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GLOBES TELEPHONE CALLS. THE NORTHWESTERN. Business Office 1065 Main Editorial Rooms . . . r . . 78 Main 'Composing Room . . . . • 1034 Main I' MISSISSIPPI VALLEY. business Office 1005 Editorial Rooms • «•• 78 [©he $c»tl ®\obS v — [OFFICIAL PAPER, CITY OF ST. PAUL. THE GLOBE CO.. PUBLISHERS. i Entered at Postomee at St. Paul, :ilnn., ■s Second-Class Matter. , CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. * By Carrier. 1 1 mo I 6 mow I 12 nr.oa pally only 40 $2. WOO Dally and Sunday .50 2.75 6.00 Sunday IS .78 1-00 COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. '. By MalL 11 mo ] 6 moa I 12 mos Dally only 1 .S I $1.60 I $3.00 Dally and Sunday .85 I 2.00 400 Bundnv I ... I .75 I 1.00 BRANCH OFFICEB. New York. 10 Spruce St., Chas. H. Eddy In Charge. Chicago. No. 87 Washington St.. Wil • liams & Lawrence In Chars*. MOXDXY. FEB. 18, 1901. OIR C.tESTS. There are gathered today within thi3 city the representatives of an industry which is destined to play a most lm pcrtant part in the industrial develop rr.ent of this country in the next twenty five years. It is natural that in the earlier stages oi American commercial and industrial progress comparatively little attention Fh.Hild have been bestowed on butter production. While the product is neces sarily one of the most essential to mod ern human comfort, its production haa been conducted until recent years solely on the understanding which the indivi dual farmer might acquire through daily experience. Butter has not been thought of as an article of export to any con siderable extent, and the domestic sup ply has been governed entirely by such conditions of production. The high rank which our own stato has won in the industry, within a few years attests In a forcible way the grand future which presents itself to view. Since the establishment of the modern creamery buttermaking has risen to ai leading place among American indus tries. For many years the distinctively agricultural countries of Europe have boon vicing with each other as butter marts for the supply of the great centers i of European population. They have be< n secure from all thought of Ameri can competition. That security no longer exists; and butter is sure to take a leading place before long in the lists of American food exports. The people of this city feel honored in the presence of their guests. Steps have been taken which assure to them during their stay here as large a measure of enjoyment as possible. Were the con vention held later in the year it might be possible to offer our visitors more va ried opportunities for making their stay pleasant. But it is true in a peculiar degree of the delegates to the buttermak ers' convention that it is business rather thi^n pleasure which brings them here. }!i->Ht of them will find themselves enter tained by a community and in a section oi country which they have been no doubt disposed to regard as being far r> moved from touch with the great cen tena of American life; but they will nev ertheless find here many things to deep en the interest with which they regard the- occasion. It will at any rate; not be the fault of the- people of St. Paul If they should return t» their several homes without carrying with them the most gratifying recollections of their ex perience. Those who are charged with their entertainment will discharge the ob ligation with the full utilization of tho resources at their command; and th.> Globe sincerely hopes that each one of our guests will take his leave only afl.fr having realized his highest expectation of the possible value from tho point of. view of both business and relaxation of his visit to the Northwest as a delegate to tho butlermakers" convention. AN IMWMOIS WARFARE. The Globe has charitably refralnei from taking any part In the delightful Interchanges of compliment whinh have prevailed among our Republican breth ren In the legislature on those questions or hiffh public moment which have stir red them so affectingly of late. It has n< t. for instance, occasioned the Globe any marked concern a.s a question of public policy whether the roll of legisla tive supernurr.eries, made up at the dicta tion of the overwhelming disposition of tile Republican brethren to promote re fcrm, did or did not contain the name of one J. S. Vandiver. It has not even been thought worth while t>y the Globe to direct public attention to the remarkable Undertaking whereby it was possible to engage, along the entire party line, in an assault (.n Mr. Vandiver's moral char acter as a justification of removing him from office and to bring the episode to an end by giving that ingenious gentleman a certificate of moral uprightness which, no doubt, he values at its true worth. The exigencies of political controversy have not even demanded, in the view of the Globe, that the bitter assault made on the statesmen of the Fourth ward, by the representative of the Repiblian elite of the Seventh ward, which is in volved in the effort to deprive the office of Oil inspector of its lawful emoluments, should be treated as of any special party significance. In short, the Globe has determinedly held aloof from involving Itself or Its party associates in any of the controversies which have arisen out of these exciting episodes or any of them. Its forbearance has, no doubt, been Quite agreeable to the feelings of its Re publican brethren. The Globe, however, does not feel called upo.n to extend its silence and Inat tention to the extreme limit at disregard- ing- what appears to it to be a very con temptible piece of political treachery and chicane. Of such a nature is the transaction by which a petition i 3 put in circulation for the removal of Fred C Schiffmann from the office of oil inspector. The authors of that undertaking, whoever they may be, ought to be drummed out of political association with any class of men having the slightest claim to decent character. It is distinctly an act of public black mail and spite, and in the estimation of all tolerant and reputable men In political life ought to bring disgrace upon Its projectors. It has appeared to Gov. Van Sant proper to reward a number of his politi cal friends in this county, Mr. SchlfC mann among others. That he has done so is made the pretext on which to engage in the blackguard warfare waged against Schiffmann. We are naught to Hecuba nor Hecuba to us. Schiffmann may be all that his Republican associates of the Seventh ward have designated him and his friends. But he, at least, would never descend to anything like the depths of political infamy for the accop.-.plLsli ment of any purpose, which is repre sented by the effort to make him the victim of a gross calumny, while seeking Ins disgrace and wrong officially. it ia recited that Schiffmann was a party to the public and private Imposition ana wrong represented by the pardon of the woman Morris. There is, perhaps, no rending man in Ramsey county, whore Sohiffmann is best known, who does not believe that, of ail the Republican breth ren mixed up in that transaction, Sehiif mann is the least liktly to be justly chargeable with an intent either to de ceive the governor or to acquire a tainted money gain. Let Sohiffmann be removed. The Globe cares not whether he is, or whether he is to be made the victim ot the known love of reform of the Seventh ward Republicans by having his office shorn of its present emoluments. Neither event in any sense represents a funeral over which we should dc political weeping. But let these thi lgs be done, it at all, otherwise than through the agencies of hale and calumny, of jealousy and re venge, and of the other forms of publla and private unrighteousness which are plainly invohed in the transaction. LKT CARTER SPEAK. Justice was never vindicated more ac ceptably to the mass of the American people than in the case of Capt. Oberlin Carter, recently convicted thxongh the agency of a military court-martial of having defrauded the federal govern ment. His conviction was effected at the express demand of every organ of public opinion which regarded the na tional interests and the maintenance of decency in official relationship as above the demands of political or social influ ence. Every effort which he and his in fluential friends have put forward thus far to escape have been fruitless. He has depended on legal technicalities for his escape and it has not availed him. Now he is heard declaring that his prose cution is persecution in effect; and that his conviction haa been accomplished in the face of the evidence of his innocence. The latest declaration of Capt. Carter is: "I pleaded for a trial in a court of justice, but I was informed that inter ests higher than mine might suffer by the disclosure of the incidents attending my persecution, and I was imprisoned where it was known that I was power less to compel a trial." This is rather vague. The Carter does not say who Informed him that interests higher than Ills demanded his conviction, nor indicate what or whom those interests represent ed. If he has been made the scape goat of others who really defrauded the government, and whose possession of more social Jr political influence than he possesses, keeps them from being prose cuted, he should come out and tell the public the facts. It i 3 conceded that there was more stealing done than what Carter secured the gain of, and that he had accomplices in the work of robbery. The privilege has been open to Capt. Carter, no doubt. to turn state's evidence, if by doing so he could convict greater criminals than himself. That privilege he enjoys, at Last in a qualified way yet. If he seeks to avoid the consequences of his conviction he should inform the country who those are who represent higher interests than he represented in the transactions which have made a convict of him. As he him. self has shown that he had powerful friends in court, and that he would have escaped in court, and that of his crimes if an aroused public sentiment did not de mand the execution of his sentence, it would be of great public interest if he would relate who those were who united with him in the transactions out of which his conviction grew; or, if he gtlß insists on his innocence, and that the real crimi nals have thus far escaped, he should give the public the full benefit of his knowledge and render the vindication of justice complete. If he' Is not in a posi tion to do this, he should take his sen tence and abide by the consequences of his misdoing without further outcry. "CIVILJZATIOV IN CIIIV4. So far as the government of the United States has acted as peacemaker in China and has nought to promote the terri torial integrity of the Chinese nation there can be no doubt but that the Amer ican people of every rank and division of opinion have been anxious to sustain their federal representatives. Whenever their officials have shown any disposition to join with European nations ir. exact ing burdensome conditions, or imposing summary punishment or hardship on the Chinese people they have n>ver been able to escape popular condemnation. The discussion of the Chinese problem has long since passed the stage where the reading American public* can be re garded as following the subject with any permanent degree of sustained in terest. It has been made too plain of late that the representatives of Euro pean government in China are pursuing the ends of their masters, without any marked respect for the rights or interests of the natives and wholly with a view to the ultimate gain, territorially, polit ically and otherwise, of the nations con- THE ST. PAUL Gi.Oi*E, MONDAY, FKBKUAKY 18, 1901. cerned, to justify American men and women from regarding them with re spect. * Were this the only feature of Euro pean diplomacy or conduct In the Orient which might be regarded unfavorably by any human people, It would be hard enough to endure. But It has now been made so apparent that history will not fall to record it, that the attitude of the so-called evangelizing nations toward the mass of the Chinese people, resulting from the late Boxer disturbance, has been marked by brutality which would stir the blood even of insensate savages. Indiscriminate murder and pillage have eventuated from the supposed efforts of Europeans to suppress the Boxer rebel lion. The story which the Globe print ed in its issue of yesterday, on the au thority of one of the leading and meat conservative periodicals in Europe, the London Contemporary Review, should be read by every American. Were its details known no American would be willing to lend the sanction of his na tion to the conduct of the governments of Europe in China which would be In volved in allowing- American troops to re main in that country even a single hour. It is a most revolting recital. The writer of it is known and esteemed in literature. He verifies his facts by the attachment of his signature. No anonymous presen tation of such statements would be tol erated for an instant by any responsible publication. What, for instance, docs the reader think of statements such as these, taken from the body of the article in the Con, temporary Review? Mr. Dillon Is de scribing what had come under his own eyes: I speak as an rye witness when I say, lor example, that over and over again the gutters of the city of Tung-Tschau ran red with blood, and I sometimes found it impossible to go my way with out gel ting my boots bespattered with human gore. There were few shops, pri vate houses and court yards without dead bodies and pools of dark blood. Amid a native population whose very souls quak ed with fear at sight of a rifle, revolver or military uniform, a reign of red terror was inaugurated for which there seerr.3 no adequate motive. Even if all the Chi rese within the city walls had risen in revolt against the foreigners, the latter would have quelled it almost without an eflort. Yet they were kept with a Damo cles sword continually falling on their heads. No native's life or property was safe for an hour. Men I had been speak ing to before lunch were in their graves by sundown, and no mortal will ever know the reason why. The thirst of biood had made men mad." Will there be any attempt at Impeach ment of the credibility of this author? Not at all. There is no one responsible for what has happened. War—that de lightful exposition of aroused patriotism —and its dogs have been loosed on the Chinese people, and Christian evangeliza tion goes hand in hand with such dis plays of human savagery. Nay, we are asked to believe that the one is the nec essary complement of the other; and that the murder and outrage of women is a necessary incident of the effort at paci fying a country driven to the verge of frenzy by the exactions of the "clvilizod ' nations. It probably is not possible for the American troops to wholly withdraw .it this time, or for American diplomacy to cease its efforts at bringing about an agreement between the represor.tat.ves of barbarian China and civilized and civil ing Europe; but the sooner our national skirts are cleared of all poss;b:iit/ of further stain by contact with such scenes of sodden ruffianism, the bett:r pleased this people will bo. T. t w jh < O n S remain an occasion for rejoicing on rue part of every American that cur flag in China has not had its shad.i.v ca-jt upon anything like such scenes, enacted by either the civil or military representa tives of this people. . I'K.UERS VERSIS HATCHETS. In IST4 the temperance crusade of the women of America against the saloon opened with prayer and song. From Hills boro, 0., a small town sixty miles from Cincinnati, the women's crusade extend ed over all Ohio and thence into In diana, Illinois, lowa, Kansas and Min nesota, westward, and into Pennsylvania and- New York, eastward. Prayer, song, persuasion and the pledge were the weapons of the Carrie Nations of 1574 and the several years following. There were tears in place of hatchets; moral suasion instead of force. The women's crusade of the seventies doubtless accomplished some good. It was a good thing for many husbands, sons and fathers. It is said to have con verted one or two saloonkeepers, who were persuaded, while the spirit moved them, to pile their bar fixtures and beer kegs in the street and make a bon fire with which to light the prayers of the crusaders on the wing 3of night heavenward. For the most part, how ever, the crusade of prayer and song was ineffectual as regards tangible results. It assisted in launching the Prohibition party, and in causing a number of states to legislate for the restriction of the liquor traffic. But the reaction of the past dozen years has carried the country, so far as the popularity of the liquor business is concerned, and the use of liquor both at the bar and in the family cupboard, to a point of greater friendship with "King Rum" so-called, than was the case thirty years ago. At any rate, the consumption of liquor in I the United Slates both in volume and per capita has vastly increased. What prayer and song failed to do in 18T4, Carrie Nation and the women of Kansas are endeavoring to do with rocks, hatchets, and clubs. Will they Rueceed? They have demolished a number of sa loons. Will the saloons stay demolished after the hatchets are buried? One factor in favor of the women cru saders is the liw of Kansas, which de prives the saloonkeeper of a day in court and makes his business a crime. If the husbands of Kansas come to the rescue of their crusading wives and insist upon the enforcement of the laws, it may be that the. hatchet crusade of 1901 will ac complish more definite results than the prayer crusade of 1874. On the other hand, there is the danger that the laws of Kansas, which make destruction of property by rock and hatchet thus pos sible, will become so unpopular that re peal will follow. There is also the dan ger that always arises from the cam paign of force, the reaction of public sentiment and of personal hatred. The method initiated by Airs. Nation is scarcely Scriptural. It is not in accord with the doctftne of the Nazarene, that of non-resistance. It is the doctrine of force, rather than love. It contradicts the instruction, "Blessed are the meek," and the other beatitudes which are sup posed to be the foundation of the Chris tian philosophy, it follows the law of an eye for an eye. It is a case of fire fight fire. The hatchet and the prayer, the rock and the Gospel song, reside at the opposite poles of Christian effort. lls it possible, after all, that woman is more effective with- the hatchet than with prayer—that her forte is the rock thrown with a baseball arm, rather than the tearful plea borne on the wings of song? Whatever the outcome, it remains as a fact, that woman is a factor that has to be considered in public affairs, as in the home. History has its Joan of Arc, as well as Us.Marys and Marthas; its Carrie Nation, as 1 well as its women missionaries of prayer and song. Cincinnati has been spared the disgrace of becoming a Mecca for the pug-uglies. If Carnegie carries out his promise to give away $15,000,000 a year, he will not get many invitations to dine with- his heirs. Wonder if the president is preparing to do his "plain duty" somersault in regard to Cuba, as he did on the Porto Rican question? If Gov. Van Sa.nt wants any pointers on how to prevent prize fights, let him apply to Gov. Nash of Ohio. There is a man that has some backbone. The United Statea is to be the sword and shield for Cuba against the rest of the world and as such must enjoy the necessary advantages for that responsi ble duty. "The real friends of Cuba in the United Slates," says the Indianapolis Journal, "must be brave enough to save it and its people from the fate of Haiti and San Domingo." While Me are taking more or loss of a risk in protecting Ecuador with the man tle of the Monroe doctrine, England has captured the major part of the trade that country. Our little job in the Philippines looks more and more like a case of bronco busting, and that sort of business takes an expert, and even then. It has its dis advantages. They say that lianna suffers great pain from the gout in his legs. The way Hanna has been trying to pull tncle Sam's leg on that subsidy deal one would rather expect Uncle Sam to be suffering in that way. There are peculiarities about journal ism ir. Maine. The 'following- is a ncw3 item which appeared in the Boothbay Ilfgister: "George Lindeke has got a new girl, so they say. It must be some stranger, for he has had all the girls in tiwn." The Salvation Army in Chicago will try something new. Its members will produce plays. Maj. WincheH, of Peorta, Bi'.ys; "l have written 'Jonah and the "Whale 1 in six acts." There Is a gr-jat chance for realism in that subject. Jbsen. Rostand and Shakespeare had better look to their laurels now. "Senator Hanna, in his determination to push this subsidy bill, has not mere ly elbowed aside and held up needed legislation in- the senate," says the In dianapolis News (Ind.), "but he has made the most outrageously improper use ot the machinery of-the Republican party that any-man high in the councils of any party has ever dared to make of its or ganization." The evident disposition to foster schemes of extravagant outlay which crops out in almost every legislative ;\ot of congress affords ample warrant for the general public anticipation that the promised war tax reduction will prove to bo but. a cunning juggle with treasury figures," says the Philadelphia Record find. Dem.) A Christian scientist in Cedar Falls, lo. ( objects to her dft-.^ter studying physt. .ology in the public school. The good lady is more Ifaftti half right. In most cases the study amounts to a mere mem orizing ol the l.atm names of the bones and muscles of the, human body, with a few calcium sidelights on the awful sinfulness of using li<;nor. A boy may learn to name the femor, tibia and all the rest of them, but what good will it do him? ; The Columbia (S. CO State (Dem.) pro nounces the attempt to obtain Southern support for the ship subsidy bill a "bare laced thimblerigging game." "It is a scheme," the State sajs, "for the further enrichment of the .^reat Northern steam ship lines, and there is no evidence that it will bring a single steamer to Southern ports. Senator Mcl.aurin does not know half as much about the cotton mill in dustry in South Carolina as the Stale does, and we are not prepared to accept him as a guide in this matter, the more particularly q,s we suspect him of being himself guided by Mark Hanna." The Washington Star prints an inter esting letter from Mr. Pepper at Ha vana. The letter contains the following paragraph: "On cne subject the whole convention is in agreement with what is reported to be the American policy. Thiar is that the Monroe doctrine applies to Cuba. One of the alleged inspired statements which came down over the wires was that tha Cubans musj; recognize the Monroe doc trine before the. United States would recognize the independence of the Island. The delegates accepted this reported ulti matum with enthusiasm, unanimity and relief. It is just what they want in order to be relieved from more direct re sponsibility. They have talked among themselves about the elasticity of the Monroe doctrine 1 and how it could be stretched to cover Cuba. By it they un derstand that th£ United States assumes responsibility for protecting the island from foreign bulldozing or foreign Inva sion without being granted authority which would enable it to discharge that lOennnsihllttv " 1 t:>|.HJII&H-*lll I y . Here is a suggestion of the fact that the Monroe doctrine<-,in . its present form is a very one-sided "affair, from which we ourselves do .not,"derive a particle of benefit, while under the present state of things in" South iar'db Central I America it is a constant source of menace to our relations with those countries on. our commerce with wham depends our own prosperity. The Chicago school, authorities will es tablish a full commercial school for boys, to lake the place" of ra high school, says the Cincinnati Enquirer. It is argued that a practical business education is more useful than a knowledge of Latin and Greek. That proposition can hardly be disputed. The puWic high school is t!ie cause of a good deal of inequality in the burdens 01" taxation, and it is de voted largely to instruction that is of nc practical benefit. The whole subject has been gone over, and, while many excel lent reasons—perhaps the best reasons-* have been presented for confining popu lar education to the ordinary branches, it 1s probable that the high school has "come to stay." It ought to be modi fied. At least It should be overhauled occasionally to weed out the impractical matter that constantly accumulates. It may well be doubted if a regular com mercial school would be a legitimate or desirable part of a public school system. It would be taxation of the whole for the benefit of the few. Business educa tion is best acquired by actual contact with business. The public school is the bulwark of the republic. We have long had that dinned into our ears, and it is a truth that perhaps ought not to be con sMered tiresome; but here is a limit to what the public ought to be expected to do. It is the duty of the state to educate the young up to a certain reasonable point; but there comes a time when those who want to !>e Greek or Latin scholars, or bookkeepers, or railroad magnates, or something of that higher sort, should not depend on the public funds. There is one thing, though, about the Chicago enter prise that commends it. From its title it does riot appear to be a school where girls are to be giver, a smattering of stenography and typewriting, and turned out on the world to have a miserable ex istenre at about $3.50 a week. MONDAY GLOBE GLAXCBS. The butter show beginning tomorrow promises to be the most important of the kind ever held in this country. The Elgin Board of Trade, the largest butter jobbing organization in the world, will be here, besides representatives of the creamery interests in all parts of the country. The parade tomorrow will also be an event. The Auditorium will be well worth a visit. Tomorrow is Shrove Tuesday, celebrat ed in New Orleans and other Southern cities as Mardi Gras. Next day is Ash Wednesday, the beginning of Lent. Arch bishop Ireland will officiate at the Cath edral Wednesday morning. There will be services in all the Catholic churches. The Episcopalians will hold half hour noon services each day during Lent in the Chamber of Commerce building, to which the public is Invited. A year ago today forces under Gen. Roberts began a four days" fight at Mod der River which ended in the capture of Gen. Cronje, a Boer leader. The Catholic directory for 1901 claims a total Catholic population in the United States of 10,744,980, with one cardinal, thirteen archbishops, eighty bishops. 8,977 secular priests, 3,010 priests of religious orders, 68,127 churches, with thousands of missions, seminaries, chapels and uni versities. "A delightful land," said Gilbert A. Pierce, when governor of the territory of Dakota. Many of the residents of the Dakotas agree with the author of that term. "Gil" Pierce, before and after his political career, was a literary man. Hi 3 most enduring work Is his "Dickens' Dictionary." He founded "What to Eat," a magazine with a strong hold In the American household, and it Is hoped and believed that his sons will keep it up to its heretofore high standard. Gilbert A. Pierce was a worthy public official, a vigorous writer, an honest man, a good father and husband, and peace to his ashes. • During 1900 over 25,000 miles of cable were laid. Great Britain put down the most of it, including a line from Eng land via the Spanish coast and St. Helena to the Capo of Good Hope, and also an additional line to the West Indies. Dur ing the last four or five months Great Britain and Germany have laid about 1,500 miles of cable on tfie China coast. M —O— Beer tablets have come into use In Germany. A lover of the popular bev erage can carry a little brewery in his vest pocket. One of the tablets'dropped into a glass of water instantly converts it into a glass of fdbmlng beer. What openings there are for beer-tablet men in Kansas and lowa. Today, Feb. IS, is the anniversary of the birth, in 1775, of Charles I^amb, a popular English essayist and humorist; of George PeaboOy, in 1795, an eminent philanthropist and banker; of William Tecumseh Sheunan, in 1821, a distin guished American general. The administration papers are printing very extravagant stories about the chances of private soldiers winning shoulder straps and fame. This is pend ing the beginning of the work of recruit ing the new army. The privates who cross the gulf existing between stripes on the sleeves and bars on the shoulders is wide and few there are who cross it. If men cannot be had with false pretenses the army had better be reduced to a peace footing. The Chinese today are midway in their celebration of New Year's. Represen tatives of the Flowery Kingdom are not numerous in our city, but those here are having a good time calling upon each other to feast and exchange compliments and good cheer. Admiral Dewey. nominally at the head of the navy but practically on the shelf since he frightened McKinley with talk of being a presidential candidate, said the other day: "If a boy has no inclina tion to become a sailor, I should cer tainly not encourage him to become one. And even if he has the desire I should make sure that it was not a temporary craze for adventure. Many bo.ys who ship aboard a vessel when they are fif teen or sixteen are very sorry for it a few years later. My son is not in the navy. The reason is that he seemed to have no inclination that way, and I refused to spoil a good business man in him by making a poor sailor." During the last year 500 miles of ca bles were laid in the. Philippines, and 120 in Alaska, under the direction of the army signal corps. Work is far ad vanced on the cable between Manila and Jolo, headquarters of our sultan of Sulu. and soon that official can be in touch at $1.50 a word with the administration at Washington. According to testimony given In the I.rush will contest in New York last week. I Christian Scientists are not content with i usurping the powers of regular physl ! cians, but they also "cure" clocks that have a habit of being out of order, and can at will cause canary birds to grow i new feathers. In the testimony given by j Mrs. Flndlay, who was asked what she ! heard at a Christian Science meeting', said: ■♦'They told about Christian Science making clocks go which would not work until Scientists had exerted their power on the clocks, and then they told about moulting canary birds which had been caused to grow new feathers by the pow er of the 'healers.' " —o — A Manila correspondent of the New i York Times says: "The general situa tion'" in reference to efforts toward paci ' flcation of the Philippines may be sum med up in two words, namely, ''slow progress." The conquest of the Philip pines i 3 found to be still very far from actual accomplishment, with no eye wit nesses of the conflict willing to hazard opinions as to a time when even an ap proximate general peace is to be estab lished. Such Is the consensus of the views gathered from military and civil officials and from soldiers, sailors, a*id citizens. The plainly stated notice that the requirements of martial law are to be rigidly enforced is expected to have a broad effect in the way of intimidation. The deportation of prisoners to Guam 1; also believed to be proving salutory in tile direction of eventual peace, but military men generally believe that the hanging of I^adrones and rebels is th« measure of all others the most effective. And Spanish methods of carry peace and go)d Spanish methods of carrying peace and good will are fully established by the Americans. —o — A London dispatch says that the offi cial history of the war In South Africa as brought down to August by the pub lication of the dispatches of Lord Rob* cits, Gen. Buller, Gen. Hunter and Gen/ Baden-Powell is a voluminous budget, stocked with morals and strictures which wiU-provlde experts with employment for many months. There Is little in it, according to the experts, for which to compliment the leaders. The cam paign is apparently dragging, because nearly 200,000 soldiers are needed for the protection of the lines of communication, are barely more than 20,000 mounted men are available for active operations against Boer commandoes, and they are held up every fortnight because their horses have given out and cannot be re placed. It is said that 20,000 more troops will be added to the 30,000 now being sent to the scene. In England it has become quite a cus tom for private individuals to take out policies on the lives of the reigning mon arch. A firm published an advertise ment in the Times last week advisrng an immediate application for insurance on the part of "traders and others whose business would suffer loes in the event of the death of the king, as the insur ance companies are rapidly approaching the limit of the risk they will accept." Though, after she had passed her eigh ty-first birthday, the premium on Queen Victoria's life was only 11 per cent, the premium on the king is now B><i per cent, which is the normal rate for persons seven years older than the king. The inheritance tax to be paid to the state of New York by the Vanderbilfs heirs is $324,960. Attorneys for the Van derbllt estate maintain that this pay ment should not be made until Alfred gets control of the ' property, when he reaches the age of thirty, six years from now. From, the number of troops ordered out by the governor of Ohio to prevent tho session between Jeffries and Ruhlin, Fri day night, he must have thought they wanted to fight. The tin can men have combined. The consolidation takes place In 108 factories, 35 of which will close, throwing out 3,500 employes. AT THE THEATERS. METROPOLITAN. .lames A. Herne's plays bring to the theater a large number of people who are apt to pass the farces by, to look askance at the modern society drama and to turn their shuddering gaze from the posters which call attention to the mer:ts of the comic opera. In each of hi 3 plays are recorded only the simple an nals of the common people and the wholesome atmosphere that surrounds those dramas attracts home loving peo ple. His "Hearts of Oak" presented last evening at the Metropolitan is not the greatest of his plays, but it has enough of the pastoral charm about it to make it popular, and ;t largo audience wel comed its reappearance in St. Paul last evening. i The company presenting "Hearts of Oak" this season is a fairly capable one. Thomas M. Hunter is excellent as Undo Davy, a typical Herne character. The biuff old fisherman, Owen Garroway, was ably presented t-y Nat D. Jones. F. P. Sullivan, who plays the part of Terry , Dennison, the hero of the story, is bard- I ly satisfactory. In one or two of the j situations where only the most natural acting can conceal the fact that the play wright has strained a point Mr. Sullivan was ineffective. The same fault might be found with Richard Darrell Allen as Ruby Darrell. Helen Lowell was good as Chrystal. The two children in the play, especially the baby, were decidedly attractive part* of it. The staging was excellent.. A ma;* quartette sang a. num ber of selections in a. pleasing manner. "Hearts of Oak ' will be at the Metro politan the remainder of the weeic with the usual Wednesday, and Saturday matinees. " ■:.*.< GRAND. After several years absence from the stage Charles Hoyfs popular satire on superstition. "A Brass Monkey," ha* been revived and was seen at the Gran.l yesterday in the initial performance of a week's engagement. The reception ac corded this clever little farce-comedy was gratifying and from the manifesta tions of appreciation so frequent during the evening it was apparent that the au dience was not disappointed. . Only two seasons has this one of Mr. Hoyt's many fascinating comedies been played, this being its third year of ac tive life. The brevity- of its career was not due. however, to any lack of public approbation, but rather the opposite. At the time the author first presented "A Brass Monkey" its reception was so phe nomenal that he was constrained to ad vance some other of his productions with the view of reserving this Ingenious little fun-producer for later years, when per haps a few of its contemporaries in the lealm of Hoytian comedy might have become less*attractive. So the little farce has come back to stay, bringing with it all the gayetles of old, vested with the original attributes which made it such a favorite when first presented. It will continue for a long time to be one of the most irresistably funny plays of its character on the stage. It will also retain its old popularity, both for itself and the veteran author, whose name has long been cherished by all comedy-loving folk. The present ' company is a good one. All the parts seem to have been assigned with the particular fitness of the player in mind, and each character is quite pleasingly sustained. The principal roles, Jonah and Baggage, are taken by Mr. James K. Wesley and Miss Mazie Trum bull. Miss Trumbull is a talented little soubrette, and her many difficult acts are rendered in a pleasing manner. Mr. Wesley is one of the most fascinating little comedians that has been seen on a local stage for some time. Miss Mayme Taylor, who appears as the wife of Jo nah, sang "The Holy City" last night, much to the delight of the audience. Mr. Marcus L. Monroe is very good as a revengeful man. ■ If the unstinted applause which greet ed the first appearance of the company is a criterion, the week will be a very successful one for "A Brass Monkey." STAR. . - There is no lack of entertainment at the Star this week, and entertainment of a superior order at that. , Harry Mor ris' Twentieth Century Maids come near er making good on the promises of the press'agent than organizations of a sim ilar character are usually wont to do, and | the bill they present is a pleasing one from the standpoint of burles-.iue. There are two skits given, both of which are fairly pleasing, and they are well staged and costumed. The olio la the strong part of the entertainment, however, and it contains at " least two specialties that are far above the ordi nary "turn" one meets in vaudeville. Of these the best one from an artistic point of view is contributed -by Miss Carrie Mas3oney and M"iss Martha Hableman, two young women whose vocal endow ments entitle them to a place in some thing better than burlesque. The three numbers they give are pleasing and re fined, and the manner in which they, are sung is wholly commendable. There la little doubt that Misses Massoney and Hableman would make a hit in polite vaudeville;- judging them by their work yesterday, I and by the favor with which they were received by tho audience. It is entirely within the realm- of sober statement to assert that nothing even approaching their act in merit has been seen on the ; stage of the Star this sea son.:.7 Martc-lla and Maxeena .'contribute an acrobatic specialty that is deserving cf highest praise. It is a gem In its way : and .is j not . inferior •in any.' respect to the best ! "turns" .of I this i kind with which one meets. C; Melville and Conway have GLOBE'S CIRCULATION FOR JANUARY. Ernest P. Hopwood, superintendent of circulation of the St. Paul Globe, being duly sworn, deposes and says that th« actual circulation of the St. Paul Globe for the month of January, 1901, was as follows: Total for the month 529,550 Average per day 17,082 ERNEST P. HOPWOOD. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 31st day of January, 1901. H. P. PORTER, Notary Public, Ramsey Co , Minn, [NctarlslSeal.] FURTHER PROOF IS READY. The Globs invites any one and every one interested to, at «ny time, make a full scrutiny of its circulation lists and records and to visit Its press and mail ing departments to check and keep tab on the number of papers printed and the disposition made of the same. a neat act which gives Mr. Melville an opportunity to display his ability as a juggler. The remaining features were very good. The audiences at both per formances yesterday were large. STATE PBESS COMMENT. Fared Better Tlian Hnny. JUille Lacs County Times. Editor Caswell, of the Anoka HeraU whooped 'er up for Page Morris during the last campaign and now he Is post master of Arcoka. Coincidences some times happen. Ot Vice Vrrra, Sherburne County Star-News There is a susflcion afloat that the Republicans in Minnesota who have the temerity to criticise party politics aro marked for slaughter by 'the organiza* tion. Approves Xeir Ballot. Olmsted County Democrat. The bill, which has been introduced m the. Minnesota legislature, providing for the groupinß of the party tickets on the election ballots and making it possible for a man to vote a straight ticket ly making a single mark, is a measure it strikes us, that ought to become a law. Merel* With Approval. Morris Times. And now Fred Schiffmann, by the grace of Gov. Van Sant, Dar Reese and Ell Warner, state oil inspector, and his friends, threaten that if the fees are abolished and his oJHce placed on a sal ary basis they will move to have all other offices in which there are now fees in lieu of a salary placed on a salary b'\sis. "Well that wouldn't be so ba-1, either. Let tho good work go on. Roast Approved. Gleneoe Enterprise. That was the greatest roast Congress man Brown (Rep.) of Ohio gave the ad ministration and his Republican col lragucs in the house the other day for the long delay in making known to the Filipino people what this government proposes to do with them after they shall have laid down their arms and become loyal followers of the Stars and Stripes. Blind Han ("orld Do It. Faribault Pilot. Our Republican legislators are finding perplexing difficulties In redistricting tlia state into congressional districts so as to make sure that each district will give a safe Republican majority. Speaker Dowling wants the partition si made us to put Renville county in a district where Michael will be the Joel i;ut then theso Republican statesmen should have no fear, for there are Republican votes enough to surely elect nine congressmen in Minnesota and have a few thousand left. Benedict With Unrj. Blue Earth County Enterprise. We regret to learn that Senator Beno d'et of this county was among tboso who voted to dispense with the services of John L. King on the state boat I of equalization. State Auditor "Dunn. a Republican, pronounced Mr. King one of the best members on the board. He was removed because he was too activo in pursuing tax dodgers like Dan Shell and Tom Lowry. Senator Towne'.s Hit. Brainerd Era. There is a new presidential possibility In the. Democratic field. With a single speech Mr. Bryan capture-- the loader .snip of his party. With one speech Mr. T'Mvnt: appears to have taken ever the htiraliip. All il>e Wanhir^rt' writetH avree that the senator from Minnesota de'.veied in whu. was both hi» maiden speech to the senate an 1 hi:? valedictory, cne of the greats:.-', addresses ever heard in liiat body— addros.< worthy , thu «irly or>d better days of the senatorial f-rum. The political prophets at the na tional capital Will havo It tnat Town-? is die "coming i.itn" of the Democratic party. To Furnish Repnbllea a Brain*. Minnesota Signal. The Republican state central committee has kindly offered to furnish brains to all Republican editors in the stato for the coming year. Brother MiteheQ, of the Zumbrota Independent, Kicks over the traces in his last issue. lie be lieves that he can furnish h'3 own brains. He says: "If the newspaper men in this state let the Republican state central commit tee edit their papers another time th« way they did during the last campaign they are a set of 'ignoramous^s* and ought to have a mortgage on their shops as the editor of the Faribault Republic an Intimates that nine-tenths of them have. They told more untruths aril cir culated enough bare-faced lies, to pi^ase a campaign committee, to make a ward heeler in 'Tammany Hall' i.to.v pale. What did these good fellow editors got for it? Newspaper men ought to edit their own papers and tell the truth in politics, and about corporations, etc.. and raise the mortgage, if they have cne on their printing outfit." Now Bro. Mitchell don't give it away thus prematurely. - You will spoil tho future of many an enterprising e-iltf.r. Just think how easy it Is to af.-t edi torials ready made. They might am of nervous prostration in trying to wiilo their own editorials, such hard work, you know. And then their readers do not know the difference. They do not catch on that the editorials are written In St. Paul. Thus the editor gets the credit. We heard several remarks throughout the country last fall as follows: "Kditor is Improving. His editorials hit the nail on the head every time." The Re publican stafff*central committee were so satisfied with the plan that they have of fered to furnish the editorials the ye.ir around. Stopped the Game. - Stillwater Gazette.. Now will you be good. From Fort Dodge, 10.. comes the following: Charles Frank, of Carpenter, To., is responsible for a smallpox epidemic Just across tho state lino of Minnesota. Not long ago Frank attended a church sociable in the region- where the disease now rages, and while partaking ;in a - kissing game he came into close connection with three of the young ladies of the church,. Short ly afterwards he was taken down with smallpox, and so were the three youn? women. ■- Eight eases have resulted from this kissing . match and one death has been ; recorded. Tho - neighborhood has been placed; under quarantine.