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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, December 31, 1899, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1899-12-31/ed-1/seq-7/

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[All Rights Rxsebyid.]
Concerning Men and Women.
BY THE REV. E. J. HARDY, M. A.
(Author of "Bow to Be Happy Though Married," Bto.)
VHI. — Social Sins.
BociaJ Bin* are those which people com
mit it: their character of social beings,
those which society encourages or at
leasi coado&es. Not a few of them come
from social ambition. They are the means
employed to gain the ends at which that*
aims. A very common ambition, though
it is almost the meanest and most des
picable, is to appear richer than cne Is.
The amount of social sin that springs
fr» m this source can scarcely be exag
gerated. Think of the vulgarity and posi
tive evil that the phrase "keeping up ap
pearances" suggests!
The world we know is deceived by or
• nament, and thinks more of the shadow
than of the substance; accordingly we
overwork and overfret ourselves "to keep
iit> appearances." Having food and rai
ment w». ere not content unless we have
a latger house than Mr. So-and-So, a
grruier number of servants than he is
tyr.mizt-d over by, and more gorgeous
furniture and equipages. Who attends to
tlifl good old maxim "eight hours sleep,
ei^ht hours work, eight hours recreation,"
In days when ambition and competition
have made a murderous compact to work
v? to death, or at least to cause us to
Bv.f!! the number of the insane?
*'O. that way madness lies; let me shun
that."
To deceive their neighbors people on the
verse of bankruptcy give what they call
dinner parties, but which really are
coarse meat-shows. From 8 o'clock till
30 people sit* over leasts of unreason,
nv-istened certainly by gooseberry cham
pagne, but utterly arid as regards flow of
fcoul or sparkle of conversation. The
business of the evening is not friendly In
tercourse. Guests are collected merely
tc witness the fact that their host enter
tair.a with a larger number of entrees
than appeared at their tables when h«
Was guest. It Is air a great social sin
against our bodily health, not to speak
of the other kinds of health. Only to
ta.ste half of the superfluous dishes in- '
cures a headache next day. And when
euch dinners are given by persons of
limited incomes, there Invariably follows
c period of starvation to make up for
it that canuot fall to be unhealthy. It
\g no wonder that the words "In a friend
ly way" are now generally added to invl
tfitiori3 where sociability and moderation
are preferred to snobbishness and excess.
.They certainly are more frieaidry to the
Btomach. Under a glass case in Bethnal
oreea Museum may be seen a sort of
BCI .-mine bill of fare. It Is the amount
of food proved by experiments on con
y: t« an<l others to be necessary to keep
ar. statt person in perfect health for
twenty-four hour.-.. Some of our gour
mets woulfl think it painfully little, and
j anything more than this must do
hum on the principle that what we leave
at table often does more good then what
•we take, and that the man who eats lit
tle eats much, for he does not dig his
grave with his teeth, but .Ivos longer to
eat. The head waiter of a large hotel
et which I was lately staying told me
ihat the habit of most of the guests is
this. They come down to a great break
fast at 10 o'clock, they lunch at 1:30. On
getting up from this they ask the waiter
What time dinner is. To sustain life, how
ever, until the table d'hote, there is 5
o'clock tea, with many kinds of sand
■«»•:.•),. s and eakt-s. Beft.ra retiring to
r nightmare slumbers many take sup
per, not because they are hungry, but be
cause they do not like to go to bed when
tfcere is anything else to be done. At the
hotel referred to I congratulated a lady
between eighty and ninety on her robust
health. "Ye?," she replied, "I am quite
veil," and then added, locking around,
"you see I do not eat too much." It was
t'. save his life that Abernethy gave to
this rich patient the well-known piece of
advice: "Live on sixpence a day and
enrn It."
A few years ago we hoped that the
habit of tippling was becoming less com
men. Afternoon tea seemed to be satis
fying even men. With the revival of
le, however, came a revival of drink
ing which showed that the number or
ile who drink as much as they can
afford is a large one. E-ven young ladle 3
may now be heard In hotels ordering
whiskies and sodas in the morning.
A very intelligent woman said lately of
a sister in public life: "I never cared for
her very much until I found she really
loved a new bonnet as a woman should."
Yes, women should dress becomingly, so
as to make the most of themselves. An
other legitimate reason Is in order that
they may gain the admiration of the other
sex A large number, however, of these
£-:.Me beings are urged to extravagant
dressing by envy, hatred and malice.
Th»y want to put to shame a rival wom
an: they would force some hated sister
to take a back seat. They are as mali
cious in flaring new gowns before other
w-nnen as the bull fighter is in goading
t'> madness his antagonist. This ignoble
I .i iry and the aforesaid desire to appear j
wealthy explain the milliners bills, which j
furnish such pleasant reading for hits- j
bands of our time. What Judas kisses j
women give to each other while slaught
ering character behind backs. Some time i
r.i>.> T listened to a class of police recruits
b"ing examined In a catechism of police
duties at the Royal Irish constabulary de- v
l>»t. Phoenix Park, Dublin. One question
struck me— "lf you knew anything in the
prisoner's favor would you tell it?" The
answer was. "certainly." A hint from this
might be taken by those who assist at
t-a parties and such functions. Instead
of trying to make their conversation spicy
by talking against people they should do
the opposite, and if they know anything
In the prisoner's favor say it.
Perhaps the most fertile source of social
fins In our time is the rapidity of the
age. Everyone is now trying to go the
pace, the speed of the telegraph and tele
phone has infected our nerves." Prof.
Huxley was staying at Belfast when the
British association met there. He want
ed to go to a breakfast party, but was
ra'her late, co stepping »n a car he told
the "Jarvey" to drive fast, quite forget
ing to mention where toe wished to be
brought. Remembering the omission, he
1 to the man, "Where are you going?"
He replied, "Troth I don't know, but
didn't I drive you fast?" As little do
many people know to where they are go
ing when they start a fast life. Most of
them do this merely to be in fashion, but
their nerves soon get Into a state of
chronic unrest. They scorn the simple
pleasure of life and vote everything slow
which is not exciting. This is the ex
planation of the gambling which is now
co rife among all sorts and conditions of
men. women and even of children. That
poor innocent animal, the horse, is not
responsible for half the gambling that
goe3 on. Certainly there are asses who
will bet upon horses which they have
never even seen, but they will also bet
upon anything — I knew two men so fond
of gambling that on one occasion, when
they had nothing to bet on, they selected
two etrawß in a stack and made a wager
which would be the longest when they
were drawn out. Some people live at a
pace that gives no time for even the most
sacred duties of life. There are women,
for instance, who prefer all kinds of un
satisfying excitements to the oldest, the
most useful, and, upon the whole, the
happiest profession, that of motherhood.
Either they have no children at all or
they give any they have Into the exclu
sixe care of servants. They never hear
their evening prayer and tuck them into
bed, for at that hour they are invariably
engaged dressing for some form of dis
sipation. And not only are morals In
jured by the fastness of our age, but this
causes us to sin against little morals or
manners. Every one now is heated in the
chase after something, and they have no
time to pay a "manners visit," or write
a letter of courtesy, or even to give a
smile of recognition to a friend In the
street and call out a cheery greeting. On
they go In their mad pursuit of shadows,
and they salute no man by the way. In
"deed our manners are in a perilous state
and we seem ta be in danger of losing
them. Listen to the way young people
now speak to and about their parents and
elders generally— ln a way that It would
be Improper to address a black beetle.
None of ua are infallible, not even the
youngest, but boys and girls think that
they are, and this makes it very difficult
for them to honor their fathers and
mothers— silly old people, who were born
at a time when boys did not smoke paper
and girls could blush, were not slangy
and did not indulge in "risky" conversa
tion.
There is at present a want of reverence
for everything In heaven and earth, and
this expresses itself in a disregard for
the feelings of others, which Is the es
sence of bad manners. At a crowded as
sembly the other day I heard an elderly
lady politely asking a young one If she
might sit upon a chair that was beside
her. "No; it Is engaged," she answered,
which was a He. which I found out aft
erwards. This lady would have offered
the chair with a sweet smile if she had
been In society where she was known;
but at the time she thought that no one
whom she knew was observing, so her
selfish character displayed Itself in be
ing rude to one older than herself. Ai-e
our feelings of honor as sensitive as they
were in the daya when wounds and death
were the consequences of dishonorable
acts? Have we "that chastity of honor
•which feels a stain like a wound?" We
have only to read down a column of ad
vertisements to see that there are a good
many lies going about and as for shops
C* f\ A/I I M/~t C\ZH TU E? ' M - Camillo Flammarion, the Famous
dJlYlli\Vj Ur I rlti ! French Astronomer.
TWENTIETH CENTURY ~^u, n Ma£
. Its Advent
An authoritative answer to the all-ab
sorbing question when the new century
begins has Just been given by M. Camill©
Flammarion, the distinguished astrono
mer and author. An authoritative answer
his statement may weil be styled, since
this is a subject on which he is peculiar
ly fitted to speak with authority. Chro.
nology and astronomy are closely allied,
and. being an adspt astronomer, M. Flam
marion la necessarily also specially well
qualified to grapple with any problem
the solution of which depends on a right
understanding of chronology.
From this statement, which covers the
ground thoroughly, the following pas
sages are taken:
"If we look back at the past we will
find documents of the year 1799, 1039 and
1599 in which this subject was di.-cussed,
and a century hence. In 1999, our de
scendants will be discussing the same old
subject. A century ago the discussions
were unusually lively, and extended even
to the theater. In 1800 a play appeared
with the title, "Dear God, in What Centu
ry Are We Living?' This very question
we of today are again asking.
"What has led many persons astray has
probably been the change In the first two
figures of the year, aa we see in the
case of 1799-3800 or 1899-1900. A similar
change, however, is made when 9 becomes
10, or when 99 becomes 100. If any one
gives me 100 cents I have a dollar, but the
100 th cent Is Just as necessary to my first
dollar as the ninetieth. My hundred and
first cent Is the beginning of my second
dollar. The 100 th Is, In fact, a necessary
portion of the dollar.
"In like manner the 100 th year belongs
to the century which Is dying. Exactly,
therefore, at nidnlght of Dec. 31, 1900, will
the hour glass of the nineteenth century
run out and at the next moment the
twentieth century will start on its
career."
M. Flammarion then touches on another
most Interesting question,
"We know now when, but do we know
where, the new century will begin?" he
asks. "Will It begin exactly at midnight
in Paris, London, New York or Jerusa
lem? Exactly at midnight In every coun
try Is the answer. Yes, but when it is
midnight in Paris It is 1 a. m. in Vienna.
Will the Austrians then begin the cen
tury before the French? Certainly they
will. And this brings up the timely ques
tion, What country will be the first to
greet the new century?
"When the clocks in New York indicate
fHE ST. PAUL GLOBE, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1899.
where things ar* "given away" and "bar
gains" always to be obtained, what are
they but huge lies from bottom to top?
We have said that reverence for the
aged Is wanting at the present time,
and there is certainly not too much chiv
alry for women as such; men will gladly
make room In a railway carriage or
tram car for one who la young and pret
ty, but how Is it with a woman that la
neither? Men moving In what Is called
good society treat women with Impunity
In a way that would hare gained them a
horse-whipping, or rather an ass-whlp
ping fifty years ago. It lg only too true
that these men have. In many cases, been
spoiled by fast Rlrls, who, having no re
spect for themselves, did not exact it
from them. If young women have "not
the slightest objection, and rather like
it," men will smoke In their faces, ap
pear before them In any or scarcely any
clothes, call them by their Christian
names, say words and refer to things
which should be nameless, and In all oth
er ways Illustrate the truth that men
respect women as, and only ao, women
respect themselves. Bad manners are
said to be prevalent In connection wltn
public and private entertainments. There
are men who seem to think that an In
vitation to a party Is a superfluous for
mality. They go to large "crushes"
without being aaked, hoping to escape
notice In the crowd. That there is safety
in numbers they are quite convinced; and
even If they were asked: "Friend, how
earnest thou In hither?" they would not
have ttie grace to remain speechless, but
would give some very Impertinent an
swer. And when they do receive an In
vitation, young men of the period leave
It unanswered for days In hopes some
thing better may turn up.
Never are their manners more appar
ent than when they go to a
party. They take no notice of
the hostess and her daughters.
If asked to dance with a lady or
bring her in to supper, they say: "Let
me see her," as though she were a horse,
and then perhaps make the excuse: "I'm
engaged," while they whisper the real
reason to a like-minded companion —
"Not good enough!" These and similar
instances are adduced by those who think
that we are losing our manners to prove
the truth of their opinion.
(The End.)
THE TOAST OF THE HOUR.
"TO THE NEW YEAR,"
that it Is midnight of Dee. 31, 1900. it is
already 5 o'clock In the morning of Jan.
1, 1901, in Paris. 7 o'clock at the Suez
canal, 8 o'clock in Tananarlvo, and 12
o'clock (noon) of Jan. 1, 1901. on the island
of fit. Paul, in the Indian ocean.
"If. instead of going east, we go with
lightning speed westward from New
York, we shall rind It 11 o'clock in the
evening In Chicago. 9 o'clock In San Fran
cisco. 6 o'clock in Honolulu, 3:30 o'clock
in the Philippines and noon of Dec. 31,
1900, on the Island of St. Paul. This
island, as any ore can see by looking at
a map, is exactly opposite New "iork. or,
In other words. Its distance from the
south pole is precisely the same as that
of New York from the north pole.
•"When It Is midnight with us it Is noon
there, but the question is, Is this the
noon of the next day or of the preceding
one? To sailors this is a mattar of some
importance, as their captains have to de
cide whether they gain or lose a day's
wages when they arrive at this point.
"Those who will have the honor of ac
cording the first greeting to the new cen
tury for the reason that it will actually
begin there before it begins elsewhere
are the Russians in Jcamschatka, the
Japanese in Toklo and on the Island of
Yeso, the Inhabitants of the Philippines,
of New Guinea island, of the Solomon
islands and of the New Hebrides, the
French in New Caledonia and the inhab
itants of New Zealand and of the littl«
island of Chatham, in the Pacific ocean.
"The people on this Island will be able
to greet the new century before any one
else, but it is not probable that a similar
privilege will ever again be theirs, ror
the reascn that there is not likely to be
a living boul on the Island a century
hence. A hundred years ago there were
two thousand men there, and in 1830
there were 1,500. Five years later, how
ever, a number of Maorl3 visited the Is
land and ruthlessly began to destroy the
inhabitants. In 1870 there were only 200
persons on the Island, and at present
there are hardly 50.
"Let every one, however, remember
distinctly that the twentieth century
will begrln In every country at midnight
of Dec. 81, 1900. The Asiatics will begin
to enjoy It before Europeans, ana Euro
peans before Americana. No one, not
even the richest man In New York, can
obtain the privilege of being the first to
greet It— that Is, unless he Is willing to
travel to the distant Island of Chatham
and join the handful of Inhabitants m
singing a paean of welcome to the new
cycla."
nuin niiT mr ni n A Few Refiecti ° ns ° n thQ uses
if Nlf Hr and Abuses of Swearing Off, arid
There is one peculiar feature that ac
centuates the happy New Year, which,
paradoxical a» It may sound, will dawn
at midnight this evening. It Is the fact
that quite a respectable number of re
spectable people believe that we are about
to Jump Into ~th<* twentieth century.
It la thia arspeet of the ca.se that has
plunged us lalo gloom. It hasn't occurred
before for a-hundred years, and, while it
cannot be truthfully called monotonous,
it Is. at least, aggravating. If not debili
tating. Whatv "w*' may ask, has a hundred
years of civilisation and delving into book
lore done for im^ how has our improve
ment in mathematics benefited us If at
thlß stage of the world's game, and in
this spirit of the age, wo find men and
women all around us willing to accept
ninety-nine -yoars f o r a century, when
none of them would accept ninety-nine
cents in change, for a dollar -unless the
train was Just starting and they were In
a hurry?
But every cloud has its silver lining.
Beyond the deep gloom of the twentieth
century controversy we can look out
upon something bright and glittering in
the new year about to make its debut.
The old year has been a history-making
epoclj. In the distant future the pes
simistic historian will sit himself down to
an improved typewriting machine and say
things about us, some good, others ran
corous and extremely critical. There are
so many literary people always ready to
carp. Do the best we can, it is impossi
ble to avoid mistakes. The young man
who swore off last New Year's day has,
doubtless, been sworn at at various and
unexpected moments during the 565 days
intervening since then.
Each year it is getting mor« and more
difficult to swear off. At present the
swearing off process contains altogether
too much renunciation of the good things
of life. The luxuries of a year ago are
the necessities of today. Some of your
friends, who do not happen to use the
weed, will log-roll and pull wires to in
duce you to swear off using tobacco In
any form. Yet "you will find trade jour
nals devoted to the tobacco interests
which will readily and editorially prove
to you. from a medical or scientific view
point, that tobacco aids digestion, quick
ens the intellect, and keeps peace in tha
family.
Do you propose to swear off drinking?
One of the picturesque events of the past
year was the appearance of an eminent
professor in an Eastern university who
declared that a few ounces of good whis
ky, taken dally, was not only a food, but
of incalculable benefit to the human sys
tem. Are you contemplating a renuncia
tion of the^ seductions of draw poker?
Within the past six months a Chicago di
vine has declared from his pulpit that all
forms of business were gambling, pure
and simple, and that when the farmer
deposited valuable seed grain in the vlr.
Sin soil, he bet the worth of that grain
on weather conditions, and the problem,
atlcal appearance of chinch bugs, grass
hoppers or weavil, and the Chicago di
vine is backed up, or corroborated— if you
prefer a more euphonious verb— by a New
YoTk clergyman who believes that draw
poker, judiciously played, Is far from be
ing sinful. Without doubt the Judicious
winner will corroborate the New York
preacher.
Now what are you going to do when
confronted by cases like the above?
"Dost thou think because thou art vir
tuous there shall be no cakes and ale?
Yes. by St. George, and ginger shall be
hot r the mouth, too." This Is a precept
as old as Don Quixote and Sancho Panza.
Yet today, on the threshold of a new
year, are we not seriously debating the
question of giving the world, the flesh
and the devil the marble heart, forget
ful of the fact that for so many years in
the past, when we have religiously and
penltentially resolved to lead acetic lives
for a twelve month, the world, the flesh
and the devil have given us the merry ha!
ha! before the first quarter had ex
pired.
Have wo not Biblical writ'for the claim
that there Is ft time to dance and a- time
to sing, a time to make merry with ta
bor and pipe? Surely we can mix pleas
ure with the au!l cares of this life even
if It takes a whole season of golf dissipa
tion to tone up our systems for the se
rious duties of collaring the elusive dol
lar.
The man yrho retains his youth 13 the
young man, and the vivacity of his lift
shall prove It.
There la no use of approaching the
dawa of tomorrow under a
weighty sense of discouragement. Some
literary big wig has solemnly and owl
ishly observed within the past decade
that there was less opportunity nowa
days for the ambitious young man than
when our naLure was young. Bosh! Cir
cumstances are always ready-made and
waiting for the hand of resolve to grasp
them and mold them to the purpose of
the Individual.
And* within a few brief hours the old
year will be a closed book. The record
of our lives for that year will have been
made up and passed over to the Great
Auditor of all earthly accounts. Father
Time. In a few hours 1000 will burst
upon us with all Its glorious possibili
ties. "Ring: out the old, ring in the
new." Let us resolve to cut deeper into
the granite rock of adversity that we
may gain a firmer foothold for the future.
Whatever advancement we have made
during the past twelve months will add
to our momentum In the days to come.
Many will fall and some succeed, and the
young man of patient endeavor is quite
likely to be numbered among the "some."
What has been accomplished In the past
can be multiplied in the future. Human
effort can never run down like a neg
lected clock, for It Is regularly wound
by the magical hand of Ambition. The
coming new year is rosy with promise aa
it Is big with questions of moment. It
Is left to the survivors of the perils of
the past to solve these questions right
or wrong. Is it not the duty of each one
to see that the balance between right and
wrong is in favor of right?
d a XT'
i MEDICAL NOTES.
White bread is, weight for weight, more
nutritious than brown. Brown bread,
chemically, should be more nutritious
than white only In fats and mineral con
stituents, but in the process of digestion
distinctly less of the nutritive materials
actually get into the blood In the case
of brown than of white bread. In the
case of people with Irritable Intestines
the white bread Is to be preferred to
brown. Cellulose mechanically Irritates
the intestine; the larger the flakes of
cellulose, the greater the irritant action;
in Irritable intestines it will even pro
voke diarrhoea and so interefere with
the absorption of much nutritive material. ,
In the case of people with sluggish in
testines, brown bread is preferable to
white, as it tends to maintain regular
peristaltic action and insures regular
evacuation of the bowels. In cases where
the proportion of mineral ingredients, and
especially of lime salts in other articles
of food or drink Is insufficient, brown
bread Is preferable to white. It is pos
sible that in the case of operatives liv
ing chiefly upon bread and tea, the prefer
ance for white bread, which obtains in
large towns, may be responsible in part
at least for the early decay of the teeth
of those living on such a dietary. If the
dietary la insufficient in fat. or if the per
son is unable readily to digest fat in other
forms, brown bread may possibly be pre
ferable to white.
It is well known to singers that per
fumes Influence the voice. The violet Is
regarded by artists as the flower which
especially causes hoarseness. The rose,
on the contrary, Is regarded as Inoffen
sive. If. Joal does not believe that the
emanations of the violet prevent free vi
bration of the vocal cords, and thinka if
this riower has any injurious effect upon
the voice the rose and other flowers must
have the same action. There Is, In fact,
nothing fixed or regular !n the Influence
exerted by the perfume of flowers. It Is
a matter of individual susceptibility.
Some are affected by the lilac, other by
the mimosa. Others are again in no
manner affected by flowers, musk, am
ber, civet or the various toilet prepara
tions, but experience obstruction of the
nose, hoarseness and oppression from the
odora of oils, grasses, burut horn and
the emanations from tanneries and brew
eries. "It is very difficult," saye M. Joal,
"to furnish an explanation to these pe
culiarities, and we must content ourselves
by regarding them as examples of olfac
tive idiosyncrasy. It cannot be denied,
however, that odors may occasion vari
ous accidents and vocal troubles in per
sons of nervous temperaments and ex
cessive sensibility.
Antlfebrin, like most aniline derivatives,
is a drug which should be used with spe
cial caution. It is official under the name
of acetanalid.the maximum dose of which
is ten grains. This caution seems timely
because a great many people acquire an
unfortunate habit of dosing themselves
with drugs whose potency they do not
realize. Many cases of poisoning have
occurred, the cause of death being at
tributed to other than the true o;ie. In
such cases the patient complains of gid
diness, noises In the ear, throbbing in
the temples and a dull, heavy pain In the
head. The face becomes livid, the lips
are blue, and the pupils are contracted.
Symptoms of collapse follow. The face
and extremities are cyanosed, the skin is
covered with cold, clammy perspiration,
the pulse Is feeble and respiration be
comes shallow and frequent. There is no
specific antidote and after the administra
tion of a brisk emetic the sufferer should
be kept in a strictly recumbent position
and plied vigorously with stimulants. The
effects are usually of considerable dura
tion, and in one case reported the patient
was not out of danger for fourteen hours.
Pain in or about the ey« may be often
relieved by hot applications, but hot fo
mentations must not be poultices, save in
a few conditions. The easiest way Is to
dip a Email folded pad of cotton cloth in
very hot water and apply it as hot as it
can be borne to the eye, not allowing it
to remain more than half a minutt. This
procedure should be repeated, and con
tinue for five or ten minutes. After an In
terval, usually one of comparative ease,
it may be again repeated. Sometimes ice
cold compresses will relieve the pain
quicker than hot applications, and ther« Is
no way other than trial by which to de
cide which Is the better remedy In an
Individual case. Ice compresses should
be of one thickness of thin cloth torn
into small squares and placed separately
on a lump of ice, from which they are to
be taken, one by one, and applied direct
ly to the eye. The heat abstracted will
change the cold to moist heat in a very
few moments, and for this reason iced
compresses should be changed even more
frequently than when hot applications are
use 3.
Dr. Savage has shown that there are
many insane conditions in which the con
duct of the patient must be the gauge of
the disorder, and though we don't ignore
lntelletcual and sensory disorders, yet be
sides and apart from these the conduct of
the patient must be studied and recorded.
There is more d.sorder of conduct than
speech or writing. An act may be a
symptom of Insanity apart from any ap
parent intelllectual defect. The law does
not recognize this, though. Insanity of
conduct is shown In hysterical girls, in
the highly Intellectual, such as poets. In
ventors and geniuses. It is seen as a
stage of Insanity of other forms, such as
mania, melancholia, etc. Conduct does
not always Indicate insanity, as conduct
may be perfect and Intellect defective.
Never place a cold mustard plaster on
a patient. The shock Is like a sudden
plunge Into cold water. Before you com
mence to mix the paste be sure that you
have all the necessary material at hand.
First put a large plate where It can get
warm, not hot, then stir the mustard and
flour thoroughly together before you add
the water, which should be tepid. Stir
In enough water to make a paste about
the consistency of French mustard, place
your cloth (an old handkerchief Is best)
on the w«rm plate, spreading the paste In
the middle of it, leaving a margin wide
enough to lap well over on all Bides. Do
not remove the poultice from the plate
until ready to apply. Place a folded cloth
between parts and patient's clothlnc
• • •
Dr. Towler says, with many young phy
sicians, and some who are not young,
there is a fal.se idea that to call In anoth
er more competent man is a sort of "give
away." that th» patient or family will
regard*lt only as a want of skill on the
part of the attendant if he does. It is a
great mistake. That young doctor who
has the good sense to call In experience
In a difficult case will win nine times In
ten over the "know It all," and keep the
confidence of his patient besides.
Since It has become known that milk
standing In a bucket will absorb germs
the Idea has been applied in the treat
ment of smallpox, fevers, diphtheria, etc.,
with marked success. The patient*ia laid
m a mattress covered with blankets. He
is then packed In a sheet saturated with
milk, covering the entire body, In which
condition he remains an hour. A warm
water bath is then given, after which the
surface is dried and the patient Is put to
bed.
One of the interesting characters of the
fourteenth century was the sergeant
surgeon of Edward 111., in 1346. John of
Arden. He gives a "description of ye
qualities which ought to be In yo sur
geons that performeth any operation In
ohirurgery. Fir*t. that he be devout.
Second, be charitable to ye poor Thirdly,
to use few words. Fourthly, to avoid
drunkness. Fifthly, to be chaste both In
words and gesture, aa well as to fear
ye not. Sixthly, not to undertake an In
curable disease."
For the thin person who vants to grow
stout the simple recipe: Eat vegetables
and plenty of butter, drink milk, sweet
wine and stout, take cod liver oil, go to
bed early, sleep a little during each day,
and lau§rh as nuich a3 possible, will often
work wonders.
One of the best remedies for a ?lugglsfa
liver is cheap and pleasant. Th* best
liver regulator for persons of sedentary
habits — and those are the ones whose
complexions are muddy— ls to be found
in apples, baked, if they cannot be eaten
raw.
• c ■•
PRESCRIPTIONS.
Pain in and about the eye, neuralgic in
character and not associated with in
flammatory conditions, is sometimes re
lieved by mild counter Irritation and a
mixture such as the following: Menthol,
20 grains; spirits of rosemary, spirits of
lavender and brandy, of each 1 ounce.
Bathe the forehead and temples with
this lotion with brisk rubbing.
• • •
An ointment for eczema. Oxide of zinc,
1 drachm; talc, 1 drachm.; olive oil, %
ounce; lime water, V& ounce; lanolin, 2H
drachms; tincture of benzoin, 10 minims.
• • •
For tenderness of the gums the follow
ing 1b recommended: Hydro-chlorate of
cocaine, 2 grains; chloroform, 15 minims;
glycerin, 6 drachma; essence of roses, S
drop*. Apply a small portion to the pain
ful portion of the gums.
—Leon Noel.
Cost of Wives.
Wives In Tanganyika are considered a
luxury, and even In Zu'.uland they cost
from $150 to $SOO. but on the Tanganyika
plateau can be had for five or six goats.
One goat equals 15 to 20 cents, therefore
one wife equals $1.20.
< Ya£ra±)t of IRi)y n?e.
\ "BOBS."
Kudyurd Kipling's Versei on Lord
Roberts.
There's a little red-faced man.
Which la Bobs.
Rides the tallest 'orse '© can—
Our Bobs.
If It bucks or kicks or rears,
'E can sit for twenty years.
With a smile round both 'is ears—
Can't yer, Bobs?
Then 'ere's to Bobs Bahadur-
Little Bobs. Bobs. Bobs!
'E's our pukka Kandahader—
Fightin' Bobs. Bobs. Bobs!
•E's the Dook of Agg-y Chel,*
'E's the man that done us well.
An' we'll "follow 'im to 'ell-
Won' t we. Bobs?
If a limber's slipped a trace,
'Ook on Bobs
If a marker's lost "Is place.
Dress by Bobs
For 'c's eyes all up 'is coat.
An' a bugle in 'is throat.
An* you will not play the goat
Under Bobs.
What 'c does not know of war,
Gen'ral Bobs.
You can arst the shop next door —
Can't they. Bobs?
O 'c's little, but 'c's wise;
'E's a terror for "is size,
An'- 'e— does— not— advertise —
Do yer, Bobs?
Now they've made a bloomin' lord
Outer Bobs
Which was but 'Is fair reward—
Weren't it. Bobs?
An' 'ell wear a coronet
Where "is 'elmet used to set;
But we know you won't forget —
Will yer. Bobs?
w
Then 'ere's to Bobs Bahadur-
Little Bobs. Bobs. Bobs!
Pocket- Wellln' ton an' 'arder**—
Fightin' Bobs. Bobs. Bobs!
This ain't up bloomin' ode.
But you've "elped the soldier's load.
An' for benefits bestowed.
Bless yer, Bobs!
•Go ahead. **And a half.
THE WISE "WEATHER CLERK.
The Funnyland clerk of the weather
Doesn't waste his time finding out
whether
Tomorrow '11 be blowy.
Or sunny or snowy.
Oh! he's wiser than that altogether.
He carefully studies the past.
And runs up a flag on the maat.
So that people can ace
If there's going to be
A thunderstorm week before last.
And when yesterday promises fair
When the sun will be hot and aglare,
Peonle hitch a balloon
To trie edge of the moon
And dive off and swim round in the air,
For they never get drowned in the air.
—Albert W. Smith. In the January Ladles'
Home Journal. _
TO THE NEW YEAR.
Com©, little boy, so fresh and new!
Till you are "sere and yellow,
I'll be your chum and go with you.
And there's my hand, young fellow.
For Just one year let us be friends
In every kind of weather.
And like two well-assorted ends
May we meet well togther.
'Tls yours my lad, to make me laugh,
Or cry— be sad or fearful.
May you preponderate with chaff,
And keep me always cheerful.
Inflict on me no useless pain.
Nor let me be long blue, sir.
And when we part, may I remain
To Bay good-bye to you, sir.
-/Tom Massoa In Life.
THE DYING CBOTDET.
Into the void and vast,
Into the shrouded past.
Crowned with his years at last,
Gaaes the century.
Lo, how the shadows falll
Soon now the solemn oall;
Soon bier and hearse and pall-
Hall and farewell to the©!
Last of the pilgrims gray.
Holding their measured way
Into the dim for aye.-
Honored thy passing be.
Age of earth-girdling power.
Age of fair freedom's dower.
Age of life's bloom and flower.
Thou hast reigned graciously!
— James Buckham to Leslie's Weekly.
i Open until noon tomorrow. New Year* Dsyv
To All St. Paul
a Happy and Prosperous
New Year.
Make your new resolution
on a firm foundation.
Get a pair of Hanan Shoes.
ji Hanan Shoe Company.
c We have sold out to The Plymouth |'
Ji the entire stock of Shoes in our St. PAu! <[
ij store, and have also made The Plym- ]i
( i outh sole agent for the sale of Hanan /
]i Shoes in St. Paul. S
]i The extreme Lw rent and improved <|
<J system under which this new Shoe bysl- ji
\ ness wtll be carried on must result in ai!
]i great saving to the public in both titns ',
i[ and money. §
!; (Signed) HANAN SHOE CO., \
jl John H. Hanan, President. I
We are now selling- this en
tire stock of Men's, Women's
and Children's Shoes at sac
rifice prices.
Seventh and Robert.
Brokaw Clothing.
Traveling; la Mc-trwicua.
No carriage meets th« traveler art th*
wharf. He walke to the hotel, wltere •,
white-faced monkey tries to crawl up h!s
leg as he registers, and the proprietor
genially points out an ant-eater chained
to a cage containing two huge snakes,
adding that there was a third boa ™>n
strictor. but It escaped, and is htdins un
der the hotel. The baggage comes up li>
a cart with two large wheels and drawn
by a mule. When the cart stops the-drlv
er is compelled by law to wrap his line*
around the mule' 3 fore legs. The animal
Is then supposed to consider himself' se
cured. There are practically no other
conveyances.— St. Louis Olobe-Democrat
Smoking a Crime.
It Is curio-us to find that there Is a. coun
try in the world In which, it ia conskferet
a crime to smoke. Abyssinia is the re
gion, and the law forbidding tobacco dates
from the year 1&12. It was at first merely
intended to prevent priests from .smoking
In the churches, but it vfas taken to» lit
erally, and nowadays even foreigners
have to smoke sub roaa. as If they were
still schoolboys.
FORTY BELOW.
Just pity the householder who
Must suffer now a thing or two;
He rises up from bed. at dawn
And hastes his frosted garments on
His shivering frame; his fingers blow*
That he may button up his clothes,
And seeks to bathe — but nothing flows-
From the pitcher — the water's froze.
i
Then swears he just a little swear
And stumbles down the frosty stair.
Down sinks upon his frosted knees
And blows in vain an Icy breeze
When he would start the kitchen fire*
But makes no blaze; in haste and ire
To get the kerosene he goes
But finds, alas: the oil is froze.
Dear, dear! "Twould drive a man to
drink.
He thinks a kindly nip or wink
Fn.m the: decanter might warm up
The inner man. He geta a. cup.
Unto the sideboard moves in haste
And turns the jug with care, lest wast©
Ensue, and turns and turns— naught flows.
He rinds again the liquor's froze.
Now see. with anger in his heart
Again he seeks the fire to start.
He whittles shavings nice and tine
And lays them In symmetric line.
From out his pocket brings a match.
Essays fli vain to scratch and scratch.
His stiffened fingers then he blows
To warm— and finds his breath is froze*.
I
He leaps into the air and seeks
To swear— the frosty floor but squeak*.
Tho' opened wide h's mouth, no word
Or sound or utterance can be heard.
He waves his arms and stamps the floor.
And leaps and waves and stamp* orec*
more.
So wild his anger, for he knows.
He cannot swear— his voice is frosd
—Bismarck Tribune.'
A SOXNET OF WORK.
Whereto our labor and our bitter swestf
The seed we we irample in the rtfrrk.
The flame we strike— our own tfrara
quench the spark.
The white that we would purify wf art
Our grimy print upon. And we for»M
Thy ways and thoughts are not as ours,
and hark
Toward what we take to be some heaven
ly mark.
And find we serve the devtl to ab<»t.
Then do Thou blind us. that we may not .
see
The measure of our own futility.
Lest, seeing, we should cea^e to work.
and die.
Or give us sight, that we may Mnow
thereby
How through our labor, whatso en# If
meet.
We reach toward Thee who knoweet n«
defeat.
— Katherine Warren in January Atlantic
LARGEST IN THE WOBUI
New York Press.
The * largest locomotive works ifi the
world are in Philadelphia.
The largest car manufacturing- plant in
tha world la In Plttsburg.
The largest drug store in the world Is
In 3t. Louis.
The largest wholesale dry goods house
in the world Id in New York.
The largest brickyards in the worlA are
In Baltimore.
The largest gun works In the world are
in Essen.
The largest brswery is In St. Louist
The largest tobacco factory Is in St.
Louis.
The largest wooden-ware manufactory
is In St. Louis.
The largest steel works are tn Pitts*
burg.
The largest drop hammer in the World
Is the property of th« Bethlehem Iron
company.
The largest bottle manufactory !* la i
IMttsburg.
The largest spring works are In Fltt»»
burg.
Tha largest bank !s In London.
The largest church Is in Rome.
The largest beef and pork pstejcfi
house is In Chicago.
The largest starch business la in CUV
g&. I
The largest enamel-ware works ajß I
Baltimore.
The largest copper mine is In Michigan t
The largest pumping engine in the
world is in the Calumet and Hecla mine.
The largest match factory in the worltsS
is at Barberton, O. Its capacity is- 10»,
--000,000 a day.
7

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