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GLOBE'S TELEPHGNE CALLS. """■■ THE NORTHWESTERN. Rnnliira* Office . .". . . . . 1006 Main ISdltorlnl Rooms ..... 78 Mmtn Conipo.-Int; Room 1034 Main — MISSISSIPPI VALL3T. Business Office . , ........ lOSO KJlKirial Rooms 88 . THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS. Entered at Postofflce at St Paul, Minn., as Second-CILS3 Matter. • CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. v By Carrier.. | 1 mo | 6 mos | 13 moa Daily only 40 $2.25 $4.00 Daily and Sunday .50 2.75 6.00 Sunday .. 15 .75 I.W COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Mail. | 1 mo | 6 mos | 12 moa Dal;y only | ~ 25 |" $1.50 ~ $3.00 DaL'y and Sunday!- .35 | 2.00 4.00 Sun Jay | ... ) .76 LOO | BRANCH OFFICES. Nev Yoik. 10 Spruce St., Chaa. H. Eddy in Charge. Chicago. No. S7 Washington St., Wil liams & Lawrence In Charge. WEATHER FOR TODAY. Minnesota and Wisconsin— Fair Tuesday ' nnd Wednesday; light westerly winds, be coming vai table. H lowa—Pair Tuesday and Wednesday; variable winds. North Dakota— Partly cloudy Tuesday; possibly showers in western portion; WeJ nesday fair; variable winds. South Dakota—Fair Tuesday and Wed nesday; variable winds. Montana—Partly cloudy Tuesday; possi bly showers; Wednesday fair; variable | ■winds. ST. PAUL. Yesterday's observations, taken by the I nlted States weather bureau, St. Paul, P. F. Lyons, observer, for the twenty- i four hours ended at 7 o'clock last night. ; Batometer corrected for temperature and elevation. Highest temperature 48 Lowest tempeiature 35 Average temperature 40 Daily Mnge 11 Barometer 30.15 Humidity 77 Precipitation 0 7 p. m. temperature 41 7. p. m. weather, clear; wind, southwest. RIVER BULLETIN. Danger i^auge Change in •Station. JLine. Reading. 24 Hours. Bt. Paul 14 4.6 *0.1 La Crosse 10 S.B Davenport 15 C.5 St. Louis 30 12.2 .... ''Rise. VKSTERDAYS TEMPERATURES. ♦Sp.m.Hig.n *Sp.m.High Battleford ...34 44 Cheyenne ....48 GO Bismarck .. .38 48 1 Chicago 50 G4 Calgar* 32 44 Cincinnati- ..52 58 Dulu/ 38 44 Gaiveston, ...GS 72 Edmonton -10 46 Jacksonville .G6 73 Havre 40 GO Marquette ...38 42 Helena 54 60 Montgomery 66 78 Huron 40 52 Nashville 56 G(J Medicine flat. 32 42 New Or leans. 63 V 4 Minnedosa ...ISO 34 Omaha 54 53 Qu'Appelle ...3* 38 Philadelphia S8 G8 Pr. "Albert ...SO :!2 i'ittfbur?: ....sft .\s S. Current ...32 42 Pueblo 54 68 Williston .. .40 50;s. Francisco.sß 70 Winnipeg 34 40 St. Louis r>* C 2 Buffalo 42 r>4 S. Lake City.s4 6t Boston 56 56 Ste: Marie.. .42 41 •Washington time, 8 p. m. St. Paul time. OCEAN LINLitS. KEW YOPy. Nov. -Arrived: I-a Touralnc. Havre; Manitou, from Lon don. GENOA— Allen. from New York, via Naples. GLASGOW—Arrived: California, from New York. V E R POOL—Arrived: Lancastrian. from Boston. LONDON—Arrived: Minneapolis, from Now York. SOUTHAMI TON—Arrived: Kaiser Wil helin der Grosse, New York, via Cher bourg for Bremen. GIBRALTAR—Arrived: IVerra; Mew York for Naples and Genoa and pro ceeded. HONGKONG—SaiIed: Monmouthshire. Yokohama and Portland, Or TUESDAY. NOV. C. 1900. A DAXGBftOIS DOCTRINE. The abstract of the decision of Judge Estee, of the United States district court. reversing the decision of the supreme court of Hawaii, is not sufficiently intel llgeni or Intelligible t<> enable the ordi nary student of the question to compre hend fully the grounds on which the action of the district court rests in dis charging the prisoner whose liberty v. is involved. The fact that a judge of the district court has reached such a conclusion is of itself an important event. It will at least facilitate the taking of an appeal to tin- supreme court and advance to a speedy settlement the great question in volved. The judge said th .t Hawaii, before being annexed, "was a free, enlightened state, possessing nil the attributes of sovereignty, ami when with their con sent, the islands were annexed by the United States, not only the lands, but the people, with their laws and customs, were annexed; and by the well establish ed law of nations, these laws and customs remained in force until new laws were enacted for the government or the ter ritory." The law of nations is apparently on which Judge Estee rests his decision. Ac cording to the language quoted, the an nexation of the islands to the. United States did not operate to change in any manner the logal status of the country or its people. It may have robbed them of the character which Judge Estee says they possessed before being absorbed in the United States of "a free, enlight ened state, possessing all the attributes of sovereignty,*' but it evidently did not substitute any national status whatever in the place of the former sovereignty. This may be good international law; but it represents the most wretched de scription of international and national ethics. It mean-s, ii it means anything, that a people may be totally deprived of their national sovereignty, in a word, of their freedom, with or without their consent, in manner other than by act of war, and be left a national derelict, until such time as the natian with which their future destinies are to be linked shall see fit to define their status by the tment of laws. Tf we are about to enter upon a colonial policy, it is quite as well for our success in tin- now undertaking that such a doc trlne as this appears to be shall be speed ily disowned by the people of the Unit ed States. If we are about to invite other peoples on this continent or else wher.- to seek annexation to the United States, we must, if we hope to have our invitation respected, withdraw this doctrine, and that speedily. The Cuban people are about to determine their fu ture national state through the agency of a constitutional convention. How much "ess likely it is that that people would decree that their future lies in the direction of an integral part of the rreat American union with this threat of national extinction hanging over them than if they understood .that tay. the fact of their declaring in favor of annexa tion they would thereby become invested with all the rights, privileges and im munities of American citizenship. Judge Estee may be right in his under standing of American constitutional law, the country will not accept any such doctrine until it has received it from as well as of international law, but the highest judicial source in the land. And even if the United States supreme court should determine that that doctrine is right under the laws and constitution of the United States, it - still remains the prerogative of the people of the United States to do with refer ence to such a decision as they did regarding the Dredd Scott decision—repudiate it. It appears on its face to embody a principle of na tional conduct that no man American, no matter how profoundly he believes in expansion, ought to be willing to se© incorporated in the political philosophy underlying the institutions of this coun try. SEXATOK DAVIS' ILLNESS. Regardless of party political division, the people of St. Paul, and, indeed, of the entire state, are deeply concerned In the health of Senator Davis. The alarmist reports which have been given currency to may have little or no foundation; but the health of the senior senator from this state is known to have been poor for some months past. And the people accordingly entertain feelings of the gravest concern and of the most cordial hopefulness regarding his future health. A long lifetime of the highest form of public usefulness is surely riot des tined to be brought to an end at this time, as Senator Davis stands on the threshold of the realization of the high est honors possible In American political life. The people of the United .States have only learned to know Senator Da vis within the past two years or so. Th« events of the Spanish-American war brought him. into general attention and enabled the entire nation to discover in him a type of the most exalted form of statesmanship which' has been reveal ed in the political history of the coun try. The discovery is bound to bring its re ward as time progresses. Minnesota ha 3 always known the splendid merits of its premier statesman. It has tendered to liim in succession every post in the pub lic service to which it calls the best brain and the best heart of its people, it will delight to honor him till he with draws from concern in public affairs, no matter how long or how short a period of time may elapse before such a regrettable event occurs. It cannot afford to lose him at this time when he is in the very prime of his grand intellectuality. His people love him too <well for the admir able personal qualities they know him to possess to regard his illness with other than feelings of the mojt intense sorrow. They look for his speedy recov ery, and they regret deeply that he should find himself ill. THE AMES DANGER. The Globe is sorry for the people of Minneapolis.' They are confronted by a serious danger. The danger is the pos sible election of cue of the most undesir able men among the entire population to discharge the duties of city executive. Dr. Ames is entitled to the credit of never having pretended to be other in his public relations than he is—a ready apolo gist and a trained promoter of those mu nicipal policies which give predominant influence to the baser elements of so ciety. He is no stranger to the people of Minneapolis. Every voter who is anxious to see moral restraints in the conduct of public and nrivate- affairs dis regarded in whole jr in part will vote for him. Every voter who regards the brothel, the gambling house and the thug elements of society as entitled to official favoritism will cast his vote for Ames. Now there is not sufficient vn charita bleness in the St. Paul heart to assume for a single second that these are the social forces which control in Minneapolis affairs. But it looks at this iietance as if they wore not at all unlike';,- to con trol after tomorrow's election. The Globe does not believe that fiaayor Gray will be defeated of re-elec tion. Of course, it know-, as ought every man who Is not poiitics-mad, that he has been a good executive, and that he has made for all that tends to pro mote decency and respondiilivy in pub lio life as far as any cxi- -utiv.i can. He has net stood for the evil-doer.*, as Amos will, if he is elected. Nor has he stood for the unco quid, as does the third can didate for the mayoralty, Mr. Dean. And it is, the Globe deeply regrets to say, because he stands for neither of these that he will be beaten, if he is 'oca^en. 11 must remain incomprehensible to the average intelligent man how it happens that a good proportion of devot.-J people can be found in every community who are ready to jeopardize the best interests of political society by adherence to irre sponsible and far-tetched notions of offi cial obligation. In Minneapolis the class of ciiizonship which Dean stands Tor In cludes many of the best people—the best, not only in the social sense, but the best in the ideals which they entcnain of the proper lis charge of civic duty. It is these men who will defeat Gray, if he is defeated It is they who will elect Ames, if he is elected. Were any man to approach one of them and charge him with com plicity in the effort to resuscitate the old political outcast whose reliance is now on the plug-ugly element to become once more mayor of Minneapolis he would resent the charge as an insult. Yet every vele east for Dean in the Minne apolis city campaign is a vote cast for Ames. The Globe believes that Mayor O'ay will be elected. But if he should be defeated and Ames elected through the efforts of the Dean following, he will have the gratification—if gratification can be derived from such an experience—ere many months after the inauguration of his successor, of witnessing in the city of Minneapolis the existence of a state of public morals -represented by the ad- THE ST. PAUIr UI.OBK, TUKSDAr, NOVEMBER 6, 1900. ministration of city affairs as lo.v as has been witnessed in any community in this country at any time dudft? the past twenty years. DRIVE THEM OUT. Within a period of ten years, cert: "nly within the past fifteen years, the public taste as well as the public morals would have revolted against such pictorial ex hibitions as are today universal through- out the entire country for purposes not only of theatrical but of trade advertis ing-. The bill board nuisance is one against which the decent people of America ought to enter their protest, and make that protest effective. It is an expres sion of the depraved expedients to which men will resort in their efforts to make money, and it is as offensive and as dan gerous to society as many of the media In that direction which refined people are not disposed to refer to even in private conversation. The evil of which the Rev. Mr. Hambly complains is a serious one. It is of gradual growth. The people have been educated down to the degraded standards of moral sense and of artistic taste which it represents. Many of the theatrical, and some of the trade advertisements which disfigure our city bill boards would not have been looked upon by any per son with any sense of personal modesty a comparatively few years ago; and they would, moreover, be suppressed by pub lic authority had any one the temerity to give them publicity. There is nothing to be accomplished by newspaper writing in this direction. There is a sentiment latent among the mass of the people which will insist upon the destruction of such devices of black guardism as the eyes of respectable peo ple are offended by in every direction On the public streets day after day. All that is needed is an initiative. It is not the people's fault that these things are tol erated. It is the fault, in the first in stance, of the conscienceless men who use them in order to inflame the public fancy and pique the public curiosity. It is a falsehood and a wrong to assume that the low instincts to which such pic tures appeal are dominant among the mass of the people. They are not. It is only the ignorant, coarse and naturally depraved to whom they appeal. But their steady and universal appearance will operate eventually to undermine the moral sense of the people, so that in stead of the few having toleration to ex tend to them or enjoyment to derive from them they will be accepted as unadvoid able incidents to the production of theatrical exhibitions or to the sale of the commodities which they are designed to advertise. A- public crusade ought to be inaugur ated against such bestiality. It will have the sustainment of every parent who un derstands his duty in promoting the moral purity of his children. It will be pushed forward by every clergyman of every denomination. It can be made to arouse the enthusiasm of the members of every church organization designcl to promote laudable public ends. It mint, too, receive the warm support of every public journal which is averse to con tributing to the prurient influences of lire. The Globe thanks Mr. Hambly, and hope 3 sincerely that he and those vvlio think as he does will take the necessary affirmative steps to enforce the law a id call into being a deeper sense ran n ow prevail of the moral wrong whion is in volved in the disgraceful exhibiaon? which are made in the name oC advertis ing. A beginning must be made some where, and right here in St. Paul i« the place, and the rowdy theatrical bill boards are the occasion for such a begin ning. TUESDAY GLOBE GLANCES. Republicans and Democrats alike agree that it is a good thing to have two great parties, and sustain a sort of b*l ane-3 in public affairs. There is a chance for an application of this universal belief in re-electing John Lind, one Democrat among a host of Republican state offi cials, one who will honestly perform his dutit-s and see that the others do not gravitate to extravagance, so common when things are one-sided. Under the title o* "The Successful Sower, the following verse from the pen of Fanny L. Fancher, of Dodge Center, Minn., appears in the New York Ob server: And behold, "a sower went forth to sow. He recked not of pelf, when scattering seed, & Humanity's uplift, his grand aim, and lo! Posterity reaped vast results lrom hi.s deed. —o— Forty years ago today Lincoln was elected president for a term. —o— A cat show will be held in Chicago in January at the new Coliseum in con junction with the National Fanciers' as sociation. It is expected to be the finest cat show ever held in this country Mrs Theodore Thomas, Mrs. Ballington Booth, Julia Marlowe, are members of the Beres ford Cat club, of Chicago, and take a groat interest in the work. A year ago today the first autonomous government in the Philippines was in staHed at Bacoor. island of Negros, and troops have been shooting and standing on guard around the town of B-i.oor evt i since. * "Sir Robert Hart says there will be millions of Boxers fifty years from now. Haven't we enough trouble or" cur own not to saddle us with posterity's?"— Di spatch. Yes, and a good deal of our trouble in the Philippines is being ex perienced so that Filipino posterity may enjoy "Christianity and self govern ment." It is estimated that the amount of gold turned into coin each year is only a small part of the quantity used in manufactories, jewelry, in gliding pic ture frames, painting signs, binding books, designing on furniture and on pottery. Much gold is hoarded every year by people of all countries. The supply of the yellow metal is not keep ing pace with its demand in the arts and manufactures, as also the sole cur rency of the civilized world. As wealth increases in material things the demand increases for the real yellow stuff in furniture, decoration, etc. Today, in the Catholic calendar, is ded icated to the memory of St. Leonard, patron saint of prisoners and slaves, an 1 in Bavaria of cattle. His portrait is hung in front of each stable door in all parts of the Bavarian highlands ani German Alps, where his festival is ob served with especial ceremony, fie lived in the sixth century and took much in terest in the welfare of prisoners. "With no aim but the honor of our great state and the welfare nC our peo ple, with no guide but the law and my conscience, I have administer 3 :ht af- fairs of the office which I hold without fear and without favor. This is all that I can promise for the future."—Closing words of Gov. Lind's speech fcpßCptlng the renominatlon for governor, deliv ered Sept. 6, 1900. Can any RSpribUcan say that John Lind has not faithfully and efficiently'fined the high office of chief executive of Minnesota? —o — The paramount issue after today: "The turkes ; now doth pine and pine And wipe hisaweeping eye, For well h<* kjipws that he will be The issue^bKand -by." Today, No)g §/ j s the anniversary of the death in the battle of Lutzen, in 1632, of Gusl&vifc Adolphus, king of Sweden. Nafcoldon, a good judge, placed Gustavus amon» the eight great cap tains of the^worjd, a list of warriors which began with Alexander and ended with himself. With small means Gus tavus was called to do much, and genius eked out the deficiency. By the stern est discipline^ and original organization tactics and strategy he made a small host perform the services of a mighty one, and in the process reconstructed the art of war. Medieval routine vanished under his blows, and modern military science may be said to ; date from his practice. His was a brief 'but brilliant career, be ing killed in his thirty-eighth year. "There appears to be nothing v uler the sun in these pre-election days for which the Dominion government :s not held responsible."—Victoria (B. C.) Times. About so, too, on this side of the line The ins says everything is all right as it is, but if the outs get in, then everything will go to smash. —o — In 1573 the people of Porto Rico, by pop ular vote, appropriated $12,000,000 to buy the freedom of the remaining 39.000 slatas held in that island. This was a deed worthy of the highest triumpTi of Chris tian civilization anywhere. There was no tumult or bloodshed. The United States waged the greatest war of the century to put down slavery in its territory, and when Porto Rico came to us we said the people were not capable of self-govern ment, and sent over a lot of officials from this country and denied the island the common rights of an American communi ty by putting a tariff en goods coming and going. Under Spanish control Porto Kico had free trade with Cuba and Spain, had twenty representatives in the Spanish cortes, pro rata representation, as In Spain itself, and enjoyed local govern ment. Now they have no free trade with any country, no local government, and are to have one non-voting delegate in con gress. This is' the "benevolent a-sim'la tion" of the Republican administration— in the interest of the sugar and tobacco trusts, and a few persons who wan; jobs from the president at the expense of a "subject people." -o— Capt. G. "v*, Bfrandle and Lieut. A. S. Perkins, of the Twenty-seventh regiment, in the Philippine* were recently tried and found guilty Jof torturing Filipino prison ers, and were farcically sentenced to be reprimanded, or, in other wo"is, were scolded by the reviewing official?, and told not to do it again. The passenger in the sleeping car awakened by the stopping of the train pushed aside tfcft blind and looked out. " 'Blitz & Siihraiz,' 'Kumpff & Do-nner wetter.' 'ScJtfigej; & Knopff,' 'Leopold & Schwartzenh'ejime'r,' " he said, reading the business signs that met his eye. "Well, 1 see we've grot to Milwaukee."—Chicago Tribune. —o— "The primal duty of Americans is never to forget that men are more than nations; that wisdom is more than glory, and virtue more than lommion .>f t).e sea, * * * The nation exists for its men, never its men for the nation. • * ♦ And the will of freemen to be just toward one another is our best guarantee that gov ernment of the people, for the people, by the people, shall not perish from the face of the earth.—David Starr Jordan. Today, Nov. 6, Is the anniversary of the birth, in 1638, of James Gregory, a cele brated Scotch scientist-Inventor of the reflecting telescope—a member of a fam ily of whom sixteen members held pro fessorships in British schools; of Sarah Moore Grimke, in 1792, a noted early American lecturer on antl-3lavery and social equality topics; of C. C. Felton, in 1807, a distinguished American scholar, author and Harvard professor. —o— That good Republican paper*the Port land Oregonian, fires this last shot: "The Hon. Mark Hanna is profoundly solici tous; however, not so much tl»t the Me- Kinley dynasty might be overthrown as that Hanna might cease to be prime min ister." There are now about SO.OOO troops in the Philippines. The war department has decided to commence the homeward move ment of the volunteer troops about the middle of this month. Tt will take practi cally all of the transport service at the command of the department to accom plish the return of the 30,000 vfilunteers between now and June 30 of next year when their term of service expires by operation of law. Investigation shows that tliere are a good many prisoners In the convict camps of Georgia who ha\'e been detained at hard labor under brutal conditions frr years after the expiration of their sen tences. At one camp three persons were found who had been detained eight years who were not convicts, but had been run in by overseers and kept at work for eight years, without pay or chance to ex plain to the authorities. Always under guard, it was almost sure death to at tempt to escape. Nearly all the South ern States farm convicts out, and condi tions under which they live and labor are often very inhuman. There Is a chance down there for a little of the benevolence we seem so anxious to extend to the peo ple of foreign lands. And the brutality is not all in the South. AT THE THEATERS. METROPOLITAN. "A Runaway Girl" played to a crowded house at the Metropolitan last night and scored even a more pronounced success than at the opening performance Sunday night, and all which witness the produc tion will readily understand why "A Run away Girl" was presented in London for three years, and in New York for 300 con secutive nights, to big business. A special wire from the Western Union has been run into the Metropolitan to receive the returns of the national, state and county elections?, and the fullest and most complete returns will be announced hot from the wire. The doors of the the ater will open at 7:30 and by 8:15, when the curtain goes up it is iiiite- likely that the palrons of the Metropolitan will know the results of ihe New York sate and city election. "A Runaway Girl" will continue the en tire week, with matinees tomorrow and Saturday. The sale of seats opens Thursday ! morning for the engagement of "Princess ! Chic" next week. GRAND. Election day will be celebrated at the Grand by three performances, a matinee today at 2:30, the regular evening per formance at S:ls, and the much-adver tised nightinee, which begins at 11:30. The advance sale for all these perform ances is ver^ large, especially so for the nightinee. The novelty of this big mid night show seems to strike theater-goers as being the real thing, and theater par ties of lacLes and gentlemen are fast se em ing bum lies of seats for the occasion. Miss M.lvilio and her company have made j a pronounced hit in "Sis Hopkins." and j there is every promise of excellent busi ness for the entire wetk. For the nifthtinee this evrnfng the man agemont of the ftis Hopkins company will make an effort to change all tTie musical and rpeeiaitV features, and it is possible that a number of special features may be added. Street cars will be operated ftn all lines after the close of tne nightinee. Lunch will be served in the lobby and every effort will be made to provide for the comfort and convenience of these who attend this midnight performance. As far as election returns are concerned, the Grand's arrangements are most complete. There will be a special Western tTnfffn wire on the stage, long distance telephone connection, also special messenger service between the city and county offices, which will guarantee the most complete returns in every way. The attraction at the Grand the coming week will be William A. Brady and Jo seph Grismer's production of "A Stranger in a Strange Land," that scored such a big success at the Manhattan theater, Isew York, last season. STAR. The High Rollers gave two entertain ing performances to large audiences at the Star yesterday, and tfl9 strength of the company in enterti nin? specialties was excellently disDlayed. Today, however, it will ouMo its e.'Vcrts so far, in giving three perf.irmn.nees in one day, the third to b^gln upi," the conclusion of the regular evening bill, and to be practically a new programme throughout. Election returns will be bulletined be tween the varidus acts and the patrons of the Star will be kept Cully advised of the results in the national and local campaigns up to a late hour m the morning. PERTINENT OH PARTLYSoTj The Republican papers that call Gov. Lind a Hessian and deserter are still loyally supporting Dr. Ames for mayor of Minneapolis. A worried wife appealed to the editor of a local paper for advice as to what she should do with her husband, who had threatened her life. And the edi tor replied. " 'A soft word turneth away wrath,' but if it does not, call on the district judge for protection." Sunday night's fire was a severe strain on the local weather bureau thermome ters. Redwood Falls is consoling itself for the departure of its chief gold mining expert, Gen. John Goodnow. by discover ing an asbestos mine, but without dis paragement to Redwood's mineral re sources it is safe to bet that the latter will not pay anything like the gold mine John has struck over in Shang-jiai. The way the steamer St. Paul goes to pieces when she strikes a high sea reminds one of some concert hall singers he has seen. The attorney general has been over ruled again, but it will console him to know that it was not by the supreme court, but by the twelve-story daily down street. The P. P. is determined to make enough rulings on the railroad and warehouse commission business to save its pals if it can. Chicago has organized a raw food so ciety. Other cities have them, too, but usualls' call them boarding houses. The Vienna council has forbidden wom en to wear trailing skirts in the public works. The shoemakers ought to stand by that council. The taking of Toutsey and Howard from Frankfort to Louisville for safe keeping seems a needless precaution. If they must be taken anywhere, let them go *to the Taylor sanitarian at Indian apolis. Lillian Russell's new burlesque, "Sar saparilla,' 1 is, of course, intended espe cially for the bloods. INDORSES THE SENTIMENTS. Judge Mine Ag-reex With, an Edi torial in the Cilobe. To the Editor of th? Globe: I have read with interest your editorial in the issue of your paper of this date in reference to petty crime, and it h with pleasure that I heartily indorse the sentiments there expressed. I have frequently advocated the adoption of some course of procedure other than repeated workhouse sentences, so far as such offenses were concerned, as only entailed misery and degradation upon the individual himself. I am in favor of workhouse sentences so far as offenses are concerned which involve a violation of the rights of the general puWic, but so far as the first class of offenses 1-j concerned, workhouse sentences accom plish nothing, and I have many times endeavored to interest persons to take up and press to results some proposition or method other than that now in force. I am afraid, however, that what efforts I have put forth have so far accom plished very little. The principal one of these offenses is drunkenness. The ap pearance and reappearance before the municipal court of men and women, both young and old, cursed with an ir resistible appetite for liquor which caus es them to lose all sense of respect or consideration for themselves, their fami lies, their appearance or their surround ings, can bring but one conclusion to a person at all interested in the work of the criminal court, and that is that there is nothing- to be gained by re peated prosecutions of such offenders. Also in the offense of vagrancy and oth ers that could bo named, workhouse sentences are of no greater effect. AH of these offenses are offenses that the individual commits against himself, and as a rule do not involve any violation of the rights of the public, and it does seem to me that some method of treat ment should be devised other than that now in force of protecting the individual from his own Indiscretions. I believe all persons should take some interest in these matters and for the general wel fare and good of society lend their aid to improve the condition of others and bring them to a higher plane of social usefulness. I do not include in thte cat egory such offenses as larceny, assault., disorderly conduct, and the like, which involve a disregard of the public. The present method of disposition is effect ive so ;ar as that class of offenses is concerned. I can only hope that your paper may accomplish some good In the line suggested by your editorial, and you may be assured that any efforts you may see fit to put forth will meet with the hearty 00-operation of the judges of the municipal court. Permit me to re main, Very respectfully yours, Robert C. Hine. St. Paul. Nov. 4. ORIGIN OF ELECTION DAY. Very few persons know how Tuesday, after the first Monday in November, came to be designated as the day for holding the presidential election. The Chicago Tribune in an article upon the subject says it was a question taken up in 1752 when congress passed an act providing that presidential electors should oe ap pointed "within thirty-four days before the first Wednesday in December." This left each state free to select a day to suit itself within those limits. Penn sylvania chose electors on the las: Fri day in October. Other states elected theirs on different -Jjiyd between the be ginning and middle of >7ovem!>e". When Harrison was i-lt'ctcl in _\S4O, the Democrats assured that his success was due partly to Fraudulent voting, which was made pos3i )le by the lack of a definite election daw It was aikged that Kentucky and Ohio Whigs had voted in both states, the election being held on different days. 80 in 1-.45 the Democrats passed the !:iw now on ihe statute books making the firs: Tuesday after the first Monday ejection day. At that time but five of the twenty-six states had their elections in November. In Michigan and Mississippi voting was carried on through two days -the first Monday and the following: Tuesday. New York had three el-ej;lon days—the first Monday, Tuesday ani Wednes day—but had finally confined voting to the middle day, or the first Tuesday 1 after the first Monday. Massachusetts chose state officers on the second Mon day in November and Delaware en the second Tuesday. So congress selected the first Tuesday after tee first Mon day to consult the convenience of three states out of five, one jf fhe thr^e be ing the important state of N?w York. OK i fill 1111 Monday, Oct. 29 18,100 Tuesday, Oct. 30 17,600 Wednesday, Oct. 31 17,600 Thursday, Nov. 1 17,600 Friday, Nov. 2 jy qqq Saturday, Nov. 3 17 gCQ Sunday, Oct. 28 yj cqq (Advertisers are reminded that the respective circulations of ths week-day and Sunday Globe are largely separate propositions, that of the Sunday being smaller in the rural parts than the week-day edition and larger in St. Paul and near-by cities and towns.) THE PROOF IS READY. The Globe's circulation statement is not accompanied by an affidavit, ani for the reason that few advertisers do not realize that an/ parson who wilt maki a willfully fraudulent statement will scarcely scruple to swear to its accuracy Instead of parading an affidavit, the Globs invites any on; and evsry ons interested to, at any time, make a full scrutiny of its circulation lists and records and to visit its press and mailing departments to check and keep tab on the number of papers printed and the disposition made of the same. 111 us in a GEN.-POPE SERVEiS NOTICE OF RE TRACTION OX THE PIONEER PRESS OOMPANV VANDIVER AND BIXBY LATER Statements Made In Connection With the Savings Bank of St. Paul Too FalMe to Stand. Gen. E. M. Pope, public examiner, has decided to call those who have been libel ing him during the last few days. He has served a notice of retraction on the Pioneer Press for an article which ap peared In the so-called "extra" edition of that paper, which was scattered broad cast last night, and will serve a similar document on John S. Vandiver, of the Republican press bureau, and Tarns Bixby for a similar publication which appeared in a-recent'edition of an evening news paper as an advertisement. Following is the copy of the document which Gen. Pope left at the Pioneer Press office last night: The Pioneer Press Company, St. Paul, Minn.—Sir: My attention is called to your article on first page of an extra of this date entitled "Depositors Pay Freight." In this article you said". "He (Gen. Pope) looked the state over veiy-earefu'ly and examined ii.to its finan cial institutions with a view to finding something 1 out of which he could make political capital for nis employers." You further state: "Mr. Pope discovered that there was an overdue and unpaid note of M. D. Kenyon among the assets of the Savings Bank of St. Paul, and he determined to expose this fact, even at cost of wreck ing the Institution and impoverishing the depositors." "Mr. Pope, however, insisted upon a crvsade against the bank and the closing of its doors, in order to expose the in debtedness of Mr. Kenyon." "Mr. Pope has thus wrecked, it is al leged, the institution that might other wise have pulled successfully through, for the simple purpose of gaining a little political capital." Those statements are each and every one untrue, without the slightest justifi cation, unless It be malice. START OF THE ACTION. July 7th, 1899. To E. M. Pope, Pub lic Examiner and ex offlcio Supt. of Banks, and W. B. Douglas, Attorney General of the State of Minn.—Gentle men: Whereas, the above named public examiner has reported to the undersigned that the Savings Bank of St. Paul, in the city.of St. Paul and State of Minne sota now is, and for a long ".line has been, insolvent; that its savings funds have been loaned In violation of the laws governing savings banks; that it has leaned to its own trustees and officers upwards cf $40,000 of its funds, in viola tion of law; that it has paid dividends under the name and pretense of interest dividends to its depositors when such interest has not been earned, thereby ex hausting its capital and impairingl ita as sets; and that it is now about to pay out a large sum of money as for interest earnings, whereas In truth and in fact its expenditures and outlays since the la.-t dividend payment are largely in excess of its Interest earnings an<l income from all other sou-ees; and Whereas it seems imperatively neces- I sary that Immediate action be taken, looking toward the preservation of the assets of the said Savings Bank of St. Paul, and to prevent an unfair distribu tion of the same. I do. by virtue of the power vesteu in me. under and pur suant to the provisions of paragraph four hundred thirteen (413) of the Gen eral Statutes of 1894, direct you, the said K. M. Pope, as superintendent of Banks, immediately upon the receipts hereof to take possession of the books, records, and assets of every description of said ! bank, and hold the same and the whole | thereof, pending the application which will be made to the district court in and for the county of Ramsey, m this state, for the appointment of a receiver i or receivers to take charge of, administer I and distribute the assets of said bank as the law directs. And you, the said W. B. Douglas at torney general of the state of Minne sota, are hereby respectfully requested to institute such proceedings, looking to i ward the preservation and distribution of the assets of said Bank, and to take I such other action in the premises as may seem to you meet and proper upon the report of the said superintendent of banks, a copy of which has been trans mitted to you, and upon such further Investigation as you may see pron»r to make of the Bank's affairs Very respectfully, (Signed.) John Llnd, Governor. GEN. FOPE'S AFFIDAVIT. The affidavit of the public examiner, which was the basis of the application, stated that the assets of the bank were j impaired to the extent of over $309. --000.00, that its trustees and officers had borrowed the funds of the bank in vio lation of the law, to the amount of $41, --019.06, that Its current expenses and In terest were, and for many dividend periods had been in excess of its earn ings and that it was hopelessly insolvent. At a hearing on the 11th of July, the trustees and officers of the bank ap- ' pealed by counsel who disputed the ac curacy of the valuations of the super intendent of banks and impugned his motive They asked that the court should examine and appraise the valuation of the real estate and real estate mortgages owned by the bank and the other of which shou 1 I appraise the valuation of I all other assets of the bank. I waited the reports of the court com mittees until they were presented to the court, I give you the valuations at th* date of closing of the bank, July 7th. Uank. Real estate $833.42) ;>0 | Mortgages '.'.'. 314.45J 87 ' Other assets ..".. 456.5GL 61 Total .:.........".... $1,164,450 38 Supt. Court of Banks. Committees. Real estate ....$27^,074 47 $274.0£0 nc Mortgages .. 232,753 40 267 G7l 32 Other assets 317.312 .'7 312,'iit 38 To ta1.,«,........... $875,640 14 $555,385 68 | The foregoing statements are strictly true. . but \ incomplete as an answer in your jeditorial^artlcl9.^ I add for vouv information, and that of j the public, some additional statements: SOME ADDITIONAL FACTS. First. This department has never made any statement as to my predecessor's re lation with ihe bank, i do not puipose to do so at his time. Second. I have never publicly mado an statement as to the relations of seme of Mr. Kenyon' assistant public examin ers with the bank, but 1 will now state that such relations had been intimate* and costly to the depositors. Third. The bank has suffered losses ol many thousands in bolstering up and relieving from losses real estate com bines In which officials of the bank had been Interested, and a large amount of the valueless tax certificates haa been . purchased as Hens upon property ac quired as above intimated. The actions of the ofliclals cost the depositors many thousands of dollars. Fourth. The bank had for years been steadily using money of depositors to amount of many thousands annually to paJ.,interest> cx Penses and salaries. ififth. There were three several and separate examinations, each revealing a worse condition than the preceding, after ic<£ .ast examination, about June Cth, 1899; it was said to the officers that i( they would pay and secure their own large and unlawfully created indebtednesa to the bank, the department would con sent oto the payment of a July dividend and a continuance of the struggle under a reorganized corps of officials So anlous was both Gov. Lind and the *£. UbC examiner to avoid the closing of this bank that the matter was made the subject of much thought and many conferences with the bank officials ami their attorneys and the attorney general • In the endeavor to devise some way other tha closing the bank, in the in to- est of the depositors ci y poss bl -11 n SSI ™«nslder d but the department was determined that In view of the con stantly accruing losses It should be an ultimatum * that the officials of the bank should restore, or at least secure, the large indebtedness which they had taken from the bank without the shadow of le gal authority. t L 7 i!/ entrt the statement that Gov. Kind did not then, and to this day doe 3 tn n°s W hai> Mr- Kenyon was a debtor to the bank, but after a period of thirty &M g nYef n'for i.the PurP° the officers would not, perhaps could not, restore or nn°rl Ur *» £° llar of their indebtedness* r? thon Ktak Possession of the assets ?h- l!«Jr-f n .We found certal" tickets In bank SSi°i the managing officials of the nnrt/ hlch whad been counted and re- P. L as £ ash- T.hese tickets were turned over to the receiver, and, if still In hi<L ment *«*?* propei matters for present- SISh «°- the rand Jur It passes com prehension why a reputable journal of the standing of the Plon€er Press should not assist and co-operate in every ef £hi to lighten the darkness of the clouds Stn!in. have r rested , on the financial Pr ostitutions of the city of St. Paul " ipTTmiii, Mr. Kenyon and his assistant examiners, waiving the questions of their I personal relations with the bank T may iofV.^Tn «aA, lon kOwn thenoondiTion of this institution, and the records of mv department show that if it had b^n Cosed in 1897 or in 189S the unprotected I depositors would have received many a hn Odt a hn 3S o ffi °fdoltarß ,™re thin no? nnd the officials would have owed tho bank much less than they now (1 o in view, therefore, of the falsity and apparent malice of your editorial artich? and considering its damaging ottoct upon my official and personal character, I de rr«nd from you an immediate and unquali fied retraction. Yours respectfully ■ —E. M. Pope.' ROISER IX THE SECOND. Enthusiastic Meeting; 1,, the East End Lnst Even There need be no fear of the Demo cratic majority In the Second ward When the ballots are counted tonirjht. Th« Democratic voters of that ward hay» been doing their duty and the count this evening will more than demonstrate the accuracy of the statement. Last evening the voters of that ward gathered in force at the heai.juarters. M 5 East Seventh street, and gave demon strative approval to some excellent speeches delivered by County Chairma. Humphrey Barton. George Red.lington, P." Kelly Jr., and a number of ward speak ers. Chairman Barton, as the principal speaker of the evening, covered the field well as to national, state and local is- . sues. He admonished all Democrats oz" the Second ward to be on their jruard and to make the present contest a victory from which all things might be dat-1. Gov. Lind's administration, tha Republi cans would have people believe, had been one of corruption and mismanagement but the voters knew better. They know Honest John Lind. know what he ha done, and will sco that he is returned to complete one of the grandest adminis trations the state ever had 'Vote you' ticket straight," said Mr. Barton. "Mak^ the party a power of strength in the state, give the governor a bouse of rep resentatives that will aid him in ever: way, and I assure you the results wiil not be disappointing. The local ticket is just as necessary to good and ceo-* nomical government as any other, and it behooves every Democrat to see that the Democratic nominees receive united sup port " In national issues Mr. Bartcn confined his remarks to the ignominy of the Phil ippine policy of McKinley and his dis honor of the flag in allowing its use in a campaign in which aggression, not peaceable possession, was the feature. George Reddington. who followed, cited the merits of the county Democratic nom inees and their superior fitness for the several offices for which they were can didates. No man but recognized the ability of the Democratic nominees. He said: "The Republicans have attempted to besmirch and belittle them In every way. have resortsd to every known scheme to hold them up to ridicule in tha eyes of the voters of Ramsey county, but - I do not fear the result. They will win and hands down, too." P. Kelly, and others? who followed, spoke on local Issues with an appeal to the voters of the Second >*ard to stand together as one and demonstrate their * worth and loyalty. A Sure 'Winner. One of the cleanest and best canvasses, as well as one of the most effective, ever made has been that conducted by the friends of Frank Ford for probate judge. His candidacy has been presented on the line of his eminent fitness for the posi tion, his high standing as an attorney and his character as a gentleman. He has gained strength from the beginning of the contest, for Judge Ford is one who wears well and meets every test. His friends are sanguine of his election and arc congratulating him already.