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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, March 12, 1899, Image 4

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THE ST. PAUL GLOBE
SUNDAY, MIARCH 12, 1599.
CITY SUBSCRIPTION'S.
By Carrier 1 1 mo I 6 mos 1 12 mos
feaily oniy ~ 4 0 c || 2 . 2 5 I* 4 . 0 0
Daily and Sunday. .50c| 2 . 7 o j 5.00
gundav^^^^. ■■.1 ac I •7 S I 1 |
COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTION'S.
By M^il 7...\ 1 mo I 6 mos | 12 moa ]
bally only I . *solf 1. S « »*• £■
Dally and Sunday. 1 , .35c 2.00 «•° « j
Sunday 1 7 5 1.50
WeeklJ ! 75J1.00
K-itt-red at Pcr.tcfflce at St. Paul. Minn., as
Second-Class Matter. Address all covnmunl- |
cations and make all Remlttaucos payable to
TllK GIX>BE CO.. St. Paul. Minnesota. i
Anonym us runiniunirationa not noticed. Re-
JecUd manuscripts will not be returned un
l.ss accompanied by postage.
BRANCH OFFICES.
Km Vnrk 10 Spruce St.
Clilcagro ...Room 609. No. S7 Washington St. !
ABOUT TEE WEATHER.
FORECAST FOR TODAY.
sota Generally fair; diminishing uorth
oi Ij i
North Dakota- Fair; warmer in western and j
central portions; v.iiids becoming east to <
I OUI :i. j
Sdiuli Dakota — Generally fair; warmer in
western portion; north to east winds.
]m\ I tearing; much colder in oasteru por
tion; winds becoming li'gh northwesterly.
Montana— Fair; warmer in northern and
pastern portions; variable winds.
nsln— Generally fair in western por
tion: snow and colder in eastern portion;
northwesterly gales.
ST. PAIL.
Yest< rday's observations, taken by the j
i Stales weather bureau. St. Paul. P.
F. Lyons observer, for the twenty-fcur hours
ended at 7 o'clock last night. Barometer
corn i for temperature and elevation.
Highest temperature 32
Lowes! temperatare 26
Average it mperature 29
Dailj n :.. • 6
29. C0
Humidit; 96 ]
Precipitation 31 |
7 p. m.. temperature 26
7 p. in., wind, north; weather, cioudy.
OTHER CITIES.
Yesterday 'B observations, taken by the
United ?;atfs weather bureau, Washington,
D. C.
Temperature.] Temperature.
High. *Bpm.| High. *Spm.
Bisnarck .. . . S 4 Huron 20 18
Boston 42 42' Los Angeles 66 58
Buffalo 80 54' Montreal 34 34
Phlcago 04 60' Nashville 72 «3
Cincinnati .. ..70 66! New York ....BO 48
Pleveland 66 62-philudelphia ..52 52
Denver 3S 34 San Francisco. 62 52
Duluth 26 24 Rapid City 20 16
Jacksonville ..74 66i\Vinnipeg 12 10
•Washington time (7 p. m. St. Paul time).
MORALITY <>F THEATERS.
Mrs. Russell Sage, in refusing: to at
t- ad a woman's federation meeting be
cause it was held in a theater, has rais
ed an old question in a new form.
Opinions vary so greatly as to the
morality ur immorality of the stage,
and so much depends upon the point
of view, that it is futile to raise the
question in the majority of cases.
Argument results only in more argu
ment, with never a conclusion as to the
morality of a building. Admitting that
buildings even in an emptied sense pos
ts.ss the attribute, the question on its
face is not so hopeless of solution. The
stage may or may not be immoral. As
sume that it is; do any of its baser
qualities pass to the bricks and stones
that surround it? People even of the
most intense convictions are of neces
sity compelled to use the same air, the
Bume sunlight, the same streets and
tlie ?ame hotels as those who do not
eirreo with them. Why may they not
use the same theaters and with as lit
tle compunction? Any structure is just
as good as the uses to which it is de
vcted. A theater used for the pur
poses of a convention or federation of
« omen takes on, for the time being at
least, the attributes of such federation.
Police regulations, if nothing more,
provide that. Protest, then, must go
back to objections so remote that they
reach to the utmost confines of the
sentimental.
No one will question the right of Mr?.
Sage to attend or stay away from
theater-, whether they be devoted to
the drama, to conventionß or any other
tife, but the world may equally take
issue with her when she asserts her
view as the correct one. Such a stand
seems to be a devotion to a non-es
sential that does not commend itself
to common sense. It looks like preju
dice by which nothing of practical
value may be accomplished.
EXPENSIVE "MUTUAL IMPROVE.
ME XT."
On Thursday last fifty-three represent
atives ..f stovemakers in various parts
of the country assembled at the Audi
torium hotel, Chicago, and proceeded to
d.. some figuring. One after another
each handed in his estimate of the
amount of annual business done by
Ms firm, and when the grand total was
cast up it was discovered that the home
market of the United States patronized
these fifty-three stove manufacturers,
In round figures, $40,000,000 worth. No
figures of the cost of production were
taken into account at this meeting,
at least none were given out to the
press, but the principal question dis
cussed was "How to increase this in
come without materially affecting the
output?"
Taking $40,000,000 as a basis of com
utati.tn. these stove men compared
notes and smoked cigars. Individual
vi.ws were exchanged and probable
results compared. On one point all
were united. That point was that
there must be a:: increase in the price
of stoves. Having decided this without
0 dissenting voice, the stove men at
once plunged into consideration of de
tails. Some one suggested a stove
trust. At this several of the represent
atives winced perceptibly. It may
have been* noticed that, of late, the
word 'trust" causes considerable winc
ing in certain industrial circles. The
word possesses a much harsher sig
nificance than it once did. To many,
especially consumers, the plain wearer
of goods and eater of foods, it is de
cidedly obnoxious. And all the heavy
weight trust manipulators are aware of
this fact.
Then on e of the stove men rose and,
addressing the president, Charles S.
Prizen, of Reading, Pa., moved that
the stoveniakers" represented, fifty
three of them, agree to join in increas
ing the price of manufactured stoves
10 per cent. A vote was taken and
the question easily disposed of affirm
atively. Then it was further moved,
and as promptly carried, that the — the
— combination be known as an "associ
ation," and not a "trust." As one of
the representatives explained, after ad
journment:
"We are in no sense of the word
a trust, merely an association for the
purpose hi mutual improvement."
But this mutual improvement will
cost the householders and users of
stoves in the United States $4,000,000
In excess of what they paid for stoves
in 1898. The edict has gone forth, and
p.-ices will be marked up accordingly.
But "in no sense of the word" is it
a trust!
_^>
A WORD OF GREETING.
After more than sixteen years of
service in its news department, I as
sume the editorial management of The
Globe with the hope of bringing to
the discussion of men, morals ar.d
treasures a spirit of fairness and for
bearance. The Globe comes into my
hands without a dollar of debt and with
a constantly increasing subscription
list. Its paramount interest will be the
advancement of the great common
wealth of which it is a part. In giving
the news to the public it will endeavor
to inform, educate and entertain with
out wearying. It will undertake to con
dense, expand of interpret its very full
Associated Press, special and local
news reports in such a way as to make
a newspaper of sterling worth.
The G1 o b cis heart and soul for ev
ery public and private enterprise which j
has an honest reason for existence and I
which will do something, however little,
to add to the commercial prosperity of |
the great community of which St. Paul
is the center. To every industrious,
purposeful, elevating public organiza- j
tion — the Chamber of Commerce, the
Commercial club, the Manufacturers'
association, the Women's Improvement I
league, the Cycle Path association, and ;
all the others of a like character— The i
Globe extends a hand of cordial
greeting.
To the churches, the charities, the i
industrial schools and like institutions '
fitf the spiritual, moral and physical
improvement of our people The Globe 1
does not need to say that its columns |
are always cheerfully at their disposal.
In politics The Globe will be Dem
ocratic, always reserving the privilege ;
of criticising party tendencies which it
believes to be wrong. In this hour, i
midway between two great campaigns, i
all loyal, brave, honest, sincere Demo- j
crats can afford to pause, ponder and j
compare notes with the view of getting :
together in 1900 on a platform of great j
national planks— every one of sturdy I
oak— on which the party can march J
to victory under the flag of eternal !
right. The party is already agreed that
the trusts must go, and that the pres
ent administration is guilty of almost |
criminal extravagance in the use of the j
people's money. What better timber |
could go into any platform? Let the j
grand old party of Jefferson and Jack- j
son add to these with caution, calm- I
ness and courage and the citizens of ;
the republic will respond with an over- j
whelming indorsement.
—George F. Giffotd.
_^.
WAS IT HORSE HEAT?
For several weeks there have been
rumors afloat to the effect that Gen.
Miles had a card up his sleeve; that j
he would, in fact, spring a startling
sensation in the army meat inquiry
case. There is nothing authentic to !
prove that Gen. Miles ever gave utter- |
ance to such a statement. But recent |
developments coincidental indicate that
there is something in it.
Maj. Lee, counsel for Gen. Miles be
fore the commission, has accepted the
theory that canned horse meat was
sold to the government and distributed !
as rations among the soldiers in the |
Santiago campaign. The theory is j
based on what Maj. Lee holds to be
strong circumstantial evidence. Act- !
ing upon this assumption he insists on
sending a genuine specimen of the re
jected meat to the bureau, of animal
industry of the department of agrl- i
culture for examination. It is a gen- j
erally accepted fact that the cans of i
meat hitherto submitted to the de- j
partment for chemical analysis were |
not representative cans; that they were
not such rations as had been complain
ed of by the men in the ranks. This
point, it will be observed, is in the in
terest of all American beef packers, who i
are now, quite justly, complaining of I
the injury done their business by the
present inquiry. Witnesses have tes
tified before the commission in Wash- j
ington that the meat set before them |
while giving their evidence was not
such meat as had sickened their men.
The horse meat theory first origi
nated from the descriptions given by j
witnesses of the meat furnished them ;
in Cuba. Non-commissioned officers i
and privates insisted that the field I
meat rations "tasted strangely," were i
not like any other beef they had eaten, !
and that it was "dark, red, coarse and j
fibrous." It then developed that there j
was corroborative evidence that the ra
tions might have been horse flesh right
in the bureau of animal industry. Dr.
Salmon, chief of the bureau, when seen,
said that the department had official |
knowledge of two horse slaughtering ]
establishments, and that there were ;
applications on file at present from '
parties who desired to go into the horse j
slaughtering business. When asked to
describe horse meat, Dr. Salmon said:
"It is dark red — considerably darker i
than beef. The fiber is coarse, and, as i
a rule, the meat is tough, the fat is
somewhat yellower, and is considerably
softer than beet fat."
It will be observed that this de
scription fits pretty "quick" with that
given by the soldier witnesses before
the commission. But the whole truth
about this army scandal will prob
ably never be known. It is unfortu
nate on all sides; unfortunate for the
good name of many officials, and for
the reputation of one of the great in
dustries in the country. The latter
are. in many instances, the victims of
unjust calumny and loss of trade, for
every fair-minded man knows that
reputable packers are in no way in
terested in the controversy, and that
they suffer from the conspiracies of I
rascally contractors who have acted
in collusion with equally rascally at
taches of the army and other branches
of government service.
TELEGRAPH TO DAWSON CITY.
The possibility of telegraphic com
munication between Dawson City and
points in the United States is not so
remote as might be imagined by those
familiar with distances between here
and the Klondike country and the at
j tendant difficulties in getting there at
all. There are, in fact, two chances
offered of wire service between civili
zation and the semi-barbarous methods
of existence in that Inhospitable clime.
A short time ago the Winnipeg Trib
une contained an announcement from
British Columbia to the effect that the
Canadian government was contemplat
ing the construction of a line of tele
graph from Ashcroft, on the Canadian
Pacific railway, to Dawson City. The
I route of this proposed line follows an
i old trail blazed through the mountains
thirty years ago. when the project was
I first broached of Joining the old world
THE ST. PAUC, GLOBE, SUNDAY, MARCH 12, 1899.
with the new by a telegraph via Alas
ka. An estimate of the sum required
to complete this line is placed at $4,
--000,000.
From Ottawa now comes the news
that the Canadian government has an
other plan under consideration. This
is to run a line of wire from Ottawa
to Dawson City, but, instead of the
cr.stly Ashcroft route, it Is purposed
to cross the passes from Lake Ben
nett. To the Canadian people the lat
ter proposition appears more accept
able, as the line can be constructed
much more cheaply. In Canadian pa
pers a Miss Shaw, who is said to be
competent authority, is quoted as ex
pressing the opinion that telegraphic
service between Ottawa and Dawson
City would be greatly in the interest
of a belter administration of affairs in
the gold regions of the Klondike.
It is at once evident to all that a
line from Ottawa places us all in. di
rect communication by wire with Daw
son City, and, although tolls would un
doubtedly be heavy at first, they
would still be cheaper than present
! methods of mail delivery in that far
j away region.
- 1 .
WOMAN'S ATHLETIC CLUB.
In spite of the übiquity of the wom
an's club, the Chicago Woman's Ath
: letic club, which is described on the
woman's page this morning, sends a
little thrill of surprise through people
| both of the new and the old style.
j Certainly it carries with it more mean-
I ing than that a new club has been
I added to the already measureless list.
What does it mean? Will Chicago
j turn loose upon us a band of amazons?
i We might fear such a calamity were
j it not for the character and social
standing of the originators of the club.
Such women as Mrs. Philip D. Ar
| mour Sr.. president of the association,
i are guarantees that the womanly grac-
e s are not to be obliterated. But the
organization of this body carries with
i it more than negative promises. It
j bids fair to strike a death blow at
"fashionable invalidism." Women
, cannot "enjoy" ill-health a.nd be ac
j tive members of the athletic club.
They cannot affect an, intolerable en
i nui and disport themselves in the great
: swimming tank under the direction of
i the famous Swedish teacher.
The desire to excel is innate in wor
n■ an as well as in man, and when these
j fashionable women of Chicago meet in
! their physical culture classes the spirit
! of wholesome rivalry in attaining phy
: sical perfection will be rampant. An
j eminent New York physician com-
I plained to an elderly dame recently
i that he had on his list so many young
I women who were suffering from nerv-
J ous prostration and he was powerless
| to help them. "Oh, go get them hus
• bands/ replied the woman. "They
| only need something to occupy their
[ minds."
But Chicago has found what seems
| to be a better remedy, for ennui seizes
married and unmarried alike. The
Windy City will send her daughters
to athletic clubs, and the husbands
may come afterwards — if they dare!
A fair Kentuckian said in St. Paul
yesterday that Minnesota was not a
popular state in which to travel be
cause there are no tunnels. Cannot
! our railways build a few artificial tun
| nels and put it on a par with Ken
i tucky and Montana?
John L. Sullivan has been interviewed
on the subject of expansion. He takes
no uncertain ground, but boldly an
nounces that, in his opinion, it is the
| duty of this government to "exter
| minate the whole push."
There are mitigating circumstances
j in the case of that Chicago man who
confesses to have drowned his wife in
Lake Michigan. He might have drown-
I ed her in the Chicago river.
An Ohio man has gone in search of a
| gold mine he saw in a dream. It is
!at least encouraging to know that
j there is one Ohio man who isn't look
i ing for a federal office.
The applicants for positions in the
census bureau already indicate to Mr.
I Merriam that there are more than 70,
--; 000,000 people in the United States.
Now the soldiers of the Seventh
j army corps are kicking on Cuban beef,
i Possibly the American soldier needs
education on the question of beef.
Unhappily the coffin trust cannot be
! utilized in burying the other trusts.
j Kven if it could there would hardly be
I coffins enough to go around.
Only a dyspeptic could be base
| enough to parody the "Recessional."
i In that event the refrain would be "I
j can't digest — I can't digest."
Senator Quay might secure a par
tial coat of whitewash by standing in
with those who have been supplying
i Hanna and Alger.
I
The sudden deflection of Secretary
j Alger to private life would not neces
i sarfly produce a case of governmental
electrolysis.
Gen. Fiagan's voluntary exile to Ha-
I waii does not necessarily signify a
cave of gloom. There are jackpots m
Honolulu.
March seems to have been thrown
into the calendar just to make the
other months of the year enjoyable by
contrast.
Whatever Secretary Long may have
said in his last "answer to Schley," it
appears to have been of no conse
quence.
Then, again, Mr. Aguinaldo, you
might make your next proclamation
fit in as an obituary notice for your
self.
Speaking of voting machines, what's
the matter with the rank and file of
J the Republican party?
But, China, if you do not support
yourself, somebody will move to send
you to the poorhouse.
Gov. Roosevelt's last magazine story
might have been headed "'The Shot
That Failed."
lv Chicago the "open draw" is just
now attracting more attention than the
open door.
The coal trust, with a capitalization
of $889,000,000, has money to burn.
Alger is the one can of beef in the
bunch that deserves embalming.
The $17 tag on the Easter bonnet has
begun to show up.
-^»- .
Worthy ot the Honor.
Whether Archbishop Ireland gets that red
hat or not people in general who know the
straightforward Americanism and patriotism
of the distinguished prelate of St. Paul, as
well aa his loyalty to the see of Rome, are
of the opinion that he would worthily waar a
cardinal's houorr— Chicago Tribune,
EPISTLES TO ST. PAUL.
They occupied * seat in one of the new
SeJby electric cars. 9ho judges things by
their appearance*. He doesn't.
"Wasn't It n!<;e of the street car company
to provide these cars for this line?" sho
murmured.
"Nice for the company," he replied.
"Nice for the company?" she echoed la
surprise. "Think of the cost."
"Oh, yes, think of the cost," he replied,
"and think of the saving- The cars which
the eonn>a:ny had on this line are needed on
eouie or the other line*. Had to 'have them
or some others. Now you see each one of
these cars takes the place of two others,
doesn't It?"
She assenied.
"That means^Uie company save* the yearly
salary of a ' conductor for every one of the
cars. There are, say. ten of them, which
moans a saving, to start with, of $8,000 or
$10,000 a year. Then If there are only half
as many cars the company only has half to
pay a tax on. There may be a number of
other ways In which the company saves by
the change. So, I say, it was nice for the
co in Dany."
She thought about It.
* • •
The bell rang in the telephone manager's
houso last nizht.
"What is it?" he asked.
"Is this the manager?"
"Yes."
"Do you have charge of the tunnels the
wires run in?"
"Yes."
"Well, say; this Is Mr. Lowry talking— Mr.
Lowry of the street railway company. Will
you give me the key to your tunnel, till I
can *ret my cars out of the snow."
* ♦ •
This has been a bad winter for Mr. Lowry's
young men, although they have been setting
paid overtime auite a few nights. But it Is
several years since the lines have been
as completely blocked as they were last night
and Nov. 21 last, twice In one winter. The
trouble all starts in Minneapolis. Last night
the local lines, with the exception of the
Hamline spur, were kept open until the
usual hour, but the Minneapolis end of the
interurban laid down cold at 10 o'clock. As
a result inter-city traffic was absolutely In
terrupted, and those owls who were out had
to stay all night in Minneapolis. The hotels I
in the Mill City were quite crowded with
St. Paul people who had gone over to see
De Well 1 Hooper, and the life-long regret of
the Minneapolis Business Men's union will
be that the snowdrifts were so deep that the
census enumerators could not get around.
* • *
John Copley, cashier at the postoffice. Is
very fond of practical jokes, and whenever
he finds a new one he delights to try it on
Assistant Postmaster O'Brien, who shares the
same office. Yesterday Mr. Copley came In
smiling and observed to Mr. O'Brien: "What
would you take if you were in Minneapolis?"
Mr. O'Brien smiled broadly.
"I think I'd take a little " he began.
"No, you wouldn't," Mr. Copley remarked;
"you'd take an Interurban for St. Paul if
you wanted to get among the live ones."
Chief Deputy Redding, of the United States
marshal's office, sometimes grows reminiscent
when he gets to thinking of escaped prison
era.
"None of them ever got away from me,"
he observed yesterday. In the middle of a
column of figures. "Once I had to transfer
a prisoner from Fergus Falls to Stiilwater; I
think it was between those places. Anyway,
it was my first prisoner, and I did not want
to take any chances on a getaway. I looked
at the man, and he appeared a puny sort of
a fellow and looked as if he had consumption
or something. However, I was very wise and
cautious. I hired a ytrong man to htlp mo
■and then I manacled the criminal to my man
and brought them both down together. It
cost $3, but it was worth the money to my
peace of mind." — The Philistine.
STATE PRESS ETCHING 3.
A Patronage Scrap.
Bx-Gov. Merriam's new position carries
with it about 54,000 appointive offices, and
now there are several hundred Minnesota
men who wish they hadn't. The ex-gov
ernor is on top, and — well, the situation Is
somewhat changed. — Princeton Union (Rep.).
Oue Ray of Hope.
The public will be glad to learn that the
great milling corporations of Minneapolis
have not entered the milling trust lately
formed by a promoter named Mclntyre.
There is yet a ray of hope when such men
as Washbuic and Pillsbury refuse to enter
a combine.— Faribault Pilot (Dem.).
Reed Still a Oar.
"Fighting Joe" Wheeler requested Speaker
Reed, in the closing hours of congress, to
recognize him for a three-minute speech,
but the autocratic Reed, with a bull-dog
scowl on his face and a swinish brutishuess
in his demeanor, denied the request of the
hero of Santiago. This act was probably a
manifestation of Reed's love and respect for
the old soldiers.— Faribault Pilot (Dem.).
Pine Cone Talk.
President McKinley will visit Senator Han
na at Thouiasville, Ga. While there it may
be well for the president to listen to what
the pine needles are saying about his Philip
pine policy and his friendship for the trust. —
Moorhead News (Pop.).
Expeusire Sport.
The trouble ui> around Leech lake is more
than likely to be renewed at no distant
date. Uncle Sam will soon have to take up
the "White Man's Burden" and go up and
shoot off a lot more of those Indians. Uncle
Sam shoots civilizing influences into his
proteges — that is the way he intends to give
a good government to the Philipinos.— Her*
man Enterprise (Rep.).
A Latter Day Freak.
One of the latter day. freaks seems to be
Gen. Brooke, who has been put at the head
of the military government of Havana. He
Is evidently of the Beef-Alger stripe of patriot
and seem? determined to undo all of the
good work done by Gen. Wood at Santiago.
The people of that province are at the point
of open rebellion owing to the meddling of
Gen. Brooke.— Martin County Sentinel (Pop.).
Sentiment Against Them.
The state press !s devoting much space
to the discussion of Senator Wilson's biil for
the pardon of the Younger brothers. While
there are some papers which support the
measure, a very large majority are strongly
opposed to the bill. The board of pardons
has the authority to do what this bill pro
poses and the opinion that if public policy
and public sentiment warranted it the board
would liberate the Youngers. But sentiment
is clearly against such a move at this time.—
Sauk Rapids Sentinel (Rep.).
m
PASSING OF "THE PIKE."
To The St. Paul Globe:
The departure of William W. Erwin from
St. Paul to take up his permanent residenco
In St. Louis is an incident worthy of more
than a passing notice In local annals.
"The Tall Pine" has been a figure in "the
legal, the political,, and even the romantic
history of the community for a generation.
He has been a foremost figure, too. In the
early days, wh«n the capital city was in its
modest beginnings, the young lawyer, brill
iant, dashing, and imbued with the restless
and pushing spirit of his environment, soon
identified himself wtth his city and with his
state as one of the most distinguished rep
resentatives of his profession.
Conventionality did not trammel the un
fettered spirit ; of this prairie advocate. His
tactics wore full of surprises. Imaginative to
a degree excelled by few, he possessed a
keen faculty of building, by a mental process
bo rapid it seamed almost instinctive, a the
oretical defense, upon the most trivial circum
stance, the slightest hesitancy or slip on
the part of a careless or dishonest witness,
or on the mere thread of a seeming contra
diction in the testimony of natural facts.
Dramatic rather than profound, a pleader
under whose magic eloquence a hundred ju
ries have sat literally spellbound and ac
quitted men of whose guilt their fellow men
had not tfie least doubt, Mr. Erwin's name
and fame spread until he was marked aa the
greatest criminal attorney In the North
west, by the laity at least. The closer ob
servers In his profession saw the defects
which ultimately •vwUxrew the fabric of
his success, but It was vain to whisper them '
even, for success is too widely looked upon
as the surest test of merit, and Erwin was
successful.
Called to Sioux City as the counsel for
Arensdorf, the wealthy brewer, in whose
case a nation felt a thrilling interest because
it marked not merely the fight of the state
for the punishment of a cruel murder, but
the vindication of the right of a state to
suppress the traffic in liquor, William W.
Erwin expanded his field of fame till It
reached the farthest borders of the nation.
Then came the bloody riots at Homestead
and tho labor troubles that threatened to
shake the republic to its foundations. Here,
too, was called the celebrated Northwestern
lawyer, to defend the men who were fight
ing, as they insisted, in defense of their live
lihood. Later came Debs, and Erwin's de
fense of the organizer of the American Rail
way union made his name a household word
In every house in the land where the news
papers are read. Here his fame was at Its
zenith.
Always erratic; trusting frequently to the
theatric explosion of his opponents' cases,
rather than slowly undermining them from
the first visible flaw In their foundations, his
splendid spectaculars one by one went down
to failure. Dabbling In politics for hope of
office, In spiritualism for what he only could
ever tell, In literature as a dilettante, tho
brain that time and time again had held a
terrific current of popular sentiment at bay,
lost its power in these various ramifications,
and his fame as a lawyer declined with his
success as he diverted his talents in these
several by-paths.
The ingenious fancies with which he had
broken forth from the story of facts to build
effective defenses for accused clients became
rather mere "fishing excursions," as his pro
fessional contemporaries were wont to term
them, fruitless only because they were not
Inspired by the same intrepidity and mas
terful execution that had marked his earlier
cases.
Nominated for mayor as the candidate -of
one-half of a divided party, he found defeat
in politics as he has recently so often found
It in the law courts, and his romantic so
lace for his sorrows then, his marriage to a
woman much younger, who had been employ
ed In his law office, completed the last chap
ter in his public life here.
Endowed with the talent and pertinacity
which only needs, it has somewhere been
said, a little madness to become true genius,
the "Tall Pine" yet remains an attorney of
fame and skill, a man of many-sided popu
larity, and a virile orator whose eloquence
is destined to entrance his fellow men for
years to come, no doubt. But St. Louis will
never know the William Wallis Erwin of
a decade and a half ago, the peer of any man
at the Northwestern bar. He was St. Paul's,
and when the history of the city shall have
been written, no story of the first generation
of attorneys who practiced in her courts will
be complete that does not place at least one
wreath of laurel on the brow of Erwin.
St. Paul, March 7, 1899. M.
f • T f •T|
||| Is Our Army Degenerate ?
LH^=F== = ii|
Col. Alexander S. Bacon in the March Forum.
Before finally answering the question "Is
our army degenerate?" let me give a further
illustration. The great cathedrals of Europe
were centuries In building. Generations of
master-masons chiseled the stoixes faultless
ly, fathers teaching their sons. But when a
new cathedral was projected, no stonemason,
even though he had excelled at his art for
fifty years, was selected to draw the plans;
an architect was chosen who had spent his
time In school studying theories. So in war,
experience in subaltern positions does not tit
an officer for independent command. He is
but a stonemason, not an architect; and
architects in war must have wide learning in
Ecience, literature and art. If a stonemason
becomes an architect, it is in spite of his
trade, not by reason of it.
What was the trouble in the Spanish war?
Its leaders were stonomastons, some at them
of long service; but they were not educated
architects. After the. Civil war the most
active and ambitious officers returned to civil
life and won fresh laurels. Others, if they
had sufficient political influence, received
commissions in the regular service; and for
thirty-three years they drew their pay and
breathed, and gained rank by merely living,
until, in 189S, they were at the heads of
armies and departments. Had the Spanish
war become serious, all of these old men
would have drepped out as suddenly as did
the veterans of '45 after the firs* battle of
Bull Run. Toward the close of the Civil
war, after the nation had had the discipline
of defeat, every commander of an army and
of a department was a graduate of the mili
tary academy; and the war was conducted
by the general commanding in the field, not
by politicians in Washington presuming to
know more about war by Intuition than their
generals did by education and experience
combined.
What was the matter with the army of
1S9&? A stonemason as secretary of war, a
stonemason at the head of each department,
and stonemasons in command. W3iy does tlie
government spend a fortune on the education
of each of its military architects, and, when
he offera his services in time of war. Ignore
him and take up inexperienced "fathers' sons"
instead? It is politics, not war. There were
hundreds of West Point graduates with wide
experience in the army and national guard,
who tendered their services time and again,
but were ignored because they were not
tacked by a political boss. The establish
ment of the military academy was recom
mended by Washington and was founded in
1302. Our own and foreign military critic?,
as I have said, pronounce it to be the very
b«st scientific military school in the world.
Why does the government expend so muoh
money en it each year, if its graduates are
not utilized, if one may become a great soldier
by merely possessing the friendship of a
tenator ?
Our army is to be suddenly Increased to
100,000 men. Who will bs tho new officers?
Politicians' sons, of course, or old, worn-out
politicians ready to be retired on three-fouvth3
pay for life. What will be the result in the
next war? Disaster, of course, until young
men, brainy men, educated specialists, are
put to the front. We have au afoundaute of
the best officers in the world; and they should
be utilized where their technical knowledga
and enthusiasm can be felt. Our government
should know that the bare fact that a man
can ride a staid old cart-horse without falling
oft" dt>es not fit him to conrmjir.d a regiment,
any more than freedom from seasickness on
a ferryboat fits a man to command the Ore
goo.
No ona should bo permitted to hold the po
sition of general or colonel, or to serve on
any divlskm or brigade staff in the regular
army, unless he be a graduate of the military
academy, or have 3hown special fitness durin?
years of army service, and have passed a
rigid examination in strategy, tactics, logis
tics and military engineering at least — the
foundation stone 3of military learning. ♦ « •
Our army as a Whole is not rtcge-nornte.
The personnel of the rank and file is superb.
The younger and middle-aged ofPcers posi
tively have no superiors. Give the young
men a chance, give tho architects a chance,
and we Shall see our neiw army of 100,000
men tactically as perfect as Frederick's and
maneuvered as scientifically as Napoleon's.
Our navy is perfection because all Us of
ficers are scientific sailors. Did it make our
politicians seasick to ride a horse, our army
would be equally favored and equally effi
cient. It is the politicians who ar« degener
ate. The naval academy is the mother of
the navy; the military academy is the stop
mother of the army. The one reveres its
mother and follows her precepts; the other,
hi able to comprehend its stepmother, is
Jealous of her influence. The difference is
seen in the scientific maneuvers before San
tiago on tho sea and in the haphazard ma
neuvers around it on the land. Utilize our
scientific officers, o.ud we shall have a
scientific army.
Administration*!* Good Filipinos.
Some of the dailies are lashing themselves
Into a fury over "Filipino sympathizers."
Their fury is distinctly comic. We have no
doubt that the Filipinos are very bad Fili
pinos, but they are rapidly being changed
into good Filipinos. It will be remembered
that it was Gen. Sheridan's belief that there
were no good Indians except dead Indians.
That seems to be the belief of the adminis
tration about the Filipinos. Saa Francisco
Argonaut-
AN ARMY OF WORKERS
GOV. HERRIAM MAKIC-i I'L'III.IC
PLANS FOR TAKING THE
CENSUS OF IDOD
SELECTION OF A FORCE
It Will Be Based I pon Merit and Xot
Political Influence— How the Su
pervisor* Will Be Appointed
Incompetence toi Be Weeded Out
Should They Mauagc to Creep In
Mr. Men-lam Sturlt (or Home.
WASHINGTON. March 11.— TV.c pol
icy that will govern the task of tak
ing the census of 1900 was outlined in
an official statement made to the As
sociated Press today by Director Mer
riam and Assistant Director Wines.
Director Merriam starts for Minnesota
this afternoon, leaving Assistant Di
rector Wines in charge. On Gov. Mer
riam's return Dr. Wines will go home
to settle his private affairs. Meantime
there will be no consideration of a,p
pointments, and it will be at least thir
ty days before another selection of a
staff officer is made, with the probable
exception of Prof. Henry Gannett, of
this city, as geographer. This is in
connection with the decision of the di
rector today that in his absence there
must be no promises, nor assurances,
nor encouragement for any given. Sev
eral of the officials selected Thursday
night have qualified and the active
preliminary work will begin at once
The statement of policy follows:
"As to prospective appointmen's to
office, the services of no more staff of
ficers can be utilized at present, and
there will be no others selected within
certainly thirty days. Prof. Henry
Gannon, the well known geographer
of the geological survey, who was the
political and statistical geographer of
the last census, has been asked to take
charge of the same work for the com
ing census, and if the geological sur
vey is willing to spare him sufficiently
to undertake this work he will be en
trusted with it and given an absolute
ly free hand. Until the schedules come
back to the office from the enumera
tors, in July. 1900, there will be no
clerks wanted save such as small a
skeleton force as will be necessary to
take care of correspondence and
office work preliminary to the taking of
the census. When the schedu'es come
back there will be a large force of em
ployes appointed.
FAIR TREATMENT ASSURED.
"All applications for office will re
ceive consideration and a large num
ber already have been received and
placed on file. While the impression
has gone abroad that the census is to
be a refuge for incompetency the truth
and actual facts are that all applicants
will be subjected to examination be
fore appointment, which will be as rig
id as the examinations before the civil
service commission. No political in
fluence will be sufficient to put an em
ploye on the census pay rolls of whose
competency to do the work to be as
signed the director is not satisfied in
such advance. And, furthermore, if
any employe is found to be incompe
tant. such employe will be discharged
regardless of his or her political back
ing.
"The examination of employes will
be directed, not so much for the test
ing of their general Information and
capacity, a s it will be to their fitness
for the work to be done, as, for ex
ample, no copyist who cannot write or
spell satisfactorily, will be appointed,
nor calculators who cannot calculate. -
First of all, after the general adminis
tration officers are selected, there must
be 300 supervisors appointed, and in
their selection consultation will be had
■with senators and representatives in
the respective states. It may be an
nounced also that senators and repre
sentatives who do not belong to the
Republican party will receive the same
fair treatment and consideration as is
given Republicans. Supervisors will
be appointed by the president, and
confirmed by the senate. »Vone of
these as now contemplated are to be
recess appointments, but the list will
be ready for submission to the senate
at the opening of the next session.
SUPERVISORS 1 ARMY.
"The supervisors, in turn, will ap
point 40,000 enumerators to do the act
ual work throughout the country, but
the list of appointments of enumera
tors first must have the approval of
the director of the census. After ap
proval they will be immediately fur
nished the necessary blanks and In
structions. This will be no small task.
Assuming the population of the United
States at this time to be in round num
bers 80,000,000 people, there must be
400,000 sheets issued for the popula-
I tion schedules alone. Adding to these
the other schedules, there wiH have to
be in the aggregate not less than half
a million such sheets in printed form
issued. All this mass of paper will
have to be manufactured and printed
without delay.
"In counting the population every in
dividual will be represented by a sepa
rate card, and there will have to be
manufactured and printed not less
tljan 100,000,000 of these cards. The
probability that a system of machine
calculating, which admits of counting
in combination and which worked so !
well in the last census, will be adopt
ed for that of 1900. The office will have
to select from the various devices the
i one most satisfactory and a sufficient
j number to do the work must then be
i manufactured.
The work wil be pushed with all pos
| sible speed consistent with accuracy,
and every effort made to avoid drag
ging the work along unnecessarily.
Taken all In all, the number of ap-
I pointments that will be made in the
course of the census will be ovi?r 45.
--000. These include eighteen or twenty
staff officers, 300 supervisors, 40,000
enumerators, and nbout 3.000 clerks
and other employes here."
MAXItA PRIZE MONEY.
Officer* of Admiral Devrey's Fleet
May Get Kstrns.
WASHINGTON, March 11.— The officers of
Dewey's fleet have preferred a claim for
double the amount of head monay which It
was at first believed they were entitled to re
ceive as the result of the victory over the
Spanish forces at Cavlte last May day The
law provides that $100 shall be allowed to the
victors for each person on the captured or
destroyed vessel. By that calculation almos?
$200,000 would be divided among Dewey'3
sailors. But it is also provided that where
the conquered force was superior to tho at
tacking force, then the allowancp shall t>R
$200 per head. V.'hilo Dewey's claim is not
based on any superiority of the Spanish fleet.
It is asserted that fleet, fighting in conjunc
tion with the shore batteries at Oavite did
constitute a superior force in the meaning of
the law. The point is a new one. and Is now
under consideration beforo tha Judge advocate
general of the navy.
RETIRS OF THIRTEENTH.
The Men Will Leave .Vr.nlln by the
First Expedition.
WASHINGTON, Match 11.— Assistant Secre
tary of War Meiklejohn this afcernoon notified
Congressman Loren Fletcher that the Thir
teenth Minnesota volunteer regiment would
return to the United States on the first expe
dition which leaves Manila.
Senator Davis and Representative Mc-
Cleary called upon the president this morn
ing. Neither would state positively the exact
nßture of their call, but intimated that they
desired that the president should pardon those
members of the Fifteenth Minnesota who are
now under arrest at Augusta.
Xevr Postmaster*.
WASHINGTON. March 11. — Postmasters
were appointed today as follows: Nor>.i
Dakota— Grand Harbor, Ramsey county, W.
J. Morgridge. South Dakota— Hillsview, Mc
| Pheraon county, W. Q. Preston.
THJS DARK MAN'S BIRDEK.
(The White Man's Burden Revised J
To The St. Paul Globe:
Take up the dark man's burden
Save from the white man's greed:
Go. strike off those clanking chains
And serve your captive's need.
They wait in heavy harness,
A fluttered folk and wild;
The grasping white man made them.
Half devil and half child.
Take up the dark man's burden,
Oppressed on every side.
Driven by threat of terror:
Go, check the white man's pride;
Hear the dark man's wail of woe
Coming o'er hill and plain:
Slave for the white man's profit,
blave for the white man's gain."
Take ud the dark man's burden.
Stop savage wars for peace
t ill his heart with hope and love.
And bid his sickness cfasp-
And when your goal Is nearest
(The end of others sought).
Watch a race free from folly
Blessed by the love you brought.
Take up the dark mans burden
Stop iron rille of kings
And toll of serf and sweeper
The tale of common things;
Make ports of peace to enter
And roads of love to tread:
Go, make them with your living.
Mark them not with your dead.
Take up the dark man's burden
And reap a blest reward;
The praise of tho3e ye better.
The love of those ye guard.
The cry of hosts ye humor.
(Ah, slowly!) toward the light;
"Thanks, ye brought us from bondage.
From dark Egyptian night."
Take up the dark man's burden.
Ye dare not stoop to less,
Nor call too loud on freedom
To cloak your weariness;
j By all ye will or whisper,
! By all ye leave or do.
The silent burdened peoples
Shall weigh your God and you.
Take ud the dark man's burden.
Have done with childish days;
; Go, crown yourselves with laurels,
Be noble deeds your praise:
Go yo, set the dark man free;
Toiling through thankless years,
The God of peace be with thee.
Yea, the proud praise of peers.
— J. W. Homer, Pastor Congregational
Church, Aberdeen, S. D.
MARCH RAIN.
(By Samuel Eberly Gross, author of "The
Merchant Prince of Cornville.")
The toiling clouds across the meadows toat.
Descending from the rain-drenched hills;
The naked woods in vapory dimnP33 lost.
And clamor of the swollen rills
Swift hurrying to the villnge mills.
The black eclipse of barren, grainless fields.
Dashed 'neath the' heavy laden cloud-
The veil uplifted to the hard wind yields; *
The lowering herds the hedgerows crowd.
And shiver in the fields unploughed.
A singing bird upon the garden tree.
An Inoen^e floating in a song,
A leafless branch, a waif upon the sea,
A bird's clear voice— the bird holds strong
While all around the March winds throng.
A sweet adventurer In blustering spring,
Redbrcust robin with heart so bold.
Too early on thy northwaj-d journeying-
No sweeter tale in southland toid
Than thine, 'mid rain and piteous cold.
»
Inside the farmhouse, nestling In the vale.
The golden hearthstone fire glows;
No clamors there the loving heart assail;
There blended love with duty grows
The wheatstalk mingQlng with the rose.
And gazing through the rain-dashed window
pane.
Oak tree and rose bush sway away;
The firelight woos with red the dripping
rain.
Until, acros3 tho meadows gray
The nightlights pierce the faded day.
The rain-webbed night upon tho world shut
down,
The curtains of the soul undraw
A dream-clad a'.r by storming winds unblown;
No frozen cloud nor winter's thaw.
But gentle glow of love's bright law.
ABOITT THAT BEEF.
Consarnln' beef which came to grief
Old Aesop's tale I'll try on;
The bloomin' thief that stole the beef.
He was a roarin' lion.
The cowboy miss'd his beef with grief.
But, inasmuch as half
Is more than none, to find the thief.
He vow'd the gods a calf.
He went in grief to seek his beef,
'Till, in a bloomin 1 thicket.
Beside the beaf he found the thi»f,
Blood-stain'd and lookin' wicked.
Then, starting from his beef, for grief.
He cried aloud to heav'n,
"To dodge the thief, I'll give a beef.
Besides the calf I've given."
This fable shows that grief for beef
Is apt to cause more trouble;
And tracking beef up to the thief
Is wrapping grief up double.
Oh. Uncle Sam! your grief for beef
Might drive your courts demented;
But one clean shake must bounce the thief.
And then we'll rest contented.
— C. L. Jame3.
Eau Claire. Wis.
THE FOSTER CHILI).
Dedicated to the Trusts.
He was cuunin' as a baby-
As a child he wasn't bad —
I thought he'd be a good man.
And it made my old heart glad.
He growed up awful suddent;
He got amazin' big;
But for all the hopes I had of him
He didn't care a fig.
I give him all his chances,
I made him what he is;
I'd like to be considered.
But he says it isn't "biz."
I handed him my weapons;
And counted on his arm;
But where I looked for naught but good
He does me naught but harm.
By gum! I'm goin' to take that, boy
Right straight acrost my knee.
Ha thinks that he can "do me up;"
I'll spile his line idee!
— Guy W. Athcrton.
New Patterns.
The Globe's Daily Hints on Home
Hi t wrt Im
SAILOR FROCK OF STRIPED GOODS.
The "Sybil" Is a charming little mcd"l for
malting up striped material on the bias.
The wais". !s rut in sn almost niain blcuse,
finished with a velvet sailer edßv. t rimmed
with whlt« brMd and cc^nrng on a shield of
wh'te i:l:th. The frock is of deeo rod good 3
striccd with black. The i V.teru is in sizes
for sirls of ten au.l farelTa years.
A special illustration and fuil directions
about the pUtern will be found on the en
velope in which it is enclosed.
1604-^Sybil Frock.
Sixes for 10 and 12 years.
If you should desire one of these patterns
cut out this advertisement, write your name
and address together with the size of pattern
desired on a slip of paper and mail wtth 10
cents, stamps or silver, to The Globe, St.
Paul.

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