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CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Carrier Imo 6 mos 12 mos Dally only 40 eHs $Tos Daily and Sunday 50 2.75 6.00 Sunday 15 .75 1.50 COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. "By Mail Imo 6 mos 12 mos Dally only 25 $1.50 $3.00 Dally and Sunday 35 2.00 4.00 Sunday .75 1.50 Weekly .75 1.00 Entered at Postofflce at St. Paul, Minn., as Second-Class Matter. Address all communications and make all Remit tances payable to THE GLOEE CO.. St. Paul, Minnesota. Anonymous commu nications not noticed. Rejected manu scripts will not be returned unless ac companied by postage. BRANCH OFFICES. KVvr York M) Spruce St. niicnn" Kocm 609, No. 87 Washington St. WEATHER FOR TODAY. Minnesota— Fair Friday; high west to northwest winds. Saturday fair and w armer. North Dakota— Fair and colder: westerly winds. Saturday fair and warmer. South Dakota — Fair and cooler; westerly winds. Saturday fiilr and warmer. Montana— Fair Friday. Saturday fair and warmer; westerly winds. Wisconsin — Cooler, with fair in western and thunder storms in eastern portion Friday; dangerous southwesterly squalls. Saturday fair. lowa— Fair Friday, high west to north west winds. Saturday fair and warmer. ST. PAUL. Yesterday's observations, taken by the United States weather bureau, St. Paul, P. F. Lyons observer, for the twenty four hours ended at 7 o'clock last night. Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. Highest temperature 74 I. 'west temperature t|o Average temperature 67 Daily range 14 Ba n imeter 29.42 Humidity 83 Precipitation 53 T i>. m. temperature 4*3 T p. m.. wind, south; weather, cloudy. RIVER AT B A. M. Danger Gauge Change in tion. Line. Reading. 24 hours. St. Paul 14 6.3 —0.2 l.;i Crosse M 8.5 —0.3 tport IS 8.8 *0.2 ouls 30 25.6 *0.2 —Fall. 'Rise. YKSTKKDAY S TEMPERATURES. Hlgh.*Bpm High.*Bpm Bismarck ...'IS «2 Boston 54 52 Calgary 4rt 3 i Buffalo 82 70 Duluth 50 46,Chieago SO 74 Edmonton ...50 44 Cleveland ....82 74 Havre ...50 44iDetroit 32 74 Selena 42 40 Los Angeles.. 64 58 Huron 10 70 New Orleans. S6 76 Medicine Hat. 4B 42 New York ....66 54 Minnedosa ...64 ."(3 Omaha 70 60 Prince Albert.so -it), Philadelphia .70 54 QuAppelle ...14 liiijPittsburg 80 70 8. Current .J»6 36: San Francisco 64 50 "VYlllistoii H2 54|St. Louis ....80 76 Winnipeg 68 6ll Washington .72 58' shlngton time (7 p. m. St. Paul). M vkkia<;e ix wiscoxsin. A good deal of scandal has arisen, and much individual unhapplness has followed, as a result of the loose marriage laws of the state of Wisconsin. From every neigh iMiing stale persons desiring to avoid the few very reasonable and altogether in dispensable requirements established in their own states have been In the habit of having their marriages performed In Wisconsin. Clandestine marriage would, indeed, be practically impossible in this sse< tion were it not for the Wisconsin law. The present session of the Wisconsin legislature has passed a measure which. If it should not be vetoed by the governor, Will be the law of the state within a short time. It provides that a license shall be Issued at least five days before any mar rlage can be solemnized within the state. It seems altogether reasonable to sup pose that the governor of Wisconsin will attach his signature to the measure. He certainly ought to do so in the interest of public decency, unless he desires his state to continue to bear about the same relation to marriage which certain other ma ••■.-. still bear to divorce. The intelligent sense of the American people is clearly adverse to the disposi tion to make light of the marriage relation or to entering upon it In any other than a spirit of serious consideration. Had mar riages continued to be surrounded by the impressivensss which attended them al most universally but a few years ago, the divorce evil would not be at all as X- ii ill or as aggravated as it Is among us. The Gretna Green of a century ago has no place in modern American society. \ TOLICE STATION TRIAL. A good deal of discussion, which seems entirely unnecessary, has prevailed re garding the circumstances of the arrest of a man named Ranger by a mounted officer In Merriam Park. Whether the arrest was or was not warranted, it was made. There is no authority qualified to pass upon the rightfulness of the arrest excepting a local police court. Two spe dflc charges were made against Ranger, one that he resisted an officer and an- Other for fast driving. On the statement imputed to Lieut. Budy, in charge of the Merriam Park substation, he released Ranger on his representation that he had been suffi ciently punished for his misconduct in being arrested and clubbed by the officer, and on the further representations that it would be very inconvenient to him to bo compelled to lose further time on the matter. Lieut. Budy has authority, we believe, to release a prisoner on bail who has been charged with a misdemeanor. There his power In such a case ends. By what authority did he assume judicial func tions in releasing Ranger and practically acquitting him of the charges made? They were of a public nature, and were in no sense the outcome of a personal dis-. agreement. They could not therefore be withdrawn. Nor were they withdrawn. It would relieve the taxpayers of con siderable expense to have criminal charges thus summarily disposed of. It ■would effectually remove all difficulties about the reorganization of the munici pal court, and perhaps be altogether sat isfactory in operation. It Is worth while pointing out, however, that the polioe force of this city exists for no such pur pose, and that it is a gross breach of public duty and obligation to do as Lieut. Budy did in this case. If Chief Goss does not see the matter In this light it should "be made plain to him by his superior of ficer, the mayor, and such steps taken as will prevent a recurrence of any such high-handed proceeding. Frederick C. Stevens, president of the ■defunct Minnesota Savings bank, in an swering the Invitation of representatives of the chamber of commerce. Jobbers' union and Commercial club to a banquet •aid: "It will give- me great pleasure to be with you on that occasion, at the date suggested." How embarrassing it would have been had he accepted for "that oc casion" on some other date. JAHAKTIKU A I, AW. Minnesotans have the consolation of knowing that there are legislatures in other states even more asinine than any they have paid for spoiling good paper in enacting fool laws. California established its claim to pre-eminence over Minne sota, if not over the legislature of any state in the Union. It was not only that the boodlers so dominated it that no elec tion of a senator was possible, for, how ever unintentional was the outcome, the result is most fortunate for the country that a senator thus selected will not re inforce men from the same mill in the senate. Its claim to a higher grade of foolishness than Minnesota legislatures have yet attained was in the passage of a law that requires every "article, state ment and editorial" in a newspaper to be signed by the writer thereof. Whether to ignore the law, so stupidly senseless on its face as to stamp it a dead letter from its birth, or to obey it was the question presented to California papers. To ignore it was the easier way, for a literal compliance with the act pre sented difficulties that every newspaper man will readily perceive, however simple it might seem to the sort of intellects selected in California to make up a Re publican legislature. The Argonaut, how ever, belongs to the class of papers which believe that the law should be obeyed, and that the best way to secure the re peal of a bad one is through its enforce ment. The latest issue of that very in dependent and excellent paper opens its editorial page with a long apology for the signature of the editor's own name to every "article, statement and edito rial" in the paper, and why it is that his own name and not those of the members of his staff is given. He assumes that, as he is the responsible head of the pa per, dictating its policy, suggesting, where he does not write, the treatment of topics, he alone is the writer of all that appears in his paper, a position the accuracy of which every newspaper man will admit. Then follow the various "articles, statements and editorials" of the paper, the society news, the musical notes, the sporting news, the book notices and liter ary notes, the column of storiettes culled from uncredlted sources, each and every one followed by the name of the editor. But, to make the absurdity of the law more apparent, all except the explana tory editorial, which bears the name of Jerome A. Hart, each and every item In the entire paper is followed by the name "jahart" in "lower case" and in agate type, whether the reading matter preced ing it is set in minion or nonpareil. Nothing could better set off the ridicu lousness of the law and bring it and its authors into contempt. The process may be aptly termed "jaharting." The Argonaut is Republican to the core, notwithstanding its independent attitude, but Mr. Hart regrets being obliged to "admit that a majority of the late legis lature was Republican," and then pro ceeds to present a terrific arraignment of its party in that state. He recounts the notorious corruption that prevailed dur ing the senatorial contest. "The Repub lican party in California must be purged of rogues," declares the irate editor, ut terly reckless of the decimating effect of his decree. "But if the Republican party should chastise their leaders," he concludes, "will the people of California think that Justice has yet been done? Or will a justly outraged people also .chastise the Republican party, and with whips of scorpions flog them from the halls of the commonwealth which they have defiled?" ia The Minneapolis council appears to be having trouble to get rid of the frogs In the big reservoir. That ought to be sim ple. Catch them and eat them. Frogs legs are great brain makers, and some councils need cerebral development. A Missouri firm has taken the Job of building a Jail at Marshall, Minn. This looks rather bad for Marshall, as the Mlssourlans do not seem to be able to build jails tight enough to hold their own desperadoes. The mothers of Minnesota will be glad to know that the anti-Gretna Green law did, after all, go through the Wisconsin legislature. More of our girls will get married at home hereafter. It seems hard to reach the people who make improper use of the flag. The day Quay was acquitted the Philadelphia In quirer published his picture surrounded with the American bunting in colors. If the Minneapolis Journal and Tribune really need a peace commission, how would it do to put their little affair in the hands of the Minneapolis police force? Now it is announced that Quay has sixty votes pledged to seat him as a sena tor. What won't politics of the plainest and cheapest kind do? It is rumored that the president -will remove Miles when the beef report Is in. Let the president do this if he wants to be beaten in 1900. America is after Oriental trado every hour. It Is stated that our purchase of Chinese firecrackers this year will be the largest on record. One big Minneapolis firm is selling men's furnishings, corsets and soda water. There's a record-breaking combi nation for you. In spite of the fact that Mr. Hobart was elected vice president, he isn't mucli more prominent than Mr. Sewall or Mr. Watson. Now it is proposed to build a cable line to Iceland. Is that to facilitate tlie or dering of ice by our red-hot college boys? Pretty soon we will be speaking of the soldiers in the Philippines as Col. Fred Funston and the others. The signal service hangs up a bulletin indicating squalls. Do you hear that, Kautz and Coghlan? J. Pluvius started in at Kansas City and Milwaukee yesterday with a per centage of 1.000. Wanted— A small carload of harmony and melody for Samoa. Perhaps Armenia needs a new advertis ing agent- THE ST. PAUL GLOBE, FRIDAY, APRIL 28, 1899, AT THE THEATERS. GRAND. Only three more opportunltlea are left local theater goers to enjoy the interest ing scenes and Incidents of a "Royal Prisoner" at the Grand. Tomorrow at 2:30 the only remaining matmee of the engagement ■will occur. Laughter will reign supreme at the Grand the coming week, when "Too Much Money," the new and successful farce comedy will be seen fr a week's engage ment. As its title indicates, the skit takes for the basis of its story and plot the idea of money, and illustrates in the working out of the same the peculiar idea of the Dunkards, who do not believe in money and they are forbidden to marry persons of wealth, and it is on this fea ture that no end of fun Is evolved in this play. There is promised a goodly sup ply of song, music and dance, and the cast is in every way adequate. METROPOLITAN. Dr. John Watson (lan Mrclaren), the celebrated author, preacher and lecturer, will deliver one of his famous lectures at the Metropolitan Opera house Friday afternoon, May 5. Otis Skinner, in hla latest success, "Rosemary," will be the attraction at the Metropolitan Opera house for three nights and Wednesday matinee, com mencing Monday evening, May 1. SMART SHORT STORIES. An instructor was drilling a company cf volunteer recruits, who did not pay much attention to hla orders. He noticed one man in particular, who was passing sly remarks about him. The instructor held out for some time, but at last could stand it no longer, and said to the man, a Scotchman, sarcastically: "You seem to know all about the drill, my lad. Suppose you com* out and take my place." Mac, being very thick skinned, came out of the ranks, and, facing the company, gave the order: "Company, 'tentionV Then, after a pause: "Right turn! Dismiss!" Leav ing the astonished instructor, who was too amazed to speak, the company raced back to the canteen, delighted at having escaped an hour's tedious drill. The colonel of a certain regiment, who was very strict on his young officers, was continually inspecting their troop rooms to see if everything was clean, and also to see if he could find fault with any thing. One day he inspected the room of an officer who was noted for his wit. He had nearly finished his inspection when he noticed a cobweb in one of the corners, and thought to himself, "Now I have got him." "What does this mean?" asked the colonel. The young officer coolly replied: "We always keep one in case a man cuts his finger." Up near Ponca, Neb., lives a man who is noted for his absent-mindedness. A recent visitor from there declares this story is told and believed among his neighbors: "He was over at our house one evening when a heavy rain set in, and he was invited to stay all night rather than take the drenching he would get on the half-mile trip home. He ac cepted the invitation. Later, he took his hat and stepped out of the house. In a short time he came in again, bearing a bundle under his arm. He explained by saylng: 'I didn't want to give you folks too much bother, and so I thought I would Just get my own nightshirt, and I have been over to the house after it.' And there never was any Indication in his manner that he realized the ridicu lousness of the trip under the circum stances." ■ . WORLD'S BIGGEST THINGS. The largest insect known to entomolo gists is a Central American moth, called the Erebus strix, which expands Its wings from 11 to 18 inches. The longest word in the English lan guage is "Proantitransubstantiatlonist," a Jointed word of twenty-eight letters. "Transubstantiationableness" is the next longest. The largest cask in the world is the Blather cask of Nuremberg, Germany. It is .105 feet in diameter and 51 feet deep, and its completion a few years ago was celebrated by a ball, at which over 500 persona were on the floor of the cask. The longest wall in the world is the fa mous stone defense made by the Chinese against the Tartars about 200 B. C. It is 20 feet high, 27 feet thick at the base, and stretches for 1,280 -miles over hills, valleys and rivers. The greatest bell in the world is in an edifice before the great temple of Buddha at Tokyo. It weighs 1,700,000 pounds, and is four times greater than the great bell at Moscow, whose circumference at the rim is nearly 68 feet, and whose height is 21 feet. The highest monument in the world is in Washington, D. C. It was erected in honor of George Washington. It is 550 feet high, 55 feet square at the base, and contains 18,000 blocks of marble two feet thick. In the interior is an eleva tor, and 50 flights of stairs, 18 steps each. m , GOOD WORD FOR THE GOVERNOR For tlie Work He Is Doing to Get tlie Thirteenth Home. To the Editor of the Globe: The pictures in yesterday morning's Pioneer Press of members of the Thir teenth regiment were very amusing, no doubt, for people who have no boys in the Philippine islands and are not quick to sympathize with other people's trou bles. As for myself and a great many others who have suffered greatly from having their boys in the islands, we see nothing in the pictures but a desire to convey a wrong idea to the public mind. There are a great many boys among the volunteers who have no "mommies" to come home to, but they are just as anx ious to come home as others are. I think if the party who wrote the article in Tuesday morning's Pioneer Press was in the boys' position he would only be too glad to be sent home. Of course the boys af the Thirteenth Minnesota volun teers were and are only too glad to serve their country, but there are a great many of them whose families have suffered greatly during the past severe winter, and, looking from a different point of view, there are a great man others who, now that the war for which they enlisted is over, have duties to perform that are of far greater Importance and a' great deal pleasanter than those that the gov ernment are making them perform in the Philippines. I appreciate Gov. Llnd's services in trying to get the recall of the Thirteenth Minnesota volunteers. MRS. T. C. FERNALD. St. Paul, April 26. -•«- Long-Llved Pope*. Leslie's Weekly. The recovery of the nonagenarian pon tiff, after an illness followed by an opera tion, which within a day brought 10,000 telegrams to his bedside, reveals his mar velous vitality and recalls the fact that out of a total of 263 'pontiffs sixteen only have seen their eighty-first year. Plus IX., Leo's predecessor, lived until he was ninety years old, and was the only one of all the popes who surpassed Peter's quarter of a century on the papal throne. Clement XI. died in his ninety third year; Paul IV. at ninety-three, and Gregory IX. was all but a centenarian. Commenting on these facts, the London Lancet says that Pope Leo's example adds another to the many instances of patriarchal years attained by hard-work ing men, professional and other, In whom "mind and soul according well" with a physique unbroken by excess and braced by manly exercise, have resulted in that "old age" immortalized by Wordsworth as "beautiful and free." Spiritual. Washington Post. "Should distillers be permitted to go to heaven?" inquires the Louisville CouWer- Journal. Why cause Kentucklans this needless annoyance concerning the future? » _ — . A»«l "Neither «;ain Anything. Washington Star. Mr. Quay and Mr. Addicks might trade legislatures and see what new talent will flo. SEWS MUAILROADS ROAD BED OF DULUTH, HURON & DENVER PURCHASED AT SHERIFF'S SALS BY SECURITY TRUST COMPANY 1-:. J. Il.wljisou Gives a History of the Line on Which $300,000 Was Spent— Will Try to Interest Cap ital In Furthering Its Construc tion—Northern Pacific Ramlng* Continue to show on Increase. E. J. Hodgson, president of the Se curity Trust company, of this city, re turned yesterday from Glen wood, Pope county, where he. purchased at sheriff's sale the road bed pf the Duluth, Huron &. Denvere railroad. Mr. Hpdgson acted as trustee for some half a dozen of the judg ment creditors and bid in the road for $100,000. The road bed was graded and bridged from Sauk Center through Ben son and Appleton to the western line of the state about twelve years ago at a cost of $300,000, and while the bridges are gone the road bed is in fairly good condition. Mr. Hodgson last evening in speaking of the purchase which was made under judgment said the original intention of the parties interested in the road was to build a line from Duluth to Huron, S. D., and twelve years ago the work was commenced. Instead of starting at Du luth tho work was commenced at Sauk Center, it being contended that as both the Northern Pacific and Great Northern roads were at this point It would be Just as well to use these lines from Sauk Cen ter to Duluth. From Sauk Rapids 4he line was graded southwest to Benson, a distance of thirty-five miles and from there to Appleton twenty-five miles further. From Appleton the route still contlnuede southwest about forty miles to the western line of the state. About ?300,000 was expended In bridges and grading the roadbed of the proposed line a distance of something over 100 miles. The trouble was, according to the statement of Mr. Hodgson, the parties at the head of the project were not prac tical railroad men and after spending what money they had were unable to go ahead. The president of the company was Rev. J. C. Conkey, of Dubmiue, lo. ( and the officers and members of the syn dicate were equally as well posted In the business of constructing railroad as tho president of the company. The result was that after working over 100 miles from Sauk Center the company came to the end of Its cash and work was stopped. There were numerous creditors as the work done aggregated $300,000, but only six or seven, which wore represented by Mr. Hodgson at the sale, held Wednesday, held 'on and followed up their claims with judgments. The names of the parties Interested or the judgment creditors Mr. Hodgson did not care to give ;out. The intention was to get title to the road bed and interest new capital or some railroad company in the scheme. Mr. Hodgson said so far as he had personally examined the .ro.ad bed he was surprised to find the grading almost intact. He had often heard that there was nothing so. enduring as mound building and this statement was, proven correct by the oendition of the old road bed constructed twelve years ago. The proposed road, Mr. Hodgaon said, crossed the Soo at Sedan, tho Great Northern at Benson, and the H. & D. division of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul at Appleton. The country was the most promising In the farming 11ns in the state, and If It was possible to interest outside capital or some railroad company to put in money enough to complete the line he had on doubt but that It would pay for tho investment. - ■—- •iwrt*** ■ ■ *"**|sa»« N. P. EARNINGS. They Still Continue to Show an In crease Every Month. The gross earnings' statement of the Northern Pacific for the month of March was made public yesterday, and is as fellows: Gross earnings— March, 1898, $1,847,346.13: 1599, $2,061,804.77; increase, $214^,458.64. Operating expenses— March, 1898, $791, --636.28; 1399, $958,126.88; Increase. $186 490 60 Net earnings— March, 1893, $1,055,709.85; 1899, $1,103,677.89; Increase, $47,968.04. Taxes, rentals and improvements- March, 3898, $241,465.18; 1899, $239,738.27 Net operating income— March, 1898. $814 - 244.67; 1899, $863,939.62; increase, $49,694.95. Miscellaneous income not including land sales— March, 1898, $55,971.94; 1899, $12,174.81. Net Income— Main system— March, 1898, $870,216.61; 189!), $876,114.43; increase, $5,897.82. Proprietary lines-^March, 1898, $25,135.14; 1899, $17,400.18. Total, March, 1898, $895, --351.75; 1899, $893,514.61. For the nine months ending March 31 the gross earnings Were $18,130,392.62, an Increase of $1,753,640.78.: The operating ex penses were $8,124,145.10, an increase of $700,507.24. Net earnings for the nine months, $10,056,247.42, an increase of $1, --053,133.64. The net Income of the main and proprietary lines Increased, $505,974.99. N. P. LAND SALES. Mlnnenota Portion Will Be Sold at St. Paul. MILWAUKEE,; Wis., April 27.— Judge Jenkins today ordered the sale of that part of the land grants of the Northern Pacific Railway company which lies in Minnesota and North Dakota, east of the Missouri river. The sale will be made by Special Master Alfred L. Carey. The North Dakota lands wil be sold at Fargo, N. D., and the Minnesota lands at St. Paul. The patented lands will be sold In single sections or subdivisions and the other lands in two parcels. The date of sale will be fixed by the master, sixty days' notice being given. The sale was ordered on the petition of Receivers Ed win H. McHenry and Frank G. Bigelow. The land affected by this order is about 25,000,000 acres and most of it lies in Min nesota. BOOKINGS FOR EUROPE. Borne Northwestern People Going by the Beaver Line. J. G. Allen, agent for the Beaver line, has booked the following passengers for European ports: Dr. Arthur Sweeney, of St. Paul, who will sail on the Patricia to France, May 27. He goes on a pleasure trip. Adam Lawson, of the Northern Pacific, will sail for London June 24, on fhe Pre toria. , James Carney, a wealthy range owner of Dlckenson, N.. D., f left last night for New York and will sail May 3 on the Majestic for Ireland. He goes to the County Claire to bring his family of fifteen to America. On his return he will settle In Barron county, Wisconsin, where he has purchased 480 acres of land. August Larson, and family will sail Saturday on the Pennsylvania for Sweden, and Anton Brockmeler goes May 4 on the Furst Blsmark. FOR M. & ST. L. BUSINESS. Milwaukee Planning to Build Two Linen in Sew Territory. The statement has been confirmed by a dispatch from New York that the Mil waukee will go after Minneapolis and St. Louis business by building two lines into its territory." It is reported on pretty good authority that the Milwaukee will build from Rockwell City to Sac City: and Storm Lake, and from Fonda to Spencer. The Milwaukee already has a road from Spencer to Spirit Lake and It will *c extended to Jackson, Minn., making* a through line from that point to Den Monies. The Sao City line will probably bo extended Into Sioux county next y«ar. Albert Lea'i Complaint. A. C. Bird, general traffics manager, and Ferdinand Peck, general counsel, or the Milwaukee, were in the city yes terday for the purpose of holding a con rerence with the Chicago Great Northern to the end that Joint rates might be es tablished from Albert L.ea to points on the Milwaukee line. The time for answering the complaint of Ransom Brothers, of Albert Lea, be fore the state railroad commission, ex pired yesterday, and an effort is being made by the roada to adjust the matter. Gone With the B. & O. James B. Kearney, who haß been as sociated with the Great Northern road during the past seventeen years, has re signed his position as chief clerk of the accountant's department, and left last night for Baltimore, having been made assistant superintendent of transporta tion of the Baltimore & Ohio road. Before leaving he was presented with a testimonial by the members of the car accountant's department. It consisted of a very handsome gold watch, chain and charm. la Not KniliiiKluHUc. J. H. Reynolds, of Nymore, Neb., who built all of Donald McLean's Pacific Short Line that has ever been built, Is in Minneapolis with H. McPherson, of Booneville, Neb., figuring on the Minne apolis & St. Louis' Omaha extension con tract. Mr. Reynolds doesn't get so very enthusiastic over the prospects for finish ing the remaining 2,000 miles of the Short Line. WlhoiMisin Anti-Pass Bill. MADISON, Wis., April 27.— The anti pass bill passed both branches of the legislature today. The bill prohibits the acceptance by public officials and dele gates to political conventions of railway pusses under heavy penalty. Linen to Confer. CHICAGO, April 27.— A call was issued today for a joint conference between the Eastern and Western lines to be held here next Wednesday on rates and ton nage from the West via the Gulf, Mis sissippi river and Chicago on the Atlan tic seaboards. RAILWAY NOTES. At a meeting of the directors of the Minneapolis & St. Louis in New York yesterday it was decided to retire the first preferred stock. This will reduce the fixed charges $250,000 per year. The $2,500,000 5 per cent cumulative stock Is retired by 4 per cent bonds. The low all-rail rates are said to be responsible for the large shipments of corn during the past two weeks from Minneapolis to Baltimore. It is estimat ed that 4,000,000 bushels have been moved, and is, to a large extent, used as ballast in steamships bound for Liverpool. It is reported that C. L. Wellington, C A. Parker and H. L. Shute, commission ers of the Western Trunk line committee, will be dropped out the first of July, and that H. H. Courtwrlght will become sole commissioner. It Is reported that the motor trains of the great Western to South St. Paul will hereafter, beginning May 1, run Into the union depot, instead of stopping on the public highway at the foot of Jack son street. J. P. Ellmer, general agent of the pas senger department of the Great Western, went to Chicago last night to attend the meeting of the Western Passenger association. The Minneapolis & St. Louis has se cured the contract for bringing to Min neapolis and St. Paul seventy pupils of the djeaf and dumb institute at Faribault. The* gross earnigs of the Omaha for the month of March were $811,972, being an increase of $171,179 over the same month in 1898. Articles of incorporation of the Den ver & Montana have been filed in Col orado by the auditor of the Burlington road. J. O. Allen, St. Paul agent of the Beaver line of steamships, is in New York, and will return Sunday. Freight representatives of the Western and Central lines meet in Chicago May 3 to discuss grain export rates. The city passenger offices of the North ern Pacific are being renovated and re fitted. Stotp (oil. illi. ,4 the Trusts. New York Journal. It^^nn 6 ," 6^ QrteS 3 Protests that it is Impossible for him to suppress the reach 8 ? h ce ° aUSe th<? 1&W cannot be mad « to Well, let us assume for the sake of argument that it £ U the government taWrJP?? t-he-jrusts, at least it = k i£i i€ ed tO . Courage, protect and subsidize them, is it? Why should we give the $7,000,000 borax trust the power to tax American consum ers five cents a pound on borax? Could not the $30,000,000 Knit Goods Company and the $50,000,000 Print Cloth pool get along without duties of 50 per cent and upward on the things that peo ple must wear? Would it not be possible for the United States Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry com pany, capital $30,000,000, to make a living without $9 a ton protection? Is the $30,000,000 National Load company in dire need of the proceeds of a tax of a cent and half a pound on lead? Could not the $45,000,000 Western Lum ber pool destroy our forests fast enough without the stimulus of a duty of $2 per thousand feet on pine boards? Do the consumers of sugar feel morally bound to pay tariff taxes of $20,000,000 a year to the sugar trust and its allies, with their capital of $128,000,000? Are the various steel trusts, total cap italization $367,650,600, so poor that they must have outdoor relief in the form of duties of from $6.72 per ton upward on steel and Its products? Is not the $50,000,000 American Tin Plate company a sufficiently robust Infant by this time to be able to dispense with Its pap of 1^ cents a pound on tin plates? Put every article controlled by a trust on the free list. This is a simple, practicable policy. It needs no litigation. Its execution would not depend on the zeal and good faith of prosecuting officers and courts. "But that would mean free trade," somebody objects. "The trusts control everything now, and if their products are put on the free list there will be no tariff left." "Well, what of it? If trusts are the only beneficiaries of the tariff we can certainly dispense with it as far as pro tection is concerned. As to revenue, we can get that from a graduated income tax. m Gold Deposit* In the Philippines. Dr. David T. Day, in Engineering Maga zine for May. At this distance and with the slight exploratory work which Uas been carried on in the Philippine Islands, the miner als that can be profitably exported are best known. Mr. George F. Becker In his recent investigation has given a very clear view of the present mineral explor ation In the Philippines, and has shown that gold is found In a great number of localities In the archipelago, from North ern Luzon to Central Mindanao. In most cases the "gold is detrital, and is found either In existing water-courses or In deposits now deserted by the current. It is said that In Mindanao some of the gravels are In an elevated position and adapted to hydraulic mining. There are no data at hand which Indicate decisively the value of any of the placers, but the fact that they are washed largely with cocoanut-shells for pans by the natives is an Indication of either rlcih deposits or quite coarse gold. In the province of Abra, at the northern end of Luzon, there are placers, ahd the river Abra it self yields auriferous gravel. -In Le Planto there are gold-quartz veins as Well as gravels, and here also Is the b6st-de veloped deposit of copper ores, although these are also reported from a great num ber of localities on the Islands of Lueon, Mlndoro, Capul, Masbate, Panay and Mindanao. This last island is practically unexplored and full of. possibilities. For Pntiire Use. I-ltchfield Independent. SUck Jim Tawney, of Wlnona, the spe cial champion of the lumber trust, was called in by the Republicans of Minne sota to draft an anti-trust law for po litical purposes. They no doubt expect to use this buncombe enactment as cam paign material next year. Queer Figuring. Litohflekl Independent. An exchange sarcastically observes that It can't see any sense in buying 10,000,000 Filipinos at $2 per head, and then spend ing JIOO per head more to kill them oft. It does *eem -a T«ther queer style of ftj?Hrtn«. j TEST OF THE TRUSTS NOW BEING MADE IN THK UNITED STATES SIPHKME COURT AT ■WASHINGTON PARTNEBSHIP IS THE DEFENSE Attorney (or the Addlwton Pipe and Ste>el Company Maintains That <lie People He Represents Have Entered Into an Ordinary Copart nership and Cannot Control Prices. WASHINGTON, April 27.-Solicltor General Richards today made an argu ment In the United States supreme court In the case of the Addlston Pipe and Steel company and other pipe companies, constituting a combination, which the government charges is -in violation of the anti-trust law. Mr. Richards contended that the anti-trust law was passed for the purpose of protecting the public against persons or corporations who might seek to establish monopolies or suppress competition. Unquestionably congress had gone to the full extent. In vesting full power In the courts, but Mr. Richards said that the present was the first case in which there had been an op portunity to test the power of corpora tions to combine for the express purpose of regulating trade and controlling prices. He contends that "the combination operates In the unreasonable, uncon scionable and the iniqultlous restraint of trade, defrauding the public where the law provides for open competition." He also attempted to show that it worked a restraint of trade among the several states in violation of the right of con gress to regulate interstate commerce. He quoted from the answer of the pipe company to show that the combination had been formed to prevent "ruinous competition," which, he argued, was a violation of the express terms of the law. He then showed that the territory of the United States was now divided into "pay territory" and "free territory," there being thirty-six states in the pay territory in which a bonus was charged on all sales, the remainder being free to competition. There was also an under standing that certain cities should be re served to each company, In which there should be no competition. All these cir cumstances indicated, he argued, that there was an unmistakable trust, and that it was clearly in violation of the federal statutes. Mr. J. W. Warrington closed the argu ment for the pipe companies. He claimed that the agreement between them was nothing more than ordinary partnership, and that "it was protected under the law protecting all legitimate contracts. His clients had, he contended, as much right to make contracts among them selves as other citizens had, so long as they did not Interfere with the rights of others, which contract did not. The or ganization was not sufficient to suppress competition, for the reason that it con trolled only about one-third, qt the pipe made In the country. In bidding on Jobs supplying pipe to cities, or others there was still abundant opportunity for com peHtlon", for reason that any other manufacture not In the combination was at liberty Fo put In bids in competition with theirs. Replying to the contentions of the gov ernment that the combination was In violation of the interstate commerce clause of the constitution, Mr. Warring ton argued that clause was intended only to apply to restraints on commerce between the states by the various states themselves pr by municipalities or com ' mon carriers "between the states. Hence a union of interests like that of his clients did not fall within the lines of the constitution, and the laws under It £ould not be Invoked legltlimately to dis turb the relationship. HARDWARE TRUST NEXT. Combine to Be Formed With a Cap ital of $40,000,000. NEW YORK, April 27.— The report that a combination of the maufacturers of hardware Is being effected "was confirmed today. The principal promoter of the new company, which is to take over the existing interests, is Charles R. Flint, of Eddy & Co., the well-known steamship owner and capitalist. Mr. Flint declined to speak of the matter today, but it was learned that the new company would probably be orgaized under the laws of New Jersey and would Include all the principal manufacturers of hardware, locks, etc. The aggregate amount of capital involved in the new compay will be about $40,000,000 ad the authorized cap ital stocß will be at least that amount, divided equally Into preferred and com mon stock. It is expected that the char ter of the new company will be field In a few days. The new company will be financed by a well-known banking firm In this city, having a London house, from which fact it is inferred, that foreign cap ital Is to be invested In the undertaking. DEATHS OF A DAY. MATNARD, Minn., April 27.— (Special.) —Christ Thorn, aged seventy, died this morning at 8 o'clock at his home at Clara City, after a protracted illness. The deceased was one of the oldest set tlers of Chippewa county, and Btood in high esteem of all who knew him. He leaves a widow and six children to mourn his loss. NEW YORK, April 27.— Sam T. Jack, the well-known theatrical manager, died tonight of cancer of the liver, aged forty-six years. NEW YORK, April 27.— Mme. Paur, ■wife of Emil Paur, the conductor of tho Philharmonic society, died today, after an illness of six months. She was a noted pianist and had appeared in this and other Eastern cities. She was thirty nine years of age. ADMIRAL. KAUTZ CAUTIONED. Warned to lip More Careful In His Letter Writing. WASHINGTON, April 27.— 1t has been felt proper to admonish Admiral Kautz to be more careful either In writing such letters us that published yesterday from Cincinnati, or In guarding his letters from publicity, and a letter of that character was addressed to him yesterday. Theo retically, a letter addressed under the circumstances attending the Kautz letter may be regarded as strictly private, yet practically the wrtler must accept the consequences that would follow the pub lication. — -*•>_ Not All Farm Attraction. Duluth Herald. Since the recruiting office was opened In St. Paul an average of but one man per day can be found willing to Join the United "States army. The Pioneer Press claims It Is because Dakota farms are so attractive at present. How strange! And yet, neither the editor of the Pioneer Press nor the News-Tribune writer has been attracted to a Dakota farm. What's the matter with the patriots? Where is the horde of believers In "benevolent as similation" and "criminal aggression?" Why don't they go to the front? The way is open. _4^. Desired Relief. Houston County Chief. The long-suffering and patient public will "breathe a consoling "Amen." The days of those interesting (?) legislative letters run by many of the country pa pers has gone by and .patent medicine ads can again be used as "fillers." FIGHTIM H SAMOA RKItl.iN HAS \l>Vl< ks THAT EURO PEANS ARE NO LONGER CON CERNED IN IT SAVAGERY OF THE NATIVES Ensign Monaghan Was Beheutled by the MiUnufuns While Yet Alive— Fought Until He Fell H. 1,,1. -* >,— Details of Recent EngaKein«iiti Between Native Force* — Kautx Goes to Paso Pago for Coal. BERLIN, April 27.— An official dispatch dated Apia, Samoa, April 18, has been re ceived here. It says that, after the ar rival of the last mail, the United State* cruiser Philadelphia left Apia and pro ceeded to the American treaty port of Pago Pago, while the British warship* continued alone the bombardment of the coast villages on the northern coast of • Upolu, while slight engagements oc curred on land. The dispatch adds: "On April 17 there was a collision three miles from Apia, which ended in the re treat of the Tanu people. The number of killed and wounded were about sev enty. No Europeans were injured. A British detachment lying in reserve took no part in the fight." ARRIVKU TOO LATE. Important Instructions io the Com. mlsstoners to Samoa. SAN FRANCISCO, April 27.— After the U. S. S. Badger sailed yesterday for Samoa with the Samoan commissioners aboard important orders arrived. A boat was sent after the steamer, but was un able to overtake her. The transports Ohio and Senator sail today and the lat ter will try to reach Honolulu before the Badger leaves. SAJHOAN SAVAGERY. ll ow Ensign Mon aghin Was Be headed While Yet Alive. AUCKLAND, N. Z., April 27.—Particu lars of the fighting In Samoa, contained In the advices received here from Apia, under date of April 18, show that the bat tle between the friendly natives and the rebels took place at Vailelo and that the rebels lost 100 men in killed and wounded. Further details of the deaths of Enatgn J. R. Monaghan and Lieut. P. V. Lans dale, of the U. S. cruiser Philadelphia, have been received. They show that Monaghan was beheaded before he was dead. A deserter from the Mataafan forces says Monaghan and Lansdale were retreating when they were discovered by a chief and his wife, who w^re looking for wounded men. They gave the alarm and Monoghan was shot while continuing the retreat. Later, it appears, the, rebels returned and killed Lansdale. Monaghan fought until he was wounded and he was then beheaded. The doctors examined the remains and confirmed the statements made. Sumtele, the principal rebel chief, ran away and told his people 100 British had been killed. Mataafa deserters assert that the Germans sent cartridges in bags of rice and sugar along the coast In De cember. Admiral Kautz, it Is asserted, fired a blank shot on April 8 across the bows of a German schooner which was lf-avlng ADia without reporting. ~"fm~ Armies, iffijtU -jE as fought at Mangia, fifteen miles eastward or Apia. About 2,000 rebels attacked a Gaunt land ing party, consisting of about 100 men. The latter were subjected to a hot fire, and retreated to the shelving beach, where they defended themselves bravely for a time, and afterwards swam, back tothelr bgaJjß under, a jjeavy fire. "uf April 17 a. "second "battle was fought at Vailelema. The fighting was desper ate, the rebels holding strong fortifica tions, which were ineffectively shelled by the ships. i Ten shells from the ships burst close beTifrid the rebel lines, but the rebels sang a war song after the explosion of each shell. Gaunt again returned to the attack and heavy and continuous firing on both sides followed, during which the attack ers suffered fruther losses. Gaunt suc ceeded In crawling to within fifty yards of the fort, but found it too strong to capture, as the friendly support was un reliable. The party then retired in good order with four men killed and eighteen wounded, of which nqmber three were mortally wounded. The rebel logs was not ascertained, but was probably small. The Tauranga and Porpoise shelled the position at sundown, but the result of the firing is not known. Gaunt's brigade and a portion of the friendly supports stood the fire splen didly. During the engagement Gaunt's brigade succeeded in capturing a German flag which was flying over the first fort. COGHLAN IS SAFE. President Mas Not Thought of Pun lshlng the Raleigh's Commander. PHILADELPHIA. April 27.— An authen tic statement was made this afternoon after his arrival in this city, thnt Presi dent MclKnley has no intention of remov ing Capt. Coghlan from the command of the cruiser Rallegh. The president. It was stated, reports to the contrary not withstanding, has not even considered such action. It was also learned from the same authentic source that the ad miration held by the president for Capt. Coghlan's participation with Admiral Dewey in the destruction of the Spanish fleet at Manila, completely overshawods any desire on his part to administer re buke to the Rallegh's commander. Should Capt. Coghlan retire at all, as now seema unlikely. It will not be because of the German Incident, but in keeping with usages of the navy department, or in the event of the captain himself desir ing shore leave. This Information comes almost directly from the president him self. Hid personal and official snuitude to the captain of the Rallegh will be further demonstrated tomorrow when he will visit the captain on board, and con vey to him the gratitude of the nation for his brilliant work in the famous en gagement on May 1, 1898, which set the pace for the subsequent defeat of Span lards on land and sea. BERLIN PRESS ANGRY. Demand That Capt. Cojajhlan Shall Be Adequately Punished. NEW YORK. April J7.— A dispatch from Berlin says: "The morning papers here, owing to the receipt of fresh telegrams from London, giving further details of the feeling In America, are almost unanimous in In sisting that Capt. Coghlan be adequately punished. They declare that it Is only quibbling to say that he spoke In a pri vate club, aa his subsequent proceeding* prove there was no objection to publicity. The songs, also, about the Kaiser, ex cites far more indignation that the reve lations about Dewey's difficulties with Diedrlchs. The government, however, will take no official action, although It is expected that Capt. Coghlan will re ceive punishment commensurate with hla offense. One newspaper calls his utter ances criminal." Future Ills. Lltchfleld Independent. The same state senators who disgraced the state by their legislative record In this year of grace 1899 will be on hand to do "business again lnWOl. What a pity I Slake a General Assessment. Chicago Times-Herald. If every man who falls In love with Miss Helen Gould is to be arrested, the bachelors might as well be assessed at so ttiuch a heaa v/ithout further cere mony.