Newspaper Page Text
OF THE G§TY OF ST. PAUL. VOL. XXIV.-NO. 7. PHILIP D. ARMOUR DEAD OF PNEUMONIA Millionaire Chicago Pork Packer Died Last Evening at His Home in That City. HE HAD BEEN AILING FOR A LONG TIME Had Taken Frequent Trips to Health Resorts on Two Continents, but They Had All Proven Futile. CHICAGO, Jan. 6.—(Special.)—Philip D. Armour, for a quarter of a century ono of Chicago's foremost citizens, an 1 < no of America's most progressive manufac turers, died at 5:45 this evening at his home on Prairia avenue from pneumonia. - Just after the first snowfall of the on, Mr. Armour played a game of sn iwball with his grandchildren, tha Bons of the late Philip D. Armour Jr., whose sudden death last winter was a great blow to the founder of the Ar mour industries. The scene of the i ay;'.* the spacious grounds sur rounding the house built by the younger Armour, and now occupied by his widow and two s ,ns. at Thirty-seventh street and Michigan avenue. Mr. Armour un dertook to show little Philip I!!, and liis brother Lcst-.T how boys used to snowball one another at school when he himself was a boy back in Madison county. New York, some sixty years ago. "See grandpa do it!" cried the youngsters In delight as Mr. Arm iur gathered up the scanty snow, packed it into balls and hu;led it at the fence. "Guess that's enough, boj'S," he sail! by and by. "I'm cold. We'd better go into the house."' Since that day Mr. Armour has been shut up in his prairie avenue house in Chicago under the care of a physician and a trained nurse. This little expe rience tenches thnt it is not safp for a man worth from $40,000,000 to SGO.OiKOOi) to THE LATE PHILIP T. ARMOUR. indulge in winter sports to amuse his grandchildren, especially when he is of stocky build with a lot of superfluous flesh on his bones, and has passed the sixty-eighth milestone on life's journey. The end came after two years of )1 ii*■:-:-. during when time Mr. Armour vis ttd German haths, passed the cold months in Southern California and de voted himself largely to an attempt to restore his health, which, "however, had been broken never to be regained. For several weeks the dead millionaire had been lining at the old family home in Prairie avenue, the usual trip to Southern California not having been taken this winter. He came down to the office in the Home Insurance bulld inpr but seldom, and as the cold increas ed, he did not come at all. It was un derstood in 'he office that he had had an incipient attack of pneumonia, b.ut it was given out no later than a week ago that he was on the road to recov ery. It was noted, however, that the constant attendance of Dr. Frank Bill ings, the family physician, at the bed- Btd< of the sick men did not corroborate the favorable reports at the down-town cfliw. For several days death had been feared as the outcome by the close associates of tlu> great captain of industry. They realized that the decline from day to day did n^t cease and that there cou'.d be but one end. When death came his grandchildren, who had so close a place in his heart, were at the family resi dence, as was J. Ogden Armour, the sur viving son. BON'S DEATH HASTENED THE END. The death of his son, Philip D. Ar mour Jr., in Southern California, on Jan. 29, 1900, was a great shock to the health-broken man. The son had gon.^ on a visit to his father and was taken suddenly with pneumonia. His death followed with scarcely a day's warning. The son had largely interested the father and inherited the business abil ity of the Armours, and was closely fol lowing the footsteps of the head when he was stricken down. His beautiful home, completed but a year or two be firo at Michigan avenue and Thirty seventh street, told of his love of art. Mr Armour was not able to accom pany the funeral party to Chicago. When he did return here he went direct to Oconomowoc and remained there un til the chill weather in the fall drove the summer cottagers to their city homes. After the death of Philip D. Armour Jr.. the vast interests of Armour & Co., which had been carried on as a co partnership, were incorporated under tU> Did name of Armour & Co. This was to provide greater stability in ca*u> of death md made no change In the practical parnerahip of properties. Some years THE ST. PAUL GLOBE before the grain department had been incorporated under the title of the Ar mour Elevator company. The death of Simeon B. Armour, at Kansas City, in March, lbW, caused no particular change in the Armour interests there, as they were operated as a stock com pany. END HAD BEEN ANTICIPATED. So carefully had the plans for the fu ture been made that the death of Mr. Armour will have little effect on the outward working of the great enterprise with which he had been so closely iden tified. It is believed: all the Armour properties will be held intact until the grand children come into their own. Estimates of Mr. Armour's own es tate run from $10,000,000 to $25,000,0:0.. Of course, does iot include the $15,030, --000 or $20,000,000 owned by the younger members of his family. For years every enterprise he was interested in his been making immense profits. His holdings of stock have all advanced largely dur ing the last three years. Dr. Frank Billings, who was at Mr. Armour's bedside when the end came and who has been almost constantly in attendance upon the sick man, stated that he had heard Mr. Armour make no mention of his interest in or profits aris ing from the gigantic Milwaukee-Great Northern deal by which he was reputed to have made from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000 last week. "He looked upon suoh holdings," said Dr. Billings, "as investments rather than from the specujative view point." It was announced last night that the funeral services would be held probably at the Armour mission either Tuesday or Wednesday. They will be conducted by Dr. Gunsaulus, and, in keeping with the life and habits of the deceased, will be simple in character. Philip Danforth Armour was born May 16, 1532, at Stockbridge, Madison county, N. Y. His education was obtained chiefly at the country school house, although, supplemented at the local seminary. As a boy he was conspicuous for physical and mental energy, as well as for genial ity of disposition. In the winter of ISSI-2, he was seized with the Caliornia gold mining fever, and wffh others joined in an overland trip to the slope. Leaving Oneida, N. V., in the spring of 1852, the party reached Cali fornia, after a journey of six months, during which they suffered many trials and dangers in the wilderness. For more than three years, young Armour pursue^ the rugged life of a miner. While sub ject to all the temptations of his vicious surroundings, the strict discipline of life which had been maintained under the paternal roof enabled him to withstand every evil influence triumphantly. He returned to the East in 1856 to visit his parents at the old homestead. He had met with some rewards for his labor, and after a' few weeks' visit he started West again, settling at Milwaukee, where he engaged in the commission business. This he conducted successfully until 1863, when he entered into partnership ■with John Planklnton in the pork packing in dustry. Mr. Plankinton, the senior of Mr. Armour, recognizing the young man's ability and business energy, induced him to* dissolve the old fuapn and form a new organization. A younger brother, Joseph, was placed in charge of the business in Chicago, but his ill health, in 1875, led Philip D. Armour to remove to that city to take active charge. Of all the Armour brothers, Philip probably attracted to himself more pub lic attention than any of the others, by reason of his remarkable personality and his practical philanthropy, in which, however, he was sustained by the liber alty of his older brothers. The Armour mission, one of the most conspicuous in stitutions in Chicago, has been developej through his activity and generosity from a humble beginning to colossal magni tude. Joseph Armour, who died in 1881, bequeathed $100,000 for the founding of a mission in Chicago, to be conducted on certain novel lines. As executor of the estate, Philip D. Armour became pecu liarly Interested In the carrying out of the trust imposed on him. The mission MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7, 1901. BIXI.ETIN OP IMPORTANT NEWS OF THE DAY Weather Forecast for SI. Paul: Colder. I—Philip D. Armour Dead. Eight Perish in Fire. British Hnrd Pressed. Chinese I prising. Severe Ocean Weather. 3—Rattle on the Flats. Stranger Badly Beimtcn. I itiiin Isabel and I,:il>or. News of Minneapolis. 3—All Over the Northwest. Gamble Made No Compromise. Sioux Fall* Mystery. .Forecast of Congress. Cardinal Gibbons' Sermon. 4—Editorial Page. 6—Sporting News. Senatorial Gossip. 6—What Women Want to Know. Popular Wants. 7—Foreign Stock Markets* B—Molly's Fortune*. is incorporated under the laws of Illinois, and is managed by a board of five di rectors. It is said that the recent in vestment associated with the mission represents $3,000,000. It is conducted on a self-supporting plan, the method being to construct fiats for occupancy by per sons pursuing their business in that im mediate locality, who can, with their families, have the benefit of all the edu cational, religious and social features connected with the mission, and the char ities associated with it. A certain stand ard of care and cleanliness is exacted from every tenant, while a most elabor ate system of sanitary regulations is ob served by those in charge of the trust funds. Philip D. Armour has been the moving spirit. HAD MANY LARGE INTERESTS. "While Mr. Armour's name was 'more generally associated in the public mind with the great packing and provision es tablishment?, which do an annual busi ness exceeding $1G0,000,000. employing 20,000 persons, he was actively interested in many other big enterprises. As the owner of an important system of grain elevators, and a heavy investor in grain. Mr. Armour was a heavy owner in tVe Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway eompanyand in the reorganized Baltimore ie Ohio. He was interested largely in the Illinois Trust and Savings, Metropoli tan National and Northern Trust b^nks, of Chicago, and in the. Armour Bank ct Kansas City. He was a director or the. Northwestern Life Insurance company and was a heavy stockholder in the company which controls the street rail ways of Kansas City, Mo., and Kansas City, Kan. MARCHING ON THE REBELS CHINESE ARMY DISPATCHED TO THE YANG TSE DISTRICT. SHANGHAI, Jan. s.—lt is reported from Sian Fu that the empress dowager has ordered Gen. Feng Tse Tsel, com mander in the province of Yun Nan, to proceed with his army to the Yang Tse valley and from that section to move northward. His force is said to consist of 15,000 men armed with modern weap ons. Count yon Waldersee, it is assert ed, has arranged with Prince Ching and Li Hung Chang that the allied troops are not to operate in the prefecture of Shun Te, Huang Ping and Ta Ming, in the province of Chi LI. SETTLED A YEAR AGO. LONDON, Jan. 7.—"The outlines of the Russo-Chinese agreement regarding Man churia were settled with Li Hung Chang in December, 1899," says the Vienna cor respondent of the Daily Telegraph, "and prior to that RusFia had concluded treaties with the emirs of Bokhara and Khiva and the shah of Persia, arranging for neutrality for military assistance in the event of difficulties arising between Russia and any Asiatic power. In fact, all the steps toward the practical ac quisition of Manchuria had been careful ly prepared." DIE FROM COLD IN STREETS. Terrible Privations Are Endured by the si a ii 8. PARIS, Jan. 6.—Severe cold is reported throughout France and Italy. A foot of snow fell at Marseilles last evening and the mercury shows 18 degrees of frost in Paris today. There have been a number of deaths in the streets. Trains from a long distance are greatly delayed. Snow has fallen even in Southern Italy and the city of Rome and surrounding country are snow clad for the first time in many years. ~ Crowds assembled on the Pincio to witness the rare panorama. BAD FIRE AT MANISTEE. Unknown M«n Burned In Collapse of a Dwelling:. MANISTEE, Mich. Jan. B.—The livery barn of Henry Radamacher was burned today with its contents, including twen ty-nine horses. The fire also burned a block of buildings adjoining. While the fire was in progress an unknown man was seen to rush into a burning- dwelling to assist in saving goods. Just as he entered the building it collapsed, and his remains were found in the ruins. Total loss $25,000; partly insured. OCEAN LINERS. NEW YORK—Arrived: Steamers La Bretagne, Havre; Trier, Bremen, via St. Michaels; Cymric, Liverpool and Queenstown. Sailed: Prestoria, Hamburg, via Plymouth and Cherbourg. QT'EENSTOWN—SaiIed: Steamer Um bria (from Liverpool), New York. NEW YORK—Arrived: Kalserin Maria Theresa. Bremen, Southampton and Cherbourg. LIVERPOOL—Arrived: Grecian. Halifax, N. S., and St. John, N. 8.. Sailed: Georgic, New York. LONDON—Sailed: Manitou. New York. . SAN FRANCISCO—Arrived: Steamer South Portland, Portland; steamer Borieta, Newport. Sailed: Steamer Umatilla, Puget Sound. SCfiOOI^ER SlJrtK at SEA PY GEI^MAI^ LLOY^IEItfEIJ NEW YORK, Jan. 6*—The North Ger man Lloyd steamer Kaiser Maria Ther esa, which arrived today, was in collision with the schooner Pavia, of Luenbery, N. S., in midocean, and damaged the latter so badly that the crew abandoned her. All hands, the captain and five sea men, were brought to this port. s The White Star liner Cymric arrived in this port today after an exceedingly rough voyage. The vessel left Liverpool. Dec. 23, and during the trip the weather was very rough and tempestuous seas and heavy westerly gales prevailed. Fri day three valuable English stallions, which were being brought to this coun try for breeding purposes, died of pneu- ti : :s^|§|?- M^iM\^\^ riyWl ! ' - i DROPPING IN ON KITCHENER. ' - —Chicago Tribune. MANITOBA TOWNS SINGED BAD BLAZES AT BOTH WINNIPEG AND BRANDON YESTERDAY. WINNIPEG, Can., Jan. 6.—(Special.)— Winnipeg was visited by a $50,000 firs early Sunday morningC It Started in S. Lf. Barraclough's music store, on Main street, and destroyed. the bficlc block be tween Bannatyne and McDermott avenues, occupied by S. Thurman, jewel er. Loss, f>,Ooo. Marcy, pianos, |3,O*J; Barraclough. $5,000; W. Grunday Music company, $2,000; W; A. DavfS" book store. $3,000; Winnipeg theater box office, S500; Musical club's hall and rooms; $500. The block \a owned-by-W. R. Baker, the C. P. R. chief executive officer, whose loss on office fixtures is $10jb00.' The weather was terribly cold and the firemen had a hard fight, but saved the adjoining structures. A telegram . from '.Brandon says that city also suffered severely by fire early Sunday morning, two ~Rosser avenue blocks were destroyed and one damaged. The sufferers are: D. A. Peesor, jeweler; W. J. Correll, confectioner; J. C. Todd, W. J. Young & Co., grocers; George Bot ting, barber; D. H. -Stfoft, insurance agent; McDonald & CaUterJ^gejnXs',.fur nishings; Dr. Powers. Brandon college and Brown & Mitchell. The total loss is $30,000. ALL EUROPE IS FREEZING SEVEBE COLD AND HIGH WINDS PREVAILING THERE. LONDON, Jan. 7.—Severe cod ha~ Fud denly set in throughout Europe. In Eng land it is accompai.ied by a northeaster ly wind amounting to a gale over the channel. 'At Dover a boat was capsized four persons being r^rowrred and probably other accidents will be reported. On the continent the weather is still more severe.' Snow has fallen as far south as Naples and in St. Petersburg the cold is so intense that the police in the streets have had to be frequently re lieved and the schools to be closed. At Moscow the temperature is WJ degrets ds low zero Fahrenheit. Tremendous trales are blowing over the Adriatic. Terrible bltezards are report ed from Austria and Southern Russia, extinguishing signal lights and resulting in the derailing of the Orient express at Altpasua. CLUE TO THE ABDUCTORS CIDAHY AND l)fl\ \«l E ACCEPT AN OFFER OF ixrORMATION. OMAHA, Neb., Jan. 6.—A letter has been turned over to Chief Donahue, of the Omaha police department, in which an offer is made to deliver certain in formation to him regarding the abductors of Edward Cvidahy Jr. upon his compli ance with certain conditions. » The chief and Mr. Cudahy evidently considered tha letter authentic and of enough impor tance to justify a reply, because the fol lowing advertisement appeared in the columns of a local paper this morn ing: "Your request, asked for in letter mail ed at Lincoln, on Jan. 4, to be answered before Jan. 7, will bo granted. H. A. Cudahy, J. A. Donahue." Both Mr. Cudahy and Chief Donahue declined tonight to say what the contents of the Lincoln letter were or to refer to the conditions prescribed therein. OVATION FOR GOV. ALLEN. Porto It it-mi's Did Him Hijih Honor Everywhere. SAN JUAN, Porto Rico, Jan. 6.—Gov. Allen, who left San JJmin Thursday to visit the towns in tfte western part of the island, returned io the capital to day. He visited seyeral places never before visited by an* governor of Porto Rico. Everywhere he was most enthus iastically received. At Lares 250 mount ed citizens turned out fto provide him with an escort. monia, which they had contracted while on the voyage. FROM THE OfHBR SIDE. LONDON, Jan. 6.—The British bark Beechbank, Capt. Buchanan, from San Francisco, Aug. 16, bound for Queens, town, was spoken on Jan. 3, in latitude 36 north, longitude 3S- west, with loss of foretop mast and main top gallant yard. The bark Beechbank was reported at St. Helena, on Nov. 27, damaged by gale and tidal wave, and on Dec. 1 passed Ascen sion island, rigged with a jury foremast. The German steamer Hispania, Capt. Luenfala, from Hamburg, Dec. 25, bound to Mexico, Has putl* into St. Michaels, Azores, with machinery disordered. 11 i in in RESIDENTS ARE LEAVING DUTCH VILLAGE'S IN THE VICINITY OF CAPE TOWN DUTCH UPRISING FEARED No Import nut Military Movements Reported to the War Office Yester ■■ —Portngnegc at Loarenzo • . Moraines to Be Reinforced. LONDON, Jan. 7.—This morning's news from Cape Town is again unsatisfactory. Martial law has been proclaimed at Malmesbury and would have been pro claimed in other districts, but that the cabinet meeting called Saturday was un able to agree as to its advisability. The vagueness of the situation con cerning the movements and position of the invaders has sent a fresh cold fit over the colonists, and Cape Town calls loudly for strong reinforcements from England on the ground that the greater part of Lord Kitchener's available force is employed in protecting the lines of communication and the Rand mines, the latter extending for a distance of fifty miles. AFRAID OF THE DUTCH. It is asserted by one Cape Town cor respondent that unless the forces in Cape Colony are increased, a most un desirable state of affairs may exist, as the success in arms of the invaders, however slight, might be the signal for a Dutch rising-. As it is many British residents have had to leave the Dutch villages near Cape Town, their lives being unbearable, acording to a native report. CALL, FOR 40,000 TROOPS. The Cape Town correspondent of the Daily News who calls for 40,000 fresh troops, says: "Prominent Afrikander loyalists declare that the rebellious col onists will construe the colonial call to arms as a challenge, and that the omi nous silence of the pro-rebels, combined with the fact that members of the pro- Boer junta in Cape Town have been touring in the disaffected districts, em phasizes the necessity for martial law. The necessity was never more acute for dispatching reinforcements. Already there is proof that colonials are leading one commando." The military movements reported are quite unimportant, though Portugal is sending reinforcements to Lourenzo ilar ques. Dr. Leyds, according to The Hague correspondent of the Daily Mail, is recruiting in Holland, Belgium, France and Germany and his recruits will be sent out to Namaqualand, ostensibly as emigrants, each man receiving $50 down on starting. DT'NRAVEN GIVES WARNING. In a letter to the Times this morning the earl of Dainraven, emphasizing 1 the "very grave situation in South Africa," warns the country to distrust the opinions of experts on the spot and to be ready for the unexpected. He complains of the "inertia of the authorities" and urges the necessity of large reinforce ments. The Cape town correspondent of the Times, who confirms the reports of the multiplicity of the Boer commandoes, says: "Nearly five-sixths of the British troops are employed to guard the lines of com munications and to gar^json towns, leav ing a very small number, partly mounted, to pursue the enemy. Large reinforce ments are advisable, and these would be cheaper in the end. "The damage which the Boers did to the Kleinfontein is officially estimated at £210,000." Portngral Sends More Troops. LISBON, Jan. 6.—Additional reinforce ments have been ordered to Lorenzo Marques. WANTS RATHBONE FROPEBTY. Ohio Brewer Asks Court to Set Aal«J' the Sale. CINCINNATI, Jan. 6.—Judge Thompson, of the United States court, has set aside the sale of property at Hamilton, 0., in volved in the suits against Estes G. Rathtoone, late director of posts in Cuba. The property included two blocks and sold for $113,000. An affidavit w,as filed by Charles Sohgen, a brewer, who said that the property was easily worth $200, --000, and that he was willing to pay that amount. Judge Thompson ordered that he put up a certified check for' at least one-fourth of the amount. It was fur ther ordered that the property be read vertised for sale, and that if It did not bring more than offered by Sohgen it should be turned over to him. PRICE TWO CENTS EIGHT MET DEATH IN HARVARD HOTEL FIRE Details of the Holocaust in a Minneapolis Lodg ing House Early Yesterday Morning. NOT SINCE THE MILL EXPLOSION IN 1878 Has There Been Such a Loss of Life in a Fire in the Mill City, Not Excepting the Tribune Horror of 1889. XME DEAD, ftlaihanisi Feß*Seyy aged 60, painter in the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Shops. Ga Ja SfcMnWF&j aged 45, oiler in the Pillsbury "A" mill. J B Sm &&ntiey f aged 55, newspaper subscription solicitor. Bm §CO field, aged 45, laborer, recently arrived in Minneapolis from Sibley county. George RutSay 0 aged 45, barber at the Temple Court barber shop. Ml®h&el Monahan, aged 75, for thirty years a resident of Minneapolis. \Sm Nm ENcksOßi, aged 25, of Alexandria, Minn. Jacobsenp aged 50, laborer. THE INJURED. Hat*t*y Cottosi, badly cut about the hands. Eight men lost their lives in the f.re at 115 Washington avenue S., Minneapolis, yesterday vaornw he men were over come by smoke in the Harvard hotel, which occupies the second, third and fourth floors of the building, as told in the Globe of yesterday, and death in every instance was due to suffocation. When the men were found in various parts of the house Erickson was dead, the others unconscious, and all in such condition that there was no hope of re suscitating any except possibly Jacobsen. Ho died yesterday noon at the Minneapo lis city hospital. That there was a fire In the building was first discovered by Charles Hanson, as he was about to go to his room on the second floor. There was then some smoke in the hallway, and he immediately .alarmed George O'Connor, the night Clerk, and the two men set about to awaken the lodgers. Hanson devoted his attention to the second floor, and O'Connor rushed up stairs. It was then about 1:45 o'cloc-k and the lodgers were all asleep, and it was with the greatest difficulty they were aroused. In several instances it was necessary for O'Connor to break in doors. In the meantime he kept crying "fiie," and the alarm soon spread. O'Connor was finally forced to beat a retreat because of the smoke. It was a case of every man fijrhtin" for his own life. Nineteen of the twen ty-seven lodgers were successful, but the others were unable to beat their way through the thick smoke and suc cumbed. FINDING OF THE BODIES. The first man found was J. N. E.ick son, of Alexandria, he beinsr perfectly lifeless. He was still in bod, and the smoke had evidently rushed in on him in such a mass that he was overcome before awakening. The body was tako'n to the morgue by the central patrol wagon. Erickson occupied a front room en the third floor, which was the first room en tered by the firemen after the smokp had somewhat cleared away. It was several minutes before it was possible for the firemen to enter the rear door.s, because of the density of the smoke. HOPED TO SAVE THEM. It was evident to all that there must still be men in the building, and it was a fight to rea-ch them in the hope of still saving life. Three more men were found on the third floor, and four on tho sec ond. All were outside of thfir rooms. and it was evident that they had been aroused, and were making 1 a great bat tle against the smoke, when they be came insensible. Some lay prostrate In the hallways, and others again had fall en while making their way down the stairs. All were still breathing, but a painless death was rapidly overtaking 1 them. As soon as it became known that there were unconscious men in the building, a phy sician was summoned, and Dr. W. B. Murray was soon on the scene. The men had already been carried in to the front rooms of the floors on which they were found, and the firemen were dili gent in applying the first aid to the in jured, in which they have recently re ceived instruction. But the work ot the smoke was thorough, and nothing could be done. Dr. Murray immediately rec ognized this, but urged the firemen to continue their work, in the hope that something miraculous might be accom plished. Dr. Murray stationed one fireman with each victim, and, after giv ing a hurried instruction in the proper method of inducing respiration, passed to the next. Dr. Murray at the time de clared that there was no hope for sav ing the lives of any but Jacob3en, and every effort was bent upon resuscitating him. He never regained consciousness, not even after having been removed to the city hospital, where he died ten hours afterwards. HAD STAYED TO DRESS. It was evident from the manner in which several of the men were dressed when found that they did not appreciate the gTeat danger upon being aroused. Several of the men had stopped to com pletely dress. Skidmore was found with hiss overcoat and overshoes on, and Rudey was dressed for the street. Mon ahan also had his overcoat on. The fire, which ended with such great loss of life, at first was an insignificant one, and even for several minutes after the fire department arrived at the scene the real danger was not fully appre ciated. The fire had its origin in the rear store, and under a stairway that le;l up to the second floor, when the store room, was used for saloon purposes. There was a considerable amount of oils and varnishes here to feed the flames. The fire burst out at the rear, and to this part of the building the department directed its attention. Only a small vol ume of smoke was at the time issuing OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE ®ITY OF ST. PAUL. from the front windows of thr store, and very little from the upper windows. KEROSENE CAUSES THE DEATHS. The loss of life might have been en tirely averted had it not been for the fact that immediately above the stairs was a forty-ilve-g-ailon kerosene tank. When the flames reached this there wm one big puff of smoke, and it was this that spread throughout the hotel -por tion of the building. As this smoke rush ed out of the windows it appeared as if a great conflagration must be raging on the inside. The smoke was white and very thick. VAIN FIGHTS FOR EfIFE. It was at this stage of the file that the people on the outside commenced to realize that human beings were battling for their live* inside of the bulletins. Cries of help could now be heard in va.l ous parts of the hotel, and one man was seen making a vain endeavor to rai?,- a window on the third flooor. Some one tried to him to break the window, a crash followed, and a shower of glass fell to the pavement. The man was seen for only a moment, as overcome by thj smoke that rushed to the open window, he fell back into the room, lifeless. The s-moke was so dense that the firemen were unable to battle against it, and it was at least ten minutes after the first big burst of smoke that it had cleurid away enough to permit the firemen to enter the building. No fire was found above the.- store, but everything was ihor oughly drenched, as a great quantity of water had been poured in. SEVERAL HAD NARROW ESCAPES. Several of the lodgem had thrilling es capes. The most sensational was that of Harry Cotton, who jumped from the rear of the third flood. Cotton recognized that every way was closed t 0 him, and ping out on the window sill ho Jumped. He caught a wire on his downward flight, and the fall was in a measure broken, although his hands were badly cut. From the wire he plunged through a skylight. He was picked up by an offi cer and taken to the patrol wagon and removed to the city hospital. He was able to leave that Institution yesterday afternoon. John Banghart was the only lodger who managed to save his effects'. He was on the main floor of the hotel, and when the alarm of fire was given he proceeded to pack his trunk, after which he placed it on his back and rushed uown the rear stairway. Pat Nichols had a room on the top floor, the most dangerous place in fhe building. He did not stop to dress, but. grabbing some of his effects rushed down the stairs. Ho had three flights to go down, and it was just at the time that the smoke was the most dense. He was several times nearly overcome, but bat tled bravely against the smoke, and managed to reach the outside. Like many of the other lodgers, who had mads their way out in the scantiest of attire, Nichols was for some time in a dilemma. They stood around on the street in their underclothing, and were suffering in tensely from the cold, when the saloon at 113 was opened, and it was possible for the men to take more comfort. Some had taken outer garments along, but others had n _>t. These later unfortun ates were supplied by lodgers in a near by hotel, after which they went to other lodging houses. HIS STORY IS DOUBTED. A man who gave his name as Oscar Johnson said that he had a room on the fourth floor, and being caught by the smoke, jumped from a rear window. The man Baid he alighted on his feet, and d!d not suffer the slightest injur?: Charles Hanson yesterday recovered $6 in coin that he had left in a rair of pants in his room. He found the pants yes terday afternoon, but when he picked them, up they fell apart, as if so much dust. The room was near the oil tank, and was slightly burned. The six silver dollars, blackened, were found. LIVED IN NEW BOSTON. Nathaniel Perley lived with his family of wife and two daughters, at 2436 Pierce street northeast. They did not know of the death of Mr. Perley until yesterday, when the sad news was broken to them by Rev. William Wilkinson. They had read the account of the fire, but aa the name was given "Nat" Perley, they did not recognize it. It was his custom to lodge down town on certain nights. A week ago Mr. Perley took out an insur ance policy in the name of his wife. The remains will be taken to Illinois for in terment tomorrow night. A service will be conducted in Gleason's undertaking rooms by Rev. W. Wilkinson. ABOUT THE DEAD MEN. C. J. Skidmore was employed at the Pillsfcury "A" mill as an oiler. He has a young eon, whom friends are giving an education. A brother at Plainview. Continued on Fifth l'mce.