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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, May 25, 1902, Image 18

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1902-05-25/ed-1/seq-18/

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x^ff^ EDIT(IIIIALS &y f?J?e PFOPI 1* Jy
Protection, the Millers &vil Qenius.
THE menace to Minneapolis, to Minnesota, find
to the United States as a milling country
comes unexpectedly from the North. "'hat
which should naturally reinforce the millers
of America has by reason of a prohibitory tat
If* become their chief danger. Away to the north and
west of Minnesota, and Noith Dakota, and just ever
the Canadian line, lie the future wheat fields of the
world, which already are producing enormous orops.
M initoba, Saskatchewan, Assiniboia and
rta, ;i marvelously productive area of vast extent,
iliarly adapted u> the raising of wheat.
The wheat crop of Argentina is always considered a
great fa« tor in the world's markets. It is not as -arge
as thai already grown by this section of the Canadian
Northwest, which is only just beginning its development.
Immigration is pouring into this territory, and wheat is
the ct'>:> these immigrants will raise. In 1901 Argentina
of wheat. The surplus alono
Of the Canadian Northwest is at least 50,0D0,0C0 bushels
■ it will be more. A large pot lion
s raised by former citizens of our
own country who have emigrated to Canada. Within a
few yeara 100,000,000 bushels surplus will be harvestel in
territory. Tne quality of the wheat raised is su-
The No. 2 hard weighs sixty pounds to the bush
in fourteen years the .surplus crop from this lerri
more than twelvefold. Mix^nl vith.
grown on the American side of the line, it
1 reduce an ideal flour, which, stamped with
Remands of the Orient.
IX the Asiatic market, the United States
has been under great disadvantage. The prrcn.uty
of the Pacific coast to the Orient has been more
than offset by the superiot shipping facilities enjoyed
by European nations. Und< rth • changed and c.hang
iditlons of ocefcn trans; o tation mis superiority must
ar. In 1899, 63 per cent of thd tctal
■ ! trade of china was with the British, ani :.l-
Britaln could not show the same ..Utivc
thai wis credited to the L ilted
i country could partially console itself with
that Cl per cent of the tonnage entering
;. w the British flag. European Oomtna
trade has all along been due, in \ feat
measure, to a shipping advantage that is about m i.ass
The Orient is the natural outlet for the surplus rarxn
i the arid region for all time to come. Vne
I Increase their food-producing re
any great extent China and Japan take all
!orea can spare, and such is the demand from
intries, that several times Corea has had to
it th • portatlon of rice. It is well known that
the most favorable circumstances there are
es in portions of China every year. The traveler
+Scope of the Patrons of husbandry.
THB Order of Patrons of Husbandry originated
in the mind of O. fl. Kelley, a pioneer larmer
of Minnesota. In ISC4 he was appointed a
clerk in the department of agriculture in
Washington, D. C. In 1866 he was connnis
: by Isaac Newton, then commissioner of agricul
ture, to visit the Southern States and see what e.mld
:u- in the Interests of agriculture. While thus en
: be became impressed with the advantages or a
society of agriculturists for the prctectioa and
cement of their interests.
Of the six others directly associated with Mr. KeJiey
in the formation of his order only two are living-J. H.
Kelley, now of CarrabeUe, Kla.. and Dr. John Trimole,
of Washington, D. C, who has been secretary if the
National Grange for many years.
These founders of the order labored with energy,
faith and zeal amounting almost to inspiration ..11 They
Snlisting for an Army Commission.
GENERAL.L.V an appointment to a cadetship at
West Point is regarded as one of the most
coveted prizes within the grasp of an Ameri
can boy. The number of appointments,
however, allowed by law to each c:or;g-es
dißtrict is so limited and these are so eagerly
sought for by influential parents in behalf of their sons
that very few boys ever look upon a commission in the
army as a possibility. '
Now. it is to shrewd, healthy, intelligent boys that
I wish to suggest an idea—an idea that is being realised
every year—an idea that I have personally sugge-s'eo to
a number of this class, some of whom are today wear
ing shoulder straps, and others who are certain io wear
them soon. It is an idea that should be an incentive
to many poor yet capable boys, because it does not ce
pend for its realization upon wealth, social posi'.iun or
political Influence, but wholly and solely upon ibe boy
Why not enlist for a commission?
This is an opportunity of which many perhaps have
never even heard; yet never were the chances Df suc-
Jldvice to the tfoung Journalist
— TURN to the training of the young aspirant lor the
literary side of a paper. First, I repeat the warn
ing I have already given: It is not wise for any
JL man to take up journalism unless he has a dis
tinct gift for writing. Let me, however, imme
y add that it is not easy always for the young
man t<> answer that Question satisfactorily in his own
lie may err on the side of want of modesty; but
be also may err on the side of excess of it.
inheritance Oax legislation.
TJ IK inheritance tax legislation of the iirst year
of the new century exhibits radical tenif-ncies
in the direction of high and progressive '^tes
in several states. Whereas at the clou of
the nineteenth century the maximum rates
for state inheritance taxes were 1 per cent for cliJect
heirs and G per cent for collateral heirs, the legislation
foreign Missionaries Misunderstood.
I HAVES had rare opportunity to study tiie inside lite
of the missionary. I am free to say that so tar as
their external life is concerned there is no cias-s of
people more fully misunderstood and more ,>eri-lst-
ontly misreported. Some say they live :ivs of
ease in comparative luxury; others that those who go
Luto missionary work do so because there Is no chance
American brands, would find favor in the world's i iar
kets, and perpetuate indefinitely the high standard at
tained by the American millers. If this wheat could
find access to our mills, the future of Minneapolis £S a
milling center, of Minnesota as a milling state, of tne
United States as a flour producer, would be contirmed.
Nothing- but protection bars the way.
As for Minneapolis, her millers must obtain i-iIS
Canadian wheat or they must move on. If a ta::J. F of
25 cents per bushel is to stand between milling the grain
here or in Canada, the miller of Minnesota must, in or
der to save himself from extinction, build his plant across
the border. This would mean a large increase in Cana
dian milling capacity; but the policy of the Canadian
Pacific which controls the situation, thanks to our tariff,
is not such as to encourage mill buildir.g. The road is
still in the stone age, as far as the development cf a
wheat-growing country is concerned. Like a few of the
back-number railways of America, its policy is' to en
courage the export of the raw material rather than the
manufactured product. At its present rate of enlighten
ment, it will be twenty years before Its manasement
learns that it has more to gain by the export of "our
than wheat. Such being the case, it is probable tiiat
neither Canada nor the United States will reap the <:<-.ne
fit cf the new wheat region in a material increase in
milling, Great Britain and the continent being far iaore
likely to do the grinding.
To obviate the danger which threatens American
milling interests from the North, there is but one course.
in Japan is struck with the fact that the soil ot that
country is tilled to the final limit of production. For
the reasons given, and because of the growing popular
ity of our food stuffs in the Orient, I maintain, first,
that the Oriental market will easily absorb ou' food
product surplus; and, second, that the greater thi agri
cultural surplus available for export to the Orient, the
better and cheaper will our shipping facilities be:on:e.
The transportation companies have a natural and
selfish interest in promoting an agricultural surplus on
the Pacific coast. The export of American farm prod
ucts to the Orient has been retarded by inadequate dip
ping facilities 1. About one thousand million doil^s'
worth or American farm products are sold in foieign
countries annually. The proportion sold in the Orient
is absurdly small, and for the stated cause, name.y, in
adequate shipping facilities. Now that Oriental custom
is being continuously and systematically solicited, now
that it is about to be dealt with as we deal wivh .-ie
custom of Europe, we shall have results as surprisng
to the average citizen and as gratifying to the nation as
those attending our European trade.
Facilities unused might as well not exist. The
transportation con- anies of the Pacific are not Increas
ing the tonnage o£-their fleets on speculative lines. Tl.ese
had completed a well devised scheme of organisation
based upon a ritual of four degrees, which is unsur
passed in the English language for "originally of
thought, purity of sentiment and beauty of dictijn."
The first subordinate grange was organized wi i re
donia, N. V., April 16, 186 S. The first state grange was
that of Minnesota, organized Feb. 22, U69. The growth
of the order was slow during the first four years, its
formative period of its existence. Since that time its
growth has been phenomenal, 30,000 charters having teen
issued to the present time. It is constantly Increasing
in popularity and influence.
The accomplishments of this great civic order, having
for its object the education and elevation of the tanning
population, are of'such a nature they can only be cited
in a general way. I might state how many dollars have
been saved to the farmers of the country through -o
operative trade arrangements, and through mutual in-
cess better than today. The young man who enlists with
this end in view, and passes the examination at the end
of two years or longer, is practically as certain. to re
ceive *a commission as the boy who enters West Point.
The reason why more young men do not enter the uimy
with this as their object is because the possibility of
such a course is not generally known. That it may
be better known, I wish to explain the method adopted
by our government.
Granting that a young man wishes to secure a com
mission in the army, there are three roads oxaa to
First—Via West Point. This is practically iiii'ited
to a few fortunate ones, and, judging by the large per
centage of cadets who fall by the way, it is becoming
more difficult to travel every year.
Second—Appointment by the president from civil life.
This I should term the most difficult of the thr^, be
cause it requires influence- to secure the appoint-nent,
and the candidate must also be able to pass just '■_ dif
ficult an examination as by either of the other jnotheds
of entrance—and this without any such, practical knowl-
It is difficult for most of us to know what powers
we have or what we lack, until we have been tried—
until the opportunity has come to vs 1. There is one
way of testng your powers of writing that is a snare.
Young writers constantly come to me with what they
call essays. I never look at them; life is too short now
for essays. When you have become a literary mar. of
repute, and can write like Matthew Arnold or Mr. Bir
rell, you can do something with essays; but until
of 1901 has raised the maxima to 5 per cent for direct
and 13 per cent for collateral heirs.
The Minnesota legislature has tried repeatedly To in
vent a form of inheritance tax which would meet th#
requirements of the state constitution. After the ' rst
attempt had been annulled by the courts, a CO:v»tlfcu
tional amendment permitting the taxation of inheritances
of their getting a comfortable living at home. Hhers
think of them as a lot of long-haired fanatics who have
a strange conception of religious duty and who under
the impulse of that conception have gone into uncivil
ized countries to live.
It Is not generally known that the most of the mis
sionaries of the old, well-established mission boafds are
The free admission of the raw material is the sole rem
edy. Milling in bond under present regulations- Is im
practicable, and almost impossible. Millers who under
take it will find it too cumbersome and expensive to be
profitable, the margin in flour at best being but slight.
Free wheat would at first glance seem to be to the
disadvantage of the American wheat grower. It would
seem that, if Canadian wheat entered Minneapolis T-ar
kets freely, the immediate result would be a decima-in
price. But the obvious is not always true. The ract
is that, should this surplus wheat be refused entry into
America, the result will be quite the same in the long
run. If it goes abroad to be ground, it will affect the
Minneapolis market quite as much, and even more,
t than if it were ground here. Should foreign ;r.iUers
secure this wheat, they would be enabled thereby to cut
off ttie American export trade, both in wheat and four.
The result would be a decline in the price of wheat in
America. With a lessened value would come a 'es
sened wheat acreage. In time the American wheat
raiser, like the American miller, would find himself
restricted to a mere local market, and his proud caiter
as the world's great food producer 'would be as a tale
that is told. The American farmer may admit Cana
dian wheat free or he may deny it entry; but, so long
as the wheat is produced in sufficient quantities 10 be
exported, he wilWas far "as price goes, perish just the
Turning from the pessimistic to the opposite aoiat of
view, the contemplation of the future of American ir. ill-
companies know past and present conditions and are in
position to fairly gauge the future. They know that ir
respective of what may be termed the goods phase of
Oriental trade there is an assured traffic in American
food stuffs that will with slight stimulation reach enor
mous and highly profitable proportions. This fact is
already admitted by James J. Hill and others' promi
nent in railway and shipping circles. Another and equal
ly patent fact is the inability of Pacific coast producers
to meet the Oriental demand for American foodstuffs
without conferring a reflex advantage on the farmers
and manufacturers of the East and Middle West. .\ot
only will the Orient absorb the surplus foodstuffs of
the Pacific-coast and thus lessen Pacific coast competi
tion with Eastern producers, but the increase in the
farming area, through the irrigation of arid wtHiee,
will create a larger demand for agricultural implements
and other mechanical products of the Eastern manufac
turing belt.
I have referred to the increasing shipping facilities
of the Pacific ocean as a prime factor in the so!ut;on of
the Asiatic trade problem, in so far as that prob'em re
lates to the Pacific coast. In this connection perrr.it
me to point to the sudden cheapening of fuel far steam
purposes as a result of fuel oil developments in Califor-
surance companies. Definite statements can be made
in regard to the vast saving to the farmers through,
wise legislation secured, and unwise legislation defeated,
through the influence of the grange7~but it is impossi
ble to intelligently estimate the moral, the social and
the mental development that has Tjieen brought to the
farmer and his family through grange influenc2 ana
grange teachings, of the development of the noble prin
ciples of manhood and womanhood in the minds of the
millions of people that have been connected witn tnis
order, and along this line its grandest resutls have been
achieved. Thousands of farm homes have been iiiade
brighter, better and happier. Farmers' familiss have
been reaping higher enjoyment of life through the <iuick
ened mental abilities and higher ideals of life reached
through the influence and teachings of the grange.
In the thousands of grange halls all over our land
is the real work of the grange performed in a qui--:t v ay.
edge as is gained either at West Point or in the rinks,
unless he be a graduate of some first-class xnlitary
academy. Then, even -though he succeeds in aatJi'.ng,
no petition will be open to him until the graduates of
West Point and those who have passed the exam.uition
in the ranks have first been provided for.
Third—The road suggested, in this article, viz., via the
ranks. This is the route traveled by many of tile very
best known, and most honored officers in the arti\v to
day. A civilian examining the official army register
would be amazed at the large number of prominent men
of the army, both past and present, who began their
military career in the ranks. He will find there na-nes
such as Lawton, Chaffee, Greely, Schwan, Wheatoa and
scores of others.
To enter the ranks for a commission the government
requires that a young man be physically sound, unmar
ried and of good moral character. Without these he
cannot enter the race. Again, unlesj he possessed a
p.ood high school education, or its equivalent, he will
fjnd it difficult, though not impossible, to master tiie
subject he is required to understand betcre receiving ins
nr\ mmi«J<ainn
that moment arrives, it is difficult for you to get any
body to look at your essays.
Take an incident within your own knowledge—a de
parture of volunteers, say, for the war; a trial at the
assize town in which you live, if you live in one—or
something of that kind; try to seize the human and
dramatic points of the story; and then let your article
be read by some competent critic; and so you Will get
something like a judgment worth attending to as to
was proposed, and adopted by the people, and in 1897
the legislature put forth its! second inheritance ca-.; law;
but this was held not to conform to the provisions of
the amendment. A third effort was made by the legis
lature last year. The result is' a tax of 1 per cent on
direct and 5 per cent on collateral inheritances, vith an
exemption of $5,000 in either case. The only vulnerable
point which a casual examination of this new :aw re-
graduates of our best American collges and universities,
and who have had in additio.n to their university !iain
ing a postgraduate course of from three to five years.
The missionaries who are finally sent are selected from
a larger number of applicants, and they are in many
cases the honor-men of their classes. There at* lew
American colleges or universities which have not grad
uates in the foreign missionarir service who bear ac-
-By ®H(iam C. &dgar 9
ing with the protective tariff removed and free Cana
dian wheat secured, the prospect is a grand one. With
this enormous and steadily increasing crop free t-i pur
sue its natural geographical and commercial channel,
flowing into the mills and elevators of the sta'. as, a
splendid tide of activity and prosperity would follow in
its wake. Assured of their future supply of raw ma
terial, the mills of America would go forward on ineir
developing course, continuing the march of progress
which has brought them to the front. New mills wSuW
be built, and capacities enlarged. New markets abroad
would be sought and conquered. The returns from ;his
renewed and extended activity would be felt in increased
commercial prosperity. New railways would be ex
tended into the wheat-growing territory; American rail
roads carrying the flour from the mills would sec-.ire ad
ditional freights; American banks would obtain mortised
deposits, and greatly enlarged exchange accounts;
American mill operatives would be in demand, and pay
rolls would be increased; mill machinery, bags, barrels
and other mill supplies would be required in ia'.ger
quantities; more money would be in circulation, and
the benefit would be felt in every artery of industrial
life touched by milling. There would fee an increi?- in
grain firrrs, in elevators, and in every branch >f the
grain-handling and flour-making interests. This would
be felt iti the added value of real estate and in the & lid
and substantial development of every undertaking and
enterprise that makes a community prosperous. l«*a?m
ers would find a better market for their producU; and
By William M. junker,
nia. In ISOO California yielded 4,329,952 barrels of fuel
oil. In 1900 the yield was 5,742,500 barrels. The yield
would have been still larger had the railway companies
met the transportation demands, a difficulty whicn w la
in a few months has been obviated by transposition
concessions and increased - equipment. A pipe line
from the oil fields to San Francisco bay will soon ;:'ad
to a largely increased production of fuel oil.
The currents of air and water that so often facilitate
trade and commerce have their complement in the com
mercial drift originating in conditions that may l.aye
been years in maturing or may have suddenly and al
most unexpectedly appeared in the ocean of conrr.eree.
The developing- Ciiental trade of today is merely the ful
fillment of predictions following the admission of • ali
fornia into the Union. At various times in the last
thirty years visits of Oriental embassies have directed
public attention to the possibilities and probabilici -;.■-, of
American trade with the Orient, and this trad^ uas
seemed to have been viewed from every possible point.
Wnile trade prophets have often emphasized the advan
tages of Oriental trade, and shown that at some t.me
more or less remote the Pacific coast would be a
beneficiary of that trade, its tremendous certainties '.lave
only recently been silhouetted on the horizon. And v ith
gy Sarah C. Raird.
.bringing results in promoting intelligence and good citi
zenship in a greater degree than any other agenjy ever
This is accomplished by attention to seemingly mi lor
details, regular attendance at the local grange, working
diligently to promote its interests, carrying out wt:h ex
actness the assignments pf the lecturer and other of
ficers, working for the success of the educational leature
and for the successful observance of Arbor day. Chil
dren's day and Memorial day. This is the work tnat
ha^ been most effective in bringing about the grand re
sults of the order mentioned above.
No event in the grange calendar is more worihy of
general observance than Children's day. The monti of
June, in the young summer, with all its fresh beauty
so typical of childhood, has been wisely chosen as the
time of holding this annual festival. In localities where
By Chaplain J4. A. grown. U. J". St.,
Should the candidate possess the requisite physical,
moral and intellectual qualifications he-~may take this
examination at the end of two years' service. On the
other hand, should he need further stuuy and prepara
tion he may prolong the time until he is thirty ji.'ars
old. During this period he has abundant lime anl op
portunity to prepare. Not only this, but he will find the
officers ready and willing to assist him in every possi
ble way.
During his period of service as a private the candi
date receives his food, clothing, quarters, medicfu at
tendance and $13 in cash per month. Considering tint he
is practically attending school, this is not an Insignifi
cant compensation. If proficient and soldierly he is
virtually certain of speedy promotion to the ran* of
corporal, and later to that of sergeant. This givoa -iim
not only added opportunity for study, but an increase
of three and five dollars a month, respectively.
The time of preparation spent by a candidate as a
soldier in the ranks is the most valuable military school
ing he can possibly receive, because he is brought tace
to face with the actual conditions of army life.
Many persons unacquainted with the regular army
By «7. P. O'Connor,
whether you have or have not the gift of writing. A." use
the word "gift" advisedly.
The longer I live, the more I see that thougVi you
may enormously improve natural gifts by training and
practice, you cannot supply them if they be wanting.
At schools they still compel unfortunate children, who
have not a note of music in their brains, to spend
years at the piano. It is just as wicked ' a waste of
time to send to journalism anybody who has no original
$y Max West
veals is the apparent application of the tax to the whole
inheritance in the case of collateral heirs, tostecm of
only to the excegs above the exemption. Judging lrom
the state supreme courts decision on the law of JB&7, this
may invalidate the new collateral inheritance tax ana
leave Minnesota with a tax on direct heirs only.
It is rather surprising that the taxation of Inheri
tances by the states should have made such rapid iiead-
P)y the Rev. &r. James 4. Barton.
grees given by the alma mater for distinguished schol
arship. These people go to uncivilized countries for the
most part, and take up their abode among the rude and
savage people.
It is not to be wondered at that foreign missionaries
have adventures which are hardly paralleled by any
class of people in the world. Tlae life of ixAiy a
Cditor of the Iforth^ estern Miller,
in the end, should this crop be assimilated at
rather than abroad, they will secure an average I
price for their wheat because of the ability of the
gressive and successful miller to pay more for im
At the line which marks the boundary of Mi.v •
and the Canadian Northwest stands the evil genius
of the American miller—protection—which, with U.~
iff club in hand, threatens a trade which baa been BUt
respeeting, self-reliant and self-developing, whi- ;:
never asked for government help in extending its
tions, which uses no trust methods, and which -
alone, almost, as a truly American industry,
nothing save the unrestricted right to obtain raw
terial for its mills and ar open and x;ni, mar
ket at home and abroad for its products Prote
alone guards the portals of this great opportunity. it
says ominously, "Thus far, and no further." 11
f.at is to stand, the finish of Minneapolis as a n
center, of Minnesota as a milling stnt»\ and (he
states as the world's bread-basket, is not far t i
The same protection which has harassed the
maker in the past threatens his future. It is 10
narrowness personified; protection which I'oe.s not
tcct; protection which stifles commerc-i.il expansion
tection which stolidly and stupidly refuses to mafc
the way toward that great future .which natwt
tended this noble industry should enter into and d<
to the fullest extent.
Commissioner of Jan francisco Chamber of Commerce.
these certainties, which are due in r-firt to new
nales in transportation, to a better appreciation
gation values, and to the industrial ] regress of
tion, it has become apparent ti'-at the Eastern i
as the Pacific coast states have a n. w interest in t! c
Oriental trade. It is clear that the United St 3
likely to control the carrying tonnage of the I 1
that the United States will have the share of O
trade its favoring proximity and varying resource
mand, and that the irrigation and development of the
arid lands is necessarily a prime factor in solving the
Oriental trade proWwn Tho great commercial <bitt
towards the Orient will sweep in that direction tne sur
plus food product of the Pacific ccast. As tho I
coast gains population and progress the Eastern
will correspondingly benefit. Under these new coali
tions, the strides in Pacific ocean commerce, as sa-'wn
by fact and figure, the assured Oriental demand for
Pacific coast products, and the resulting enlargem; n! of
the Pacific coast market for Eastern goods, I am
fled the irrigation of the arid lands will help the whole
country, and that every section, North, South. X
West, has a common interest in tho adoption c f a
broad and national irrigation policy.
Master of the tfinnesota Jtate Grange.
this event has been observed in previous yean "t la
looked forward to for months, an.l talked about
after it has occurred.- It is one of the brightening and
cheering influences brought into farm life by the &■
and sometimes makes the brightest spot in a chna's
life during the year.
We are indebted to Mrs. Mary Mayo, <»•
Creek, Mich., for inaugurating "Children's Day i
Grange," in 18S2, not enly for the pleasure and hap;
of the children of the farm, but as a means at
eating them into the grange and to have a high
bitioa for and appreciation of a useful pure and
It has become an established feature in grange
observed by thousands of loyal men and worn d
appreciate the organization and the many benefits aris
ing from associated effort.
are likely to consider service in the ranks as ri
less menial, humiliating and even pernicious to
The fact that so many illustrious men began tbeii
tary life as privates, and also that so many sons
fleers are now in the ranks, with commissions In v< w,
ought to be a sufficient answer to this objection
army is by no means composed of Irresponsible <
solute young men.
That bad men creep into the service is not I
denied, but I take it that a young man of Bufflci
ergy and ambition to enter the ranks for a comm ssion
i& possessed of sufficient strength of character to pi
his seeking out such companionship. Furthenni
am neither speaking of nor advising the work of i
vate soldier as a life profession, but of this as a tem
porary means to a definite end.
That the army is in need of otticers, and will !>t tor
some years to come, far in excess of the number of
graduates of West Point, is plainly evident, an :
there is a magnificent opportunity for young men of
ability to secure commissions by enlistment m the
ranks is beyond any Question.
Why not enlist for a
r*> r> Member of Parliament.
gift for writing from the hand of nature; for journalism
is one of the professions where one ought to be I
good. Mere moderate ability docs rot tiring sufl
remuneration or sufficient certainty of w<,rk to make
journalism a good profession. It is like pointing;
a man is a good painter and tjjen makes a hah
income, or he is just a middling painter, and thvjn be i-s
liable to starve.
<~% rv <-» <-% Washington, P. C.
way with the heavy national Inheritance ta»
the statute books. The natural prediction that t!
tional tax would interfere with the development :,i
inheritance taxes does not seem to be borne out
comparison of the legislation of 1901 with that >■
vious jeurs. The national inheritance tax law ill
heirs irrto five classes, with basic rates ranging fr
of 1 per cent to 5 per cent.
missionary is filled with marvelous experiences, to
which he gives little attention, seldom referring to
In conversation, almost never writing about then
regarding them as the merest incidents to the wort h«
"is trying to do. They frequently lose their lives through
the perils of the country and the savagery ot t! ,
pie. Little is said or done about U, a:id M th« woril
Is kept in ignorance.
port Barrancas, fla.

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