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VOL. XXL—NO. 33 6.
PATHWAY OF THE WORLD'S COMMERCE t Early Explorers Unwittingly Followed the Ultimate Course of Trade From the Old World to the Orient. TRUE NORTHWEST PASSAGE DETERMINED Father Hennepin's Part in the Work of Location Local Interest of St. Paul and ninneapolis There in "A Heavenly Spot" Lewis and Clarke Survey The Northwest as a Gateway of Com merce Agencies of the Present Day Con clusion. V. NOT ALL, ILLUSORY. But however illusory were the Ideas of the earlier navigators of the Atlantic and the explorers of the northern sec tion of the continent between the shores of that ocean and those of the Pacific with respect to the existence of a continuous water course to the East Indies, subsequent developments and events have revealed the truth that, after all, they were exploring the actual main track which commerce would in stinctively and geographically enter in the completion of Its circumnavigation of the globe from the Orient. And in the establishment of this natural route some peculiar developments have taken place during the last half of the nine teenth century. The existence of the great lakes has doubtless had much to do-with the gravitation of the world's commerce to this section of the coun try. And it should be remembered In this connection that the Gulf of St. Lawrence may be properly regarded as the mouth of one continuous water course, extending from its source at the head of the St. Louis river, in Northern Minnesota, through Lake Su perior, the "Soo" canal, but originally the Falls of St. Mary, throughout the length of Lake Huron, the Lake St. Clair, out into Lake Erie, and thence by the river and falls of Niagara to Lake Ontario and by the St. Lawrence river to the sea. The dreamers and the explorers of two or even one cen tury ago were justified in hugging these Northern water shores, for even the exploration of the Missouri river was not undertaken until about the time of the Louisiana purchase ln 1803. FATHER HENNEPIN AND THE NORTHWEST PASSAGE. Following the example of Mar quette, and associating himself with De Laaalle and other mis sionaries of the Roman Cathollo church, the fervent priest, F. Louis Hennepin, made hia way between the years 1679 and 1652 Into the territory now embraced ln the states of Minne sota and Wisconsin, and collected many facts ln regard to the native conditions of this area, particularly with refer ence to the topography of the country and Its fertility, the water courses and their navigable capacities, as well as the customs of the Indians at this time inhabiting this section of the country. There ls no doubt that Hen nepin's service by his courageous ad vance Into the then unknown and un explored wilderness had much to do with marking out this route as the one which should prove to be ln the future the natural pathway of commerce from the Atlantic to the Pacific. LAKE SUPERIOR. This i,s Father Hennepin's description ef Lake Superior: "This Superior lake ■funs from east to west and may have more than 150 leagues ln length, sixty ln breadth and 500 ln circuit. We never Went quite over it as we did over all the others I have hitherto mentioned, but wo sounded some of Its greatest TODAYS BULLETIN. Page. I—Pathway1—Pathway of Commerce. Gov. Tanner Indicted. Spain's Case. (Jermany Wants Carolines. 2—Cruelty Alleged in Divorce Case. Prof. Weld's Objections. Red Cross Work. Preservation of Game. B—New8 —New Legislature. In the Political Field. Li t( '.' From Menage. Col. Clough's Plan Approved. Interests of Agriculture. ♦—Editorial. To Save the Temple. Prof. Zucbliu's Lecture. s—Sporting5—Sporting News. Curling Club's Meeting. News of the Railroads. 6—Markets of the World, Bar Silver, 58% c. Chicago Cash Wheat, 66@66*^c. 7—Minneapolis Matters. Nov.s of the Northwest. Struggle With the Storm. B—Surprise8—Surprise in Lighting Bids. Middleton Case. ATLANTIC LINERS. NEW YORK—Arrived: Steamer Matanzas, Havana; Advance, Colon; Latin, Bremen. Sailed: Norge, Hamburg; Karlsruhe, Bremen. HAVRE—Sailed: Moravia, New York. LIVERPOOL— Arrived: Germanic, New York. BREMEN—Arrived: Trave, New York. GENOA-Sailed: Kaiser Wilhelm 11., New York. PHILADELPHIA — Arrived: Switzerland, Antwerp. QUEENS-TOWN—Sailed; Pentland, Philadel phia; Majestic, New York. Arrived: Can ada, Boslon. BOSTON*—Arrived: Steamer Cherokee Jack sonville. TODAY'S EVEXTS. METROPOLITAX--A Fair Rebel," 8 PM. GRAND—"A Female Drummer," 8:15 PM. Palm Garden—Vaudeville, 2 and 7 PM. Theo. Thomas concert, People's church, 8 PM ••Scotch evening." Park Congregational «-hui-cn. Holly and Mackubin streets, 8 PM Red Cross Aid society meets, Third and Jackson streets. 8 PM. Lecture by Edward Schnell, First German M. E. church, 8 PM. W. C. T. unions meet, Dyer block West Fifth street. 8 PM. Fourth Ward ProhibiUon club, 51 East Fourth street, 8 PM. THE ST. PAUL GLOBE depths and lt resembles the ocean, hav ing neither bottom nor banks. "I shall not here stay to mention ths infinite numbers of rivers that dis charge themselves into this prodigious luke, which, together with that of Illi ncis (Lake Michigan) and the rivers that are swallowed ln them make up the source of that great rlv*u* St. Law rence, which runs into the ocean at the islands of Assumption towards New Foundland. * * * I have already observed that all these lakes may well be called fresh water seas. They abound extremely in white fish greater than carps which are extraordinarily good; nay, at twenty or thirty fathom water there are salmon trouts taken of fifty or sixty pounds weight. It were easy to build on the sides of these great lakes an infinite number of consider able towns, which might have com munication, one with another, by navi gation for 500 leagues together, and by an Inconceivable commence, which would establish itself among them. And to be sure, the soil, If cultivated by Europeans, would prove very fertile." HENNEPIN'S REFERENCE TO TWIN CITIES LOCALITIES. Father Hennepin's account of his travels affords a most interesting pic ture of life among savages ln those days and of the conditions prevailing in the particular locality of St. Paul and Minneapolis, which were then un born children of the wilderness. This ls what he says concerning the Mis sissippi and the area now tributary to the Twin Cities: "The navigation of the Mississippi is interrupted ten leagues above this River of tbe Grave (St. Croix river), by a fall of fifty or sixty feet high, which we called the Fall of St. Anthony of Pa dua, whom we had taken for the pro tector of our discovery. There ls a rock of pyramidal figure just ln ."the middle of the fall of the river. "The row of mountains (meaning the Indian mounds) fencing the banks of the Mississippi ends at the mouth of the river of Ouisconsin (Wis consin); there we likewise observed that tiiat river, which runs from thence to sea almost directly north and south, rvns then from the westward or the northwest. The misfortune of being taken prisoners hindered us from go ing as far as its source, which we could never learn from the savages, who told us only that about twenty or thirty leagues above the fall of St. An thony there is another fall, near which the nation of savages Inhabit at cer tain seasons of the year. They call those nations Tintonba, that Is the in habitants of the meadows, "Eight leagues above the fall of St. Anthony we met with the river of the Issatl, or Nadouesslans, which is very narrow at the mouth, it comes from the lake of Issatl (Itasca), lying about seventy leagues from its mouth. We called this river the river of St. Fran cis; and lt was In this place that we were made slaves by the Issatl. "The course of the Mississippi, accord ing to our best computation, is about 800 leagues from Tintonba to the sea, Including its windings and turnings, which are very great, and may be nav igable from the fall of St. Anthony for flat-bottom boats, provided the islands were clear from trees and especially from vines, which, having tied the trees together, would stop a boat in many places. "The country above Mille Lao is a marshy ground,, wherein grows abundance of wild oats, which grow without any culture or sowing, in lakes provided they are not above three foot deep. That corn ls much like our oats, but much better, and its stalks are a great deal longer when lt is ripe. The savages gather it and live thereupon several months of the year, making a kind of broth thereof." OTHER LOCAL REFERENCES TO THE PATHWAY OF COMMERCE. It ls an Interesting fact locally that early explorers, including Hennepin, Lahontan and Carver, should all have been peculiarly impressed by the re gion lying west of Lake Michigan and including the territory through which the Mississippi flows from its foun tain head at Lake Itasca to Its Junc tion with the Illinois river. Carver, in the appendix to his journal, and summing up his conclusions,'says: "The Mississippi, as I have before ob served, runs form north to south and passes through the most fertile and temperate part of North America, ex cluding only the extremities of it, which verge both on the torrid and frigid zones. Thus favorably situated, when once Its banks are covered with inhab itants they need not long be at a loss for means to establish an extensive and profitable commerce. They will find the country towards the south al most spontaneously producing silk, cot ton, indigo and tobacco, and the more northerly parts, wines, oil, beef, tal low, skins, buffalo wool and fur ; with lead, copper, iron, coal, lumber, corn, rice and fruits, besides earth and barks for dyeing. • * * "The parts of the Mississippi of which no survey has hitherto been taken amount to upwards of 800 miles, fol lowing the course of the stream that is from the Illinois to the Wisconsin rivers. * * * "It is, however, necessary to observe FRIDAY MORNING DECEMBER 2, 1898. that before the*=e settlements can be I established grants must be secured ln the manner customary on such occa sions, and the lands be purchased by those who have acquired a right to them by a long possession; but no gi eater difficulty will attend the com pletion of this point than the original founders of every colony on the con tinent met with to obstruct their in tentions; and the number of Indians who inhabit these tracts being greatly inadequate to their extent, it ls not to be dcubted but they will readily give up for a reasonable consideration the ter ritories that are of little use to them, or remove for the accommodation of their new neighbors to lands at a great er distance from the Mississippi, the navigation of which Is not essential to the welfare of their communities. The country within these lines from its sit uation Is colder than any of the others, yet I am convinced that the air is much more temperate than ln those provinces that lie In the same degree of latitude to the east of it. The soil is excellent, and there is a great deal of land that ls free from woods in the parts adjoin ing to the Mississippi; whilst on the contrary the northeastern borders of it are well wooded. Towards the head of the river St. Croix rice grows in great plenty, and there ls an abun dance of copper. Though the Falls of St. Anthony are situated at the south east corner of this division, yet that Impediment will not totally obstruct the navigation, as the river St. Croix, which runs through a great part of the southern side of it, enters the Mis sissippi Just below the falls, and flows with so gentle a curve that it affords a convenient navigation for boatß. This tract is about 100 mllea from north west to southeast, and 120 miles from northeast to southwest. "A HEAVENLY SPOT." "This tract, as I have already describ ed in my journals, exceeds the highest encomiums I can give lt; notwith standing which, lt is entirely unlnhab- Ite-d, and the profusions of blessings that nature has showered on this heav enly spot return unenjoyed to the spot from which they sprang. Lake Pepin, as I have termed it, after the French, Has within these bounds, but the lake to which that name properly belongs Is a little above the river St. Croix. However, as all tha traders call the lower lake by that name, I hiave so denominated it, contrary to the infor mation I received from the Irdlans." MINNESOTA IN THE "NORTHWEST PASSAGE." And thus lt has come to pass, in the advance of time, that the "Northwest passage" is practically across the northern parallels of what ls now the United States of America, and that the tide of world's commerce haa come almost by gravitation Into the very zone in which earlier navigators and explorers insisted that lt would be found to exist. But the methods by which its progress should be developed are wholly different from those antici pated for lt. The headwaters of Lake Superior are only beginning to play the great part that inland navigation appears destined to perform, while the great steel links between those waters and the Pacific are of so recent con struction that no computation ls pos sible of their enormous possibilities in the direction of the future develop ment of trade between this country and the nations of Asia, whence ever increasing demands are being made upon us for our products. LEWIS AND CLARK SURVEYS. The marking out of the line of tha pathway across the continent was largely assisted as a result of the Louisiana purchase. With the opening of the great terri tory beyond the Mississippi, through the purchase from France of the area which had previously belonged to Spain and extended to the Pacific ocean, the rounding out of the foundations for the subsequent influence of the young gov ernment of the republic was as sured. The first thing which suggested Itself to the mind of Thomas Jefferson was the exploration of that portion of the continent extending from the west ernmost point of Lake Superior to the coast of the Paciflo sea. The pur chase was made ln 1803. The explora tion began by Lewis and Clark at an in termediary period. In what degree do the people of this country, who are now ln the enjoyment of all its liberties and advantages for the creations of fortunes, meas ure the services of the men who pene trated the wilderness of the Northwest and gave to the public the first reflec tion of Its material greatness? Those men are dead now; but Meriwether Lewis, who headed the great explora tion of the Northwest pending the ac quisition of that territory by the Unit ed States, Is entitled to a larger fame than he has ever received ln the chronicles of United States history. But he has the magnificent Indorse ment of Thomas Jefferson, the presi dent of the United States, who com missioned him upon this errand of duty. In a letter to Paul Allen, of Philadelphia, Thomas Jefferson, then retired to his homestead ln Montlcello, Va., from the presidency of tha United States, wrote under date of Aug. 18, 1813, respecting the virtues of this com mander. In that letter he embodies some of the Instructions which were given to Capt. Lewis, and the follow ing extracts afford a clear conception of the beautiful character of Jefferson and the spirit of kindliness which was the dominant element of his Intellec tual make-up as revealed to the world. Among other things, he said to Lewis: "In all your intercourse with the na tives treat them ln the most friendly and conciliatory manner which their own conduct will admit; allay all jeal ousies as to the object of your journey; satisfy them of Its innocency; make them acquainted with the position, ex tent, character, peaceable and commer cial dispositions of the United States; of our wish to be neighborly, friendly and useful to them and of our dispo sitions to a commercial Intercourse with them; confer with them on the points most convenient as mutual em poriums and the articles of most de sirable interchange for them and us. • * * Carry with you some matter of the kine-pox; Inform those of them with whom you may be of Its efficacy as a preservative from the smallpox and instruct and encourage them in tha use of lt." OBJECTS OF THE SURVEY. The explorations of Lewis and Clarke, originally planned by President Jeffer son to gain an idea of the source of the Missouri river and Its possible con nection with the Pacific ocean, afford ed the first gleam of intelligence re specting the scope and economical ele ments of the Northwest. The maps of these explorers as shown today are substantially a reflection of the sur face of the interior as now existing, save that it is crossed by bands of steel linking the East and the West ln the commerce of the world. The work of the missionaries brought little in the form of product so far as the mere question of souls saved was concerned. The predominating spirit Inspired the legiotns on the guidons "land ahead." From the very incep tion of the expedition the dream was paramount that there was an ocean be yond. Jefferson knew this and referred to It ln his instructions. But how lit tle did those pioneers appreciate the fact that they were blazing the way of the world's commerce right through the very avenue which the dreamers of five centuries previous had marked out as the line of connection between the commerce of the East culminating on the shores of Portugal and the Netherlands and finally of England, with some dlstamt territory then un explored. THE NORTHWEST AS A GATEWAY. St. Paul and Minneapolis comprise a community which, as the eastern ter minal points of two great transconti nental railway systems, constitute the gateway through which vast supplies in the way of manufactures must be transported for centuries to come, for the use by the enormous population of the Oriental countries. Meanwhile, the products of cereals and live stock throughout the entire Northwestern area or territory must be ever Increas ing as time goes on for the constantly multiplying numbers of consumers. The immensity of this approaching era of industrial activity and its importance to the future of the country can no more be computed even by the minds whose operations have combined to create the existing facilities for the conduct of the words commerce than could Nebuchadnezzar in his destruc tion of Sidon have foretold the com ing proportions of the commerce of the globe. China, Japan and India ln their entirety are rapidly coming, through natural processes, to be feeders upon and absorbers of the products of the United States. The Northwest passage to India has been discovered, but in a long deferred age from that in which they lived who first sought It. CONCLUSION. And no one can fail to be impressed while he considers the advance of com merce during the nineteenth century with its numerous appliainces evolved from inventive minds that every force which has been developed within this era and which has proved so essential in tho details of its promotion has existed from the beginning of time. 6tea*m power has existed since flre and water came together, but lt remained for the genius of the eigh teenth and (nineteenth centuries to de velop the tremendous force of this little vein of heated mist. Electricity, as re cent sclentiflo discovery has proved, is one of the great elemental powers of the universe, existing from the very dawn of creation, but the function of snatching the 'secret h of its power de volved upon a printer ef the eighteenth century after Christ. These two great agencies, steam and electricity, seem to have been reserved by the Almighty for His purposes in ultimately bringing together the con necting links of the world's commerce. There ls today __ splendor ln the lightning flash, an eloquence in the voice of the thunder, and a magnifi cence In the cloud of steam which spreads itself ln rainbow form ln the presence of the sun, which were un dreamed of by all those who enjoyed the ancient glories of the Orient. MINERS MADE~HAPPY. Oliver Company Gives Employes an Increase olf Ten Per tent. HOUGHTON, Mich., Dec. I.—The Oli ver Mining company, today, gave all Its employes at Ironwood and Besse mer 10 per cent advance In wages. The increase affects about 2,000 men and will amount to over $100,000 per annum. Similar advances at other mines are expected Jan. 1. MR. RYAN CONTROLS IT. St. Paul Man Secures a Newly Dis covered Canadian Gold Mine. TORONTO, Ont., Dec. I.—(Sps clal.)—Dennis Ryan, the million aire hotel man of St. Paul, and Senator Darley, of Flori da, have secured control of a valuable gold mine just discovered in Pontiao county. PRINCE GEORGE OF GREECE AND HIS ROYAL FIANCEE. Prince George of Greece and Princess Vic toria of Wales, who are said to be engaged, are first among the popular members of royal families in Europe, The princess was born July 6, 1868, and is therefore older than 30. She is the third child of the Prince and Princess of Wales, Only a short time ago it was currently reported that the princess would marry Lord Ravelstoke, the head of the great Baring family. While she has net the SPAIN'S STROM CASE THE DONS ASK FOR CONCESSIONS THAT AMERICANS MAY GRANT WILL CONSULT WASHINGTON Tlit* Time the American Commis sioners Ask for Time for Consid eration of Proposals Made Spaniard* Finally Meeting Amer icans ln a Spirit of Fairness— Filipinos May Defy America, PARIS, Dec. 1.—Anxious as both are to conclude their work, the United States and Spanish peace commissions did not hold a joint session today. Their next session will be held at 2 o'clock tomorrow afternoon. This delay arose from the fact that the Spanish commissioners at yester day's session offered several urgent propositions which called for special deliberation on the part of the Amer icans. Spain asks the United States to grant, for a term of five years, to Span ish ships carrying Spanish goods or products to Porto Rico and Cuba, the same privilege as American vessels en gaged In the same trade may have, and she qualifies this request by a proviso that trade privileges be extended to Cuba so long as the United States gov ernment is dominant over the island. In support of this request the Span ish commissioners assert that Spain cannot, without vital harm, immediate ly abandon or cut the business rela tions so long maintained between the mother country and the West Indian territories. They declare that family ties and social relations, added to af fairs of trade maintained through cen turies, require gradual dissolution, They Invoke the terms of the treaty of ISI9, by which the United States too"< Florida from Spain, and In the fifteenth article of which granted Spain for twelve years the right to send her goods and products to Florida in Span ish ships on the same terms as the ships carrying thitherto goods and products of the United States, The Spanish commissioners cite, fur ther, the fact that the treaty of 1803 with France, for the cession of Louisi ana, granted French and Spanish goods and products the same terms as Amer icans in New Orleans and other ports in the ceded territory.* Finally Spain points to the American proposed open points to the American proposed "open-door" policy in the Philippines, and askes a guarantee of the same ad vantage ln her late West Indian colo nies until trade relations can by de grees accustom themselves to the change of sovereignty. STRONG ARGUMENTS. The proposition and the arguments by which it was supported are consid ered etrongly stated, and the Ameri can commissioners desired time for de liberation. Thus, though busy until nearly 2 o'clock this afternoon, they were not fully prepared, and Judge Day sent a message to Senor Montero Rlos requesting that the joint session be postponed until tomorrow. Meanwhile the Spanish commission ers had been preparing a list of sub jects for negotiation, supplemented by suggestions counter to and amendatory of the subjects the Americans submit ted yesterday. This came to the Amer ican commissioners today, ln Spanish, rendering it even more desirable to postpone the Joint session in order to give time for translation and consid eration. The translation ls being made this evening, and the subject will be laid before the American commission ers tomorrow morning. Now that the first gust of grief and chagrin has passed, the Spanish com missioners are meeting the Americans in a frank spirit that ls helpful to an early completion of the negotiations. From information which comes to the correspondent of tihe Associated Press from a well authenticated source, late this evening, it seems unlikely that the commissions will finish their work as soon as had been expected. It is probable that the negotiations will last considerably longer. NEW VQRK SCANDAL. Commissioner Atbury Asks That He Be Suspended. ALBANY, N. V., Dec. I.—George P. Atbury, commissioner of publio works, today reouest ed Gov. Black to suspend him from offlce un til after an Investigation of charges against him by the courts. kind of beauty that haunts one's memory nor the beauty of many of the noblewomen of England, Princess Victoria has a pleasing and winning face. It is the heavy "face of her father. The eyes of the daughter might as well be the father's own, so far as likeness goes. The princess' face is so strong as to be almost masculine. But that is no Indication of her character, for she is very gentle, very loving, very womanly. Prince George of Greece ls the cousin cf the Princess Victoria. He is the second soa of the King of Greece, PRICE TWO CENTS~fg? v £ fcfr^. GOV.TAMERIMCTED SENSATIONAL DENOUEMENT TO THE VIRDEN COAL HINE RIOTS INQUIRY MALFEASANCE IN OFFICE 0 That and Palpahle Omission of Duty Are the Counts the Gov ernor Is Held Upotn Bail Fixed at a Nominal Sum Foreman of the Grand Jury -Was Averse to tlie Action Taken. CARLINVILLE, 111., Dec. I.—TheVlr den riot grand Jury made Its formal report to Judge R. B. Shirley this evening. The grand jury returned true bills against the principal participants in the tragedy of Oct. 12 at Virden. Ten Indictments involving fifty-four persons were returned. Against John 11. Tanner, governor of Illinois, there are three counts for palpable omission of duty and malfeasance in offlce. Fred W. Lukins, general manager of the Chicago-Virden Coal company, Is charged with manslaughter on two counts. "With Lukins, his deputies, Frank Wilder, J. B. Sickles and J. H. Smith, are Indicted for the killing of Joseph Gitterle, a Mount Olive miner. Sixteen Thlel guards are held for riot. In the Indictments of Gov. Tanner the complaining witnesses are John Graham, William Mitchell, William Wilson, Clarence Ross and Charles Stewart, employes of the Chicago-Vir den Coal company. They testified they were intimidated and prevented from following their legitimate employment by an armed force, numbering 1,000 men, who unlawfully and feloniously were assembled in Virden; that the governor had been notified by the sheriff of Macoupin county that no protection was to be had from the oounty, and was earnestly Importuned for state protection. CHARGES AGAINST GOVERNOR. In each of the indictments against Gov. Tanner the omission of duty was Identical. Failure and refusal to re spond to the call of Sheriff Davenport, of this county, for military aid ln sup pressing riotous demonstrations at the Virden coal mines—a riot which cul minated on Oct. 12 ln bloodshed. A. J. Roberts, the foreman of the grand Jury, who was also foreman of the coroner's jury, is a Virden police magistrate. He was strongly opposed to Indicting Gov. Tanner. GOV. TANNER INDIFFERENT. SPRINGFIELD, 111., Dec. I.—-When Gov. Tanner was informed of the ac tion of the grand Jury, at Carllnville, he received the news with Indifference, j and manifested no Interest In the particulars. He was asked for an ex pression ln relation to the matter, but declined to talk about lt, simply say ing that he did not consider it worth while to discuss the matter. Attorney General Aken was asked to give hiis opinion regarding the legal ef fect of the action, but declined to say anything. This ia not the first time a governor of Illinois has been indicted. It ls but a few years since ex-Gov. Altgeld was Indicted ln Champaign county, as one of the trustees of the University of Illinois, ex-offlclo, because the so-call ed "flag" law was not observed at the university, but nothing ever came of the indictment, which was soon after wards dismissed. ROCHESTER'S~BIG FIRE. Academy of Music und Many Busi ness Buildings Burned. ROCHESTER, N. V., Dec. 2.—At 1:30 this morning fire was discovered in the Academy of Music, for many years leased and managed by H. R. Jacobs, and the oldest theater In Rochester^ 1 At this hour the theater ls doomed, and Reynolds arcade, an immense busi ness block, covering more than an acre of ground, Is almost certain to go up In smoke. MERRY CHRISTMAS. On That Day Old Glory May Float Over Morro Castle. HAVANA, Dec. I.—lt ls now believed, Judging from the rapidity with which the Spaniards are pushing the evacua tion, that the province of Pinar del Rio will be turned over to the Americans* on or before Dec. 18, and by Christmas day Old Glory will be floating over Morro castle. and King George himself is the brother of the Princess of Wales. He is one year younger than the Princess Victoria, and is the most popular person in the royal family of that country among its people. He was in com mand of part of the forces of the Hellenes during the recent war with Turkey, and is "ever greeted warmly by the people when he makes an appearance in public. The juniority of the prince compared; with his fiancee will make no difference, aa royal weddings are generally made without reference to age. GERJIM IS IN IT i BIDS FOR A BIG PIECE OF THBI SPANISH COLONIAL PIE NOW BEING CUT WANTS THE CAROLINES FOR NAVAL PURPOSES CONSIDERS SPAIN'S PRICE, TEW MILLION FRANCS, IS HIGHLY EXCESSIVE DEAL IS CONTINGENT ON VIEWS OF POWERS Germany Wants No International Complications, Especially With. America Islands Not DeslruMe Because of Tbeir Commercial Im. polrtance, but From a Naval View Point. BERLIN, Deo. 1.—A German govern ment official, in an Interview with tho correspondent here of the Associated Press, confirms the report that Ger many is negotiating with Spain for tha purchase of the Caroline islands. Ifl is understood that Spain expects to. get 10,000,000 francs for them, which Germany considers excessive. Germany also makes the provision that the negotiations shall be contin gent upon no international complies.-' tions arising, espeoiaJly with tho Unit ed States. Prince yon Arenberg, president of tha Colonial society, assures the corre spondent of the Associated Press that the "acquisition of the Caroline Islands is important, less from the standpoint of commerce, which is insignificant there, than from a naval view point" BASKET IS READY. Germany Will Auk Political Der up, I ltatlon of Austrian Premier. BERLIN, Dec. I.—ln government cir cles there ls an intenso feeling against the Austrian premier, Count Thun Ho* henstein, because of his recent speech in the Austrian reichsrath regarding the expulsion of Austrians from Ger many, ln the course of which he threat ened Germany with reprisals if the ex pulsions were continued. It Is understood that after the jublleo festivities Emperor Francis Joseph will be informed from Berlin that Count Hohensteln's continuance in office would be detrimental to the intimate relations between tho two countries, PLUNGER GILLETT IS UNDER ARREST STATEMENT IS MADE BY THOSE WHO SHOULD KNOW Said That He Has a Considerable Sam of Money With Him, and That His Captors Aro Holding* Him for a Settlement. KANSAS CITY, Mo., Dec. I.—lt is slated here tonight that Grant G. Gll lett, the Kansas cattleman, whose financial collapse last week revealed 'the fact that in less than three years ha has piled up an Indebtedness of more than one and one-half million dol lars, ls under arrest somewhere in tha Southwest. ■Charles A. Schaefer, president of the George Holmes Comimtsislon company, swore out a warrant hero today, charg ing Glllett with having obtained $19, --500 by false pretenses. The warrant was placed in the hands of an oilicer *uid he leftthe city tonight. M. A. Fyke, attorney for the Holme* company, tonight, made this state ment; "Gillett is under arrest in Mexico. An officer has gone for him, and we will get him back, we hope, at a very early date." In other quarters It Is stated al most as positively that Gillett is not in Mexico, but that he is in custody On American soil, that he has a large sum of money ln his possession, and that his captors are negotiating with his creditors here to exact a stated percentage of the money as their price for turning Gillett and the funds over to his creditors. MAYO'S MARITAL BONDS. Retired Commodore Released by a Nolrth Dakota Divorce. FARGO, N. D., Dec. I.—(Special.)— Commodore W. K. Mayo, on the re tired list of the United States navy, was today granted a divorce from his wife by Judge Pollock. On Dec. 3, 1892, the commodore married Jennie Elton Stevens, a young woman of about thir ty years, atWaterbury, Conn. The com modore was then about sixty-three years old. He was wealthy and of high social position, and took his wife to his luxuriant Washington home, where she was afflicted with nervous prostration almost Immediately She only lived with him six weeks, her father taking her back to the Water bury home, after repeated appeals by his daughter. Shortly after reaching her home she was adjudged Insane and was sent to an asylum, where she remained until Oct. 23, 1893, when she was discharged as cured. She then refused to go back to live with Mayo, and had her effects sent home. Commodore Mayo has been in Fargo since May 1898. No defense was made to his plea of desertion and decree was granted by default. Commodore Mayo ls commonly reported to be a million aire, and comes of an old Virginia family. He was examined for promo tion to admiral during Cleveland's term, but on account of political oppo sition the appointment was not made. SENATOR QUAY CASES. They Are Set for Hearing on Dec. 6. PHILADELPHIA, Dec. I.—ln the court ot quarter sessions today ln the conspiracy case of "United States Senator Quay and orhars. Judge Finletter dismissed all motions entered by defendant's counsel against the five in dictments found by the grand Jury, and fixed, Dec. 6 as the date tor the beginning of the trial. Ir