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©he gt, #a*tl ©lobe THE QLOBHJ CO.. PUBLISHERS. t= Entered at Postofflce at St Paul. Minn.. M Second-Class Matter. CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Carrier. 11 mo | < moa |12 mos 3ally only I "40 1 *2.S 14.00 [>aily and Sunday.. .SO I 2.76 6.00 Sunday ( .11 ( .76 1.60 COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. _ ' By^Mall. "11 mo | < moa | 12 mos Daily only 85 ».«0 $3.00 Dally and Sunday.. .85 2.00 4.00 Sunday ... .75 1.60 Semi-Weekly .60 1-00 BRANCH OFFICES. New York, 10 Spruce St.. Chas. H, Eddy In Charge. Chicago, No. 87 Washington SL, Harry Fralick, Mgr.. Williams & Lawrence in Charge. WEATHER FOR TODAY. Minnesota—lncreasing cloudiness and warmer Sunday; northwesterly winds, becoming variable.; rain or snow Monday. lowa—lncreasing cloudiness and warm |r Sunday; northwesterly winds, becom ing variable; rain or snow Monday. North Dakota—Rain or snow and warm er Sunday; clearing and colder Monday-; southerly winds shifting to northwest erly. South Dakota—Rain or snow and warm er Sunday; clearing and colder Monday; southerly winds shifting to northwest erly. Wisconsin—lncreasing cloudiness and warmer Sunday; rain or snow and warm, er Monday; fresh northwesterly winds, becoming variable. Montana—Partly cloudy Sunday, with warmer in extreme eastern portion; Monday cloudy and colder; brisk west erly winds. ST. PAUL. Yesterday's observations, taken by the United States weather bureau, St. Paul, P. F. Lyons observer, for the twenty four hours ended at 7 o'clock last night. Barometer corrected, for temperature and elevation. Highest temperature 4 Lowest temperature - —13 Average temperature —4 Daily range 17 Barometer 30.04 Humidity 89 Precipitation 0 7 p. m., temperature 2 7 p. tn., wind, northwest; weather, clear. YESTERDAYS TEMPERATURES. *BpmHigh *BpmHlgh Bismarck ... 2 2 Marquette . 8 8 Buffalo 18 40 Montreal ... 38 38 Boston 44 48 New York.. 46 48 Cheyenne ...38 44 Omaha 10 12 Chicago —6 —2! Philadelphia 50 5(5 Cincinnati .. 8 26 Pittsburgh .. 12 52 Denver 46 50; Pueblo 52 56 Duluth 0 4|St. Louis ..12 16 Helena 44 50,5. St. Marie 0 24 Jacksonville 54 661 Winnipeg ..—l2 6 •Washington time (7 p. m. St. Paul). —Below zero. . SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 25, 1900. WHAT TO DO "WITH THEM. The address delivered a few days since >y Dr. Helen Bissell, of this city, before Ihe Woman's Civic league should give all Jood people of both sexes cause for thought. We are sunk in barbarism in our current methods of disposing of de linquent women, and, for that matter, of delinquent men as well. We may assume that the present sys tem of committing girls under sixteen to the reform school is commendable in itself. It certainly operates better than any scheme which is known to the public to preserve the self-respect and the fu ture usefulness of the foolish girls who, ignorant of everything in life, take the step, voluntarily or otherwise, which ren ders them outcasts from decent society. But the class of girls who may be thus disposed of is comparatively small. They are often perhaps amenable to home in fluence, and may afterwards become good women without the intervention of the state If the home Influence and the steps taken immediately to stop their down ward career are what they should be. But when a girl passes the age of six teen without having cast herself wholly upon a life of folry or crime, if her asso ciations are yet such as do not neces sarily lead to the destruction of her fu ture life, what is it the state or the mu nicipality does with her when she comes Within its jurisdiction? At present in St. Paul the only thing to do with such a girl is to commit her to the workhouse. Think of it. The work house! How much of self-respect or pos sibility of redemption is there left to such a girl after that? She must, and usually does, live In the society of those who know her mishap. What will they think of her? How will they treat her? What prospect in life is before her? These are questions which every mother can find the answer for in her own heart, let her be as Ignorant as she may be of the crime and folly of this criminal and foolish world of ours. It is of course a happy circumstance that the administration of our local workhouse is such that any girl sent there is certain of the most consid erate treatment, and, if she does not show that she has gone beyond the point of possible redemption, is certain to have bestowed on her by Supt. Fitzgerald and those around him as gentle and as thoughtful treatment as she could find outside Her own home, if she is fortunate enough to possess a home. But "that is a mere incident, and does not in any way affect the ruin that is almost certain to follow such a girl alter she has returned to the outside world. We once had the House of the Good Shepherd, to which any young woman who showed the possibility of reformation might be sent by the committing magis trate or by her parents before she had entered on the course which leads to abiding sorrow. But a few mischievous and irresponsible bigots have succeeded in crippling that excellent Institution in Its most beneficial uses, and now render it impossible for a committing magistrate to avair himself of it as a place of pro tection for the girls who are brought before him. Subsisting on private benefi cence alone, the House of the Good Shep herd still opens Its doors to the Magda lens of society; but It has been robbed of much of its value as a public reformatory institution. The picture which Mrs. Bissell has drawn is true to life. Our local police sta tions, as well as our local jail, which are necessarily the temporary abiding places of such girls while awaiting final dispo sition, are sinks of abomination. The woman who enters their precincts must Indeed be sound at heart if her experi ence does not help to push her many Bteps lower than she had been before en • tering any of them. But what Is to be done? Mrs. Bissell says start a woman's state reformatory. That is an undertaking which does not seem now within the do main of the practicable. No mere abid ing place for abandoned women should be maintained at the public expense. Do our cities turn out enough young girls of the kind In question to warrant the experiment? There Is such an institution In Massachusetts. Yes. But Massachu setts has many big cities, which we have not, and the social conditions attending the lives of poorer girls are there much more dangerous than those which pre vail with us. But something ought to be done. It !s for our public officials to de vise the best line of action. Until some thing is definitely determined on the St. CLuud reformatory ought to be made available. The establishment of a wom an's department In that institution, prop erly managed, ought, it seems to us, to meet the most urgent requirements of the situation, at leat-t until some definite plan of action is determined on. THE ARMY CANTEEN. A Kansas member of congress,. who Is blessed In the name of Bowersock, has introduced a bill In the house of represen tatives to abolish the army canteen. The proposition Is not new to the public or to congress, though it may be novel to Mr. Bowersock, and it is probable It will be disposed of by congress as have sim ilar propositions in the past. To temperance people who regard the sale of liquor at army canteens as an unmixed evil, and the countenancing of liquor selling thereat by the government as derogatory to the dignity of the gov ernment and against good morals, the army canteen must continue to be an ofc ject of aversion and reprobation. But there are many features connected with this question which these good temper ance people overlook. For instance, be cause a man enlists and consents to serve his country as a soldier he does not re linquish any of his rights as a citizen. If the lawa of the country permit the sale of liquor, a soldier has as much right as a civilian to buy liquor, and is held to ac count for any misconduct resulting from the consumption of liquor as is the civil ian. A certain proportion, perhaps a large majority, of the enlisted men are in the habit of taking and consuming more or less intoxicating liquors, Just as are civilians. If the enlisted men cannot obtain the liquor they want in their post canteen, they wlirgo outside the post or barracks to obtain it. The post canteen is under the supervision and control of the commanding officer, who can absolutely regulate the sale of liquor, and vfho can prevent excesses and does do so. But if the men get down into town, frequenting low saloons, they are for the time beyond his jurisdiction, and with the knowledge that there is no liquor obtainable at the post canteen 4.hey will utilize their liberty to "fill up," and indulge in a spree that" too often ends in the guardhouse or leads to desertion. A commanding officer can not only reg ulate the consumption of liquor at the canteen, but he can regulate the quality, which is a matter of much importance when troops are on foreign service, and with this control much that to many peo ple 13 highly objectionable In the use of Intoxicants is removed. Of course there- la a certain number of the enlisted men who do not use liquor or favor Its use, and if there Is any re form of the army canteen required it lies in the amendment of the regulations in their favor. Under the present regula tions, It is understood, the practice is to detail men for service in the canteen the same as for other "fatigue" duties. It Is quite possible that such service may be objectionable to the men who do not drink at all, and it might be advisable to relieve them of this duty, and confine the service to the men who do drink and who could have no valid objection. m NON-SUFFRAGIST WOMEN. Among the many movements of a po litical or social character which pre vail, without having at least the open sanction of even a fair minority of this people, that of female suffrage easily occupies a front rank. While the move ment has been essayed aa an experiment In a few of the younger states its ac ceptance as a desirable policy Is con fined to a very small proportion of think ing people. But it should be said to the credit of those who advocate it, mostly members" of the sex which does not possess the privilege, that they show a degree of energy and devotion which has won for them a much larger share of public attention than many believe the inherent merits of their propaganda entitle it to. While the women suffragists are Inde fatigable in their advocacy and succeed in having constant public attention be stowed on their efforts, there is anothet class of women whose operations in the opposite direction do not succeed in at tracting the degree of attention which they have entitled themselves to. They are" the members of the anti-woman suf frage movement. They include many women of high reputation In the domain of public usefulness, and their efforts, while hot attended by the same amount of nols© which distinguishes their sisters, are at least thus far attended by much more substantial success. During the present month a delegation of the ladies opposed to woman suffrage appeared in Washington, to protest against any change in the constitution giving women equal rights with men. That protest was made by the state or ganizations of the anti-suffragists and was read before the house judiciary com mittee and before the senate committee on woman suffrage. The main question taken by those ladies is well worthy ot commendation. They insist that there shall be no interference by the general government -with the reserved powers of the several states. This position is a strong one, and should, as we say, re ceive general commendation, If the suf frage is to be extended to women It must and should come from the state govern* ments. Under our constitutional system that is a right as clearly reserved to the states as any right involving the rights of person or property which has not been expressly relinquished to the general government. Whatever the mer its of the claims of the woman suffragists may be, they are doing their cause mors hurt than help by directing their appeal* to congress. The protest thus made declares that there is no demand for the legislation THE ST. PAUL GLOBS,. SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1900. asked for, and embodies an expression of the belief that If the proposition to en* large the suffrage were submitted to the women of the United States It would be rejected by an overwhelming majority. It concludes with the following para graph : "We feel that the exemption of women from the performance of suffrage is a privilege which they are not prepared to surrender, and which has been conferred upon them as a compensation for limita tions and duties imposed upon them by their sex, and which cannot by any pos sibility be transferred to the domain of masculine service." On the occasion of the entering of this protest the ladies who advocate the suf frage extension, led by Miss Anthony, also had a hearing. The nature of one of the pleas tnade by those ladies seem* to some extent at least to carry out ths claims of their opponents that the de mand being made on congress is in an. tagonism to the reserved rights of the several states. For Instance, a Mrs. Avery read a paper before the senate commit tee prepared by a woman who had been twice elected mayor of a Kansas town. The letter describes In detail what had been accomplished in the way of mu nicipal reform in Kansas, women In that state being eligible to vote and hold mu nicipal office. It indicated that there had been a purification of municipal affairs since suffrage had been granted to women. This, of course, may be all true. In deed it is impossible of understanding by anyone who keeps In sight the relative functions of federal and state govern* ment hc*v any such consideration could be expected to operate as an argument with men versed In constitutional rights and limitations as senators are under stood to be. If ever woman suffrage is to become an accomplished fact In the United. States it must so become through the ac tion of the several state governments. No person, however deeply impressed he or v she may be with the justice of the de mands of the woman suffragists and who desires to preserve the existing constitu tional relation ' between the state and the national government, will readily give adhesion to any movement which looks to the amendment of the federal constitu tion for any such purpose, especially when all that is sought can be effected through the action of they people in their character of citizens of the several states. -•- HIS OWN EXECUTOR. To the members of a happy social cir cle there is nothing which appears at once more distressing and Incomprehen sible than the enmities among the mem bers of the same household which spring from the very coffin. Hardly have tho eyes been closed in death before the kindred, often the very children, of the dead engage themselves in brutal war fare over the remains. All the veneer of love and reverence disappears, and a scramble for money reveals the wild beast of greed in the human heart. Within a few days the press reports told the story of the Chicago millionaire whose son is contesting his will on th»« ground that he was insane when he mad* it. The son's test of sanity or insanity is of course his understanding of his doad father's liberality. There were no imme diate kindred to fight over the millions of the millionaire Stewart, of New York. But his bones had not been consigned to Mother Earth before blackmailers sprang up on all sides and tried to selz» some share of the money prey he left behind. And they succeeded too. Jay Gould and his millions were the media of giving the public glimpses of the same disposition, and but a few weeks have elapsed since a woman seeking to estab lish that all his children were born out of wedlock was placed on trial for black mail. The Vanderbilts have had the same family story underlying their deaths. Samuel J. Tilden, philanthropist and great lawyer as he was, failed to give to the people, whom he loved, the benefit of his money accumulations. Those who neither loved nor regarded him In hla life too successfully asserted the acci dent of family relationship. Is it not wonderful that men who read of such things will go down to their graves burdened with money, and leave the disposition of that money to all th» mischances which they every day se« exemplified in the case of other men like themselves who leave to others aftei their death the duty which they shirk hi life of disposing of the bulk of such wealth on the lines most acceptable to them, whether for the benefit of the pub lic, or of their children or friends? And yet, most men who accumulate property do just this. Many of them recognize In their wills, too, -their feeling that ther» may be trouble,- by ordaining that thosa of the legatees who contest the provi sions made for them must go without. It is pleasant, in view of this sud record, to observe a man here and there whom neither greed of possession nor cowardice npr Indifference can control, and who ha» sense enough to dispose of his wealth as he nears the grave as he would wish to sco it disposed of after his death. Such a man is there in Chicago, of all places on earth. His name is Dr. D. K. Peai sons. He is a man of large fortune, and a good portion of that fortune he had already disposed of according to his own preference. Ha has already dispensed something like $2,500,000 in public bey quests. The remainder of his fortune amounts to $1,500,000, and he has ma.ie his will regarding it. His will, however, is to be executed while he 13 above, rather than while he is under, ground. For the maintenance of himself and his wife while they live he exacts 2 per cent on the bequests which he will hereafter make. This will give him an Income of $30,000, which will cease only after both himself and wife are dead. How sensibly this man talks about his purposes. He says: "I do not propose to leave to others to do what I can do myself, as I wish to do it. I propose to act as my own executor, and to see some of the good, at least, that may spring from what I try to do. I am as sured of a sufficient income while my wife and I live, and there is none who will or can gainsay my right to do what I please with my own while I am alive. What mistakes I may make I can try to mend. I could not If I were dead." Andrew Carnegie 3ays no man ought to die rich. He Is right Right in more than one sense. Ha may live rich if l»e will; but generally he is anything but wise if he dies rich, to leave his dissatis fied descendants possibly to bring dis grace on his memory. This man Dr. Pearsons is now eighty years of age. But he didn't wait for' his eighty years to overtake him before u^ing his money for his own enjoyment during life, for that is really what It".amount* to. He dot* all the good he can while he lives, and does it the way he wants to, so that after he Is gone hia spirit may not be disturbed by the, cries of those who loved him for what he had rather than for what he was or wfiat he did. -iti*f MA.RRI.M4E. Prof. William Graham Sumner holds the chair of social and political science in the Yale university. He has recently delivered a lecture on' marriage before his class, which must have occasioned surprise to many of the 300 or more young bachelors who heard it. Among the other unusual and unexpected things which the lecturer said about marriage was the declaration that only about 10 per cent of married people, looking back at their married life, can truthfully say that they have realized their ideals of happiness. According 1 to him vicissitudes act on and change the married pair, and therefore marriage in the strictest sense Is an ideal that has never been realized. Like all human institutions, marriage is of. course more or les3 of a failure. Men, and especially women, enter upon It on an entirely false understanding of its duties and obligations. It is hard to ask young folks who are In love to look at the serious side of the proposition, but usually before they have traveled very far on the matrimonial journey they are brought up, often with a sharp turn, to the realities of the marriage existence. Prof. Sumner says that marriage is baaed on the struggle for existence. Originally, he adds. It was co-operation by a man and a woma<n against the ne cessity of sustaining life. Together a man and a woman could fight better against a common antagonist than each of them, separately, against the same an tagonist. This i 3 certainly not a very in spiring view of marriage, but no doubt it represents the essence., of the compact among primitive peoples. In such a view those who are disposed to simplify the marriage ceremonies ajyl who insist on treating outwardly and in the legal sense marriage as a mere civil contract do what they can to reduce the matter of matrimonial relation to; its original ele ments. The idealization of rajarriage has been one of the most powerful influences work ing toward human • refinement. The poetry and romance which have been woven about the relation have lifted it up to a plane of reverence and sanctity which Its supreme Importance in the so cial state entitles It to occupy. The Catholic church has always treated the marriage as Its importance to society merits. She holds it a divine institution. Making it a sacrament, she removes the popular conception of it far above the grossness which conceives of it only as a matter of worldly convenience. Except to the scholar, it matters very little whether the marriage ceremony was in stituted, as Prof; Sumner Insists, in the sixteenth century, or whether it was or dained at the very outset.of the Christian era. The fact remains, which no student of social conditions win deny, that: the marriage ceremony in itself Is a good thing, and that where it is observed fewer marriages end in speedy disruption than Where it la dispensed with. "The poetry of the marriage ideal too often ends with the ceremony. Nowa days too many yourig men marry because they think they should; because they think it Is time for them to marry. ManY times they fall to marry their ideals; too often they fail to-'realize their ideals in the married life. Nowadays, I think, the very marriage ceremony is very much a matter of show," said .Prof. Sumner to his students. This may all be;'l>ut the importance of the declaration is not very plain. "Would the professor wholly dis pense with the ceremony? And, if so, what good results.does he believe might follow? Would he have-young men defer marriage indefinitely, or until they could secure some infallible assurance that they had met their ideals and that the poetry of the marriage relation would end only with the grave? Not even a professor of social science can argue marriage out of court. There it is, and there it will remain, and the prime duty of all who set themselves to its direction or regulation is to perpetu ate it and do what they can to render its continuance as little of a burden as possi ble to those who enter upon it. It is the great bond which holds Christian society together. Everything that is said or done to divest it of all the sacredness, the poetry, the spirituality, which the Catholic church, of all the forces of our age,- surrounds It with, merely helps to bring it down to the level of animal as sociation. With such a tendency, sup plemented by the moral influence of the divorce court, the era of social disintegration and marital promis cuity may not be actually in sight, but It assuredly is not as far off as the millennium by any means. The man who made the complaint against Olga Nethersole's play, "Sapho," admits that he attended the performance twice. It is not a long shot to wager that he will not again get past the box office if the peopWinside' recognize him. And the celebration of Washington's birthday was held-amid "the glare of elec tric lights, within- easy reach of a tele phone, while a phonograph could have been adjusted to frepeafe* his farewell ad dress to the country. ■ Admiral Dewey is reported, to be the finest small swordsman in the American navy, and Lord Methu,en the best pistol shot in the British army. And there are others. ri -i It is a great satisfaction to jump Into a few columns of war news from South Africa with a full knowledge that there is no rule for the pronunciation of propei names. Perhaps Mrs. Langtry is now casting envious eyes at Olga Nethersole and ad mitting that in the dialogue of "The Degenerates" she has overlooked some bets. Mr. McKinley will make quite a re spectable showing at the polls if all the people now dodging the vice presidential nomination vote for him. The jewel of consistency is again ex emplified in the fact that when a girl is wedded to music she invariably thumps the piano. The relief of I.adysmith is not the only piece of warlike femininity. It will be remembered that In the Franco-Prussian war Nancy was revictualed. From a Republican point of view the United States has possession of a wide extent of territory lying outside the con stitution. So far no Republican has been auda cious enough to mention Russell A. Alger as a Republican candidate for vice presi dent. Senator Depew continues to do the or namental word painting, and Senator Platt deals out the New York patronage. If Spain really owns Sulu, the loss of that $10,000 per annum will prove a crush ing blow to the sultan and his harem. As it is popularly understood Mr. Frick seriously objects to contributing to Mr. Carnegie's library funds. One of the great questions of momen tous Interest is this: Has Philadelphia dug up that $100,000 yet? The automobile is far more dangerous than the horse. It can run away back wards. How can "trade follow the flag" to Puerto Rico over a 25 per cent tariit wall? As Matt Quay is not yet seated It is more than possible that he is standing pat. Proverb for Mr. Quay: "He also serves who only stands and waits." ij Warm Comer \ j ... For Men 0n1y... i[ If the women o£ St. Paul could only become as much enthused over scm« scheme by which St. Paul merchants would benefit as they have recently be come over a Minneapolis trick, it would be well for us. This smart little plan has taken like wildfire here, and even some of the members of the Civic league are now engaged in the pious work of swell ing the receipts of a Minneapolis firm of skirt makers. It is a lovely scheme. Mrs. Brown buys a book of five coupons from the Minneapolis firm, for which she pays so much in cash. She, In turn, sells these coupons to her friends —or her enemies— in order to get her money back. Each one buying pledges herself to sell five coupons on the endless chain system. When the first woman has sold her five coupons, she is sent a silk skirt, said to be worth about $5, and for which the foxy Minneapolis firm has received $6.25, and the woman receiving it ha 3 only paid for it 25 cents, but, incidentally, has lost all her friends. St. Paul money is now pouring into the other twin In an alarm ing way, because St. Paul women prefer to encourage Minneapolis gall to helping on the legitimate industries of their own city. What we want is a home mission ary society. • • • The editor of a small paper in St. Louis recently announced the death of his wife in a notice heavily black-bordered, and in Which he stated that he is so unnerved by the calamity that he must take a week or two off. As long as that? • * * Life, of New Tork, offers a prlza of $50 in gold for an article on the meanest city in the United States, and the rea sons why. Circumstances are constantly giving Minneapolis the center of the stage. • • • Fargo has a club which, it Is safe to say, is unique in clubdom. It is the ap pendicitis club, and the condition of mem bership is a lack of the appendix, in oth er words, a surgeon's certificate that he removed the useless little sac from the body of the applicant. Before very long persons who retain the appendix will not be able to get into society. In Minneapo lis no one can get In who has not been In a runaway on Nlcollet avenue. • • • There is more truth than poetry in the following: Call a girl a chick and she smiles, call a woman a hen and she howls. Call a young woman a witch and she Ts pleased; cal lan old woman a witch and she is indignant. Call a girl a kit ten and she rather likes It; call a woman a cat and she hates you. Women are queer. If you call a man a gay dog, it will flatter him. Call him a pup, a hound or a cur, and he will try to alter th» map of your face. He don't mind being call ed a bull or a bear, yet he will object to being mentioned as a calf or a cub. M«n are queer too. • • • A justice of the peace in Indianapolis recently mixed things up in a way that seldom happens. A French couple ap peared before him to be married, bring ing an interpreter in the shape of a pretty girl. When the ceremony was concluded it was discovered that the justice had firmly tied the young man to the inter preter, so with the consent of all con cerned he did It over again and married the right ones. The Interpreter is prob ably asking herself how she stands to the world.* • • • A Brooklyn revivalist recently told his hearers that he loved a crowd and ex pected "to live and move and speak to the crowds in heaven. The crowd is to be clothed In white robes and will carry palms." This did not appeal to his hear ers with the force that he evidently thought it would, as going to heaven in crowds and being again "harangued by a revivalist was not exactly their idea of heavenly diversion. It Is always the privilege of persons who feel their elec tion sure to consider themselves one of a setect few, so the revivalist queered himself and was obliged to change the subject. • • • When a play is condemned by the New York Journal the police think it must be time to interfere. So Miss Olga Nether sole has been arrested for presenting "Sapho." In beautiful contrast to this is the pious citizens of St. Paul falling over each other to see "The Sign of the Cross." We hape to see the day when the East will be as moral as the West. • • • What in the world the governors of the Minnesota club want to ruin It for is the question many men are asking them se'rves. It was the one spot in the city that was sacred to Man, and now -the rustle of silken petticoats is to be heard in the halls. The Commercial club went the way of all ilesh long ago, but the de fection of the Minnesota is a sad blow. Especially Is it so to the fellows who have made an evening "at the club" cover a multitude of outings not in the orders of the day; now they can take their wives. We predict the result will be the formation of a club as is a club. • * • A Yale professor made a sensation the other day by declaring that 90 per cent of all marriages here were unhappy. Whereupon the few people in the coun try who are not divorced said it was an awful statement and not true. But a New York man said in print that there was only one trouble with the professor's fig ures. They were too low, and that by actual computation 99% per cent of mar- I riages were unhappy. —Reggie. Chat tf tht Capital dtp. I Amendments to the Commerce Law Now Pending. Trade Conditions In the Far East. WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.—(Special.)—It Is stated here that if the Cullom bill now pending before the United States senate, and which was recently Indorsed by the National Board of Bill by Trade, is adopted. It Mr. Cullom. will give the Inter- state commerce commission considerable more authority than is now possessed by that body. The principal amendment proposed Is to give the interstate commerce commission sp^ cial authority, when a rate complained of has been found unreasonable or rela tively unjust upon investigation, after k full hearing of all parties interested, to declare what in its Judgment is a just and reasonable rate in the particuia: cn?e in question, and to enforce the adop tion of such a rate, subject to appeal to the courts; its decision, however, to be effective until reversed by the courts. Other amendments proposed make the requirements of the "long and short haul" clause absolute by striking out th» term "under substantially similar cir cumstances and conditions," making th*. suspension of the operation of thai clause in particular cases subject wholl> to the discretion of the commission upon investigation and full hearing; also re move penalties of imprisonment, substi tuting heavy fines in case of any viola tion of the law, to which individual offi cers of the companies are liable, as welt as the companies themselves; also ie quire sixty days' notice of any change in rates before they shall become effective. An additional amendment recommend ed" by the National Board of Trade, at its annual session In Washington, gtvea the railroad companies authority to maintain associations for the purpose or agreeing upon uniform rates not in con* filet with the "anti-pooling" clause ot the prepent law. The bill is still under consideration by the interstate commerce committee of th» senate. A hearing was held in Washing ton immediately after the session of the I National Board of Trade, at which rep. resentatlves of various commercial or ganizations throughout the country ap« peared and earnestly urged the adoption of the proposed amendments. It Is ex pected that the bill will be reported tt» the senate shortly, and its passage Is looked for at this session. The general impression seems to be that when ii ! reaches the house It will also pass that | body. The proposition for the appointment of a commission to study the commercial con ditions in China and Japan, embodied in sundry bills now before congress, ia along lines similar to those already I rade adopted by several in the Orient. of the active com mercial nations of Europe. The* docu ment recently Issued by the treasury bureau of statistics, "Commercial China in 1899,' shows that experiments made by other nations in son-ling commissions ti the Orient have been very satisfactory. The British commission, or "commercial commission," as it was called, spent a part of the years 1896 and 181)7 In China alone, devoting eight months to a trip from Shanghai up the Yangtze river lo the head of navigation, thence southward to the head of the West river, by which they returned to the seaboard, reaching Canton and Hong Kong after eight months' travel and study, and giving to the British public a very elaborate and extremely valuable report on the want*, consuming power, and general conditions of the people of Central and Southern China, their trip having carried them through the most densely populated part of that country. The French mission was? absent from France nearly two years, returning in-October, 1897, after a thoi ough investigation of agricultural, indus trial and commercial conditions, which Is not to be made public, but recorded for the use of the several chambers of com merce which shared in the expedition. The French are somewhat wary of tne publication of the report of this com mission, since a commission sent to cmn« in 1543 for the purpose of discovering means of extending French trade pub lished an elaborate report^ which is said to have become more P^'V"l^; land than to France. The Germans, profiting by this example, have also omitted to give to the general public the cult of the work of their commercial mission which returned to Germany _ r 1899 after fifteen months' study of China and other Eastern Asiatic countries. This German commission was especlall> thorough in Its work, collecting arge numbers of samples of the goods reqiilred and used by the people of the countries which they visited, and creating from them an exhibit which Is onty °P«n those persons actually interested in tne trades concerned and to members o. chambers of commerce and certain of ficials, no other persons being admitted, while copies of the report-are only pub lished for Private circulation. The Nord Deutsche Zeitung of April 20, IMB. states thac the exhibit includes over 00.000 sam ples which show that the collection is the result of close study of competent, men who thoroughly understand their ™crk and that the exhibits show first what European and American goods are Exported to Eastern Asia, and second, what goods can be purchased there. The pending measures as introduced provide only that the commission shall visit China and Japan, whose imports form but about one-third of those of the. Orient whose trade the United States may be expected to command. American Products are finding a rapidly enlarging market in all of the countries of the East, and especially in Asiatic Russta, Manchuria. Korea. Siam. and Austra la while the enormous market offered by the British and Dutch East Indies is also worthy of attention. The following table, prepared by he treasury bureau of statistics from the latest available data, shows the value of ne imports and exports of the -territory in auction ar.d the share of the United States theremj _ Per Cent. Per Cent. from to Imports U. S. Exports. U. S. Britlßh East Indies ..... $221,562,305 2.0 $365,217,000 4.6 British Australasia 277,879,000 5.8 278,708,000 4.6 China 146,077,000 5.6 110,84!).O00 8.4 Japan 138,751,000 12.4 82,877,000 32.1 Straits Settlements 109,956,000 .... 97,822,000 Dutch East Indies 66,458,000 1.7 80,081,000 9.6 Russia. Asiatic 21,579.000 .7 29,456,000 1.2 Slam 19,384,000 .... 25,280,000 .... *- Philippine Islands 14,300,000 1.1 16,550,000 30.1 • Hawaiian Islands 7,165,000 76.2 15,436,000 99.7 Mauritius 15,910,000 1.9 16,652,000 5.6 • Persia 26,476,000 .... 15,054,000 Ceylon 20,722,000 .2 14,641,000 5.7 ♦Hong Kong t 20,000,000 30.0 10,000,000 ».l French East Indies 790,696 8.7 3,088,000 Korea 8,088,000 2,482,000 Totals $1,114,087,000 5.3 $1,10,198,000 8.6 •Ksilmate: Statesman's Year Book. "This recent scramble for the census office printing." said a government offi cial, "recalls to my mind the experience of our friend, Maj. Shaw, so well and favorably known Census in newspaper cir fcramble. des. It was many years ago, when Minnesota was made a state, that Shaw rounded up out there. He was a printer as well as a fairly good newspaper man. The lawmakers were at work, and the man who conducted the little printing of fice was sorely out- of patience trying to get printers. Maj. Shaw took in the sit uation and soon struck up a trade with the proprietor of the printing joint. There was a scarcity of material in tha office, and the bills had to be printed ac cording to the regulations; that is, with what printers call bed slats between tin lines. About the first thing Shaw did was to go down to a saw mill and get a lot of strips, which he proceeded ta whittle out into the right sized slats. J may say that he soon had an abundance, and the matter that he turned out waj 'phat' enough to satisfy any hungK1 printer. Well, bills were turned out In a hurry, and the proprietor soon discovered that }n the major he had a gem of tha first water. Of course the more work turned out by tha major the moie money was paid Into the office. The major had an eye to business, and when the bi!!s didn't come in fast enough he simply de voted his spare time to preparing bills on various and sundry questions, which ha would hand to some member anil request that they be Introduced. Of course they were always introduced, and the extra money made by the printing of thesa bills so ingeniously drafted by the major more than compensated him for the time devoted to writing them and the few dollars spent In giving the members a good time. I suppose that was about tlia greatest cinch the major ever enjoyed, and when he came away from there hg had a !ar«e and wealthy bank account. He worked that situation for all ther« was in it, and it was done to the queeni taste, too. The major deserves all th«. good luck he ever had." • • • It is a pretty .string of thoroughbred^ Representative William Astor Chnnler, of New York, has brought to Washing ton for his private use. He is very fond of driving and han- Story dies the reins to On Chanler. perfection, and la also a good horse man in every sense of the word. A good story Is told on his secretary, a Mr. Me- Cann. a plain, unassuming gentleman from the South, who does not go much on style and "rapid" things in gen eral. It is stated that a few evening* ago Mr. Chanler drove by his offlca (nearly all congressmen now have a down town office) and asked his secre tary if he wouldn't like to go for a drive Mr. McCann said he would, and soon h« was shooting out Connecticut avenuo like a meteor, behind a pair of high, stoppers, wilh Mr. Chanler holding th« reins. When McCann came back from hia ride he gave a sigh of relief and re. marked to a newspaper friend: "Oh, yes. I like to ride, but I'll bt dad blamed if those horses were mlm I'd have them hooked to a plow for aboul two weeks before I'd trust myself be hind them in a cart. They are too pep, pery for me by a right smart. Street can are swift enough for me." • • • Justice *Haflan l of the supreme court. \\ fot>d of out door exercise of every char, acter, and cold weather <loes not pha*« him the least bit—in fact the colder it I* big over-grown, happy go-lucky countrr the better he ap poars to enjoy hta Justice outings. lie re- an Athlete. minds one of a great boy, out for a good time, and doesn\ care who knows it. He can put on a golf suit and hold himself with the best. In fact he is known as one of the best golf ers in the district. It is one of his great est hobbies to see matters of every char acter running without friction, and this fact, was forcefully illustrated during Hie blizzard last winter, when he took a hand in assisting a street car conductor to maintain order on his car. The justice was on a car going out. Connecticut ave nue. The passengers were as pleasant as could have been expected under the un fa v-orable cJrcnpVttftitcofl. There was one. however, who was tanked up on under takers' delight, and persisted In using profane language, notwithstanding the conductor repeatedly asked him to desist. The fellow was well dressed and looked like a man who might be of some conse **«ence. Something had gone wrong with him and he proceeded to make things as unpleasant a.s possible. Justice Harlan finally grew tired of such language, ana, requesting the conductor to stop the car, he grabbed the fellow by the back of tht neck, lifted him from the car bodily and landing him in a bank of snow, gave hie head several digs into it and with tno romark that he was a "dirty brute for cursing In the presence of ladles In st public conveyance," stepped back on tho car. The conductor did not know who Justice Harlan was, and looked on witD amusement as well as Joy. When Mr. Harlan was safely in his seat he calkj' tho conductor to him and said: "I realize that you were afraid of get ting into trouble with the company, so 1 took your part. If there Is anything further about this you can call upon me. I alone am responsible for the ejection of tha dirty rascal," and with this he hai.d ed the conductor his card. • • • Representative 'fate, of Georgia, has a son who is about, the. only person who ever got the best of him in politics 01 finances. Tate is an easy-going, careful man, not given to Told making "splurges," of Mr. Tate. as the people of his section say when one tries to put on style. Tate says the matter may be a joke, but he Calls to tee It. It was this way: Three years ago his son received an appointment as» a page In the senate, and the father tola him that Washington was a powerfui swift place for boys to spend money. Ha made a trade with him that if he would not spend his salary as page he would allow him $2 a week for car fare and pin money, as well as pay all his neces sary expenses. Young Tate realized at a Jump that he had a cinch, and in thu presence of his mother the trade was ir.ade. With the greatest clock-like regu larity young Tate would go to his father every week and collect his stipend' ot |2, while with the same regularity his money received as page went into the bank. Mr. Tate was asked about the truthfulness of the story, and he said. "If it was anybody else's boy but mlno 1 would say that it was something de serving of credit, but as It was my boy 1 don't care to talk about It, except to say that my son carried out religiously every part of his agreement with me and eairied homa with him more cash money than I expect to. He cared nothing about going to the theater and such amusements as tempt most boys. Ha was satisfied with being with his mother, with me, or with his books. I permitted him to select the college he wished to attend and he chose the State Uni versity of Athens. 1 endeavored to im press upon him that the colleges here offered superior advantages, but he said he preferred the university of his native state." Perhaps this is the only case on record where a page In the senate or house saved every cent for three years, and while Representative Tate says, laugh ingly, that his boy came near making a bankrupt of him while here and that ho la glad it is over with, It Is plainly evi dent that the father misses sorely tha son who was almost his constant com panion. —J. S. Van Antwerp. WHAT STATE PRESS SAYS. Annandale Advocate: The St. Paul po lice force is the most amusing thing on earth, but a stranger better keep out ot the city. He is liable to be arrested for arson if he simply wears a red neck tie. Delano Eagle: It is a curious anomaly when you come to think of It. Several towns In the southern part of the state are trying to compel the railroads to give as low freight rates as are given by the Great Northern. "Alexandria Post-News: Moses Clapp is said to be about to declare himself a candidate for governor. It Is to be hoped he will not. He ha» done many fool things In the past that if a candUat* would come back to haunt him.