 —New Legislature.
In the Political Field.
Li t( '.' From Menage.
Col. Clough's Plan Approved.
Interests of Agriculture.
To Save the Temple.
Prof. Zucbliu's Lecture.
Curling Club's Meeting.
News of the Railroads.
6—Markets of the World,
Bar Silver, 58% c.
Chicago Cash Wheat, 66@66*^c.
Nov.s of the Northwest.
Struggle With the Storm.
B—Surprise8—Surprise in Lighting Bids.
NEW YORK—Arrived: Steamer Matanzas,
Havana; Advance, Colon; Latin, Bremen.
Sailed: Norge, Hamburg; Karlsruhe,
HAVRE—Sailed: Moravia, New York.
LIVERPOOL— Arrived: Germanic, New York.
BREMEN—Arrived: Trave, New York.
GENOA-Sailed: Kaiser Wilhelm 11., New
PHILADELPHIA — Arrived: Switzerland,
QUEENS-TOWN—Sailed; Pentland, Philadel
phia; Majestic, New York. Arrived: Can
BOSTON*—Arrived: Steamer Cherokee Jack
METROPOLITAX--A Fair Rebel," 8 PM.
GRAND—"A Female Drummer," 8:15 PM.
Palm Garden—Vaudeville, 2 and 7 PM.
Theo. Thomas concert, People's church, 8 PM
••Scotch evening." Park Congregational
«-hui-cn. Holly and Mackubin streets, 8 PM
Red Cross Aid society meets, Third and
Jackson streets. 8 PM.
Lecture by Edward Schnell, First German
M. E. church, 8 PM.
W. C. T. unions meet, Dyer block West
Fifth street. 8 PM.
Fourth Ward ProhibiUon club, 51 East Fourth
street, 8 PM.
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE
depths and lt resembles the ocean, hav
ing neither bottom nor banks.
"I shall not here stay to mention ths
infinite numbers of rivers that dis
charge themselves into this prodigious
luke, which, together with that of Illi
ncis (Lake Michigan) and the rivers
that are swallowed ln them make up
the source of that great rlv*u* St. Law
rence, which runs into the ocean at
the islands of Assumption towards New
Foundland. * * * I have already
observed that all these lakes may well
be called fresh water seas. They
abound extremely in white fish greater
than carps which are extraordinarily
good; nay, at twenty or thirty fathom
water there are salmon trouts taken of
fifty or sixty pounds weight. It were
easy to build on the sides of these great
lakes an infinite number of consider
able towns, which might have com
munication, one with another, by navi
gation for 500 leagues together, and by
an Inconceivable commence, which
would establish itself among them.
And to be sure, the soil, If cultivated by
Europeans, would prove very fertile."
HENNEPIN'S REFERENCE TO
TWIN CITIES LOCALITIES.
Father Hennepin's account of his
travels affords a most interesting pic
ture of life among savages ln those
days and of the conditions prevailing
in the particular locality of St. Paul
and Minneapolis, which were then un
born children of the wilderness. This
ls what he says concerning the Mis
sissippi and the area now tributary to
the Twin Cities:
"The navigation of the Mississippi is
interrupted ten leagues above this River
of tbe Grave (St. Croix river), by a fall
of fifty or sixty feet high, which we
called the Fall of St. Anthony of Pa
dua, whom we had taken for the pro
tector of our discovery. There ls a
rock of pyramidal figure just ln ."the
middle of the fall of the river.
"The row of mountains (meaning
the Indian mounds) fencing the
banks of the Mississippi ends at the
mouth of the river of Ouisconsin (Wis
consin); there we likewise observed
that tiiat river, which runs from thence
to sea almost directly north and south,
rvns then from the westward or the
northwest. The misfortune of being
taken prisoners hindered us from go
ing as far as its source, which we
could never learn from the savages,
who told us only that about twenty or
thirty leagues above the fall of St. An
thony there is another fall, near which
the nation of savages Inhabit at cer
tain seasons of the year. They call
those nations Tintonba, that Is the in
habitants of the meadows,
"Eight leagues above the fall of St.
Anthony we met with the river of the
Issatl, or Nadouesslans, which is very
narrow at the mouth, it comes from
the lake of Issatl (Itasca), lying about
seventy leagues from its mouth. We
called this river the river of St. Fran
cis; and lt was In this place that we
were made slaves by the Issatl.
"The course of the Mississippi, accord
ing to our best computation, is about
800 leagues from Tintonba to the sea,
Including its windings and turnings,
which are very great, and may be nav
igable from the fall of St. Anthony for
flat-bottom boats, provided the islands
were clear from trees and especially
from vines, which, having tied the trees
together, would stop a boat in many
"The country above Mille Lao
is a marshy ground,, wherein grows
abundance of wild oats, which grow
without any culture or sowing, in lakes
provided they are not above three foot
deep. That corn ls much like our oats,
but much better, and its stalks are a
great deal longer when lt is ripe. The
savages gather it and live thereupon
several months of the year, making a
kind of broth thereof."
OTHER LOCAL REFERENCES TO
THE PATHWAY OF COMMERCE.
It ls an Interesting fact locally that
early explorers, including Hennepin,
Lahontan and Carver, should all have
been peculiarly impressed by the re
gion lying west of Lake Michigan and
including the territory through which
the Mississippi flows from its foun
tain head at Lake Itasca to Its Junc
tion with the Illinois river. Carver,
in the appendix to his journal, and
summing up his conclusions,'says:
"The Mississippi, as I have before ob
served, runs form north to south and
passes through the most fertile and
temperate part of North America, ex
cluding only the extremities of it, which
verge both on the torrid and frigid
zones. Thus favorably situated, when
once Its banks are covered with inhab
itants they need not long be at a loss
for means to establish an extensive
and profitable commerce. They will
find the country towards the south al
most spontaneously producing silk, cot
ton, indigo and tobacco, and the more
northerly parts, wines, oil, beef, tal
low, skins, buffalo wool and fur ; with
lead, copper, iron, coal, lumber, corn,
rice and fruits, besides earth and barks
for dyeing. • * *
"The parts of the Mississippi of which
no survey has hitherto been taken
amount to upwards of 800 miles, fol
lowing the course of the stream that
is from the Illinois to the Wisconsin
rivers. * * *
"It is, however, necessary to observe
FRIDAY MORNING DECEMBER 2, 1898.
that before the*=e settlements can be I
established grants must be secured ln
the manner customary on such occa
sions, and the lands be purchased by
those who have acquired a right to
them by a long possession; but no
gi eater difficulty will attend the com
pletion of this point than the original
founders of every colony on the con
tinent met with to obstruct their in
tentions; and the number of Indians
who inhabit these tracts being greatly
inadequate to their extent, it ls not to be
dcubted but they will readily give up
for a reasonable consideration the ter
ritories that are of little use to them,
or remove for the accommodation of
their new neighbors to lands at a great
er distance from the Mississippi, the
navigation of which Is not essential to
the welfare of their communities. The
country within these lines from its sit
uation Is colder than any of the others,
yet I am convinced that the air is much
more temperate than ln those provinces
that lie In the same degree of latitude
to the east of it. The soil is excellent,
and there is a great deal of land that
ls free from woods in the parts adjoin
ing to the Mississippi; whilst on the
contrary the northeastern borders of
it are well wooded. Towards the head
of the river St. Croix rice grows in
great plenty, and there ls an abun
dance of copper. Though the Falls of
St. Anthony are situated at the south
east corner of this division, yet that
Impediment will not totally obstruct
the navigation, as the river St. Croix,
which runs through a great part of
the southern side of it, enters the Mis
sissippi Just below the falls, and flows
with so gentle a curve that it affords
a convenient navigation for boatß. This
tract is about 100 mllea from north
west to southeast, and 120 miles from
northeast to southwest.
"A HEAVENLY SPOT."
"This tract, as I have already describ
ed in my journals, exceeds the highest
encomiums I can give lt; notwith
standing which, lt is entirely unlnhab-
Ite-d, and the profusions of blessings
that nature has showered on this heav
enly spot return unenjoyed to the spot
from which they sprang. Lake Pepin,
as I have termed it, after the French,
Has within these bounds, but the lake
to which that name properly belongs
Is a little above the river St. Croix.
However, as all tha traders call the
lower lake by that name, I hiave so
denominated it, contrary to the infor
mation I received from the Irdlans."
MINNESOTA IN THE "NORTHWEST
And thus lt has come to pass, in the
advance of time, that the "Northwest
passage" is practically across the
northern parallels of what ls now the
United States of America, and that
the tide of world's commerce haa come
almost by gravitation Into the very
zone in which earlier navigators and
explorers insisted that lt would be
found to exist. But the methods by
which its progress should be developed
are wholly different from those antici
pated for lt. The headwaters of Lake
Superior are only beginning to play
the great part that inland navigation
appears destined to perform, while the
great steel links between those waters
and the Pacific are of so recent con
struction that no computation ls pos
sible of their enormous possibilities in
the direction of the future develop
ment of trade between this country
and the nations of Asia, whence ever
increasing demands are being made
upon us for our products.
LEWIS AND CLARK SURVEYS.
The marking out of the line of tha
pathway across the continent was
largely assisted as a result of the
With the opening of the great terri
tory beyond the Mississippi, through
the purchase from France of the area
which had previously belonged to Spain
and extended to the Pacific ocean, the
rounding out of the foundations for the
subsequent influence of the young gov
ernment of the republic was as
sured. The first thing which suggested
Itself to the mind of Thomas Jefferson
was the exploration of that portion of
the continent extending from the west
ernmost point of Lake Superior to the
coast of the Paciflo sea. The pur
chase was made ln 1803. The explora
tion began by Lewis and Clark at an in
In what degree do the people of this
country, who are now ln the enjoyment
of all its liberties and advantages
for the creations of fortunes, meas
ure the services of the men who pene
trated the wilderness of the Northwest
and gave to the public the first reflec
tion of Its material greatness? Those
men are dead now; but Meriwether
Lewis, who headed the great explora
tion of the Northwest pending the ac
quisition of that territory by the Unit
ed States, Is entitled to a larger fame
than he has ever received ln the
chronicles of United States history.
But he has the magnificent Indorse
ment of Thomas Jefferson, the presi
dent of the United States, who com
missioned him upon this errand of
duty. In a letter to Paul Allen, of
Philadelphia, Thomas Jefferson, then
retired to his homestead ln Montlcello,
Va., from the presidency of tha United
States, wrote under date of Aug. 18,
1813, respecting the virtues of this com
mander. In that letter he embodies
some of the Instructions which were
given to Capt. Lewis, and the follow
ing extracts afford a clear conception
of the beautiful character of Jefferson
and the spirit of kindliness which was
the dominant element of his Intellec
tual make-up as revealed to the world.
Among other things, he said to Lewis:
"In all your intercourse with the na
tives treat them ln the most friendly
and conciliatory manner which their
own conduct will admit; allay all jeal
ousies as to the object of your journey;
satisfy them of Its innocency; make
them acquainted with the position, ex
tent, character, peaceable and commer
cial dispositions of the United States;
of our wish to be neighborly, friendly
and useful to them and of our dispo
sitions to a commercial Intercourse
with them; confer with them on the
points most convenient as mutual em
poriums and the articles of most de
sirable interchange for them and us.
• * * Carry with you some matter of
the kine-pox; Inform those of them
with whom you may be of Its efficacy
as a preservative from the smallpox
and instruct and encourage them in tha
use of lt."
OBJECTS OF THE SURVEY.
The explorations of Lewis and Clarke,
originally planned by President Jeffer
son to gain an idea of the source of
the Missouri river and Its possible con
nection with the Pacific ocean, afford
ed the first gleam of intelligence re
specting the scope and economical ele
ments of the Northwest. The maps of
these explorers as shown today are
substantially a reflection of the sur
face of the interior as now existing,
save that it is crossed by bands of
steel linking the East and the West
ln the commerce of the world.
The work of the missionaries brought
little in the form of product so far as
the mere question of souls saved was
concerned. The predominating spirit
Inspired the legiotns on the guidons
"land ahead." From the very incep
tion of the expedition the dream was
paramount that there was an ocean be
yond. Jefferson knew this and referred
to It ln his instructions. But how lit
tle did those pioneers appreciate the
fact that they were blazing the way of
the world's commerce right through the
very avenue which the dreamers of
five centuries previous had marked
out as the line of connection between
the commerce of the East culminating
on the shores of Portugal and the
Netherlands and finally of England,
with some dlstamt territory then un
THE NORTHWEST AS A GATEWAY.
St. Paul and Minneapolis comprise a
community which, as the eastern ter
minal points of two great transconti
nental railway systems, constitute the
gateway through which vast supplies
in the way of manufactures must be
transported for centuries to come, for
the use by the enormous population
of the Oriental countries. Meanwhile,
the products of cereals and live stock
throughout the entire Northwestern
area or territory must be ever Increas
ing as time goes on for the constantly
multiplying numbers of consumers. The
immensity of this approaching era of
industrial activity and its importance
to the future of the country can no
more be computed even by the minds
whose operations have combined to
create the existing facilities for the
conduct of the words commerce than
could Nebuchadnezzar in his destruc
tion of Sidon have foretold the com
ing proportions of the commerce of the
globe. China, Japan and India ln their
entirety are rapidly coming, through
natural processes, to be feeders upon
and absorbers of the products of the
United States. The Northwest passage
to India has been discovered, but in a
long deferred age from that in which
they lived who first sought It.
And no one can fail to be impressed
while he considers the advance of com
merce during the nineteenth century
with its numerous appliainces evolved
from inventive minds that every force
which has been developed within this
era and which has proved so essential
in tho details of its promotion
has existed from the beginning of
time. 6tea*m power has existed since
flre and water came together, but lt
remained for the genius of the eigh
teenth and (nineteenth centuries to de
velop the tremendous force of this little
vein of heated mist. Electricity, as re
cent sclentiflo discovery has proved, is
one of the great elemental powers of
the universe, existing from the very
dawn of creation, but the function of
snatching the 'secret h of its power de
volved upon a printer ef the
eighteenth century after Christ.
These two great agencies, steam and
electricity, seem to have been reserved
by the Almighty for His purposes in
ultimately bringing together the con
necting links of the world's commerce.
There ls today __ splendor ln the
lightning flash, an eloquence in the
voice of the thunder, and a magnifi
cence In the cloud of steam which
spreads itself ln rainbow form ln the
presence of the sun, which were un
dreamed of by all those who enjoyed
the ancient glories of the Orient.
Oliver Company Gives Employes an
Increase olf Ten Per tent.
HOUGHTON, Mich., Dec. I.—The Oli
ver Mining company, today, gave all
Its employes at Ironwood and Besse
mer 10 per cent advance In wages. The
increase affects about 2,000 men and
will amount to over $100,000 per annum.
Similar advances at other mines are
expected Jan. 1.
MR. RYAN CONTROLS IT.
St. Paul Man Secures a Newly Dis
covered Canadian Gold Mine.
TORONTO, Ont., Dec. I.—(Sps
clal.)—Dennis Ryan, the million
aire hotel man of St. Paul,
and Senator Darley, of Flori
da, have secured control of a valuable
gold mine just discovered in Pontiao
PRINCE GEORGE OF GREECE AND HIS ROYAL FIANCEE.
Prince George of Greece and Princess Vic
toria of Wales, who are said to be engaged,
are first among the popular members of royal
families in Europe, The princess was born
July 6, 1868, and is therefore older than 30.
She is the third child of the Prince and
Princess of Wales, Only a short time ago
it was currently reported that the princess
would marry Lord Ravelstoke, the head of the
great Baring family. While she has net the
SPAIN'S STROM CASE
THE DONS ASK FOR CONCESSIONS
THAT AMERICANS MAY
WILL CONSULT WASHINGTON
Tlit* Time the American Commis
sioners Ask for Time for Consid
eration of Proposals Made
Spaniard* Finally Meeting Amer
icans ln a Spirit of Fairness—
Filipinos May Defy America,
PARIS, Dec. 1.—Anxious as both are
to conclude their work, the United
States and Spanish peace commissions
did not hold a joint session today.
Their next session will be held at 2
o'clock tomorrow afternoon.
This delay arose from the fact that
the Spanish commissioners at yester
day's session offered several urgent
propositions which called for special
deliberation on the part of the Amer
icans. Spain asks the United States to
grant, for a term of five years, to Span
ish ships carrying Spanish goods or
products to Porto Rico and Cuba, the
same privilege as American vessels en
gaged In the same trade may have, and
she qualifies this request by a proviso
that trade privileges be extended to
Cuba so long as the United States gov
ernment is dominant over the island.
In support of this request the Span
ish commissioners assert that Spain
cannot, without vital harm, immediate
ly abandon or cut the business rela
tions so long maintained between the
mother country and the West Indian
territories. They declare that family
ties and social relations, added to af
fairs of trade maintained through cen
turies, require gradual dissolution,
They Invoke the terms of the treaty of
ISI9, by which the United States too"<
Florida from Spain, and In the fifteenth
article of which granted Spain for
twelve years the right to send her
goods and products to Florida in Span
ish ships on the same terms as the
ships carrying thitherto goods and
products of the United States,
The Spanish commissioners cite, fur
ther, the fact that the treaty of 1803
with France, for the cession of Louisi
ana, granted French and Spanish goods
and products the same terms as Amer
icans in New Orleans and other ports
in the ceded territory.* Finally Spain
points to the American proposed open
points to the American proposed
"open-door" policy in the Philippines,
and askes a guarantee of the same ad
vantage ln her late West Indian colo
nies until trade relations can by de
grees accustom themselves to the
change of sovereignty.
The proposition and the arguments
by which it was supported are consid
ered etrongly stated, and the Ameri
can commissioners desired time for de
liberation. Thus, though busy until
nearly 2 o'clock this afternoon, they
were not fully prepared, and Judge Day
sent a message to Senor Montero Rlos
requesting that the joint session be
postponed until tomorrow.
Meanwhile the Spanish commission
ers had been preparing a list of sub
jects for negotiation, supplemented by
suggestions counter to and amendatory
of the subjects the Americans submit
ted yesterday. This came to the Amer
ican commissioners today, ln Spanish,
rendering it even more desirable to
postpone the Joint session in order to
give time for translation and consid
eration. The translation ls being made
this evening, and the subject will be
laid before the American commission
ers tomorrow morning.
Now that the first gust of grief and
chagrin has passed, the Spanish com
missioners are meeting the Americans
in a frank spirit that ls helpful to an
early completion of the negotiations.
From information which comes to
the correspondent of tihe Associated
Press from a well authenticated source,
late this evening, it seems unlikely
that the commissions will finish their
work as soon as had been expected.
It is probable that the negotiations will
last considerably longer.
NEW VQRK SCANDAL.
Commissioner Atbury Asks That
He Be Suspended.
ALBANY, N. V., Dec. I.—George P. Atbury,
commissioner of publio works, today reouest
ed Gov. Black to suspend him from offlce un
til after an Investigation of charges against
him by the courts.
kind of beauty that haunts one's memory nor
the beauty of many of the noblewomen of
England, Princess Victoria has a pleasing and
winning face. It is the heavy "face of her
father. The eyes of the daughter might as
well be the father's own, so far as likeness
goes. The princess' face is so strong as to be
almost masculine. But that is no Indication
of her character, for she is very gentle, very
loving, very womanly. Prince George of
Greece ls the cousin cf the Princess Victoria.
He is the second soa of the King of Greece,
PRICE TWO CENTS~fg? v £ fcfr^.
SENSATIONAL DENOUEMENT TO
THE VIRDEN COAL HINE
MALFEASANCE IN OFFICE
That and Palpahle Omission of
Duty Are the Counts the Gov
ernor Is Held Upotn Bail Fixed
at a Nominal Sum Foreman of
the Grand Jury -Was Averse to
tlie Action Taken.
CARLINVILLE, 111., Dec. I.—TheVlr
den riot grand Jury made Its formal
report to Judge R. B. Shirley this
evening. The grand jury returned true
bills against the principal participants
in the tragedy of Oct. 12 at Virden.
Ten Indictments involving fifty-four
persons were returned. Against John
11. Tanner, governor of Illinois, there
are three counts for palpable omission
of duty and malfeasance in offlce. Fred
W. Lukins, general manager of the
Chicago-Virden Coal company, Is
charged with manslaughter on two
counts. "With Lukins, his deputies,
Frank Wilder, J. B. Sickles and J. H.
Smith, are Indicted for the killing of
Joseph Gitterle, a Mount Olive miner.
Sixteen Thlel guards are held for riot.
In the Indictments of Gov. Tanner
the complaining witnesses are John
Graham, William Mitchell, William
Wilson, Clarence Ross and Charles
Stewart, employes of the Chicago-Vir
den Coal company. They testified they
were intimidated and prevented from
following their legitimate employment
by an armed force, numbering 1,000
men, who unlawfully and feloniously
were assembled in Virden; that the
governor had been notified by the
sheriff of Macoupin county that no
protection was to be had from the
oounty, and was earnestly Importuned
for state protection.
CHARGES AGAINST GOVERNOR.
In each of the indictments against
Gov. Tanner the omission of duty was
Identical. Failure and refusal to re
spond to the call of Sheriff Davenport,
of this county, for military aid ln sup
pressing riotous demonstrations at the
Virden coal mines—a riot which cul
minated on Oct. 12 ln bloodshed.
A. J. Roberts, the foreman of the
grand Jury, who was also foreman of
the coroner's jury, is a Virden police
magistrate. He was strongly opposed
to Indicting Gov. Tanner.
GOV. TANNER INDIFFERENT.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Dec. I.—-When
Gov. Tanner was informed of the ac
tion of the grand Jury, at Carllnville,
he received the news with Indifference, j
and manifested no Interest In the
particulars. He was asked for an ex
pression ln relation to the matter, but
declined to talk about lt, simply say
ing that he did not consider it worth
while to discuss the matter.
Attorney General Aken was asked to
give hiis opinion regarding the legal ef
fect of the action, but declined to say
This ia not the first time a governor
of Illinois has been indicted. It ls but
a few years since ex-Gov. Altgeld was
Indicted ln Champaign county, as one
of the trustees of the University of
Illinois, ex-offlclo, because the so-call
ed "flag" law was not observed at the
university, but nothing ever came of
the indictment, which was soon after
Academy of Music und Many Busi
ness Buildings Burned.
ROCHESTER, N. V., Dec. 2.—At 1:30
this morning fire was discovered in the
Academy of Music, for many years
leased and managed by H. R. Jacobs,
and the oldest theater In Rochester^ 1
At this hour the theater ls doomed,
and Reynolds arcade, an immense busi
ness block, covering more than an acre
of ground, Is almost certain to go up In
On That Day Old Glory May Float
Over Morro Castle.
HAVANA, Dec. I.—lt ls now believed,
Judging from the rapidity with which
the Spaniards are pushing the evacua
tion, that the province of Pinar del Rio
will be turned over to the Americans*
on or before Dec. 18, and by Christmas
day Old Glory will be floating over
and King George himself is the brother of the
Princess of Wales. He is one year younger
than the Princess Victoria, and is the most
popular person in the royal family of that
country among its people. He was in com
mand of part of the forces of the Hellenes
during the recent war with Turkey, and is
"ever greeted warmly by the people when he
makes an appearance in public. The juniority
of the prince compared; with his fiancee will
make no difference, aa royal weddings are
generally made without reference to age.
GERJIM IS IN IT
BIDS FOR A BIG PIECE OF THBI
SPANISH COLONIAL PIE NOW
WANTS THE CAROLINES
FOR NAVAL PURPOSES
CONSIDERS SPAIN'S PRICE, TEW
MILLION FRANCS, IS HIGHLY
DEAL IS CONTINGENT
ON VIEWS OF POWERS
Germany Wants No International
Complications, Especially With.
America Islands Not DeslruMe
Because of Tbeir Commercial Im.
polrtance, but From a Naval View
BERLIN, Deo. 1.—A German govern
ment official, in an Interview with tho
correspondent here of the Associated
Press, confirms the report that Ger
many is negotiating with Spain for tha
purchase of the Caroline islands. Ifl
is understood that Spain expects to.
get 10,000,000 francs for them, which
Germany considers excessive.
Germany also makes the provision
that the negotiations shall be contin
gent upon no international complies.-'
tions arising, espeoiaJly with tho Unit
Prince yon Arenberg, president of tha
Colonial society, assures the corre
spondent of the Associated Press that
the "acquisition of the Caroline Islands
is important, less from the standpoint
of commerce, which is insignificant
there, than from a naval view point"
BASKET IS READY.
Germany Will Auk Political Der up, I
ltatlon of Austrian Premier.
BERLIN, Dec. I.—ln government cir
cles there ls an intenso feeling against
the Austrian premier, Count Thun Ho*
henstein, because of his recent speech
in the Austrian reichsrath regarding
the expulsion of Austrians from Ger
many, ln the course of which he threat
ened Germany with reprisals if the ex
pulsions were continued.
It Is understood that after the jublleo
festivities Emperor Francis Joseph will
be informed from Berlin that Count
Hohensteln's continuance in office
would be detrimental to the intimate
relations between tho two countries,
IS UNDER ARREST
STATEMENT IS MADE BY THOSE
WHO SHOULD KNOW
Said That He Has a Considerable
Sam of Money With Him, and
That His Captors Aro Holding*
Him for a Settlement.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Dec. I.—lt is
slated here tonight that Grant G. Gll
lett, the Kansas cattleman, whose
financial collapse last week revealed
'the fact that in less than three years
ha has piled up an Indebtedness of
more than one and one-half million dol
lars, ls under arrest somewhere in tha
■Charles A. Schaefer, president of the
George Holmes Comimtsislon company,
swore out a warrant hero today, charg
ing Glllett with having obtained $19,
--500 by false pretenses. The warrant
was placed in the hands of an oilicer
*uid he leftthe city tonight.
M. A. Fyke, attorney for the Holme*
company, tonight, made this state
"Gillett is under arrest in Mexico.
An officer has gone for him, and we
will get him back, we hope, at a very
In other quarters It Is stated al
most as positively that Gillett is not
in Mexico, but that he is in custody
On American soil, that he has a large
sum of money ln his possession, and
that his captors are negotiating with
his creditors here to exact a stated
percentage of the money as their price
for turning Gillett and the funds over
to his creditors.
MAYO'S MARITAL BONDS.
Retired Commodore Released by a
Nolrth Dakota Divorce.
FARGO, N. D., Dec. I.—(Special.)—
Commodore W. K. Mayo, on the re
tired list of the United States navy,
was today granted a divorce from his
wife by Judge Pollock. On Dec. 3, 1892,
the commodore married Jennie Elton
Stevens, a young woman of about thir
ty years, atWaterbury, Conn. The com
modore was then about sixty-three
years old. He was wealthy and of
high social position, and took his wife
to his luxuriant Washington home,
where she was afflicted with nervous
prostration almost Immediately She
only lived with him six weeks, her
father taking her back to the Water
bury home, after repeated appeals by
Shortly after reaching her home she
was adjudged Insane and was sent to
an asylum, where she remained until
Oct. 23, 1893, when she was discharged
as cured. She then refused to go back
to live with Mayo, and had her effects
Commodore Mayo has been in Fargo
since May 1898. No defense was made
to his plea of desertion and decree was
granted by default. Commodore Mayo
ls commonly reported to be a million
aire, and comes of an old Virginia
family. He was examined for promo
tion to admiral during Cleveland's
term, but on account of political oppo
sition the appointment was not made.
SENATOR QUAY CASES.
They Are Set for Hearing on
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. I.—ln the court ot
quarter sessions today ln the conspiracy case
of "United States Senator Quay and orhars.
Judge Finletter dismissed all motions entered
by defendant's counsel against the five in
dictments found by the grand Jury, and fixed,
Dec. 6 as the date tor the beginning of the