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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, April 16, 1899, Image 1

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VOL. XXII.— NO. 106.
There Whs No Attempt at Decora
tlon or Display, and Flowers
Were Srarre Walls Appropri
ately Draped WitU Fla«a — -Thor
onglily Rrpreseutatlve Gatberln
Gave Attention to the Speakers.
NEW YORK. April IB.— The dollar Je
ferson dinner of the Chicago platfor
Democrats, at the Orand Central Palac
tonight, was, in point of numbers, on
of the lareest affairs ever held In th
city. Nearly 3,000 persons, men and worn
en, sat down at the long tables In th
big room of the Grand Central Palace.
The main hall presented a differen
aspect from that of the Metropolita
opera house, at the $10 dinner of
the Democratic club. There were no flow
er embellishments, but Just long avenues
W tables, covered with clean white plates.
The boxes about the hall were festooned
with flags, with silken banners suspend..
- ed between the flag's. At the back of
the stage were two American flags, drap
ed, one bearing the portrait of Jefferson,
the other the portrait of Bryan. Small
portraits of Bryan were Interspersed be
tween the flags on the balconies.
The diners began to arrive at the Grand
Central Palace at 6 o'clock. There were
160 policemen in and about the place. The
men, to the number of 475, dined in the
long hall just off the second gallery. They
sat down to the tables at 6:30 o'clock.
The first excitement of the evening oc
curred when the Russian-American Dem
ocratic association, 250 strong, from the
Eighth assembly district, marched in.
They were received with cheers.
There was no concerted attempt to seat
the 3,000 diners simultaneously. All were
told to go in and sit down. About 7 o'clock
nearly every seat of the men's table was
occupied, and the service began. Over
600 waiters started out Into the main hall
with soup a few minutes before 7 o'clock.
The menu included soup, fish, rbast beef,
turkey, ice cream, coffee and cigare.
Three thousand bottles of wine were
gratuitously served by a wine company.
Mr. Bryan did not arrive until shortly
after 7 o'clock. Crowds on the outside
signaled his appearance by tremendous
cheering. He came in a cab, and was es
corted through a tremendous crowd to
the waiting room outside the main hall.
Here he shook hands -with the commit
tee. Then he was escorted to the guests'
tßble— a long table in front of the plat
form. Following came the speakers of
the evening. The band played "Hail to
the Chief.' Mr. Bryan was hurried down
one of the main aisles. There was a tre
mendous cheering and waving of nap
kins. Diners stood on chairs and table,
waving frantically. The demonstration
lasted for five minutes.
Among those who eat at the guests'
table were: James R. Brown, presiding;
on his right, W. J. Bryan; on his left,
Charles A. Towne, of Minnesota; O. H.
P. Eelmont, William S. McNary, secre
tary of the Democratic state committee
of Minnesota; Mayor J. L. Rhimoosh, of
Covington, Ky. ; Burton Hall, George
Fred Williams, ex-Congressman William
E. Ryan, of Rochester, A. S. Townsend,
of Virginia; Col. Thomas Smith, of Vir
ginia, and John Clark Rldpath.
The crowd was a thoroughly represent
ati\o i.ne, and before the dinner was con
> chilled hundreds of diners left their seats
and crowded about the guests' table and
began to shake hands with Col. Bryan.
This was stopped with much difficulty.
At 9 o'clock the committee and speak
ers ascended to the platform. Mr. Bry
an received a vociferous ovation, the din
ers in many instances again standing on
chairs and tables and the women waving
i napkins wildly.
James R. Brown called the meeting to
Older, and introduced George Fred Witt
-: lams, of Massachusetts, who was given
a five reception. The crowds in the gal
leries meanwhile had increased, and there
. ./vere at least 5,000 people in the hall. The
mention of Henry George's name evoked
an extraordinary demonstration.
O. 11. P. Belmont was next introduced
and read the following from manuscript:
•'To-night the East extends its hand of
welcome to the West, and is ready to do
honor to one of her great sons, of whom
Bhe is so Justly proud. Let this be the
Bign that there is no North, no South
no East, no West In the Democratic par
ty. Whatever our individual, local or sec
tional opinions are, let us express them
and let them " be respected; this Is the
boul of Democracy. But when, after
these opinions and conditions have been
submitted to our chosen leaders in con
vention; when they have sifted them
down and chosen the material from
which our platform is to be constructed,
then let us, with one voice, say, this is
- the platform upon which we will stand,
shoulder to shoulder as a unit, to win or
"We have reached a point when Deisoc
racy must rule, or the heirs to this great
republic that we know of must bow their
necks to the most powerful plutocracy
the world has even known; mind you,
not even a national plutocracy, but an in
ternational plutocracy, without faith or
kin, which will drag us to the most ab
ject slavery.
"To-day the people are waking up to
the fact that the freedom of man Is the
question they are called upon to decide,
and not theoretical issues for political su
premacy; and in looking about for the
means to secure this right, they see their
only hope in the Democratic party, and
what makes them hesitate? A doubt in
the unanimity in the party. And what
makes the Republicans exult? The same
thing, coupled with the knowledge they
are concentrating all the sinews of war.
There is one other ray of hope held out
to them by honest, but I hold a misguid
ed people, and that is the creation of a
third party, to be made up, as they claim,
~* from the best elements of both. This
ray only creates a situation for the mul
tiplication «t -io.iis. The most liberal
minded man never claims more *l>an two
sides to a question; then why a third
party The issue will be In lf-00. are we
to be controlled by the cosmopolitan mon
ey power, or are we to be free men of
— * —^ pU i v — <-
this great republic? Nothing more, noth
ing; less.
"The Republicans have ranged them
selves on the side of monopolies and the
concentration of wealth. They have
ranged themselves on the side of con
trolling the municipal, state and national
legislation by wealth. They were slow In
avenging the Insult and Injuries of the
enemy, and only did so when pushed to
It by the Democracy of the country.
They are guilty of carrying on our late
war In a partisan and corrupt manner,
and to the profit of corporations. To all
this Democracy, I hold, is opposed, and
Kembling its mighty army to defeat
ngerous foe."
i Clark Ridpath spoke on "Thomas
son." When Mr. Ridpath said Jef
i stood above Adams and Otis, and
was the most Intelligent Democrat that
ever lived, a hundred voices shouted:
"No, no; Bryan, Bryan."
Mr. Williams whispered something to
I Ridpath and the latter said:
accept the suggestion," and bowed
01. Bryan,
the close of Mr. Rldpath's speech a
eshoe of flowers was presented to
Bryan, who rose and bowed,
in S. Crosby spoke on "Civil Llb
roducing Mr. Bryan, Chairman
vn said Abraham Lincoln had come
of the West to save the nation, and
her man had come from the West to
the nation. A perfect tempest of
ause from the men and women brojte
Mr. Bryan raised his hand depre
catingly, but the more he did this the
more the crowd cheered. It was a wild,
frantic demonstration. It lasted for at
least five minutes.
Guest of I lie Evening Waa Given
Generous Applause.
Mr. Bryan said:
I esteem It a great privilege to be per
mitted to attend this, probably the larg
est banquet ever given In the United
States. (Interruption of cheers for
(in.) The object of this banquet was
five Chicago platform Democrats a
ice to celebrate the birthday of
■nas Jefferson. (Cries of "That's It"),
■c was a banquet given in honor of
nas Jefferson two nights ago, and
discussion of the price per plate ob
ed to some extent the differences be
sn that banquet and this. A Demo
has a right to pay whatever he
ses for a dinner if he has the money,
character of a political banquet is
rmined not by the cost of it, but by
sentiments which are woven into the
post-prandial oratory. We have not one
word of hostility to utter towards those
Democrats who left the Democratic party
in 1596. Far be it from us to criticise any
man whose judgment or conscience leads
him out of the Democratic party.
When the Republicans met at St. Louis
some Republicans left the Republican
Ity rather than adapt themselves to
platform written out at St. Louis.
y organized a distinct party, and they
t a name sufficiently different from
Republican so that no one would mls
e the one for the other. They made a
1 and earnest fight, and the Republic
who left the party in 1896 hn-"e
her gone back, nor, standing outs. l^^
c they attempted to write the piai.
--n of the party which they left. There
were Democrats who left us in 1896. They
organized a distinct party; they nomin
ated a ticket and perfected their national
organization. But instead of calling
themselves gold Democrats, so that they
could not be mistaken for the regular
Democrats, they called themselves na
tional Democrats, although they did not
expect to carry a precinct in the United
It is a compliment to receive a presiden
tial nomination from any national con
vention, but I am proud that jny nomina
tion came from a convention of Demo
cratic citizens. (Loud applause). It has
vindicated that platform and every plank
of it is"stronger today than It was when
the platform was written.
Those who believe that we should in
vite into the Democratic party all those
who can share in the purposes and the
aspirations of that party— l cannot speak
for others, I speak for myself — are
wrong, and I say that I would not ab
stract from It a single plank to get back
any who left it. Nor do I believe we
could draw people to us by cowardice
The day for ambiguity has passed. Tha
platform must mean something, and i
you ask me why it was that in the cam
paign of 1886 the hearts of the people
.were stirred as they have not been lately
stirred, I v/ill tell you that it was be
cause the struggling masses found in tha
platform an inspiration, and a.sgi elated
wealth found in it a menace to every
man who robs his neighbor for his own
benefit. It was those who have entrench
ed themselves behind abuses of govern
ment who objected to that platform, anc
well they might object, because that plat
form was aimed at every abuse of gov
eminent, and I am Klad that I was sup
ported by those who would have only
asked me for just laws. I am glad that
the six million and a half people who
voted for me simply wanted me to get
other people's hands out of their pockets
(applause) and not to get their hands
into other people's pockets.
The Republican party Is putting the dol
lar above the man in all its legislation,
and nowhere is it more apparent than In
matters of taxation. The Republican
i>r.rty is not trying to restore justice in
taxation. The war has shown that when
this eovernment deals with an individ
ual itR power is limited. It can draft
the citizen but it cannot touch the dol
lp-r. In the hour of peril the nation can
take the son from his mother and the
husband from his wife, and stand them
up before the enemy's guns, but it dare
not lay its finger upon the wealth of ths
rich and make them contribute their
share. (Tremendous cheering.)
The income tax is stronger than It was.
and it Is placed upon the shoulders of the
poor, who have to carry the burden, but
In the Democratic party you can say
there is one man who is willing to pay his
share. (Loud applause.) My friends,
why should not people be willing to bear
their share of the burdens of govern
ment? If in time of war your country
needs you, you are willing to give your
life's blood— why deny the nation its just
due in time of peace? It has been the his
tory of the world that those who can
make much have been unwilling to share
the burdens of government and have
sought to use the instruments of govern
ment for private gain, to take from those
who can make less than they can.
The Democratic party is a protector of
the rich and the poor, and that party
which makes the rich bear their share of
ihe burden Is a better friend of the rich
man than the party that takes his money
There is another plank in this platform,
which I desire to make mention of. The
Republican party and the gold Democrats
have been burying the money question so
often that I almost feel I ought to apolog
ize for speaking of the dead before" so
large an audience. The Democratic plat
form denounced the gold standard, called
It un-American and anti-American and
pledged the party to destroy it at once
and substitute in Its place independent
bimetallism at the ratio of 16 to 1. If the
gold standard was un-American in 1896; It
is un-American now. If it was anti-
American two years apo, it is anti-Amer
ican now, and if the gold standard was
bad In 1896, you were convinced it was
bad in 1897, because Mr. McKinley sent
three distinguished commissioners to Eu
rope to get rid of the gold standard. And
why did they not succeed? It was because
they asked of the financiers of the old
world a favor, which they ought to know
(c financier? would not grant. Why did
s oppose the gold standard? Because It
s raised the purchasing power of the
liar and lowered the price of the pro
ducts of labor. When our commissioners
went abroad they went to supplicate from
persons who had profited and could not
be expected to do away with a thing from
which they had made money.
Mr. Bryan's reference to the United
States as a bully in striking down the
Filipino natives created the great en
thusiasm of the night. There was a
mighty demonstration when he said that
it was this country which had Inspired
the Filipino with the love of liberty. The
military government of the Philippines
was a despotism, he said, and this was
also applauded. It was not surprising,
he said, that a country that would send
to Englaixi for a financial policy, as It
lift cor;'t be always sunlight, Iov«,
Nor flprll always blue.
fiofsstimes we face fair skies above.
Sometimes a shower or two.
had two years ago, should now send
there for a colonial policy. This was re
ceived with wild applause. When he in
timated that he wanted to stop he was
told to go on, and many requested him
to talk more on imperialism. When he
"We may fall In 1900," there was tu
multous cries of "No, never."
When he concluded another hurricane
of aplause broke forth. Men and women
acted wildly. Men again threw up their
hate and women waved their cloaks and
handkerchiefs and shouted and Jumped
up and down.
Mr. Towne spoke on "Americanism,"
and his address was well received.
•riMoners Are In the Hand*
of the Germans.
April 15.— Baron yon Ileyking,
the German minister to China, returned
today from Kiao-Chou. He Informs
United States Minister Edwin D. Conger
that the German punitive force which
recently went down into Southern Shan
tung to quell native hostility to foreign
residents has arrested a number of
Chinese literary men of Ji-Chou. The
Germans declare that they will hold
these prisoners as hostages until the ac
tual perpetrators of recent outrages on
German Catholic priests shall have been
seized and punished.
To all previous demands of the Germans
the local officials have returned evasive
replies, declaring that the guilty could
not be found. The Germans believe the
Ji-Chou magistrate will be more suc
cessful now in discovering the culprits,
but in any case Ji-Chou will be occupied
until the German demands are complied
with, and of course the occupation may |
be permanent.
Minister yon Heyking cays that the
American missionaries at I-Chou-Fu, the
original destination of the punitive expe
dition, are safe, but the natives In the
district surrounding that town are so
Inflamed with hatred for foreigners that
it is unsafe for missionaries to venture
far from the protection of the local mag
Commissioner to Samoa 'Will Re
ceive Instruction In Person.
WASHINGTON, April 15.— Mr. Bartlett
Tripp, the member of the Samoan com
mission who will represent this country,
has been summoned to Washington to
receive his instruction. It has been found
that he can reach here and still depart
from Washington on the 19th in order
to leave San Francisco on the 25th. As
the Instructions are very long, It was
considered more advisable to have them
delivered to him in person.
Bodies of I.nnndnle and Mnnaghan
to Be Brought Home.
WASHINGTON, April 15. — Secretary
Long has instructed the commandant of
the Mare island navy yard to procure
the metallic caskets and send them out
on the Badger to Samoa to receive the
remains of Lieut. Lansdale and Ensign
Monaghan, of the Philadelphia, which
will be returned to the United States for
burial. _
Duke of Areos Will Be Nominated
by the Cabinet.
MADRID, April 15.— The cabinet has de
cided to nominate the duke of Arcos, un
der secretary of state for foreign affairs,
and former Spanish minister to Mexico,
as Spanish minister to Washington. Se
nor Dupuy de Lome will succeed the
duke of Arcos as under secretary of state
for foreign affairs.
It null of Water,
BISMARCK, N. D., April 15.— Advlcea
from Washburn, forty milefi north of this
city, report the river fifty feet above low
water mark and the highest In Its history
An immense gorge of ice Is plied up and
has backed the water all over the bot
tomrf along the Missouri. At Roach,
Staley's ranch is Inundated and buildings
wiped out. Bridges In all parts of the
county are washed away and travel sus
pended everywhere. The rush of water
was so great that Immense cottonwood
trees were snapped off like reeds by ice
and water.
Escape of Girls Employed In Straw
Goods Factory, Where Fire Start
ed, Regarded as Almost Mirac
ulous — Description of Property
Destroyed and Damaged, Togeth
er With the Losses Incurred.
CLEVELAND, 0., April 15.— Almost
half the block of business houses bounded
by Lake, Bank, Academy and St. Clair
streets was wiped out by fire this after
noon, the damage done amounting to
almost $1,000,000. The flames broke out
in a straw goods factory, whete a large
number of girls were employed* and that
none_of them lost their lives 1b remark
able A number of persons were injured,
as follows:
August Marguardt, fireman engine com
pany No. 3, head cut and stunned, taken
to the Lakeside hospital, not serious;
Frank Hughes, engineer, engine company
No. 9, head, face and bands burned;
Frank Kane, hook and ladder company
No. 7, head and face burned; Fireman
O'Brien and Fireman Ealle, engine com
pany No. 1, were slightly burned; Mrs.
Mary Mylett, No. 84 Marion street, badly
burned about head, hands and chest,
taken to St. Vincent's hospital, severely
hurt, but will recover; Patrick Jordan, en
gine company No. 1, burned about head
and hands; Frank Brunner, engine com
pany No. 1, burned about face; Frank
Murphy and Sherwood Hoyt, engine com
pany No. 1, burned faces and hands; John
Rauschert, No. 69 Bozetta street, badly
burned on head, face and arms, will re
The damage done is as follows:
Four-story brick building, No. 99 Bank
street, owned by E. N. Bosenfeld, and
occupied by Meyer Jaskulek, packer of
leaf tobacco. Rosenf eld's loss, $25,000; Jas
kulek's loss, ?25,000. Four-story brick
block, 91 Bank street, owned by E. I.
Baldwin estate and occupied by L. H.
Whitcomb & Co. and A. W. & J. Bam
pliner, cloak manufajctarers. Baldwin es
tate loss, $10,000; L. H. Whitcomb & Co.
loss. $35,000; A. W. & J. SamDliner loss,
P 00,000. Six-story brick block, 85 Bank
street, owned by the E. I Baldwin estate
and occupied by Hart & Co., wholesale
milliners. Baldwin estate loss, $50,000;
Hart & Co. loss, 545,000; Four-story brick
block. 81 Bank street, owned by the
Bradley estate and occupied by H. Black
& Co., cloak manufacturers; Estate's
loss, $50,000; Black & Co.'s loss, $50,000.
Four-story brick block, 75 Bank street,
owned by E. H. Footte and occupied by
Reed Bros. & Co., milliners and import
ers of straw eoods. C. H. Foote's loss,
$50,000; Reed Bros. & Co.'s loss, $75,000.
Five-story brick building, No. 9 Academy
irtreet, owned by the Bradley estate and
occupied by Comey & Johnson, straw hat
manufacturers. Estate's loss, $15,000; Co
mey & Johnson's loss, $150,000. Two-story
frame building, owned and occupied by
E. Roßenfeld, cigar manufacturer, loss
$50,000. Six other two-story frame dwell
ings and a small ivery stable on Academy
street were damaged to the extent of
about $5,000.
The fir*» started in the rear of the sec
ond floor of Comey & Johnson's factory,
and in a few minutes th«f whole building
was ablaze, the 200 girls and women em
ployed getting out by means of the fire
New Check to Shooting in the State
of Kentucky.
LEXINGTON, Ky., April 15.— A verdict
for $5,000 damages against Maj. T. J. Car
son, a prominent race horse breeder, In
favor of W. E. Singleton, photographer,
who was shot by Carson, was returned
tod^y. Singleton sued for $10,000. The
shooting resulted from an alleged re
mark by Singleton regarding Carson's
niece. This is one of the very few cases
in Kentucky for which damages have
been given for physical Injuries received
In a shooting affray.
Oh, Life and £prfi feov* darK bours
Tbat soon grew glad agaiQ;
So soy not* dMiv b«eous« It showers,
T'oat Life ts «§vf€E3fs rain.
—Arthur J, Strlng^iv
Weather Forecast for St. Paulj
Fair and "Warmer.
I— Democratic Dinner.
German Jlngnlatt Noisy.
Loss of A Million.
Explosion Kill* Five.
3— Capture of Bamrti.
3 — Company D Hero.
To Enforce Game Law*.
•*— Diplomatic Victory for Berlin.
Alleged Ohio Bribery.
6— Red Book Admitted.
Return of Volunteer*.
t'rokcr on the Stnad.
6— Evidence Against Mrs. George.
7— Minneapolis Matters.
B— Editorial.
9— Newn of the Railroads.
BfortliTvest Newt,
lO— Sack Pay Recovered.
In the Field of Labor.
11— Trlnli. of an Editor.
12— Memorial Day rinns.
Minnesota's Prison.
13— The Legislative Session.
Honor of Solons.
Faith In Schellbaeh.
Tawney and Antl-Trnst Bill*
14 — Sporting Sewi.
Bis; leagne Season Open.
Comlskey's Men Win.
16 — Leotnhauser Inquiry.
16— 'Davis on Samoa.
School Board Asks Aid.
17— Business Announcement*
18 — Books of the Hour.
19 — Business Announcement.
20— Social Hews of St. Paul.
21— Suburban Social News.
Lillian Russell Resigns.
22 — Fashions folr the Fair.
23-26— The Ac e of Spades.
27— Electrics and Their Future,
A Short Frontier Story.
28 — Fltzaiuimona and Jeffries.
Amoag the Local Cyclists.
29— Life of James J. Hill.
May Wheat Declines.
BO— Realty Gets a Boom.
31— Wants.
32 — Coffee Raisins; in Brazil.
Week at the Theater*.
NEW YORK- Arrived: Graf Waiaersee,
GENOA— Arrived: Ems, New York for
ANTWERP— Arrived: Friesland, New
LIVERPOOL— Arrived: Lucania, New
HAMBURG— Arrived: Augusta Victoria,
New York via Cherbourg and South
METROPOLITAN— "The Carpetbagger,"
GRAND— Nance O'Nell in "Magda," 8:16
Deutscher Central Bund, Mozart hall,
Concordia society concert, Mozart hall,
• p. m.
All of the El slit Men Who Were la
the Mill Hurled Into the Air anil
None Escaped Without More or
Leas Serious Damage — The Ex.
plosion Probably Dae to a De
fective Boiler.
CHIPPEWA FALLS, Wis., April 15.—
(Special.)— Three men killed and five In
jured ia the result of a boiler explosion
In the saw mill located about eight miles
east of this city. The mill was a small
one owned by George Straight, and was
used for cutting bass wood logs. The
power was furnished by a twenty-horse
power engine and boiler. Without any
warning the boiler exploded about 1
o'clock today, entirely demolishing the
building and hurling the eight workmen
high in the air. The dead are:
LEM WILCOX, foreman.
The injured are the engineer, P. A.
Briggs, and four whose names are yet
unknown. It is almost certain that two
of the injured men will live but a few
hours. Fragments of the men killed
■were found over 100 yards from the scene
Qf the destruction, and portions of the
•boiler were picked up a quarter of a mile
The explosion, It is said, was due to
the weak condition of the boiler, it hav
ing been In use for a number of years.
The three men killed are residents of
Cadot, Wis. Engineer Briggs, who is
among the seriously injured, is an Eau
Claire man, and the others are farmers
who resided near the ill fated mill. All
of the injured were frightfully scalded
by the steam. They are being cared for
at the hospital in Cadot. Two horses
standing near the mill were instantly
May Attend the Grand Army En
campment at Philadelphia.
WASHINGTON, April 15.—Commander
in-Chief W. C. Johnson, of the G. A. R.,
has extended an invitation to President
McKinley to attend the national encamp
ment -of the organization to begin at
Philadelphia on Sept. 4. Commander
Johnson was accompanied by Capt. E.
R. Monfort, of Cincinnati; Capt. W. H.
Armstrong, of Indianapolis, and Capt.
George H. Patrick, of Montgomery, Ala.
The president said that if he was in
Washington at the time he would attend
the encampment. It la possible that the
president will be in the West. His in
tention now is to make hie Western trip
in July or August.
It 'Will Be Made a Memorable Event
In New York.
NEW YORK, April 15.— The mayor's
committee has completed the arange
ments for the reception which Is to be
given for the United States cruiser Ra
leigh upon the arrival of that lighting
ship from Manila. Gov. Roosevelt has
accepted the invitation to meet the Ra
leigh, in company with the mayor and
his committee.
The outer bridge line steamer Pretoria,
which arrived at quarantine tonight from
Bermuda, reports having passed the
United States cruiser Raleigh on Thurs
day night, 140 miles north of Bermuda,
steaming slowly. The weather was fine at
that time. The Raleigh's arrival in port
is not expected before daylight tomorrow
Pages i to 1 6
Foreign Minister -yon Buelow Telia
How He Forced the British to
Yield a Point Belief That Thera
la an Under»tan<llng Between.
America and Great Britain Bold*
ly Aaaerted.
(Copyright by the Associated Press.)
BERLIN, April 16 —The Samoan ques«
tlor continued to overshadow all other*
during the week— bo much so that the In
terest In the subject haß even seized
the masses. The most remarkable feature
of the affair Is the united dally onslaught
made by the entire Agrarian, Anti-Semite
and part of the Conservative and Nation
al Liberal press on the cabinet, and es
pecially on the minister of foreign af
fairs, Baron yon Buelow, who Is charged
with following a weak policy, and yield-
Ing too much to "British Insolence and
Yankee Impudence."
A regular campaign of abuse has been
opened against the leaders In foreign pol
itics, many of the utterances being of un
usual vigor and venom for the German
press conditions.
It la learned on good authority that
the aim of this Is to discredit Baron yon
Buelow with the emperor, force his re
tirement, and prejudice public opinion,
and the relchstag against the United
States, and thuß defeat the meat Inspec
tion bill, which Is considered by the
Agrarians to be too favorable to Ameri
can, and too harmful to German interests.
It Is added that Friday's interpellation
of the government In the relchstag, on
the Bamoan question, and Baron yon
Buelow's reply, were intended as a test
of strength between the two contending
parties, as Baron yon Buelovs-, as well as
the cabinet, which Is more or less sway
ed by him, is considered by the Agrarians
to be distinctly hostile to their interests.
But the great noise of the Agrarian
press and its allies ought not to deceive
the people into the belief that they rep
resent public opinion. They are merely the
blatant minority. Neither the emperor
nor the government have allowed them
selves to be influenced by these mischief
makers. This fact was strikingly illus
trated In the passing of the midland canal
bill by the diet. The measure was ex-
tremely distasteful to the Agrarians. The
party Is distinctly on the down-grade In
Russia and Germany generally. In the
relchstag the party has only about 100
of a total of 397 members, and in the
diet Its adherents number considerably
less than half the total membership. Dr.
Lehr's ridiculous jingoism In the relch
stag, last evening, in presenting the open
ing speech of the Interpellation, spoiled
the Agrarian's game.
The expressions on the Samoan question
differed widely this week according to
the political standpoint of the pi*rty. Until
Friday, when the high commission was
trembling in the balance, the comments
naturally were more vivid and more bit
ter. The Deutsche Zeltung headed a page
editorial, "The Shame of Samoa," and
condemned the action of the government
in' toto. It declared the cabinet was
wholly devoid of national sentiment, and
aspirations, and asked ironically:
"What more do we want? The drie
bund has fallen to pieces, Russia is al
lied with France, England with the
the United States, Austria is secretly al
j lied to France, and Italy is wholly de
| pendent upon England, with the possi
bility of her sliding over to France. Add
to all this the brutal treatment we have
been subjected to by England and the
United States, by Count yon Thun-Ho
henstein (the Austrian premier), Mr.
Maxse (the British consul at Apia), Mr.
Chambers (the chief Justice of Samoa),
and Admiral Kautz. Indeed, we ask,
what more do we want?"
One Agrarian organ spoke of the "im
potent weakness" shown in Samoa, and
concluded: "We stand aghast at the
tombstone of German honor.''
The more reasonable part of the press
expressed itself most bitterly. The Kreuz
Zeitung,. officially inspired, said:
"It seems to be settled that we were
too optimistic in judging good relations
of Mr. White (the United States ambas
sador at Berlin) that England and Amer
ica had not identified themselves in the
Samoan matter. This, indeed, seems to
be the case, not alone In Samoa, but gen
erally, in the White house and Downing
From Inquiries made among leading
members of the colonial party, it is their
belief that the United States wants the
Samoan islands, and are going to have
them. A well Informed correspondent of
the Cologne Volkszeitung asserts this in
an article, adding many apparent de
tails. The Lokal Anzegler, under the
head of "A Noble Pair of Brothers," ex
presses the opinion that the Anglo-
American understanding will not last
long, "as merchants so' unscrupulous in
competition as the English and Ameri
cans will easily become enemies." Con
tlning, the Lokal Anzgier says that "the
United States, before long, will again be
friends with Russia."
The Vosfcische Zeltung compares the
former cessions to the United States by
France, Spain and Russia with the pres
ent movement In the British West Indies
and says:
"All the countries subsequently re
gretted their soles, and England has no
need to yield valuable possessions in the
West Indies so long as she is annexing
worthless territories In Africa and Poly
nesia. Surely V'aHkee greed at this, the
first opportunity, seems to demonstrate
that the British-Amertcan friendship will
not be of long duration."
A number of papers also point out the
absolute necessity of a larger navy. The
semi-official Post, In an inspired article,
"Probably the Samoan difficulties would
not have arisen at all if the other eoun-
Contlnued on Eleventh Peare.

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