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GLOBES TELEPHONE CALLS. THE NORTHWESTERN. Kiihlik -.« Offlco ...... »;»<SB Main ■Mltorlal Rooms .... 78 Main ConipaKtnK Itoom .... IOS 4 Slain MISSISSIPPI VALLEY, Business Ulllcc . . . . . . . . J««5 Editorial Roasts 78 ■■ == ©he ip £?<ml ®lob* OFFICIAL PAPER, CITY OF ST. PAUL., - .—_ . ■-.... - .'.'^" ' * ■■■■■■■ ■■■. ■■■■» THE OLOBH CO.. PI BLIBHERB. Entered at Postolllco at Si. Paul, Minn., as Second ('lass Matter. CITY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By Carrier. | 1 mo | 0 mos | 12 mo 3 Dally only ......... M~\' $2.25 I $4.00 Daily and Sunday. .50 ! 2.75 5.00 Sunday ( 15 | .75 1.00 COUNTRY SUBSCRIPTIONS. By -Mail. | 1 mo } s"mos ! 12 mo 3 Pally only .........I .3 | $1.50 I~" $3.00 Daily anJ Sunday.! .S3 I 2.00 I 4.00 Sunday j ... | .75 j 1.03 BRANCH QF^CRSk^ Nfw York. 10 S;^rv;.N? jH , v^h*-v U, \\ w z.v »Ksrr».ii.vr or irttittr.taK. As tr-t* home >-.:is always been regarded us th* unit of gjvernmont.il Institutions, the laws cf society have <?ver guarded that Institution with peculiar > alouay. Laws in restraint of mar. iag> have there fore been eld to be aga nsi public policy. Not only is the home the most con venient medium through which the race can te perpetuated and the rising genera tions cared for, but It makes for thrift, contentment, and virtue by stimulating Individual effort and imposing responsi bilities. This proposition may be denied by the extreme socialists, but the ex perience of the race, bo far In its evolu tion, has demonstrated that the establish ment of the home through monogamous marriage, is conducive to both intel lectual and national development. Assuming, then, that the encourage ment of marriage and the formation of homes is essential to good govern ment, we must conclude that the admin istration Is making a serious mistake In throwing any restraint about the forma tion of marital relations between the teachers to be sent to the Philippines. A contract not to marry for three years, if not absolutely void ab iniiio, ought to be. The common law tenet which hold that a contract not to engage in a 1 cer tain business anywhere at any time is void, but becomes binding when either time or locality is limited, ought not to apply to the contract of marriage. . For a contract not to marry within three, five, ten or fifty years may become a perma nent bar to the establishment of an indi vidual home. In the case of marriage, time is often an essential element of the contract. Time and brides wait for no man. The marriagre of a large number of young people who were recently employ. i.; in <,i in the Philippines to teach, ought to encourage the government to offer spe cial inducements for others to do like \\ ise. The experience of every intelligent school superintendent is that married women* as a general rule, are the best t« achers. It is trwe that owing to politics and the desire of local school boards to furnish employment to young girls Just out of high schools, crusades have been Instituted against married women in the public schools, but in every case where the matter has been investigated upon merit alone, the decision has been in fa vor of the married woman. The same is true of married men. Inconsistent as It may seem, school boards have passed resolutions to employ n me but married men and none but unmurritrd women. How such a conclusion can be reached la known only to the omnipotent being and that body of strange contradictions, the school board. For a young woman or a young man to go to the Philippines to teach the natives is a lonesome business. It is a three year banishment from the comforts of civilization and the endearing companion ship of friends and relatives. There will be many a heartache and tears of home sickness will blot many a closely written page. After the novelty is worn off, the wom en will lose heart, mope and beg to re turn. The men wffl seek the recreation in which the soldiery indulge with the same blighting result. What Is the rem edy? Marriage. The sixty young peo ple who went ashore at Honolulu and fixed things up, showed a keen apprecia tion of what they were going to and did the best thing to do under the cir cumstances. They perhaps builded bet ter than they knew. The government ought to encourage just such acts by offering a pension of at loast $1,000 each to all young people who will marry on the trip or within six months after ar riving in Manila. Beside getting • better services out of them a; teachers, the presence in the Philippines of 1,000 young men and wom en with the bridges burned behind them, will have a marked effect upon Philippine society. American men and women will stay only win. re they are happy and they will be nappy only where tlic-ir hearts are. Encouraging marriage among those sent out w 1! be the only way the government a permanent corps of teachers in that far away realm. Jose i b Chamberlain a few months ago, t> alhi'ng that it win be impossible to con. quer the Boers in South Africa, proposed to .mi.l there a large number of English Kirl i <-f mar. i ig, able age to bf come wives lor the ultluiicrs and the soldiers who might wish to remain at the close of the war. He realized that If South Africa whs <v, r to become English it must be cdcnifd by English blood. ltv< i .\.r to oontro] the Philippines oih r than by military powor, we must act up n this suggestion and no better start can be made in this line than by Offering large inducements for teachers to go there and to marry on the way if possible. The proposal to demand of all future applicants a promise not to marry for three years should be ahandofied at once and in its place a suitable bounty offered to all who will marry and teach the required time. 7// E SIF FE U I.\ <! FA RME It. During the lifetime of the late Ignatius Donnelly no one in this region was per mitted long to ovfrlooli the impoverish ed and downtrodden condition of the farmers of the Northwest. Since Mr. Donnelly's lamented death the woes of the suflVriiiK farmer have remained un- Bung and unmoumed. Just at this time there may be some thing which the farmer in this section i i i <ls wor.ii' than .some one to sing c* nr.ourn his woes. But that thing, what- DV( r it may be, the farmer can buy with out making any .bottomless hole in his resources. What he cannot buy, from a bottle of whisky to a substantial Interest In the railroad which runs by his farm. In the present condition of his affairs in this section, we do not pretend to be lib!* to specify. With potatoes .1 vanishing spector it $1 » l«ut>h«M and ■ solitary acre ol his .-oil jififtkUKMnjs him eighteen or twenty bujfte.s \\t Nw ■> !\;»i,l. tht; farmer of Minnesota \* ju»t al this time v sadly woebegone s.ut»Jivi, In \ i-.v ,if the demise of his former guide, philosopher and friend he should hasten to secure some one nearly as competent to influence public sym pathy in- his behalf. it is related authoritatively that the suloonkeep-. rs of Minnesota cities have decided to abolish the free lunch on ac count of the prevailing high prices of provision's. It may not be said that the prevailing prices of provisions are es tablished by the farmer alone. The meat tiust, the flour trust, the wholesale grocers' trust and the other organized bodies of middle-men may still be said to be in a position to take a slice out of Va& consumer, but the unhappy farmer is in the first instance, called on to bear his share of responsibility for the sad pros pect which during the coming winter presents itself to the unorganized and unprotected patron of the saloonkeeper and farmer. It is a thoroughly authenticated fact that great prosperity attends the lot of the city business man, clerk, professional man, mechanic and laborer. How other wise could those people be expected to pay the prevailing prices for the neces saries of life which are furnished by the sad-eyed agriculturist? The farmer is recognized as the very pillar of society. He is the one agent in the prevailing system of commercial exchange who is getting the worst of It. He is being robbed of his legitimate profits by the trusts and the army of middle men who interfere between him and his patron, the prosperous householder who thanks his God every day he gets out of bed for having anywhere from two to ten children to eat up his surplus wealth. The individual consumer and house holder should In these days of his sur passing prosperity hasten to the aid of his downtroddan friend the farmer. He should try to save that unsuspecting mortal from, some of the Innumerable exactions which are heaped upon him through exorbitant railroad charges, enormous taxes and the other thousand and-ono burdens under which he struggles. We should, indeed, all unite in securing justice for the farmer. Un less something substantial is done soon to save him from the sharks of society, he must inevitably perish. DEALIXG IX niI'LOMAS. New Jersey is a state of varied and rich resources. It abounds in mosquitoes, anarchists, trusts and learned degrees. The last is a newly discovered natural resource and has not yet been fully de veloped. The trust product, nowever. is secend only to that of mosquitoes and pays a much larger revenue into the state coffers. Notwithstanding the fact that nearly every preacher you moot is a doc tor of divinity, every school teacher a professor, and every politician a doctor of laws, the shallow minded are as anx ious as ever to obtain by purchase or otherwise these learned additions. That the degree of M. D. may be with in the reach of all. New Jersey has come to the front with a diploma |mill. known as the Central University of Mvdfelne and Science, which will, for a consideration issue a duly executed diploma under the seal of the university, with red wax seal and ribbon attached, conferring upon the fortunate recipient the degree M. D. For an additional consideration the degree Ph. D. will be added and evidenced by another diploma, signed, sealed and rib boned. The genius who presides at the head of this university enjoys a long train of titles, degrees, and additions, together with a hyphenated name. He signs him self, J. William Norton-Smith, M. A., Ph. D., S. D., LJ,. D., president. Who could ask for more evidence of learning and an aristocratic ancestry than this array af fords? It is true that Smith does not par ticularly impress the average mind, but Norton-Smith—that is different. Well, Norton-Smith, etc., has issued a circular letter to all ambitious men without degrees in which he agrees for and in consideration of $10 to issue di plomas to non-graduates, conferring upon them the degree M. D., providing, how ever, that this special offer be accepted within fourteen days from the date of the confidential circular. This "confidential circular" has been brought to the attention of Gov. Voor hees. who threatens to atop the business by dissolving the corporation. (The Uni versity claims to be duly organized under the laws of New Jersey.) Just why Gov. Voorhees should interfere with. Norton- Smith's business in degrees does not clearly appear. No one can be swindled by what he offers to sell. If a degree be worth having It Is worth $10. It is worth that to make out a diploma, and put a red seal and ribbon on it. The de grees conferred by the Central University of Medicine and Science are as valuable ivnd we think, fully as merited as the D. D.'s conferred upon such men as Park hurst, Hillia, and Talmage, not to men- THE ST. PAUI, GlOßg^ ' WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21. 1901, tion the IX. D.'s on Cleveland and Mc- Klnley and John L. Sullivan. From one end of this fair land to the other are thriving institutions, some under the patronage of the churches, others of private origin and maintt nance, which grind out every few months grists of diplomas conferring cegrc s ranging from the clerical D. D. through all the grades of indexed imbecility down to M. P. The latter addition does not mean as some may think M> mber of Parliament, but the far more practical degree, Master of Penmanship. So sharp has become the competition in the scramble for title.<rin this untitled land, that Yankee genius has come to the rescue and invented title making ma chines like the Central University of Medicine and Science, above mentioned, for the sole purpose of supplying the trade. What everybody can have by purchase, very few care to wear. A man who is entitled to a distinction never parades it. The own. jr of the imitation diamond keeps his property always on exhibition. The editor of a certain paper in this state, who never saw service or smelled powder, always signs himself Col. . Under the theory that people arc noc swindled by selling them what they want, even if it be bogus, we see no reason why the diploma mills should not be allowed to run full blast. The public cannot be deceived to its detri ment for it already holds in contempt those who parade their degrees, and the only use a man could have for a title would be to conceal it during his life and will it to his enemy at his death. Let those who want degrees have them and make the cost as little as possible. J. William Norton-Smith, M. A., Ph. D., S. D., LL. D., may yet be regarded as a benefactor of his race* He is prepared to furnish at a small price innocent hap piness to the fakers and they constitute a large majority. THAT WHITE JSLEPJIAM. One of the great needs of the munici pality is a suitable auditorium. This is universally recognized. The present structure is a makeshift. The people de mand more than a makeshift. They are being told that theirs is a convention city, and the public funds are being expended month after month throughout the sum mer season in the entertainment of con ventions. The demands which have been made on account of extra sources of public expen diture both In city and county have been great. New school buildings and a new jail and site represent only a part of the additional expense to which the people have been subjected in the past year or two. How and why those occasions for adding to the local public burdens have been called Into existence will be consid ered when the time comes. Unless Mr. McCardy shall fulfill his promise, given some time ago to his party organs in this city, that an auditorium would soon be forthcoming at an incon siderable expense, it does not now appear plain what can be done in that direction. The question is now awaiting settle ment, what shall be done with the exist ing structure. Unsuccessful financing of that concern has at last resulted in throwing the burden of its maintenance"on the city. Here is another direction in which Mr. McCardy's superior knowleJge and adaptability ought to be available to the public. We are largely indebted to him for its existence. Indeed he may be said to be the originator of it, as the result of the demands made on him and his friends by the G. A. R. convention. Mayor Smith has well designated the so called auditorium, a white elephant. It is a structure which should not be allow ed to be maintained within the city lim its. It is no place in which to bring large numbers together. It is a fire trap and exceedingly combustible. What to do with It is a problem which would test the resources of even so resourceful a gen tleman as our present city comptroller. The bills which the city is now called on to pay, if it accepts the deed so con- ] siderately offered by the Commercial | club, do not some of them admit of too j close scrutiny. But thoy have to be paid, ! and the maintenance of the building must J be provided for if we are to have any j facilities whatever for the reception of* conventions in the future. The council should not dally with this matter any longer. It is many weeks since it was referred to that body by the mayor for such action as it thought proper to take. Existing demands are pressing. The building should be taken in hand by the city, put in proper re pair and made safe, to some reasonable extent at least, for purposes of public assembly. Else it should be removed as a structure existing in violation of law and dangerous to the public safety. The United States Steel corporation is making- headway, while the Amalgamated Is standing still. This is a critical posi tion, this standing position. Agents of the specialty installment sale stores are on a strike. Now if only the book agents could be induced to strike, it would save many a hard kick. The queen consort of Englana is in favor of home industries. She advises that none but British goods be used in the construction of the costumes at the coro nation ceremonies. She may make this work against American goods, but she never can shut out the American heiress. The Dispatch ought to be ashamed to insinuate that Pierp did not take the ad vice of the Pioneer Press in that matter of stock distribution. There are few thdngs that have happened this side of the water which the P. P. has not in some way been responsible for. The fool-killer is needed in London just now. Not to exercise his peculiar voca tion on the Britisher, but on the Ameri cans sojourning: there. These- Americans, so the story runs, refuse to be housed in the same hotel with the colored delegates to the ecumenical council in session in London. The English and the Dutch hare balked again over In China. We do not think that either Edward or William wants to leave the dowager empress alone. The empress is not so beautiful as Mr 3. Lang- try nor as young as lh e Russian countess V\ hat's Her Name, but nevertheless she is a woman and Edward and William wiii be the last pair to desert her. What was predicted by the Q1 ob c a week ago (the Pioneer Press did not get it) has come to pa Sj . The United States Steel corporation has" declared its inten tion not to deal in any way with the Amalgamated association until that body incorporates and*- obtains a legal exist ence. Dealing with a union is like deal ing with a minor. The contract is bind ing only on one party. When Shaffer ad. vised his men to break their contracts he sounded the death kne.l of modern unionism. The Schley investigation might as well be enlarged to take in the whole navy. Howison evidently talked too much, Evans slopped over and, if the truth were known, Dewey did something worse than turning the stern of every vessel in his squadron to the enemy. He admits that he got out of range of the enemy's guns to get something to eat. Sigsbee is try ing to square himself. The only man in the navy that did not turn tail and run during an engagement was Hobson. When he was in the kissing match, he stood by his gun until the last explosion. Great is llobson. AT THE THEATEIiS With the performance next Saturd.iy night the Criterion company will cease to exist as an organization. "Nell Gwynne," the bill for the first half of the weok, will be presented this after noon and tonight. Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights and Saturday matinee the Criterion company will present "l'n_ der Two Flags," the most popular play of the summer. Friday afternoon a spe cial matinee will be given with "The Two Orphans" as the bill. William A. Brady's great production of Clyde Fitch's latest success, "levers' Lane," will open the regular season at the Metropolitan opera house Sunday evening. Tomorrow morning at 9 o'clock the sale of seats will open for the engagement the coming week at the Grand opera house of Mathews and Bulger in "The Night of the Fourth." OUR TEACHERS IX THE PHILIP. I'IXJCS. To the Editor of the Globe: We are informed by the correspondents at Washington that the war department is considerably wrought up over the marriage of sixty school teachers on their way to the Philippines and are considering the advisability of requiring contracts that teachers will not marry' during their term service. Thi3 is an astounding tribute to. j the wisdom of the Catholic church in requiring celibacy on the part of its teachers and missionaries. Again we are told-jthe government ex acts a pledge that these teachers will contract to serve i three years and accep-: such assignments as may be designated by the superintend nt. Another acknowl edgement of the practical wisdom of the Catholic church in , exacting a vow of obedience from its professional teachers. But,- stranger than ail, we are also in formed that the insular bureau actually favors the plan of allowing teachers to take up land.claims, to become the cen ters) of American communities, the very thing for which we have been berating the friars, namely, possessing the land and making their communities the cen ters oi civilization, and, incidentally, greatly enhancing thereby the valuta of their holdings. When these sam? teach ers begin to develop their land claims and to speculate on their increased val ues, the government may pay still an other tribute to the wisdom of "the Cath olic church, which exacts a vow of pov erty from its teachers, by passing laws to prevent land-grabbing and real estate booms among public school teachers In" the Philippines. We will 5 then have a corps of teachers equipped with all the chief characteristics of the hated religious orders who have heretofore exercised the function of civilizing the Filipinos, name. ly, celibacy, obedience and poverty. But if we are compelled to follow so closely In the footsteps of these despised orders, why not employ the friars them selves for the work? They possess many advantages over Imported foreign teach ers. They are already on the ground, they enjoy 'thorough organization, they have had centuries of ' experience, and, above all, they speak the native -tongue and all Its dialects. There are few things more galling to a conquered people than to have their, conquerors | forced upon them. Yet this is precisely what we are doing to the Filipinos. We propose to degrade, them first and civilize them af terwards.- Yet another advantage pos sessed by the friars is the fact that they profess the sanit religion as the Fili pinos. Still more dangerous than tam pering with a people's language is the attempt !to tamper with their religion. This fact has been fully realized by the- administration. in * the case of the sultan of Sulu, where it has actually engaged ■ Mohammedan teachers to instruct his Mohammedan subjects, so as not to of fend their pagan religious sensibilities. Yet in the case of' the millions of Chris tian Filipinos it pursues precisely the op posite policy . by ": sending shiploads of "billing and cooing" Protestant teachers, under a Protestaot superintendent, ig- I norant of their language, out of sym j pathy with all their traditions and cus toms, and protesting, in fact, as well as 1 in name, against all their most sacred religious beliefs. The bitterness which such a policy necessarily stirs up is al ready evidenced in the recent proclama tion, though falsely attributed to the friars and not approved by the Catholic authorities, yet calling on the Catholics ■' In the Philippine Islands to resist their 1 American rulers as the declared enemies ! of God. If we want another Ireland on our hands it would seem that we are tak ing the surest means to secure it. —W. F. M. AGAINST THE PLOW TEITST. Fred SI. Peaae, of Chicago, Wants an Injunction. NEW YORK, Aug. 20.—Papers were filed in the county clerk's office today In a suit by Fred M. Pease, of Chicago, against Charles R. Flint. Joseph S. Auer bach, George W. Young, about thirty plow companies and the American Plow company, for an accounting of the profits arising from the formation of the Ameri can Plow company, which is the name of the combination of plow interests. In ad dition to this an injunction is asked to prevent any of the defendants fronc con tinuing any proceedings they have begun towards the actual work of the forma* tion of the company. Mr. Pease claims that he, in 1897, con ceived the idea^of such a combination and talked it ovfir with Messrs. Young, Auer bach and Flint, but when the company was formed he (Pease) was not consulted. Among the companies included in the list of defendants are Deere & Co., Moline Plow company, Rock Island Plow com pany. Peru Plow and Wheel company, Morrison Manufacturing company. Grand Detour Plow company, B. F. Avery & Sons, Chattanocga Plow company, Fuller & Johnson Manufacturing company, the Butcher & GHVbs Plow company Parl!n & Orendorff company, David Bradley Manufacturing company, J. I. Case Plow works. South Bend Chilled Plow com pany, the T. M. Bissell Plow company, the Princess Plow company, Alexander Speer & Sons, La-Cresse Plow company, Syracuse Chilled P^ow company, Ga:e Manufacturing company, KingTiam Plow company, A. B. Farquhar company, the Toledo Plow company, Pekin Plow com pany, Sattley Manufacturing company, and the J. Thompson & Sons Manufac turing compiany. Fortune Seeks" » Heir. _■ " ■. LA CROSSE. Wis., Aug. 20.— (Special.)— Today inquiry was * received from W. E. Bates, of Cincinnati. Ohio, regarding the whereabouts of Dr. West, who practiced 'in La Crosse several years ago. .. The communication Indicates that the adoptod son of Weat has turned out to be tTj heir to a " fortune -in the '■ East. " No' trace of either. Dr. West ?or his adopted". son ; ,can^be;foun6Ur^:-r';3" :^;^..;';^:: . . Jramps as Salesmen. Chicago Chronicle. Bearing: sample cases that contain mouse traps, soap, towels and other arti cles of similar nature, Chicago tramps are about to engage in business as traveling salesmen. J. W. Gossard, the millionaire "business revivalist," is the man who is to send the tramps upon the road. Within a few weeks Mr. Gossard will gather the pupils who attended his course of twelve lectures given In the "levee" district, and ask them to aid in the work of the Higher Practical Education so ciety. They will be requested to embark in business as traveling salesmen. Mr. Gossard will furnish them with their samples and advance funds necessary for th-eir expenses. With the funds and the equipment they will be asked to travel through the country taking orders. The profit that will accrue from their work will be devoted to the work o? the so ciety, of which Mr. Gossard is the lead ing -nember. The men tq be selected will be the ones who had joined the society and signed its pledges. As they have been given a fresh start in life through the efforts of the millionaire leader of the society, they will, it is believed, be eager to aid the society. In selecting the articles which the re formed "hoboes" will carry in their cases, Mr. Gossard has selected only such arti cles as are used for cleansing purposes. Tooth brushes, shoe brushes, towels, soap, mouse traps and brooms are among the articles in the list. Arrangements are now being made with manufacturers to supply the goods. All of the articles sold by the ••drum mers" are to bear the* society initials, "H. P. E." "I have tried to do three things for tlie class of men that I 'am trying to reach," Mr. Gossard said. "First, to educate them; second, to use moral suasion, and, thirdly, to give them OF SOCIAL INTEREST The marriage of Miss Fannie Abra hams, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Abrahams, of Lincoln avenue, to Mr. Isadore Pavian was solemnized last even ing at 6 o'clock at Pfeiffer's hall. Rabbi Aronsohn performed the) ceremony. The guests, who numbered about 150, included four generations of the Abrahams family. The bride was attended by Miss Rebecca Simons, of Chicago, as maid of honor, and by Miss Ida Pavla* and Miss Etta Burton as bridesmaids. Sam Pavian was best man. The groomsmen were Mark P. Abrahams and J. M. Pavian. Following the ceremony a wedding supper was serv ed, after which there was U-dticing. Sel bert's orchestra played. • • • Young women desirous of entering the teachers' training school and pupils seek ing entrance to the high schools will taka examinations at the Central high school Sept. 3 and 4. These examinations will be conducted by Supt. Leviston and As sistant Superintendent J. D. Bond. • • « Mrs. Horace E. Lamb gave a' reception yesterday afternoon at her horn« on lau rel avenue In honor of Mrs. W. S. Vail, of Sioux City, lowa. The dining room -was in charge of Mrs. G. C. Harper, of Minneapolis, and Mrs. Thomas Riley. They were assisted by Miss Cecelia Lar kin and Miss Jessie Lamb. Mrs. .Mount fort, of Kansas City, presided at the punch bowl. Mrs. Vail is the wife of Rev. W. S. Vail, former pastor of the Universaiist church of this city. » » • The marriage of Miss Mary Celia Me- Daughlin, of this city, to Edward J. Jly land, of Rosemount, wil be solemnized this morning at the Cathedral. The bride wil be attended by her sister, Miss Jen nie McLtmghlin. Edward Garvey, of Farming-ton, will be the best man. M. J. Hines, mayor of Rosemount, and Matt Kerwin, of this city, will be best men. A special train will convey the guests from Rosemount to tS. Paul. Mr. and Mrs. Hyland will reside at Rosemcint, where Mr. Hyland owns and manages the opera house. • * • An addition to the English Memorial English Evangelical Lutheran church will be buiit during the coming autumn. The addition will contain seven rooms and will cost about $4,000. The lower floor will be divided into a kindergarten room and a cloak room. On the upper floor there will be an assembly hall, with a seating capacity of 300 and a suite of class rooms. Rev. A. J. D. Haupt is pastor of th«< church. • • • The Young People's society of Memo rial English Lutheran church will give a moonlight concert excursion, under the direction of the Minnesota State band, Thursday evening, Aug. 29. • « • Mr. J. J. O'Leary, formerly of this city, but now of Plttsbnrg, Pa., is visiting his sister, Mrs. D. W. Lawler. at her cottage, Lake and ■ Clarke streets, White Bear Lake. • • « Mrs. Harry Monkhouse and daughter, CONDITION OF THE CROPS. Late Corn Is Reported to Shotv a General Improvement. WASHINGTON. Aug. 20.-The weather bureau's weekly summary of crop condi tions Is as follows: The temperature conditions of tne past week have been favorable except on the North Pacific coast, where It has been excessively warm. The Middle and South Atlantic and East Gulf states, including Tennessee, have suffered from heavy radns, the South Atlantic and East Gulf statc-s and Tennessee experiencing dam. aging- winds, as well as injury from overflows. The greater part of Texas and portions of the Missouri and upper Mississippi valleys and upper lake re gion continue to suffer from drought, and drought is beginning to affect crops In Oregon and Washington. The Rocky mountain region and California have had an exceptionally favorable week. A very general improvement in the condition of late corn Is indicated in the principal corn states. In lowa the crop is materially improved and more promis ing than was deemed possible Aug. 1, but the yield is still contingent upon ad ditional moisture very soon, and the ab sence of frosts the greater part of Sep tember. Late corn has Improved in, ex treme Southeastern Nebraska, but con tinues to suffer for rain in Central and northern counties. In the eastern and western portion of Kansas late corn is much improved, but in the central counties ram came too late to save the crop. In some portions of Missouri late corn is progressing well, but in most sections it is suffering for rain. Good rains in Illinois, Indiana and Ohio have improved the outlook, espe cially in Indiana, but, as in other por tions of the corn belt, the greater part of the early corn has been ruilned. The propitious outlook for corn in the Middle Atlantic states and New England con tinues. The weather has been favorable for spring wheat harvest in all sections. Harvesting is nearly finished in the Da. kotas, Minnesota and Oregon, and is In progress in Washington, where, owing to excessive heat, the grain has ripened somewhat too rapidly. In North Dakota, owing to the shra-nken berry and poorly filled heads, the yield of spring wheat is proving disappointing. The central and eastern portions of the cotton belt have suffered from heavy rains, while drought has become more serious over the greater part of the ■western districts. In the Carolina* too rank igrowth is reported, especially on stiff lands, and in Georgia, Florida and Alabama heavy rains and high winds have caused injury, rust and shedding being quite prevalent. In Tennessee, Mississippi and portions of Arkansas the crop has improved. Cotton rveeds rain throughout Texas, and is falling rapidly in the central, southern and southwest ern portions. Picking is general in Texas and is beginning over the southern and central portions of the eastern dis tricts. Tobacco has sustained injury from rains in portions of Maryland, Virginia, a chance to follow out the suggestions that I have made in the course of my lec tures. It is all very well to tell a man what he ought to do, but there are not many men who can rise again after they have fallen unless someone helps them. I believe that my plan is a good one and will prove successful." For some time Mr. Gossard nas been making experiments with his plan on a small scale. A month ago ne was ac costed by a man who told him that he had been thrown out of a job and could not secure another. This man was a former salesman. Mr. Gossard gave him some samples, and furnishing him with expense money started him out upon the road. In one day he had sold $60 worth of goods. This success led Mr. Gossard to give other men similar opportunities. All that have been selected to make the ex periment except one have been success ful. The one unsuccessful "hobo" sales man broke the pledge of the society. The idea of putting his pupils on the road is not the only one that Mr. Gos sard intends to carry out this full. With in a few days he will open a free employ ment agency in the "levee" district. This office will be open every day, and the men who sign pledges of the H. f. K. society will be given jobs through this office. If the employment office is a suc cess similar ones will be established la every ward in the city. "Our _work has been so successful," said Mr. Gossard, "that 1 have deter mined to carry it out on a larger scale. My business duties will prevent my do- Ing so at once, but within a month 1 ■will be ready again to take personal su pervision of the work of the -sociscy. I intend to travel throughout the country and establish branches of the society in every large city. The employment agen cy and the employment of reformed tramps as traveling salesmen are only two of the plans that I intend to carry out." and Mrs. Ijowry, who have been guests of Mrs. R. C. Patterson, of East Tenth street, left last evening for their future home in New York. • • * Dr. and Mrs. Arthur W. Dunning en tertained informally last evening at their home on Marshall avenue, in celebration of their tin wedding. • • • Mrs. Addia L»oomis will give a luncheon tomorrow at her home on Ohio street, In honor of Miss Baldwin, of Spring Val ley. Sunday Mrs. L.oomla will entertain at dinner for Mr. and Mrs. George D. Flynn, of Minneapolis, and Mrs. E. 13. McCaffery. • •• • " Mrs. F. E. Draper, of Dayton avenue, will give a tally-ho party this evening in honor of her guests. Miss Myers, of Chi cago, and Miss Coombs, of St. Louis. • * * The Misses Belle Greengard, of 396 La fond street, and Anna Rosenblum, of 595 John street, left last evening foY La Crosse, Wis., to visit with their aunt, Mrs. Simon Jacobs. • • • Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hemminghouse, of Dayton avenue, will go to Chicago the latter part of the week for a brief visit. Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Zimmerman enter tained at an Informal house party Sunday. at their summer home. Lake Minnetonka. « • • Maj. Alfred Reynolds, recently appoint ed inspector general of the department of Dakota, and Mrs. Reynolds, Maj. H. M. Lord, and Or. Charles B. Byrne, chief surgeon, "and Mrs. Byrne, have taken apartments at the Marlborough for the winter. • * » Rev. and Mrs. Carl L. W sTstler return ed last evening from their wedding trip, and are at home at 142 East Congress street. • • • Mrs. J. C. McCall, of Nelson avenue. is entertaining Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Schef fer, of Los Angeles. • • • Mrs. H. R. Cocker, and Miss Clara Cocker, of Summit avenue, are visiting at Hazle-hurst, Wis. Mr. and Mrs. Rob ertson, of Faribault, have taken the Cocker residence. • • • . Mr. and Mrs. Frederick E. Mahler, of Dayton ■ avenue, will go to Ashland this week for a short visit. Miss May Parker, of Duluth, Is th«» guest of Mr. and Mrs. Jacobson. of Fair mount avenue. Miss Carver, of Iglehart street, has re turned from Milwaukee. Miss Katherine Jerome, of Winnipeg, was the guest of honor at a lunoheon given Monday by Miss Stella Wilson, of Marshall avenue. Miss Gertrude Kirk, of Laurel avenue, is expected home Sept. 1 from the East, where she has been spending the summer, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Sharp, of Winifred street, will leave the first of the month for an extended visit in the East. Mrs. Charles Seibold, of East Sixth street, Is in New York. Miss Espy, of Summit avenue, is In the East. Miss Mary McClellan. of Nelson avenue, has gone to Madeline island. Mrs. Butcher, and the Misses Butcher, of Victoria street, moved yesterday to Minneapolis. Miss Ray Morgan, of Marshall avenue, is entertaining Miss Stella McCarthy. I North Carolina and T^nnessee, but has i been greatly benefited in the last-named | state, as well as tn the Ohilo valley, where cutting is in progress. The general outlook for apples i ott l tinues very promising, although 8li?i;tly improved cqndltions are reported from ! portions of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. j The excessive rains have caused peaches Ito rot extensively in the Middle and ; South Atlantic states. Generally tn the j east of the Mississippi river the soil is j in excellent condition for fall plowing, ■ and favorable progress in this work has been made in Kansas, Nebraska and Oklahoma, but in the upper Mississippi valley the ground 13 generally too dry. LOOKING TOWARD UNCLE SAM. Hesnlt of German Tariff Bill as Viewed In Kusmlu. ST. PETERSBURG, Aug. 7.—The state, ments made by the Russian press in the name of the minister of finance, that a renewal of the Russo-German commercial treaty would be lmposalbte if the pro posed new tariff schedule is adopted by Germany, should not be ac cepfed literally. X-evortheless there Is strong feeling here that Germany's new policy must be m«t firm ly. The thought that the Tnlted States and Russia, who are the principal fur nishers of the goods which Germany Is seeking to exclude, could profit from the pursuit of a commercial policy toward Germany has arisen in many quarters. The prevailing 1 sentiment appears to be that, without entering Into a hard and fast defensive commercial alliance against Germany, the United States and Russia should settle their little differ ences, perhaps revise the o!d commercial treaty of 1835 and clear the way generally for Intelligent action when the German tariff shall have been determined. Count Golenlstoheff-Koutosoff, editor of St. Petersburg Vledomostl, voices this sentiment in a leader, which has be?n much commented on. After noting the tendencies toward re laxation of the protective system in the United States, he asks why Russia should not revise her commercial treaty with the United States. In his opinion, Rus sia has little benefit to expect from the development of commerce with Germany —the lion's share of the advantages hav ing been reaped by German merchants settled in Russia, and the German manu facturers. He concludes: "The quicker we settle our outstanding differences with the United States, and reach a mutually satisfactory agreement, the better. When we shall have determined the conditions of mutually profitable commerce with America, we shall be In a position to de cide whether commercial treaties with our continental neighbors are necessary and indispensable." AFTERNOON NEWS CONDENSED. Fort de France, Island of Martinique French West Indies—The weather has been very bad. It is feared thi.s denotes the approach of a cyclone. New York—Th.i North German Lloyd steamship Kaiser Wilhelm dor Grosse from Bremen tor New York, was spok-ii by wireless telegTaph from the Nantu<*k»t lightship. York, Pa.—The floods resulting from Monday's cloud burst have proved th.* most destructive In York county for many years. Estimates place the loss at Denver—A convention of the National Kailroad Blacksmiths, ix>mposed of ma.s ter .builders, met here to oonsidtr the question of constructing and repairing lo comotives and cars. New York—From an authori . source the Associated Press is anabl deny the report that Charles M. S< Z ? relisn *he Presidency of the I States Steel corporation Brussels—<'apt. Nyssens. former minis ter of industry and labor, committed sui ead..' ny ■hooting himself with a revolver in the right temple. Domestic trouble is assigned as the cause for the act New York—A mass meeting of I'aterson mill operative is to be held to consider the question or a general sink- Should tin- union decide to adopt this method of *?%? ,X OrkE- V- De A'bad- commission er or the Beonomfc Association of Cu ha. who is at orient in this city says L^°o c f Sr",?h behev'f th" commercial inter ests of Cuba are desirous of establishing Ite ts rade tari'T relations with the United Pittsburg—The twcnty-iifth triennial convention of the Order of the Scottish wsh*ii£ P *,ed * l Klks' hal: in this city; With ISO delegates present from th Unit wui ifV'V"" 1 pwiadfc The convention be secret VS and th* *-**luns »•«» pIn lfl:m^ ( Thi* Wilii <lay at the llllpilliii nis staff and of pr the fxercises in the temple of music that building was iii; e j to its capacity Chicago -President Linblom. of the civil service commission, announced that hi entire police department of the city is to be investigated. This la a result of the charges filed against members of the d£ tectlve bureau who are charged with se curing a "rake-off" on expend a™ntt Vienna-Count Albert yon Gerlaeh. ; n, the Austrian minister for Mexico, arcn-m, panled 'by his staff, will shortly «ill for hta.new post by way c f New York, ml arrival in Mexico will mark the resump tion of diplomatic relations between these two countries, which was severed by the shooting of Maximilian June 5. I^7. Cleveland. Ohio-John KiiKene and Ad am Keat, the men who were re.-*-tie 1 rrom the waterworks tunnel after having been imprisoned nearly mix days without rood 3m rep^Xu'J to be in a precarious con dition. They are In a stupor or delirium most of the time. The physicians be lieve, however, the men will ultimately recover. Plnladelp.hia-A.ti.is of Incorporation have betn Hied at Dover. Del for tho «.««*«». Che company Is organ.zed for the purpose of nianufamurlntr a hie-h --»rade steel, and the promoters «i „ will be run in oppoaDtior to the crucible steel Cinclnna/ti-Former Congressman Lenta and Louis O. Addteon appeared before Federal Judg« Clark and secured a per manent injunction restraining strikers at nnni? *"/ £' the °hl° Prewed Brick Oom pany of Rose Vile. Ohio, from establish- I L Pl C vk(!ts at the work and interfering was ll^ P ?°t rk - A temporary Injunction was issued two weeks ago. Milwaukee, Wis.—A telegram received today from Colorado Sprfnga, CoT an nounces the death in that city of i Gru'tza. founder of St. Josaphal church in this city, which waa r« Cfntly dedicat ed by Mgr. Martin.-Hi. Father Qrutza waa well known In Catholic clrclea throughout the country. His death re sulted from a pulmonary disease. Kokbma* Ind.-Four l;oys. Roy anJ Les ter McVet» »nd Ray and it. dd Marvin, all in knickerbockers, ranging in airo from «ix to ten years, have been ar rested for stoning another boy, EddU» Mo Kee, to death. The children were play ing on the railway when the McKee boy who was older, came along, and the fight which followed resulted In his death aland, Senator and Mrs. Han-i na, accompanied by their two daughtera Misses Mabel and Ruin, left Cleveland on the steamer Northwest for Hay LsU I and, where they will spend a few rtavs' at the Hanna summer home. Mr lUinna. '■ will take an active part In the opening ; of the Republican state campaign, which will take place in Delaware Sept. 21. Little Falls, N. V.-Th« boHos of all! the victims of the HerkimiT rouitdhousa ' explosion have been Identified Their 1 names are: John Deck, Levl Robert, Lev! ! Jackson. Harry Btanzel, James Nagle, I Joseph Keller. Btanzel was a student at 1 Syracuse university, taking a course of architecture. Jackson: Keller arid Nairle! were laborers. They lived near the s^tna' Of the fatality. - 4 Wilmington. Harry Johnson (col- i ored), a driver of a coal wagon, while ' passing along Clayton street, raised his ; arm to brush away a wire that was I hanging in the street. It was a "live" wire, and Johnson was instantly killed. ■ An ambulance was called and on its way to the scene was struck by a trolley car. Four men comprising- the ambulance corps were badly injured. Xew York The I oard ol al lerm< Paterson, N, .J., passed an ordinan lowing tli*- picketing or mills by . unions. Two men wi*> were picketing a mill were sentenced to t<-rn:.s in jail re cently by the recorder. The matter waa taken up by the weavers throjg'hout Paterson. resulting In th« ordinance, which Is looked ujxin us ;i trem ■■ ers. Fort Riley, Kan.—Private Mackey Syketr, one of the victims of yesterday's explosion of a sun cartridge, died of his injuries, making three dead in all. Re cruit Lloyd's recovery is doubtful. His arm has been amputated, and he is suf fering from concussion of the brain. Th(» fort surgeon removed one of Sergeant Mahoney's eyes. He will recover. Tha other injured are in good condition. Detroit, Mich.—While the clerks in Hor ace Steere's jewelry store, on Woodward avenue, were busy in the rear of the es tablishment, a man stepped in. caught up a tray of diamonds worth $4,000, ran out and down Woodward avenue, with tha clerks in pursuit. After an exciting chase he was captured. Thirty-four da* monds were found on his person. Ha gave his name as Charles Meyers, of St. Louis. New York—At the annual meeting of the National Tube company the follow ing directors were elected: F. J. Hearne, W. H. Latshaw. J. D. Culbertson, E. C» Converse. C. M. Schwab, [•:. H. Gary, William Nelson Cromwell. W. J. Curtis. Charles Steel. A. S. Matheson and Wil liam B. Schiller. The board organized, by electing the following officers: Presi dent. F. J. Hearne; Bra) vie* president, W. B. Schiller; secretary and treasurer, J. D. Culbertson. New York—Gf-n. Nelson A. Miles has called a meeting of th» <-ommandeTy of the Society of the Army of Porto Klco to be htld In Buffalo Aug. 26 and IT7, Gen. Miks Is commander of the order. The &£ce numbers, it is said. 7,'jW. and a majority of it will attend. In addi tion to Gen. Mil**. Admiral Sr-hley. Schwan, Gen. Hainfs. Gen. Enu-.-<r Gilmorp. c,<-t\. Griffin. f^n Oapt. Stgsbee and other officers will be be present. Aug. 27 is "Porto Btcan Ar my day" at the exposition. ARE BROTHERS AND COUSINS. Meeting of International lan In. soflutlon «it (.Ih»uim\. GLASGOW. Au?. 20.—The International Law association began a four days' ses sion here today. ho lord ebb I justice. Lord AU'eratone, presided. Regret was expressed at the failure of the Bri:h»h- American treaty (the Hay-Pauncefote treaty) and Judge Lynde Harrison, of Connecticut, said, speaking as an Ameri can citizen, that since the Spanish- American war. American* tuuSYfcogn — >'l the British as brothers and cousins. Th« Judge also catd he t>. in \..i ih. tenate, uc the next seoslon of congress. wouLI ac cept a treaty on the sume lines as th« one rejected. The American people were now in favor of such a course.