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THE ST. PAUL GLOBE TUESDAY. FEBRUARY 14, 1599. Associated Press News. CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. Bj Carrler~ I 1 mo I 8 mo» 118 mo» Dally only 40c J'.JJ **•*• Daily *n_ S*_nd_y. ..600 "" •_ 5 ?• J • Sunday 15 e .75 1. » . COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Mall |1 mo I 6 mo* 1 12 mo* Dally onlyT '. »6o | . 1. 6 0 jj 11 .0 9 Daily and Sunday..!. 85 c | 8.00 4.0. Sunday •** 5 }• $ • Weekly •_••_•••' ' *7S l * 9 - Kuter.d at Po-tofflc. at St. Paul. Minn.. M Second-Class Matter. Address all communl atlona ar.d make all Remittances payable te I"HE GLOBE CO.. St. Paul. Minnesota.— — Anonynionn communications not noticed. Re jected manuscript* will not be returned «n --jess s< i-uinpanled by postage. BRANCH OFFICES. Sew York 10 Spruce Bt ChleiKu. ..Room 609. No. 87 Washington St j About tha Weather. One swallow dues not make a summer, nor , a weather above zero a banana belt, but both help a lift!". The cold wave has >;. Paul and is playing havoc along oast. At 2 o'clock this morn teinperature was 17 degrees above zero, and seemingly enjoying its novel posi tion. There was very little change In the tempi rature during the night. At 10 o'clock meter marked IS degrees i id at midnight there was no np- ; The temperature at i this morning was a trifie above the ; minimum for the night, indicating a slowly th rmomi ter at that time. ST. PAUL. - rvations, taken by thi 9 weather bur au, St. Paul. P. F. Lyons i bs t\ t, for the twenty-four hours tt 7 o'clock last night.- Barometer '. tor temperature and elevation. I Minus i indicates below zero. rature 1-t i ature — -'■'• ■ rature '2 27 I 30.11 : 84 Tra i 17 weather cloudy. THE NOR") tIWEST. taken by the treau, Washington, Temperature. Wind. '. . ather. High. *Bpm. . .. 7,V ',';. Cloudy. '7,2 28 . ..NW Cloudy. 38 32 E rt. < loudy. Hi 30 SW Cloudy. It 12 :'N W l't. Cloudy. 4*i 47' SE I 3G 30 SW 17 udy. 40 36 - : mdy. ::•; 30 ' mdy. 38 36 Mian dosa E Snow 14 10 . ..NW Cloudy. 2_ US Swift Current ...W PL Cloudy. 32 _S n W Cloudy. 30 30 I* Clear. 10 4 c i';ii:i; 7;t;k3. Temperature. High. High. *3pm. 17 " | 6 6 ■; - New Orleans" . .26 24 16 11 \". v; York 10 10 ati .. .. 8 i Philadelphia ..10 8 Cleveland .. .. i i St Louis 40 30 44 34 Salt Lako 4|_ 30 ... ..10 6 iVashington ...10 t* .. ..22 32 (7 p. m. St. Paul time). FORECAST FOR TODAY. St. Paul— Probably snow; warmer. ■ i Cloudy; probably snow; warmer in d portion; fresh southerly windy. General y fair; vpriable wonds. South Dakota— Generally '.air; variable winds. sin Cloudy; probably f.ir.w; rising iture; light to fresh southerly winds. k w; warmer; soaO fair: w< ste rly wind-. IIXGTON. 17";. 13. — Since Sunday storm has moved busetts coast with a nd increasi I ssity such as has ■ qua led in the history of the weathi r bureau. The barometer at Woodshole t inijrnl i : Is 28.86 la :hes, a fall of one Inch • Monday. Remarkably . anied -his storm and - - a. .a., from Virginia north- U-eompanylng the snow there were winds of hurricane velocities ar.d '.vare.it, gs were issued at neon on th« Vtlantic coast from Delaware breakwater tt ort. ;. has been this storm that there has iosl a ct oiplete paralysis of street car service in the middle AUantic states. In the vicinity of Washington this storm has greai d< (1 all previous records. About twei ■ inches of snow has fallen since Satur nioon, and thirty-four during the past d ays . al interest with this storm has been the record-breaking low temperatures of the S-'outh. At New Orleans this morning the ture was C degrees above zero, 9 . r than any previous record, Jacksonville it was 10 degrees above zero, or 4 degrees lower than any previous cord. The observer at Jacksonville reports • nd sleet during Sunday night, and that great damage has been done to the j T'u< line of freezing temperature in Flor-* | ida extended through the upper two-thirds with a minimum of 2 degrees at Tampa. At Key Wes tonight the temper ature is only IS degrees. 23 below the nor mal. The "line of zero temperatures this morning extended through Southern Lcuis- Southern Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia, but during the day there a steady rise in the Southwest, and tonight ti;p temperatures range from 20 _a> -50 degrees. Throughout the cen tral valleys, the lake regions and the West tneri hires have risen from 10 de srrees to 38 degrees, and above the freezing point i'.t the slope regions. Clearing weather Is indicated during Tues day morning in the Middle Atlantic states end New England, except on the New Eng hmd coast, where the snow will likely con tinue during the day. Fair weather is in dicated for the remaining districts, except the I i i - r Mississippi valley, where light snows are likely. Piping temperatures are indicated gener al the Mississippi to the Alleghenies, and ■ Iso in the gulf and South Atlantic states. in the Middle Atlantic and New Englai a states cold weather will continue for another day. ly high northwesterly wine's will I prevail during Tuesday in New England end the -.tpper portion of the Middle Atlantic high northwesterly winds on the i >7orth Carolina and Virginia coast, slowly dlmlni thing during the day. and brisk west to south winds on the South coast. The crest of the wave having f'tirago. let'r, have a thaw. With a woman love means a man, nnd v ith a man it does, too— himself. li may he true that the rolling Rtone gathers no mors, It raises the dust. The average man would rather he told that he has a hard beard than that he has hard sense. Those six-year vacations with full pay will become mighty popular if ever introduced outside of tha army. Financial reform is neither dead nor asleep.— Lyman J. Cage. How would the- word hypnotized fit the case, Mr. Cage? Th iso impetuous souls who, last fall, failed to cross the Styx because the tee formed so fast can wait until May and get drowned going swimming-. Suppose, Aguinaldo, we square things by arranging tha.t you give TJnole .Sam 520,000,000 as an earnest. that you will In future keep the peace? A New York woman has just buried her <!<itr In a splendid coffin bedecked with green ribbons. From this <l!s --' looks as If she should have be decked herself with the green ribbons. Al ther place has boon found where Rip Van Winkle's famous remark, "How noon are we forgotten!" can be work.d in nicely. Napoleon's house at ' St. Helena Is now a barn; the room in which he died in a stable, and on the site of his grave Is a corn-grinding machine. Vncle Sam will always regret that he didn't make a lower bid for Gomez. A man who can cut his price from $60,000,000 to $3,000,000 at one jump has unknown commercial possibilities In him. Trusts. Elsewhere will be found the declara tions, as far as they go, of the two great political parties concerning Trusts. When It is remembered that, tlnring the year 1898, the capitalization of these monsters amounted to $1,250, --000,000, a faint idea may be obtained of their enormous influence in the in dustrial world. Our esteemed contemporary, the Pio neer Press, has discovered that there be Trusts and Trusts — that some are constituted on the beneficent princi ple, and others on the monopolistic. The Globe prefers to believe that little good may come out of the Trust for the common people. The Trust Is a natural monopoly. It presses hardest upon the masses of the people — those who are least able to endure its exac tions. The wealthy and the powerful do not bear the burdens of the Trust — it is the poor and the weak always. The farmer, the mechanic, the laboring man are the Trust's victims, because the Trust imposes unnatural and un necessary prices upon the needs of life, whether these are sugar, oil, coal or other articles that enter into daily con sumption. A high authority upon Trusts has truthfully declared: "A monopoly in those things which the plain people consume, day by day, those things which they eat and wear and use in their daily life, is a menace to the fu ture of the nation itself, inasmuch as It affects tiie character of the next genei ation." Ar.d again: "The moment an in dividual, partnership, corporation or combination' seeks a monopoly, that moment his or its business methods be ci me iniquitous. "Especially is this the case where the scle object of a combination is to es t Lblish a monopoly. "It is not surprising, therefore, that the Trust has demoralized business ethics. Its chief object is to put up ! rices and put down competition. "These objects are pursued by fair means and foul. "Resort is had to threats, fear, dis honesty, bribery, discriminations and even crime. Business morals are cor rupted. Dishonesty ceases to be odious. Chicanery, trickery and fraud are ex cused, provided the desired results are attained "The great wealth and splendid tal ents of the Trust are coupled with un scrupulous methods and a greed for sain. Th. end is made to justify the means. Unscrupulous devices and sinuous ways are overlooked or ap plauded, if they are successful. "The history of the Trust ha 3 demon strated that when a body of men seek a monopoly they begin to abandon honorable business methods." Could characterization and denuncia tion be more complete. The duty of Democracy is clear. It has declared against the Trusts at three successive national conventions. Its leaders will be untrue to themselves and to their party if they do not join in the fight <*gainst Trusts. That distinguished leader of Democ racy, Col. William J. Bryan, will spend tonight and tomorrow night with the Minnesota Democracy. May he illumi nate this subject and electrify the Minnesota Democracy with an utter ance concerning the Trusts that shall traverse our country from end to end. Democracy's pathway is clear and well defined. Down with the Trusts! Refunding Farm Loans. The low rates now prevailing for money, owing to its acknowledged abundance throughout the country, would seem to afford an excellent op portunity to Western farmers and those cf influenca in loaning centers among them, for refunding loans on farms at rates of interest which could be more easily born :. It has been predicted by seme well known financiers in the Eastern states that by May 1 money can be borrowed on call, as in _\ T ew York, for instance, on the basis of 1 per cent per annum. Investment se curities of all kinds have advanced so rapidly in price during the past twelve months that many now hesitate to buy stocks and bonds at the soaring figures, for the reason that, when the premium is computed and due allowance Is made for commissions to brokers, the actual return on the investment is so trifling as to become uninviting. If dividends on stocks were always an assured quantity, this would be differ ent. But when a railway or an indus trial corporation may see fit to reduce or suspend dividends the investor has no recourse but to sell the security at its reduced market value or hold fast to it and await the return of a surplus to the concern, above operating ex penses, which may be applied to divi dends. * • a Many of the farmers of the North west today represent the pioneer ele ment in the settling of this new terri tory. They came into a wilderness with little or nothing, and a large pro portion of their earnings has been ap plied to the payment of excessive rates on the money they were compelled to borrow in order that they might pursue and make more perfect their work. This condition of things has often de veloped a spirit of unrest, and even served to breed disordered opinions as to the true uses and value of money. In a certain sense these brave and courageous men have not been to blame for the belief that has often prevailed among them that they were really the victims of oppression. But oftentimes unscrupulous loan agents in their own communities were the actual offenders rather than he whose money passed through those agents' hands. • _ • The capitalist, or it may be the man in the East with small savings which he desires to invest, prefers a mort gage on land rather than stocks and bonds of corporations. He suggests to some agent who applies to him that he will loan a certain amount on good improved farm lands in the West or Northwest provided h e can realize 7 per cent or S per cent on the investment. This leaves the agent free to add a3 much more to his victim's burden as he pleases, and this stands in the na ture of a commission. A farmer needs money, and he pays the price demand ed therefor, just as many a merchant in New York or elsewhere in the East is compelled to do in an emergency, and he makes the mortgage. If fore closure results from the excessive bur den to which the farmer has submitted himself, he holds the actual owner of tha money in the East responsible for THE ST. PAUL. GLOBE— --TUESDAY FEBRUARY 14, 1899. all his misery, although that loaner has asked and receives nothing but a reasonable and moderate return on the Investment. • • • This has been the history of all new sections of the country; and the con dition is due to the fact that men -will not part with their money unless they have In sight a fair prospect of prompt payment of Interest and an assurance that the property loaned on will be worth at least the face value of the mortgage in tho event of foreclosure. It is unreasonable to expect otherwise. Furthermore, It Is always difficult to attract money to undeveloped agricul tural sections. The risk of loss is too great, and it has only been by the enactment of laws rendering a flxed rate of interest legal, and that often times excessive and more than the In dustries in tln-ir earlier stages of de velopment could really bear, that money could be obtained at all. • * * But this stage has been passed In this section of the Northwest, and the general rates for money are much low er than they were a score of years ago. But there are many owners of improved farms in Minnesota who are still paying higher rates of interest than the monetary conditions of the country justify. The present is a most opportune period, therefore, for an ef fort to be made In the way of refund ing mortgages at lower rates, and, if such a movement were earnestly un dertaken by men whose names would command the respect of Eastern in vestors, there is no doubt 'that thou sands of dollars might be saved an nually to the farmers of Minnesota in the shape of excessive interest now be ing paid, and at the same time much money now lying idle in Eastern cities would find safe and .profitable Invest ment. There is no doubt that the period of lower rates of Interest has arrived for this locality as well as other industrious and prosperous sec tions of the country, and that it can be made permanent. Xo state in the Union is possessed of a higher average record of credit than Minnesota. Some of the leading farmers of this state, for instance, would make no mistake in organizing a movement with the end above noted In view. Report of "the Alger Relief Board!" Tt was made evident when President McKinlcy mitigated the sentence of tlie court-martial convicting Commis sary General Eagan that, so far as ex ecutive power extended. It would be exerted to save the representatives of Algerism in the war department. The court-martial made quick work of Eagan and promptly decided upon his dismissal from the army. But executive clemency ameliorated the fall of Alger's representative, and permit ted him to toddle out of the depart ment to his ranch in California, in the enjoyment of an annual inccme of $5,500 for six years, when he will be regularly retired at his rank, as if nothing had ever happened to him. And now comes the report of the army investigating commission, which distributes the whitewash thickly over Alger and spits venom at Gen. Miles, Any one who kept pace with the prog ress of the investigation and noted the open hostility displayed by some mem bers of the commission towards every ono who showed a disposition to off>r evidence against the department could foresee just the outcome that is pre sented In the report. But the commission made one valua ble discovery, which it relates as fol lows: Tho sudden ernarg?r.cy which called our people to arms after an interval of half a century of peace with all foreign powers was met by the war department with carno;t nrss and energy. The situation found the country unprepared with any large stock ot firms, ammuinitlon, clothing, supplies aud equipments. That they were duly provided and that the numerous demands on the in dustries of our people were met so. promptly will remain one of the marvels of history. . This discovery of "one of the mar vels of history" has cost the com missirners four and a half months of labor and official junketing, and the country upwards of $100,000— but these are trifling incidents in consideration of the big "find." To some it will ap pear strange that the war depart inent was so deficient in everything that goes to make up the material for war's uses. "When the War of the Rebellion opened in IS6I, the conditions were far more desperate, in that everything- that could be transported had b?en seized in advance by the South, through her official representatives in sympathy with the secession movement. But throughout the generation of time since ment has had nothing else to do but prepare for just such an emergency as that which occurred last spring. The shallowness of the above quoted utter ance of the commission is a fair reflec the close of the Civil war the depart- THE TRUST AS A POLITICAL ISSUE. The evil of the Trust was not so apparent prior to the national conven tions of 1338 as to require political treatment. The platforms of the two great parties, adopted in 1888, and at succeeding conventions, tell this simple story: Both parties felt obltged to rebuke the Trusts in 1888. The Democratic par ty talked a little more plainly on the subject in 1892. while the Republican party "reaffirmed" its position four years earlier. In 1896 the Chicago Demo cratic convention took a shy at the T rusts again. As for the Republicans they fled the subject entirely. THE DEADL V PARALLEU Democratic Platform, IS.SS. Judged by Democratic principles, the interests of the people are betrayed when, by unnecessary taxation, trusts and combinations are fostered, which, while unduly enriching the few that coin bine, rob the body of our citizens by depriving them of natural competi tion. Democratic fiatfoi-m, isj>:». "We recognize in the trusts and com binations which are designed to ena ble capital to secure more than Its just share of the joint product of capital and labor a natural consecjuence of the prohibitive taxes which prevent the free competition which is the life of honest trade; but we believe their worst evils can be abated by law, and we demand the rigid enforcement of the laws made to control and prevent them, together with sucn further legis lation in restraint of their abuses as experience may show to be necessary. Clticacro Democratic Platform, 1806. We denounce as disturbing to busi ness the Republican threat to restore the McKinley law, which has twice been condemned by the people in na tional elections and which, enacted un der the false plea of protection to home industry, proved a prolific breed er of trusts and monopolies, in which the few, at the expense of the many, restricted trade and deprived the pro ducers of the great American staples of access to their natural market*. tion of the well understood apologetic work it was called on to perform. Tho official abstract is from begin ning to end biased in favor of the de partment and hostile to everything that stands for criticism thereof. Even so stanch a Republican newspaper as the Baltimore American condemns tho whole transaction as "A Solemn Farce" and contemptuously styleß the com mission "The Alger Relief Board." And the New York Tribune, with the administration collar on its neck, Is moved to say, regarding the president's initial action In the court-martial pro ceedings: It is to bo hoprd that the dealings of the war department hereafter with all the questions Involved In the beef controversy will give the people no reason, or ex-uae to put upon Gen. Eagan's light sentence the sinister interpre tation that is sure to be urged upon them. By what process shall the fundamen tal truths of the unwholesome scandal be explored'? Possibly through the court of Inquiry in connection with the "embalmed beef" charges advanced by Gen. Miles. If this fails to develop the facts and locate the responsibility, there is no recourse except by an investiga tion by a congressional committee. In the nature of which no detail would likely escape presentation. The loss by fire on Sunday of the book and publishing house of A.'C. Mc- Clurg & Co., of Chicago, is a calamity beyond the ordinary destruction by that element of great mercantile es tablishments, where the loss of life is not involved. Gen. McClurg, the head of the house, has always taken an honest pride in the great institution his energy has reared in the West; and his collection of rare books was one of the most complete outside of any library in the country. These, it is said, were destroyed, and, of course, cannot be replaced by any amount of insurance money. Ep/st/es to St. Paul. Along in January, two months after Eustis' defeat, a state Republican official received a letter from John Goodnow, from far-away China, which ran like this: "By the time you get this Eustis will be in, and will be ripping everybody up the back. Tell me how the boys take it." A few days ago John wrote: "Say, when I heard John Lind had beaten my old friend Eustis I was struck dumb." • * _ • One morning during the advance sale for the recent engagement of "The Sign ot the Cross" at the Metropolitan the hands of the ycung man on the inside of the ticket window went on a strike. It was bitter cold, and when he called to "Billy" Egan to come and relieve him Mr. Egan shivered. He looked out Into the lobby and saw a line seemingly without any end. Turning to his playmate, Charles B< ach, he said: "Chat le, i ..;■'! you would go out there and break that line." "No Willie," t , lied Mr. Beach, "you go Into the box office and break it there." Tlie Army and Navy. Congress, in lt3 usual manner, has been displaying its Incapacity to deal with the military and naval establishments of the gov ernment. Whether we retain or drop the Philippine islands, we have need of Increased army and navy establishments, while we have seen dem onstrated the defective character of the staff of the army, and the admirable character of the instructed officers of the line of the army and the navy. So far as the army is concerned, a bill has passed the house of representatives which, it is true, increases the army, but which also exaggerates all the evils upon which the recent war threw so strong a light. To state the defect of the bill briefly, it Is I full of opportunity for "pulls." It is made for the appointment and promotion of civilians, and not for the establishment of an efficient military force. There is hardly a man among Its intelligent advocates who will not admit that it is the worst of the three leading bills, the other two being Gen. Miles' and Repre sentative McClellan's bills. It opens the door for vast abuses through the appointment of civilian sons and grand sons to offices, and it contains the grave fault of permitting the president to add 60,000 men to the army in his own discretion. It is a bill made to catch votes, and to permit con gress to evade its responsibility. — Harper's Weekly. President Hears a ftneetr Noise. The leading question of public policy raised by the peace treaty is yet to be set tled. Notwithstanding the strong and bitter denunciations of the opponents of imperial ism in which the advocates of the new de parture have Indulged, there is a good deal of trouble in the minds of theso voluble Washington politicians. The president is not so sure as he was a few weeks ago that his policy is popular. He has been coming to the conclusion that popular sentiment is not always accurately represented or mirrored at 1 the national capital. There 13 much heat in the air there, and a -good deal of noiae, but occasionally tho voice of reason has its sway for a moment, and the noise has bsen sufficiently stilled to permit the people who pay the taxes to be heard. There is no doubt that a very large number of Republicans, among them the most re spected men of their party, are willing to abandon their old party if it persists In its expansion course.— Harper's Weekly. Republican Platform, 1888. We declare our opposition tc all com bination**?, of capital, organized in trusts or otherwise, to control arbitrarily the condition of trade among our citizens, and we recommend to congress and the state legislatures, in their respective jurisdictions, such legislation as will prevent the execution of all schemes to oppress the people by undue charges on their supplies or by unjust rates for the transportation of their prod ucts to market. We approve the legis lation by congress to prevent alike un just burdens and unfair discrimination between the states. Republican Platform, 1892. We reaffirm our opposition, declared in the Republican, piatform of 1888, to all combinations of capital organized in trusts or otherwise to control arbi trarily the condition of trade among our citizens. ; We heartily indorse the action already taken upon this sub ject, and ask for further legislation as may be required to remedy any de fects in existing laws and to render their enforcement more complete and effective. Republican Platform, i S!»(S. Dead silence. I IN WOMAN'S REALM. j A lii:o\/.1. STATUE Of the, I.nte Frances Willard to Ho Placed la Statuary Hall, Wnsli. ln_rton. Tlie Illinois senate has before It a bill ap propriating $9,000 for tha erection of a bronze statue of the late Frances E. Willard, in Statuary hall, Washington. It will bo remem bered that eacn state in the Union Is en titled to place two statues In this hall, and one of the niches reserved for Illinois being vacant a bill was formulated containing tho following words. Prefacing the declaration with a list of citizens who niada tho stale famous, tho bill reads: Whereas, The fame of none of those was more heroically won or more richly deserved than that of one of our deceased citizens, dis tinguished for civlo service in Europe and America In a new and unexplored field of Christian endeavor, the effect of whose ef forts and achievements and the Influence of whose spotlea. life and sublime example have been so marked that the world has wondered, aud admired the author, organizer and ad vocate of purity and temperance. Illinois' most Illustrious deceased citizen. Frances E. Willard, the uncrowned queen of purity an! temperance, whore asties- repose In peace on tho shores of Lake Michigan at Evanston, 111. Her life, like that of her Redeemer, was de voted to the spiritual welfarj cf mankind, and tho world at large has Deen materially benefited by her prayers and sacrifices. Her grand life is a beacon light to the good and true of all aectt. races and crop's in the civ. Ilized world, and her wonderful achievement!? are lights and landmark, on the c'.iffs of fame, which will for all time illuminate the paths of millions of women wherever civlira tlon has a foothold, which is where woman is duly appreciated; and Whereas, The priceless heritage of such a life belong^ of right to Illinois; and Whoreas. She g-'.ories in it and deems it worthy of national commemoration; there fore, to immortalize it and to show all na tions how exalted a sphere woman occupies in this great state, the following law la here by placed on our statute books. If the bill passes, which seems cuite prob able. Mis 3 Willard will be the first woman s>o honored in America. Club A'ofes. The national council of women and the national congress of mothers, both in ses sion at Washington this week, furnish an interesting subject of study to philosophic minds. ■ While women have talked of babies since the days of Eve. there is a novelty in discussing the subject according to parlia mentary rules and in a national conven tion — a novelty which has not worn off even though this is the third congress. As jus tification for its existence the members of the organization point with pride to the establishment of many day nurseries for children of working women. Furthermore, they have instituted night schools, whose teachers are bright young women and young men', who take from happy, care-free lives, filled with social duties, the two or three hours daily that help to enrich their less fortunate brothers and sisters. Cooking schools have been established, also sewing schools and schools of domestic science, where everything Is as free as the air of heaven to the girl who really desires to better her condition. They have set up free kindergartens for the children of the slums, started soup houses in the saloon-in fested portions of some of the large cities— in fact, the "mother" Idea has widened out till it embraces the most Incongruous lot of organizations imaginable; and yet, when they are all sifted down, it will be found that the basic idea is the "homo," and the hope of each is to help the weak, encourage the faint-hearted and strengthen the bond of the family and home. While "the mothers" develop the subjects of child culture and "mother ideal," the national council of women are taking up the burden of nations. The question of colonial expansion and its effects upon American motherhood and manhood will wait for an answer before them. Among those who wilt discuss these subjects are women who have made enviable reputations in literature, science and arts. • • » Rockford, 111., boasts a club, the ages of whose members range from twelve to four years. Far from being the ordinary chil dren's band for something or other, this organization is planning to make applica tion for membershiD to the National Feder ation of Musical clubs, which holds Its next annual meeting in St. Louis in May. It is hardly necessary to say that the members of the Rockford club are ambitious musi cians of no mean talents. "Llebling" is the name which they have chosen, and they have bound themselves to play nothing but high class music. * * • An interesting innovation has recently been made in the woman's club, of Media, Perm. This is tho formation of a nurses' class from among its members. The plan is undertaken at the 'suggestion of Dr. Alice Rogers Easby, a physician of the place, who instructs the class as her contribution to the work of the woman's club. The course is to extend over two years, with weekly lessons of an hour and a half each. The pupils taka turns in being p-itients, and the lessons have already become very popular. Tiiefe have been so far instructions In bathing, bandaging, keeping a clinical chart, the use of disinfect ants, and similar general knowledge. The course will include cbstctrios, wl'Jh practice In the care of infants, Invalid cookery, and the nursing of fevers and contagious diseases. Mnch of the instruction that will be given cannot usually be obtained outside Cf a hos pital. By way of special advantage a train ed nurs3 from some hospital gives a demon stration at nearly every lesson. The members of the class find that tho knowledge that they gain is of great value at home, and when they become more skilled they have pledged themselves to be ready to nurse among the poor of the town as they are ne;ded. The plan seems an admirable one, and worthy of repetition In other places. The onlooker can hardly fail to be impressed with the practical turn of mind displayed by most club women. They have always an objective point, educational, philanthropic or social, and are seldom meraly on pleasure bent. Far from wasting time at her club, the ordinary club member makes a very posi tive use of it, and the one talent ts generally multiplied five or ten fold. — Harper's gazar. CHAP-BOOK VALEXTIXES. Wherein I_MHea nail Geiitlenie-u In scribed Pleasing: anil Suitable Verses. The valentine as we know It Is. says the Saturday Evening Post, "but a modern In novation. The written valentine has not been establashed In favor 200 years, the printed valentine scarce 100. And yet Charles, Duke cf Orleans, held In tlie Tower of Lon don in 1415, wiole scnilnmenta! and crtl/al rous valentines. The valentine collection of Mr. F. H. Eaer, of Cleveland, 0., contains many of the curious little chap-bcoks known as valentine writers, which at the beginning of this century supplied "pleasing and original verses suitalble for ladles and gentlemen." Mr. Bner's earliest written valentine was addressed to Sarah Brett, in 1790, and, in structively, the British museum has its counterpart, directed in the same hand to another woman. The sheet is a foot square, but was ingeniously folded for the post luto squares of four inches. It was Bealed with a heart, and about the lour sides ran In faded ink the lines: "When you hear this harte behold. Twill break as you these lines unfold. "The power of envy cannot pretend To say I have fals versa) pend. "For in the Inside Sweet Turtle dove I've wrote the morrals of my love. "Thou art the maid and only maid That has my honest h?art Irapad." Breaking the seal. Miss Brett found other verses, one couplet to each of the four outer squares: "My dearest dear and blest devlne I have piteured here your hart and mine "And Cubit with his fatal dart Has deeply wounded my poor hart "And has betwixt us fixt a cross Which makes me to lament my loss. "And never will my poor hart have ease Till our hearts axe joined aa these." Unfolding again she found on the luner s.uare: "If you refuse with me to wed. Twill bring destruction to my head. "Pale death at last shall stand my friend And bring my sorrow to an end." A gilt heart occupies the middle of the sheet, and about It are the closing lines: "If you'll be mine I will be thyne And ao good Morrow Valentine." Hi-form Schools Are Fallnres. A New Jersey Judge has created a decided sensation by declaring that boys sent to the state reform school come ■■111 flrst-c!-S3 (lim- Ir.als. In a state noted for tho btr'-t'lP-J of Its administration this seems a startling ac cusation. Unfortunately, this Judge's opinion ls sharod, to some cctent at leas-t, by many high police offlr-iaU. Reform schools are rtnevolenl'y intended to be a refuge for wayward chl'.dren w'ie*i they may be brought to a knowledgo of their duties to themselves and to society. The ty.9 tem on which they are based has long b."in supposed to be the best that modern thought and wisdom could devii-e. If they fill in their mission a most serious condition ls created. Experts In penology are, for the most part, agreed that the reformation of a boy ls a far more uncertain problem than that of a girl, alleging that women and girls seldom become wayward from choice, nnd that whero a de praved lnsitlnct exl3ts naturally it ls otronger In a boy than in a girl. The present direction of thought to -he sub ject is far from being new. It Invtte3 the pro foundest study of practical humanitarians. Even wayward youth are of sufficient im portance to enlist the best efforts to disprove In their behalf the police axiom, "Once a criminal, always a criminal." — Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post. The Famous Bust. The discovery of a new bust of Christ, re cently purchased by the Russian ambassador at Madrid, and prouounced by experts to 1 c the work of Michael Angelo or Donatello, still continues to create a sensation In the art world. The eyes are blue rock crystal. Queen Victoria, to whom a photograph of tho work was sent, desires the bust copied In marble. A Curious Dlrgre. Harry T. Montgomery, a private- in the Thirteenth Minnesota, now stationed at Ma nila, In a letter published in the Kansas City Times, relates a curious incident. A Manila merchant of the well-to-do class came to tha camp one day and told of the death of a friend. He paid his friend's last request was that a certain one of those "beautiful Ameri can tunes" be played during the march to the cemetery. The messenger did not know the name of the pierce, and the leader of the regimental band played a few notes from flit ferent selections until he struck "A Hot Time In the Old Town Tonight." The native clapped his hands and said that was the identical tune his dead friend wanted. It seemed a trifle odd to play that rollicking air at a funeral, and the musician endeavored to point out tho Incongruity of It, but it was no use — "A Hot Time in the Old Town" was want ed, and nothing else. The obsequies were a big thing, and the members of the band did their best to keep straight faces as they slow. ly headed the procession down the streets, grinding out as solemnly as they could our "new national anthem." It was probably the first occasion where "A Hot Time in the Old Town" did duty as a dirge. Churches and Their Work. St. Clement's chapter of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew gave an Informal reception last evening to the young men In the guild hall of St. Clement' 3 Episcopal church, at Milton and Portland avenue. There were about fifty guests, and supper was served by the ladUs of the church. The affair was entirely in formal and there were no set speeches. Rev. E. Dray, rector of the church, delivered an address of welcome and F. E. Foster, who re sided for eight years at Manila, gave an in teresting account of life and conditions in the Philippines. Among the geusts were: Orrin Kipp, F. E. Foster, Charles Michaud, Rev. H. M. Hood. A. D. Brand, W. O. White head, J. H. Armstrong, James B. Emerson, O. Goldsmith, B. G. Yates. John W. White, J. F. A. Williams, G. M. Reade, Otto Syl vester, E. B. Hubbard, G. A. Roberts, W. G. Gilliam, C. L. Windsor, C. D. Welch, E. Valentine, Thomas Gaskell, G. A. Vander sluis. C. E. Hamilton, C. M. Farney, J. C. Peer. Walter Chesterton. • * • The rise in temperature encouraged a good ly number to venture out to the Crane and Wolfsohn meeting at First Baptist church Hast night and the congregation listened with the deepest interest to an earnest old-fashion ed and thoroughly interesting exposition of the doctrine of redemption by the blood of Jesus, based on the sprinkling of the blood cf the paschal lamb on the lintels of the doors of the Israelites on the night when the de stroying angel passed over the land of Egypt. "When I get too proud to preach salvation through blood," said Mr. Crane, "I will quit the ministry." Mr. Wolfsohn, who has already found a warm place in the people's hearts by his beautiful voice, sang "Moment by Moment." Today the first afternoon service will be held in the chapel at 3 p. m., and the even ing meeting will commence at 7:45 p. m., r re ceded by a song service at 7:30 o'clock, on Thursday afternoon. Mr. Crane wil! speak specially to moihe.rs and daughters. • • • The Young People's Society of Christian En deavor of Plymouth Church celebrated St. Valentine's birthday last evening In the church parlors in a very unique and enter taining manner. A blackbcard was placed at one end the room and, one by one. different members of th? society present were blind folded, glvon a piece of chalk, and led up to the blackboard. Ther. they were told to draw a heart and write their names In the center. As the artists ware of both sexes and the hearts frequently overlapped or were very close together, much merriment was caused by the game. Another interesting game was played as fol low.: Three frames twisted into the form ot hearts hung in one of the arches. Boneath tha first heart this verse was lncrlbcd: "Blow your bubble right through here, and you'll be married within the year." Under the second heart was written: "To be cr.gaed this very week, numbar two ls the one to take." The third heart bora this warning: "A sad and awful fate awaits the one who seeks me, for he or she will ever a spinster or a bachelor be." The guests were provided with soapsuds, clay pip a and fans. Bubbles were blown! and with the aid of the f;ins each blower en deavored to force his bubble through the heart whose inscription he preferred. A short musical and literary programme was given, the following peep.? contributing: j Little Mi.-is Vivian and Miss Pinky Wilson, Mr. Woodward, of the Masonic quartette; W. J. Henry and Mrs. E. A. Warren. Later In the evening coffee and cake were served. Two prettily decorated tables held som* unique valentines and birthday trifles, placed on sale by the society. Trusts as a _*__it_ca_ Issue. Does Democracy ask an issue? It hangs at prompt and easy hand. And the hour ls aruto to claim It. Defy the trusts; declare war an monopoly. Folk are ripe and public temper Is on edge for this battle. With "crush the trustßl" ns it 3 cry, Democracy next year would find for its feet a bread trail to victory. Tlie situation is blood-red in this villain bus iness of tho trusts. Xor does It need elabora tion here. There la none so dull but knows and understands. The republic ls attacked: tho fangs of corrupt and dominating monop olies are searching for the general throat. Last year has been monstrous for Its multi plication of those man-enters of trade. Any party which will place itself at the van of public sentiment and march to trust-destruc tion will have tl;o triumph. And to do so, as an opportunity cf politics, swings widest to Democracy. If it will but see the right and seize and do tha right in this smash-the-trust direction, the future will fill and flow with Democracy's success. — The (N T . V.) Verdict (Dem.). Found Frooien to Death. WATERTOWN, N. V., Feb. 13.— Charles Record, aged fifty years, was found frozen to death near Bias* ° 4 -«r today. TWIN CITIES TRADE notwithstanding the cold WEATHER, SALES HAVE BEEN FAIRLY GOOD COLLECTIONS UP TO NORMAL Trade In General Shows a Constant ly Improving Tone Dry Goods Are Active and Cottons Advanc ln X Larj_e Shipments of Roots and Shoes Iron and .Steel Or ders Still Coming Kornard. St. Panl-Contlnucd cold weather for tho Past two weeks has had a notice-able effect on the volume of business done. Sabs hav 9 been good notwithstanding, and the aggregate considerably In advance of last year's re< -ord. C.llctcions are up to the usual figures and no complaints are heard from any source. Retail trade Is qulet.-Brad.treet'a, Feb 11. • • • St. Panl-Jobbers in all lines report sales holding up well, and January business ex ceeds last year's. Dry goods houses claim an increase of 15 to 20 per cent. Retail trade has been qulot on account of extreme cold weather. January freight receipts 9 752 cars against 10.3.59 last year, and shipments 7 530 against 7,701 last year.-Dun's Review,' Feb. • ♦ • Minneapolis-Extreme cold weather dur ing the past week has had a depressing efTect or. general business, although it has helped to reduce stocks of winter goods. Advan.-. orders for dry goods, shoes, hats and agri cultural implements augur w.ll for future business.— Bradstreet's. » • • Minneapolis-There has been less specu lation in cereals and stocks, but bauk clear ings for the week show increase of 38 pr-r cenf. It is reported that the entire output of Lake Superior mines has been purcha-ed for the year. A new furnace here commences this week, with an output of ninety tons per day, employing 300 hands. Real estate transfers for tha week. $172,8*1, against $85 - 397 last year, and transfers in January show increase of 125 per cent. Shipments In that month were 33,489,016 lbs, against 28,217 314 l a -L ea Lumber shipments for tha week 6.. 90..00 feet, against 5,010,000 last year with prices firm. Flour output reported by the "Northwestern Miller: .Minneapolis, 207,455 bbls. against 276.5C0 last year; Superlor-Du luth. 1..0C0. egainst 4.270; Milwaukee 33 140 against 33,100; and St. Louis. C 7.200 against 41, .°^ \ aS \ year ' Plour ls dull ■"*» only a third of the production. Money is quiet at 3 to S per cent Extreme weather retards re tail trade, but January business was the largest known for years.— Dun's Review, Feb. • ♦ • GENERAL TRAiDE. Dry Goods-The Boston market shows a better tone and business is increasing. Cotton goods hold firm all along the line. Gray cot tons maintain a very strong tone at the ad vance, while other cottons in the way of bleached and finished goods are also being worked higher In price. Business is improv ing, the Arm tone to values inducing f-ee stocking up with supplies. The mills are full of business and the outlook very promising Printed fabrics are going well, while piques and ginghams are free sellers and very strongly situated. Dress woolens are going better, an Improved jobbing d.jnand having started that has encouraged more full orders from mill agents. In some Instances hen rlettas, serges and cheviots have been ad vanced In price 5 to 7*. per cent. Men's-wrar v.-oolens are being opened In -heavy weighs for fall. and more business Is being booked. The outlook is much better than two weeks sirce. There has been a very fair amount of business transacted during the past week at New York. Some firms are still complaining about the times being dull, but they appear to be exceptions. The trade generally say that business is fair. Cotton goods continue in good demand and prices are firm; wco'ens are Improving In activity, and prices are bet ter and are likely to remain so. The row firms who reduced their prices on doinestl. woolens, have put the prices back to where they were, and in some Instances have In crease them. The silk business is very good, and seems likely to be as brl.k an. active as it was cue year ago. The outlook for gocd business during the year _ccm 3 favorable, and there Is a -very hopeful feeling prevailing all through the trade. The cloth ing trade doe 3 not show up as well as the Jobbing dry goods lusir.ess. though demand Is ' quoted fair, and it is thought likely to Im prove. — Bradstreet's. Feb. 11. • * • Dry Goods— Well maintained strength is still the dominating feature In the cotton goods situation, and further advances In pries have been reported in various de partments. The demand has been good, but actual business is to some extent restricted by the difficulty of securing prompt deliver ies in a number of lines. Pressure upon manufacturers is leading' to increased pro duction, and reports have come from various quarters of mills resorting to overtime, but in spite of this stocks in first hands fail to show any increase. The movement of cot ton goods is much in excess ot what it was a year ago, and there are no Indications of any near falling off, distribution by Jobbers being liberal and their supplementary de mands increasing. The woolen goods situa tion Is also improving, the demand for men's wear fabrics increasing and staple dress goods stiffening in price.— Dun's Review Feb. 11. • • • Cotton Goods— Advances of *_c have been reported in brown sheetings and drills. In standard 3-yard and 4-yard goods, tha demand keeping the market bare of stocks and well sold ahead. Lightweights In both coarse and fine yarn makes are strong r.ud occasionally V_c higher. Further advar.c a are reported in bleached cottons, Fruit of the Loom going to 5%c net and Lonsdale, to 6o (with discounts), other mak.s in unison. Low grades In 04 squares generally __c dear er. Wide sheetings were firm, with fair sales. Cotton blankets selling readily at 5 to 10 per cent advance on last season. Cot ton flannels quiet, pending opening of n^w season. Denims and ticks firm at advances noted last week, other coarse colored cot tons steady, with moderate demand. Kid finished cambrics and other cotton linings very firm. The following are approxim.u. quotations: Brown sheetings, standards, ___o to -*__} g-yards. Pie to 4'_ c; 4-yards, 2*. to to 3T£e; brown drills, standards, 4%c to 4„_o; ."-yards. 4%e to 4 Vie; bleached standard 1.4, 5,_ to So; 04 square, 3~_c to 4c; _ld-flnls_c_ cambrics, G4 square, 2%c. Print cloths continue firm at 2'_ c for reg ulars, but sales limited, with o.ds "_c high er. Prints In Improved demand and price. teniling upwards, Vie advance reported la shirting prints. Fine printed wash fabrics and white goods steadily tending upwards. Staple ginghams strong and occasionally Vie higher. Dress style ginghams and napped fabrics very firm.— Dun's Review, Feb. 11. • • » Wool— The market maintains a si '•: ly tone, with fair sales reported la some ln -tanccs. Boston's sales for the week foot up nearly 4,000,CtK) lbs, of which about WO, --000 fbs were foreign. About 2.^00,000 lbs ter !bs California and Texas, at about the form er basla cf prices' ruling. Choice fine me dium and fine territory are selling one the scoured basis of about _**9_ie, with shorter staple at 40c. For twelve months' growth Texas and California tho prices about the same as for good territory. Un washed medium fleeces are firm at the ad vance noted, with a fair demand. Washed Boecea are qu'.et and In small offer. Cross bred Australian wools are firm, with spot of ferings well reduced. Some of theso wools bought at last Lordon sala have beon sold to arrive. Merino Australian wools t-'-lirt but steady. Carpet wcols quiet.— Bradctreet's, Feb. 11. • • • Wool- Sales at tho three chief markets have keen 6,475,400, against 5,303,200 in last year, and 9,167,900 In 1*97. But, while the manufacturing demand ls encouraged by bet ter prices for serges and cheviots, there is no gain In fleeces, whloa are weak, and the Continued on Sixth Page.