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z\^ Matty People Believe >v
»That because Boston Clothing is superior in all the finer essen- 1 tials that go to make ' "correct attire" it must necessarily be ■ more expensive. It is— — to us. But not to you. If # We Pay Hore for Our Merchandise X v^wlilv t^ ian an y rm * n t^ ie Northwest .... %^)^# And sell lt for Less— Who's- the Loser? 1; Not You. — The reason is that we are satisfied with less profit . >' ; z than others and when we institute a sale it's a bona fide sale. I i fwL You'll find the proof in the immense reduction during our IL—jP 57*11 Semi=Annual Jl Red Figure Sale rajjfjlffl The same, courteous attention as though you paid full price. PSfL'* Men's Suits. Men's Overcoats. fH_3hl^§fiß___& Rauging from Banging from . ;\* $10.00 Red Figured lo $6.75. iflO.O'J Red Figured to $6.75 $35.00 Red Figured to $_t8.03 $45.00 Red Figured to $35.00 Men's Ulsters. Boys' Long-Pant Suits. Ranging from Banging from $10.00 Red Figured to ." $6.80 $6.50 Red Figured to $4-75 ,0 to £40. 0J Red Figured to $30.00 $18.00 Red Figured to $12.50 Men's Pants. Boys' Short- Pant Suits. Rancing from . Banging from $2.00 Red Figured to $1.00 $3.c0 Red Figured to $2.00 1° __ "' $10.00 Red Figured to $7-00 $120 D Red Figured to $8.50 Boys' Ulsters. Browni- and Sailor Suits Ranging from ' - Riuißiiis from * Saoo Red Figured to $5-00 $3 00 Redliguredto $2.00 £ to to j» $15.00 Red Figured to $10.00 | $10.00 Red Figured to $6.50 \ From 30 to 50 Per Cent Reduction o 1 all Bays' Furni ..ling GooJs. i All Our Holiday Cane aiU U_nbre la bats aid Bath Rob;s at 65 Cents 01 the Df>slar. \ \d Bowlby & Co. (sP~£J£sy Sixth & Robert. "^^Z ALLIATOBIM BAY I!.TEI-ESTIN<; SESSIONS HFXD DIK ING THK MORMIHG AMI THK AKTKRNOOS ADDRESS BY P. H. RAHILLY He Score. Monopnliet* of Various Kindx and Appeal* to the Farm er, to Join for the Protection «»f Their Mntnal Interests .V Sta- I pendou Work, for a Small Band . of Workers to Do. When the annual convention of the Farmers' Alliance adjourned last even- j ing the future of that organization j .vas still in the air. Several unsuccess- j ful attempts were made during the j day to place the alliance on record as Cavoring the formation of the wheat growers' association without affiliating • with the alliance. The alliance ad- | journed to meet again today, and the nucleus for the organization of the j wheat growers' association will hold a meeiing this morning at 10 for the purpose of perfecting an organization Cor the protection of the farmer which bas already been exploited in The Qlobe in its accounts of the alliance proceedings. There is a strong probability, how ever, that there will be a split in the alliance forces on this proposition, in which event it would embarrass to a marked degree the efforts of the or- ! ganizers who seek to bring into ex- | istenee the Minnesota Wheat Growers' association. While several of the leaders of the j alliance favor the proposed rule, mak- j ing members in the Farmers' Alliance obligatory with members of the grain growers' association. Mr. Dor.neily and others cannot reconcile themselves to : this rule, believing as they say, that j the stamp cf the alliance would be the ; death knell of the grain growers' asso ciation while yet in swaddling clothes. At any rate, today's session will see the result. Mr. Donnelly seems to hold the bal ance of pow vr of the remnants of the Farmers' Alliance. The Representa- ; tive. Mr. Donnelly's newspaper, was indorsed as the official organ of the eliiance after half the the delegates had gone home last night. MORNING SESSION. The morning session yesterday was largely given over to the address of President Rahilly, who made a drastic j arraignment of the monopolies and corporations in general. He said: MR. RAHUjL.Y'S ADDRESS. This question is often asked but seldom prop* ily answered. Tbat there should be oc- j capicn to propound tbe above question causes us regret t_at t&ere should be any doubt as to tbe answer that may be given causes us regre; much more profound. Aye, more, that there sJiooSd be need to ask such question, that there should be any doubt as to what the c'nswer may be pains us, pains us deeply, tt.-yor.-I the tower of rrjrds to express. In ihe alliarx-e we have a party, and the only party upholding the principles of true democracy, standing for the equality of man, demanding that the great truths upon which Is founded cur great republic, upon which all demo cratic governmc nt mu.t rest, shall be recog nized ar.d observed. Yet it is asked, and ask ed doub-fully: Shall tlfis organization live? When we ask such questions and pause in doubt as to what the answer may be, we fee' as if w_ were asking: Shall democratic go, crnment live, thai! the principles upon which our republic is founded live, shall justice, equity. love live or perish in a rule of in fa_£_Ce, despoilment, greed? And when we ask such questions we feel that we are do ing giievcur- wrong, guilty of sacrilege to Him who rules the universe with lnflalte goodness, with laws of equity and rules of Justice, to pause in doubt as to what the an*- w .r may be. It would seem that our citizenship of con ucientious and honest men, firmly believing In the rricdples of equality, there could be but or.c answer. Yet there ls an apathy among the masse? of our people bom of a want of conception of the dangers that con front us, of the evils and abuses that are felt, but are rot seen, and a despondency among certain of those who do understand firm Farmers' Alliance members, but who despair of their success, that bodes much evil to our country. For such despondency this 16 ro time or place, nor is there occasion for it. It Is said that the life of the alliance of the only party standing for true democracy, ls on the point of goring out, and if members will do their duty and not rest pasailve and despondent, this organization, with its demo cratic gOTcrnmemt, can be saved. And today. We have undertaken a stupenduous task, we small band of workers of the Farmers' Al- Kance, and it ls best that we realize it? scope We have undertaken to free ourselves, and co many of our brother workers as will heed the caOl, from the shackles of slavery without majorities or laws or gold to back our ef forts. We have undertaken to free from their *ruel superstition the worshiper* of th* mon-ey idol. Shall we succeed? Perhaps not always. What truly worthy undertaking In all the word has ever sucee-edc-d without its farmers— l,s hour of dtiubt. It? agony of fear? But a few rioneer branches, our ll.tle OUTPOSTS OF ENLIGHTENMENT amidst the wilderness of financial ignorance, are struggling right bravely to keep, their campfires burning against the day of indus trial deliverance. What misconceptions, what fatal indifference at times, what fou'. trying obstacles always, these apostles of equity fnd justice and seif-fiberatlon meit with and conteaid again.. t. no records, save the in scrutable records of life, wiil ever sihow. The true worth of their trials and joys, their hopes b.'ightcd or fulfilled, their opportunities lost or sained, their failures or succssaes, I will be written lu'.ly only in the result.' of the future. Sometimes they have undertaken more | than they can accomplish, and then they are constrained to lay their burden down : tempt- J cd. it may be. to stray off down some by- i path into the labyrinth of competition again, I and so deserting their work before It is evei ; begun; often and often, however, only resting by the wayside until renewed strength bids a return to the higher dnty of the journey. : life-lure?, indeed, sometimes, in the eye of I an unprcmhette woi'.d, looking only at the ! weary distance between them and their ; eventual goal, but of such failures has the : golde-n clcth of success been woven through all time. As well ludge the Revolution by its Valley Forge, the creation by its Eden lost, the I gospel of eternal love by its Calvary on earth; as to judge our hope of industrial freedom by its stumblings on Its way. Let ' us not be of the pessimists who, looking unon a battered lifeboat, judge the whole ship ! lost. Let us take our lessons from the glorious failures of the past, and so attain our goal. What arc the farmers? "Oil," they answer, "they are fellows who live out yonder somewhere, and raise corn, potatoes, wheat, beef, pork and poultry— they are a kind of a necessary cvil — they are the ' uncivilized nart cf society, but no more lit for self-government than the negroes ot the South." Through the delusion of the found- ; ers of this nation we are constrained to let them go through the form of holding elec- j tions and selecting men to make their laws. But our great men, our millionaires, will ! see to it that when the renresentatives as- i semble at the capitol we will either humbug I them or buy theui up outright, and have : things our own way. "In the South they keep men away from ; the ballot box with shotguns. We can't quite do that, the farmers might shoot back. : But we corrum their representatives, it is : a great deal easier and makes less noise, j it is a clean, sweet, nice transaction -so i many dollars for so many votes. This is a commercial age and capital must rule. The South cries ort to us, 'This is a white man's country,' and we echo back, 'This is a j rich man's country.' And between us both we have things just about right. And if any man objects he is a demagogue, a com- ' munist, an anarchist, a nihilist, the devil himself." The members of the aßiance r.hould re- [ member that, as a rule, they cannot expect i any diffeieiit treatment in the legislature from money lenders; they will naturally work for the interest of their class. Neither should we very much blame them for so doing. The blame rests with the fools who elect repre sentatives of the -creditor class to make laws for communities, nine-tenths of the voters in which are in debt. They might just as well put their sheep in charge of tho wolves, and then be astonished to find dead sheep and fat wolves. WHAT FARMERS SHOULD DO. I do not say that no bankers or lawyers should be elected to the legislature; the cities will attend to that anyhow. What I urge is that wherever there is a farming community it should elect one of its own class to repre sent It. If they are not elected in the agricultural region most assuredly they never will be elected anywhere else. As to the horrible cruelties that have been practiced upon the people of the state under the guise of usury no pen can adequately de scribe them uud no imagination sum them up The state has been a battle fleld, a scene of slaughter. Homes destroyed, hearts crush ed, lives darkened by the excessive greed of man for the substance of his neighbors. I City aldermen and councllmen, state legis lators and congressmen, tax the people; tho money ls spent wastefully, profligately, for the enrichment of the creatures of the politi cal machines, and the people are robbed. But this robbery, great as it is, ls tmall com pared to the robbery of the people by corpo rations., to which municipal and state legis lators are induced to vote special privileges special grants, and confer valuable rlghts[ to the prejudice of the many denied the right to the enjoyment, the use of such rights, save upon payment of such tribute as the corpora tions may choose to exact. And, again, thto robbery of the people by the corporations is as far exceeded by 'the robbery of the people by the epeculat. c clique, as does the robbery by the corpora tions exceed the robbery by the political ma chines. Thus the speculative clique, and largely through the instrumantality of the corporations rob the peoplo. not only of their earnings, but of their savings, and what Is the greatest robbery of all, the chance to earn a living, for the man robbed of this right becomes a slave. And this the speculative clique do; tliey carry out the most stup<ndoiw of robberies and thte robbery is tolerated by our legisla tors, for in our legislative hails the specula tive oliques exert the terrible and far-reach ing influence ot corruption, an Influence that cam only be rendered nugatory by the knowl edge that a people is watchful of their repre sentatlvee, ready to reward work well done but swift to soourge the representative faith less to his trust. And this check our people are not exerting. They stlumber while they are robbed. And on top of this robbery there to a loss to our people greater than all the robbery. It Is the loes of labor, of production power coming from the paralyses of lmdudtxy of enterprise caueed by the robbery of the peo ple by the speculative clique*. The robbery THE SX. PAUL GLOBE WEDNESDAY JANUARY 4, 1839. nf ?^., <i - >Ilar ., m f y often lead t0 tho stoppage of mdus-ry that will cause the loss of ten under whi,°h thiS k,nl '* the most W.evo™s ?h.L k lch k UI * P 6O " 0 BOW suff er. I repeat _v ii^ c '' y ? y , l ? c P o!iti "l machines great S-r!SS "-t infrequently exposed, retdify S^ : ™ fh g^kei of, is .ma'l in com- E2S2S t0 the robber y of the people by fes SS °, r t'" ,oa ':- corporations granted valuable fraiK.-nlses by (he peo?.e. and which charge .rn^'h *s .£ rofc *fy b y cr>rpora tions lj Ses wbo rCbberJ ' by the **»««»« WRECK THE ENTERPRISE'S of the people, wreck corporation.? railroads as it serves them, yet this great robbery that has built up the majority of the oloa sal fortunes of today ls as nothing to the loss that It has ccca.oned our people ™l I L brlef ' SP* Deo^e have lost from the frtn^ r ,Lm UC ThT re tha " has b «« ™"h?J fl« thifTh. Im! 1 " OT « toat Kws «■ from the th?.- Mh.Mtv robbery has » greatly handianpid tne.i abl ity to produce wealth, Because of wealth they have beea unable to exert Tn short, the people have lost much more ih . . wc e V*£° t llers h &v . c «*H? b "«» had n t>ionT ld .i MIT ?. bee " produced if it nad n,t been for the discouragement paced upon industry by tbe .ywemath. de"ponm~nt , .nn h / t ealh . f L roducers b >" «* specuutive o iqucs. has not been produced at all indeed on> oi n-^ ° f ,. the wealth PToixieera has "uk on_> p.dCGd discouragemsnrt upon industry, It has. where the wealth producer has ii. f i srnppcd of his savings, his capital, put an abso.ute check upon the nroduction rP, .I 6 " , re th J aE «ertioii "that If 1. were not for the stupendous and «y.n?raatlc despoilment dL£S K aD S y lhe few 1ha ' discourages In dustry by destroying the profits thereof a"d stops enterprise by the transfer ofcU"u' ?Em S Wft «| lTO J» Mn-productiv-e .rhann h from channe-'., where it results m the product result- l^°tt% V*P P cJ «ton^ where its result* in its destruction, that the nrodu. t;cn of wealth in this country today wou d be twice, that which it is «ouu r i ; " s " l n „,? 9tat ' Th « 'convention of fie Ttatranr in^ Pe _,° f lw ° ™™ »*>. * this state, appelated a committee, eonsistinp- nf nine member*, of which I h e d the honor et being cnairman. whese duty It should be " sec H r e- if Possible, sr>me enforcement of those existing laws relating to common earners which might be regarded m°£™ p . ab ie to the farmers of Minne.-ota, and sec ond, to formulate and present P the V is- K lw» c w h meas « r es relating to the car riage of farm products as in the opinion of dtS*S mm,ttee a * ound pUblic P°"^ mighi In the fulfillment of its mission the com mittee at once visited the railroad ' and wa™. hou,..e commission and asked that body to secure to farmers their rights in freight and passenger rates on railroads. The eomnU sion seemed to believe that they had no 5222 ™^ r > b e present law. Having become satisfied from the conduct and general de meanor of its- members throughout tha the rail load and warehouse commission was even worse rhan worthless for all public use* w" directed our attention towards the legislature A series of remedial measures were nre oared and introduced in the house Prepared The bills referred to were placed ln the hands of the different member, of the house They were in time referrd to the commit^ on railroads of that body. I made five trlot ™3- P f au ' and succeeded in making amif™! . menu to have a public hearing on those : ZZl 5 ,.?' ' Accor ?inglv I appeared 5 be?or. uE , committee on railroads, and. after listen.™. ; until 2 o'clock in the morning to the a?*u i ments of the railway attorneys gathered to oppose the po-ca.led Douglas bill I w^vJim | polled to withdraw unhefr^ The X ! Ing I was reinforced by Mr Oostello W were informed by the chairman that that hodv was busy, and could only al'.ot a very «*S?rt ; time to alliance measures. * ALLOWED HALF AN HOUR. A half hour was assigned in which to pre sent the merits of the five measures above outlined. The time was fully utilized, as Its brevity and the nature of the task before the I committee admitted of. But from the outs-t indeed, before a word had been smoker. •_ , tee before the railroad and warehouse com mission was to be duplicated, and that the measures would receive like treatment It ' r a o o hA PPare ? t throughout that there was not a shadow of possibility that the measure ad vocated would receive any serious ocmsidera tlon whatever. On the following morning the ; bills were reported to the house T adversely by I the committee on railroads. Mr. Donnelly made a gallant flght ln favor of the bfl ; He pleaded that they ehould be pL in ! general orders, and he discussed and amend m. E -K d t ,n ? a £ , th s WN? the^oSse I might dictate, but he pleaded in vain. Thi i measures were doomed from the outset to a | speedy and violent death. w a ' e„ An^ er c ? s^. I . de * lre t0 call your attention I *m J5 c e " abl, »hment of ohe twin* plant at Stillwater had the effect of breaking down whose prices at that time ranged from 17» cents to 23 cents per ry>und. S Immediately upon the commencement C this IndStrs -ana i prices came tumbling down, until last year it , reached the low price of 4W to 6% cento ncr pound. The farmers, after se^uringtt , dustry and seeing Oiat It bad aoso_npUsh»d I their ends (the breaking of the twine trust) allowed their own enterprise to tail into th* hands of representaitives of any cadlln* but that of agriculture, and as. a result the Slant for all interests and purposes as far as inter ests of the farmer* Is concerned, might -■__ well be in Manila as ln Stillwater, for the r e^s°iL that c en| tlre output ot the plant of 5,000,000 pounds h*ve been sold to the jobbers and merchants of the state. It will be read ily eeen where the Interests of the fanner* come ln when left to the vote of a board of five members, composed of merchants law yers, bankers, etc., when decMdmg whart policy they should pursue In disposing et the twine product of the prtecm. But the plant was es tablished tor the express purpose of mann eacturlng Wndlng twine and selling direct to fanners at eo«t »» »» PRISON BOAIHiD'S WORK. My wh*t right haa thi* prtM» hc«rd to «». pose of _, 5W,000 pound-.* of prison twine ba jobbers at C-Vi cents per pound several month* I before harvest without any notification to the j farmers? Thereby compelling them, the | farmers of the state, to pay $2,000,000 more for j thefr binding twine this season than they | would If thoy could purchase direct, from the I prison, -as the l_uw had contempiated when I the plant was established. 1 submit, It Is not unreasonable to request his excellency, the governor, to appoint a committee of honor able citizens to Investigate th c dea". Let us consider at this time whether we may not wisely invoke the whole body of those who thrive by the plow to organize for effective action in every state and territory throughout the Union, in behalf of such re forms as seem to be demanded by the necessi ties of the agricultural situation. We cannot i shut our eyes to the fact tttst the depression of our business is terrible. From every rural ha relet fljid home through out the land the outloofc ls shrouded in dark- I ness and gk-oni. It Is, bemuse the domestic I and foreign policies of our. government, both j state and national, have been shaped by the moneyed Interests, to the utter negleot ai;d ruin of the interests of the soil: Hence' w_ find the products of American agriculture barred from equal com-pstltion ln every great market of the world whereStfe are placed at disadvantage with every nation of the ear h, frr.m Africa to Greenland.- "The home mirket Is left us only becuse it is not worth the cultivating by foreign glut under the mafign influence of bad laws and maladministration. This same -pernicious policy of working all the forces of government In the service of the iru.nopriM.'jtis and mon led men has so op pressed and degraded American labor that It ls today everywhere In a state of angry irri tation and revolt against the conditions Im posid upon it by arrogant, irresponsible tyrannical, cruel monopoly. In the face of such a situation, the hesitancy, the vacilla tion ar.d inadequate attitude of the govern ment with the petty wrangling of politicians snarling like hyenas over the offal of of fice, neither party identified with any pub'-ic policy which commards public confidence presents to view a spectacle If paralle'ed in human history, is paralleled only by the biutish tyrant -and buffoon who fiddled by the light of the conflagration of ancient Rome. In my opinion, gentlemen, unless the gov ernment, state and federal, under which we live, epecdiiv remodel existing policy and use their future efforts to promote national and State prosperity and progress upon the lu dus;risl and business interests or the people, and above ail and before all upon the In tel eets of the nation's domain and home stead, the soil Itself and tho3e that dig in it a crisis and a catastrophe can not long te deferred. The nature and extent of that catastrophe none can foretell until it bursts upon us. I r-eommend to you. that we do now with added emphasis, reaffirm each and every one of your former resolutions, and PRESENT THBM AGAIN to the consideration of the government and respectifuily, but earnestly, insist upon their fair and full consideration and discussion in a manner satisfactory to an intelligent ppople. Let it be remembered that in' war It is the farmer who comes to the support of the gov ernment with shouldered musket and neces sary supplies to do real battle for the safety of the country, ln peace it is he who bear's the main burden of taxation, while the pro ducts of his industry are the life blood of the nation. He cannot bide frcm the tax ; g-therer if he would, his cows, thetp hogs I and lard... while the monopolist may return | oi ily his plant, the remainder of his -immense j estate being ln his pocket out or sight His ; ls the suffrage which brings Into the publl s.rvice a majority of all the -representatives and servants of the people. Let us see to it that none of thess servants set themselves al<ve -treir master. Let the politicians take notice that the' Furmers' Alliance will demaxd the Interven tion or the governroert, to deliver agriculture fiom this bondage which ii canno. and will not longer bear. Again I ask you what you are gcing to do about it? Every progressive and enlightened modern nation g've. to Its agriculture a s.at in every state board and a voice in the national councils, and pays cut great turns of money in the support or Its interests. We lag behind them ell with a p<-tty expeijmetvt Ration ar.d seed house kept a _ive to no good purpose by paltry and niggardly approriatlons. We have borne and foiborne until forbearance has ceased long sine, to be a virtue, while those who have usui pfd to themselves tbe functions of a gov erning class have come to believe that we cm be slighted and scorned and ignored with complete impunity. Let U3 cause them to know that there are American farmers whose allegiance cannot be purchased by a package of reuen seed, nor a flimsy document. We ..iar.d in immin.nt peril of being speed ily reduced to a state of irrevocable serfdom held under the yoke of insufferable domina t.on by monopolists who are daily at work intrenching themselves in positions of perma nent pjwer under the guidance and advice of shrewd and far seeing attorneys; positions from which, when it -becomes necessary to cur existence to dislodge them, it can only be accomplished through appalling sacrifices at the contemplation of which thinking men ttand aghast. We must face these issues like mtn. Now or never we must act: tomorrow will be too late. The day is passed when a governing class of irconted men can be per mitted iv this country to administer public affairs in their own interests in utter disre gard cf the majority and in desoite of the people. Such a state of things will culminate inevitably in civil w_rr. Heaven defend our ! po.tority from its unspeakable horrors. I would rrot dare to stand in this presence before the represeniatives of every state in the Union, and bofore the who.' c country and willfully and knowingly overdraw this piclue or overtsate this case. The bard fact is that those wlrom you represent have no powers to compel the settlement of the most dan gerous of these questions now by peaceful and equitable methods. Wben. we come for ward respectfully asking a voice in these settlements we ARE SCORNFULLY REPULSED and a hearing refused us. As long as we go heme prepared to deliver bur suffrage at the ballot box on demand for those monopolists and their agents and attorneys in their pay; as ic_.g as we byw the knee to the privileged classes; cs long as we contribute from our means electio.i expenses fcr thas or that paTty organization and its machine-made cand'dates (that machine generally located at commercial centers and court house*) and do at their bidding the voting necessary to bring them into office unpledged to the support of the measure* we advocate, we must be prepared to meet witb neglect and scorn. If we intend to be heard with respect we must show ou- teeth. There ls another point we would urge upon ycm. In war the enemies employ sharp shoo teas to pick off the officers. If they can kill tbe generals the army is half defeated In politics it is the sam_— they flre at the leaders. If any man is faithful to you he will be bitterly denounced. If he is corrupt he will be pra'sied by those who buy him. The moment be sells out the sharpshooters are withdrawn and tbe flre ceeses. Be sus picious of amy of your own me who aTe praised by the enemy. If a man stands by you stand by him. In every country there are those, who by ad vocating your interests, bave maid'e themselves targets for the arrows of tile enemy. Other things being equal, these are the'mea far you to send to the legislature. Those who bave ably advocated your cause before the people will best advocate it in the legis lature. You want earnest, honest men, and no blockheads. It is not sufficient to elect a man wbo will vote right; he must be able to plan right, speak right, flght right. There is no substitute for brains. Money needs tools The people want mem Above all avoid those who osrrv open hands behind their backs. When you nominate a man the crossroads lawyers and tbe hirelings of your enemies will cry out, "Oh, he wants an office." Well, suppose be does? Wbo ls better entitled to it than the man who is your friend? And this cry will be raised by those who want the offlce worse then be does, and- who are not your friends. These rascals would have you believe tbat tbe offices belong, un der the constitution, to your enemies; and tbat any man who advocates yotir interest-) must 'accessairtiy take a back seat. If you sustain any such doctrine you will drive the able and ambitious men among you Into the ranks of your enemies. Ambition ls a virtue if it is directed to good ends. The rlgbt to rise in the world ls the primal right that un derlies society. i Bo far I barve ende&vored to lay before you the difficulties and disadvantages agri culturists have been, laboring under; also whart oeounTed to me to be' the remedy. I now desire to oall your aittWßtioe TO A DIFFEIR^T^HASB of onr situation. The lnarchfof study, inves tigation and' knowledge has opened to the farmer a new view of: t^e marvelous array of forces which wirrtftma hint Both the fanner and the men <tf science are coming bo see that the farm cowttaibes a magnificent domain of IntellectuiQ Aonquewt Every branch of farming ls organising, not only by states but ln a national waySto promote spe" clflc knowledge and a 'fohajfeeome sense of aaitional inde.pend'enoe. Navfcr before tn th« hlßtooty of tbis nation has #We been wit ness®ed «rooh an awakenlne ot intellectual ac tivities, such marshaling, of Invention, fthysi oajl research, chemistry jftnd cognate sciences, education aiad Jegislaitioc; all in Wialf of the American fairmer, as at the pireeeait timet We ere beginning to feel ac a people tha* a«ricu_bure ls an intellectual as wWll as man ual pursuit; that from the fo/umlMesft tenamt to the lordjleest ranc-imao, profit and progress depend om memtaa comUreih«wion at the prin ciples involved and an enets*tlo obedience to thait oormrprehenslctn. Comprehenßlon means intellect. obwMemea moans busitneos. Some men aire all Intellect and no work: othem ara all woo-k and no Intellect. The true farmer unites both. He is both a student and a "doer of the word." Idke ail othir line* ot thought and action the Asnertcan farmer end his famn are going through, a process of evo lution. Tbe masrufactuTW facte tt and his eUßitai. smtt enterpttea can bardlj keep pace with coming change:;; statesmanship feels It, for new aroa difficult problems of government constantly present tbeai_Belve3, and how to keep center and clroumrference ln harmon izing growth is Che problem of th* day. The railroad magnate feels It, and muust bow to It. "G>rlm-vlsagcd war" bears no longer the same "wrtakitd frout," Chough his terrors are no less. What Is this subtle power that ts so mys teriously leavening the whole lump? It ls the growth of lonow-edge among the people. With knowledge comes new views of things. The Indian not luaptly defined wisdom to be the power to "see behld a wee." To see be hlnd some things as well as ahead, to have Judgment as to what shall come aftor a re sult, favorable or unfavorable, ls a constant and supreme In every phase of tbe |" I farmer's life. No man touches tbe necessity j of other men as does the farmer, for he j must feed all the re9t. Just aa long as we put our purpose above ourselves will the peo- ' pie encrjurage the promotion of tbe objects and puaipoaes of this organization. We must j not forget that a part of our duty is to stim ulate a broader and deeper growth of agrl- . | cultural citizenship. We have somthing more jto live for than living. We have as a class large duties to perform to that nation, tbe i eta^e and the community. Our standing among I men ls the true measure of the rights and | | privileges that will be accorded to us In law or social relations. "We have ourselves, not our stars, to blame if we are underlings." Every other profession pays large respect to intellectual powers and development. Have they secrets more profound to solve than we? Have they problems more difficult to i comprehend than we? No. The farmer I stands daily in the presence of God's laws, the most profound, the most subtle of all laws ' to Interpret. He shrinks frcm such conten- • tion, for he realizes his lack of intellectual \ training. He submits to unjust lews and l systems of taxation. He sees personal property largely exempt and landed property grievously burdened; yet he knows that the I true basis of all taxation Ls the dollar's worth of property, without regard to its char- j aeter, For his own success in business he must be better educated as a farmer; for his own protection as a citizen he must Etudy Harder and look deeper into his relations with j bis fellow men in the great official and politi- I cal compact. He needs r-o much and the j country needs still more from him, a higher Intellectual comprehension of what it means I to be an American farmer, and an American I citizen. TRIBUTE TO MR. HILL. I cannot permit this opportunity to pass ] without calling your attention to what I ! consider a very important point in our his tory. As you no doubt are aware Mr. J. J. Hill, president of the Great Northern rail road, the king of kings of railway enter prises, has been for some time engaged in ' advocating anl opening up our commerce with Asiatic countries. In my judgment the gratitude of future generations of our grate ful countrymen, not alone of our state, but of the nation at large, wili roliow him ln the other side of the grave, in a substantial man ner by their approbation of his genius in giv ing the people of this great nation an out let for their products to Asiatic countr es. He may not please everybody in all he does. The Question that occurs to my mind is, Who could take his place and do as well? We are selling wheat today at 50 cents per bushel in view of the fact that we have but one large customer, Great Britain. There is another point to which I desire to call your attention, that is what the peo ple are capable of doing when they get aroused. The people of Chicago have gained a remarkable victory over their grasping street railway corporations, seeking to get a monopoly of Chicago's streets for fifty years. They have shown that when once aroused their will cannot be defied, that unscrupulous representatives dare not defy them. Before a people once aroused the arts cf the cor ruptor, the power of money, will avail the grasping corporation naught. Although it Is an Inspiring spectacle that we have had in Chicago. With their usual carelessness the people elected aldermen representing the street railway interests, not themselves, rep resentatives wrlling to sacrifice the interests of the people, sell the streets of Chicago for their personal profit. But at the eleventh hour, when the street railways, through the aid of purchased aldermen, were about to con summate their steal of Chicago's streets, the people aroused themselves, denounced their faithless aldermen, commanded th»m to ob serve the wishes, protect th 2 Interests of their constituents, even threatened them more than half earnestly, with the hangman's noose if they defied the public demands, and before the fierce flre many aldermen wilted and the streets were saved. If the people would only keep aroused ail the time all would be well. In my humble judgment such are the ques tions before the Farmers' Alliance, as I have attempted to lay before you. There is a crisis before us, but this is no time fcr brooding, no time for halting. It is a time for decision and ac.ion, a time to Ue_p in mind that nu hep will- come to those who will not help themselves, that to those who will help themselves intelligently and earnest ly, who refuse to despair, refuse to give way to despondency, will not be denied the bless ings of which they show themselves deserv ing. URGES ORGANIZATION. If these be my last words in behalf of agriculture, the purest and most honorabls, and yet the most despised, calling that God has given to man, I would urge upon this body the necessity of organizing effectively all ranks and classes cf agriculturists, em bracing, and as far as possible, co-operating with all branches of productive industry, to shake off the shackles of monopoly from this day forth forever. This we are able to do, and we can only accomplish it by combin ing our suffrage to resist the influence and power of corporate power. I pray God I may be mi-taken, but I believe, ne/ertheless, that the s.abihty of our in&titutions, and the permanent peace and security of society itse.f wiil be brought into imminent peril by the persistent exclusion from all voice in public affairs of the majority of the people who bear the burden of taxation, and the usurpa tion by the monied m.nority and their attorn eys, of the functions and benefits ot govern ment in this cnuntry. Organize, organize, I beseech you; Not tomorrow, but today! Combine and -stand to gether as one man in defense of your inter ests and in behalf of the general welfare. Bo not . driven from your principles under tha crack of any puarty whip in the hand 3of some petty boss who represents nothing but party ends. Act today, delay not till tomor row. Act! Act in the living present. "Heart within and God overhead." JOKE ON MR. DONNELLY. Following the president's address, Secretary Hanley moved that a vote of thanks be extended to Mr. Rahilly for his able address. Mr. Donnelly, who had kept his seat during the morning session, arose and remarked that he supposed as usual the papers would ignore the proceedings of the conven tion. As a rlue, they paid more at- I tention to a fist fight or a dog fight than they did to a convention of such j momentous importance as the one In session. He asserted that he had ! bought a copy of The Globe In Mm- ] neapolis before coming over and could j not find one word of the proceedings of the convention. At this juncture several rose and In terrupted Mr. Donnelly, saying, that I The Globe had given up three col umns of its space to the convention. Some one suggested that Mr. Donnel ly had his specs on upside down. Some one else ventured that perhaps Mr. Donnelly was reading an old paper. The laugh was then on the Sage, who said that if that was the Case he would publicly apologize to The Globe. "Have the newspapers been invited to send representatives?" queried Mr. Stratton. "They are here, anyway," said Mr. Hanley. Mr. Johnson wanted Mr. Rahilly's address published ln full in the country papers so the farmers who were un able to attend could keep posted upon the proceedings of the alliance. !Erlck Olson thought the newspaper union could be induced to print tha proceedings of the alliance in their pat ent insides. The outside was usually an almanac, and the average farmer turned the inside out and read that part of the paper. O. H. Arantzen, of Wegdahl, differed on this point. He thought not one farmer in a dozen would read the pro ceedings if printed in this manner in full. - J. R. Low, of Faribault, said as a newspaper man, he could not print the proceedings and papers, as it would take all the typ« In his print shop to set it up. Somebody in the back of the room suggested that the daily papers would pay more attention to the proceedings Of the convention if they got up a fight. Thomas J. Meighen moved that a collection be taken up to defray the expense of printing the proceedings in supplement form. The supplement could be sent to the reform press and it could in its papers send out the sheet as a supplement to the paper. v The convention then took a recess until 1:80 p. m." AFTERNOON ROUTINE. C. H. Hopkins opened the afternoon session with an address on the agency scheme. He thought the farmers could the system, get 80 cents tor ft DEAL VALUES JsL Iv — rfVy z «- GOOD CLOTHING. f Men's $15 Overcoats. Heavy Whipcord, extremely stylish, rt»^ rv rA beautiful atone gray, eleg-antly \ I fl & finished; always $13.00. Grand |Bl bargain at only M.\J Men's $20 Overcoats. Handsome Black Patent Beaver, rich fc^ a PA and dressy, deep velvet collar, JSI *^]l silk shoulders, nobby corduroy *%•"• lining-. Always $20, now only If/ Men's $13.50 Ulsters. Perfect garments, lots of styl* and com- rt» *\ AA fort, high storm collar, tine _ni 8 _!.? quality frieze and well made. \M K^-j Always $13.50, now 7 Men's Good Al!=Woel Suits. Ms When you can buy an SB.SO All- Wool d» / rA Vl|vsjL Suit for $6.50. offered by B. K. &Co., J)f%,!)ll jE P} we bee no need of further argument, 11 and that's what you can do _^jSßfe^i_k. Hen's Business Suits. k^Sm What is true of $8.50 Suits for $6.50 is from £A ffi Wk equally true of $10.00 and $12.00 \j fl Wk Suits for $7.50. You can't do better V I fl $9 than to drop in here today a VI 22 O Good Things For Boys, H^ Boys' $3 Combination Suits. 1 Nice lot of desirable patterns, D. B. fr ASA *)P Coat, full winter weight, an fh / ___! mWasßM^ extra pair of pants, and / •* -t/ |H B0 Boys' $1.00 Knee Pants. Mwm Another b ; «- installment of our far-fani- ■■ /\ nin ed Sl. oo Knee Pants for SOc. »kllC T^JT'^ffibi All ages and kinds, "*™* l BROWNING, KING & CO. i * their wheat where they were now re ceiving but 50 cents. All branches of business had banded together for trade protection. Why not the farmer? If the whole farming population would come to the rescue there would be no question about the success of the pro ject. Mr. Johnson, of WintbroD, cited as examples the Winthrop Co-operative creamery and the Farmers' Klevator company at his home, which had been run with great success and profit by the farmers. J. C. Hanley read a paper on, "Busi ness in Agriculture." Business meth ods, he said, should apply to the farm er as well as any other line of business. If the commission that went for the handling of wheat ln the corporation elevator companies was paid into the treasury of co-operative establishments it would enable the farmers lo break all wheat combines and get tbe tip of the market, which, through manipulation under the present system, reverted to the speculators, while the producers received mere.y a nominal sum for the product of their fields. If terminal ele vators could be built and operated by the farmers it would revolutionize the whole wheat business. Capt. Low spoke of the practicability of the scheme as adopted in the state of Kansas. It had, he said, paid off the farm mortgage indebtedness of that state, and could do the same for Min nesota within a period of less than three years. Mr. Hopkins moved that the agency plan be left in the hands of the com mittee appointed day before yesterday, with instructions to submit it to the other grange organizations for their co-operation and approval. Ignatius Donnelly read an outline of the by-laws which .he had hastily drawn up. The name of tbe association was to be the Minnesota Grain Grow ers' association. Branches would be organized in every county and every town in tne state, where wheat was shipped out in any quantities. The question here arose whether it should be made obligatory for mem bers of the grain association- to be members of the alliance. The discus sion extended over an hour or so and resulted in the whole matter being laid on the table to be taken up this morn- j ing at 9 a. m. L. J. Leahy, of Faribault, read a paper on "Co-operative Farm Organ izations." A resolution was passed authorizing the president to appoint a committee of three to attend the convention of the National Federation of Labor. tkf VOL ARE GOING To the FactHc Coast Don't complete arrangements until you have secured information regarding the Personally Conducted Excursions to San Francisco, Los Angeles and Portland via the Union Pacific. These excursions leave Chicago, Minneap- j oils and St. Paul every Thursday, and | Omaha every Friday in elegantly up- j hoistered Pullman Tourist Sleepers; illuminated by Pintsch light; heated ! by steam. Baggage checked through j from starting point to destination, j Prompt and satisfactory service. Many j hours quicker time than any other line. For full particulars call on your nearest Ticket Agent or address H. F. Carter, T. P. A- 376 Robert street. THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. The Bemjamin Drew school I.' very niu.'n overcrowded, and nearly aM of the teachers are obliged to take two sets of classes each day. Mrs. K. Deacon, principal of the Franklin school, has been suffering from a severe at tack of the grippe. Mlsa Hancheitt, principal of the Scheffer school, is seriously IH at her home, 726 East Fourth street. The interior of the Jackson school has been daintily oa_ct____.ed with a light shade of greem and a number of copies from famous painting,.! and several large portraits of men who have been well known in American his tory have been hung on the walls of the hallways. The WebsteT School union meets Monday evening. Sixty Days for Larceny. H. C. Wilson was given a eixty-day sen tence ait the workhouse yesterday ln the municipal court for attempting to purloin a pair of gloves belonging to A. W. Lempke at a dtoce at Assembly hall. It was allegod that Wl'.eon, who ls a railroad brake-man, at tempted to get away with the gloves, which were found concealed ln his hat. Sued ou a Note. The St. Paul Title ar.d Trust company yes terday began a suit In district court against the St. Paul Investment company et al. to recover on a promissory note for "SGO, alleged to be overdue- 3 I IN AND ABOUT j THE CITY HALL| The aldfermanic committee on licenses, at a meeting yesterday afternoon, approved nln*t> sevea. applications for liquor licenses, aud recommended thai they be granted, then ><• Ing no protest es to any of tbe applicants _r,a no objection by any one. Twenty-four of tbe applicants presented bonds furnished '. surety company represented by Asseinblyma.i Kirke, who is also a member of the commlt , tee on licenses of the assembly. j J. F. Smith, one of the apnlioan's asked to transfer his place of business from 22:1 Robert street to 375 South Waba-ha street. Most of the other applications were for re ; newals only. • * * The ecmmUtee on streets of th. a£seii:b'.v I met yesterday afternoon, but deferred -iil matters before it until the next meeting, be cause ordinances are in course of prepara.', ill covering the tome subjects and will soon be : reported. • » • The board of park commit. oners failed to get a cuorum together yesterday afternoon, and no meeting was hefd. The beard wi',: hold a meeting some afternoon durln? t!.^ week to be fixed by the secretary, wh. w;il ! notify the members. • * * The committee on pubtiO buildings <f ;ho ' assembly, at its meeting yesterda. j noon, decided to report adversely the rcrv> lur.lon referred to it declaring that j elected to terminate the !_ase of a portion j of the ground floor cf the Market house t i tho I Northwestern Manufactures' union. In sixty I days after notice to tha union of it; pas^ac. j Assembfyman Craig led the opprsltion to 'hi : resnlutiou and moved an adver-v report. AM. ; Bantz supported the resolution, but se-med I to be almost afone. He .tated that a roliabl? • resident of the city would fay $4,000 i for the east half of the ground fl:or for live ! years, with an option for another five vej.n», j and make Improvements to the amount of ! from $4 GOO to $7, C00. and would give the city ] the option to terminate the leas? or. ill i mosAbtf notice and reimbursing him fcr th. j improvements made. Mr. J. P. Johnson, of the St. Paul Foundry company; V.r. 3. W. Clozpsr ar.d ohcr.-, rep reseriting the manufacturers, oppsed the resolution, clafniing th,_ t, if they did r.< t p y as much rent as offered, they were working In the interests of the city as well a~ t' n_ selves, and it was nothing more than if?ht that the city bear part of the expense. T ey 93.1 d the union has eighty m?n-.b"rs. a A they employ 6,000 perrons In their fact r>s. The argument was also made tha- i be unfair to other proper y owners to rer.t the property for the small sum cftVred. Mr. Ed Feldhauser, who hai b.en fcr .i ou tline working quite successfully on a seh me for placing the publio library in the mirket house building, as is well known to t'u pub i l!c, ..pposed the resolution because It wo _ d | interfere with those p.a:i_. and be-rn i the cfty d -sired to lease tb_ property be could secure a. tenant who will pay SS." it. There were a large number of nin.u facturejs and others present, and there seem ed to be great interest in the sublet. Tho committee also voted to reoomm.nd the allo\%nce to the union of $250 of it? claim of $_J»>, whl.-h it expended for improving -he east end of the building on the grounds that It did not get the uso of al'. the spa .- It rented during the month of September, and that the repairs are permanent. A claim of Mr. Bridges for a reduction of $5 per month since Sept. 1, IS9B, for the ■■■ - tion of the market h.l! ba.«pni~_i. us-, bj him as a restaurant was net approved. T^ie committee decided to report ln favor of al lowing Mr. Bridges to sublet a por.ioa o.' hs space to a harber until May 1. ISO. The "committee voted in favor of allowing the Schubert club the use of a rocm In the building, free of charge, fcr tho purpose ot practicing, their work being ln the interest of the publio library. The committee decided also to continu I the employment of an extra fireman at the mar ket hall, at $10 per week, for (Mica addi tional time as may be necessary. WOMAN'S DELICATE ORGANISM. Nothing ln the world is »o delicate and In tricate as the organism of woman, and nott_ lng pi productive of good health in women as Beecham's Pills. It would be wefl for all women to remember that all obstructions, all Irregularities, of whatever kind, can bo positively removed by Beocbam's Pills. Thoy are the stepping stone to bright eyes, rich, rosy complexion, and everything in fact, that goes to make up happy, heafthy, whole, ime womanhood. Beecham'3 Pills axe for : = al« the wide world over and they cost onfy i quarter a box.