Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXII.— NO. 37.
NEWS OF IHE NEW WAR Washington Officials Advised of the Attack flade Upon the City of Manila. FAITH IN THE MASTERY OF GEN. OTIS The Administration Anxious, but Convinced That the American Commander WiU Hold His Own- Effect Upon the Treaty—Status of Agoncillo Rendered Serious- -Cream of the American Army on the Ground— Diplomatic Complications Are Possible— First News Came From Dewey, and Was Reassuring in Its Character— Forces in the Philipinnes-*=Ciash Not Entirely Unexpected. WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. (1-.15 A. Mb.— Tite following dis putcb front Gen. Otis at Manila ha* been made i>ul>He; MANILA, Feb. s.— To the Adjutant General, Washington; 1 iisnrgents in In rue force made attack upon our outposts at 8v46 i». in. last night, renewed attnek several times during the night. At 4 o'clock this morning entire line engaged, nil attacks repulsed. At daybreak advanced against insurg ents and have driven them beyond linen they formerly occu pied, capturing several village* and their defensive works. Insurgent loss in dead and wonnded large. Onr own casual ties thus far estimated at 175, very few fatal. Troops en« thusiastic and acting fearlessly. Navy did splendid execu tion on flanks of enemy. City held in check, and absolute quiet prevails. Insurgents have secured n good many Mau ser rifles, a few field pieces and quick firing gnns, Tilth am munition, during last month. Situation most satisfactory. No apprehension need be felt. Perfect quiet prevails in city and vicinity. List of 'casualties being prepared and will be forwarded soon aa possible. Troops in excellent health and spirits. —Otis. Idaho's Dead. J CHICAGO, Feb. 5.— A special to the ( • Times-Herald from Boise, Idaho, Bays:] , The following Idaho men are reported < ; killed in Manila: , J MAJ. EDWARD M'CONVILLE, who was i > in command of the Second battalion, ] Idaho volunteers. < > CORPORAL FRANK CALDWELL, Com-] pany B, thirty-four years old, born in i I • Chicago, enlisted at Harrison, Idaho. ' > PRIVATE GEORGE HALL, Company B, J twenty-five years old, Sweet, Idaho. I > PRIVATE ERNEST SCOTT, Company H, ] aged twenty-three, born in Ashland, Wi6. i j PRIVATE JaMES HENSEON, Company ] * H, aged thirty-five, born at Overton, , , Term. ' WASHINGTON, Feb. s.— Admiral Dewey today cabled the nav al department that hostilities had begun between the American army and naval forces, iv and about Manila, and the Philippine insur gents. The insurgents, he said, had been the aggressors and had been repulsed. The news came like a shock for the administration. Though an uneasy disposition prevailed in the Philippines, it had clung steadily to the hope that by tact and patience actual fighting might be averted, and even those public men who felt that hostilities would follow should the treaty be ratified and the United States attempt to occupy the islands believed that Aguinaldo would not force the fighting when the treaty of peace was in its most critical stage. Some senatorial opponents of ratification of the treaty adhere to their posi tion, but the general opinion in Washington tonight is that the news from Manila insures the ratification of the treaty tomorrow afte rnoon. NEWS FROM DEWEY. The first news of the beginning of another war came from Ad miral Dewey. No word has been received by the other departments up to nightfall. It seems to be Dewey's fortune always to be able to report favorable news, and like all of his messages that have gone before this cablegram told of the success of the American forces in the action. It was with deep regret, however, that the administra tion learned that the insurgents had forced the issue. It had hoped all alons that they could be brought to see the advantages of pla cing their trust in the American people and relying upon the presi dent to deal justly with them. The administration argued that with the Philippine commission fairly on the sea en route for Manila, bringing with them messages from the president and with the peace treaty still unacted on. it was not to be credited that they would refuse to wait to learn the purposes of the American government, but would precipitate the long impending conflict. While this was true, the officials here and the officers in Manila, had not been blind to the threat contained in the situation there, and every preparation has been made for just what occurred last night. OUTBREAK FEARED. ll is now acknowledged that the fear of an outbreak in Luzon was the explanation for the much-commented-on failure of Gen. Mil ler to force a landing at Iloilo on the island of Panay. Otis felt that he wanted all of the troops at Manila, where was' located the center of danger. Part of Miller's force, therefore, was returned to Manila and that general was left with one regiment of regulars and a battalion of artillery, just sufficient to take advantage of any defec- TODAYS BULLETIN. ?age. I— Rebels Repulsed at Manila. Official News From Philippines. Pettigrew Scores McKinley. Otis Reports All Well. 2— Views of Senators. Treaty Vote at Hand. S— Treaty Vote Near. Riot in Fifteenth. 4 — Editorial. St. Paul Jobbing. Week's Market Review. Crisis ln Porto Rico. .LIVERPOOL— Arrive-: Pennland, Pennsyl- SOUTHAMPTON — Sailed: Frederick der vania. Grosse, New York. QUEENSTOWN— Sailed: Etruria, New York. HALlFAX— Arrived : Siberia, Glasgow. GRAND— Hopkins' Transoceanic Vaudevilles, B 'ls. Palm Garden— Vaudeville, 2 and 7. Valentine sale, St. Anthony Park M. E. church. Gospel temperance meeting, Totum chapel, Merriam Park, 8 PM. THE ST. PAUL GLOBE Nebraska's List of Dead. LINCOLN, Neb., Feb. s.— The following is a list of killed of the First Nebraska regiment in the battle of Manila: JAMES PIERCE, musician, David City, merchant. HARRY HULL, Company A, hote' clerk, Hastings. DAVIS LAGGER, Company I, lawyer; was a lieutenant in state militia. SERGEANT ORRIN T. CURTIS,, Ash land; farmer; was at one time a mem ber of the legislature. CHARLES KBCK, Chadron; wealthy stockman. A. BELLINGER, eon of a prominent doctor, and young BOclety man at Beat rice. LEWIS BEGLER, cltrk. Lincoln. EDWARD JABBERS, iawyer, Fremont. The information regarding the regi ment's loss was received in Lincoln in private cablegrama. Page. s— With the Lawmakers. Dakota Senators in Town. Col. Sexton's Death. 6— Minnesota's Dairy Interests. Archbishop Ireland at Rome. 7— -Minneapolis Matters. News of the Northwest. S— ln the Field of Labor. Rosenthal Concert. Story Sermon. Colored Men at Odds. Poultry Show Plans. ATLANTIC LINERS. TODAY'S EVENTS. Rosenthal concert. People's church, 8 PM. Pure food show committees meet, 10:30 AM, Commercial club. Ramsey County Graduate Nurses' associa tion election, Lowry Arcade, 4 PM. Dr. A. J. Stone addresses Commercial club on "Contagious Diseases," 1 PM. MONDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 6, 1899. lion in his front, but not enough to force his way ashore and hold his own. Then, rather as a formal authorization, for he did not need the instruction, Dewey was told to co-operate fully with (Jen. Otis in any measure the latter might take. It is believed tiiat it was unknown to the insurgents, but some of the American warships were quietly moved into positions where they perfectly commanded the insurgent trenches and defenses and could shell them with effect in ease of an outbreak. This movement was effected more than ten days ago, and the administration has not felt serious apprehension of Gen. Otis' ability to hold his position. The outposts had been greatly strength ened, it is said, by a judicious extension of the lines in some direc tions and also by taking summary measures to prevent the insur gents taking up positions and organizing forces. LACK OF AUTHORITY. President McKinley took the position that perhaps by a strict consideration of the terms of the protocol, which still holds good ln the absence of the ratification of the treaty, he still lao!_s the author ity to extend the field of occupation of the Americans. The fact that SI \ __P*^_ff " > J__r__B_i wS Hr^ - '__fl _____i sB THE FLAG OF THE FILIPINOS. the insurgents themselves have been the first to break the truce practically releases the United States from further obligations in this respect, so that Gen. Otis was unquestionably warranted, in the opinion of the administration, in extending his lines as Dewey re ports he has done. The situation is regarded here as rather anomalous from a dip lomatic standpoint. Legally the Filipinos are still Spanish subjects. Therefore if operations continue outside of the limits of Manila, as laid down in the protocol, it will amount to a resumption of tin- war with Spain, at least technically. POSSIBLE REPULSE. Officials noted one little flaw in Dewey's dispatch in which he spoke of the American navy as "generally successful," conveying just the least intimation that at some points the results were not as satisfactory as at others. It is inferred here that this might mean the development of weakness at some of the more exposed points on the American line,, which might be easily explained by the fact that the attack was made at night, perhaps in places where the insur gents could creep close up in the shelter of the tropical jungle that grows nearly into the town of Manila. Every confidence is felt, however, that Gen. Otis is master of the situation. This confidence is based not only on this morning's cablegram, but from repeated assurances to that effect conveyed by Gen. Otis to Washington from time to time during the past few months. The forces under his command, as shown by T he records of the adjutant general's office, Dec. 10, the date of the last report, were 21,648 troops, and of these there were present for duty 1.9,51 0 men. This command is composed of the following organizations: Company A, United States engineer battalion; Troops C, E, G, I, X and L, Fourth United States cavalry; troop of Nevtjda cavalry; Troops G, 11, X and L, of (he Third, aiid D and G, of the Sixth Unit ed States artillery; Batteries A and D. of the California, and A and B, of the Utah artillery, and the First Wyoming battery; the Four teenth and headquarters, and Companies' B, D, F, H, 1, X, L and M, of the Seventeenth United States infantry; the Eighteenth, Twen tieth and Twenty-third United States infantry; the First California, the First Colorado, the First Idaho, the Tenth Pennsylvania, the Fif ty-first lowa, the Twentieth Kansas, the Thirteenth Minnesota, the First Montana, the First Nebraska, the Second Oregon, the First North Dakota, the First South Dakota, the First Tennessee, the First STRONG POINTS MADE BY MR. PETTIGREW. WASHINGTON. Feb. s.— Senator Pettigrew, of South Dakota, interviewed tonight on the situation in the Philippines, said: "We could have had no possible difficulty with the people of the Philippines, if we had given to them the honest assurance that we did not propose to overthrow their newly established liberties. Instead, we made a treaty with Spain, by which the country was ceded to us and we began at once to occupy it with troops and sent reinforcements, which were sufficient to' cause alarm. The dispatch of several thousand more regulars lately of course created apprehension on the part of the people of the Philippines. ' "We should do now what w T e should have done in the first place, state to the people of those islands our good intentions and say to them establish your republic and we will not allow other nations to interfere. Give us your bonds to reimburse us for our expense for securing you your liberties, we welcome you to the family of the republics of the world. "The course of the administration, on the contrary, has been one of criminal aggression and apparent bad -faith. - Ttifei'.e can be no question in the minds of any one who has read the Stystruc tions to the peace commissioners that the president's j>psition was always to make a permanent claim to the island -of /L^jzori. "To turn upon an ally in this Way is certainly the greatest international crime of the century. I believe the treaty glrould be amended at once so as to give assurance to . these people of our good faith, and thus make them our . friends, even under . these trying circumstances. We should even "now withchraiy pur military forces and allow them to establish a military ment of their own." *, r - ' " . ' '• :- .' J■' '■: Washington and the First Wyoming regiments of volAteer infantry. A portion of this force, the Eighteenth infantry, sgiif a, battery of artillery, are at Iloilo, where Gen. Miller was sent *a month or more ajj« SEASONED SOLDIERS. These troops, with those now in Cuba, represent the cream of the American army, according to Gen. Corbin. It is true that only about 8,000 of Gen. Otis' soldiers are regulars, but his volunteer soldiers have been under thorough discipline and training for months, some as much as eight months, and many participated in the eif ;_gements attending the capture of Manila and are practically as geod as the regulars. No one here knows the real strength of the insurgents op posed to Gen. Otis. The accounts of their number are conflicting and none of them comes from reliable sources. Still the best belief of the authorities at the war department is that they number about 30,000 men, but they are not comparable to the Americans in dis cipline or quality of arms. It is known they have some Mausers, some Remingtons and a variety of other firearms, and it is suspected they have been quite plentifully supplied with amunition from outside sources. Taken as a whole this armament is decidedly inferior to the American troops. Then with inexperienecd officers, in many cases, even the colonels of regiments being not more than twenty-one years of age, and their lack of knowledge of tactics, they are at a great disadvantage. Their strong point is their knowledge of the country and a certain fanatical bravery in onslaught that would be formidable to a volunteer force not well trained to stand fire. Like the Cubans, they rely too much on a sword-like weapon correspon ding to the machette, a weapon of little value against the long ranged rifles. On the whole the war department officials have not: the slightest Continue- oa Second Fa*© '■-'- REBELS AT MANILA REPULSED Driven From Their Trenches and Routed by the Boys Who Wore the Blue of Uncle Sam. DEFEAT AT TIMES ALMOST A SLAUGHTER Battle Precipitated by an Attempt on the Part of the Natives to Force the Guard Li ne—= Dakota Men the Heroes of a Stirring Charge Upon the Rebels— Native Villages Captured by the Troops=== Twenty Americans Killed and More Than Two Hundred Wound ed™ Warships in the Bay Took Part in the Battle===Several En gagements During the Night, Followed by a Headlong Charge at Daybreak, Which Routed the Rebels — City Under the Control of Gen. Otis, and All Reported Quiet. NEW YORK, Feb. 5. — (Special) — A special from Manila says: The United States and the Filipinos are openly at war. The pretense of alliance has been cast American outposts. Wherever they came into contact with the soldiers from the United States they suffered repulse. Their losses are not known but they must have been heavy for a rapid and accurate fire both from artillery and small arms was poured in upon them. They stood the fire well but broke before the volleys and their list of dead will convince them that whatever the merit of their contentions they have a strong power to deal with in defying the authority of the United States. Early Saturday evening the clash came. The outposts of the opposing forces for days have been confronting each other at o distance of less than a mile apart. Santa Mesa, a point to the north and east of Manila on the broad road running from the city, was the scene of the first encounter. Santa Mesa is not far from the center of the position held by the insurgents in that section, their line extending along some ten miles from Colocon to Poco at the extreme north and south and to a certain extent conforming to the curving line of the bay. The forces in this position were not believed to be the bulk of the insurgent army, estimated at some 30,000 men, but the attack developed the fact that the Filipinos were present in considerable force and made it seem probable that the garrison there had been greatly reinforced from the main body of troops encamped near Malate, to the south of the city and across the bay from Santa Mesa. Opposing the Filipinos' position were the out posts of the American troops, held in the main by the North Dakota, Montana and Nebraska volunteers. These outposts were along the lines occupied by the insurgents at the time they, besieged the city while it was under control of the Spaniards and surrendered to the Americans before the bat tle was fought which gave the Americans control. Three Filipinos, who persisted in running the guard lines, precipitated the battle. In the light of subsequent events, it is evident that tljeir desire was to draw the fire of the Americans, and in this last they were finally successful, though not until they had three times forced the guard line. The men were detected at the first attempt and were challenged, but were not fired upon when ordered to halt. They re peated the operation, with the same result. The third time their effort was successful. Cor poral Greely, of the First Nebraska volunteers, who was in charge of a squad of the guard, raised his rifle and followed his order to halt with a shot in the direction ot the daring na tives. The first shot was fatal, for one of the Filipinos fell, and later his body testified to the accuracy ot the American soldier's aim. A second shot fired by Corporal Greely wound ed a second of the two. The first rifle shot was the signal for which the Filipinos were evidently waiting. Before Corporal Greely fired the second time his shot was answered by a straggling volley from \ \ _!^j^^_r^^*^*TrMW_B_'"**_ moment of the first alarm. So long as the Filipinos remained spread out their efforts were Inefficient, but gradually they drew in their lines upon Calwean, Galgagin and Santa Mes:', and from these three points massed their fire with a more serious effect. It was after mid night when the engagement entered upon this phase and developed from a skirmish, sharp and deadly line, but still a skirmish into a pitched battle. At this time, too, the natives first made use of their two batteries of artillery, posted at Balik-Balik, somewhat to the east of Calvern, and much closer to the American lines than the natives at Panvean and Poco, though in the seme general vicinity. About i o'clock Sunday morning this battery, con sisting of two field pieces, opened fire upon the American lines, and this was supplmented by PRICE TWO CENTS—J s_*__*%_%_* aside. Twenty wearers of the American blue are dead myrtrs to a soldiers duty and more than a hundred of their comrades are wounded. The nature of their injuries is not yet definitely reported in most cases but many names will be added to the grim list of dead as the result of the first clash between the forces of the great republic of the Occident and the little republic of the east. The battle has been fought and the Americans are mas ters of the situation. The Filipinos, even though aided by the unexpected suddenness of their attack were unable to break through the walls of flame and steel which marked the the Filipino outposts and from Calwean to Santa Mesa and from Santa Mesa to Poco came a fusilade which was spirit ed, but largely inefficient, for the Filipsnos fired wildly, more of their bullets falling far short of the American lines. The North Dakota, Montana and Nebraska volunteers' in the face of the sudden attack, behaved like veterans. They did not give way an inch, but covered themselves so for as was possible in the trenches and answered the volleys of the natives only and with a well directed fire. Hopelessly out numbered in case of an advance in force they grimly kept thdir positions and used their rifles^to such good effect that the Filipinos were kept in check until the arrival of the rein forcements, which were hurried up on a double quick at the