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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, May 24, 1902, Image 1

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VOL. XXV.—NO. 144.
Practically, If Not Literally,
According to the Belief
in London
London and Pretoria Discreetly
Guarding Against Premature Ac
tion or Announcement—British
Terms Reported Liberal.
LONDON, May 23.—There is every
reason to believe that peace in South
Africa is practically secured. How soon
lt will be announced depends apparent
ly more upon the convenience of the Boer
leaders than upon the inclination of the
British government.
The private and oilicial advices received
tonight in London from South Africa all
point to the same conclusion. The delay-
Is technical, and to end the long .war
Stems to be the desire of both British
and Boer leaders. The latter, however,
are unable to convince all their follow
ers of the wisdom of acquiescing to the
terms of peace.
Information as to what transpired at
today's meeting of the cabinet is closely
guarded, but It is not likely that the cab
inet transactions were of vital im
portance. The surmise of one well in
formed person places the sum total of
the deliberations of the cabinet ministers
at a decision regarding points of the
peace agreement of entirely minor im
For Use of Boer Lenders.
'Another surmise is that the cabinet has
merely sent a rather mock ultimatum to
South Africa which can be used by the
Boer leaders in explanation to their
Both these surmises probably contain
an element of truth, but neither can in
any way. affect the widespread belief in
the best informed quarters that the end
of the war has come.
Were the Boers a thoroughly disciplined
force, dependent upon the action of their
general officers, peace would probably be
proclaimed tonight; but Botha, De Wet
and the other generals seem themselves
unable to positively guarantee the de
gree to which their example will be fol
The delegates at Veeringen, according
to information in possession of the war
office, are evenly divided. J Consequently
extreme precautions are exercised both
in London and Pretoria to prevent any
premature action or report which might
adversely influence the burghers.
The most pessimistic forecast heard to
night only admits that a few isolated
bands of irreconcilables may be left In
the field.
A member of the house of commons,
who is In close touch with the govern
ment, said tonight that he believed
everything was settled and that the
British terms would be found unexpect
edly liberal.
What the Boers Demand.
It is understood -that the Boer demand
for independence has now been completely
abandoned, but that certain points con
cerning amnesty, compensation and rep
resentative government were submitted to
the cabinet, together with minor matters,
and that at the meeting of the cabinet
committee the government's reply to these
points was prepared and that this reply
was cabled Ito Pretoria.
None of the points at issue are regarded
as imposing an insuperable barrier to the
early conclusion of peace.
The Daily News claims to give the Boer
demands as follows: , .
First, either an immediate grant of self
government, or, failing that, to fix a date
for the establishment of self-government;
second, in case self-government be de
ferred, that the Boers should be entitled
to advise with their temporary rulers;
third, amnesty for the rebels; fourth, per
mission to retain their rifles for defense
against the natives; fifth, permission to
retain their saddle horses; sixth, a guar
antee that the natives should not be
treated upon an equality with white men;
and, seventh, that no limit shall be plac
ed upon the money for rebuilding and re
stocking the farms. /
The News is of opinion that with ex
ceptions in the matters of. self-govern
ment, the retention of saddle horses and
the right to advise with their rulers.. the
answers to these demands will be gener
ally of acquiescence.
Berlin Hears It, Too.
BERLIN, May 23.— foreign office
here has been advised tonight from Pre
toria that peace in South Africa is prac
tically concluded. The articles of sur
render are ready to be signed, with the
exception that the approval of the
British cabinet of the wording of the
secondary provisions Is awaited. I The
suspension of hostilities may be an
nounced at any hour.
Holding Out for Independence.
PRETORIA. Transvaal. Thursday, May
22.—The feeling here, which has been de
cidedly pessimistic for several days, is
now more cheerful, though no real news
of the conference between Lord Kitch
ener and Lord Milner and the Boer dele
gates has been allowed to leak out. It
is known, however, that the delegates
came to Pretoria as the result of a
complete deadlock at Vereeningen, where
the Free Staters held out for indepen
dence and the majority of the Trans
vaalers, though anxious for peace, re
fused to abandon their allies. This is
the cause of the Boer delegation being
now here. .
It was at first thought that the dele
gates would merely report a refusal to
accept the British terms.- Everybody ex
pected them to depart immediately, and
that, hostilities would actively recom
mence. To the general surprise, how
ever, the delegates are still here and the
hopefulness of today is the outcome of
the general conviction that some arrange
ment is pending which may solve the
difficulty at Vereeningen.
- i^
Daughter of Grand Forks Attorney
Swallows a Candy Marble.
Special to The Globe. ffrrfi
GRAND FORKS, N. D., May 23.—
five-year-old daughter of F. C. Massee,
a prominent attorney, was choked to
death today by swallowing a candy
The Sant Paul Globe
! Weather for St. Paul and Vicinity
Showers and cooler; fair Sunday.
Over, IOC miners are killed by an ex
plosion at Fernie, B. C.
Three lives are lost in the cloudburst
at Decorah, lowa, and damage will reach
Prompt action of woman with a lasso
saves young boy's life at Chicago.
Presbyterian general ap^-Qibly gives,
an emphatic declaration on the marriage
and divorce question.
Ex-Lieut. Gov. T. B. Dunstan, of Mich
igan, dies in Chicago.
Mrs. Lease, cf Kansas, is granted a di
Michigan Congregational society would
put ban on St. Joseph marriages.
President Roosevelt and patty are en
tertained by Rochambeau mission aboard
the Gaulois. * .
The city of Quezaltenango, Guatemala,
is found to have been entirely destroyed
in the recent earthquake, thousands of
lives being lost.
Early announcement of peace in fc'cuth
Africa seems inevitable.
The president revokes the order under
which Gen. Miles had charge of th» war
department in the absence of the secre
Agricultural department shows the
acreage, production and value of cereals
in 1901.
Mrs. Maud Sanletto, a domestic, -ound
half conscious in a pool of water, sup
posed to be an attempted suicide.
Supreme court hands down eleven de
cisions; iron molders retain Labor day
Memorial day will be better observed
in city schools than ever before.
Coliseum association is directing its
energies to assuring success of newspa
per men's benefit vaudeville programme.
"the public baths will be opened a week
from today.
Memorial day will be better observed
in city schools than ever before.
Many applications are being received
for positions as-teachers in August state
teachers' examinations.'
The Mississippi river rose fourteen
inches yesterday and is expected to rise
two feet more in the next few days.
Mary McNally, known as "Mary Ann
the Gun," who died in Chicago a few
days ago, had a criminal record in St.
The American Baptist Publication so
ciety concludes its sessions by electing
most of its former officers.
Grand avenue residents in mass meet
ing denounce vigorously council's ac
tion in street car ordinance matter anil
urge mayor to veto it.
Schadle-Smith stock sale suit takes up
day before Judge Brill.
Triennial convocation of Norwegian
Lutheran synod opens. \ "
Louis Anderson escapes from Central
police station through chimney.
Trial of Officer Norbeck set for Tuesday
despite hard fight by bis attorneys.
Sixth district Democrats insist Judge
Bruner must run for congress.
Week's business operations were dis
turbed by the labor troubles.
Dullness to the point of stagnation pre
vails in stocks.
Bears stir up the wheat market the
latter part of the session.
Northern Pacific's weekly crop report
shows that wet weather still prevails
throughout the Northwest.
New train service inaugurated between
Omaha and St. Paul on the Omaha road.
Mr. Hill is said to have approved im
provements of the Burlington property
at an outlay of several millions.
St. Paul defeats Columbus in a ten
inning game. Score, 10 to 4.
Brooklyn handicap will be run at
Gravesend this afternoon.
Tommy Noonan, injured in prize fight
at Boston, dies, and Eddie Dixon afaarg
ed with manslaughter.
Young Corbett gets decision over Kid
Broad at Denver at end of fast ten
rounds. ■''--.
Jeffries and Fitzsimmons sign final
articles of agreement.
Grand— Volunteer Organist," 2:30
and 8:15.
Star—Cracker jack Burlesquers, 2:30 and
Lexington Park. St. Paul versus Colum
Baptist annivedsaries convention, First
Baptist church.
Port. Arrived. Sailed.
New York Cymric.
Liverpool ...-Germanic . ....Ultonia.
Glasgow x *3a rmatian.
Cherbourg Columbia.
Plymouth ...Patricia Kiautschou.
r Queenstown .V. England.
Moville .............Parisian.
Moville ..Furnessia.
Liverpool .............Celtic.
New York....La Savoie.
Liverpool .... ................Germanic.
New York,,.. Galabra.
Mind Falls From Overwork and the
End Conies in a Michigan
FLINT, Mich., May 23.—Herbert L.
Brice, a patient at Oak Grove, com
mitted suicide today by hanging in the
Turkish bath department, of the institu
tion. Brice was suffering from me an
cholla and was received last fall from
Lima, Ohio.
Mr. Brice was a half-brother of the
late Senator Brice and a prominent at
torney of Lima. He was thirty-seven
years of age. He assisted in the settling
up of Senator Brice's estate. His mental
forces began to fail last fall from over
. - _ ■ -«~
Montana Man Denies That His Atti
tude Has Changed.
HELENA. Mont.. May 23.—Gov. Toole,
who arrived home today from Wasning
ton, D. C. denies the report that he has
changed his attitude on the merger
question. ■ | ....
"The only basis for the publication,"
said the governor, "was a statement by
me that inasmuch as four cases were
pending to test the validity, of the
merger, Montana for the present .would
be content to await the result and for
the future she would be guided !)y tne
facts as they were developed.
Fortune for a Hospital.
NEW TOBK, May 23.—Mrs. Collls P.
Huntington has offered" $100,000 to the
general mem*rial hospital for the treat
ment of caacer and allied diseases for
pathological purposes. '.«,*7; -y •■-:-
Three Are Dead as a Result
of the Cloudburst at
Decorah, lowa
Houses and Barns Are Swept Away
and the Map of Town Is Changed
by the Deluge— Run
ning High With Water.
Special to the Globe.
LA CROSSE, Wis., May 23.—The flood
that swept through the town of Decorah,
lowa, Wednesday, caused the loss of
three lives, and did property damage to
the extent of over half a million. That
the town and all its inhabitants were not
swept out of existence is little less than
miraculous, according to the stories of
eye witnesses who reached this city to
day. Following a cloudburst near 'he
town a great fall of water, twelve to
sixteen feet high, swept down upon the
town of Decorah without a moment's
Houses, bridges, trees, everything in the
path of the wave went down before it.
Wires in all directions were destroyed,
and from that time tp<j town has been cut
off from communication with the outside
world. Forty miles of railroad tracks,
principally that of the St. Paul road, was
swept away, and those who witnessed the
devastaton express the belief that it
will be two weeks before a train can
reach the place.
Deluge Changes Map.
The deluge changed the map of the
Xy -=_"> - ■J*k- <CmX> ■-.
-^ss^f> '
town, cutting channels where formerly
houses stood, washing great sections out
of streets, picking up dwellings and
dropping them several blocks from their
original site.
Two of the victims who lost their lives
were John Garver and a child of Mrs.
Charles Clark. Garver died from shock
and exposure when he was swept from his
home and found himself unable to regain
entrance to if. Mrs. Clark grasped her
child in her, arms when she heard the
flood sweeping down upon them, and
started to run for a place of safety. The
frightened little one struggled from her,
and she was swept away while the
mother was nearly drowned.
Scores of persons had narrow escapes,
many taking refuge in trees, or floating
to high ground on pieces of fences, side
walks, or other wreckage.
Small Child Is Drowned.
Th© third person drowned was a child
not yet identfied.
One of the bridges carried away cost
$30,000. All the bridges between Carmar,
Decorah and West Union were destroyed.
The inhabitants of this extensive area
abandoned their houses and fled to the
hills. ' ; - • ; •
One of the principal Items of loss in
Decorah is the destruction of the In
goldstad : and Riley & Baker lumber
yards. A barn containing six horses
was lifted by the flood, carried for two
blocks and put down in the middle of
Washington street. The horses were un
The residence of Dick Bucknßl, propri
etor 'of the "Winneshiek barber shop,
was carried three blocks and lodged
against a tree. Boarders climbed out on
to the jorch of another hou?e, crushed
a hole in the roof with driftwood, and
rescued Buckncll, his wife and three
children. Mrs. McKay, a mother of four
days, with her babe, were carried out of
the house through four feet of water on a
stretcher. The water carried her away,
but she was afterwards taved with the
child. . •
. The devastated district is known as
East Flat. When morning broke the
scene was a terrible cne. Hundreds of
families are destitute and homeless.
Region Is Still Suffering: From the
Heavy Storms.
Special to The Globe.
PRESTON", Minn., May £3.—This region
is slowly recovering from the floods of
Saturday night and -Wednesday morning.
No trains will arrive over the Prestor.
branch before Wednesday *of next week.
Fourteen horses ".-.ln; one stable were
drowned. Trains are making daily trips
on the Southern Minnesota west of Isin
ours, but no attempt is made to run night
"trains."*- .- ... f '".
She - Gets the Minor Children and
Hubby Raises Not the Slight
est Objection.
-— .:'.
Special to The Globe.
WICHITA, Kas., May 23.—Mrs. Mary
Elizabeth Lease, the politician and au
thors as granted a divorce from her hus
band, Charles Lease, in the district court
here this afternoon. The trial lasted
fifteen minutes, there being no objection
offered by Mr. Lease. she." was granted
the custody of their minor children.
Mrs. Lease charged neglect and failure
to provide. She haf" been married since
1873 and has always supported herself,
first by washing, then writing and finally
she entered politics and became a states
woman. 7 : f:
For ten years "the ' couple have lived
apart. Mrs. Lease makes her home In
New York. ,/.' .ff .' f-.z-
Youngster Slowly Sinking in Mire
of Old Drain When Her Prompt
Action Rescues Him. '
Special to the Globe.
CHICAGO, May 23.—Slowly sinking in
mire at the bottom of ah old drain twelve
feet deep. Henry, the four-year-old son
of Mrs. Louis Levine, 66 Racine avenue,
was being sucked to his death today
when a woman with a lasso tame to his
While nearly a score of men and
women stood by not daring to enter the
deep hole into which the child had fallen,
and unable to avert the terrible slow
death that threatened him, Mrs. Frank
Pietrowski, a probation officer of the
juvenile court, made a lariat out of a
clothes line*
She lassoed the imperiled boy and pull
ed him out.
Not to Be In Charge of the War de
partment When the Secre
tary In Absent.
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 23.—
ptesident has revoked the old executive
order of Aug. 29, 1901. by which the
lieutenant general commanding the army
(Gen. Miles) and the. adjutant general
(Gen. Corbin) in turn,' are to assume the
duties of secretary of; war in the absence
of the secretary and' the assistant sec
retary. ' 'y--. t-, ' -.xx
The president's order.' revocation,
which is dated yesterday, leaves the de
partment without-a head in the eevnt
of the absence of the secretary and as
sistant secretary, 7! unless such head is
specifically designated on each occasion.
> Both the secretary and , asisstant secre
tary were absent -today, but; Secretary
Root, before he l#t, issued a special
order designating ibis chief clerk, John
C. Schofield, to act in his absence, and
this will probably be done In the future.
Secretary Root has issued { an order
which revives an old order of Jan. IS,
18S6, providing that in the absence of
the head of a bureau the senior officer
of the department or corps on duty in the
bureau shall assume* temporary charge.
The significance of the order lies In the
limitation "on duty on the bureau."
Under the application of this limitation,
the officer on duty outside of the bureau
could assume charge, as does Col. Ward,
of Gen. Miles' headquarters in the case
of the adjutant general's office, but Gen.
Corbin's duties would ordinarily be as
sumed by Col. Carter. :
Agricultural Department Finally
Springa Its Report on Acre
age, Etc.,* for-iptW.7
WASHINGTON, D. C, May ■ 23.—The
.statistician of the department of agricul
ture has completed his estimates of the
acreage, production and farm value of
the cereal crops of the United States in
1901, the grand total being: V
, „7Acres. yf- Bushels. Value.
Corn .......91,349,928-1.522,519,891 $921,555,768
Wheat 49,895.004 -7 745,460,218 467.637,163
Oats 28,541,476 736,808.724 293.658.777
Barley .....' 4*295,7447 . 109.932,924 * 49.700.163
Rye ........ 1.987,565 7- 20,341.830 16,909,742
Buckwheat:. 811,864 15,125,941 8,523,318
Roosevelt and Officials Enter
; tamed Aboard French
Ship by Mission
Ambassador Cambon Pays Glowing
Tribute to Head of Nation, Speak
ing Feelingly of the Occasion
Bringing Republics Together.
ANNAPOLIS, Md., May 23.-The lunch
eon given today on board the French bat
tleship Gaulois in honor of President
Roosevelt, was one of the most memora
ble incidents of the visit of the distin
guished French soldiers and sailors to
this country, who are here to join in
the celebration of the unveiling of the
Rochambeau monument in Washington's
The members of the French and Ameri
can commissions arrived from Washing
ton, and were met at the station, escorted
to the Gloucester and Standish and con
veyed to the French battleship lying In
the Annapolis roads.
President Roosevelt and his party of
American officials arrived at 11:30. Board
ing the dispatch boat Dolphin, the party
was soon by the side of "the pride of
the French navy." As the Dolphin ap
proached the anchorage ground of the
Gaulois and the American escorting
squadron, the Olympia, the Alabama and
Kearsarge, a presldental salute was fired.
As soon as the president came aboard the
Gaulois, accompanied by his daughter
and Secretaries Root and Moody, he was
ye* by Ambassadors. Cambon, Gen. Bru-
gere and Admiral Fournier, and escorted
to the cabin of the officers. Here gen
eral handshaking, congratulations and
prelminary refreshments ensued. Then,
followed the luncheon tendered to Presi
dent Roosevelt by .the French ambassa^
dor. The elaborately decorated banquet
hall had been improvised upon the ample
after deck of the Gaulois.
Gov. Smith an Honored Guest.
The chief guest of honor, next to Pres
ident Roosevelt, was Gov. John W. Smith,
of Maryland, who was assigned a seat
near the chief magistrate, and who was
the recipient of the attentions from the
distinguished guests who were present.
Admiral Dewey sat next to Gov. Smith,,
immediately opposite • the president was
Mme. Cambon, wife of the French am
bassador, and upon the right Mrs. Root,
wife of the secretary of war, and upon
his left was Mrs. Lodge, wife of the Mas
cachusetts senator. Next to Mrs Lodge
was Gen. Brugere, commander of the
French armies, and to the left of Mrs.
Lodge was Admiral Fournier, inspector
general of the French navy.
After the choice French menu had been
discussed, Ambassador Cambon arose and
In the name of- President Loubet of the
French republic bade a hearty welcome
to all present. He was especially compli
mentary in his allusions to President
Roosevelt, in whose hands, he said, the
precious liberties of the American peo
ple were safe. He eloquently alluded to
the historic occasion which had called
them together, and expressed the con
fident hope and belief that the splendid
friendship between the French and Amer
ican people which had continued un
broken for a century will continue for
generations, rffy 777
He concluded by offering a tcast "to
the president of the glorious American
republic, which had set the example of
popular liberty net only for France, but
for the whole, world." 77, -'-■'
7 * President Roosevelt Replies.
• In proposing the health of President
Roosevelt, Ambassador.Cambon said that
in extending, the invitation to the chief
magistrate of the United States he wish
ed to emphasize the tact that he was
acting as the direct and personal repre
-1 sentatlve of President Loubet, of the
French Republic.
President Rocsevelt replied in his hap- '
piest vein, though speaking with unusual
deliberat'on,"~ as thoigh he measured j
every word he uttered. After expressing '
the anpreciatlon of the American people
for the friendly spirit which prompted
the send ng a battleship anil so many il
lustrious soldiers and sailors to the un
veiling of..the Rochambeau statue, the
president said: .-7-i-77.
"One ft„ndred and twenty years ago
the valor of the soldiers and sailors of
France.:exerted. Recording to the judg
ment of historians, the determining in
fluence in making this country a free and
independent country, and because of that
France must always occupy a cherished
place in our hearts. . Mr. embassador, 1
Continued ou Fourth Pave.
Michigan Congregational Associa
tion Would Put a Ban on
Hasty Weddings.
Special to The Globe.
ST. JOHNS. Mich., May 23.—A move
ment to do away with the wholesale
marriage business at St. Joseph was be
gun by the state association of Congre
gational churches which closed its sixty
first annual meeting here tonight. The
convention adopted the following:
'.'Resolved, That we do advise and peti
tion the legislature of Michigan to pass
a law prohibiting the issuing of mar
riage licenses upon the first day of the
week, commonly called Sunday, and In
case of marriage where both parties are
net resident of the state, requiring the
issuing of the marriage license at least
five days before the ceremony is per
Several Thousand Persons Thought
to Have Been Killed in Quezal
tenanga by April Earthquake.
HAMBURG. May 23.-A dispatch to the
Hamburg Boersen Halle from Guate
mala says that the town of Quezalten
ango has been wholly destroyed by an
earthquake, which lasted three-quarters
of a minute.
Business is entirely suspended in Guate
mala, and a greater part of the coffee
crop there has been destroyed. »'■
WASHINGTON. D. C, May 23.-The
earthquake reported from Hamburg re
sulting in the destruction of the city of
Quezaltenango was identified here as
that which really occurred on April IS,
and which has been described in Ameri
can newspapers. Information received
here at the Guatemalan legation shows
that the city was wholly destroyed and
that ban Marcos and several other towns
were partially destroyed.
The Guatemalan officials decided to
reconstruct the city of Quezaltenango on
a plain some distance from the site of
the original place. Reports regarding the
loss of nfe indicate that at least several
thousand persons were killed and that
the property lost approximated $50,000 0 0
in the April earthquakes.
Quezaltenango had a population of
about 25.000 people, was handsomely built
and well paved and had a richly dec
orated cathedral, several other churches
and a fine city hall.
Emphatic Pronouncement on the
Divorce Question by. the
General A»»eiiilily,
NEW YORK, May 23.-In the Presby
terian general assembly today the report
of the special committee on Sabbath ob
servance was considered. R. .M. Caruth
ers, of Grand Rapids, N. D.. moved to
strike out a part in which card parties
on Sunday are condemned, "It would
convey. the iea that the general assembly
of this church approves of card parties
on other days of the 'seek," said Mr.
Caruthers. The amendment was accept
.The report of the standing committee
on church erection was called up. The
board commenced the year with $193275
and spent $205,269. The board begins the
coming year with an empty treasury and
or.ly contributions received after the an
nual" report had been completed enabled
it to report no debt. Two hundred and
fifty-nine churches were aided during the
year to erect new structures. The report
was adopted. Judge Robert N. Wilson
read the report of the special committee
on vacancies and supplies. The com
mittee was divided and a minority report
signed by the Rev. Robert Sample, D. D ,
and the Rev. Dr. Johnson, of the Mc-
Cormick theological seminary, Chicago
was presented.'
The minority report was read by Dr.
Sample. It advocated the establishment
of a central bureau to bring vacant
churches and unattached pastors together.
The majority report advised that nothing
so radical be undertaken.
The majority report was adopted and
the special committee reappointed.
The committee on bills and overtures
reported adversely upon the report of a
committee asking that a protest be sent
to congress against the printing at pub
lic expense of Thomas Jefferson's "Life
of Christ." In spite of this, the as
sembly, by a vote of 205 to 139, decided
that the protest should be sent.
Vice Moderator D. R. Noyes presided
at the afternoon session. Rev. George
Dugan, of Troy, N. V., presented the
report of the standing committee on
benevolence which reviews the contri
butions given to the various branches
of the benevolent work of the Presby
terian church. It generally finds fault
with the small contributions. The report
was adopted. The report of the com
mittee on church polity was next pre
sented. It states that a communication
from the committee of the general as
sociation of the Protestant Episcopal
church" had been received, making a re
quest for the appointment of a committee
of conference on marriage and divorce
and that overtures on the same subject
had been received from the Presbyterians
of Baltimore and Washington. "The com
mittee recommended that such a com
mittee be appointed. It presented a reso
lution saying:
That this general assembly, viewing
with Fad apprehension the many perils
to family life in our time, the growing
case and frequency of divorce, upon
grounds trivial and unseriptu'-al, urges
upon all our people the promotion of a
wider reverence for the marriage bond
and requires of all our ministers that
they Instruct their people In public and
private of the sacredness of the mar
riage institution and that they exercise
due diligence before the celebration of a
marriage to ascertain that there exists n 0
impediments thereto as defined In our
confession of faith."
The resolution was paired.
Rev. Dr. William '.> Roberts, stated
clerk of the genr.-kal assembly and treas
urer of *.he twentieth century fund, re
porter" receipts i ring the last tw • years
for the fund, amounting to $7,652,801. In
addition about I.COO churches had paid off
their mortgages and freed themselves
from debt.
The repo.-t. of the corami':-»fln theo
logical seminaries, made by. Rev. Dr.
James F. Rlggs, of East Orange, N. J.,
regretted the falling off in the number of
theological students and asked for in
creased contributions.* * -
A telegram of congratulation, was re
ceived from the Baptist anniversary con
vention in session at St. Paul, fff
Bowling at Shnkopee.
SHAKOPEE. Minn.. May 23— The bowl
ing - ; craze has - struck this. city. Two
new alleys have been put In, and Wed
nesday night the first match game was
played between the Clerks and Capitol-'.
The Capitols took the big end of the Se
ries. The scores: Capitols, 617, 572, 711.
Clerks, 657. 603, 661.
Over a Hundred Miners Arc
Killed by an Explosion
at Fernie, B. C.
Hardly a Family in the Town Es
capes Affliction— Attempts at Res
cue Obstructed by Danger of
Another Explosion.
FERNIE. B. C., May 23.-A terrible ex
plosion occurred at 7:30 last night In No.
2 shaft of the Crows Nest pass Coal com
pany's nun.-, near here. It also extended
to No. 3 shaft.
Over 100 miners were killed.
Contrary to early expectation tho mire
is found to be not on fire, and the ventila
tion is being restored as quickly as pos
All the bodies will soon be recovered.
The exact number working »n the mine
was 133, and 24 made their escape.
The scenes at the mines and in the vil
lage of Fernie are heartrending. Hardly
a house has escaped affliction. The work
of rescue was hurried and perfect order
prevailed, assistance coming from every
available source. The presence of coal
damp added to the danger of rescue
A fear has become general that tho
mines may catch fire at any time, and
survivors are being besought by their
relatives not to venture into the abaft*,
even for rescue work.
Caused hy Fire Damp.
The cause of the explosion is said to
have been the presence of fire damp,
ignited by a match, with which a miner
was lighting a pipe in defiance of orders.
A tremendous explosion occurred In No.
2 mine, followed In a few seconds by
another explosion in the mine which
joins it by a short tunnel. The majority
of the men were in No. 3,
No 2 tunnel is two miles long and No.
3 about the same length. From these two
mines and No, 1 most of the "coal of
the district is taken.
Immediately upon the receipt of the
news. Mayor Manson] of Nanatme, which
has a population of about 1,000 coal min
ers, authorized the taking of subscrip
tions at the gates leading to the- ground:),
where a celebration was being held. Tho
amount will be donated to alleviate tho
suffering at Fertile.
Some of the Head.
Among the first dies recover- d wero
those of Stephen Morgan, John Halley,
James and Douglas Muir, T. Narquhar
and his son James. •
Most of the men entombed are foreign
ers, and the company employes are too
busy. with the work of rescue to make
up a list of those missing. Every effort
to save the entombed men is being made
and such reports as come from tin scene
of the tragedy are fragmentary as yet.
Most of the working force were Slavs,
though Italians, Scandinavians and
"Welch are well represented.
The miners are worked from levels,
and there are no cages to ascend or de
scend. It is said the ventilation of in
flamable gases was carefully looked aft
er by the management, and that the most
modern system of ventilating plants was
in use. No explanation of the cause of
the tragedy has been given by th. com
pany officials, who have practically shut
off all communication between the mine
and town and are devoting ail energy
to the work of rescue.
ShaftM Always Dangerous.
Shafts 2 and 3 have always been con
sidered dangerous, being dry, dusty and
gaseous. It Is supposed the explosion
was caused in No. 2 mine, where a min
er lighted a match. The explosion was
repeated in No. 3 mine, the two shafts
being connected.
Although wet, experts always main
tained that No. 3 would be affected by
an explosion, and It has been generally
recognized that No. 2 was especially dan
It was one of the most terrible disasters
ln the history of the frequent acrid
in British Columbia. The 106 men unac
counted for are either dead or imprisoned
in the mine, and little hope is entertalnr
ed of rescuing . any who may yet be
Cause May .Never Be Known.
What caused the explosion ha« nit yet
been definitely ascertained. Many of the
miners were ignorant foreign-era, and
one of. the mine thafts was always mc*
or less gaseous. It is reported that the
explosion occurred by the use. by a cart
less Italian, of an open or naked lamp.
Another theory Is that a miner struck
a match, exploding the gas. which was
almost always present '.n No. 2 shaft.
The true cause of the disaster will prob
ably not be positively ascertained for it
is doubtful if any man who knows will
ever reach the outer air alive, or be able
to tell the tali.
Recently the dangerous conditions
which had prevailed in No. 2 tunnel bad
bee greatly modified and Improved. New
fans were installed, furnishing an excess
of air, with 40 per cent reserve.
The only disaster .which has occurred
in British Columbia exceeding this In
magnitude was the death of 157 m- in
the Wellington mine, eighteen years ago.
How the Men Were Distributed.
In No. 2 tunnel. in which the first ex
plosion occurred, from 100 to 120 men and
boys are usually employed, and in No. 3
tunnel, to which the explosion extended,
about etghty men generally work. In
both, mines there are many foreigners.
and -the difficulty of disciplining these
men and impressing upon them the dan
ger of the use of unprotected lights has
always been very great.
The main road of No. 2 tunnel is nine
by . five and one-half feet in area, and
would be sufficient for reasonable ven
tilation! were it not for the fact there
was a motor working on the road which
Continued on Fourth Face.

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