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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, January 19, 1899, Image 4

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Associated Press News.
crry subscriptions.
arrier I 1 mo I 6 moi I 12 moa
Uaily only I. 400|J3.2554.0#
Dally and S-.sday.. . BOc i. 7 5 5. 0«
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Daily only ..77.. ...K » 6 0 1$ I . 6 0 jf 8 . 0 •
Dally aud Sunday. .j. 35 t 2.00 4.09
Sunday .'... .75 1.5 9
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Entered at PosioQlce at St. Paul. Minn., aa
tecond-Claas .Matter. Addns« all communl
wtions and make all Remittances payable te
THE GLOitE CO.. St. Paul. Minnesota.——
Anonymous ronimunicatlons uot noticed. Re
jected manuscripts will not be returned un
less accompanied by postage.
Sew York 10 Spruce 8.
C'hleauo Room 60tt. No. U7 Washington *t
Warmi :-.
By the United States Weather Bureau—
MDfNKSOTA Warmer: fresh southerly
WISCONSIN -Warmer; fresh souther
ly winds. IOWA -Warmer; fresh southerly
winds. NORTH DAKOTA— Fair; southerly
winds. SOUTH DAKOTA— Fair; warmer iv
utheasterly winds. MON
TANA Threatening weather, with rain in ex
stern portions; > >uthwes erly winds.
Paul, 20; Duluth, 18; Huron, 3o;- Bismarck,
S8; Willlston, ::>: lia.it-. -ie: Helena, 42; Ed
.:,. Battleford, £0; Prince Albert, 22;
Calgary, SS; Medicine liat, 42; Swift Current,
36; <- » is ' Minnedosa, 26; Winnipeg,
21; Boston, .'i-:::': Chicago, 24-24; Galveston,
"'•■« Orleans, 14-52; Pittsburg, 2t)-2S;
Buffalo, 16 20 '.'•:-:>: M.ntieal, 1-S:
Ne* York.. .-
ST. i'A! 1. BUREAU Th,- following taken
a. B:4_ ix. ai. local time i!> o'clock Wash
ington time) ,- a relative statement of the
"ii. ions for tiie twenty-four hours
which ended when the observations were
taken: Barometer, 30.41; mean temperature,
11; relative humidity, si: wind at 8 p. m.,
south; weather, clear, maximum -.oinperature,
25; minimum temperature,— 3 ;daHy range, 28;
amount ation in last twenty-four
Barometer corrected for temperature
and elevation. —P. F. Lyons, Observer.
Commercial Future of the Pacific
Only 'naif a century has passed since
the discovery of gold in California.
Tiiis incident occurred about the time
of the adoption by congress of the act
providing for the establishment of a
territorial government for Minnesota,
namely, March 3, IS4S. In 1850 the pop
ulatlon of the state was 6,077, and of
thla Dumber 2.227. or more than one
thud of tho inhabitants, were compris
ed within the boundaries of Ramsey
county. Tho official census the same
y.ai- showed the population of Cali
fornia to be iC,5&7. Today the popula
tion of Minnesota is estimated at about
I. r.vo. 'ico. and that of California is ap
proximately the same. Meanwhile the
growth of the entire country in popu
lai ion has been in proportion. But, In
dustrially and commercially, the
Btandard is altogether lacking by which
to measure the material advancement
of the I'nited States. The tremendous
agencies and forces which have so
largely contributed to these results
were at that time only in their most
experimental stages.
in ISSO the entire railway mileage in
the I'nited States was only about 9,000
miles, while on Jan. 1, 1899, the total
had reached 190,000 miles, with an ln
i.t of capital representing $11,
--500,000,000—affording direct employment
to n early 1,000,000 men. to say nothing
of the immense numbers engaged in the
development of raw material and the
skilled labor necessary to Its reduc
tion to a condition of availability in
connection with the innumerable ap
pliances and articles entering immedi
ately into railway construction and op
eration. With these figures as a basis,
indicating the single feature of land
transportation facilities alone, no sober
minded reader can fall to appreciate
the immensity of the traffic which
must be produced in order to contrib
ute to the profitable maintenance and
operation of this vast machinery for
communication between the people and
the several sections of the national
• • •
Yet ai] this has. in large measure,
1 a devoted to internal transporta
tion and contributions to the commerce
of the ports of the Atlantic coast and
the Gulf of Mexico, and only within I
years, with little regard to the
cense population of Asia, numbering
several hundreds of millions. Some idea
may lie formed of the development of
our national commerce to which the
constantly expanding railway system
of the country has been contributing
within, the period under consideration
and as co-incidental with our indus
trial growth in the light of the fol
lowing statistics: In ISSO our total im
ports of merchandise, free and duti
able, amounted to $173,502,526, while our
exports for the year reached a total
of $l-_4.:'7.*.726, a sum which had only
one- been exceeded, and that was in
] r vl7, when the total exports attained
the unprecedented volume of $156,741,
--SPS, being an excess of exports over 1m-
I> :. ■ of $34,317,249— th0ugh in 1850 the
Imports exceeded the exports in the
sum of $29,133,800. During the year
ending June 30, 1898,. the total Imports
(7 merchandise amounted to $616,049,654,
with • xports ln the aggregate of $1,
--231,482,330, being an excess of exnorts
over imports of $615,432,676. As is al
ready well known, during the first six
months- of the present fiscal year, end
ing June 30 next, the increase in our
exports has bpen at a ratio which,
If maintained, is likely to bring the
total several hundreds of millions high
er than that of the fiscal year ending
June 30 last.
• • •
As above indicated the vast trans
portation plant of the country has
hitherlo been devoted to internal traf
fic and tho contribution of industrial
products for the commerce of the At
lantic ocean. Meanwhile American en
terprise has succeeded in unlocking the
doors of Asiatic and Oriental coun
tries for the introduction of the staples
and merchandise of the United States.
The process has been slow, but the
gradual enlargement of the volume of
trade from the Pacific ports affords
ample assurance that the time has ar
rived when our western coast is des
tined to spring into undreamed of im
portance and activity in connection
with cur national commerce, and with
much larger reference to that which
we shall export from those shores to
those who want to buy our products
than to. that which in the progress
of lrr.de we may desire to buy from
thorn. For many years they have sent
\:s their merchandise and products,
which we have bought and consumed
with little' reference to the degree in
which they might themselves procure
from ns. In other words, the balance
of trade has been constantly in favor
of those countries, and no efforts have
been made on our part to alter that
condition of things. But since 1893
there has been an almost impercepti
ble, but at the same time a decidedly
significant change in the current, not
so much with respect to our imports as
to our exports. Thus, for instance, our
imports from all the trading countries
of Asia and Oceanica amounted in
1593 to $113,621, 524. In 1894 they were
$87,644,320; in 1895, $95,077,290; In 1896,
$114,206,986, and in 1897, $111,690,442. The
exports from the United States to
those countries have meanwhile de
veloped in volume as follows: In 1593
they were $16,222,354; In 1594, $20,872,761;
in 1895, $17,325,057; in 1596, $25,630,029,
and in 1597 they leaped to $39,274,905.
In ISSO we imported from Asia only
$10,809,780, or 5.94 per cent of the entire
amount of all merchandise imported
into the country, while exports to the
nations of that continent were
$2,766,720, or 1.92 per cent of the entire
volume, thus making our trade witii
Asia, both import and export, 4.11 per
cent. In 1893 ihe per cent of our im
port trade with Asia had only risen to
11.41 por cent, while the export trade
had advanced to 3.74 per cent, bring
ing our entire Import and export trade
with Asiatic countries up to the basis
of 6.97 per cent.
* * *
But it ls in -China and Japan that
the growth of our export trade has'
more fully developed. Thus, in 1893
we exported to China $3,900,457, and
the volume rose in 1894 to $5,862,126.
There was a recession in 1895, during
the period of intense industrial depres
sion in the I'nited States, the figures
being only $3. 603, 510. In 1896 there was
| a sudden rise to $6,921,933, whereas in
1897 the total exports reached the un
precedented value of $11,924,423. To
Japan our exports amounted in 1893 to
$3,195,494. in 1894 to $3,956,815, in 1895 to
$4,634,717, in 1896 to $7,689,685 and in
1897 the figures rose to $13,255,475.
British Australasia has also shown a
striking increase within the same pe
liod. Thus in 1893 the value of our
exports to that section was $7,921,228;
in 1894, $8,131,939; in 1895. $9,014,265; in
1896, $12,745,074, and in 1897 the sum
reached was $17,460,283.
• * *
To the intelligent student of indus
trial and economic affairs the above
grouping of figures cannot fail to be
full of significance. All this has come
to pass as a simple result of consrant
ly tapping gently upon the door until
it has been finally opened to us, and
this, too, without regard to the echoes
of Dewey's guns in the bay of Manila.
Russia ls peacefully making her way.
over her own territory by the con
struction of a railway 1,200 miles in
length to the boundaries of Northern
China towards the Oriental prizes
awaiting to be distributed among the
successful competitors ln industrial
and commercial activity and energy.
Meanwhile, the United States already
is possessed of its great transconti
nental railway routes, the chief of
which traverse the great Northwest,
and is preparing to enter this new
field of trade. To the people of th's
particular section of country, and, in
deed, of St. Paul itself, in which the
chief Pacific coast railway routes have
their eastern termini, the situation is
one of exceptional promise. The meas
ure now before congress looking to the
immediate improvement of our mer
chant marine service should be adopt
ed before the present session adjourns.
Is it not Incumbent upon our commer
cial bodies of the Northwest to do all
that they may properly do to effect the
proper legislation upon which so much
of local interest and value depends?
Cut Off the Dog's Tail.
"Washington. Jan. 17.— Your wire was the
first information I had of the senatorial elec
tion. I deeply appreciate the honor. Extend
my acknowledgments to our united forces.
—"Chas. A. Towne."
Thus the silvery-tongued orator of
Duluth wired to Maj. Bowler and Gen.
Canfield, who appear to have tumbled
over themselves, as It were, to notify
the chairman of the Silver Republican
national committee that he had re
ceived the complimentary nominat'on
of United States senator from the
minority of the Minnesota legislature.
The Democrats who have given this
matter due reflection now realize that
it was a mistake to have given this
complimentary nomination to anybody
but a simon-pure Democrat. The s'l
ver Republicans are a noisy lot, like
the frogs in the story, and they bam
boozled the Democrats, who are ever
patient and slow to anger, into voting
for one of their crowd. The tail of the
dog undertook, and very successfully,
to wag the dog. If the dog has any
sense, we hope this is the last time
he will permit any such exhibition to
■ be made of himself.
The Globe differentiates between a
silver Democrat and a silver Repub
lican. The former is ever entitled to
be believed honest in his convictions
upon the money or upon any other
question. The latter's honesty upon
the silver question or any other ques
tion is always open to doubt. We
have seen for several years the fore
most silver Republicans living with
out visible means of support and liv
ing- upon the fat of the land. They
are well fed. They have opinions
galore upon any proposition political.
They travel hfther and thither ostensi
bly in support of the cause of silver
Republicanism. Who supports them?
Who pays their bills? Who enables
them to repair frequently to Denver,
Chicago and Washington?
We can answer nor.c of these ques
tions, although they are repeatedly
flung at us 'by Democrats. If we
should hazard a guess, however, we
should say that the syndicate, limit
ed, which is deeply Interested in the
silver output might, if put upon the
stand, answer the question.
It is about time for honest Demo
crats to stand up and ask themselves
how long they propose to play the
donkey and carry this load of silver
Republicanism ?
Mr. Towne makes a mistake. There
can be no "united party" which tol
erates a silver Republican as its driv
er. Democrats are born. They do not
come up out of the mouth of the silver
pit. Their principles are not for bar
ter or sale. Can as much be said of
the type of silver Republicans
who assume to lead the De
mocracy of this state? We wot
not. We can look to them neither
for guidance nor even good counsel.
They are saturated with the egotism
of the party with which they have
always affiliated. And so, when Mr.
Towne conveys his felicitations to a
"united party," we simply say, "We
guess not just yet."
We know the narrow escape which
this state administration has had in
the matter of selecting a superintend
ent of public Instruction. The candi
date who was urged most vociferously
by Mr. Towne and his friends was a
gentleman who Is worthy of having
the title of A. P. A. added to his name.
Bigotry naturally figures ln the make
up of these silver Republicans of the
North. The Democracy may go hang,
so far as they and theirs are con
And so we say, "No Towne or any
other silver Republican of his coterie
in ours, if you please." If it has come
to pass that true-blue Democrats must
split with some ot their foolish allies,
the sooner the better. Cut off this
tall that assumes to wag the dog. The
dog will look and act all the better.
Tell with Towne and the silver Re
publicans, anyway.
liobson's Hard Luck.
Now that Lieut. Hobson is thousands
of miles away on his voyage to the
Philippines the meanest lund of things
are being said about the "poor fellow.
He admitted, himself, several months
ago that the Merrimac failed to sink
at the exact point he intended that
she should go down, but he explained
the cause satisfactorily. Cervera's
fleet came out and went down In sev
eral spots which the Spanish admiral
had not previously indicated on his
charts. But both Hobson and Cervera
were accepted as worthy heroes, not
exactly for what they really accom
plished so much as for what they in
tended to do. And the world moved on!
Then Hobson insisted upon raising
the wrecked Maria Teresa, and an in
dulgent government permitted him to
proceed in his attempt. He succeeded.
She was set afloat. She encountered n
hurricane. She began to fill with wa
ter and had to be abandoned. Not
withstanding his good intentions he
had failed again. The vessel was' lost.
The government had expended about
half a million dollars in its desire to
satisfy Hobson. This sum was lost,
And now comes the explanation of
the cause of the calamity, and this,
paradoxically enough, is thrown back
upon poor Hobson's shoulders. The
wrecking company filled the holes in
the ship's hull by the introduction of
plaster of Paris, with strong wooden
supports on the inside. ' The represen
tatives of the company now declare
that they advised a detention of about
ten days before sailing in order to give
the plaster an opportunity to harden
and thus prevent danger from washing
out by heavy seas in case of severe
storms. The young hero was impa
tient to get the trophy to Newport
News. He would not listen to counsels
which favored delay. The company
was overruled. The ship started. The
storms came; the trophy was lost, just
as had been predicted, and so on.
Alas, the extent to which human
envy will go! Had it not been for that
unfortunate kiss — the original Miss Ar
nold kiss — last summer on the beach,
perhaps Mr. Hobson would have been
spared all this severity of criticism.
Even that one — to the participants —
sweet incident was enough to stir the
gall of any man possessed of a proper
sense of appreciation. But when it
was supplemented by a thousand more
during a campaign extending from the
Atlantic to the Pacific, hostility, not
only among his fellow offlcers ln the
navy, but among the men identified
with the wrecking company, and every
newspaper offlce in the country, as
well, was inevitable. Hobson has had
too much of a good thing, and he must
pay the penalty. But he is young and
will, If he lives, have abundant time
for escape from the shadow of envy
which now eclipses his heroic achieve
ment. Meanwhile let us all join in
wishing him a better fate ln the Philip
pines, where, perhaps, under the nat
ural feminine conditions prevailing
there, he will learn to be more discreet.
Anyhow, it looks as if we could keep
Guam under our thumb.
Money is doing its share of the talk
ing at Dover, Madison, Lincoln, Hele.a
and Sacramento.
Perhaps the millennium is just over
the hills. They are prospecting for
gold in Kansas.
Some of the Chicago policemen are
doing their work so badly that they
ought to be arrested.
Isn't there some legislature that
those Cubans can appeal to to have
their names changed?
Mr. Quay lacked thirteen votes of an
election yesterday. That was mighty
unlucky for Mr. Quay.
Maybe Eagan got into trouble be
cause he came from Ireland and wears
his whiskers like the French.
The Post says New Tork is soon to
be a horseless city. But, dear Post,
there will always be donkeys in New
The national congress of mothers is
to meet in Washington next week. Can
they not adopt a universal spanking
Possibly this is the hour for the re
mark: "Caesar had his Brutus; Na
poleon his Waterloo, and Quay his
The legislature having pushed Mr.
Davis right over into the clover again,
Mr. Jacobscn can resume business as
the lower house.
Henry Irving will now be in a posi
tion to find out whether or not he can
go it alone. Ellen Terry has started
a company of her own.
A report comes from Washington
that there is trouble ln the cabinet,
and that Alger may retire. Some ru
mors are too good to come true.
Balloting was rasuixied for J. Edward
Addlcks in Delaware yesterday. Why
doesn't Delaware elect Addicks to
something or rub him off the slate?
Well, suppose we start ln by turning
the Philippines over to Mr. Agulnaldo,
taking his promissory note for $20,000,
--000, to be paid from the customs re
ceipts of the bunch of islands.
Senator Davis is _ doing fairly well,
thank you, In a financial sense. When
the senatorial term for which he has
just been elected is ended he will have
drawn from the government $90,000.
Besides, he will no doubt be paid at
least $25,000 for his work at Paris on
the peace commission.
Wheat, stocks and kisses are going
up In Chicago. A Mr. Ward saluted
a Chicago lady in the street with a
kiss without asking her consent, and a
cruel judge assessed him $50 for it.
The same thing can be done In St.
Louis for $15, and a railroad ticket from
Chicago to St. Louis costs $8. Tou
know how you cari save money, don't
you, Mr. Ward?
Friction is becoming so great among
the military governors of the little
provinces of Cuba that the Americans
may reach the conclusion to flght it
out among themselves. Does anybody
know a plan for the speedy sending of
Gens. Miles and Eagan to Cuba? If
there is to be a scrap it would be a
pity "hot to give these two fellows a
chance at each other.
Epistfes to St. Paul.
As the result of oertaln events that took
place last Tuesday at a f&sHlonaible boarding
house ln the arlsbocratlo part of West Col
lege avenue Sheriff Wagener ls the temporary
custodian of a very elaborate wardrobe, while
the young men to whom the clothing belonged
are borrowing supplies from their friends and
wearing golf hose and collars whole sizes too
large or too small.'
It all came about through a misunderstand
At the boarding house In question somo time
ago there arrived three young men, all of
the moat gentlemanly appearance and be
havior, who dressed for dinner and wore
white lawn ties after sundown. With the trio
there came a multiplicity of trunks all filled
with masculine clothing remarkable for Its
taste and splendor.
For a time all went well. There were trifling
disputes about the use of the parlor piano
and the warm water ln the bathroom, but
nothing out of the ordinary. Then the d§
mon of unrest crept Into the otherwise happy
abode and the trio decided to leave. The an
nouncement was made to the landlady almost
on the day set for the departure and the news
put her in a flutter. It was too unexpected.
Then the flat went forth that no one
should leave, at- least with hia belongings,
without paying a month's rent ln advance in
ll<?u of notice.
This was more than the migratory boarders
could stand and a long and earnest protest
was registered with the result that they ar
rived at their apartments one evening only
to flud the doors locked, the keys gone and
both doors and transoms nailed down with
hard unfeeling nails.
Then there was an appeal to the law and
three writs of replevin were sworn out and
given to a deputy sheriff for service. The
list of clothing Incommunicado Included:
Two dress suits.
Two pairs golf hose,
Two blue sweaters,
Forty- two collars.
Eighteen white shirts.
Five pairs or trousers, one lavender.
Three suits bicycle clothes,
Bundle soiled linen.
All these things were in one wardrobe.
The writ was served amid much protesta
tion on the part of servant girls and others
who mustered in force, and the sound of the
nails being knocked out of the doors was
drowned by the shriller chorus of feminine
protests and tears.
Incidentally an officer was called and came
tearing in with the idea that a murder had
been committed. He went away when he saw
tbe wardrobe.
Now the sheriff has the clothes, the trio of
unfortunate boarders have a story to tell the
landlady has a revenge to nurse and the so
ciety of the neighborhood a choice morsel of
gossip to discuss.
Dramatic and Musical.
The . second division of the Schubert club
gave Ita regular monthly muslcala yester
day afternoon at Park Congregational church
The division was assisted by Mr. Hamlin U
Hunt, Mr. Ernst M. Shildrlck and Mr. Paul
Zumbach. Mrs. F. a Jllson. chairman of
the second division had charge of the musi
cale and Mrs. Hoffman .-acted as accompanist.
Mr. Hamlin H. Hunt gave two organ num
bers, Bach's Toccata arid Fugue in D minor,
and Guilmant's Sonata- No. 4, C minor. Bath
compositions were finely rendered and showed
that Mr. Hunt possesses a thorough mastery
o( the instrument, and also a complete gra^p
of the motifs in both his selections.
Mrs. M. O. Graves was not able to be
present, and her place on the programme was
filled by Mrs. Ida R. Krieger, win* sang Myer
Helmund's, 'Love's Service." Mrs. Krieger
Is a new comer in St. Paul, and her dainty
rendition of the pretty ballad proves her to
be a valuable acquisition to St. Paul's musical
Mrs. Jiison and Mrs. Clarke played a duet,
Chopin's Allegro and Larghetto, from E ml.
Concerto. This is one of the most character
istic of Chcpin's compositions, with its touches
of light effect, its strains of pathos and its
suggestions of deeper and sublimer things.
It waa very well rendered.
Mr. Ernst M. Shildrick sang the "Bedouin
Love Song," by Hawiey, and, for au encore,
gave the "Mutineer." Other numbers on the
programme were a piano .solo by Miss
Morton, Schumann's "Carnival Pranks," in
three movements; a vocal number, "Hosan
na," Granier, by Mrs. Krieger; and a duet
from "Tannhauser" by Mr. and Mrs. Pau!
At the close of the programme Mrs. Rus
sell, R. Dorr announced that the regular
rehearsal of the Schubert club would be heid
this evening at 7:45 in the music room at
Market hall. She urged a full attendance at
the rehearsal a3 the oratorio selections and
music for the coming concert will begin at
Mr. Ober-Hoffer is anxious to get some
more tenors and basses to strengthen his
chorus, and Mrs. Dorr suggested that the
ladies present at the musicale yesterday
circulate this fact among their friends and
see if they cannot assist Mr. Ober-Hoffer to
obtain the voices necessary.
Mrs. Dorr said that there were any amount
of good things in store for the membera of !
the Schubert club in the way of musicales.
Churches and Their Work.
Rev. A. J. Burton, of Springfield, 111., is
conducting revival meetings at St. James
Methodist church, corner Fuller and Jay
atreets. All are welcome. Rev. J. C. Ander
son, pastor.
• * •
The Ladies' Aid Society of the First M. E.
Ohurch will meet thia afternoon with Mrsv.
C. H. Slocum, ot Selby avenue.
.Teacher Talks Back.
To The St. Paul Globe:
My attention has been called to an article
In your Issue of the 10th Inst, headed, "The
Habit of Suspicion." and signed C. D. C. Aa
a teacher I was somewhat surprised at the
view put forth, and must say on behalf of
ni.self and other teachers, I hope also, that
they are somewhat erroneous. I beg to dif
fer with C. D. C, when he says the average
teacher "leads a life of care and tear." con
sequently making them suspicious of ail man
kind. It has been my experience that the
teacher has a chance to study nature ln all
Its phases, and .therefore understands more
fully than any other class the woe 3 of suf
fering manklrd. It ls simply impracticable
for a teacher to suspect their pupils of some
fault, without having a foundation for doing
so. Where the foundation ls laid the building
ls generally built. As far as letting reguish
noss go unpunished or unreprimanded I hard
ly believe that ever he would overlook a
fault that. If not checked in Its infancy,
would lead to serious results. Certainly If a
teacher entourages a child to do wrong by
overlooking the wrong-doing that teacher
does not deserve a place among the ranks of
the pedagogues.
A teacher's life is not a "patii of roses,"
and I hope C. D. C. will not be too free ln
his caustic decorum of wishing a teacher to
resolve Into original elements the filial welfare
of a scholar. B • I
Hastings, Minn., Jan. 18.
Another Ancient Mywtery,
Johnny — Pa, ls there anything more valuable
than diamonds?
His Father—No, soaj why?
Johnny — Oh, I : wae Just wondering what
they gave Methuselah on his flve hundredth
wedding anniversary.— The Jewelers' Weekly.
a 1 _ —
Of course there' was one Individual in the
United States senate asinine enough to speak
seriously against the ridiculous preposition to
pension ex-Confederated. Allen is still a mem
ber of the sgnate.-j-^Louisvllle Courier-Journal.
T r
( old Facta.
Either there is an extraordinary amount
of poverty and distress In the Klondike re
gion, or somebody is doing some of the
tallest lying on record. — New York Mail and
First Snake— Won't you drop la at our oavs
this evening? There la to be a snake chanc
er present.
Second Snake— l Shall be charmed, I assort
you.— Puck.
If the United States ])».», Ntft In
tend to Hold the Ihliiiiclm, trgei
the (.i-i.i-Kiii Senator, There Can
Be Sfo Harm In CongrcNM Adopt-
In* a RcMolutlon toJ That EflTeet
Canal Bill Vote.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.— The feat
ure of today's session of the senate
was a speech delivered by Mr. Bacon
(Dem., Ga.) in support of his resolu
tions declaring that the United States
would not assume sovereignty over the
Philippine islands. Mr. Bacon is one
of the orators of the senate, and as he
gave himself free rein, not confining
himself to manuscript, he spoke strong
ly and pointedly. His peroration, In
which he pictured some of England's
methods of controlling her colonial
subjects, was a beautiful and forceful
bit of word painting. Mr. Bacon said:
"Of all the great powers of the earth the
government of the United States ls the only
one that contends for the right in people of
self-government. When they abandon in
practice this principle, when they Impose
their dominion upon an unwilling people, ln
the maiestlc march of free Institutions, the
hand upon the great dial of the clock of the
world will have been set back 100 yc-ais. It
is not to be believed that the government of
the United States will, with full appreciation
of Ujg nature and the consequences of the act,
thus violate the principle of the right of
self-government. It ia Incredible, :iay, Im
possible that the liberty-lovlug people of these
United States will consent that by power of
arms the dominion of this government shall
be enforced upon a people who ha^e owed us
no allegiance— who are struggling to be free.
There Is not a civil official of the govern
ment who will admit "that he favors such an
act. There ls not a public man in the couutry
who will admit that he favors the enslave
ment of a people. There is not a senator Who
would not repel the charge if made against
him. And yet there are many who are advo
cating a course the inevitable consequence of
which, if successfully pursued, Is to.accomp
lish the enslavement of the people of the
Philippine islands."
He quoted from the speech of Sena
tor Foraker the statement that it was
not the purpose to hold the Philippines
permanently and said:
"I am especially glad ta have the assur
ance of the distinguished senator that of his
own knowledge the position thus stated by
him is the position of the president of the
United States. If that position can be as
sured as the one which this government will
take and adhere to, there will be little differ
ence or contention between us. The resolu
tions which I have introduced and the adop
tion of which I am now advocating agree
substantially with the position announced by
the senator from Ohio. What I desire, how
ever, is that there shall be now an avowal
of this position by the law-making power of
this government ln a Joint resolution of
congress, approved by the president. If lt
is not our purpose to subject the Philippine
islands to our dominion. If on th© contrary
it is our purpose, at the proper time, to
recognize an independent government ln those
islands, and to leave them to the control of
their own people, so soon aa proper settle
ment can be had, and proper guarantees for
the future be assured, then such purpose
ought to be avowed at once in the most
solemn and conclusive manner.
"When we declared war against Spain, we
also declared that we did not go to war for
our aggrandizement or for the acquisition of
territory. We said that, on the contrary,
we went to war to make good to the people
of Cuba the title to the Independence and
freedom which all recognized that as a peo
ple they had already won, and to secure for
them the establishment of a stable govern
ment. The war has passed, and in a way
almost miraculous we were shielded from
great sacrifice. There has be_n mo foreign
intervention, and there will be none. Not
only has there been no European Interference
as to Cuba, but It is a recognized and con
ceded fact that _ye may, without hindrance
from European governments, work our own
will with the Philippine islands.
"Now, what I wish to accomplish by these
resolutions ia that the United States shall,
in this hour of victory, in this hour of
undisputed physical power, make the same
declaration in relation to the Philippines
that they have made to Cuba."
Mr. Bacon said that the Filipinos
were erroneously spoken of in dis
patches as rebels and Insurgents, and
declared these were not fit terms, as
they were not rebels against Spain,
and could not be called rebels against
the United States. Mr. Bacon then en
tered upon an argument against the
annexation of distant te- itory with a
dense population of an alien and in
ferior race. He urged the point that
the Philippine islands, so far from be
ing an element of strength, would,
from their distance, necessarily be the
weakest point if it became part of the
United States; that in case of war, our
enemy would strike us there, just as
we struck Spain there, because it was
her weakest point. He concluded by
urging that the American people had
enough to do in developing their own
country, which, exclusive of Alaska,
was ample for a population of 300,000.
--000, and in developing our own re
sources there was enough to task the
energies and inspire the hopes of our
people for centuries to come.
Mr. Bacon spoke for an hour and a
half, and commanded the attention of
the senate and a large audience in the
galleries throughout.
Mr. White (Cal.) gave notice that on
Monday next he would address the
senate on the Vest anti-expansjon res
The Nicaragua canal bill was laid
before the senate, and the substitute
for the pending measure offered yester
day by Mr. Caffery (La.) was read. Mr.
Caffery addressed the senate briefly In
support of the substitute.
______ White advocated the passage of
the pending bill, although he favored
the elimination of the Maritime Canal
company from the project. He pre
sented many arguments in support of
the general canal project, pointing out
many of the advantages that would
accrue to the people of California and
of the Pacific coast from the construc
tion of the canal. He thought that
when the senate sent the Morgan bill
to the house a decisive and most ad
vantageous step -\\<>uld have been tak
en towards the construction of the en
Mr. Teller said he would vote for the
substitute offered by Mr. Caffery, as
he believed there was a better pros
pect for the construction of the canal
under the provisions of the substitute
than under those of the Morgan bill.
He urged, however, that congress wait
until the vaafc engineering difficulties
presented by the canal were solved be
fore anything definite was done.
Mr. Caffery then withdrew his mo
tion for the indefinite postponement of
the Morgan bill.
Mr. Morgan moved to lay the Caf
fery substitute on the table. The mo
tion was carried. 32 to 22, as follows:
Yeas— Aldrlch. Allison, «Bacon, Berry, Chil
ton, Clay, Davis, Deboe, Foraker, Ga'.ltnger,
Gorman, Gray Harris, Hawley, Haltfe'.d,
Jones (Ark.), Kenny, Kyle. Mcßride, Morgan.
Nelson, Perkins, Pettua, Piatt (Conn.), Piatt
(N. V.). Pritchard. Ross. Shoup, Simon, Sul
livan. Turner, White— 32.
Nays — Bates. Burrows, Caffery, Daniel, El
klna, Fairbanks, Gear, Hanna, Hansbrough,
Hoar, Lindsay, Lodge, McEnerry, McMillan,
Maiaon, Money, Rawlins, Roach, Teller, Thur-
ton, Tillman, Vest— 22.
Mr. Bacon then offered the following
amendment to the pending Morgan
"The provisions of thia _»ct shall not be
operative nor any money paid out there
under, and the work of constructing said
canal ahw'l not be proceeded with under ths
same until the governments of the repub
lics of Nicaragua and Costa Rica consent
to eliminate and expunge from the concession
to the Nicaragua Canal association and to its
transferees articles 53 and 54 of the same,
and u-ntil said amended concession shall se
cure to the United States title In perpetuity to
their Interest ln said canal and the prop
erty appurtenant thereto, as contemplated _n
this act."
The amendment was discussed by
Mr. Bacon, Mr. Chilton and Mr. Teller.
It was defeated. 87 to 12.
Mr. Gorman (Md.) proposed the fol
lowing substitute for section 12, of the
Morgan bill, the same being accepted
and agreed to:
"That the president of the United States is
authorized to arrange by agreement with
Nicaragua aud Costa Rica, or both of them,
or with grantees holding concessions from
either of those states, to acquire all rights
and privileges that may be necessary .md
to secure any change or modification in 'the
terma of the concussions granted by said
states whicii he deems just and for the best
Interests of all who are Interested in the
Nicaragua canal, and he is also authorized
to submit to arbitration in the- manner pro
vided for in said concessions or otherwise
any matter of controversy thai may arise In
reference to said canal, or that relates to any
claim of right under said concessions, or any
of them."
Mr. Gear (lo.) offered his bill as a
substitute for the pending bill, the
principal feature of the substitute
being the authority conferred upon the
president to purchase from Nicaragua
and Costa Rica full sovereignty and
ownership of the territory necessary
for the canal.
The amendment was discussed by
Mr. Caffery, Mr. Chilton. Mr. Lindsay
and Mr, Tillman (Dem., 8. C). The
last named thought he detected a steal
in the pending bill, and believed the
substitute offered by Mr. Gear was a
much better proposition than that of
fered in the Morgan bill.
The amendment was defeated, the
vote being 32 to 15.
iMr. Allison (Rep., Io.) offered the
following as a new section:
"The secretary of the treasury is hereby
authorized to borrow on the credit of the
United States, from time to time, whe_
necessary, s'ueh sum or sums as may be re
quired to provide for the payment of the
treasury warrants authorized to be issued un
der the provisions of this act, and shall is
sue bonds of the United States for such pur
pose at a rate of interest not exceeding 3
per centum per annum, payable quarterly,
principal and interest to be paid iv coin of
the present standard value at the pleasure
of the United States after twenty years from
their date, and said bonds shall be sold at
not lesa than par and shall first be offered
to the people of the United States under ru'.eij
and regulations to be prescribed by the sec
retary ot the treasury."
Then the senate adjourned.
Detail* of tHe Bill Litoely Soon to
Become a Law.
OHICAGO, Jan. IS.— A Record Wash
ington special says: The steamship
subsidy bill, which is now Attracting
so much attention fh congress and ia
likely to become a law, gives a bounty
to all vessels engaged ln the foreign
trade, steam or sail, acording to their
tonnage and speed, one and one-half
cents per gross ton for each hundred
nautical miles both outward and home
ward-bound for the first 1,500 miles,
and one cent for each 100 miles over
that distance. Steam vessels are to
receive bounties according to their ton
nage and speed. Those over 1,500 tons
making between fourteen and fifteen
knots, one cent per ton per 100 miles
sailed; those between fifteen and six
teen knots, one and one-tenth cents;
those sailing sixteen knots and over,
one and two-tenths cents; vessels of
over 3,000 tons sailing between seven
teen and eighteen knots, one and four
tenths; between eighteen and nineteen
knots, one and six-tenths, and over
nineteen knots, one and eight-tenths;
vessels of over 3,000 tons, sailing twen
ty knots, are to have two cents a ton,
and twenty-one knots and more, two
and three-tenths; vessels over --3,000
tons sailing more than twenty-two
knots and less than twenty-three, two
and seven-tenths cents per ton, and
over twenty-three knots, three and two
tenths. All A-essels accepting this
bounty are required to carry the mails
of the United States without further
Is is estimated that this bill, if it be
comes a law, will encourage the con
struction of a fleet of large vessels of
which the country will be proud, and
that the cost to the government for the
first year will be about $2,000,000. Of
course the future increase depends
upon the number of new vessels that
are built. Last year the foreign mail
service cost the government $1,563,784,
and the estimate for the next year is
$2,154,000. Of this sum $1,165,765 was
paid under the subsidy law. The Ven
ezuela steamship line received $81,228,
the Mexican service $130,104, the Cuban
service $73,476, the transatlantic service
$757,320, and other lines $123,569. The
Cunard company received $172,177, the
North German Lloyd $88,029, the White
Star $53,535, the Hamburg- American
$27,431, and the French line $31,697.
The Pacific Mail company does not re
ceive a subsidy because it prefers to
accept the ordinary sea pay, which is
two cents a letter. The cost of the
trans-Pacific mail to Australia, Ha
waii, Japan and China was $179,545.
The United States stands sixth in the
list of nations paying subsidies to
steamships. Frances comes first and
pays $5,038,525; Great Britain second,
$3,534,475; Germany third, $3,127,000,
which will be increased over a million
dollars during the next year for the
extension of the service to China and
Japan; Italy fourth, $1,853,695, and |
Spain comes close on the heels of the j
United States, with $1,044,556. Austria,
Russia, the Netherlands, the Austral
ian colonies, British India and other
countries also pay large subsidies for
the encouragement of their mercantile
Syndicate that Seek* to Construct
the XicaruK'nan Canal.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.— What la known as
the Grace-Cragin-Eyre syndicate, organized
to construct the Nicaragua canal, had a hear
ing today before the house committee on
commerce. The syndicate was represented by
Edward F. Cragln, of Chicago, who has been
one of the most active figures In the organi
zation; Col. David McClure. of New York, au
attorney for the syndicate, and Frank S.
Washburn, consulting engineer. Col. Mc-
Clure made the opening statement, show
ing the standing of the syndicate by readiug
a list of the financiers constituting it. The
list included Messrs. John J. Astor. Levi P.
Morton, Robert Goelet. William R. Grace,
John D. Crimmins. John A. McCall. E. R.
Ladue, Warner Miller, W. B. Sloan and many
others prominent In banking and financial
circles. These gentlemen. Col. McClure
stated, had not embarkc-d on any sentimental j
project: they had examined into the ei'tire j
question from a strictly business standpoint, i
They were satisfied with the practicability of
am Isthmian waterway, and believed that the
concresion of Nicaragua to the old Nicara
guan Canal company was about to expire,
going cut of existence under the terms of the
concession on Oot. 9 next. Tliey determined
therefore to take up the matter where It
waa lllcely to left when the old concession
Viii'lliHi-st Penalous.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.— Northwestern pen- •
sions granted today: Minnesota — Suppemeu- i
tal, James Adams, Winona, 2. Restoration !
and additional, Oliver Larson, dead, Cam- !
bridge, $4 to $8. Increase, Franklin, N. Dor- j
sey, Minneapolis, $6 to $8. North Dakota— Re- I
Issue and Increase, Levi J. Allred, Tower j
City. $8 to $10. South Dakota— Original, Fred
erick Beers, Parkston, $6; Ira O. Johnston,
Goodwin, $8; increase, Frederick H. Snyd.r, I
Leslie, $C to $8.
Fate of Harris.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.— The fate of Cor
poral Oliver E. Harris. Company D, Second
United States infantry, is no longer ln doubt.
Dr. Erwin M. Stacy, acting hospital steward,
has written Surgeon General Sternberg that
Harris waa admitted to the nautical hospital
July 26 last. He died about the »th of Au- |
gust and was buried by a civilian undertak- |
er at Santiago de Cuba.
Xevr Postmasters.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 18,— Jan. tt.—Pcatmas
tera were appointed tcday as follows: Min
nesota—Grygla, Marshall couuty, Arno O.
Fladeland." vice S. Bergland, resigned. Wis
consin—Alderly, Hugo Wegenor; Blueberry,
Mary Genereau; Hager City, Jonathan Park;
Pike Lake, August L. Marks.
Joint Uirili Commission.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 18.— The Amcrlcan-
Oanadian Joint committee did not meet to
day, but the committee on the Northwestern
flshen-ies waa in «ea3ion. Thla subject ls
making a great deal of work for the commis
sion tund Ls one of the f»w points at Issue
which hare not been practically agreed upon.
It Hhn Been A<-coni„||,Le<l Tfcrovffh
the Co-operation of the Cuban
Residents, Who Have Coniideuce
fn Uis FairneMH Inside U „rk
in«r» lv the Reconstruction of the
I nia nd.
WASHINGTON! Jan. 18.-Gen. Leon
ard Wood, military commander of the
department of Santiago, was before
the senate committee on military af
fairs today. He gave a detailed ac-
Tn U i n . °{£ ls operations In the province
-«v« S- he 77' ty of and also
..ave his estimate of the military force
necessary to maintain order in the isl
and. On the latter point he expressed
J h -*L «P'nion that for some time the
',500 men now in the province of San
tiago should be continued, but that
after a time 5,000 would be sufficient
for the service. He considered, how
ever, that a military force would be
necessary to the maintenance of order
for some years, and said it should be
sufficient effectually and quickly to
check any trouble before it could gain
headway. This remark applied to the
island as a whole, and he thought aa
many as 50,000 should be stationed
throughout Cuba. With proper pre
caution and tact he did not anticipate
trouble, and he believed that the in
surgent forces would rapidly disinte
grate in all parts of the island. Santi
ago had been a great stronghold of the
Cuban Insurgents under Garcia, but
they had now practically disbanded.
Outlining his mode of governing the
province, he said he had made no ap
pointments of offlcers except upon the
recommendations of Cubans, and that
he had in all cases put them upon their
honor in making such recommenda
tions. He had shown absolute trust in
them in all matters, going among them
always unarmed, and leaving the books
of the administration always open to
their inspection. He had Cubans In
all department, and his private secre
tary had at one time been a member
of Gomez's staff. They always knew
how their money had been expended
and knew just what he was doing as
their governor.
Gen. Wood said that his first effort
had been to encourage the people of
all the towns to establish self-govern
ment, and he had been especially zeal
ous in having them select their local
oflicers. open schools, establish courts,
build roads, etc., and In cases where
they did not have the money for these
purposes he had aided them by mak
ing contributions from the general fund.
This system was entirely different from
the old one under Spanish rule, when
all the collections were forwarded to
Havana and never came back, only 16
per cent of the revenue being devoted
to local uses. He had found the peo
ple especially jealous of their rights in
this respect, and the recent public
meetings and protests against sending
their revenues to Havana was due to
this feeling.
Gen. Wood spoke especially of the es
tablishment of schools and the build
ing ,of roads. He said he had 2,000
men making roads, and that he was
getting many schools started.
Replying to a question from Senator
Hawley he said the people were anx
ious for the separation of state and
church in educational matters. an<X
they seemed to want to be like th«
Americans in this as well as other re
Speaking of Santiago city he said
the collections maintained from cus
toms had been sufficient to pay all le
gitimate expenses and leave a balance
of $230,000, which he meant to devote
to cleaning out the harbor. This har
bor, he said, an an accumulation of
offal, and with this removed he be
believed the city would be as healthy
as any American city.
House Devoted the Day to Desultory
WASHINGTON', Jan. IS.— The committee on
int-lftate and foreign commerce hai the right
of way ln the house today and succeeded in
passing quite a number of bills uf minor im
portance, most of which anthorize<K4Jie con
struction of lighthouses, fog signals, etc.
Then the bill to grant the Pacific Table com
pany a subsidy of $10i>.000 a year for twenty
years for the construction and operation of a
cable was called up and a very spirited de
bate, which consumed the remainder of the
day, followed. The opposition was headed by
Mr. Corliss (Rep., Mich.) who advocated the
construction of a government cable. No con
clusion was reached at the hour of adjourn
ment, and as the special order under whicu
the house was operating today expired with
the adjournment and as objection was maids
to fixing another day for Its consideration, it
goes over indefinitely until the committee
can get another day, or until a special
order is adopted.
Proposed Xew Soldiers' Hornie.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 18.— Senator Debce to
day Introduced a joint resolution providing
for the appoinment of a congressional com
mission to decide upon the advisability of es
tablishing a national soldiers' home at Abra
ham Lincoln's birthplace in Kentucky.
Mrs. Pike May Recover.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 18.— After a night of
suspense the physicians who havo been at
tending Mrs. Pike, youngest daughter of
Srcretary Alger, noted a change for the bet
ter ln her condition, and It was thought that
unless complications ensued she will recover.
War Inquiry Board.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 18.— The war iuv. „tig
atlng- commission had no witnesses today,
and spent the forenoon in an executive aes
sion on matters ennected with the framing
of ita report. The Eagan incident wm not
brought up in any way.
Judge t.rosscup "Vained.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.— The president
today .nominated Peter S. Groascup, of Illi
nois, to be United States circuit jud^e for
the Seventh circuit.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 18.— Senators Davia
and Nelson are going to have a hard time to
choose between the different candidates for
the I'nited States marshalship for Minnesota.
One of the latest men to confront ihem with
a huge petition is T. J. Sheehan, the present
The fate of Representative Fletcher's bill
for an addition to the Minneapolis federal
building Is now In the hands of the com
mittee on rules.
Congressman Fletcher is attending the purs
food congress which met here today. He has
bnen chosen as 'delegate from Minnesota.
Edward R. Beeman. of Minneapolis, will
be a candidate for United States Judge of the
district court of Alaska.
Ex-Gov. Clough and Tarns Bixby have lock
ed horns over the question of the location of
the new Indian agency ln Northern Minne
sota. Gov. Clough is Interested In having the
agency located at Beano., a new town on ths
Fosston extension. Bixby wants the agency
placed near Walker.
Representatives Morris. Fletcher, Stevens,
McCleary and Eddy called at the White liouse
today to urge the appointment of J. A. Taw
ney as a member of the joint hlffli Ameri
can-Canadian commission to succeed the lata
Nelson Dingley.
"If Caesar were alive today." says Jerry
Simpson, "ho would be a Populist/] Ele s
you, Jerry, Caesar Is a Papillis! anyWsJr. in
fact, about tho only Populist p»rty t*d«r '*
"Caesar's ghost."— Louisville C n ver-Jou nn'..
Would Go Well in KentucK>.
Senator-elect Bt-vcridge, of Indiana. BM a
taking name anyhow. He is fcwwn sad iiitf'
by not a few New England Republics who
have heard and applauded him.— Boatua

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