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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, January 07, 1900, Image 21

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1900-01-07/ed-1/seq-21/

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GTTCt Psls€t Pi§pk ♦♦«♦.■
U Of & JDozem years M§®«
How St. Paul Teamed With Nearly Fifty Toboggan Clubs in 1888.
Ice palace enthusiasm in St. Paul
-reached its perihelion in 1888. It had re
ceived Its impetus in ISS6 and our citizens
beggin to believe "that it was a good
thing and wire disposed >to push it along
as late as ISB9.
But right here the clerk of the weath
er stepped in and laid a temporary in
junction on the enterprise. Minnesota's
Climate was 100 sultry for lee palaces.
Their construction might be feasible up
in Canada; thai,. Is, Northern Canada,
where Arctic explorers lose themselves,
but for St. Paul? Pouf! We were too
•warm a proposition. And then came
the carpers, some of them real estate
agents. Was an ice palace a good
advertisement for St. Paul, or was it
not? That was the question. The fact
that the winter of ISBH was too warm for
Buch purposes was commented on-free
ly by the Northwestern press and with
satisfaction to many.
But not all. There were found a num
ber of patriotic Minnesotans who be
lieved in availing themselves of all that
providence vouchsafed to us. They be
gan to recall the exhilarating, sparkling
scenes of 1888, when the fairy palace
Clittered with innumerable twinkling jets
C 01,,. A. AI.I.UN,
President of the Merchants' Hotel Toboggan Club, Which Took Part In the
Carnival of 18S7.
within; whjn Third sjtreet was illumin
ated from Wabasha "away down Bast,"
and when the gailant attack was made
on the castle by hundreds of brawny
members of various skating, curling and
toboggan clubs. After having lain
quiescent for a few years, the people
really pined for the tonic of another Ice
carnival, but somehow the old dread of
what M-s. Grundy Ui the East would say
about it restrained their natural exu
berance and impetuosity.
Tet there came a day, a few years
Bince, when private enterprise con
structed an ice fort out on Aurora ave
nue, and real estate prices did not fall
off a single point. The whole nation Is
better acquainted with St. Paul than it
was a dozen years ago. People began
to brush ihe cobwebs from their eyes
and did some more pining for the good
old times. Well, the longing for some
thing typical in the line of winter amuse
ment has crystallized into the present
carnival organization, of which Judge
Flandrau is the executive head and
Mr. W. Bradford Hennessy the super
intendent of details. "
But what of the original promoters,
the pioneers of midwinter carnivals?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot?
Certalnl> 1 ot. Let us render unto
Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and
do full justice to the men who a dozen
years ago took the initiative and car
ried ice palace enterprise to the front.
The greater number of toboggan, skat
ing and curling clubs were organized in
1886, the year of the first attempt at Ice
palace building, and the year previous to
" I have been thinking of writing to
you for some time," writes Mrs. W. D.
Benson, of Maxton, Robeson Co., N. C,
"to let you know what a wonderful thing
Dr. Pierce' 3 Golden Medical Discovery
did for my little boy. He was taken
v.ith indigestion when he was a year
and a half old, and he was under the
doctor's treatment for five long years.
We spent all we made for doctor's bills,
and it did no good. He could not eat
anything only a little milk and cracker,
and sometimes even this would make
him sick, and he got very weak; could
not sit up all day, and I gave up all hope
of his ever getting any better. Looking
ever one of your books I noticed Dr.
Picrce's Golden Medical Discovery rec
ommended for indigestion. We bought
some and gave to our boy. Two bottles
of Dr. Pierces Golden Medical Discov
ery cured him. He is -well as can be.,
and can eat anything that he wants and
it does not hurt him. He has not been
sick a day since, and it ha 9 been three
years since he took your medicine. I
pray that God will always bless you and
your medicine."
the elaborate structure In Central park.
But as far back as 1885 there was organ
ized, on Nov. 4, the Excelsior Toboggan
club. The officers were as follows: Presi
dent, M. D. Hoyt; vice president, Theo
dore Hall; secretary, Harvey Jones; treas
urer, Frank M. Farwell; captain, A. R.
Moore. The original membership was nine,
leaving only four privates for duty. On
Jan. 14, 1886, the membership had in
creased to 56 and on Jan. 22 to 100. Their
uniforms were 'white blanket suits, with
red border; red sash, with white fringe;
red and white toque. Their badge
was shield "E" In red, and white ground
and border. In 1886 meetings were held
every Tuesday eevnlng at Winter Carni
val headquarters at 7:30 o'clock.
On Nov. 16, 1885, was organized the St.
Paul Curling club, with the original offi
cers as follows: President, Archibald Mc-
Lean; vice president, S. E. Dana; treas
urer, John Summers; secretary, Robert
M. McGill. Team skips, Archibald Mc-
Lean, James Brodie, S. E. Dana, W. Flem
ming. Original membership was sixteen,
rising by Jan. 13, 1886, to thirty. Their uni
form was the Scotch Glengarry bonnet;
their badges, two brooms crossed over a
curling stone.
On Dec. 2,"1585, came into life the North
Star Toboggan club, originally officered
by: President, Robert C. Wright; vice
president, Dr. E. H. WhUcomb; secretary,
James C. Robertson; treasurer, William
A. Long. Original membership was fif
teen; on Jan. 2, ISBS, ninety-five.
The St. Paul Business College Toboggan
club organized Feb. 1, 1886, with W. A.
Faddes, president; J. F. Hayes, vice presi
dent; H. J. Bryan, of Minneapolis, secre
tary; J. B. Jamison, treasurer, and G. M.
Malony captain. Original membership was
On. the same date the Dolly Varden To
boggan club was born, with an original
membership of twenty-eight. The officers
were: President, Fanny I.arkln; secre
tary, Sara Hall; treasurer, Jenny Ryder.
Another organization, composed exclu
sively of young ladles, organized about
the same date, was the Siwasa Toboggan
club, with Margaret Smith, president;
Marion Lamphrey, secretary; Emma Tim
berlake, treasurer, and Zella Oakes cap
tain. Original -membership, 40.
Among the first of the 1886 winter clubs
organized was the St. Paul Saloonkeep
ers' Toboggan club, which materialized
Jan. 2S. The officers were as follows:
President, Henry Teale; secretary, H. M.
Kerach; captain, George F. Leyse. The
membership was 125.
On Jan. 1, 18S6, the High School Tobog
gan club organized, with: President, W.
J. Dean; vice president, F. L. Kellogg;
secretary, H. P. Clark; lieutenant, S. W.
Burr. Membership, 25.
The following forty-six clubs were all
| organized in January, 1886. These clubs,
j with the ones above mentioned, did won
ders in the way of making the ice palace
Vice President of the North Star Toboggan Club, Organized In December, 1885.
carnivals of 1886, 1887 and 1888 the grand
successes which they were:
Tonka Skating Club—President, Charles
H. Wright; secretary, F. J. Chapman;
treasurer, Lyman Farwell; captain, F. F.
Loomls. Original membership, 24.
Hiawatha Toboggan Club—President.
Charles F. Barber; vice president, Albert
Greaza; secretary and treasurer, L.
Llndsley- captain. F. V. Hurley.
Little Crow Toboggan Club—President,
Charles I,ynch; vice president Lester Ma
bon; secretary, George Cole: captain,
Charles Hamilton; lieutenant, Hugh Gaa
ton. Original membership, 10; Jan. 20, 26.
Minnehaha Toboggan Club—President,
Law Whiting; vice president, Karl Har
baugh; secretary and treasurer, Fletcher
Appleton. Original membership, 10.
Nuehka Toboggan Club—President, Wil-
H. Hyndman; captain, M. J. Boyle;
lieutenant, Luther Newport; secretary
and treasurer, H. W. Peet; directors, F.
"B. Hanson. George C. Squires, John Jack
eon. Membership, ladles, 50; gentlemen,
■ The Scandinavian Ski—President, Col.
G. Brandt; vice president, Erlck Yon
Rosmlund; secretary, T. E. Vorelles.
Membership on Jan 20, -66.
Palace Skating Club—President, James
Dowlan; .secretary, William Roberts;
treasurer, EL J. Waye. Membership, 50.
Strong, Hackett Toboggan Club—Presi
dent, C. W. Hackett; secretary, C. G.
Walther; treasurer, H. B. Gates; captain,
M. L. Merrill; lieutenant, E. V. Cross-
Held. Membership, 60. '
Ryan Toboggan Club—President, George
I R. Finch; secretary, Thompson Warren;
' treasurer, Crawford Livingston. Mem
bership, 43.
Uncle Sum's Toboggan Club—President,
j Dr. David Day; secretary and treasurer,
I J. J. Maguire. Membership, 81.
Noyes Bros. & Cutler Club—Secretary,
j D. E. Young; captain, WUHs J. Howard.
I Membership, 77.
Keneewan Snow Shoe Club—President,
! Dr. C. J. Woolway; secretary, Daniel
i Hawley. Membership, 30.
Peboau Toboggan Club—President, W.
Dillon; captain, C. D. Strong. Member
ship, 27.
Crescent Toboggan Club—President, Dr.
! Joseph Fairbanks; captain, A. C. Warner;
secretary, A. C. Warren. Original mem
bership, 22; Jan. 25, 27.
Union Toboggan Club—President, J. P.
j Boyer; treasurer, W. E. Spurk. Member
ship, 37.
Polar Toboggan Club—President, Roiand
i Berkey; secretary, Bert Berkey; captain,
i John Hammond.
National Guard Toboggan Club—Presl
l dent and captain, Wilson L. Pierce; sec
retary and treasurer H. C. Baden.
West Side Toboggan Cub—Captain, Dr.
C. E Merritt. Membership. 4f«.
Knights of the Grip Carnival Club-
President and chairman, J. F. Short; sec
-1 retary and treasurer, F. S. Stedman: cap
tain, G. Halloway; lieutenant. Irving D.
Clark. Membership Feb. 1, 1886. 150.
Mohican Toboggan Club—President, H.
Moss; secretary, T. J. Ughtbody; treas
; urer, H. J. Hanson; captain, C. E. Sew
nig. Membership, ladies. 25; gentlemen, 2b.
The Owl Toboggan Club—President and
captain, C. S. Bunker; secretary, J. J.
Parker; treasurer, W. Peabody.
Red Star Toboggan Club—President,
Archie Mathies; vice president and cap
tain. Lew Prouden. Membership, 25.
White Bear Toboggan Club—President,
J. C. Murray; captain. J. W. Miller. Mem
bership, 30.
Mlnnehaha Toboggan Club—Captain, J.
Hager; first lieutenant, H. Lee. Member
ship, 27.
Merchants Hotel Toboggan Club—Presr
ident, Col. A. Allen; captain, Leyes.
Membership, 25.
Railroad Toboggan Club—President, J.
T. Odell; captain. C. E. Stone.
North Light Toboggan Club—President,
Joseph Matz. Membership. 25.
Ko. Ko. Ko, Ho Toboggan Club—Presi
dent, Rev. Clay McCauley. Member
ship. 25.
Tippecanoe Toboggan Club—President,
Sam Haas; vice president. Paul Benz;
secretary, Thomas Newson; treasurer,
Edward Haas; captain, William F. Peder
Seven Coiners Snow Shoe Club—Presi
dent. E. S. Bean; first vice president. A.
Dertel ; second vice president, T. Bean;
secretary. F. Amos; treasurer, Wagner;
captain." Fred Haupt. Membership, 40.
St. Paul Toboggan Club—Pres'dent, C.
M. Turnau; secretary. Dr. Chamberlain.
Mennevosha—President. Minnie Castle;
vice president, Katie Wright; treasurer,
Clara Power; secretary, Helen Zimmer
Royal Route Toboggan Club—President,
E. W. Winter; vice presidents, J. W.
Whitman, J. D. Howe. F. B. Clarke;
] secretaiy, J. S. McCullough; treasurer,
H. M. Pearce: captain, F. I. Cardo. Mem
' bership Jan. 30, uniformed 68, total 125.
Pioneer Toboggan Club—Captain, Philip
C. Allen. Membership, 10.
Ladies' Carnival Toboggan Club—Presi
dent, Miss Sophie Haupt. Member
ship, 25.
Arctic Toboggan Club—Secretary, C.
Jones; captain, Frank Dona. Member
ship, 15.
Carnival Skating Club—President, W.
L. Benson; secretary. Charles Crooks.
Original membershp, 80; 100 on Jan. 23,
ISS6. .
Alaska Skating Club—President, J. F.
Kelly; secretary, J. F. Carreres; treas
urer! C. Twohy; captain, J. F. Kelly.
Membership. 36.
Calumet Toboggan Club—President, T.
L. Schurmeier; vice president, Harry A.
Darsey; secretary, George Thane. Mem
bership, 60.
Globe Toboggan Club—President. Geo.
H. Moffett; vice president, F. E. Mc-
Graw; secretary, Channlng Paine; lieu
tenant, William Koch.
Ryan Drug Store Toboggan Club-
President, H. D. Squires; captain, H.
Mockel: secretary, C. Emmerek. Mem
bersip, 32.
Mistletoe Toboggan Club—President and
captain, J. H. Hirst: secretary and treas
urer, J. Ryns. Membership, 32.
Wacouta Toboggan Club— This was the
largest and most prominent of any of
tho clubs which participated In the ice
palace carnivals of 1887 and 1888. It wag
composed of one-third gentlemen and
two-thirds ladies. Its officers were as fol
lows: President. W. A. Van Slyke; cap
tain. W. H. Adams: lieutenant, F. Skip
with; secretary S. P. Cottrell. Their uni
forms were white blankets with wide
blue border, .iacket of above, white bor
der on cuffs, skirt, iacket and hood,
which was lined with blue; red toque.with
blue turn-up and blue tassel, red sash,
blue stockings and moccasins. The badge
was a red shield on left breast, and bear
ing a blue W. The membership compris
ed 200 ladies and 100 eentlemen.
Tee Bear Shooting Club—President. Fred
Richter: secretary, F. Warren: captain,
Henry Weber. Original membership. 10.
St. George Snow Shoe Club-President,
George R Finch: acting president. Dr.
A. McDonald; secretary, Dr. W. W. Day;
treasurer, C. M. Truman. Membership,
Here we have a total club membership
of about 2,442 people, all kinds and condi
tions of men, women, girls and boys, all
heartily engaged in pushing forward the
Ice palace carnival. Some of these clubs
are still In existence. Tt would seem pos
sible to rejuvenate many of the others.
In mfmber they exceeded the full comple
ment of two regiments. Now, quite likely,
the quota could be materially increased.
The officers of the present carnival as
i sociation are appealing to the public-
splrlted citizens of St. Paul to "Make It
a Hot One."
For the carnival season of 1900 It has
been decided to hark back to the Ice pal
ace of 1888, but on a more elaborate
soale. How many of the old-time to
boggan, skating and snowßhoe clubs will
reorganise, recruit their disorganized
ranks and coma to the front In all their
erstwhile blaze of glory? What has be
come of the Justly celebrated Flambeau
club, In white duck, or flannel, which
was wont to add to the brilliancy of a
Third street Illumination with rockets
and Roman candles galore? Will they be
in evidence on the auspicious occasion of
1900? It Is certainly to be hoped so.
Wonderful Petrified Corpse Found in Montana Identified as
That of the Hero of the Irish Brigade.
TlioiiiHN Francis Meaxher in Ills fiery youth was engaged in Tlp
pernry county, Ireland, in arraying- the peasantry against the
British authorities. He nus arrested, tried and condemned to be
hunged. a decree modified to transportation for life to Van Die
men's Land. After fonr years of suffering-* he escaped. He
landed in Xew York in May, 1852. Here he v»ns the popular Idol,
the corporHtlon'preaeiKing him with a. congratulatory address and
entertaining- him at the Astor house.
He becume a popular lecturer and writer, -was admitted to the
bar, made many eloquent speeches and established the Irish News.
When the war broke oat Meughear went to the front at the head
of the famous Irish brigade—the Sixty-third, Sixty-ninth and
Eighty-eighth Xcw York regiments. It wa« the Irish brigade that
«» Marye's Hill dashed itself hvuilh and again npon the fatal
stone Trail uutil two-thirds of Its gallant members lay dead or
Gen. Meaigher's career as a soldier ended with his brilliant
services in the Etowah district, when President Johnson tendered
him the secretaryship of the territory of Montana. The absence
from the territory of Sydney Edgerton made Gen Mrngher acting-
K'MitTnur. \ nill his death he held that position.
His thoughts did not turn readily to peaceful pursuits. His
mint! warped by sufferings In prison aud in exile, his body weak
ened by hardships, he became flighty and visionary. When he
disappeared from mortul ken he wa» raising a regiment to fight
Indians—He wa« drowned, as has always been supposed, in, June,
There has just been brought to public
notice at Butte, Mont., the petrified body
of a man. It has been identified by those
who knew- and loved the famous wit, or
ator, patriot and soldier of fortune as
that of Gen. Thomas Francis Meagher.
Scientific examination by a physician
and a professor of anatomy has revealed
that the body is that of a man, a soldier,
whose stature, bulk, head and peculiari
ties correspond to those of Gen. Meagher,
The precise manner of Meag-her's death
in 1867, near the very spot where the pet
rification was found, has never until now
been explained. If the silent testimony of
this form of stone la to be credited, the
hero of Tlpperary and of the Irish bri
gade perished miserably by an Indian ar
row which cleft his skull.
Two years ago Tom Dunbar was trap
ping near Fort Benton, Mont. It was
very low water on the Missouri, and the
shrinking flood permitted him to see much
more of the bottom than usual. Care
fully examining every foot of the way for
places to set his traps, he saw half-burled
in the sand under water what looked like
a human body.
He hauled the body out with much diffi
culty—cast in stone, it weighs 365 pounds—
with his lariat, breaking in the process
the left ankle and great toe. Then he
reburied his find above high water, care-i
fully marking the spot. "Soon's I kin git
money to buy an outfit I'll start a show,'
said the practical Dunbar to himself; and
to no one else did he say a word.
It took the trapper eighteen months to
save money enough to buy a horse and
wagon; then he showed his curio to tour
ists at the Upper Geyser Basin, Yellow
stone park.
Then R. A. Fraser, of Helena, organized
tlie Montana Petrified Man company,
brought the stone figure from Dunbar
and exhibited it throughout Montana.
They planned to go East, with New York
as the goal. Fraser is shrewd.
In Helena Dr. Edwin B. Kellogg and
Prof. C. H. Gaunt subjected the figure
to nn X-ray test. The broken foot was
first examined. The bones could be seen
perfectly. L,ater-tht whole body was sub
jected to the test, dejmqlfstrating that the
petrifieation had Been" a living man.
Bones, brain and vital organs were vis
ible; even the arrowhead which had
pierced the brain of the man was revealed
by the power of the ray.
The petrifieation measures five feet ten
inches in height. The face is clean-shav
en, with the exception of a mustache,
and the face ard form are those of a
well-nigh perfect man, from his bearing
a soldier. The hands were- tied together
with rawhide.
When the body came to Anaconda there
came to the room where it was' exhibited
an Irish miner In hlB working clothes.
The moment his eyes rested upon it he
called out.
"It 1? the general—God rest his soul!
It is the general!"
"What general?' asked Fraser.
"Gen. Meagher, surely. If that is- not
the hand of Thomas Francis Meagher
may mine be withered!" and he pointed
out a slight peculiarity of the hand which
had escaped attention.
The news spread; others came to see
what they fully believed to be the body
of the dead general. Pathetic were the
scenes that followed.
"He was drowned twenty miles from
Fort Benton," said doubters.
"No man living can say he was drown
ed, or what beCame of him, if this is
not his body," was the conclusive re
And that is true if you remember the
thrilltng fctory of the death of this re
markable man.
On the morning of June 29, 13G7, Mea
gher accepted an invitation from an old
friend, John T. Doran, the pilot of the
steamer G. A. Thompson, to dine with
him on board the boat. He was on the
way to Benton to procure arms and equip-
He was ill; had been very-111 Indeed at
Sun River.
The general was reading when suddenly
he closed the book and said excitedly to
Doran: "Johnny, they threatened my
life In that town. As,l passed I heard
some men say, 'There he goes.' "
Doran soothed him, for he knew there
"I find them the best, preparation for
colds, coughs and asthiaa. —Mrs. d. a.
Watson, Temperance Lecturer.
brown's er
Bold In hoxes only—Avoid imitations.
was not a man in the territory who did
not love Gen. Meagher. "Are you armed,
Doriin?" Meagher insisted. "See that
your pistols are loaded!"
At_ 9:30 o'clock Doran persuaded the
general to retire. He locked the door of
the stateroom as well as ha could, the
lock being defective, and went to the low
er deck.
A few minutes later he heard a splash
and cries of "Man overboard!"
Doran rushed to the rail as the engi
neer cried: "It was your friend, John
Two agonizing cries were heard, but
the river was twelve feet deep, with a
current rushing five or six miles an hour,
and the voice was heard but an instant.
Doran ran ashore and went to the
steamer Guidon, which lay fifty yards be
tow. Men rushed to the wheel of the
steamer and lowered themselves into the
water, while ropes and boards were
thrown out, but in vain; the body was
never seen.
For many days cannon were fired, the
river was dragged and the shores and
islands searched, but all to no purpose.
If the stone figure that Tom Dunbar
dug up be indeed the mortal remains of
Thomas Francis Meagher, it is easy to
f.gure oul from its mute testimony the
fate of the gallant general.
He was plainly crazy when he jumped
overboard, but the shock of the water
and the instinct of struggle brought back
his rerson and he succeeded In making
the shore far below where he jumped in.
The river at that point was full of isl
ands which swarmed with hostile In
dians, not all' of whom at that time used
gunpowder. The almost noiseless bow
spring save no hint of the shot that cleft
his skull.
The nerves of the brain work crosswise;
those of the left part control. Meagher's
skull was cleft on the left side; his right
side, as Dr. Kellogg and Pror. Grant tes
tify, was paralyzed. The Indians came
and bound the "helpless man's hands.
Death soon released him. Thon, alarmed
at the commotion made by the friends
of the missing man, his captors threw
the body into the river, where it lay
until Dunbar found it—if it is indeed Men
gher's body.
Ajtaln Claimed to Be Made Practic
able by an English Inventor.
An Englishman, Mr. William MarTin, is
the latest claimant for the credit of hav
ing- perfected a practicable "phonotype
writer." It will be the Invention of the
century if it fulfills all that Mr. Marvin
stoutly claims for it. It is an instrument
for recording spoken language, and will
reproduce on paper and in a readable
mr.nner anything that may be uttered in
Its presence/- A sermon, a speech, legal
evidence, spoken in any language, is
rtcorded by It on paper which can be
sent by mail like an ordinary letter or
document, and read by the recipient as
easily as a typewritten communication.
— —^^^^^»—
British Xaval Pensioners.
The naval pension list of Great Britain
consists of 5,927 persons, who are already
receiving the regular servce pension, in
addition to which there are 2,750 persons
who are eligible, but who have not yet
been awarded the pension. These 5,677
pensioners receive the munificent sum of
10 cents a day, but of this number 4.082
are in receipt of an additional sum of
18 cents a day. The total annual cost
of all these naval pensioners amounts to
$504,500. The estimated cost of paying
Bucii pensions is about $1,000.
o^£^S^M--_i^*^^Si^^~"^K flfc 2____r^__iiS^«_9
"Your father can't compel you to m arry against your will."
"But he mlfht alter his will.
Wblslteybeartafttunaaie "Scbweyer" !s faarsotM of the beut-noce to (Widow-money can hardly buy Us tnuti.
& @ c i'ssi FULL WHICIfFV
S MssMirfl 1 <?UARTS WIHvltE I
charge* .flit JmiMoßl Wo are the only DLitHlers in America shipping Pennsyi
paid and Mm&Mwfc M\. *ania Pura Rye to consumers direct. Bear this in mind.
•ult ia^^iS^^SSfflT^The prime old whUkey prescribed for |*P»»
jJHNfiS 'iSOr^kSUrH medicinal and general use. Prepai
■JUKm^r." kraitß „it»jQHP..i<ll The famous Pennsylvania Rye, for 27 years
jßßpPfltt^ Iltf .{.^"""""tltßSßbfc. double copper distilied and aged in wood under
jß^:i^-||f{ '^sa^itt^S^^S^^ personal direct ion of Mr..lohiiSi-liw'>yfrhimaelf.
#Lr" lt{£ fcfrE«ttliSStl " r^^ Never less than 8 vear3 old, most of it to and
iVT ffW I: 1 I IMIEEJJrr ia years old when first bottled. Sold dlrectto
jUr^*^ 't&mjßaUm the consumer from our distillery at the
JP^^S^"*" i|ii| ' "^SmfT^^fo low prico of £3.60 for four full quarts that
%jjj&-ii jUJJUaSBW^^ %32MSk cannot be bought elsewhere for less thau $6.00.
"'-mmZ^ESjSSrZ**^™ We also offer onrSEVEN YEAR OLD
I ,«.°».00 for four full quart*. This is the finest 7 ynar old ry«
v?*\sa\* y"" ever draDK aud cannot ba duplicated for less than $5.00. +0 Prepaid
DroWeanXTmr- w»refer to any Commercial Agency, Bank or Express Company In TTnited States,
antee absolute", JOHN SCHWEYER ifc CO., DISTILLERS,
pure whiskey Address all orders to Warehouse CQ 609,811, 013 W. 12th St.. CHICAGO.
without adulter- O rdera for Ariz., 001., Cal., Idaho, Mont.. New Mex., NeT., Or«., Utah, Waah.. Wjro.,
*"on' must call for 20 quarts freight prepaid, or write for parttcularj_j>etr>ig_reinjti
The Views of nn l".:tst Teiineasce
Mhh Kimiiiiiir With the I'rocenscM
Practiced by the Moonshiners of
the Mountain — Unapproachable
Nectar Produced In Some of the
SUM* In the Back Woodn.
"The best whisky In the wodd is gen-
Bine hand-made sour mash, distilled In
Wood, and never allowed to touch more
■nielal than the gooseneck and the worm,"
a man who should know said the other
day. "I know, because I was raised in a
distillery. Not one of your flaming com
mercial whisky trust affairs, but one
that had Individuality and a pride in Its
brands. My father owned it; first anfl
last, he owned something like a dozen
dlstilleiles. The one that made me whis
ky wise was a b'g log affair, set down in
a wooded flat beside a picturesque tum
bling little creek and a spring of the finest
clear water in the world.
"That mear.t something, let me tell you.
The water that goes into the b;er leaves
its mark on the subsequent whisky. "We
had a fairish-sized sfeam engine for
grinding, pumping, and so on. It also
heated water for the mash, and later
did the distilling. We had fifty od.l masii
tubs and throe beer vats whose capacity
was 1,500 gallons. A bushel and a half ol'
coarsely ground meal went into each of
the tubs, was wet thoroughly with sc.ild
ing water, then mixed and kneaded and
pounded with the mash stick, a wooden
Implement with a straight handle and a
square, open-slotted blade- The mixing
took both knowledge and muscle. After
it was done the tubs were left until the
next day. The mash in them crusted over
co hard that I sometimes amused myself
by stepping nimbly from one tub to an
other without break ng through '.he crust.
"The next morning the mash was
broken up in cold water to form a sort
of thin gruel. Then the tubs were emp
tied into the vat and the gruel dosed
liberally with yeast and ground malt.
We made our own malt from corn, let ing
it sprout, then drying and grinding it.
Sometimes we put In also a few handfuls
of ground rye. Very occasionally we had
some of the malt of commerce. For the
most part, though, our whisky was as
strictly home-made as hand-made.
"The beer stood" two days in the vat
before distilling. Right there comes in
the thing which makes sour mash so
much of a commerical impossibility. Fo •
sweet-mash distilling this meal is mixed
in the vat by machinery and goes to ihe
still very shortly after. Thus it is pos
sible to keep filling the vats as fast a«
they are emptied, and to make continuous
runs from the stills. The same thing
might be done with sour mash, but it
would take an awful lot of space anu
vats and things to do it.
"My father had had copper stills and
all sorts of boughten ones, wor:d w.thout
end He had used them to good purpcs?,
too, and ought to have been satisfied
with the result-his whisky always held
the top of the market-but somehow he
wasn't. So when an o'.d fellow, a half
vagrant, let him into the moonshimng
secret, he posted straight off to East Ten
nessee to find out if the vagrant had
spoken the truth.
The old fel!ow had said that the moun
tain men had a way of distilling in hol
low logs. The art had come down to them
from fhe very earliest days, when there
were only trails across the mountains,
and no possibility of bringing In any thing
Hke a regular still. Then gSf^JK
had contrived these timber stills. uMng
Lun barrels for the worms, and making
goosenecks from shreds and .craps of
tinware. He added that the timber s.ill
was vet the moonshiners reliance. It
was not only easily hidden, but was also
readily replaced when **t«,yed- An>
lively fellow could scoot off with the
we tasted It. To this day I have never
SunJtS match to what was given us
in a log housa high upon one of the bal.K
•Hit never cben smelt er revenue:-, sail
the man who sat it out, a lean lank
grizzled old fellow, shrewd-eyed, yet
Singly. He was a Mason: co was my
father. Otherwise. I fancy, we ahnuli
not have found out so much. As it waf,
we saw everything. The .till was no in
a cave an some moonshine establish
ments were, but In a peaceful-looking
log cabin, right on the bank of the creek.
There were no hogs about -if, but In
numerable pig paths down the wooden
hills showed that there were plenty of
razor backs within sounl of the horn. It
was the fashion to call hogs there upon a
loi.g wooden trumpet. Trumpet notes,
however hoarse, did not, you see, sug-
Rest anything but hogs to the revenuers.
Neither did the cabin itself wear an I.licit
aspect. Indeed, it was picturesquely
commonplace, with a little ragged lean
to at one end, and a wild vine sprawling
over the front door. It wan about twenty
feet square, with the loss only skelped.
But we soon found out that the master
of It was also a master of timber work
ing. "'I hewed and adzed em pretty
much all myself,' he said when we ex
amined the ttiils proper. Beyond ques
tion he had done a i»o<kl job.
"First he had chosen the biggest trees
he could rind. They must have measured
eipht feet through in the l-r.tijrh. From
these he had raw«d scK-tlons perhaps
twelve feet long:, arid hewed them four
square to a nicety. The surface, indeed,
was nearly as smooth a* if it had b---en
planed. Then from each he had adzed
out a huge, cup-shape trough, deepest In
the middle, leaving- ihe sides perhaps lb'B
inches thick. For one of them he had
also hewn out a heavy timber cover, ex
actly fitting its cavity. Then ho had set
the uncovered one plumb upon a solid
foundation, over that plifcod the second,
sc that its flat bottom would form a
cover to the other, and calked the seam
as a sailor calks a .ship. _^
"Tn the bottom of the lower still he
fitted a faucet f»r the drawing off of the
spent mash. After the two were in place,
one on the other, he cur a hole through
the bottom of the upper cn>.', and fitted
Into it a solid plug wiih a handle reach
ing out through the cover. Tie also fitted
In two irregular copper siphons. Theh
open lower ends projected a little under
neath, their upper ends yarn down almost
to the bottom cf the upper still and wer«
closed across, but had each a small
square opening a li'.tle way up the stem.
Through thc?m the distillation from th«
lower still earae up to pass into the tsoote
neck. Th-) latter was, oi" course, of cop
per, and connected v. iih the worm aftei
the usual fa--h! in.
"There was a wheezy pump for filling
the stills, and a ridiculous pot of a steam
engine to do the distilling. A pipe from
it ran in through the wooden side, and
the way the live steam made the mash
hiss and bubble was simply amazing.
The singllngs which came out ran slow
er than hope deferred. Four days'ln
the week the old fellow let them ac
cumulate. Then he washed up every?
tiling, turned the singlings back into the
still, and at the end of a long day had.
may be, a keg full of whisky. Some
times he put It In a barrel, first charring
the inside with a lire of fragrant hard
wood, made further odorous with gums
of various sorts. But commonly he did
not risk so much in i:ne i>l:ic- j. Keg"
were niore to his mind—kegs charred aj
were the barrels—or even runlets, hold
ing no more than three tfiillons. Into
each of those he put a very little bright
straw, a generous handful of sun-dried
peaches, and a pellet of sugar as bi# as
a marble. Time did the rest. Save un
der great stress, or greai temptation, he
never broached a keg under rive years
old. He would, of course, sell raw
whisky to those who chose to buy. trust-
Ing to their own palates or consciences
as to when the drinking would be. He
had a cave*ce!lar hard by his house that
would haw puzzled Sherlock Holmes to
find. The mouth of It was overhung
with the rao«t battered and ordinary
looking blackberry clump, and the hill
behind was really not a hill to speak of.
No water ran in it since a vent had brok
en lower down. It was neither cool nor
warm, but always airy. In summer the
sun shone in it for an hour or so »ach
-day. May be that had something to do
with the way his whisky ripened. Any
way, it was nectar, with a flavor of am
brosia thrown In.
"We went home hot-foot and net up
two timber stills as quick as we could.
One was for sinkings, tho other for
doubling up. They worked to admira
tion, made whisky for us soon jfava
us a bulge on our .competitors. The olii
n'.oonshiner. for Masonry's sake, and
pome further considerations, came down
and showed us some of his fine arts.
Still our whisky never quite came up to
him, whether, as we thought, through
lack of mountain water, or, as he said, ,
because of revenue taint, I cannot under
take to say. It was good; away be
yond copper-distilled; but even in good
whisky there are degrees of excellence.
"A fellow in the next county saw our
stills, and straightway set up something
that beat us and the moonshiner hoUow.
He built a sawmill upon ;i frequented
road, right out in the open country.
When it was built he hauled to it the
very biggest I>*>s he could find, and all
day long his crew tugged and swore,
and his engine panted and puffed, but
Bomehow these heaps of big logs changed
Ito lumber mighty slowly. He was al
ways behind (>n orders. 'Everybody
I wondered at that. There wasn't an
other sawmill within twenty miles; with
a land office business staring him in the
! face, it did seem lie ml??ht make haste.
j He said he mad^ enough money as things
Btood, and did not mean to kill him
self hustling to please anybody. As he
always paid :-a.*h, and had money in
j both pockets, nobody could very weil dis
pute with him. At any rate nobody
did dispute with him, though after the
crash came everybody said he had known
it all the time. —
"You see. he was moonshlnlnc; had a
t'mber still dug from logs left In the
rough, and masked in all connection?
and appurtenances by piles of othrr blgr
logs. He sawed lag&ardty by day, and”
distilled, furiously by night, using, of
course, different crews, hut himself stay
ing up the best part of the time. Rev
enue men passed his house, in plain
sight of his plant, at least once a week.
He often gave them dinner. In fact, and
listened to their tales of moonshine per
ils. But for three years n>> -on! sus
pected him. He might have run even
longer, but that he quarreled with <>u«
of his men. Then he knew the jig was
up. He took his wife, with what cash
he had, and went off between two days."
Purely Vegetable, Mild and Reliable.
i.ick Headache. Biliousness.
Indigestion, Torpid Liver,
Dizzy Feeling;*, Dyspepsia.
One or two of Radway's Pills, taken
daily by those subject to -bilious pain*
and torpidity of the Liver, will keep th«
system regular and secure healthy dlges*
The following symptoms resulting from
Disease of the Digestive' Organs: Con
stipation, inward piles, fullness of the
blood in the head, acidity of the stomach,
nausea, heartburn, disgust of food, full
ness or weight in the stomach, sour eruc
tations, sinking or fluttering of the heart,
choking or suffocating sensations when 111
a lying posture, dimness of vision, dli
ziness on rising suddenly, dots or webs
before the sight, fever and dull pain in
the head, deficiency of perspiration, yel
lowness of the skin and eyes, pain in the
Bide, chest, limbs, and sudden flushes of
heat, burning in the flesh.
A few doses of RAD WAT'S PILLS wtU
free the system of all the above named
Price. 25 conts per box. Sold by drug
gists, or sent by mail.
RADWAY & CO.. 55 Elm Street. New Yerfc.

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