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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, February 07, 1902, Image 1

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VOL. XXV.—NO. 38.
IT IS TREASON
TO SYMPATHIZE
MOTHER MUST CONDEMN SOX,
BROTHER MUST GIVE BROTHER.
TO THE GALLOWS
CRUEL POLICY IS DEFENDED
Foraker Declares Harshest Measures
of Tyrannical Rulers Should Be
Applied to Filipino Sym
pathizers. ';
10 CONQUER AT ALL HAZARDS
"WASHINGTON, Feb. 6.—For four hours
today the senate had the Philippine tariff
bill under discussion. The measure -was
Completed, so far as the Philippine com
mittee is concerned, all of the committee
amendments being adopted. Several oth
er amendments, however, will be offered,
one or two being pending.
Toward the close of the session the dis
cussion became heated. In response to a
resolution offered several days ago by
Mr. Rawlins of Utah, the secretary of
■war transmitted to the senate the sedi
tion laws enacted by the Philippine com
mission. They were read in full and im
mediately drew the fire of the opponents
of the government's Philippine policy.
Mr. Hoar, of Massachusetts, expressed
hi« astonishment that such laws should
be enforced- by the government authori
ties. He said he was sorry the commis
sion had had its act justified by reference
to the only harsh and cruel provisions
that were to be found in the statutes of
the United States. Under this cruel pro
vision in the Philippine commission's acts
a mother having knowledge of the trta^cn j
of her son must inform the authorities j
upon him; the son must inform upon the i
mother; the brother^upon the brother; j
the daughter upon the father, and so on. j
He said the laws of the United States j
were applied only to citizens of this
country— by either nativity or
aclcption.
In the case of this application of these !
acts in the Philippines he said, they
were being put into execution by alien
authority responsible only to an alien
government or command. The people
there had nothing to do with them.
Mr. Foraker said he never had heard
the Philippine acts read until now. He
was surprised, however, that the senator
from Massachusetts, (Mr. Hoar), should
be mentally and morally disturbed by
such provisions as had been read. "When
Mr. Hoar had desired to know, he added,
whether it were possible that the United
States' had enacted such provisos, he
had sent for the United States statutes
and had had read the acts upon treason
and offenses against the country.
"Not only are the provisions the same,"
he declared,' "as those contained in the^
Philippine acts, but the wording in both
is practically identical. The Philippine
commission adopted the language of the
revised statutes, adding such matters as
would make the provisions applicable to
the Philippine islands." He (Foraker)
approved of them. He pointed out that
it was among the first enactments of an
American congress. For the protection
of our government in the Philippines, the
Taft commission had applied that law to
the Philippines. Senators were not war
ranted, he thought, in saying that the
act was unprecedented in the history of
civilized countries.
At this point Mr. Tillman (S. C.) in
terrupted Mr. Foraker to denounce the
sedition laws enacted by the Philippine
cor.imission as a "damnable doctrine."
"It might be in order," said Mr. For
aker, "to inquire of the senator from
South Carolina on which side of the
struggle In the Philippines are his sym
pathies?"
Sympathies With Filipinos.
"My sympathies are with the Fili
pinos/' shouted Mr. Tillman, pounding
his desk emphatically.
"Undoubtedly they are," retorted Mr.
Foraker. "And such a flat-footed and
unqualified declaration as the senator has
made would render the revised statutes
applicable to him if he were not protect
ed by his position as senator."
Mr. Hoar again interrupted Mr. For
aker, and directed attention to the dec
laration in the senate chamber of Thom
as Corwln,- of Ohio, during a debate on
the Mexican war, that if he were a Mex
ican he would welcome the Americans
■with bloody hands to hospitable graves.
He inquired if the people of Ohio did not
reverence the name and memory of Thom
as Corwin.
Mr. Foraker replied that the people of
Ohio did love to recall the memory of
Thomas CorwJn. but they realized", he
eaid. that in that great emergency he
made a profound mistake.
In response to a question from Mr.
Patterson (Col.), Mr. Foraker said that
there was not a single word in the sedi
tion laws adopted by the Philippine com
mission which would enable the authori
ties to touch any man who was loyal to
the I'nited States. In this reply he re
ferred particularly to an act that provid
ed that no secret society should advocate
any policy inimical to the government of
the Tailed States or to the control of the
Islands.
Mr. Tillman said that he had seen ;i
statement from Gen. Chaffec that prac
tically the entire Philippine population
was imbued with a hatred of Americans
"In view of this statement." said he,
must we continue this infamous, tyran
nical, British-South-African ." Then
hesitating a few seconds, he continued
"l'll stop right there, because I can't
find a word hot enough to apply to th<»
situation."
Will Wipe Them Out.
"I want to say to the senator and to the
senate." retorted Mr. Foraker, with great
vehemence, "that our army will never
come back from the Philippines until it
comes back victorious. That may as well
be understood now as at any future time.
Gentlemen may rail about in congress
and out. but it is a fact that all by this
Uroe ought thoroughly to understand."
Mr. Hoar concluded the debate of the
afternoon, and in the course of his re
marks paid a brilliant tribute to Thomas
Oorwin who. in the face of a hostile sen
ate had uttered the sentiment which he
had quoted earlier in the day. He de
clared that Ccrwln's name and memory
had become ore of the treasures of the
republic and that he had been placed
among the Immortals of this government
?The sreat questions now before the coun
try, he said, could be discussed tem
perately and calmly. It was a great qu es -
Ikm whether this powerful republic
rfhould crush the life out of a republic
modeled after our own government- it
a great question how the slaughter
Continued on Third Page.
free theater Pickets
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THOUSANDS ARE IDLE
SUFFERING AMONG WORKING MEN
IN SWEDEN AND NORWAY.
Special to The Globe.
STOCKHOLM, Feb. I.—There Is great
suffering among the unemployed in the
chief cities of Sweden and Norway. A
union of idle workmen has been formed
Jn Gothenburg, and the names of 5,000
persons have been enrolled. These fig
ures are unparalleled in the history of
that city. The situation in othel labor
centers is scarcely more favorable.
The town councils have been petitioned
to organize relief works to tide over
this period of depression. They are
blamed for want of foresight in failing to
provide means for carrying tne poor
through the severities of the present
winter-
RENEW OPPOSITION
POWERS DO NOT FAVOR RUSSO
CHIXESE MANCHIRIAN AR
RANGEMENTS
MAY RESULT IN POSTPONEMENT
Russia Is Reported as Trying to
Guilt Her Ends by the
Offer of Heavy
Bribes.
PEKIX, Feb. C—The British, American
and Japanese ministers here have renew
ed their opposition to the Manchurian ar
rangements between China and Russia,
It is probable that this action will re
sult in the further postponement of the
consummation of this treaty.
The powers opposing the Manchurian
treaty are now beginning to recognize
the force of the representations of the
Chinese plenipotentiaries that China is
making the best terms possible for her
self and incidentally for the equal rights
of the other nations in China, and are
shifting their protests to Russia- as the
responsible party. Paul Lessar, the Rus
sian minister here, is endeavoring to
maintain the transparent diplomatic lic
tion that the Manchurian treaty and the
Russo-Chine-se bank agreement are not
related. He has informed his colleagues
that the Russian government has no
official knowledge of the negotiations of
the Russo-Chinese bank. The Russian
agents are playing their parts with the
greatest regard for appearances, while
M. Lessar is arranging tne treaty with
China. The manager of the bank, M.
Pocatillo, one of the most able and
trusted of the Russian agents in the
East, is negotiating the bank agreement
with Wang We Shao.
In the light of the statements of Chi
nese officials, which were reported yes
terday, namely, that Russia insists upon
the simultaneous signing of the Man
churian treaty and the bank agreement,
the representations of M. Lessar fail to
carry weight. The native newspapers
are filled with stories that Russia Js
trying to gain her ends by offers of
heavy bribes.
Germany remains a disinterested spec
tator of the affair. Ching Chi Tung
the viceroy of Hankow, and Li Run YL
the viceroy of Nankin, continue their ef
forts against the treaty. They are co
operating with the Japanese minister.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press here has seen a draft of the
agreement. This provides that China
shall build all railways and develop all
mines in Manchuria. If she is unable
to command the capital she shall apply
to the bank. If the bank is unable or
unwilling to enter into arrangements
China may apply elsewhere for capital '
lne final clause stipulates that the
agreement shall in nowise impair the
existing rights of other nations which
clause is palpably nullified by the ore
ceding conditions. P
MINISTER BOYCOTTED
RODE OX STREET CARS AXD OF-
FEXDS COXGREGATIOX.
Special to The Globe.
BRAZIL. Ind., Feb. 6.-A unique boy
cott is reported from Cloverland, just
west of here. The minister, who is hold
ing a revival meeting at the principal
church there, made a trip to this city on
the street car, and as a consequence
only nine persons attended the service
last night, and the meeting will probably
close. His congregation is principally
laborers and their families, and they are
in sympathy with the street car strikers
THEARGHBISHOPSPEAKS
SAYS CATHOLICS DO NOT SIFFfHt
FOR REJLIGIOX.
WASHINGTON, Feb. &-Archbishop
John Ireland, of St. Paul, was the prin
cipal speaker at the alumni banquet of
the Carroll institute, held here tonignt.
He sought to disabuse his hearers of the
impression which he believed prevailed
among Catholics that they suffered be
cause of their religion, suggesting i n this
connection that many persons of that
faith appeared evidently anxious of being
half persecuted. He asserted that Cath
olics do not suffer because of their re
ligion, and said the idea that they did
is gradually disappearing. They have, he
said, a better chance of accomplishing
what they desired than formerly. In
stead of waiting until measures preju
dicial to their interests were adopted
they should protest against any alleg-d
infraction of their rights, and they would
be given respectful intention.
MARDI GRAS.
Car nival Opened Wltu a Brilliant
Parade and Hull.
NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 6.—The carnival
of 1902 opened with the pageant of the
Knights of Momus tonight. The subject
was Byron and there were eighteen mov
ing tabjeaux based upon well-known
poems. The parade was followed by a
brilliant ball at the French opera house.
The Austrian cruiser Szigetvar and the
auxiliary cruiser Buffalo head the visiting
fleet and the crowd is already im
mense.
for Qlobe Readers
FRIDAY MORNING. FEBRUARY 7, 1902.—TEN PAGES.
GAINSBOROUGH
SECRET IS OUT
DETAILS OF THEFT OF FAMOUS
PAINTING ARE MADE ~ ~ i
PUBLIC-
MAN WHO STOLE IT IS DEAD
Picture Was Cut Prom Its Frame in
Agnew Galleries in London,
and Was Concealed for
Fifteen Years.
WAS RECOVERED LAST APRIL
CHICAGO, Feb. 6.—Adam Worth, alias
Henry J. Raymond and known as the
"Xapoleon of Crime," is dead in London
and with the announcement of his death
today all the details of the discovery or
the famous Gainsborough painting were
made public in Chicago.
When the famous picture was restored
to its' owner in Chicago, last April, there
were many surmises as to the medium of
its return. William A. Pinkerton, wno
made the formal anouncement of the re
covery of the painting, refused to confirm
or deny any of the stories. Now that
Worth is dead, Mr. Pinkerton can speak,
as Worth gave him written permission to
reveal the Gainsborough secret after he
had died.
Wrapped in oil cloth, the canvas was
handed over to C. Moreland Agnew one
morning last April, in Chicago, by Worth,
who, twenty-five years before, had cut
the paining from its frame in the Agnew
galleries in London.
The return of the painting took place In
Mr. Pinkerton's private office. The owner
of lue picture hurried back to London for
fear tne United States authorities would
demand a customs duty on the worK
which had been secreted in this country
for fifteen years.
It was while in London that Worth con
ceived the idea of carrying off the
picture. His first plan was to rob the
Royal academy of its art treasure.
Then he changed his mind and directed
his attention to the Gainsborough paint
ing. Assisted by his partner, he climbed
into the Agnew galleries and one night
cut the painting from its canvass and
carried it away. Worth owned a steam
yaci.t and the canvass was taken aboard
and concealed until he sold the vessel
to Lord Lonstiale. Then he took the
picture to Paris and finally brought it
to America, where it was concealed for
fifteen years. In the~meantime Woitli
was arrested Jn Brussels and forced to
serve seven years.
Mr. Pinkerion» had known Worth tor
thirty years ,and two years ago he re
ceived a telegram telling him that an im
portant letter was at his home. The let
ter was from v. orth, who asked an in
interview. This was granted and Worth
said he was going to die and wanted to
"turn up" the Gainsborough picture In
order that his two children, who had been
educated in a convent, might enjoy tne
proceeds.
Through a hitch the picture was not re
covered at that time. Worth returned to
London and early last spring fultL.v,^ his
bargain.
ROBBED AND MURDERED
DEAD BODY OF FARMER FOUND AT
HIS HOME.
KANSAS CITY, Feb. 6.—Upon the dis
covery today of the dead body of George
Zimmerman, a farmer, sixty-three years
old, at his home near Morris station,
Kan , the Wyandotte county officers have
concluded that Zimmerman and two
other aged men, all recluses, have been
Taurdered in Wyandotte county since the
first of the year by the same persons,
and in each case it is believed the mo
tive has been robbery. Wednesday of
last week the dead body of Thomas Car
roll, an aged Hermit, was found in a well
near his home in Argentine. He had
been dead nearly a month, and. the cor
oner's jury decided that he had been
murdered. Two men and a woman are
in the Argentine jail pending an investi
gation of the mysterious disappearance
last week of Noah l>ong, another aged
recluse.
HE NEEDED THE MONEY
RI&SELL B. DRAKE DISCLAIMS
CRIMINAL IXTEXT.
TIFFIN, Ohio, Feb. 6.—Russell B.
Drake, the absconding insurance agent,
who was captured in Mexico after a two
years' chase, pleaded guilty to the charge
of forgery today, and was sentenced to
the penitentiary for seven years. Drake
claimed just before being sentenced that
he had been led to commit the crime be
cause of financial straits, and disclaimed
any criminal intent. He is predisposed
to consumption, and may not live to
serve out his time. The total amount of
his p2culations is about $30,000.
HOBSON WELL RECEIVED
BY THE SEW HAVEX BUSINESS
MEN'S ASSOCIATION.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., Feb. 6.—Capt.
Richmond P. Hobson, who was a guest
of the New Haven Business Men's asso
ciation tonight at their annual banquet,
was received with great enthusiasm. He
urged that the Monroe doctrine be ex
tended to the Filipinos and to the walls
of -Pekin, declaring tnat the United
States should insist that Europeans shall
not partition off China but open it up
to the trade of the world as the United
States opened up Japan. Among the dan
gers that face Europe he mentioned a
possible Slavic invasion, in the event of
which, he said, it would fall to the lot
of the United States to assist in saving
Europe from general war. Without a
relatively powerful navy, such action
would be manifestly impossible.
She Attractions
MISS ACKERMAN TO WED
« CAPTURED HEART AND HAND B t
RUSSIAN NOBLEMAN."
Special to The Globe.
CHICAGO, 111., Feb. ft-Annoimcement
of the engagement of Miss Jessie Acker
man, a traveling missionary for the Na
tional Woman's Christian Temperance
union, has been received at the national
headquarters. . Miss Ackerman is in Jap
an, and in her communication she says
she has been "captured, heart and hand
by a Russian nobleman." She says they
are to be married as soon as she finishes
the tour that she is now making The
name of the prospective husband is not
stated in the letter to the national presi
dent of the association.
Miss,.^Ackerman says the nobleman
saved her life some years ago while she
was giving temperance lectures in Rus
sia. She was attacked by a mob ana
would have been killed had it not been
for the appearance of the nobleman
NARROW ESCAPE
AT WEST TRIAL
FLOORS SPRISO BY THE LARGE
CROWD IN THE COURT
ROOM
SAGGED TWO INCHES IN PLACES
Bangs Claim* West Meant to Kill,
and That the Second Shot
Was Not Neces
sary.
Special <o The Globe.
GRAND FORKS, N. D., Feb. 6.—The
city of Grand Forks narrowly escape a
an accident today which, had it occurred,
would undoubtedly have cost a number
of lives. The crowd at the West trial
was so great that the floor of the court
rooms sagged and the plaster below is
Quite badly cracked. The crowd was the
largest that ever attended a trial in the
city. Every available inch of standing
loom was occupied, and the crowd was
so tightly packed in that advance or re
cession was impossible. The hallways
and stairways were crowded, though
those in such positions could neither see
nor hear anything that went on. It was
found after the session that the floor
had sagged two inches in spots, many
of the lower doors would not shut ana
the plaster is cracked in many places.
J here was probably no real danger that
the floor would be broken through, but
had its condition been understood and a
lew loud cracks been heard a panic coula
hardly have been averted. In the crowd
ed condition of the room the attempt or
the crowd to escape would have resulted
in fatalities.
Mr. Bangs concluded his first argument
at noon. He spoke with excellent ora
torical effect and appealed to the jury
not to permit the lawless habits of the
South with reference to carrying ana
using revolvers with which to avenge in
juries, reai or fancied, to prevail in this
peaceful state. He went "into the testi
mony in detail, and dwelt on the high
character of men wht» had testified to
facts which, in his opinion, -were incon
sistent with the theory of innocence. Up
referred to the fact that West had not*
fired the second time, and to the effort
of the defense to make it appear that
this was due to no desire to kill. He
contended that in the Southwest, where
defendant had lived, t a second ghot was"
not usually necessary, and the first dia
its work, as this had done.
Mr. Cochrane opened for the defense.
He brought tears to the eyes of the audi
ence by his reference to his own early
knowledge of the March boys, whom he
had seen week after week, g-o to the old
Westminster church in Minneapolis. He
paid a higli tribute to the character ot
the father, mother and surviving brother.
and said that with such ancestry afil
such associations there must have been
some good in Frank. This he knew to be
the case. But he pointed out that West
also had a father and other relatives to
whom he was dear, and that, in any
event, not sympathy for the dead or liv
ing should sway the jury, but simple jus
tice. That justice, he held, must demand
the acquittal of W. E. West on any
charge of wrongdoing:, and the establish
ment of the fact that he acted as a
peaceful citizen is entitled to act, in de
fense of his own person and life. The
speaker then began a review of the testi
mony, with comments thereon, and was
probably half through his address when
the evening adjournment was taken. It
is not yet certain whether Mr. Corliss will
speak, but if he does he will follow Mr.
Cochrane, and Mr. Bangs will close. The
jury may get the case tomorrow night,
but probably not until Saturday noon.
HI LI.ETIX OF
IMPORTANT NEWS OF THE DAY
Weather Forecast for St. Paul:
Fair; Colder.
I->"ew Tax Coile Is Introduced.
(•ainxborongh Secret Is Ont.
Glolie Building: Changes Hand*.
Mason's In pleasant Experience.
Progress of West Murder Trial.
2— Council to Investigate.
Plans for Better Schools.
No Phalen Park Extensioi
3—Bank Cashier Confesses.
Arid Land Reclamation.
Sews of the Northwest.
4—Editorial Comment.
Latent Political Moves.
5-Lennoii Will Quit. '
National Prepares for War.
General Sporting; News., :
Xo Down Town Park.
6—The Woman's Page.
Daily Short Story.
7—Day's Doings in . Minneapolis
Death Penalty Named.
. Carnegie Builds Laboratory.
S-Xews of the Railroads.
&—Grain and Provision Markets.
lO—Xew AVinerooni Law Passes.
Divorce Granted Mrs. Elnnod.
Chas. 2J. Jfanford ln"&he Naming ofiheJhrew/'
Melbourne ftlgcpowell in "£a fosca." rv r»
BIG REAL
ESTATE DEAL
GLOBE BUTLDING AND SUMMIT AV
ENUE APARTMENT HOUSE
CHANGE HANDS
CONSIDERATION IS $225,000
The Skyscraper Is Sold for 9153,000
and the Flats on St. An
thony Hill Fetch
#72,000.
DEAL WAS CLOSED YESTERDAY
One of the largest real estate deals
consummated \n St. Paul for a long time
was completed yesterday when the con
tract was signed for the sale of the
Globe building", at Fourth and Cedar
streets, to Jacob Leuthold Jr., of Kas
son, Minn., for a cash consideration of
$153,000.
The real estate firm of Frye & Jenkins
engineered the sale of the property, and
also at the same time the sale of the
magnificent apartment building at Sum
mit avenue and Summit place, to John
Leuthold, of Spring Valley, Minn., a
brother of the purchaser of the Globe
building. The price for the apartment
building was $72,000.
The Globe Buildinig company were the
owners of the Globe building, and the
apartment house was purcnasea from
M. J. O'Neil and August W&llentine,
Frye & Jenkins also acting in this sale.
John Leuthold will move to St. Paul,
and will have control of both the apart
ment building and the Globe building,
Messrs. Jenkins & Frye to have the
handling jot them.
Mr. Leuthold is planning seme exten
sive improvements that will be made in
the Gloge building, and will cost in the
neighborhood of $30,000. It is the inten
tion of the new owner to make the Globe
building one of the finest office building.?
in the city. It will be- thoroughly over
hauled and all the modern improvements
that are not now in the building will be
installed.
This is the only piece of St. Paul prop
erty of any importance that Mr. Leut
hold owns, and Mr. Frye said last night
that the purchase is made simply as an
investment, and that he will endeavor
to make .the Globe building attractive to
high class tenants.
The apartment house at Summit ave
nue and Summit place is conceded to be
_ one of the finest apartment houses in the
city, and as the- owner will have direct
charge of the building it promises to
make a model residence place.
The deeds have not been signed for
either deal as yet, but contracts binding
both deals have been signed by all the
parties to the transaction, and it will
be completed shortly.
HAD TROIJTHE SANDS
J. G. ALEXANDER'S MASONIC GRIP
SAVES HIM FROM
ARREST
FELL ASLEEP DTJBING SESSION
"When J. Q. Alexander, of the classic
village of Jasper, Minn., next visits St.
Paul, he will equip himself with, proper
credentials as to his identity, and if space
permits, a set of skeleton keys.
Mr. Alexander, who is a portly gentle
man and incidentally a prominent resi
dent of Jasper, visited St. Paul yesterday
and include in his piigrimage a call at
the Masonic headquarters In the L,owry
building. Tired with the day's jaunt, and
full with that feeling that comes with a
hearty supper, Mr. Alexander went to
sleep during the session and, strange to
relate, was not wakened fiom his nap
when the members adjourned at a late
hour.
It was just midnight when belated trav
elers and vigilant policemen saw out
lined in a window in the third story ol
the Fifth street side of the building a
bulky form, who divided some lively ges
ticulations and grimaces with a hoarse
roar in which "Help, let me out" and a
few other pleading sentences formed a
park. Following his exclamations that
ho had been locked In by the janitor the
officer attempted his rescue, but it was
a long and lonely vigil that the hapless
individual above kept before a friendly
saloon gave forth a screwdriver and the
tioor was removed from its fastenings.
Search failed to find the janitor or any
one that could secure access to the build
ing and it was considered a luck search
when the screwdriver was produced.
Officer Was Inqnisitive.
Profuse in his thinks and perspiring
from, his herculean efforts to regain his
liberty, the stranger was preparing to g3
away when the officer asked him for
some explanation as to his presence in
the building and something that would
show he was what he claimed to be, a
Mason.
"Can't produce anything, eh?" returned
the officer after a fruitless attempt on the
part of the now thc-roughly frightened in
dividual to produce something tangible.
"Well, I guess you'll have to come to the
station and tell your story."
"Don't," pleaded the stranger. "I am a
married man. I've never- be«n in such a
place before. Come to a hotel and I'll
prove to you that I'm a Mason."
With a crowd following and the luck
less individual in tow the Windsor hotel
nearby was visited. Here a round of the
guests was made and the query, "Are yoir<
a Mason?" given to every one In sigiit.
No one would answer and the stranger
was just preparing to sink into a chair
in despair, when a grinning individual in
the corner agreed to solve the difficulty. '
"Oh, no, not here," he remarked as the
fat man made a grab for his hand. "Just
step into the other room."
It was a smiling face that appeared a.
few minutes later and the officer was in
formed by the still grinning individual
that he guessed everything was all right.
All concerned then adjourned to the cafe
and refreshments and a substantial gift to
the officer followed.
PRICK TWO CEiVTS^{g^^
ZENITH CITY ANXIOUS
Vessel Owners of Lake Superior Port
Given a Hearing by the House
Committee on Tax Laws.
GREAT LOSS OF PRESTIGE IS FEARED
"Every interest affected and de
fcirinj; to be heard wiJl be «-iven a
fair chance if we have to continue
these hearings for two Treek«."—
Representative Carl Wallace, Min
neapolis. Chairman House Commit
tee on Taxes and Tax law.*..
The first of the momentous hearings on
the tax code proposed by the tax com
mdssion was givea yesterday morning by
the house tax committee. The hearing
was given in the hall of the house, and
almost to a man the entire house was
present. A delegation representing the
Duluth shipping interests told the com
mittee why the proposed vessel tax clause
should not be enacted.
The delegation included Oapt. Alexan
der McDougall, inventor of the whale- x
back steamer; Capt. J. T. Rose, Capt. D.
T. Helm, G. A. Tomlinson, vessel owner
and agent, and former Senator 11. R.
Spencer, author of the tonnage tax law
now in force. Beside the steamship men,
there were present A. D: Davidson, 11. B.
Moore, E. G. Swanstrom, representing the
city of Duluth. and H. Drvosctoak, Henry
Perault and Gordon O'Neill, representing
the Duluth trades assembly. Only the j
vesselmen submitted arguments yester
day morning. The labor representatives
from Duluth will be heard this morning,
and the Duluth grain men this afternoon. |
SENATOR J. J. RYDER,
The Gentleman From Polk.
The Duluth delegation was chaperoned
by Representative George R. Laybojrne.
The members of the delegation were so
concise in the statement of their objec
tions to the proposed tax that all had!
beer, heard an*< 3 subjected to a series of
questions from interested members of the
tax committee and the house generally,
that the hearing was concluded within a
half hour.
SPEXCER EiXFI.AI.YS
Dl'liUTH'S INTEREST.
Former Senator Spencer, the author of
the tonnage tax law. was the first speak
er introduced, and he explained fully the
interest Duluth has in preserving the
shipping, and how that interest extends
to the entire state. Senator Spencer said
that, prior to IS!>5, Duluth was the port
of tugs only. In January of that year
the entire Duluth registration represented
REPRESENTATIVE JACOBSO.\.
fifty-six small tugs, with a total tonnage
of 6,000 net tons. One of the local ship
yards built a large ship and the citizens
of Duluth wished it to hail from their
port. The company owning the vessel
very promptly Informed the petitioners
that its own state, West Virginia, im
posed no tax on vessels plying, interna
tional waters, neither tf'id New York.
The result of the conference was the in
troduction of the tonnage tax bill, ana
the constitutional amendments providing
for a specific tax, subsequently approved
by the people. The tonnage tax or 3
cents per net ten capacity, Mr. Spencer
said, was not large enough to drive the
ship companies away, and by dint of per
sonal solicitation on the part of the Du
luth men, the registration has steadily
increased. Last year tho vessels regis
tered at Duluth had increased from 56 to
288, with a total tonnage of nearly 300,
--000 net tons. Prior to 1895 he said the v es
gel taxes collected by the state amo tufted
to 3,038, last year they were 59,287.
In explanation of his statement that
any tampering with the tonnage tax will
pirn it ■mni
&he jtfnnouncement on
page2offfhistSssue
result in the loss of the entire tax to
the state, Mr. Spencer said: "Many of
you will naturally ask, why should the
vessel tax be fixed at a low rate when
other interests are taxed higher? Under
the laws of the United States a ship may
hail from any port Its owners choose.
The ship is registered at the selected port
and the name of that port is painted on
the vessel's stern. All the owner needs to
do to change his port is to re-register and
with five cents worth of paint change
the name on the stern of his ship. Our
tonnage tax law is so good that the Wis
consin legislature ecacted it word for
word. The registration of ships at a Min
nesota port should be a matter of state
pride, as it advertises the state around
the world. A ship built in Duluth and
||P
CHAPLAIN KXOLLES,
Of the House.
registered from the port of Duluth la
plying between San Francisco and the
Orient. In five years we will have at
least three times the tonnage n>w reg
istered at Duluth and no matter where
the vessel may go it will pay taxes In
Minnesota: 'i..c state's Income will be
increased to frcm between $20,000 and
$40,000 annually. Is it not better'to pro
vide for this increase than to cut it all
out by driving the ships away from Du
luth?
"It is a dollars and cents proposition to
the farmers, as well as a matter of civia
bill I Imß B> /%**&***■+/'*
SENATOR E. T. CHII/TOV.
prifle to the citizens of Duluth, to en
courage ship building in Minnesota. It Is
only the steamships' that make it possible
to ship their grain to the Eastern
markets. Another point which you
should consider is this fact: All of the
ships are owned by companies, most ot
them by joint stock companies. The
holders of the stock are scattered all
over the United States and pay locally
the taxes on their stock. The proposed,
assessment and taxation of vessels would
be a species of double taxation. There is
no question of the state donating any
thing to the vessel owners. '1 he dona
tion is entirely on the other side of the
fence. The tonnage tax is every cent of
it pure velvet. The vessel owners are do
ing the donating."
Touching the constitutionality of tho
tonnage tax law, Mr. Spencer said the
constitutional amendment passed by we
legislature in 1896 and approved by the
people is broad enough to permit the levy
of a specific tax on vessels and if the law
is re-enacted the people of Duluth will
be perfectly satisfied to take their
chances
M'DOI'GALL GIVES LEGISLATORS
STRAIGHTFORWARD TALK.
Capt. McDougall was introduced as tha
owner of the only American merchant -
vessel which ever carried the stars and
stripes around the world. Capt. McDoug
all laid considerable stress upon the im
portance of the lake shipping to the
state as a whole, but more particularly
confined himself to a prognostication of
Dulutli's future. Incidentally, he frankly
told the legislature that if the proposed
tax is enacted, he will be compelled to
take his ships to another port. He said
the ratio of the growth of the Duluth
tonnage is greater than that of any other
port in the world. He said the Duluth
shipyards are getting a grip on the ocean
Continued on Tenth Pose.

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