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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, December 17, 1899, Image 11

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1899-12-17/ed-1/seq-11/

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Will be on this week. You can buy Toys, Games and Christmas Novelties, Furniture and Rugs, etc., cheaper than ever. There's going to be a rush.
Come as early in the week as possible, and early in the day. Toys are or* the first floor. Store open evenings until Christmas.
Iron Hook ami Ladder, r*rr fe=3«il£l >S2jJ^ *( ' \ ' ll YKx^' > * cheap kli^^ut^hVfulUlze 6 ft© L/S^^^^==!|^l Clrv^^lO *«"C
3 horses «OC g B_JIP=Tg Mechanical <£ i #ft .^ , M ■■■rff'f* 181^*11*- *Lr ' wellmade In mahogany and JJqQ |l^p" I 7 ij
ToyWritiDgDrsU, OO^» aLSr^SJ^ralggißg* Cutter. . ~ Toy Tables, |Q SSSsSfe^ Hoys' Tool Ift '"■'"l «i' IliftMnßMßrTffiyilM^^^gmiJßl^^^
Ukt>cllt 38c —^—^^ r8; IScS 9.!: '3C raggfci^ GH g^oLJoC
StartTiir a tS °ldier9 ORp ffi^^^^^^^ %» V^^' / / 'A I ' / — -^ /> r> KC-S 1 (r-Ji' C besfune S'the cUy! India, the popular i::::?^VrW
<Ol IP^ _ =-_ 1 UV^ 1 \*-' *• V X.^ WV&L \sZ&>/ * «oo& lron or'9 wi'h «am«. Large |ft _ \J^#d*^L »JLV^
_ — , . - JLS J!%rß&k.mf furniture, sUe, special, IHH '
' " ■ — — . k-' complete... HfrOC thl s week, only ■uu \A~^\A
Brass 5 QO,, Child. Table Set-knife, fork OQp P (H^S^ fj1 W//^Wi fancJ'box 4> I -**O W—--^aA^^jggjjJJ
Ebony Brush, Comb and '' • <^^f^^^^^ f^ \ I yk 'I, ■*" I' 11™ yf\ Teapots — English lot Cuspid ores all Fancy W " X if j* '^%rfC^di
.o.« -"'■"» ou t 4gC cu,2i)C iUct IUC cut : , 83C^ «»«■ 25C W. to ™,h.m-«l.w» gg ' 2 _ F,n, 7n e ror:itraail n» Sow OO
~ " r ... ■ ' "V* V/ OS, R^t^ a;irt Creamer «?CJC
M^^Vm 16 Inches high, in S-^* "^ lady*. Writing Desk, VJLJ-lliilj^ I cut..'..'... 6 S3«SO » 9"\ im&am&&* JL^ «<>v -Boys' J \^_ Rocker, solid oak or ma- IMl"^^ *2tfP*"^
i^V^^*^ H^ws either oak or ma- „„,,„ roK , n .: ,_ solid oak or (fl, IT g^gA«s>C!g „ _^ «»^r » jg ■ """" »»^ / Priutlnj < hogany finish, saddle or cob- Child's Uork -r nit
l^_y g& MSQF flnlshjug Music Cabinet, in mahogany M./^ Ik J"^"? fl*l ' # S 1 «*"" - seat, UUe out: ||* ft nT 'vAil nntaW--r ft ft
r Sh»H n n^A,A likeCUt'°nly Ukfcut ftiaao" flnißh f'/*' if^L^l Jardiniere Stand. Just / M \ Child's Rocker. up-^^H^ and outfit Braw Stand, onry top This \1 95 Si»«a". 3Qp --"«•. Cobb--
Comblnatlon #Q like cut, $ 12.50. Hy^T W'l llk, e cvt ' 131n- tOP- K^een, f^ M \ hols tered seat, Pft^. TMWI complete. Brß likecut if ft #rt week This veek UUU Backer in solid oak. just
Wheel High >Z ft© /jQ- We hare them Large assortment. JL^r \J oak or mahog- *\r\~ /^-P--* 1 like ■ hHP J« Shu \1 AX 'OOatvles of Pick**-., .n .ls/' eeK like cut. (f ,ft p
Chair, like cut... w 4oC from J1.25 up. **^ l|f any finish 2tlC •'*-^ |^ L- cut UUU A&t ggS gQ . 4eek... . £*« prices Rockers at all o •<) sty e 3 of Cockers This \\ MX
Wail Orders Filled Promptly as Long as the Goods last. | A THOUSAND OTHER ARTICLES SUITABLE FOR CHRISTMAS pI?ESEaJTS^
Merry War, Trigger Pins. Ten Pins, Jolly Hunters, and Nerve || OsJSk fep^jjL I 9« /^ B^S V> S^» %# re have th«lareest U-.o in the city: Toy China Closet i. Toy f&
Croquet. The only place in the city where you can find them. Bn 11^9 iIHH HOnl 1 JBm^ I 1 m, O I 11^Clil V n Dressers. T>y Sideboards, etc. Maie like grown-up furr.it ure X
SB iffIWIMJII Bm SB BWr I &3 Bl >S rarVH I %"? Average ho git. about, '.'4 lujlies
■ .: "'.. ■'" — 22 and 24 E. Seventh Street. •
SEWS OF RAILROADS
RAILROAD COMMISSION GIVES A
HEARING TO REPRESENTA
TIVBS OF LAKE LINES
< .RESENT TARIFF IS TOO LOW
(s.iown That Coal Cannot Be Handled
Without the Possibility of a Lous
—Present Rate Was Only Put in
to Meet a Condition That Existed
at That Time and Hm Since
Changed.
The railroad and warehouse commission
held a hearing yesterday with the line*
lunning into Duluth, giving them an op
portunity to show cause why the rates
on bituminous coal now tn effect from
Duluth to St. Paul and Minneapolis
s-hould be increased from 75 to 90 cents
per ton The state laws governing rail
road tariffs require that after rates on
coal, grain, lumber and live stock have
been In effect for sixty days no Increase
can be made by the railroads without
first obtaining the consent of the com
mission. The hearing resulted from pe
titions from the Duluth lines, asking the
function of the commissioners on an ad
vance in tariff.
The rate of 75 cents per ton was estab
lished in 1896 to meet unequal conditions,
resulting from the competition of out
side lines. At the hearing on the pro
posed advance, the Omaa was represent
ed by Judge Wilson and General Traffic
Manager Clarke, the St. Paul & Duluth
by General Freight Agent Broughton and
Chief Counsel Hadley, the Eastern of
Minneseota by General Counsel M. D.
Grover and General Freight Agent J. C.
Eden.
The burden of proof lay with the rail
roads, and the arguments advanced were
two in number—first, that the Increased
cost of transportation, maintenance and
equipment made it impossible to carry
coal at the 75-cent rate without risk of
loss, and that the rate was put in, not as
a permanent tariff change, but to tem
porarily meet the disadvantages of out
side competition.
In stating the case for the Eastern,
General Counsel Grover explained that
in 18!>5 the decision of the Big Four and
Chesapeake & Ohio to make Newport
News a shipping point for Minneapolis
flour and grain from the Northwest re
sulted In the publication of a tariff by
these roads, under which they were ena
bled to compete with other lines for the
products. It was found that in hauling
flour and grain east from Minneapolis
an empty haul resulted west-bound, and
rates were accordingly made, enabling
them to fill their cars with West Vir
ginia coal and plaoe it on the Northwest
ern market. The action of the Big Four
and the Chesapeake & Ohio brought
West Virginia coal in direct competition
with that handled by the Duluth lines
and, in order to equalize conditions, an
emergency rate was made, 75 cents per
ton from the head of the lakes to the
cities, a reduction of 25 per cent.
Since the establishment of the emer
gency rate the competing rates have been
withdrawn. Mr. Grover showed that on
no road and no district of the United
States is any commodity handled on rates
as low as those prevailing at present on
Duluth bituminous coal. Master Me
chanic Brooks, of the St. Paul & Duluth,
introduced testimony on the Increase of
the cost of transportation, and General
Freight Agent Broughton testified that
under the 75-cent rate the Duluth carried
coal at a positive loss. This testimony
was corroborated by General Traffic
Manager Clarke, of the Omaha. Other
testimony was introduced, regarding
rates on commodities on Eastern lines,
comparing with the tariff under discus
sion.
Maj. Espy, who agitated in the cham
ber of commerce for lower anthracite
coal rates a year ago, was present at the
hearing, but took no part. No adverse
testimony was introduced. The commis
sioners took the matter under advise
ment, stating that a decision would be
arrived at during the first part of the
week.
WORK IN THE MOUNTAINS.
Northern Pacific Engineers Busy
With Plan* of Missoula Cut-Off.
Northern Pacific engineers are still
busy with the plans for the Missoula
cut-off. It is the prediction of a prom
inent railroad man that even if operations
©n the construction work * are begun
with the opening of spring, two years
will be necessary before the cut-off can
be placed in condition for operation. The
engineers have not yet decided upon a
pass through the Bitter Root mountains
and it is considered unlikely that a se
lection will be made this winter, since
the heavy snows will prevent the opera
tions of the engineering crews. The cut
off will require a new mountain grade
and will include, when completed, about
800 miles of track, running from Mis
soula west to Lewiston, connecting with
a branch line, and continuing west to
Pleasant View, then running southwest
to Pasco. At this point connections with
a direct line to coast points Is obtainable
The road will pass through the Bitter
Root mountains about seventy-five miles
west of Mlesoula. The construction work
in the mountains will necessarily- con
sume months and presents many diffi
cult engineering problems. The cut
off will save a long loop, which reaches
its northernmost point at Kootenal. The
cut-off will have connections with Spo
kane from Lewiston, over the recently
constructed Lewiston branch, and will
also have an excellent tributary territory
in the Clearwater valley.
STEAMSHIP HATES.
It "Will Cos* More to VttAt Farii Than
Anticipated.
Changes In steamship rate sheets and
recent orders from ocean line headquar
ters received during the week indicate
that there will be many people who have
planned on attending the Paris exposi
tion who will find the expenses consid-
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1899.
erably more than anticipated. Since the
exposition was first organized there have
been promises of low rates on all ocean
lines. An advance of 25 per cent has al
ready been made, however, with a pros
pect that with the opening of spring busi
ness further increases will come. Instruc
tions were received In local steamship
offices yesterday to the effect that agents'
commissions will be cut from 7% to 5
per cent, indicating that the ocean lines
are out for money.
Several ocean lines are at present ar
ranging for direct service to French
pcits to equalize the effect of higher tar
iffs. The Beaver line has already made
preparations to run excursions direct
from the cities and the Northwest to
Havre or Cherbourg, saving the expense
of landing in England, and transferring
to Havre by steamer. It is understood
that when the exposition business from
the cities and the Northwestern states
begins to develop other ocean lines will
follow the example of the Beaver, in
stituting service direct from the port of
New York to French ports, rather than
to Liverpool.
POULTRY SHOW.
Premium Lis<t W rlll Be Ready for
Distribution Shortly.
The premium list of the State Poultry
association will be ready for distribution
in a few days, showing cash premiums
to the value of $1,500 and sliver cups
offered worth $400. Many new features
taken from the New York and Boston
shows have been added and a number
of .novelties..unlike- anything previously
seen at the association exhibitions are
being arranged ~t o"r:
The list will be ready for distribution
in a few days and Secretary Huelster
is planning to send them out at once.
Especial attention is being given this
year to pet stock, and an exhibit of
cats has been arranged. Entries of all
standard breeds may be made. Compe
tition is open to the world in all classes
included in the premium list. Gapt. Phil
Schweitzer has been appointed to repre
sent the association to the press in St.
Paul, and G. A. Loth In Minneapolis.
The annual exhibition will occur in St.
Paul Feb 5 to 11 inclusive.
MINNEAPOLIS TERMINALS.
Interrupted Plan* of the Soo About
to Be Resumed.
The interrupted preparations of plans
of the Soo line for terminals In Minne
apolis have been resumed, and the city
council has voted the road the use of the
streets which it desires. Work will not
be recommenced until spring, except in
removing buildings and grading. Presi
dent Lowry, of the Soo, stated yesterday
that the work will be continued in the
spring, but that the details have not
yet been perfected. The general plans
include freight depots and yards and a
passenger depot. It was originally an
nounced that the improvements contem
plated by the road in Minneapolis would
cost $50,000.
Regarding the recent transfer of prop
erty held by the road on the east Bide
of the river at Minneapolis, President
Lowry stated that it was put in the hands
of the Minnesota Loan and Trust com-
pany for the purpose of preventing it
from becoming liable tinder the first mort
gage on the roa3. "Hfe stated that there
was n o secret ih''th'<*' road's purpose re
garding the property^'and that it will
eventually be used tor terminals. It Is
possible that thfe- ro&d may sell to an
other system, irf*View* of the growing dif
ficulty In obtairffcig^ Minneapolis property
suitable for terminals.
Many guesses "haVe been made as to
the dispositiori ofelhffi-East side property.
The St. Paul &>iß«luth-Is poorly off for
terminals, and Ifcen^reat Northern's in
creasing business isretfowding all its avail
able land there. sA.;gsless is made that it
may possibly bei*jse*itj>y the- Rock "Island,
since It-seems pe&bable that the road will
enter the cities, and failing in this, that
the Illinois Central, which will come
when the Rock Island does, over the 8.,
C. R. & N., will be .glad to get it. A sim
pler theory is that the Northern Pacific
will need it. Its line crosses the river
near the tract in question, with a spur
running down an adjoining street. These,
however, are merely chance guesses at
what may occur.
AGENCY REINSTATED.
A smile Illuminated the usually placid
face of John G. Alien as he opened his
Chicago mail yesterday and found a no
tice from the North Atlantic steamship
pool, announcing hia reinstatement. The
Allen agency has bad trouble with the
pool during the summer and broke sev
eral of Its rules. Though Mr. Allen ex
plained that he did not care particularly,
the pool found cause for serious objec
tion. The latest incident c in- the inter
mittent belligerency was the imposition
of three fines aggregating a considerable
amount by the pool. All differences
have been adjus.ted and the Allen agency
starts with a fresh clearance sheet.
Delnnd-by Snniv. ■
Both the overjand. trains were delayed
yesterday by r#;*torm 5 on the West
ern division: '^c Hfcthern Pacific was
three hours ■' behlnd'machedule, and the
Great Northern was («rided into two sec
tions, the first, ckrryin|r eastbound mails
arriving three *ours I late. The second
section reached St. Paul five hours be
hind time*-.. f> j.JC
Fred Earline Killed.
FONDA, jo., jyi.m-(Speelal.)-Fred
I.<..arling, a brot» otEA. J. Barling, sec-
? ni? vlce PresioJ^ « the Milwaukee,
reil between thejbffrawjf a moving train
near Nemaha, aK^wlj mortally injured.
He died a 1 few»hojfci later. He was
superintendent of the construction of a
telegraph line along Uie new branches of
the Milwaukee.' B *
RAILWAY NOTE®'.
■ -oi ;■ i . .. ■
Passenger ag«nts o* the Chicago lines
met yesterday to the city ticket office of
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul and
conferred over excursion rat^s put in ef
fect during the summer. Th© business
Incident to the rates v/os checked up and
disposed of.
The Northern Pacific has been success
ful, in securing, the introduction of ordi
nances in the Seattle city council, grant
ing the road the use of three streets and
widening another, in order to accommo
date improvements planned for that
point. The road Is making a fight to se
cure concessions: to Its full demands, with
a fair prospeot of success.
BREWING OF BEER
FROM BARLEY TO TUB BARREL.
THE PROCESS ONE OF CON
STANT INTEREST
MALT IS THE FOUNDATION
The Function of Hopa in H t -«-r Is to
Impart the Proper Flavor and to
Aid in Giving: the Necessary
Keeping: Quality — The Hops
Blended to Produce a Uniform
Quality at All Seasons.
The amber colored liquid food product,
known the world over as "beer," or, as
the Germans spell It, "bier," Is made
from farinaceous grain, chiefly from
barley, which Is first malted. Malting
Is a process of sprouting grain (In other
words, making It begin to grow). As
soon as the starchy portion of the grain
gets soft and undergoes certain chemical
changes the growing is stopped by dry
ing it This sprouted grain, when dry,
Is the malt of commerce.
In making malt from,barley the grain
Is first cleaned, then In water
for two or three days. When thorough
ly soaked it is spread out In a layer
about a foot thick on a cellar floor,
where the grain begins to sprout. Sprout-
Ing produces a certain ferment called
diastats-, which changes the starch into
grape sugar, and in this process the
grain gets heated so that It must be
frequently turned over with shovels to
keep It from developing too fast, and
make the product uniform. After sev
eral days the sprouting: Is stopped by
drying the malt over a slow flre. Malt
for beer-making Is kept from three to
seven months, to properly season it.
The process of brewing Is said to be- |
gin when the malt Is cleaned and the lit
tle rootlets are removed, preparatory to
grinding. There are nine distinct stages
recognized by brewers In the process.
They are: Grinding, mashing, sparging,
boil ins, cooling, fermenting, storing,
clarifying and racking. This does not
include putting beer in bottles, which is
done in a bottling house.
The grinding Is a simple process, as
the term would Indicate. The malt Is
ground into a coarse meal. Mashing is
mixing the malt with water at such
varying degrees of temperature as shall
not only extract the saccharine matter
existing iv Uia malt, but shall convert j
the unconverted starch Into the various
kinds of sugar from which beer is made.
The temperature varies from 110 to 170
degrees Fahrenheit, and much of the
art of brewing lies in this apparently
simple process. The liquid produced Is
called the "wort." This Is, in sub
stance, the beer, although it must still
pass through a number of processes be
fore it is drinkable. After the wort has
been partially drawn off fresh water Is
added in order to extract all the good
ness from the malt. This is. called
sparging. The solid portion of the malt*
which has been separated from the wort
by means of false bottoms and which
consists of husks and other indissoluble
matter, Is spouted into a large tank and
sold to milkmen for cattle food.
From the mash tub the wort Is drawn
into the boiling kettle. This is a large
copper vessel, heated by steam. In which
the hops is added to the liquid. The
function of hops In beer is to impart
the proper flavor and to aid in giving it
the necessary keeping quality. Much
care is taken In the selection of hops.
The Minneapolis Brewing company has,
in its storehouse, hops from Europe,
from New York state and from Wash
ington and Oregon, on the Pacific coast.
Hops over a year old is not regarded fit
for brewing. It is customary to blend
the hops so as to produce a uniform
flavor In the beer at all seasons. After
cooking several hours the wort is run
through the hop extractor into the hop
jacket, were all solid particles of the
hops are removed.
The liquid Is then a brlg-ht and clear
amber and has a pleasant odor. It is
cooled by having it trickle down over a
framework of copper and Iron pipes
through which a current of cold water
is kept flowing. It is caught in a trough
and on its way to the settling room tha
yeast is added. It remains about two
days in the settling room, when it Is
drawn off into the fermenting vats. These
vats, in the Minneapolis brewery, are
great cylindrical tubs, about twelve feet
high and with a capacity of 400 barrel 3
each. The fermenting tubs are equipped
with a water pipe arrangement by which
the temperature of the beer can be kept
at the desired point by simply running
cold or hot water through the pipes.
The brewer's yeast, which is added as
the wort leaves the cooling room, causes
the liquid to ferment slightly in the set
tling room, but principally In the fer
menting cellar. The yeast must be per
fectly fresh and healthy; If otherwise.
the beer will not be good/ The appear
ance of a vat of beer during the early
stages of a good fermentation is beau
tiful. At first the whole surface is cov
ered with a thick white foam which, with
in a few houis, curls itself into every
imaginable shape and form. This in
creases in height until it presents the
appearance of a number of jagged rocks
of snowy whiteness. These gradually
fall back and the yeast settles in the
bottom of the fermenting vat. The ber
is then run off into storage vats, where
it is kept for several months. After
■ ward it is run into clarifying vats, the
bottoms of which are covered with a
layer, a foot in depth, of. shavings made
from beech wood. On these shavings
(generally called "chips") the yeast cells,
remaining in the beer, collect, thus clar
ifying the liquid and making It ready for
the market It is then "racked off" into
kegs and barrels and, when the internal
revenue stamp has been affixed, is ready
for sale
This description of the process of beer
making applies to the process employed
by the Minneapolis Brewing company. It
gives a very fair general idea of h<>w
their "Golden Grain Belt" beers are
brewed. The purpose of good brewing
is to convert the grain Into a perfectly
healthy and palatable malt food. Beer
contains from 2M to 3 per cent of alcohol,
4 to 6 per cent el the other extract of
the grain and 3 to 4 per cent of carbonic
acid gas. Bottled beer, for home con
sumption, iakeg a large share of the
product of this Institution. A case of
twenty-four pints of "Extra Pale" costs
$1.25 delivered.
Which Way?
Are the children growing
nicely? A little stronger
each month? A trifle
heavier ? That's good.
Or is one of them growing
the other way? Growing
weaker, growing thinner,
growing paler?
If so, you should try
Scott's Emulsion at once.
'Tis both a food and a
medicine to all delicate
children. It makes them
grow in the right way—
taller, stronger, healthier*
«oc end f i.oo, all drugguta.
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