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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, February 06, 1899, Image 1

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VOL. XXII.— NO. 37.
Washington Officials Advised of the Attack
flade Upon the City of Manila.
The Administration Anxious, but Convinced That the
American Commander WiU Hold His Own-
Effect Upon the Treaty—Status of Agoncillo
Rendered Serious- -Cream of the American Army
on the Ground— Diplomatic Complications Are
Possible— First News Came From Dewey, and
Was Reassuring in Its Character— Forces in the
Philipinnes-*=Ciash Not Entirely Unexpected.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 6. (1-.15 A. Mb.— Tite following dis
putcb front Gen. Otis at Manila ha* been made i>ul>He;
MANILA, Feb. s.— To the Adjutant General, Washington;
1 iisnrgents in In rue force made attack upon our outposts at
8v46 i». in. last night, renewed attnek several times during
the night. At 4 o'clock this morning entire line engaged, nil
attacks repulsed. At daybreak advanced against insurg
ents and have driven them beyond linen they formerly occu
pied, capturing several village* and their defensive works.
Insurgent loss in dead and wonnded large. Onr own casual
ties thus far estimated at 175, very few fatal. Troops en«
thusiastic and acting fearlessly. Navy did splendid execu
tion on flanks of enemy. City held in check, and absolute
quiet prevails. Insurgents have secured n good many Mau
ser rifles, a few field pieces and quick firing gnns, Tilth am
munition, during last month.
Situation most satisfactory. No apprehension need be
felt. Perfect quiet prevails in city and vicinity. List of
'casualties being prepared and will be forwarded soon aa
possible. Troops in excellent health and spirits.
Idaho's Dead. J
CHICAGO, Feb. 5.— A special to the (
• Times-Herald from Boise, Idaho, Bays:]
, The following Idaho men are reported <
; killed in Manila: ,
> in command of the Second battalion, ]
Idaho volunteers. <
pany B, thirty-four years old, born in i
I • Chicago, enlisted at Harrison, Idaho. '
twenty-five years old, Sweet, Idaho. I
aged twenty-three, born in Ashland, Wi6. i
* H, aged thirty-five, born at Overton, ,
, Term. '
WASHINGTON, Feb. s.— Admiral Dewey today cabled the nav
al department that hostilities had begun between the American army
and naval forces, iv and about Manila, and the Philippine insur
gents. The insurgents, he said, had been the aggressors and had
been repulsed.
The news came like a shock for the administration. Though an
uneasy disposition prevailed in the Philippines, it had clung steadily
to the hope that by tact and patience actual fighting might be
averted, and even those public men who felt that hostilities would
follow should the treaty be ratified and the United States attempt
to occupy the islands believed that Aguinaldo would not force the
fighting when the treaty of peace was in its most critical stage. Some
senatorial opponents of ratification of the treaty adhere to their posi
tion, but the general opinion in Washington tonight is that the news
from Manila insures the ratification of the treaty tomorrow afte
The first news of the beginning of another war came from Ad
miral Dewey. No word has been received by the other departments
up to nightfall. It seems to be Dewey's fortune always to be able to
report favorable news, and like all of his messages that have gone
before this cablegram told of the success of the American forces in
the action. It was with deep regret, however, that the administra
tion learned that the insurgents had forced the issue. It had hoped
all alons that they could be brought to see the advantages of pla
cing their trust in the American people and relying upon the presi
dent to deal justly with them. The administration argued that with
the Philippine commission fairly on the sea en route for Manila,
bringing with them messages from the president and with the peace
treaty still unacted on. it was not to be credited that they would
refuse to wait to learn the purposes of the American government,
but would precipitate the long impending conflict.
While this was true, the officials here and the officers in Manila,
had not been blind to the threat contained in the situation there, and
every preparation has been made for just what occurred last night.
ll is now acknowledged that the fear of an outbreak in Luzon
was the explanation for the much-commented-on failure of Gen. Mil
ler to force a landing at Iloilo on the island of Panay. Otis felt
that he wanted all of the troops at Manila, where was' located the
center of danger. Part of Miller's force, therefore, was returned to
Manila and that general was left with one regiment of regulars and a
battalion of artillery, just sufficient to take advantage of any defec-
I— Rebels Repulsed at Manila.
Official News From Philippines.
Pettigrew Scores McKinley.
Otis Reports All Well.
2— Views of Senators.
Treaty Vote at Hand.
S— Treaty Vote Near.
Riot in Fifteenth.
4 — Editorial.
St. Paul Jobbing.
Week's Market Review.
Crisis ln Porto Rico.
.LIVERPOOL— Arrive-: Pennland, Pennsyl- SOUTHAMPTON — Sailed: Frederick der
vania. Grosse, New York.
QUEENSTOWN— Sailed: Etruria, New York. HALlFAX— Arrived : Siberia, Glasgow.
GRAND— Hopkins' Transoceanic Vaudevilles,
B 'ls.
Palm Garden— Vaudeville, 2 and 7.
Valentine sale, St. Anthony Park M. E.
Gospel temperance meeting, Totum chapel,
Merriam Park, 8 PM.
Nebraska's List of Dead.
LINCOLN, Neb., Feb. s.— The following
is a list of killed of the First Nebraska
regiment in the battle of Manila:
JAMES PIERCE, musician, David City,
HARRY HULL, Company A, hote' clerk,
DAVIS LAGGER, Company I, lawyer;
was a lieutenant in state militia.
land; farmer; was at one time a mem
ber of the legislature.
CHARLES KBCK, Chadron; wealthy
A. BELLINGER, eon of a prominent
doctor, and young BOclety man at Beat
LEWIS BEGLER, cltrk. Lincoln.
EDWARD JABBERS, iawyer, Fremont.
The information regarding the regi
ment's loss was received in Lincoln in
private cablegrama.
s— With the Lawmakers.
Dakota Senators in Town.
Col. Sexton's Death.
6— Minnesota's Dairy Interests.
Archbishop Ireland at Rome.
7— -Minneapolis Matters.
News of the Northwest.
S— ln the Field of Labor.
Rosenthal Concert.
Story Sermon.
Colored Men at Odds.
Poultry Show Plans.
Rosenthal concert. People's church, 8 PM.
Pure food show committees meet, 10:30 AM,
Commercial club.
Ramsey County Graduate Nurses' associa
tion election, Lowry Arcade, 4 PM.
Dr. A. J. Stone addresses Commercial club on
"Contagious Diseases," 1 PM.
lion in his front, but not enough to force his way ashore and hold
his own.
Then, rather as a formal authorization, for he did not need the
instruction, Dewey was told to co-operate fully with (Jen. Otis in any
measure the latter might take. It is believed tiiat it was unknown to
the insurgents, but some of the American warships were quietly
moved into positions where they perfectly commanded the insurgent
trenches and defenses and could shell them with effect in ease of an
outbreak. This movement was effected more than ten days ago, and
the administration has not felt serious apprehension of Gen. Otis'
ability to hold his position. The outposts had been greatly strength
ened, it is said, by a judicious extension of the lines in some direc
tions and also by taking summary measures to prevent the insur
gents taking up positions and organizing forces.
President McKinley took the position that perhaps by a strict
consideration of the terms of the protocol, which still holds good ln
the absence of the ratification of the treaty, he still lao!_s the author
ity to extend the field of occupation of the Americans. The fact that
SI \ __P*^_ff " > J__r__B_i wS Hr^ - '__fl _____i sB
the insurgents themselves have been the first to break the truce
practically releases the United States from further obligations in this
respect, so that Gen. Otis was unquestionably warranted, in the
opinion of the administration, in extending his lines as Dewey re
ports he has done.
The situation is regarded here as rather anomalous from a dip
lomatic standpoint. Legally the Filipinos are still Spanish subjects.
Therefore if operations continue outside of the limits of Manila, as laid
down in the protocol, it will amount to a resumption of tin- war with
Spain, at least technically.
Officials noted one little flaw in Dewey's dispatch in which he
spoke of the American navy as "generally successful," conveying
just the least intimation that at some points the results were not as
satisfactory as at others. It is inferred here that this might mean
the development of weakness at some of the more exposed points on
the American line,, which might be easily explained by the fact that
the attack was made at night, perhaps in places where the insur
gents could creep close up in the shelter of the tropical jungle that
grows nearly into the town of Manila.
Every confidence is felt, however, that Gen. Otis is master of
the situation. This confidence is based not only on this morning's
cablegram, but from repeated assurances to that effect conveyed by
Gen. Otis to Washington from time to time during the past few
months. The forces under his command, as shown by T he records of
the adjutant general's office, Dec. 10, the date of the last report, were
21,648 troops, and of these there were present for duty 1.9,51 0 men.
This command is composed of the following organizations:
Company A, United States engineer battalion; Troops C, E, G, I,
X and L, Fourth United States cavalry; troop of Nevtjda cavalry;
Troops G, 11, X and L, of (he Third, aiid D and G, of the Sixth Unit
ed States artillery; Batteries A and D. of the California, and A and
B, of the Utah artillery, and the First Wyoming battery; the Four
teenth and headquarters, and Companies' B, D, F, H, 1, X, L and M,
of the Seventeenth United States infantry; the Eighteenth, Twen
tieth and Twenty-third United States infantry; the First California,
the First Colorado, the First Idaho, the Tenth Pennsylvania, the Fif
ty-first lowa, the Twentieth Kansas, the Thirteenth Minnesota, the
First Montana, the First Nebraska, the Second Oregon, the First
North Dakota, the First South Dakota, the First Tennessee, the First
WASHINGTON. Feb. s.— Senator Pettigrew, of South Dakota,
interviewed tonight on the situation in the Philippines, said:
"We could have had no possible difficulty with the people of
the Philippines, if we had given to them the honest assurance
that we did not propose to overthrow their newly established
liberties. Instead, we made a treaty with Spain, by which the
country was ceded to us and we began at once to occupy it with
troops and sent reinforcements, which were sufficient to' cause
alarm. The dispatch of several thousand more regulars lately
of course created apprehension on the part of the people of the
Philippines. '
"We should do now what w T e should have done in the first
place, state to the people of those islands our good intentions
and say to them establish your republic and we will not allow
other nations to interfere. Give us your bonds to reimburse us
for our expense for securing you your liberties, we welcome you
to the family of the republics of the world.
"The course of the administration, on the contrary, has been
one of criminal aggression and apparent bad -faith. - Ttifei'.e can
be no question in the minds of any one who has read the Stystruc
tions to the peace commissioners that the president's j>psition
was always to make a permanent claim to the island -of /L^jzori.
"To turn upon an ally in this Way is certainly the greatest
international crime of the century. I believe the treaty glrould
be amended at once so as to give assurance to . these people of
our good faith, and thus make them our . friends, even under .
these trying circumstances. We should even "now withchraiy pur
military forces and allow them to establish a military
ment of their own." *, r -
' " . ' '• :- .' J■' '■:
Washington and the First Wyoming regiments of volAteer infantry.
A portion of this force, the Eighteenth infantry, sgiif a, battery of
artillery, are at Iloilo, where Gen. Miller was sent *a month or more
These troops, with those now in Cuba, represent the cream of the
American army, according to Gen. Corbin. It is true that only about
8,000 of Gen. Otis' soldiers are regulars, but his volunteer soldiers
have been under thorough discipline and training for months, some
as much as eight months, and many participated in the eif ;_gements
attending the capture of Manila and are practically as geod as the
regulars. No one here knows the real strength of the insurgents op
posed to Gen. Otis. The accounts of their number are conflicting
and none of them comes from reliable sources. Still the best belief
of the authorities at the war department is that they number about
30,000 men, but they are not comparable to the Americans in dis
cipline or quality of arms. It is known they have some Mausers, some
Remingtons and a variety of other firearms, and it is suspected they
have been quite plentifully supplied with amunition from outside
sources. Taken as a whole this armament is decidedly inferior to the
American troops. Then with inexperienecd officers, in many cases,
even the colonels of regiments being not more than twenty-one
years of age, and their lack of knowledge of tactics, they are at a
great disadvantage. Their strong point is their knowledge of the
country and a certain fanatical bravery in onslaught that would be
formidable to a volunteer force not well trained to stand fire. Like
the Cubans, they rely too much on a sword-like weapon correspon
ding to the machette, a weapon of little value against the long
ranged rifles.
On the whole the war department officials have not: the slightest
Continue- oa Second Fa*© '■-'-
Driven From Their Trenches and Routed by the Boys
Who Wore the Blue of Uncle Sam.
Battle Precipitated by an Attempt on the Part of the Natives to Force
the Guard Li ne—= Dakota Men the Heroes of a Stirring Charge
Upon the Rebels— Native Villages Captured by the Troops===
Twenty Americans Killed and More Than Two Hundred Wound
ed™ Warships in the Bay Took Part in the Battle===Several En
gagements During the Night, Followed by a Headlong Charge at
Daybreak, Which Routed the Rebels — City Under the Control of
Gen. Otis, and All Reported Quiet.
NEW YORK, Feb. 5. — (Special) — A special from Manila says: The United
States and the Filipinos are openly at war. The pretense of alliance has been cast
American outposts. Wherever they came into contact with the soldiers from the United
States they suffered repulse. Their losses are not known but they must have been heavy
for a rapid and accurate fire both from artillery and small arms was poured in upon them.
They stood the fire well but broke before the volleys and their list of dead will convince
them that whatever the merit of their contentions they have a strong power to deal with in
defying the authority of the United States.
Early Saturday evening the clash came. The outposts of the opposing forces for
days have been confronting each other at o distance of less than a mile apart. Santa Mesa,
a point to the north and east of Manila on the broad road running from the city, was the
scene of the first encounter. Santa Mesa is not far from the center of the position held by
the insurgents in that section, their line extending along some ten miles from Colocon to
Poco at the extreme north and south and to a certain extent conforming to the curving line
of the bay. The forces in this position were not believed to be the bulk of the insurgent
army, estimated at some 30,000 men, but the attack developed the fact that the Filipinos
were present in considerable force and made it seem probable that the garrison
there had been greatly reinforced from the main body of troops encamped
near Malate, to the south of the city and across the bay from
Santa Mesa. Opposing the Filipinos' position were the out
posts of the American troops, held in the main by the North
Dakota, Montana and Nebraska volunteers. These outposts
were along the lines occupied by the insurgents at the time
they, besieged the city while it was under control of the
Spaniards and surrendered to the Americans before the bat
tle was fought which gave the Americans control.
Three Filipinos, who persisted in running the guard
lines, precipitated the battle. In the light of subsequent
events, it is evident that tljeir desire was to draw the fire of
the Americans, and in this last they were finally successful,
though not until they had three times forced the guard line. The men were detected at the
first attempt and were challenged, but were not fired upon when ordered to halt. They re
peated the operation, with the same result. The third time their effort was successful. Cor
poral Greely, of the First Nebraska volunteers, who was in charge of a squad of the guard,
raised his rifle and followed his order to halt with a shot in the direction ot the daring na
tives. The first shot was fatal, for one of the Filipinos fell, and later his body testified to
the accuracy ot the American soldier's aim. A second shot fired by Corporal Greely wound
ed a second of the two.
The first rifle shot was the signal for which the Filipinos were evidently waiting. Before
Corporal Greely fired the second time his shot was answered by a straggling volley from
\ \ _!^j^^_r^^*^*TrMW_B_'"**_
moment of the first alarm. So long as the Filipinos remained spread out their efforts were
Inefficient, but gradually they drew in their lines upon Calwean, Galgagin and Santa Mes:',
and from these three points massed their fire with a more serious effect. It was after mid
night when the engagement entered upon this phase and developed from a skirmish, sharp
and deadly line, but still a skirmish into a pitched battle. At this time, too, the natives first
made use of their two batteries of artillery, posted at Balik-Balik, somewhat to the east of
Calvern, and much closer to the American lines than the natives at Panvean and Poco,
though in the seme general vicinity. About i o'clock Sunday morning this battery, con
sisting of two field pieces, opened fire upon the American lines, and this was supplmented by
PRICE TWO CENTS—J s_*__*%_%_*
aside. Twenty wearers of the American blue are dead
myrtrs to a soldiers duty and more than a hundred of their
comrades are wounded. The nature of their injuries is not
yet definitely reported in most cases but many names will be
added to the grim list of dead as the result of the first clash
between the forces of the great republic of the Occident and
the little republic of the east.
The battle has been fought and the Americans are mas
ters of the situation. The Filipinos, even though aided by
the unexpected suddenness of their attack were unable to
break through the walls of flame and steel which marked the
the Filipino outposts and from Calwean to Santa Mesa and
from Santa Mesa to Poco came a fusilade which was spirit
ed, but largely inefficient, for the Filipsnos fired wildly, more
of their bullets falling far short of the American lines.
The North Dakota, Montana and Nebraska volunteers'
in the face of the sudden attack, behaved like veterans. They
did not give way an inch, but covered themselves so for as
was possible in the trenches and answered the volleys of the
natives only and with a well directed fire. Hopelessly out
numbered in case of an advance in force they grimly kept
thdir positions and used their rifles^to such good effect that
the Filipinos were kept in check until the arrival of the rein
forcements, which were hurried up on a double quick at the

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