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THE GLOBH CO- PUBLISHERS. Entered at Postofflce at St. Paul, Minn., fts Second-Class Matter, CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Carrier. 11 mo 1 6 moa [12 moa baily only !« $4.00 Daily and Sunday.. .50 2.75 6.00 Sunday 15 .76 1.50 COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. ' By MalL fTmo | 6 mos | 12 moa Daily only .25 $Ho *U)0 Dally and Sunday.. .36 2.00 4.00 Sunday 75 }•& Weekly 60 __j^°. BRANCH OFFICES. New York. 10 Spruce St. Chas. H. Eddy In Charge. Chicago, No. 87 Washington St., Harry Fralick, Mgr., Williams & Lawrence in Charge. i WEATHEE FOE TODAY. Minnesota—Fa4r, with cold wave Sun day; brisk northwesterly winds; Monday fair and continued cold. North Dakota—Fair Sunday, with tem perature below zero; brisk northwesterly winds; Monday fair with rising tempera ture. South Dakota—Fair Sunday, with tem perature below zero; brisk northwesterly winds; Monday fair with rising tempera ture. Montana—Fair Sunday; fair and warm er Monday; variable winds. lowa —Fair, with cold wave Sunday; brisk northwesterly winds; Monday fair and continued cold. Wisconsin—Fair, with cold wave Sun day; high northwesterly winds; Monday fair and very cold. ST. PAUL. Yesterday's observations, taken by the United States weather bureau, St Paul, P. F. Lyons observer, for the twenty four hours ended at 7 o'clock last night. —Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. Highest temperature Lowest temperature 3 Average temperature 11 Daily range 1' Barometer 30.00 Humidity 96 Precipitation 05 7 p. m., temperature 3 7 p. m., wind, northwest; weather, cloudy. YESTERDAY'S TEMPERATURES. *BpmHlgfh *BpmHigh Bismarck .... 8 16 Montreal 8 8 Buffalo 22 24 New Y0rk....26 28 Boston 22 28 Omaha 10 22 Cheyenne ....12 16 Philadelphia .28 30 Chicago 28 34 Pittsburg ....26 26 Cincinnati ...36 SS'Pueblo 28 36 Cleveland ....26 26 3. Francisco..4B 60 Denver 24 28 St. Louis 40 48 Duluth 0 18! Salt Lake 38 42 Jlelena 10 16|S. St. Marie..2o 22 Jacksonville .48 54; Winnipeg .... 6 12 Marquette ...18 20] •Washington time (7 p. m. St. Paul). SUNDAY, JANUARY 28, 1900. NATIONALITY VS. IMPERIALISM. One of the most momentous, as It is one of the most remarkable, features of international concerns today is the one that, while the great powers of the world, as represented by the'.r government?, are intent on schemes of imperialism, the spirit of nationality is perhaps more self assertive than it has ever been, at least eince the era of more or less abortive rev olutions marked by the year IS4S. The African Dutch withstand the im perialist policies of Britain with a meas ure of heroism whicn to many minds re calls the glories of Marathon. The people of Cuba stand on the threshold of nation al existence. Ireland still remains unrec onciled. The Tagal natives of tha island of Luzon have struggled on for many months in the assertioruof a determina tion that their inchoate nationality shall not be swallowed up in the vortex of American democracy. While the cabinets, of Continental Europe look with doubt and greed to the day which many of them regard as inevitable when the polyglot empire of Austria will break in pieces and its shattered fragments become the objects of a new territorial scramble, the distinctive Austrian, the Bohemian anl the Magyar populations were never mo:e insistent than today for the recognition of their respective rights of nationality. Even poor Poland and her children dream etill the dream of Polish freedom. The revival of the Celtic literature and lan guage, which, until within the past dec ade, might be thought never to hare reached the dignity of aught more tlian a literary fad, has spread itself to even the mountains of Wales and the high lands of Scotland. Whatever these -various movements may avail, the spirit which underlies them is the same spirit which has found expres sion among every people who have play ed a conspicuous part in the world's his tory—the spirit of individual liberty find ing expression through the demand for national autonomy. Nothing short of the establishment of peace as the arbiter of international dls putey can ever prevent the clash of rival forces presented by the Slavic and Ger manic influences. Today England has aroused the hostility of every nation in Europe. German sentiment toward her is being suppressed by the strong hand of the emperor, France makes no pretense of her bitter ill-will; while Russian statesmen see, or affect to see, In every stroke of British policy a determined pur pose to dominate the commercial anrt po . litical interests of the entire world as completely as ever Rome so dominated in the strongest days of the Caesars. Those who abide by the old theory of the right of national liberty will have but little freedom of choice among the vari ous forms of Imperialism now finding euch powerful assertion, and of which our own attempt in the Philippines is but an Ignoble imitation. Aside from mere na tional fragments of Europe represented • by the weaker nations, and the southern half of this continent, five great nations . control the world among them. Disre garding the Arrierlcan, the French, the Germanic, the British and the Slavic races, the rest are but of little moment. It is the era of concentration. In national as in industrial life;, and with the tenden cy toward absorption continuing undis turbed in national concerns, it may not ba bo remote as it appears when the final Struggle will come. It is not toward the millennium that all this tends. Its way is not toward the Universal Brotherhood of Man, nor even toward the Federation of Nations of Which poets have sung. It is simply the assertion of the power of subjugation, and in Its ultimate results promises as little for individual or national freedom as does the same tendency in industrial concerns favor economic liberty or social content. It is hard to understand why so many people waste their time trying to find the North pole when Medicine Hat Is so much ijearer. COMMON LAW MARRIAGES. In the apparently fruitless effort to se cure some substantial amendment of our. Infamous divorce legislation, It is worthy of note that the state of New York, whose record In this direction Is compar atively clean and wholesome, Is now pro ceeding: to wipe out the only stain which has rested on its good name growing out of the existing provisions of its mar riage laws. — A measure Is now pending before the legislature of New York, and Is certain of adoption, putting an end to the so called common law marriages. These marriages, which, paradoxically enough, are not common law marriages at all, are created by mutual consent and co habitation. Any two people agreeing to live and be recognized as husband and wife are legally married In New York. This Is not a rule of the common law, but is the result of an adjudication of the famous Chancellor Kent, whose de cision that no ceremony was essential to the formation of a lawful marriage has remained for many years embodied in the law and public policy of the state. Everybody who knows anything at all on the subject knows how so-called com mon law marriages have come to be re garded. But only those who have had ex perience or have studied the subject to some extent understand the public and prlvaite wrong which is involved in the recognition of such relationships. The poli cy of the law is to facilitate marriage in every way and not to insist upon rigid proof of the existence of the marriage relation unless the question of marriage Is directly at Issue. But the operation of this condition of the law of marriage in New York has wrought untold mischief, public and private, and has acted as a mask for open depravity. Cases have time and again appeared in court, where it has been shown that wom en have lived for numbers of years with and borne children to men whom they have always believed their husbands and who have held them out as such, only to find when it suited the ultimate purposes of the supposed husbands to repudiate the relationship, that they could be cast dis honored and unprotected upon the world. On the other hand, the so-called common law marriage has operated very profita bly to women of the adventuress type, who have the faculty of turning up after the death of prominent persons In the character of sorrowing widows. There are three or four other states in the Union in which the common law mar riage is recognized. It has brought dis credit on every commonwealth in which it prevails. It is the complement of a vi cious divorce system. When maxriage may be entered upon lightly and without any formality whatever, and the law of divorce is equally lax, as is the case in South Dakota, for instance, the result inevitably sets a premium on public and private immorality. While this condition has prevailed with reference to the law of marriage in New York, the law of di vorce has happily represented the other extreme of public policy, there being but one ground of absolute divorce rec ognized in that state. With common law marriage done away with in New York, the state will take its place as the one American commonwealth outside the South in which marriage in its creation and dissolution is treated with the sa credness which becomes a society that is something more than Christian merely in name. A POINTLESS LAUGH. It is a serious public misfortune that the recent address of Mr. Andrew Car negie on "Stepping Stones to Success" has not been more fully reported. The portions of it which have found their way into the press have just been- suf ficient to enable a few addle-headed pro» fessional funny men In the newspaper calling to prove the poverty of their wits. The expression used during the delivery of the address in question is that poverty is often a blessed heritage for the young man starting out in life. This It is which has furnished the text for the humorists, and this it is which is not unlikely to operate to pervert the splen did spirit of the address of Mr. Carnegie Into channels which will withdraw se riously from its possible effect. Here 13 the passage which embraced the whole some idea which Mr. Carnegie had in mind: "Before I had any stepping stones I had the most magnificent foundation for them. I was born to the blessed heritage of pov erty. I hope I speak to poor young men. I hope the burden of riches has not been laid upon any of you at your time of life. When it is laid upon a young man, and, notwithstanding all its great temptations, he acts his part well, he is entitled to double honor. Ho is ths very salt of the earth." What there is in all this to laugh at it requires the buffoon rather than the humorist to distinguish. Day by day the i«ws agencies relate the story of the pitiful downfall of some young man or other whose father or grandfather had eaten out his heart in the miserable effort to accumulate wealth. He may at times have thought that he was lay- Ing up curses for his descendants, but as a rule all such accumulations have behind them the honorable disposition to provide against want for those who might bear the accumulator's name. While we know of the many cases where the sons of rich men have gone to de struction because they have not known the blessed heritage of poverty, we know but little of the thousands of cases of misspent and misdirected energies revealing otherwise promising young men in the positions of social drones, who, had they not had their bread buttered ok both sides from the first day they could eat of it, might have developed health ful ambitions and have been useful mem bers of society. A well known current writer, Max O'Rell, sees, through the yellow press In New York, something infinitely funny in Mr. Carnegie's suggestion, notwith standing that a recent number of the North American Review contained a charming article from his pen presenting the other side of the picture and setting forth the delights of a healthful poverty, all of which merely proves that Max O'Rell, as he calls himself, ought to be practicing his new profession- of Journal ism in the French capital. His case furnishes a test of the quality of the THE ST. PAUI/ GkOBE, SUNDAY, JANUARY 28, 1900, laughter which Mr. Carnegie has evoked. It is earnestly to be hoped that Mr. Carnegie will furnish much more of this kind of gospel to make the wits laugh. There are those who possess less imag ination who may choose to take it se» riously, as is their right. It would be a blessing for the American people if they would take It seriously. There would be less of the devil of greed and more of the angel of high Ideals among other men In American social life could it be so. . • ■WHAT THEY DO. Self-contained and sensibfe folks are all disposed to laugh more or less heartily at the Salvation Army and its grotesque street parades. The most charitable view which prevails among good people re garding the soldiers in their forbidding uniforms and the sisters In their poke bonnets Is that they are mistaken en thusiasts on the verge of» religious frenzy, or so many partial outcasts who choose this line of activity In order to find an outlet for an Inherited taint of vagrancy. Even among the submerged tenth they find but little toleration. Yet their work represents self-abnegation in an extreme degree, and if effective at all Is so In directions In which organized charity is of but little avail. Take the salvage brigade, as an Illus tration of what these devoted people do or try to do. Such a brigade has been In operation In different cities In the country for some few years past, and is well known In English cities. There is no reason In the world why its institution should be called a brigade, save alone that the body under whose guidance it is maintained is called an army. It Is really nothing more than a depot maintained In the slums of a city, where homeless and indigent men are lodged and fed while they carry on some crude industry or other, founded by the army, such, for instance, as the collection of scraps of iron, old clothes, papers, etc. Here these unfortunate men are boarded and lodged until, through the agency of the army labor bureau, employment of some kind is found for them. Many a poor wretch who finds the doors of decent people apparently forever closed upon him gets here the aid which perhaps he has not strength of will enough to avail himself of for his salvation, or which may lift him to whatever social plane he may have occupied before he became the vic tim of strong drink or yielded to the demoralizing effects of misfortune or disease. Thus it is that poverty which is appar ently chronic is possible of being reached and if not removed at least alleviated. This is the class of society of which the Rev. Washington Gladden recently wrote: "My contention is that there are con siderable portions of the class that is sinking Into penury which must be sep arated from society, and forcibly -detain ed in places where they will be compelled to work and trained for self-support and usefulness. In farm-colonies and reform atories, from which the penal element shall be as far as poss'.ble eliminated, but which shall rather partake of the character of social hospitals, in which the inmates shall be put under a treat ment that shall wake up their manhood, and stimulate their ambition, and disci pline their powers of body and mind, a certain percentage of those who have come to be chronic dependents will have to be treated." While society Is slowly getting around to establishing such places of refuge and rescue the work remains undone, save by the devoted followers of Booth. They do not always do their work well or wisely; but they do as best they can, and at least they essay to do that which Dr. Gladden says each one of us ought to undertake by assuming charge of at least one or one family of such outcasts, which, of course, we never do. Here, after all. Is represented th© gravest problem of urban poverty; and those of us who do what we ought to do in relieving ordinary want can afford a word of admiration and encouragement for the humble men and women of the Salvation Army who go down Into the hotbeds of vice and crime in a fond en deavor to lift their fellow creatures out of the mire of their own 'helplessness and sin. •»- JOHN RUSKIW. The passing away of John Ruskin has received but little thought the world which' he struggled ao hard to make better and more beautiful to live In. He gave freely to the world of the best prod ucts of his genius, and the world had for gotten him even before he reached the grave. How large a figure he presented on the stage of intellectual and artistic effort only the older members of our genera tion know anything of. Much of his teach ing In art, as well as in aesthetics, has been declared fallacious. Indeed, there is little of his, outside his works on architecture, which has -succeeded in re ceiving the approval of the thought of his time. On labor, as well as on art, however high his ideals, their very grand eur placed them beyond the acceptance of a world more Intent on the conserva tion of that which is, than in specula tion on that which should be. Ruskin's teachings may be repudiated as they will by modem thought; but Ruskin's Influence on the world will re main forever far greater for all that work 3 toward the spiritual elevation of the race than perhaps that of any man of his time. He was a poet who wrote In prose, and his prose-poetry will live far longer than much of the fine jing ling versifications of his contemporary, the poet of opportunism, Lord Tenny son. He remained plain John Ruskin, the son of the London merchant, to the end. He wrote nor thought according to measure, nor set his music to the royalist's ear, or the worldling's ear, and his place among the immortals will never be any higher, according to the world's view, than his genius will command for him. Some one has said that many genera lions will have passed before the genius of John Ruskin will be understood or recognized. Certainly he was something of an exotic to the clime and the time in which he wrote. But that he exerted measurable influence In lifting up aes thetic and artistic standards and in sinking more to its level the element of the sordid and unworthy in human na ture will not be denied, even by the pres ent generation, grudging as it has al ways been toward him. Ruskin cared as little for what the world thought of his writings aa for what It cared on any other subject whatever. However we hold his opin ions, there Is that within the covers of his books that muat forever appeal to the sense of tha sublime. No man who reads his "ForsvClavigera," being- a se ries of monthly lexers to workmen, but will see In John, Ruskin something far more grand than is revealed in anything which he has ever thought of or written concerning art or the aesthetlcal, grand ly and beautifully as he has written of these latter things. For It is true of him that he loved humanity much more than he loved mere beauty or color, either hi nature or in art. WHERE DO ifEPLBMCAXS STA?fD? The St. Paul Dispatch has been good enough to publish the following quotation from the Gl ob c: "They (referring to Republicans invited to attend next Sunday's pro-Boer meet- Ing) see that sympathy with the Boers, If publicly expressed, might very easily lead to anti-expansion and anti-imperi alistic expressions of sympathy, and that from one thing to the other is but a step." The Dispatch, in commenting upon the Globe's statement, says: "That is ex actly the reason, and it Is very kind and courteous of the G I ob c to put It in such a light." The Globe begs to assure the Dis patch that the statement above quoted was kindly meant and courteously in tended, as are indeed all the G 1 ob c's utterances directed towards the regenera tion of true American principles in the Republican party. The Globe loves while it chastens, and does not confine its efforts for the elevation of public senti ment to the Democratic party, where they are less needed, but on proper occa sions joyfully applies the rod to such Republicans as may be saved from the clutches of the Pecksnlffian mercenaries who at present are misleading the Repub lican party. If there Is a Republican so bound by the thraldom of partisanship that he fears to express sympathy for the Boers because such an expression might com mit him to a similar expression of sym pathy for the Filipinos, let him hug his party chains and prostrate himself be fore his masters, submitting his mental, moral and physical powers to the domi nation of those apostles of gross com mercialism who at present dictate Re publican policies and to whom such words as justice, equality, liberty and freedom are but a scorn and a jest. To the Republican who places party fealty before honor, religion and justice, the statement in the Declaration of In dependence that all men are created equal—that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, and that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness—is absolute ly meaningless. Their condition is that of moral imbecility; and If the Declara tion of Independence was revised by their leaders and stated .that among the ina lienable" rights of adherents oi the Re publican party are life, liberty and the pursuit of Fillpinosi they would welcome it as a perfectly proper revision. If, as the DißpatchA#s3er>ts.r Republican ism today means jm^erlallsm, with its at tendant mfiltarfcHtt"; expansion, with its attendant wars-of conquest and aggres sion, and the represslon v6f sympathy with the Boers of South Africa in their strug- gle against the power of Great Britain, then it would be well for all Republicans to read tti£ Declaration of Independence .and view the present standing of their party in the light of Its grand and simple declarations. If the declaration of July 4, 1776, is not a dead letter, if there re mains any virtue-in it, if it means any thing to the American people of today— and the Globe believes it means just as much and is just as dear to the hearts of the people a3 when John Hancock signed it—then the reawakening of the rank and file to the eternal truths therein contained will lead to such a cleansing of the Republican raarty as will once more make it the party_, which Abraham Lin coln esteemed it an honor to belong to and to lead. A sudden rise in the temperature of the Atlantic ocean may ba accounted for by the hot messages Count Castellane has been sending to the editor of the Paris Figaro. It is fair to assume that LI Hung Chang will emerge from the confusion at Pekin with a complete ww .spring outfit of yel low jackets and peacock feathers. Connecticut preachers have started in to purify the stage and hope to accom plish it without the use of anything Btronger than boraclc acid. The New York court 3 have fixed a value of 120,000 each on wives, but it Is doubtful if Mr. Roberts will be able to realize on his securities. Webster Davis, when he thinks of the figure he Is cutting in South Africa, must Imagine he is looking at himself through a high power telescope. The United States cannot point tho finger of scorn at England. Gen. Otis has taken and retired from various Spion Kops himself. The Chicago Journal is responsible for the wise remark that it is easy to make money, but hard to pass it afterwards. The Globe does not know who hold 3 the office-^* coroner at Ladysmith, but it ought to be a paying job. Cecil Rhodes yrould doubtless be glad to leave his happy home at Kimberley for almost any oile.: (1 The weather man wants It understood he can turn out a rfeal article of winter when he tries. _'■ ■■/ . Oriental advices; say there is insurrec tion at Hllo. Nothing is said about jack and the game. , . , There are school teachers who have switches which they do not use upon small boys. ■? "-* In the art of breaking bad news gently the censor cannot! bqneounted a success. A kop by any other name would prob ably be just as hard to capture. And, after all, Mr. Roberts, "there Is no place like home." The banana belt has moved South for the winter. AUvuys . Profitable. Philadelphia Record. The man who enters into business wants everybody to know It. He realizes that his success Is dependent upon the pub licity that can be given to his venture. Ho is anxious that the public shall know how desirable It would be for them to trade with him, and he soon discovers that the only way to attract customers is by advertising. It naturally follows that If advertising be beneficial in the beginning of a merchant's career it must always prove profitable. ♦ fjk Warm Cornell \< ... For Men 0n1y... i| The way women will Jump at con clusions and state supposition as fact is enough to drive a man crazy. The other night when Mr. Brown went homa to dinner, his wife said: "Oh, John, I am so worried about the Smiths." "What's the matter with them?" said Brown; the Smiths lived across th© street. "Why, the doctor's buggy haa been there all day, and now there's another buggy there, so they must be having a consultation. And Johnny ran out about 6 o'clock to the drug store, and came back soon." "But who's sick?" said Brown. "Mrs. Smith is sick, of course, and Mr. Smith came home from the office in a great hurry just now. Oh, John, won't you go over to inquire, and ask if there is anything we can do?" "Yes, I will; I'll go right away." And he did, but when he came back he was in an awful temper. "The next time, Mrs. Brown, that you make such a fool of me, I'll know it." "Why, John, what in the world do you mean? How Is Mrs. Smith?" "Nothing the matter with her," growled Brown. "I went there and when Smith came to the door I tip-toed into the house like an idiot, and asked if there was anything I could do. Smith began to laugh. " 'Do for what?' he said. " 'For your wife,' said I like a fool, 'I hear she is very ill.' " 'She's all right,' said he. " 'And the doctors' buggies,' I began. " 'Oh, those buggies belong to the men who are putting in our new refriger ator.' " Brown glared at Mrs. Brown, who turned red. "So you didn't see the doctors?" '•Well, I saw the buggies and I sup posed of course—" "But you said they were doctors—and you said Mrs. Smith was sick." "Well, I supposed of course—" Brown slammed the door and went out. • ♦ » A hotelkeeper in a small New York town, who was also a member of the volunteer fire department, wa3 recently married in hi 3 hostelry, and neglected to invite his associates in the department. At the last moment he concluded he ought to ask them, and, being too late t-j send out invitations, he turned In a fire alarm from the hotel, and when they all came dashing up with the apparatus, ha asked them in, and as soon as they re covered from their wrath at the trick, they complied. • * • Mrs. Toun is an enthusiastic member of the Civic league, and when she came home from the recent meeting at wh oh licenses for dairymen were agitated she made a mental resolve to get up early the next morning and interview her milk man, so she told the cook to call her when he appeared. Mrs. Toun, who is a young married woman, lives In a flat, and the next day she conversed with the milk purveyor through a speaking tube: "Milkman," she called down the tube, "are your cows tagged?" "What, mum?" he bellow. ■ d. "I say, are your cows tagged?" ' "I don't think they are, mum," ■-"Well, I can't take milk from you any more, milkman, I'm a member—" "I don't understand what you mean, mum," the milk gentleman shrieked. "This is what I mean," sa'fl Mrs. Toun, in a shrill falsetto down the tube, "I'm a member of the Civic league, and we have all promised the president not to take milk from any cow that does not have a tag round its neck, and—" "I'm licensed," roared tha milkman. "That's not enough," Mrs. Toun contin ued. •'Your cows are not tagged, and I'll have to get another—" but just then something like a big D came up the tube and Mrs. Toun shut it with a snap, and went away with a conscious air of duty done. The way the league is educating women in municipal affairs is a great help to everybody. • • ♦ AT THE FUNERAL. Mrs. T.— That was real lace round her neck. ■ Mrs. D.—Yes, and what a pity to bury it. • • ♦ An authority upon chemistry was lec turing -before a well known woman's club, and illustrating his remarks with ex periments. All went well until he paused a moment and then said: "I'm very sorry; but I must ask any of the ladies who use face powder containing bismuth to leave the room during this experiment, as the gases I am about to set free have a peculiar affinity for bismuth and turn it purple." Whereupon the entire audience, save three courageous sisters, rose and fled from the room. • • • From the New York Herald: Will the gentleman who noticed the cruel earth rise up and bump a lady in the head, as she alighted from a Broadway car, please address D. Herald. Object matrimony. • • » There is a report that some women have gone into the business of raising mice— what for was not stated. Generally it takes a mouse to raise a woman—on to the nearest chair. • • * A young man who is evidently a phil osopher has written a long letter to an Ohio paper, telling his fellow men how to choose a wife. He Imparts a great deal of information that was known to the ancients, and then states that the final test of a helpmate Is her fondness for dogs. If she is kind to a dog she will be good to her husband. This Is reason ing by anology. This young man is so wise that he could probably tell us what the connection is between a reporter and a cane. • • • LIFE ON THE HILL. He (holding a pistol to her head)— Your money quick- She—Oh; please, sir, I haven't any. He—None of that, give me your money. g ne —oh; don't take my savings, I am trying to buy a pair of diamond ear rings to keep my family from starving. He (his face softening)—l never rob the deserving poor. She—Oh, you are a gentleman! He—Yes, but it is not generally known. She—l will keep your terrible secret. - He offered his arm and walked home with her. Next week he called and now the engagement is announced. • * • The Rev.. Mr. Shelden, of Kansas, is going to run a Topeka paper for one week the way that Christ would run it. We can be reasonably sure that St. Paul will be on the exchange list. —Reggie. Elephants as Nurses. Siamese women Intrust their children to the care of elephants, who are careful never to hurt the little creatures; and if danger threatens the sagacious animal will curl the child gently up in his trunk, and swing it up and out of harm's way upon its own broad back. Uulacky Fuel. The Icelanders will not burn ash for firewood because of their curious super stition that those who sit about such a fire will become enemies. V^S- Effort to Elect Senators By Popular Vote. Bryan Is Said to Favor Befmont. WASHINGTON, D. C. Jan. 27.—(Spe cial.)—As predicted In the Washington dispatches to this paper for the past two months, there have been various at tempts on the part of members In both houses of the national congress to pass a measure providing for the election of senators by direct vote of the people. The committee before which bills cf this kind have been pending have reported favorably, and unless some unexpected opposition arises, they are likely to pass cither one or both houses within the next few months. There will be opposition to them, without doubt, but this opposition will come from men who have plenty of money to further their political ambitions and, therefore, are not anxious to permit mere brilliant men than they, with less money, to become members of the senat<j in their places. Opposition of this kind will always be forthcoming, and until the United States congress provides legislation to prevent the purchase ot legislatures by millionaires, the scandals which have made this congress notorious will continue. The Clark case In the United States senate, while It has not been in any de gree worse than others which have not been investigated, has convinced the peo ple that It Is not safe for legislatures to choose senators, for the reason that wholesale bribery can be carried on to the detriment of the people of the sev eral states and the United States at large. The Clark case, having been airccl very thoroughly in the senate committee on privileges and elections, will, without doubt, stir up men In both houses of con gress who desjre honest elections. As be fore stated bills without number are pending for this purpose, and one or two have been reported favorably, and If they pass both houses of congress and are sent to the president.the present chief executive will not be impolitic enough to veto them, and therefore a law of this kind may be put upon the statute books within the next few months. Outside Indications do not point to any legislation of great importance by which lobbyists can make any great amount of money. It is a fact, however, that a larger lobby is now maintained in this capital than has ever before been known. The greater part of thirf paid element of the so-called "third house" is paid by foreigners who desire to prevent the enactment of legislation which wIU not bo beneficial to their interests. This foreign lobby Is also maintained here in order to prevent, or at least to modify legislation which may bo enacted for the government of the new possessions ac quired by this government, ks the re sult of the war with Spain. There are domestic measures without number looked after by the so-called members of the "third house," but ■ they are not be ing so well paid as has been the case in former sessions. The lobby, however, a3 before staled, 13 a big one and anticipates that something will develop within the next few weeks winch will give them an opportunity to earn the big fees for which they are looking. « • • The vice presidential aspirations of Joel P. Heatwole, representative from the Third Minnesota district, are no longer regarded as a huge joke. The mere fact that Mr. Heatwole gained such a victory over William R. Merriam, director of the United States census, regarding the print ing measure which was up a few days ago, forces the Western people to recog nize the fact that if a candidate for the vice presidency Is to come from that section Mr. Heatwole might be more ac ceptable to the people of the country than any other man yet mentioned west of the Mississippi. The contest waged in the lower house of congress against Gov. Merriam, the present director of the census, who desired the printing of his bureau matter outside the government printing office, has gained Heatwole a standing, not only among printers In every section of the Union, but has made it possible for him to become one of the strongest vote getters of the country, due to the fact that the workingmen, pushed on by the prlnters.will advocate his can didacy before the next national Republi can convention. Heatwole is a modest man. His biog raphy in the Congressional Directory occupies less than four lines. This is the smallest sketch of life, to date, of any representative In the United States con gress. ~* Representative Eddy is also mod est, the history of his life being con tained in four lines and a half. This is what Mr. Heatwole has writ ten for the Congressional Directory: "Joel P. Heatwole, Republican, of Northfleld, was born in Indiana Aug. 2, 1856; is a printer; was elected to the fifty-fourth and fifty-fifth congresses, and re-elected to the fifty-sixth congress, re ceiving 19,271 votes, to 13,183 for C. G. Hinds, Democrat, and 1,446 for J. R. Lowe, Populist." This sketch can at least be commended for Its brevity. ft * A The latest Information from the Bryan people is Vo the effect that his favorite for the vice presidential nominee on the Democratic ticket this year Is Oliver H. P. Belmont. of New York. There is lit- _ tie definite information, however, at hand whether Bryan, while being en tertained in New York by Belmomt, as sured that gentleman that he would be glad to have him associate* with him on the national ticket for 1900. John R. Mo- McLean and his friends in this city have not given up the idea that the proprietor of the Cincinnati Enquirer Is yet in the race. The prospects now seem to fore shadow the selection of Belmont for Bryan's running mate, with the bare i possibility that McLean may go to the \ convention with enough strength to de feat the New York man. Something more positive regarding Bryan's inten tions and the sentiment existing through out the country regarding Bryan's as sociate on the ticket this year will prob ably be known when the national Demo cratic committee meets In thla c!ty to select the time and place for the next national Democratic convention, and In the meantime the friends of Belmont are enthusiastic, and John R. McLean and his followers are using every possible endeavor to secure the honor of becom ing Bryan's helpmate on the national ticket this year. The advocates of the "pure food bill" will have their annual convention In Washington, March 7. It is the purpose of the advocates of the pure food meas ures, just now pending in congress, to endeavor to get some kind of legislation through before the first session of the Fifty-sixth congress takes a recess next summer. I have received from Alex J. Wedder burn, corresponding secretary of the na tional pure food and drug congress, a communication announcing that this con vention will be held in MSrch. In the issuance of this call Secretary Wedder burn, by direction of the executive com mittee, makes the following announce ment: In compliance with the requirements of the constitution of the National Pure Food and Drug congress, the undersign ed officers and executive committee here by call a meeting of said congress to be held in the city of Washington, begin ning March 7, 1900, at 12 o'clock. Your committee, in issuing this call, would direct especial attention to the fact that the National Pure Food and Drug congress, through its authorized committees and officers, has since the last meeting of the congress used every effort to secure the passage of the "pure food bill," indorsed by the congress and Introduced in the house of representa tives by Hon. Marriott Brosius, of Pennsylvania. The same bill has also been introduced In the senate by both Senator Hans brough and Senator Allen. It Is believ ed that, with a united effort all along the line, the bill can be passed and a national pure food law be enacted dur ing the preserit session of congress, it Is, therefore, greatly to be desired that any interest entitled to representation in the congress should be represented at the third annual session. • • • The state department Is in receipt of Important information from Sidney B. Everett, the United States consul at Batavla, in reference to the packing of sugar in Java. The United States con sul says: I wish to call attention to the fact that a new problem, and so far an un solved one, is appearing In connection with the sugar trade of this colony. It is of special Interest to Americans, as in the last two years at least seven-tenths of the sugar crop of Java went to the United States. It Is the question of packing sugar. At present sugar Is packed In cases made of matted bamboo straw, and it has been found to be the ideal packing, far superior to the grass mats used for Philippine sugar. Unfortunately, owing to Improvident methods and neglect of government supervision, the bamboo la showing signs of giving out, and experts predict that the time is not far distant when it will be so scarce as to become too expensive to use in packing sugar, in view of the present small margin In the profits of sugar planting. In some districts there have been gov ernment officials who had foresight enough to compel the natives to plant a new tree as soon as the old one was cut down; but, unfortunately, such cases were few and far between, with the re sult that many districts of Java are now almost entirely denuded of bamboo. Con sequently the planters are casting round for a material to take the place of bam boo matting. So far nothing has -been lound that will answer. Jute is unsuit able. A gentleman here who is largely inter ested in sugar plantations, with whom I was talking the other day, told me that anyone w"ho could invent something sat isfactory would make a fortune in Java alone as his method would be at once used by every planter. Inasmuch as the sugar exports for last year were GSf>.s42 u ei £" 9> U *KCan r*ad».v be seen that it may be worth some one's while to try »J,f »an lnventor acquainted with sugar ? n o iM? r? enies set hls bram to work ftir tL URar*i.T vould not necessarily do for Java, as this sugar has a much long er sea voyage to under-o. and must be rruch more carefully protected • * * Under a recent date John P. Bray, our consul general at Melbourne. Australia transmits information regarding a wooi sale at Geelor.^ of interest to wool grow ers in this country. Mr. Bray was for merly a resident of North Dakota, a sheep-raising state. The state depart mf£t says of Bray's report that: Many American buyers w^re repre sented at the Geelong sale and purchased largely. Up to the date of the con sul s writing 10.916 bales had been shipped to the United States and it was antici pated that the total shipments for the season would aggregate 20.000 bales or more than double those of last sea son." Information has been received here that Great Britain is preparing to place at its big naval station in the Bermudas one of the largest floating dry docks yet constructed and far greater in capacity than that which is now at that point and said to be the longest yet built. The present dock, constructed in 1869 was towed across the Atlantic to Ire land island, where the British dock yard Is located, in four pieces and there set together behind an enormous break , water, which proteqts the entrance from- ; the heavy swells of th Q oqean. White the present dock was found large enough to accommodate the various classes of yespels usually assigned to the North American and We»t Indies station it was lacking in capacity for battleships and armoured cruisers of the Powerful type. The importance of having a dock at Bermuda in which any class and typa of British warship can be taken has recently been recognized by the naval authorities and a contract was recently let for constructing the new dock which should be ready for operation in about two years. There are few docks in the world like that now at Bermuda, and though thirty years old It is yet in a fine state of preservation and will proba bly serve useful purposes for years. The Spanish dock at Havana that this gov ernment bid on last autumn is of the same general type, but far smaller. There is now building at Baltimore a steel floating dock, which.the navy is to place at Algiers. La., the dimensions of which will equal those of the new dock now under construction abroad for Ber muda, and which reports show will be ready for use in one year. To find room for Its big new basin at Bermuda an immense dredge has been sent out, and is now at work digging a channel at a point near the present naval station and farther Inland, so that ships drawing thirty feet or more can readily reach It. With the addition of this nsvf dock Bermuda will become a far more important outlying naval station of Great Britain than any other she holds, per haps with the exception of Malta. There are now Immense shops at Bermuda for executing all kinds of naval work, and with a drydock capable of taking in the largest war vessel the station will ex ceed Halifax in point of naval rank. Rear Admiral Hichborn, who seems to hay« arrayed against him every member of the naval expert board at present, will soon declare himself as opposed to the proposed coaling station system of the navy, and especially against the es tablishment of stations at Narragansett bay and at some point on the Maine coast, as recommended by Admiral Brad ford and special boards wtiich have lately been considering the question. Two reports are now before the navy department in which sites are recommend- Ed to be selected at these two localities for new coaling stations. Admiral Hich born will give expression to his opinions on the subject before the house naval committee, where he Is expected to ap pear soon by special request. It is his belief that specially designed colliers should be built, with a view of coaling at sea. and he points to the suc cess which has attended the recent ex periments between the Massachusetts, New York and a collier rigged with a new coaling apparatus by which, while steaming ahead, bunkers can be filled at a rate of about forty tons an hour. Ad miral Hichborn's theory is that better re sults, however, can be obtained by the collier towing the warship than in being towed, as was the case in recent tests. He holds that the coaling station idea Is sufficiently meritorious In times of peace, but in time of war it furnishes, he thinks, a% additional point of attack by an enemy against whom remote stations must ba guarded. The matter of transporting fuel to these stations, he maintains, adds to the cost of the naval establishment without any adequate returns. Coal can be had in al most any quarter of the globe in time of peace, he says, and in time of war he contends that the only system for recoal ing ships will be that by means of the collier. The latter vessels can, be so con structed as to tow. Instead of being towed, and, being equipped with towing ma chines, they can handle large ships with out danger of hawsers parting and other accidents. — J. S. Van Antwerp. i^ Roman Theater I>lKO<rr«M-od. At Benevento, a laTge Roman theater, as large as the theaters of Pompey, and of Marcellus, and better preserved, has been discovered. The entrances, the am bulatories, the lower tows of seats, the stage and the orchestra are all perfect.'