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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, January 03, 1901, Image 8

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1901-01-03/ed-1/seq-8/

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B A FTER trying every kind 111
■ A of medicine, bitter, sweet ||
gjr ■'^ and some powder, and p
11 pills galore, andevsry kind of J|
■L doctors, 'allopath, . homeopath fi
m and the, rest, try Osteopathy. j|
i ,-.We expsct those kind of pa- M
I Jien'.s. for with them we tj
B have : made our reputation, B
I 'curing about 80 per cent, bene- &
I I filing 95 per cent and surely ■
I L^not hurting the other 5 per H
V cent. It is new and up-to- m
1 - date: The treatment is all HI
B common-sense and most rea- H
•"sonable. It will do more than H
©^straighten your back. It Will fl
&^ naturally, and permanently - I
B cure that old stomach trouble. M
m And Just' like enough that is ifl
H^'lthe thing that causes your H
K» head- 1? ache and your eyes at
Bf to pain and seem weak. la
B-A Consult an Osteopath any- M
H-. way before giving up. 19
I Or, Philip Wallace, 1
W. • Go/ mania Life Bidg. M
OliMt-rvHtiKiiN of a IMiysloimi In "Sew'
■^'Orleans. Where Many Vase It. '
i'roiu the X v, Orleans Times-Democrat.
M see that the French government is"
making 1 an effort to suppress the manu
facture of- aijsiiithe,'' remarked v 'K; .New";
Orleans physician, "and that the jr>cdical i
cbrps of the army.'has 'made- sonic .very
alarming reports as to the effect of the'
stuff on the rank and tile of the.troops."
A similar movement- was 1 started in ISSD..
or thereabouts, and. if l remember right-.
ly, an order was Issued .' forbidding the
sale of the cordial to any - soldier.. Xlls
subject was discussed at length in the
papers at the time-, but in© dealers
brought their influence to be ir and- the
crusade was ultimately abandoned. 'i;_
""Absinthe"is a strange. tippl.>," he con
tinued, "and the evidence .as to its effects
is ..singularly contradictory,"s"§o'me" psopl 2
drink 11 all . tlieir lives and ; aprareiitly '
suffer ho .. bad results, whil^ .others are
reduced. ib^horriWe' mental and- physical !
wreck;; by--ndl: half "as great lan indul- !
gence. More absinthe, is " consumed in
New, Orleans than any other oily of the
United States; and in -years past' i have
made the ■'habit something of a study,
hoping to discover the exact toxic-prop- j
erties or the preparation and .some fixed
fact.-, as to- Its' effect on the: system. I
cant ' pay,' however," that " I was parties
larly suces'ffuL"; Thejlqueur Is "simply, a :
distillation of' wormwood known botani
cally 'an ;: 'As temisia Absirithi nin—rfeice
the name, absinthe. Wormwood itself i 3
used to sii'i.' extent as a medicine, and
a fluid extract made from the leaves and
l]oi>9is regarded as a gbpcl'.tpruo }n cases :
of dyspepsia. -The extract has si.tie very
slight -narcotl'c properties, but the disti'.
lation scorns- to develop a new arid power
ful ag-.Mii which, in ceytafn ca.s. s. a-H
directly on the brain and groat nerve
centers and stimulates them to an extra
ordtnary degree. The ultimate effect is
a breaking, down. of the system, loss of
memory, ii ability to articulate, hallucina
tions and something resembling palsy.
• 'JOiie■ abHrithe wreck 'whom-""I treated
for several months had strange Ibises in
which he .would, forget his own identity
and be unable to find his way tome; An
other patient was continually -ing the
wrong word?, like a man with r.phasia.
One day ho walked into the ofiice and
said: 'Doctor, I have runo ut of refer
ential." lie meant'to say he 'lad lun.out
of medicine, but was absolutely unable
to do it. and to this day 1 never hear
the word 'referential' without H inking
of him. But as I paid before, it all d -
pends on the individual. Soinu are nat
urally immune to the poison and others
are abnormally sensitive to it. "fl.en
again, the symptoms difi' widely; so
widely that it would be impossible to
diagnose a rase without knowing some
thing of its history. Altogether, the ac
tive principle of the stuff is a great mys
'Here In New Orleans absinthe is gen
erally drank in combination with nnisetta
diluted In about six parts ot water. 1
think t!:.- French way of taking ii l« less
injurious. in Paris the confirmed ab
. sinthe drinker pours about half a gill i n
the bottom <■;• a large tumbler an l 0 l!s it
op with water. Then, as he sips he adds
more and more water from the carafe
•until the mixture is almost transparent
One glas-i will occupy him at least an
hour, and he rarely takes a sr-cor.l '•'
A Farm Hand "liny*" fio,oo Worth
-.: . ...of Fat! Stork. •
Umv"'?• (to.) Cf;i-ie;po:ilo ice Chicago
, A atelrosc r<V m hand breaks all records
for JiPiro • It leaked out today that W.
.°- Maxell boafhls way to Chicago to
attend trie far stock show. and that he ;
used the v., which he borrowed from a
friend for defraying immediate expense?
after arriving there for '-'sprucing up
Upon such capital as he had left after
tiiis preparation he went to the fat stock
show and bid with the best of the buyer*
upon stock offered for sale. in fact, he
made purchases amounting to- between
?7.C00 and 10 "W. and, being such a prince
among the buyers, he was taken into
their reiro*sh!p and made much of Ho
Was. written up as a fmancic-r of un
doubted ability, and he was banqueted,
wined and dined, but. he left Chicago, it
is said, without making a single payment,
ana. as a matter of course, all deals were
declared on: when it was found that
there was nothing bUt wind In th° >rciuri
iOHiis iraiifng. - s
„- Mute S|ic;ilvß on Her Doiitliiiri). i
Mrs. Char'.es Palmer, p. mute, died at
the room of her invalid motivjr. in the
I'ark house, in Charles City. Jo., recently.
1 he flideaso which caused her death was
.quick consumption. Before she di»d, this
woman, who had not spoken for nearly '
thirty years, .summoned up all her streng
the and articulated somewhat brokenly.
tsnt^sufficiently plain to be understood
my her mother, who received from her
dying- daughter tho message i hat all was
well..with her and she wa3 ready and
willing Id die. *
First PniuloNS XigUt in » Month*.
,"I received the Ready Relief on Frl
da >- the nth inst.. by night express;
used the same at ii o'clock and had a
painless .nlsht. for the first time In three
months. . t sed the Ready Relief again
on SatuMSy and Sunday morning and
night,-, with the some result. I nad a
broken arm and shoulder put of joint Or
. dislocated: was set all right, but remain
ed, painful until I used your remedy
3hanks for your prompt attention."
Yours respectfully. ■ O. G. DOSE
; v< -'■. i -Maryland, Otse.co Co., N. Y.
A euro for- all Colds. Ccushs. Sore
Throat, Iniliienza, Bronchitis, Pneumonia,
Swelling of the Joints, Lumbago, In
flammations, Rheumatism,
Frostbites. Chilblains, Headaches, Tooth
aches, Asthma. Difficult Breathing. ••-.
on e to twenty minutes. NOT ONE HOUR
'TO^Tf^. 1"^ this need anyone SUFFER
r WITH PAIN. Sold: by Druggists. •
Ka4i\vn> A: Co.. 5.1 Elm St., ,\>w York.
; ■ " I"HE'InS"CRK_ASE^:V.>
- ' Ji" JT" ->•;- -* -.-.-.' "v ' ■
• ■ * '^ ' *o v£ *.f' %si -> -
Vendor* of Doctored Food Are Most
I ii*crui>uloiiK In Their MOih
ods—<<reli< l)atiK«-r !<►
Major J. M. Bowler, state dairy and
iood commissioner, yesterday c'orr.pl'eted
that part of his annual report which re
late to food adulteration; white lead
and linseed oil. The subs Lance of. it fol
lows: '"'
The subject of- the adulteration of
foods has of late received considerable
attteution all over the country, but net
nearly as ■ much as. its", importance de
manos. The great problem, for every na
tion to solve has "been, and-always wi.l j
')e, a supply ofi-.wrioles.ome food. This j
is of the -highest. importance to the health :
of a. people and it is well that a strong 1 j
.sentiment against food adulteration lias |
been awakened. . However, the 1 fkld for 1
the adulteration' of ' foods is ' being ex- \
tended every year'and even In our state
where tews have" been enacted, and lor
the last two years at least, strictly in
forced, the percentage of adulteration
is much -higher tharL.it ought to ;i be. in
regaid to the character of food adulter
ant we may for convenience form two
classes: one in which the adulterant "is
.in itself injurious aud another in which
adulterant is in 'itself not injurious, but I
is a cheaper article or.. is sold; for what j
i it.. not. The various forms of cheini- I
cal . preservatives arid.. the. cpal tar arid
mineral " colors "are the ":most ' important I
in the first class;. 'There is now no "doubt j
but that the chemical preservatives Whan
used in human foods; are ; -generally in
jurious. They are used solely to pre
vent fermentation since the- rroc
er.ses of digestion are fermentation proc
esses, the chemici^i-.pi^seEy^tiyes. must
work an injury. Their use.in milk bu?ht
especially to ~- be . condemned in the se
verest terra's, for milk is such a uhivv-r^al
food and is used to .'so large an oxie'nt
by children and "Invalids that in such
cases they must -prove partU-uVarlv in
jurious. :; The more common forms of
chemical; preservatives ■■ now <used are I
borax, boric acid, salicylic acid, salts
of benzole acid and formalin. They are
used in a great variety of foods such rs
butter, and crearri; jellies, preserves, |
meats, oysters, fish, canned vegetables, 1
catsups, pickles, etc. '_■.....,,£*. .-,-.:
Of, the coal tar colors some are now 1
known that are not injurious'-.but: since
so-nif are-virulent poisons'the use" of all
ought to bj ..prohibited. They are used
in all- -of the cheap and highly colored
candies- and- of course-here .are: eaten
principally by children. They are fiSso
used in sausages, in all catsups, hi most
.preserve and jellies, and in butter and
cheese. Most of the highly colored fruit
syrups and crushed fruits of our soda
fountains contain these dangerous colors,
•as do also many of the bottled carbonat
ed beverages. Tn this class -corns also
the poisonous salts. of zinc and copper i
"Which:" r.refused in canned vegetables
not so much to impart a color but to
preserve the -original green color of the
vegetable. "^ . \ .
V-: The adulterants comma; under -the sec
ond class are very numerous and are
-used in ; a-.- Variety -of : ways -in a great
many., of ': our common foods. -Milk ■is
skimmed and waterea in the old-fashion
ed way. .In Minnesota the law fixes the
standard of quality . for milk, requiring
at least 3.50 per cent of fat and this law
is being strietly-inforc-fcol.-' CreaiTi-"is ai&o
subject to adulteration, especially by be
ing diluted with milk and to- guard
against this «the state has fixed 20 per
cent fat as the,..minimum.
- The value.xifcheeee is sometimes low
ered by using partly skimmed milk in
the making or even by using milk from I
Which all the. f^t has been removed
in this case, however, foreign fats si
milar to those used .in- oleomargarine
are incorporated .with, the : milk, produc
in* what is known as "filled cheese.^,-.
Oleomargarine colored in imitation of
butter is frequently sold to' the unsus
pecting customer for the genuin-2 a". I
tick- and is a;sb served to the guests or I
boarders in hotels, restaurants/ board
ing houses and- lumber '"camps, "without
being printed, upon the bill or fare or
petted 111 on the walla of dining room or I
car as required by law. . I
Process butter is." a comparatively new I
product and has already become a very
lormi.aable enemy of honest butter It is !
made from butter which .through > age or
faulty manufacture Is unfit for eatiai
This butter usually 'comes from countiv
merchants, who buy it up at a very low
P"ce and store it in barrels or boxes in
filthy cellars until enough has been ac
cumulated for shipment to the le ov tin- i
plant. The butter by this time has be"
come very rancid and ia in a partial
state of decomposition, but in the eyes
of the renovator It has not lost its use
fulness. *
Lard is frequently adulterated with tal
low or cotton seed oil. ingredients not
harmful in any way, but.cheaper artists
sold for a higher-priced one
_ Cider vinegar has. for a longtime of- !
fered an enticing field for the dlshon?**
manufacturer. Formerly much-: white '
wine vinegar, a cheap article mad > frcm i
corn or barley malt .chiefly,- was colored
with burnt sugar and sold for pure ap;>!e
cider vinegar. To prevent this the legis
lature some years ago passed a .'aw 're- i
quiring- all cider Vinegar to coiitni.i at :
least . i per cent of cider, vinegar solids 1
which would remain after 'evaporation
over boiiing water. This brought about a
new process for adulteration Swe't
cider, which contains a large amount of
solid matter, mostly su^ar, is evaporated
down to. a. thick syrup, .wiuVh is.a^-led to
the white wine vinegar in an lmount s - ; u
licient to make 2 per cent of solids In
the vinegar, This kind of vinegar can
be very readily detects beca,uso <t con.,
tains suca a small amount of ash Kt
cently the adulterators have attempted
to add ash artificially to this c!as*-o:
vinegars; there seems to be no limit to
Yankee ingenuity in this kind of w.-rk
Since the law requires an acidity etiyl al
lent to 4.50 per cent of 'acstic aciJ the
adulteration of vinegar... with wat r is
seldom practiced, but if done it is ie>d
lly detected in the laboratory. -f.:
Strained and extracted 1-omv also
cornea in for its share of adulteration
Jhe principal adulterants are glucose ani
cane sugar. Some samples have 01 re
ceiveti which contained no honey at' a I,
being pure glucose; others, were" giucem
with a bit of comb honey; others ugain
were mixtures of.. honey -and glucose or
cane sugar. Twenty-tive per. cant if
the honey brought to the laboratory was i
found to be adulterated.
Probably there is no pure maple syrup
sold in the-state; we have no law regu
lating its manufacture, or sale and even
if we had it is very doubtful If we could
detect the imitation. It is made from
cane sugar which is exactly the saras
in chemical composition and properties
as the sugar from the maple,', and is
flavored artificially. The artificial flavors
are made in various Trays, chiefly from
an extract obtained from the bark of a
species of hickory;. The writer recently
tasted a sample of -syrup . which poss
essed. a. very line maple flavor, and was
very much surprised.„• to learn that it
was made from light brown sugar
•flavored with an extract obtained f 10m
dry red corn cobs, not a bit of maple In
it. This was .a. homemade product but
probably much of "the maple syrup on
the market is made in the same- way.-•>
The grinder of spices need not 'lo >k
•far for suitable adulterants for his good-.
since a variety of- cheap material is at
hand. Corn meal. and the husk 01" the
peanut is used in ginger.. Wheat flour
rice Hour and corn starch, colored' with
turmeric (a vegetable color) ur,» found
in mustard. As a substitute for cinna
mon and.cassia, cracker crumbs, ground
cocoanut shells and other dark colored
.nut shells are-used. Pepper shells, corn
meal., buckwheat middlings, rice, flour,
cracker crumbs" and' charred nut shells
are sold for ; pure- ..pepper.' : Cloves are
adulterated with exhausted doves* cloy»
stems, allspice and nut shells. Allspice
because of its cheapness is seldom
adulterated, but, we ,sometimes find .in
it shells, sand and dirt.
The foregoing but emphasizes'the Im
portance of the subject of legislation af
fecting the manufacture vand sale of
articles used . as, or in preparation of,
food or drink... ... ...... .. .. . ....
The law should be extended -so as to
Include all such-articles .and--prohibit -by
name the use therein of all such in
gredients as- are believed' to-be Injurious
.to health,""under. penalty of line or Im
prisonment. There is a 'ifv.cly■■ and. in
creasing public Interest in this - subject
which .should .prompt the; legislature .to
give it earnest and thoughtful attention.
The law passed l.aat session which te-
quired all - baking powders to - bear a
Statement of ingredients printed in a par
ticular form has _been rigidly inforced.-
Objection has been made by makers of
the high - grade powders which have a
general sale throughout the country, be
cause of- the difficulty of supplying:
wholesalers at central points with goods
bearing different labels- to conform to
- the laws of different states. They say
also that if a package of baking- powder
bore several pasters to comply with the
varying state laws, the label and trade
mark would be greatly obscured, if not
entirely obliterated. These objections ap
pear reasonable. The high -quality of
such powders is well known, and com
merce in wholesome articles should bs
encouraged rather than hampered.
Moreover, the makers of alum powders
are enabled to evade the spirit of the
law by substituting for the word "alum"
such scientific terms as "aluminum,
etc.,".- "sodium aluminum sulphate," the
meaning of which is not generally under
stood by housekeepers. • Several" grocers
have been arrested for Belling powders
containing. alum, under that clause of the
law which prohibits the sale of a powder
containing any ingredient which is dee
terious or injurious to the public health.
But the most effective law against such
evils would be one specifically and posi
tively prohibiting the use of alum, for
maldehyde, salicylic acid, boric acid,
'borax an,d, other injurious substances, in
any articles used as, or in the prepara
tion of food or drink, under penalty of
fine or imprisonment. Such a law would
prevent the sale of injurious substances
for and in connection with food prepara
! tions, and be clearly beneficial to the
I public. It could be much more easily
i enforced s because the question as to
! what" substances are considered as in
j juiious would be . largely eliminated.
The markets are flooaed with adulter
ated ieliies, most of which are an abom
ination. The cheaper grades are made
from glucose, starch and gelatine ant
are colored and flavored with aniline
dyes. They possess but little value as
an article of food, or even as a re'i«h.
The use aniline dyes in food prepara
tions is dangerous, as some of them are
rank poison and liable to do a great deal
of harm.
i The law which quires adulterated 1 jel
ly to be labeled with the words "mixture
| and adulterated," should be- So amended
I as to Include marmalade, preserves, jams
and fruit butters, since some manu ac
i turers are putting up adulterated jelli s
under these name in order to evade
the law.
Several parties have been attested and
fined for violation of the law in relation
to the sale of compounded or adulterated
honey. The law would be more effective
I and of easier enforcement if ' section 3
were amended by dropping the conclud
ing phrase, "or both such fine and im
prisonment," so that justices of the peace
might have jurisdiction to t.y cas£S aris
-1 ing under it.
Probably no article used in the prep-
I aration of food adulterated so generally
I or to such an extent as are spices. The
i character of such adulterations is de
j tailed In the chemist's report arid will
not b<3 repeated here.
j Adulterated lard and lard substitute?.
! like oleomargarine, are manufactured
chiefly by the great packing companies.
Objection is urged by them against the
proviso to section 10, which exempts cot
tolene, when. labeled as such, from the
operation the law relating to lard com
pounds and substitutes. They say that
cottolene is as much entitled to be' class
ed as lard substitute and treated as such
as is their product, which is composed
of the same materials, the only differ
ence being that the makers of eoltolene
have the" exclusive right to ■ the use of
the name. The objection appears so rea
sonable that there ought not to be a'.y
! doubt about the legislature's duly in the
I premise?.
Such quantities of lad substitute and
1 adulterated lard not labeled, as required
I by law, were found upon the market that
the price of genuine lard was forced be
low the- cost of production. # Small pro
j ducers of home-rendered lard \vere com
{ pelled to adulterate the'r product with
1 beef and mutton tallow In order to com
pete .with. the large. nka.nufdct.urers of
the bogus article. It had conic "to such
a pass that but little genuine lard was
offered for sale,. and the purchaser was
i always in doubt as to which of. ti:e two
I he was getting. The inspectors gave the '
matter special attention, and in a com- j
paratively '. bile? time the" situation was
changed.. Twenty-three presons, wore ';
convicted- and .lined .and the. manufactur- '
ers pi. adulterated lard and" lard sub-sa
lutes promptly complied with the law by
J labeling their goods in such a manner as
Ito disclqse their true character..-. ••:.-
The law of 1899 "to prevent the adul- ]
j oration of, and deception in, the sa'e of I
whites lead and mixed paints," .which |
I went into effect Jan. 1, ISOO, has been
I rigidly enforced. The reputable m«nu- i
I facturers promptly corrupted wUh the \
law, but a few makers of cheap go-ids, l
put enough of theft wares en the mark ;!t'-'
without labeling them according to law 1 |
so. that twenty persons have been con
victed and rued tinder v it. ;~v/r,-;;.: '? .
The words "or both* at the* eonc'u .ion
of the }ji?nal clause, fri section 1 ought to j
)be struck: put so rthat justice of the
peace might :.have; jurisdiction to t. y .per- 1
sons charged with violating 'its pruv.
slons. • >'." vr ■_ ■'• -.. vri ' -.
"pH~: -, : LINSEED.;OIL.. .
The 'aw relating to" 1 linseed oil took
I effect in April, 1597, and the state dairy |
j and food "commissioner, was charged with ]
I its entorcenject, but: no mention la made
lof it in his bi;nniaT/r«rport of 1?9:-1S93. I
Inspector McConnell • was directed, tt '
I give special attention to its enforcement, j
; A large numter of ramples whSca he
j gathered and submitted ;fc" the chemist :
I for analysis proved to be in complla-.u"e
j with law, excepting.those of the Holland
j Linseed Oil company, of Chicago, which
; were adulterated With-mineral oil. Ten
1 convictions have been had for violation?
of this law and other cases are pending-.
The law upon this subject p.oMbi:s.
I by Implication at least, the sale of a.y
but pure linseed oil. even to the exclu
sion of: bol'ed linseed oil pure, with the
exception of what is commonly known
as dryers, which arc mix-.d with it In
order to avoid the expanse and danger
of boiling to a very h:gh tempera;ure a?
formerly. ;■' •
Objection "has been urged against the
validity of the law on the ground tliat
the United Stat-s p'harmaccpia test,which
it prescribed, is dofin'te, the same be
ing changed with each rev sion of the
book. „ .. _■
The annual appropriation for tr.e en
forcement of the various laws with
which the state dairy and food com
mission is charged, ought to be increas
ed by the sum of $15.t!00.
If all fines collected for violation oC
said laws were paid over the county
treasurer of the county where such or
fenfre is commit i-sdfor thf> b. rieHt of the
common schools thereof, it would be an
inducement to every citizen to discover
such offenses and enter complaint against
the guilty parties. Much objection is
heard against the present disposition of
such fim-s.
The legislature seems to have regard
ed this department as of minor ;mpoit
ance in comparison with others. It is
crowded into cramped quarters 30 lo
cated that they have to be artificially
lighted during office hiurs. Much smaller
salaries are paid in it than in other de
partments. The commissioner receives
but $].SOO per year, which is less tban
that paid many of the deputies in other
departments. The salary of the '.ommls
sioner ought to be commensurate with
the duties and responsibilities of ttise
office and I would recommend that it be
increased to $2,500, that of the assistant
commissioner and chemist to $1,S(O each
alia tho secretary to 51,500 annually.
It E\cel» Everything.
"The Chicago and Florida Special,"
the firs: solid Pullman train ever run
from Chicago to Florida, consisting of
magnificent Pullman Sleepers, Dining and
Observation cars, goes into service Jan
uary 14th. Only one night out! Thirty
two hours to St. Augustine, via Big Four
Route, Monon, C. H. & D. and Penusyl
vania T»ines, Queen & Crescent, Southern
Ry.. Plant System and Florida East
Coast Ry. Full particulars at ticket
ofiiees any of the lines named.
. Hmln*t the Heart to Explain.
Cleveland Plaindcaler."
S She-had never seen a football frame.
1!« :is an enthusiast That Is: why she
listened wltli an interested face as "lie
read aloud the "detailed account of the
big gsffle. •
• "I should think," she said in her pret
ty way, "that in such a rough game out
siders would know bettor than to intrude"
upon'«he field." - _. : ;
He lr.oked vuzlecl.
"What do: you mean?" he asked.
"Why,*; she answered, "didn't you just
read to me that some inquisitive person
hair-etl' A. Goal was twice kicked' from
the field?"- .-.' •■.■-■ -■ ■•■;■-. ■-... ' .. T . . .
'; And; for the life ot him he. couldn't sum
mon up the necessary .hardihood < to" ex
plain >. l.cr ; mtsapprebunsiou.
smos fif m ii
: CO I K.T.;
-••■;■ ..--■■ hi/ I '-■. . -.- ■
" it I '
Conß'resit of Tills Nation Has Only
the Powers Conferred Upon
■■. It by Uit»- aon Mil- ■
■ ■■•■' .'■; ■ «I1(H.». , ■ ....... .....
:■ »»»r>
WASHINGTON; "'iran. . 2.—The first
briefs to be filed in the cases involving
the relation of the ( United States to
their Insular possessions, which are to be
argued in the ' Unlt^df , States supreme
court' next week, were sübmitted today.
There are eight of trie"' cases; and "briefs
were filed In" two of them, viz: the cases
of : ; Carlos Armstrong and of ;• Samuel B.
Downs. In both cases the briefs repres
ent the parties opposing the . contentions
of the 1 government. ■.- The Armstrong
case, comes, from the court of claims.
Armstrong is a . British subject, doing
business in Ponce, -.Porto Rico. and. r he
sues to recover tariff duties collected on
goods" imported „ Into Porto .; Rico from
New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
The court- of claims.-divided against him,
and he appeals"from :that decision. The
brief in this case was. filed by John 'C.
Chancy on behalf of Armstrong. . ; :i. '.'-.
The plea. is made in the brief ihat 'Uie
"collection of duties- was a.violation of the
constitution of• the. -U-mted States, as by
the terms.of the Paris treaty, the islaud
of ■ Porto Rico '-became, a- portion of the
United States. ; The brief lays down rhp
following propositions as the basis of the .
appellant's contentions: "The constitu
tion of the United States reaches ove*
every portion.- of- -th& national domain,
whether in the form of states or terri
tories, or districts,* because this constitu
tion provides for territories as well as
|" states.' The cession made by Spain in
the treaty of Paris" produced an absolute
Sal He—l looked through the keyhole last night when sister Mary and Mr.
Staylate were in the parlor. '•" ■
. Nelli*--What did yoy find out? •
Sullie-The gas*. „. ; .
chah-ge of fitle knd'Tttv^ignts'^iri; Porto
■ Rico;- 'tl^u.^'r. "-f ■'. .:-*..'.'.'.;' t? t"'v.!"-",-".: \
■ "The president, of ,the- , United . 3tat^s
has no right to exercise legislative func
tions. The imposition by legislative or-*
ders of customs duties on commerce be
tween the island of Porto Rico and other
I parts of the United Slates, after the
treaty of -peace and the exchange of rati
-1 fications: is unauthorised and void, and
j'the: collection oT^v*a "duties' is without
j w.arrajit-'of la.w. I^^^- „ • £;
! l!A 'government :*wfthaut limitations
TwaV-'he >v¥#: v:^te:hded|'"rjiy the "-^founders of
the iwtidn. They . isought .to establish
and^id. establish -aMinstitutioria.l republic
which' furnishes a• . guarantee 01*
-protection to all it* * fiihabttants. The
idea that in one potion of the country
the executive and. &s£isfciUve .. authority |
i 3 subjefei'ltOr'-resU^^fe-and limitations
and that In. Rnot!liag|«bion it is without
any restrirtldn'Qv;^^^^;tion-f^hat in one
part a Republio&BKl*vernmen£ exists
and in another, aa^injimited despotism,
is repugi:airt- to, tSg-ffieory upon which
the government wfej^nded. - Every in
habitant is entltle<F3Ǥhe protection af
forded by the jbill.va^rlghts. 1'
A large portion- j^Jißfe^briet,is ■ devoted
to the refutation iwt^Jghe- doctrine laid
down biy the. "attorney^" general in the
Goetze case recently*'^gued by him in
the supreme court to the effect that the '•
government of the IfiTtted States should
have an unlimited hand in the control of
territory outside of the stages.
Replying to this,-; .'-declaration, . Mr.
Chancy says: >■■ »*»>iJ«' '
"Mr. McKinley is the president of the
United States—the president of It 3. ter
ritory and its people,,, J^e is not the pres- \
.ident of any oth,er-" ..territory ; or people j
and he. is the despot -no .people and no
territory. He was-never elected; or com
missioned the despot of anybody or any
thing. "' ': ii:": - - V- ; - ;/: ■■
• "The - congress is'flw congress of the
United States—the' congress of the ter
ritory, and the people of the United States.
It is not the congress of any other terri
tory or. people. It.ls omnipotent nowhere
on the face of the ea-rth. It was created
by-the people of-the "United States under
a constitution specifically pointing out its j
powers- arid duties. It : exists 'by virtue
! of that constitution, as does also th»
presidential office.". "J, ;','"';...' . ;. r '..
"it is -'omnipotent, nowhere. The only
omnipotent thing this side of heaven is
thu constitution - formulated by the
fathers out "'of times- which- proved the
necessity of ppovidins against de3poitfsrn
in the presidential-office and against the
■ omnipotence of men representing the peo
ple of the United States. . -~- ■■•
„ "One would think to hear, the argu-
ffflH aBRMaH ji *f you live with
■bkf ' Minneapolis (If
Bar '" l'thfi' Kent; J7
B^V36/flSH»yffi^HßK%isli^Ki wiil sertl you
HM\ freight c.on .
L *■ • -;■-_ HB\ sttbje<-t to ex
"Jg - aminatioa.
3pli6£9££G&fii ■fflfly Yon ran
gUnjftwiß! HMBMMB S«e ''nt your
W' Re Hjfy depot, nnd
wtSj HSf *' r"'-n<l
»,r Ml perfectly
tory. exactly as represent;one of the handsomest steel
tory. exactly a« represent*!*, one of the handsomest steel
ranges you ever saw ■»"» '^.i«<lto ranges that retail at
M» 00, pay the freight agentimir'SpwUlOfer Price, J. 75
ami freieht charßes. e».7.sftrt<l fhargeslf»7, i* sent with
?ir^f' I,Si s stove,tovc wei B'ls4s*'l>!(• »nd freight will average
11.00 toll 60 tor eae!>s!>ouil!eOrhe highest product of the
stove maker's art.WlUioutian equal at any price; .-'old di
rect to user at about the price quoted by local tiralere.
Catalogue No. 730, size » 21). size of lid 8. No. of lids 8, sise
ot^T cl !0l!.lx^¥' | ze of to MXWJ4. height to top of
range SO, height to top of closets?, Jenjrth of Ore box for
wood 25. weight 450, price complete with high closet and
reservoir, $27.75. Cafatoeue No. 781, »-so. size ol
lid 9. number of lids 6, BlzeofnTen si«» of top
MxtSX. helg;ht.to top of r»n*o SO, heiprht to top of clo*et
67, length of fire box for wood 25, weight <;>(). price com
plete with liigU cloxct and rtservolr, 1529.77
! K»»rj> tt»r. l» Fail, V.n»Miattt<S. Send for C.italocue.
T.M.Roberts' Supply House, ? liSU E l^^ -' »-
ments advanced by the government tftfcl
thtre are no restrictions or limitations
of any sort upon congress, or the presi
dent, so far as the territories are con
cerned. They may give to Alaska an
absolute monarchy: that they may give
to the Hawaiian isalnds; a republic: that
they may give to Porto Rico such a gov
ernment as Weyler would supply. They
may give to the Philippines a form of
government after the plan of Turkey
and China; they may establish a republic
in one part and a monarchy in another.
They may deny to the unfortunate in
habitants of these islands all the recog
nized rights and privileges which char
acterize the codes of civilized nations.
In short, they may restore all the relies
of barbarism, and there is not power <*n
earth to stop or control them. It is no
answer to this to say that the congress
is too enlightened, and the president too
merciful to commit .;uch acts^of tyranny
and oppression. That does not ehang-e
the question. We contend that no such
right exists; that congress in its govern
ment of the territories is itself subject to
constitutional limitations and that ' the
people of these territories or colonies are
protected by these limitations, and that
they may themselves appeal to that in
strument-for protection." ■ .
The brief in the Downps case was .filet'
by F. It. Coudort Jr. lii this case 'excep
tion is taken to tho imposition of duties
on goods imported into the United States
from Porto Rico. •- ■ . , ..; ,
la his brir-f Mr. Ccudert, quoting, the
decision of the supreme court In ihe
Cherokee nation c&b%i asks:-
. "If the Paris treaty did not make Porto
Rico a part of the .United-States, how
could the congress of the United States
be vested "with the .right to legislate' tot it
and to determine the civil rights and po
litical status or its native, inhabitants?'-
Replying to his own question, Mr. Ceu
dert s:iys: -
"The congress of the United j States is
not invested by the constitution, and can
rot therefore be' invested by treaty, with
the power to legislate for a foreign coun
ry." .:.■-.. , ...:■. ■„'.
- Mr. Coudert also suggests the possibil
ity of ah'amendment to the constitution,
raying: ' •: ■
"Nor need there 'be: any concern with
reference jto the question of expediency.
It", the people of the. United States deem
it expedient that the additional powers
exercised by their- temporary agents
should-be approved and should'''be eoru
■tinned to their successors, the people can
so ordain. The Constitution has provided
an easy method for their so ordaining.,
; lt has not established the supreme court;
for that purpose. A constitutional
amendment, if .demanded by the people,
can be presented la congress and ratifiel
by ihe legislatures in less time than it
will take thTs court to unravel and de
termine the momentous questions in
volved in this case. If a revolution in our
method of government and in the prin
ciples for which this government' stands
is to be madf--. it should be made by the
power winch is at the base of all gov
ernment—the people—for whose benefit
the government is made. It certainly
should not be done by a court intended
to be a conservator c.f all our institu
tions and not the voice of the people to
change the form and character of those
Petition for Receiver for National
Linseed Oil Denied.
CHICAGO, Jan. 2.—The United States
circuit court of appeals today handed
down a decision sustaining tile decision
of the lower court, denying a petition
for a receiver for the National Lin eed
Oil company.
The suit was brought in ISOB by Janies
Chirk, "and others," owners, of 4,600
shares out of a total of ISO.OOtrghares of
stock of the so-called trust. The peti
tion for a receivership alleged negligence
and bad management on the pare of the
directors and officers of the company by
■which, it was alleged. thr> assets of die
company, consisting of over forty mil.a
In various parts of the country and val
ued at $7,iXM),<X)O were dissipated. Judge
Grosscup in rendering the decision, af
firmed the action of the lower court, said
it was apparently the plain purpose of
those bringing suit to get control
through a receivership of the company's
right of action against the directors co
that suit could be presented in the name
of the company and at its expense. No
certain proof, according to Judge Groes
cup was sbowa of bad management or
judgment on the part of the officials of
the company nor was it shown with cer
tainty that the directors' and officials had
speculated. .
All<-KtMl ThHt Edvrnrd Hughe* Hnd
Seven Hllis Broken.
NEW YORK, Jan. 2.—Mrs. Edward
-Hughes of thia city, but formerly of
Pittsburs. Pa-, rrmde a statement to the
Evening World today to the effect that
her husband, who died in St. Luke's hos
pital about a year-ago lost his life be
cause of injuries received in Bellevus
hospital. Mrs. Hughes charges that
her husband was taken to Bellevue in
June, 1898. She says she saw him in a
straitjacket and made to trot up and
down a corridor in the Bellevue insane
pavilion, while an attendant flogged him
with a long strap tipped with -metal.
Later the man was taken to the Manhat
tan State hospital, where it was found
that seven of his ribs had been frac
tured. He wa.i in bad health. Mrs. Hi:ghe3
say'H, from that time until his deaih a
year and a half later.
Feared Tliej- Have Gone Down in
.Pacific Storm*. . *"
ASTORIA, Jan. 2.—Twenty-two days
ago the line British ship Andrada of 2,304
tons, appeared off the Colombia and Pilot
Cordiner v/as taken aboard. A - great
storm rose at that time and the Andrada
was d'.iven to the north. She:.has not
1-een. seen: since and it is feared she has
met a fate similar to that of the British
ship Cadzow . Forest, which disappeared;
with- Pilot ; Grassman five I years a^o and
was never again heard from. The ' rev-'
--enue cutter Perry ha? gone in search of
the Andrada. ;r, v ■.. ■
The British .'hip Rathdown, now ninety
, one £ days out from Yokohama for this
port is long overdue and it is feared that
City Comptroller's Office, )
St. Paul, Dec. 27, 1900.) -
In sums of $500.00 each, bearing 3 per cent per an
num, payable semi-annually, and running 17 months —
Will; Be.'.lssued Jan. 15, 1901.
'■-;■ •Arrangements have been made also to supply those who have
Jess than,ssoo In even hundreds.
".'.' Subscriptions will be received at this office. ... f: ...
, v» J. J. McCARDY,
j"v.,".'.J- J '"■ '"sT" 1-' '„' .:. :-' ; ■ • ? Comptroller.
....■ _>- - IB BmwßW
Chicago and Return $11.50.
:->}?■■'■/ This low- rate —open to all travelers—is made on account
.^■''■" . ...of. National Prohibition Convention, and is only One :.:
--" Fare : for the Round Trip/Tickets will be on sale ■
. ;■-...'-. June 25, 26 and 27, with return limit to July 2, and •.. '■■■■■
",""f. "wtll be honored on -the Burlington Limited, the finest
• : y..*_. -train in the world, leaving St. Paul daily at 8:05 p. m.,
' •;=;.;', or on the Scenic Express, leaving St. Paul at 8:15 a.m. ;•'. v-;
„.v . ,.•/.except Sunday), affording a daylight ride down the;•.'"'•'
beautiful Mississippi.
Ticket office, 400 Robert St. (Hotel Ryan). Telephone Main 36.
she has-been sunk by a typhoon off the
Japanese coast.
Montlilj Heport of the Comptroller
of the- Currency.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2.—The monthly
circulation statement of the comptroller
of the -currency, shows that on Dev. 13,
1900, the total circulation of national bank
notes was $340,ufi1,410, an increase for the
year of $93,805,887 and an Increase for the
month, of $7,849,005.
The^circuiHtion.. based on United States
bonds was $308,:!',i4.673, an increase for the
year «f '?08iP3-J.BSB, an increase for the
month of $8,478,044.
The ' circulation secured by lawful
money an-Am ted to $31,7(50,737, a decrease
for the year of $4,6fi5.501 and a decrease
for the month of $62,040.
The amount of United States registered
bonds on deposit to secure circulating
notes amounted to $3'2,5J>2,880, and to se
cure public deposits, $99,946,670.
The Two lloumos Elect Their Officers
iiml Adjourn to Jan. 9.
ALBANY, Jan. 2.—Both branches of
the legislature convened today. The
feature' was the jeadlng of the message
of Gov. Odell which was listened to with
great interest by members and spec
tators..; The organization of both houses
was. carried out in complance with the
decision- of the caucuses held last night.
' •'Senator .Timothy Ellsworth-, of Niagaia
county, Was elected president pro tern
of the senate, the democratic members
voting' for Senator Thomas F. Grady, of
New York. .
Fred, S. Nixon was elected speaker of
the assembly. The' Democrats voted for
Daniel S. Frisbie, of Schoharie county.
Both houses adjourned after a short ses
sion until Jan. 9,' at 8:30 p. m.
High Water MitrU In New York
Blinking; ExchangrN.
NEW YORK, Jan. 2.—Exchanges at the
New York-clearing house today ran not
(iuite $64,000,000 beyond the highest pre
vious record, reaching a figure more than
twice as great as the recent high total
at the London bankers' Clearing house.
Today's ■ transfer of $428,000,000 capital,
through orders on the banks was effected
by payment Of only $13,200 cash or less
by $3,000,000 than the high record for the
clearing house, scored on May 23, 1599.
iviiin Charles of Portagul CommentN
on l\iittlsiuilN'l''rU'iMlshl|i.
LISBON, Jan. 2.—King Charles in his
speech"'at' the opehirig of the corte3 to
day said: "The queen of England was
pleased to send recently to Lisbon a
powerful squadron on-a- special mission.
This was extremely agreeable to me and
will be equally so to you. The presence
of this great squadron signally empha
sized the solemn affirmation then made
of the close friendship and alliance whi h
unites the two nations."
The speech ai3o dwells on the financial
d4flicultles of the government on aei-nuut
of the successive deficits and ■ urges
Storied • of Tennyson ' ami Rltoiln
llroa«hi.ni-\ Spiritualist geance.
The fourth,;. fifth ; and sixth volumes of
Mr. August J. C Hare's '"Story ot My
Life" .have been ; published in London.
Mr. Hare disliked Oarlyle, tind Swinburne
.fares bill little better.' He gives an
account of a visit to Tennyson, which,
too. is not pleasant in torief
'■' "On . " s tJis ; : whole, ... the. wayward poet
leaves afavo'rable impression. Me could
scarcely., be less egotistic. with all the flat
tery he has, and I am glad to have seen
him so ' ftiHe'tly: For the poet's bearish
manners, the Tennyson ■ family are to
blame in making him ' think himself a.
demigod. ';". One;, evening, on arriving at
Mrs.* Greviile's,. he- said .at once, 'Give
me' a'pipe-; I want to smoke.' ■ She at
once, went off by herself down the" vil
lage -to shop, and, returning with two
pires, offered them to him with all be
coming subservience.' He never looked at
hfer or thanked her, but, as.he took them,
growled out,' 'Where are the matches?
I suppose ■ how -you've'■ forgotten the.
matches,..' ■'.' — ■; ... • ..- ■...-...
:. Miss _Rhoda Hroujfhton, the author of
"Cometh Up Like- a Flower," is the h«ro
of this anecdote, anno 1874: V'■'.
."I %tiit _ ( to luncheon at Lady . Castle-.
town's; she had not come from, church,
but I; went up into the drawing, room.
. A 'good-Jooking, Very..smart young .lady
was sitting there, with her back, to the;
window,';evidently waiting. also. After
a pause I made some stupid remark to her
about heat or cold, etc. ',She looked at
me and said, 'That ■is a very common
place remark. I'll make a remark. If
(&*. fel^^^S GRAN-SOLVENT" IHsaolTCaetrlfltureUka snow beneath ths «nn, reduces
>r«* ftSoSesSs Enlanred Prostate, and strencthsns too Seminal Duota, ttopplnc pralnsand
t^ir ri D*r». No firuip to rain th» Cured While You
"GRAN-SOLVENT" Dissolve* 6?rlwure Uk« sncw beneath the inn, ratfaces
Knlanred Prostate, and stronsthena tb* Seminal buota, stopping pmlusnd
ISiaitalosß In riftem D»t». No drngn to rain th* aMtaMh, tmt a direct local
T* *^*>^» »ad poß'.Wr« appUo«Moa to the entlro nr»U3r*l treot. "Gran-eolwn" Is no& a.
jS .vSBF" 4vW "quid. It 1« prepared la the form of Crmron or Pencils, smooth «nd floz< -
S^i^^l&^^Sffi^' Every Man Should Know Himself.
v^rs" /fS^Kfcjr' TbsSt. JAMsa Asss, aim St. Cincinnati, 0. has prepared at „„~ wmm a
greatoxpense an exhaustive Illustrated Treatise on its male Bo D X* fcT
.WmimllhiZ&ißEßP^ system, which they will (end to any maie «jjyU«tnt, pr«patd B~ ■* mSi
a wom^n does not marry she is nobody
at all, nothing at all in the world; but if
a man marries at all he is an absolute
foci.' I said 'I know who you are; no
one but Miss Rhoda Broughton would
have said that' And it was she."
'British Museum" Newton, the archae
ologist, was a capital story teller, and
Mr. Hare has preserved two or three of
his talcs. One is a spiritualistic st-ance,
where an old cockney was informed that
the spirit manifested was his deceased
wife, whereupon the following dialogue
took place:
"Is that you, 'Arriet?"
"Yes, it !« me."
"Are you 'appy, 'Arriet?"
"Yes. very "appy."
'"Appier than you was with me, 'Ar
"Yes. miicnh Appier."
"Where are you, 'Arriet?"
"In 'ell."
Col. W. F. Cody Talks of a New
Sportsmen Organization.
New York Spe. Baltimore' American.
Col. VV. F. Cody (Buffalo Bill), fresh
from a successful hunting trip in • the
Rockies, has arrived at the Waldorf-As
toria with his wife to spend the holidays
here with a daughter, who 'is attending
a private school. . .' ' • ■„!•■. ■ ■ .■■■■. ... ■
j "We are. going .to have the 'greatest
sports-men's organization In* the world in
Wyoming." said Col: Cody.' "It '3 1 the
Cody club, organized only ■ three weeks
ago, .but v with a membership already- of
. ; fifty-live, and applications enough to fill
the limit of 100. ' George T. ■ Beck, son
of former Senator Beck, of Kentucky, is
president- Our list "of ''members Includes
-the names of the best known -huntsmen
,in America. The hunting season in the
West lasts from September to.'. December.
- Elk, - antelope, mountain. shee:> and bear
are plentiful, but the buffalo is- practi
cally extinct. Vi \ . ' '. .
"The club .member* will gather on my
ranch, in the heart of the Big I lotn
basin, every year on Sept. I. With camp
equipments, guides and servants, we will
go into the mountains for a two weok3'
hunt, members of the party forming into
squads, 1 unting in different sections by
day and returning to camp at nl?ht.. The
club will offer a handsome prize to the
member making the best record during
the hunt. - . .
"To illustrate: A fine specimen of
mountain sheep will credit 100 points to
the shot bringing it down, while a poor
specimen will only entitle the hunter to
50 points There will be a graduated
scale of points for bear, elk and deer."
Col. Cody's ranch embraces 1.500.00 i)
acres. A town named in honor of tile fa
mous scout and huntsman has been laid
out. to whic'n a railroad is being built.
"It's going, to be the greatest place in
the West," said Col. Cody, as ho laughPd
and joked with Col. Thomas P. Ochiltree
and other friends.
B«ars the -A The Kind You Haw Always Biisgfit
Signature f^P' _»- j//]?fl JT^^*"^
lender of the Chinese Koxt-ivi, Who
Ha» Been Placed I'nder Arrest.
New York World. V -
The government has arrested- P ince
Tuan and Prince Cbaung on the bor v rs
of the Shanst and Shonsi provinces.- ■ Yuh
sion has been ordered to return to rfia-ifn
forthwith, to be executed, it is suppesed.'
It is lnferied from these reports that
the imperial authorities ore preparing to
concede the demands or the joint note of'
the punishment of the iiist'gators of the
trouble In China.
Prince Tuan was the number of the
Tsung-li-Yamen and cabinet officer of tr-e
dowager, who was principally acciwed by
the foreign ministers la Pe'kln and" tha
missionaries in connection witl» fche-BoXT ■':
outrages. It was said that he deceived
the emperor and empress with falae sto
ries of the power and- success at the up
rising and., then In,, turn tricked the Chi
nese people, the army and the govern
ment subordinates with f6rges,proc!ama
tions from the emperor and empress. '
Cninrrh w for Twenty I'rara and
Cared,in h Ffw Dajn.- Nothing to,>
simple, .u.olhing too hard for Dr. Agnew'3
Catarruit- Powder to elve relief In an In
stant. TFlon.' George James, of Soranibn.
Pa., says: "I have been a: martyr to
Catarrh for 20 ' years, constant hawking,
dropping in the throat and pain in the
head, very offensive breath. 1 tried Dr.
Agnew'h Catarrhal Powder. The first ap
plication- gave-instant relief./''After'tisin?
a few bottles all these symptoms of Ca
tarrh left me."— - -«•■*- ./.;
' Sold by TicKnor & Jaguar, Hotel Ryan;
Clarendon^ Drug Store, Six-th and Waba
sha. ■-"•;: ■ • ! .;/,.a.,,..' ;
£s^B^*Zin&rr&2&L TRIAL In your o.vn *£*""j*
MW;!p'?'*a®l 'ur'li)h the Kcnnijo -anri
?SSlS^a^i|iS?3§»'Sl only IltII)KLlU:U(i AU'EItSA r
iffes^yVaj^^aa} txc triutKx r tJ.Ft-r me tttivt
S^X^SSSCa-JSaiSl^i'o;'" any refiderof this pajicr.
So comjt In iHi.nr?|. t«tj low
?*r£S!!v. - «osl»po»KlTf|fu»r»iil»r. COSTS
::.-/wnw; " ALMOST lNaTHlH lG l'oiiip«rcl
with most all other treatments, cons «k» all olhrr e !c(y
trio bolt«, nppllosen snri r«raedl» f«IL QUICK CUBE for
more than SOaUinenta. OXliYsrniiCL'RK tor tliiVToui
diseases, weaknesses mad diiiord?ra. For complete
Eenled eonGdentia! catalogue, cutlhlcad«at mill Inc.
SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO.-, Chicago

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