Newspaper Page Text
RUN AGAIKST LAW
STEEL MAGNATES SAID TO 1513
VIOLATING AN OHIO
TIGHT IS ALREADY BEGUN
Rational Anil-Trust League. Headed
by Mayor Tom Johnston, of Cleve
land, Has Already En
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Aug. 10.—Columbus
will I c the storm center In Ohio, it is
stated of the fight between the Amal
gamated association and steel compan'e3.
The contest promises to be unique in that
the Amalgamated men will light with tho
Jaw, and if the federal or state authori
ties are appealed to, civil and criminal
proceedings will be brought. it is declar
ed, against the officers of the constituent
companies of the United States Steel cor
poration for alleged violation either of
the anti-trust laws or the foreign cor
porations law, which requires that for
eign corporations shall certify that they j
tire doing business in the state, and shall
pay Into the secretary of state one-tenth
of ! per cent of their capital stock. Legal j
representatives of the Amalgamated as- j
sociation claim that the United States
Steel corporation has not, in fact, bought
t?.e stock of the constituent companies,
and therefore has been In violation of the
Valentine anti-trust law of Ohio."""
The National Anti-Trust league, which i
is headed by Johnson, of Cleveland, has
retained former Attorney General Mon
i. ,t Information has been sent, it is
plated, to all Amalgamated association
lodges in Ohio that the law must take its j
course, and that the law will be sufficient
protection for the strikers.
It develops that Independent of the
legal action which is to be brought
.against ;.i- United States Steel corpora
tion by the Anti-Trust league action is
also contemplated by the secretary of
fctale. It is believed by that official that
the United States Steel corporation is do
ing business in Ohio contrary to law. The
cgj poration has never been admitted as a
foreign corporation to do business in
Ohio, although the property controlled by
ii in this state Is represented by several
-million dollars' worth of stock upon
winch, if the Ohio companies have really
teen absorb the state Is entitled to
collect a tax of one-tenth of 1 per cent,
uneer what Is known as the Hard law,
the constitutionality of which was re
cently sustained by the supreme' court.
The secretary of state has been investi
gating the matter, and has come to the
conclusion that the United States Steel
corporation Is liable as a foreign corpora
tion to the payment of the tax, which
-would amount to probably more than
$"0-}, COO. It was stated by Chief Clerk Al
read, of the secretary of state's office,
tonight that notices would probably be
si i i to the steel corporation during the
coming week calling attention to its ob
ligation under the law and requesting
compliance with it. Should the plea be
made that the Ohio companies have not
been •■bed, and are operating under
their original charters, the United States
Steel .oration will bo attacked under
the Valentine anti-trust law, which pro
hibits the operation of companies holding
the stocks of other companies.
The constituent companies of the Unit
ed States Steel corporation licensed to do
business In Ohio are the American Sheet
company, the American Tin Plate com
pany, the Federal Steel company, the Na
tional Steel company and the National
Tube company. If these companies have
ibeen purchased ourrignt by the United
Strifes Steel corporation, then it is claim
ed the latter is amenable to the Hard law
taxing foreign corporations doing busi
ness in the state, and for the violation of
v 7, eh severs penalties are provided. For
eign corporations failing to comply with
this law have no standing in the Ohio
i-ourts, and their officers are punishable
by fine not exceeding $500 and imprison
ment not exceeding six months.
BIG STRIKE ON
Continued From First Page.
by President Shaffer, President Gompers,
"Joseph Bishop, Frank Morrison, M. M.'
Garland and an unnamed official of the
American Tin Plate company, and a
bat-is for the submission of the question
Jsgieed upon. It is said that President
Shaffer opposed the plan at first, but
Res finally won over and agreed to cer
tain concessions in behalf of the Amalga
mated. The strikers are using the Inci
dent in their fight. They say that they
LAST 4 DAYS!
.'Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday. Thursday.
$5.00 Examination Given Free To -All Who Gall Before Aug. ism.
.POME m ■■•*■" "•■!•■»»
-I '-<i. .^H^-^^W WARNING SiGNS~OF DISEASE
II fl % V^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ' "*> " "-"" *"~* '/'"-^^ go you haye Vw4'k^spells?
SIS ! 111 you reaV Consumption?
HI LU gM^|^ |H| 1 »°° -™ &™ a°pain4nS tL back? S
"i""v°"^" " Have you gall stones?
How to Set the Free Examination '^^S^&A^^ 1 I
Ihe bpecialists at the Heidelberg- Medical Institute cor- Get up night to pass water' .
ncr Fifth bpeciansts at Heidelberg Medical Institute cor- V??* undel eyes nioming?
•,^.- L'.i. t, i r> t ... ** inouiuic, lvi- Does your heart flutter I
ner Fifth and Robert streets, will make their regular exam- i s >our memory ' p£Br*
.nation and X-Ray examination if necessary, FREE for all Wvi^eSShmlLk? .
patients who call at their office during the next four days " you nave any of these symptoms ■«
before August s th. oSF*? &&
— 1 Do not wait if you are sick or fear you have any disease. n^rJW^riffi £ ,a£rS^
fift MAT Callat ,the Heidelberg Medical Institute and find out SSSffiKSSS And vm teU you what
UU Ml what ails you. You know when the real trouble is
Wait known that is one-half the cure. The examination is OUT-OF-TOWN -
SI very gentle, causing no pain or discomfort No harm "IWW
ni I ever comes from the use of the Heidelberg Medical In PecPle*whlle m the city, should can for the
—J stitute's big X-Rays. Bear in mind th- offer l« im_ ?** / xamlnatiT Many country people
ited in time cnlv All rl,'c M „ c „,m v . I I •auu, ir.„ oner IS iim- and farming folks are taking advantage
Without deav h^ i- 1363- 563 -WIU 3, eXam! ned free" But all should call * th« great free offer and are coming 0
four dL iL The Zis given only to those who call during the next %\' Paul and find out what ails them
four days, before Aug. 15th. '%sss£ s The examination is free to only those
■ a Q g .. - m who call durin Sthe next four days.
Hfl 6■ I m m who call during the next four days.
eioeberg Medical Institute stp*ul-
Daily, BA.M.toB P. M. _ CORKER FIFTH &9i7i nannr STS. « , ™m*** P. M..
wnwtn rir ■ H Nd HUBERT STS. Sundays. BA.M.toI P. M.
went much .farther than could be ex
pected and that they have been put on
the defensive In a fight which threatens
the existence of their oragnization. -.;'- y.
Secretary Williams made the following
statement to the Associated Press to
night: . -*v'
i "A disinterested party called at the
Amalgamated headquarters and offered to
use his services looking to the arbitra
tion of the old matter in dispute between
the Amalgamated association and the
United States Steel corporation.
! "ihe r.ropo3tion to arbitrate was turned
. down by the United States Steel corpora.
Mayor Black, of McKeesport, issued a
formal statement tonight defending his
attitude toward the United States Steel
A citizens' committee of Dubois, Pa..
lias forwarded the following proposition
to .1. Pierpont. Morgan:
"J. Pierpont Morgan, New York —We
! are authorized to say to you that the citi
' zens of Dubois will give $1,000,000 to have
• the McKeesport mills of the United States
Steel corporation moved to Dubois." 'J^y*.
THE STRIKE AT 'FRISCO.
I Buxiaeas Mess Trying; to Get the
Contending- Interests Together.
SAN FRANCISCO, Cal.. Aug. 10—
local labor troubles apear to be no near
er a settlement. Business men are work
ing hard to bring the employers and em
; ployes together.
All docks are heavily congested with
: freight. A few of the largest steamers
i are moving, but the fleet of idle vessels
I in the bay is continually being augment-
I cd. ,-
A non-union teamster was assaulted
j this morning. Two shots were fired at
him from a crowd of union sympathizers,
three of whom were captured by the po
UP TO PRESIDENT M'KINLEY.
; Union Cigar-makers Protest Against
Lawlessness at Tampa.
NEW YORK, Aug. 10.—Cigarmakers of
j this city have sent a request to President
McKlnley asking that the government
j power be given for. the protection of
cigarinakers of Tampa, "against whom,"
i the letter says, "great brutality has been
practiced." The letter says: "if the po
sition were reversed and the capitalists
j and merchants were arrested and taken
I away from their families, the United
States army would have been called out
to protect them."
I At a meeting held by the cigarinakers
| a resolution was passed in reference to
the report that a cigar manufacturer
' was coming here from Tampa next Mon
day to make cigars during the strike.
It said: "No man shall make a cigar for
a Tampa manufacturer until the strike is
SUPPORT OF MINE WORKERS
Is Pledged to Assistance of Amal
INDIANAPOLIS, Aug. 10.—The execu
tive , board of the United Mine Workers
of America, in convention here, has of
ficially recognized the steel strike.
At noon a resolution was adopted, set
ting out the causes of the strike; in
dorsing the action of the Amalgamate"!
association; pledging the support of the
Mine Workers, and calling on President
Gompers to call a meeting of the presi-
nts and secretaries of ail bodies con
nected with the American Federation of
Labor to meet and. devise plans of. aiding
the strikers. . -rifr;
Copies were sent to President Shaffer
and President Gompers.
SALMON CANNING TRUST.
Organization of Pacific Packing and
-Navigation Company Completed.
PORTLAND, Or., Aug. 10.-The work of i
consolidating thirty salmon canneries on '
Puget sound and in Alaska was complet- j
■?d today, and the Pacific Packing and I
Navigation company paid over about $5.- ''
000,000 iii cash and distributed stock to
the various cannery men who have come
into the combination. The firms who
constitute the new company are: Pacific-
American Fisheries company," Pacific
Steam Whaling company, Alnsworth &
Dunn, Fairhaven Cannery company,
Quadra Packing company. Icy straits
Packing company, Taku Packing com
pany, Chilcoot Packing and Fishing com
pany and Boston Fishing and Packing
company. '- i .jv — ;• -
Boers Take a Blockhouse.
t Ij9Nt^°?' Aug- 10A dispatch from
Lord Kitchener, dated from Pretoria to
days, says: "A block house near Brand
fort (Orange River Colony) was rushed
and captured by the Boers after severe
fighting the night of Aug. 7. Elliott has
captured seventy prisoners and large
quantities of stock and wagons, which he
is sending in. No details have been re
THE ST.. PAUL GLOBE, SUNDAY, AUGUST 11, 1901.
j Minneapolis News.
Reduces the Assessment.
The street railway company will pay
■tuxes next year on a valuation of its
personal property at $2,163,925. unless the
courts set the assessment aside as ex
cessive. Last year the state board of
equalization fixed the personal' assess
ment Of the Minneapolis Street Railway
company at $2,400,<<.0 and the company
appealed to -the courts on the ground
that the assessment was excessive. The
case Is still pending.
The city board of equalisation reduced
the estimate of the city assessor by
$300,000. that official assessing the com
pany $2,763,000 on its personal property.
The company contended that $2,763,000
was a million dollars too high. The
board turned the matter over yesterday
and fixed the assessment at $2,463,000.
To PI off for Torrance.
Minnesota members of the G. A. R.
are interesting themselves in the candid
acy of Judge Ell .Torrance, of Minne
apolis, for the position of commander
in-chief of the order.
Judge Torrance has been judge advo
cate general for a number of years and
is one of the leading members of John
A. Rawlins post, of Minneapolis. This
post is a nuit in his support and has ap
pointed a strong committee to prosecute
the campaign for its favorite.
The grand encampment will be held
at Cleveland, Sept. 9, and from now until
that lime the members of the post in
particular, and the Minnesota Grand
Army in general, will work for the Min
neapolis candidate. i-^:.-
Mormons Hold Meetings.
Representatives of the Mormon church
are holding their semi-annual conference
at 723 Nicollet avenuue. The first meeting
was held last night.
The Church which these people repre
sent is known as "The Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter Day Saints." The com
municants of that church profess faith in
the Trinity a3 represented by God, His
son Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost.
Faith, repentance and baptism form the
text of their creed.
"We are not here," said Elder Thorn,
one of the leaders, who was seen at the
place of meeting last evening, "to demol
ish any faith, but simply to build up our
Rev. Mr. Mitchell Returns.
Rev. Charles Bayard, Mitchell, pastor
of Hennepin Avenue Methodist church,
who has been on a visit to the Pacific
coast, returned to the city yesterday
morning, and will occupy his pulpit this
morning and evening. Mrs. Mitchell did
not return to Minneapolis, having gone to
Pittsburg, where she will visit her father.
On Aug. 10 Dr. Mitchell will leave for
Pittsburg, and in company with Mrs.
Mitchell, will sail for London on Aug. 24,
where he will attend the ecumenial coun
cil of the Methodist church. Mr. Mitchell
will return to Minneapolis in October, de
livering his last sermon In Minneapolis
on Oct. 6, after wthich he will take tip
his pastoral work In Cleveland, Ohio,
where he has been called.
Inspector's Eyes "Were Open.
B. N. Hermes, who has the dual occupa
tion of farmer and city scavenger, was
arrested by Sanitary Inspector Luxton
for hauling grain in his scavenger wagon.
Yesterday morning Luxton noticed Her
mes as he drew up to the city scales and
weighed his load. Luxton followed the
man to an East side mill, where it was
evident Hermes was preparing to have
his grain ground into flour. Aftei
Hermes agreed to sell his load for feed
the health officer agreed not to confiscate
the load. The man with the dual occu
pation lost about |7 for his thoughtless
ness. .:.._^._ , ... -
Dr. Hu.stln Refuses to Come.
Dr. S. D. Hustin Pleler, the most popu
lar Methodist divine of San Francisco,
was extended a call to the Hennepin Ave
nue Methodist church a snort time ago,
but was unable to accept. The Call
fornian was unwilling to leave his pres
DISCIPLE OF DAGUERRE.
Death of Josiuh Hawes, Pioneer in
Field of Photography.
BOSTON, Aug. Reports have been
received from New Hampshire of the
death of Josiah Johnson Hawes, of this
city; who ..- buppuseu to nave een c.v
oldest photographer in the world. He
was in his ninety-fourth year.
When M. Gourod came to Boston in
3841, to tell about Daguerre's discovery,
Mr. Hawes made his acquaintance and •
took the American agency for the pro
cess of which Daguerre was the in
ventor. Later he built the hrst skylight
erected for photographic purposes in
In his studio the first camera picture
of Daniel Webster was made on the
morning when the famous Anthony
Burns speech was delivered from the
balcony of the Revere house.
Jennie Llnd and Goldschmidt, whom
she afterwards married, . were photo
graphed by Mr. Hawes, also Oliver Wen
dell Holmes, Theodore Parker, Emerson
Maskerr King, Longfellow, and Baron"
v i vii 1 %& ULoIIIX B iriif Utj HI ill U I fILRy
- o .»" The Most Artistic Gases ana Without a Superior /
/ai -$$ Sell ™hat ? ia»os we have i" the store at Prices you will never have the opportunity of eettino- a *ain for
W reasons beSt known to ourselves. This is not offered to humbug the people, but is gen^n^anK can
prove the same .by calling and getting prices and seeing the goods. Every one of these pianos are new and
guaranteed by the^manufacturers, and the reputation which we have for honest dealings is a Guarantee Da
tive bargains. We will sell you a piano 4 feet to inches high, 7 i octave, for $WO?00 that weS J*. Swo
for. „We also have another one, which is a beauty, and will sell any day for $«<>■ we will now take GMfFffin 3?
it. Another worth $450, we will take $230.00 for. We" could firKhe"ho," sMe ofthiffafef Hthco"
responding bargains. -Bring what money you have for hrst payment and the balance can be paid monfhlv or if you
have an old organ orpiano we will take-that as first payment, and wait 30 or 60 days for the next. Do not be the
laS, one but make it a pom to be one of the hrst, when you will have a variety of bargains to select from This sale
w. positively continue until all goods are sold. If you do not already know us, come in and get acquainted and you
will never be sorry for it.- b av-i uai"icu, ana you
iSSKI iTW SPP llsfiltf* S'fl^^P 1 *** WABAS^A STREET,
«orlVll Bil IWI«J^PI!# HUU9kB ST. PAUL, MSNN.
1 .1. ■'■mi—l ITO«a——— I .......... ilHi-'*''
BULLDOG ?OF NAVY
MAUMFICENT BATTLESHIP ORE.
CON RETURNS HOME AFTER
HAS BEEN TO CHINA COAST
Thrilling Tale of Her Mad Race
Against Time Told Anew—
Her Work at San
. I tiago.
A ■ t>
Home again,""aftergthree years of his
tory, making, "that magnificent fighting
machine, the -United' States battleship
Oregon, in given over for a little while
to the people'of her home port to be
swarmed over and petted and praised like
a veteran just back from the wars, says
the Cincinnati Enquirer.. Tugs and
launches and barges and bay craft of
whatever sort ferry to her the people in
such crowds as to make her look from
the shore like a very much overcrowded
floating city. Upon occasion the flags ot
all nations embower her roomy, after
deck, where society clicks Its dainty
heels along her snowy floors and sips an
inimitable navy punch, listening the
while as the story of the ship's memora
ble cruise is proudly retold—the story of
that unforgetable July morning at San
tiago and of the vastly significant
journey to the Orient that followed. On
any visitors' day petticoats are a-flutter
on the Oregon from her fighting tops
down to the steel-walled depths where
her great engines rest after their long
task. > >
It was on June 13 that the lookout on
Point Lobos sighted the massive battle
ship through the mist that veiled the
horizon off the Golden Gate. Very soon
guns were thundering and sirens were
screaming 'the news to Sain Francisco,
and crowds were hurrying to hill and
wharf. It did not need the 600-foot home
bound pennant streaming from her mili- ;
tary mast to identify the "bulldog of th%
Her course around the globe had been
watched so faithfully and her lines had
been pictured so often that even the
stranger within the Golden Gate knew
what ship it was. j And in spite of the
cruel stone bruise on her heel the famous
battleship showed never a limp nor a
halt In her gait as her graceful hulk
glided to anchorage In man-of-war row
within hail of the lowa, the Wisconsin
and others of a distinguished maritime
company and within easy sight of her
birthplace at the Union Iron Works.
The stone bruise might well have made
a cripple of the Oregon—would have
lamed her for many a month If she had
been less stanch. The stones that
bruised her aye two uncharted pinnacles
in the Gulf of Pe-chl-li. The Oregon
found them on June 28 of last year,"
striking them with such force as she
crept through the gloom of a foggy
morning that her keel plates were forced
upward 18 inches and her protective deck
bulged upward by the mighty blow.
The stone bruise is some 50 feet long,
and before the; Japanese artisans at
Kure covered it with ; what is known as
a "soft patch" there was a jagged hole
15 feet long in her stout hull. it would
be easy to figure out how hard the bat
tleship struck when it is known that she
bulks 11,000 tons and was steaming at
five knots an hour. The fact that she
was able to so patch up the leak with
her own divers and apparatus and to so
control the inrush of a water as to pro
ceed under her own steam to the Jap
anese navy yard at Ktlre is Justly enough
a source of pride to American mechan
ics and to American navigators.
Soon the Oregon will go to the Port
Orchard dock for permanent repairs to
her hull that, will cost about $100,000—the
first money of consequence spent on her
since she . went into commission four
years ago.. It is the boast, not only of
the Oregon's men, but of the navy gen
erally, that never in her history except
when she was aground off the China
coast has she been in a state of unpre
paredness, as the war experts say.
The story of the Oregon is brimming
with interest to Americans and to naval
observers the world over. It began to be
interesting in the fateful February days
of 1898, when the horror of the Maine's
destruction at Havana was still thrilling
through the nation. The battleship, un
tried, .as yet, except in coastwise cruises
and In the usual department tests, was
hauling out of the Puget sound dry dock
where bilge keels had just been put on
her hull, when word reached her of the
Maine's terrific fate. A few days later
she was plowing her way down the coast
to San Francisco for coal, ammunition,
orders and her new commander, Capt
Charles E. Clark. Half a thousand tons
of powder, shot and shell went into her
capacious magazines, besides all the coal
her bunkers would hold and stores for
six months' subsistence for her 500 and
odd men. ir-:^. /.
On March 19 she moved out through
the Golden Gate, swung in a wide curve
to the southward and began the race
against time which is now a part, and a
brilliant part, of American naval history
—a race under conditions absolutely
unique— Join the white navy 15,000 miles
away. From March 19 to May 24 the
11,000-ton battleship, built to fight rather
than to run, was thrusting herself to
ward the theater, of anticipated war, hour
by hour and day by day establishing
such, a record as no navy ever claimed,
such as no other vessel of her size has
since approached, hoping ""to be on the
field before the hunt began. There was
always the peril of the storm, grave
enough for so heavy and deep laden a
craft; there were always the shoals and
reefs of the harbor mouths where she
must look for coal; there were, some
times, the I laws-, of the nations forbid
ding aid and comfort by a neutral power
to a power at war :■ there were, increas
ing as the battleship reeled off the knots
up the Atlantic,, the menaces of Spanish
sympathizers in half-Spanish countries,
ready to plant dynamite among her coal
and there were the crack ships of Spain's
navy lurking somewhere on the course,
apprised of and watching for the ship
that was to be j feared, though she had
not yet proved herself in fight, v^,.-.
The record of the Oregon's steaming
was enough-honor for any ship. Four
teen thousand five hundred and ten knots
raced, burning 4,009 tons of the beat
coal money could buy. In actual run-
ning she spent 1,299 hours, averaging nev- I
er less than 10 knots to the hour, and
often approximating 12 knots. As she '
neared her goal, like a thoroughbred well
ridden, she quickened her gate. From
Bahia to Barbadoes the course is 2.22S
knots. The Oregon did it in 191*4 hours,
averaging 11.54 knots an hour.
That was fast, but not fast enough.
Up the home stretch, along the 1,666
knots from Barbadoes to Jupiter Inlet,
Florida, she sped at 11.77 knots an hour,
making the run in 141% hours. These fig- |
ures, with many more details and dcci- j
mals, you may read in the dry-as-dust
records of the navy department at Wash
ington. But you may not read there,
nor anywhere else, the vivid details of
how it was done. Your naval commander
reports with modesty and brevity that
his ship has steamed so many knots
in so many hours, and is in such and
such condition. The ethics of his pro
fession forbid him to tell of the heart
breaking labor with valve and bearing
in the engine room, the constant strug
gling for steam pressure or the night
long grimy toll of coaling. He may not
picture the inferno of the stokers and
of the red-hot bunkers, nor even speak
of the thousand anxieties of the nights
spent in ports known to bristle with
And so it is not of record how, in or
der to keep the Oregon driving steadily
ahead, her engineer officers turned to
for as long watches as they could bear,
and with hammer and wrench and oil
can wrought for all that was in them
in the furnace-like heat of the engine
room in order to "keep her going."
Again and again on the long cruise tho
magazine and thermometers showed that
there was fire in the adjacent bunkers,
and the "jackies," nothing loath, In spite
of the fierce heat and the peril, were
sent in for five-minute spells to dig down
to the fire and put it out. The coal was
not always of the best, and often went
Into the bunkers-damp, so furnishing the
worst conditions for spontaneous com
bustion. Out of the reek and sweltering
heat the "jackies" would at length haul
red-hot chunks, as big as water buckets,
and drop them overboard, while coal
that was smoking but not yet ignited
would be spread out forward to cool,
since not a pound of It could be spared.
And not all the discomfort was in the
stoke holes, bunkers and engine room.
At times during the run around South
America the weather was excessively
hot, and the ship's temperature ranged
from 95, to ICO degrees. Through toil and
discomfort and all practice at the game
of war was rigorously exacted of the
men. S'uboallber target drill was con
stant, with all weapons, from the slen
der one-poun/der to the grim monsters
of the turrets—drill that was to be prov
ed excessively wise and useful by and by.
It was on May 24, at 8:30 o'clock In the
morning, that Capt, Clark sent a boat
ashore at Jupiter inlet and reported to
the department by telegraph that after
her phenomenal run his ship, needing
not a moment of time nor a dollar of
money for repairs, was ready for busi
ness. Two days later the Oregon was
with Sampson's fleet at Key West. Not
many- of the men and officers who were
with the Oregon on her long Journey
and were in that rattling fight at San
tiago on July 3 remain now among her
company, but both those who were with
her then and those who were not will
point you with pride to a six-pounder—
No. 17 forward on the starboard bridge—
and tell you: "There Is the gun that fired
the first shot at Cervera's fleet." One
of the Santiago men, who also played
his humble part in the race around the
continent, is still aboard—Joseph R. Rose,
gunner's mate in the crew of the star
board eight-inch turret. He was only
eighteen when the Oregon earned her title
of "bulldog"—a lad fresh from a Califor
nia grammar school—but he had the joy
ous privilege that day of working a six
pounder in the starboard waist, and, glad
though ho Is to get back to his country
home with a bag full of dollars and five
years of hard experience, he will not
soon cease to think about his privilege
and how he used it. Leaning against the
forward hatch" he forgot to be shy, and
his voice lost Its softness while he told
of the fight, claiming for the Oregon the
honors of the day.
The battleship had done her full share
of blockade work and bombardment, ran
the tale of the gunner's mate, when there
befell the best of her great good luck.
"It was a blazing hot Sunday morning
and we were just about to go to quarters
for inspection," said the young man of
the turret, "when Chief Quartermaster
Johnson, who had been puzzling over
the smoke that rose from Inside the har
bor mouth, cried: "They're coming out.'
We had on our best 'whites' for Inspec
tion, but we were good and ready for
the Spaniards. Joe O'Shea, a marine
corps private, got in the first shot from
No. 17 six-pounder just as the Maria
Teresa showed her nose in the open. The
shot went just ahead of her. flying high.
After that the Oregon was at it 1 dim
mer and tongs, with the thirteen-inch
rifles leading the devil's chorus." And
then he told of the grimly Beautiful bat
tle picture, the blue sea, calm as a mill
pond, the green hills, the cloudless sky,
the tropical sunlight streaming down on
the red and yellow bravery of Spain's
doomed flotilla', the clouds of dense,
black smoke pouring from the funnels
of the five ships that played hares to the
hounds that ran that day, the red flames
that rimmed turret, top and battery as
the Spaniards fought and fled. Aboard
the Oregon the clamor was Titanic.
Naked men toiled frantically at gun and
ammunition hoist, while the concussion
of the great rifles Jarred the massive
ship In every fiber. It is the claim of the
Oregon's men that her fortunate position
and her speed enabled her to get the
lion's share of the fighting. They point
out that she was closer in than any
other of the fleet and declare, with charts
and diagrams for corroborative proof,
that it was she who drove the Maria
Teresa a flaming ruin, to the beach.
Then the bulldog gripped the Oquendos
flank and soon had "her crippled and
heading for the beach. Then the star
board battery was turned on the Vlz
caya at such range that two thirteen,
inch guns found the mark with their
half-ton shells, piercing through and
through, setting her on firs in many
places and killing at one shot four score
of her men. Meanwhile the Colon, last
of the Spanish fleet to leave the harbor
and finest and fastest of them all, was
drawing ahead of the chase. But for the
Oregon she might have escaped. The big
battleship, running under forced draught
and already at high speed, settled down
to the sixty-mile chase. Higher and
higher crept her speed, touching at one
time 16 knots. At about four and one-
half miles range, with the Oregon tear
ing through the water on a course almost
parallel to the Colon's. Lieut. Eberle in
the forward turret sent a thirteen-inch
shell screeching after Cervera's flagship.
It fell a little short, but tho range was '
excellent. Another dropped ahead of the I
quarry. The Colon swung her bow sea- j
ward as if she meant to turn and light I
A moment later, in token of defeat she '
headed shoreward. The Oregon's work
of war was done.
For the three years since Santiago and
Cervera, the Oregon has been on a cruise
that was longer, if less exciting, than
that of 18S8. From New York to Manila
and back again to San Francisco is a
long and hazardous Journey. No careful
observer believes that it was undertaken
ABSOLUTELY ZERO POINT.
Prof. He war Beat-lies Temperature
That Freezes Hydrogen.
A matter of interest in scientific cir
cles is the experiment recently made by
Prof. James. Dewar before the Royal su.
[ ciety of London, the result of which was
the reduction of hydrogen to a solid, by
which the celebrated chemist reach d
the lowest temperature ever attained in
a laboratory. In other words, Prof. De
war has reached a point considerably
nearer what is termed the "absolute
zero" than has ever been achieved by
science. This "absolute zero" is to chem
ists what the pole is to geographers and
naturalists, and while we are getting
nearer to both, the real significance of
reaching the goal seems even now to be
purely a matter of speculation in the
case of the "absolute zero" as well .is
in that of the north pole.
By "absolute zero" is meant the lowest
temperature compatible with heat—that
point of temperature, in fact, at which
a body would be wholly deprived of heat
and at which the p.»*t tides whose motion
constitutes heat would be at rest. The
temperature Is supposed to be about —274
degrees centigrade, 0r—461 degrees Fah
renheit. The term "heat" is here used
in its scientific sense, for as men use the
word In .everyday language its signifi
cance depends on the temperature of the
human body. Men call "warm" every
thing with a temperature higher than
their own, and "cold" all those objects
which have less heat than they. In
reality, however, the coldest body known
to man is far from bong utterly with
out heat. Ice, for example, has heat,
only in a degree so much below man's
temperature that one can scarcely im
| agine it to be anything but "oold"-a
term which actually implies a compara
i tively low degree of heat. Accordingly,
the zero of thermometers Is only a con
ventional point, marking a o:r,a'n degree
of heat. There seems to be a point, how
ever, where heat ceases absolutely, and
this point it is which is known in chem,
Istry as the "absolute zero."
The progress made in the direction of
this "absolute zero" is associated with
the work of transforming a highly vola
tile gas like hydrogen into a liquid and
from a liquid into a solid, because the
process of liquefying or solidifying gases
is practically a process of lowering their
temperature. To convert gaseous hydro
gen, for example, into liquid, we place a
bulb of this gas in a vessel containing
liquid air. Then by exhausting the air
so as to make It evaporate we lower the
temperatuie of the bulb until its con
tents pass from a gaseous Into a liquid :
state. When we put some alcohol on the I
palm of the hand the evaporation of the
alcohol makes our hand cold. This Is
due to the fact that in evaporating the
alcohol needs heat to separate Its par- j
ticles and to reduce it from a liquid to a
gas. and this heat is drawn from our
hand. In a like manner the evaporation
of the liquid air in the vessel robs the
hydrogen of the bulb of a considerable I
quantity of its heat, lowering Its temper
ature until it becomes a liquid, Just as
vapor assumes the form of water when ;
the^ surrounding temperature Is consid
Helium is the name of a newly discov
ered chemical element which is even
more volatile than hydrogen, and Prof.
Dewar says that by using hydrogen, in
liquid or solid form, as a cooling agent
we ought to be able to liquefy this gas
in the same manner as hydrogen is
liquefied by means of liquid air. This
would bring us to a boiling point about
four or five degrees above absolute zero,
• i bus-. even liquid helium (were the
production of such a substance within ;
our means) would not be enough to reach
the absolute zero." Another gas would
have to be found, still more volatlc than
helium, in order thai the liquefying of
that gas, with liquid helium for a cooling ,
agent, might bring us to the desideratum
of scientific chemists.
This subject was discussed recently in
an interview by Dr. Robert Huebnt a
well known chemist and bacteriologist
II the whole world -^(; r.e l at, abapiut*! zero
the whole world would be dead," he said
Lire and all the forces and manifests^
tions of life mean motion, ('an you Im
agine existence without motion? But
then, why give so much latitude to
ones imagination? Frof. Dewar is no
•-•reamer. He is a scientist, and he likes
to have hard ground to tread upon
The nearer we get to the absolute zero
the more we know., of the nature of
things. There is no telling what sort of
chemical combinations, impossible now
Tama Jim at Trier. .
TRIER, lowa, Aug. 10.—Secretary Wil- '
son, of the department of agriculture, i
has completed ids tour of the corn belt, i
and Is resting for a few days on his ;
farm and among his townsmen at this
lliilldog'ss PriHlitfnl Work.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., Aug. 10-Mrs Mar
tha Baxter, wife of Edward Baxter, and
department president. Woman's Reller
corps, Illinois G. A. R., was terribly bit
ten by a bulldog today on the breast,
thigh and legs. The dog was killed.
Physicians say Mrs. Baxter's case is
serious. >;-!-; p.
Nebraska, Convicts Escape.
LINCOLN .Neb., Aug.,10.-Ed Kennedy
and Henry Sadler escaped from the pen
itentiary by sealing the walls and drop
ping to the ground on the outside Gov"
Savage has begun an investigation "of the
numerous escapes made recently, and will
adopt drastic measures if necessary.
Ohio Bolters Thrown Down.
FINDLAY. Ohio. Aug. 10.—Dr. A. L Da
ds, who has been invited to accept the
nomination for governor on the progres
sive Democratic ticket, stated today that
irivate business interests mad* it impo-sl.
bio to accept the place.
Packing Houses Expand.
CHICAGO. Aug. 10.—The packing firms
)f Armour & Co. and Swift & Co. today
aecame Joint owners of the stock yards
it Fort Worth, Tex., and will soon ex-
because of the Filipino insurrection
When the Oregon started to the Or:
--it was because Washington anticipated
something much more serious than even
the blockade and the battle of Santiago,
and such a thing could have been noth
ing less than European Interference.
The men of the Oregon are regretful that
the anticapted trouble did not come.
They are sure that the Oregon would
have distinguished herself once more,
even in the select gathering of warships
guarding the interests of the powers la
the far East.
Not a man that over served on her but
sings the Oregon's praises. "She's a
greyhound when she runs and a bulldog
when she fights," is the verdict of tea
man behind the gun.
I would become a matter of course should
i we chemists be able to reduce the ter
n; perature—not of the who world, but of
some liquid at least to it 3 lowest limit
! But it can 1)'- reduced to powder already
j and, perhaps, when we go a few degrees
i further we may bo able to make sugar,
I for Instance, by combining carbon hy
: drogen and oxygen in certain proportions
■ Oh, we might be able to do lota of things,
but let us imagine as little as possible
i arid stick to realities as much as possi
"Prof. Dewar's experiment can scarcely
be regarded as a discovery, however"
Dr. Huebner added. "Prof, Raoul Plerfa
PiCt I, -, of Geneva. reduced divdrogen to
a liquid and then to a solid as far back
as 1877. At the same time he liquefied
oxygen and nitrogen, both of whioh ele
ments had up to that time been looked
upon as permanent gases."
A BEAUTIFUL PROSPECT.
Wonderful View Prow the .Summit
of Montuiartrc Hill
An Englishman who has recently visit
ed "Paris has declared that the view from
the summit of Montmarte hill Is unsur
passed in any capital In Europe, says
the Paris Messenger. Every visitor to
the gay capital should try it. The way
is easy to find, for. next to tho Eiffel
tower the staring white basilica of the
Church of the Sacre Cover Is tho most
conspicuous thing In the city. The way
up to the "butte sacree" may be pain
fully suggestive of the "steep and thorny
way to heaven," but, though narrow and
tortuous, It presents Infinitely more life
color and contrast than the dingy uni
formity of a London street. For Mont
martre, though by no means a brilliant
quarter, is one of the most curious and
picturesque of the districts of Paris. Its
mingled population of artists and work
ing classes, its curious conjunction of
toll and feverish pleasure, produce, won
derfully sharp contrasts, the most pro
nounced color and an atmosphere abso
v,.n? d «' hat a view from th * ton of th«
hill! Paris! Paris, under a sky of un
tarnished blue, and clothed In suprenn
and wonderful white beauty, spreads
vast in the piercing, clear air of early
morning. The visitor can look through
transparent distances and vistas of en
chanting charm. On the extreme right
he can discern the somber heights of
Mount Valerien, the chief of the old
forts that defended Paris when besieged
by the Prussians. Beyond the conspic
uous heights of the Arc de Trlomphe and
the Tour Eiffel he may see on a clear
morning to the westward the dull brown
mass of the Bola de Boulogne. Nearer
the f amc direction, stretches the wind
ing Seine, dividing domes and pinnacles
garlsnly gleaming m the morning sun
shine, Traveling eastward the eye catches
glimpses of the Madeleine, the chamber
of deputies, the Vendome column th«
Louvre, the dome of the Pantheon,' No
tre-Dame, the cemetery of Pere La
chaise, and, to complete the wonderful
circular panorama, behind the observa
tory, perched on the apex on the Mont
niartre heights, gleam the pinnacles ol
the new church of the Sacred Heart,
\\hat a spectacle! What a tumult oi
thoughts and memories it evokes' Whai
luxury and what misery are girdled by
yon snake-like stream! No city In the
world has shed so brilliant and Intellec
tual and artistic light upon the world or
exercised so splendid an Influence upon
the thought of men, as the city which
can be seen from the heights of Mont
mart re on a fine, clear and sunny morn
ing No visitor to Paris should miss such
"Men are bigger fools than ever!" ex
claimed tho cynic.
"Nay, nay:-' protested th* youth.
They are by no means as big fools as
They appeal to me. I laugh quietly
wltn an air of reserve power
"You are both right!" I cry." "Men are
not so tall as they used to i.e. but they
measure more around the abdomen'"
it s 55 they fatuously fall to arguing
that this is not conclusive I lose ail a
tience and leave them.
T "Here I am ready at last, dear." Mrs
"For goodness sake!" cried her husband
"what's that?" '
"Why, this is the new dress I told you
I had got for the opera."
"Huh! I didn't think you'd have the
nerve to gel such a nude dress as that "
pend! "Jl.f-00.000 in building branch plants
at that place. Whilo tho two firms be
come joint owners of the stock rS3fi&£
rlnL e«t Cl« SCJ, ,ar, ate plants and v. ill con
l"* 11' r T iva's 'or the meat trade of tho
?2Kr U was w den'ed by officials of
i tended mniea any comblne Wits ln -
Sonsht by Copper Trust.
i;i;tte, Mont Aug. 10.-The Amain,
r mi^W';, per,.?P17y has bought for
%,o,srsfi the Upper-Boss Tweed group
lof gold-producing mines in Madison
! county, Montana.
Girl Bathers Drowned.
LONG BEACH Cal.. Aug. 10~Klslo
and Imogen Walker, sisters, aged six
teen and eighteen years, and Cora Wal
lace, their cousin, aged fourteen were
drowned while bathing at Asbury Park
about a mile from Long Beach, today'
All were residents of .bos Angeles.
Xeffro Darned at tho Stake.
SAVANNAH, Ga.. Aug. 10.-The negro
who attempted rape on the wife of a
railroad section master near Ways sta
tion. Georgia, July 26. was burned near
the scene of his crime late tonight.
Envoys May Reach Agreement.
siS?!?i^' Aug 10~ 5» [rlt °' compro
mise characterized the raceitlng of the
ministers today, an the foreign repre
sentatives are hopeful of the signing of .
the settlement protocol In a few days.
after telegraphic communication wltii
their governments. "■"