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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, April 06, 1902, Image 17

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BB»*a^Bßßgßrßggi 111 BaaMaBSaBBaMsJ
United States a Poorly Vaccinated Country,
WHILE it is difficult to account for the un
usual prevalence of smallpox in the United
States at the present time, there is one very
important fact that it seems to us well to
emphatftze, namely, that this is getting- to be a poorly
vaccinated country. There are two reasons Tor this;
one is that no effort is made to Stop tie mischievous
conduct of those cranks who parade under the name of
anti-vaccinationists, and the other is that in many in-
B vaccination is r.ot properly performed end a
" any people believe that they have been effectively
va.Hii.ut (i, who have not. In regard to the anti-vac
< ii.ationists, who are largely responsible for the present
use of smallpox, it is our opinion that they should
be denied the right of free speech upon a subject which
Ifew J^ight thrown on Coeducation,
& f
THE ne'v president of the Northwestern uni
versity. Dr. Edmund James, has uttere-i a
courageous word on tht subject of co-educa
tion; valuable because of its simplicity, jlear
ness and force, welcome because it expresses convic
tions that have already found lodgment In many minds.
AW- Ik lleve that Dr. James is wholly right in Baying that
a reaction is setting in against co-education in the in
stitutions of hightr learning. And this chang iis com
lns about not as a consequence of any thejry, but as
the product of a considerable cxrenence
I isistenee upon co-education was in Itself merely a
reaction. The higher education had beer, denied to
women for centuries. They were barred on the Insult-
Ing assumption that they belonged mentally to an order
>>:' citation inferior to man, and on the still more in
sulting and less frequently stated assumption hat their
moral nature would not stand the test ot such clote
association with the opposite sex.
It was Inevitable that the destruction of the old sys
t< •■. should be followed by another extreme; less iinjusc
Jhe Alfalfa Crop in the Northwest
AT present very little alfalfa is grown m the
Northwestern states. This means that very
little is grown in the states of Minnesota
and North and South Dakota. In Wiscon-
sin it is being grown in a few centers, and
In low am certain localities it has been successfully
grown. The chief reason why so little is grown in all
the states named is, that it has r.ot been tried, and
the chief reason why it has not been tried is the pre
vailing belief that it cannot be grown with much suc
cess. But there is the further reason that the necessity
for giowing it has not been much felt until re?eatly
in areas where native hay is plentiful and where um.il
■tly bran could be bought cheaply.
Alfalfa, is a plant of the clover family. la its feed
ing atgaXtles it does not differ greatly from common red
cloveg, I>l ll In seme respects is differs very materially
from i-lover in Its habit of growth. It- grows fiom
year lo year whenever established, and should retain
its hold upon the soil for several years, whereas red
ciovep under our conditions lives but two years. be
cause o!" the short life of the clover plant, it is a lavor
ite rotation plant, whereas because of the long life of
alfalfa it can scarcely be considered a rotation plant.
Under our conditions red clover usually furnishes only
two cuttings, whereas alfalfa from year to year should
Qrowing of Qarden flowers in Minnesota
lil-M.IKVE that with good care, plenty of sunshine
and rest all the ordinary garden dowers can be
«n>wn in St. Paul with good results. While
of course, our gardener has full charge of the
lawn and flowers, I personally superintend their
care, and experience has taught me that flowers want,
more than anything else, to be let alone. If they have
a 1 soil and plenty of it, are watered sufficiently and
eacn plant gets its share of sunshine, the result is sure
to !>•■ satisfactory. Of course, the plants have to he
studied. I sometimes think that plants hive as dis
tinct an individuality as human beings. It is well
known that what would suit one child would not do
at all for another and only in a less degree >s this
Working Women of America and Matrimony.
THE entrance of women into tho various indus
tries does not decrease tn-ivriag-'S in Massa
chusetts. Of each 1,000 women jiving in the
state in 1900, 1G.9 were inarned. in -.S6O, when
women had hardly entered upon industry here, it was 19.6,
and in IS7O it was 19.5. Clearly, a smaPer number of
v omen in proportion to our entire female population en
tered into marriage in Massachusetts in the latter ye:,r,
after forty years of the development of the industrial
employment of <»oin«n here, in n is r'^uad at the be gin
ning trf the period.
Bearing hi mind, however, that the nurabar of women
married to each 1,000 of the female population in Uie
/f<w to Civilize the Red brother
THERE is much to admite in the North Ameri
can Indian's unconquerable pride. I count
ii a virtue in that Northern chief who said:
"I will not clean the spittoons of the white
man's civilization." Hatred of tyranny is a
distinctly American attribute, and one that 'lestrve*
honorable consideration on the part of the interior de
partment. Only those who are besotted with the wine
of our cruel and uneasy civilization will condemn rankly
and contemptuously the love of liberty, no matter
whether in the heart of a brown man or of a red man.
There should be some way to conserve and turn to ac
count the lofty pride of the Sioux and tne Cheyenne.
When they lose their respect, they will sink to
vagabondage and beggary; to break them Is to destroy
them. Science has come to oar aid; we understand as
never before the constitution of a red man's mind. The
Apparent Recline in Our Exports
FEGURSS of the foreign commerce of th« lUilted
States in the eaiendar year 1901 shov/ an In
crease of imports and a decrease of exports.
Tho imports exceed by J51.27i,012 those of
3SOO, and by $39,490,201 those of any pieo«-<li?ig
calendar year, and the export figures are 512.565.134 less
than those of; 1900, when the high-water jnark w»s
made. „.,., . ... „-...>;..•• ;. : r, ■•
But is the «!t'ia«on as serious r.a it locks on the
face, or, : bettor still, is It serious In any ecnnoi the
has been proven to be so dangerous to the public health,
upon exactly the same ground that anarchists are de
nied the right of free speech upon the subject of schemes
for the destruction of government. The analogy, it
seems to us, is a close one between the small band
of misguided fanatics who believe that the opinions and
convictions of the vast naajorfty upon the subject of
government and social order are all wrong, and the
similar little band of i;e:-sons who declare themselves
as opixised to vaccination and believe that the convic
tions of the vast majority, who recognize what vaccina
tion has done in the way of stamping out smallpox, are
likewise all wrong. Both these classes of individuals
are a menace to the 3afety and welfare of the commun
ity in which they live, and they should be watcheJ and
ana hurtful, but none the less illogical. In fact, the
theory of co-education is founded on the assumption
of mental identity in the sexes; of absolute equality of
interest in the preparation for life; and this is exactly
as false and foolish in its kind as the assumption t*t a
fundamental superiority of one and inferiority o: the
other. It is taking a tremendous time for us si I to >>n
derstand that there can "be profound and radical dif
ferences without invidious distinction. A recognition
of it will probably be fatal to co-education as a gsueral
As Dr. .Tamps points out. the objections at nrst
raised against it have proved themselves iule. They
were, a.s we have <=een, part of the idiotic generaliza
tions of ages when masculine airs were as intolerable
as those of the woman .suffragists are to lay. It has
not appeared that women are incapable of doing true
college work anil doing it well, but quite the contrary.
H lias not proved true that young men and young wom
en cannot be trusted to observe proper relations to one
another where social intercourse is free. And yet co-
furnish two and three crops. Where red clover will
grow readily, it is not so greatly important that alfalfa
shall be grown, but in many parts of Minnesota and
the Dakotas, red clover has not proved a success. If
alfalfa could be made to grow in these, it would prove
a substitute for clover.
The important reason for the effort to grow alfalfa
in all the Northwest is found in the fact, thnt like
• lover and bran, it is a protein food, and because of
this, it may be used to help to keep other fooiis in
balance. At the present time our foods are cur of
balance. The proportion of carbohydrates is quite too
large for the proportion of the pio:e:n foods. Cf the
former class are corn, the straw of small grains and
timothy hay, also corn and corn fodder and mit'et.
There is Dp ditliculty of growing these in any part of
the Northwest But it is not so easy at prasent to
grow enough of the protein foods to balance these. The
protein foods are such as alfalfa, clover, peas, cow-
P' is, soy beans and vetches, also wheat bran. Because
of the great demand for wheat bran to balance the
other class of foods, it has gone away up in prir^e,
hence the imperative necessity for growing other pro
tein foods.
The writer does not share the common view thnt
alfalfa is not likely to be a successful crop in the
true of plants. Some plants need petting; others are
reserved and demand only to lie let alone.
I have always been particularly interested in tho
growth of r ilms. Nobody who has watched their
growth and has had anything to do with the care of
those gorgeous tropical plants can fail to take a deep
interest in them and even to have an affection for
them. Spending the greater part of our winters as we
do in Southern countries I have had an excellent op
portunity for observing these plants in their native soil.
St. Paul women complain frequently that palms will
not grow for thtm: that, in time, the leaves get brown,
curl up and soon the whole plant is dead. in their
treatment of these plants I think the owners are apt
to forget that the palm, like all other plants, breathes
state at large was 16.9 in 1900, we find th.? corresponding;
figures for Fall River, Lowell fid i.aw*«.'iic? each, clttea
in which large numbers of women are industriously, em
ployed, to be, respectively, 19.8, 21.2 and 20.4.- In Holy
oke the figure was 17.4, and in Boston also, where large
numbers of women find remunerative employment, the
figure is 21.1. The general rule seems to hold in Massa
chusetts that the number-of women married out of the
entire female population is greatest in the industrial
cities and towns and lowest in the places where women
have the least opportunity for employment, and, of
course, the least opportunity for coming into social con
tact with the opposite sex.
Comparisons made some time ago for the census y.ar
IFBS showed conclusively that the presence of women
philosophy erf evolution has broadened our conception
of~fhe universe, and in our dealings with primitive men
religious bigotry and race hatred should no longer en
ter. The greedy man, on the one hand, and the fanatic,
on the other, have too long confused the situation for
the Indian.
The allotment of lands in severalty which began in
laud-lust and is being carried to the bitter end by
those who believe a Stone Age man can be developed
into a citizen of the United States in a single genera
tion, is In violent antagonism to every wish and innate
desire of the red man, and has failed of expected
results, even among the Southern Cheyennos, where the
land is rich and climate mild, because it presents a
somber phase of civilized life.
I will group the families of each tribe on the water
courses of its reservation in little settlements cf four
term? 7s tbe reduction In exports real or only appar
ent? Dees the increase of imports mean any reduction
in tho activity of the American manufacturer in sup
plying tire home market, or does it mean the reverse?
, The principal manufacturers' materials imported are
chemicals, copper, fibers, rubber, Egyptian cotton, silk,
hides and skins, and, tins. Of these, chemicals show an
increase of over three millions; cotton, afoout one mil."
Jit>n -loliara; hides and skins, about four millions: silk,
about ■ etsSH>mttti«iv' ana copper about ten million*.
prevented from disseminating their dangerous dectrine
as far as possible, and especially should they be pre
vented from holdng public meetings. There are al
ways in every community a considerable number of per
sons who from motives or' mere idle curiosity w.ll at
tend such meetings and who are often easily persuaded
through specious arguments, based upon false logic and
mis-statement of facts, to believe what they htir as
eertel, and who in thtir turn will influence other", and,,
thus from small beginnings much evil may result.
In regard to vaccination, we stated above that we
believ? 1 that this simple operation was too rfiejp not
properly performed. Too many physicians ar? con
tented to scratch th<? patient's aim, rub in a little of
the most conveniently obtained vaccine and then give a
education has failed to make its title clear *.o many
Ihoi'srhtful educators and to a great mass of thoughtful
The reason is just the simple di one which the icono
clasts so absurdly ignore; it is the existence of a line
of demarcation between the sexes, denoting difference; a
line wnich nature has fixed, and which no human institu
tion can possibly erase. The fact that the sexes ara
fundamentally different; that each is, without inferiority,
the complement of the olher; that this beautiful adjust
ment, which laughs at the attempt to create Identity
out of difference, is as ineradicable, as unchangeable as
Hi.' physical differences of constitution and function, is
the ultimate governing truth. We ought to have started
from it. No matter where we do start or what route
we follow, we will come back to it in the end.
Facing this fact, the objections to co-education ap
pear. Cine is that the essential difference between the
futures of the sexes after leaving < o'.lege requires a dif
ference in both the subject matter and the methods of
the college course. The weakness of co-education here
Northwest. At the same time it is certain that in
many parts of the Northwest ir ntej not be tried, but
in certafra other parts we see no good reasons why it
may not be made to succeed. Of the former class
arc .sandy soils, underlaid with sand or gravel, and
distant from Bheet water underneath. Such soils are
£0 dry that alfalfa would likely perish in them tht first
season. <Jf the latter class are loam soils, underlaid
with clay that is not too retentive, that is to say.
clay that is not of the hard-pan order. When once
established on such lands, alfalfa should live for many
years. Such soils axe scattered all through the North
west niid aggregating on the whole many millions of
acres; hence, it is my conviction, that alfalfa ol one
kind or another will yet be grown on millions of acres
of Northwestern soils. To bring about si*eji a consum-
mation, or to try to bring it about, the writer has be
gun an alfalfa crusade, and hopes to be able to keep
it up until we shall know where this plant can be
successfully grown in all the Northwest.
Some few trials of the pTant have, been made in
Southern Minnesota which have proved quite success
ful. In Carver county the German farmers have grown
small areas of it with entire success. The writer has
just come in touch with a farmer near Victoria, who
has grown a small plot of it for twenly-thrte succes-
through the leaves. If these leaves become clogged up
with dust and grime fresh air cannot reach the plant.
It soon becomes pale and listless and in time dies. The
palms, in Southern countries, grow out of doois, of
course.' The heavy, tropical lams, the wind and the
sun are all .cleansers, and the plant by them is kept
in a healthy condition. But up North here the palms
are kept^in the house during the winter and they aro
exposed to dust and the cjry ht*at of furnaces. ' The
dust, especially, is bad for the plant because it covers
the leaves and fills up the pores,. To keep the plant in
a healthy condition, every, leaf should be washed off
separately each day. Warm milk makes an excellent
wash for those plants, for the milk is not only a nour
isher, but it makes the leaves bright and glossy. Kero-
in industry in large numbers did not in Massachusetts
reduce the proportion of hirths or marriages, nor in
crease the number of deaths in the cities and towns
wherein they wer^ most numerous. For in fifty cities
and towns having large percentages of women at work,
with 64.3.) per cent of the total population, there were
6U.99 per cent of the births. 69.18 per cent of the mar
riages and but H3.53 per cent of the deaths.
The percentage of single f<-mules of all female?? was,
in 1875, 53.41. in IWS 53.59, showing no material changes.
The considerable number Of surplus women here, some
times alluded to, comprises not those who have never
married, but is largely widows.
But while this is true, marriage among women in
general in the state has been somewhat retarded. The
or five families, with their lands outlying, instead of
forcibly scattering them over tin 1 bleak and barren up-
Jamis. Each reservation should be divided into dis
tricts, not too large, and a really competent mar. em
ployed to personally teach the red man how to plow,
sow and reap. This essential part of the service is
sadly inefficient. The "farmers" of the various agen
cies I have visited, are either ignorant or slothful, or
they are so burden-ed with duties around the agency
corrals, that they are hardly ever of marked rse to
the red men.
Wherever a tribe has a peculiar natural appetite for
an art as canoe-builuing, weaving, basket-making, or
pottery-baking—the department should send among
them a teacher capable of rescuing perishing forms and
symbols, and able also to develop new forms built upon
the old.
Rubber, while it shows no increase in value, has ac
tually increased over five million pounds in quantity
imported; and fibers, while not increasing in value,
have increased about twenty-five thousand tons in quan
tity. In manufactures and luxuries, the chief increase
ts tn diamonds^and other precious stones, of which the
importations are about tea millions "tn excess of last
year. Manufactures of jute also show an increase of
nearly five millions, feathers and artificial flowers a
million, art works a million, tobacco two millions, and
wines and spirits about two millions in value.
Thus It will be seen that the largest increase la
3y &r' 3urnsi(^e foster
certificate of effective vaccination. This is not only
wrong, but in our opinion it is little short of criminal.
Vaccination, in order to be effective, must result in
the production of the disease known as vaccinia, which
has certain typical manifestations which only the phys
ician is competent to recognize, and no certificate of
vaccination should be given unless this disease his betn
produced. It cannot be too strongly emphasized that
a sore arm, or a, sore leg, as the case may b>, efter
vaccination, is by no means proof that the vaccination
has been effective. On the other hand we arc con
vinced that in many cases a badly inflamed arm and an
ulcerated sere, which are absolutely unnecessary i
of properly performed vaccination, are to be tax> v .:s
evidence that the vaccination has not been effective.
By Joseph Q. pyle.
is its inability to provide for the element of unlikeness.
Another is the increase of social distractions and dis
sipations inseparable from the close association o:' young
men and women in daily life, but irrec Micllably hCatile
to the severe absorption of th.' mind in its oceuivations
that is necessary to the highest and most helpful dis
To some extent these conditions might be softened
or removed by adjustment and regulation. Not SO with
the Interest, charm, attraction which each sex k<u for
the other at this time of life. We refer now only to
feelings and impulses that are not merely proper, but
that are highly delicate and beautiful as well ; >s In
evitable. They are as much a part of human nature
as are the facial differences between men and women.
Where daily association is close, this mutual att action
must, to a considerable extent. Occupy the mind. Out
of it may come and often hay.- come the most indis
soluble attachments. tin- happiest r< lationa of a life
time. But it is Inconsistent with that concentration upon
mental pursuits which is the price % of education in its
By Thomas Shaw,
sive years without reseeding it. This fact la greatly
significant. It tells us that in one place in Mini
the alfalfa plant will live for a score of years,
th:s means that anywheie south from St. Paul in
our state, where the soil conditions are right, tin- <li
niatie conditions are such that alfalfa may be made to
live for a score of years. The write* never had any
serious concern as to soil conditions. The concern was
rather ocr climatic conditions, for it is a fact that
conr.mon alfalfa will not live over winter in certain
areas at least, north and northwest from St. Paul.
To obviate this difficulty, our cor.*:>any has just
iir.ported 1,5<X1 pounds of the Turkestan variety from
Central Asia. This is bting distribute:! in small quan
tities in all parts of the Northwest, or at least in
parts far from each other, in the hope of making a
km cess of this variety. If such should be the nsult,
the value of this plant to the Northwest could not
easily be o\ erestimated. Our experience with this va
riety of alfalfa is rot altogether new, for we have
tested it in our own experience for two years past It
i-j unquestionably a hardy variety and will live where
the common alfalfa will not, and where r<xl clover
will not stand the winter. If the farmers will co oper
ate with us, and doubtless they will, it should --Hit take
many years to determine where this plant will grow
By Mrs. A. p. ie)allich.
sene diluted in water we have also used and find it an
excellent wash. A few oysters pot down in the soil
are also good for most palms.
We set out the ordinary garden flowers the latter
part of May, for by that time the frost is out of the
ground, and it is not apt to coma back to blight t Im
plants. The tulips are set out first of ali, and then
the scarlet geraniums. The latter need less water than
any other garden flowers, for when the geraniums are
watered too frequently, instead of blossoming, the tlants
spread and there is nothing but the foliage. Bweet
peas require more soil than any other out-of-door flow
er, I think, and for this reason they are not satis
factory flowers to grow in window boxes. In my
garden I have the imported German roses. These How-
By /f C. isHadlin,
Chief of the Massachusetts Bureau of £abor.
average age of women making first marriages is now
24.5, as against 23.5 thirty >ears as<->, and whereas about
20 per cent of al! women marrying was tin n and
only about I~> per cent i.s now under 20. But even this
retardative influence works out just above those aged
SB. For example, of all women marrying, 91.88 per cent
were then under 36, as against 99.83 per cent now, a.
merely fractional change.
The figures cited show, however, that the decline in
the general marriage rate in Massachusetts cannot bo
directly traced to the entrance of women Into industry.
Whoever studies the question of the effect of ».i c in
dustrial employment of women on the marrium<; relation
will ne?d to go deeper than ihe mere question of rnax
»iage rate.
By Jfamlin CJarland.
Schools should be established in each "farm dis
trict," which should be at once boarding and industrial
schools, like those at Colony and Red Moon, Oklahoma,
and these schools should displace all sectarian and non
reservation schools whatsoever, and all forcible trans
portation of pupils to Eastern schools should instantly
Wherever a red man tak<-s his allotment ho should
be considered a citizen, free to come and go as ho
pleases, subject to the same general laws as his white
neighbor. He should be allowed to visit other raw rva
tions and intermarry with other tribes; he will never
intermarry to any extent with the whites; ho ought
not to do so if he could.
There are not wanting those who say cynically:
"Why take all this trouble? There are only a couple
of hundred thousand of the redskins; let 'em die!"
By 0. P. jfustin.
imports is in manufacturers' materials, showing that
the anufacturers in 1501 have been busier and used Urger
quantities than ever before of the material which they
must obtain from abroad;" while the increase in manu
factures and luxuries is almost exclusively in those
articles composed of materials not produced In the
United States.
There is good reason to believe that the decrease in
the exports of manufactures is temporary, or at least
will not be so strongly marked in the current year
•8 in the year just ended. Copper exports in Upcem
ber. 1901, were as great as tn D«c«nber, 1900, aad tb«
Editor oj the St. paut ftlzdical Journal.
In otht r words we are i>y bo means sure that .
streptococcus or staphyfococcue Infection do - • t de
stroy the vaccine virus. it may, certainly, do poei
tively stated that these condlttona are
of contaminated vaccine or of an Improperly performed
vaccination and that they may be an l should • • ivoid
ed. The typical vaccine \ • - not ulc« i
physician should see to it that h»- uses only fr 3
cino frt>m a reliable manufacturer, and he sbotii 1 insb-t
upon Insjtecttng every patient whom ho has vai touted
in seven or eight days after the vaccination n ■ been
performed; and tinier he is satisfied thir .1 tyi ■ il vac
cinia has been producad he should repeat the
tion. In this way only can immunit) against -■■•.nall
pox be ussiii'r.i.
best sense. It is just as true of the mind is st is in
physics, tli.it two objects cannot occupy thr same space
at th<> same tim>\
if our moii*-rn higher education were i Uttli a rer >f
its own ground, if H were leaa solicitous and sloppy, it
would have felt tbe Influence of this distraction more
severely than it has. But that it hjas produced .is effect
is evidenced by a more or le3B universal and certainly
growing discontent with co-education as measured by
results. No one will ever propose to curtail th ■
UonaJ opportunities offered t i women. No one will
close to h.r any avenue of mental culture. No ■m.?
will sn'k to separate ti>.- sexes on th<- low ground of
distrust or of relative superiority and inferiority. But
it will appear more and more clearly thai
which Involves th«> assumption of Iden mental
interest and of life plan In men and wo
wasteful and impossible. These tx I Im
mutable ones, established by nature nei
lie that co-education will !>■
ptlon rather than a rule of the highei <■
Professor of Jfnimal husbandry. State Agricultural School.
It is a great matter to gel alfalfa through the first
winter.. Then It is that the greatest danger exlat3. if
the plants survive the first winter, they ar« likely to
live Indefinitely. While we don't known certainiy tin*
bed methods of sowing alfalfa under our conditions, it
Is now pretty certain that the following method Is at
least a good one: The ground la better plowed in
Ihe fall than in the spring, and it ought to te clean.
The seed may be sown by hand or with a seel sower,
end covered with a harrow. Not lea* than hrteen
pounds per acre of the seed ought to be sown, li should
then be mowed about twice during the summer to en
courage root development. The mower ought to be
Bet high, and what is cut should be allowed to mulch
the ground. Tbe last rutting should be early enough
to allow it to go into winter with a growth ol ut least
tight or ten inches above -ne ground.
Alfalfa la not ;i pasture plant. It is U>;
i" be fed as green food to dairy cows. But i
istnred by swine. il should with ::s give two or
three cuttings a yjesr, and when properly <-iir i. the
Quality of the hay Is excellent. The plants tlso en
rich the soil. They draw nitrogen from the air, and
iKintf a very deep-rooted plant, much of the
meni is gathered In tie 3ubsoll.
i $ i Expert floriculturist.
C/i/s/ of the United States fiureau of Statistics.
Editor of he Seattle posi-^nialiioanr.ar.
era are most satisfactory, for they bloesom frequently
and bcs m to thrive to a Northern climate. i
twenty-five oleander tree*, both white and red.
of these are new plants and others are slips i
Urn old ones. They grow with rerj little care
is another flower thai i I aye found m
factory. As a decorative plant. ! do not think
is surpassed even by th" roM.
By tkc latter part of May the gardens In Bt. Paul
should be in bloom, asd they should continue In
until early in October. With wise care there
er be a week in summer when the garden is not
brightened by healthy, growing plants. The care and
training uf those plants i.s one or the pi tasks.
1 know.
A scientific comparison, which would eoneliiHi .-«•]>• de
termine the factor which the industrial employment of
■women plays in the case, would be a comparison cf tlie
marriage rate among Immigrants devoted to agriculture
or merely household employments before coml:i^ h< r»»
with the rate in the next generation, und-r ay. ritral
industrial environment or a similar comparLso-i in ;»
stable population, II such could be found of th<» condi
lions existing before and after industrial dtvl >prnint.
It is. however, Impossible to obtain data at hand for
such comparisons and it is sullloicnt to summarize \«-hat
I have haul in the sentence with which I close. I can
find no evidence that in the industrial development of
Massachusetts the presence in indu.stry^of, wom..n ha 3
operated to lead them to remain single.
t t t i Author.
To such words wo reply: As a nation, wn can't aftortl
to rest under the stigma of Inhuman cruelty. T.hwse
red men are on our conscience and cannot by ar.y tasy
shift be put away. They arc survivals In our midst of
the Stone Age; they are not to blame for their Inelas
ticity of habit; moreover they ha^vo many admirable
qualities. We are answerable for them, just aa we are
answerable for the black man's future. As the domi
nant race, we have dispossessed them; we have pushel
i-in to the last ditch— will be their gr:ive, un
has we. lay aside rrtted and religious prejudice ami go
to them as men and brother*, and help them to un
derstand themselves and th*-ir problems; asal only when
we give our best to th«so red brethren of oura, do
we justify ourselves us the dominant race of t:ie West
cm continent-
total exports of manufactures in December, 1301, ner*
(886,98 In excess of December, IW9.
■ - ... .
To sum UP . this brief review of the year's com
merce. may be said la a sir.. • sentence (1) that ilia
excess of.lropoi-la lias been altogether la manufacturer*'
materials or m articles which arc not tir.vlui-rd in th«
UniteU'. States, and (2) thai tli« : •.';!-:ciJon in uxporta
ha» Been confined to. two classes of articles, in which
th« reduction wan due to abnormal con-Jit'ons, nml la
no way ait * Indication that the popularity of Ameri-
can productsha? devreaseu In.any part of the co;a
iflertial:wotiii;'' v "

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