Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXII.— NO. 56.
cant m HYPOCRISY KEI'RESKXTATIVI. JOHHSOH SO nit%-S'DS I'BESIUEXT'S HOME -UIIKET CUB SPEECH HIS SINCERITY QUESTIONED Char-ted With Attemptlnuf to De- I'cive the American People Ad liiiniN.ration Policy tv the l'hil- Ipplnea Vigorously Denounced hy the Indiana Republican Member til' the House. WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.— During the general debate upon the army appro priation bill in the house, today, Mr. Johnson (Rep.. Ind.), who made sev eral notable speeches violently attack ii.--r the policy of the administration during the consideration of the army reorganization bill, a fortnight ago, re turned to the assault, and delivered against the president and some of his advisers the most scathing philippic heard In the house for months Mr. Johnson sneered at the president ar.d the influences which he alleged controlled him. impugned his motives, questioned his sincerity, and likened him i." Dickens' most c-on'emptible character; charged his secretary of war with incompetency, and predicted that the president would in the end be en gulfed by adverse public sentiment. Al though his utterances were far more sensational than those in hi*, former Bpee< h and dazed some of his auditors by the impetuosity with which they were delivered, the speech did not raise about him the storm of hia former speeches. When "Mi. Johnson arose for his re marks he at once attracted the atten tion cf the house. He said: A [, w • veuings ago the Home Market club, n, gave a banquet at which the presi _• ; t was the principal guest. From the n< wspaper accounts of the affair it was an exceedingly elaborate one, the table at which the chief executive sat in particular being loaded down with rare and fragrant flowers; sweetest music Pnt its charms to the oc casion; an ode to the president was sung by the banqueters to the tune of "America, " and a vast concourse of people look d down from the galleries upon the festive board. HISSING OF MX. ALGER. The secretary of war was in attendance — he whom the Boston populate hissed upon the street a few hours before, as they turned to greet with rapturous applause the chief, who had bestow, d upon him his official char acter. We can hardly blame them, though, for this. Mr. Chairman, for they were ouly following the precedent set them by some of the leading Republican newspapers of the country, which for months past have been fiercely attacking the secretary and yet have lacked the courage to lay their ax to the root of the evil and censure the gentleman who, to reward him for his political services and disbursements in the campaign of '96, ap pointed him to his position, and has main tained him there ever since, notwithstanding his Incompetency, and against the righteous complaints that haw been made against him. The secretary of the navy also graced the occasion with his presence, and so far forgot his usual courtesy, 60 far belied his New England training and associations, as to re pr ;it the stab- and untruthful charge that those who opposed the ratification of the in famous .reaiy of peace with Spain were re sponsible for the bloodshed that occurred in the Philippines. When ihe chief magistrate had ceased s; caking another member of his official fam ily, the gentleman who presides over th? postofflce department, arose in his place and proceeded to lead his chief down with an eulogy so fulsome and extravagant, so ab solutely given over to hyperbole, that no in dividual not wholly oaten up with vanity could possibly have endured lt without nausea ar.d disgust. PRESIDENT AS A LIBERATOR. The newspapers further inform us that among the cth.r decorations there were sus pended over the entrance to the banquet hall three portraits, one of Washington, one of Lincoln and one of the presid.nt himself, and beneath' ihis the word "Liberators." Now George Washington fought with his sword for eight long and bloody years to es tablish the right of a people to govern them selves, ar.d in his farewell address he coun seled his countrymen to live on terms of amity with all nations, and to cnt;r int) en tacgllng alliance with none. Abraham Lincoln's whole political life was a contention for the rights of man, and it was hi- kindly hand which penned the im mortal emancipation proclamation that struck the shackles from the limbs of millions of bond. men. One would think that the gentleman who was just then engaged in the prosecution of a bloody war against a poor and defense lei's people in the Orient, engaged in the un savory task of Christianizing them with the BWord and civilizing teem at the mouths ot cai : m, would naturally have fe't some little embarrassment as he gazed upon these por traits and read the significant inscription be low. Possibly his excellency did not see thorn. He may have turned his back upon than, just as he has turned his back upon the Declaration of Independence. This a_ it may, the president does not TODAYS BULLETIN. Page. I— Pig Flre at Minneapolis. McKinley Scored in House. Ireland to Pope Leo. Status at Manila. 2— New Army Bill. News of the Railroads. 3— The Legislative Session. House Wastes Time. S< Date Passes One Bill. (J. A. K. Visitors. On Lind's Staff. 4— Editorial. Weekly Trade Reviews. b -Sporting News. Dartmouth's Sons Meet. C— Markets of the World. Bar Silver, 59% C Chicago May Wheat, 7:? s ' s @73»4c. Possible Case of Small-pox. 7— Minneapolis Matters. Northwest News. Church Services Tomorrow. B— ln the Field cf Labor. Grand Army Encampment. Senator Davis at Home. ATLANTIC LIVERS. NEW YORK— Arrived- Burgundia, Marseilles. ANTWERP— SaiIed: Aragonia. Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA— Arrived: Pennland, Liver! pool. NAPLES— Arrived: Fuerst Bismarck New York. LIVERPOOL— SaiIed: Cevic, New York. QUEENSTOWN— Arrived: Canada, Boston. TODAY'S EVENTS. •METROPOLITAN — Stuart Robson ln "The Meddler," 2:30 and 8:15 PM. GRAND— Robert Mantell in -'A Secret War rant," 2:30: -'The Face In the Moonlight," 8:15 PM. Palm Garden, Vaudeville, 2 and 8 PM. St. Paul Athletic club meets, 34 East Sixth street, 8 PM. State normal school board meets, state cap itol. 10 AM. THE ST. PAUL GLOBE appear to have been at all abashed by this incongruous circumstance, but he arose from his seat and there, within the shadow of th? monument of Bunker Hill, where Warren fell fighting for liberty, and within a stone's throw of Fancull Jlall. where time and again the true sons of the old Bay State have sent forth to the country their messages of free dom, he delivered perhaps the most remark, able, certainly the most distinguißhed address that ever fell from the lips of an American provident. This address, divested of Its verbiage, con sidered apart from its platitudes and the ostentatious profession of virtue with which it was Interlarded, was nothing more nor less than a carefully devised and studious misstatement of the Issue between the chief executive and those of his own party who are opposed to his. wretched policy in th* Philippines. It was an effort to befog the subject and to mislead the public judgment. SURFACE PIETY. We are told that tills address was received with enthusiastic applause by those who heard lt. but we who read it ln cold print, in the light of tho indefensible tragedy now being enacted near the shores of Asia, involuntarily think of that creation of Charles Dickens who was accustomed to roll his eyes piously to heaven and exclaim with great ostentation to Lhose about him "My friends, let us be moral," and who was the father of two daughters, one of whom he named Char ity and the other Mercy. His excellency declared, upon this occasion. If not in so many words at least ln effect, that he had never entertained any pollcy with respect to tho Philippines up to the time the treaty of peace was ratified: but that he hud simply held them as commander-in-chief, the questions as to their disposition and con trol to be determined thereafter by congress. If the chief executive really feels as he declared at the banquet, that the disposition of the Philippines is a matter to be determined .by congress, why does he not call a special session of congress to settle the matter at once, and then keep his hands off. He knows there is need of action. If he is sincere why did he permit his supporters in the senate to vote drown, the other day.the Bacon ressolu tion, which distinctly declared that the Unit ed States entertained no intention of perm anently holding these islands. Why did he insist that the McEnery resolution should be passed; a resolution which ls a fraud, a delusion and a snare, a shameful evasion, wii ich, like a Christmas tree, had something upon it for everybody. That resolution Is intended simply to quiet the conscience of the American people, to I_3 all opposition to sleep, while the president goes ahead waging relentless and nierriloss war against tihe Filipinos, and lying deep and secure the foundations for a permanent American colony. POLICY IS A CRIME. I am determined that the president shall neither befo« the issue between himself ar.d those of the party who oppose his Philippine policy nor mislead the public Judgment, nor shirk the responsibility for the gross official blunders which he has committed in oannec tion with this great problem. I Insist that the whole policy is not simply an error, but that it is a crime, and that the chief executive of this nation ls the one who has precipitated upon U3 the embarrassments and the diffi culties by which we are now confronted. I insist that he did not slmDlv hold the Philippines as commander-in-chief, leaving the question of the disposition and control of them to congTess. but that he formulated and put into execution an affirmative and ag gressive policy, that of their permanent an nexation to this country, and forced lt through the senate with all the powers of influence which his high offlce enabled him to employ. The president's flrst impression was to demand of the Filipinos simply a coaling sta tion, a measure amply sufficient for all of our legitimate purpose, and the evacuation of the Island by Spain without a compensa tion by the taxpayers of the United States. Had he adhered to this all would have been well. The whole Union would have followed him cheerfully, and today we would have been at peace with the Philippine republic; our army and navy, which is now waging war against our former friends and allies, would have been disbanded. No army bill for a standing army of 100.UOO men would have been needed, and we could now be getting greatly Increase the burden of our taxation. greatly inc-rase the burdn of our taxation. But the president committed a fatal error. He wrote into that treaty the absolute trans fer of Spanish sovereignty over the Philip pines to ourselves and the payment of $20, --000.000 as . consideration for the cession. Then he issued to the people of the Philip pines that proclamation in which he inform ed them that the United States had succeed ed to the title of Spain, declared that the government and control of their territory be longed to us, ordered them to pay their taxes to the military government which he estab lished over them, and blandly made known to them that our mission in their midst was one of "benevolent assimilation." The presi dent drove the treaty through the senate by unlimited exercise of all those powers and influences which the great office he holds makes possible. BID FOR POPULARITY. What then did the chief executive mean by telling those who gathere- around the, bane ful board at Boston that up to the ratifica tion of the treaty he had simply held the Philippines as commander-in-chief, without any policy of his own, leaving the whole mat ter to be determined afterward by the con gress? Was he foolish enough to believe that his mere statement would be allowed to pass unchallenged? Was he vain enough to suppose that his ipse dixit would conclude the matter with the damning proof of its falsity so near at hand? Mr. Chairman, why did the president change his original intention as to the terms to be incorporated into the treaty? What were the influences that brought the changa about? I have heard it stated that the ap plause of the people who greeted him just about this Juncture of public affairs whilo he- was on his tour in the West was the rea son for it. Was it then the condition of public sentiment rather than the right or wrong of the matter which influenced the presidential mind? Does the chief executive regard his great prerogative to be so supinely representative that he must needs abdicate them at every popular wind that blows? Does he feel that his high office gives him no latitude for the exercise of individual judgment and of in dependent action? Did he make no allow ance for transient ebullitions of rniblic en thusiasm and excitement, overlook his oppor tunity to save the people from themselves, lose sight of all the sacred traditions of the coun try and fear to make his appeal to that ulti mate tribunal which has so often in our na tional history vindicated those who have fear lessly stood for the right In public affairs— the sober, second thought of the great Amer ican pe&p!e. And is hts excellency quite sure that he properly gauged the condition of the public mind on the subject of Philippine annexa tion? Is he absolutely certain that one' swal low really make." a whole summer? It would really seem so, for In this Home Market ad dress he exultlngly declared that the annex*, tion treaty had passed tho senate by over two thirds, and was sanctioned by the Judgment of nine-tenths of his countrymen. How that treaty finally got its two-thirds majority ln the senate — the tremendous pressure neces sary to secure It there — where its fate hung, doubtful and trembling in the balance, un til the very latest moment, and waa then only saved by the votes of senators who had most of them spoken against it, no man knows better than Mr. McKinley. Adulation has indeed sorely blinded the chief executive to the truth if he imagines that even the ma jority of his countrymen approve of this per manent holding in the Orient. PROPHETIC WARNING. Let him not pin his faith too securely to the sordid interests which clamor so loudly in his hearing. If he will but quiet the noisy throng which surrounds him long enough to put his ear to the ground and listen ac will distinguish the prempnltlons of the com ing storm; he will hear the steady tread not of 100.000 men whom he demands for a cru sade against liberty, but of a mighty army of SATUI. DAY MORNING free people, who are beginning to move ln defense of their cherished traditions and their violated honor. We have been told, further, that the presl dent yielded up his first blush impressions at the Importunity of Admiral Dewey, who urged that the Philippines shold be retained. Mr. Chairman, the chief executive cannot screen himself behind the gold lace of the hero of Manila. No one can honor more profoundly than I do the officers of our regu lar army and navy, but their predilections are naturally for arms. They have imbibed of course, the prejudices and the preference of their calling. We cannot blame them for desiring to magnify the size and impor tance of the army and navy, for advocating expansion and taking on of a colonial policy. Again we have been assured that the de mand of our peace commissioners at Paris to hold the Philippines ia what induced tho president to yield. So far as one of the com missioners ls concerned, we know that this is faUe. But even if this statement wero true, the constitutional power to negotiate a treaty was his, not the commissioners. They were simply his Instruments, appointed to carry out his will. No, Mr. Chairman, this plea, like all the others, will not avail. The truth is that the commissioners got their Inspiration and their instructions from the White house. Those instructions once chang ed, the action of the commissioners would hare been different. The wrong was with the chief executive. He, and he alone, is responsible. PROBABLE MOTIVE. Mr. Chairman, in my humble opinion, the reason for the change In the presidential policy was his concession to the selfish cap italists of the country, his surrender to their demands. These are the gentlemen who lur nished the money for his nomination and election, and who, I doubt not, have pledged him a renomination and a re-election. These are the gentlemen who are already seizing upon valuable franchises in China in connection with the English syndicate, with a member of parliament from Wales at its head. These are the gentlemen whom Lord Beresford has in mind in his cordial but not wholly disinterested invitation to an alliance in China with Britain, Germany and Japan, against Russia and Prance, the old-time ene mies of his country and the old-time friend of ours. These are the gentlemen who are al ready grasping after special privileges ln the Philippines, ln Cuba and Porto Rico. it was, I imagine, for their special beneflt that the president created his advisory board to the war department, composed of three American citizens, their object being to farm out valuable privileges and immunities which should belong to the people of those Islands themselves, and in whose disposition they should have a voice if their government ls to be free and their rights maintained. I have no fault to find with the spirit of legitimate American commerce. My conten tion is against the spirit of American greed, which cares nothing for the spirit of Ameri can liberty. And what do these gentlemen propose? To amass colossal fortunes in the islands by vir tue of their franchises, and upon the cheap labor of the native population, not one dol lar of which will ever find its lodging place in the pockets of the American people. To en able them lo do this our whole population is to purchase their field of operations for them ln the Philippines for the round sum of $20, --000,000, and is to be taxed interminably and excessively in the creation and maintenance of a great army and navy which is to conquer and hold the Filipinos in subjection and de fend the islands after they have been ex pensively fortified against the assaults of the great European nations with which our new foreign policy will be certain to bring us into frequent contention. What else is upon the programme of these gentlemen? The open door in the Philippines, making it totally impossible ever to dis criminate in tariff duties there in favor of the products of the American farm stttf the American shop. What is the other sacrifice that is required? That the annexation of Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines, absolutely sure to come at an early day. for they have registered it in their vows, shall precipitate the sugar, to bacco, hemp and other cheap products of these islands and Hawaii upon the American mar ket in free and unrestricted competition with the agricultural and laboring elements of our own country. This policy, sir, would have been free trade in William Jennings Bryan. What is lt in William McKinley? LANPIS ANSWERS JOHNSON. Mr. Landis, one of his Republican colleagues from Indiana, briefly stated to the house that Mr. Johnson's constituents had repudiated him, and the two members had a wordy duel. The army appropriation bill was lost sight of in the general discussion of the policy of the government relative to the Philippines. The general debate upon the bill closed to day and tomorrow the bill will be taken up for amendment under the five-minute rule. ALDERMAN ARRESTED. Dnluth Solon Charged With Steal ing a Ton of Flour. DULUTH. Minn., Feb. 24— (Special.) —Aid. Thomas Trevillion, cf the Fourth ward, was arrested tonight charged with stealing a ton of flour. He was arraigned in the municipal court and gave a check for $500 in lieu ot bail. Aid. Trevillion, who is known among his colleagues in the council as "Honest Tom," is charged with stealing the flour from the barge J. B. Noyes, which re lieved the steamer Arthur Orr of her cargo after that boat was wrecked at Baptism river last fall. ■ The flour, it is alleged, was taken While the barge was at Culver's dock in this city. It is alleged that the tpn of flour was hauled from the wharf to Mr. Trevillicn's grocery store on Lake ave nue, In Mr. Trevillion's wagon, he pay ing the men that stole the flour off the barge $30. The flour was then sold at a profit of $20. His examination will take place March 2. Ths arrest has caused a sensation, especially among the arrested alder man's political following ln the Fourth ward. FEBRUARY 25, 1899. NIPA HUTS IN TONDO. Scene of the Fighting in Manila on Washington's Birthday. CATHOLICS W ACCORD ARCHBISHOP IRELAND, OF ST. PAUL, INDORSES THE PON TIFF'S ENCYCLICAL SENDS THE POPE A LETTER Tliankn Him on Behalf of CatUollc in America for Havini*; Made (Tear the Dnty ott Faithful Mem. bers of the Church— -Title "Amer icanism" a Ml»norr_er— — Archbinh op Repudiates Snch Principle*.. ROME, Feb. 21.— The Observatore Rcmano today publishes the text of a letter from Archbishop Ireland " to the pope regarding- the pontiff's letter to Cardinal Gibbons on "Americanism." The archbishop thanks the pope for this proof of his esteem and love for American Catholics, and says that now that the pope has shed light on the situation misunderstanding will cease, "for we are now able to deter mine the fault which some desire to conceal under the name of American ism, and define true Americanism, such as understood by Americans." Con tinuing, the archbishop says: The distinctions and explanations contained in the apostolic letter are s=o clear and pre cise that the peril which was not understood by all of the people of the United States, but which I thought was to be feared, can no longer present itself. In riev. of the extraor dinary confusion of ideßi' and controversies raised, especially ln Fr^.iKie. "by the life of Father Hecker, there wa£ need for the su preme pontiff to make 5 . voice heard ln order to enlighten and tranquilize the peo ple's minds. With all the energy of my soul I repudi ate all the opinions the p.posbollc letter re pudiates and condemns, those false ar.d dan gerous opinions whereto, his holiness ln brief Kays, certain people give the name of Ameri canism. I repudiate and condemn them categorically, like His Holiness, with all the more prompti tude and joy inasmuch as my Catholic faith and my com preher sion of the teachings and practices of the church have no. permitted me to entertain such extravagances. The whole episcopate of the United States, ln their own name and ln the name of their flocks, are ready to repudiate and condemn them. We cannot but be indignant that such wrong is done us, our bishops, our faithful and our nation as to designate by the name of Americanism such errors and extrava gances. Most holy father, they are enemies of the church ln America and false interpreters of the faith who imagine there exists or who desire to establish ln the United States a church differing a single lrta from the holy universal church, recognized by other na tions as the only church Rome Itsplf recog nizes or can recognize as the infallible guar dian of the revelation of Jesus Christ. Archbishop Ireland concludes by begging the pope to accept his assurances of love and devotion, and to give him the apostolic bless ing. Archbishop Ireland has gone to Paris for a few days. HE WILL Oi™lEW PUIS GROVER CLEVELAND TO BE THE GUEST AT A NEW YORK BANQUET Ar.tl-Tniperlnllsm and Aisti-E.vpau p»lon to" Be tlie Keynote of the Policy He Will Advocate for the National Democracy. PRINCETON, N. J., Feb. 24.— At the banquet to be given next; Thursday evening at Delmonico's by the New York Democratic club, Grover Cleve land will be the guest of honor. In his speech he will outline a new na tional policy for the Democratic party, the keynote of which will be anti-im perialism and anti-expansion. The cur rency question, it is asserted, is to be relegated to the background in large measure as a question already prac tically settled by popular ' decree. It will be held that the future of this na tion hinges on the right settlement of the questions dealing with territory ac quired during the recent war. and that this settlement can rightfully be only upon the basic fact, "government only by consent of the governed." The most prominent men in- 'the Democratic party are expected to at tend the banquet. It Is understood that all are eager to have Mr. Cleveland point out the path to party salvation, and that many of them are ready in advance to accept his views. Mr. Cleveland in the quietude of Princeton life has been keeping a watchful eye upon national issues. He has been greatly moved by the Issues arising from the war and is pithily on record as being unalterably opposed to the doctrine of territorial expansion. FINNISH LADIES MOURN. STOCKHOLM, Feb. 24.— A dispatch to the Aftonbladt from Halsingforcs, capital of Finland, says that in conse quence of the czar's refusal to see a deputation on the subject of the de cree, the Finnish diet has stopped, the debate. General consternatlyi prevails, and the Finnish ladies are wearing mourning. ' GRAVE ISSUES ARISE MORE "WARSHIPS AND ADDITIONAL TROOPS ARE WANTED IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS ADMINISTRATION IS EVASIVE Admiral Deney'B Cable As.rtina; Tliut the Oregon Be Hurried to Manila for Political Reasons Causrs Ap prehension as to Outside Conipll eitt ions Filipino .In, ita Issues a Venomous Anti-Amerlean Ait.-n-k. NEW YORK, Feb. 24.— (Special.)— Specials from Washington indicate a desire on the part of the administra tion officials to evade direct explana tion of the meaning of Admiral Dewey's cablegram asking that the battleship Oregon be hurried to Manila for po litical reasons. It is known that the foreign residents of Manila are greatly disturbed at conditions there, and it is thought that they may Jointly ask their respective governments to afford them some sort of relief. During the street fighting in Manila several non combatants were shot, and the effect upon Europeans is decidedly depress ing. The belief is expressed that there is cause to apprehend remonstrance if not plain protest from European pow ers against continuance of the reign of terror that has prevailed In Manila recently. DEMAND FOR THE OREGON. Cabinet Discusses a Somevrhat Mys terious Message From Dewey. WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.— The fol lowing dispatch has been received at the navy department: ".Manila, Feb. 24.— For political reasons the Oregon should be sent here at once. — "Dewey." The cabinet, when it met, gave at tention to Admiral Dewey's cable. The conclusion reached was that too much importance should not be attached to it- that Dewey wants the big ship to influence the Filipinos through fear. Secretary Long said, when asked for an explanation of the reference to po litical reasons in the dispatch: "1 am sure that it has no interna tional significance. You may state that positively." It is suggested from other naval sources that Admiral Dewey wants the Oiegon to release a number of the smaller ships of the fleet for other work. Dewey cannot spare them at picsent, but when the Oregon gets into Manila harbor she will be sufflciently formidable to insure the protection of the entire harbor, in connection with the two big double-turreted monitors, Monterey and Monadnock. The re mainder of the fleet will then be free. GERMANJ>HANTOM. It Is Again a Disturbing Feature of the Philippine Situation. NEW YORK, Feb. 24.— A special from Washington says Admiral Dewey's urgent request for the immediate pres ence of the battleship Oregon at Manila for "political reasons" Is taken as an Indication that he is not entirely satis fied with the attitude of other foreign warships in that vicinity. It is not for an instant presumed that he would have any use for so formidable a ves sel as the Oregon in operations against the rebels, as her deep draft would pre vent her near approach to the shore and her big ammunition would be wasted for any other target than an enemy's battleship of any but her own type and class. It is believed, there fore, that Admiral Dewey is suspicious of the Germans. CONSULS CONFER. Foreign n«*pros.entn<ives Deliberate on Conditions in Manila. MANILA, Feb. 25.— The enemy was moved a mile along the line of Gen. King and Gen. Ovenshine's line, from the beach to Pasig, but a few volleys of musketry, accompanied by artillery fire, retired them. The foreign consuls held a meeting today, but the result of their delibera tions has not been communicated, it is understood, to the American author ities. The British consul was not pres ent at the conference. The shooting of two Englishmen and of Mr. Argentine, manager of the An drews cotton mill, at Tondo, on Wed nesday, is generally regretted, but it is admitted that it was quite unavoid able. Instead of remaining in the stone basement, during the excitement oc casioned by the fires in the vicinity, the trio leaned from an upper window. Their white suits attracted the, atten tion of the American soldiers, who be lieving them to be natives firing on the troops, shot all three of them. Mr. Ar loutluued on Second Page. PRICE TWO CENTS—*} gftPttSM m blaze at mmm The Tribune Building, With All of Its Con tents, Destroyed by Fire. NARROW ESCAPES, BUT NO CASUALTIES The Loss Will Foot Up About Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand Dollars The Journal-Times and Olson Buildings in Danger, but Saved by Hard Work The Fire's Worst Done Within an Hour of the Time It Started List of Losses and Insurance Former Tragedy Recalled Heavy Loss for George Benz & Sons. MINNEAPOLIS, Feb. 24. — (Special.) — One of the most disastrous fires that has visited the business district of Minneapolis in several years tonight destroyed the Minneapolis Tribune plant and building, 57, 59 and 61 Fourth street south, the Johnson building, oc cupied by a branch house of George Benz & Sons, of St. Paul, No. 55, and the Svenska Posten building, No. 53. The total loss will aggregate more than $250,000. For a time it was feared that all of "newspaper row" on Fourth street and the surrounding buildings to the rear of the Tribune plant, occupied by the S. E. Olson company and the Yer xa grocery, would be destroyed by the flames. The spread of fire was only prevented by the most heroic efforts of the firemen. FIRE'S ORIGIN. The fire originated on the second floor of the Tribune building, in rooms occupied by the Tribune Job Printing company. The flames were discovered by pedestrians passing along Fourth street at 10:40 o'clock. At that time W. J. Murphy, general manager of the Tribune company, was in his offlce on the first floor, and the knowledge that the building was on flre reached him flrst, and he at once hurried up stairs and sounded a general alarm throughout the building. He remained on the upper floors until all of the em ployes were safely out, and. then left the building. The flre department responded promptly to the alarm sent in. The first alarm was followed by a general call, which brought all the down town apparatus to the scene, and before 10:50 o'clock a dozen streams of water were playing in the building, but it was sev eral minutes before effective work started owing to the fact that the hose were run to the third floor instead of the second. TRIBUNE BUILDING DOOMED. In the meantime the flames had gain ed great headway, crawling up the two elevator shafts, and at 11 o'clock Ilames were bursting from almost every window in the building. It was evident that the Tribune building was doomed and the firemen turned their attention to the surrounding property. Great fear was entertained that the fire would get to the big Olson depart ment store across the alley in the rear cf the Tribune building, and while the firemen were using every effort to pfe ■ vent this the flames crept across the alley to the north, setting fire to the buiklin.fi; owned by Albert Johnson and occupied by George Benz & Sons. So quickly did the flames cat their way in this direction that before they could be stopped the plant of the Svenska Amerikanska Poster., at 53 South Fourth street, was badly damaged. FLOORS FELL. Shortly before midnight the floors fell, carrying with them the ten type setting machines, which were at the i top of the building. As they fell the flames shot in the air a hundred fee. ar.d there was a scurrying in all direc tions of the immense crowd that sur , lounelcd the burning building. Hardly had the excitement caused by the falling of floors died away whon the north wall of the building fell out ward with a deafening crash. It was feared for a moment that a number of people had been caught beneath the falling wall, but investigation proved that all the firemen that had been j working in the alley had escaped. At 12:30 o'clock the fire in the sur- j rounding buildings had been put out, ar.d that in the Tribune building was . practically under control, although a dozen lines of hose and the big stand pipe continued to pour tons of water into the buiiding. TRIBUNE'S LOSS. W. J. Murphy, general manager of tht* Tribune and principal owner, was seen by Trie Globe reporter about 1 o'clock. He said: "Both the building and plant were owned by the Tribune company. The loss on the former will amount to close to $70,000, as the build ing is almost a total wreck. The con tents consisted of ten type-setting ma chines, valued at $30,000, and two presses worth $40,000. The rest of the stuff in the building was probably worth $10,000. The machines are a to tal loss, and I fear also for the presses, although they may not be a total loss. "I estimate my entire loss at $150. C0J, with $81,000 general insurance, and $10, --000 on the machines. Our greatest loss will be the files, as they are totally de stroyed, and cannot be replaced." The job printing company occupied the second floor, with the Walter S. Eooth company and the Crawford com pany, bookbinders. The loss to these three concerns la estimated at $25,000, partly Insured. This wiil make the losses In the Tribune building fully 1176,000. BENZ BUILDING GUTTED. The Benz building, on the north slda of the Tribune building, was complete ly gutted, although the wails did not go down. The loss on the building is estimated at about $10,000. The build ing was occupied by George Benz & Sons, with a stock of liquors, which will be a complete loss. The Svenska Posten offlce was not badly damaged, but the contents were literally soaked with water, and the loss will be quite heavy. The total loss is estimated at not far fiom $250, --000. WIRES CROSSED. During the progress of the Tribune flre, the electric wires in the Journa'.- Tlmes building became crossed and caused a slight blaze, filling the build ing with smoke. The flames were dis covered a moment after they had* started, and put out with hand chemi cals and with but little loss. The Century building, a five story structure to the south of the Tribune building, was saved by a heavy lira wall. The Tribune company had had $100, --000 general insurance in force up to Jan. 15, but on that date $19,000 expired and was not renewed. The Tribune will appear as usual to morrow morning and will be printed by the Journal-Times plant. Messrs. E. B. Haskell, J. S. McLain and Lueiai. Swift, as soon as they heard of the flre, sent for Mr. Murphy and Charles H. Harr.blin, managing editor of the Trib une, and offered the use of the Journal i 'lime- plant. One of the serious aspects to the Tribune company is the difficulty in replacing the linotype machines and pi esses in anything like a reasonable time. Following is as accurate a list of the losses and insurance as can be secured at this hour: LIST OF LOSSES. Tribune company, $125,000; insurance, $s*o, --000. Tribune bookbinding and job department, $S,000; insurance, $5,000. W. S. Booth & Co., law blank., $7,000, with partial insurance (were also burned out in 1889 flre). George Benz & Son?, wholesale liquors, $2.", --000, with full insurance. Drew & Co. and Thurston & Gould, job printers, $5,C00; partial Insurance. A. T. Dahl, bookbinder, $3,000; partial in surance. Housekeeper, semi-monthly, $4,000; fully in sured. Century Piano company, $1,000; fully cov ered. TRIBUNE J^IRE OF '89. Holocaust of Ten Years \__« I*. Viv idly Remembered. It is nearly ten years since the Tribune suffered its last baptism of fire Just across Fourth street from its present location. Saturday night. Nov. 30. ISS9. at 10:20 p. m., was discovered the ii:e which cost seven men their lives and a prop erty loss of about $200,000. On that occasion the flre was confined t" the tall seven-story structure in which it started, but ere it was extinguished tha : host of employes and others in the up per floors of the bulldir.__ had many hairbreadth escapes from death in making their way out of the building. The men killed were: Prof. Edward Olson, president of the ! University of South Dakota, at Ver j million, S. D., who was visiting Dr. j Albert Shaw, then associate editor of j the Tribune, but now connected witli i the Review of Reviews. Mr. Olson was a bratker of S. E. Olson, the big dry i goods merchant, whrise store at 1 a. m. | this morning was singularly enough I menaced by this later flre. E. M. S. Pickett, assistant city cdi i tor. Minneapolis department Pioneer ' Press. W. H. MiUman, market editor Trib une. W. E. Miles and James Igoe, Asso ciated Press operators. E. J. Jenkinson and Robert Mc- Cutcheon, compositors. The fire on that occasion started in a small room on the third floor, wbich had recently been vacated hy the Re publican state central committee. Sec retary Bixby had left a lot of campaign circulars and pamphlets and printed matter in the rooms, which served irs tinder, and the building, although supposed to be of the "slow-burning"' construction, waa a rapid prey to the , flames. The wooden stairway in this build ing ran at one side of the elevator shaft, and this route of escape was cut off early in the progress of the fire, compelling the four score people ln the topmost floors to seek safety via the flre escapes and the extetision lad ders of the fire department, which ar rived a short time after the outbreak of the fire, but while the loss of life was greater on that occasion, the prop erty loss was probably smaller than Continued on Second Page.