Newspaper Page Text
irpiiiii'iii i"i iiiwii i v •-'• ■ '^——• •• -""":.--' -—■ IT '■ - -y*~?v ■■•■>-■ <"-••_>, •' '' 1 ■ "
Attitude of the United States Joward Cuba THERE are three policies, any of which may be pursued by the United States. First, we may treat Cuba with in difference and neglect; sec ond, as a commercial rival to be feared and curbed; third, with a friendly con sideration which shall insure her pros perity, stability and gratitude. Until congress met in December last, the people of the United States entertain ed no doubt as to which of the three policies should be pursued. We were in honor bound not to neglect Cuba. We had never thought of her as a commercial rival to be feared, but rather as a constituent part of our commercial system. Every obligation of duty and of self-interest demanded our friendly consideration. It may wejl be doubted whether 1 per cent of our people, before the assembling of the last congress, would have tolerated the idea that Cuba should be treated in any other way than as a neighbor and a close friend. And yet there de veloped during the winter and early summer a sentiment, founded on mis apprehension and prejudice, which was strong enough to defeat for the time being any remedial or beneficent legislation in her behalf. During all the period of our military occupation, leading up to Cuban independence, it was understood that the economic re lations between Cuba and the United States were as important as their po litical relations. When the United States required of Cuba that her con stitution should contain guarantees which should forever place her in a position of Intimate relation to us, it Jhe American Qlrl and the -Jtage WHAT the stage holds for the American girl depends largely on that young per son herself —perhaps one is justified in saying that it depends almost solely upon her. If Bhe is ambitious for a stage career, the result of her ambitions will be shaped by her own attitude toward the stupe. It will turn out to be exactly the kind of an institution she imagines it to be and her conduct in working out her professional career will find its re ilex in the treatment the stage accords her. If she thinks the stage is an institu tion alert to recognize and reward in telligent, earnest effort, and if she is willing patiently and constantly to give it that effort, she will find that it is an Institution of worth and dignity. If Bhe seeks it as an escape from her appointed duties in life, and if she yearns to be an actress for the sake of a measure of cheap publicity and a round of empty, garrish and demoral izing diversions, she probably will find her expectations realized—that is, if Bhe posseses a certain kind of personal J4ow to Regulate the orusts OSE of the greatest evils of the so-called trusts, to my mind, is involved in over-capital ization, with possibly at tendant misrepresentations or deceptions in connection with their organization, and to provide a restrain ing agency in this field is the object of the measure providing for publicity which I have introduced in the present congress, and which I am inclined to believe will pass. This is designed primarily to secure publicity regard- Ing the inner workings of the corpora tion, and will disclose to the public whther or not capitalization is justi fied by the value of the property of various kinds upon which it is based and to what extent, if any, stock has been "watered." This invocation of the powerful agency of publicity Is not designed to arouse public sentiment against great combinations of capital, as great combinations of capital are Jhe Idorncm (Oho Crushes THE woman who gushes Is rarely sincere, she is the vicim of a habit, and gushes over everything and every- She is always gushing. If she comes into your I ome and It happens to be as cold as a fish on ice she gushes over It. If it is hot enough to melt a brass monkey she still insists that it is so "dee-lightful." If she stays to luncheon, and the bill of fare is short on add lengths, and you are mortified to death, she still gushes and you are undecided whether she is making a fool of you or of herself. She gushes over your clothes, in fact everything that can do duty as a safety valve against her ex uberant exuberance. If you show her a piece of work that you are dissatisfied with, she thinks it perfectly lovely. If you tell her any thing that has made you so unhappy that you felt suicidal she will still gush. She has a set of stereotyped phrases tfe\9 tfork as a foreign City IN THE city of New York there ar« only 737,477 white persons born of native parents, or but 21.4 per cent of the population of the city. This statement means that out of every one hundred persons living with in the municipal boundaries of New York seventy-eight are either foreign ers, or the children of foreign-born parents, or colored people. New York, however, Is not the first, but the second city of the country having the largest Jeffries and pitzsimmons M Jf UCH twaddle has been /\f \ written about the Jeffries- Fltralmmons fight. A 9* sportsman is one who ac cepts victory or defeat with calm. Victory is preferable, but as defeat is, at the best, among the possibilities, it should bring in its wake no tears. There is a great gap between was universally understood that we, on our part, would aid her by providing such reciprocal commercial advantages as would enable her to be self-reliant and self-supporting. The Monroe Doc trine, which we had declared three quarters of a century ago and insisted upon as our right, was wrought into a compact between the two countries, so that thenceforth, as to Cuba, it was no longer to rest upon assertioa alone but upon constitutional agreement. While we did not ask of Cuba in form that she should not enter into commer cial arrangements with other countries to our disadvantage, the natural cur rents of trade made it a practical im possibility for her to do so, and a commission sent to us from her con stitutional convention returned home with the just expectation that a com pliance with our desires as to her con stitutional guarantees would be follow ed by the establishment of mutual trade relations which would prove to be of great economic advantage to her. The constitutional convention of Cuba asked, as a return for their acceptance of the provisions which we had re quested, that there should be some promise given by the United States of the establishment of advantageous re lations with us. In the nature of things such a promise was impossible, but the convention was asked to act in the premises and to trust the Unit ed States. It did incorporate into its constitution provisions which we thought essential for us, and it did trust us to provide by legislation, or treaty, commercial advantages which she could not obtain from other coun- attractiveness and very little self-re spect. There is, perhaps, no other walk in life where lack of ability is so toleiably rewarded, but the rewards, such as they are, are soon likely to lose their savor for even the most thought less and feather brained. To a different type of aspirant the stage is a sterner mistress during the preliminary years of novitiate and training, but when it does finally con fer upon the serious ones its finer and more dignified rewards, it confers them with a generous hand. I know many a highly educated and carefully trained writer, whose earnings, either in fame or money, are not to be compared with those of some merely competent lead ing man or woman in a standard or ganization. And, going higher up, I have been assured by publishers that the profits of a highly successful "star," so-called, will sometimes exceed in a single season the amounts which some novelist or historian of sound reputation can accumulate in a whole life time of laborious writing. This, perhaps, may not be as it should be, but the fact that it is so only goes to not only commendable and useful when controlled by correct principles, but indispensable to the management of great business enterprises, incident to our phenomenal commercial and industrial development. One of Its purposes 1b to protect a considerable portion of the public who are in danger of suffering far greater loss than are the consuming classes, to whom the formation of a trust may perhaps mean a slight increase in the cost of living. The class referred to is the extensive one comprised of small investors, of which a considerable portion are wo men or residents of more or less isolat ed localities, who are, perhaps, some what hadicapped in the matter of ac quiring full knowledge regarding the exact character of the giant corpora tion whose stock is offered for sale In the open market, and yet are led to invest by reason of the business repu tation of the men who are at the head always on tap and no matter what happens Its: "Charmed, I am sure." "Perfectly charming." "Charmed to meet you." "How charming you look!" and a lot more that just makes you tired. If she goes to an entertainment and meets you, she rushes up and- greets you so effusively that It is wholly em barrassing, and the guests are all thor oughly convinced that you dote on one another. She clings to you in a man ner that would make the old ivy and oak story sue for a divorce, and de prives you of the pleasure of meeting others whom you have been dying to see for months. She is an unqualified bore, and when she starts to elaborate you by telling who you are, and what you are, and where you came from, and all that you ever did do, or did not do, or ought to have done, it makes a sensible woman feel like rushing off to the foolish house. If one sings at an entertainment in foreign-born population. Fall River, Mass., 4s first in that respect. Official figures show that there are in New York city more males under twenty one years of Slavonic parentage than of any other people, and the number of Slavonic men more than twenty-one years of age exceeds that of any other nationality except Germans and Irish. In the Fourteenth Assembly district of New York county the percentage of Hebrew families with nine children each is six times as great as the prot- the sportsman and the "sporting man." The latter is a nondescript who apes the former. He is as a selling plater to a champion stake horse. He it is who talks twaddle about the Jeffries- Fitzimmons fight as a "fake." He uses slang always. It is part of his stock in trade. It is a badge of his calling, or want of one. The more slang he SPHE ST. PAtH, GLOBS, msb£%~JmGUs¥~W, ISSS tries. So, up to the opening of our last congress, all was well. The Cub an constitution was adopted. Com plete independence awaited only the necessary successive steps for its es tablishment. Its merchants, its plant ers and laborers, waited in trustful confidence that the Unitel States, through its congress, would provide for the industrial as it had already provided for the political Independence of Cuba. Not only was this anticipat ed in Cuba, but here as well. No one could have foreseen that the United States would deliberately refuse to discharge its obligation. The United States had never been a faith breaker; its worst enemy could not have pre dicted that it would become one. And then a strange thing happened. The principal crop of Cuba is cane sugar, or rather, it may be said that the two principal crops are sugar and tobacco. Until its industries shall have become more diversified, the pros perity of the island depends upon these crops, and upon its ability to produce them with profit. By reason of the over-production of sugar in the world, of the indebtedness accumulated by planters in Cuba and their losses sus tained during the war, it may be as serted without fear of contradiction that, on the whole, sugar production had become unprofitable in the island. The same was true, though in a lesser degree, of tobacco. The United States could well afford, in return for trade advantages to be secured by us, to make such reductions in the tariff upon sugar, tobacco, and other products of Cuba as would place its industries on prove that the rewards of work on the stage are really extraordinary when the work is dignified by ability, orig inality and conscientiousness:" Some times these rewards are given to play ers who do not possess much ability or conscientiousness, but you will find that perhaps they do possess, in a large measure, the saving grace of original ity—and that is a quality for which the slage pays and pays well. The stage would hold more for the American girl if more American girls who aspire to its rewards would come to it better equipped mentally. Edu cation .is the crying need of the theat rically ambitiouus. A young woman wrote me recently saying that some four years ago her efforts in an ama teur presentation of "As You Like It" by a seminary had won her the com mendation of an American manager, who thereupon offered her a position in his stock company. "With good sense far- beyond her years she declined on the plea that she was sure the com pletion of her collegiate course would better equip her for serious work on the stage when once slie did enter upon -of the institutions, or by reason of the stories of fabulous profits which have been circulated with reference to ope rations in the field in which the pub lic is given an opportunity to invest. "With compulsory publicity turning a search-light on the antecedents and to a certain extent upon the operations of one of these powerful corporations the ordinary citizen will at least have an opportunity to exercise his judg ment untrammeled. In short, each citizen will have the same opportunity to pass upon the standing of a cor poration that he now enjoys in the case of a national bank. If, on the other hand, there are indications of excessive capitalization, the prospec tive investor is apprised of it in ad vance; whereas, if, having Invested his money in a corporation, a stock holder is at a loss to understand an absence of dividends or other disap pointing circumstances, he has an op- a voice so cracked that you expect to see both the singer and the voice drop Into bits, she gushes and wishes she had the gift, while you thank a mer ciful providence that she hasn't. If any one recites, no matter how inter esting the entertainer or her theme, the gushee gushes, and wishes she had the talent. No matter what may be your qualifications, If she can find something to exploit and make it seem that she is the only one who knows you and is retailing a bit of news, she is "dee-lighted," and her friend is so "dee-lightful," until you feel half ashamed of being outside of the com monplace average. There are women who are conspicu ous by reason of talent, personality or social environment, but such .women are generally level-headed and don't want to run around tagged, "I am So and-So," and while all talent appre ciates success and kindly considera tion, yet the woman of mark prefers to be received courteously for her own personal self, rather than for the sake estant percentage, while the number of Hebrew families with no children at all is but about one-half the Prot estant percentage. South of Four teenth street and east of Broadway, in the borough of Manhattan, where the foreign-born people are most num erous, there live 538,494 persons. That is to say, that 28.4 per cent of the pop ulation of the borough live in less than 10 per cent of its area. In this region is the Eighth Assembly district, whose ninety-eight acres have an average of has at his disposal the more highly does he esteem himself. He bursts in to raucous song when he xins. The loss of wager, be it ever so small,'ex tracts from him yelps about foul play. He yelps even without belief, as in this particular case. The longest odds of fered upon Jeffries were three to one. very little money was wagered upon a profitable basis, and it was well un derstod both in Cuba and the United States that such aqtion would be tak en. President Roosevelt in his mes sage had recommended such "substan tial tariff reductions" as were neces sary to insuure industrial prosperity. Then arose a cloud in the sky. We had begun in several states to pro duce sugar from beets, and for many years we had been producing in one or two states sugar from cane. All at once, and without reason, the cry was raised that any reduction of the duty on sugar coming from Cuba would injure, strike down, and destroy the beet and cane sugar industry of the United States. Members and Senators from states in which these industries were established became first timid, then needlessly frightened, lest their assent to legislation favoring recipro cal trade relations with Cuba would lose them their seats. Most of these senators and representatives were Re publicans. They were few in number compared to the whole body of Re publicans, but they were numerous enough, by joining with the Democrats who were ready for any action which should divide Republican forces, to pre vent wise and necessary legislation; and so the contest began. As time went on facts were ignored, fears were magnified, prejudice invok ed, until reason and cool judgment seemed to have entirely departed. Two assertions, neither of which could b» sustained by proof, formed the con trolling basis of action by the few Re publicans who have been spoken 'of. First, the assertion that, to reduce the that career. " But such a letter as her's is the very rare exception. So many of the ama teurs who write to me about their de sire to go on the stage have much to say concerning their souls and certain tempermental qualifications which they think warrant thefti in becoming players. All this is interesting, but strikes me as not being to the point. I almost never had one to write to me to say that he or she was taking les sons in fencing, voice training, or Eng lish literature as a preparation to a stage career. All that seems to be deemed of small account, and yet some excellence in fencing, voice training, and English literature should be the very first steps in any preparation for the stage. It makes no difference if these lessons be learned in a dramatic school, in the ranks of a minor com pany, or in a barn. Some of the letters I receive are not even neatly written, much less in good taste, or with grammatical propriety. A considerable proportion of them do not betray any acquaintance with the amenities of correspondence, and yet portunity to probe for its cause in the facts open to the public regarding the amount of stock upon which dividends must be based, the salaries, and the operating expenses of the corporation in question. An important feature is the prac tical certainty that a restraining in fluence of this character would tend to" deter more or- less unscrupulous persons from foisting upon the public industrial and commercial investments of unsound character. And again, it would tend to remove the incentive to abnormally increase the price to the consumer in order that dividends may be declared upon a capitalization greatly in excess of the actual amount of the capital invested. The contem plated enforcement of a policy of pub licity with reference to all corporations engaged in interstate commerce has at least the merit that it cannot be construed as a radical step, and in of any glory that might attach to her name, and there is nothing more ag gravating or more embarrassing to a refined woman of mark than to find herself spotted and designated with a lot of frills when she wishes to be re ceived only as a guest should be. Of course there are many women who like this display and are flattered by it, who would enjoy hearing their names shouted through a megaphone with a brass band attachment when ever and wherever they, appear, but such women are rarely gifted with the worth of individuality that shrinks from such things. If a woman cannot bring with her in her own personality the grace of man ner and bearing that stamps her as be ing above mediocrity then all the trum petings of friends with the gush of habit will not accomplish it, and will only lead to embarrassment, which puts a woman at her worst rather than her best. Greatness Is disappointing, as cv- 735 persons to the acre. In the bor ough of the Bronx the average Is but 7.7, and in the boroughs of Queens and Richmond but 1.8 to the acre. There are more persons of foreign birth in New York than in Chicago, St. Louis, Philadelphia and Boston combined. -Manhattan, has not one assembly district —even on the upper West side—where the number of for eign-born residents is below 25 per cent. There are only three other cities of more than 25,000 inhabitants in the the result, as few belived that Fizsim mons had more than a chance in a hun dred to win. He had nothing in his favor. He was three years younger artd three years stronger when Jeffries defeated him at Coney Island. It has been said since that Fitzsimmons was drugged upon that occasion. I have seen nearly all of the chief ring fight- By Qnitle /f. piaft. tariff on Cuban sugar by 25 or even 20 per cent, would take away the pro tection enjoyed by beet and cane sugar producers in the United States—an assertion which is absolutely ground less, as is shown by the fact that we take into our country, free of duty, 500,000 tons of sugar from Hawaii and Porto Rico, while maintaining the duty against all other countries, without in any way interfering with the protec tion of our own sugar producers. Sec ond, the assertion that the so-called sugar trust would derive all the bene fit resulting from any reduction of the duty on Cuban sugar—an assertion which is equally groundless, as is shown by the fact that Hawaiian sugar and Porto Rican sugar, though duty free,' have brought the same price In American markets as sugars from Cuba or Germany. The prejudice against the sugar trust was continual ly, and most successfully, appeal to. It was so apparent that any reduction of the duty upon Cuban sugar propos ed would not reduce the price of home produced sugar, that it is not proba ble that this argument alone could have resulted In defeating the suggest ed legislation, and so the plea that the trust, rather than the Cuban planter, was to be benefited was the objection most relied upon. It is a curious fact that, while there is a popular belief that combinations and trusts control legislation in con gress, it is nevertheless true that the most effective means of preventing legislation is to assert that a combina tion or trust desires it. Even staid legislators lose their heads when the By Julia Marlowe. the writers are ambitious to delineate characters which, because they have something to do with the unfolding of a dramatic situation, are bound to be either interesting or graceful or com plex, in a word, are bound to possess some intellectual or artistic flavor, or they would not have been introduced into the drama. Comparatively few beginners^, have the slightest acquaintance with such guide-posts in the history of the stage as the development of the drama by the Greeks, the Roman method of handling tragic and comic scenes, the return to classic standards by Racine and Corneille, the influence of Moliere on the stage of his own time and of today, the artistic formulae of Goethe and Schiller, the rise and the decline of the classic style in England, the new school of serious drama which at tempts to set forth some of the prob lems which are shaking and vexing—to use Henry Arthur Jones' phrase—the minds of men today, the lives of Gar rick, Rachel, Ristori and Booth. I have mentioned only a few-of the es sential theses concerning which the By Charles S. Aiitlefield, my opinion this is Important, since it is essential that the national gov ernment, in whatever direction it may seek to deal with the subject of capi talistic combinations, shall proceed with conservatism. Any drastic measure would be very likely to upset condi tions in the business world and in all probability, therefore, would do more harm than good. It must also be remembered, more over, by persons who have under con sideration the attitule of the national legislature in this matter that con gress has jurisdiction over corpora tions only when they enter the field of transportation to the extent of partici pating in interstate commerce. The national law-making body can scarce ly be expected to correct all the evils involved in the operation of corpora tions if it has not the co-operation of the governments of the various states, and certainly not if some of the states By Kate C/hyson Man. eryone knows, and when we hear so much of certain people and of those whose names are familiar to us we of ten experience a decided shock when meeting them. The woman who figures in the pub lic eye knows this and rather avoids meeting strangers who will be on the qul vive to see what she looks like and who will note every detail of dress or peculiarity of manner. To such a woman the gushing creature is a posi tive nightmare and often with her amiable, well intentioned praise and lavish compliments is a source of em barrassment that is absolutely pain ful. Then the other gushee—who rushes up to you on the street and kisses you. That kind of woman puts me in a panic! I want to call out the fire de partment, or the police department, or a vigilance committee or any old thing to protect me. You can't knock a wo man down for kissing you, yet homicide in such cases should be legalized. The &y jtenry McMillan. state of New York in which the for eign-born population is in excess of that percentage. These are Buffalo, Rochester and Tonkers, the last almost part of the metropolis. Note the changing character of the immigration in recent years- Until 1890, out of a grand total of 15,427,657 immigrants accounted for as arriving in this coun try, 12,853,828 were natives of Ger many, Ireland, Great Britain, Canada, Newfoundland, Norway, Sweden ai*4 Denmark. Between 1891 and 1900, out 3y jtflfred Jfenry £euis 9 ers of the last twenty years at work. I saw the Coney Island bout and am quite sure that no man who was not In prime condition could have made such a fight as Fitzslmmons made. He was battered in a way that might have ended the fistic career of a much younger man. That He was able to stand before Jeffries last week for statement is made that a trust is fav oring a measure. The sugar trust is, perhaps, the most unpopular of all capitalistic combinations in the United States, and the apprehension excited by continual reiteration that the leg islation in question was being sup ported and would inure to the benefit of the sugar trust, was most potent. In the opinion of the writer it was utterly fallacious. That it was suc cessful in defeating for the time be ing the performance of our plain duty with regard to Cuba, must be admitted. Nowhere in the United States is pub lic sentiment so liable to be misunder stood as in the city of Washington while congress is in session, and the fear that the beet-sugar industry might possibly be injured, and that the sugar trust might possibly reap some benefit as a result of the pro posed legislation, was so skillfully ma nipulated, so cunningly fostered, and so persistently and vigorously reiterat ed, that the main question was prac tically obscured. Many members took counsel of their fears rather than of their judgment; fear developed into frenzy; suspicion usurped the province of fact; prejudice was more potent than reason; the well-considered policy of two administrations and an over whelming sentiment of moral obliga tion were ignored. Pledges were sought and obtained, until it became apparent that no legislation looking to the re lief of Cuba and the extension of our own trade was possible, except such sincere beginner should possess, ready and sympathetic information, yet you would be appalled to know how very few of them possess any knowledge at all on these subjects. The actress should be a constant reader. It is al most as necessary to her in her calling as it is to the writer in his. Even the beginner should have some- j thing to express. She should also be able to express something approaching the truth. The opinion of some that it is only necessary to look well, and that this is half the battle, is fundamentally erroneous, and far from the mark, ex ceping possibly when one is consider ing these questions from the commer cial point of view, a point of view which I wish to eliminate entirely from the present consideration of the sub ject. That point of view has no serious connection with the question of art, and she who does not approach the drama seriously as an art, cannot be considered a candidate for the title successful in the higher sense of the term. The women of the period of 1660 and the decade following, to whi«h belongs Representative J?n Congress from the J'econd District of Maine* continue to manifest a willingness to encourage the organization of corpor ations of almost any character and with scarcely any limitation upon their powers so long as the state is enriched by the money paid for the privilege. Compartively limited as the jurisdic tion of the national government might appear in the case, I cannot say that I am at this time in favor of a consti tutional amendment broadening the power of congress in this respect. I would first exhaust our constitutional power under the interstate commerce clause. Hundreds of attempts have been made to amend the constitution of the United States and in only fifteen cases has success crowned the effort, so that it will readily be seen that the chance of securing remedial action in this direction is comparatively slight; whereas, even with a premise of the certainty of the passage of such an amendment, the lapse of time neces- gushee wants to kiss you at the rail road train at the risk of missing your train or breaking your neck. She wants to kiss you on the street car when the conductor is mad enough to say bad words while yelling himself hoarse "An out." She wants to kiss you when she meets you in a shop and you are in a- dead heat hurry. In fact, normal woman, as a rule hate to kiss another woman. I know that I do! (beg pardon), and yet they must submit to the infliction or seem frightfully rude and say something that would wound. An attractive, well-bred woman often finds herself most unpleasantly hedged about by these gushing freaks, and often, undoubtedly, it is almost kindly meant in every sense of the word. It is the outgrowth of overdone good in tentions, or an overwhelming pride that such a woman takes in being able to Introduce another who happens to be her pet admiration, or who by some of 3,687,464, these countries sent us but 1,539,926 immigrants. This decline has been offset by the increase in im migration from Austria, Hungary, Bo hemia, Italy, Russia, and the area com prised within the former territory of Poland. The censu9 of 1900 shows that there are in New York 1,007,000 males of voting age. About half of this aggregate are natives. Of the half 152,000 are not naturalized. Fewer than half the Italians, Russians and Poles have taken steps for naturaliza- eight rounds proves Fitzsimmons to be a man of abnormal physical pow ers. Had Sullivan lived according to the most careful rules of" health he would still be something of a marvel. Ten Eyck had passed forty years when he was champion sculler of the world. Mr. Q. W. Rice is nearer sixty than fifty years of age and is still among United States Senator from Connecticut? as might be dictated by the opposition for party advantage without reference to the interests of Cuba or ourselves. 4 The president, in a special message,! endavored to call back the attention of the congress to the real issue, but! without effect, and so congress ad«^ journed with nothing done. Meantime, notwithstanding the as"* sertions of the beet-sugar representa-" tives that Cuba was in no need, ther^ is serious financial depression there. 4 How acute it will become, time only; can demonstrate. But, worse than fi-\ nancial depression or distress, there has grown up in the minds of the peo- i pie of Cuba a feeling that the United States has deliberately determined not to keep faith with them. Economic disturbance in a country just starting" on the experiment of self-government, with little experience in that line, is bad enough; but'a settled belief on the part of its people that a nation up on which they have placed their reli ance has tricked them, is more sadly to be deplored. The people of Cuba will scarcely understand that the few, representatives who have been able' temporarily to thwart the will of the ! people of the United States, do not represent its real sentiment. The re spect of Cuba can only be regained when the people of the United States shall have once more passed upon this! question, and demonstrated that our! real purpose is thwarted only for the' time being, and that our "plain duty" is yet to be thoroughly and generously, performed. the honor of having inaugurated the custom of entrusting feminine roles to women, were really no less than mar tyrs to public intolerance and in the annals of no other life activity will you find more touching instances of the ab-, solute devotion to art for art's sake than in the chronicles of woman's work on the stage. In the light of what the pioneer women of the stage did and in the light of ••hat they suffered, their descendants of today cannot with justice to the great names of the past, take the drama other than seriously ) and reverently. Regarding it thus : they will bring to it the best there is in them, and by so doing they will re- . ceive only the rewards of the stage. | They will pay none of the old-time penalties, for the stage today is a bet- | ter and cleaner institution than ever it was before. It has never been other- I wise than good and clean to women who deserved it from that attitude, and to every aspirant it holds just what she makes up her mind it shall hold. sary before it would come into opera* tion would constitute a serious draw- back. It will be remembered that the minority easily succeeded in defeating , a very conservative amendment on this same line during the last congress. I I doubt if there is in labor circles any deep-seated opposition to combi- 1 nations of capital. The sentiment of ( the private citizen on the subject will j be determined by the effect ui>on his , pocket book. If the "trusts" are able j to supply the necessities of lifc^ at a] lower cost than it has heretofore been; possible to procure them, - they will go far toward disarming opposition; i but if, on the other hand, they, by., stifling competition and over-eapitaliz- ' ation, impose grievous and unjustifl^j able burdens upon the consumer, vig< orous agitation for legislation on the] subject may be expected as a natural sequence. attribute of talent or social standing Is above or beyond the ordinary. A woman of generous impulses both! of word or deed, will always speak well of another, no matter how black the record may be against her, she can always find something kind to say! in her defense; but this species of i kindness is very different from the ex-^ travagant gush that comes as a cold : shower when the subject herself ia . present and among strangers. There i is nothing more embarrassing to a] sensible woman than to be forced toi listen to rhapsodies centralized on her-»J self. The gushing woman thinks she !9, being awfully sweet, as no doubt she means to be, but we all know that there is nothing more nauseating than an overdose of sweets, and when these are accentuated by this horror-breed- ing gush, It is enough to make a "real lady" want to say some real naughty,' bad words. Ji tion. L.ers than 1 per cent of the na tive voters of foreign birth are without education. An estimate, based on of- i ficial returns and special inquiries, di« j vides the population of the metropolis by religious beliefs as rollows: Protestants 1.733.46S Roman Catholics 1,266,561 Hebrews r. 598,012 It is sufficient to say now that these figures mark a distinct and changed, tendency, and that they are the fore-, runners of new problems. Cditor of Jhe Onlooker the greatest of English cricketers. But there have been no champions of tha prize ring in the fifty-year-old class. Youth will be served and, barring ac cidents, Jeffries has his life in front of him, not behind him. .He deserves far less credit for defeating Fitzsim mons than the latter does for making such a strong bid for victory. i -