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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, June 08, 1902, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059523/1902-06-08/ed-1/seq-8/

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fHERESI^JHfETpUE STORY OF fJOAH
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/ Hero is a true story about Noah anl
liis ark. Authorities agree that it was
the first ship to sail the. mighty deep.
Noah's ocean was no little Atlantic mill
pond affair, but a ■ vast universal sea,
covering: trie highest ; mountains of the
.■world. \\']iether it covered the entire
ftlobu is what geologists and antiquary
experts are still discussing. Some be
lieve that the Bible deluge was confined
■to the old world, particularly to the Asi
atic continent.
. The Bible says it was forty days before
Noah sent out hit dove in search of dry
land. lonian records say it was
Bevcn days before a couple of swallows
■were let out of the ark. followed by a
raven. The swallows returned, but the
raven has not been heard of to this day.
| I^fgends of all nations and races of the
TVorld declare there was a deluge, and
•lint one family survived.
! The. object of the deluge was to destroy
the human race, which bad become de
praveO, practicing all kinds of wickednesi
now becoming popular in New York,
'i^ondon and other ambitious towns.
Noah, being a good man, whs told to put
■his family and a pair of animals of each
hind in -the ark and prepare for a heavy
lain.
Gentelman
NEW YORK, .1 i,< 7.—l'erhai s
th« most remarkable criminal
Ne»v -York has,ever known is
Matthew Travers.
A gentleman by birth.
• .A 'longMbottsmar: by occupation.
• A burglar by pjcife&Bk>n, and. .
{-A. lawyer by Instinct.
■•^"When. he was placed on trial for <■■■
fhird tiiiw tie bad a lawyer for.his de
fense, and lie was convicted.
This conviction was for one of three _
burglaries committed the same evening.
"W^en Travers was placed on trial for j
another crime committed at the samp ■
time he demanded the right to conduct
hi:- own defense.
He displayed a genius for cross-exam
ination that amazed judge, jury and
fjyoct.itors.
He nade one detective discredit his
nun testimony. He tangled a*T>oliceman
in a mass of contradictions that made
his evidence worthless.
He outwitted and outgeneraled a
clever district attorney, worsting him at
every encounter.
, Conviction of burglary for the fourth
tin ( would have placed him under the
provisions of .the habitual criminal act.
He would have been sent to prison for
life.
He escaped conviction on the charge
agains! which hie defended himself. The
jury disagreed, standing nine to three in
his favor. One of those who voted for
acquittal was formerly a policeman.
So pronounced is the impression that
Travels made upon the people of i.ong
Island City that a fund is being raided
to secure for the burglar a new trial on
the charge on which he was last convict
fed.
Admits That lie In a ••(rook."
This is aside from any question of guilt
or Innocence of the accused man. There
is no doubt that-Travers is a crook. He
lias frankly admitted it.
, Tra ■is was born on the family, estate
nt Manner set, Loi»g Island His* grand
father was in the twine business at 46
Beekmati street for many years and
amassed a large fortune. The business
is still continued, being owned by his
Urandmo'ther. • . - .
"The boy went to school until he was
itbcut fifteen. He was a brilliant scholar,
&nd a troublesome one.
I ; When he was about fifteen a position
was found for him in New Yo^k. Hi
embezzled ?700, which his father mniie
KOOd. Afterward he embezzled $500 in
another^ Place. • Then he was turned
iidrift. • ". •, . ,
The boy went to live in Brooklyn. Al
most immediately he became a profes
sion:'. I thief. At least, that is what the
police .-ays. Travers doesn't say any
thing about it.
'Many burglaries were committed in the
Brooklyn Heights region, and' for nearly
two years the police were p;tzxt*d The
burglar worked early in the evening
-when people were at elvurch or a- the
theater.
Travera was finally arrested and th»
burglaries ceased. The youth of sev
enteen was sentenced to five years for
-burglary and five years for grand lar
ceny.
.When he was released his family tried
to care for him. The young man met a
younj,' ■ iman, a Belgian, who was at
<;iice a companion and a nursery govern
ess, living with a fan ily that had a coun
try plac: near Manhasset. "
■ They fell in love with each other and
the married him without knowing that he
iwas an ex-convict. Travers tried to re-
Jorm. They came io New York to live
fend he secured work as a canvasser But
.the old instinct was strong and he fell
into thievery again. He was caught and
sent to Sing Sing for two years under
the name of William Mortimer. This was
iij IS9B.
_ Mrs. Travers remained faithful to her
husband. She believed that he was un
.Justly accused. While he was serving
his sentence she found asylum with a
family of prominence in West Ninth
fcircet, New York, with whom she is now
Maying. ;:,^;^s
< Hl* Wife Returned to Him.
When Travels was released from Sing
Ring his wife returned to him. A year
ego last April they went to live in a little
bottage at No. 296 Railroad avenue, Long
-sland City. He worked as a 'longshore
man on the Old Dominion line pier.
On last Christmas eve, about 7 o'clock
In the evening. Policeman Bruns, of Ja
inaiea, saw at Railroad and Dawson aye-
Uues, Richmond Hilf, three men. two of
*vhom were carrying bundles. He stopped
them. After a parley he told them they-
Were under arrest.
£ The man who was not carrying a bun-
The eloquent picture of the ark which
appears in this narrative must be con
sidered as more or less authentic, for it
appears In the first edition of the Enclyclo
pedia Britannica, first, part published In
1768 (before the War of the American
Revolution), niplete three volumes quar
to, 2-CiC pages, ICO copperplates published
in 1771.
; %'oali Oiltcs! "Second Adam.'.'
It is, p.n Interesting fact, noted in his-
I torical works on the deluge, that the.de
j action of life was so absolute that the
Maturation following the great flood was
[ culled the "Second Creation." The Arabs,*
' a' tempi rate race, with long memories,
; call Noah the second Adam.
A tier .the flood, when the ark came to
anchor on the little plateau of earth in
the lap o." the twin peaksVof. Mount . Ara
rat (you can see the place today—Prof.
Jiiyce refers to i! in his book of "travels'
in that region), there were only the few
animals and Ncah's family on the whole
earth. V, hen Noah walked out of the big
ship with hi* family, the animals follow
ing him. hi was indeed the father of the
world. Ho was indeed the A.r*am of the
new race. ■ "- •-.--.
Regarding the voyage, and especially
die.. and who wore a long mackintosh
coat . r.nri peaked cap. st-jrted to run.
Fcur shots we;e find at h,m, but he «
caped. ' . -"
With the assistance of Detective Hta h,
Bruns captured the' other two. Wiiliam
Watson and George Deyo. ex-convicts,.
anil a dull sort .of bu:K'«'"s. who. have
tir.ee been convicted. .
One of the policemen claimed that be
had recognized Travels as the man whj
.ra.ii away. One of the burglars Informed
on Traver^. «nd the' police started.; to
search for him. : • •• ■■■*<"<££'
On New Year's day Detectives Clancy
and Butler went to Traverai" htruse.-nnd.
arrested him.
Travcrs was Indicted for. three. lmrg;af_
ies. Toe houses o' Dr. Pierce, Dr. Gai
and Police Sergeant Frank Williams,
within a block of each other, had ail been
entered on, Christmas eve, and much of
the plunder was found- in -the packases
which Watson and Devo were carrying.-
Three trunks filled with silverware, rugs
and other articles were taken from Trav
ers' home.
Tiavers remeined in the-Qu.-oni county
jail until ! eb. 3. Thai night Alfred Lew
is, a edored trusty, got drunk and un
locked bcth the cells of Trav;.:s mid Wat
eon The latter gave hirnieU uij. Trav
era went to Manhasset, vhi i-p he secured
some clothing from the caretaker of his
grandmother's house, and tlien went to
Boston.
After a time he came to Xew York anl
went to live at No. ll't; Cherry street. A
crook who had been arrested on the
charge of picking pockets informed on
|W>" ■ ■ "■■'.■■ ■■ ;■ ■"<"»—- ■ -|
ROGUES GALLERY PORTRAITS OF WILLIAM MORTIMER.
Travers to save himself. The burglar
had shaved his mustache, and it made a
remarkable change in his appearance. ■•-
When Travers was placed on trial in
Long- Island. City on May .15." Walter Ba
han was assigned to defend him. ■ The
evidence was rather weak, but .District
Attorney John B. Merrill knew that if
he could convict Travers on that indict
ment he was reasonably sure of convic- '
tion on the others, and that meant that
the prisoner would be adjudged a hab
itual criminal and sent to the state pris
on for life.
During the trial the prosecution called
Mrs. Travens as one of its witnesses. Up
to that time the accused had remained
silent, but when his wife was placed on
the stand he arose. -
"Your honor," he ' said, -. "I protest
against the calling of my wife as a wit
ness. It is an outrage to drag a decent
woman into this case. It is an outrage
to make a woman testify against her
husband, no matter what. kind of a man
he may be." _
Mr. Bahan, who is a fat man, a3ked
some questions, failed to call a single
witness, talked with much energy, and
' Travers was convicted. -
District Attorney Merrill moved -to
proceed with the trial of Travera on
the charge of robbing the house of Dr. -
Le Gai. . ~7 ;
('t)iiiluru'il Hlh Own Defence. "•
Travers said he was ready to go on
with the trial, but he demanded the right
to conduct his own defense.- This was ■
given him. The trial was set for -the
following day. The ; accused immediate
ly made out a list of witnesses he want
ed to subpoenaed. . ' :,. •
It took half a day to get a jury.
There were three questions that Trav
ers asked all of . the ~talesmen. - „
"Would you convict a 'man of bur
glary on circumstantial evidence?" -
"Would you convict if it could! be
proven that the •accused- was not at the
scene of the burglary, although some of
the alleged stolen : articles were found in
his house? 1 - -•«f.-?4j»gjt .■».,,; , ;. * '^.
"Would you convict if it' were proven
that a man picked up stolen articles out
side of a. house .that he had p*4, tu^rc^i
fffiEStv eaui, gi,ob3, .Sunday, juno^gpiSga
the ark, the Encyclopedia Britannica
above quoted s^ys:
"It must be observed, that, besides
the places requisite for the beasts and
birds, and their provisions, there was
room required for Noah to lock up house
hold utensils, the instruments of hus
bandry, grair.i and seeds to sow earth
with after the deluge. For this purpose.
it was thought that he might spare room
in the third story for six and thirty cab
ins, besides a kitchen, a hall for cham
bers and a space about eisht and forty
cubits in length to walk in."'
Xoah'M Menace >i Problem,
It rriust be that EOXQe serioiiK
pi&blems perplexed Nuah at every turn.
ir is explained by some writers that he
d:el not shelter mates of every beaet and
fcwl. But he hud Uie seeii, as it v. Tere,
tho typical animal of each species, out
ol which all t'i<- millions have since de
ped.
As to just how the animals behave 1
during the- voyage no one knows, as No
ah's log was. probably destroyed when
the Mohammedans overran Europe and
Asia and- burned th« great libraries of
ancient manuscript,'?. It has been said
that the anin.als were so pleased to be
although he had gone there with the in
tention i»f committing a burglary?". .
Those who answered these questions in
the negative were- acceptable to Tray.4:.3.
On the long table before the jury and
which is used by lawyers conducting a
care were piled high a g eat mass of
fcikKrrware of all descriptions, and six re
volver?. Two of the weapons had been
taken from Travers' house, four had.
been captured at the same time that
Warrrjn and , Deyo were arrested.
Detective Heath told of assisting in the
arrest, lie described, Travers, whim he
eaid he knew, as wearing a mackintosh
and a cap. He was turned over to the;
prisoner, who was his own lawyer. ■
Hoiv Ke i'n:-:?..e«l a AY ihiffij..
Trarers was perfectly self-possessed.
He walked to the rail in front of the
witness and looked- him ever.
"Was it dark at the tirri'- yog made Lhe
arrest?"
"It was." . -
"Any moon that night? 1
"I don't-remember." .
"Were there any lights near there"''
"Yes, there were "three."': -
"When did you learn that inert- were
three lights there?"
"Yesterday. I went out '■here and look
ed." . ■ ..- ■ -• - - -
"It took you Hv€ months to Jind that
out. Will yoii swear (hat thone lights
were lit on ChriKtrnjp eve?*'
'"I think they were.'""
"Pretty much everything you nave tes
tified to is 'think,', isn't.it?. Did you. tes
tify in the police court that the man
who ran away wore a raglan coat.'"
'"No, I said it was a mackintosh.".
: "Oh, no you didn't. I ask. that the
minutes of the police court stenographer
be produced."
It -was found that Travers was i : ght.
'■■ " .' -': ■.-.■ ' .\. . ■ .-...■ :. .
He. was always right when there was a
disputed fact of which a record '\as
made. The man's memory was marvel
ous: - . ■ - :.-,■;,; - ■
"You expect to be made a detective
sergeant if -you convict me don't you?"
Travers went on. *
"J hope to," replied Heath.
--"I thought so, and that is why you are
anxious about it. Now. as a matter of
fact, you don't know me, do you?"
■ "Yes." -. ; : : ■ ■ ■ -.' -... . . ■
; "That is. you know you want ■to con
vict me. You say-four shots were lired?"*
"Yes." ;
"Did any one elc« hear them except
you and Bruns?'
"Yes, a citizen named Borwin."
"Has he ever appeared in court? I de-
mand that this witness be produced."
Rase of a Peaked Hat.
Heath"- was fighting mad when be left
the stand. When Dorwin was produced
he testified that he had seen a man in a
long coat running:, and that the man
looked like Travers. The latter put on
the mackintosh coat and the peak hat
for the -benefit of the witnesses. The
prisoner has a curiously shaped head
that bulges on top and the cap perched
on it most ridiculously. But he can pull
it down so that it fits. - .-
Again Mrs. Travers was. called to tes
tify against her husband,: and again he
protested. J udige Moore rvled that Mrs.
Travers should not be reqiXred to speak
of any confidential -"relations: 'between
Travers and herself. ■"-- -
In her direct examination- Mrs. Trav
ers said that she' saw her husband at : 3
clock on Christmas morning. - He wore:
a new pair of shoes and carried . his old
ones. She also detected * the odor of
whisky on hi« breath * for the first time
since they " ha*! been married. Further
more, she identified a revolver dropped
by the burglar who had escaped on
ChfistfiiasT eve as one . that belonged to
her husband. •>• She made the case against
Travers look r sufficiently black. He"
started in to ; cross-examine her. • '
"You are my wife?" he asked. "
"Yes," The young woman had ? part
ly covered her face with her hand. -: Hep
voice was scarcely audible. —
"Did tine district attorney, call upon you
■*-:..'P."i-*U'..r.'';V':.,-' \:-..;,■:..-.. --.f* ■-..;-. '":■:;■■•-•: ..: (-.■--'■ ,~j
"in" out_of the flood that they were glad
to keep the peace, especially as Noah
and his sons had a corner on all the pro
visions in the world Thf littie canary
birds were overjoyed to gt-t their daily
allowance of feeeds and the elephants did
not grumble because the hay from the
Euphrates valley was how and the.ii a
little mildewed.
Our present big steamships, the pride
of the world , arc wonders indeed,, but
they haven't yet sailed over Mount Ara
rat, nor had ail the people, in the .world
on board at one time- as passer^»3r.s.
Skeptical readers have,Jitt!e faith in
the ark story,: yet it )s a fact that the
mines under, the great plains in the des
erts of Montana,. Wyoming end Mexico
they are digging out the skeletons of , an
imals a hundred feet k>i}g . and pine' knots
with chunks of resin r as big m* a man's
fist; and up on the Kocky mountains,
above timber line, ten or twelve thousand
feet above the level of the sea v -there' are
beds of saddle rock, oyster shells and
the: remains of alligators that once were
f1 isky and smiling in the. youth of the
world. Meanwhile Noah continues to
have his name printed in the dictionaries
and encyclopedias a.id holds the. record
as !irsi sailor to navigate- unknown seas.
at any tims and tell you anything to
u.rn you against me?"
'■yes, do you : want me to prove it?"
broke in Mr. Merrill angrily. '
"Yes" said' Travel's. 1,. and : ii»;re was a.
menace, in his tone and in his: eyes (><jat
in... Mr Merrill look uncomfortable. '1
a<are you to attempt to prove it."" '. . " -
: *nien Travers turned to his wife again.
"Did he tell you 1. was living with a
woman in Chrystie street, New York?"
' " Yes." . : - .'.,: ■tC '-•'■.- '
1 Jjid he tell you J gave her your jew -
elry to wear?"
"Yes. 1
••l_>id 1 ever lie to voa?"
"No. "
'"U:d you ever know me to be bur
glar?"
"i\o. 1 know tlMtt yuu went to the ;en
ltent asy, bu4. X aid nut think yuu were
a burglar."
"Was 1 a hnrd-working man?"
"Ye», you worked as a "longshore
man."
"l'ou have seen me.working in the hoid
of a vessel, handling pig iron?,'' • -.. •■
"Yes,". . . . - -. .-.'- ■■-, ■v" '-.'■--..
- "You have known me to, leave home'
without food because we had no' money
to buy it?" : v;? :^il-: ? •-" ■■
".Yes."- : ■ -I--: -r- r, ; .•*:•-': ■■:■■'
"Now, I want you to tell the truth.
I don t.want you to say one word to. help
me if it is not the truth.'" .*.-, ,• .
"J am under oath. I will tell only the
truth aid all the truth." ■
, "Do you 'remember the earrings vith
the stones that were taken ' from a ring
and reset; do you. ruiuamiber what be
came oi'- them".'' • • •■ • . ■:
"You said you-pawned them.":.-.■. •- -»
"What was don:- with the m::«->?'
"You gave it U. r. M and said that I
should buy a new' rag for '■ Christmas."
•'And this was— — l " '" '■;'.
! "in; da.y be tore Christrn'as. 1 told-»you
! thai you ouglit to lake a part of the
I money and- buy a- ]„air oi $hoe 3." ■
"And ,1 came ho ma Christmas morn
l ing with a new pair of, shoes—these shoes
J herr '.'".-■- •■-■•
"Lid you evcr-kn^w m« to h'avc a large
sum of money at one. tlmje—as much as
$100 or even *50?" ■ - /„. '.. ; -
: "No. ' . '■..- --■.■'/::' ,•' ■: ' ' >
~'Where did w< set L the'things in our
house?" ••:'•;
■"You bought them?" '■ -! :
"All at once?" / •;
--"No, you got tnem one piece at a time."
' Ulatle Ever}-. Point Tell.
So it-ran along, this e:oss-examinatlon,
and Tjavers maao evar.\ point tell in his
own behalf. When Dr. [»c Gai. for rob.
bing whose house Travers. W as being
tried, was turned over to the prisoner
the. doctor was sneeiingiy scornful: He
seemed to think it a sort of joke that
a convict should cross-examine him.
"Doctor, you say tnese forks belone to
you?" -.-.. -"• ;. ** ■
"Yes. th: y belong to me; at least, they
were taken from mv house." .
lit made the doctor admit that there
was no private mark on the forks and that
they could be purchased in tiftv stores
in Brooklyn and New York.
"Are you wi3iag to swear that these
forks were taken from your house?"
In lhe Fame way Travels took up the
different articles that he had previously
Identified. Dr. Le Gai couldn't even be
sure that a purse- he had bought in Ger
many was the one before him. •
"Doctor, can you swear that burglars
.enters your house?"
"Weil, the things were missing " V
"Can you swear that burglars entered
jour house—yes or. no?":" 1
And the doctor answered in the nega
tive. The skillful Travers weakened Dr
1-p aiS testimony when he didn't shat!
ter it.
> The burglar willed witnesses in his own
bahaif. There was Airs. Dugan,' with
wnem he boarded In New York and who
testified that he-was an honest man 'who
had abundant, opportunities to steal She
testified also that he was a canvasser
for the "Light of Asia." as the electric
liTnt set on a long tub* - with a "i« at
the end is called.
Then "John Dee", was called, and Mor
ris Cohen, who keeps a sneond-hand shoe
store at Second avenue ond First street
came forward. "When Travers asked him
if he owned the shop in December last
Cohen said he did not.. -.- -;
'•Where Is the man who owned it?" .
I don't know; in 0 an insane asvlu-m
Bom»wh««.'' ■ ..- j ■■ - " . .
Trovers looked like ea man completely
Knocked out. He explained to the 1 court
that he had expected to 1 prove by the.
shopkeeper that he had bought the shoes
m the place. If Travers was acting- he is
a marvel. -He i convinced , the ! spectators
that.he really expected to prove the pur
chase of the shoes. It was really more ef
fective than .if: Cohen had been able -to
testify to that' fact.- r •'•" -: ■:•;-.:■.•--"
Travers also called Peter Madison as
sistant foreman at the Old Dominion pier.
He said that Travers came to him with
a " letter from a son of r ex-Mayor Grace
and he had given the. young man a Job.
"Was I a hard worker?" asked Trav
ers. .:'■.. ■■ •■" . -■ ,-
. "I considered you the best man en the
pier?" ..; ■
"Would a thief work as hard as l
worked?" .: -- » • - ,
"No, I guess not. Any man who could
steal would not work as hard as we
worked."— r'-—*•'■ - :"- - :
Madison declared that he thought Trav
ers an absolutely honest man.. He would
trust him with any amount of money. He
«ad frequently ' given Travers money rto
eposlt in the bank for him. -•--■■•... -/.
The jury was out thirteen and a
•alf hours and failed to agree.
SEEKSMUGGLEDItti
Extremely Romantic Story
of a British Estate Now
in Litigation
BASIS OF BIG FORTUNE
Work of a Notorious Outlaw —
Estranged From Father Left
; I "Without Inheritance — Later
• Will Restores Millions.
Writers of romance have in the past
found m dry court . records the material
for sprightly • tales, but seldom has a
legal case presented such a wealth of
material as the .. action over the estate
of the late George Johnson, laird of Lath
risk, in Fifeshtre, which has been 'in
the Scottish courts for some time. The
records of the case, involving an eccen
tric old bachelor/supposed to have died
intestate within the last year; an excit
ing family history, extending back to
the days, when smuggling flourished on
the -coast of Scotland; strange flights to
foreign lands, which resulted in the fugi
tives acquiring remarkable wealth,, read
like a w?ll planned novel. Every factor
of the successful story ws»a there except
the elimix, which now has been furnish
ed by the discovery of a will sewed up
In an old dress, and still more, of a cli
max—the will is to be proven false by
the watermark on the paper on which it
is sail to have been forged. .
§ All of the details .. except, perhaps, a
little ,of the ancient history, came, out
in a court presided over by a. dignified
judge, and in a ; land where, perjury is a
crime that is punished. The first of the
Johnsons worthy of attention is: David
who was born of humble parents in Falk
land in 1731. At the age of twenty he
was employed as a postal messenger on
small wags. To eke out ..a living he
engaged in smuggling, at that time re
garde.l in Fife as a dangerous but not
disgraceful occupation. The coast from
J^lie Ness 10 Kinghorn was dotted with
hidden coves and shallow bays, which
furntehed convenient landing, places for
Slea^Fifr 6"'" £ SmUgSle—
Gpe» Kloh h, Sn,.|i,is.
David Johnson was particularly, fortu
nate .„ his smuggling ventures, and- soon
ceased to ,arrv th, post. .As time pass
ed he mew rich from =I he sale of contra
'«"<! goods, One unfortunate nihi he
encountered the English officers, and in
the. fight which followed j struck one of
•n'^°r, the bead r.ith a club BeHev
iifiifill
was
■i
Scottish" wafhi fe lM S k -of ; a
tion and their m-iir-eri ftf °f edlloa
happy. married life was most
Quarreled With HI« Soil
efefe^^"L*??™ «tremel y
with frequent ? rh d tra"? ed them
shire • ,kduJlieSt ,'an»Jown«r in Fife
quarrels ■ -Thwv fifTn they had muiu-
IttSIJII
father b^^V'u^T 1;* fr,' ireS °f th;
him. He fl-.Ti i, P a pii' eJl. ad murdered
until hhfaShSrSrJ^'-: 11*?" he liv *
say it was because or ,ni / ,he.!- Somfc
sorry of the neglect h/ h \ mert and
probably the true one *m u'^ ls",'«
December, last year, and a careful search
revealed no . vein. . His entailed estat°?
valued at some £325,000. fell to Lieut c
J. M. Magkill Criohton. . The Derson^ifv"
•J^SaS*® -£S*>-<W. went to Ihe noxt
of kin. The case was settled up a few
months ago and -the-new" laird took no*
session of his estates. -".
Th. 6«i«i»» Will FoDiitl.
Imagine the consternation in Fffeshira
when, early in December, th^re wag filed
tor record a will alleged 0 be the last
testament of George Johnson. The attor
neys said, that the will had been founi
sewed in the skirt of an old dress the
°*D« ■ °f which d;«d some tme 'ago
Whether or not the owner of th« o>^
waa -Privy to the scheme and consented
to its being used as a hiding Place for
the. will the solicitors did not know The
document was dated in 18«9. the year af
ter his father's death, and was a most
remarkable document. The bulk of the
estate was left to "Miss Ann Preston
whom I dearly love." and provided that
In case of her death the property was
to be divided among her heirs. She died
some years ago. The will cannot affect
the entailed; property, but if accepted by
the court will j mean a redistribution of
th« £850.000 personal property. •
At .first there was little doubt as to the
validity of. the will ami It was filed at
Edinburgh by reputable solicitors. Then
the signature of one of the witnesses was
called into, question. This led to an ex
amination of the paper on which the will
was written and experts were summoned
to determine Its age. • Messrs. Annandale
& Son. of Polton Paper mills, declared
that the paper on which the will was
written was first produced by them in
December, 1899, and took the first prize at
the Paris exposition. It was imitation
hand-made . paper of a superior quality
and has coma to be extensively used in
law and commercial affairs. If the age
of the paper can be established as under
two years It is obvious that the will
could not have been executed in 1869. The
last development was the withdrawal
from the case ■of the solicitors who had
presented the will for probate. It is said
they took this step on learning that "MiS3
Ann Preston, whom I dearly ; love." died,
in 1866. three years before the will Is al
leged to have been made by Johnson.
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1 —WE GIVE TRADING STAMPS j
THE TEN DISCOVERERS BEFORE COLUMBUS
BY HUBERT /V\. SKINNER
.. Until the time when printing was. In
vented, the libraries of the world were
tilled, with books in .manuscript.-Only a
small portion of these was ever set up in
type, ■' arri those that, were printed nad
often, but a. small circulation and some
times soon went out of. print. .For pen
tuiies very lew of the books published In
Europe found their way to America. One
who would write history satisfactorily
has i>«-[ii!. him an arduous tank in
searching through the- old libraries of
Europe for the scattered;materials which
he needs. Out own Motley spent years
and years rummaging about the oiij man
uscripts ■ and ■ correspondence before- he
felt equipped to write ! his great history
of ?lie -United Netherlands.- For many
years our American historians knew or
' but one discoverer of America—the greati
Geiiuese who bore the flag of Spain to
the now world. Then . our ... "I-earned.
Blccksniith"' read in the Norse sagas of
the son of Erik the Re.! and the Icelandic
Millennial of 1874 brought those sagas
-prominently before. the public. Now our
school histories commonly tell 'of both.
But these are not all. Dr. Emerson, of
Harvard university, who made a study of
old records relating to the discovery of
America by. independent navigators, made
up a list of no less than nine discoveries,
:m! supported by documentary evidence.
If we add, to these the achievements of
the Irish saint, which rests on' legend
alone, so far as bur present knowledge
gWs, we' have 'tin ' discoveries- i' ding
!Mat of Columbus in }i".'2 A. D. And-this
lea\'ts out of account, the' ancient story
of Atlantis, which Is connected by some
with America. .' ;
■ 'America was first discovered by the
Chinese,' in 499 'A.D., but as nobody had
then discovered. China, the fact did not
count for much.. It was the time of the
Han dynasty. China had become Bud
dhist in: religion, and was overrun with
priests. I One of these, whose name was
Hwei Shin, and who lived and wrote In
that era,, relates that he, in company
with a party \of followers, sattrrd east-
Ward over, the, Pacific until he came to
a great continent beyond. This he call
eo by the euphonious name of Fu- Sang.
It seems strange that! the first trans
oceanic voyage should be across an ocean
three times. as broad as the Atlantic.
and should be made by representatives
of so. unprogressive. a people. We say
iii Chicago that the first white man who
settled ■ among the Indians here was a
negro. — ■-
And so it seems that the first white mrtn
to visit America was a yellow roan.
Most critics accept of Hwfci Shin's sfrv;
but it is not known whether the i
ti;,l priest came to Mexico or to :
His acconn:s of ilio country v. ;■
to ap;>!> i" either i;f these.
The neict discoverer was an lii-
St. Brendan, or Brandan, an abbot
Erne: aid Isle, who lived in the sixth cen
tury. There arc- no doi-umentg as vet dis
covered to support the st"ry of his voy
ajre. but the traditional evidence In his
la very strong. St. Bren-Jar.'K Isl
and appeared on maps of the ocean as
late aa 150 years ago. The story of Ma*-!
dune's voyage is connected with that of
the saint.
Next in order comes the world-re
nowned voyage of Leif the Lucky, the
son of Erik, with the accounts of Mark
land, Helluland, and Wineland the Good.
Beautiful statues of Erikson stand in a
number of American cities today. His
discovery was the first one that led to
Important results. Everybody knows
new that Erikson came either In the
year 1(00. and in the reign of Olaf Tryg
veson, of whom our Longfellow wrote
his beautiful saga. .
The next discovery was by one of the
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rlr KIIU >*" Dr. J. W. Thompson T H & & treats the eye. ear.
INFIRMARY did it. — Mrs. Conrad Examination *0S5 ' throat, ca-
Cor. 7th & W«b«sh«. Hildebrandt. R 3; tarr an d ancer of
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, tt *»«rwv»^ 263 East Seventh streetm
last people on earth to be suspected
of such a thing. The Arabs have never
had much to do with ships, units:-- you
call-the.camel .the "ship or the desert.'
Imagine an Arab family taking to the
sea— to the- open ocean—and crossing It:
Then Imagine an Arab family by the
name of-Magjtirnuin! D.j.-h it not sound
like a name for old Erin? Hut the Arab
family of Maaghroums, b ancient Arabic
records state, did sail through the strait
of Gibraltar and teach a. distant land
to the West. Perhaps, after all. It was
only an island in the Atlantic, as Home
critics think. But it seems to mi that
a man who can believe in an Arab fami
ly—toy th* name of Magrouin— taking:
to seafaring and going beyond Gibraltar
could Just as easily believe the whole
Story, "It reads to me like an account
of ran Irishman named Abdallah ben
Hassan 'leading a caravan of camels
through Lapland. The Maghrouins, eight
in number, came in the year 112T>.
Next came Prince Madoc, of Wales.
of whom l recently wrote. Ills voyage
was in 117©, if the old Welsh chronicles
are "to be accepted. It was the Welsh
it is claimed, who gave the coracle, ulti
mately, to the Indians of North Dakota
The Venetians come next in order. Two
men of the Zeno family, Nlcojo and An
tonio by name, sailed to America In T.Ri,
and named the country Kstotiland. Six
ty-six years after the discovery by Co
lumbus, the d'esc-endantfi of these men
published what purported to be genuine
manuscripts of Antoni and Nicolo, de
scribing their voyage. American critics
have expressed doubts as to the genuine
ness of i!' •:- documents, though various
European investigators report favorably
upon them.
We come now to the century of Colum
bus himself. It is evident.that an tin
questioned., discovery was soon to bo
made; for the local traditions'of th*» pre
ceding discoveries Was preparing the
minds of the people to believe in a West
ern continent. •
Corteral, the Portuguese explorer, it is
claimed, found [Labrador in 14<;:i. The
claim is not generally conceded. > Next
comes another surprise, Poland-had no
seaeoast. nor any ships. ■ A Pole on the
water was like a fish out of water. Yet
It is recorded that.a Pole named Johan
Scolvus, or Scolnus. or Kulnus (not Scol-i
vuski or Kolnusko. mind you), sailed to
Labrador In 1476. This the critics gener
aly accepted as truth.
Tt would not do for thi Germans t..
i■■ I' !'i out So Sohedel. in his i
of the I'atherland. tells us of tru
covery of South America by juartii
helm, of Nuremberg. In 1488: Th<
mans aIBO pr.«j ice Befoeim's g I
an American coast on it. Hut Hi
is in a handwriting differeul fron
rest, and it has an appearance t>l ii
lation and fraud.
France is the last to put in an appear
ance, in the person of Cousin, of Dieppe,
who-said, he-discovered South America in
the same year, 1488, and named the Ama
zon river the Rl&ragnon. There Is a di
versity of opinion as to this. It will be
seen that the Italian, Portuguese. Ger
man and Kr.sich claims are the only
ones upon which much doubt is .express
ed, rind <■. yen those have .strong advocates!;
T.et us give the benefit of the uoubr to
the brave sailors, of o!<l and honor them
each and all.' Tlow would it do to have
at the St. Louts exposition a symposium
of the discoverers in bronze or marble
around Columbus as the central figure'
the greatest, most successful, most In
spiring of all? Such a group would be
characteristic of this cosmopolite nation,
which recognizes the old world, and not
on nation or a few nation?, as the
mother country."
Public l-i bra ri<«.
Librarians of Public Libraries may be
1 Interested in the fact that the General
; Passenger Department of the Lehigh Val
, ley Railroad. New York, offers to send
| free of expense to Libraries, copies of
1 their summer excursion book, time tables
and other booklets descriptive of the ter
ritory through which the road pass-« on
* request. ■«* . '

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