Newspaper Page Text
Foods for Mof Weafherv
Government Experts Recommend flore Starchy
Diet and Less Heat, Bggs and Fat.
Exactly what you should know this
very day about propi r and improper sum
mer foods has Just 'been determined as a
r.'sult of the most exhaustive and most
careful research ever made by a scientific
oi< tiiian, says the St. Louis Globe Demo
crat. It came about this way: Uncle
Sam has been "worried as to how best to
feed his soldiers stationed beneath the
■burning heat of the tropics. Hence he
has had to officially pry, for the first
time, into the hitherto unanswered qjes
tion. "What is the best diet for hot
ireather?" To aid things a bit, Dr. Lou's
L. Seaman, late maj >r surgeon United
Stat'-s volunteer engineers, offered a hun
dred dollars in gold as a prize for the
best thesis on the subject. A board of
award, hended by Commissary General
Beaton, was appoint* d. and nil pp.pers r>
celved wire written under noms de plume.
Capt. Edward L. liunson, assistant sur
. United States army, won the pr.'ze,
it becoming evident that what he doesn t
know about I'oocVs which cool and foods
which beat is not worth knowing by a
First of all, horo is wfoat summer
weather doea to ynu and your stomach,
According t'i Mr. Mini on: A loss of
t is suffered bj the average Ameri
can In his own country in summer as
well as by the average American who
his zone into the tropics. La-
borers iji iho cooler part of the temper
ate zone average 146 pounds In welg t;
In the warmer part, l:T> pounds; among
the native tropical races, 115 pounds. In
Bthtr words, the hotter the climate the
lighter men stow. T'h's decrease is
found to be -1 aer when the air is lacen
With i xccssive moisture and as la!.or I e
comes hard r. It. Munson believes tl is
falling off of our weight In hat weather
to be due to the destructive influence of
heat upon the cells of our bodies, also
to the decrease of oxygen in the air we
A hot climate strips us of our fat jurt
as a cold one put more on our bodies.
This decrease of fat in hot weather Is al
together r.ornial and beneficial. Even
CrtiSeial fattening of animals is difficult
In a heated climate. On the other hand,
animal flesh of the far North, as seal,
bear and walrus meat, is rich in fats.
The whale's thick layer of blubber is its
chiff protection against tho frozen t m
perature of the arctic seas. Hence, to
be fat is to be warm and to be lean
Is to be cool.
Summer heat lowers man's pulse beat,
•which is Ie?;s by two and a half throbs
per minute In the torr d than in the tem
perate zone. With increased heat, the
beats diminish, not -only in frequen
ut in force. We perspire more in
summer as a result of »iir relaxed capil
laries We take fewer breaths in tropi
cal weather, but breathe in a greater
quantity of air at . a:h heaving of our
ts. Men have been put in heated
air chambers for experiment, and it has
I that their respiration be omos
slower as the temperature rises. But
the greater quantity d air taken in at
h in a hot climate does not
up in oxygen supply for the dlmln
numbtr of breathings. Air grows
f in volume for every degree of
and hence in hot weather we grt
les ; Cxygen from a given bulk than in
r wtather. Each treath, therefore,
mes of 1< ss value the hotter it gets,
for oxj gen is what we need most from
air. Hot weather also decreases our
sallvn and digestive juices, dries our
throats, «xagsr<rates our thirsts, weakens
our appetites and Impairs our digestive
To ii a n what man should eat in hot
weather, l>r. Munson Brst investigated
latural appetites of tropical native
The digestive system of a man is
a compact chemical shop, and it is a
chemical instinct which Uads the na>
Hves of the tropics to choose their diet
White men born in "not countries intu
itively adopt it and thrive. Tropical
man removed to a co!d climate soon
adopts the food customs of the new re
Here :ire foods which tropical man
has found to agree with him most: The
Malay in a day cats 800 to 1,200 grams
lUd :ic,\ 150 to 300 grams of duck's
e^gs, ICO to 250 grams of pastry free from
fat or grease, and only CO grams of
tncaj or fish. With these he devours a
varying amount of fresh fruit.
The native Abyssinian soldiers in the
Italan service subsist almost entirely
Upon the native kafflr corn, .made into
without fat; ffharp-tasting sauces
and ground Leans or lentils. They eat
meat only once a week and rega-rd it as
a condiment rather than a staple food
The en. He of British India rarely tastes
an mnl food, but subssts almost entirely
upon ric," and soy beans. The natives
of Guiana and Guadeloupe diet almost
wholly upon vegetables, particularly
yams, cassava, Bweet potatoes, bananas,
■ s and other fruits.
further we must consider
man as an engine. His food is his fuel
This, burned in the furnace of the diges
tive system, is transferred into heat and
motion. But the human engine has prop
not present in the ordinary engine
or iron and steel. Portions of its fuel
an- transformed to build up and repair
Its own parts. It is, furthermore, an
automatic engine, whion regulates and
directs Its own running. Part of its fuel
to furnish this directive force
brain . nergy. This fuel of the human
engine consists of protein, which is found
in the whites of eggs, the lea-n of meat
the curd of milk, the substance of chees*
and the gluten or sticky portion of wheat
flour; of fat found in fats, grease ana
oils; of carbo hydrates, found especially
ly in Bugars and starches, therefore in
potatoes, other vegetables and cereals
Man -n tropical climtea prefers half as
much prote n, one-third as much fat and
five-sixths as much carbohydrates as
man living and working in the northern
or cooler portion of <he temperate zone
In other words, he eats less of every
food, but particularly (J f fat and pro-
Now. here in a nutshell are Dr. Mun
son's hot weather eating .esaona for per
spiring, fanning, sunburned, tanned,
led, mosquito-bitten and fly-tickl.-d
An c leans. His researches had primarily
In vn w the American soldier subjected to
tropical h. at, but they apply just as well
to you and to me. They are based upon
c-x, erimenta with human beings and eae
ful analyses of aJ] ordinary food stuffs.
m the first place, eat less of every
thing these hot days. Prolonged heat
hinders d ges.ion and as l-nllation. There
fore, <\\> ; Bh mid be resfkted
Reduce y ur fatty foods to a minimum.
*ai i ■ i : eating fo.->d of the highest fie-
F:" I' should be largely replaced by
sugars and Etarehs* a hundred parts
of fat taken into your stomach gives off
as much heat as 232 parts of starch or
Man's natural distaste for fat in sum
mer i- an unconscious but instinctive
recognition of Its unwho'esomeness. Our
troo;a !n Oufoa, Porto Rico and the Phil
ippine lave manifested a BUdden aver
sion to :h- i!- bacon ration since they have
been there. This has sur
prise the authorities and has been re
ported to Washington.
1 ata In sr neral are less dgestible than
Btar sugars, according to Dr
1 ; ey are b-.irned with more
<3i«i ' i • ,s • i n that furnace which sup
l-1' s :' '; I" the human engine. They
xygen for th«ir combus
tion. lul in h..t wea htr there is less
oxygen In < ach breath. They over-
Btln-.uat. the iiver and Increase the pro
bile, 'Jh sis wry bilious ds
"ininon among high livers
In ho c 'mates.
mail <iuantity of fatty foods will.
however do no harm in hot summer.
Kaii .s of hot countries generally enjoy
a sn all amount, such as the clarified
butter of India, the olive oil of the Medi-
terranean and the palm oil of equa-torial
Africa. The average man of cold cli
mates eats one-fifth as much fat as car
bohydrates (starches and sugars), while
the average tropical man finds that only
one-fourteenth as much agrees with him.
Eat less cif protein also In summer.
Diet rich In protein—the principal con
stituent of whites of eggs, lean meat,
milk curds, cheese, wheat gluten, etc.—as
saW, increases bodily heat. A certain
supply of oxygen Is needed for the com
bustion of protein, as well as of fat, and
since the airs supply of oxygen is les
sened In hot weaiher, as explained, t! c
human system becomes overloaded with
an undue amount of unoxidizefl matter,
which cannot be propsrly expelled by the
kidneys. Uilc acid poisoning is apt to
A DEAD TRAMP.
Mrs. Youngwed (crying)—Oh! Frank, boo-hoo. Don't you know a big tramp
ate one of the pies I baked this morning? 800-hoo!
Mr. Youngvved—Oh! well, dear, there's lots of other tramps. Besides, the police
won't blame you for it.
, result from too much protein In hot
I weather. The liver beaomea disordered
from this cause, too. While residents
of tropical regions are trulMed much by
congestion of the liver because of th< ir
rich protein diet. Tropical natives who
adopt the white man's diet are troub'.id
the same way. As'atics who have be
come semi-Europeanlz:d suffer much
from disease of the liver. In Guiana
a group of rabbits were fed for tew
months on nothing but cheese, rich in
protein. Another group were fed on
| vegetables alone. The cheese-fed rab
| bits grew to be fatter, but their livers
1 grew out of all proportion to their
To reduce protein in the hot weather
j diiet it is best to reduce our supply of
I meat primarily. Tihis is because meat is
! rich !n the heat producing fat as well.
But a certain amount of protein Is im
portant, even in a very hot climate. it
is essential to the repair of the system.
Without, a reasonable supply of food
is not digested.
Of carbohydrates, then, you can eat
most abundantly in summer. They aro
the chief source of the carbon' which
nature provides to supply man's energy.
Eating them In excess is far less dan
gerous to health in hot climates than
eating an excess of fat or protein. They
will be a valuable and wholesome sub
stitute for fats in the hot summer diet
ary. They are readily assimilated, and
when the stomach gets more of them
than it requires it stores them up in the
form of adipose tissue. They are most
abundant in vegetables. The vegetable
| kingdom is almost the sole source of
j food of natives of the tropics. But these
I people eat very sparingly of food In the
i form of cereals.
I Here are some of the foods richest in
I the beneficial carbohydrates: Among our
ordinary fresh vegetables sweet potatoes
j are the richest and lima beans are al>
most as rich. Following in order of
abundance of this wholesome constituent
are white potatoes, green corn, parsnips,
string beans, onions, green peas, beets
turnips, squash and cabbage. Flour,'
meal bread and crackers are all rich in
carbohydrates, while tapioca contains as
much as 87% per c«int Among the fresh
fruits this constituent is most abundant
in bananas, grapes, raspberries, apples
land pears, raspberries containing twice,
the percentage of strawberries.
Of the fatty constituents which heat us
I in summer meats contain the most Salt
pork is 87 per cent fat; bacon, 60 per
cent; flank of lamb, 43 per cent; flank
of beef, 24 per cent; a loin of beef, 17 per
B°y-Col Boozum up In 1120 wants me to bring up a life preserver'
Clerk-Well, wny do you come to me? Don't you know wherft^fbarroom Is?
I cent; leg of lamb, 19 per cent. Chicken
1 contains only 10 per cent, and most fish
I less than 5 per cent of fat. The foods
I richest in protein are the lean meats.
I notably veal and beef, eggs, cheese, oat
j meal, entire wheat and graham flour,
dried peas, dried beans and cocoa.
Wlna Oat on a Little Tip Given.
Roaming Riley, the Traveling Thirst
nailed the young man who had Just
emerged from the clothing store lobklne
pretty spick and span in a spring suit
Sir, he begun, walking alongside the
THE ST. PAUL GLOBE, SUNDAY, JULY 21, 1901.
young man, "I trust you won't consider
me obtrusive, but—"
"To the dank virgin forest," cut In the
spick-and-span youth. "Nothin' doin' "_ .
"But," said the Traveling Thirst, "my
only purpose in presuming to address you
Is to call your—
"You're up against a Carrie Natlop in
pants, son," Interrupted the youth In the
new suit. "On your way."
"I am certain," persisted Roaming
Rlley, maintaining his position about two
paces behind the youth, who looked like
ready money, "that If you would permit
me to explain why I have ventured—"
"Now, look a-here," growled the young
man In the new set of counter duds, pun-
Ing up and facing the Traveling Thirst,
"you couldn't panhandle me with a base
ball bat if you belonged to the home nine
and had the top batting average and
there were two outs and three men on
the bases and you were up and trying
one of your famous bunts on the pitcher.
Nobody can panhandle me. I'm a crag
gy young person. I'm a non*i>roducer.
I've always got the goods on me, but
I'm notorious for the habit of never giv
ing up under any circumstances. It
wouldn't bother me any If you needed a
hooter so bad that you were seeing pur
ple hippopotami playing golf with fence
pickets for brassies. I'd let you go right
on seeing 'em. I'm naturally cru-el. Con.
sequently, back to the unblazed patn, ana
Roaming Rlley, the Traveling Thirst,
stood with his hand on his chin in a
rueful attitude during the delivery of
this little speech, and at its wind-up h»
"All right," he said. "I didn't mean
any harm. I simply desired to inform
you that on the left sihoulder of that ad
mirably fitting coat you're wearing
there's a large yellow tag, bearing in
large, insistent figures the legend, 'Thir
teen dollars,' and—"
A blank expression flickered over the
countenance of the young man with the
freshly plucked glad rags.
"Say, is that right?" he inquired, in a
low, muffled tone. "Take it off, will
"Sure thing." replied the Thirst, ana
then he walked up behind the young man
and deftly removed the tag and exhibited
"That's worth the half to me," said
the chagrined youth, laying the four bits
in the Traveling Thirst's palm. "I was
going to spring it on my landlady in
about a half 'hour from now that it had
stood me $41.50, all of my two weeks'
wages, to cough up for this apparel as
an excuse for not coming to the front
with my little board coin, and if she had
seen the tag after I'd handed her that
swift con there'd have been some vesti
bule language within; the quiet precincts
of that boarding hpuse that 'ud have
given the houseful of rubbernecks the
chance of their lives to stretch. Take the
money, my boy, and may your barrel
house souse trickle to the spot."
"How is your son gettln' on now?"
asked the neighbor.
"I reckon he's doin' purty good " an
swered Farmer Corntossel "He's gettlrT
right polished. He doesn't say 'bgosh'
an' 'by zucks' any more. He uses reg'lar
swear words, same as people do on tho
stage of the theayter we went to "
It Was Very Fat.
Mr. Six-a-week arrived here the other
evening half an hour ahead of time, and
she was still engaged in curling her natu
rally wavy hair. Her little brother, how
ever, met Mr. Six-a-week in the hall.
Mr. Six-a-week," said the little
brother, wriggling bashfully, "did the
elephant step on It?"
,"J2 id tne elePhant step on what, "Wil-
"Why— ct—what do you mean by that,
"Oh, nothhV, only sis, she said to maw
tn other aft'rnoon that ev'ry time she'd
gone out with i you your Pocketbook
looked like an elephant had stepped on it
aKJ* ie£u wanied to see It.' that's all." ■
i And when she came downstairs about
* five minutes later she couldn't under
Harvest Slsht-Seelne Kioar.lon
d A,f S/op-overs will be allowed. '-:™.
City ticket office, 579 Robert street.
FAILED FIRST TIME
BMINRKT ... ORATORS "WHO HAOB
ide2irt BAD WORK OF MAIDEN ,^ j,
DISRAELI WAS HOOTED AT
Gladstones Debut Gave No Promise
ot the Imminence to Which ;
'*-"'■ *" |*c Afterward* At- *'* * J
• ""••••> '•"^•••^"■ ;'■ ••■<'"• ■"«- ■■■•■•'-'
VjANE;nlffht v early in 1E33 (the year af-
O ter h§ na*. failed in* his contest as a ■
,/T\.* Radical for the borough of lllcli
Wycombe) Benjamin Disraeli, sitting in
■ the strangers" gallery of the ■.naus.ijv o£
commons, listened to the debate on the
address in which Lord John vßussell,-> Ma_
caulay, Stanley, Bulwer and other leading I
members of the house I took par?;"'*s£ysf'■
MacMillan's Magazine.^ r<Next ,4ay. vS he
wrote to his sister: "Was at the house of
commons 1 yesterday dttring.tthe whole of ;
the debate—one of the finest we have had j
fdf 1 years. J Macaulay was' admirable, but
between, ourselves, I could floor them all. j
This entre nous.! I was never more^ccn- ' i
fldent o£ anything than. that I could carry
everything before me in that bouse. The
irme'wlircome." -•-'•--■.--•■*. >^* ■••'. /
v The time did come four years, later.,
when on Dec. 7, 1537, Disraeli, h'avin? Deon
returned as a Tory, stood up in the house
of.commons to" make maiden speech..
The story of that'histo'rlc fiasco has never'
been fully told.', What is,, generally known
is that Disraeli was interrupted by bursts
of ironical laughter almost from thebe-
ginning of his speech, and that at.lensjth.
utterly unable to catch the ear of the
house, he concluded l;y shouting at the
utmost pitch !of his -; voi«e the- famp«s
phras^: v "Though I s%dpwn now;, the
time v/ill come when yu'win hear me.*'
But the whole episode, what led up to it
arid what followed it. is most interesting,.
= TH9 subject of the drbate avtnojtjjwjv
by Mr. Smith Q'Brien for a select com
mittee to-inquire into the*¥n^ge^pr&£&Oe .
of vexatious petitioning fl itttat Iri.-ih
members elected in the popular intend!:.
Daniel O'Connell supported the motiaru
and it hadj^een ajtranged that Sir. Robert
Peel should reply;- but the strongly ex
pressed wish of Disraeli, that the .duty
might >e-given to him, bacfte^ ijjjTUß'vßt*';;.
hy manjc»jnembers of t his party,. Induced
the Tory leader give way to his ardent
y-oußg-a-ecruit. i \ •tv***,^
" There had be-en an absurd, though 'very
bitter rjuari-el, between O'ConneH anQ*Dls.
raeli. P'Connell was one .of Disraeli's
sponsors when he carried' the Radical
flag on-the hustings at High Wycombe in
1832.' Three ye'ara later Disraeli,; having
turned Torry, attacked the Melbourne ad-,
ministration, which was retalned o in pow
er by the Irish party.'for having clasped,
as he put H, "the-bloody hand of O'Con
nell." O'Connel retorted in s a sx>eech «>f
savage vituperation in which he declared
that Disraeli's life was a "living lie," and
that he was a "descendant of the impeni
tent thief on the cross." Disraeli chal-
O'Conr.Hl, but the Irishman 'after,
killing D'Esterre'in 1815 had made a vow
against duelling, and always wore a black
kid glove upon "his right hand as a token
of his lifelong repentance for having shod
another 'man's blood. "Then," wrote Dis
raell, in a scathing letter to O'Connell.
"we shall meet at Phillippi." Now the two
antagonists were face to, face at Phillippi
in the house of commons, with, happily,
the floor between.--\
! Disraeli's failure onl this occasion was
; not due to nervous timidity, bu. to the !e*«
amiable fault of 'over-confident fluency, I
to the young member's irritating self-as- j
surance of manner, inspired, obviously, by j
the conviction that he was about to leap |
into parliamentary fame at a single j
bound. This, wil£ his foppish attire, his |
affected: gestureV'and the knowledge" of
his rapid change of political opinion, caus
ed the British Radicals and the Irish Re
pealers, both led), by" the lusty lung of
O'Connell, to Indulge in roars of ironical
laughter and other disconcerting cries.
. Macaulay, writing to a friend in Paris,
a few days later, Bald, "'"Speaking of
th« House D'lsraeli nearly killed it on
, Thursday. niffhit. ._ You have, of course,
seen his speech in CJallgnani. Can you j
conceive tine impudence of the attorney I
general not knowing him personally and
going" up to him in the lobby and say
ing, ''A very pleasant speech of yours,
Mr. D'lsraeli. .Will you be kind enough
to tell me what Lord John held "beside
the keys of. St. Peter?' • The red cap of
liberty, sir.' During the .performance
= Peel quite screamed :with laughter."; .; :
Gladstone's first appearance as a speak
er in the arena in which he was for so
long period the .most eloquent and pre
dominant.' personality, was obscure and
disappointing.V. He took ihis' seat as a
member for Newark •on • Jan; ' 29, ' 1833 •
tho opening day of the first session of
the first parliament; elected under the I
reform" - act—being then twenty-thr=e
years pld.S s^. .
Three Weeks later, on Feb. 21, he made
h '" maiden speedh.. A petition signed by
3,000 WhigS" of Liverpool was presented j
alleging f bribery i*nd cormptlon' against I
the Tory representatives of the town, !
and in the disdyssion;- which followed !
Gladstone" interposed on behalf of the
electoral honor of his native (place. ■ .
"Every great orator from Demosthenes !
j to Burke." Gladstone once'safd, "ha 3 suf- ;
, fered fconr norvousress on the eve of an |
! important speech, and, although I can
not claim to share their . gift , of golden '■
speech. . I can claimi more than a fair!
snare of their defect of nerves.": Cer
tainly, he was extremely WeYvoiis on this
occasion, as his indistinctness of utter
ance and hesitancy of, manner "■ only' too
obviously showed. That voice which sub
.sociuently, r^ield.sq,many<'tWousands spell
bound by its.musltf was Inaudible from
the ealiery in wWchi the reporters were
taking - notes. - So little ' notice did this
debu-t attract, that a speech delivered in
the- house a few months later by his
brother Thomas, in defenso of their fa
ther, who was an owner of Blaves on
his estates at.Demerara, has often been
described as Gladstone's ma.den effort. -■
Lord Salisbury was twenty-four when'
as T,ord RoberttCecil.ihe took his s»at - Iri
the house,. of commons as a member for
Stamford, in February. 1854. Two months
later on April 7, he> delivered his■,first
speech on Lord John Russell's university
bill Hansard-gives it only eighteen line 3
of its narrow columns, and. the members
who immediately followed-*^ the debate"
made no reference to it; but-Gladstone
speaking later in the evening, recognized
In generous terms the abilities of the
young .man who was destined after "the
lapse of thirty years to become his chief
political rival. "This first effort, rich
with, promise." -said he, "indicates that
there still Issue forth from the maternal
bosom of the university men who. In the
first days of their career, give earnest
of what they may afterward accomplish
for their country." . .- ■'-><<: -r* .-*' ■■?. p&g
The most successful maiden speech of
recent times was that ofSlr William Har
court. "He was forty-one years old v/hen
he took, his seat, as member for Oxford ?
on Feb. 1569, and just a week later ad- \
dressed the house for the '■ first 'time: The'
subject was, happily. (one in which he
was w_ell versed. Viscount asked
for leave to Introduce a measure entitled
the Vacating of Seats biU,,'to repeal the
statute" of °Queeh Anne, which makes it
necessary for members of the ' house to
seek Te-eleotlbn on accepting office In the
covernment,' on the ground that it served
no useful purpose. : Mr. • Vernon Harcourt
(as he was then called). protested against l
leave.belng given even to bring- In such
a bill. The speech, which occupies six
columns in Hansard and was loudly ap
plauded throughout induced Viscount
Bury to withdraw his motion.
Nervousness lls no* commonly recogtiiz
ed^as an Irish faUing. but at least three
celebrated Irishmen have in this cen-:
tury owned its mastery when up for the
ifru^'^STS? drssaSß on'earth/yo the'ea'sle'st to cure
WHEN YOU KNOW.WHAT TO DO. Many have
plmplos. - spots ■on the akin, sores In the mouth,
ulcers, . fallin? ' hair, bone pains, catarrh, and don't
know jlt Is BLOOD POISON. " Call I and eet
BROWN'S BLOOD CURE. $2.00 per bottle- lasts
one month, . Sold by F. M. • Parkßr.: 364 Wa'basha
St., St. Paul. ■' •-- ~ :". ■. . . _ ■. i-.,v5.,-
Cur« man la'k f«w days. \ Park»r'a Drug Stor«. :
first time before the house of commons.
On April 26, 1875, when a coercion bill
for Ireland was In committee, Parnell
rose to deliver his first speech. Ha was
obviously and painfully nervous, and
could only stammer out a few barely in
telligible sentences about Ireland not be
ing a geographical fragment.
Eighty years or so ago a distinguished
Irish member named Dogherty, who sub
sequently became chief Justice of Ireland,
asked Canning what he thought of his
maiden speech. "The only fault I can
find with it," said Canning, "is that you
called the speaker sir too often." "My
dear friend," said Dogherty, "if you knew
the mental state I was in while speaking
you would not wonder if I had cailtd
him ma'am." Whiteslde, another Irish
member, who also became chief justice
of Ireland, used to relate that when dur
ing hla maiden speech he saw the speak
er's wig surrounded by blue flames he
knew it was time to sit down.
WHILES FALL FROM GRACE.
Model l'oang; Man Indalsen In Beer
' and Gets Spanked.
■• When Willie Flag was graduated from
the high school, he started life with a
determination to be a model young man.
With Willie this meant to avoid liquor
and tobacco, to shun games of chance
| and walk in the straight and narrow pata
! which leads to bed at 'J o'clock p. m.
] and to breakfast at 7 in the morning.
i Willies mamma was immensely pleased
i with these resolutions, which was a good
! thing for Willie, for as - late as his last
year at school, when he was home for
a holiuay and got "sassy" to his graart
motner, she spanked him- soundly. It
must not be thought for a momsnf that
Willie was led to his good resolutions by
fear of the maternal wrath; no, indeen.
He was a student of the lines beginning:
"Lives of great men all remind us," ani
Willie meant to be a great man at all
costs. ' " ■
Now, the seven bright crisp dollar bills
that Willie found in his envelope at the
end of the first week of toil. in the com- i
mission house, where he ■ had found em
ployment, looked large and promising,
and he tucked them away in his inside
pocket, resolved to soak tour of them in
the bank the next morning, making them
the foundation of the fortune he meant
to build up. Willie lives in the suburbs
of Jersey City, in a house with a largu
veranda around'it, and he thought as re
started for the terry, how he would »penU
the evening there with mother, talking
over the future and thinking of the Bey n
so snug, and comfortabl in nis inside
pocket. But, alas, for Willie Flag. Thero
were other young men in the commission
house, and some of them got so much
moce than seven per that they could 'tf
ford to spend a part of it in riotous liv
ing. Saturday night being their favorite
one for gay doings, they set out and nad
made a good beginning before they met
WiMie making his loneiy way to the ferry.
Needless to say Wft.ie was quite over-
Whelmed by the attentions showered on
him by those. over him in the commission
house. It is unnecessary to go into de
tails of the fight against temptation nut
up by-Wuae, or how his high notions of
morality were swept away by the elo
quence of the others. Enough to say
that a very few moments later Willie'3
nose was buried in a glass, and in the
glass was beer. Two of these we.-c
enough to affect Willie, and very soon
his own seven was going the way of
other salaries paid by the commission
house that day. Several ferry boats tor
Jersey City left New York without Willie,
and they were running on half hoar
schedule when he nnally made his 'in
certain way down Cortlandt street.
Willie was under the in.'uence, but
what was worse, he had spent his sever.
He could explain the loss of the seven
to mother in a score of ways, he figured
but his own condition—how was he to
explain that? Every third step he bs
came independent and inquired of him
self what right anybody had to interfere
with him or to question his conduct
Then he would resolve to let the folUs 1
at home know that he was no child. But
as quickly as this Dutch courage was
born, it would shrink before the recollec
tion of mother's strong light arm. Willie
nnally got on the boat, was duly taken
?h« r e vT' Ver> vand correctly headed on
the way home by a good-natured police-
Ulan. " , , V.
I All was dark and still around tho
j house when Willie arrived. • He wondered
'' r!?^* pt opl could sle on such a hot
ok i' +Y l he was not sorr >'- for il was
i absolutely necessary for him to get in
! unobserved. Ho disliked to think of how
I baaly mo-Wier would feel, If she met him
lin his present plight. Up tho sU-ps
of the porch went Willie, and. alfhaueh
it took him five minutes to reach the
top, it was not wasted time, for he
awoke no one. The route to the door
was* a straight one, but Willie chose to
make an inshoot of it. The creaking of
his boots sent chills up lhls back, and it'
seemed to him that some one must hear
him. But no one did, and it was with
fl great sigh of relief that he final
found the look. Finding the key was
| another proposition, however. One pock:
n,,n ? r« an i(? her was sarched and finally
turned inside out, but no trace of the
key was discovered. Willie distinctly rc
mc-mbered that it was on a ring with
some other keys, and that somf tlmo
between leaving his friends and arriving
at home, probably on the boat he had
taken it out of his pocket and -placed
it somewhere with the idea of knowing
where it was wh-en he minted to use it
But where he had put it Willie could not
remember for the life of him
It was a horrible situation for a youn*
man with a mother like Willie had. Not
to show up all night was as bad ai
f» mln S home under the influence, and to
ring the bell was to give himself awal
for deep down in his heart Willie was
| aware of his condition. So, after half
Wi.H 01 °V2 tlle Search for the key rini!
gillie went to a corner of the veranda
I took off his coat, rolled it into a pU-
I?«V, a'f, thei} lay down and went to
Eleep He intended to wako up early
c" Ou?h v to creep In by th« kitchen door
when the servant came down and opened
up for the day and even if caught asleep
' £?o in he + i? ore uhe would only have to ex.
I plain that havln lost his key and the
| night being warm, he had preferred to
sleep out of doors to rousing the family.
n £ as daght wihen Willie woke to
i find his mother and his grandmother
fff/? nRrV ier him- Willle waa startled
and would have s.prung to his feet, but
some mysterious force held him back.
»ni«h?M v,he csf ayed t0 rise, but not
an inch di he make. Finally, by a ter
rific effort, he mana &ed to break away
rrom the mysterious something that held
•him, and simultaneously with his rising
wlii?«-a rtPP ln&^*und> and the back of
w illie s coat and trousers were observed
glued to the floor of the porch. It was
an ..awful situation, made more awful
by the ominous silence' of -mother and
grandmother. It was up to Willie to say
i something, and he knew it, but what ho
didn t know was, what the dickens to
say. Suddenly, in a flash, it came to
him that he had flarured on Just such
L situation, and before ho knew It ha i
was telling th story that he had planned
to^tell the night before. But somehow
ltdldn t seem as plausible .03 it ha<i then.
Ho staggered through it aKd waa start
ing for the door when his mother
stopped him. '
"Willie, is that the key ring you were
looking for?" she asked, pointing at tne
young man's left hand, Willie looked
at tne hand and there on one of the
nrgers was the missing key ring. He
remembered now that this was the pre
caution he had taken the night before
He was struggling around for something
to pay when giandmamma piped up:
. "And, Willie, you needn't have been
bo solicitous for vs as to sleep in fresh
paint rather than disturb us"
Here was the mystery of the torn
clothing revealed. Willie promptly and
very wisely threw up the sponge.
"You have nothing mora to say, "Wil
lie V" said his mamma, rolling up her
sleeves, and before Willie could answer
a power greater than that of fresh paint
had him by tho collar and he was being
hauled into the . house. Grandmamma,
followed and the door closed behind
them all. What happened Inside must
be left to the imagination, but while
it was happening the kitchen maid came
out with a bread knife and removed from
the porch the fragments of Willies coat
and i trousers.
Willie is still in the commission house,
and he gets $8 per now. He shuns bad
company and is nightly observed hust
ling for th« 6:15 boat. He has learned
that it is dangerous to miss that boat.—
New York Sun.
:; ■ ■ -" f^ "^ l«fc
" A Custom in Danger, ■
. "The Chinese," said the man who is al
ways trying to unload back-number in
formation, "have a very curious tfustom
of paying all their debts the first of the
'"Well," answered the man who talce3
everything seriously, "I guess they will
get over that habit when it comes to in
■ ■-- .... ; -~m~. -
Ills Own Interest.
Chicago New*. :
s Stubb—Do you notice how the keeper of
this:, hotel promotes love-making among
the -guests? •
; Perm—Yes,, he has found that people I
L lo«e their appetites when ln lov*.
J men equal.
It makes all women equal ALSO.
: If you take advantage of it, you can be just as fash
ionably clad as any of your more'wealthy neighbors, and
the cost won't be heavy, and will be divided up into such
little payments, that the money will never be missed.
Just now we hold out special inducements for you to
try our worthy system of buying.
i - Low prices on Ladies' Tailor Made Suits, Silk
Waists and Summer Skirts.
• Serge Suits for men at lower prices than Cash
And a cordial welcome to everybody, whether you
come to buy or to look. ....
People's Credit Clothing Co.,
Cver 374 Robert St., St. Paul, Minn. Tel. 2252 J-i.
O«i Evening. MlnneapMls Stor.: 429 Nlcbllet Ay. Tel 33,4 j- 3
STILL pEILIEVE if 4 WITG&*C3JAFT
To speak of wif\'_-raft in this twen
tieth century; seems a mingling of irre
concilable terms. Yet today In the moun
tains of North Carolina there is a district
.peopled exclusively by native Americana
'which" is as ' witch-ridden as was New.
England. before the Salem hangings, says
the Cincinnati Enquirer. These ag-d
hags, who have fostered for themselves
a repute of mystery" and terror, hold en.
tire communities in, subjection, weaving
spells and charms, blighting with the
evil eye and compounding potions of
"Fillet of a fenny snake,
Eye of newt and toe of frog.
Wool of bat and tongue of dog,
Adder's fork and blind-worm's sting.
Lizard's fork and howlet's wing,"
The black art in "Macbeth" may well
be the prototype of this mountain witch,
craft, for there is a strong current of
Scotch blood In this part of North Caro
lina, and at least two of the noted
!■ witches are known to be <part Scotch and
part Cherokee. The best known of these
Is called Old Nance— only In whls
' pers—and It is by no means certain to
the countryside that she does not hear
these whispers, so most people nref-i-r
i the safe side and refer to her as Mother
; Nance. Five thousand feet high in the
I mountains of Mason county, among the
roosts of the foul buzzards, her cubin
; clings to a wind-beaten ledge of rock
I overhanging an abyss. No road leads
For a Btranger to make his way Iher«
: Is a matter of no little difficulty, First of
i all he must find out where Old Nance
lives, which isn't as easy as it might au
pear. No native will guide him. [t is
difficult to iind anyone who will even
I tell where the place is.
After considerable effort the writer
I "found a young woodsman who agreed to
! accompany him on the road to Old
Nanqe's, but after some six miles of the
' hardest kind of tramping, from the near, I
! est point of the roadway, the youth lost |
j his courage and refused to go any fur
"You can't miss It now," he said, glanc
; ing fearfully up the mountain Bide.' "It
[ ain't more'n half a mile. There's the
| laidge o' rock, if yer Bure you want to
go. Don't blame me if your friends don't
reco'nlze yer when you come back—ef
you ever do git back," he concluded with
Superstitutlon is one of the most con
tagious of -ailments. It was with a some
i what daunted spirit that the writer pro
ceeded and presently came abruptly upon
a small, one-roomed log shack without
window or '.chimney. Outslrlo a very old
woman was stirring something in an iron
i pot hung over a fire. She was bowed
down with age and hideous with wrinkles
find grime, and her little eyes were brtshz
and evil. At the sound of v stranger' 3
footstep she whirled around wiith a swift,
ness that was uncannily out of keeping
with her apparent decrepitude, and, after
1 a moment's study of the writer's face,
spoke In so cracked an accent and har
barous a dialect that it was hard to make
out her meaning.
"Yer kin some'it."
Assuming the meaning of this to be.
"You know something that has hrougrit
you up, here," the writer replied:
"No, mother, I came to hear something
that you know," at the same time pro.
ducing a silver dollar.
With the swiftness of a snake she
| darted forward, snatched the coin and
hid it in her bosom.
"Yer kern hur fer wot" she snarled.
"To find out if you haven't something
to tell me; something about the days
that are coming.".
She squinted cunningly over the edge
of the rock, into the abyss. "Yer come
fum below," she said. "Yer'll go back tci*
below." -■.-..<■ ■
"Isn't there some charm you could give
me to make it pleasant down below?"
At this a malignant grin distorted the
deep lines about her mouth. With a
swift movement she disappeared info the
cabin, returning with a bowl of liquid,
which steamed and exuded a spicy odor.
This . she proffered. Now there are cer
tain tales of people who went to see Old
Nance and never were heard of .after
ward. This might be expected by the
fact that they drank 1 steaming liquid out
of a bowl. There are many poisonous
plants In the North' Carolina mounLatn?.'
and it seenwd besfcito evade the drink.
"It isn't ; conaidereft; polite to drink
alone," said the writer to the witch. "Aft
With a enarl of rage she dashed the
bowl to the ground, darted into the cabin
and barred the door. This seemed to in.
dlcate that the audience was over. The
writer; returned to the vilage whence he
had started and was welcomed as one
from the dead. Also he learned many
tales of the witch, some of which were
so specifically corroborated by witnesses
to the fact that it was difficult not to
believe them and impossible to believe
that the .. natives had anything but the
fullest faith In them. HeFe Is one: A
• • - ■ ■ .
Tickets on Sale July 21,22 and 23
Return Limit August fO. I
TiplfPt fIffJPPQ— 4O° ROBERT BT. (Hotel Ryan), BT. PAUL. I
lIURCI UMliea 4(4 N I COLLET AYE., MINNEAPOLIS. I
■woman had a daughter who was In Iov«
with a South Carolina youth whom ti'o
mother hated because he camo from an
other state, a Ote Butßej reason in
that region. As the girl .threatened to
olope, the mother took her-to .old Nance
Now, for some reason, possibly connected
w-ith an evil or unfortunate "past the
witch hates all marriages, and will do
anything to thwart one. By her nrlU-ra
the trembling girl was loft with her
The witch, according to the story tol.l "*
aft.rward by the girl, scraped a turnip
which she gave- to the girl to eat. Hard
ly had the girl tasted.it when her noao
began to pain her, an soon it had grown
rar around upon her cheek, almost to
her car. She was ta',:en home, an,] now
comes the strange part, for there. ar«>
scores of people in the to\vn who are
ready to swear thai they saw tho hid
eously distorted organ. Her lover de
serte.l her, between disgust, ridicule and
horror. Again she was taken to tho
witch, and this time ate willingly of the
scraped turnip, whereupon her nose re- '
turned to Its normal shape and posi
tion. But the witch warned her that
if she. ever tried to marry the same mis
hap would b< Pall her a^aln.
Similarly well authenticated is theVas«
of Carr McCordU'a bull. On the occa
sion of one of the witch's rare visits'
to the town the bull undertook to chaVo
her. she turned i.p on the animal alii
looked it In the eye with s» ilerce i
glare that it turned tall. Tti tfght "
it went mad and rushed bellowing about
the pasture, plunging into rock« and
bushes until it linal: wedged. Itself s .
tightly foetwe< i, two trees that the utrr.o t
efforts of McCordle and his friend* to s*t
it out were unavailing. What Is more
its bones are still there between the two
trees. Nobodj has dared to touch them.
Even more dreaded than Old Nance la
the namcles* witch of lioach mountain '
Bpi ciftc instances of her power are not
■o plentiful, b it there hung* about hr
more of the terror of mystery. What
her name originally was Is eliher forgot
ten or forbidd. n Shi is known only as
"the Witch," or "the Witch of Korui
Mountain." For many miles around it
is believed that the mention of her brings
tho speaker in peril of death, by flool,
landslide and lightning, her all^ in an
unholy pact. OW Man Crowse, who live*
a" few miles from the cave where sh-j
spends h< r summers, once remarked air
ily, under the influence of moonshine
whisky, that he didn't take any stock
in the Witch, an.l "dUn't dam keer whut
she could do ennyways." Though the
matter could have come to her cars
through no human agency. Within an
hour she "witched h:m clean crazy'
with a spell that lasted fo seven years.
For days al a time he would be speech
less; then, again,' sunk in melancholy,,
changing to violent mania, when lie
would rush forth into thi stormy light,
running until be fell from exhaustion.
On such occasions as the Roan Moun
tain Witch chooses to make visits she
lives on the cream of tho land. Nobody '
would dare refuse he-r hospitality. Tho
terrlfli people bow down obs< quiously
before her when she comes to their
houses and set out their best food, to
gether with presents to propitiate her.
This Is thi procedure when s"ne cornea
on any day of the week except Friday.
Eut if she appears on that day of ill
omen the people desert their homes unil
fly to the woods and mountains, for then
she is filled with all purposes of evil,
and will blast with madmxss or deformity
any o:i horn she sets eyes. Her advent
on a Friday last summer turned a conn-*"
try picnic into rout; even the horses, it
is said, stampeded.
But the mountaineers are not left en
tirely defenseleH3 to the wiles of tho
witches. There lives among them a
witch doctor, an old, keen-eye;], bent
man, who, for a consideration, will re
move any curse that a witch may cast.
First he must catch hl.s witch, a feat
which necessitates hi 3 traveling long dis
tances afoot, for most of the hags live
in the most Inaccessible places they can
find. By spells of his own he defends
himself from the black art of the witch
while he draws her picture on a paper
pad, which he always takes with him.
With his prize he returns to the person
bewitched, who Is often taken with
tSpasms at the sight of the picture. This
13 -proof that the right with has befn
found. The wlU:h doctor pins thf» plcturo
to a tree and Bhoots it with a silver bul
let, thereby dispelling the curse. It H
related that once a traveling pho
tographer encountered one of these
Witches, and, against her remonstrances,
took her picture. This the witch doctor
tuently saw and bought. Shortly
after he was called upon to remove a
spell cast by this witch, and produced
the photograph, to the great marvel of
all those present who ha gathered to
see the shooting. His shot crumpled the
counterfeit presentment up, striking fair
ly in the middle. On tho following day
some berry pickers found the witch lying
dead outside Tier cabin.