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GLOBES TELEPHONE CALLS. THE NORTHWESTERN. ' i BnalneM Office . .... . . IOCS Main Editorial Rooms •"■•■•"i'-i 78 Main ComporlnK Room .... .'1034 Main MISSISSIPPI VALLEY. Itminrxo Office ..'; lOSG LMitorlal Room 8S ®lu> g*t #<ml ©lobe THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS. Entered at Postoffice at St. fauj. Minn.. I a* Second-Cl^ss Matter. ' _^_ CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Carrier. | 1 uao I 6 naos I 12 moB Dally only I .40 J2.25 I $4.U> Dally and Sunday .60 2.75 i 6.00 Sunday - ]6 .75 \ I.W COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Mall. | Imo ! 6 moa 1 lit tnoa j Da?* only 26"| $1.50 |S.t» ! I>ai'y and Sunday .35 ! 2.09 4.<» Sunday : I .7* 1.U9 BRANCH OFFICES. NewYoik. 10 Spruce St.. Chas. H. Eddy In Charge. Chicago. No. S7 Washington St.. Wil liams & Lawrence in Charge. WEDNESDAY, DEC. 26. 1900. THE WEST AM) THE SHIP SI BSIDV. The matter of freight rates is the only thiiigr that will interest the West in the ship subsidy biil. The termers of Minne sota don't rare a rap a« to what accom modations tiie millionaires find on mak ing their annual trip to Europe, but any measure that will 'ewer ocean freignt ratrs directly concerns every American farmer. If London is paying (1 for wheat and the cost, of handling and transportation from Minnesota to Lon don Is 20 cents, the Minnesota tarmerwlU get Srt cents for his wheat; but if freight rates are lowered 5 rent- a bushel ihd farmer will get So cents. Hence, any measure that will cause a permanent reduction of ocean freight rates can count on strong support from the farmer^ of tile West li! the people are not in favor of the bill the cause for ih;it i.s no conundrum. It merely looks to the people as if the makers o( the bill were more concerned in paying immense premiums to the owners of fast passenger boat^ than in building up a freight carrying fleet. A? the report of rtie minority in the 'house said last winter, "The government is asked to pay, not for the exportation of American produce, but for the expor tation of American customers for the foreign markets." It Is reported that Senator Hanna will in&ist on the passage of this bill, that ho will "raise the roof" if necessary and force it through anyway. There is no need of all that, If he will have the bii! put in such a form as to con vince t»iu people that it will stimulate American shipping and result in lower freight rates to the advantage of all, the people themselves will see about pushing it through, even if the senator Bl<ould go fishing. KKGII.VTIOV, XOT UESTRI CTIOX. The existing system of conducting our largeet industries through the medium of trusts, it is generally acknowledg ed, found its origin in the effort to min imize waste. Any movement in industrial life which seeks to accomplish this end deserves approval, and, when followed by success in that direction, is bound to beat competition down where the same principle is ngt in operation. Waste is liii tupreme economic evil of American life. We waste almost as much as we utilize. In even the poor est household through ignorance and tol ly combined want is produced where plenty ought to prevail. In many house holds there is much more wasted than fr'uuld maintain another family of UKa Umensions. This is true to a vastly greater degree ill the domain of industry. Individualism may not be dead or even tiyin- in the United States, but in in dustrial pursuits, individual, discon nected effort is today futile. The great impulse which the organiza tion of trusts has received all over the woiid is due to the recognition of this tiuth. The production of a. given com modity in great quantity and by one or a few agencies leads to economy or force and energy, and necessarily to the cheapening and improvement of ex- Isting processes. It does too naturally dispeiise with surplus and unnecessary labor; and, as labor is naturally the great factor of expense in all industrial undertakings, the lessening of its cost Is tfce first requirement to greatly lessen ed cost of production. It is a remarkable circumstance in connection with the great commercial arid industrial combinations which have been formed in rec-ent years, that ruch of these combinations as have bean organ ized on sound commercial principles have be< D able to avoid all difficulty -with their employee. They have avoided strikes and all other forms of waste which spring from disagreement between em ployer and employe. If the truth were known, many of these who undertake to exjrress the sentiments of workingmen on the subject of trusts are advising the acceptance of the Industrial conditions Involved in the trusts as being- more ra vorabfe In actual operation to labor than the old conditions. Anyone at all conversant with the op eration of the recent building trade troubles In Chicago can form some idea of the amount of actual ruinou3 waste of material, energy and skill which wa3 involved. It was all the product of In dividual pig-headedness, on the part of both employers and employes. The in dividual boss felt that he v.-as called upon to repel the insolence of men who made demands which he thought unreasonable and sought to enforce those demands, as he believed, in a spirit of tyranny and without any regard whatever to his rights. He fought back acordingly, and his employe fought forward; and be tween them they fought backward and forward: until they inflicted almost ir reparable injury on themselves and on the city. With th<» personal element left out of that and other disputes there would bo no «uch condition of feeling: Could one Imagine tho build'.ng . business of Chicago under a single management such Bcenes would of course be impossible. The purely impersonal method would be resorted to and settlement >wou-Ul*»ataiost- inevitably have resulted. It is of little avail to legislate against the present tendency toward concentra tion and combination in industrial life. As Avell legislate against the ebb and flow of the tide. The system is here. It is found profitable and in every way desirable by those who operate under it, and it'will stay- until-4t is^ supplemented by some other system. But if legisla tion cannot destroy the movement, it can regulate it. The great evil, as every one knows, of Ttich tpombinwtions is in the absorption, through watered stock and by manipulation of markets, of an undue share of the profits by those who conduct them, together with the im position of exorbitant charges. The?e evils will.never adjust themselves where competition, healthy and active, does not exist, and such combinations really predicate the absence of effective com petition. ..... . If our legislators stat;? and national will direct thoir energies toward regu lating, rather than destroying, such com binations it will not be very long until the giant of-the trusts.shall he harnessed to the uses of the great consuming pub lic. STREET (AR ABUSES. The subject of street railway adminis tration and service has been one of gen eral interest among the people of this city fcr many years past. At times the pub lic becomes insistent on some one or other demand, and then public sentiment gets a/oused, onl*,- to die out after some present disposition is made of the exist ing difficulty. Each section and class re gards exclusively its own interests or what it regards as its own. There is practically no class or section to look after the interest of all. It is or.c of the most instructive facts relating to the conduct of street rail roads, with especial reference to the rights of the public, tl.at the two Ameri can cities in which the matter of fran chise ownership is in the least satisfac tory condition for the owners of the stock in the street railways are ahead of all others both in the facilities which are offered to the public and in the rea sonableness of the fares charged. The other side >f the proposition is also true, that as a rule the cities in which the operating corporations have the biggest "cinch" on the public the people get least In the way of satisfactory service and are charged most for it. The uniform 5-cent fare prevails generally. There are cities which charge more and others which charge less. Bat where th* franchise, owners find them selves independent of the public the high er fares usually prevail; while in those where the franchises may revert at short periods to the public the lower fares are found to prevail. In Boston and Washington street car service has reached the highest level with regard to population and patron age. In neither city is there any guar anty of definite duration of street railway franchise":. In the former there are or soon will be three distinct plans in opera tion—street level, elevated and under ground, all embodied in ono system. In Washington they have the service system and tl*e underground eicctric. There are only 200,000 people In the entire com munity, and most of those migrate dur ing certain -seasons.- - There are neither manufacturers nor commerce prevailing there In the-ordinary sense. The finest pavements in the country and the widest streets are there, invitifig to cycling and pedestrianism by the people. Yet there the charge of six fares for 25 cents has been established for fifteen yrars. In New York and Chicago, the two cities in which street car service patron age reaches the highest point, the service is uniformly filthy and, inefficient,especial ly in Chicago, where to this hour the sight can be seen of a street car oelng hauled af6ng"" IDy horses. t!T New York as high a charg<*—e» -<8' ~csnts for a street caj^tick^i iirevails; while some of the franchises run for ninety-nine years, and others are claimed in perpetuity. Here in St. Parl, 'a'-man' getting <n an interurban car at " Hamline, or anywhere east of Fairview avenue, and deriving to go to the State University, a distance of about three miles, must pay 10 cents fare, and if at certain, hours he must moreover submit to standing all the way, he and his 1"- felttrw '"passengers being crowded toge*her--Jike catlle, and being hustled and shouted at by the conductor, whose instructions are that he mu3t pack his car even to"the point of suffocation, when ha can. ' "" ~r> ~ Street car patrons in the various cities like St. £aul.,m*Ly-continue to have tem porary concessions rr.ade to them when they unite in fragments and demand this or tITaT amelioration of the abuses of the service—in- -its. immediate application •.to them.^^.Bu.L..to <r ins.ure anithing l;ke just tieatment they niust act as a whole, and keep up thpir agitation for. relief. By keeping: a grip on'^their franchises, they hold the •strongesti'weapon:"tney"-can us© in their fJsUt_agaiust extortioa and abuse by those In control of their local trans portation facilities. ' XOT OTTXCOMIJE REFORM. There musi.be much of gall and worm wood in the truth that t3 breaking in on the more ardent reformers in New York that the removal of existing evils in that city is about to -be achieved directly by the Insistence of the masses of the com mon people through whose support Tam many has for so many years been able to maintain its ascendancy in the great metropolis. Yet the most recent information con cerning the movement now in progress Is that the schemes of Mr. Platt and the other professional politician-reformers, who like our contemporary, the Pioneer Press, have very loose notions on the subject of non-partisanship, will not be effective at all in operation this time. The usual mode of effecting reform In New York is through the agency of a leg islative committee. An election always takes place after the committee baa done its work; and the result of the election of course usually depend* upon the ef- THE ST. PAUL G&OB3, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1900. ficaey with which the committee has con ducted Its ta=k. There will be nothing of this kind in the present reform movement. Tt is, strange ly enough, now being conducted on Uta theory that those mostly affected by the existence of unfavorable social or poMtioal conditions are able to apply the needed remedy. If Voters put dishonest men in office, or maintain such men at the h?ad cf important public departments, it is rea sonable to believe that these same voters can apply th-? remedy without co-operat ing with those whom they are opposed to politically, and whose chief interest is in securing the offices from which thty happen to be excluded. Mr. Nixon, the present chairman of the Tammany Reform committee, spoke wise ly when he used the following language: "The li«t of suspicious places handed to the police is by no means complete, and we shall be guided by developments as to whom and how they shall be made public. My object is to close such place-:, and by closing them demonstrate to their owners that those who have taken money from them for protection lack the power to protect. No matter what party is in office, a)x>ut the same sort of men will be found farmng cut immunity. Kvei v department of the city government ex cept the police department is doing good work." If corruption prevails it is not because the corruptlonists happen to belong to this political party or that, to this re ligious creed or that or to no creed at all. Tt is because the people have bjen lax in selecting the right men, or in holding their representatives to serious responsibility. This happily is the theory on which the present movement in New York is being- conducted. It will suc ceed, measurably on that basi3, when, on the old plan of conduct, it would be foredoomed to irretrievable failure. Tt will be a bad day for the reformers of the Pioneer Press variety when this view comes to prevail or when so-calied ncn-partisanship reform rises above the dignity of very scurvy political trickery. THE >K<;Kl> PROBLEM. This problem readily divides itself into two parts, the first of which 5s the im provement of the race, mentally, morally and financially; the other one is the im mediate question of negro domination. Much has been done for the negro by both North and South. Schools and col leg-es have been established and lib-jrally endowed, yet he does not seem to im prove. Much of this effort has b^en ex pended toward giving him higher educa tion which in the mind of most reform ers \s the acme of all good and the pan acea for all evil. But Booker T. Washington say f that this is all wrong; that the educated negro loses touch with his people and has no influence on the masses; that what the negro needs, is to be taught to work, to live properly in his own sphere among his own people, to be economical and industrious. Booker T. Washington is probably right. He is a philanthropist and a phi losopher and he speaks of his own people whom he has studied all his life. The negro is not in need of higher education and he is not ready for it and higher education is not in need of him. Bat the South does need him as an h-jne^t, com petent workingman and farmer. After he has made a success in the humbler walks of life, he will then be ready for science, literature and learning and the making of laws, but not until then. It is common schools he needs, not colleges. As to negro domination, that causes a great deal of irritation. Ignorant and illiterate as the negro is today, no white people, North or South, would consent to have him mak% or administer the laws of their state. To deprive the illiterate negro of the ballot by laws requiring an educational and property test, is the natural solution of this proDl?m. Th-3 only objection that can be raised ogainst tuch laws as passed in some of the Southern states, is that in some cases these laws are so framed as to disfran chise the illiterate negro but not the illiterate white man, a defect which ought to and can well be remedied. Such laws are really of the high est benefit to the negro, as they demon strate more clearly than anything else, the disgrace of illiteiacy and the desir ability of owning property. Tl ESDAY GLrOPE GLAMES. Today, Dec. 26, is dedicated in the Catholic calendar to the memory- of St. Stephen, the patron of horses. He was the first Christian martyr. Acts vii. tells the story of his death by stoning ju^t outside the gate at Jerusalem now called by his name. In England at one time it was common for the poor to go about begging for victuals left over from the Christinas feasts, and was known as Boxing day, because suppliants car ried boxes to hold their gifts. In Franco it was known as Straw day, and in Den mark as Second Christmas day. The New York Times has this to say of Minnesota's short term senator, Charles A. Town-e: "He is a man of real ability and of unblemished character. He had a conscientious belief that silver ought to be remonetizeo", and he followed his. convictions to the extent of abandon ing the Republican party, and thus lost his seat in the house. He dropped the silver question in the late campaign because he believed it to be a dead is sue, and took up the Philippine ques tion; making seme very strong speeches on that subject. If he shall improve his brief opportunity to make one such deliverance In the senate, he may awak en echoes in the country at large, as well as put some heart into the demor alized party that supported Mr. Bryan in the recent election." The American Express company distributed $150,000 in gold on Christmas, each of the 30, --000 employes in the United States and Canada received a brand-new five-dollar gold piece of the mintage of 1900, to gether with a beautifully printed souv enir containing an abbreviated history of the company since its formation, in 1850, to the present day. No distinction was made in the distribution, manager or superintendent receiving no more than the driver or helper or clerk. The only requirement made was that the employe sign a receipt and certify that he had been in the company's service continu ously for the past twelve months. —o— "And was my present a surprise to your sister, Johnny?" "You bet! She said she never suspected you'd give her anything so cheap."—Chicago Record. The good roads movement involves one of the most comprehensive, sensible, and far-reaching reforms now before the American people. It directly affects the interests of hundreds of thousands of men, women and children in every state, and directly It Is of importance to the entire nation. Tho National Civil Service Reform league, composed of men of character representing a n parties, find that the standard has be*n lowered as to the ap pointments within the gift of the presi dent, and the requirements of the merit system have been persistently evaded. In fact, go general and so bold were these evasion*; in the first year of Mr. McKlaley'a first term that the rules were changed to cover them. So that it has come about that the principle of im partial appointments for tested fitnors alone In the subordinate places of the service is not bo generally applied and is not so honestly enforced as under either Presides tq-.de veland or President Harrison. There has been a distinct and pretty long 'backward step." John Bright, •'the eminent English Btautesm&Q, B9&UM "I believe there is no permanent greatness to a nation except it be based upon morality. 1 do not care for military 'feVek'thess or military re nown. I care for the condition of tha people among whom I live. There Is no man in England who is less likely to speak irrev >rently of the crown and monarchy of England than I am; but crowns, coronets,: miters, military dis plays, the panip of war, wide colonies, and a huge empire, are, in my view, all trifles light as air, and not worth con sidering, unless with them you can have a fair share of comfort, contentment, and happiness, among the great body of the people. Palaces, baronial castles, great halls, stately mansions, do not make a nation. The nation in every country dwells in the cottage; and un less the light of your constitution c.in .shine there, unless the beauty of your legislation and the excellence of your statesmanship are impressed there on the feelings and condition of the people, rely upon it you have yet to learn the duties of government." The sultan of Moroco ha 3 paid the $5, --000 indemnity tor the murder of a natu ralized Ameiican in his domains. It cost several tines the $5,000 to collect it, but the precedent is of value. Charles S. Francis, editor of the Troy CN. V.) Times has been appointed min ister to Gieeoe. His father, John M. Francis, founder of the Times, held three diplomatic missions—to Greece, to Portu gal and to Austria-Hungary. <"harle- S. Francis acted as secretary to his father during the lattei'a three years' residence at Athens. It is an interesting coinci dence that the son should be appointed minister to Gre?ce by President McKin ley just thirty years after his father was appointed minister to Greece by Presi dent Grant, and that father and son should receive their first diplomatic honor at the same age. —o— "The modern gift-giving fad Makes nuany. a; good man «lad — if he's the ifamily financier- That Christmas comes but once a year; For though fte. gives presents to every one It's dollars to doughnuts that he'll get none.'" "I see so much in the newspapers about subsidies. What kioes a subsidy mean, John?" "A subsidy, rMary, is where I give you $20 for going to see your mother instead of having her conic to see you."—Denver News. Referring to' the 10 cent per pound tax on oleomargarine,' just enacted by con gress, a prominent meat packer declared before the senate committee that if the fat of beef cattle could not be manu factured into 'oleomargarine there would be an average loss of $2 per head, and on hogs of 20 cents per head. On the beef cattle of the United States at this rate there would be a total loss of $55,000,000 and of $7,000,000 on hogs. He pronounced the bill selfish and unjust and an effort in the direction of ultra-class legislation. W. T. Stead has just interviewed Oom Paul Kruger at The Hague, and says the Boer president will not give up un til all the governments that took part in the peaco conference take a stand for or against him. Mr. Stead says: "it may interest Americans to know that Mr. Kruger's appeal to the civilized world wouid be received everywhere with unanimous enthusiasm were it not for the deep-rcot<?d.distrust and jealously of +he dynastieß^bf Hapsburp and Hohen /x>llern against the president of a repub lic. If he were a king the courts would lmve been open everywhere. But the Central European monarchs dread the popular enthusiasm excited by the heroic figure of the republican president plead ing for justice." Chicago is in the clutches of fn fluenza. Many entire families are afflict ed, and the disease is becoming epidemic. The disease is of a milder type than usual, and is chiefly prevalent among children. Clerks in the stores are suffer ing, and m.my policemen are kept at home, even Mayor Harrison is sick. Today. Dec. 2G, Is the anniversary of the birth, in ITIG. of Thomas Gray, au thor of the famous "Elegy;" of Mary Somerville, in 1780, an eminent British astronomer and scientific writer; of Dion Boucicault, inlS22,; the noted Irish dram atic author and actor. SUBSIDY OE TERRITORY. W. F. Street Di*eusse« an Article in the December Forum. Mr. Ben.;atrin S. : .Taylor, an Englishman, contributed to the December Forum a very complete article (from an English standpoint) on the subject of "The De velopment of 'British Shipping*' being an English argument against an American subsidy to American vessels engaged in the foreign trade. His tables of figures are elaborate; and in the main correct, but his statements of vessel tonnage are not according to the admiralty tables and reports, there being no such dJffer enre in volume of tonnage belonging to the respective nations as he sets forth. Besides, he omits from such tonnage ta bles all record of wooden ships on tf.e great lakes, where until the past ten years our most considerable coastwise business was transacted in such vessels. He minimizes the importance of subsi dies to British shipping, which have of course accrued mainly to the through liners, but fails to state the basic rea sons for the world spread of British shipping. He correctly says: "The great ocean commerce of the world is not so much in the hands of the liners as in those of the great navy of ocean 'tramps.' The latter class of vessels may be called the backbone of Britain's sea-trade." Then he proceeds to state propositions, historical and otherwise, which do not conform to history or fact, and neglects to state matters of the highest importance to Americans at this stage of the worlds game of commerce and wealth. He gives the annual value of the trade between Great Britain and her colonies at about $800,000,0€0. This includes Canada, Aus tralasia, British Oceanica. British West Indies, British Africa, India, Hongkong, and all "the inlands beyond seas' that are usually enumerated more by that description than by name. And he admits that SO per cent of this trade is carried in British vessels. This is all too true. But 1m adtfs what is not true, as follows: "Needless t&- say. there are no regu lations either in the British Isles or In the British colonies restricting the coast wise or inter=colrmial trade to British owned vesselsS If was not ever thus, of course, and f&P&fa& years after the Dec laration of In<se'plftdence the navigation laws of Greaa Hfitain debarred Amer ican shipping Worn her coastwise and col onial trade—just « the navigation laws of the UnitedgStsßes now debar British shipping from mie coastwise and colonial trade of that country." The facts are that until 1830, American vessels were not allowed to even deliver a cargo of goods at a British port. And that only at the point of a retaliation that retaliated did Eng land permit our vessels to carry goods between New York and the Britten West Indies, or between Buffalo and Montreal, or between Baltimore and Cap e Town. Then he draws the usual English deadly parallel that after the English had discovered protection to be injurious to them, they repealed the coastwise navi gation laws, and that then the American shipping went on increasing until iB6O, when the iron ship tame in with its steam screw: but that, by singular Inad vertence ou the part of the Americans, "the American wooden clipper could not hold i>ut against the British iron screw, and America could not then buiki iron screws." So it v/as our inability to build iron screw steamers, and not our navigation laws, which finally put our shipping into decay! Excellent! But what are fhe facts? Somewhat lengthy for a newspa per article, yet I beg your indulgence. The English and colonial n'avi^ation laws, so-called, so far as they relate to coastwise or colonial or inter-colonial traffic, have never been repealed. No American vessel can now i raffle between Toronto and Montreal, any more than a Canadian vessel can between Duluth and Buffalo, or between New York and San Francisco. No American vessel can ta'.ce cargo at ports in Australasia for ports in Canada or the British West Indies. By act of George IV., no goods could ba carried from any British possession in Asia, Africa or America, to any other such possessions, nor from part of any such possessions to another part of the same, except in British ships. This was the establishment of the coastwise nav igation laws which we now imitate. And the Britishs "free ports,'" so-called by act of parliament, were free only so far that "any foreign vessel may pass from one colonial port to another and dis charge part of her cargo at one and a part at the other. Portions of the re turn cargo may also be taken in at dif ferent ports, but cannot be landed either in any other colony or in the British European dominion*." The "freedom" of such coastwise regulations is conspicuous, to say the least; but a trifle antiquated. And even in 1820, after retaliation had reduced the British seaman to a due sense of the importance of the American trade, the utmost reach of the English liberality went this far and no farther, to wit: "And his majesty doth further, by the advice aforesaid, and in pursuance of the powers aiore.^aid, deflate that the ship.^ of and belonging to the United States of America, may import from the United States aforesaid, into the British posses sions abroad, goods, the produce of thosj states, and may export goocls from the British possessions abroad, to be carried to any foreign country whatever.'" And the same act of George IV. aiso provided, that: "No goods shall be imported into any British pos&ession in Asia, Africa or America in any foreign ships unless they be the ships of the country of which the goods are the product and from which they are imported." There is no sign of "protection" or sub sidy in that, is there? And by the same act, every British ship, during the whole of any voyage, in any part of the world, must be navigated by the master who is a British subject and a crew three fourths of whom, must be British sub jects. Only within the last llfty years have the navigation laws of the United States required American vessels to be "mastered" by American citizens, and there is still a hiatus in the matter of seamanship of that requirement. As I said in my letter to the Dispatch, ocean way-freights have been for over a hun dred years the empire and power of the British ship. They are the backbone of the British mercantile marine. The tramp ship could not exist witiiout them, unless protected or subsidized. And look at the way-freights that England has gobbled up under cover of "coastwise" navigation laws. Cape Town, Melbourne, Sydney, Hongkong, (a British seaport en the coast of Asia,) Aden, Alexandria, British Honduras. British West Indies (a dozen or more ports), the mouth of the St. Lawrence, the north coast of the great lakes, the mouth of the Conge, Calcutta, Borneo, New Zealand, Ceylon, Cypons (almost Constantinople), Vancou ver—where they had not set up the Eng lish coastwise navigation laws. And what is the play of the game? Lat in America buys of Europe over four hundred millions of manufactured goods per annum, and we buy of Latin Amer ica almost three hundred millions of trop ical products—coffee, sugar, tobacco, rub ber, etc. m excess of our sales to these people. The English ship leaves London practically cargoed for Rio or Buenos Ayres. She finishes her cargo at Ant werp or Hamburg. At Rio or Plata she discharges portions of her cargo of goods, and takes on coffee 01 rubber for Bos ton or Baltimore. She turns about, and drops further goods at Guiana, or Vene zuelan ports, taking further cargoes of nuts or fruits; at Central American ports the same, and at Cuba and Bermuda the same, landing at Baltimore or New York in partial if not full cargo, and there easily cargoing with wheat or corn or flour or cotton for home. What of the American ships? The same fate that befell three whalebacks that entered the Central American trade in 1891. They must leave Boston or New York or Baltimore In ballast, or nearly so, as we sell those countries, under the shadow (the cloud) of the Monroe doc trine, scarcely unything. The trip^uut wards is, therefore, made at a dead loss, necessitating good rates on return cargo. But the return cargo is secured at the expense of competition with the English ship making the triangle from London to Liverpool via South America, and the rate is a cut rate, ar.d the voyage a los ing one. The vessel soon go.?s out of commission, as the whalebacks did, and return to the great lakes, or to enter other coastwise business. Or, suppose the American ship has a cargo of mining or railroad material for Souta Africa. The trip out is made at a fair rate, if the hull is full, but the leturn cargo cannot be had, unless way-freights can be taken for European ports. A3 England controls the trade, no such way freights can be had, as the English coast wise navigation laws prevent the vessel larrying goods from Cape Town to Lon don or Liverpool, and New York is In no need of South African agricultural products, nor of Australasian. Neither can the American ship continue her voy age to Calcutta or Ceylon or Hongkong, for way-fi eights to get home with. She must come back in ballast. The fact Is, England has made every coast "coastwise" to the English sh/p. Our own coastwise business, it. is true, is sacred to our own vessels, but not to our own citizens. Our ships engaged in the coastwise business equal in net tsn nage one-third the total tonnage of Great Britain. But without "territory" cr sea ports abioad, and with English shipping at the zenith of its power, who will in vest money In American ships for the mere sake of Investment? If we possess ed a Hongkong, on the Coast of China, or Delogoa Bay on the coast of Africa, or a port at tjjft mouth of the Amazon, or Rio de la Plata—all our own. carrying Circulation of the Globe For November, Ernest P. Hcp*ccd, ruperlnter.dent of circulation of the St. Paul Globe, being duly sworn, deposes and says that the actual circulation of the St. Paul Globe for November. 1900. is herewith correctly set forth: i... ...17,600 16 17J20 2 17,900 17 17,725 3 17,855 18 17,500 4.: 21,400 19 17,450 5 17.675 20 17,400 6 21.900 2i .17,390 7. 24,100 22 17.400 8 21,200 23 17,650 9 18,350 24 17,600 'o ... .18,000 25 17,400 ii..... .17,800 26 17,400 '* 17,600 27 17,400 *3 17,550 28 17,450 h 17,550 29 17,450 *5 17,500 30 17,600 ERNEST P. HOPWOOD. Subscribed and sworn to before me this Ist day of December. 1900. H. P. PORTER [Notarial Seal.] Notary Public, Ramsey Co., Minn. Thomas Yould. being duly sworn, deposes and says: lam an employs exclusively of the St Paul Dispatch, in the capacity of foreman of press- room. The press work of the St Paul Globs is regularly done by said Dispatch under contract. The numbers of the respective day's cir culation of said Giobe. as set out in the above affidavit of Ernest P. Hop wood, exactly agree with the respective numbers ordered to be printed by said Globe; and in every case a slightly larger number was actually printed and delivered to the mailing department of said Globe. THOS. YOULD. Subscribed and sworn to before me this Ist day of December. 1903. S. A. YOUNG. [Notarial Seal.] Notary Public, Ramsey Co . Minn. FURTHER PROOF IS READY. The Globe invites any one and every one interested to, at any tima. make a full scrutiny of its circulation lists and records and to visit Its press and mailing departments to check and keep tab on the number of papers printed and the disposition made of the same. the American flag over its custom house —we .might" now, if we retain Cuba and the Philippines,. establish some shipping without the aid of a subsidy. But with out suoh ports or such territory, our shipping be measured by our ability to loan money, at 2 per cent and our abil ity to man ships at the same cost as British ships are,manned. Without ter ritory or seaports abroad, we must sub sidize. " But all subsidy should be based upon amount of.freights carried. W. F. Street. —.^^— . PERTINENT OR PARTLY SO. Yesterday, turkey; today,, "Waiter, what kind of soup have you?" • • • Turkey paid the indemnity, but the butcherman got the money. Many a man went down yesterday with, one good punch. • • ♦ But Jan. 1 is the day to swear off. • ♦ • Cudahy suspects are now almost as nu merous as Tascotts were once. Be care ful how, when and where you brandish. a $20 gold piece. . . * * . • Salem, Mass., elected a pawnbroker mayor, and now he announces ihat he will not use his $2,500 salary, but will give it to the poor. There was always something spooky about Salem, anyway. Sarah Bernhardt would not accept a check, so the manager had to pay her $?,OCO in $1 and $2 bills. By judicious dis tribution. Sarah could now make herself almost—shall we say voluptuous? The czar's physician is named Popoff. If he is not careful of his patient it will be Topoff. They have sharp axes in Russia. It costs $10,000 to keep the new con gressional library open Sunday. But the people who can only go there Sunday probably need it more than the congress men who can *:o there every day, but do not. The steamer Mariposa, bound from New. South Wales to San Francisco, has - ", --000 sovereigns on board. That Is worse than any poker hand that was ever stacked on a Mississippi river boat 'fo* the wa'. Chairman Rosing did not send Tom Lucas anything for Chvistmas— except a blessing. That went by wireless tele graph. I AT THE THEATERS. METROPOLITAN. "The Little Minister," drew two lar.cve holiday audiences to the Metropolitan yesterday, a special matinee performance being played in the afternoon; the play scored a decided success at both perform ances and the indications are that it will, play to big business throughout the week. A popular price matinee will be given this afternoon. Next week, "The Girl From Maxim's." GRAND. Two very large sized audiences wit nessed the performances of "A Trip to Chinatown." at the Grand yesterday af ternoon and evening. In the leading role of Welland Strong, Mr. Morrison has a splendid opportunity to display his comedy talent. Miss Mabal Mont gomery us the widow, is also seen to advantage. The dancing specialty of Mile. Fleurette is one of the most en tertaining features. The regular matinee will be given today at 2:30. The New Year's attraction at the Grand will be the Hanlon Bros', spec tacle, "Le Voyage En Suisae." STAR. The performance gdven this week by Frank Carr's "Beautiful Indian Maidens" is one of the breeziest that has yet been given at the Star. Belle Gordon, the fe male athlete, who punches the bag with the agility of a Cortoett, and boxes with considerable skill, is a feature, as are Swan and Bambard, who make the clos ing burlesque, "Fun in the White House"' a roarer. Getting Pretty.: Hot for Them. : Memphis Commercial . Tne McKinley cabinet. is in danger. o£ mcl tins away. FROM NORTHWEST EXCHANGES. Whn.t Hd)>iM-tis ut Christinas. Grand Forks (N. D.) Herald. A pessimists man says that Christtn 3 is the time when you give away all the things you want, and get all the things you don't want. (itft of Oil Consumers. Sioux Falls (S. D.) Argus-Leader. The consumers of oil, acting through John D. Rock^iVll^r. have given another million and a half dollars to the Chi- " cago university. DiMtribntion of Prosperity. Wisconsin State Journal. it is noteworthy and comfortable to know that prosperity is not confined to the United States. Many of the other countries of the earth report the fa na glad news. Poop Strn^Mn^ Furmev. Milwaukre New*. . . With creamery butter at 32 cents poi pound it would seem the real supporters are not the farmers nor the oleo manu facturers, but rather the man who can not live without butter. Would Prohibit Football. Manchester (Io.) Democrat. The Wlnnebago county board has adopted a memorial to* the Wisconsin legislature asking that body to prohibit*. the playing of the game of football in the state of Wisconsin on (he ground that "it is dangerous to the health and 1o the life of th? p.ts ms playing it, as it is now played." The memorial was introduced by Supervisor Nash, of M"n asha. whoire leg was broken in a gam« of football. THE PARAGRAPHERS. x Mei-ely >i Siimiine. Denver Post. Perhaps the horse that threw Gen. Miles in the Contennial parado-at Wash insrtr.n became frightened at the noise of . "his new uniform. Sur|»rf»i>iK Wisdom. Philadelphia Inquirer. If the canal treaty is able io rccosnze Mesaers. Hay and Pauncefote as Itß par ents it is a wiser child than we took it for. Should nine anil H<»w. Washington Post. lion. Ben Harrison should be prateful euoug-h to make the proper acknowledg ment of that Princeton applause. A Preliminary Bout. Washington Tost. After Teddy shoots up a few mountain lions he will be in prime condition to tackle the United States senate Trcmendo Advantage. - Fhiladelphia Public Ledger. Ry going into journalism. Mr. Bryan ** ' can make a. four year campaign speecn on the installment plan. SlteaUliifs for Hi« Client. Atlanta Constitution. Mr. Griggs is an admirable lawyer !mt he is speaking for his client, the' Re publican party. Just now. Senator Bsrrifl as nn Author. New York TinWs. Gertrude Atherton, ■ whose name baa re cently been much before the public n* the. author of "Senator North." writes: "It is not known to the public generally that the late Senator - Davis wrote und r.ad printed and bound two monG3r»i>ha of remarkable merit and. Interact, br- on Hamlet, the other on Mine. Roland. Both were . the result * of deep in .u-ht nn,i l£ y 'y. enriched by fancy, n.n.l written, . with the distinc tv n of style wnkh mark ♦k air that he wrote. It is to h? h..pe.l 1 that-Mrs. Davis will now publish these' studies and give the world an opportun ity to judge for itself of a literary gift known so fa,r only to few. I doubt also if his, lectures on international- 1-iw have been published.' Although th i üb-* ject Is not ordinarily,.one of Rreit f.i ; i nation to the general reader. 1 i- >v> read them mere than once, so delicratiuil could Mr. ; Davi3 make any subject by ■ his charm of style and the play, of lvs : fancjr.^The only possible fault i^ a tr.:t!i of rhetoric here and-there, but thi.-< he once explained to me was a trilmf to • thß, younger minds who attended hi? lectures. In 'the .statesman, we iost a .man of letters who unquestionably would • have left, an ; enduring name, but stale manship Ls of so much greater impirtnncu than -'letters.: that we have no right to •complain. SUIV as .no" ono.rap;>reciato.i: his literary, nbililies ,-mora - than his wife did, I am srure. that their publication is. only a question ol time."