Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIII.- NO. 240.
m ii i 11
STORY FROM SHANGHAI BLAMES
HIM FOR THE lIOXER OUT
BREAK IN CHINA
ALLIES 10AU AGGRESSIVE
HAVE SEIZED THE DISTRICT WEST
OF PEKIX—DOWAGER AT
RUSSIA NOT WITH WILHELM
Czar Does Not Indorse the Re
vengeful Spirit Displayed by
the German Kaiser—Affairs
Quieting Down. ' . ....
LONDON, Aug. 28.-3:50 a. m.—The al
lies, resuming aggressive operations,
have taken the district west of Pekin.
This statement, based on Chinese au
thority, is cabled from Shanghai. From
the same place comes the further state
ment that Li Hung Chang has wired
the empress dowager at Hsian Fu re
questing the arrest of Prince Tuan and
the disarmament of the Boxers, in order
to give him an opening for negotiations
With the powers.
The illuminations projected at Shang
hai In celebration of the relief of Pekin
have been abandoned, lest they should
cause a native out-ta>reuk.
"Evidence has been received here,"
says the Shanghai correspondent of the
Standard, "going to show that Gen. Yung
Lv was the real author of the anti
foreign outbreak, the empress dowager,
Prince Tuan and the others all having
been persuaded by him to take an ex
treme attitude, while he stood aside ana
American refugee missionaries In
Amoy, according to the Hong Kong cor
respondent of the Daily Mail, are anxious
to return to the interior, but the United
States consul has forbidden them to do
so, anj uryes them to go to the Phil
ippines or return to America.
Shanghai advices to the Daily News
Bay that consul opinion there looks upon
Japanese action in the landing of troops
at Amoy, despite the protests of the con
suls, as similar to that of Russia at New
Chwang, the whole indicating a tenden
cy to a partition of the empire.
"Russian Journals agree," says the
Moscow correspondent of the Standard,
"that it is Impossible to deal with China
In the spirit of revenge, as suggested
by Emperor William. They believe that
methods less drastic can better accom
plish the designs of Russia in ilanchuria.
The question would be satisfactorily set
tled to Russian minds hy the seizure of
the northern provinces."
A St. Petersburg special quotes Em
peror William, when wiring in answer
to the announcement that a Russian
regiment had been named after him, as
"Express my good wishes today, with
all the greater joy, since our Russian
and German comrades, atter a long time,
are fighting together again, shoulder to
ehoulder. According to an old and sacred
tradition, victory will not be wanting."
ROME, Aug. 27.—A telegram received
here from Taku, under date of Sunday,
Aug. 2C, confirms reports that a convoy
•was being formed at Pekin to conduct,
under a strong escort, the allies' wounded
and the women and children to Tien
LONDON, Aug. 27—A dispatch from
Tokio says Gen. Yammagachl reports
that the Chinese have not abandoned
hope of retaking Pekin, and that 9a,050
men, with fifteen guns, were advancing
toward Pekin from Shan-Tung, probably
intending to cut the allies' communica-
PARIS, Aug. 27.—The French consul at
Shanghai wires that Emperor Kwang
and Prince Tuan are now In the
province of Shen SI. With reference to
the missionaries and engineers at Chen
Ting Fu, southwest of Pekin, the con
sul says they are as yet uninjured, but
that their position is critical.
PARIS, Aug. 28.-4:25 a. m.—A special
dispatch to Le Siecle from St. Petersburg
"It is persistently rumored in St.
Petersburg that the Russian government
has received a dispatch asserting that
after a fierce battle Inside Pekin, the
allies retreated, losing 1,800 men, mostly
Russians. It is further said that the
Chinese occupy fortified pos'tions from
■which they are bombarding the allies
In a murderous manner."
PARIS, Ar\g. 27.—Official dispatches
from Shanghai explain that the Han
Kow uprising was not due to the Box
ers, but was a plot organized by the
partisans of Kang Yu Wei, the reformer,
combined with the secret society known
as the "Ko Lao Hul," an anti-foreign
organization, who proposed to the south
ern viceroys a revolt against the Pekin
government. The readers of the move
ment relied especially upon Chang Tchl
Tung, viceroy at Hankow, for arms,
gunpowder, and other agents of destruc
BERLIN, Aug. 27.—Emperor William
has cabled to Lieut. Couseden, command
er of the German marines in Pekin dur
ing the siege of the legations, congrat
ulating him upon his heroic persever
ence, and conferring upon him the dec
oration of the Red Eagle. Next Thurs
day, with the empress and the imperial
proces, his majesty will attend the cere
mony of consecrating the flag for ihe
Asiatic expedition, which will take place
In this city. The foreign attaches will
witness the nailing of the flags to the
MARSEILLES, Aug. 27.—M. Francois,
French consul at Yun Nan Sen, arrived
here this afternoon aboard the'steamer
Tonkin. When questioned with regard
to the troubles in China, he replied that
the first cause was the hatred the natives
felt for the foreigners. After that, in
his Judgment, came the overwhelming
ambition of Prince Tuan, inspector of
the imperial policy. "Tuan it was," said
M. Francois, "who prepared everything-.
He was able by his Machiavellian skill
and by the assistance of his creatures
to get an imperial order delivered the
Fame day in all the provinces of China
directing the massacre of foreigners if
they refused to leave the country."
RECEIVED AT WASHINGTON.
Dispatches Indicate That Boxers
Are Still Trouble-some.
WASHINGTON". Aug. 27.—After, several i
flays intermission In Chinese advices the '
the St. Paul Globe
government today received two dispatches,
presumably bringing its advices up to the
most recent date. There are indications
that the principal delays in the lines of
communication are encountered between
Tien Tsin and Pekin, a fact explainable
by the newspaper advices that tmall
bands of Boxers are operating on the
line of communication of the Pekin cam
paign forces. Just such interference with
the work of the signal corps men was
experienced by the United States forces In
the Philippines and by Lard Roberts'
troops in the Transvaal campaign. Usual
ly these interruptions are very short, the
marauders being driven off and the lines
restored within a day or two. The fact
that more than a week was covered by
the last interruption gives rise to the
belief here that these attacks upon the
lines of communication by the Boxers
are more formidable than was supposed
to be possible, after the heavy losses in
flicted upon them by the international
forces in its advance.
The important dispatch of the day was
one from Mr. Conger relative to the mili
tary situation in Pekin. Unfortunately it
lacked a date, the minister presumably
not having yet received the department's
instruction to include the date in the body
of his dispatches. The state department
at first undertook to have the cable com
panies correct this serious omission, but
finally concluding from evidence that
Mr. Conger's message was certainly later
than any of those emanating from the
Chinese capital, the message was allow
ed publicity for what it was worth. Mr.
Conger's reference to the arrival of 2,000
fresh German troops caused some sur
prise, no one apparently having closely
watched the movements of the German
contingent, which is now arriving with
fairly regular frequency in China, and
which consequently may be expected soon
to equal in numerical strength the mili
tary contingents of any of the European
nations there represented.
Another event of the day of some in
terest was the order dispatching the Cas
tine from Shanghai to Amoy, distant
about 400 miles. The little gunboat should
make the run in about two days under
The first direct word from Gen. Chaffee
since Aug. 18 came today In the form of
a cablegram dated today at Taku, report
ing the action of the Sixth cavalry witn
the enemy near Tien Tsln on the 19th.
The cable is as follows:
"Taku, Aug. 22. — Adjutant Geneial,
Washington: Col. Wint, on the 18th, re
ports marched at 4 a. m. and engaged
large force of enemy seven miles from
the city, dispersing them, killing about
100. Americans lost about five wounded.
List soon as learned. —"Chaffee."
PYTHIANS AT DETROIT
ENCAMPMENT OF THE UNIFORM
RANK IN FULX, SWING.
DETROIT, Mich., Aug. 27.—"Camp
Pingree," as the Knights of Pythias' mil
itary camp is officially designated, was
in full swing today, although Maj. Gen.
Carnahan did not take charge officially
until this evening. Fifty thousand men
slept on the tented field last night, and
new arrivals were reporting all day. Ho
tels and boarding houses were filling
rapidly with non-members of the uni
Maj. Gen. Camavan assumed formal
command of the tenth biennial encamp
ment of the Uniformed rank, Knights of
Pythias, at 5:30 this evening in tfie pres
ence of the several divisions of his com
mand and a throng of spectators. The
various brigades and separate regiments
in camp were drawn up for the cere
mony in dress parade formation on the
boulevard facing the major general's
headquarters. The men stood, however,
in closer order than is common in dress
parades. Gen. Carnavan was stationed at
the edge of the rise of ground on which
his headquarters are located, his enor
mous staff ranged along on either side.
With the major general stood Mayor
May, G. L. Lusk, of Bay City, grand
chancellor of the Michigan Pythians,
members of the local executive commit
tee, and Thomas J. Sample, supreme
chancellor of the Knights of Pythias.
Most of the spectators wore massed along
the embankment on the op-posite side of
the boulevard in the rear, of rows of red
plumed white helmets of the Knights.
The ceremonies began with an address of
welcome by Mayor Maybury. The mayor
assured the Knights that if any of them
should be in need of a hostage he him
self would cheerfully act as such. He
congratulated the Knights upon the fact
that knighthood and the drawn sword
signified now not war, but kindness, cour
tesies, honor and charity. He said many
Pythians had responded to their last call
Grand Chancellor Lusk, in the annence
of Gov. Pingree, presented a welcome in
behalf of the state, and Dr. R. L. Cun
ningham, chairman of the local Pythian
committee, did likewise.
Supreme Chancellor Sample responding
eaid that the uniformed ran... must be
given much credit for the marvelous
growth of Pythianism. He praised the
military branch because "alongside the
never defeated American flag ftes the tri
color of the Pythians. Both have been
now taken across the water, and both are
to stay there."
The dramatic order Knights of Khcr
assen had a meeting, exemplified a new
ritual and elected the following officers:
Imperial prince, John Hensy, Chicago;
imperial bansha, Fran Clark, Detroit; Im
perial cadi, W. D. Harfleld-, Peoria, 111.;
imperial secretary, H. W. Beldlng, St.
Louis; imperial treasurer, C. B. Grase,
Park Grove, Io.; imperial adool, D. P.
Sumney, Charlotte, N. C: Imperial ikflr,
j. p. Way, Chicago; imperial lnestec, W.
A. Frazer, Dallas, Tex.; sublime vener
able prince, F. E. Duncan, Dcs Moines,
Sessions of the supreme lodge begin to
morrow. One of the most actively dis
cussed questions Is the candidacy of Su
preme Chancellor Sample for re-election.
A very strong sentiment is developed to
continue the system of rotation in office,
and elect Vice Chancellor Fethers, of
Wisconsin, chief officer.
The spectacular feature of tomorrow
will be the grand parade.
MAILS TO ALASKA.
Government Contracts lor Their
WASHINGTON, Aug. 27.—The postofflce
department has given a contract to the
Canadian Development company, limited,
to carry letter mall from Skagway to St.
Michael and Nome from Dec. 1 next to
March 31. The route will be via Dawson,
Canada; Forty Mile, Canada; Eagle,
Alaska; Circle City, Rampart, Tanana,
Jeruka, Natula and Eaton, Alaska, a dis
tance of 1,063 miles each way, with a
branch from Eaton to Chennlk to Nome, ,
240 miles each way. On the main line
there are to be two round trips a month,
leaving Skagway on the Bth and 22d of
each month, running not to exceed sixty
days each way betwen Skagway and St.
Michael, and also between Skagway and
Nome. Suitable relay stations will have
to be provided by the contractor along
The department also has made a con
tract for carrying letter mail on two
trips from Eaton to Koizebue Mission, a
new Alaskan postoflfice, a distance of 400
miles each way. The malls will leave
Eaton on Jan. 1. 1901, and March 1 fol
lowing, thirty days' mnning time being
allowed each way.
Wanted to Lynch Him.
MARION, Ind., Aug. 27.-C. C. Beck
was locked up here to escape being
lynched at Point Isabel, his home. Beck
is a merchant at Point Tsabel, where he
is accused of criminally assaulting his
; two grand daughters, one eight, the
other four years of age. I
TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1900.
rai 1 hi
THEY GATHER BY TENS OF THOU
SAND'S FOR THE ANNUAL
THE MOJSTER PARADE TOBAY
IT IS EXPECTED 40,000 OLD . SOL
DIERS "WILL BE Df THE ,
LTNE OF MARCH
THE WEATHER IS PERFECT
Heat of Last Week Ha* Given Place
to Cooling Breezes From Lake
Michigan—Yesterday Warn '
CHICAGO, Aug. 27.-The thirty-fourth
annual encampment of the Grand Army
of the Republic which was formally
opened last night by the monster meet
ing in the Coliseum, was in full Mast
today and in till respects it pror.ises to
be the greatest and most successful en.
campmont the army has ever held. All
last night and all of today train after
train loaded down with veterans and
their friends rolled into the various
depots in the city and by evening it was
estimated by railroad oflicials that full*
45,000 old soldiera had arrived and that
300,000 other excursionists had come with
them. It is said that there will be 50,000
additional arrivals by tomorrow mo.ning.
The veterans have come from all parts
of the republic and every northern stato
has sent a strong contingent. The New
York delegation is one of the largest the
Empire state has ever sent to an annual
encampment. Fully 1,000 of them had
come in by this morning and every train
from the East brings more of them.
New Jersey,, Pennsylvania and the New
England states are all represented by
large numbers of old soldiers. lowa, Ohio
and Indiana and Wisconsin have sent
larger numbers than to any other en
campment In recent years. Oen. J. War
ren Kiefer, of Ohio, and Gen. Edward S.
Bragg, of Wisconsin, both said this after,
noon they looked to see tomorrow the
greatest number of old soldiers that had
marched at one time beneath the Star*
and Stripes since the memorial review in
Washington at the close of the war.
The first day of the encampment wa?
cne of ideal beauty In marked contrast to
the hot and humid weather that has pro
ceded it since the first of August. There
was in the early portion of the day a
fresh breeze off Lake Michigan, temper
ing the heat of the sun which shone
brightly but not too warmly to make
marching a burden for the old veterat>a
who claimed the day as theirs. The fight
of the line on tne opening day was given
to the men who sailed the seas during the
Civil war; the cheering today was all for
theni and all the honors were theirs. The
army will come to its own tomorrow.
The heroes of river and sea of the Civ
il war are a small band now. Of the
132,000 men enlisted in the navy in the
early days of the war, less than 1,0:0
.marched today, and it was agreed by
the old sailors that their number was
greater in the march today than it will
ever be in any parade to come.
But one battle flag was carried by the
naval veterans. It was one that flutter
ed from the monitor Winnebago when
Farragut sailed into Mobile bay to gain
his crowning victory. It was borne by
seaman E. D. Woodruff, of Rockford.
111., and beside him marched ex-Boats
wains Mate J. R. Lynn, of Chicago, who
made the flag while serving on board
The late afternoon feature of the day's
celebration, the naval parade on Lake
TTnTmt:;i:;:.:i~;~~rF —-> .... "'"""'.1... *.*. . '....'__l_j
The St Louis Man, Whose Election Is Conceded as Commander-ln-Chief of the
Grand Army of the Republic.
Michigan, proved somewhat of a disap
pointment, weather conditions interfering
sadly with the arrangements. Besides
the revenue cutters Morrill and Fessen
den and a fleet of excursion steamers,
it had been planned to have the large
fleet of the Chicago Yacht club included
in the parade from the lake front p"ark
off Jackson boulevard to Lake Michigan,
where the naval battle took place, but
the breeze of the morning died away
and hardly a breath or air was stirring
during the afternoon, so this part of the
programme was necessarily abandoned.
The government vessels, towing a string
of barges filled with detachments from
the Illinois naval reserves and gaily dec
orated with flags and streamers, and the
excursion boats, loaded with sightseers,
made an imposing appearance as they
slowly steamed out of the harbor and
headed toward Lincoln park. Tb© fie«t
b.-SnvS^-a^Ar^lfn^^dSlkiS:- " HUng Chanff' *^ *™° We continue to get together, congress will not
arrived oft Lincoln park about 4:30 p. m.,
and then in sight of tens of thousands
of spectators gathered along the sea
wall of the park, the revenue cutters,
with their blue jacketed crews working
the rapid fire guns of the two vessels,
went through some beautiful maneuver
ing in the sham fight for supremacy.
The end of the naval fight off Lincoln
park closed the official programme of
the encampment for the day, but all
over the city in various halls and in all
the hotels there were reunions of regi
ments almost without number, gather
ings of comrades who had not met since
the days of the war, and fraternal gath
erings of all sorts and descriptions. One
of the leading affairs of the night was
the banquet of the Iron Brigade, which
was held at the club house of the Ath
letic club at 6:30. The list of speakers
and toasts was as follows: Speaker D.
B. Henderson, "Our Country;" Julius C.
Burrows, United States senator from
Michigan, "New Responsibilities of
American Patriots;'' Gov. Edward Sco
fleld, of Wisconsin, "Wisconsin's Record
in the Civil War;" Gen. Albert D. Shaw,
comniar der In chief G. A. R., "The Pri
vate Soldier of the Great War;" Gov.
James A. Mount, of Indiana, "The New
Birih of Our Countey;*" James G. Flan
ders; of Milwaukee, "The Duties of Gocd
Citizenship;" Charles G. Dawes, comp
troller of the' currency, VWhai the
Younger Gen«ration Owes to the Iron
Brigade;" Gen. Edward S. Bragg, of
Wisconsin, "General John Gibbon and
His Children, the Iron Brigade." Poem
recited by James Whitcomb Rlley.
O. K. Knight, in the uniform of a
member of the brigade, sang an original
composition, "The Song of the Iron Bri
gade," by Ernest McGaffey.
Eloquent speeches by soldiers, states
men, and patriotic music, instrumental
and vocal, made memorable the meeting
of Cook -County Sons of Veterans, which
was held in Memorial hall tonight. The
beautifully decorated hall was packed
to the doors, and the speakers were en
A meeting of the national association
of ex-prisoners of war was held in th«
Coliseum tonight, which drew a large
crowd, an attractive programme being
rendered. The address of welcome was
delivered by Mayor Harrison. Speeches
were also made ta<y Gov. William A.
Stone, of Pennsylvania; United States
Senator Penrose, f*. Pennsylvania, and
Gen. John C. Black, of Chicago.
While the old prisoners of war were
renewing old friendships in the Coliseum
and the survivors of the Iron brigade
were holding forth at the Athletic club,
the naval veterans, who had been given
the honors of the day, were holding a
dog watch of their own in the auditor
ium of the Y. M. C. A. building.
A reunion of the veterans by states
will be held tomorrow this being a fea
ture of the encampment which has never
been attempted -before. There will be
twenty-six of the^e state reunions. The
programme tomorrow includes» the great
parade of ,'.the Orand > Army, - which . is
expected to: be r tie largest ; parade ever
held by the organization J since .It came
into ;: existence, fully 40,000 ; men; all
members of the 'Grand Army, will be .In
line, according to the statements of the
officials in charge 1 of the preliminaries,
and it is estimate: that: it will require
over five hours-Tor- >ha-' line of march
to pass - a given - point. : Col. J. H. Wood,
of Chicago,V will be the i chief , marshal,
PLYING THEIR GENTLE ARTS.
IMPOKTANT NEWS OF THE DAY
. Weather Forecast for St Paul
I—Situation in China.
G. A. H. Veterans' Encampment,
Vatican to Contest It.
Towne Replies to Roosevelt.
S—George Dayton's Close Call.
More Street . Services.
Mr. Clapp's Railroad.
' 4—Editorial Pagre. ' ''*'•
Short Story of the Day.
Results of Ball Games.
WaJcott - Loses a . Fight.
Lacrosse Flayers Return.
C—News of the Railroads.
Baking- Powder Case Dropped.
In the Local Courts. .. -
— Popular "Wants.
7—Markets of the I World.
-,- . Chicago Sept. Wheat, 74 I-Bc.
Bar Silver, 61 I-2c. -
B—ln Local Labor Field.
Local and State Politics.
. Mgr. Outer on Paris Fair.
Labor Day Parade.
his chief of staff will be Col. James E.
Ptuart, the adjutant general will be H.
S. Dietritch, and Col. E. E. Young will
ad as chief of aidts.
The contest for the honor of enter
taining the next annual encampment of
the G. A. R. promises to be a rather
lively one. The preponderance of senti
ment apparently favors a Western city,
and both Salt Liake and Denver nave
delegations on the ground working hard
to secure the encampment of 1901. In
the contest this year something besides
geographical considerations are appar
ently having much weight with the vete
rans. The passing of the years have
made members difficult to bear the fa
tiguing heat, and ■ many of the most
prominent members of the organization
are pronounced in the selection of a city
where cool weather may reasonably be
expected. This may have some effect on
the selection, and it may be held west
of the Mississippi river.
Maj. William Warner will present the
name of Maj. Rasseaur, of St. Louis,
to the annual meeting of the encamp
ment as a candidate for commander In
chief for the coming 'year. It seems
almost certain that the St. Louis vete
ran will receive practically the unani
mous vote of the encampment for the
honor of Its leadership, as since the
withdrawal of Gen. Black, of Illinois,
no other name than that of Maj. Ras
ecaur has been mentioned.
The executive committee of the G. A.
R. held a somewhat protracted meeting
this evening. Plans for the coming year
were discussed, and an outline of the
programme of the business to come be
fore the annual encampment was taken
up. None of the members would say
what was accomplished, except that it
was of a routine character.
The pension committee also held a
meeting and considered its report. This
will be presented at Wednesday's busi
GEN. OLIVIER TAKEN.
FREE STATE COMMAXDBR CAP-
TURED BY BRITISH TItOOPS.
LONDON, Aug. 27.—The war office has
received the following dispatch from
Lord Roberts: "The Boers have been
beaten back by Bruce Hamilton at Win
burg. Gen. Olivier has been captured."
The text of Lord Roberta' dispatch from
Belfast, under today's date, announcing
the capture of Gen. Olivier, shows that
three of Olivier's sons also were captur
ed in the attack, which the Boers made
from three sides on Winburg. Lord Rob
erts adds that Gen. Olivier was "the mov
ing spirit among the Boers in the south
east portion of the Orange Colony during
The following dispatch was received to
day from Lord Roberts: "Belfast, Sun
day, Aug. 26.—Engaged the enemy the
greater part of the day over a perimeter
of nearly thirty miles. Littleton's division
and two brigades of cavalry, all under
Buller, operated southwest of Dalman
utha. French, with two brigades of cav
alry, moved northwest of Belfast, driv
ing the enemy to Lekenvly, on the Bel-
fast-Lyden-burg road. As soon as French
reached Lekenvlei, Pole-Carew advanced
from Belfast in support."
Wiring from Belfast today, Lord Rob
erta says: "Our casualties yesterday
(Sunday) were wonderfully few, consider
ing the heavy firing and the number of
■hours we were engaged. Buller estimates
his at two killed and twenty-four wound
ed. His troops bad no bivouac, where
they stopped after darkness feH, and ac
curate returns are as yet impossible. The
casualties of the force operating north
of Belfast were one killed «nfl thirty
PRICK TWO CBNTS-f *
■ 11 con
POPE WILL, RECOCiMZB VICTOR
EMAM'BL ONLY AS THE KIKG*
APPEAL TO CATHOLIC POWERS
Holy See Proclaim* That the Situa
tion of the Papacy I iwl.r liallaii
Rale Become* Steadily
LONDON, Aug. 24.—A« a result of the
outcry against the declaration of the Os
eervatore Rom-ano, says the Rome cor
respondent of the Pnily Express, that the
late King Humbert had meditated giving
up Pome to the hierarchy, the clerical
papers have been instructed to publish a
statement giving confirmation and de
According to this account, Kin? Hum
bert, some months before his death, wrote
to Cardinal Guisej.ne Pritco, archl ishop
of Naples, requesting that a trustworthy
priest be sent to hear his confession. A
priest was sent, but absolution was re
fusal unless Humbert would agree to ab
dicate and give up Lome. The king aske:l
time to consider aa he was anxiou.s to re
ccive the sacrament, and according to tho
clerical verskn, 'it *as this communica
tion to the pritst that Induced the holy
see to grant Christian burial."
Kins Humbert's letter to Cardinal Pia- t
cc will be published. A circular uoU.
from the Vatican to the Catholic powers
declares that as long as Italy coiue^ts
the rights of the holy see the pops will
only recognize Victor Emanuel as king of
The note, appeals to the powers to re
lieve the pope fisom en intderable situa
tion, declaring that the condition of
the papacy under Italian rule la atcadily
R.OI MAMA.NS WARLIKE.
There May Yet Be Trouble in the
LONDON, Aug. 28.—Referring to the
tension between Roumanla and Bulgaria,
recently accentuated Dy the unsatisfac
tory reply of the Solia government to the
Roumanian demand for the suppression of
of the revolutionaiy committee, which
has its headquarters at the Bulgarian
capital, the Bucnarest correspondent of
the Daily Mall wiring yesterday, says:
"The outiook becomes more and more
serious. The opinion of the general pub
lic here Is that Bulgaria must be taugnt
a lesson by arms, it necessary. Many
public meetings were held yesterday
(Sunday) ihioughout Roumania, All
were characterized by a very warlike
tone. The expulsion of Bulgarians from
American Cui'.l in Britain.
LONDON, Aug. 27.—0n the coal ex
change today, American coal was offered
for sale, but did not affect prices." Ap
parently no serious competition is appre
I'lint ue In Britain.
GLASGOW, Scotland, Aug. 27.—Three
persons, father, mother and child, who
have been certified to be suffering from
bubonic plague, have been placed under
the care of the medical authorities here.
Not Out of His Pocket.
BERLIN, Aug. 27.—Several hundred
thousand marks are being spent by Em
peror William in improving the schlosa
platz around the Benin schloss.
Storms In Germany.
BERLIN, Aug. 27.—During the last few
days terrible thunderstorms have caused
much damage in the districts of Stutt
gart, Leipslc and Bostock. In Thuringia
and Hamburg, on the other hand, light
ning has caused many destructive fires.
FOItEIGX NEWS NOTES.
London—"The present epidemic of chol
era, says the Simla correspondent of
the Daily Mall, "is one of the worst epi
demics en record. The natives are dying
at the rate of 3,000 a week." -
London—"A special United States offl.
clal is here," says the Vienna correspond
ent of the Times, "investigating the con
dition of Roumanian Jewish emigrants,
Vho Intend to go to North America." ■
- "WeimarA service in memory of Prof.
Frlederich Wllhelm Nietzehe, the distin
guished philosopher, who died here Satur
day, was held in.Weimer today.
Gladstone's Sciihew Insane.
TACOMLA, Wash., Aug. 27.— Spokane
special says: . Kennett Harrington Bel
lalre is under arrest, charge with insan
ity. ; Bellaire's attorneys claim he la a
nephew of Gladstone, a relative of Lord
Salisbury, >" and Is . a former member of
the London Stock. exchange. He is said
to receive a large annual income from an
estate la England.
■11 if 1
CHARLES A. TOWSE OPEXS THD '
BALL Of A SPEECH LAST SIGHT
ISSUES ABLY Pi!ES£.ITE»
9TR.OXG ABRAIG.MfEXT OF THQ
TEDDY IS TAKEN TO TASK
Inconsistencies of Roosevelt's St.
Paul Speech to the Lcn«ne of Re
puMlcan Clubs Bared by a
DULUTH, Minn., Anjr. 27. -The largest
gathering- to lister, to a political speech
that ever assembled in Du.uth oocurred
this evening at the armory when Hon.
Charles A. Towne opened the campaign
In a lengthy address, in which ha replied
to the recent speech of Gov. Roosevelt,
delivered at St. Paul on the occasion of
the national convention of the League of
Republican clubs, and arraigned the ad
ministration policy In tho Philippines.
The audience, which comprised per
sons of all shades ct political belief and
many scores of women, listened attentive
ly to the silver-tonrued orator's remarks
for more than two hours, and frequently
throughout the discourso the applauso
was deafening. Mr. Towne said In part;
Mr. Chairman, Ladled and Gentlemen:
I am grateful for this opportunity to op n
the present national campaign in Dulutli
It is an interesting and important cam
paign. In this r e spect no political con
tost of this generation can compare with
It. Not lightly should a man assume the
responsibility of pub.ic discussion when
wnat he says may possibly influence son: ,
other man in his action on a question
aftecting not only the policy of the gov.
ernment, but the very character of our
institutions. I trust it is not vanity to
hope that what may b.> said tonight shall
not m this community lack that sanction
which sincerity of conviction usually
gives to public utterances. i n this city
•he city that I love, for whose future
prosperity and glory I cherish the im at
sangine expectations, and with whose no
ble growth and progress I once hoped
to identify a considerable official serv
ice the entire period of my public llf*
has been passed. It has. been short, es
peeiaMy that part of it spent in ofltce
but it has witnessed eventful history hi
the country. I have no cjmpUiut to mako
because as an incident to this history
that official experience was brief Rath
er is the brevity a source of satisfaction
in that, and in Itself, it testities to the
only merit I have ever claimed for my
self, viz., absolute fidelity to beliefs er
Tonight I come not as a candidate advo
cating a eaiise whose success !■ assort it
cd with his election to office. It has sc m
cd to me, whether It Is trim or not. that
I miuht render more aid this year to th-»
principles I profess by Supporting them la
a merely private capacity and In m.my
Places, than by running a fourth time
for congress, even though with greater
probability of election than in IVJft or
Accordingly I am here tonight to h
to you as one American to another, and
on the assumption that the welfare of
our beloved country and its people ard
the perpetuation of Ameilrin liberty ar^>
more to be desired by us than nny
partisan success whatsoever; that these
objects are worthier our devotion than
any man's personal ambition posalo\y
can be; and that, if in any way we can
find out what patriotism demands of us,
we will resolutely do It.
There is always a temptation to bo^-ln
a political campaign with some caution
ary remarks about the influence of party
spirit. The longer and wider th« ob
servation of men, the greater my inclina
tion to agree with Washington'"' opinion
as to the tremendous danger to free In
stitutions that lurks in an access of that
spirit. The preservation of thic govern
ment depends upon the maintenance of
individual freedom of opinion nnd of in
dividual courage to exercise It The man
who refuses to think abdicates his high
est function as a man. The <:i!!ze.n wi:o
permits a political organi*a:i n to fur
nish him with ready-made political con
victions is unworthy the privileges of cit
izenship. Tho American, to whatever
party h" belongs, who votes carelessly on
a matter affecting the destiny of his
country, trusting blindly in that aggre
gate opinion of his party, wbl-h. wh'-n any
considerable number in its ranks are xa
compliant as himself, may readily be
made to suit the interests of powerful
and designing men, is gul ty of a polit
ical crime. Numerous questions nre in
volved in this campaign. The relatively
secondary matters. Important as they arc,
all have reference to policies to In: pur
su -d by the republic.
IMPERIALISM SWEEPS OTHER IS*.
The Issue of first moment, the one that
temporarily dwarfs all others by com
parison, is, whether the republic Itself
Is to continue. Because of the magnitude
Of this question, which not only the Dem
ocratic platform,- but the public concern.
declares to be the paramount Issue or
the campaign, because time will not per- •
mit a full discussion in one meeting Ilka
this, of all the subjects embraced in th«
party platforms, and because I d'-sli<;i 10
use a good part of this address in com
meriting upon the speech, mainly con
cerned with this topic, delivered at St.
Paul recently by the Republican candi
date for vice president, I shall devote
the greater part of the time tonight to
the consideration of imperialism. Let us
first inquire how the question has arisen.
The barbarous procedure of Spain add i '
considerations of humanity to those of
commercial interest- in our estimate of
the International "ethics of the Cuban
case, until finally congress, on the 21st of
April, 1898, recognized the lndependenee
of Cuba and commanded Spain to with
draw her army and navy from Cuba and
Cuban waters. At the same time a reso
lution was passed destined to be for-vr
memorable in history, whether It sha'.l
stand as a typical and lasting embodi
ment of American disinterested devotion ;
to liberty, or -as the culminating mani
festation of that spirit ere its light should
be quenched forever. The following la
the resolution: "The Unite! States dis
claims any disposition or Intention to ex
ercise sovereignty. Jurisdiction or control
over said Island except for the pacifica
tion thereof, and asserts Its determ na
tion when that Is accomplished to leave
the government and control of the Island
to Its people."
Now it Is to be observed that the obli
gation to respect the liberties of the peo
ple of Cuba did not have it* origin in
this resolution. The resolution was merer
ly the recognition of an obligation which
existed in the nature of things, and whic%
arose out of the very fact that the peo
ple of the United States had gone to
the-assistance of Cuba in her struggle
for independence against the tyranny of
Spain. : ,
He then reviewed at some length the
causes leading up to the chief events of
the Spanish war. He took up the In
surrection In the Philippines, which ha 4
been raging for many years, sketching It
briefly, and telling how brilliantly Dewey
and his sailors engaged the Spanish fleet
in Manila bay, and continued:
But how did the case of the Philippine
Islands differ from that of Cuba? For
over 300 years the Filipinos had been
subject to the despotism of the same em- L
plre. They had never contentedly sub
mitted to It. Unrest and Intermittent
revolutions had long testified to the sama
spirit In the Philippines as that whlcti
in Cuba had aroused the Interest anil;
sympathy of the American people. Time
will not permit a complete review of all '
the occurrences which go to make lift*.
Continued on Third face.