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©h«:st*sind ©lube THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS. Bntcred at Poatofflce at St. Paul. Minn., fes Second-Class Matter. CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Carrier. 11 mo I * mos f U mos Dally enly ".". I ".46 V"52.25 ~ ~54.00 Dally and Sunday..) .60 2.76 5.00 Sunday .... ( .li | .78 1.60 COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. B_j Mail. |Imo I 6 mos I 12 moa Daily only". .28 $1.60 $3.00 Dally and Sunday.. .86 2.00 4.00 Sunday 75 1.60 Semi-Weekly ... j .60 1.00 BRANCH OFFICES. New York. 10 Spruce St.. Chas. H. Eddy in Charge. Chicago. No. S7 Washington St., Harry Frafiek. Mgr., Williams & Lawrence in Charge. WEATHER FOR TODAY. ■sola Fair WTeduesday and Thurs day; fresh northerly winds. Wisconsin Fair Wednesday and Thurs day; fresh northerly winds. North 1 »:i k.it.i Fair Wednesday and Tluns.it übly wanner Thursday; north to «- ■ isi winds. South Dakota Fair Wednesday and Thursday; probably warmer Thursday in ::: portion; north to east winds. Montana Fair Wednesday and Thurs lable winds. lowa Fair Wednesday ;>iul Thursday; north; ly \\ mils. ST. PAUL. 3 observations, taken by the tea weather bureau, St. Paul, P. !' Lyons observer, Cor the twenty four hours . nded a.i ? o'clock last night. irrected for temperature an.) elevation. Highest temperature 29 1, >\\.>m temperature 88 rage temperature ".it! \ v inge 7 r 30.112 Humidity 64 Precipitation 0 7 p. in., temperature 24 7p. in wind, northwest; weather, dear. SNOW A.ND !«'!•:. •>n ground and thickness <" i' > in inches, rivers and harbors, etc., March 12, 1900, Monday. 8 p. m.: Snow. Ice. Sr. Paul 2 22 0 Bismarck 0 23.0 Duluth T 23.5 2 27 0 y T li !o I-* Crosse 2 14.5 Marquette 23 12.0 Milwaukee 3 0(1.0 Moorhead 0 36.5 Willlston 0 88."fl V ESTERDA V S TKM PEI tATI RES. *BpmHighl *BpmHigh tleford ...14 K. Chicago 32 36 Bismarck ....22 28 Cheyenne ....38 56 t-' 44 1 ><•!. v.-r .... 50 62 J IS 22 Detroit 32 40 Edmom hi ...38 38 El Paso 78 82 g»vre li 46 Kansas City..sO 58 Helena 4»; 52 Los Angyles..6o 62 Huron 2s 38 Memphis ..60 78 Minnedosa 8 li New STork.. 36 36 Pr. AItHM-t.... 8 10 Norfolk 50 54 Qu'Appelle ..8 20,Oraaha 42 50 S^ Oinvnt ...IN 38 Pittsburg ....42 52 WlMishui ....36 28 8. Francisco.s2 64 Winnipeg ... n HSalt Lake. 58 CO ■is 3D Washington A 0 50 *Wa« Ime (7 p. in. St. Paul). WEDNESDAY. MARCH 14, 1900. MIXXKSOTA WHEAT GBADS&. The ipen letter from Chief Or, in In spector !•:. s. Relshua published in the Globe on Monday should prove con clusiv •:.-,■ to every fair-minded citizen that the tendency in the state grain inspec tion department since Mr. Reishus suc ceed-! T.i ulUce has b;»en towards im provem nt. and that the grades of Mlnno sota wheat, bo Car from being allowed to deteriorate, have been steadily Im proved. The Letter further shows that th ; grading -if Minnesota wheat commands the complete confidence of Eastern aiul ropean buyers and shippers, which in Itself la an evidence of the thorough effl dencj of the Inspection. And, further, Mr. Reiaima shows that the market price of No. I northern, th<> staple grade of the Minnesota and Northwestern crop, has been steadily maintained. This is as It should be, and the farmers ami grain dealers of Minnesota know thai It Is so, exactly a.s Mr Re'.shus states. Bui an attempt has been made by certain Republican newspapers to create In thj minds of the people, particularly thosa who are nof conversant wiih the grain trade, the Impression that under Mr. ftelshua the Inspection has not been efn rlently done, thai the. grades were looked upon with suspicion, and thai the price of No. I northern had fallen below No. 2 red winter wheat. It is ( inclusively Bhown that the mar ket price of No. 1 northern and Its rela ■ position as to No. 2 red winter are maintained, the Northern contract grade Belling r..r from ;? to V-^ cents higher than tiit» Southern contrad grade. This is in If i complete rebuttal of the allega tion thai Minnesota grades lie looked upon with suspicion, and, the fact of the j.ric being established, the whole tissue o!' false report falls to the ground. Bui Mr. Reishus further shows that out of twenty-five appeals taken by shippers from ilit- Inspection of the deputy In spectors, twenty-lour were appeal* against the amount of dockage, resulting In a change of only one-half pound, and only one appeal was taken against thu grading of the track Inspector, this be in*; in a "no grade" c The facts are so patent that those who are directly interested in tho grain busi ness have tak^n no notice of the persist ent attacks (,f some Republican newspa pers on Mr. Relshus, but have ascribed them to their true source—bitter political partisanship and dismissed th m as un rellable and unfair. One or two Republic an newspapers have had the courage and manliness to denounce such discreditable n itably the Preston Times, ed it"! by S. A. Langum. For the benefit of. those : !■!« who are not directly inter ested in ;ha growing or shipping of Wheat, a perusal of Mr. Reiihus' letter Is i • ■■■ •mmended. A MATTBUR OF COftgCUnfCS. It has of course been long evident that the Republicans who planned that the United .States should maintain "depend encies" (iid not have the constitution in view when they started out on their un dertaking. H Is fast becoming just as evii'.ein thai they are being forced each day to tHke account of that instrument And their mental struggles to get over or under or around the fundamental law of the union of states! or in any available way to circumvent its provisions, are in iijftriy (vises quite pathetic. Our contemporary, the St. Paul Pioneer Press, liuds Itself in very deep water, for ltt»lanoe, in dealing with that trouble some Instrument, especially in Its relation toward the levying of export and import duties It reveals its m'sery in piteous hkS&iOA in an article entitled "Ingen\puß but Not Convincing," published In iU issue of yesterday. The Immediate causa of our contemporary's difficulties Is the venerable Senator Hoar, now fre quently referred to In the Republican press as a hypocritical old auntie. The Massachusetts anti-expansionist has eail ed attention to the circumstance that the levying of duty on American articles ex ported to Puerto Rico or the Philippines Is In effeot a levying of duty on exports from American States, which Is express ly prohibited by the- federal constitution. Il<»w does our contemporary dispose of the difficulty to which Senator Hoar calls attention? It essays to do so lv a very unique manner. It tella Its readers that these economic provisions of the consti tution are not of the essence of that in strument. "They were the outgrowth," it Bays "of the economic experiences of the colonies, and were Inserted in the constitution partly because their (the col onies") experience had pointed to ..ne economic advantage of free trade among the colonies and partly to cement the Union and obviate occasions for Jeal ousy." Just so. But they were "inserted." Were they not? And they are there still. And tho only way to get rid of them is to amend the instrument which embodies them, is it not? Or has any other way been devised by the Imperialist brethren? The Globe certainly knows of none. It Is hardly probable that our contemporary does. But the national conscience, our contemporary sagely re marks, does not care a tig about the "competition bogy" which caused these provisions to be put In the constitution, nor yet for the "legal quibbles" which rest on their plain meaning and effect. And 80-^what? Ignore them, of course. They "'may offer splendid opportunities for hair-splitting and quibbles, but prece dent and national preservation Incline the nation to a broader view of the funda mei:::ii iaw a.s an Instrument to be lurn eii to the good of all peoples and not to their confounding." The clever gentleman who wroie all these beautiful things Is a little hazy on certain subjects. He doesn't stop, of course, to detine the national conscience or to- set forth his "precedents" or to specify where the "national preservation" comes in. And, naturally enough, when he finds himself and his imperialist brethren "confounded" and their "good" ignored, he forthwith concludes that "all peoples" are involved. But they are not. 11 is just an imperialist scrape, pure and simple. Nobody else is in it. The sooner and the more quietly our friend and con temporary can get out the better. His conscience and his intellect are both in volved, and, if Ms friends are hereafter to credit him with the possession of either, he vvi'.l keep quiet until the "open door" of escape is offered to him. tIOVERNMKXT-BULT SHIPS. A movement has recently sprung up looking toward the more general con struction of ships of war by the govern ment of the United States itself. The ! movement appears to have originated in Brooklyn, and is being urged forward with much vigor by its supporters. A | few days go a delegation visited "Wash ingtou to advocate the plan, especially ; with reference to the Brooklyn navy ! yard, and it is understood that their ar guments and claims received much con sideration from the committees of con gress before whom they were laid. There is considerable difference of opin ion on the question as to whether the government should do its own shlp i building, and how far it could go in this direction with advantage. The prepon derance of opinion is clearly that such I a course will be prornotive of great ad j dltlonal expense and that political in- I fluenees, involving extravagance and cor- I ruption, are certain to dominate any such undertaking in the course of time. Yet there are many who insist that the government, having most of the needed | facilities at its disposal, and being in a po sition to fully equip itself for the under taking, is called on to do its own ship building; and can do It with less cost to the treasury than It is being done through private ship-builders. Whichever of these views be the cor rect one, It is not deniable that the ar gument which presupposes political cor ruption as a result involves a very sad re flection on our political methods. It em bodies in itself one of the strongest ar guments which can be put forward in favor of doing something to redeem our civil service.' Must It ever be that the corruptionlsts alone shall have control In political life? Is it not possible under j any circumstances to reach such a con i ditlon of official responsibility as will j keep theft under foot? Do men always become transformed Into moral highway men when they enter the public service? Are there no regulations that we can make that will produce in public employ ments anything of the business system and of the sense of personal Integrity which work such wonders In private em ployment? There may, after all, be a serious fal lacy behind this particular class of ar gument. W fe collect and deliver our own mall. The postofflces are well and honestly conducted. We man and sail our own warships. No one claims that corruption is a feature of our naval ad ministration. We do our own public printing at Washington. Nobody claims that the government printing offloe is not honestly or efficiently managed. The true line of argument against the undertaking has not yet been advanced by the opponents of the government built war ships. Thus far their conten tions amount to litttle more than that we are sadly in need of an improvement in our civil service in all departments of government. If the government went Into the building of vessels of war on its own account, It would create Bad havoc with the Interests of establishments like the Cramps, whose extensive arrange ments for the construction of battleships were made at least on the implied as surance of the government that its pat ronage would be open to them in case certain conditions and requirements were realized. It would certainly work the gravest hardship on such concerns war* the government now to go into the bus iness on its own account. As a general principle of public policy, corruption or no corruption, the demand THK ST. PAUJL iZL,OBK, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 14, 19UU. of those who want the government to build its own ships has much to sustain It. It Is not to be disposed of by the ar guments thua far advanced against It. The immediate future will determine how far It is likely to be adopted, If It will ever be adopted. . 81 WRECKERS. It Is a pitiful record which is being made these days In what somebody has called subfinanclal circles In New York. It la a record. Indeed, which may well create and Justify feelings in the minds of the masses who hay* nothing to do with financial kite Hying that robbery Is In herent in all transactions which lead men and their money toward Wall street. Grand juries have bean compelled to take up the latest expression of that record, and the operations of certain men in connection with two of the largest lo cal street railway undertakings of the big city are now under criminal investi gation. In one of these cases—that of the Third Avenue street railway -there, has been ac complished an undertaking of naked plunder the extent of which surpasses belief. The stock of that concern, which two years ago was selling on the street at 242, is now going begging at 50. A wreck of $30,000,000 has been effected, and nobody knows how just at this time. What is known is that the richest, old est, strongest and best-managed of the local surface railway lines, running through the very heart of Manhattan island, which has been a literal gold mine for its owners for twenty-five years and over, has passed into the hands of a receiver, having been looted blind. In the other case—that of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit concern—there was not only robbery, but blackmail. A clique of scoundrels proceeded to work the street on the stock of that concern. They not only spread rumors of ruin and mis management, but they carried their oper ations ~o far as to publish advertisements telling how the property was being abused and actually advising everybody to go short on the stock. Brooklyn Rap id Transit has b^en peculiarly unfortunate In this particular direction, sustaining the belief that these scoundrels who have been enriching themselves at the expense of its bona fide stockholders have been at work a long time. When the late ■ Roswell P. Flower died he was in con trol of the proi>erty, and a raid on it was at once inaugurated, which caused se j rious loss and almost ended in panic. i But some, at least, of the marauders have I been caught and are now in jail await ing the punishment which may be meted out to them. So, too, the newspaper pub • Ushers who allowed themselves to become parties to their depredations are not un likely to learn a view of the law of libel which they had not before conceived of. In the face of this record of shame less plunder it is undisputed that the earning value of each of the properties is as good as it ever v. as; that its roll- ! ing stock, franchises and other property are Intact, and that time and common honesty are alone needed to render both j as profitable to their owners as they ever were. This, indeed, is the one fact which signalizes the form of plunder known as stock jobbing everywhere and at all times. The thieves who are threatened with punishment for their wrecking operations in these two cases may escape, or they may go to Jail. It will make but little difference one way or the other. A3 Ions? as the slate is stupid enough to allow its large public interests of this character to be made the prey of financial harpies and rogues such occurrences are likely to arise at any time. The man who keeps up his margin on his shares of stock in the hands of his broker, the state now virtually says, "owns" just bo much of the enterprise, and he is the man wno may say how it Is to be "managed." If those who own railroad property, whether steam or electrical, are willing that this state of things should continue rather than that the public authority should ex ercise reasonable supervision over such property, they must be content some day to see sensible people turn over to the views of those who are now telling us that the public should take hold of the entire transportation system, and furnish us all with free rides to wherever we wish to go. Representatives of the administration announce that the war in the Philippines is at an end, and that all that remains to be done is the establishing of civil gov ernment. Cablegrams, however, with their customary perverseness, announce the ambushing of ten American soldiers; an American officer and sixteen men sur rounded by Filipinos in a burning town; seven Americans killed In a battle In which the American forces were opposed by thousands of Filipinos, and other live ly evidences of pacification. Every time Secretary of War Root shows up on the wharf at Havana the warships fire off seventeen guns. Powder is expensive, and the Cubans protest that the money thu3 wasted might be utilized in cleaning the streets of the Cuban cap ital. But the Cubans have no idea of the fitness of things. Think of the streets one Fourth of July powder bill would clean for St. Paul. Senator Davis favors free trade for Puerto Rico ai** says so. But Mr. Davis Is from Minnesota. President McKinley also favors free trade for Puerto Rico, but he says he doesn't. That is the Ohio idea of the which'ness of the what. Britons can no longer utilize the phrase, "Yankee enterprise." London florists have bought up all the shamrock in Dub lin, and are selling the Irish emblem at advanced prices to English society belles. Gen. Otis has probably mislaid the ad dress of Agulnaldo. When asked as to the present whereabouts of the Filipino leader, he replied that he did not know. Almanac jokes are not obsolete. A con tributor sends in a communication about the "renewal ot jealousy among musi cians." AT THE THEATERS. METROPOLITAN. In the present day of farces, comedies and melodramas it Is a refreshing novel ty to witness such productions as Fanny Rice is presenting at the Metropolitan this week. For the matinee and even ing performances, which mark the close of Mloa Rice's engagement, today, the bill will be "Wig and Gown," "Nan, the Good-for-Nothing" and "The Circus Rider." Any theater-goer who cannot find something to his liking in Jacob Lltt's sumptuous production of "Sporting Life" must be Indeed difficult to please. "Sport ing Life" comes to the Metropolitan opera house for an engagement of four nights and Saturday matinee, commencing to- morrow -evening. The Danz orchestra will give the last of a series of five concerts at the Metropoli tan opera house next Sunday afternoon at 3:80. , GRA^TD. Today at 2:30 will be celebrated at the Grand opera house the flrat matinee per formance of "A Yenulne Yentleman." It wlli be a souvenir occasion, and each lady in attendance will receive a copy of an up-to-date musical composition, either vocal or instrumental. Next week will see a red letter event in the history of the* Grand opera house In the coming of that distinguished tra gedian and aetof of classical and roman tic plays, Mr. Frederick Warde, In a rep ertoire of his most popular successes. SMART SHORT STORIES. Prof. John Snelllng Popkin was pro fessor of Greek at Harvard some years ago, and he was not without a nickname, which he accepted as a matter of course from the students; but hearing It on one occasion from a man of dapper, juunty, unacademie aspect, Prof. Popkin ex claimed: "What right has that chap to call me 'Old Pop?' He isn't a student of Hardvard college." A story of the Duke of Devonshire is going the rounds in London. Some in quisitive and indiscreet friend asked him w rhat had been done at the cabinet coun cil. The duke kept both his countenance and his temper, and replied: "Well, the truth is Lord Salisbury is getting old, and so am T, and as he speaks in rather a low tone of voice, and as I am rather hard of hearing, I can't tell you, my dear fel low, anything about it." The following amusing story is told of Col. B. W. Wrenn, manager of the traf fic department of the big Plant system, by a well known newspaper man of New Orleans: "Some years ago I was broke in New York," he says, "and hearing that B. W. Wrenn, passenger traffics manager of the Plant system, was in town, I catted on him and asked for a pass to Jacksonville. Wrenn didn't know me from Adam, and he very properly turned me down. However, I had to have that pass, so 1 kept on tackling him, each time presenting some new reason why the road should carry me to Jacksonville. The last time I called the clerk wouldn't let me in, and ; handed me one of my cards on which Colonel Wrenn had writ ten: 'Keep thl« crazy fellow out. If he bothers me any more I'll go crazy.' That gave me an Idea, and I made a bee-line for Mr. Plant's private office. 'Mr. Plant,' T said, 'I want a pas-3 to Jacksonville, Fla.' The old gentleman looked at me in amazement. 'On what grounds?' he ask ed. 'In exchange for treating Col. Wrenn for threatened mental trouble,' I replied. Mr. Plant's face clouded. 'What kind of a game is this, sir?' he demanded, stern ly; 'Col. Wrenn is perfectly sane, sir, and 1 won't permit ' 'Pardon me,' I in terrupted, 'but Col. Wrenn is at this mo ment apprehensive of lunacy, and be lieveg firmly that it r,ests entirely with me to avert the attack. I have his written statement to t)iat effect in my pocket.' 'Let me see It!' Mr. Plant fairly shrieked. I handed him the card and got ready to run. As he read the 'inscription his face relaxed. His piercing- gray eyes began to twinkle. Finally, he lay back in his chair and roared w^ith laughter. 'Here, Mr. Smith,' he called to a clerk, 'give this young man transportation to Jackson ville, and charge it to medical treatment for Col. Wrenn.' " MAYOR GRAY IN NEW YORK. ■ New York Telegraph. Hon. James Gray is the reporter-mayor of Minneapolis. He'.doesn't look the part, but he is an al'.-round mayor sure enough out in his own merry and pros perous burg, and the politicians have found it out. For a week or ro Mayor Gray is stay ing at the Waldorf-Astoria, and on Fri day he called on our own Mayor Van Wyck at the city hall. Mayor Gray Is tall, robust and rosy. He has a big head and a big mustache as uncouth as that of ex-Secretary Dan Lamont. He Is an accident in politics, but no mere incident in Minneapolis. He was city editor of the Minneapolis Times, which was bitter ly opposed to the dominant party in the city. Mr. Gray exposed and pounded away at the Republican administration. He had no idea of being any sort of a candidate, and the Democrats had no sort of an idea of being able to elect their ticket. More I as a courtesy than anything else Gray was nominated. Then independent peo ple of all sorts "began to say: "Here these newspaper fellows are always ready to tell other people how to run every thing from a railroad to a city govern ment. We'll give one of them the chance." So they turned in, elected Gray —untrammeled, unpledged. He took them at their word. His appointments were made from the ranks of his fellow work ers, and bone-hunting politicians were turned down There was the dickens to pay in Minneapolis for a time, but the people stood by the young mayor and are enjoying as good government as the city ever had. EDITORIAL COMMENT. Opinion of the Crtties. Philadelphia Public Ledger. Gen. Grosvenor "dropped Into poetry" over the Puerto Rico bill, but everybody that has seen his effusion thinks he had better stick to politics. Auotlicir stub f«»r Caesar. New York World. When Senator Foraker referred the sen ate to Hanna for information as to why McKinley changes his mind, Brutus stab bed Caesar once more. it win sack. New York World. Gen. Lew Wallace is a master of phras es. Hia designation of Mark Hanna aa "The Great Ohio Suspect" will stick. But It'» Al>out Exhausted. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. The people of the United States have been very patient with Mr. McKinley. No other president hag been so fortunate. The Latest Siibkt.sHiih, Atlanta Journal. The latest Republican suggestion is, "For president, Benjamin Harrison. Plat form, backbone." And the Cuckoon Swallow It. Memphis Commercial-Appeal. Mr. McKinley is making a mess of the expansion problem. Fickle Wind. Chicago Journal. Washington Daily Weather Bulletin- Mr. McKinley is again blowing warm from the south. ■_ PRESIDENT. ANSWERED. Partisanship, can If partisanship ever hold few of us held a man in this against solemn pub-pountry "against sol lie duty.—[Mr. Me- emn public duty," it Klnley's Speech to was holding Mr. Mc the Ohio Society of Klnley against it New York. . when he assented to and advocated the i Puerto Rico tariff _ , bill.—[Chicago Jour n " nal and.). There can be no The Puerto Rico imperialism. —[From tariff bill is a substl tha same speech. tutlon of imperialism for the expansion ap proved by the Amer ican people.—[Chica go Inter Ocean (Rep.). On the Tusela. Philadelphia Record. CorporaWSo you were taken off your guard 7 Sentry (who allowed a Boer to rush the lines)—No, sot! I wuz takin' off my boots. Washington dosrip, Politic*! tad Otherwise, for the Render* ml the Olobe. WASHINGTON, March 13.-(SpecJal.)— The effort to bring out a presidential can didate against MaJ. McKinley thla year has utterly failed, aa was predicted would be the ease in Washington dis patches to thia paper. . There was no chanoe, however, for the anti-McKlnley ltea to use former President Harrison to revenge themselves upon the present chief executive. It was not possible for them, either, to secure the consent of Senator Davis, of Minnesota, to permit the use of his name as a presidential candidate against the man who now pre sides over the White house. With Harri son and Davis out of the way. the Mc- Kinley bolters could only turn to one man considered strong enough for the people to use against MaJ. McKinley ad vantageously. This is no less a person than Gov. Roosevelt, of New York. The New York governor is ambitious to be come president. Could it have been shown to him that he could have defeat ed Maj. McKinley at Philadelphia he un doubtedly would have consented to the use of his name as a candidate. He was wise enough to foresee, however, that such a matter could not be brought to a successful issue, and he therefore will await the verdict of the Republican party as to its candidate for the presi dency in 1904. This will be the case with Senator Da vis. In view of the fact that the Min nesota senator is continually adding to his record as one of the greatest states men of his time, he will compete with the New York governor for the Repub lican presidential nomination in 1904, with the possibility that he may win. The leading candidates in that year, if both Davis and Roosevelt live, will be the Minnesota senator and the present gov ernor of New York. » • • There will be some interesting sena torial contests in various Western states within the near future. The next Ne braska legislature will be called upon to elect two United States senators. Senator Thurston's term expires March 4 next, as does also the term of William V. Allen, appointed to rill the vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Hayward. It is understood that there will be at least a score of Republican candidates for these two places in the event that the legislature is Rppublican. Among those who will be in the race are George D. Melklejohn, former Senator Mander son, Representative Mercer and Edward Rosewater. proprietor of the Omaha Boe. Nebraskans believe that, in the event that the legislature is Republican, the successful candidates for senatorial honors will be Mfiklejohn and Mercer. In Idaho Senator Shoup will be up for re-election next winter. His most deter mined competitor will be Fred T. Dv Bois, former United States senator from that state. Mr. Dv Bois deserted the Republican party at the St. lK>uis con vention, in 1896. He declined to affiliate with the party longer, because, as he claimed, it did not keep its pledges re garding the coinage of silver as a money metal. Mr. Shoup was wise enough to remain true, to the party, for, by doing so, he was able to control the McKioley patronage in Idaho. This strengthened him with the politicians in every section of the state. Being strong with the masses, however, Mr. Dv Bois will give Mr. Shoup a hot race for the senatorship next year. The silver men predict that he will win. * • • The Information comes to the national capital from Washington state that for mer Senator Wilson will be a candidate for senator, to succeed Mr. Turner, the present Populist senator from that state-. Mr. Wilson will have opposition in his own party, ;is he did two years ago, when he was defeated for the senatorship by Addlson G. Foster, of Tacoma. The Wil son men anticipate, however, that he can win next time, if the Republicans have a fair working majority in the leg islature. # ♦ ♦ General Land Commissioner Hermann will be a candidate for the senatorship, to succeed Mr. Me.Bride, of Oregon, when the latter's term expires. Mr. Hermann has never been satisfied since his defeat for representative in the lower house of the national congress. It is now his purpose, so it is stated, to work indus triously to capture the seat in the uppe-r branch now occupied by the senior sen ator from Oregon, and Mr. Hermann and his friends believe that he will be suc cessful. The contest will be a bitter one. It will be a three-cornered right. Mcßride and Hermann will have a foe man worthy of their steel in former Sen ator John H. Mitchell. Mr. Mitchell will enter the race, believing that neither Mc- Btide nor Hermann can secure enough votes to elect them. If this proves to be true, Mr. Mitchell's plan is to have his friends push him forward as a dark horse, so to speak, thinking that the majority of the Republican legislators will turn to him as a compromise candidate, which will mean his success. • • • Whatever opportunity the advocates of the pure food law had for having con gress pass a bill satisfactory to them at this session, is now lost because of the peculiar "antics" of the delegates to the pure food congress, recently held In this city. Nearly every trade organization was represented in this congress, and the governors of nearly all the states dele gated representatives to attend. The pure rood congress was in session two or three days at the National hotel, and every ses sion ended with a row. Instead of being able, by their deliberations here, to fur ther the chances of the passage of a pure food law through the United States congress, they injured their prospects by being unable to agree upon any proposi tion to present to the national legislature. There are several bills pending in the United States congress prohibiting the adulteration of any product u?ed for food. The provisions of the different measures are not similar, and it is extremely doubt ful if an agreement on any food bill can be reached In either house during the first session of the Fifty-sixth congress. Senator Mason, of Illinois, has for sev eral sessions, in both the house and the senate, presented for consideration cer tain measures having in view the Imposi tion of a penalty for manufacturing or selling adulterated foodstuffs. The Illinois senator is an energetic man In whatever he undertakes, and usually uses a good deal of steam power in endeavoring to push all his schemes to a successful fin ish. The senator, however, was unable to agree to the different propositions ad vanced by the men asesmbled here at the pure food congress. As a matter of fact, Mr. Mason was considerably disgusted be cause of the failure of the delegates to the pure food congress to agree upon pro visions for a pure food bill which would be sanctioned by the senate, house and the president of the United States. The situation at present, as before stated, is unfavorable for the enactment of the pure food law in the near future. —J. S. Van Antwerp. TAWNEY;S"*BOOMERANG. Washington dispatch Minneapolis Jour nal: Congressman Tawney has had published in the First district a three-column state ment by the way of a supplemental de fense of his position as defender of the Puerto Rlcan tariff. The burden of this latest "explanation" Is that the Associated Press and the Washington correspondents have com bined to misrepresent the position of the friends of the tariff, and that the senti ment of the country is due to these unfair and untrue reports. A First district paper, containing this last utterance from Tawney, reached Washington last night arrd was shown along newspaper row, where it excited much bitter feeling. There are so many things the Associated Press and the spe- cial correspondents might have said about Tawney since this session began—things which would have placed him in an un favorable light In his district and state, but which, although untrue, were over looked because nobody wanted to do any thing that would even look like persecu tion or taking an unfair advantage—that the general impression prevails that Taw ney is under distinct obligations to the newspaper men for the way they have behaved. One correspondent says: "I wish to say that Tawney's charge Is un true, and that none knows this better fhan Tawney himself. Undoubtedly this last explanation was given out for Fifth district consumption, with no idea it would ever get back to Washington." HOST OF NEW TEACHERS THEY ARE (iHAMBU STATE CER TIFICATES ON EXAMINATION. Very nearly 1,500 teachers' certificates of the first and second grade have been mailed to county superintendents by Stale Superintendent Lewis, for delivery Co those who passed the state examination held Feb. 2 and 3. Mr. Lewis signed I,KW certificates for candidates who wholly qualified at the February examination. and 283 who perfected subjects in which they were deficient at the August exam ination. Ramsey and Ilennepln county, as com pared with somo of the other counties, are credited with very few certificates. The explanation for this lies in the faOL that both Minneapolis and St. Paul op erate under special charter provisions, and to be eligible to appointment in the city schools, state certificates are BOt requisite. The greater number of the teachers for the cities are supplied by the local teachers' training schools, and to outsiders special examinations are given to determine their qualifications for ped agogical work. The following is the distribution of cer tificates by counties: Aitkin, 1; Anoka, 5; Becker, 18; Bel trami, 9; Benton, 5; Big Stone. 17; Blue Earth, 65; Brown, 20; Carlton, f.; Carver. ]4; Cass, 11; Chippewa, 9; Chisago, 8; Clay, 33; Cottonwood, 18; Crow* Wing, 9; Dakota, 3: Dodge, 19; Douglas, 24; Fari bault, 35; Flllraore, 50; Freeborn, 23; GoJ hue, 35; Grant, 8; Hennepln, 26; Houston, 6; Hubbard, 17; leanti, 6; Itasca, 2; Jack son, 7; Kanahec, 4; Kandlyohl, 22; Kltr son, 9; Lac gui Parle, 10; Le Sueur, 2S: Lincoln, 8; Lyon, 9; MoLaod, 26; Marshall, 3; Martin, 22; Meeker, 10; Mille I-.acs. 6; Mower, 17; Murray, 8; Nicollet, 1; Noblep, 10; Norman, 16; Oimsted, 24; Otter Tall, 15; Pine, 12; Plpestone, 6; Polk, 45; Pope, 13; Ramsey, 16; Red Lake, 20; Redwood, 14; Renville, 17; Rice, 22; Rock, 9; Roseau, 2; St. Louis, 10; Scott, 15; Sherburne, 8; Sibley, 10; Steams, 25; Steele, 6; Stevens, 10; Swift, 16; Todd, 26; Traverse, 6; Wa basha, 30; Wadena, 14; Warec^, "G; Wash ington, 10; Watonwan. 15; Wilkin, 6; Wl nona, 39; Wright, 7; Yellow Medicine, 4. Under the nsw law regulating the certi fication of teachers, examinations are held at county seats of every county at times fixed by the state superintendent. Last summer the number of certificate.-, issued resulting from the examination was much greater than for the sprint* examination, the result of which was an nounced by Mr. Lewis yesterday. Next summer, when another examination 1.-s held, it is anticipated that the number will be still smaller. The law requires that all who were not teaching In the state prior to five years ago, take the state examination. A very large percent age of the teachers have already com plied with the new law. and Mr. Lewi:? believes that the heaviest part of the work incident to the change in the sys tem of registering teachers has been ac complished, and in the future the depart ment will have comparatively clear sill ing. It cost the state 5 cents each to have the papers read and marked. Since the latter part of February the department handled 19.645 papers, representing the work of 2,437 candidates who took the ex amination. Of this number 1.22S had their papers rejected, an unusually large num ber. Mr. Lewis stated yesterday, how ever, that local examiners accepted nor mal scholars who were under the age lim it, which accounts for a very large num ber whose papers were rejected. As the new system gradually works out, its small details become more emphasized and generally better understood. Next year Mr. Lewis will allow three days for the examination. This will give county superintendents an opportunity to sub mit questions for a written test of the professional training of applicants, and tlx^ department recommends that county superintendents notify teachers of the books upon which the questions for the professional examinations will be based, and recommending the books adopted by the executive committee of the state teachers' reading circle. Tn regard to the Steele county casea of copying, no certificates will be issued to parties whose papers show that they copied. In future no papers will be sx amined from counties where superintend ents have not complied absolutely with the law and the applicants are seated at separate desks, as in a school room. The superintendent states that papers which were close have been passtd upon by three sets of readers, and he is quite sure that no applicant deserving a second grade certificate has been denied It. GILBEBT MEMORIAL PLANS. Probable That There Will Be at Leaxt Two Meetings. The memorial services for the late Bishop M. N. Gilbert, which were an nounced to take place at Christ church Thursday evening in the place of the lecture by Dr. Hodges, before the Church club, has been postponed to some even ing next week, when a special memorial service will be held In the People's church. Next Sunday a memorial service will be held in the Y. M. C. A. rooms in honor of the late Bishop M. N. Gilbert. to ¥nify the system. That Is the Aim of Directors of Furibault Institution The board of trustees for the Minnesota institute for defectives spent yesterday at Faribault looking over the three school* with a view of unifying the system of th^ Institutions. Tn the past there t:as bee i a tendency to isolate each Institution and treat It as separate from the others, wh :i the law recosnl7.es the three schools at one. The board believe that the b.-sf results can be accomplished by lnstitu In•; a uniform syrtom of administration. NAMES NEW* POLICEMEN. John Thelse, formerly a street railway employe, was appointed to the pnli ;e force by Mayor Klefer yesterday. Theise is credited as an appointment for the Ninth ward crowd. Today or tomorrow Mathias N. Bisenlus, a rodman In the em ploy of the Great Northern, will bo ap pointed to the police force by the mayor. Bisenlus lives In the Fifth ward. Today'§ Attractions at SI Paul Retail Stem. FIEIJD, SCHL.ICK & CO. have an In teresting- atory about their display o' the latest Dres.s Uoods and tailor-made Suits, in all the newest styles and fabrics. HOWARD, FARWRLL, & CO. offer at a special price a good Ohlckeringr Piano that has been in use for about two years, otherwise as good as new. NORTH STAR HOI TSEFI/RNISHING CO. have a model four-room flat fur nished in their store to give interested parties an idea how attractive It may be made. AMONG ST. PAIL WOMEN The following officer* were elected at yesterday's annual meeting of the Home Missionary Society of the House of Hope Church, held in the church parlors: President, Mrs. C. P. Noyes; first vice president, Mrs. C. H. Blgelow; second vice president, Mrs. George Puller; third vice president, Mrs. W. E. Howard; fourth vica president, Mrs. Archibald MacLaren; recording secretary. Miss Banning; corresponding secretary, Mrs. W. P. Jewett; treasurer, Mrs. ('. G. Johnson; secretary of literature, Mrs. Joseph McKlbbin. Mrs. George B. Young is chairman of the executive board, and serving with her are Mrs. B. I<\ Ferris. Mrs. Robert Kirk, Mrs. Kenneth Clark, Mrs. B. P. Sanborn, Mrs. James Adama, Mrs. B. O. Rogers, Mra. Whitridge and Mrs. Frederic Ingernoll. The entertain ment committee is composed of Mra. A. P. Moss, chairman; Mrs. (Jeorge Tapley, Mrs. J. M. Welch, Mrs. Wealey Jamleson and Mrs. W. B. Dixon. The total receipts for the year were $848.35. Of this $678 was sent to the Home Mission board in New York, and $212.88 was expended in boxes for frontier families. The total disburse ments were $838. to. The members of the society have mada 168 garments during the year. Boxes amounting to $611.85 have been sent to frontier mission stations. A noon luncheon was served, Mrs. J. T. McMillan and Mm. Whitridge having charge. A pleasant feature of the meet ing yesterday was the presence of a dele gation of women from the Westminster Presbyterian church in Minneapolis. The visitors were Mrs. Pleasant Hunter, wife of the pastor of the chinch; Mrs. J. W. Pemberthy, president of the Home Mis sionary society; Mra. Burt, chairman of the entertainment committee, and Mrs. John Gordon. The annual meeting of the Woman's Home and Foreign Missionary societies included in the St. Paul presbytery wilt be held Thursday and Friday, March 29 and 30, at Westminster Presbyterian church. There will be morning and after noon sessions both days, and. besides the election of officers and appointments of committees, interesting programmes ara being arranged. Mrs. R. W. John.-on will give a talk on Sunday school work at the Home Missionary meeting Thursday, and Mra. C. P. Noyes will read a paper that was prepared by her to be read before the Century club. Its subject is "One of Our Problems—the Negro." Friday aft ernoon Dr. Paxton, of the House of Hope church, will address the Foreign Mis sionary society. . • * * The Thursday Musical club announces that the musicians of the Twin Cities are to have an opportunity of hearing Mr. Leopold Godowsky. the distinguished pianist. In a recital to be given at tho Unitarian church, Minneapolis, on the evening of Murch 22. • • • The women of Christ church met yes terday afternoon in the guild room of the church to consider some plan for rais ing a sum of money toward the pay ment of the church debt. Mrs. J. L. Forepaugh, president of the Ladles' Aid society, presided. As a result of the meeting, the women pledged themselves to contribute $2,000 toward the debt. The amount will be raised by voluntary con tributions which will be sent in Easter Sunday as an Easter offering. In case fiiQ contributions fall below $2,000 the women of the church will give an enter tainment after Easter to make up the necessary amount. • • • ' The Sixth ward branch of the Wom an's Civic league, which was to have met yesterday with Mrs. J. V. Hawkins. Isa bel street, has postr>oned its meeting ta next Wednesday. The place of meeting; will be the same. • 9 * A studio tea and musicals will be given by the Schubert club Friday afternoon at 3:30 in the assembly room of the Y. M. C. A. Piano numbers will be played by Miss McMillan and Miss Amelia Olm sted. Miss Helen Trott. Miss Belle Barker and Mrs. W. B. Dlxon will sing. The programme committee of the Schu bert club have announced that the re quests for request programme, to bo given April 27. will be closed the larft of this week. The requests may be from any programme up to date, the musicale* given March 30 and April 16 to have re quests sent in Immediately after. Send requests to Mrs. H. R. Curtis. «li Lincoln avenue, or to Mrs. J. W. Thomp son, the Marlborougli. • • * The Young People's Lutheran League of the English Memorial Lutheran Church gave a Eugene Field .social last evening at the residence of Rev. an»t Mrs. A. J. D. Haupt. on lglehart stree* Charles Hensel gave an account of the life of the writer. Misti Clara Listo* told something of his poetic works, a:i» George Wergedahl of his prose work.*. Miss Nellie Carlson *ang "Liitle l-«i» Blue," and Mr. Haupt and Miss ni<.t Norlamler gave readings from the au thor's works. After the social the yoiinf women served refreshments. • • • The St. Paul Camera club held its reg» uiar monthly rae«tlng last night. The* following new members were elected: Miss B. F. Wallow, Mrs. A. M. Allen, Miss E. E. Seagrer, Gregory Bolt. Dr. Leavltt and John Wade. The club gained fifteen new members in February. The following nominating committee was ap pointed last night to select officers to be voted upon at the April meeting: W. A. Dana, B. J. Shlpman, A. E. Greaza, J. W. Beck and F. M. Laraway. The club members are making plans for the annual Decoration day outing. H. A. Clifford. F. M. Laraway and W. J. Sonnen were appointed a committee to find a suitable place for the outing mm to arrange the details. There was to have been an exhibition of American Lantern Slide exchange slides from the Buffalo, Detroit and Syracuse Camenv clubs last evening, but the slides did not arrive, so a hundred slides taken by the club members were shown instead. As soon as the Eastern slides arrive a sp« clal meeting of the club will be called and tho slides exhibited. • • • Mr. and Mrs. F. R. Welz and grand .laughter, Marie, of the Ryan hotel, win sail April 10 or. the steadier Columbia for an extended trip abroad. They will spend some time In London. Paris. Bor. lin and Carlsbad. • • • i H. W. Rietzke. of Selby avenue, will sail for Europe early in June to attend the Paris exposition. • • • Mrs. R. C. Hlne> entortained at an In formal thimble bee yesterday afternoon at her apartments In the Albion. • • • Miss Jewett entertained informally last evening at her home on Selby avenue. • • • Mrs. Charles E. Smith, of Marshall avenue, will leave the flrat part of next week for New York. She wfll sail from there March 84. visiting Italy and the Revlera and will be in Paris for the opening of the exposition. Dr. F. If. Orton returned yesterday from a month's absence In Mexico. THE PLYMOUTH CL.OTHINO HOUsB, corner Seventh and Robert, announce an other fall in Boys' and Men's Suits, and say they will reach th< lowest figure for the year 1900 today, and promise many new pointers for next week. W. J. DYER & BRO.. 21-ft West Fifth street, put up two Piano bargains that they claim are daisies and can't be beat. They lead their ad with a clever saying of a soldier at the battle of S*n Juan hill. YERXA has his dally Ust of spr<ria£ prices on high Quality table ftttpptte*.