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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, December 26, 1900, Image 4

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1900-12-26/ed-1/seq-4/

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GLOBES TELEPHONE CALLS.
THE NORTHWESTERN. ' i
BnalneM Office . .... . . IOCS Main
Editorial Rooms •"■•■•"i'-i 78 Main
ComporlnK Room .... .'1034 Main
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.
Itminrxo Office „..'; lOSG
LMitorlal Room 8S
®lu> g*t #<ml ©lobe
THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS.
Entered at Postoffice at St. fauj. Minn.. I
a* Second-Cl^ss Matter. ' _^_
CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS.
By Carrier. | 1 uao I 6 naos I 12 moB
Dally only I .40 J2.25 I $4.U>
Dally and Sunday .60 2.75 i 6.00
Sunday - ]6 .75 \ I.W
COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS.
By Mall. | Imo ! 6 moa 1 lit tnoa j
Da?* only 26"| $1.50 |S.t» !
I>ai'y and Sunday .35 ! 2.09 4.<»
Sunday : I .7* 1.U9
BRANCH OFFICES.
NewYoik. 10 Spruce St.. Chas. H. Eddy
In Charge.
Chicago. No. S7 Washington St.. Wil
liams & Lawrence in Charge.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 26. 1900.
THE WEST AM) THE SHIP SI BSIDV.
The matter of freight rates is the only
thiiigr that will interest the West in the
ship subsidy biil. The termers of Minne
sota don't rare a rap a« to what accom
modations tiie millionaires find on mak
ing their annual trip to Europe, but any
measure that will 'ewer ocean freignt
ratrs directly concerns every American
farmer. If London is paying (1
for wheat and the cost, of handling and
transportation from Minnesota to Lon
don Is 20 cents, the Minnesota tarmerwlU
get Srt cents for his wheat; but if freight
rates are lowered 5 rent- a bushel ihd
farmer will get So cents. Hence, any
measure that will cause a permanent
reduction of ocean freight rates can
count on strong support from the farmer^
of tile West
li! the people are not in favor of the
bill the cause for ih;it i.s no conundrum.
It merely looks to the people as if the
makers o( the bill were more concerned
in paying immense premiums to the
owners of fast passenger boat^ than in
building up a freight carrying fleet.
A? the report of rtie minority in the
'house said last winter, "The government
is asked to pay, not for the exportation
of American produce, but for the expor
tation of American customers for the
foreign markets."
It Is reported that Senator Hanna will
in&ist on the passage of this bill, that
ho will "raise the roof" if necessary
and force it through anyway. There
is no need of all that, If he will have
the bii! put in such a form as to con
vince t»iu people that it will stimulate
American shipping and result in lower
freight rates to the advantage of all,
the people themselves will see about
pushing it through, even if the senator
Bl<ould go fishing.
KKGII.VTIOV, XOT UESTRI CTIOX.
The existing system of conducting our
largeet industries through the medium
of trusts, it is generally acknowledg
ed, found its origin in the effort to min
imize waste. Any movement in industrial
life which seeks to accomplish this end
deserves approval, and, when followed by
success in that direction, is bound to
beat competition down where the same
principle is ngt in operation.
Waste is liii tupreme economic evil of
American life. We waste almost as
much as we utilize. In even the poor
est household through ignorance and tol
ly combined want is produced where
plenty ought to prevail. In many house
holds there is much more wasted than
fr'uuld maintain another family of UKa
Umensions. This is true to a vastly
greater degree ill the domain of industry.
Individualism may not be dead or even
tiyin- in the United States, but in in
dustrial pursuits, individual, discon
nected effort is today futile.
The great impulse which the organiza
tion of trusts has received all over the
woiid is due to the recognition of this
tiuth. The production of a. given com
modity in great quantity and by one
or a few agencies leads to economy or
force and energy, and necessarily to
the cheapening and improvement of ex-
Isting processes. It does too naturally
dispeiise with surplus and unnecessary
labor; and, as labor is naturally the
great factor of expense in all industrial
undertakings, the lessening of its cost
Is tfce first requirement to greatly lessen
ed cost of production.
It is a remarkable circumstance in
connection with the great commercial arid
industrial combinations which have been
formed in rec-ent years, that ruch of
these combinations as have bean organ
ized on sound commercial principles have
be< D able to avoid all difficulty -with
their employee. They have avoided
strikes and all other forms of waste which
spring from disagreement between em
ployer and employe. If the truth were
known, many of these who undertake
to exjrress the sentiments of workingmen
on the subject of trusts are advising the
acceptance of the Industrial conditions
Involved in the trusts as being- more ra
vorabfe In actual operation to labor than
the old conditions.
Anyone at all conversant with the op
eration of the recent building trade
troubles In Chicago can form some idea
of the amount of actual ruinou3 waste
of material, energy and skill which wa3
involved. It was all the product of In
dividual pig-headedness, on the part of
both employers and employes. The in
dividual boss felt that he v.-as called upon
to repel the insolence of men who made
demands which he thought unreasonable
and sought to enforce those demands,
as he believed, in a spirit of tyranny and
without any regard whatever to his
rights. He fought back acordingly, and
his employe fought forward; and be
tween them they fought backward and
forward: until they inflicted almost ir
reparable injury on themselves and on
the city.
With th<» personal element left out of
that and other disputes there would bo
no «uch condition of feeling: Could one
Imagine tho build'.ng . business of Chicago
under a single management such Bcenes
would of course be impossible. The purely
impersonal method would be resorted to
and settlement >wou-Ul*»ataiost- inevitably
have resulted.
It is of little avail to legislate against
the present tendency toward concentra
tion and combination in industrial life.
As Avell legislate against the ebb and
flow of the tide. The system is here.
It is found profitable and in every way
desirable by those who operate under it,
and it'will stay- until-4t is^ supplemented
by some other system. But if legisla
tion cannot destroy the movement, it
can regulate it. The great evil, as every
one knows, of Ttich tpombinwtions is in
the absorption, through watered stock
and by manipulation of markets, of an
undue share of the profits by those who
conduct them, together with the im
position of exorbitant charges. The?e
evils will.never adjust themselves where
competition, healthy and active, does
not exist, and such combinations really
predicate the absence of effective com
petition. ..... .
If our legislators stat;? and national
will direct thoir energies toward regu
lating, rather than destroying, such com
binations it will not be very long until
the giant of-the trusts.shall he harnessed
to the uses of the great consuming pub
lic.
STREET (AR ABUSES.
The subject of street railway adminis
tration and service has been one of gen
eral interest among the people of this city
fcr many years past. At times the pub
lic becomes insistent on some one or
other demand, and then public sentiment
gets a/oused, onl*,- to die out after some
present disposition is made of the exist
ing difficulty. Each section and class re
gards exclusively its own interests or
what it regards as its own. There is
practically no class or section to look
after the interest of all.
It is or.c of the most instructive facts
relating to the conduct of street rail
roads, with especial reference to the
rights of the public, tl.at the two Ameri
can cities in which the matter of fran
chise ownership is in the least satisfac
tory condition for the owners of the
stock in the street railways are ahead
of all others both in the facilities which
are offered to the public and in the rea
sonableness of the fares charged. The
other side >f the proposition is also true,
that as a rule the cities in which the
operating corporations have the biggest
"cinch" on the public the people get least
In the way of satisfactory service and are
charged most for it.
The uniform 5-cent fare prevails
generally. There are cities which charge
more and others which charge less. Bat
where th* franchise, owners find them
selves independent of the public the high
er fares usually prevail; while in those
where the franchises may revert at short
periods to the public the lower fares are
found to prevail.
In Boston and Washington street car
service has reached the highest level
with regard to population and patron
age. In neither city is there any guar
anty of definite duration of street railway
franchise":. In the former there are or
soon will be three distinct plans in opera
tion—street level, elevated and under
ground, all embodied in ono system. In
Washington they have the service system
and tl*e underground eicctric. There are
only 200,000 people In the entire com
munity, and most of those migrate dur
ing certain -seasons.- - There are neither
manufacturers nor commerce prevailing
there In the-ordinary sense. The finest
pavements in the country and the widest
streets are there, invitifig to cycling and
pedestrianism by the people. Yet there
the charge of six fares for 25 cents has
been established for fifteen yrars.
In New York and Chicago, the two
cities in which street car service patron
age reaches the highest point, the service
is uniformly filthy and, inefficient,especial
ly in Chicago, where to this hour the
sight can be seen of a street car oelng
hauled af6ng"" IDy horses. t!T New York
as high a charg<*—e» -<8' ~csnts for a
street caj^tick^i iirevails; while some of
the franchises run for ninety-nine years,
and others are claimed in perpetuity.
Here in St. Parl, 'a'-man' getting <n an
interurban car at " Hamline, or anywhere
east of Fairview avenue, and deriving to
go to the State University, a distance
of about three miles, must pay 10 cents
fare, and if at certain, hours he must
moreover submit to standing all the way,
he and his 1"- felttrw '"passengers being
crowded toge*her--Jike catlle, and being
hustled and shouted at by the conductor,
whose instructions are that he mu3t pack
his car even to"the point of suffocation,
when ha can. ' "" ~r> ~
Street car patrons in the various cities
like St. £aul.,m*Ly-continue to have tem
porary concessions rr.ade to them when
they unite in fragments and demand
this or tITaT amelioration of the abuses of
the service—in- -its. immediate application
•.to them.^^.Bu.L..to <r ins.ure anithing l;ke
just tieatment they niust act as a whole,
and keep up thpir agitation for. relief. By
keeping: a grip on'^their franchises, they
hold the •strongesti'weapon:"tney"-can us©
in their fJsUt_agaiust extortioa and abuse
by those In control of their local trans
portation facilities. '
XOT OTTXCOMIJE REFORM.
There musi.be much of gall and worm
wood in the truth that t3 breaking in on
the more ardent reformers in New York
that the removal of existing evils in that
city is about to -be achieved directly by
the Insistence of the masses of the com
mon people through whose support Tam
many has for so many years been able
to maintain its ascendancy in the great
metropolis.
Yet the most recent information con
cerning the movement now in progress
Is that the schemes of Mr. Platt and the
other professional politician-reformers,
who like our contemporary, the Pioneer
Press, have very loose notions on the
subject of non-partisanship, will not be
effective at all in operation this time.
The usual mode of effecting reform In
New York is through the agency of a leg
islative committee. An election always
takes place after the committee baa done
its work; and the result of the election
of course usually depend* upon the ef-
THE ST. PAUL G&OB3, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1900.
ficaey with which the committee has con
ducted Its ta=k.
There will be nothing of this kind in the
present reform movement. Tt is, strange
ly enough, now being conducted on Uta
theory that those mostly affected by the
existence of unfavorable social or
poMtioal conditions are able to
apply the needed remedy. If
Voters put dishonest men in office,
or maintain such men at the h?ad cf
important public departments, it is rea
sonable to believe that these same voters
can apply th-? remedy without co-operat
ing with those whom they are opposed to
politically, and whose chief interest is
in securing the offices from which thty
happen to be excluded.
Mr. Nixon, the present chairman of the
Tammany Reform committee, spoke wise
ly when he used the following language:
"The li«t of suspicious places handed
to the police is by no means complete,
and we shall be guided by developments
as to whom and how they shall be made
public. My object is to close such place-:,
and by closing them demonstrate to their
owners that those who have taken money
from them for protection lack the power
to protect. No matter what party is in
office, a)x>ut the same sort of men will
be found farmng cut immunity. Kvei v
department of the city government ex
cept the police department is doing good
work."
If corruption prevails it is not because
the corruptlonists happen to belong to
this political party or that, to this re
ligious creed or that or to no creed at
all. Tt is because the people have bjen
lax in selecting the right men, or in
holding their representatives to serious
responsibility. This happily is the theory
on which the present movement in New
York is being- conducted. It will suc
ceed, measurably on that basi3, when,
on the old plan of conduct, it would be
foredoomed to irretrievable failure.
Tt will be a bad day for the reformers
of the Pioneer Press variety when this
view comes to prevail or when so-calied
ncn-partisanship reform rises above the
dignity of very scurvy political trickery.
THE >K<;Kl> PROBLEM.
This problem readily divides itself into
two parts, the first of which 5s the im
provement of the race, mentally, morally
and financially; the other one is the im
mediate question of negro domination.
Much has been done for the negro by
both North and South. Schools and col
leg-es have been established and lib-jrally
endowed, yet he does not seem to im
prove. Much of this effort has b^en ex
pended toward giving him higher educa
tion which in the mind of most reform
ers \s the acme of all good and the pan
acea for all evil.
But Booker T. Washington say f that
this is all wrong; that the educated
negro loses touch with his people and
has no influence on the masses; that
what the negro needs, is to be taught
to work, to live properly in his own
sphere among his own people, to be
economical and industrious.
Booker T. Washington is probably
right. He is a philanthropist and a phi
losopher and he speaks of his own people
whom he has studied all his life. The
negro is not in need of higher education
and he is not ready for it and higher
education is not in need of him. Bat the
South does need him as an h-jne^t, com
petent workingman and farmer. After he
has made a success in the humbler walks
of life, he will then be ready for science,
literature and learning and the making
of laws, but not until then. It is common
schools he needs, not colleges.
As to negro domination, that causes a
great deal of irritation. Ignorant and
illiterate as the negro is today, no white
people, North or South, would consent to
have him mak% or administer the laws of
their state. To deprive the illiterate
negro of the ballot by laws requiring an
educational and property test, is the
natural solution of this proDl?m. Th-3
only objection that can be raised ogainst
tuch laws as passed in some of the
Southern states, is that in some cases
these laws are so framed as to disfran
chise the illiterate negro but not the
illiterate white man, a defect which
ought to and can well be remedied.
Such laws are really of the high
est benefit to the negro, as they demon
strate more clearly than anything else,
the disgrace of illiteiacy and the desir
ability of owning property.
Tl ESDAY GLrOPE GLAMES.
Today, Dec. 26, is dedicated in the
Catholic calendar to the memory- of St.
Stephen, the patron of horses. He was
the first Christian martyr. Acts vii. tells
the story of his death by stoning ju^t
outside the gate at Jerusalem now
called by his name. In England at one
time it was common for the poor to go
about begging for victuals left over from
the Christinas feasts, and was known
as Boxing day, because suppliants car
ried boxes to hold their gifts. In Franco
it was known as Straw day, and in Den
mark as Second Christmas day.
The New York Times has this to say
of Minnesota's short term senator,
Charles A. Town-e: "He is a man of real
ability and of unblemished character.
He had a conscientious belief that silver
ought to be remonetizeo", and he followed
his. convictions to the extent of abandon
ing the Republican party, and thus lost
his seat in the house. He dropped the
silver question in the late campaign
because he believed it to be a dead is
sue, and took up the Philippine ques
tion; making seme very strong speeches
on that subject. If he shall improve
his brief opportunity to make one such
deliverance In the senate, he may awak
en echoes in the country at large, as
well as put some heart into the demor
alized party that supported Mr. Bryan
in the recent election."
The American Express company
distributed $150,000 in gold on
Christmas, each of the 30,
--000 employes in the United States and
Canada received a brand-new five-dollar
gold piece of the mintage of 1900, to
gether with a beautifully printed souv
enir containing an abbreviated history
of the company since its formation, in
1850, to the present day. No distinction
was made in the distribution, manager
or superintendent receiving no more than
the driver or helper or clerk. The only
requirement made was that the employe
sign a receipt and certify that he had
been in the company's service continu
ously for the past twelve months.
—o—
"And was my present a surprise to
your sister, Johnny?" "You bet! She
said she never suspected you'd give her
anything so cheap."—Chicago Record.
The good roads movement involves one
of the most comprehensive, sensible, and
far-reaching reforms now before the
American people. It directly affects the
interests of hundreds of thousands of
men, women and children in every state,
and directly It Is of importance to the
entire nation.
Tho National Civil Service Reform
league, composed of men of character
representing a n parties, find that the
standard has be*n lowered as to the ap
pointments within the gift of the presi
dent, and the requirements of the merit
system have been persistently evaded.
In fact, go general and so bold were
these evasion*; in the first year of Mr.
McKlaley'a first term that the rules were
changed to cover them. So that it has
come about that the principle of im
partial appointments for tested fitnors
alone In the subordinate places of the
service is not bo generally applied and
is not so honestly enforced as under
either Presides tq-.de veland or President
Harrison. There has been a distinct and
pretty long 'backward step."
John Bright, •'the eminent English
Btautesm&Q, B9&UM "I believe there is no
permanent greatness to a nation except
it be based upon morality. 1 do not care
for military 'feVek'thess or military re
nown. I care for the condition of tha
people among whom I live. There Is
no man in England who is less likely to
speak irrev >rently of the crown and
monarchy of England than I am; but
crowns, coronets,: miters, military dis
plays, the panip of war, wide colonies,
and a huge empire, are, in my view, all
trifles light as air, and not worth con
sidering, unless with them you can have
a fair share of comfort, contentment,
and happiness, among the great body of
the people. Palaces, baronial castles,
great halls, stately mansions, do not
make a nation. The nation in every
country dwells in the cottage; and un
less the light of your constitution c.in
.shine there, unless the beauty of your
legislation and the excellence of your
statesmanship are impressed there on
the feelings and condition of the people,
rely upon it you have yet to learn the
duties of government."
The sultan of Moroco ha 3 paid the $5,
--000 indemnity tor the murder of a natu
ralized Ameiican in his domains. It cost
several tines the $5,000 to collect it, but
the precedent is of value.
Charles S. Francis, editor of the Troy
CN. V.) Times has been appointed min
ister to Gieeoe. His father, John M.
Francis, founder of the Times, held three
diplomatic missions—to Greece, to Portu
gal and to Austria-Hungary. <"harle- S.
Francis acted as secretary to his father
during the lattei'a three years' residence
at Athens. It is an interesting coinci
dence that the son should be appointed
minister to Gre?ce by President McKin
ley just thirty years after his father was
appointed minister to Greece by Presi
dent Grant, and that father and son
should receive their first diplomatic
honor at the same age.
—o—
"The modern gift-giving fad
Makes nuany. a; good man «lad —
if he's the ifamily financier-
That Christmas comes but once a year;
For though fte. gives presents to every
one
It's dollars to doughnuts that he'll get
none.'"
"I see so much in the newspapers about
subsidies. What kioes a subsidy mean,
John?"
"A subsidy, rMary, is where I give you
$20 for going to see your mother instead
of having her conic to see you."—Denver
News.
Referring to' the 10 cent per pound tax
on oleomargarine,' just enacted by con
gress, a prominent meat packer declared
before the senate committee that if the
fat of beef cattle could not be manu
factured into 'oleomargarine there would
be an average loss of $2 per head, and on
hogs of 20 cents per head. On the beef
cattle of the United States at this rate
there would be a total loss of $55,000,000
and of $7,000,000 on hogs. He pronounced
the bill selfish and unjust and an effort
in the direction of ultra-class legislation.
W. T. Stead has just interviewed Oom
Paul Kruger at The Hague, and says
the Boer president will not give up un
til all the governments that took part
in the peaco conference take a stand for
or against him. Mr. Stead says: "it
may interest Americans to know that
Mr. Kruger's appeal to the civilized
world wouid be received everywhere with
unanimous enthusiasm were it not for
the deep-rcot<?d.distrust and jealously of
+he dynastieß^bf Hapsburp and Hohen
/x>llern against the president of a repub
lic. If he were a king the courts would
lmve been open everywhere. But the
Central European monarchs dread the
popular enthusiasm excited by the heroic
figure of the republican president plead
ing for justice."
Chicago is in the clutches of fn
fluenza. Many entire families are afflict
ed, and the disease is becoming epidemic.
The disease is of a milder type than
usual, and is chiefly prevalent among
children. Clerks in the stores are suffer
ing, and m.my policemen are kept at
home, even Mayor Harrison is sick.
Today. Dec. 2G, Is the anniversary of
the birth, in ITIG. of Thomas Gray, au
thor of the famous "Elegy;" of Mary
Somerville, in 1780, an eminent British
astronomer and scientific writer; of Dion
Boucicault, inlS22,; the noted Irish dram
atic author and actor.
SUBSIDY OE TERRITORY.
W. F. Street Di*eusse« an Article in
the December Forum.
Mr. Ben.;atrin S. : .Taylor, an Englishman,
contributed to the December Forum a
very complete article (from an English
standpoint) on the subject of "The De
velopment of 'British Shipping*' being an
English argument against an American
subsidy to American vessels engaged in
the foreign trade. His tables of figures
are elaborate; and in the main correct,
but his statements of vessel tonnage are
not according to the admiralty tables
and reports, there being no such dJffer
enre in volume of tonnage belonging
to the respective nations as he sets forth.
Besides, he omits from such tonnage ta
bles all record of wooden ships on tf.e
great lakes, where until the past ten
years our most considerable coastwise
business was transacted in such vessels.
He minimizes the importance of subsi
dies to British shipping, which have of
course accrued mainly to the through
liners, but fails to state the basic rea
sons for the world spread of British
shipping. He correctly says:
"The great ocean commerce of the
world is not so much in the hands of
the liners as in those of the great navy
of ocean 'tramps.' The latter class of
vessels may be called the backbone of
Britain's sea-trade."
Then he proceeds to state propositions,
historical and otherwise, which do not
conform to history or fact, and neglects
to state matters of the highest importance
to Americans at this stage of the worlds
game of commerce and wealth. He gives
the annual value of the trade between
Great Britain and her colonies at about
$800,000,0€0. This includes Canada, Aus
tralasia, British Oceanica. British West
Indies, British Africa, India, Hongkong,
and all "the inlands beyond seas'
that are usually enumerated more
by that description than by name. And
he admits that SO per cent of this trade
is carried in British vessels. This is all
too true. But 1m adtfs what is not true, as
follows:
"Needless t&- say. there are no regu
lations either in the British Isles or In
the British colonies restricting the coast
wise or inter=colrmial trade to British
owned vesselsS If was not ever thus, of
course, and f&P&fa& years after the Dec
laration of In<se'plftdence the navigation
laws of Greaa Hfitain debarred Amer
ican shipping Worn her coastwise and col
onial trade—just « the navigation laws
of the UnitedgStsßes now debar British
shipping from mie coastwise and colonial
trade of that country."
The facts are that until 1830, American
vessels were not allowed to even deliver
a cargo of goods at a British port. And
that only at the point of a
retaliation that retaliated did Eng
land permit our vessels to carry
goods between New York and the Britten
West Indies, or between Buffalo and
Montreal, or between Baltimore and Cap e
Town. Then he draws the usual English
deadly parallel that after the English had
discovered protection to be injurious to
them, they repealed the coastwise navi
gation laws, and that then the American
shipping went on increasing until iB6O,
when the iron ship tame in with its
steam screw: but that, by singular Inad
vertence ou the part of the Americans,
"the American wooden clipper could not
hold i>ut against the British iron screw,
and America could not then buiki iron
screws."
So it v/as our inability to build iron
screw steamers, and not our navigation
laws, which finally put our shipping into
decay! Excellent! But what are fhe
facts? Somewhat lengthy for a newspa
per article, yet I beg your indulgence.
The English and colonial n'avi^ation
laws, so-called, so far as they relate
to coastwise or colonial or inter-colonial
traffic, have never been repealed. No
American vessel can now i raffle between
Toronto and Montreal, any more than a
Canadian vessel can between Duluth and
Buffalo, or between New York and San
Francisco. No American vessel can ta'.ce
cargo at ports in Australasia for ports
in Canada or the British West Indies.
By act of George IV., no goods could ba
carried from any British possession in
Asia, Africa or America, to any other
such possessions, nor from part of any
such possessions to another part of the
same, except in British ships. This was
the establishment of the coastwise nav
igation laws which we now imitate. And
the Britishs "free ports,'" so-called by
act of parliament, were free only so far
that "any foreign vessel may pass from
one colonial port to another and dis
charge part of her cargo at one and a
part at the other. Portions of the re
turn cargo may also be taken in at dif
ferent ports, but cannot be landed either
in any other colony or in the British
European dominion*." The "freedom" of
such coastwise regulations is conspicuous,
to say the least; but a trifle antiquated.
And even in 1820, after retaliation had
reduced the British seaman to a due
sense of the importance of the American
trade, the utmost reach of the English
liberality went this far and no farther,
to wit:
"And his majesty doth further, by the
advice aforesaid, and in pursuance of the
powers aiore.^aid, deflate that the ship.^
of and belonging to the United States of
America, may import from the United
States aforesaid, into the British posses
sions abroad, goods, the produce of thosj
states, and may export goocls from the
British possessions abroad, to be carried
to any foreign country whatever.'"
And the same act of George IV. aiso
provided, that:
"No goods shall be imported into any
British pos&ession in Asia, Africa or
America in any foreign ships unless they
be the ships of the country of which the
goods are the product and from which
they are imported."
There is no sign of "protection" or sub
sidy in that, is there? And by the same
act, every British ship, during the whole
of any voyage, in any part of the world,
must be navigated by the master who
is a British subject and a crew three
fourths of whom, must be British sub
jects. Only within the last llfty years
have the navigation laws of the United
States required American vessels to be
"mastered" by American citizens, and
there is still a hiatus in the matter of
seamanship of that requirement. As I
said in my letter to the Dispatch, ocean
way-freights have been for over a hun
dred years the empire and power of the
British ship. They are the backbone
of the British mercantile marine. The
tramp ship could not exist witiiout them,
unless protected or subsidized. And look
at the way-freights that England has
gobbled up under cover of "coastwise"
navigation laws. Cape Town, Melbourne,
Sydney, Hongkong, (a British seaport
en the coast of Asia,) Aden, Alexandria,
British Honduras. British West Indies
(a dozen or more ports), the mouth of
the St. Lawrence, the north coast of the
great lakes, the mouth of the Conge,
Calcutta, Borneo, New Zealand, Ceylon,
Cypons (almost Constantinople), Vancou
ver—where they had not set up the Eng
lish coastwise navigation laws.
And what is the play of the game? Lat
in America buys of Europe over four
hundred millions of manufactured goods
per annum, and we buy of Latin Amer
ica almost three hundred millions of trop
ical products—coffee, sugar, tobacco, rub
ber, etc. m excess of our sales to these
people. The English ship leaves London
practically cargoed for Rio or Buenos
Ayres. She finishes her cargo at Ant
werp or Hamburg. At Rio or Plata she
discharges portions of her cargo of goods,
and takes on coffee 01 rubber for Bos
ton or Baltimore. She turns about, and
drops further goods at Guiana, or Vene
zuelan ports, taking further cargoes of
nuts or fruits; at Central American ports
the same, and at Cuba and Bermuda
the same, landing at Baltimore or New
York in partial if not full cargo, and there
easily cargoing with wheat or corn or
flour or cotton for home.
What of the American ships? The same
fate that befell three whalebacks that
entered the Central American trade in
1891. They must leave Boston or New
York or Baltimore In ballast, or nearly
so, as we sell those countries, under the
shadow (the cloud) of the Monroe doc
trine, scarcely unything. The trip^uut
wards is, therefore, made at a dead loss,
necessitating good rates on return cargo.
But the return cargo is secured at the
expense of competition with the English
ship making the triangle from London
to Liverpool via South America, and the
rate is a cut rate, ar.d the voyage a los
ing one. The vessel soon go.?s out of
commission, as the whalebacks did,
and return to the great lakes, or
to enter other coastwise business. Or,
suppose the American ship has a cargo
of mining or railroad material for Souta
Africa. The trip out is made at a fair
rate, if the hull is full, but the leturn
cargo cannot be had, unless way-freights
can be taken for European ports. A3
England controls the trade, no such way
freights can be had, as the English coast
wise navigation laws prevent the vessel
larrying goods from Cape Town to Lon
don or Liverpool, and New York is In
no need of South African agricultural
products, nor of Australasian. Neither
can the American ship continue her voy
age to Calcutta or Ceylon or Hongkong,
for way-fi eights to get home with. She
must come back in ballast.
The fact Is, England has made every
coast "coastwise" to the English sh/p.
Our own coastwise business, it. is true,
is sacred to our own vessels, but not to
our own citizens. Our ships engaged in
the coastwise business equal in net tsn
nage one-third the total tonnage of Great
Britain. But without "territory" cr sea
ports abioad, and with English shipping
at the zenith of its power, who will in
vest money In American ships for the
mere sake of Investment? If we possess
ed a Hongkong, on the Coast of China, or
Delogoa Bay on the coast of Africa, or
a port at tjjft mouth of the Amazon, or
Rio de la Plata—all our own. carrying
Circulation of the Globe
For November,
Ernest P. Hcp*ccd, ruperlnter.dent of circulation of the St. Paul
Globe, being duly sworn, deposes and says that the actual circulation of
the St. Paul Globe for November. 1900. is herewith correctly set forth:
i... ...17,600 16 17J20
2 17,900 17 17,725
3 17,855 18 17,500
4.: 21,400 19 17,450
5 17.675 20 17,400
6 21.900 2i .17,390
7. 24,100 22 17.400
8 21,200 23 17,650
9 18,350 24 17,600
'o ... .18,000 25 17,400
ii..... .17,800 26 17,400
'* 17,600 27 17,400
*3 17,550 28 17,450
h 17,550 29 17,450
*5 17,500 30 17,600
ERNEST P. HOPWOOD.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this Ist day of December. 1900.
H. P. PORTER
[Notarial Seal.] Notary Public, Ramsey Co., Minn.
Thomas Yould. being duly sworn, deposes and says: lam an employs
exclusively of the St Paul Dispatch, in the capacity of foreman of
press- room. The press work of the St Paul Globs is regularly done by
said Dispatch under contract. The numbers of the respective day's cir
culation of said Giobe. as set out in the above affidavit of Ernest P. Hop
wood, exactly agree with the respective numbers ordered to be printed by
said Globe; and in every case a slightly larger number was actually printed
and delivered to the mailing department of said Globe.
THOS. YOULD.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this Ist day of December. 1903.
S. A. YOUNG.
[Notarial Seal.] Notary Public, Ramsey Co . Minn.
FURTHER PROOF IS READY.
The Globe invites any one and every one interested to, at any tima.
make a full scrutiny of its circulation lists and records and to visit Its
press and mailing departments to check and keep tab on the number of
papers printed and the disposition made of the same.
the American flag over its custom house
—we .might" now, if we retain Cuba and
the Philippines,. establish some shipping
without the aid of a subsidy. But with
out suoh ports or such territory, our
shipping be measured by our ability
to loan money, at 2 per cent and our abil
ity to man ships at the same cost as
British ships are,manned. Without ter
ritory or seaports abroad, we must sub
sidize. " But all subsidy should be based
upon amount of.freights carried.
W. F. Street.
—.^^— .
PERTINENT OR PARTLY SO.
Yesterday, turkey; today,, "Waiter,
what kind of soup have you?"
• • •
Turkey paid the indemnity, but the
butcherman got the money.
Many a man went down yesterday
with, one good punch.
• • ♦
But Jan. 1 is the day to swear off.
• ♦ •
Cudahy suspects are now almost as nu
merous as Tascotts were once. Be care
ful how, when and where you brandish.
a $20 gold piece.
. . * * . •
Salem, Mass., elected a pawnbroker
mayor, and now he announces ihat he
will not use his $2,500 salary, but will
give it to the poor. There was always
something spooky about Salem, anyway.
Sarah Bernhardt would not accept a
check, so the manager had to pay her
$?,OCO in $1 and $2 bills. By judicious dis
tribution. Sarah could now make herself
almost—shall we say voluptuous?
The czar's physician is named Popoff.
If he is not careful of his patient it will
be Topoff. They have sharp axes in
Russia.
It costs $10,000 to keep the new con
gressional library open Sunday. But the
people who can only go there Sunday
probably need it more than the congress
men who can *:o there every day, but
do not.
The steamer Mariposa, bound from New.
South Wales to San Francisco, has - ",
--000 sovereigns on board. That Is worse
than any poker hand that was ever
stacked on a Mississippi river boat 'fo*
the wa'.
Chairman Rosing did not send Tom
Lucas anything for Chvistmas— except
a blessing. That went by wireless tele
graph.
I AT THE THEATERS.
METROPOLITAN.
"The Little Minister," drew two lar.cve
holiday audiences to the Metropolitan
yesterday, a special matinee performance
being played in the afternoon; the play
scored a decided success at both perform
ances and the indications are that it will,
play to big business throughout the week.
A popular price matinee will be given
this afternoon.
Next week, "The Girl From Maxim's."
GRAND.
Two very large sized audiences wit
nessed the performances of "A Trip to
Chinatown." at the Grand yesterday af
ternoon and evening. In the leading
role of Welland Strong, Mr. Morrison
has a splendid opportunity to display
his comedy talent. Miss Mabal Mont
gomery us the widow, is also seen to
advantage. The dancing specialty of
Mile. Fleurette is one of the most en
tertaining features. The regular matinee
will be given today at 2:30.
The New Year's attraction at the
Grand will be the Hanlon Bros', spec
tacle, "Le Voyage En Suisae."
STAR.
The performance gdven this week by
Frank Carr's "Beautiful Indian Maidens"
is one of the breeziest that has yet been
given at the Star. Belle Gordon, the fe
male athlete, who punches the bag with
the agility of a Cortoett, and boxes with
considerable skill, is a feature, as are
Swan and Bambard, who make the clos
ing burlesque, "Fun in the White House"'
a roarer.
Getting Pretty.: Hot for Them.
: Memphis Commercial
. Tne McKinley cabinet. is in danger. o£
mcl tins away.
FROM NORTHWEST EXCHANGES.
Whn.t Hd)>iM-tis ut Christinas.
Grand Forks (N. D.) Herald.
A pessimists man says that Christtn 3
is the time when you give away all the
things you want, and get all the things
you don't want.
(itft of Oil Consumers.
Sioux Falls (S. D.) Argus-Leader.
The consumers of oil, acting through
John D. Rock^iVll^r. have given another
million and a half dollars to the Chi- "
cago university.
DiMtribntion of Prosperity.
Wisconsin State Journal.
it is noteworthy and comfortable to
know that prosperity is not confined to
the United States. Many of the other
countries of the earth report the fa na
glad news.
Poop Strn^Mn^ Furmev.
Milwaukre New*. . .
With creamery butter at 32 cents poi
pound it would seem the real supporters
are not the farmers nor the oleo manu
facturers, but rather the man who can
not live without butter.
Would Prohibit Football.
Manchester (Io.) Democrat.
The Wlnnebago county board has
adopted a memorial to* the Wisconsin
legislature asking that body to prohibit*.
the playing of the game of football
in the state of Wisconsin on (he ground
that "it is dangerous to the health and
1o the life of th? p.ts ms playing it, as
it is now played." The memorial was
introduced by Supervisor Nash, of M"n
asha. whoire leg was broken in a gam«
of football.
THE PARAGRAPHERS.
x Mei-ely >i Siimiine.
Denver Post.
Perhaps the horse that threw Gen.
Miles in the Contennial parado-at Wash
insrtr.n became frightened at the noise of .
"his new uniform.
Sur|»rf»i>iK Wisdom.
Philadelphia Inquirer.
If the canal treaty is able io rccosnze
Mesaers. Hay and Pauncefote as Itß par
ents it is a wiser child than we took it
for.
Should nine anil H<»w.
Washington Post.
lion. Ben Harrison should be prateful
euoug-h to make the proper acknowledg
ment of that Princeton applause.
A Preliminary Bout.
Washington Tost.
After Teddy shoots up a few mountain
lions he will be in prime condition to
tackle the United States senate
Trcmendo Advantage. -
Fhiladelphia Public Ledger.
Ry going into journalism. Mr. Bryan ** '
can make a. four year campaign speecn
on the installment plan.
SlteaUliifs for Hi« Client.
Atlanta Constitution.
Mr. Griggs is an admirable lawyer !mt
he is speaking for his client, the' Re
publican party. Just now.
Senator Bsrrifl as nn Author.
New York TinWs.
Gertrude Atherton, ■ whose name baa re
cently been much before the public n*
the. author of "Senator North." writes:
"It is not known to the public generally
that the late Senator - Davis wrote und
r.ad printed and bound two monG3r»i>ha
of remarkable merit and. Interact, br- on
Hamlet, the other on Mine. Roland. Both
were . the result * of deep in .u-ht nn,i
l£ y 'y. enriched by fancy, n.n.l written,
. with the distinc tv n of style wnkh mark
♦k air that he wrote. It is to h? h..pe.l 1
that-Mrs. Davis will now publish these'
studies and give the world an opportun
ity to judge for itself of a literary gift
known so fa,r only to few. I doubt
also if his, lectures on international- 1-iw
have been published.' Although th i üb-*
ject Is not ordinarily,.one of Rreit f.i ; i
nation to the general reader. 1 i- >v>
read them mere than once, so delicratiuil
could Mr. ; Davi3 make any subject by ■
his charm of style and the play, of lvs :
fancjr.^The only possible fault i^ a tr.:t!i
of rhetoric here and-there, but thi.-< he
once explained to me was a trilmf to •
thß, younger minds who attended hi?
lectures. In 'the .statesman, we iost a
.man of letters who unquestionably would •
have left, an ; enduring name, but stale
manship Ls of so much greater impirtnncu
than -'letters.: that we have no right to
•complain. SUIV as .no" ono.rap;>reciato.i:
his literary, nbililies ,-mora - than his wife
did, I am srure. that their publication is.
only a question ol time."

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