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THK ST. PAIL GLOBE
SAURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1898.
Ajsouiaicd Prass News.
LTy Carrlcr~.T7.T[ 1 mv i 6 mos 112 mon
Daily only * 0 c |$ 2 . 2 5 j| 4 . 0 0
Dally and Sunday.. .BOcj *.75 ?' 2 °
Sunday 15 c 1 7 5 | 1.80
. COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS.
by Mall •jli—P-JL..! 6 mo* * **•*•• m0*1-
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Daily and Sunday..l. 35 c | 2.00 4.00
Sur.dav I .75 I. ft
Weekly I I .75) 1.0 0
Entered at Postofflce at St. Paul. Minn., aa
Second-Class Matter. Address all communl
*aticns and make all Remittances payable to
•THE GLOBK CO.. St Paul. Minnesota.— —
Anonymous communications not noticed. Re
jected manuscripts will not be returned un
less acconipunit** by postage.
Ren lurk 10 Spruce St
Cli'c'w-go. . .Room fit*. No. 87 Washington St
By the United States Weather Bunreau —
MlNNESOTA—Threatening weather; colder
in southwest portion; northwest winds;
.NORTH DAKOTA — Threatening weather;
warmer; variable winds. SOUTH DAKOTA—
Light snow, follj-.ved by clearing; northwest
lOWA—Partly cloudy weather; warm
er in northern portion; south winds. WIS
CONSIN—Snow; probnbly clearing Saturday
afternoon; cooler; fresh northwest winds.
YESTERDAY'S TEMPKRATURES — St
Pan' 22; Duluth. 18; Huron. 20; Bismarck,
10; Wi'llston. 0; Havre 22: Helena, 30; Ed
monton, 82; Battleford. S; Prince Albert, __; !
Calgary. 20; Medicine Hat 11; Swift Current,
S: Ou'App.ll-. 12; Minr.'.dosa, S; Winnipeg,
8: Boston, 38-44; Buffalo, 38-88; Chicago, 40-42:
Cincinnati, ' 14; New Orleans, 00-64; New
York, -'.-42; Pittsburg. 38-40.
YESTERDAY'S MEANS—Barometer, 30.03; '
mean temperature, 15; relative humidity, 75; j
wind at 8 n. in., northeast; weather, partly j
cloudy; maximum temperature, __; minimum
temperature. 7; da ly range, 10; amount of
precipitation (melted snow) in last twejjty
four hours, .01.
Note—Barometer corrected for t-mip-rature
and elevation. —P. F. Lyons, Observer.
Retching Toward the Orient
One of the first great steamship com
panies to perceive the opportunities for
American-Asiatic trade is the North
German Lloyd, which, it is reported, is
to establish a steamship passenger and
freight service between one of the Pa
cific coast ports and Hong Kong and
Yokohama. The company has not se
lected an American terminus, but it is
believed it will be either Tacoma or
Seattle, with chances in favor of the
former, though the question will not be
settled until next spring. The com
pany is handicapped by the fact that
each of the transcontinental railway
lines has its own steamship connec
tions, which prohibit it from entering
into traffic agreement with competing
ocean lines. General Manager Wie
gand, of the North German Lloyd line,
visited the coast recently and investi
gated the condition of affairs there.
Hia preference was for a terminus at
San Francisco, and he tried to make
arrangements with the Santa Fe rail
way, but failed, because that company
has a line to San Diego which it evi
dently intends to change into a trans-
Pacific line when circumstances war
rant. The Southern and Central Pa
cific are also unable to enter Into ar
rangements with a new steamspip line.
The Great Northern has a close traffic
agreement with the Japan mail line at
Seattle, and the Northern Pacific with
the Northern Pacific Steamship line at
Tacoma. The Canadian Pacific owns
and operates its own steamship line
at Vancouver. It will thus be seen that
the North German Lloyd company will
require time to perfect its plans for a
successful trans-Pacific line.
Gustav H. Schwab, New York agent
of the North German Lloyd line, who
has recently been in Tacoma, is thus
quoted by the Tacoma Ledger:
"It h<:s hecome evident that the Pacific
coast Is soon to bo the scene of great ship
ping activity and the great lines will make
a desp' rau> struggle for the :.Jvantage. The
war precipitated th° result, which would
have been hn*isd Ul come in time, and the
eyes _t -hipping men the world over are iixed
on the Northwest. The rail connection ls
the stumbling block which confronts us and
we are mform'ng ouroelrea on every possi
ble phase of the situation, so that we can
know what we are about when the time does
come to r.t.
"Tacoma has a remarkably fine harbor,
and is situated for the handling of a large
commerce. The mills and other enterprises
along the piers point to thp system on which
the city Is built, and have created an c-x
--ti-< inc..-. favorable impression on Dr. Wiecand
"The future of tho Northwest depends on
tlie Oriental trade much more than on the
Philippines. The North Paciflo ocean will
w " !" covered with fleets bound to and
from its opooslte coasts, and the cities of
Puget sound will grow into great trade
The North German Lloyd" is one of
the most extensive steamship systems
in the world. Besides its American-
European lines it has lines through
the- Mediterranean and the Suez canal
to. India. Wherever German interests
are giv.it enough it has a line of
steamers plying to the fatherland. That
it is now reaching out for trans-Pa
cific business is natural, and indicates
that the German government indorses
Polygamous Roberts aid the P. P.
It wii! be for the house of represent
atives itself to say whether Congress
man-elect Roberts, of Utah, shall be
admitted to full membership in the
l-'ilty-sixth congress. Roberts married
three wives, as was the polygamous
custom <>f his state some yeans ago.
They wore all alive when the Ed
munds anti-polygamy law went into
effi ot. They were still alive when
Mr. Rol crts decided to become a can
didate for congress, and they are very
much alive, according to the press of
the country, since it appeared that
their husband had received the neces
sary number of votes to send him to
The Pioneer Press is greatly agitated
over the prospect of this polygamous
congressman-elect ever being received
Into congress and Washington society.
We don't quite understand the cause
of its agitation, but that's a mental
condition not unusual to the P. P.'s
According to all the evidence that
the newspapers have adduced, Mr.
Roberts ha 3 been a good citizen all
these years, a fond farther and a kind
husband to three women, whom he
had sworn, under the old Mormon
dispensation, to love and protect. They
had snec-ial claims upon him which
even the drastic Edmunds law could
not compel him, as a humane man, to
refuse to recognize. Mr. Roberts has
discharged his multiplex family obli
gations in a way which should excite
tbe admiration, not invite the ob
jurgation of Uncle Joe. It was, of
course, unfortunate for Roberts to
have been caught with three wives on
his hands Just as a glorious congres
sional career opened up. His position
was indeed embarrassing. Two of the
three ladies might have been cast aside
and become a charge ujion the commu
nity. But they instated upon sticking to
Roberts, and he is represented as a
We are truly sorry for Roberts, part
ly because he has more than one wire,
and partly because the St. Paul Pio
neer Press has insisted that the next
Republican congress shall purge itself
of Roberts' presence. We can see that
it is all up with the Utah man. The
tlunderlngs of this mighty geyser of
the Northwest will not be disregarded
at the national capitol! The house
shall not be polluted! Washington so
ciety shall be protected, albeit it is a
fact, possibly unknown to Uncle Joe,
that any old cat or dog may have
the entree to it if they only pull the
Poor Roberts! You never violated
but one of the ten commandments, and
you had the sanction of your church
for thaJt. But you are an immoral man,
and we cannot, without disregarding
the dictum of our esteemed contem
pt rary, longer associate with you. The
first stone has been olunkel at you,
and from an eleventh floor window.
Pity impels us, however, to decline
joining ln the general fusillade. The
Globe never yet struck a man when
he was down, particularly if he had
Be merciful, Uncle Joe, be merciful
to all poor sinners.
Here's to the Lumber Barons.
We are informed in an inspired com
munication in the Minneapolis Journal
that 25,000 lumbermen will rat from the
Republican party to the Democracy the
minute it is decided by the American-
Canadian commission that Canadian
lumber shall be, or ought to be, placed
on the free list. This is bad news for
j the Republican party and particularly
bad news for the Democratic party.
These cocky fellows whose politics is
so clearly and unmistakably defined h\
; their pocketbooks have no local
habitat, so to speak, in a political
sense. They are the swashbucklers
and the blackmailers of modern com
mercial conditions. Like Jay Gould,
they are Republicans in Republican
districts and Democrats in Democratic
Free lumber ought to prevail.
If there are 25,000 lumber barons who
resent it. so much the better, for not
less than 2,500,000 American consumers'
will be benefited In consequence. As
for the barons coming over to the
Democracy—don't believe it for a
minute. There's nothing in Democracy
for barons of any kind, lumb*r or
otherwise. They have always been
against us. They always will be.
Here's hoping that Canadian saw
logs and dressed timber will float into
the states in spite of them. The "lum
ber barons" have been imposing upon
this country just about long enough.
Mor© -'Gang" Politics.
Again the city hall gang conspires
against the interests of St. Paul. This
time the flre board is the object of its
attack. It is proposed by the Repub
lican Plunderbund to overhaul the fire
board and throw out Mr. Reuben War
ner. Because he is incapable or dis
honest? Oh, no, but because his posi
tion is demanded by some cheap poli
tician. There is a deal on and the po
litical instinct must be satisfied.
Mr. Warner stands as high as any
citizen of St. Paul in the estimation
of this community. He is a member ot
one of the great jobbing firms of the
• Northwest. His reputation is that of
a man who, when he undertakes to
discharge obligations of a business na
ture, gives his time and attention, ful
ly and conscientiously, to the matter
in hand. As a member of the fire
board —and his associates will corrobo
rate this statement —he has labored in
defatigably for the welfare of the city.
Reforms have been Instituted, econ
omies have been established which
are directly traceable to his intelligent
It ls now proposed by the gang to
supplant him with whom? Anybody
of equal merit? Oh, no, but by a
somebody in politics and a nobody in
business - that's the kind of a chap
who is slated for Mr. Warner's suc
Isn't it about time that Mayor Kie
fer repressed the zeal of some of his
This town is growing tired of the
city hall gang!
This is the coldest December in
Even the official returns of North
Dakota went Republican.
They are discussing good roads over
in Indiana, but there are none on ex
The Chicago Times-Herald has • ex
pressed no Borrow over the indictment
of Gov. Tanner.
In this era of "prosperity" even the
public debt is growing at the rate of
$l-i,000,000 a month.
Jack Frost, too, sits with an icicle
between his teeth over the grave of the
Xew Jersey songster, the mosquito.
No kick can be made on the volcano
in Alaska, which ls furnishing light for
the miners, as it is clearly a home in
Capt. Slg's-bce's presentation of a
Bible to the St. Paul Commercial club
appears to be a hint to that body that
there are some standard works lt
doesn't read enough.
A Mississippi expert announces that
it is a common thing to find ground
?i'lass in sugar and ooffee. This is get
ting serious. Can't we have some of
the cheaper brands of sugar labeled
It is going to be a long dance and a
wicked one over in the Philippines. A
Manila paper says with a flourish:
'"The Filipinos will decline to submit
their homes to be bought and sold like
Joaquin Miller Is convinced that the
old original garden of Eden was locat
ed in Alaska. Miller is evidently try
ing to add to his laurels as an eccen
tric, as the last place on earth for the
location of such a garden would be
Our Mr. Allie Kittson pales to very
small proportions when compared with
the Texas cattle king, Grant Gillett,
who got in debt over a million and a
half in three years. He owed money
for everything from brandy and soda
to plain American ice.
Andrew Carnegie, in a recently published
letter, says: "The presidents of four of the
great labor organizations or the country
have been speaking against the rash policy
of our president. What these leaders say
will be said by labor all over the country.
I see the cigarmakrrs met a short time ago
and the feeling was against Imperialism
unanimously. The ball is only beginning to
roll. Never yet have the American people
failed to decide wia.iy a great issue, nor
will they now.'*
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE-—SATURDAY DECEMBER 3, 1893.
Said by Our Neighbors.
An Unanswered Question.
What has Nate Klngsley ever done that
he should be a favored one with the present
Grandpa Pease's Advice.
Turn the Republicans out, John Lind. You,
nor nobody else for a long time will have
another opportunity.—Anoka Union.
That's Nothing: for Jerry J.
As an election calculator, Jerry J., who
writes for the Minneapolis Journal, should
take to the woods. His guess on governor
before the election was only 50,000 votes out
of the way.—St. Peter Tribune.
Oh, Elmer Wouldn't Knock.
The Fergus Falls Journal keeps Insisting
that John Lind will appoint lots of Otter
Tall county Populists to offlce if he Is prop
erly urged. It looks as though Adams W-ts
"knocking."—Little Falls Transcript.
Are Busy Holding Their Jobs.
All of Minnesota's congressmen are enjoy
ing a little favorable mention for governor
in 1900, excepting "Your Uncle Loren" and
Page Morris. What have these poor boys
done that they should be so slighted?—Easton
One of Dinioriid'i* Gems.
The voluminous, vulgar, vindictive, vile,
venomous, vitriolic, violent, viperous, vil
lainous, virulent, vituperative villiflcation of
Mr. Eustis by The St. Paul Globe stamps
it as the most unreliable dally In the Twin
Which One Has (hanwedf
After reading the letter of Candidate Eus
tis to Chairman Steele Bro. Wheelock ex
presses the opinion that William Henry is a
"philosopher and a gentleman." That was
hardly the opinion this same ed'.tor expressed
eight years ago.—Princeton Union.
Senator Davis' Plans.
Senator Davis has been for some time and
now is planning to defeat McKinley for re
nomination. The senator has got a bee in
his own bonnet, and persuades himself that
he can shelf Mac. Well, Mr. McKinley is
sure to be shelved, though who shall be
nominated by the Republicans is yet uncer
tain, but that Davis will not is already cer
tain.—Belle Plaine Herald.
Leave That to Wolfer.
The Clough 'administration indignantly de
nied the charges that there was anything
wrong in the distribution t-f prison binding
twine. What answer has Warden Wolfer to
make to the allegation that Republicans who
sent drafts to him for twine for clients re
turned the same with the report that there
was no twine on hand, but, on receiving a
scolding letter with covert threats, after
ward filled the orders?—Moorhead News.
No Friend's Advice.
The very worst enemy we have would be
sure to advise us to take the Philippines,
as we have taken Hawaii, Cuba and Porto
Rico. But no true friend would ever ten
der us such advice. Our action regarding
j these possessions is an open proclamation that
might is right. Clearly by our action we
| have repudiated the very corner and founda
i tion stone of the principles of our present
form of government and given the lie direct
to the Declaration of Independence. President
McKinley will be sure to occupy a most un
enviable place iv history.—Belle Plaine Her
Might Have Buried Him Deeper.
Isn't it about time the Republican press
stopped harping on the old chestnut that the
stay-at-home Republicans were the cause of
Eustis' defeat? The remainder of the Re
publican slate ticket was elected by 30,000
to 40,000 plurality, and if Eustis had been a
gocd runner he would have won out with
them. It is true, popocratic misrepresenta
tions had a great deal to do with his defeat,
but the stay-at-home voters are not wholly
to blame. —Easton Index.
Dramatic and Musical.
It had been stated that last night's pro
gramme in the Thomas concerts was more
classical and supposedly less "popular," but
the large attendance and the enthusiasm of
the audience indicated that any programme
would be "popular," if only it ls properly
given. This was certainly true of this con
cert, and from the minute when, at 8 o'clock,
Mr. Thomas raised his baton for the open
ing strains of the Pastoral from the Christmas
Oratorio, by Bach, until the last sweet,
strong Wagnerian harmonies died away, two
hours and a. half later, there was no lack
of appreciation and full enjoyment of the
music. This waa the flrst of the extra con
certs, and there seemed no falling off ln 'at
tendance by stay-at-home season ticket hoW
ers, or, if any did not come, others filled
Last night's composers were Bach, Si-hu
bert, Beethoven, Glazounow, Saint-Saens and
Wagner on the printed programme, and an
other number by Massenet was addr _. After
the opening pastoral came Schubert's sym
phony, C major, Introduction-allegro n:a non
troppo; andante con moto; Scherzo and finale.
The various movements were beautifully exe
cuted, the second seeming to be the best
appreciated, though scarcely better rendered
than either of the others.
The well kuown overture frx.m -Fldelio,"
by Beethoven, opened the second part of
the programme, being followed by Glazou
now's tableau musical, "Le Prlntemps,"
which aroused enthusiastic applause; but, un
like on the opening night, the great leader
could uot be made even to turn aud bow
his acknowledgment of the offered compli
ment to his baton's powers. The symphonic
poem, "Phaeton," by Saint-Saens, with it»
gliding harmonies and dramatic turns, was
much enjoyed. '.Mr. Thomas consented to in
sert at this point the suite by Massenet, the
second and last parts being given, with a
\'iolincello obligato by B. Steender, and this
extra number was one of the most thorough
ly appreciated of the evening. Wagners
Vorsplel, from "Die Melstersinger," closed
the- programme, which was another of the
complete musical studies in which Ther.dore
Thomas delights, for it is his belief that a
programme should be a harmonious whole,
and that any interpolated parts interfere
with the beauty of the whole performance.
For tills reason he refuses to respond to
encores, feeling also something akin to re
sentment at the apparently greedy actions
of some music fiends who keep on applaud
ing in order to get the full wor;h of their
money. Of the two performances here he
could have no complaint, for there ha. been
i a thorough musical apprecia'icn of his ex
cellent work and of his sympathetic control
over his orchestra.
It ls understood tint Mr. Thomas will give
the same work by Massenet at his Minne
eapolis concert tonight that was given here
last night, adding to it some others of tha
selections at the three St. Paul performances.
There lias been some misunderstanding
about the tickets for school teachers and
school children. Mr. will do ev
erything possible to care for them, and tick
ets will be sold to them at the church to
day at the price heretofore mentioned. This
will be for general admission. If he cau
possibly arrange lt he will try to have a
section of seats for them, ar.d will In every
way do his best to accommodate them. The
matinee p.rformance is announced for 2:30
o'clock, and the programme has been here
tofore published. Mr. Thomas has been re
quested to add one of Grieg's c. mpositlons
to the /matinee programme, but his answer
is not yet known.
IN A SOCIAL WAY.
One of the largest and handsomest social
functions of the year was the reception given
yesterday by Mrs. H. W. Fagley at her home
on Holly avenue, for two or' the summer's
brides. Mis. Ernest H. Davidson and Mrs.
Albert R. Moore.
The guests were received by the hostess
with the two guests of honor in the library,
which was in lavender. Great jars <>f ehryc
anthemums were placed about, and in the
cosy corner formed by the stair-landing were
also vases of these.
Ths drawing room, where punch was ■errsl
He Will That.
John Lind will make a pretty good Santa
Claus this year—for some people at least.—
New Ulm Review.
Refer Htm to Jndge Steele.
A man in from /Ctdai; Creek yesterday want
ed to know if it "was a fact that John _______
was really elected, or was it a newspaper
Least of His Worries.
Grandpa Pease Would be perfectly happy if
it were not that Douglas, the candLdate for
attorney general, got 920 more votes in Anoka
county than Grandpa thought he deserved.—
Where Doc Ames Landed.
The Republican party ls getting the worst
of it at each succeeding turn, and now tho
worst deal yet given them has been by Doc
Ames, who announces that he will henceforth
affiliate with them.—Jordan Independent.
Promotion by the Peotple.
Gov. Clough appointed John Llnd a lieu
tenant in the Twelfth, and the people of
the state have gone one better on Mr. Llnd
and appointed him general, rather comman
der-in-chief of all the state regiments.—
Belle Plaine Herald.
You Have Another Guess.
The coming legislature may give C. K.
Davis a unanimous vote for United States
senator. The Democratic members wiil be
so soarce that it would be folly to spoil such
a worthy recognition of Minnesota's noble
senator.—St. Peter Tribune.
Happens After Every Election.
The Minneapolis Times' attempt to get on
the band wagon after the result of the dic
tion was known was indeed laughable, lt
tried to convince itself that the election of
John Lind was an Indorsement of the Times.
Perhaps it was—of its negative influence-
Gov. < lough's Coals of Flre.
Gov. Clough has evidently adopted a new
policy—that of taking care of his political
enemies. No man in the state haa more
vilely abused the governor than C. F. Mac-
Donald. It will now be in order for Gov.
Clough to give Bro. Blanchard, of the Min
neapolis Times, a "nice fat take."—St. Cloud
Would Let Minneapolis In.
The Detroit Tribune suggests that the
United States senatorships of that state be
auctioned off to the highest bidder, and the
proceeds be turned into the stato treasury.
It has become almost invariably the rule for
the senatorships to be bought, but, as the
Duluth Herald says, the price paid has ln
no Instance as yet gone into a state treas
ury.—Freeborn County Standard.
Should Shout Quietly.
The list of candidates for elective and ap
pointive places in ' the legislature dally grows,
and it shows that at the opening ot the ses
sion there will be the largest swarm of
greedy spoils-seekers that ever infested tlie
capitol. Our Republican friends should sing
low as to the number of claimants for places
under Gov. Lind.—Freeborn County Standard.
Suggestion From Freeborn.
The dairymen and people of Freeborn coun
ty in general, regardless of polities, would
feel greatly pleased to have Arthur W.
Trow, the well known and able secretary of
the Glenvllle creamery, appointed to the re
sponsible position of state dairy commission
er by the newly elected governor, Hon. John
Lind. Mr. Trow is an enthusiastic and in
telligent dairyman, who is always in the van
in movements regarding the advancement of
the dairy interests of Minnesota, and his
appointment would be eminently fit and
worthy. Mr. Trow Is a conservative Pop
ulist and has been quite prominently Identi
fied with the opposition forces" in this county.
—Albert Lea Enterp^fte.
by Mrs. O. P. Lampher and Mrs. L. A Rob
inson, was elaborately decorated with Amer
ican Beauty roses. A mass of large palms
behind the punch gave a depth of green. The
red candlesticks harmonized with the roses.
In the first parlor "Mrs. George Thompson,
assisted by Mrs. Andrew Muir, served coffee.
This room was in pink. On the table was a
great jar of La France roses and a garland
of the samp flowers was caught in a knot
of pink ribbon at ons side. Edging the table
cover were maidenhair ferns. The mantel
was banked with Madam Tetslow aud La
In the dining room, which was ln yellow
and green, chrysanthemums were used chiefly.
An enormous cluster occupied the center of
the table, which was overhung with a quan
tity of asparagus fern. Serving In the dining
room and assisting about the rooms were
Mrs. William Abbott, Mrs. George Archer,
Mrs. Hascal Brill. Mrs. Begg, Mrs. Winfield
Brown. Mrs. H. T. Black. Mrs. S. S. Eaton,
Mrs. A. J. Gillette. Mrs. R. C. H«ne, Mrs.
E. E. Hughson, Mrs. Burnett Hersey, Mrs.
Thomas Irvine. Mrs. James Moore, Mrs. D.
W. Rhodes. Mrs. Shimoney. Mrs. J. E. Mc-
Williams, Mrs. O. C. Wyman, of Minneapolis;
the Misses Clarke, Brill, Grant, Hughson,
Moore, Otis, Officer, Sanborn. Holman, Mhs
Sweet, of Fargo; "Misses Eidth Moore, Miriam
Ilolman and Ethel Hayne.
Mrs. Fagley wore a handsonia gown of
gray blue cloth, hand embroidered and
trimmed with cut steel'beads, with full vest
of white satin and point lace.
Mrs. Davidson wore blue grenadine over
Mrs. Moore wore pale blue organdie over
Mrs. Thompson wore 'cream brocaded satin
with duchessL* lace and diamonds.
Miss Sweat, of Fargo, was gowned in pale
blue organdie over pink taffeta.
* * *
Louis Hoepker, of St. Louis, Is spending a
few days in the city, the guest of Mr and
Mrs. Henry Koenlg. 0f'287 Summit place.
BETTER THAN ALLIANCE.
Friendly Sentiment Between the l"u
LONDON, Dec. 2.~Sir Edward Gray,
Liberal member of parliament for Ber
v. iek-on-Tv\-eed, who was under sec
retary of state for foreign affairs in
Lord Rosebery's cabinet, spoke tonight
on foreign affairs at Blackburn, in
Lancashire. Referring to the "mag
nificent effect on the relations between
the United States and Great Britain
accomplished by the free press of a
free people on each side of the Atlan
tic expressing the generous impulses of
each nation." he said:
"I would rather have the free play
of this national sentiment, which is en
riching the public life of both coun
tries, than a written alliance. We have
finally come to realize a double pa
triotism, the patriotism of race and
the patriotism of country. There is a
common bond between the two peoples
and we should look in times of peace
to see the sentiment growing and In
times of disturbance to find in it some
thing upon which we could lean for
Sir Edward Gray condemned the "at
tempts of some Conservative speakers
to make party capital out of this un
derstanding," and expressed a hope
that both Gerrni^ny ,and the United
States "may incline, more and more to
our policy of the 'open door,' which
will lead to a great improvement ln
trade throughout the world."
t Urban and Philippines Liabilities
Xot to Be Mentioned in Treaty.
LONDON-, Dec. 2.—The Paris corre
spondent of the 1 Standard says:
"The peace committees have agreed
not to mention the Cuban or Philippine
debts in the treaty, because it might
lead to misapprehension. The Amer
ican commissioners have indicated to
the Spaniards that these debts cannot
possibly, in law, right or equity, be
saddled upon Cuba or the Philippines,
since the money employed was not for
the benefit of the colonies, but to com
pel them by force of arms to suffer the
oppressive Spanish rule from which
I they are seeking to free themselves."
WAR REPORT IS IN
Continued From First Page.
in force, about 5,000 strong, on the
south side of Cuba, Secretary Alger
says was abandoned on account of the
movements of the enemy's fleet. Says
"Maj. Gen. 'Shafter was selected to
command the expedition to Santiago,
and with this recommendation the sec
retary of war was in full accord. Re
sults proved the wisdom of the assign
A dozen telegrams explain the sud
den detention of the expedition ow
ing to the report of the fictitious Span
ish squadron in Nicholas channel. Tn
the midst of them appear these tele
grams which have not before been
"Headquarters of the Army, Timpa, Fla.,
June 9, 6:50 p. m.—Secretary of War, Wash- \
ington, D. C: Think it would be well to i
announce that the army go on board trans- .
ports >aud started as they did yesterday. Say j
nothing about its being recalled, but let our
naval vessels go over che course that our i
transports would have gone over with the j
hope of finding those Spanish ships. Does I
not the presence of Spanish war vessels in \
Cuban waters render It extremely hazardous ,
to send troops on transports until they are |
captured, destroyed or driven away? And ,
under the circumstances is it expected I shall i
organize expedition No. 2? Arrangements had i
been partly made before the presence of
the Spanish ships was announced.
—"Miles, Major General Commanding Army."
"War Department, June 9, 1598.— Maj. Gen.
Miles, Tampa, Fla.: The president directs me
to say that no change of plans will be made;
that expedition No. 2 must be organized as
rapidly as possible. We are looking for trans
ports, and am satisfied the navy will take
care of that problem. Give nothing out
—"R. A. Aiger, Secretary of War."
GEN. MILES SNUBBED.
Following these are some telegrams
announcing the further mioven-.en-ts of
the transports and the landing of the
Shafter expedition at Daiquiri. The
secretary includes in Ms report the
plan of campaign in written form sub
mitted by Gen. Miles, on June 24, and
already published as part of the lat
ter's report. This, in substance, was to
proceed after 'the capture of Santiago
to capture a fort on the north shore
of Cuba, land a force of 15,000 cavalry
and make a march through the interior
of the country upon Havana from
that. base. The secretary has this to
"The plan of campaign recommended
by Gen. Miles was not approved."
Under date of June 25 Gen. Shafter
reports to Adjt. Gen. Corbin from
Playa del Este the facts attending the
landing of the troops at Daiquiri. He
says that all the Cuban generals are
of the same opinion as hlmse'.f, that the
landing should be made east of San
tiago. He says the assistance of the
navy has been of the greatest benefit
and enthusiastically given and without
them he, perhaps, would not have land
ed at all.
Another digression from the history
of the Santiago campaign occurs about
this point in the shape of a letter frcm
Gen. Miles to the secretary of war, sug
gesting that while waiting 1 for trans
ports to go to Santiago, the time was
opportune to take and occupy the Isle
of Pines. The reasons set out for this
suggestion are that the capture of the
island would cut the Spanish out of a
base of supplies; that it could ba easily
taken while the attention of the enemy
wa.s distracted to other points, and
that it was climatically suited for the
treatment of sick soldiers and for a
detention place for prisoners of war.
The one srteaimer then at Tampa, with
some artillery, would suffioe for the
expedition. The secretary's reply was:
"I have the honor to inform you that
tbis is not approved by the president."
A disquieting telegram about this
time was one from the censor at Key
West, who reported that Cervera had
been ordered to shell Santiago as soon
as the Americans got possession, and
that foreign consuls had been notified
to retire. This was forwarded to Shaf
ter July 3 for Information.
On the same date there was re
ceived by the secretary Gen Shafter's
message, dated Sevilla, July 3, saying
that he had Invested the town with but
a very thin line; that it was impossible
to carry it by storm with the present
force, and he was seriously consider
ing withdrawing five miles so as to
get near the railroad. He describes the
present condition of the army with
Wheeler and Young as sick, Hawkins
wounded and himself confined to the
tent four days by the heat. He also
sjleaks of urging Sampson to entrance.
In a dispatch of the same date to
Shafter, Secretary Alger directs him to
intercept all press dispatches and
make report to him at the close of
each day of events of special impor
tance. A dispatch dated Camp, Near
Santiago, 3d, from Shafter to the sec
retary of war, conveys the first news
of the attempted escape of the Span
After the fall of Santiago, the sec
retary says, the Spaniards evacuated
Manzanillo on the 10th of October.
The sanitary condition of all these
cities, he says, is simply terrible.
Next the correspondence shows the
history of the Porto Rican campaign.
Aug. 9 Gen. Miles telegraphs that
he had been informed that naval ves
sels at Ponce had been ordered around
to San Juan. In order that there
might be no conflict of authority, he
requested that no aggressive action be
taken against that place; that no land
ings be made or communication held
with the Spanish officials or forces on
the Island of Porto Rico by the navy.
That portion devoted to the tele
graphic correspondence of the war
closes with a few dispatches indicat
ing the finish of the Santiago cam
Next follow a number of reports of
various officers and officials to the sec
retary of war, some of which are in
dorsed by the secretary. Of the mili
tary academy, for instance, he in
dorses the recommendation for an in
crease of the number of cadets by
twenty annually, to be appointed by
the president, and one by each senator
to supply the officers needed for the
army of the future.
Of the adjutant generals' recom
mendations, the secretary says they
are judicious and merit the favorable
consideration of congress. Instead" of
increase of pay for officers serving in
the West Indies and Philippines to the
next higher grade, as recommended
by the adjutant general, the secretary
thinks that the pay of those officers,
as well as those in Alaska, should be
increased 50 per cent while they are
so serving, because of the additional
expense they are put to.
He says the question of payment for
damages to farms and other property
by movement of troops will be made
the subject of a special communica
tion to congress.
He recommends that $30 instead of
$10 should be allowed for the appre
hension of a deserter.
The entire report of the secretary of
war forms one of the most volumin
ous documents of the kind ever issued
from the war department.
MILAN. Mo., Doc. 2.—The jury in the case
of Mrs. Lumsden. charged with killing Ler
husband for his insurance money, today re
turred a veidict of not guilty.
AKRON. 0., Dec. 2.—Edgar Johnson was
found guilty of first degree murder for kill
ing Oscar Osborne, near here, Sept. 19. Rob
bery waa the motive. The Jury recommended
NEW YORK. De-*. 2—Arbuckle Bros, have
reduced refined sugar one-sixteenth of a cent.
It Is generally understood that the other re
flnorieß will follow with a similar reduc
CAUSE FOR REJOICING
REPORT OF FAILIRES FOR THE
MONTH OF NOVEMBER
SHOWS A MARKED DECREASE
Smaller Amount of l.labi llties Than
in Any- other Month, Excepting;
Three ln Summer, Since the
Monthly- Record Hc«ihi l!i«
Gains in the Iron and Steel In
dustry Wool Market Improve.*.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2.— R. G. Dun &
Co.'s weekly review of trade will say
tomorrow: The report of failures for
the month of November is extremely
gratifying, because it shows not only
a decrease in number and a smaller
amount of liabilities than in any other
month, excepting three summer
months, since the monthly record be
gan, but because careful analysis
shows a striking improvement, both in ;
the small and in the large failures, and
in nearly all classes of industry and
trade. Considering* that failures are
usually smaller in summer months
than in November, the monthly return
may be considered about the best ever
made, and shows condition of financial
soundness rarely surpassed.
Nobody can estimate the gain for
the iron and steel industry, which will
result from the past week's transac
tions in steel rails, which are said to
exceed 700,000 tons. The makers hav
ing failed to agree and to complete the
consolidation under which a single
agency was expected to sell all the
rails for domestic use or for export,
the Western works entered into an
agreement by themselves and fixed
their scale of prices at $17 for Pitts
burg, $18 for Chicago and $19 for Colo
rado, and the Illinois Steel works are
said to have taken orders in a single
week covering much the greater part
of next year's capacity. But Eastern
concerns have not been idle, and have
taken such large orders that the out
put of the year is now expected to ex
ceed 2,000,000 tons. Bessemer pig ia
stronger at Pittsburg, where purchases
l*f 30,000 tons have cleaned up stocks
held outside the association, but ls
selling at $10.40 there, while the asso
ciation demands $10 at Valley mills.
Grey forge is steady and other pig
is in better demand at Chicago and
Philadelphia. Finished products of
iron and steel are unchanged In price,
although plates and bars are In r»
markably heavy demand, especially for
Sales of wool have been large in No
vember, 39,875,800 pounds in five weeks
against 34,122,400 last year, and 26,831,000
in 1892, but they have been affected by
Important concessions in price. Manu
facturers have somewhat larger or
ders, and are more hopeful, but a con
siderable share of the machinery must
evidently remain idle until the product
is cheaper in comparison with the cost
of wool and goods in other countries.
The rise of cotton to 5.62 c, which has
no other basis than an impression that
cold weather and storms late In No
vember might do much harm, reacted
a sixteenth, but rose Friday and closed .
at the top price, with improvement in
the goods market. Whife prices of
print cloths are unchanged the prices
of some heavy goods and bleached
shirtings are a trifle higher.
Failures for the week have been 281
in the United States against 306 last
year, and 19 in Canada against 28 last
It Had Maob to Do With American
NEW YORK, Doc. 2.—Bradstreet's financial
review tomorrow will say:
"More than the customary amount of at
tention has been paid this week to foreign
Influences and speculation, while displaying
bullish ten<Jenoie3, has been more or less
Irregular in its actual course. Tho local
professional element has been ranged on the
bull side, in anticipation of an agreement By
the Spanish commissioners to the American
peace demands. The opening of the market
last Monday found the traders generally dis
posed to wait and work for a reaction. Lon
don, however, was a large purchaser of our
stocks, and support from that quarter
checked the recession in prices. On '.Vedr.®s
day. however, the taking of $1,C00,0f10 gold
from the Bank of England for for ship
ment for New York accompanying a with
drawal of over ?2,1,C0,0J0 from Berlin, brought
about a sharp rise in the London market, and
caused the foreigners to change their specu
lative attitude and become se.lers of stocks.
Berlin was credited with being largely le
sponslble for till movement, particularly in
connection with the Pacific, stocks, and for a
short time a somewhat exaggerated view of
fina-M la] aud speculative condtions at the
German capital passed current ln Wall ttraat.
On Thursday, however, the situation abroad
became more settled. No advance took place
as was feared might be the case, in the Bank
of England discount rate, while tho rla.*
of money in Lor.doii and the exchange rates
here seemed to allay the fears of heavy gold
withdrawals to this country. Londan there
fore purchased some of the stocks v.-hl :h It
had sold the preceeding day, and the market
displayed a renewed bullish tone, although
the industrials ra'her than the railway shara
list were mainly benefitted by the improve
ment ln speculative sentiment."
Volume of Business Heavily Exceed
ed That of Any Former Year.
NEW YORK, Dec. 2.—Bradstreet's tomor
row will say:
"The business world enters on the closing
month of the year with so many favorable
and so few depressing features in sight as to
leave little doubt that the year 1898, as a
whole, must hereafter furnish the basis for
estimate when comparisons of large business
are to be made. Nearly all obtainable statis
tics and reports as to the voiume of business
poinit to the present year having heavily ex
ceeded any lormer year in the amount of
business done, and though comparisons as re- |
gards prices are not so favorable as ln eariier
years, notably l.ii_ and 18%, when quotations
of most staples were considerably higher,
still the expansion in tnade, due to increased
population and enlarged foreign demand for
our products has resulted in an aggregate
volume of business done considerably ln ex
cess of any former year.
"ln the general business world the lead
ing event of the week has undoubtedly been
the placing of very large orders, estimated
at between 500,000 and 700,000 tons of steel
rails, more than on« quarter of the entire
country's annual production, at prices which, :
if not entirely satisfactory to the competing i
rail mills, are encouraging because rhey in- :
dk-ate that no check caused by combination
of interests will be administered to our grow- I
ing export trade, which business, coupled with I
the possible demand next year for structural
steel for building purposes, is likely to play
a most important part ln the government of
prices of steel products generally. Nomi
nal prices of steel rails show little change
fi om those ruling some time ago. but quota
tions for Bessemer Iron and steal billets re
flect the stimulating influence of the re
moval on the uncertainty regarding the place
of this large volume of rail business,.
"Foreign demand for our produce has con- j
tinued an encouraging feature of the cereal
situation, while prices are but little lower
for the week, notwithstanding heavy farmers'
delivery and heavy domestic consumption.
"Exports for the week are the largest ever
known, reflecting partly lower prices and I
partly Increased foreign buying at concessions !
earlier in the week. Corn ar.d oats appear !
to have temporarily parted company with I
wheat, and are higher for the week on en- j
larged export trading.
•^Tie ocean freights situation is slightly j
lower and the supply of tonnage shows some
enlargement. Tlie prices situation generally I
is an encouraging one, and advances largely j
outnumber declines. The early arrival of ■
winter wheat in the South has tended to make i
smaller cotton crop estimates more popular, |
ar.d enlarged speculative and spot purchases |
have advanced prices for this staple.
"Anthracite coal haa boen marked up in ;
some markets, largely owing to cold weather,
but there are yet few new developments in .
the direction of the control of the output.
"Tin and copper are again active specula- :
tlvely, and tin plates reflect the formal '
launching of the new combination in slightly '
"The boot and shoe situation has been lm- '
proved by the severe weather lately expert- :
enced, as has the outlook for rubber goods.
Leather Is steadier and hides are higher, an
unusual feature at this time of year.
"Tiro recent advance in raw sugar appears i
to have culminated this week and a slight ;
reaction is iSiown on reports th«t sugar lm- .
porta from Europe are likely to heavily in
crease. Refined is firm. November business
having been very heavy.
"The advent of winter weather has tended
to reduce the demand for lumber which in
some markets, particularly in the East, was *
depressed during the summer because of the
inactivity in building. A rather better tone
is however, now noticed, and the opening
of the year is awaited with confidence Re
cent advances in the prices of pino and
shrunk lumber are well maintained. Stocks
in doalens hands are not at all heavy, and
reports from tho yellow pine and cypress m_r
„f -c, S°Util and white P'ne market
«i\, of. . &Te, satisfac**ory. The hardwood
situation, maintains all the strength previous
ly noted. The domestic woodwork demand is
of great volume, while export business is
steadily increasing, and prices as a rule are
steadily higher than they were at the open
ing of the year.
"General Jobbing trade has been rather
smaller than usual at this time of the year
ard severe storms in the East have hurt dis
tribution, but tiie demand for holiday goods
is of an encouraging volume and promises
"Business failures are of normal volums
numbering 212 for the week, against l__ IMt
week. 250 in 1897. 359 in 189t>, 316 in 1895 and
322 in 1894.
'.Wheat, including flour, shipments for tha
week aggrgeate 7.483.959 bushels, against
5,824.726 bushels last week; 6.499.960 bushels
in the corresponding week of 1897. 3 653160
bushels in 1896. 3.156.828 bushels in 1895 and
3,011,560 buehels In 1894. Since July 1 this
year the exoprts of wheat aggregated 96.19S 142
bushels, against 107.938.539 bushels last yea-.
Corn exports for the week aggregate 4,623.988
bushels. against 3,993.846 bushels last week;
4.5J*5.8C6 bushels in this week a year ago.
1.768102 bushels in 1896, 1,867,094 bushels ln
1895 and 271,434 bushels ln 1894. Since July 1.
thi3, year, corn exports aggregate 54,637.753
bushels, against 64.126.011 bushels <&ur!ng tho
same period a year ago."
LOOKS FOR A BIG TRADE
Philadelphia SteaniNhip Mau Say*
lt "Way Be Expected.
George H. Hlgble, of the Interna
tional Navigation Company of Phila
delphia, came to St. Paul yesterday.
He is on his way with his family from
the Pacific coast to Philadelphia. He
went to San Francisco last spring to
negotiate with the government regard
ing' the chartering of the .steamships
: Ohio and Pennsylvania for use by the
1 government as transports to take
troops to Manila. The steamers are
owned by his company, ami at the
breaking out of hostilities wore on the
Pacilio coast looking for cargoes to
take to Philadelphia. They were
promptly seized upon by the govern
ment as desirable vessels for transports
and have since been engaged in that
"I do not know how much longer
the ships will be needed as transports,"
said Mr. Higbie to a reporter for Tha
Globe at the Ryan last evening.
"They have just arrived at Manila with
their second load of troops, and if the
government sends troops tack or nure
over there they are likely to remain
in that service for some time. The
charter calls for a monthly sum for
the use of the vessels. When they are
returned to us they will have to be
rebuilt inside as they were all torn
apart to accommodate the troops.
"While on the coast I visited all the
ports and found everywhere a feeling
thait the future was to be bright for
Pacific coast and transoceanic trade.
All the towns are booming and with a
substantial basis. The Asiatic trade
Is certain to be greater on account of
the war and there is a renewed spirit
of enterprise in all branches of busi
"While there I looked over the field
with a view to sizing it up from the
view point otf a steamship man, and I
became convinced that there will be
room there for some big steams-hip
onterprLses in the near future. I think
San Francisco has seen its best days
for the advantages seem to be in favor
of the northern coast points. There
is a great, and, sometimes amusing
rivalry between Seattle and Tacoma.
It is even more Intense than that be
tween St. Paul and Minneapolis. No
one dares to say anything in Tacoma
favorable to Seattle and vice versa. He
\sill be jumped <>n Immediately, while
Portland shrug® her thotflderfl and asks
you to wait and see. Portland Impress
ed me as being the most substantial
place on the coast. It has the misfor
tune to be situated 100 miles up the
Columbia, but even so, it ls prospering
without booming. The dllllculties en
countered at the mouth of the Colum
| bia on account of the bar have been
i partly overcome by buildinlg a jetty so
| that navigation is not as perilous as
j formerly. The river suffers ln the sum-
I mer months on account of shallow
| waiter, but engineers will doubtless
solve that difficulty and in time Port
land will have as good and safe a har
bor as any coast port.
"1 made a tour of the state of Wash
ington and was surprised by the pros
perity which is on every* hand, and
which may be developed with a little
labor. I went through the fruit belt
and found peaches superior to the Cali
fornia variety, and aipples equal to any
in the East. The wheat raised ln that
state is of the best quality aiid the
i state is rich in timber, coal and mdn
j erals. It is a wonderful stxte.
"The Nicaragua canal question is be
| ginninsr to ex'ite interest on the coast.
| There is a strong sentiment in favor
of itis ownership or control by this gov-
I eminent. Many of its strongest advo-
I cates do not know Just why they want
ii., but they cite the voyage of the Ore
i gon as an argument for it. Peisonally
I I am in favor of the canal for business
J reasons. It would revolutionize ocean
business to the benefit of Eastern coa3t
CGmpar.,les. The new French syndicate
ihat has secured control of the Panama
canal opposes the Nicaragua project
for purely selfish reasons, though it
puts forth some very strong arguments
In Philadelphia and New York there
has not been much interest taken in
the canal question, but I think some
attention will be paid to lt in the fu
ture. Jn my opinion it is soon to be
the most Important question before the
people of this country.
"I am glad the subject of Asiatic
trade Is Interesting the people in the
West, for I believe that we are soon to
find ln the Orient a great market for
W. Granville Smith
furnishes a Reantiful Picture Design for tiu* Deo.
In COLORS of
Now 10 ets.; $1 a Year.
Other Features—Richly Illustrated:
The Smoking Car. a Farce, by W. D. Howeluj.
Einprem of Austria's Home, by Jobs P. Bocook.
Cuban Bygones, by Mas. Fuakk Lsslie.
April Bloom, (Serial- by Egxkton Castle.
Naval Diver*, by Minna Irving,
The Pralso ofGolf, by W. (i. Vas T. Butphj3*.
Women Journallsts, by Ctnthia W. Aldks.
Space Telegraphy, by Ahthur V. Abbott, C. E.
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