G§TY OF ST. PAUL.
VOL. XXIV.-NO. 7.
PHILIP D. ARMOUR DEAD OF PNEUMONIA
Millionaire Chicago Pork Packer Died Last
Evening at His Home in That City.
HE HAD BEEN AILING FOR A LONG TIME
Had Taken Frequent Trips to Health Resorts
on Two Continents, but They Had
All Proven Futile.
CHICAGO, Jan. 6.—(Special.)—Philip D.
Armour, for a quarter of a century ono
of Chicago's foremost citizens, an 1 < no
of America's most progressive manufac
turers, died at 5:45 this evening at his
home on Prairia avenue from pneumonia.
- Just after the first snowfall of the
on, Mr. Armour played a game of
sn iwball with his grandchildren, tha
Bons of the late Philip D. Armour Jr.,
whose sudden death last winter was a
great blow to the founder of the Ar
mour industries. The scene of the
i ay;'.* the spacious grounds sur
rounding the house built by the younger
Armour, and now occupied by his widow
and two s ,ns. at Thirty-seventh street
and Michigan avenue. Mr. Armour un
dertook to show little Philip I!!, and
liis brother Lcst-.T how boys used to
snowball one another at school when he
himself was a boy back in Madison
county. New York, some sixty years ago.
"See grandpa do it!" cried the
youngsters In delight as Mr. Arm iur
gathered up the scanty snow, packed it
into balls and hu;led it at the fence.
"Guess that's enough, boj'S," he sail!
by and by. "I'm cold. We'd better go
into the house."'
Since that day Mr. Armour has been
shut up in his prairie avenue house in
Chicago under the care of a physician
and a trained nurse. This little expe
rience tenches thnt it is not safp for a
man worth from $40,000,000 to SGO.OiKOOi) to
THE LATE PHILIP T. ARMOUR.
indulge in winter sports to amuse his
grandchildren, especially when he is of
stocky build with a lot of superfluous
flesh on his bones, and has passed the
sixty-eighth milestone on life's journey.
The end came after two years of )1
ii*■:-:-. during when time Mr. Armour vis
ttd German haths, passed the cold
months in Southern California and de
voted himself largely to an attempt to
restore his health, which, "however, had
been broken never to be regained.
For several weeks the dead millionaire
had been lining at the old family home
in Prairie avenue, the usual trip to
Southern California not having been
taken this winter. He came down to
the office in the Home Insurance bulld
inpr but seldom, and as the cold increas
ed, he did not come at all. It was un
derstood in 'he office that he had had
an incipient attack of pneumonia, b.ut
it was given out no later than a week
ago that he was on the road to recov
ery. It was noted, however, that the
constant attendance of Dr. Frank Bill
ings, the family physician, at the bed-
Btd< of the sick men did not corroborate
the favorable reports at the down-town
For several days death had been feared
as the outcome by the close associates of
tlu> great captain of industry. They
realized that the decline from day to
day did n^t cease and that there cou'.d
be but one end. When death came his
grandchildren, who had so close a place
in his heart, were at the family resi
dence, as was J. Ogden Armour, the sur
BON'S DEATH HASTENED THE END.
The death of his son, Philip D. Ar
mour Jr., in Southern California, on
Jan. 29, 1900, was a great shock to the
health-broken man. The son had gon.^
on a visit to his father and was taken
suddenly with pneumonia. His death
followed with scarcely a day's warning.
The son had largely interested the
father and inherited the business abil
ity of the Armours, and was closely fol
lowing the footsteps of the head when
he was stricken down. His beautiful
home, completed but a year or two be
firo at Michigan avenue and Thirty
seventh street, told of his love of art.
Mr Armour was not able to accom
pany the funeral party to Chicago.
When he did return here he went direct
to Oconomowoc and remained there un
til the chill weather in the fall drove
the summer cottagers to their city
After the death of Philip D. Armour
Jr.. the vast interests of Armour & Co.,
which had been carried on as a co
partnership, were incorporated under tU>
Did name of Armour & Co. This was to
provide greater stability in ca*u> of death
md made no change In the practical
parnerahip of properties. Some years
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE
before the grain department had been
incorporated under the title of the Ar
mour Elevator company. The death
of Simeon B. Armour, at Kansas City,
in March, lbW, caused no particular
change in the Armour interests there,
as they were operated as a stock com
END HAD BEEN ANTICIPATED.
So carefully had the plans for the fu
ture been made that the death of Mr.
Armour will have little effect on the
outward working of the great enterprise
with which he had been so closely iden
tified. It is believed: all the Armour
properties will be held intact until the
grand children come into their own.
Estimates of Mr. Armour's own es
tate run from $10,000,000 to $25,000,0:0..
Of course, does iot include the $15,030,
--000 or $20,000,000 owned by the younger
members of his family. For years every
enterprise he was interested in his been
making immense profits. His holdings
of stock have all advanced largely dur
ing the last three years.
Dr. Frank Billings, who was at Mr.
Armour's bedside when the end came
and who has been almost constantly in
attendance upon the sick man, stated
that he had heard Mr. Armour make no
mention of his interest in or profits aris
ing from the gigantic Milwaukee-Great
Northern deal by which he was reputed
to have made from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000
"He looked upon suoh holdings," said
Dr. Billings, "as investments rather than
from the specujative view point."
It was announced last night that the
funeral services would be held probably
at the Armour mission either Tuesday or
Wednesday. They will be conducted by
Dr. Gunsaulus, and, in keeping with the
life and habits of the deceased, will be
simple in character.
Philip Danforth Armour was born May
16, 1532, at Stockbridge, Madison county,
N. Y. His education was obtained chiefly
at the country school house, although,
supplemented at the local seminary. As
a boy he was conspicuous for physical
and mental energy, as well as for genial
ity of disposition.
In the winter of ISSI-2, he was seized
with the Caliornia gold mining fever, and
wffh others joined in an overland trip to
the slope. Leaving Oneida, N. V., in the
spring of 1852, the party reached Cali
fornia, after a journey of six months,
during which they suffered many trials
and dangers in the wilderness. For more
than three years, young Armour pursue^
the rugged life of a miner. While sub
ject to all the temptations of his vicious
surroundings, the strict discipline of life
which had been maintained under the
paternal roof enabled him to withstand
every evil influence triumphantly. He
returned to the East in 1856 to visit his
parents at the old homestead. He had
met with some rewards for his labor,
and after a' few weeks' visit he started
West again, settling at Milwaukee, where
he engaged in the commission business.
This he conducted successfully until 1863,
when he entered into partnership ■with
John Planklnton in the pork packing in
dustry. Mr. Plankinton, the senior of
Mr. Armour, recognizing the young man's
ability and business energy, induced him
to* dissolve the old fuapn and form a new
organization. A younger brother, Joseph,
was placed in charge of the business in
Chicago, but his ill health, in 1875, led
Philip D. Armour to remove to that city
to take active charge.
Of all the Armour brothers, Philip
probably attracted to himself more pub
lic attention than any of the others, by
reason of his remarkable personality and
his practical philanthropy, in which,
however, he was sustained by the liber
alty of his older brothers. The Armour
mission, one of the most conspicuous in
stitutions in Chicago, has been developej
through his activity and generosity from
a humble beginning to colossal magni
tude. Joseph Armour, who died in 1881,
bequeathed $100,000 for the founding of a
mission in Chicago, to be conducted on
certain novel lines. As executor of the
estate, Philip D. Armour became pecu
liarly Interested In the carrying out of
the trust imposed on him. The mission
MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7, 1901.
IMPORTANT NEWS OF THE DAY
Weather Forecast for SI. Paul:
I—Philip D. Armour Dead.
Eight Perish in Fire.
British Hnrd Pressed.
Chinese I prising.
Severe Ocean Weather.
3—Rattle on the Flats.
Stranger Badly Beimtcn.
I itiiin Isabel and I,:il>or.
News of Minneapolis.
3—All Over the Northwest.
Gamble Made No Compromise.
Sioux Fall* Mystery.
.Forecast of Congress.
Cardinal Gibbons' Sermon.
6—What Women Want to Know.
7—Foreign Stock Markets*
is incorporated under the laws of Illinois,
and is managed by a board of five di
rectors. It is said that the recent in
vestment associated with the mission
represents $3,000,000. It is conducted on
a self-supporting plan, the method being
to construct fiats for occupancy by per
sons pursuing their business in that im
mediate locality, who can, with their
families, have the benefit of all the edu
cational, religious and social features
connected with the mission, and the char
ities associated with it. A certain stand
ard of care and cleanliness is exacted
from every tenant, while a most elabor
ate system of sanitary regulations is ob
served by those in charge of the trust
Philip D. Armour has been the moving
HAD MANY LARGE INTERESTS.
"While Mr. Armour's name was 'more
generally associated in the public mind
with the great packing and provision es
tablishment?, which do an annual busi
ness exceeding $1G0,000,000. employing
20,000 persons, he was actively interested
in many other big enterprises. As the
owner of an important system of grain
elevators, and a heavy investor in grain.
Mr. Armour was a heavy owner in tVe
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway
eompanyand in the reorganized Baltimore
ie Ohio. He was interested largely in
the Illinois Trust and Savings, Metropoli
tan National and Northern Trust b^nks,
of Chicago, and in the. Armour Bank ct
Kansas City. He was a director or the.
Northwestern Life Insurance company
and was a heavy stockholder in the
company which controls the street rail
ways of Kansas City, Mo., and Kansas
MARCHING ON THE REBELS
CHINESE ARMY DISPATCHED TO
THE YANG TSE DISTRICT.
SHANGHAI, Jan. s.—lt is reported
from Sian Fu that the empress dowager
has ordered Gen. Feng Tse Tsel, com
mander in the province of Yun Nan, to
proceed with his army to the Yang Tse
valley and from that section to move
northward. His force is said to consist
of 15,000 men armed with modern weap
ons. Count yon Waldersee, it is assert
ed, has arranged with Prince Ching and
Li Hung Chang that the allied troops are
not to operate in the prefecture of Shun
Te, Huang Ping and Ta Ming, in the
province of Chi LI.
SETTLED A YEAR AGO.
LONDON, Jan. 7.—"The outlines of the
Russo-Chinese agreement regarding Man
churia were settled with Li Hung Chang
in December, 1899," says the Vienna cor
respondent of the Daily Telegraph, "and
prior to that RusFia had concluded
treaties with the emirs of Bokhara and
Khiva and the shah of Persia, arranging
for neutrality for military assistance in
the event of difficulties arising between
Russia and any Asiatic power. In fact,
all the steps toward the practical ac
quisition of Manchuria had been careful
DIE FROM COLD IN STREETS.
Terrible Privations Are Endured by
the si a ii 8.
PARIS, Jan. 6.—Severe cold is reported
throughout France and Italy. A foot of
snow fell at Marseilles last evening and
the mercury shows 18 degrees of frost in
Paris today. There have been a number
of deaths in the streets. Trains from
a long distance are greatly delayed.
Snow has fallen even in Southern Italy
and the city of Rome and surrounding
country are snow clad for the first time
in many years. ~ Crowds assembled on
the Pincio to witness the rare panorama.
BAD FIRE AT MANISTEE.
Unknown M«n Burned In Collapse
of a Dwelling:.
MANISTEE, Mich. Jan. B.—The livery
barn of Henry Radamacher was burned
today with its contents, including twen
ty-nine horses. The fire also burned a
block of buildings adjoining. While the
fire was in progress an unknown man
was seen to rush into a burning- dwelling
to assist in saving goods. Just as he
entered the building it collapsed, and his
remains were found in the ruins. Total
loss $25,000; partly insured.
NEW YORK—Arrived: Steamers La
Bretagne, Havre; Trier, Bremen,
via St. Michaels; Cymric, Liverpool
and Queenstown. Sailed: Prestoria,
Hamburg, via Plymouth and Cherbourg.
QT'EENSTOWN—SaiIed: Steamer Um
bria (from Liverpool), New York.
NEW YORK—Arrived: Kalserin Maria
Theresa. Bremen, Southampton and
LIVERPOOL—Arrived: Grecian. Halifax,
N. S., and St. John, N. 8.. Sailed:
Georgic, New York.
LONDON—Sailed: Manitou. New York. .
SAN FRANCISCO—Arrived: Steamer
South Portland, Portland; steamer
Borieta, Newport. Sailed: Steamer
Umatilla, Puget Sound.
SCfiOOI^ER SlJrtK at SEA
PY GEI^MAI^ LLOY^IEItfEIJ
NEW YORK, Jan. 6*—The North Ger
man Lloyd steamer Kaiser Maria Ther
esa, which arrived today, was in collision
with the schooner Pavia, of Luenbery,
N. S., in midocean, and damaged the
latter so badly that the crew abandoned
her. All hands, the captain and five sea
men, were brought to this port. s
The White Star liner Cymric arrived in
this port today after an exceedingly
rough voyage. The vessel left Liverpool.
Dec. 23, and during the trip the weather
was very rough and tempestuous seas
and heavy westerly gales prevailed. Fri
day three valuable English stallions,
which were being brought to this coun
try for breeding purposes, died of pneu-
ti : :s^|§|?- M^iM\^\^ riyWl ! ' - i
DROPPING IN ON KITCHENER.
' - —Chicago Tribune.
MANITOBA TOWNS SINGED
BAD BLAZES AT BOTH WINNIPEG
AND BRANDON YESTERDAY.
WINNIPEG, Can., Jan. 6.—(Special.)—
Winnipeg was visited by a $50,000 firs
early Sunday morningC It Started in S.
Lf. Barraclough's music store, on Main
street, and destroyed. the bficlc block be
tween Bannatyne and McDermott
avenues, occupied by S. Thurman, jewel
er. Loss, f>,Ooo. Marcy, pianos, |3,O*J;
Barraclough. $5,000; W. Grunday Music
company, $2,000; W; A. DavfS" book store.
$3,000; Winnipeg theater box office, S500;
Musical club's hall and rooms; $500. The
block \a owned-by-W. R. Baker, the C.
P. R. chief executive officer, whose loss
on office fixtures is $10jb00.'
The weather was terribly cold and the
firemen had a hard fight, but saved the
A telegram . from '.Brandon says that
city also suffered severely by fire early
Sunday morning, two ~Rosser avenue
blocks were destroyed and one damaged.
The sufferers are: D. A. Peesor, jeweler;
W. J. Correll, confectioner; J. C. Todd,
W. J. Young & Co., grocers; George Bot
ting, barber; D. H. -Stfoft, insurance
agent; McDonald & CaUterJ^gejnXs',.fur
nishings; Dr. Powers. Brandon college
and Brown & Mitchell. The total loss is
ALL EUROPE IS FREEZING
SEVEBE COLD AND HIGH WINDS
LONDON, Jan. 7.—Severe cod ha~ Fud
denly set in throughout Europe. In Eng
land it is accompai.ied by a northeaster
ly wind amounting to a gale over the
channel. 'At Dover a boat was capsized
four persons being r^rowrred and probably
other accidents will be reported.
On the continent the weather is still
more severe.' Snow has fallen as far
south as Naples and in St. Petersburg
the cold is so intense that the police in
the streets have had to be frequently re
lieved and the schools to be closed. At
Moscow the temperature is WJ degrets ds
low zero Fahrenheit.
Tremendous trales are blowing over the
Adriatic. Terrible bltezards are report
ed from Austria and Southern Russia,
extinguishing signal lights and resulting
in the derailing of the Orient express at
CLUE TO THE ABDUCTORS
CIDAHY AND l)fl\ \«l E ACCEPT AN
OFFER OF ixrORMATION.
OMAHA, Neb., Jan. 6.—A letter has
been turned over to Chief Donahue, of
the Omaha police department, in which
an offer is made to deliver certain in
formation to him regarding the abductors
of Edward Cvidahy Jr. upon his compli
ance with certain conditions. » The chief
and Mr. Cudahy evidently considered tha
letter authentic and of enough impor
tance to justify a reply, because the fol
lowing advertisement appeared in the
columns of a local paper this morn
"Your request, asked for in letter mail
ed at Lincoln, on Jan. 4, to be answered
before Jan. 7, will bo granted. H. A.
Cudahy, J. A. Donahue."
Both Mr. Cudahy and Chief Donahue
declined tonight to say what the contents
of the Lincoln letter were or to refer to
the conditions prescribed therein.
OVATION FOR GOV. ALLEN.
Porto It it-mi's Did Him Hijih Honor
SAN JUAN, Porto Rico, Jan. 6.—Gov.
Allen, who left San JJmin Thursday to
visit the towns in tfte western part of
the island, returned io the capital to
day. He visited seyeral places never
before visited by an* governor of Porto
Rico. Everywhere he was most enthus
iastically received. At Lares 250 mount
ed citizens turned out fto provide him
with an escort.
monia, which they had contracted while
on the voyage.
FROM THE OfHBR SIDE.
LONDON, Jan. 6.—The British bark
Beechbank, Capt. Buchanan, from San
Francisco, Aug. 16, bound for Queens,
town, was spoken on Jan. 3, in latitude
36 north, longitude 3S- west, with loss of
foretop mast and main top gallant yard.
The bark Beechbank was reported at St.
Helena, on Nov. 27, damaged by gale and
tidal wave, and on Dec. 1 passed Ascen
sion island, rigged with a jury foremast.
The German steamer Hispania, Capt.
Luenfala, from Hamburg, Dec. 25, bound
to Mexico, Has putl* into St. Michaels,
Azores, with machinery disordered.
11 i in in
RESIDENTS ARE LEAVING DUTCH
VILLAGE'S IN THE VICINITY
OF CAPE TOWN
DUTCH UPRISING FEARED
No Import nut Military Movements
Reported to the War Office Yester
■■ —Portngnegc at Loarenzo
• . Moraines to Be Reinforced.
LONDON, Jan. 7.—This morning's news
from Cape Town is again unsatisfactory.
Martial law has been proclaimed at
Malmesbury and would have been pro
claimed in other districts, but that the
cabinet meeting called Saturday was un
able to agree as to its advisability.
The vagueness of the situation con
cerning the movements and position of
the invaders has sent a fresh cold fit
over the colonists, and Cape Town calls
loudly for strong reinforcements from
England on the ground that the greater
part of Lord Kitchener's available force
is employed in protecting the lines of
communication and the Rand mines, the
latter extending for a distance of fifty
AFRAID OF THE DUTCH.
It is asserted by one Cape Town cor
respondent that unless the forces in
Cape Colony are increased, a most un
desirable state of affairs may exist, as
the success in arms of the invaders,
however slight, might be the signal for
a Dutch rising-.
As it is many British residents have
had to leave the Dutch villages near
Cape Town, their lives being unbearable,
acording to a native report.
CALL, FOR 40,000 TROOPS.
The Cape Town correspondent of the
Daily News who calls for 40,000 fresh
troops, says: "Prominent Afrikander
loyalists declare that the rebellious col
onists will construe the colonial call to
arms as a challenge, and that the omi
nous silence of the pro-rebels, combined
with the fact that members of the pro-
Boer junta in Cape Town have been
touring in the disaffected districts, em
phasizes the necessity for martial law.
The necessity was never more acute for
dispatching reinforcements. Already
there is proof that colonials are leading
The military movements reported are
quite unimportant, though Portugal is
sending reinforcements to Lourenzo ilar
Dr. Leyds, according to The Hague
correspondent of the Daily Mail, is
recruiting in Holland, Belgium, France
and Germany and his recruits will be
sent out to Namaqualand, ostensibly as
emigrants, each man receiving $50 down
DT'NRAVEN GIVES WARNING.
In a letter to the Times this morning
the earl of Dainraven, emphasizing 1 the
"very grave situation in South Africa,"
warns the country to distrust the
opinions of experts on the spot and to be
ready for the unexpected. He complains
of the "inertia of the authorities" and
urges the necessity of large reinforce
The Cape town correspondent of the
Times, who confirms the reports of the
multiplicity of the Boer commandoes,
"Nearly five-sixths of the British troops
are employed to guard the lines of com
munications and to gar^json towns, leav
ing a very small number, partly mounted,
to pursue the enemy. Large reinforce
ments are advisable, and these would be
cheaper in the end.
"The damage which the Boers did to
the Kleinfontein is officially estimated at
Portngral Sends More Troops.
LISBON, Jan. 6.—Additional reinforce
ments have been ordered to Lorenzo
WANTS RATHBONE FROPEBTY.
Ohio Brewer Asks Court to Set Aal«J'
CINCINNATI, Jan. 6.—Judge Thompson,
of the United States court, has set aside
the sale of property at Hamilton, 0., in
volved in the suits against Estes G.
Rathtoone, late director of posts in Cuba.
The property included two blocks and
sold for $113,000. An affidavit w,as filed
by Charles Sohgen, a brewer, who said
that the property was easily worth $200,
--000, and that he was willing to pay that
amount. Judge Thompson ordered that
he put up a certified check for' at least
one-fourth of the amount. It was fur
ther ordered that the property be read
vertised for sale, and that if It did not
bring more than offered by Sohgen it
should be turned over to him.
PRICE TWO CENTS
EIGHT MET DEATH IN HARVARD HOTEL FIRE
Details of the Holocaust in a Minneapolis Lodg
ing House Early Yesterday Morning.
NOT SINCE THE MILL EXPLOSION IN 1878
Has There Been Such a Loss of Life in a Fire
in the Mill City, Not Excepting the
Tribune Horror of 1889.
ftlaihanisi Feß*Seyy aged 60, painter in the Chicago, Milwaukee
& St. Paul Shops.
Ga Ja SfcMnWF&j aged 45, oiler in the Pillsbury "A" mill.
J B Sm &&ntiey f aged 55, newspaper subscription solicitor.
Bm §CO field, aged 45, laborer, recently arrived in Minneapolis
from Sibley county.
George RutSay 0 aged 45, barber at the Temple Court barber
Ml®h&el Monahan, aged 75, for thirty years a resident of
\Sm Nm ENcksOßi, aged 25, of Alexandria, Minn.
Jacobsenp aged 50, laborer.
Hat*t*y Cottosi, badly cut about the hands.
Eight men lost their lives in the f.re at
115 Washington avenue S., Minneapolis,
yesterday vaornw he men were over
come by smoke in the Harvard hotel,
which occupies the second, third and
fourth floors of the building, as told in
the Globe of yesterday, and death in
every instance was due to suffocation.
When the men were found in various
parts of the house Erickson was dead,
the others unconscious, and all in such
condition that there was no hope of re
suscitating any except possibly Jacobsen.
Ho died yesterday noon at the Minneapo
lis city hospital.
That there was a fire In the building
was first discovered by Charles Hanson,
as he was about to go to his room on the
second floor. There was then some smoke
in the hallway, and he immediately
.alarmed George O'Connor, the night
Clerk, and the two men set about to
awaken the lodgers.
Hanson devoted his attention to the
second floor, and O'Connor rushed up
stairs. It was then about 1:45 o'cloc-k
and the lodgers were all asleep, and it
was with the greatest difficulty they
In several instances it was necessary
for O'Connor to break in doors. In
the meantime he kept crying "fiie," and
the alarm soon spread. O'Connor was
finally forced to beat a retreat because
of the smoke.
It was a case of every man fijrhtin"
for his own life. Nineteen of the twen
ty-seven lodgers were successful, but the
others were unable to beat their way
through the thick smoke and suc
FINDING OF THE BODIES.
The first man found was J. N. E.ick
son, of Alexandria, he beinsr perfectly
lifeless. He was still in bod, and the
smoke had evidently rushed in on him
in such a mass that he was overcome
before awakening. The body was tako'n
to the morgue by the central patrol
Erickson occupied a front room en the
third floor, which was the first room en
tered by the firemen after the smokp
had somewhat cleared away. It was
several minutes before it was possible
for the firemen to enter the rear door.s,
because of the density of the smoke.
HOPED TO SAVE THEM.
It was evident to all that there must
still be men in the building, and it was
a fight to rea-ch them in the hope of still
saving life. Three more men were found
on the third floor, and four on tho sec
ond. All were outside of thfir rooms.
and it was evident that they had been
aroused, and were making 1 a great bat
tle against the smoke, when they be
came insensible. Some lay prostrate In
the hallways, and others again had fall
en while making their way down the
All were still breathing, but a painless
death was rapidly overtaking 1 them. As
soon as it became known that there were
unconscious men in the building, a phy
sician was summoned, and Dr. W. B.
Murray was soon on the scene. The
men had already been carried in to the
front rooms of the floors on which they
were found, and the firemen were dili
gent in applying the first aid to the in
jured, in which they have recently re
ceived instruction. But the work ot the
smoke was thorough, and nothing could
be done. Dr. Murray immediately rec
ognized this, but urged the firemen to
continue their work, in the hope that
something miraculous might be accom
plished. Dr. Murray stationed one
fireman with each victim, and, after giv
ing a hurried instruction in the proper
method of inducing respiration, passed to
the next. Dr. Murray at the time de
clared that there was no hope for sav
ing the lives of any but Jacob3en, and
every effort was bent upon resuscitating
him. He never regained consciousness,
not even after having been removed to
the city hospital, where he died ten
HAD STAYED TO DRESS.
It was evident from the manner in
which several of the men were dressed
when found that they did not appreciate
the gTeat danger upon being aroused.
Several of the men had stopped to com
pletely dress. Skidmore was found with
hiss overcoat and overshoes on, and
Rudey was dressed for the street. Mon
ahan also had his overcoat on.
The fire, which ended with such great
loss of life, at first was an insignificant
one, and even for several minutes after
the fire department arrived at the scene
the real danger was not fully appre
ciated. The fire had its origin in the
rear store, and under a stairway that le;l
up to the second floor, when the store
room, was used for saloon purposes.
There was a considerable amount of oils
and varnishes here to feed the flames.
The fire burst out at the rear, and to
this part of the building the department
directed its attention. Only a small vol
ume of smoke was at the time issuing
®ITY OF ST. PAUL.
from the front windows of thr store,
and very little from the upper windows.
KEROSENE CAUSES THE DEATHS.
The loss of life might have been en
tirely averted had it not been for the
fact that immediately above the stairs
was a forty-ilve-g-ailon kerosene tank.
When the flames reached this there wm
one big puff of smoke, and it was this
that spread throughout the hotel -por
tion of the building. As this smoke rush
ed out of the windows it appeared as if
a great conflagration must be raging on
the inside. The smoke was white and
VAIN FIGHTS FOR EfIFE.
It was at this stage of the file that
the people on the outside commenced to
realize that human beings were battling
for their live* inside of the bulletins.
Cries of help could now be heard in va.l
ous parts of the hotel, and one man was
seen making a vain endeavor to rai?,- a
window on the third flooor. Some one
tried to him to break the window, a crash
followed, and a shower of glass fell to
the pavement. The man was seen for
only a moment, as overcome by thj
smoke that rushed to the open window,
he fell back into the room, lifeless. The
s-moke was so dense that the firemen
were unable to battle against it, and it
was at least ten minutes after the first
big burst of smoke that it had cleurid
away enough to permit the firemen to
enter the building. No fire was found
above the.- store, but everything was ihor
oughly drenched, as a great quantity of
water had been poured in.
SEVERAL HAD NARROW ESCAPES.
Several of the lodgem had thrilling es
capes. The most sensational was that of
Harry Cotton, who jumped from the rear
of the third flood. Cotton recognized that
every way was closed t 0 him, and
ping out on the window sill ho Jumped.
He caught a wire on his downward
flight, and the fall was in a measure
broken, although his hands were badly
cut. From the wire he plunged through a
skylight. He was picked up by an offi
cer and taken to the patrol wagon and
removed to the city hospital. He was
able to leave that Institution yesterday
John Banghart was the only lodger
who managed to save his effects'. He
was on the main floor of the hotel, and
when the alarm of fire was given he
proceeded to pack his trunk, after which
he placed it on his back and rushed uown
the rear stairway.
Pat Nichols had a room on the top
floor, the most dangerous place in fhe
building. He did not stop to dress, but.
grabbing some of his effects rushed down
the stairs. Ho had three flights to go
down, and it was just at the time that
the smoke was the most dense. He was
several times nearly overcome, but bat
tled bravely against the smoke, and
managed to reach the outside. Like
many of the other lodgers, who had mads
their way out in the scantiest of attire,
Nichols was for some time in a dilemma.
They stood around on the street in their
underclothing, and were suffering in
tensely from the cold, when the saloon
at 113 was opened, and it was possible
for the men to take more comfort. Some
had taken outer garments along, but
others had n _>t. These later unfortun
ates were supplied by lodgers in a near
by hotel, after which they went to other
HIS STORY IS DOUBTED.
A man who gave his name as Oscar
Johnson said that he had a room on the
fourth floor, and being caught by the
smoke, jumped from a rear window. The
man Baid he alighted on his feet, and
d!d not suffer the slightest injur?:
Charles Hanson yesterday recovered $6
in coin that he had left in a rair of pants
in his room. He found the pants yes
terday afternoon, but when he picked
them, up they fell apart, as if so much
dust. The room was near the oil tank,
and was slightly burned. The six silver
dollars, blackened, were found.
LIVED IN NEW BOSTON.
Nathaniel Perley lived with his family
of wife and two daughters, at 2436 Pierce
street northeast. They did not know of
the death of Mr. Perley until yesterday,
when the sad news was broken to them
by Rev. William Wilkinson. They had
read the account of the fire, but aa the
name was given "Nat" Perley, they did
not recognize it. It was his custom
to lodge down town on certain nights. A
week ago Mr. Perley took out an insur
ance policy in the name of his wife. The
remains will be taken to Illinois for in
terment tomorrow night. A service will
be conducted in Gleason's undertaking
rooms by Rev. W. Wilkinson.
ABOUT THE DEAD MEN.
C. J. Skidmore was employed at the
Pillsfcury "A" mill as an oiler. He has
a young eon, whom friends are giving an
education. A brother at Plainview.
Continued on Fifth l'mce.
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