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Copyrighted by Frank G. Carpenter. 1t"99. ASUNCION', Paraguay, Jan. 9.— Come with me this morning and have a look at the capital of Paraguay. We are in the "Very heart of the South Ameri can continent. It is now summer. Ev ery one is going about in cottons or linens, and at midday there seems to be~bnly a sheet of brown paper between us and Hades. The ehii<ire:i go to school very early, and every one Id rest; tv.;- or dozing at noon. The morn ings ami evenings, however, are pleas ant. and there are mule street cars which will take us to all parrs of the city. ASUNCION IS A DAISY. But first let me say a few words about this i >wn of Asuncion. She is ISCLE SAM MAY EMPLOY MRS. GARCIA. Gen. Brooke, the military governor of Cuba, has reconimeml-Hl th«t the widow of Gen. CalixTo Garcia, ;r -:i.et" leader of the Cubans, be given a pinee in the United S"a:,»s ie-parrm«nt of agriculture at a salary of FLOOO a y«ar. Gen. Guxria's death left his family !n financial distress. His young daughter soon followed h;ni ri the srave. but besides tho widow -.here are left three sons. the queerest municipal maiden on the South American continent. She is the social, political and industrial mistress of all things Paraguayan. She has the gwernment buildings, the colleges, the banks and chief business houses, and still she is so smali that she might be -rmicaily injected into the cheek of Chicago and she would hardly raise a pirr.ple on that fair lady's face. Asuncion has only about 30,000 peo ple. Her buildings are aimost all s7!?all. They are chiefly one-story houses, and M.utside the government structures there are not 2no more than thirty feet high. The Para-rt'ayan wh" lives in a two-story house struts about like a king, and the owner of a three-story block is a nabob. Still this maiden Asuncion is wonder fully beautiful. Mother Nature has : her in the brightest of dresses. In her gardens lemons and oranges Great palm trees throw their shadows upon her, and the amorous waters of two mighty rivers are always washing her feet. She is seated on the high east bank of the Paraguay river, just opposite the mouth of the winding Pilcomavo, which has flowed down from the Bolivian Andes 1,500 to get to her. She is just in the center of the west border of Paraguay proper, and in a good position to com mand ih,- whole country, of which she is the capital. BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF PARAGUAY. I get my best idea of Paraguay by thinking of Illinois. It lies on the South American, continent in much the same place that Illinois does in North ea. It is in the junction of two rivers, just like Illinois. Along its west Paraguay river, which onds m t he Mississippi, and on ..h and southeast the Parana, correspondta-g to the Ohio. Both the md Parana are navigable f r large river steamers, giving a broad ay from here to the Atlantic, similar to that of the Mississippi to the Gulf ot* Mexico. Paraguay proper is just about as big HALF BUND FROM ECZEMA Three Children Afflicted. Whote Bodies and Faces Sore, Raw and Bloody Mass. Tried Doctor after Doctor for 20 Months Without Slightest Relief. Crying Constantly. Couldn't Sleep. Tried CUTICURA. First Application Gave Relief. Cured in Fourteen Days. My second child sot eczema when seven months old. Three months latet my first child got it. and following him. the last one, two years old. fell a victim. For twenty months they suff ered fearful agony. Their whole bod ies, especially their faces, were so sore and raw that the little ones were blind half the time. No words can describe the suffering of my second child, whose whole body was one bloody mass. He was constantly crying, could get no sleep, and he actually did not look hu man. I tried doctor after doctor, but nc «s af forded the slightest relief. I decided to try Cutkxra. The ttrst application brought re lief in each case, antl after fourteen days' treatment with Ccticura Soap and CuTr citra (ointment), the worst case was cured, and the whole neighborhood is surprised at the wonderful effect of Cuticcra. Icontinua the use of Ci'ticcra Soap for the children, because it makes the little ones look splendid. Xov. 28, 1598. Mrs. ANNIE RING, 615 E. 13th St., Xew York City. In all the world there is no other treatment bo pure, so sweet, so speedily effective for distressing skin humors of infants and children as Cutiotba, greatest of skin cures, blood purifiers, and humor remedies. A warm bath with CtrncT-niA Soap, and a single anointing with Cutiot"h.± (ointment), purest of emollient akin cures, will afford instant relief, permit rest and sleep to both parent and child, and point to a speedy, permanent, and economical cure, whea all else failß. Sold throughout the »orld. Pottsr D. ikd C. Corp., Sole Prop*., Boston. " How to Cure Baby Humors." free, rinr UIIUHDQ and Falling Heir Prevented bj rAUC riUlnUnd Cuttcuill Soap. as Illinois. It Is 37*5 miles long and about 200 miles wide, and it includes all the land lying east of the Paraguay river. There is a vast wilderness to the west of the stream called the chaco. This Ie the wild west of Paraguay. It is Inhabited by Indians and wild ani mals and has good forests and pastur es, but as yet is not much explored. Paraguay proper Is not unlike Illinois in character. It has excellent soil and great pastures. The face of the coun try is rolling. In some places there are low mountains which furnish numerous streams, so that you can hardly fence off a farm without including good water. PEOPLE OF PARAGUAY. It Is in Paraguay proper that the greater part of the people of Paraguay live. The country has not more than one of whom was an officer on hia father's I staff, cne an inmate 'oi a Spanish prison, and the or.her a youth. A daughter i 3 married to j an American and living happily at Paris. j Mrs. Garcia was married at 17, and shared ithe life of her husband during tlie ten years' war. During the more recent struggle for Cuban liberty s-he has resided in the United States. i , 600,iJ00, and as I have said, a large I majority of these people are women, i The Paraguayans are the offsprings of ! the Indians united to some of the best j Spanish element that settled South j America. One of the first cities estab- j lished on the continent was this town of Asuncion. It was built seventy years before John Smith landed at Jamestown and the Spanish-Indian babies born then were gray-haired be fore Boston sprang into being. Paraguay was for years the leader of wealth, civilization and culture of this | part of the world, and it was not un- i til the close of our Civil war that it i fell out of the " race. It then had a i fight with its neighboring republics ! which lasted five years and killed off almost all the men. This ruined the i country. A report went forth that it was desolate and the bulk of the j European immigration since then has gone to the Argentine, Uruguay and i Brazil. There are today less than 10,000 I foreigners in all Paraguay. I have an ' estimate from the secretary of state j which says that there are now here 5.000 Argentines, 2,000 Italians, 600 ' Brazilians and SOO Germans. The rest I are French, Swiss, Americans and English. In addition to these and the 600,000 ] native whites and of the mixed breed, there are about 130,1*00 pure Indians, j There is so much Indian blood in the * whites that it is hard to tell where tne j red man's blood ends and that of the ! Caucasian begins. You see a dash of I gingerbread in the complexions of most ! of the people and the language gener ally used Is that of the Guaram In dians. It is a beautiful language, more soft and melodious than even the Spanish, and is used by every one out side the cities. NO LARGE TOWNS. I have said that Asuncion has 30,000 population. The average Paraguayan considers it a very big city. In my j travels I have gone through some of 1 the best settled parts of Paraguay, and j I am surprised at the fewness of the i people. There are a number of vil- ' lages and some very small cities. The cities are much smaller than the books wouid lead you to think. The States man's Year Book mentions a number of from five to twenty thousand. Those I have seen have not one-third the number claimed in the books. I spent some time in Villa Rica. It is in the interior about a hundred miles east of Asuncion. It is put down as having 13,000, but I venture that it cannot number 6,000 souls. Villa Concepcion. which is 250 miles north of Asuncion on the Paraguay river, has certainly not 10,000 people, and Villa Encarna cion, the biggest town in South Para guay, is not nearly so large. The small towns are composed of thatched huts ! from fifteen to twenty-five feet square, j The smaller cities have one or two i streets of one-story brick dwellings, j the walls of which are covered with I stucco, and which are roofed with red ! tiles. Some have walls of stone and ' aro roofed with palm bark. The larger ' cities have parks or plazas, but none outside Asuncion have paved streets or i anj- modern improvements. Even Asun- I cion is still lighted by coal oil, and but • few of Its people have ever heard of ; a sewer. The sanitary arrangements j of many of its houses are filthy, those j of the chief hotel, for instance, being | dirty and unhealthy to an extreme. CITY OF BRIGHT COLORS. Although Asuncion is older than any I city of North America, it appears de- I lightfully clean and fresh. Its streets cross one another at right angles, and I they so slope toward the water that every good rain washes th>m 2iean. We have sixty inches of rain here every year, a.nd when it does rain it pours. Only a few of the streets are I paved. The most of them are of red sand, giving the city a rose-tinted foun dation. Let us notice the houses. They are built close to the sidewalks in solid ! blocks, forming great one-story walls \ with here and there a door or an iron barred window opening into the street. You can tell the different houses by the colors. Some are painted rose pink. others sky blue, some blood re_d and others of all tints of yellow and "green. We are now going toward the post office. It is a light lavender. On our way we pass a market house Dainted rose pink, and a little further on there is a cathedral the color of rich Jersey cream. Even the public buildings are THE ST. PAUL GLOBE— SUNDAY-— FEBRUARY 26, 139}. painted. The president's palace has a tinted exterior. The houses of congress are of a delicate lilac, while the official newspaper is printed in a monastery like structure of Indian red. A TOWN OF NEWSPAPERS. It seems funny to think of newspa pers in Paraguay. But there are news boys everywhere poking their dailies under your ncse. The papers are print ed iv Spanish and they sell for 10 cents a copy, or about 2 cents of our money. They are folios of the old blanket sheet shape, containing little news, but big advertisements. Here is one that has telegru phic dispatches, including cables from Washington and Rome. Asun cion has a telegraph line connecting it with Buenos Ayres, from where dis patches can be sent to all parts of the world. There are also one or two wires ■to the interior of the country, and these are patronized to such an extent that 46,000 messages were received last year. Asuncion has telephones. They are owned by a stock company, which pays dividends of 21 per cent every year, notwithsanding that its telephonic rates are lower than any in the United States. The company charges business houses $2 per month and for telephones in residences the monthly charge Is only $1.50 in gold. We can visit the central station. It is an interesting sight. The "hello girls" of Paraguay have even sweeter voices than our own hello girls, and some of them are quite pretty. Most of them are" in their bare feet," and their low-neck dresses are as white as the orange blossoms that some of the girls wear in their hair. There are orange trees just back of the offlce, so that the flowers are already at hand. The girls stand up to their work, making the connections by putting pegs in and out of a wall of numbered holes, thereby bringing together the various custom ers. I ask the manager some questions as to salaries and am told that each girl receives about $6 gold a mnoth, or J1.50 a week. STREET CARS AND RAILROADS. We see tram cars on the principal streets. The cars are open at the aide and are so rudely made that they seem to have been chopped out with a hatchet. Each is drawn by three mules, which go on tlie dead gallop, and the cars run so far apart that you often have to wait half an hour for a ride. The different lines connect with the railroad depot, and they go out to the surburban towns. .They are well pat ronized, but are not paying invest ments. It is the same with the Paraguay's only steam railroad. This was built under a guarantee from the govern ment by English constructors. Th.*; English made money by building it, but the road has paid no" dividends since it was opened. It goes about 156 miles in to the interior. It connects Villa Rica with Asuncion, and will be extended, it is said, down to the Parana river. An other line which is talked of, but which I fear will not soon be constructed, is to run from Asuncion to the port of Santos, Brazil, on the Atlantic. Such a road, while very expensive to build, would open much good country and would probably have a large traffic. BANKS WHICH BEAT 4 PER CENT. One of the queerest things about Asuncion is the money. That in cir ; culation is a paper currency, poorly i printed and of poor material. It now I comes from Germany, and is not near | ly so good as the old paper money i which was made in the United States. j The bank notes are in all denomina tions, from five cents to $100, and the | paper is at such a discount that a ■ Paraguayan dollar is now worth about thirteen cents of our money. The banks j of Asuncion handle this stuff by the . basketful. They cord it up like paper. j and they are making a lot of money j out of their business. Indeed, it seems to me there is a chance for some of our idle American funds to be used in banking in Para guay. The usual rate of Interest out side the banks is 15 per cent, and in the banks you cannot borrow money ' for less than 1 per cent per month. I The usual discount rate is 12 per cent, and a bank gives no favors without receiving a money compensation. As i a result the banks pay big dividends. i Take the Mercantile Bank of Paraguay, upon which I have letters of credit. j This bank paid a dividend of 16 per ! cent last year, and its president tells ; me it has never paid less than 10 per ! cent. Its capital is only $120,000 in gold, i and still its business last year amount |ed to $2,000,000. The Territorial Bank. i which has a capital of 570,000, paid a | dividend of 12 per cent last year, and 1 other private banks do, it is said, even I better. From these figures it will be seen I that It takes a good deal of money to jdo the business of Paraguay. There Is ! now between $8,000,000 and $10,000,000 of j Paraguayan money in circulation, and the government is trying to increase i the value of the currency by with j drawing a certain amount every year. j It takes about $5,000,000 annually to | run the government, and the exports • and imports amount to about $14,000,000 ! gold a year. PARAGUAY TEA. Considerable money is made in the raising cf cattle. There is a great deal invested in shipping hides and a large amount in preparing and shipping mate or Paraguayan tea. Paraguayan tea comes from the leaves of a bush which ! grow.3 wild in some parts of Paraguay. j The leaves are gathered, roasted over a are and ground to a powder. They j are then put into skin bags, being pack i ed so tightly that the bags are as hard HEART DISEASE. SOMES FACTS REGARDING THE RAPID INCREASE OP HEART TROUBLES. Da 'Sot Be Alarmed, Bnt Look for the Cause. Heart troubles, at least among the Americans, are certainly increasing, ! and while this may be largely due to ' ! the excitement and worry of American i business life, it is more often the result , j of weak stomachs, of poor digestion. < Real organic disease is incurable; but < not one case in a hundred of heart '-, i trouble is organic. , The close relation between heart trou- ] - ble and poor digestion is because both : I organs are controlled by the same great ! nerves, the Sympathetic and Pneumo- < ', gastric. ! In another way, also, the heart Is ef- \ | fected by the form of poor digestion ] ! vhich causes gas and fermentation * [ from half digested food. There is a ■ : feeling of oppression and heaviness in \ the chest caused by pressure of the I ( j distended stomach on the heart and I \ I lungs, interfering with their action; | [ hence arises palpitation and short I < | breath. . Poor digestion also poisons the blood, making it thin and watery, which irri- i totes and weakens the heart. The most sensible treatment for heart i trouble is to improve the digestion and to Insure the prompt assimilation of 1 toed. I ' This can be done by the regular use i after meals of some safe, pleasant and \ effective digestive preparation, like > Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets, which may . be found at most drug stores and which ccntain valuable, harmless digestive ! elements in a pleasant convenient form. It is safe to say that the regular per sistent use of Stuart's Dyspepsia Tab lets at meal time will cure any form of stomach trouble except cancer of the stomach. > ; Full sized package of these tablets sold by druggists at 50 cents. Little I bcok on stomach troubles mailed free Address F. A. Stuart Co., Marshall. Mich. i as stores. In this shape the tea is shipped to all parts of South America. There are millions who use it in the Argentina), Uruguay and Brazil and you will find it for sale in Chile and in the lands further north. The people prefer it to tea or coffee and even tn the coffee districts of Bra ail It is greedily drunk. The usual breakfast of the poorer Paraguayans consists of a cup of this tea or rather a little bowl, for it is always served In a gourd about the size and shape of a base ball. This Is ha),f tilled with the powdered leaves. Boiling water is then poured upon it, and -th*e person who drinks it sucks up the,. liquid through a sliver or brass tube ax the end of which are a lot of small holes which act as a strainer. I-Tedrly all the for eigners who come to; ' Paraguay drink mate. They say it Is an, excellent brain stimulant, and that It has no bad ef fects if used in moderation. I have tried it several times, but I always burn my tongue with the tube.- i The tea tastes to me somewhat like,, a dococtlon of quinine and hay, and I doubt if I shall ever be able to acquire 'a love for it. A BANK FOR FARMERS. Returning to the banks, one of the queerest financial institutions of Para guay Is the Agricultural bank. This is managed by the government. It is a sort of a combination of a bank and an agricultural -departtnent. Its busi ness is to help along agriculture by in troducing seeds and tools and by loan ing money to farmers on farm prop erty. It has a capital of about half a million dollars, gold. It loans on about half the assessed value of the property, charging what ia here considered the very low interest rate of 8 per cent. Connected with it there Is a warehouse which is filled with farming implements and seeds. The officials say the insti tution is a success, although such banks in <*>ther parts of South America have ended in failures. This bank is one of the methods by which the Para guayan government is trying to build up Its farming Interests. The govern ment also offers Inducements to immi grants, giving each new settler some agricultural machines, eijrhty acres of land and a loan of twelve cents a month for seven months for each adult and nine cents for each child. It gives each immigrant a milch cow, oxen and seeds, and also agrees to pay his pas sage from Buenos Ayres up to Asun cion. There are string's attached to some of the above gifts by which the immigrants pay back in installments for all they receive outside the land. THE NAUGHTY HATES COLONY. The immigrants who come to Para guay settle In colonies, and not upon their farms. There are scattered over the country perhaps a. half -dozen col onies composed of different nationali ties. There is one not far from Asun cion called San Bernardino populated by Germans. There is another of Aus tralians, who got up a brotherly love scheme and rame to Paraguay to live after the Golden Rule. They began enthusiastically. They chartered a ship, each selling his property and put ting the money into the general fund. In order to cut down the expenses they divided the work on the voyage among the different members of the colony. They had hardly left Australia before the Golden Rule was kicked higher than Gilderoy's kite, and when it fell it came down in a thonsand pieces. These brotherly lovers and sisterly lovers acquired a pleasant way of throwing the dishes at one another during the trip, and by the time they reached Asuncion they were quarrel ing as discordantly as so many strange parrots. They soon became disgusted with themselves and their lands have now been redivided. Another colony of special interest to the United States is just across the river from Asuncion, in the Chaco. This was named after President Hayes, because he decided a territorial ques tion between the Argentine and Para guay In favor of the latter. The colony is called Villa Hayes, but they pro nounce it here as though it were spell ed Villa Eyes, for that !S the way the Spaniards pronounce Hayes. This col- j ony, named after our good president, | who, it will be remembered, shuddered I when they talked of putting Roman j punch on the "White house table, is ' largely engaged In cultivating sugar cane and distilling its juice into a rum so villainous that it will kill at forty rods. Inasmuch as rum is an article that is in demand in all parts of Para guay at all times, the colony is prob ably in a good financial condition. — Frank G. Carpenter. BAMS LOSE IS CASH FIRST DECREASE REPORTED IN "SEW YORK IN WEEKJS WAS TO BE EXPECTED Change in Condition Causes No la easiness, as It Is Dae to Natural Causes Banks Lost Heavily to the Interior More or Less Shift ing* of Funds Is Noted Loan In crease Is Large. NEW YORK, Feb. 25.— The Financier says : "The bank statement for the week ending Feb. 25 is remarkable, in that j it shows an actual loss In cash, the first noted for some weeks. The de- j crease is smali, but coupled with the j extra reserve requirements necessitated bj the expansion of nearly $13,500,000 j in loans, the result has- been a decrease of $4,000,000 in surplus, bringing that ! item ta_£"0,333,000. As the banks gain- j ed zfocash, the increase in deposits, j amounting to $12,963,900, reflects bank- j ing credits due to loan operations. "Taken as a whole the statement does I not differ much from what had been ] expected. The banks lost heavily last | week to the interior, and they are also ] debtors to the treasury. Conservative | estimates had figured these losses rath ex heavier than shown by the state- \ ment, but the Increases in loans and deposits, on the other nand, were large \ enough to bring about predicted re- j suits. The increase in loans is to be j attributed to stock exchange require- j ments, and in a lesser degree to the j multitude of Industrial commissions ! now being' completed. "A detailed analysis of the statement ! shows that there has been more or less ! shifting of funds incident to special j operations, but the loan increase can ■ be traced to five or six of the larger j banks. It is noteworthy that one in- I stitution which reports *$6.000,000 addi tional leans shows a reduction of $4. --000,000 in specie. Incidents like these tend to make elucidation difficult, as so many factors enter into th£ calculation that it ia almost impossible to trace them. "In a larger sense, however, the ex hibit makes for firmness in money, temporarily at least. It Is quite like ly that the statements. of the past two weeks will be repeated 1 in more or less detail in the future, and that until rates harden perceptibly the extra re serve will not be increased- The ex tent of its reduction depends to a cer tain extent on the amount of money which will be withdrawn T from this center for interior .needs, arid on a con tinuance of prese*nt stock exchange transactions." Wm, Winslow'n Soot&lns syrup __\ **>een tnied tor over fifty years by millions of mother* for their chlkiren while teething, with perfect success. It soothes the child, softens the Sams, Vilavs all pain : cure* wtnrt colic, and U the be<<t remedy for Diarrhoea. Sold by Drugni*" in every part of. the world. Be sure and n«k for " Mrs. Wlnslow's Soothing Syrup." and <*I*:b nc Other it:.:.'. Tweuty-H» » emu a bottls. I ] Metal Box Tljai fill Bat Tljiftks | • Arithmachine, Tlay Calculating In- • • atrunient Invented by a Chicagoan. • rrom tne cnicago Times-Herald. Since time immemorial mechanical contrivance*) have been used by man for calculating purposes. Inventions or devices one after another. In many cases not worth the material used in their construction, have appeared upon the field of action, but from the days of the early Greeks, with their "abax," a smooth board upon which diagrams were drawn and computations made by means of counters arranged In parallel rows representing units, tens and hundreds, down through the years In which appeared the Chinese abacus, the Italian banca. Pascal's computing machine In 1642 and that of the Eng lishman Babbaga in the early part of this century, until recently no machine, instrument or contrivance of any kind has been devised which would perform the necessary calculative operations and embody simplicity, rapidity, ac curacy, durability, capability, con venience and low price in a machine of light weight. During the last few weeks letters J'ggßjl __ J patent have been issued to Henry Goldman, an expert accountant of this city, for a device called '"arithmachine," which not only adds but subtracts, multiplies and divides numbers In stantly. With the firm conviction that a machine filling all these requirements could be devised, the inventor has for several years devoted time, thought, energy and money to the subject, and now may be well pleased and satisfied with the result of his efforts, for a more interesting and heiDful little ma chine has not been devised. A box of bright aluminum four and a half inches long, one and a half wide and three-quarters of an inch high, it is small enough to appear insignificant when picked up and slid without cere mony into coat or vest pocket; no ominous-looking cranks, keys or levers to consider, the whole weighing but a I pound; yet by means of it columns of numbers may be added more quickly than the figures can be written, and It may be depended upon as absolutely correct. CONCEALED IN THE HAND. When held between the palms of the hands the arithmachine is entirely hid den from view. To be able to accom plish this with a mechanism perform ing all arithmetical operations and j carrying eight or more columns simul taneously represents not only a me- I chanlcal achievement of considerable [ importance, but is apt to prove an in teresting feature of commercial value by exciting the curiosity and attract ing the attention of many who could be induced in no other way to investi gate its advantages. In examining the rrachine the first thing to attract attention is the rec tangular surface called the chain board, lined on either side by a double scale of numbers and divided into a series of narrow sections by means of dis tinguish -"tble partitions. Back of this chain board in slightly elevated posi tion is the indicator. The indicator is divided as tbe chain board is. The re lation of these columns conforms with the decimal notation, or when two columns on the right are reserved for cents, the remaining columns stand tor dollars. To place a number on the arithma chine the large figures on both sides I are taken as guides, the sylus point is • inserted in the proper place in the de j sired column of the chain board and j moved forward to the chain stop. The l first position is Indicated by the dotted ! lines in the illustration, the stylus point j about to depress the figure nine, which, I being to the right of the decimal point j (as shown by the finger), will be re i garded as nine- tenths, or ninety; the j position of the figure indicates its val i ue, making it unnecessary to record ! ciphers. With pressure like that exert ! Ed in writing with hard lead on smooth paper, the stylus, catching the link In j the endless chain, is brought toward the operator, carrying with it that sec tion of the chain until it reaches the roller lock: the pressure of the stylus being removed, the necessary spring immediately locks the chain at that point; at the same moment the number in the Indicator changes. In this in stance nine will appear in place of a cipher, or will be added to the number already there. A number composed of two or more figures is placed on the arithmachine. By indicating the several figures suc cessively it is practically immaterial whether the figures are placed from the left to the right or from the rignt to the left, as far as the mechanical operation of the machine is concerned, while it is more convenient to register numbers as they are pronounced — 1. c., from left to right. To add a column of figures on the arithmachine the amounts are consid ered successively, using the large nu meral scales, starting at the head of the pad with the machine resting on the book or sheet, keeping the figures to be operated on at the front end of the machine, moving it forward as the numbers are registered. One material advantage is that, should the operator be called away with a column unfin ished the machine shows by Its place on the page where he stopped and in dicates the result up to this point. The advantage of being able to keep the eyes continually on the work while operating the arithmachine. or the con venience of following the figures of the given column with the machine itself must be experienced In order to be thoroughly aDpreciated. Additional movements may be saved by grouping amounts, assisting the ma chine by performing some of the simpler operations mentally and regis tering the intermediate results. When totals are to be carried forward from j puge to page the arithmarchine per | forms the operation automatically, as It retains the last footing In the indi cator and Is Immediately reaxly to pro ceed with the following page. If a new addition is to be commenced the indi cator can be set to zero instantaneous ly by depressing for a moment the re lease button and turning the resetting wheel In the opposite direction of the chain movement. When resetting to zero it is Interesting to note the man ner in which the faces of the numeral wheels change. By turning the reset ting wheel slowly it will be seen that the first numbers to disappear are the ones, then all the twos, threes, fours, until all the zeros are reached. Multiplications, subtractions, divi sions and in fact all sorts of numeral processes are performed with almost the same speed as additions after a lit tle practice. Fractions and denomi nate qualities may be computed; num bers can be raised to the third, fourth or fifth power ajid the square or cube root extracted with equal facility. The machine is also adapted for the per formance of all logarithmic and trig onometric computations. Mistakes are not apt to occur, as the mere placing of the stylus point in any subdivision of the chain board, or even Its depression, produces no change in the indicator. Therefore, If a mis take is noticed before the chain is moved forward no attention need be given to the same. This point repre sents a great advantage over other computing machines, where the slight est touch of the operating mechanism results In a derangement of the regis ter. GUARD AGAINST ERRORS. In the arithmachine the chains are locked, only set in motion by deliberate effort of the operator, so an error can be "corrected before it Is made." If a mistake has been made In placing a figure and noticed at the time, it can be speedily corrected by adding or de ducting the difference between the cor rect and wrong figures to or from the figures to be registered in the same column. So little exertion is required to ma nipulate the arithmachine that the use brings rest and relaxation, whlie those who strain the muscles of the hand and forearm by writing find relief in bringing into action different sets of muscles when using the machine. The operation of writing* is also straining to the eyes, being creative in its nature and requiring close attention to direct and control the movement of the hand. The manipulation of the arithmachine, as well as the reading of the results arrived at with its use, is purely recep tive as far as the eyes are concerned, and therefore restful, the forms being plainly visible and all glare removed. The machine is composed of a num ber of perfectly identical sections, ac cording to the number of columns pro vided, which may be five, eight or elev en. The operating mechanism in each section consists of an endless chain composed of thirty-five uniform and peculiarly shaped links, joined so per fectly that the connections are invis- i ble when seen from above, yet per mitting the free movement of the chain. The transverse teeth which form a part of the chain links serve to actuate the numeral wheels when thrown in con tact with them, furnish a hole for the stylus when operating the chain, and also lock it by means of a barr and roller lock at the forward end of the machine. The endless chain passes in its movement over two pentagonal rol lers; between these two rollers and on the underside of the chain board or operating surface is a platform lever. This forms a solid foundation for the movement of the chain, with a foot at one end causing, when depressed, an immediate opening of the .chain lock, and connected with it near the other end is a contact lever. This throws the chain In tangential contact with the numeral wheel as soon as depressed and moved by the stylus, and when at rest assists In locking the chain by pre venting the turning of the adjoining pentagonal roller. A slightly curved spring presses the platform lever and chain board upward against the bar and roller lock, and joined to it is a tension spring, which prevents any un desirable looseness of the chain. INDICATING MECHANISM. The indicating mechanism is compos ed of a ratchet wheel, bearing on its face the ten figures and having within two circular depressions, the one con taining ten circumferential ratchets, and the other the carrying and return levers and springs. A ring or collar between the numeral wheel and the central arbor serves to hold the return disks in- position. A resetting wheel on the outside of the case, fastened to the neck of the central arbor and held in position by the release pin and spring; a comb wheel behind the ratchet wheels, which regulates their movement and insures the alignment of the figures in the in dicator opening: partitions which sep arate the sections hold the lever pins in position and through a larger open ing between the numeral wheels form a part of the carrying device, and the two outside frame plates, which hold the innf-r mechanism together and per mit it to be removed from its case like a watch, complete the mechanical con struction of the arith-machine, the to tal number of working parts being 440, with CIO screws and rivets. The arith metic is made entirely of metal; every working part is properly strengthened and every wearing part made of steel or other suitable material, and capable of performing about ten times the work expected of it. In this way the ma chine is guaranteed absolutely, and with proper care is likely to last a lifetime. A Card tn the Pnhlie From Dr. Ham ilton. Skeptics may advise you that Rheu matism cannot be cured by a slight but continuous current of electricity; but that my Rheumatic Ring has cured it in the past, is curing it at present, and will continue to cure It in the fu ture no one who reads the news of the day will deny. I consider my greatest invention ia my Magnetic Ring, which supplies electricity in such a form that it not only cures rheumatism and all neu ralgia pains, but tones up the system and cures all nervous troubles. Thc electric belts, corsets, etc., largely in use are superseded by my wonderful Ring, as it is much more convenient to wear and supplies the electricity in such a manner and form that its effects are better and more permanent. I have worked for years perfecting an ap pliance that would supply to the sys tem electricity in this manner, and the result is my Magnetic Ring, which I cord-ally invite the public and the medical fraternity to call and examine at all druggists. Under Government Control. The Hot Springs of Arkansas, owned and controlled by V. 3. Government, aro admit ted to be the best medicinal springs in the ■world. Tho Minneapolis &. St. Louis R. R. Is the shorteet and best route. Low excur sion rates Call on F. p. Rutherford at M. & St. L Offlce, No. 396 Robert St.. for tickets and de scriptive literature. Reduced rate tourist tickets to all wlntf-r resorts. A Chinese Typewriter. A Chinese typewriter has been Invented by the Rev. Mr. Sheffield, a PresiiyteriaTi mis sionary at Tun*? Chow. It Is said to be a very remarkable machine, and is exciting a great deal of comment over there. As near as can be undt-rsrood frcm fhe description published in the Chinese papers, the ohar-t,.- --tcrs, about 4.000 in number, are on the edged or wheels about one foot in diameter. It requires 20 or 30 wheels to carry all tho let ters, and the operator must strike two kaya to malte an impression. The first, key turns the wheel and the second ito*>s i-t a.t the letter wanted. %hich is brought down upon tie paper by an ingenious device. — (Ifc-ibe Year Book and Almanac 5 BARGAINS PIANOS For Monday and Tuesday, One Vose & Soas $100 Ona Fischer lis One Pease 125 One Fischer 135 One Lud-vig- 145 Oue Steinway 150 One Checkering- 155 These are all Uprights and great bargains. We are Sole Agents for Weber, Vose &. Sons, Schiiler «& Wesley Piauos, said at $10.00 per month. Call on or write to S.W.Raudenbush&Go. 14 West Six. h St. CHICAWO OS~ SHOW INSPECTION OF WARDROBES HAS BEEN A PEATIRE OF THE "WEEK SHOPS ARE GAY FOR SPRING Lavender Hats .ire a Novelty ot the Season, and Promise to Be the Raise. Twin City People In the Windy City Bad Day:* for Urund Opera. Temple Affairs Park Reform. CHICAGO. Feb. 25.—(Special.)—Chi cago has been having an inspection of her residents' wardrobes this week. Monday every one wore trim tailor made gowns, later raincoats and um brellas prevailed, and toward Saturday sealskins and mittens were very much in vogue. But that's Chicago, gloomy old Chicago, where sunny days are like yellow primroses in a mud pud dle. But Chicago fascinates you, and Chi cago holds you, and, hating her gioom and her dirt, you grow to love her greatness and her life and her rush >t humanity. Tou hold up your head and do not see her dirty river? and you ad mire her people, who hunt bargains on State street during the day time, hear grand opera in the evening and go home in a carette. • • • The out-of-town girl in Chicago does things she wouldn't dare do at home, runs onto the very home people she fears most and finds, to her astonish ment and then amusement, that they are doing the very things she is. The tailor-made girl is, as usual, the smartest and sweetest thing to be seen. She wears black or brown, with walk ing hat to match, and the everlasting English violet, which adds the neces sary womanly touch to what might be too mannish. Some of the giris wear derbies, but, unless the face be par ticularly sweet and the hair very s ft, the effect Is hard. • • • The shops are already gay with spring goods. iLavender hats are among the spring novelties and prom ise to rage as much as the lavender veils did some years ago. There is something about purple and kindred shades that appeals to wom en. Double face veils are also to be seen over many charming faces, and, odd as the Idea may seem, they are very effective, softening the face won derfully and serving as a dust pro tector, at the same time. A dainty pink veil worn under a heavier one of brown is very becoming, and two shades of brown are also used. Many elaborate opera cloaks are dis played in the windows. the simple capes having given place to brocades and laces. • * * Miss Sara Johnson, who has ra from the temple board, is opening a tiny shop in the Marshall Field build ing with Mrs. Hagans as her partner. They are showing- many heautitul 'novelties dear to womankind. Miss Johnson has been with the board for nearly eight years, and is trusted by both sides in the temple matter. Mrs. Carse left Friday for Battle Creek, Mich. She is very weak and will require care and rest before she will be able to renew her work. Her son accompanied her. • • • The grand opera has not b^en patronized as usual. Paj-ts of the audi torium have been closed during many of the programmes. One notices that a large per cent of the patronage comes from the Jewish circles. The rich Jewish women of Chicago do much toward bettering the condition of thf-ir less fortunate brothers and sis ters. There is h-ere now a well estab lished Hebrew loan association oper ated by them and its success has been wonderful. Only a few of the loans have proven losses and it is several years since it was started. • • • There is a movement on foot here to abandon the custom of having animals in the parks and money thus saved to hiring good mus'.c and arranging more flower beds ajid small lakes on the grounds. Children's play grounds are also on the list ■ f improvements suggested. • • • The engagement was announced In Chicago Sunday of Miss ETIla Byers Clerihew, daughter of Mr. and Mr- v M. Clerihew, of Minneapolis, to Anson Clarence Morgan, of Highland Park. « • • Among the St. Paul people here for the opera were Mr. and Mrs. Valentine J. Rothschild, who are guests of Coi. and Mrs. D. J. Haynes, and Miss Grace K. Haviland, 2944 Indiana avenue. Mrs. William Tucker is also in tB • city and was entertained last week at a reception given by Mrs. Madison B. Kennedy, 3656 Michigan avenue. Miss Harriet Stuart, of St. Paul, is the guest of Miss Magee, 1289 Fifty thirrl street. She was bridesmaid at the Hammond-Magee weddimg. • » » Sibyl Wilbur is on the Journal, where she has occupied a position for about a year. Her style of writing has improved decidedly and she shakes hands with a grip that drives the rings into your fingers on either side. — Louise Taylor. NO FEAR OF CEATH. The I'niqne Request Made hy a Cap italist of Ohio. KENTON', 0., Feb. 2."". -James M. White, the capitalist, is dead. Deceased some time ago built an immense mau soleum and fitted It up elegantly, and directed that his friends should come there and play cards and enjoy them selves after his death, adding that he could not take a hand, but he would be with them, anyway. He was a thirty-second degree Ma son, having been a member of that or der for fifty-two years. The members of that fraternity from all parts of the state will attend £ls funeral Monday. He leaves a large estate to two daugh ter*.