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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, April 30, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1899-04-30/ed-1/seq-4/

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SUNDAY, APRIL 30, 1899.
By Carrier. 1 mo. 6 mos. I. inos.
- • —
Daily only 40c frl.to 84.00
Daily and Sunday '">*> c 8.75 ;>.OO
Sunday 15n .75 1.50
Minnesota — Fair Sunday; warmer in western portion;
southerly winds; Monday, increasing cloudiness.
The Dakotas— Pa ir and warmer Sunday; southerly winds;
probably showers M onday.
Montana — Wanner and probably showers Sunday;
variable winds; Monday fair.
Wisconsin — Fair Sunday, with cooler in eastern por
i fresh northwesterly winds; unsettled weather Monday.
lowa— Fair Sunday; variable winds; probably showers
Highest temperature s!>|llumidity 52
Lowest temperature 44 Precipitation 0
Average temperature 52 7 p. m., temperature 57
Dailj range 15 7 p. m.. wind, northwest.
Barometer 29. 92 Weather, clear.
Danger Gauge Change in
Line. Reading 24 Hours.
Bt. Paul 14 6.1 0.0
a Crosse in S.I —0.3
Davenport 15 ».« *0.2
Si. Louis 30 24.8 —0.5
11. v Uis,\ A
The river will remain nearly stationary in the vicinity of
t Paul from now in Monday night.
Hlgh.*Spm. I HighASpm. i Hish.*Bpm.
Bismarck 60 60|Duluth 60 50 Pittsburg SS S2
Buffalo TS ,:: Helena 50 48 Rapid City ...58 56
Bos in M 64 Huron 66 60 'Frisco 62 52
66 Jacksonville .76 68 St. Louis 90 S4
Lti S2|Los Angeles .66 60 iWasliinerton ..76 70
Cleveland ....84 80 New York ....66 56 Winnipeg .. ..42 42
r 52 50 Omaha GO 58
Detroit >J 74 1 Philadelphia .78 66
: Washington time, (1 p. m. St. Paul).
A rather startling inquiry comes from the Pacific slope
as to ;i possible consequence of our venture in territorial
expansion. The Argonaut goes over the several stages
taken thus far, and says: "Let us lay theory aside ana
face the tads, which are not only palpable, but full ot peril
not to be disguised by specious phrase." Upon the declar
ation of war with Spain the Monroe doctrine '"became on
an instant a legend, a memory." Annexation of the West
Indies followed as an inevitable and easily foreseen eonse
e of the war. The Philippine expansion resulted from
Dewey's unforeseen conquest of Cavite. These exten
sions of jurisdiction raised difficult questions for the an
inistration to solve. For this "it is without the wisdom
born of experience. All the feature depends upon what it
may <lv and it does not seem to know what to do." All
thi<. however solved, involves the country in expense.
'he writer then notes the diversity of interests within
!!.•• boundaries of the United States, that sometimes clash.
Tin- manufacturing East and the agricultural West have
Interests made more antagonistic by the taxation of the
latter tor the benefit of the former. The cotton belt and
tin- corn belt have nothing in common. New England
itinieiit seems to be increasingly hostile to imperialism.
Habitually selfish in her relations to the Union, she is
now anti-imperialistic because she sees no profit, nothing
but cost fur her, in the Philippine annexaton. "Coula
New England refuse to contribute or have the right
forcibly to resist to the extreme of secession?" On the
other band the Pacific slope, seeing profit in the annexa
tion not only of the Philippines, but of other Pacific
islands, might favor expansion with the East objecting.
"Does it not seem either that imperialism must be sup
planted by the former standard of equality and justice, or
the two shores of this republic find that somewhere be
tween them there is forming an abyss?"
Concluding his speculations the writer says:
Definitely to predict the ultimata result of this imperial
istic tendency would be presumptuous. for the tendency
may subside. But if it continue, will there not be thel
straining and breaking of political ties? "Will not the East
m«l South gravitate toward an empire embracing the West
Indies, while the AVe.st will found an empire in the Pacific
the ruler to reign over the isles of the sea? Even the con
servative will admit that such speculation Is within the
Is of reason. Is our glorious republic planning its own
downfall? Can those who see in the present the signs of dls
tegration logically be rebuked as false prophets of evil?
These sentiments are none the less suggestive that the
: was one of the most violent of all papers not
cilow hue in support of the war party. It lent its aid
to forcing upon this administration a problem It -now art-
Mias not the ability to solve. It now sits
down to count the cost and consider the results of the
course it helped compel and to forecast possible conse
quences. And, not vagariously, it contemplates, among
the latter, a growth of diverse and diverging interests ne
tweeu the sections that may break the Union In twain.
Warnings we have had in plenty of results probable ami
possible, but this is the first that suggests a revival or
the doctrine of secession. Is it a mere vagary, or is it a
sprouting of the seed of secession that in 1861-63 made the
attitude of California one of anxiety to Lincoln?
Three men, discharged from the Thirteenth Minnesota
for invalidity— sometimes called invalidism — bring grave
accusation against Gen. C. McC. Reeve, whose eagle, as
colonel of that regiment, developed into a star, and who
returns to civil life with an honorable discharge. These
three men— were they of the number whose discharges
w.-re secured by the persistent badgering of the war de
by Representative Fletcher, of whose activity
i I it-half of the suffering Thirteenthers due note was made
ji! the time in the dispatches from Washington? — say, on
i- voir dire, that (.Jen. Reeve actually swore at some
men while the regiment was disembarking at Paranaque,
and, chipping a chip upon each of their manly and sol
dierly shoulders, they dare the general to deny it.
Surely this is a most serious accusation. But why so
belated? Why deferred until after accusers and accused
have passed beyond the strict discipline of the army,
where, as every one knows, profanity is in the index, and
rot tuned to civil life, where any one may swear at any one,
in an affidavit or out of it, as he will or as he dares, with
out fear, favor or partiality? Why did not these indignant
and outraged privates of the gallant Thirteenth forthwith
prepare charges and specifications against den. Reeve auu
bring him to book for his conduct as unbecoming to an
officer and a gentleman? Why wait until they got home
to make faces at him in the prints? Had they done so the
general would, without question, have pleaded guilty. For,,
rule or no, regulations to the contrary notwithstanding,
men and officers in the army always swear. We doubt not
those three invalidities also swore. We wager a hardtack
against a whisky ration that they swore at their general,
and w e will double the odds that they swore at their ra
tions, their captain, their lieutenants, sergeants, corporals,
and, when all other objects were exhausted, at themselves.
Of course the general swore. Who wouldn't if he were
trying to' get a thousand men ashore at Paranaque? Gen
erals always swear. Washington did once, historically, at
least, and, traditionally, often. Some men, like army
mules, have to be sworn at. They can't understand that
order's mean anything unless backed by a round, mouth
tilling oath. It has been so ever since our ancestors
marched with the army in Flanders, and it will be so until
wars cease, or until armies are made up of just such
hypersensitlves as are these three robustious invalids.
Less serious, although stated first, is the accusation
that Gen. Reeve neglected his duty in not knowing that
:neat with worms in it was issued to the troops on trans
port. He says he did not know it. These other Three—
for i-oivu-io.entally, the petition of grievances of "We, the
r,eci»lt of England,' 1 was signed by the Three Tailors or
Tooley street — declare, also on their oaths, for they also
swear — that had the general — then colonel — done his duty
he would have known that they were being fed worms.
We dissent from that statement, although we are- inclined
to accept as a fact the allegation that these three were fed
worms. Self-evideutly, they have them yet.
We dissent because such facts do not reach the com
mandant In the manner the three militiamen apparently
think is the regular course. They misunderstand a col
onel's functions. They suppose that it is his duty to go
nosing around the commissary tent, smelling of this, tast
ing that and seeing that there are no bugs in the beans nor
worms in the meat. What are the regimental quartermas
ter and his sergeant for? What are the company captain
and his lieutenants for? What are sergeants and corporals
for, if it be not to detect worms In meat and promptly act
according to regulations? In all this long string of corns
and non-coms the colonel is the last man to know that the
meat is wormy. The quartermaster sergeant finds them.
He reports it to the regimental quartermaster; lie to the
colonel for a board of iuspectors. If the quartermaster
sergeant fails and the company cook discovers It, he re
ports to the corporal, he to the sergeant, he to the or
derly, he to the second lieutenant, he to the first lieutenant,
he to the captain, and so on up in regular order to the
colonel. We fear that these three "pathrites," as Dooley
spells them, did not stay in the service long enough to
learn how things are done in the army. Judging them by
their prouuueiamento, If they were the ones Gen. Reeve
swore at we do not blame him.
The verdict of the jury empaneled to try Mrs. Anne
E. George for the murder of George D. Saxtou, whatever
else may be said regarding it, appears to be entirely ac
ceptable to the public seutiment of fhe vicinity in which
the killing took place.
On the published accounts of the evidence adduced at
the trial it is somewhat difficult to reconcile the verdier
with the generally acknowledged facts. The deceased
was evidently a man of bad repute. Ills life had shown
him to be possessed of little, if any moral sense, lie had
treated the George woman as he had treated many others
before her. lie had separated her from her husband and
children and had broken up her homo. He had promised
to marry her when the litigation between him and her
husband, which his conduct had produced, was settled.
He violated his promise and maintained relations with
another woman at the time of his death which showed
clearly that at that time he had no intention of carrying
such a purpose into effect, if, indeed, he ever thought of
doing so. He was evidently as thorough-paced a scoundrel
in his relations toward the other sex as he could well be.
But the George woman is far from blameless. She re
ceived his attentions when she knew that they must re
sult in her dishonor. Her husband was a poor man. Sax
ton was rich. His character was well known whon she
established such relations toward him as necessitated her
husband's separation from her. Had he been as poor as
her husband, all human experience goes to show that she
never would have given her home and her children up for
him. Besides all this, the nature of the litigation which
grew out of a nauseous affair reveals both Mrs. George
and her husband in no light which would suggest that tfce
public sympathy bestowed on either was particularly well
placed. The endeavor of her counsel to prove an alibi,
and the testimony introduced to strengthen such a theory,
were quite absurd in some respects, especially in view or
the complete identification by the state of the real as
sailant of Saxton.
The woman who has just been acquitted of the mur
der of Saxton took the law into her own hands as com
pletely as ever did a Southern mob In dealing with a negro
murderer. Of that there' never has been any doubt on
the part of any person who read the testimony, and there
does not appear to have been any such doubt in the mind
of any member of the jury who acquitted her. She rid
society of a pretty bad proposition in disposing of Sax
ton; but what she did she did on account of her private
Mrs. George has already announced her Intention to
become a public lecturer on the subject of woman's rights.
This sequel to the tragedy is at least a suggestive one.
An attorney and counselor at law possessing the sug
gestive name of Gammon recently appealed to the su
preme court to enable him to collect his fees from a recal
citrant client. The court held that he was entitled to no
fees nor even to recover his expenses, thus disproving the
favorite Populistic adage that to go to law with a lawyer
involves establishing the trial court in hades.
The case is instructive in showing how far an indus
trious lawyer often feels himself at liberty to go in order
to make his occupation profitable. Mr. Gammon, knov.-
ing, as all well informed attorneys must know, that the
statutes of this state enable the down-trodden farmer to
recover damages from the railroad company whose line
runs by his land for its failure to fence that line, sent his
agent out among the farmers to discover those of them
who had suffered damage from this source, or who thought
they had. Mr. Gammon's agent, as might reasonably be
expected, was quite successful in his quest, and made his,
or more properly Mr. Gammon's arrangements according
ly. He agreed, on behalf of Mr. Gammon, to recover dam
ages for the suffering farmers, to pay all the expenses or
| suit out of his own pocket and divide the profits. At least
one of Mr. Gammon's speculative clients refused to "divvy
up" after the litigation had been successfully conducted.
Hence the appeal to the court.
Judge Mitchell is, we fear, personally responsible for
the decision which ensued. Speaking for the court, he de
clares that the agreement made by Mr. Gammon's agent
was "champertous and barratrous." Had Judge Mitchell
stopped here those of Mr. Gammon's clients who learned
of the decision might doubtless regard the characteriza
tion of the judge as reflecting very favorably on the pro
fessional skill of Mr. Gammon. Unhappily, however, the
judge goes on and says that the transaction was an "un
lawful and vexatious scheme by which the litigation itselr
was worked up and instigated," thus at one stroke of the
judicial pen, as it were, annihilating both Mr. Gammon
and Mr. Gammon's fees and disbursements.
Mr. Gammon's professional brethren may hereby take
notice that, whatever be the nature of the litigation hi
which professional zeal may engage them, they must
under all circumstances avoid the "barratrous and ehsfin
pertous" feature, or else suffer consequences than whicn
there are none that so nearly touch the finer feelings of the
Senator-elect Chauncey M. Depew, in a recent address
before the Montauk club, felt called on to warn his hearers
against th e tremendous advances which are being made
by. the trusts. He pointed out that $3,000,000,000 or
trust securities have been floated at par since the first
of January of the present year. The figures are practical
ly incalculable. They can hardly be paid to come within
the comprehension of the ordinary mind. Ag Mr. Depew
pointed out, some of these securities are worth par, while
some of them are worthless. But whether good, bad or
indifferent neither the general public nor the investors lv
them have any means of finding out, short of private
sources of information. These will be found more or less
reliable according only to the capacity of sound Judgment
on the part of the purchaser.
How are the public, outside the investors, to be pro
tected against the operations of these concerns? Mr. De
pew answers. Turn the electric light of publicity on them.
Well, that is all right, so far as it goes. But the light has
first to be produced. There is no possibility of turning on
THE ST. FAUi, Ul^OßiS, SUNDAY, APRII. 30, 1899.
that which does not exist. As these concerns are now
handled, there is no occasion and no warrant for publicity.
As mattors vo W stand no man who 1$ not engaged In a
public or quasi-public business Is called on to make the de
tails of his business public.
What the public are concerned In is not whether the
purchasers of these securities are fooled in their purchase.
The loss, in case they are, is mei-ely a private loss. The
Interest of society Is much more far-reaching.
The men who float those enterprises are permitted to
fix any basis oftcapitalizatlon they think proper. Interest
and dividends lUjUst be forthcoming on such capitalization,
or the purchaser makes a bad investment. Leaving It op
tional virtually ,pn the part of their promoters to fix their
own figures, the, conclusion inevitably follows that the In
creased cost to ihe consumer of the product dealt In must
be the chief means by which the demands for interest ana
dividends are to be met. It Is easy to increase lnflnitesl
mally to each consumer the price per pound or otherwise
of a given product, especially where that particular prod
uct is absolutely In the control of the producer, as it Is
in many cases. It is by no means so easy, and often it Is
not only not easy, but it is not possible, to make a serious
reduction in the cost of production.
No; there Is no choice between public robbery and pub
lic regulation of these vast organizations, if they are to
continue to exist. Thus far we have been utterly unable
either througlv.the courts or the law-making or law-enforc
ing powers of government to do anything with them.
There Is no prospect that we will be able within any
reasonable period. From all present indications the evil
is of so gigantic a character that It will test the
resources of the representative government to the fullest to
be able to protect the public against them.
The legislature enacted a revision of the fish and game
laws of the. state and followed Wisconsin In Imposing a
license upon those who indulge in this sport. The theory
upon which game laws are based is that all fish and game
are the property of the state and that, therefore, the state
can adopt ; such regulation for their preservation and
catching or killing as It sees fit. If It permits its citizens
to catch fish or hunt game it confers upon them a privi
lege for which it can make such charge as Is reasonable.
As- the cost of executing the game laws comes out of the
general revenue fund, to which all are forced to con
tribute, it is but right that the small percentage of men
who have the leisure to indulge in sport should pay for
the privilege such sum as will, in the aggregate, equalize
the cost.
But the makes a discrimination In the
amount of the fee charged for license between the citizens
of this state and those of other states that Is manifestly
unjust andseenis to conflict with an express provision
of the federal constitution enacted in contemplation of just
such a discrimination as is this. A citizen of Minnesota
has to pay -an ainual fee for his license of only twenty
five cents, while a citizen of another state is mulcted In
the sum of twenty-five dollars. This Is an application or
the policy of protection to home industry with a ven
eance. As a Sample of provincialism it is most excellent;
as a matter^ of policy, from a business point of view, It
is quite on a par with some other acts of that remarkable
assemblage. Men able to spend a fortnight or so .in
another state are commonly men of means and generous
in their expenditure, and this tax, with Its Inequality, will
tend to deter them from coming here to hunt or fish.
But the more serious question is whether, in thus dis
criminating in the grant of a privilege between citizens
of this state and those of others, that provision of the
federal constitution in section 2 of article -1 which reads,
"The citizens 6f each state shall be entitled to all privileges
and immunities of cftlzens in the several states," Is not
infringed upon. The privilege of hunting game or catch
ing fish is granted to citizens of this state who wish to
hunt or fish upon. certain conditions; how can that privilege
be denied the citizen of another state upon the same con
ditions without violating this prohibition? Then there Is
the fourteenth amendment, which has caught fish for
which it was not set and has caught none of those for
which it was set, which prohibits any state from abridging
the privileges of any citizen of the United States, among
which is that of being entitled to all the privileges
granted the citizens of any state by its laws. It is alto
gether probable that some man of means, loving the chase,
resident of a neighboring state, will demand of some
county auditor a license upon a tender of twenty-five cents
and, upon refusal, proceed to hunt game or catch iish ana
thus bring this discrimination into the courts for a test
of its validity.
The most recent board of inquiry into the beef ques
tion to whieli the public attention has been called is tiiat
which was cQnvenied to consider the responsibility for the
loss of some 300,000 pounds of refrigerated beef shipped
to Porto Rico last summer. The report says, in brief, that
the responsibility should rest on the military authorities,
as its being rendered unfit for consumption was due to no
fault of the packer, but to the circumstances attending
its conveyance and the absence of proper facilities which
would have enabled it to reach the soldiers in a proper
condition. The United States are accordingly held re
sponsible for* the "foss. and will have to pay th e bill.
There does not seem any reasonable objection to be
raised to this conclusion. Assuming the facts to be as
set forth in the report, it would have been unreasonable
to charge the packing people with the loss, for which they
do not appear to have had any responsibility at all. But
the question naturally suggests itself, What about the
tons of "canned roast aud other beef" which were de
stroyed as unfit for human consumption, and to the effort
to consume which so much of the prevailing illness among
the soldiers was traced, according to the testimony taken
before other boards of inquiry? Who bears the loss of
the huge quantities of beef which, according to the same
testimony, came to the hands of the soldiers without any
unusual delay, and which was declared to have been unfit
for use from the beginning?
The public has not heard anything about reimbursing
the United States for losses of this kind. True, there was
some talk about the packing concerns replacing certain
meat which had to be destroyed off-hand on its receipt In
Havana. But there has never been anything to indicate
that that or any other beef found unfit for consumption
was replaced.
Since boards of inquiry seem to be very generally In
vogue these days, why would it not be a good Idea to con
vene one to inquire just how much, if any, of the cost #f
this kind of beef should be remitted to the United States?
The impression prevails somewhat generally today,
that owing to the great movement toward concentration
of effort which has been the supreme feature of our In
dustrial growth during the past decade It is not longer
possible for a young man of sterling ability to rise to
positions of prominence and power in the business world
on his inherent merit. The belief has no substantial foun
dation. Influence and personal association may count for
more in certain departments of commercj^l life today than
they have done for many years past. But no Influence,
however strong, has any weight today to stay the up
ward progress In business life of the man of real energy
and ability. Brains are in greater demand In business
life than ever before, and they obtain a higher measure of
compensation, actually and relatively.
A close observer of the progress of events In that great
center of American industrial life, the city of New Yorfc,
has recently shown that the men at the head of all the
groat Industrial undertakings, and who command com
pensation for their services which seem by comparison
fabulous, are men all of whom have achieved their promi
nence unaided. He presents a list of ten men engaged
In the management of large Industries In that city, whose
aggregate annual salaries reach the tremendous figure or
$055,000, adding that the list can be extended without
bringing down the average of the salary of the individual.
No one of these men, and, indeed, but very few of the
men in corresponding positions, but started at the foot of
the ladder, and reached his position purely through his
superior ability.
The opportunities for the individual engaging success
fully In business on his own account may be, and no
doubt are, less today than they have been In even the mv
mediate past. But the opportunities in the great enter
prises of commerce of the young man who Is gifted wltn
force and intellect and Is ready to offer those qualities
ample play were never greater than they are at the pres
ent moment. Mediocrity lias less chance to impose itself
on others for what it is not. Shiftlessness, lack of training
or looseness of disposition in any regard place those whom
they burden wholly out of the race, as they never did In
the past.
There Is nothing to discourage the young man of our
time In the progress of events In commercial life. The
average of ability and reliability is higher than ever be
fore. But the qualities which work toward the best re
sults are still in high demand, and receive recognition In
business life as lucrative and enduring In results as they
ever did. Special skill, training and adaptability are tlie
great demands in our commercial life, and they lead their
possessors higher than was ever the case before in Ameri
can life.
1 -•-
The chief justice of the state of Maine has recently
called attention to a circumstance which shows how far
behind we still are in our efforts to secure representative
and responsible government in actual operation. That or
ficial pointa out that during his twenty-five years of
service on the bench of the highest court of his state he
has never been able to meet the ordinary expenses of the
support of his family from his salary.
Chief Justice Peters began his judicial career at a sal
ary of $3,000. Since 1897 he has been paid at the rate of
$3,500. Speaking of the proportion which his salary bore
to his indispensable family expenses, the chief justice says:
And. while it may not be worth while to expose the facts in
detail, I will say in general terms that for the period of more
than a quarter of a century during v/hich I have been a mom
ber of the court, and wholly in tho service of the state, my or
dinary living expenses, not including any of those items
enumerated above, exceed all the amount of salary received
by me from the state by more than the sum of $60,C00. And
still I am not aware that I am regarded by my friends and
neighbors as living at all extravagantly.
It will doubtless be said that there has been no obliga
tion on the part of Chief Justice Peters to remain on the
bench at the salary mentioned, and that he was at liberty
to withdraw at any time if he did not deem the salary
sufficient. Of course, such a proposition does not in any
degree meet the situation. The salary paid this official Is
absolutely, as well as relatively, wholly insufficient. The
dignity of the position, combined with the learning and
ability necessary to the proper discharge of Its duties, re
quires a much higher basis of compensation.
In every large city in the country we are paying minor
local officials amounts varying from five to ten times the
salary of this judicial office. Not to go away from homo
at all, we here in this city are today paying our city clerk
$5,000 a year for the discharge of duties which he has
practically nothing whatever to do with, and for the prac
tical discharge of which we supply him with a large staff
of clerks.
Not until we have learned to grade official compensa
tion on the basis of the value of tlie services rendered will
it be possible to secure clean, responsible and efficient pub
lic service In all departments. As long as we pay the
mere ministerial officer higher compensation than we are
willing to offer to the man of trained Intellect and expert
skill In the higher callings, we must not be surprised if
the intellect and integrity of the country carefully avoid
public employment.
In the progress of our industrial life for the past
twenty-five years or over great fortunes have been
amassed by a comparatively few men In the United States.
Some of those fortunes have been acquired dishonorably.
Some of them have been the result of the tremendous abili
ties of those who have amassed them; while others, by all
means the fewest In number, have been the growth of the
sterling Industry and devotion of the possessors of them.
A splendid example of the acquirement of a fortune
with honor to the possessor and advantage to the com
munity is presented in the case of Andrew Carnegie. He
has been the object of some abuse and a great deal or
misunderstanding. Yet he stands today beyond all com
parison the one man in the United States who has given
practical demonstration to his conviction that immense
wealth has its duties as well as Its advantages. "Noblesse
oblige," is no mere phrase with him. He has lived up to
its highest Import.
Andrew Carnegie landed here penniless, the sou of a
poor Scotch hand weaver. Working for his living from his
eleventh year at anything and everything he could lind to
do, he has worked himself up into position and fortune by
his unaided efforts.
How has the son of that poor Scotch weaver used the
wealth that had Its beginning In a rate of compensation
that no boy of our time would consent to accept? The
answer Is one which should furnish an inspiration to
every really good man in the United States, whether rich
or poor. In free public libraries alone, the endowments
of Mr. Carnegie have by actual computation been found
to reach the sum of $0,883,000, more than half of the en
tire sum which he has bestowed on art and educational in
stitutions. The aggregate amount of Mr. Carnegie's bene
factions is $11,949,000.
In every case these benefactions look to the better
ment of the lot of the children of the people, of boys like
Carnegie himself was when he took his first job supply
ing fuel to a little boiler in a factory at nominal wages.
Of that almost $12,000,000, all but $558,000 was bestowed
on American Institutions; the balance was donated to his
native land.
Mr. Carnegie is still a man In the prime of life. Much
more can be reasonably expected of him along the same
lines before his career is ended. He is destined to con
tinue to play a large part In our national concerns as he
has for many years, and to be misunderstood and mis
represented. Or It may be that he will pass away In
an hour. But, living or dead, acfivc or Inactive, under
stood or misunderstood, Andrew Carnegie holds today In
American society as a humanitarian and a philanthropist
a position that no other man living can be *sald to ap
proach. Of the dead, the late Samuel J. Tilden represents
the nearest approach to Carnegie In his profound sense
of public obligation and devotion.
Perhaps It might be a good plan to muzzle those naval
officers who are Inclined to converse through their head
Col. Funston can have anything he wants in Kansas
when he gets home, even Jerry Simpson's socks, if he
can find them.
Throw out a flag tomorrow just to show that you re
member Dewey's great victory in Manila bay. May 1.1888.
Dear Mr. Tornado, will you please go Liast by an all-
Canadian Una,
They were playing: an alphabet game.
a stupid one In which you are required
to tell why you "love your love," uslnff
Words all commencing with the same
"I love my love with an h," slad the
pretty girl with the blonde, wavy hair
and dark eyes, "because he Is handsome,
because he— because he is— oh, dear! I
don't know of any other reason— l mean
I can't think of anything else."
Then the tall, good-looking, rather
convened young man began in an as- '
sured way: "I love my love with an a,"
he said, "because she is artless, because
she is angelic, because she Is amiable,
because she is an heiress, because—,"
but the broad smiles on the faces about
him made him stop to wonder what he
could have said that was so very amus
ing. *
• • •
She Is tall, and fair, and very sweet.
Her home is in one of the suburbs of
the city. This spring a friend froir.
Winona visited her. and the two girls
were down town the day the Winona
maiden returned home.
"Al what time does your train leave?"
inquired- the fair one. "I think at 7-30 "
f.a' d v the other, "but I must Inquire."
v\ hy, I'll go into the next drug store -
and telephone for you to the office,"
Said the hostess.
They walked into the corner drug*
store, and with a charming smile, she
made the apothecary glad to call up
the railroad ticket office for her,
Hello," she said, sweetly, "Will you
plcnse tell me at what time the 7:30
train leaves for Winona?" And when
she received the answer, "The 7:30 train
usually leaves at 7:30, and will tonight,"
eho realized that the clerk was smiling,
and was glad that the man at the ticket
office could not see as well as hear her
over the 'phone.
• • •
From the following little incident. It
would seem that the characters in Ib- '
sen's dramas really live, and move, and
have being for their author. A friend
of the great dramatist was one day
tcJldng with him about "The Doll's
House," the play to be presented at the
Metropolitan opera house this week.
"How did you happen to the prin
cipal character in the drama the com
monplace name of Nora?" his frlenl
"Why," said Ibsen very seriously,
"you see she was the youngest in her
family, and a spoiled child. They christ
ened her Lenore, but nick-named her
"Nora," and so they finally called her
that all the time." —Beth.

There are three ways in which an ama
teur can tell whsthcr or not a diamond Is
real. First boil the stone in boracic add
to preserve the polish on the surface of
the stone. Heat the jewel in a gas flame *
and dip it Into odd water while hot If
it Is a diamond it will stand the test with
out cracking to pieces. If crystal. It will
shatter and crumble into little balls.
Take a cup of water (a black cup, gutta
percha or any dark stone «jup Is best)
and drop two stones into the water, the
one a diamond or supposed diamond, and
the other which is known to be ordinary
crystal. The diamond, if a true one, will
shine a clear white through the water
and will be clearly visible, while the
other stone will blend with the water In
such a way as to be almost imperceptible
In the water.
Take a surface of striped cloth or pa
per—red and white stripes are the best—
and pass the stone slowly over the Bur
face. If the colors show through the stone
it is crystal. A diamond will not show
the varieties of color, but -will look the
same over the red as over the white .
stripes. Of course, these tests are only
for amateurs. There are numerous chem
ical tests made use of by expert diamond
dealers, but these could not bo used by
one not an expert on the subject.
Distress of the Proui.
Duluth Herald.
The St. Paul Pioneer Press Is much dls
tresped because tome newspapers have
prinfed extracts from the private letters
of volunteers in the Philippines, whifh
contain unfavorable comments on tne
policy of the war. The Pioneer Press
evidently thinks the volunteers ceased to
be citizens when they enlisted and have
no right to express their views as Ameri
cans. That Is good Imperialistic doo
Will Tli lnk Vl. .,id.
Morris Sun.
It will set some people to thinking when
they flnd that Chicago's standard grade
of wheat Is quoted at 3 cents above Min
nesota's contract grade, and there will
be lots of people thinking out loud as the
margin widens. Legislative tinkering Is
the cause of a loss of confidence.
PeaNe's Belief.
Waseca Radical.
Old Pease, of Anoka. calls Gov. Lind
an "accident" and a few other pet names
since he vetoed the pet bill of Anoka.
Pease evidently thinks there is no here
after, or else is sure that Lind will never
again be in a position to slap Anoka.
For Fear of Lynch Inn.
Little Falls Transcript.
The way those Filipinos fight it seems
they must have heard that they we're to
be governed by samples of Christian civ
ilization for Georgia.
Her Enthantaatlc Approval.
MoKeesport Times.
The announcement that China is for
disarmament is not surprising. If any
nation ought to favor the scheme It Is
■ »^»-
Our Own Troubles.
Stlllwatcr Gazette.
St. Paul has all kinds of trouble— a
smoke nuisance and a mayor already yet
who writes poetry. A bill for the relief
of the Saints is due.
My papa's all dressed up today;
He never looked so fine;
I thought, when first I looked at him.
My papa wasn't mine.
He's got a beautiful new suit—
The old one was so old-
It's blue, with buttons, oh, so bright
I guess they must bo gold.
And papa's sort o' glad and sort
O' sad— l wonder why;
And evry time she looks at him
It makes my mamma cry.
Who's Uncle Sam? My papa says
That he belongs to him;
But papa's joking, 'cause he knows
My uncle's name is Jim.
My papa just belongs to me
And mamma. And I guess
The folks are blind who cannot see
His buttons marked U. S.
U. S. spells us. He's ous— and y«t
My mamma can't help cry.
And papa tries to smile at me
And can't— l wonder why?
—Boston Globe.
Gently blows the evening breeze.
Laden with the roses' scent,
Hidden now behind the trees;
Ends the sun its steep descent.
From the sky so blue and far
Comes the night and many, a star
Shining In the far azure;
Shall preserve the morn secure
Roses sweet along our way
Nodded meekly all the day,
Envying the height where shine
Countless stars of light divine.
Higher than that boundless space.
Maiden, one of them I place
On thy bosom's mystic grace.
Still below thy blushing face
From the vacant airs the dew
Falls on leaves of grass and trees;
Naught disturbs the heaven's blue;
All Is calm and all Is peace,
So sublime is all we see;
In this pause it seems to me
God has planned 'mid angel's mirth
To immortalize the earth.
-A. B.

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